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Daily Richmond Whig. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1861-1862, December 11, 1861, Image 1

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vow - S6. RICHMOND. YA„ WEDNESDAY MORNING. DECEMBER 11. 1861.NUMBER 140.
RICHMOND DAILY WHIG._
TUU:
Daily Paver, 98 per aaaue; it.n-Weekly, Si ; Weekly, 98, at
wsji la adraaev. leteltlane*. maybe made el the risk of the
PebUsbsrt to all ck.ee where eeidrreo !e takec on the depoeli of e
letterte the Poet OSoe ooDtalr'as ‘ '~ej.
Ml—
Ole Squre, (IS line,)orleee, oo* t'.eertloa-U
■aen .ad.IVneJts.rrti.o ..... *
One von.li wtihoxt s..-ration.ff '■»
Three d« de .10 >»
fce de de ..»Ok
Twelre de de .»<#
*we Severee, I hreo nralhl..... —.. 15 iW
pw tnoali*. . *> w
Iwelvs ..5°
0f*N3 a^ttrUscaoat i© hscoustdeiad byihteonih or ysst
ta>e*s spedi*a on the Hb3tticr.pt, or p.-ssloaily agreed apon be
twsen lie partis*
te *Jrert‘*uasal nolwJkrksd on the ocpy few s fpectfled nor*
be. of huwrttcrs will t.e eoatluasd antllsrdrreJ hat, anil payment
tssxv l according1/. . , ^
mrnmcui* A Bfri—f i.—To avoid any ralsunderstirJlny
•a the partol tr-e Aenal Aihrmhen, h is proper isMila NHeif.
ta «t it sir iTi v/e^«w ealy axtsnus u» th«lx laaalllto busluca* Rao>
Vhslr, L. yai 1 all other. Au vmewsjjicuta ••.•nl by them to be nr
aiimieilll charge, aud no vvrlatfoo.
Real r«t*te and General Agents’ AJrsrttsc.ncnt* not to be
aesrtett by Uu year, bat to be chanted at the aaaal rale* iut]e«t
S such discounts u shall be a/re**d upo*
fry BcokscU*-* Jy art / vUmbers, generally, engaging oca
tr wore spaarer, with the privilege of change, shall Dot, on their
ysaily ave» a**, ‘n say *nv week. Insert more than tbs amwcM
iyrtsd upon as the standing ral ca-Kr the contract, and all aaeer,
ti ,i saoh sal ant to be chary***! at the usual rat*-*.
4dvartlaemi*ai« lasc.ted la *he 9eroi*Weekly Whly at 76 cent
par • j&ar j of ID lines or !«.** for thj irsi InaacHon,and 60 cools
per square tnm • r 'U .-ontlrua* .• •. ir *9»rc':ly, 7 £ r 'Ms,
UW C&UDS.
j. o. leeror ~” * “■
kGltrOOT a WAl.LKK,
ATTOHiEVS l.\D fOr.tSElLOBS AT LAW,
UALLA*, TIXAl
K. M.—Prompt mention w> CoBoetion an I Land Palaa
*■..«.n-r^ M. Garland, Arol.crot 0. H., Va; John
fhoapaoa, Jr., Amherst C. £., Va , Garland 9 ChrUtlea, Lynrh
■banc Va ; Moeley A Speed do ; ledge N, M, Burferd, Dalle*.
Pine; Uaa. S. H. Para ad, do._Vd^O—dAoly
DAVID S. «. CABELL,
ATTORNEY A.T LA.W.
■pSACrtC*® la all the Coon, of the coantlae of Napoo and
£»£ Ultf CUQUc*.
tar Addrea*. Tye Ut« Woref.oaao P. a, Mellon Co., Vo.
toM-lP___
PARKE POINDEXTER,
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
HI- lunoe-i €l»y, Va.
T»nU* practice la all the Oouru told la the Oily of Richmond,
Tf oa liho cooattooof Ohuttra-sid, Hearico and Powhalon.
09c.- oa the corner tfUth, or Pearl oad Mala fctracts, orcr the
Here »t N ah Walker it;., de90—ly
J. THO.nWh IlKdWH,
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
R'ClIMOh’D, VA ,
WILLpr-cU'» tn - . v crt» c: the cli..* of Richmond tad Pt
tc*»Vu/j, And kie ootti <4 Iltarlco *oJ Ctirst«r field.
OAa#fL iieiYka's Ri^cJt, iitb *lr■*»*.. m %r Mile C H. _ *a¥I-lf
Bl STACK feiBfrOft,
A’CTORNEY at LAW.
-fJTFIU. PRACTISE la loo Coo ■» of Giles, Mercer. Moons,
Yt Moi-trouierT sod Pol ask'; and wUi collect oad remit puc>
tea Jp foe oil ealees pmeed la hie hood*.
Pooaoace. til,at Ooort aoooe. Va. , JylV—
JOHN W. GREEN,
ATTORNEY at LAW.
WlUi PRACTIOI la the Ooorts of the City dr Richmond and
Cooaty of U. rtec. Strict anoetloa will be glsen to oil bo
ilaoos e-itrciod to Mm. 0®ce, for iho preoeat, with Ui fo
la i. Wo Green, arotR-weot cor. Mala and Tth Bta. jell—dly
R. O. <to Bo a BOULDIN.
ATTORNEY# AT LAW,
OBA I LOTT* OOOH HOUII, VItGIHIA.
Cmarto.—Cborlc-tto,Prlaoo KJword, Appomattox, Macklea
betrg and LaaooOurg. * mylR—ly
R. B.DOOQUB. ». GRMGORT, Jo*
Aylett'e, Slag Wm.* Old Oboroh, Haaorer.
DOIGLAS A GREGORY
WELL Attend oil the Court* of Klog William oad UoaoTer. B
B. DOCUUAd will also ottead tbo Court* *f King A Qoeec
oa ' Caroline. _ __ __ ___’cltll£_
•aaMAMBa jcaaaoa. alu. a ooiaoa.
JOHNSON lVg GHJIGYON
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
1IOHMOMD, VA,
PtooUm la oil tbs oourtaef the city of Richmond oad cooaty *1
Henrico. Mr. JohE-tco will practice in Chesterfield.
«•-. - • > ■ aaklia Street_frt
HI. BBWIU has reeaned the proctlo* of LAW la the
. etty of Rlohcead.
09 col: Seisin’mew bolldlag. oa Jtkh, frosting Bank ilrooi
lokt-u
VCAST l»mV»F.R*.—J. w. GAB
LICK, Richmond, Vv, manufacture* “Semple's Infkl
lble baking Powder." Ula U the only factory of the kind la the
H-ttth, and be ’• prepared to fen.sh the colire trade on as reason
able terms as *f r-.h-rn manufacturers. Bcmple’a Powder is s Vir
ginia pripara^eaaeppruTtd by all whs used IL—BUAuwwlTTMy.
T-.r sale be iir-acrlsw and Grocers eenerally._f,»—If
SOflKTHiiro NKW.
PORCS JUGS POR COOLISO WATRR.
We haee on hand a i-if-pty or tne above Jugs which we are tell
lar -heap; and at wo hae# no t--e every family ahould have them.
Oml at KKaaKK A PARK'S Pvttery,
jjt Corner of Itth and Cary nreeta
NO. Sl'flt K«—W hhds, fair to prime quality, for tale by
. jytt -lw DUNLOP. MONCURK A C0._
JILV 1ST IT, 1861.
