OCR Interpretation

Daily Richmond Whig. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1861-1862, December 16, 1861, Image 2

Image and text provided by Library of Virginia; Richmond, VA

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86071866/1861-12-16/ed-1/seq-2/

What is OCR?

Thumbnail for

t> koutucky, some to Wen. Kelly, end other regiments
U .»• been dupoeed of, ** that there arc not more than
f >ur (egimento in all at Elk eater, tbe Summit, and at
tfutttmavtii Sine' the re tola abandoned their esmp at
Uiect brier, ear men trow the Summit hare frequently
•30* down there :.3J (itmlcrd tbe pi***. It is aaid to
hive boeu tbe *UOi'<est p-si ion that could baa* bean
■u.cctod, and was abandoned only because the road*
wore so bad that it wa* impossible to supply tbe troop*.
The rebel* aro now encamped upon th* summit of tbe
A leghaniea, about nine wile* from Greenbrier. When
they left the latter place they burned th* bridgw o»er
to* Greenbrier, and dwtroved a great many articles
witch they could net carry away. A party of teas half
dm 'n horsemen from tbe Summit followed *he rebels up
tc within half a mile of where they ere uow encampsd,
m„ imiaed their fortification*, and took a prisoner of tbe
Frat Georgia Regiment.
Guneval Reynold* ie about to move hie headquarter*
to PiiiltlppL Loowi*’ baitary aid a regiment of ludt
ana aoiuntaars hava been moved doau to that place.
WatuiBO, Dec, 7.—In tbe Legislature resolution*
were gffjrcd to-Jay requiring Virgin is to psy bar por
tion of the Federal direct lax. Also, r< quiring all min
■etara tw uke tfca eath <H allegiance before receiving li
cense; to perform th# marriage ceremwiy. It wi* also
ordered that the nation*l dig ba displsyed each day
trow tko building whtra the Legislature nr* sitting.
A correspondent write* of tn* ou.ii cation bill lutro
duoed by t'e Alor Trumbull:
It will provide lor tne absolute forfeiture of all prop
erty of Ouofedcrate* who are beyond the reach of judi
ciii pro. i ii—that eituaud iu the rebtlHou* districu to
be forfeited through tbe military powet; ard that found
in cistrict* where the j ilicial aulhoriue* art not over
born*, through the court*; tbe prooeeds of tbe properly
tor'site I, after the payment of toe juat claim* ol the loy
al creditors, to be kept a* a fuud tor the rcimburrement
of loyal citixsu* despoiled ol their property by the re
bellion, and the balance to be appropriated toward* pay -
teg ll.eexpecswof ite »uppr< scion. Confederate* »re also
toio. feit their claim* to slave*, who ore to be made tree,
and the President is lo moke provision for tbe colon /s
tron of *uch a* are willing to go, in some tropic si coun
try, where they con hats- the pro'i c.iou of tbe govern
ment a* fres mm. This or some oilier pilicv will pn.be
bly be adopted and the *u ct w 11 undoubtedly lurnish
the tbs me of much of ihe - ‘‘ fe of thn acaaion.
Maryland Tory regiment.
Be'TilloRt, Deo. 10.—This afternoon » shockingmur
d.r was cm milled at the oainp of the Second Maryland
regiment, nation'd id the suburb* of th* city. Whilst
the regiment was drawn up for drew parade, a private,
.arned ML tiled It pons, came from hi* tent, picked up a
uiu ker, took debtor.te aim at Lieut. Wilson, bred ard
killed him on the rpot. it apprere that aome three
an ki sine* Lieut. Wilrou *bat a private named Gard
ner, for p '3.'t.-i t intukordination after three thaw try
i ig to run the p chute, hi ling him. boons, who was a
lr.ee I ol Ihe daenised*determined to revenge hi* d« Vh
by taking ihe lifo uf Llaul. Wileon. The Lieutenant was
a re-aid.-ntof Ibis city, and was generally esteemed in
tic r '"imrci. Great indigna'ioii is etpresred in the
regimen' at tbe murder, and a disposition wsa manifest
ed to lake imia. dkt* voogrance on k tons, but h* was
.rainr.iiaiw'. am t * prisons, to Fort McHenry.
