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Daily Richmond Whig. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1861-1862, November 29, 1861, Image 2

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PK1DAT t|vttAIU, NOVKnBER 29, 1‘6I.
*ar IMitrt om Mwu «•«•*! i« <jU.(r«**d to Ms “lUitor <1
*Vtfe!ss Wtosos ftau -4-* nftUpainriMU nctb* pmMM
•I ni« to <1 !■*•> <y i. euy« •" *• *«<»«• to <«•',
md*;iktoto*ur U ^ '■,,'u 4,11 / •wMotoawcsiB
toy «toK Mass Ca.,i,nrfMrt.-*M«to. _
*-a on™*.-' ,.a./e*s.i»r • • r**«<~ • emsmstoxiitoa*
(Mans of tlx* Enemy.
For four months pssi, the program to* of ths enemy
ha* beeu p’rfecly obvious Vo my cap city. Iv was ex
torted from old Scott io the > gocy xuti mortification re
sulting from the rout of MuuumW, It consisted in a
thorough organix»tion of She greatest possible force
both by l.*nd and sea, and a slow and gradual advance
upon es at all point* at the firai approach of autumn —
All general engagement* were to be avoided; but the ad
vance was to bo made inch by inch, and iu eucb over
whelming numbers as to preclude the possibility of any
H-iect saful attack upon them. By thia proceed the South
ern territory was to be overrun and permanently enb
jigued during the s iuter. The detail* were uot certain
ly known, but they were not difficult of cot jecture. A
powerful force wag to attempt the invasion of the Missis
sippi Valley; another divirion was to threaten East Ten
nessee and Soutb-Wigtern Virg nia. Naval expeditions
were to b> dispatched against various points along the
coast—and,at the same time, every poasibl* t ffart made to
oect’py the tide-water di-tiicts of Eastern Virginia This
programme is cow in process oy execution. Memphis
ard the Valley of the Mississippi are threatened;—dem
onstration* are making against South-western Virginia.
Oae naval expedition has gone South—and others sre
nuu io ix pirpinag io iui.uw. iuo awirru-ouviv
U»eu occupied; the channel of the Rappahannock has
beec for two month* explored and staked by Yankee
vessels preparatory to the ascent of that River and tbe
occupation of the country between it and the Potomac.
Indications are not wanting of a purpo-e to seixs upon
the counties of Middlesex, Matthew* and Gloucester—do
as to extend Yankee dominion from the Potomac to tbe
York. These advatioes made and supported by an ade
quate force, others would bo easy and certain. Tee
Peninsula would be untenable—and Yankee sway would
stretch to the bai -kt of the Jam.-s. Norfolk and Rich
mond might co longer be regarded as impregnable—
These are some of the fold* of the Boa Constrictor,
which old Scott projected for breaking tbe bones and
crushing out the life from the body of the monster, Re
bellion. We violate no rule of prudence in detailing tbe
diVgut of the enemy, already known to him, and se«n
and apn-ecia’ed by the great body of our own people
for months past. That these designs have been permu
te i to mature aud gather head lor our subjugation with
out any viiWi efforU on our part to thwart and defeat
them, is the great mystery of state, which has puxxbd
the uninitiated, and spread distrust and apprehension
through the laud, ti c empbasiss tbe word vi»iMe;*for
though we do not see aud know of any means adopted
by the Government, we hop) some may be in process of
exscuho-, of which we are ignorant, that will prove af
fec ive in bull og the rchemes of the enemy. We have
no access to sources ot information not open to all the
world. Wc are, therefore, compelled to form oar
opinions from passing and patent events.
Admonished by these, the emergency demands the
most prompt aud vigorous exertion of all Virgio'a’s en
ergies aud teaoarots. Wo mu*: net for ourselves, and
ast at ones. <j tiutu* JJhbius Ku uii Cuuciator wits
a greakjntu in bis day, if we may credit the glowing
pag-*s o( Livy. But the policy of delay is not si says the
policy of wisdom and safety. Circumstances alter cases.
In oars, it is ruin. If we await the approach of the ene
mv, permit him to advance and occupy our territory at
will, we shall be enveloped in his folds and crushed
without a chance to strike a blow for liberty aud ven
geance. The past inaction may hsv» been constraired
by overrul og neo-avity.of which we know oothitir. Vt e
oo'. know, the result has been, and promises sti'l to be,
dists'rous. A gallant army, eager for actinu, ha* been
pining away with sloth and disease, and is now covered
with gloom at the prospect of winter-quarters, while a
piratical enemy is infesting our cnas*, i d gradually en
croaching upon cur territory If Virginia can do any
thing, now is the lime to do it. The people of the North
ern Neck need and deserve protection. Those in the
Bay couutiee are in the same situation. Our rivers should
be guarded. The suhj-ct deserves the earliest and most
earnest consideration of the p-tiaer authorities.
Election or in gist rates.
The proportion off rod by Sr. Fucraoy, to aotbor'ze
. tbe magistrates to fill vacar. ies io their own body,would
be a great improvement. It wvll render tolerable a
system which otherwise would p ore a pea*, and nuisance
. If, is addition to this amendment, it should be provided
that no remuneration, no fees nor per diem shall be al
lowed magistrates for the p'tformtnce of their official
duties, it would go fir to revive aome of the best features
ol the old system. If there be not enough men in every
county fit and cipabls, and who are will tig to serve in
the ciptcity of justices of the paace, tri'htut pry, and
f >r the public gcod, the county is not worth caring for,
and the sooner it goes to the dogs the butter. With those
a teratiens, and the further one impost- g upon the mag
istrate* the election of all ministerial rffieers cf tbe coun
ty, the system may prove a blessing rather than a
e ipse.
With such a system for the administration of county
affairs, and with a Judiciary dented above the ittln
e tevs of passion and interest, and the country delivered
from the ever-recurring nuisance of a Gubernatorial
election, Virginia would speedily divest herself of all re
miins of Yankee is in, and be, aa she was in the past, the
freest, happiest and most prosperous Commonwealth on
the continent. W« invoke nt.inhere of the Convention
to save us from tbe debauchery and partisanship inevi
r tably resulting from a popular election of Governor.—
That the people do not desire to be troubled with that I
election, ie manifest from the expressions of all the dif
ferent organs of public opinion. Journals that differ on
most other suljcte, concur in urging tbe adoption of
this wise measure. If the people wish to retain the
etectiou of Governor, they can reject tbe amendment._
But give them an opportunity of expressing their wi-Les
t»v submitting the proposition to tbe vote.
Tbe New York /laid urges Lincoln to call for
• IMfdOO more men, and at once bnild two or throe hun
dred war vesse’s. and defy England.
Bcrcctt is a Scitohman—he bites the Yankees deep
ly—h* is suspected by them; and partly to indulge his !
old grudge and partly to keep out of Fort Lafayette, be
w constantly urging them to adopt the mo« violent and
mischiseoui measures. To Invtlve them in a war with !