MILITARY AND OTHER GOODS.
fimoNAS B. PRICK & CO., have just opened
1 Pew Grey Clothe
Grey Commerce
Bine Pweeda
Blue tdaseya „ _
TUld Oaastmer. for chine, shirking, Prints, Acn Ac., tor Aoldfera.
Alao, on hand, a lire* lou t
Irleh 1-leeot, Llnrn Ducke,
Towelling. Checked LInru
Oallcoee. ftl -ached Colton*
Bleached Sheetings, Kro. Drlfla
C. I ret Lawns, b-.-ir-, and other Drees Goo da
They Inteodto atll ll.elr ok, bonght before the war, at about
old rales, l>u» u;.oo tuck g 'ode at lh-v have had to boy reoently,
th-y nuit pia-'.e an adranao^a they have to pay aheavy addition
ftl pHeth j
jyis T. B. PRICE A CO.
i:\ci:lmuk fa.mp hfipstfaif J
WE be.'leireto call tht attention of tbeaddlere to oar Camp
Brdjtca ! Whirr weth nk,> tupcrlor to anything In the |
market 11 h■» tlic unqualified commendation of thpae oBcers
who tare aw l it Com- sad ise It and yon will be aalbfled of Its
perfect adaptation to the want, of the roldler.
We hare »'.»•■ on hand aa-1 are daily manufacturing Camp (tool*
and Oiimp Cneata, of vsiloa, style, and prices.
Call *1 the Purciioro Wareroomt of _
BTNTMRD A PORT EE
Jy 11—die Cor. 13th and Tran kiln ala.
WIN WU W Gl.IRk
MI bo tea Preach Window Glea
M do Aoer'rsn do
10 tea reined Salo etre, In atore and fbr tale by
Mq W W. WOOLDRIDGE 15lh atr-ct,
BHOO MB, Ae»—100 don lice- eta and Broome
1 si do blatrhre a,
100 du Led Cord I and 1 Ices, la store and
h, .ale he W. W. WOOLDRIDGE,
’ lfKMRre»l_
t I.VtlKF tOlll LIFE AT H0.8E!
THE VIH'il.Hi LIFE INStTlWCS COMMIYT,
(OPTIC! OOKN'wR OP MAIN AND ELEVENTH BTkKCTB.)
rICRR white pereona fbr Ufa or tor a term of yearn, and alarm
fare-near more (not eieecHngtonr) yearn ....
Grants Aina'll-w an 1 Eodqwmeule »n the most -quhanle terma
The Yankee c-mpnnlca haring male known their IntcnUon to
repudiate the nelicim of our ratio w-dtiaeo* who may be klUed la
defence of the’r homes, either by taking up aruu,or by tympa
i-'-a— with,er bj ' a.t'-ik aid and contort to Southern Eehela,
.eery prudent man, ‘3».rad by them, ought at oaoe to cancel hie
•alley and Insure at borne
it,oka contain!;the ceceeeary Information are farnkhrd at the
cfle* •/ iht Q j*nf*“ay,
BAMTftT. 1. BART1SON, PreeideeA.
1. A D* it PLEASANTS, IsersUrp.
gun Brawn;., H D., Medical Eiandncr.
J U MoCawTH. D , 'Snsulltng PhjMctoa.
Koeorm H Jfatrw. Legal AdW-ter_; ‘ tTR
L mac-an toll 100 tides Raeeatk Leather; to) muse Hack
I Conor Lea: e . 10 rtdm Rip Ski.-* 10 aides Preach (toll aklne,
on^n^mH, a,d tor tole h, ^ A PAM«.
jggffiassr
14 SPUING TKADE. 1861.
IUT8, CAPE AND STRAW GOODS.
ROKT. L. Dli'klNSON,
Muoceeeor Is
BINFOKD, DlCklhSOh A WRIIIOM,
RICHMOND, V*.
HAB opei sad la (tore, s full Aid complete itoct of
HAT*.
(UHL
sod ITRAW GOODS,
)f the latest sad moot feahlooeble styles, which will bo told st
.hu’easle sod retail, oa thett .it favorable terms.
The stlcnUoa of merchant* la moat respectfully solicited to sell
sod exstoioe for themselves.
Jlll.ITAKY.il ATS AND CAPS
Hade to or Jar at th< shortest rut.ee.
CAM! I'CECH AhfUH will find It to their Internet to call and ex
1 tmlct ay flock before pat chasing.
SPUING-STYLES fl&
OF MATS AND CAPS.
VI Y aascruacnl of HATH and OAPtt (or the Bpring trade 1« now
i?L complvte, embracing all the new style* and colon of Soft
Hate. alio. M deekln, BRt and On* lmere Hate, and a gioat variety
of new sly!? of Cape, Leghorn and Alraw Hate in grrat rarlely*
ll*o, a groeral assortment of gecilrtneo*t fumi*:.!: g good*. Urn*
orerai, walking Canes, Ac., Ac., all or any of which wlU be sold
an at good term* af akany other establishment In tbecUy. 1 mc.it
•eepeemi'y Invite a call from p^rebaaera.
JOHN THOMPSON,
mhtS No. 1 Ballard Home.
1861. ■"*“?: 1861.
ELLETT * W’EISIKF.K,
MAM HITI KhKS AM) IVUcUrfALE DEALERS III
liats, CapH ami Straw Goodni
No. 147 Mail Btrkxt, (orroswe kxoaiaoi UaikJ
JftoAwuvu/, l a..
Have ready and are now offering to llie Merchant* of Virginia.
Voni, Carolina and Tennessee, at prices to toll the times, a com
olete stock of Bpring and Hummer Goods, which for variety and .
style cannot b« excelled. Boyers will do well to give as a call be
i fore purchasing elsewhere.
tr.Laa ILLKTT A WPglQIR.
AIJfUC^IZED CAsTlAL.. fcioU.W 0
TEE PIAJITkITs SAVltfUS EAAK,
Of THY 01TY Of BIOUROXD.
TSI PI.ANTaR MAV1N0M B1:1 K, bsvtn, «-i suplc Oash Oa,
Ital and Chartered by the L*k-teJa!ore of V rji-a, will receive
Uepokltev of FI vt' Dot lx re »--i upwards, oo wh oh Interest
w*u be paid at tlie rain of Mix per centals per tanurt ir recralnlut
tlx months, or five per Centura per annum If lees than sir ucnthi.
interest pay all xeoil-Autlu*!ly, if fieoUea.
Deposited receive i et their Set, si Ike store of Jlejsri. Dak* f
(etcoescn, Mo. 40 H tin Street, ■
f.V. WIL80N. Mresident.
A. A. Qovcnsov. Trearurer, mall—1,
JOHN t.SH U EK* CUn «
DUAPEUS AND TAILOUS
EKHAAtiE HUILDIMI,
141b ITMKET, RIGULVOND, FA.
Weald reepeetfuliy esll attention Ic their new stylse of
Fall and Winter Goods.
tots ___
ORD.NANOL ttfriOE. I
_ It Jnni 14,180. (
1 LLACCOI THRUEMVANDLQl IP.nKdW
. \ delivered to the Ordnanoe Department of!'.« Bute of Virginia
will, from and after this date, be turned Into tfia Ordnance Ware
■J le, at the oorner of 18th and Oary itreete.
a DIkMOOE.
16— tf Coi. of Ordnnrvt ol Virginia.
BOOTS MJ) SHOES.