St. Lons, D--e. S —Gmenl Th«.uia« Price, ccuituaud
;0g at Jt(f r«on City, will fun f »r Congrc< - to Jill th-*
vacancy caused by the etpu'aino of John W. R.id.
Judge William A Hall, number of the Slate Oouvec
ot, and M C H twktts, bate b.-en uaru.d for tbe piace
in the cU.riet lately represented by John R. Clark:
Kolb are understood to be strong l'::ton men.
Horace White, one at the editors of the Chicago Iri•
iu%t, who went to Wa<hing:ot), that p.ip'1 says, to erite
jactt, % vcs the following rather gloomy picture ot af
fairs in that quarter:
We have tow cv.r si« huudrtd thousand men u.tder
piv in the army alone. T:iia I know to h» a lac*. The
number Inuln-i-• afh-ers acd men in all departments,
team iters, armorer?, etc. Here, in and around Wssh
irgten, are more tolcicra than any mortal man can ma
nor.me in battle. What ia the u?« of having more? —
Tney would trample each other to death like bt-ffulo*.
The ground on wbteh they are effected 'o operate ia the
worst in the world for hauoling large armies. If we can
do nothing with the force we now have, we can do no
thing with any force which it wccH bs poasible to r*i«e.
It toe troepe wt re all as well drilled at the handful of
dd regulars, who were reviewed day before yes'erday,
we wight hope for speedy r*?ul J ; but the ditto'phae ut
an art v is rather impaired than enhanced by tbs addi
tion of new recruits. It does eee-ni that anything
wh.< h we can hope to accomplish in the wst of mere
«-«rtage, can a» well be doue ar.h our p?vsert force as
with one five tunes as Urge. The Reauror-etpidition
hat n tui ed in uo'tii g tluis far but t< « add ion ot glo
ry to an already glorious navy. Afttira are at a d e l
Inck in Wtwueiu Virgit ia, ditto Kentucky ; ditto Mi*
s juri. The incney question is goti iug to be one of alarm
ing iu pot lance. The dally expenses of the war and na
, -t.-.sirtiiienta are ucar<r two million dollars than one
i'..e country can stand that lit'le bill awhile, bat not
totsver—not for the lime it would take to put down ib •
rrocJiou and pr- serve aiaverjr. Tlien the pa iem-e ol
lit•« cuutrry, constantly worn upon by the tu?d*ns of
war and ti e <ti rangemant of commerce, tried bv defer
red hopes. and sorely cteidsod by dissstets oa the field
vru thin wi I t*rmk down before a way is dieonvered
n> overthrow J if. Davis and preserve the inati'n’ion in
t>-half of which be has ttv-iwvdlv initiated the war.—
Et-r? gu po-vers, tco; may be ?tensed if they do not see
i-.vpre- nt prospect of a rv »?tab!!sbm*nt of th? grv
, went iu part ot tbs seceded Sates. Ail K trope
mill rrc-igcixe J?tt Dari:. Government before our gene
rals d veto;* dial kn dot strategy which will arable
itiew to co' qusr tho rebel:- and save in tact the cruse of
r rare
General Kumont iHrpJnl aortic.' »t Becrr Ward
B .ber’s cfcur li on Purdiy last, in I fie rcut;rcgt'.i.>ii
*n m<» »•» the General acil Mr-. Kremoct emend.
Mr- Belcher’s disccure? was on “Uretfjcae " After the
le-vice the people made * rts’i for tho General's pew,
and deWi- ad b .ti I !♦ »:i boor with htcd-ehrking; and,
when fcc van «e»!*d iu hia earriag- at the church door,
the? crowded thc • tract and gave him three cheers.
tar. issuing ok letter* ok marque
rut romriOB or fee l a.rss start* ow th* ucixtiow —
tux acTioa er aid Last) a»i> raaxct m aiosnu to tux
TP.xair or »**i*— ana run. *mwxk or xa. stwaan,
ac , ac., ac.
