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Daily Richmond Whig. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1861-1862, December 09, 1861, Image 1

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RICHMOND DAILY WHIG.
tnw:
Dally Pua, «• par aa»a; dami-Wesfely, M; Weakly, II, *1
nyi (a adwaaoa. ■enlliaoocs may be mala at the rtak #f tbs
Pabnat an la all aaaaa where evidence ta taken ea the da peatt ol I
attar Ik Iba feat OSoe eonialniag me nap.
arvaarmraa.
Omt Metis illttaak) ar lent, ana '.aaartloa.-.— H
lion aidtUaaal Inaardoe .... U
OarmaatbwtUMWta>e«ratfaa..-H M
Third da *a oA..;,.....W «
Mi 4a da ..M> Ml
Twelve do Ot ...»«
fme feiearee. Three menthe......IB OQ
Ax mutual..*0fl
Twelve moalha..60 Oil
TO0“ Ho edverMieaaa' ta ba eeuldWi ad bp the tnomth or yau
aa aaa i padded am tba Manuscript, or previouty agreed upoe ba
IWoea tie parti re.
la aarartUecaat sot marked oa the eopy tor a apeetded mom
fear at toeartlona will ba con tin ted until erdered eat, usd payment
exacted iccordlng'y.
ar itmwLia Aotajrvjtaa.wv*.—To avoid any mlnndarvttsdlcg
an tba parlof the Annuel Advertisers, It la proper to state dudmoL',,
thVthdeprlviiegeeonlyrxteudstothelrlotiDedieVe business. KaU
Inale, L-trtl and aU other Adrertlaemeats lent by them to ba an
ad IHlonal charge, and no vvrfauoo.
tM Ileal Katal.* and Geu.ral agenta' AdverUseuioati not to be
snorted by the year, bat to bo charged at the until rates, tabjoct
C such Oisociinla ai shall b- agreed upon.
137“ Booaacll- ra an.i ja*rty idreri: . t. yeotrally, engaging nr a
ar more spnarcs, with the privilege of charge, thill cot, on th.-'y
fmany average, In tuv iu. week, Ineerl more t an the ament!
agreed a pon sj th: nandlrg rglr an lerthr contract, and all aro«i
J’n< such amount n> be charged at the usual rales,
iirertlaem.. a .nnrled to the Kco! Wv. sly Whig at 7 & cent
par viuare of lO liner or lira Ar trie dial It ertlr-n, and SO Cecil
per metre for rach •-enrlnuunee, er if weekly, H & cento
LAW CAKDS.
I. n. inr .e. r. a. wauaa.
HL'RFOOT * WALLER,
ATTORAKVS AM COTMEUOUN AT UW,
DALLAS', TKXA8.
H. I_Prompt attention to C Uec.tion and Land C'elnts.
Reras*-Samuel M Gar land, Amherit C. 11., Vi; John
Thompson, Jr., Amherst C. 11 , Va; Garland A Christ,an, Lynch
fear*. Va , M a ley A Speed, Jo.: Jadg* M. M. Burfcrd, Dallas,
fates; Hoc. N H. TH.ne.l. do. . _ml.ko-JAely
Ml >>> *• C ABELL,
attoknky at law.
UHA0T1CB' In all the Courts of the counties of Niton and
\ AmheraL He w," at cad to any taw bull.ass e.-.t. ulteJ to
nLn to the adjacent -oantlua.
«*“ Address, Tye River WnrehooaeP. 0., Nekton Co., Ya.
j—n ly___
l’ VKKE I'OnDklTLH,
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
A*l>hmoud Ctty, Va.
IfflUi praeaioe la ail the C icrta haU la the City of Richmond,
Yv and Um ocanUtn. of t: ceUrfleld, liearleo and Powhatan.
Ogtie on the corner of ldth, or Poor! and Main direct*. over the
(tore jf Noah Walkt - * Oo. deal- ly
J. THOnPliOd BKUVV.hi,
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
AI0UJ10SD, VA .
mar ill practice la the Ocuru of Uio cl Leo of Richmond and Pw
TV ter. a.», on J l' e e'ontlee of Uenrleo and ChceterSciL
OMro t i Belvla'e Block, lit' . root, near Hate 0. It anil—if
EUSTACE VlUkOl,
ATTORNEY at LAW.
■\ayiLL PRA0TTS1 la the Coarta of Gtlee, Merear. Mownoe,
\y Montgomery tad Pol tail; and -will sollact and remit pane
tea ly Ibr »'l cit'd, -'laced In hie haada.
Pool OfBoa, €Hlce Court Bourne, Va._||H
JOH.1 W. UKEEV
ATTORNEY at LAW,
WILL PRACTIS* la the Ooarte of the City of Richmond and
Oounty of Henrico. Strict aUontlon wGI be given la all bn
g, — entreated to Mm. $M~ OSce, for the present, with hie ta
lker. Wm. Genoa, ecathw w*. oor. Main andlthHto. jciT—dly
rTo. As B. O. BOULD1N,
attorneys at law,
OBARLOTTR 0.0 D R T BOOR, VIRGINIA.
rworta.—c.itrlolle. Prince Idward, Appomattox, Mooklea
harg and I one-burg.__t°yl*~-ly
a a. DOG'* [ AH, ». GANGOBT, Jl_
ay .tt'a. Ring Wm. Old Ohuroh, Haaeeer.
UOUCiLAS A URMiOKt
vjrp.t attend all the Ooarle of Ring William aad Uaaoeee. N.
\y ». DOCGLAd Mill aim attend the Ooarte of Ring A Oeeea
aad Oaroilne. ____S1A—ly
giiMtlion /OkWt. ALA*. *.
JOHNSON Ac GU1GON
attorneys at law,
RICHMOND, va.
r-aedoan all the ooarte cfL'e ritycf Richmond aad eeaely al
Mear'oo. Mr. J oh neon wUI practice In fhcticrdeld.
• tl-_ _iff
nb. uu-dt’kK Lae :reamed the ii.aew ce.nl LAW la tM
, city of Richmond.
OWcola ie.vli') ne* hallding. oa IMA.Sealing BeaA ex*
laid—If •
I .m m
r*e^ % EAST POW OEHS.-J. w. GAR.
LICK, Richmond, Va_ mtanfactarea “Bcmplo’i Infal
lole Baking Fow l r.” Ulj le the only fa lory of the kind la the
hon’.h, aad he le prepared to Smith the entire trade on a> r.aeon
ani'e term, ae Northern raannfactarer*. Beraple’e Powder !i a Vlr
Mala preparation, apprcT.I hy all who good IL—KicAmotid Wt»g
y r ml# bv flrngiriete an*l Geoeort generally ^ __ti
OWBTHIhG Niiwr
P0RU8 JGG8 HR COOLING WATRR.
We have oo hand a eupply of kho above Juge which we are eelb
iae cheap • and w we haec no ley eeery family thoold have them.
Ouil at KfetEBKlt A PaRk’B Pcttery,
jyg Ccraef of Uth an 1 Cary kt-cean
aT o. NI G l Id.—N hhde, fair to prioe qaaUtv, fog tale bp
Jt LI I AT II. IMI.