WESTON & IVlL.I.xAMS.
No. 16 Pearl street,
RICHMOND, VA.,
t
HAVI Jut received a foil and complete aucrtntil ol
BOOTS and BHOIE
tdapted to tho proem Mason, a d. In addition L Uielr large and
ecU-unnorted elock of Kaatern gooda, have the uolx aoaaor for
•ne eater live factory at BleuL.on, V*., which la toriung oat
tylea and qualifies of work *qol to any In the country.
Country Merchants are requested to Sal* and eaamlns for them
isivaa. - U’ian\>M a williams,
tahJP—ts _Vo. 16 Trail afreet.
I.Tli’OKTAifl TO OKHtEKa AtVO SohUtUS.
J. S. ROBBIiTSON.
ooaxaa oovaaaoa aau raws n mam, *
BIOHMO.VO, VA.,
KIIP8 constantly on band, a largo and varied assortment of
choice • ^
EAMJL r CROC ERIKS and Jhu UNDOES amt CIO ABE,
Imported ekpreasly for Ibis market.
Alan, the boot 01J Rye WUI>KY end Apple and Poach BRAN
DY, distilled In the mountains of this Btate.
AU Liquors and Groceries .old,by him are warranted pure and
good, or no sale.
P S-—Particular attention paid to patting ap and shipplny
goods for officers and soldiers stationed at and away from Rich
mond.
COMMISSION BUSINESS.—Will make liberal advaneet on To
bacco, Wheat, flour, Corn and other minor prodocte of the coun
try, such as Bacon, Lard, Pooary, Eggi, Butter, Dried fruits.
Leather, Uldsa, Potato.**, Beau, Pci, Ac , Ac
(I TICK SAUCS AND PROMPT RETURNS. Jylg
POTAslL— A snail lot just received.
ocW _DOVi A C0._
COD LtVAK OIL, for sale by
oc30POTT A 00.
CUKttEY PECTORAL, Culph. Ether, Qrlnlne, Uyd Potash, Chlo
refoi m. Chlorate Potash aud Ml Sliver, fsr aalc by
0,-80_ DOVE A C0L
MATJMBB. —gross watches, and 90 gross Mason's Blacking
for tab by DOVI A 03._*_ocfto
MADEIRA wine—1 heir pipes very ch ilee and old ; pnre Juice
sweet Malaya Wlr.e; Oha-npagnc Wine, half pints; Sherry
Wine, extra fine quality, our own Importation—In store and lor
sale by r ALPiN A MILLIE, corner Pearl and Oary its oc3
HUM KN AHA ILD LI E.-s cues on hand, fc: sal. by
U nod _ DOVE A CO.
FALL A3D WnfTEK CLOTHMU.
WC have on hand a large stock ot fall and Winter Clothing,
.-nn.l.tln. nt Hr. P... It...it,... I'nats. fine ll.-av.-r As.r
Coats, Mark Cloth Vrockf, of at. qualllre. Also, a large stock of
fisc and coanoou Black Cass. Paata.
NOAH WALKER A 00.
not Corner Main and Mth streets.
I KldUMOND, Not 14, lbdl.
SIR:—I take fhla incthod of returning many thanke to my nume
roua cos'cme a and rrlenda, for their very liberal pstrooage
and many past favura, and rrepectlh'ly ro’.lclt a cootlnnaoce of the
tame. Rat, umljr existing circumstance*, (haring to pay caah for
all goods 1 buy,) 1 rail In future be compelled to collect all bllla
at leant once per man h. until further notice.
Respectfully, a A C n ABNEY,
Oroccr and Commission Mc-chanl,
* nol4—41 Corner Broad and 711 ala, Richmond, va.
£x*CM KGE OR KNGLtNII; Brown, Shipley A Co'a
/acceptances, put due. Also, 60 day ollU on Londcu, for sale
by EDMOND. DAVE .PjrT A 00._nob—dm
exchange and banking house, i I
C. W. PtKt xu. A Do. I
rpni highest market price paid for Gold and ellver. blocks
I bought and loId ou Commission.
OC26-S _O W, pugcru, A CIO.
WASITKO- Eor l®**1 porpTca, a oompa y uf «. hundred
men. who are not capable o.’ performing service la the Held,
ect are able to perform duty In the elty. None need apply who are
capable of field •ersli-e.aed good references will be required as to
character. Apply at the office, corner of Bi usd nod »lh street*,
‘edltf JHQ. H. wiMuta.Brlg.Qcn.
ISN11 KOH«HK.
fMQI proprietor efferi for Mi«, ono liu>u»»nJ or twelve non
I dred acres of fine Cane and Gum LsnJ, aa well adapted to
the nrndartlon of Corn and Cotton, aa ane land In the State of
Mlarirlppl this Ian I la situated on the Soul hem boundary of
Sunflower O«uoiy, on a beautiful Lake, three udlea from the Yi
•on River, Into wh oh U eoiptlea; aflordlng a fine sisamboat uarl
gdlon Into the liver Upon this land Is ileadolng five yeai toll,
which Is susceptible cf making a Bin crop the flrat year
' Term* on# third cash; tha balance In two annual InrtAltnenU;
one-half of the aame will be taken In negre prnpsrly L^drelred.
Address, ijn(|hir) Yaaeo River, care of i.L • sw Drop,
oogO-tf 1 Vlcksbuyg, Mia*.
ItAKUK** I'RK.niin bit
IaJ TEKS, osannfacloredby Mr E BsXsJt of this city, for
the la.t fifteen years, and ao highly tecommesided by prominent
Phr-irisos In Virginia, haa gained a reputation In the CorleJeiat*
Army, fsrlhe curehf Ague and Ftrsr, aul general debility, we
c*n ipfei? nj they are a v**u&bie mcdidae for expoted oolalet*
—4ry them
To be bad of all Druggist* in thll d y, or of the Proprietor, on
Union Hill, Rlcbm'^L Va _uofi_
aj AMIUINKA—#» uaaaa Bardins*, whole half and quarter Bo*
H et, Just received and for tale by BltLDEN A MILLER,
asp 9 Ooener V4ib amt dsn uieeeSS!
Cl. A Is KT- WO k’~0’ cue* Claret Wise, Joe. received
and for sale by ALVEY » LIPSOOMB _ noHO
IIKUI'VIT MADN TO 1*H Y *14'IAN K-It lew
I k specttally requested that the Phyelc'ani of Richmond anil re
port at the olfice, corner Bread and Mull street*, such offl.-ers and
soldiers under their chug*, as ore quails red In pr.vnte fast lies,
bote!* and boatdlng honsre, stating (heir condition, where qaar
tered, and, u far M ireetteab.r the regiment and coaiuany to
which lh«y betowg. ltd* Information wUI greatly premate the pab
Uc torvlcc.
All offloar* aad soldier • quartered In private tarn Hire, hotels and
boardi' a Irecren wh* bar* beeo rick but are cot attended by any
physician, WIR report Uswls.s as above, slating Uetr condition,
location aasmses and reffeient. ___ _
tel ° Rtf ' JNO. B WIHDRR. Brig. Oe*._
8mgs a rr.--Jest 6s han-I, eouslgntsl "rora Hew Orleans *
let sf sewa-e. as*4 * saw 1 bcaix 1 ren-S Brandy, Invoiced at
^ JOHN W.I, YOUNOEk A OTkY.