England baa always been a favorite rcheme with him. 1
Next to that, he is mast eag.-r to bankrupt them by per
suading them to spend all their money on ships of-war
and onwieldy armi-s, which never win a battle. Be
■earns to be in a fair way of success.
Tbe Ceaveatles.
Tire Convention went Into Jxret session, yesterday,
to coneldr the ordinance re-org*nix:rg the militia.—
There was nothing done, whilst the doors vers open,
worthy of editorial mention.
Tbo Tankers and Southerner#.
The de lineation of Mr. J*s M Mason’s character by
the New Tork Utrald, though by no friendly hind, has
s mi# touche* of the truth, partioulsrly in rrferenos to
his detestation of the low, vulgar and disgusting habi
tude* of the Yankees. Mr. Mason, from knowing mora
0( the Yankees than mo-; of the propl# in the South do,
miy hold them in greater abhorrence; but the general
tendency of Southern feeling is to aversion to every
thing Yankee. The popular impression of the Yankees
l the Sou'h, is, that they sr# shrewd, tiicky, knavish,
sordid, impudent and coarre; and that they are uma’s
an.f ut fi amodatea for gentlemen The Yankees them
s Ives, as is evident from the article in the Utrald, arc
q lite conscious of the estimate lu which they are held
b r the people of the South. How far resentment for
t its scorn and contempt may have contributed to the
i augoratlon of the war, it may be difficult to determine.
B it, an observing gemlf min, who happened to be in
New York ju=>t after the taking of Sumter, and whin
the popular i tTervefoeroe began, was struck with that
ia<Mrrcc(t<waory feature,which d'stinguiiihesjhe outbreaks
of inferiors against superiors. They evidently felt their
social and moral inferiority, and were animated by the
euvy and hate and revengeful resentment, which velgi*
rians and serfs, unrestrained by the fear of the la*b, in
stinctively entertain and indulge towards gentlemen.—
They knew and showed that they knew, that a Southern
gentleman felt his gentility and respectability soiled by
association with the Wilsons, Somner* and Sewards —
Tiie fact was humiliating to their self love. They might
be vulgarians—they might talk through the nose and
stink of onions and codfish; but they had money and
(' ey bad numbers, and they determined to make a great
efTart to be respected. The spirit of the French Jatqui
rit was everywhere visible among the population. A
war against gentlemen, who despised thi m for their
meannesses, was just the thing to gratify their malignity
and their avarice. The Utrald seeks to keep alive the
war-feeiing, by recurring to the source, and reminding
them that Mi son, and all other Southern gentlemen,
look upon them as dirty blackguards.
We do not at Ml object 'o this representation of the
matter. It is founded in truth. And it admonishes us
IhatlSerf is no hope ot a lasting peace, until these in*
surrec'ionists against their social masters are propetly
corrected and taught to keep their proper places.
Washington Items.
Adespo'ic Govern ne.it (ijuuo: rupiie on a bed of
roses. Every moment of its ei'stence is troubled and
every cireumataneo routes its sitpioions and makes it
miserable. Our Rail-Splitter enjoys no exemption from
the common lot of tyrants. Besides the dangers, which
impend from opposing armies, he is in constant dread of
veiiiance to detect conspirators. A Wasbmgton.dispatch
to a Northern ptper has the following in respect to. the
disagreeable disclosuree made by letters, opened without
l.w :
The di-closures made by the intercepted correspon
dence which corn's to the State Department, are start
I rg in other respects, as well as the treison shown.—
The letters directed to suspected parties are opened to
ft id eridecce of treasonable purposes and acts. In the
eiscs of Northern sympatbirers they generally afford
proof ot rascality in other regards, so that with those
vho have had charge of this part of the State service,
‘it hut cornu to be considered that a Northern traitor is
equivalent to being auy where in the category of criminals,
from thieves down to speculators.
.VIore Uongs.
Aother Washington telegram ot late date tells the fol.
lowing :
Prof. Lowe has arrived in this cl y with five balloons,
orJerd by tb- Government wi h portable appara'uafor tie
grtieration of pas for their irfit'ion. They will be dis
tributed as follows ; One with the Potomac flttilla, thre
long our linee in Virginia: Prof. Lowe will leave with
one on a steamer, which will be anchored in the river,
while he makes his rreonnoisssnee, and watches the
niovtments ot the rebels on the Virginia shore. For the
management of the fire balloons, eix’een wagons, eighty
lire horses, and six hundred men, exclusive of those on
the boat, aro employed.
The W ar,
“ The disgraceful culmination ar.d termination of the
Cumberland Gap expedition,” is announced in the Cin
cinnati papers. After reaching Wild Cat, it retreated
very suddenly, under the apprehension of being inter
cepted by Hardee. It left a large quantity of stores and
ammunition, and, after a very hard marob, reached Crab
Orchard oa the 17;h.
A stpp'cion '• expressed in a Memphis paper, that the
demonstration against Columbus is a feiot, to cover a
real attack upon Bowling Green.
We have nothing deh rite from the Potomac—though
we think the indications of a battle are stronger than
they were.
This State was, oa W< dueaday, admitted a member of
the Confederacy, by ret of Congress. That mate* our
number 12; and, as soon as Kentucky comes, we shall
lure a baker's doztn—to be rounded off in time by
Tno PlUelon Affair.
Th^Loulaville Courier, ou the authority of two gen
tlemen, who were preaent, gives the following purticu
iirs of the fight, which the Yankees heralded as a great
victory :
The scene in the ‘'Kirrows” during the fight is repre
sented as having been awful. The dead meu filled the
road in hrape, the wounded screamed terrifically —
T e enemy was r.-pulsed and fsirly driven back twice,
and it was only when the (linking movement was at
t-mp ed that Captain Hay wi. bdrew his command. The
blood of the killed and wounded ran in s'reaim into the
river, and in the panic and fright many of tho H-asians
were crowded cfT the perpendicular bank and fell into
the water.
Gen Bull S- Non tn'.tndfd to surround and cut off Col
Wll isms, as ho d spatched he had done, but his plans
luirsed. He divided his force into two columns, one of
which was to march on Piketon by way of the Sandy,
and the othrr up John's Creek. The fight took place at
Gauley Bridge over Ivy Creek.
(Jap*.. Hay hid with him, all told, only 230 men, who
were taken lrom the sevrraljooin panics of Col. Wil.Uma’
command Th force of ihe H-asiins it was supposed
amounted to 1,500 to ">,000, with one battery of artille
Me»rs. R;chards and Grimes assure us that there could
not have been less thau 4uo to Bis) of the Yankees killed
add 150 wounded in the light. The Kentucky hoys were
iu ambush on the hill-side overhanging the uarrow pus
which the Yankees filled, and when they opened fire
they were not distant from the enemy more than from
seventy-five to one hundred and fifty yards. Every man
took good and deliberate aim and evrry shot told. The
fire waa kept up for.ncarly an hour, and so earnest and
determined were our men, that it was exceedingly diffi
cult to cause them to obey the order of retreat, although
they in-v the Yank ee wore a'.tempiiug to cut them off
by a flank movement.