MILITARY AND OTHER GOODS.
am on LSI N. r KICK * IV., Un i*»lupesed
F**w Grcj Clwlbt
Qr«y C«Mi'aer«
Bla« r««eJi
1*19 Ufa««)S
Plaid Oasalmere far Bhlns, itlrWag, Mib. i«,li hr hldn
Alw.cs hand, • large •'”<*
Irish Uoens, Liars Dvta,
Towel!la#, Cheeked UeeW
Calicoes. Bleached Cretans
Bleahe! Sheetings, ttro. Drills
Col re-1 Lawn,, Her egee aad other Drew Swda
They laiead la eeli ihcL- Mock, bought before the war, at aboat
oid ra'-ea, bat upon I *rS goods u ra y hare hod to buy recently,
in.., ear place or eieoaoe.ie they hate to pay ahravy addition
T. * PSIC1AOO.
rn £1 .|OK » A’ll* UEIMTEAO.
WI bee ease Ui call t e kites Iron of tlie so dlers to onrOamp
Beds'rad wM-si sretli nk, u sop.rtor to anything In the
- Li Lias the uri- J\i;3e*l I rimer iistleu of ths*. e officers
who hare a ed it. Coat.- and tee It, and yon will be tatlsBeJ of Its
aerfevt adaiu-.U- n to the eantr of the soldier.
S', >,aye ,lao ou hand aad .re dally man a far taring Camp MooB
aad Camp C. rets, of yartocs ttylee and prteee.
flail at the fonitaia Wbwmii of _
BINVOAD A TO ITT A
Jy 11—dta C,>r. 13th and Vraokllo Sts.
Window chana—
N) boars Preach Window 01 sat
80 do Amarieaa do
Id l i retard ..aln etre, la More aad kr sale by
_ tt. W. WQoLdMDOA. 18th street,
1 iiuiOMk, As,—lOhdoe Boesetiond Brooroc
Ij MU do Matches
liar ds Bel Cor k sad Uses, la ctors and
Ur sale by W. W. WOOLOIlDQA.
_lf*h Street
IJSI7IEE IM S LIFE AT HOVE!
THE V IBbITU LIFE !».S< MACE fOMPIST,
(OPPIOB 00 AN KB Of MAIM AND ■LItfINTH IralkTi.)
IWUCAN white persona Me life or for a ter* eg yean, aad eUre
kr JOS as mere (not eacesding kar) years
(fronts Aano ti e and ladow-ients on the wet r'laHskls ter*t
The y.ampoule* haring B-sde knows their Intewlloa it
‘mediate the no'del of oar felloe tiHieewC whe auy he killed it
iMeaceef their h-.*er, etcher betuking ep kr*e, or by eympa
.Vilu- with oe by Medina aid and eoaikrt IS Bealhera Brbels
^TfgSeK *2. Insured Sy tb r«. osgkt - ewe to ssawt kh
the »■ liry lsferrsatlea ere farnWred St Ihr
sMcs sd tBe Oswpswy. J naBAWOM, VreeHrs*.
J. ADAH PLAAAANTA, Beer Mary,
lua trinu,* W.«e*csl txarilner.
JL IMCdT*' KdOIBWHMy FhyMciak
iJoooT Wwrw,tsyst Adrieec._8L
eiraty. I' etdee luesctt Leather; 8-1 ddte Bla-I
1J 0Jper" wW: WiUe h-lp DU>*I.»« aide.frrnch Calf ehlw
“.Si a,°'.“d '*'**'* AUNT A JAMBA
! g SPRING _TRADE. 1861,
HATS, CAPS AND STRAW GOODS.
ROOT. L. DICKINSON,
Bocotmor to
■1IVOKD, DICKINSON A WK1SIGKK,
RICHMOND. YA.
Q AS operand la Mora, a tall and complete itoek of
CAN,
and STRAW GOODS,
I of the Uleet and moM fuhloneble etylee, wMeb will be aold al
' ebo e.aie aad retail, on the mnet favorable trrme.
T»e .UrnUin of merchant! la moat reepectlolly aollclted to call
aad examine for Cremeelvee.
W1LITAHV HATS AND CAPS
* Hade to order at the shortest notice.
OAHU PUBCH ABEEB.will find it to their Interest to call and u<
amine u*j stock before parch as! nr.
M SPRING-STYLES flg
• v Nats and caps.
MY ea irnaeat of BATS and CAPS for the Spring trade la now
complete, embraeing all the newetylee and col re or Soft
Kata alto, Mol«k‘.D,SUa andCaaetmere Rata,and a great variety
at new atyle of Capa, Leghorn eud Straw Uaix la great variety.—
Also, a general assort men; of gwaaimaenY tarnishing gm.li. Cm
jr.Usr, Walhla* Caaes Ac., Aa, nli or any of which will he Mid
)»WWI tereaaae Many otheraetabllyhmenlla thedly. I niolt
; raepecttaUy la rite a eah from porches era
JOHN THOMPSON,
| mb* No. 1 Ba'lard Hoaee.
1861. 1861.
GLLETT 4k WEISIGER,
MAiimiTl'KEHS AND WHOLESALE HEALERS IS
Hats, Caps and Straw Q-oodsi
Mo. 1VT Haj Btkvbv, (orrosrrs Vacuabob Baba,)
Ru\\tiumd, Ka.,
H»vr rttdy nnd are bow offering to the Merchnnle rf Virginia,
«of ih CsroliUA and Ten»e*se«, at price* to *nH the time*, a com
plete rock of tyring and Bummer Goods, which for variety and
ely'e tAnnul k? t aceHed. buyer* will do well to give os a call be
*orr purchasing elsewhere.
I BBbfeS KLLKTT k WKISIOXt.
; AITIIWKISGU GAA'lT~Al7.*»vU,vOO
THE PLASTERS 8AVINKS BASK,
OP THR CITY OP RICHMOND.
I SI , I PLANTKUn NAVINtiS BANK, IA ring an anplo Oaah Oap
A Hal and Chartered by the L.yl.ledc:- of Virginia, will * ecelec
Deposits, ui Flee lluilura and upearda, on which lulcieet
wll. re paid at the rate of Die per seotam per auoum If remaining
■lx months, or five per cenlum per annum If leas It.so air month*,
interest payable Semei-Aumuai 1 y, If dmlrod.
Deposit.i ,'cetrad at their ' Sot, .1 the More of Mrlrrs. Dale A
letcheooa. No. 40 Mala Street.
J. 4. WILSON, Prrfdent.
A A Hneommoe. Yreaenrtr. mail—1)
JOHN C. SHAPER 4k CO„
DRAPERS AND TAILORS
ElLHANisE EULU1RU,
Mils STRKKT, RICHMOND, VA.
Would ruepeettaily exit aiieutloa to their new itylee ef
(Poll e.n.1 WlnS-e...
June 14,1*41. f
A I.LACfOI'TRRMRlfT1IANDE(|MPAE!^T«
*JL delivered to the Ordnanc* Department of the Male of Vlrftnla
vlli, from an A after thle dale, be toned Into the Oruaanoe War*
o as, al the eoratr ef ltih and Cary street*
0. DIMMOOX.
IB—If __ Ool. of Ordnanoe of Virginia.
BOOTS AND SHOES.
WESTON <fc WILLIAMS.