E JR " lb ®esrl strseL_
1~ asnu-S'i is« Were -inalttj InJIgo.Rww In store and for sal*
ky W kRWBAA.se » Jo. . *<*
riUER - 16Abhl* family Pine Extra Hupsiflq* flour, for
|? sate s#-’* -ret, by A. Y ETOREd A tO. uU_
Dims Pars OwUwby Rrsady, for medlolBAl
D parpo***, for *sto by W. PHTERAON, 4 00., bruRgtslA.
RICHMOND WHIG.
LETTER 9 ON TU E PRESIDENCY.
BTS 3 MCIWI.4S OK LOUISVILLE.
Frftt publitke J-in 1840; republithul in 185'J.
NUMliSR IV.
To avoid dabbling in existing party politics, I "ill
give you from Mr. Clay’s able Hanover speed, prrhaps
the ablest he ever made, his view of a pirt of the elTjcta
and operation of party ism ia this country :
‘‘Modem democracy has reduced the federal theory of
a etroug and energetic Ei< cutive to practical operation.
It ku turned from the people and their immediate rep
resentatives, the natural allies of genuine democracy, to
the Executive ; and, instead of vigilance, jealousy, ai d
distrust, bus given to tlat department ail ns confidence,
and made to it a virtual surrender of clt the powers -if
Government. The recogniz 'd maxim of royal infallib I
ity is trim planted from the British monarchy into
modern American democracy, aod the Presideot can
do no wrong! The new school adopt, ufodifies,
charges, rcnouuees, renews opinions at the pleasure of
the Executive. Is the bunk of tbu United S.atcs a use
ful and valuable institution ? Y*s, unanimously pro
nounce tie democratic l^girlafure ofrcDnsylvanis, T. e
President vetoes it as a daig-rous and pernicious esia t
lishment; the democratic majority of the same Leg ti
lure pronounce it to be dangerous at d pernicious. The
democraiio majority of the House ol Representatives do
clare the depoi its of public money safe in the Bank of
the United S.uUs. The Piosidont says they are unsafe,
ai d removes them; the democracy my they are unsafe,
and approve the removal. The President says that the
scheme of a sut-trcasury is revolutionary and disorgan
ize g ; the democracy say it is revolutionary aud disor
ganising Tue President rays it is wise aud salutary ;tlie
eeiuocrocy say it is wise and falutary.”
This is a pretty picture, air; and though some will say
there is a car citurc in its intended application, all mint
agree ills a fair portraiture of mudaru pirtyisro. The
picture, however, is not complete. Let it bs my task to
till up with a few touches of ancient democracy and an
cient federalism, in which none ahull say there is any car
icature, bilt a true panning from ilie life.
The President said, and am lent democracy raid after
him, in 181 it, that a national tank (thru ufldor a federal
directory) was uncom titutionul, useless, and dangerous
Ancient federalism said it wn coi st’tu'ionnl, useful aud
not at all dangerous. In 1815 and 1810 the President
said u batik was constitutional, not dangerous, uud very
neossary. Aucieut democracy said as the President
-aid aud chartered a new ba k. Though experience
since 1810 hid proved the necessity of a bank—though
the currency was then more deranged than i; ever has
been iince, "and though such an institution was then
more needed every way than it has ever been at any
other period—yet it might (alt into democratic hands,and
might give strength to the President's party; and what
said ancient federalism to it then ? Wi.^wiiti such men
as Daoiel Webster aud Jobu Sergeant at its head, unan
imously said atoh an institution was unnecessary, pemi
iMOUf, aoa very iJiugerous. IQ ioo#, wueu me o&uk
same up for rc-chsrter, and its direction was not to Le
in the bands of ths modern democracy, the President
said of it, aud the modern democracy Mid after him, as
Mr. Clay has stared. But now what said ancient federa
lism to it, those who had not got “dyed in the wool,"
and turned democrats? Why, that it was very necessa
ry, not pernicious, and not at all dangeious.
Now, sir, the picture is complete. All men must re
cognize it as a tair likeness, a faithful full-length por
traiture of one feature of partyisut iu this countrv—
Look upon it, uousider it well; is it cot a beautiful p:c
ture? With such men as James Madison, Henry Clay,
John 0. Calhoun, Darnel Webster, John Sergeant, An
drew Jackson, Martiu Van Buren, A Ac, Ac., grouped
locetLer as the principal perscnegns in the foreground,
is it not a most obsei Table picture, well worthy the long
and continued contemplation of the whole nation ? It
suite not the present purpose to point out Its »trural
beauties.
There is also another topic that may be referred to,
though it is an important item in the party politics of
the day, because it is not peculiar to this diy, and be
cause it has been ths occasion of severe c insure against
every President wo have ever had, except Washington
and Monroe; and not against them only bec&u'o during
the adiniuiet'a'.ion of the first, parties had
not yet been duly formed, aud daring that
of the other, they had not yet agam risen, since the
extinction of the old federal party ass political body. The
allusion is to the habit of all our other President*, of
bestowing the efBcrs and patronage of the Government
upon political partisans, li is a great mistake, or a gTeat
imposition upon credulity, that this abuse is of recent
origin. What democrat obtained effics under the elder
Adams? Party lines have never been more strictly
drawn or adhered t* than during his time. Who, of
the whole pLalanx of brilliant talent embodied in the
federal ranks, received distinguished oflics or lucrative
trust from Jefferson or Madison, with the exertion o'.
Mr. Bayard? The appeintment of Mr. J G Adams is
not admitted to be an < xoepfiott. He was considered to
have renounced his parly ; they at least renounced him.
This, howe'er, though formerly viewod as a great
abuse of the trust reposed in the Pi undent, is bow
overlooked os account of the slill more flicrant abuse
of turning a political opponent out of office to make
room for a political partisan. Nor is this altogether of
modern otigin. It is believed there were some few ex
amples of the sort under Mr. Jrff rson. It has, no
doubt, much increased of late yetrs. It is, however,
but a natural incress?, not attribuub’e in an especial,
at least cot sn exclusive degree, to the present incum
bent or his immediate predecessor. It is but a nsces
Mry result from attaining the Pr -eideutial chair through
a popular election. They have but acted in obediance
to the destiny of all party Previd-'ul*. The craving! and
importunate bowlings for office of politioal par.iMns
most be silenced sod gratified. Trey will Dot be de
nied. What has been done in that way is but the
type of what is to lie cone m an time to como. mere
is no possibility of receding ftom the practice of this
abuse of power. After tbe lapse of a few more years,
use will habituate tho public mind to the prao'iee, aud
it will become as much a matter of course as it now
avowedly is in the State governments of New York and
Pennsylvania.