We find the following account, iu the Winchester Re
publican, of a skirmish which occurred on the lice cf
the Potomac, in which the Glarke Cavalry showed its
I’pon the 15 h of October, 1861, Capta’n H. M. Kel
son, while upon picket with his company at Annandale,
took fifteen of his men and set rtf upou a foraging ex
pedition in the direction of Alexandria. After having
a ltauced about one and a half miles beyond the pick
eta, tho party was baited, and Sergeant Gibson galloped
ov r the hill to find whether any ot the enemy were in
he viciu.ty. While advancine down th • road, he was
van’aid by a party of about fifteen or twenty infantry
ol the enemy, G-ed upon, hie hone killed, and he him
self dangerously wounded. The enemy gathered
around h m while lyiug on tho road, and several of them
wished to kayctut him, hot were preveuted from doing so
by the corporal of the party. In the meantime, Capi.
Nelson, having seen the firing, formed his men, dashed
over the bill into the midst of the enemy, killed three,
took two prisoners, and pursued the remduder as far as
he thought prudent to go. Seeing a company of the
» eaiv coming up the road to reinforce their men, Cep
'*iu N. sent some of hia mm back with the prisoner*
a'•<* the wounded man, while he fell back slowly with
the remainder of hia men, and by keeping a bold front
towards th* enemy prevented them from attaking him.
r.king everything I .to cons deration, the superiority of
ae nan ben of '.he enemy, and the oearner* to their
lines, this was perhaps one the most brilliant iklrmUhea
uiAt has taken place bote sun the two armies.
Sergeant Gibson's leg waa amputated by one of the
most dislnguishcd aurgeona of the army, but hta eyetem
had received such a ebook that he aank under it, and
died that night. Yours, reepect ally, J. 8. B.
Thc*sbat, Not. 28th, 1861.
The Convention reassembled at 10 o'clock.
Prayer by Rev. Mr. BoeMrmin, of the Culveraaliat
non. a. a. botxlxb.
The PRESIDENT laid before the Convention a com
munication from Hon. A K Bouler, a knowledgiog the
rece pt of official information of bte appoio'tneut by the
Convention to the vaoei.cy in the Provisional Congre-a,
erased by the resignation of tbe Hon. James M. Mason
and tend ng his grat. ful acknowledgments for the dif
tinguished honor conferred upon him.
Mr. CHAMBLISS presented a eerie* of pungent and
spicy resolution* Adopted a' a pulilio meeting of the citi
z -us of Greensville, relative to the extortion* practiced
hy nierchan's and others. The preceedinge were refer
red to the Committee on Salt.
.rnx militia.
On motion of Mr. RANDOLPH, the Convention re
solved itself into secret ace-ion to consider the ordinance
to reotgsxix? the militia. After remaining sometime in
secret session, the doors were opened.
■ Mr. BRANCH, ol Petersburg, said that Ite had been
informed tnat the resolutions presented by Mr. Cuam
ulisj, were aimed at him aa one of the salt extortion
tie Ho then proceeded to give a detailed statement of
ticta fo viad'c ite him«ell from the Imputation.
Ou motion of Mr. CHAMBLISS the Convention ad
The following is a nearly complete list of the member*
of the House of Delegates of Virginia, who will as
ssemble ill this city, on Monday next We give in a sepa
rate list, the names of those who have vacated their
eei'e by disloyally, so far as we could ascertain them :
Accomac.—George T. Garriion.
Albcmaila—Meriwether L. Anderson and Franklin
Alexandria—Wm. G. Caxenove.
Alleghany and Bath.—Samuel Carpenter.
Amelia nnd Nottoway —R cbard Irby.
Amherst —John Dudley Davis.
Appomattox—Thomas H Flood.
Augusia.—Hugh W. Shelley, W. M. Tate, and Jas.
Batbour.—Wm. Johnson.
Bedford.—Alexander Jordan and E. 0. Burks.
Berkeley.—(Not ascertained.)
Botetourt and Craig.—John T. Anderson and Green
Braxton, Nicholas, Clay, and Webster.—Duncan Mc
Brunswick.—Robert M. Mallory.
Buckingham.—Phil. W. McKinuey.
Cabell.—Albert Ludley.
Camnbell.—Robert C. Saunders and Robert I. Davia.
Caroline —George Tyler.
Carroll.—William Kyle.
Charles City, James city, and New Kent.—V. Widen.
Charlotte.—Wood Bouidin.
CheatetSeld.—Charles T. Friend.
Cluko.—W. A. Bradford.
Culpeper—James Baibour.
Cumberland and Powhatan.—Robert Dabney.
Dinwiddie—Henry C Worsham.
Klixibeth City, As.—James W. (Justin.
Essex and K.ng and Q teen.—Georgo T. Wright
Fairfax.—Orlando W. Huntt
Fauquier.—John M. Forbes an£Richard Payne.
Fayette and Raleigh.—John J. Coleman.
Floyd.—Valentine Thresh.
Fluvanna.—Robert E Nelson.
Franklin.—Andrew 3. Brooks and Peter Blunders.
Frederick—M. R. Kaufman and George W. Ward.
Giles—William Eggleston.
Gloucester.—Warner T. Jones.
Goochland —John 0. Rutherfoord.
Grayson.—Samuel MoOaaumt.
Greenbrier —Mason Matthews.
Greene acd Otauge —J L. Woolfotk.
Greenesville aud Sussex.—Wm. T Lundy.
Halifax—John R Edmunds and George H. West
Hampshire.—Charles Blue and A. W. McDonald, Jr.
Hanover.—Francis G Taylor.
Hardy.—Charles Williams.
Henrico.—Z. 8. McGruder.
Henry.—John F. Wotton.
Highland—Wm. W. Fleming.
I lf of Wight.—James L Wilson.
Jtffersou.—Alex R Bolder and Andrew Hunter.
King Geo ga and Stafford.—John H. Dauiel.
King William.—Uarriaoa B Tomlin.
Lancaster aud Noribumbeilind.—Addison L. Carter.
Lee.—Joshui Ewing.
Lee, Scott, and Wise.—Joshua Bays.
Login, Boone, and Wyoming.—Isaac E Micdonald.
L udouu.—Burr P Nolaud and Matthew Harriaou.
L uisa.—W. G. T Nelson
L meuhurg —Johu 0 gain, Jr.
M idison.—James L. Kemper.
Ms thews and M ddl.sei —Andrew B. Evans.
Meckhnburg.—William BukervilL
Mercer.—Robert k Riotiardson.
Mouroe —Wilson Liv ly aud John M. Rowan.
Montgomery —R oe D. Montague.
Morgsu.—(Not ascertained )
Nausemond —Nathaniel Riddick.
Nelson. — Haw<s N. Coleman, Jr.