No. li Pbtrl direct,
RICHMOND, FA,,
nAVI )ut received a fail and complete assortment tf
BOOTH and BB0SB
vdapled to the present season, and, in addition to their large and
teli-assorted stock of Eastern goods, hare the *oli aokxcv for
e me calm factory at Statist):., f x., which b taming cat
%yb* and Qaalltiee of work equal to ABJ n the country.
Or an try Msec ham* are reqsseS* J to rail and examine for them*
I- »*!>«. WlfcTU.N A WILLIAMS,
mhAO— ts No. IS r ea : street
lMFuUTAB T TO OFFICERS LKh SOLDIER*.
J. S. ROBERTS ON.
Sena aovaaaon aid rain us rraaar.,,
RICHMOND, VA ,
Ktf PS constantly on hand, a large and varied assortment of
choice
FAMILY G ROC SKI MS and A ns LIQUORS and CIGARS,
Imported eaprewly Cor Uib market.
Abo, the beet Old Rye WUIiKY and Apple and Peach BRAN
DY, distilled in the ro •unta!u» of this hint?.
All Liquors nod Groceries sold oy him are warranted pare and
good, or no sale
P. rt. -Part oular attent'on paid to patting ap and shipping
gcoib for officers and soldiers stationed at and away from Rich
mond.
OoMMIMHION bUBINKSB.—Will make liberal advances on To
bacco, Wheat, Flour, Com and other minor products of the coun
try, such as Bacon, Lard, Poultry, Eggs, butter, Dried Frnlte,
Leather, Hides, Potatoes, Beans, Peas, Ac., Ac
_QUICK SALES AND PROMPT RETURNS Jyll
POTAr-H —A small lot jast received.
ocU)DOVE A 00.
COD L'VEUOIL, for sale by
_ocdODOVE A 00.
(CHERRY PLCTORAL>Falph. Ether, G ilnlne, Hyd Potash, Chlo
J ruforui, Chloratedfutash mi Ml b.iver, Lr sale by
ocBO_ DOVE A CO.
MATJHEK Mu gross Matches, and BO gross Mason’s blacking
for sale bjrtiOV K A CO. _oc’10
11 aDKIRA WINE.—B Leif pipes very choice sad old; pure Juice
1IX sweet Mab.*a Wine ; Champagne Wire, half pints; Bherry
Vine, extra fine quality, our ovu Unporallon in s'ore and lor
-ale by t BLDiN A MU.LEK, corner Pearl and Cary sts cc8
pONt ENTHA rRb LVK.-8 casts on hand, for sale by
no4 DOTE A 00.
riU AM IB HITTER (LOTIIIM..
RRTE have on hand a Urge -lock of Pall and Winter Clothing,
vW con.b^ig of Hue Casa, business Coato, fine Bsvs Over
Coats, black Cloth frocks, < f all qualities. Abo, a large stoci of
flae and common black i.m. Pants.
NOAH WALKER A 00.
not * Corner Main and 14th streets.
EluHM JND. Nev. 14,
SIR —I take tfcb method of returning many thanks to my name
rrus cus’ome • and Mends, f«»r their very liberal patronage
and many past favors, sad reepectftidy solicit a onllnoanceof the
*11 Rao.Ii I buy,) 1 i all In future oe compelled io collect all 6111a
at .tact oace per tn->u h. uc,tli further notice.
JtaipcclfuUy, a A I DABNEY,
Grocer and Corumlsilon Merchant,
Corner Broad and It • pu* Richmond, Va.
H N6K ON KM; L ' > D; Brown, Shipley k Co ’i
!i*acceptance!, past die. Aieo, id day ollli on London, for lale
bj KDNoND. DAV»FJ*r * 0«X__nod—Jm
BXCHANOI AND BANKING HOUSE, I
C. W. Fracm.L k Co. I
mat hlgtmut market price raid for Oold and Oliver. etocka
1 bought aad aold oo Oommlallou. _. _ „
01,j| || 0 W. PI KCBT.L A CO,_
WAMT*ti»-»»r^local purpeaea, a out pang of a IwiDdrod
mptj who are nut capable of porlontiny ienrke In the field,
vet are able to perform daty In the city. None need apply wik> are
capuMe af flel I aervlo, and goo i r.fur.nc.i will t*'aqajtad u to
uh.r«tcf. Apply at th. CMC.
LAND BOB BALK
raillK ttronrlett r off«*ri for nlc, one thousand or twelve hun
T dr- an'C“-' ^',“.7"^'^“,
* productioa of Cora and • ottou, ao ay l«.l la the Aatt ol
Wmb'lpi l Thb land U oituaitd on the rCuUiem b .aodary ol
dulflowlg Orun.y, oo a btaullfui Lab-. three mile. from th. Va
ii«r. Into oh eh It emptl.a, uSordlng a tine a'eambyat ntvl
If» ion irto th. river Dpoa thla land la doadidaj Bra year. old.
which la eoarepUM* ifathlng a flu; crop thrflratjear
T ro." on. third each: the balance In two annual laatalm.oU;
on. half of th. aamc will be taken In aegro^rnpertv ^deriicd.
(>“* l.,Bji°,> **”" " ^ °v£t.hnrgDrM.m
II IKKH'K PREMII’n BIT
■ajjl THUS maauVloredby Mr It flagan of thla city, for
llTuTlUt.tn yeara, and ao highly fOOomraru.Ud liypromtn.Bt
phyricUb' In Virginia, ha. gained a rrpaaoulou In th. Ooolod.i.i.
a,my f >rlha car. of Agar and Vry.r, and general debility, hi
7n aaf.ly any they ar« a Taluable modulo, for ozpua.d aoldlm
Im had of aH riruggltto la thla cl V, or of tho Proprietor, on
Dnlon Hill. Blchmond, Va _n,lS
Sa 111 h Vg mi uaaflo flardlnci, whole half end quarter Boa
m ikat rooMreTaadforMlcby BflDKS A MIl.Ltfl,
’9 fVmer 14ih anil f*%rv ttieMr.
r4m A.aw r u I'-K — fV) CMN CUrct Due, Jail tcc-Urd
5 .ndfoferie by AtVflT ALIPflOOMB._■»««>
■ Il lll ttr M IBK T(l Pli VStCIA'I -It la re
K JLmm requested that the Ptiyiic'am of Richmond w.ll re
orrt at tho cfllco, oorncr Broad and Ninth atreeta, aach officer, and
onldicra under their charge, a’ are quuite.ed ta private fam ll-a,
hotel, and beardlM hoaaee, atatlng tii.lr condition. wh.ee guar
tored and if far ao practicallc, the regiment gad rompany to
whM they’belong. Thla Information will greatly promote the pub
and aoldi.ro eaartevud In private famlllua, hotel. and
bottalroZUrSmliato beta rich hut arc ret attended by any
phyaldM, wM repeifl theuiaelyr* 4 above, atatlng their condition,
"*1*‘ "** jyO. H. WIBD1R, Brig. Ha.
i4lfllUi«fat to baud, eooabtncd from New OvUano, •
H lot of raut and a tew 1-9 ca k Preach Brandy, lav dead at
vVeyreeLZStenTm. JOUNfcr*. TOOUttM A OTAV
n_^,( IS Pearl MrwL
T««iilb.'-ant> IU bmi^jalit/ iudlgo. now lu more and for aola
I be * PBTBRAOII A Oft _ _
I.TLOI'B lflObbM Family Fre' Flirt Rope. An* Four, for
aalo ou eonelgnmenl, by A. Y 8T0IW A OO aeit •
1 Itjjiswysvasss:rawyK““
RICHMOND WHIG.