No disrespect is meant, nor is there any intention to
detrset from the gentleman who in all probability will be
raised to the chair for the next term. At much confi
dence is placed in his pVdges as would he plaoed in those
of sny man. To say that he will not diaplsce any of his
political enemies to nnko room for his political liiends,
would be to say for him wbat his warmest frieod wi-l not;
that is, that he is more than mortal What I shall they
who were the recipieuis of all tbe bemflts of tba’ abu-e
of power, for which he who so abused it was hurled from
office, they who justified and gloried in the abuse, shall
they all be p-rmitted to continue to receive those bene
fir*! Poli ical patience will not endure it; the mildest,
moat dispassionate nun of the parly will exclaim against |
it. Some mutt be sacrificed,** for nothiog else, for ex I
ampi/s sake, or to gratify popular vengeanoe. O’os be
rili the process, ar d Here is no stopping-point—
Whatever may be the individual feelings of General
Hartiscn, however strongly the d elates of his own
judgment and inclinations mty prompt to a different
course, bo will fiui himself the sltve of tbecircum
stands in whiov be is plrecdsand will bo compelled, in
spile ot himself, to yield tv the imperious dictation of
bis party. He will, no doubt honestly endeavor to shot
ter himself behind his pledges, and fulfill them to the
letter. He will insist upon curving out Mr. Jefferson’s
rule, not to disturb any man whv has not been engag' d
in el 'C'ioneering. They will acquie-oe in that; but they
will take good cere to provo that every incumbent has
been no et gaged. Thus, bv tho very m ana devised for
Itis own prut-’Ction, they will oiu-e a clean sweep from
office of uvety officer in the whole Union. Thu is one
mode; there may lie others; but iu-some mode, be as
sured,’It will bo done.
There are tbe best-reasons for believing, almost for
knowing, that General Jackson reached Washington,
prior to his li'St inauguration, fully conscious of the de
leterious tendency of this priotiee, an i with a firm re
solve to check its further growth, so far as he could, by
the effect of bis own example. He is greedy misre
ported, or he repeatedly, moat solemnly, and rseointely
declared that be would neither be persuaded nor driven
into snob a course. The result has been seen. But wo
will bo told that be fell into bad hands; he was unfortu
nate in the character of tho Individuals about him —
Aye, indeed, he did fall 1q(o bad hands f He fell into
thote very same bad band) that will await every Pre
sident who reaches the chair through a violent party
strife. He fell iuto tbe hands of bis political partisans
Before be armed tho less prudent among them had not
hesitated to avow that they had fought for the spoils of
the camp as we’l as the honor of victory. A mcjorlty of
the Senate, by reject'ng unexceptionable nominations,
for on other reasons than to leave tbe offloeo for him
to fill, bad already told bis, in terms not to he mia
underotood, wbat tbe party expected from him.
4 'jd'
If th<s statement be correct; if a man of sioh iron
infl xlbility of purpose wm made to yield to party dicta
tion, »hat security hare we, what reliance ia to be p!ac id
in the mere p»r»onal qualities of a President to save us
from a recurrence of these things* ’Tis vain to link for
it. The system of rewards and punishment*, as it is
termed, is the inherent part and natural consequence
of our system of eleptirg Presidents. They must for
ever exi-t together, the cause auij the consequence, the
one and the other. Whenever a!! the offices of a coun
try are left liable to be attained by party heat and strife,
ths rare ceruin to generate all the heat and strife neces
sary to obtain them. They become literally the thing con
tended for; aDd whoever may be the instrument used
for attaining them, he will be ma ie to know and feel the
fall.force and efficacy of tbe implied obligation in favor
of bis party. They who do the work most and will be
paid for it. It is said they allowed Oen. Jackson to ap-‘
point only two members of oven his own fleet cabinet,
and that of the whole first batch of foreign ministers,
only one of bis selection.
Tbe character of the appointments thus forced upon
him were such, as materially to lower the dignity and
importanca of the offices themselves, if they did not in
some instances actually degrade them. Such wa9 the
gross disparity between tbe offioes, that it stripped ail
semblance of disguise from the motives for the appoint
ments, and they stood bare faced before the nation, us
the price actually paid for partisan services rendered.
Thus far, every party president must be the too* of his
party; he must pay his troop*, hs must reward well his
higher officers, and they in turn be allowed to dtibble
out to the rank and file and inferior subalterns.—
But when this is done, when this tide of the
account is closed, if ho be a man of energy, lie
makes Aserrient minions of these same officers, who
by that lnni pie principle of cohesion, aelfinlrre.*', wete
able' to dictate to him t>*y or death ; and he, in bis turn,
dictates obedience or death. By the rewards be has dis
tributed at their dictation, by those ia expectancy, which
which are ever in view, and for which they roach for
ward with an over-eager clutch, he received an absolute
obedience.
Whete now Is your admirable system of checks
and Iwlarces, that elaborated perfection of kutuau w.s
dom* All swallowed np in the vortex of partyism.—
Whtre now are your proud Senators, the dignified repre
sentatives of the sovereign States ? Whore are ytur in
dependent representatives of the people, those pure ser
vants Iresh from the bauds of the people, the j cal <u i, evi r
watchful, the natural and appointed guardians of all their
rights and interests * If to be found anywhere, they
are to bn found in tbe ranks of the opposition, and only
there; because, bring of tbo opposition, they aro free
to detect and denounce abuse of power. If you look to
find such Senators and Representatives among tbe domi
uant party, yon are upon an idle search. They might
once have been found there: according to tbe theory of
the conati ution they were always to he found there;
but tbe oocstituliou does not work according to thnt
theory ; they are no longer there. Where, then, are 1
they? They have *ecome a political party; they have I
eotistea unaer a party teau.-r tor ids war. ineir uuues
dow are to obey hia com mauds, sustain bis usurpations,
wink at bis abuses ot power, advocate everything he
proposes, denounce everything be disapproves, malign
his enemies, traduce and punish deserters. ■ There '
may be some few voluntary deserters; but only so many ,
as there may be found of Renator* and Representative
of sufficient firmness and integrity to oncountor (he peril
uf stmos' inevitable political death. There are but few ■
such. Th it*they are so few need Dot be wondered at, I
when it is rocollrcted that none but the well drilled party j
men ever become 3-nators or Representatives in high j
party timet, and consequently, that they are little apt to
see evil in anything but what is prejudicial to the party; j
and if they did, it would be more than counterbalanced
by the supposed necessity for preserving the dominance
of tho party. There is, therefore, little disposition to
desert. But if such a disposition should exist, and a few 1
tii.vnherq were to desert, so far from being applauded •
and Mstatoed by their constituents, they would be the |
very instrument! of their punishment and political degra
dation. The head of the party and their fellow mem
bers would only pity them for their imprudent indiscre
tion, but the people would hate and detest them. Wit
ness the remorseless and summary politic-*1 death
eutT-red by all those who ventured singly to leave the
ranks of Gen Jackson. It may be asked are the great
body of the people also corrupted ? Not to. Tney are
only sufficiently imbued with the spirit of partyism. They
ate merely blinded by parly z ah When a deserter
or ui *a before them, ha cornea with the prints foci* taint
that all parties, for leifith ends, bare agroed to at- j
tarh to deserter*. Hi* very name of designation is oue ,
of inftray and reproach. Be comes before the- people
with the brand of a suspected witness in hit own cause.
He will be met by teus and twenties of other Reprenta
tivas of the party, of rqual apparent respectability, equal
ly enjoying public confidence, who will either wholly de
ny alleged facte, or labor to prove that they constitute
no abuse, or at most, a venial oue.