■ a. anwawn to xa. narrow
DxraxTxaaT or 8t*t«. (
V/a 'hii f cti, Sept. 10, lSi'.l i
SiW—Ycur di.piteh of Augl-Bt hi (No. 35) has bsen
ic ciwl. I learn treui It that kt. Thtnrml I- uuwit
bitg to negotiate for an accession by tno Uuiud Sietea
0 ,hc dcciaratiou of the Corgrtss of Paris concerning
the rights of ntebak in mar.lime war except “on a die
t net ond-rstandiog that it is to havo no bearing, direct y
or ind:rcc‘ly, on the cptcciton of thc domestic iflhculty
now cxisiing in nor country,* and that to render the
:U*t!er certain It. Thourcr.cl proposes to icske a wtit
lea declaration t inultineru.lv with his ex ecu lien cf the
promoted confection for thc aoccesiou.
You bare scot me a copy of a cote to this tlisc’, ad- .
drenod to yen by K. Tnourtml, and bare also isp.-c- I
seated to me an official oonressxiion which ho hn |
h-d you epoa tho same suejeet. The dtclara iou |
•V- VTL Thourvctl thus proposes to make is ia the*)
"nwarr or DtciAoamw
I-' aTWirg hi* aignatsro t# the convention COOeMUd
or date of ibis day between IVancr and tb: United
Runt, the anii-feigioi dcclsiww, !a execution of tto or
der* of the Emperor, that the gorerotw. nt of hisMijss’y
does net intend to undertake hr thc said contention suv
engagements of a xa'ure to iu plic in it, directly or indi
rectly. ia the Internal cot Hie! new existing iu the United
My de«p*tch of thc ITth day of August lait, (No. 41 )
which yon must havs receired some time ago, trill al
ready hero prepared yon to expect my approral of the
theisioa to wait for spee fic itatrucuun* iu this o*w
ruiergency at which you hare arrittd.
TLe obeenrity of the text of thc declaration which M.
Tbiureael (ubraits to t* is itlBcieotly reliered by hi*
1 erb.1 txj lanation. According to your report of lb« ct u
\*r<*‘iooa before referred to, he aaid that both Kratic •
to 1 Great Britain I *d already announced that they would
lake no part in our d*. manic cootrorcisy, and they
ibvugiit a frank and open decla ation in advance of tho
• a cation of the pnj -ctcd oocrrution might tar* difti
eolty and mt9cor.ee p ion hereafter. Me further faid, io
the way of epedBcation, that th* prorb'oua of the
contention atandieg alone wight bird England ant
>'ra c* to pursue and poniah tb* pricateerw of the South
«« p;ri'*>, that they are unwilling tide this, and bar* to
dsctarwd. Me mid, aba, Mat a* cwuld deal with tbuw
p-»tt» aa we el oar*. and they (England and franc*,)
. coaid only saprmw their rrgrees an tb* aoora of hu
manity. id w* should deal wi h iheea as pirate*;
but th*-. tkei reuld wot pwrticipalo in axoh
g tears*. So added, that altbowgb Koglawd
and Franoe aro anxious to have the adhesion
jf the United States to the declaration of Paris, yet
that they would rather dispense with it altogether than
tk« drawn into our domestic controversy. He instated
■omawhat pointedly that we could lake no juit eioep<*sw
*o this outside declaration, to he made simultaneously
with the execution of the convention, unless wo intend
that they (Kcglaud and Franc?) shall be made parties in
our controversy, and that tb# very fact of yoor hesita
tion wa< additional reason why they should ineiet npon
making eoch ooumporaueous declaration aa they pro
P3Thdo#e re nr.ark a of M. Tbouvenel aro certainly distin
guished by entire frankness. It shall ba my effort to
reply to thorn with moderation and candor.
In 1856, Franoe, Ore*! Britain, Russia, Prussia, Sar
dinia aud Turkey, being assembled in Uongrer* at Pari*,
with s view to modify the law of nation* so as to melio
rate the evil* of maritime war, adopted and ewt forth a
declaration, which ia in the following word* :
1. Privateering ia and remains abolished.
2. Tne neutral Big oovrra enemy'* good*, with tb#
ex eption of contraband of war.