THE 1.AB.T MESSAGE OP THE FIRYf PRESIDENT
OF THE YANKEE NATION.
teUcv' Oitizem of the Senate and lionet of Reprtten
tativee : *
In the midst of unprecedented political troubles
we have cause of great gratitude to God ior unusual
good health and most abundant harvests.
You will not be surprised to learn that, in the pccu
liar exigencies of the times, our intercourse with foriegn
nation* his been attended with profound solicitude, chief
ly turning upon our owu domestio affdra. A disloyal
portion of the American people have, during the whole
year, been engaged in an attempt to divide and destroy
che Union. A Patios which endures factious domestic
divisions is exposed to disrespect abroad, and one party,
if not both, is sure, sooner or later, to invoke foreign In
tervention. Nations thus krnplod to interfere are net
always able to resist the counsels of ee.tiring expediency
i and ungenerous ambition, although measures adopud uu
I dvr such influences seldom fail so be unfortunate and in-;
I jurfeu* to those adopting (Item
The disloyal c tisens ol the United States, who have
offered the ruin of our country in return for the aid and
comfort which they have invoked abroad, have received
le*s patronage and ercouragrment than they probably
'expected. It it werejust to suppose, ns the insurgents
h-ve seemed to assume, that foreigu nations, in thia cage
di'carding all mo al, soc;al, and treaty oblig done would
act solely and selfishly for the most speedy restoration of
rommerc*, including espeeiiily the acquisition of cotton,
those nations appear as yet not to have seen their way to
their object more d rectly or clearly tbrouzh the destruc
tion than through the prnservation of the Union. If wo
could dare to b, Hem that foreign ra'ionc are actuated
by no higher principle than this, I am quite sure a sound
argument could he msde to show them that they can
reach th, ir aim more readily and easily by aidinr to rrush
thl* rebellion th,n hy giving ouco uagement to it.
The piincipal levir relied on by the insurgents lor ex
citing foreigu nations to hostility against us, as already
intimated, is the euibarrafsment of commerce. These
nations, however, not improbably saw from the first
that it was the Union which made as well our foreigu as
our domestic commerce. They can scarcely hare failed
to pc retire that the efl'irt for disunion produces the ex
isting difficulty, and that one strong nation promises
more durihle peace, and a more exteusive, valuable and
reliable commerce than can the same nation broken iuto
hostile fragments. -
It is not my purpose to renew onr dit-ctusions with
foreign States, brciuae, whatever might be tbeir wishes
or dispositions, the integrity of 'our c ountry and the
stability of our Government mainly dr pond not upon
them, but on the loyalty, virtue, patriotism, and lutall -
gi uce ol the American people. The correspondence it
self, with the usual resolution, is herewith submitted. I
venture to hope it ai I appear that wo have practised
prudence &ud liberality towards foreign Powers, averted
cause* of irritation, and with firmness maintained our
own right* and honor. Siooe, however, it is apparent
that bore, a* in every other Bute, foreign danger* ne
oenaarily attend domestic difficult^ 1 recommend that
adequate and ample measures be adopted for traintain
ing the public defences on every side, while, under this
general recommendation, provision for defending our
coast line readdy occu s to the mind. I also, in this
connection, ask the attention of Congress to our great
'ak?s and rivers. It ia believed that some fortifications
and depots of arms and munitions, with hatborand nav
igation improvement* at well sdectcd points upon these, j
would be of g-eal importance to the national defence
and preservation. ,
I ark attention to the views of the Secretary of War
expressed in hi* report upon the same general subject*.
I deem it of importance thit the loyal region* of
E-.at Tennessee and Western North Carolina should be
'OniMqted with Kentucky and other fai hful parts of the
Union by railroad. I, therefore, roe commend, as a mil
itary measure, that Congress provide for the construc
tion of such road* ss speedily a* possible. Kentucky
will no doubt ro-operate, and through her legislature
make the moet judicious selection of e line. The North
ern terminus must connect with some existing railroad,
and whether the route shall be from Islington or Nash
ville to tbe Comberland G tp, or from Lebanon to the
Ttnneewe line, in the direchjn of Kioxville, or on some
Mill different line, can eeailWte determined, Kentucky
and the General Government cn operating, the work can
be completed In a very short time; and when done it
will no', only be of vast present usefulness, but also a
valuable pmnanent improvement, worth its cost in all
tbefuture
Some treaties, designed chiefly for the interest* of
commerce, and having no great political importance,
have beeu negotiated, and will bo submitted to tbe Sen
ate for their consideration. Although we have failed to
induce some of the commercial Powers to adopt a de
sirable melioration of the rigor of maritime war, we
have removed all obstructions from tbe way of this hu
mane reform, except fuch a* are of merely temporary
and accidental occurrence.
I invite your attention to the correspondence be
tween her Britannic Majesty’* Minister, accredited to
this Government, and the Secrctarv of State, relative
to the detention of 'ho British ship Perthshire, in dune
last, by the United State* steamer M issaehnsetts, for a
supposed breach of the blockade. A* the detention was
occasioned hr an obvious iui*apprelient-inn of tbe fac'*,
and as justice requires that we should commit no bellige
rent act not founded In strict tight, a* eanctloued by
public law, 1 recommend that an apnrrrpriation be made
to satisfy tbe reasonable demand* of the owner* of the
vessel lor her detention.
I repeat the recommendation of my predecessor, in
his annual Message to Corgieas in December last, in re
gard to the disposition of the surplus which will proba
bly re tunas after satisfying the claims of Armrican citi
xeua, against China, pursuant to the awards of the Ootn
ralsjioncrs under the «ct of the Kd of March, 1859. If,
however, it should not bn deemed advisable to carry that
recommendation into (fleet, I would suggest that author
ity be given for investing :b* principal over the proceed*
of the surplus referred ti in good securities, with a view
sens against China ns arc not unlike ly to arias hereafter
iu the course ot our extensive trado with that empiro.
By the act of the 5th of A usual I ist Congress au hor
iied the President to instruct the commanders of suita
ble vessel* to defend themselves against and to capture
pirates. This authority hsa been exercised in a eiogle iu
stance on".
Far the more elV«taal protection of our extensive and
valuable commerce, in the E intern seas especially,' It
would also be advisable to authorixe commanders of sail
ing vessels to recapture any pri/. -s which pirates may
make cf the United State* vessels and their cirgoes, and
the Cont-uhar court*, established by liw'in Eisteru coun
tries to adjudicate the c is. a. in the event that this should
not be objected to by the loc I authorities.
If any goed reaaou t gifts wiiv• we should persevere
longer in wiilmldine cur recognition of the independence
and sovereignty of Hayli and leheria, I am unable to dis
cern It. Unwilling, however, to inaugurate a novel pnli
cy in regard to them without the approbation of Con
gress, I fiil.mil tor your consideration the evnedirnor of
an apir. pr ation for maintaining a Cl.aigrd’AfTilisuesr
each ot those new 8tatee. It does not admit of dnnht
that important cemmeicial advat.uges might be secured
hy favoratde treaties with them.