To put to rest all doubts of the power of th* head of
the party to crush, at will, any single member of it, let
us eximinr the case of Mr. Oalboun : * man of pre-emi
uent abili y, of mental endowment* fit to adorn any tta
tioq In any country ; one who, in a twenty years distin
guished public service, had suceesefully passed through j
all the regular graduation of political preferment, cot
merely with unbUmisbed public and private character,
but with an ever increasing reputation, until, at last, by
an almost unanimous vote, be had attained the second
office in the gift of the people. He hul not only a
widely disseminated personal popularity, but many dis
tinguished men from various sections were his warm, de
voted, personal friends. He had not only a supposed
powerful inflaence over bis party, but wis admitted on
all hands to be;tho most probable successor to the Presi
deDOv, after the then incumbent. Thus beating “ hia
blushing honors thick upon him,” well might be think
“full surely his fortunes war* a-ripecing." But, from no
greater cause than a mere personal quarrel with General
Jackson, about a matter of no public moment, and of
bat little importance any way, there suddenly came a
"killing frost" that wilted and blighted all there hopes
sud honors In a single day. To d eceod from poetry to
slang, from (he moment Gen. Jackson struck him that
blow he was a dead cook in the pit—dead aa if the cof
fin had closed over his bones. All men saw it. Sum
m*rfriends alunk away from about him as a doomed man,
Uis influence and power with the party were gone on the
instant. Like a proud spirit he resisted and res mted —
That eoaled hi9 doom irrevocably. But yesterday "ihn
rose and expectancy of the fair state, the observed of
all observersto day, "non'' so poor to do him reve
rence.” Silting in bis high plice, a mournful emblem
of tho instability of human greatness, he but served
exulting livals with averted thumb to point..* bitter
gibe, "reminding him of the barren, non-descendiox
sceptre. The rankling of that celebrated sarcasm, if
rankling there were, was in the consciousness of the f ilien
great one that he himself was mainly instrnmental in
olevating Gon. Jack«oo to the Hresid -nov. For it is but
sober truth, that without Mr. Galhnnn's aid, G >n. Jack
son never coaid or would bare been made President —
Nothing is more undoubtedly known than this, among
all the initiated, among those who knew and understood
the various party operations and combinations by which
alone General Jackson was elevated to (be chair. How
strikingly illustrative of the overwhelming power of tho
head of a dominant party Ls it, that he who had the pow
er to place him there, had not the power in *ftlf-pro«er
ration to wsrd off one single death des'ing blow from
the hand ho himself had armed with power.
It is not intended to deDy but that the dominant party
in Congress has the power to enrb and control a pa-ty
President, if it can he brought to combine unanimously,
and risk the continuance of the party domination
among the people. Farfromii. Oj thoc intrary, it is firm *
ly believed that in the palmiest diys of Goo. J icksorf,
at the very height of hia supposed arbitrary power, if ,
such a combinilion could have b ten brought to bear a
gainat him, if tlis party acafloldiug on which his power
was raised and sustained had boeu knocked from under
him, bis political detlk would have heeo m sudden rs un
avoidable, and as irrevocable as that which he himself
had inflicted on Mr. Calbouu. Tue House of Reprasen
tstives, if ever it can bo brought to act with unanimity
on any sahj ret, will prove itself to be, as it always about i
be, the s'rong arm of the government. It more ueailr
represents popular sentim nl than any other dtpirtmeit
and popular sentiment is nearly tho whole power of the
government. But such combinations must be- of rare oc
currence ; probably not more iVrqieat than Uio3e of
suooeo'ful rebellions and cot^piracies in otbe r
ooumrios. ^
As an evidettos - of htfw far wo may expact or hope
good from such combinations, an incident taken from
Gsn. Jackson's party reign affords an instructive exam
ple. tiptaking of his bank vsto, he toid his Secretary,
Mr. Dutna, that if Congress had remained in session six
weeks longer, the bonk would htvo bought a ro-charter
by bribory of tho member*. This declaration was made
publio, and to this day remains undenied and unexplain
ed. as General Jackson'i opinion of the corruptibility of
hlo own porty in Onfrooi. For U wm tbojwhoop
' ' w . -Ik." vw of 1
pos’d tbs re-charter, and required the bribe to brit (
I abitK whit he said ooul l hare been so bought. At tl«
| n -xt se s'on after the disclosure of this declaration,
Oi>ngre°s had to pass upoa hl< order removing the de
posits. Did the party which he h-ul thus so grossly iasu' .
! sd, who thus stood accused by him before the whole na
tion of sttch corruo’ibil.ty, did they avail themseves of the
i occas'on he had afTordod, by thatobvions abuso of power,
I to make him feel liie tfiVc's of a commendable resent,
mea:* No. so; but liku crouching bounds, they took the
lash of their natter, and presented theme dree as a
shield between him ana popular ceusure.
If our sys'etn of electing Presidents has already
b’Ou.'h us to a paint like this, if it has rendered the
Executive iheabsoibentof so nearly all the powers of
government, its ineyitsbic tend-nsr must beul .imately
to make the President in very truth the goveromant, lit
J eraily the whole government. If the popular excite
•nent produced by a Pretidcatial confest, as we row a<c
it, be auy fair index of what we arc Pa expect in figure,
| what will it be when that ultimate point shall bare been
attained, with only the nv'ural accessions to the already
tremendous patronage oftho President; when the Prr*i
dentist chair from the power, the honor and distioeti -it
it wiil confer, shall become the highest prize ever held
forth to humsn emulation and ambition; and when the
cortes' comes tn bo waged amidst fifty ui lliors of pro
fit! Feed ourscivts with false and delusive hopes as wo
may, the stoutest heart rna-t shrink appalled at the
prospect.
MESSAGE FiPlM THE EXECUTIVE OF THE COM
MONWEALTH, SHOWING THE MILITARY AND
NAVAL PREPARATIONS FOR THE DEFKNOK OF
THE STATE.
Exkotiv* DrrtSTuxsr, J
June 17. 1801. )
Oenllemrn of the Convention :
Justice to the Ex-entire, and those who have been sa
sociated w ith bint in the adiuini-truiou of the State Gov
emuiout, inioerativcly demands that a full detail of ail
thtt has be< n done shall be mbartted to the Conven
tion, in order that it may have a place upon the public
records and thus go down to posterity. The present is
an occasion of deep interest and importance iu the his
tory of the 8u*o, and I trust, therefore, that this detail
of f'Cts, sustained bv proofs that cannot be gainsaid or
coutrov«-rttd will not bo considered either as untimely or
out of place.
Iu mv inaugural onstage, I embraced the opportuni
ty to advi-e the 'General Assembly,” t iat it was their
"duty to pi ice the H'.itu in su h a condition that she will
be prepared at a l limns, and upon the shortest notice to
protret her honor, defend her rights, and maintain her
institu ions agiiost all assaults of her euernio* Win
this viow, I recommend a cireful rcyis'o.i of the militia
law; and in this cot nection, i suggest tint muuitiOLS of
war be precured at d provision be made for the organ i
zilitn of an •tlieient military a atf” I recommended, at
the name time, the pis-ago ot a bid ‘ Mr ths organ /.t ion
of a brigade of minute men,” and furrished the dratl of a
bill for the accomplishment of this ol jest.
On the Slst day of January, 18*10, the General As
sembly paa-ed “An act making an appropriation of
•a: Hundred and eighty thousand dollar* to pur
chase such arms, equipments, and munitions as my
be required for the immediate use of tie State.” Thi.<
•uni waa to bo expanded under the direction of a Cent
mission, tq be appointed by tbe Executive, and cooiist
ed of Colonel P. St. George Cocke, M j lr George W.
Randolph, And Colon: I F. H. Smith, who were appointed
immediately after tbe pataageof the act, and entered
upon tho discharge of their duties. No men were ever
mare prompt aud faithful in the performance of a pub-,
lio duty, and their aotiou received the approval of the*
G 'r.eral Assembly, Out of this appropriation, thirteen
rills cannon, live thousand percussion muskets, revolvers,
eavalry sabr-'s, fifty UiOu'uul pounds of powder and
other are article* were purchased. Too entire sum ws»»
expended, m will fif.ly appear from tho report of Mr.