NorfilkCity.—Richard U Baker, Jr.
Norfolk County.—Claudius W. Murdaugb and Samuel
M. Wilsou.
Northampton.—E Igar J Spady.
Page — John K Br tou.
Paltick —Johu 3La, 1 a.
Pendleton— J lines lioggg.
Petersburg—Charles F. Collier.
Pitt*)Irani*. — John Gilmer aud A. S. Buford.
Pccihtntu.—James T. Lockridge.
Priucess Aune.—(Not ascertained )
rrmcc anwara.— i norms t treaway.
Prince George —George E Rives.
Prince W lliam.—Seymour Lvnn.
Pulaski.—John G Cecil.
Pumsm.—(Not ascertained
Rtppabamiock.—John T. FI richer.
Rehmond City.—Wyndbam Robertson, Jobu 0. Sie
ger and Thos 11. Wynne
Richmond County and Westmoreland.—Willoughby
Roanoke —Colin B tas.
Rockbridge.—Francis T. Anderson and 8. McD. Reid.
Rockingham.—Chas. G -atutn, John H. Hopkins and
John 0. Woodson.
Russell.—Isa o Vermilion. ,
Scott.—James Fracklin. ,
Shenandoah.—John Gatewood and Philip Pitman.
Sinytb.—Charles J. Shannon.
Southampton.—Joseph H. Prince.
Spotsylvania.—Douglas II. Gordon.
Taseweil, Buchanan and McDowell—Thoa. n. Gille*
pi ■ and Harvey George.
Warren.—Samuel W. Thomas.
Washington.—David B. Clarke and David 0. Dunn.
Wythe.—Robert Crockett
Brooke.—W. H. Crother.
Doddridge and Tyler.—(Not ascertained.)
Gilmer, Calhoun and Wirt.—T. A. Williamson.
Hancock.—G. McC. Porter.
Harrison.—John 0. Vanoe and John J. Davis.
Jackson and Roane.—Daniel Frost.
Kanawha.—Jas. H. Brown and-RufTuer.
Marion.— f. H. Smith and Rcbard Fast.
Marshall.—R Swan.
Mason.—Lewis WetzsL
Monong.ilia — Jos. Snider and Leroy Kramer.
Ohio.—Andrew Wilson and Thomas H. Logan.
Pleasants and Ritchie.— (Not ascertained.)
Preston.—Wm. B Zion and Chas. Booteu.
Taylor —(Not ascertained )
Wa y ae. —(Not ascertained.)
Wetzel—John G. West.
Wood.—John W. Moss.
On the 21ft IniL. at the reeld-nre of the bride’* father, la thle
city, by Rev Ohar're 0 Innegerod* D D., Meat. J A ‘. W. PIGRAM,
0. S. A., and LIZZIE R , daughter of R. T. Daniel R*q.
On Tneeday, 18th Init, by the Rev. A. D McCoy, at dahh-rne
paatatlan, Rapid*’* pariih, UAVILTON M. VANCa end UZZIE,
eldeet daughter of Dr. Leven Lockett, aU ef Louleltna.
On the 22-1 Inst. St the reetdence of Wm Lewis, Ttq , on Cnlon
BUI, JOIN ROBS HT MILLIE, ol Goochland c rooty, s volluteer
In Oeptalo Leske’e Company ef Aril lery, aged about twenty-live
He wai the lecond eon of It. W. Miller, clerk of Gooohl - nd, and
b<d. from the time of leaving ichool, been an tealalant clerk lo
liUi'ttci U-vui yoong man or floe Intel lgence and, at the
lire of h'e death war one of the meet aecomptlehed couuly
o erke, probably. In the State He had been, fr m boyho d, re
Baraable for Mi Heady character, aud cloae attention to boelneae.
not lee* than for hi teidom or never yielding to the tempiatlone
a.ich been the path and nun the protpeoti of fw many yen eg
m n Hi.finequalltl e. ant thouthifol dlepreiuon, gave groat
proud** o' fata e tuefalaeoa. and naturally eiclte I bon#*, In hie pa
rvnle, and fri-ndo, ebl ib, a a* wm but too toon to be Might d.
H- entorvd therankt to lorvehlaooan ry a privet eoldler. and
»ai rat • S la tho very flower of hi* ago Hie death throw* a d* p
ptoia ov*r his oosmy; for he wa* knurs to every maa. probably,
ft It, aad vs* as ttalvaasal favorite.
fnm tha In York Htrald of Iho Kth.
"Owr own" rriticfttn Mr exwtrd and kin Lika and Sta
Uoant Defence Otrcnlar—The politician'e irnz.ety fmr
a War mtkHngland -C.mplainti ae to American rv
raecibiUty—Military movement on tkt Potomac—Re
lative poiticne of tke Army unrkangtd—IheS'avtt
lik’ly tab* faitkfu to tkt r it at ire— Unfr-endly
ftt'ini between tkt Rtgulare and V.lunteere—Demur
a'it’ug influence! of War—Moral R-fitclirme—
Weat mill be tke kvm -r of tke Army when the mar it
over— Gen MeC f Han't Recunnoteeanee* in Virginia
— Tkt General'r Headifuarlere—Tke appearance of
thinge there—7h> Telegraph—The art of fnvittbility
an practiced by McClellan—Hit Rtoff all gentlemen
Tk- blockade of tke Potomac—Inactivity of the Con
federate Am.y— Tke battle of Edwardr Frry—Gene
ral B iktr'e Death — Hffict of it on the Public mind —
The eitua'.ion inMieeouri—The Union feeling t'n Mil
I tnri.
Wa-hington, Oct 19th.—In my last letter, in the hur
ry of eVing the envelope, a copy of Mr. Seward’* circu
lar a"d seine remarks upon it were omitted; but thenm<e
•i, n is of little consequence, as the mail mnst have taken
over the document, and the news of the (ff-ct produced
by it in New York and o’her cities of tbe United States.
The immrdiate irapr«*iion in overv one’d miod wss,
“Mr. Reward is aware of route action on the part of
Engidnd, which ninat result in war.” “The Secretary ia
be.:t on doing something which will lead to war with
.England.” I inter theoe r< It actions from the words of
many people 1 met last week.