8 Neutral good", with the eicep’ion of contraband of
war, are ooi liable to capture under enemy’s Big.
4.’ Blockades, in order to ba binding, mu-' be effect
iae—that ia to say, maintained by furors sufficient real
ly to prevent access to the coast of the enemy.
Tne States waich constituted the Ooogreea mutually
ayrwd to submit the declaration to all other nations,
and invito them to accede to it. It was to ba submitted
as no special or narrow treaty betweeu particular State#
for I mited periods or special purposes Of advantage, or
under peculiar circumstances; but, on the contrary, if*
-ererai ariiolcs wrro, by voluntary acceptance of mati
tlmo Powers, to constitute a new chapter in the law tf
nations, and each one of the articles a as to be universal
and eternal in its application aud obligations. Franoe
especially invited the United 8tales to accede to these
articles. An iuvilatiou was actually tendered to *11
other civil x id nations, and the article* have been al
ready adopted by forty-one of tbs Powers thus in
vited. The United Slates hesitated, but only for the
purpose of miking an i tT„rf to induce the other parties
vo enlarge the boueflceut scope cf the declaration.
Having failed in that effort, they now, after a delay
not uousml ii cuch {real internal local diacutaioD*, on jr
tbeir adbet-ion to that declaration, pore and simple, in
tho form words aud maimer in which it was origina'iy
adopted aud accepted by all of tho forty-nx uatious
which have become partiea to it. Franca daasliuea to re
ceive that adheeion unless she he allowed to make a epo
cUi declaration, which wonld cooetiiut* an additional and
qailfy'irg article, limiting the obligation of France to
the United 8 as* to a narrower range than the obliga
tion* which the United 8t*W* might assume toward#
Franc* and towards every other one of the ferty-eii eov
,-re'gi * who are par'ias to It, and n.rrowar than the mu
•ual obligations of ill thee* parties, including France
heraelf. „, , .
If we should accede to that condition, it manifestly
would not be the declaration of theCougrvs« of Porta, to
wh eh we would be adhering, but a diff rent and rptclal
and peculiar tr*.-.tv he'w#iu France and the United State*
vntv. K"n as such a treaty, it would be unequal. A a
uimiug that M. Thouvcnel'a reasoning ta correct, we
ihonld, in that ea*“, b» contracting an obligation, direct
y or 'iudirwct'y, to implicit'* ourselves in any internal
cot diet that may now be eiisting, or that may hewat
... n. tv in,-e while „h« would be diatinctlv ex.
by a* frtui toy •imiUr duty toward* lh« l uiUd
StKH. , . .
i know th%t Vrarca ui a friend, and tr*ana to 1* j<i«t
and equal toward* the United S a'e*. I must muiur,
therefore, that ah* mean* uoi to malts as exceptional ar
-acgeme lit with u«, but to carry out the same arraoge
nrut in her interpreUlion of the obligation* of the dec
laration of th* Congress of Pari* in regard to other Pow
..re. Thu* carried out, the declaration of Parix would
b» expounded ro a* to exclude all international contlicia
iu State* from the application of the ariK.Ua of that cel
ibated declaration. Most of tha war* of modem limes
—perhaps all cf them—hare bsen ineurreclicnxry wars,
-if •• internal coi filets." If the poeition now aaeumed by
Prance should thus be lukeu by all the other partiae to
-he declaration, then it would follow that the firat arli
•!* of that instrument, instead of beiug, iu fact, a uni
• ersal and t ffactoal inhibition of lh- practics of prira
teerirg, would abrogate it only iu war* betweeu foreign
nation*, while it would etjoy universal toleration in citil
tud social wars. With great deference I cannot but
think that, tbu* modified, the declaruiion of the Con
gress of Paris would loaa ranch of the reference which
It haa hithero r<c*xred from Christian nation*. If it
•ere proper for me to pursue the argument further, I
might add that eediiioo, ir.aurrfc'.iou and tnason would
find in auch a n-w reading if the declaration of Pari*
of eonragem ?nl which would tend to render the moat
•table aud eren th# moe'. bem fi 'ial ayatems of govrru
rnent insecure. Nor do I know on what ground* it can
b* contended that piaciicra more d.ateuctie# to property
and life cught to be tolerated in civil or fratricidal war*
'han are allowed in war* between independent nation*.