Randolph, made to the General Assembly ou the 1st day
of April last, and he ewith transmitted. (Appendix A.I
By au act pa-usd January 29th, Idol, it waq made the
doty of tbe Colonel of Ordnance, under dirrotion of
the Governor, to procure the necessary arms, equipments
and munitions of war for the d-force of the State. lie
ia^Khori/. .1, also, to contract for tho manufacture o(
eiftfp.:: -nis aud munilious, and to buy materials there
for, andAo contract for altering and improving cannon
and small aims, aud to purchase machinery and mite
rials therefor. The act appropriates $8tX) 004) to accom
plish these purposes. Col. Char'es D.mmock was nomi
nated to tbe Donate and confirmed as Colonel of 4).-d
aanco and immediately eutegd upon the discharge of hi<
duties. Bn report herewith transmitted (appendix B) will
show what was done under this net. By the same tet the
Gorernor it authoris'd to employ an Engineer, to plan
aud construct coos:, harbor and river defences, and
to exocnte tho same if appproved by the Gov.raor.—
For this position Col. Taloott was selected, aud he boa
been most industriously and energetically employed ij
the discharge of bis important duties. The act also pro
vided for ths construction of tbrse arsenals io different
sections of the 3'ate, and for the purposes mentioned in
this paragraph, tbe sum of $2DO,UdO was appropriated.
Under this act the amounts appropriated could not be
raised in the nsuai mode, by tbe Sale of Bute bonds; the
bnndt hiving depreciated twenty pur ceur. or more, and
onr law prohibiting their Bale at ka< than their par value
Benco an act was passed on the 14th day of March
ther'after, author * :ig th' issua of one million of dol
lars of treasury notes. This act authorized the Govcr- I
nor to direct the Auditor to borrow for lbs State, from
time to time, tbe sum aforesaid Mwi to issue treasury
notes.therefor. Under this act thrbanki were author
ized to discount or purebass such treasury notes.
The Convention subsequently, by an ordinance parsed
April 3d b, 1841, authorizad tha Governor to raise, for
tbe defences of the State, by tresstry notes, a sum not
exceeding two‘millions of dollars. These notes are
made Payable to bearer aud aro redeemable one year
after their dates, snd,wfc«o paid ire to ba cancelled, aud
rv-issues are authoriz- d for a like amount.
la less than one week at er toe passage 01 toe ore:
nanci of sjo ssiou, tbe Navy De|>arlment was fully auC
effectively organized, anil the leport of Ccptain Barron,
the officer in charge, («h ch is herewith trsiurnitteJ end
will be found in Appendix CJ,)showi bow much has been
done in ao incredibly short time.
The State has had full work for all the officers, seamen
and mtrims embraced in this organization, and all, ao
far as I know or b*’.iove, have worked laboriously, cheei
fully and effectively. Besides the laborious work of r •
moving tbe heavy guns and mu itiona from the Navy
Yard to the various points on our river at which the
batteries are located, we have had to construct
the gun carriages and to provide the usersaary fixed
ammunition for the batteries. Those batteries are io
good forking order and are effectively manned. Tne fact
that these gnns weigh from five to ten tbousiuJ pounds
each, with transportation essentially by laud, will show
the amount of labor required to get them in poiitun.
Resides, the steam frigate Merrimsc, which had bicn
sunk ter tbe Federal authorities and burned to the
water's edge when they dess red the Navy Yanl, has
been raised an f is now in the naval Dry Dock undergo
ing ripiirs. Au eff otive battery has been placed on
board the frigate United States and thl Navy Yard itself
ijjrel! prepared for vigorous defence. At Richmond
the steamer Yorktosrn has been neatly completed, as a
war steamer, an i a steam tug bought by the State h*«
been cjmplttely fitted up. Tbrse will sdou bo read - to
co-operate with the other military operationa and wid be
prepared to render efficient a.-rvice.
1‘rovitionul Armu.—Appointments in the higher
grades were c>r nued to retrod affierrs of.the army who
had left the service of the U riled Buies. To carry into
immediate effect thu provisions (or recruiting, appoint
ments were made of a number of first and second lieu
tenants, nearly one half of whom are grid tales of the
Yitgiaia Military Institute, and they have b.-eo distribu
ted throughout lbs state on recruiting service. It U
unw satisfactorily'oscertained that while the volunteer or
gan’ia'.ion is b) aotivrly pressed, as it now is, In our
State, it is imposrible to rail* tin- ten thou mud men pro
posed by the ordinance. I) fe regiment p-rhana may be
ra sed. To give employment to the young officers, the
commanding general has timid good use of them iu or
gabizi.ig.pud driilii.g the voluutcers os they were receiv
ed at the various equips of 1. struction. As mauy of
them as may ho required for this aod the cugineer ser
vice iniv be V-timed wi'h advantage nul l their eervi
cta shall be no longer neew-aarv— the remainder might
be disbanded alterprpsnixirg tbe oompanies already te
crci’ed ~
Thorenort of Major Q.-neral Leo is herewith transmit
ted, and I comnundii to the attention.of tbe Convec
tion. It prevent) ioformation that cannot fail u»b« In
teresting and instinctive, as i. shows the |
mlit.iry ma.ters since the OrJluano* of
passed, f Appendix D ) .
The liar pur’s Party mdoM»sr.V*<l Mta
mede of it w«s Ua subset «f e pesv-ou*_r_.,„
■# ’ / m. ■ !S y*' i . * __. - j, *
the military power of tbe Sate to tbe Confederate Bates.
Tbe (trail aie satisfactory, I bel.err, to both sides.—
(ttjftndiz K)
The intercourse between the Council and the Execu
I tivj h x beeu of tbe moat srreeabli character. The
I journal, regularly kept, will show that their action has
j txxn characteriz’d by a rcma*kabt« uoanimiiy; and it
| la a source of satisfaction (o mi to know, that I bare
• rarely felt constrained to dissent from their adtioe.—
Their services have been appneisted by me, and xboold
be appreciat’d by the S ate.
The rule which hai regulated me in m iking appointments
wa-* to ascertain, In the fi**t place, wbs'her the applicant
was loyal to the S'ate. If ha wai loyal, competent, and
I efficient, it was all [ ryqu’red. In making my selecdOB*
I I are not regarded oid party diviaio:ia. Whether a
• man originally belong* d to the one or tbe other of the
old political parties. Into which our people have beeu
d'vilcd, wax an inquiry I thought unworthy of the times.
, We had a rominoo inter x: and a common ot j ret in de
. fending our State agaiott the assaults of the Federal
Government, xnd my desire was to make our people a
j unit, if possible, for the fucc*ssful prosec itiou of the
great work which was before us. I think I can safely
affirm that there is cot tbe came of an unfaithful
1 son of tbe Commonwealth upon tbe list, and it is cause
of congratulation with ire to kuoar that they have turn
oocflrmed by the Council with very general unanimity.
No one was rejected to, as I am Informed, on the soore
of a want of fidelity to the S ate.
| Tb i com'niiu’ry, qairtcrm trier and medical appoint
ments were mad) at tbe earliest practical moment aW
•he authority was given, aud although roms bed appoint
| menu were made, (seme of w Ich have beeu removed,!
t is result lia i shown great efficiency in a'l these depart
ments. Tne Paymaster’s department has also been or
ganised, ana will, I believe, prove as efficient as tbe oth
ers.