The operations of the Trca-ury anringth* periof which
has cl pj.'d since your adjournment have be* a conducted
with signal lU’cee*. Th-> patriotism of the people has
placed at the disposal of the Government the large means
demanded by the public exigene e* Much of the nation
al loan ha* been taken by cilia’ns of the.imlnatriil class
e», tghose confidence in their count re’s faith, and r-al
for their connlry’s d* I veranca from it* pr “*ent peril,have
induced then to contribute to the support of the Govern
merit the whole of their limited a. qnis tion. Tlda fact
imposts peculiar obligations to economy in diibursemrnt
au.1 energy in action.
Tuo revenun from *11 sonreos. including loan*, for the
firuncial y. nr ending on the Stub June, 18(11, was eighty
«ix millions oight hundred aud thirtyli vo thousa> d nine
hundred dollars and tweqty-seveu cents, aud the expen
ditures tor the same period, Including payments On ac
count of the public debt, were eighty-four millions five
hundred aud seventy-eight thousand tnd thirty four dol
lar* and forte-seven cents, leaving a balance in the treas
ury on the 1st of July of two millions two hundred and
hfiy-eeven thousand and sixty-five dollars end eighty
cents. For the first quarter of the financial year, euI
log on the SO:h September, 1881, tho r. c-ipls from all
eourc-s, iochiding iba bilance of July 1. were one hun
dred and two millions five hnnlrnd and thirty-two thou
sand five hundred and nico dollar* and tweotv-ev<-n
cents, and the expanses ninety-eight millions two hun
dred and thirty-nine thomand seven hundred and thirty
three dollars and niau ceot*, leavi rg a balance on tbs
1st of Octobor, tost, of lour millions tas hundred ssd
n'nety-two thousand seven hundred aud seventy-six dol
lira and eighlestt cents.
Estimates lor the remaining three quarters of the yeat
and lor the financial year of 1863, together with his views
of the ways and means of meeting the demand contem
plated by them, will be submitted to Congress by the
Secretary of the Treasury. It is gratifying to know that
the expenses made necessary by the rebellion are not
I beyond the resource* of the loyal people, and to believe
' that the same patriotism which has thus far snstained the
Soveromrnt will continue to sustain it till peace and
( union shall again bless the land.
| I respectfully refer to the report of the Secretary of
War for iulorm.at'on retpectiog tbe numr rical strength
| of the armv, and for recommendations having in view
an increase of iu efficiency and the well being of the
various branches of the service entrusted to bis care. It
is gratifying to 'enow that t te patriotism of the people
has proved equal to tha oce-isiou, and that the number
< of troops tendt reo greatly exceed the foroe which Con
| great authorized mo to call into the held I refer with
j pleasure to tho*y> portion# of his report which mike alln
i siou to the creditable degree of discipline already at
j taiued by our U'omps, and to the excellent aanitary col*
i dition of tha entire -vray.
VH0 recemm redet.ew of the freer**ary Mr on orgwuU
zatioifnf the n .ilitia upon a uniform basis is a subject of
rital importance to the future safety of the country, and
is commended to the serious attention of Congress.—
The large addition to the regular army, in connection
I with the defe ttion that has so considerably diminished
the number of its officers, gives peculiar importance to
: hia recommendation for increasing the corps of cadets
to the great-jet capacity pf the Military Academy.
| By mere omission, I presume, Congress has failed to
I provide chaplains for the hospitals occupied by the vol
j ucteers This subject was brought to my Dotice, and I
w*s indii'.cd to draw up the form of a letter, one copy
of which, properly addressed, has been delivered to each
of the »oreons,-and at the dates respectively named, and
; rtaud ;,n a achedule containing also the form of the le.t.r,
marked A, and herewith transmitted. These gentlemen,
I understand, entered upon the du ies d.vignatcd at the
time | respcc'ively slated in the schedule, and have la.
I.on id faithfully ther^iu ever since. I therefore rerun
I me .id that they be compensated at the state rate a* chap
la' as iu the army. 1 Iurther suggest that general pio
r si in be made for chaplains to serve at hospitals as well
art with regiments.
The report of the Secretary of the Navy presents in
I detail the opr rations of that branch of the s.-rvice, the
| activity anJ energy which havo characteris'd its aimin
: istratioo, and the results of nwasureg to increase its rib
! riency and power. Hach have been the additions, by
construction und purchase, that it ,may almost be said a
navy hag born created and brought into service since
our d'tBcnliies commenced. Besides blockading tiUr ex
tensive coast, tq iadrous larger than ever before assem
bled under our Hig hare been put alUfrt, and performed
deeds which h tvn incroised oua naval renown.
I would invite special attention to the recommenda
tion of the Secretary tor & more perfect organ!/ ition of
the navy, by introducing additional grades in the service.
Tbs present organizition is defective and unsatisfactory,
and the suggestions submitted by tbs department will, it
is ueiltvea, It aaoptea, ooviate me uimcuiues amiaea 10
and promote harmony and increase the ettioieucy of the
nivy.
There are three vacancies on the bench of the Su
preme Court—two by the decerae of Justices Danirl
and Mil. an, and ouu by the resignation of Justice
Campbell. I have thus far forborne making nomioatious
to fill the vacancies for reasons which I will now state.—
Two of the outgoirg judges resided within the Slates
now overrun by revolt. So that if succ.ssors were ap
pointed in the same localities, they could not serve upon
their circuits, and many of the most competent men
there probably would uot take the porsoual ha/.ird of
accepting to servo even hers upon the 8upreme bench.
I have been unwilling to throw all the appointments
northward, thus disabling myself from doing just ce to
the South on return of peace, although I may remark
tbwt »o transfer to the North #u« which has heretofore
been in th« South would not, with reference to territory
nod population, be ui.juat.
Duriog tho long and brilliant judicial career of Judge
McLean his circuit grew into an empire altogether too
large for any one Judge to give the Courts tbereiu more
than a nominal attendance—rising in population from
one million tour hundred and seventy thousand and
eighteen in Item, to six milion* one hundred and fifty -
ouo thousand four hundred and five in I860. Besides
this, tho country generally has outgrown our present ju
dicial system. If uniformity was at all intended, the
system rrtj’iires that all the S’ates shall be accommoda
ted with Circuit Courts, attended by Stioreme Judge*;
while, in fact, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Iowa, Kansas,
Florida, Tex is, California, aud Oregou have never had
ijiv such Courts.
Nor can this well be remedied without a change of the
system, because the adding of judges to the Supreme
Court, enough for the accommodation of all parts of the
country with Circuit Courts, would create a court alto
gether too numerous for a judicial body of any sort,
and the evil of it be one that will Increase as nep Stales
come into ths Union. Circuit'Courts are useful or they
are not useful. If useful, no State should he denied
them; if not useful, no Bute should have them. Let
them he provided for all or abolished as to all.
Three modifications occur to me, either of which 1
think would be an improvement upon our present sys
tern. Let the Supreme Court be of convenient number
in everv event.