The whole American peopls will, I doubt not, auatain
Mr. Seward’s lone and position, and certainly the dis
pitch to which he bad to reply was nota ve y remark
able one, no’ quite worthy, perhapa, of the Foreign
office. The . ll'acis of these argument* will be beat treat
ed at the other sHe of the Atlantic, but it may be re
marked (fat tbe oases selected for remonslrsuoe were
far from being the strongest that oould be found. Evety
word that comes from Great Britain, every act that is
done by her is closely—nay, unjustly—construed by
Americans. She may not look over the hedge, while
France can steal a horse if she please. The auspicious,
jealous shrewish young lady detects foul play in evety
movement of the mother in-law, and will “ have none
of that"
I actually beard an officer find fault with Lieutenant
Grant, of Her Mijeaty’asbip Steady, because be was not
q ii'e pleased with the Captain of the doited States ship
Vand ilia, off Charleston, for tiring a round shot across
his bows to bring him to. Thus ono reads continually
of tha good faith of France in her neutrality, and of tbe
perfity of England—When the French tfficers in the
Crimea snubbed Gen. McClellan and his brother Com
missioners, not a word was said of it aloud, nor was
there, on tbe other hand, the least expreseion of tfttis
f iction at the cordial reception of the Commissioners by
the English authorities, at d but for Col. Delafield’e re
port nothing would have been known of the facts. Had
the case been reversed wo should have been threatened
with nothing short of war—a menace, by the by, which
might almost be stereotyped in some of the most wide
ly read, and therefore least influential of the American
Since my last letter up to this date little h»s occurred
of interest or importance. Reconnoissanoes hare push
ed out darefully from the front of the Federal army, and
hare discovered, as fsr as Fairfax »nd Vienna—even to
creeks below Alexandria and along the road to Drainc
vllle—that the enemy are not i:i force and do not hold
the ground, but that they arc in observation, and l ave
their troops well thrown back towards the old position
at Manassas.
It is believed that the Confederates know every move
of their opponents who are not at all so fortunate.—
The negro population are thought to act lor their mas
ters with zeal and fidelity. We hear of regiment*
and guards of colored people down South, and
when the Confederates were at Munson’s Hill
one of their most forward skirmishers—an inde
fatigable fellow, always loading and firing—was a
black man. There bas been no gi eat reinforcement re
ceived bv this srtny lately, In consequence of the diver
sion of Ohio and Illinois and Indiana troops to the State
of Kentucky and to the west, and the Iirgest estimate of
the forces in the field, doos not raise it much above the
numbers given in one of my r*C'nt letters. It is lbs
New England Sta'es, and the emigration from them in
the Wes', which have p it forth their strength in the war
for the Union, and the Puritan and Quaker element of
the other States has been animated by a sim lar spirit.
Io tbo regiments, in ramp, there ste prayer meetings,
and preachings, and revivals, and Young Men’s Christ
ian Associations; the Colonels give benedictions, the
majors preaoh, the sergeants pray, anil the battalions
match, singing sternly—
Old John Brown lies a mouldering in his grave,
Hallelujah, Hallelujah,
Hallelujah, Hallehjib,
Old John Brown lies t mouldering in his grave,
Bu*. his soul is marching on.”
So army was ever so well provided, in quantity, at ail
events,with chaplains,and in some mens’ minds, the war
for the Union is a crusade for ail that is good and holy
in the world. The gulf that separat'd Christian Knight
from Saracen Emir was not wider than that which divides
'he Northern volunteer from the Southern cbivaliy.—
The contest over, new political relations may be estab
Imbed, but Fran- e and England will not be more distket.
There seems to be no appreh union that this great
mtss of armed men cannot be disposed of by a few cir
They are an immense power in the States and of the
State and they cm determine issues not only with their
votes, but with their bayonets. The regular army, of
course, views its volunteer assoc'ates with feelings it
d ires not express. But each is s check upon the other,
and, while the former would gladly reform some of the
mischiefs, as they conceived, of Democracy, as it exists
here, and won'd resist anv attempt to turn this into sn
abolition war, the latter l ave determined to keep the
power tbev have got, and are leavened bv a strong anti
ilavsry freli g, which, in some regiments, is neatly itnar
imons. It it sea c-lv pvaihie to imsciue say fe-ling in
life for which a man will be as well fitted after three
years’ absence an ho waa when he lef' 't. What a rift
three years can make in the purposes of a life I To
suppose that the immense me«< of rhon collected here
can ever return to their usual avocations is to give them
eredi for more tenacity in civil pur-uita, than human na
ture exhibits generally elsewhere. What will be their h u
_ • l. I „' . V-: f I, I.a,a Ik..,a aoarat Thai —ill
be entitled to their discharge, but long before that the
farm must have found some other superintendence, the
tradeand the profession mnst have gone to ’he dog», and
to tens of thousands eleven dollars a month and food
and clothes must be a belter thing in the present than
anything in the future can offer to them.
They have piy, auhaiatenne, clothing, pensions, “boun
ty lands,” just the same aa the regulars. Tbnv have,
however, the privilege of electing their own officers to
a great extent, which is open to many objections. Law
or custom Induces the governors of the States to leave
to the men of the companies of the State volunteers the
nomina'ion of their captains and subalterns, and the
habit of acting so a« to please the men becomes invete
rate in any officer who has once gained a certain amount
of favor and hope to procure higher advancement. It
will be a very glorious proof of the patriotism and pu
rity of t^e American people if they overcome all tempta
tions which nauully beset men in power, and lay down
that which (bey have had conferred on them for a spe
cial object as soon as it shall have been accomplished.
To all but the eye of Faith that object is still far eff, in
deed. Matters in Missouri are no better. What would
be thought in London if an enemy's Inttery were play
ing on the shipping below Blackwall t In Kentucky
the Federalists do not appear to have gained much, if
anything, and the Union party there confess that they
must have aid of troops fretn the other States, or they
cannot hold their own against the bold and enterprising
The money is flowing now to the extent of some $1,
Ok) 000 a day, or more—that is, the notoa are, for Mr.
Chase, to the immense delight of the Sew Tork bankers,
has left several millions of loan in their vaults, ou which
they have been drawing interest since the date of the
first instalment.
The Treasury notes are now regularly in circulation
and are rather liked than otherwise, aud, as General Scott
pointed out, they are found to be conveniently the sol
diers, who were formerlv paid in gold exclusively, and
bad dfficulty in transmitting their pay to their friends at
home, as there is no system of money orders known to
the post c dices of this country.
OcrcRia 20th.—Gen. McClellan—In some perplexity,
probably in reference to the course to be adopted to
wards such an ehric enemy, who gives way before preo
sure only to spring out when It is removed, or to spread
out in some new quarter—ordered a reooonoissanoe yes
lerdav morning io the direction of Fairfax Court House
and Flinj Hill, aud the creek called Difficult.
As the good Virginians never made any map of their
country ol value for military purposes, or, in other words,
of accuracy or minuteness of detail, it wss essential to
procure an idea of this part of (be theitre of operations, 1
and the topographical engineers who have been at work 1
laying down authentic plans of hill, dale, ravine, and by- t
path, were in requisition onee more. Gen. McDowell i
had no suoh advantages He was shoved “on to Rich- 1
mend" without kno«ing anything of the country except '
what he could learn from the ill-disposed natives and bis
own eyes as he advanced, for iho engineers oould do lit
tle to assist him; and their efforts to reconnoitre on the t
rhursday before Ball’s Ruu served only to show they |
were dangerous and futile. General MoClellan left his I
inarters In Washington on Friday, and spent nearly ill I
iaturdav in exsmlnirg the front of the position along I
ehicb he is slowly pushing his battalions ; and his unu- <
iua! abeeaoe Iron lbs city gave rise to any of the queer
•coentrldtlos of ezprewloa colled rumors, fit moat bo
pleasant to get away sometimes from Cabinet Ministers
•r>d statesmen, though, truth to 'ell. the General la not
much cones ned about keeping theta waiting, for oa yet
be feela bis leg* very strong tinder him.