When the war commenced, I wax greatly emberraas
ed not only from my want of knowledge in military
matter!, but also trotn uiy waul of experienced military
xdvi ere, commanders and an organiz ’d SUIT corps. Un
der these c:rcu'i's*ances, I was called at ones to make
providon for oommauds at the important points of Nor
f lk. Harp*r’x Ferry, Alexandria and Fredericksburg.—
Until Hen. Lee was appoint'd, I woe without the aid and
advice of an experienced military man. If I have, un
der these circumstances, made blunder*, it is not to be
wondered at—tbe ouiy wonder is thgt I have not com
mitted maay more.
The State box paid out under the direction of the au
diting board from tbe ill at day of Aprd la the U:a day
of June, the following xumx, viz:
For the Army $1,737,950 49
•’ 44 Navy 1110,748 49
l,888,i>9x 98
Outstanding a’iowincM not yet presented at the Tres
mry, will add $I».),000 to this sum. (Approdix F ) —
O i the first of July, we will be required to raise 11,8-xi,
ui/ii to pay our troops now in the field.
Betides all these tiifiuiUiex to encounter sad overcome,
the Etccutive, by law and by ordinance of tbe Conven
tion, bos been compelled to provide tbe mrons necessary
to meet the expeuditures iucident'to such important
power. At the time when ths ordinance of secesuou
•u passed, there was in the treasury to tbe credit of the
Commonwealth, the sum of $384,805 25, and from that
piriol to this, too entire amount received from the reve
nue of the State is abou'$321,617 75,making $706,225,
to meet the ordiaary expenses of government and the ex
traordinary expenses ol the war. The actual sum expend
ed for the war alone, baa been nearlv two millions, and
the sum neoea.iary to meet the liabilities incurred, and
I not jet f r ■ anted for payment, will be nearly two mil
, lions of dollars additional.
To me;t-these expenditures, tbe General Aseemh'-v
hid -authorized*the issuing of treasury notee to the
amount of on* trill lion of dollars, for this purpose Uio
Auditor of Public Accounts had made arrangements to
have the treasury notes engraved at the North, but whan
the plates were ready foe delivery, they were mixed by
the Government of toe Catted States. This occasioned
delay in tbe execution of the notes and rendered it ne
cessary to contract for engraving new plaice here, id 'be
•city of K chmond, which cpold not be executed until
within a few days past.
Hubsrq-jent'y the Convention authorised the iseoe of
two millions more of treasury notes, and both tbe law of
tbe legislature end the ordinance of tbe Convention
authorin' d the banks to receive these notee and to dia
count upon them.
Under this authority there bis been raised from the
banks, by giving temporary notes, payable in July, the
amount of $l,854,5up, which, with the amount in the
treasury, has realised the sum of $2,560J23 and the
government has been abls to meet every engagement of '
the Commonwealth, so Car, with the currency of tbe
Sate, promptly—no creditor having to wait longer than
necesstry to audit and settle his accounts.
A summary of tbe operations of tha fxecufve De
partment since the 18th of April, 1881, ,’thowi ihe fol
lowing result:
1. The Nxvy Yard and Harp’r's Ferry ar-eu1', ra
fared without tbe toss of a single life, and sccurin { to
the Statu property, evirated in its intrinsic valor at
from $25,000,000 to $30,000,000.
2. Uuwtrds of 40,000 volunters have been drawn
from their peiceful pursuits, and some of them from tbe
most distant parts of the State—have been instructed iu
the moyt elementary ex -rcises of thesoldier , have been
armed, (quipped and tupplied with every necessary for
a-.tire service in the field, end are now reedy to defend
the honor and main tain the liberties of tbe State.
3 A navy department, hitherto unknown to oar State
organisation, has been thoroughly and effectively or
ganised. Navy batteries, numbering upwards of <2o
piece*, and heavy ordinance, varying in weight from
6,000 to 10,000pounds, have been established, tbs gun
carriages for the must part made, and the ammunition
prepared, while upwrda of 120 pieces of heavy ordi
uanc) hire been fur warded to other States of the South
ern Couf-deracr.
4 Tho variout stalT corps, embracing commissary,
.. i
been creasix :d under ordinance! passed aince the noth
April ltiil, aud their efficiency has not only contribiud
to tbe promptin'*) and compl-teiicse of lha preparation
which bat enabled ns to put a) Urge a force from onr
own State into the field, hut to facilitate the movements
and efficiency or moet of those who have come to our
aid from the other Sutea of tbe Confederacy.
S. and Bially, there results have been reached in duo
regard to au cc.inomlcal expenditure of the public •
money. The etornt and other property, purchased for
the military operation*, hive been p iid (or, as they were
bought, and thus the credit of the State baa been felly
sustained.
It is do- to truth andjutice that I should here record,
it th’s rrcapitolatioD, ruy high appreciation of the indus
try, judgement aud proloasional ekill which have marked
the conduct of the diitineuisbed officer who has beta
o died by m“, with the nuanimoux approval of the Con
vmtiop, to conduct tbe military and naval operations of
Virginia.
From rrery principle of duty and pstriuti-’m, ibe Ex
ncu'ire Department of the State has felt called upon
to co operate cordially acd heartily with the Govern
ment of the Confederate State*, ar.d tbe policy which
has cor troll d my action heretofore will continno to
regulate it. The grout interest* at Risk* d<mini the
Rurrender of all question* of a subordinate ch'racter, in
a vigorous and united effort to maintain th* common
rights of the South. N jibing will be left undone to ad
vance the inorcet* of ail, acd the can dir, fran knee < and
aioc rity which have been exhibited by the Pieaident,
a*«ure me that harmony acd concert of action will be
the result He du'y appreciates tbe Importaueo of tbo
ojeai'or, end bis courage, pradrnte and military exp •
rience wdl exert a lalutaiy induenco in cirrctiog and
s.utroUng tbe military moveaieata, now in' progress
for tbe protection of Virginia and tba South.
And finally, I commuLijato berevita orders iaaued to
General* Carson, Taliaferro and Haymond, and also a
letter aekuowUdging tbe receipt ef General Harper *
report of operations at Hti per* Ferry. Goooral Har
per was p'asrd in charge of the ex red lioo tgaio'l Har
per’a F rry, aud I rrgr >t that tbe order* given to tw*, on
tbo-nth d*y of April l«t, *ive beoi miile d. Tleeo
order* show that I acted with th* pro»ptn*i< anideci
sion due to the oooaeioo. General Harper* ifpcrt will
be found eltb three orders (Appendix 8.)
* Respectfully,
JOHN lITCHfR
I* - ■ 1 •
w&jivi&wsEiSic'^rSKS
Oreweanoeo*. Av.f/r mittary Capa,and wtahtoealltie
aM.nt'oo C«pt aMer? Ie me fact.
Ord**a promptly arteodtd to.
AMI.-tt.ra #r laqeiry mwt contain itamp to par rears poetafe.
wfandi »f all Bms aa Mapffni made to order, alee, small a*ee- r
ear id aril ex c oiAl a* made te order. LIW4 A KarMN,
•d Oittara, tttb Nvpa Mala and Omrameita.
addiOH. hf mal. Uwla A «arson, *u iICm*-—«. Ta.
:i; ! '
. > * e‘ • ' * X

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