Then, first, lot tho whole country be divided into cir
cuits of convenient s:zj—the Supreme Judges to serve
iti a number of them, corresponding to their own num
her, and independent Circuit Judges bo provided for all
tho rest.
Or, secondly, let the Supreme Judges be relieved from
circuit duties, aud Circuit Judges provided for all the
circuits. .
Or, thirdly, dispense with Circuit Courts altogether,
leaving tho judicial functions wholly to the District
Oaurts and independent Supreme Court.
I respectfully recommend to the consideration of Con
gress the present condition of the statute laws, with the
hope that Congress will be able to find an easy remedy
for mauy of the inconveniences and evils which con
stantly embarrass those engaged in tho practical admin- .
Mir.-tllU I Ul HIKIU. -w- w. - --
eminent OoQgifflt han enacted Borne ti*o thouuuid ac*?a
and joiont resolutions, which fill more than fix thousand
olo-ely-printrd pages, and aro scattered through many
volumes. Many of these acts have been drawn in haste
aud without sufficient caution, so that their provision*
are often obscure iu themselves or in cot.fl ct with osoh
other, or at least so doubtful as to render it very diffi
•alt for evon the best-ioformed persons to ascertain pre
cisely what the statute law really is.
It seems to me very important that the statute laws
should be made as plain and Intelligent as possible, and
ho reduoed to as small a compass as may consist with the
fulners and precis'd of the will of the Legislature and
the perspicuity of iislanguage; those, we’idone, would
I think, greatly facilitate the labors of those whoso duty
it is to aa-i<t in the administration of the laws, snd would
be n lastin ' benrfK totho people, by p’acing before them
in a more accessible and tangible form the laws which so
deeply affect their interests and the ir duties.
1 am informed by seme, whose opining* I respect, that
all the nets el Congrett, now in force and of a permanent
and geneisl nature, might be revised and rewritten eoae
to he embraced in one volume, or at least two volumes
ol ordinary and convenient fits, aud I respectfully rec
ommend to Oongroas to consider the subject, and if my
suggestion he approved, to duviso some plan aa to their
wi-dom shall s-cui meet proper for tbo attainment of the
end proposed.
Ouo of t‘ic unavoidable consequences of the present
insurrection is the entire suppreeaiou in many place* of
all ordinary means of administering civil justice by the
oflteeia and in the forms of existing law. This is the
ease, in whole or in part, in all the insurgent States; and
as our arm vs advance upon and take possession of part*
of these States, the practice! evil becomes more »ppi
rent. Tic re aro no Courts, nor officers, to whom the
c'tizem* of other States may apply for the enforcement
of their lawful claim* agaiist ciusan* of the insurgent
3lttos, and there is a v ast amount of deht cansii'.uung
such claims. Some have estimated it aa high as two bun
dr. d millions or dollars, duo iu Urge part from insur
gents, in onm rebellion, to loyal citlsena who aro even a
now making great stcrifices in the discharge of their
patriotic duty to support the Government.
IJudar theae circumstance* 1 have been urgently aolic
ited to auablisb, by military power, courts to administer
inmmary j lilice in such case*. I have thus far declined
to do it, uot because I bad a doubt that the end propos
ed—the collection of the debts-was just and right in it
a.df, but bsoausa I have been unwilling to go beyoud tb*
pressuru of neoead'.y in the unusual exercias of power.
But the powers of Congress, I suppose arc rqaal to the
anomalous occasion, aud therefore I refer the whole roat
ur to Congress, with the hope that a plan may be devi
aed for the adaaioiatration of j italic* in all each part* of
Un inaurgant hi*la* and Tacriiariaa M aay be undar (ha
control of this Government, whether by voiti ilxry return
I toalleg'wnce and order, or by the powo- of our arms ;
this, however, not to be a permanent institution, bnt r
temporary sibstitu e, a'ul *n cease as soon as the ore •
nary court* cun bo re-established in peace.
It ia important that souls more convenient mean
I should bs provided, if possible, for the adjustment of
claims against the Government, especially io view o'
| their increased number by rea»on of the war. It is ts
much the duty of governments to render p-empt justice
against itself in favor of citizen*, as it ia to admiuiatar
the same between private individuals. The investigation
and adjudication of claims, In their nature, belong to the
judicial department; besides, it i* apparent that the
attention ot Congress will be more than usually engaged,
for some time to come, with great national question
It was intended by the crgaauut'ou of the Court of
I Claims mainly to remove this branch cf business from
the balls of Congress; but while the Court has proven
to be an cflhctive and vaiuable means of investigation,
it, in * great degree, fails to (fleet the objeot of its crea
| tiou, for want of power to make it* judgments final
Fully aware of the delioacy, not to aay the danger, of the
, sutject, I com mend to your careful consideration whether
1 this power of making judgments final may not property
! be given to the owwrt, reserving the right of appeal on
questions of law to the Supreme Court, with su h oth> r
provisions as experience may havw shown to be nccu
I «ry
I I hsk attention to tbe report of the Postmaster Gene
ral, tl e following being a summary statement of the
1 condition of the deprrtnient:
: The revenue from all sources during the fiscal year
ending June 80,1861, locludinc the annual appropriation
I of seven hundred thousand dollars for the transports
j t'ou of free mail ma’ter, was nine million forty-nit e
i thousand two hundred at d ninety-six dollars aid forty
j cents, being about two per cent, leas than the revenu •
j for 18t;0. Tbe expenditures were thirteen million s:x
| bunrtr- d and six thousand seven hundred ard fifty-nine
j dollars anil eleven cents, shewing a decrease of more
| than eight per cent., as compared with those of the pte
viuu* year, and leaving an excess #f expenditures ovtr
j the revenue for the lest fi cal year of over five bundled
I and filty seven thnu-and four hunthtd and sixty-two
dollars and seventy-one cents. The gross revenue for
| the year ending June SO, 1862, is r>f‘ra»'cd at an iu
j crease, of four percent, on tint of 1861, making eight
| million six h-mdr.-d and sixty-three thousand dollars, lo <
which should be added the earnings cf the department I
| in carrying free matter, viz: seven hundred thousand \
, loilars; niakirg nine raiiTna ibree hundred and eighty- I
three tlionseetpdr.liar*. The tol d expenditure* for 1M12 i
«re CHtimatei at twelvo million five hundred and twenty
eight tho sand dollars, leaving an estimated deficiency |
of three million one hundred and forty five thousand
dollars to be tunplled from the Treasury, iu additon to
j the p rmaoent upprcpriarion.
The p’isent in-urr.-ction shows, I think, that the ex
ton-ion of this D strict acres* the Potomac river, at th*
time of establishing the Capital here, was eminently wise.
ju'i gui isqm-iiuy inji me nuni|meniDf ni oi lint por
tion of it which lies within the State of Virginia was un
wise aud dargeroua. I submit for your consideration
the expediency of regaining that part ot the District and
the restoration of the original boundaries thereof through
negotiations with the State of Virginia.