Ha (s stand ng on tbe support of all tha United
gratae, but one step mar make him know bk feet oie of
day—that soft and yield.eg stuff which k only to bo
hardened in the fire of victorious bottle. His quarters
ora in a pleooant house at tbe corner of • square—not
unlike that of Gordon and Easton. By day tbe doora
a»d windows are open ; a sentry in blus tunic, blue oap,
blue trousers, all without what are called facings, brass
bu tons, with a di» r«c ed eagle thereupon, and a waist
belt with a brats hackle inscribed “ U. 8," walks up
and down, generally w'th a pipe or cigar in bis mouth
and bis firelock carried horiion'.aily over his shoulder,
so as to bring the bayonet oo a level with any eye of
which the unwary owner may be coming round the cor
ner. Several dragoon horses are bitched up by the rail
and the trees along tbe pivrmenr, standing patiently
and good natnredly, as American horses are wool te do,
or, at most, stamping and flicking eff the flics which in
tbe United State* try pstienoe and good temper so hard
ly. At tbe door are ready orderlies, two quick, intelli
gent young men, who are civil without being servile, and
who, in being so, aff >rd some contrast to the various
very independent soldiers lounging or sitting on tbe
steps reading newspapers, and wailing answers to their
There is a sort of “open sesame” about tbe pkoe
which does not prevent the secrets inside being weil
kept 1:i the parlors are seated officers and visitors,
smoking or talking. The tables are covered with a lit
ter of papers or journals, and torn envelope*, and the
clanking tor.gue of the telegraph instrument rescue la
through the buil 'ing Tbe General is gmerally up stairs,
and suntirv gentle Oerberi bar the entrance to Ms pret
ence ; nor is be destitute of tbe art cf making himself In
visible when he pleases. His ttsff are exocllsnt men, I
am told, so far as my exp*rience goes, nor oeuld anv
commander be served more efficiently than tbe General
is by Brigadier General Vanvliet, or Oolonel Buoson,
uotwitbstandiog tbe absence of a good dral of stiffness
which marks the approtch to some headquarters, as
General McClellan found when ho and bia brother Com
missioners sought in vain to obtain accesa to Marshal
Pnliaairr, in the Crimea.
The Genera , a abort time ago an employee on the
Central Illinois Railway, but (till with so muob of tha
oil spirit in him tt&t he studied closely all the move
ments of that short Italian campaign, of which he know
doomed to give a counterpart In this part of the world,
ia a noclwrna, and at tbe close of long laborious days,
works bard and fast Isle into the night, till *l*ep
pursues and overtake* him, when he turrendeta readily,
lor be has one of those na'.un s which need a fair share
of rest, capable though th-v be oi great exertion with
out it on occasion. He works bard, too, in the saddle;
and when the business of tbs morning baa bean des
patched, off he goes, attended by a few officers and a
email escort of orderlies sod tioops across tbe Potomac,
visiting the camps, examining positions, eating where
(ortnne spreads the board, and returning generally alter
nightfall, te look over tbe reports, to is-us orders, to
b - fll« little politicians, and to stand on the defensive
against those of larger dimensions.
Here he is natural, but vigilant—candid, but prudent
tooocco ruminant, or lumint, inn ot me, ana y« con
terapls'jve—of a temper, Indeed, which seems to take
some of its color trom that of tbe accident* of it* sur
rounding in time ar.d place. Extraordinary ads are as
cribed to him of which be knows nothing. He is the
*■ Htroun Alraschid " of the journalists. At one tim-,
attired as a • iranJurt, be i* testing the quality of'ager
beer; again, as a simple volunteer, be is visiting tbe
Commissariat stores snd making practical experiments
on bread and maat. Anon, he is euconntered a* a vi
dette, or starts out of a wood with embrowoetfoce aa a
contraband, and before tbe week is over, be has done
everything exo pt the thing he hie really been engaged
in. Oh, “ Young Napoleon,” what a dreadful hundred
diyi are in store for yon. One can fancy now the sold
ier sighing for the anyvtut ittt in the palatltl building
devoted to the labors ot Central Illinois officials at Chi
October 22 —The Council held at General McClellan's
quarters last night was attended by the Preaident, the
members of the Cabinet, and the majority of the divi
sional generals who are within reach of the capital —
Ii the i(Urcoon ' the Commander-in Chief of the A. my
of tho Potomac” visi'ed the Navy Yard a- d had a lot g
interview with Captain Dablgren in reference to the
measures which must be adopu d to clear tbe river. The
United States’arsenals are d'atitute of the material
whloh wonIJ now be Invaluable. From all side* come
r ies to the Navy Department for beaTy guns and sea ser
vice mortars. Tbe Department has not got them, but
all hands are working away to supply, and in Mr. Fox,
the tfs'stant Secretary, the government has au officer of
ability, good sense, vigor and resolution, who can do
any tb ng but improvise heavy artillery. So it is that the
want of aea serviceViortara offers at this time sn imped
iment to tbe establishment of batteries on the Maryland
x dx of the river, to shell the Confederate* out of their
works, which could be done easily.
The range is no', long, for 10 inch tod 13 loch mortars,
to -jug from 2000 to 4u00 y»r is, aud »■ yal the Oonfedr
rites have otdy used puna of small calibre, rifled indeed,
not adapted to do mueb damage by their shot and ahrilt
to shipping. But the batteries are to be made, and the
exp’dt'ion which sailed from Annapolis yesterday will
probably C id a diversion in store for it about Aicotit.k
and Pohiuk, which are to be seen, I trust, on the mips
« few miles below Alexandria aud Fort Vernon creeks
of the Potomac. It will have been observed that the
policy of tbe Federal Government is necessarily aggres
sive; seeking to recover that which bad l<ee>i lost, their
measures have been nearly all dictated to the government
of the Confederates from the lime tbe* stood on thede
tensive at Sumter, rallied around Washington, and con
centrated at St. Louis, down to this moment, when it
occurs to them thit it would be ra'.her a desirable thing
u> prevei t the Potomac b i ig quite closed up. the dsn
per and probability of which must have struck auy one,
ns they did me, when I wrote long ago on the «ui j .-ct —
And here it may be said that the Confederates have not
exhibited either much wisdom or vigor in their proceed
Had they established tho works and armed them with
heavTguns two month* ago the difficulties of getting
tbe Federalist army in order would have proved much
greater, and tho inconvenience to the oapitkl would hare
been most serious. Now stores have been accumulated
of certain kinds, the army Is in euob forex that a corps
can be spared down there for land operations; above
«!1 th* P'ivr id nn* In a Mat., to afford a few cun-boat
aud steam- -loops to resist the attempt to close up the
river, which could have been done, supposing the Con
federates bad the means, a few weeks sgo with ease a- d
impunity. Light rid >d guns are not the article* for auob
work. Pirhaps the Confederates have no heavy guns
to spare. At all events, the firing here proves there is
little or no harm to shipping in ihone fine rifl'd bolts,
for they cut through without (haltering what is oppos’d
to their flight, and ‘'nobody is hurt” on board. The
Confederates rarely fire co vessels going down the river.