The report of the Secretary of the Interior, with the
accompainiug documents, exhibit the condition of the
wend branches of the public hu*inesa pertaining to
that department The depressing icliuences of the in
surrection have been ei p -chilly ttlt in the operations of
the Pa’eut and General Land Office*. The cash rrceip-s
from the sales of the public lands during the past tesr
have exceeded the expenses of our land aysiam only
about two hundred thousand dollar*. The sales have
been entirely suspended in the Soatbern States, while the
interruptions 10 the business of the country aud the di
version of largo numbers of men from labor to military
service have obatructed settlements iu the new Sluter
aud Territories of the Northwest.
The receipts of the Patent Office • have declined in
> nine motitl a about vine hundred thousand dofiats, ren
di-ring a large reduction of the force employed necessa
ry to uuke it self-sustaining.
Ti e demands upon the Pension Office will be largely
iucrevei by the insurrection; Numerous application
for peurions, based upon the casualizes of the existing
war, have already been made. There is reason to believe
that many who are uow upon the pension roll, audio re
ceipt of the bounty of the Government, are in the rar k <
•if the insurgent-army, or giving them aid and comfor».
The Secretary of the Interior has directed a suspension
of the payment of pensions of such persons, upon proof
of their disloyalty. I recommend that the Congress au
thorise that tflicer to eauae the names of such persons
to b r stricken Lom the nension roil.
The relations of the Government with the Indian ttibes
have been greatly disturbed by the insurrection, espe
cially in the Southern Superintendency and in that of
New Mexico. The Indian couutry south of Kansas is iu
p-isseaaion of the insurgents from Texas and Arkansas.
The age$ie of the United States, appointed since the 4th
of March for thia ruperintcndency, have been nimble to
reach their posts, while the most of those who were iu
offics before that time have espoused the insurrectionary
cause, and assume to exercise the powers of .agents by
virtue of their commission from the insurrvetionirts.
It lies been stated iu the public press that a portion cf
these Indians have been organir. -d as a military force,
and are attached to tha army of tbo insurgents. Although 1
the Government has no official information upon tbr
sub|ccf, letters have been written to the Commissioner
of Indian Affairs,by several prominent chiefs, giving
assurance oi their loyalty to the United Slate*, and »x
pressing a wieli for the presence of the Federal troops to
protect them. I; is believed that, upon the repossession
of the country by the Federal forces, the Indians will
readily cease ail hostile demonstrations, and resume their
former rclitious to the Government.
Agriculture, confessedly the Iirgrst interest of the na
tioo, has not a department nor a bureau, but a clerkship
only assigned to it in the Government. While it is for
tunate that this great interest is so independent in its
nature as not to have demand d and extorted more from
the Government, I respectfully ask Congress to consider
whether something canuot be given voluntarily with gen
era! advantage. Auuual reports exhibiting the condition
of nnr a.mmltu-e. commerce, and manufacture*, would
oresent a fund of information of great practical value to
the country. While I make no suggestion as to details,
I venture the opinion that an agricultural and statistical
burrau might profi ably be org wired.
The ex cution of the laws for the suppression of the
Af.ic in slave trade has been confided to the Department
of the Interior. It is a sabject of congratulation that the
efforts which have been nude for the suppression of tb:s
inhuman traffic have beeu recently attended with unusu
al success. Five vessels fitted out for the slave trade
have been seized and condemned. Two mates togaged
iu the trade, and one person in eqnippitffe a veas. I os a
slaver, have been convicted and sn'jected to the penal y
of a line and Imprisonment, and one captain, taken wi I,
a ctrgo of Africans on board his veswl, has been co •
virti d of the highest gra le of offcuott under our laws, the
punishment of wb:eb it death.
rite Territories of ColoraJo, D tcofah, and Nevada,
created bv I he last Congress, have been organised, and
civil administration has been inaugurated therein un
der auspices especially gratifying, when it is considered
that the leaven ol treason w«s found ca sting in some of
these new eoun'rier when the Federal officers anived
there. The abundant natural rosouieesof these Terri
tories, with the security sud protection e.ffjrded by or
ganized government, will doubtless invite lo tbern a large
immigration when peace shall icetore the business of lb#
country to its sccuaiomod channels. I submit the reso
lutions of the. legislature of Colorado, which < vidence ]
the patriotic spirit of the people of the Territory, Ho
fur the authority of tbs United States has been upheld
in all the Territories, ts it is hoped it will be in the fn
rnr \ I commend their lutereats and defence to the en
lightened and generous care ot Congress.
I recommend to the favr,fable consideration of Con
gress the interests of the District of Columbia. The in
surrection has been the < at ss of much aeffering and eai
r.fioo to iu inhabitants; and as they have no represents
tire in Congress, that h ady should not overlook their
just claims upon the Government. '
At your last sea-ion a joint resolution was adopted at
tfieriaiug the President in tike measures for facilitating
a proper representative of the industrial intereeis of the
Uuited States at the Kilt'biiion of the industry of all na
tions, to bs held at Loudon in the year 1 Still. I tegret
t« lay I have been unable to give personal attention to
ibis subject—a subject at ones so Intereating in itself and
so extensively and intrio-'ea'ly connected with the tue
etial preep' rity of the wo>ld. Through the Secretaries
of Sum andof the Ioterior e plan or ay-tern has been
d*vised and partly niAtured which will be laid before
you.
Under and bv virtue ol the act of Oottgreas, entitled
“A t act to confiscate proportv ut- d for iururrecliooaiy !
purposes,” epprodtd August 6. 1861, the legal claiu s of
ra uiu per<ona to the laoor and services of certain other
i pcraoM have become forfeited, end ■ usher* of the let- [
t rthia liberated are already dependent on the United
S ate*, aid must be provided lor in aims tray, ite
-id-a this, it it n it impossible that some of tbe States
•ill paassltnlar eiac.ments for their own benifie, re
spectively, and by the eperatioa of which persons of tbe
sime class will be thrown upon them lor disposal. . Io
such case, I recommend that Cong rise provide lop ac
cepting such persons from such States, according o
seme mode of valuation, t» liiu protanto of direct tain,
or upon some other plan to be agreed with such States,
respectively, that such persoLS, on seeb acceptance by
thr General Government, be as once deemed free;
and that, in any event, stipe bs taken for colon'/, ng
both classes, or the ooe first mentioned, if the other •
shall not bo brought into existence, at eome place
or places In a climate congenial to them It might
be well to consider, tbo, whetbtr tbe free colored
peop'e already In tbe United State* could not, so far ae
individuals may desire, be included in inch colonisation.
To carry out the plan of coloniatiioo may involve lb* ,
acqulrit g of territory, and also ibe a| propriatlon Of mon
ey beyond that to be expended io the territorial acquiaij
lion. Having practiced lite acquisition of territory for
nearly sixty yean the question of cniisMIntional power
to do so m no longer an open one with ns. Tbe grower .1
was it first questioned by Mr. Jeffjeeos, who, however,
in the purchase of Louisians, yielded his scruples on tho
pica of great expediency. If it be said that the only
I’jitimtte oiject of aiquiriog territory is to tarnish
homes fer white men, this measure effects that object,
: f»r the emigration of colored men leaved additional
room for white meu remaiuiug or coming here. Mr. Jef
ferson , however, placed tbe importance of procuring
Louisiana more on political and commercial grounds tb«n
on providing room for population.
On this whole proposition, including the appropriation
of money with tho acquidtion of teriitory, does not the
expediency amount to absolute necesaitv, without wbirh
the Government can - ot be perp -tua ed ? The war con
tinues. In considering the policy to be adopted for sup
pre-sing the insurrection I h«.e been anxious and
etreiul that the iuevttabie coitiict for thie purpose
shall not degenerate into a violent and remorseless revo
lutionary struggle. I have therefore in every cane
tho ghl it proper 10 keep the integrity of the Union prom
inent as the primary object of the contest on our past,
leaving alt questions which are uot of vital military im
portance to the more deliberate artiou of the legislature
Id the exercise of iny.best discretion I have adhered *
to the blockade of the por'a held by the insurgents, in
stead of putting iu force, by proclamation, tbe law ot
C<mgreas enacted at the last session for closing these
ports. So, also, obeying the dictates of prudence, as
well as tho obligatio n of law, instead of transcending,
I have adhered to the act of Congress to confiscate
property, and for insurrectionary purposes. If a new
law upon the same subject shall be proposed, it* propri
ety wil be duly considered. Tht Union mutt bt prtttr
xrd, and hence ail dispensable means must be employed.
We should not be In hasie to determine that radical and
extreme mi aeures, which miy reach tbe loyal as well as
the disloyal, are innispensable
The inaugural address at tbe beginning of tbe Admin
iJrafinn an<4 in at thfl lita anuria I
scfsion, were both mainly devoted to the domestic con
troversy tut of which the insurrection aud consequent
war hsve sprung. Nothing now occurs to add to, or
snbtract from, the principles of general purposes stated
and expressed in these documents. The last ray of hope
for preserving the Union peaceably expired at the as
sault upon Fort Sumter, and a general review of what
has recurred since may not be unprofitable. What wt*
painfully uncertain then is much better defined and
more distinct now, auil the progress of event* is plainly
i* tit* Lit Jirtoti**.
The insurgents confidently claimed a strong support
from north of Mason aud Dixon’s line, and the frionda
of the Union were not free from apprehension on the
point. This, however, was soon settled definitely aud
on the right side. South of the lloe noble little Dela
ware led off right from the first. Maryland was made
to seem against the Union, oar soldier* were assaulted,
bridge* wtre burned, aud railroads torn up withia her
limits, and wc were many days at one time without tie
ability to bring a single regiment over her soil to tl •
capital. Now ht-r bridge* and railroad* are repaired
and open to the Government. She already gives seven
regiments to the cause of the Colon and none to the
enemy, and her people, at a regular eleciiou, have' sus
tained the Union by a large majority, end a larger ag
gregate vote than they ever before gave to any cand -
date or any question.
Kentucky, too, for sometime in doubt, is now decided
ly and, 1 think, unchangeably ranged on thy tide of the
Untot^
Missouri is comparatively quiet, and I believe cannot
again be overrun by the insurrectionist*. These three
States of Maryland. Kentucky, and Missouri, nsilher of
which would promise a single soldier at first, have now
au aggregate of net lees than 40/riO in the field for the
Unior; while of their citizen*, certainly not more than
a third number, and they of doubtful whereabouts and
doubtful existence, are in arms against it. Altar a somt
what bloody struggle of months, winter clones on the
Union people of Western Virginia, leaving them masteis
ol their own country.
An insurgent force of about fifteen hundred,for mouths
dominating the narrow peninsular region constituting the
counties of Accomac and Noithatnplon, and known as
the F. intern Shore of Virginia, together with come con
tiguous part* ef Maryland, have laid down their arms,
and the people there have renewed their allegiance to
and accepted the protection of the old flig. This leaves
no armed insurrection north of the Polemic or east of
the Chesapeake.
Also we hsve obtained a footing at each of the iaolat
r>d points on the Southern coast of Hatter**, Tort Boys',
Tybec I.-iand near Savannah,and Ship Island,and wa like
vise have some t-Cnetal account* of popular movements •
in behalf of the Union in North Carolina and Tennessee. '
These things dem -mrtrate that the course of the Uuion is
advancing s entity Southward.
Since your last adjournment Lieutenant General Scott
iaa retired from the. head of the army. During his long
rife the tatiofi has not been unmindful of bis merit, yet
an calling to mind how faithfully, ably, an j brUliautly t
rae has served the country from a time far back in our ‘
hiatorv. when few of the now living bad been born, and
tbtnct forward continually, I cannot but tbink that we j •
arc a till his debtor I submit, therefore, for your con
deration what further mark of recognition ia doe to
him and ourselves as a grateful p ople.
With the retirement of Gen. fchoucame the executive
!uty of appointing in his stead a Generrl-in-Chief of the
,rmy. It is a fortunate c:rcumslanoe that neither in
couiicil nor oountry wai there, so far aa I know, Ay dil
creuce of opioion as to the proper person to be select
*1. The retiring Chief repeatedly eipressed his judg
ment ia favor of General MiClellau for tbe position, and
m this the nation seemed to give a unanimous concur
rence. The deaiguatioa of General McClellan is there
lore in a coosidtrable degree tbe selection of the
.-ountry as well as of the Kx< cutivs, end henoe there ie
matter reason to hop* there will be given bim the cor 6
fence and cordial support thus by fair implication prom
ised, and without which he cinnot with so full efficiency
lerve the count rv.
It has b ien add that one bad General is better Ikon •
:wo god ones, rid the sating It true, if taken to mean **
no more tba i an army is b itter directed by. a single
mind, thrush inferior, than by two superior ours at va- •
riance and crotn purposes And tbe same is true in all
loiut r>i>eraliens wherein those engaged can have none
out a common end in view, and can diffir only as to
the ctoica of meant. In a storm at sea, no one on
:>oard can wish the ship to sink, and yet not unfrequent
y all go dowu together, b?exuse to# many will diraot
md uo tingle mind ean be allowed to control.
It ronuuu- s to develops that tbe insurrection ia large
ly, If cot eiclu.-ively, a war upon the first principle of
oopular government—the rights of the people. Osaelu
ive evidence of this is found in the most grave and mal
nrely considered public decumenta, aa well aa in the
lenrral tone of the insurgents. In these documents we •
,n 1 the abridgement of tba eiiatiag right of suffrage,and
the denial to iba p-oplc of all rght t> participate in the
•election of public officers, sxeep. the legislative body,
advc-cated with labored arguments te prove that large
control of tbs Government in tba people is tba aooroe of
all political evil. Moi areby itaelf is sometimes hinted at
xa a possible refuge from the piwer of the people. In
my present pwiiion I could scare.-1y be justified were I
te omit raising a warning voice against this approach of
returning despotism.
It li not net d d nor fitting here lb t a gat ml argu
ment should bo mula in favor of po.wlar institution.;
but there it one point with its co. neutrons, not so hack
ueyed as most others, to which I aak a br ef attention,
ft is the rttort to plate capital on aa equal footing with,
if not above labor, in the alrucinre el go-ernmeot. It
is a samel that labor U available ouly In aeanoetton wi h
capita!; tbs', nobody libore nukej somebody else own
ing capital, somehow by tbe use of it, irdueee bim A
la'or. This serum id, it ia next considered whether it In
bee . that capital shall hire laborers, and thus indue'
them to week by their t«r tAimi, « bjf them ud

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