Therefore, when the safe passage of a flotilla of schoon
ers is reported, the pipers set up a cry of joy, aud de
clare that the river is not dosed.
It is (be policy of the enemy to let all ships go down
that are not vessels of war, for Washington ran send
out little just now. Bit vessels coming up are obstruct
ed as far us possible, and thovgh a smell craft now and
then mns the fire, or is tugged up, the < ffict of the bat
teries at this moment, actually is to briog up a whole
armada, laden with coal, fuel, fish, vegetables, hay, corn
and provisions, in the various broad benda of the lower
part of the river. When the Pensacola, which la now
lying oft' Alexandria, is ready to go down, we may hear
of a severe enoouuter with the batteries on (bore; but
it will rejoice our own naval authorities to know that the
rogines of that vessel have proved a complete failure,
and that it will be a fortnight before she can move her
powerful armameut to meet the Whitworth* or othar
rifl ’d ordnance of the Confederate*. While the Gen
erals were assetnbled last night, the report of Oolooei
baker's death reached the city, accompanied by stories
of a great reverse or auccees, aa tho case might be, at
Edward’s Ferry, a point on the Potomac opposite Goose
On the Virginia aiJe a road lead* from the Ferry to
Leesbure. On the Maryland store there are roads to
Poolesville where Brig. General Scone's column is lying,
ltd up to Daroestown, which is the headqiartir* of Gen
eral Banks’ force. Eirlv yes'erday morning, before
dawn, a detachment of 400 men,of the lSth Maseaci ueet a
Regiment, crossed over and prociedod on the road to
Leesburg, without enoouuter.ug the enemy till they got
within a mile or so of tbo town. At the aimo time a small
force of cavalry marched on tbr-ir fl ink toward* the left
Both were met at last by the Confederates, under Gene
’s! Kvana. and were driven back to the river, where the
ufantry made a aUod, reinforced by the remaining com
nniei of th'ir regiment, by the 20th Indiana, tad appa
rently by Baker's Californians.
Aa the islands in the river had been occupied by the
federalists, it eeema to me aa if G^n. Bank* had been
trdered to advance and cccnpy Leesburg, in the expeo
ation that It was lightly held; bat the Coufederstee were
omewhere in the neighborhood, and, as for aa I can
nake ou*, they succeeded in fo’cing the whole colama to
he verge of tho river, on the Virginia side, which U said
o be in pofi-taion of Gen. Banka.
In beading a movement of hi* regiment, Brigadier
leneral Baker, who waa considered a very meritorious
ifflcer, was killed, and from the tone of the Washington
taper*, this morning, it would appear aa if the ill to
trei-ed impatience of the people must aooa break forth,
litherto the muUeriog* have been audible In Mew York,
tat now at Gen. McClellan’s very door we boar, apropoo
i(the death of the above mentioned Brigadier—
" Wo treat in Heaven there will to M man aaorifioee
Ilk* tills, but tbit, If anything In e*rn**t I* to be dor*
It will bo dooa quickly. We have bed reverse* encugb,
and th* wh*l* country la beginning to demand seme* *
thing more."
The action must have been important if ell Atone’*,
force moved out, and if it wu afterwards obliged to
seek eeiieunoe frctu elm. Bank*; hut it ia »o rear pc-:
boor I oannov spare h.r« to ascertain tbo partictl ir*. If
Leeeourg be held *>v the . n»y, it is obvious that the
calculations of the Fade r» lit. wrest bn re-cast It was
supposed that no greet force would be lett there, at.d
that the Confederate* would retire £s soon a* an advance
took plaoe towards Vi*naa. Wherever the Federal* go,
there *pp*er* to be a force ready to meet them. The
news from Missouri is not enenuragtiig It is known
thnt *ome of the b et officers—some ray the fir-t of ti e
old Doited State* army—Gen. Albert Jont ion, is op
po-ed to Gen. Fremont, who is nor, strictly speaking, a
soldi r. Price had htlud at O-crok, wh-re be was Uk- ■*
ing measures to fortify his fas rion, end partisan bands
were moving on Frrmohl’> Sink.
The recapture of Lexiuyton hy the Federal'ai* Is
scarcely a coootrrpoi*? to the reverse sustained by ibem
at Pilot Knob. The '•Union” s -ntiment in Miwouri ovi
dsntlv requires s good del of stirring up wi'h bayonets, '
and demands an immense amount of protection—quit*
a hot-house plant in the way of warmth or shelter—
How long General McClellan can reeist preeen-e frctu
his own sido remains to be seen; hut the poli'bims in
active, not seeing ns well as be does prbaps that with
another great repulse and rout the causa of the Union
ism Is Indeed io a bad way. Hrf wi«he» to nalee sure to
such mishap takes place. Wnen two Colonels are ar
rested in one work for insubordination, with snsp'cioo of
still grsver chargee, the General may be excused for
want of confidence in all the material of which bis force
is composed.
There have been ca**s of the inutility of earthworks .
to check the retreat of an army, or to inspire (he defdW
dere with oonrage to meet an advancing and victorious 4
enemy. I cannot think Washington would be endang
ered on the scuth side even if another defeat were ir.fi c
t*d on the Federal-. The weather Is not favorable for
operatloos in the fl-ld. The mornings have been cloud v,
and the nights rainy. The road* begin to give promise
of Balaklavian difficulties. But, j'letasthe army de
pends on the bridge, the city d> p»uds on aline of einjle
rail to Baltimore. The Long Bridge, indeed, has b<~< n
repaired, and there is soma talk of laying down another
line of r>U; but no one seems to eare about the ordiia
ry roads, and the ruts and tund hollows which may be
encountered on any of the ordinary omlrt* even now,
would astonish s pair of Longacre spring*. What they
will be with the aid of the rains and the snow b.forc tia,
a Crimean experience may eoable us ro judge.
■xtrstec* from late Northern Newspoprra.
The following extracts from the Yankee pres*, shpw
ing what is being thought, said and done in Lincolndum,
will be read with interest:
From the Him York Herald of 24 th.
Of all the conspirators in the work of this Southern re
bellion, no two are more guilty than James M. Masou
and John Slidell. So universal is this opinion among
our loyal people, that the rapture of three two prominent
traitor*, in the public estimation, altnou eclipse* the ia'e
splendid achievement of our navy in the sacred waters of
South Carolina. Captain Wilkes, at all events, divides
with Commodore Dupont the honor of the day, in hav
ing the moral courage to beard the British lion I i .itself,
to the end of making a wholesome example of the**
arch-conspirators, Wuaoo ami Slidell.
Mason ia a Virginian, and an ariatociat of the straight
est sect. Proud of the old E glish Cavaliers from whom
he is descended, be inherit* all their contempt of
psalm-singing Puritan* and plebeian Roundheads. Thus
he regards the Yankees, or tin people of the North,with
that natural disgust of the Cavalier which was first re
vived in Virginia by that prince ol her decayed aristo
cracy, John Randolph of Roanoke. To Randolph tbe
“ Yankee” was an adventurer, a base fellow, a clock
peddler, a swindler, or, at best, but a vulgar upstart,
whose nasal twang of i'self waa sufficient to betray his
inferiority of caste. From the time of Rmdolph down
to ’his day this idea, taking root in Virginia, has been
diffused and established throughout the Souib.
Thoroughly saturated with this mi-era'l* notion,
Mason, ot Virginia, became a cot. p rator lor a Southern
Confederacy, in order to cut loo*e from these Yankee
plrbians ol tbe North, their reclusive fanatics and vul
gar reformers, their philosophers m pefic ;a's and their
women in breeches. To Mason, a royalist by detc'tit
and by nature, these disgusting Yankees were under
mining all tbo sanctities of caste, Church and State, and
it would be worth a revolution to cut them off. This
has been bis ruling idea—to relieve Virginia and tbs
South from the contamination of the Yankees. Mi son
has nerer been a plotting politician for the spoil). A* a
member of Congreis be would not trank a letter bey n 1
lbs strict limit of tbe law. Hr was lOo proud to turu iko
advantages of bis ■ ffitiai position to schemes of money
making, and too lofty 10 descend to the petty lulilgii-s
and mucuses of party tricksters and Lbby jobbers. Us
despi-ed them.
At tilings however, within hit reach, were mads rub
seivi-ut to bis grand uiiimatisn of a serara'iou of tbo ,
S uth from tbe poisonous touch of the Yankees. Hence
his adroit infusion luto'he Fugitive Slave bill of 18J0
o' those fearon* so obnexioua to our anti-slavery people.
His object was to keep alive the slsvery agitation, and
to ali- ua’.o tbe North and South from each other. Hmco
hi* exertions in behalf of tbe Kjnsae Nebraska b I of
lb54 ; his visit, with Atchison, JifT Davis and others, to
Pour Pierce, at the White House, ou that memorable
Sunday morning, from which visit the conspirator* ie
turned to 1-ad poor Douglas to his ruin, and to open the
box of Pandora upon the country. Hence the labors of
Mason in behalf of the Lecompton Constitution, and
hence that Southern combination of which he was a mrm ■
ber, which brought our poor old President Buchanan
down upon hi* m*rrow bonce and in sackcloth and ashes,
and all to save the Onion, poor • Id man.
Mason, too, was emiurnilv in trumental in the bumili
a'ionot Douglas, by hi' removal from the head of tbe
Senate Territorial Ccmmitiet; atd in that John Brown
Investigation Committee, ami in the imprisonm nt o(
Thaddcus Hyati, and in the secession movements to expel
Secretary Holt from the War Department, to which ho
bad been called at tbe eleventh hour by Mr. Buchantr;
and in the attempts of the Senate traitors to remove the
troops criled to the defence of WaeJ.iigor, Mason was
the ringleader. Driven at lere'h from Washington, be
turns up next in Winchester, Virginia, with a mmifrato
warning his loyal nelithbois that they mus: bow down to
the Moloch of secession or leave tbe Bute.
Thus much for Ma*on. Too proud of his blood and
bis caste to s'oop to the common herd c f politicians, he
is simnlv a thick headed Southern fai a' e un«n th»i
ides, his hatred of the Yankees. He would rather he a
subject of Queen Victoria than a colleague agalu of Wil
mu, Sumner and Seward, iu the Senate, upon a*; terms.
He would submit to the abolition of Southern sliver;
under England sooner than accept the protection of
tiaver; under a vulgar rail splitter like Liccolu. Of
course, Mason, with his long training at Chairman on
Foreign R.lations in the Senate, would as the Embassa
dor of Davis in Kngliud, know howto deal wi h the
weak points of Lord Palm-niton and Eirl Russell, and
would, rather than fait in escaping from the Yankees, sell
the “Confederate Slates," cotton and all, for a me-n of
Slideil is altogether a different man. - He is the verv
model of a enuuing, stealth;, slipper;, keen, dexterous,
unscrupulous, intriguing politician. An; trick, at y mao'
an; instruments are acceptable to him, if he can use
them. During the last few years at Washington he has
been in ever; plot, every clique, every movement, to
break down the Government, to break up the Demo
cratic party, and to break up the Union. Spoils, plun
der, and political pover are his objects in ever; enter
prise, and the end will justify the means. What a
ohance would be opened to such a man in the ebsoe of
s Southern rebel ion. This -s the kc; to the treason of
81idell. This is the ks; that admits us tq the splendid
social receptions at Washington of thj accomplished and
fsscinatiug Madame Slidell, and the charming circle of
Southern beauties always around her. Taking the cue
from her, the hospitable mansions of Cobb, Thompson, ‘
Gwin, and other leading secession conspirators, became
a'ike celebrated for their social soirees; and thus a
Southern social oligarch; wts established at Washing
too which controlled President, Cabinet, and Congress,
under the festive Administration of our peer old deluded
bachelor—Buchanan. He was thus inveigled to the
brink of destrucuon as a pr'n ox is led to the slaughter,
bound in garlands of flowers.
El dell, therefore, with bis French Louisiana traiuleg,
and his charming, accomplished and thoroughly French
family and Frecoh associations, and with big deep can
ning, his persevering lnduntrv end skillfu l iflausgement
of meu, was the man for J. ff. Davis at tie cobrt oi Louis
Napoleon. Wbat might not suoh a man bopq to accom
plish there in behalf of a French Viceroy foe the South,
with the coffers of the m.llionsire Washington banker,
Corcoran, at the service ol his dainty Utile Secretary of
Legation, luetis!
Captain Wilke*, however has introduced Jf'-on and
Slideil to an entertainment somewhat d ffjrent from
that to which the; were commissioned. Jfascn will
chits under the tortures of an ex:!e and impri-oumeot
in the midst of the Yxuxeer; but he will still be able to
look upon Slidell wl-h something ot compassion, as upon
an aofortnuate Yankee brought back to griif amorg
kiaown jocular people. Upon this poin', however,
there is *>t so moon to choose b .-tween them; for,
while fttdell has not fan id In Captain * i kes a lellow
New Yorker, Mavoa will remember bis ctp-oitLieutenant
l*<£,<»*’ •• » dsscaodant of oas of ike iamilss tf
Virginia, |

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