1 cannot, indeed, admit that the engagement which
Prance i# required to m k», without the qualifying decla
ration in q lea'icu. would directly or indirectly implicate
her ia our internal cot tl ct*. But if such should be it*
f Ct, I ft nst, in the firat place, disclaim aar desire for
such an intrrrention on the part of the l cited State*.
The whole of ihi# lorg oorreepordeoe* haa had lor oue
of itscbjfcl* the purpose of averting any such intarveu
iinn. If, however, such an intervention would be the
nwiilt of the ntqual ti*.l executioo of the conv.nUoa by
France,then the fsult i* clearly inherent in the dctlaration
of lh* Congress of Paris itaelf, end it Is not a rcoult of
•nv thing that the United State* have dona ar propo
a’wo mo tire* induced them to tender their adhesion to
that declaration—firet, a sincere deaire to to opeiaia with
other p'ogrrreive na'ion* In the amelioration of the
rtgowe ol wiantime war, second, a deairelo relieve Franco
free any epp.. henaiwn* cl danger to tha live* orproprr
y of her per pi* from violence to occur in the cou-a* of
the citil co Hint in which w* aeeeugag.d, by giving her,
unaeked, alt the guar inter* in that raapact whlob are con
tained iu th* declare: iou of th# Cong rets of Pari*. Th#
latter of theae two ractires la now at re*', Inromoch a*
France decline* the guarwntete we ulTar. I)oubtl#«**b* i*
m'isfied that ilie* are unueerssarr. We have always prac
. i ... .c .WluMim tv., d.,1 an Ka.
foie ih v were adopted br the r'.u.r a* of Pafi*. io fir
*. the right ol neutral* m frindlv State* Me concerned.
While cur relation* with France remain as ibsy now are,
we shall eatiliiiue the same practise none the leas f.ith
fully than if bound to do so by soUicu courentiau.
Theotber and higher roourew.ll remain uusilUlied,
ind it will lose u<*ue of it* foree. We shall bo ready to
u-ce Jo to Ill's dccliratien of Purl, with every power that
will igrce to adcp'. it* principles for the government of
it* relations to us, and wbieh shall be content to a:cept
our »due ion on tba same b ait upon which all the other
parties to it ha'* acseded.
We know that France has a high and generous ambi
tion. We (ball wail for her to accept hereafter that c«
-■Deration, 0’> ou pirt, in a great reform winch ehe now
lifelines. We shall nut doubt ibat, when the pressnt
•-j.barrss>m-nt which cause* her to declino this co ope
ration shall hare b eu remurrd, as it aooo will be, she
, 111 then eg roe with us to gu still further, and abolish
the co. hsci'.i-m of properly of noc-beUigcrent citiau-a
»ud euhjao's in mui'im* war.
You will inform M. Thouvenel that the proposed di
-lantlon, on the part of the Emperor, la deemed inad
-ntssiblc by the President of the United States ; and if it
-W. be in dated upon, you wlU then inform him that you
,,-e instructed for the present to desist from farther ne
gotiations ou tho ruhject iuvolvcd.
I am, sir, your obedient eervmt.
Wu L Dittuv, Ksq , 4) ,^o._
Yimii Pmsosras —Kubt Yankees were captured at
Scrabble, in Brrklcy county, on Wednesday last, by d«
iichtnen'a of Colonel Aehby’a commir.d belonging to
ho companies of Oepais* Htndetson, Mason, and Bay
I >r, > nd were benught to Martlnsburg on that day under
i guard com randrd by Cap'«io Barter. Before taken,
there prisoner* discharged ihcr gun* at our men, but
without r ft-ct. Their aims, taken with them, were of
the best description. The prisoner* iiclnd * a Captain,
wo corport I<, and fire priiate*. They belong to the
12 h reoitnenl Indiana Volunteers, and their came* are
vi follows: Captain R ubm Williams, Coiporals II. 8.
Wes' -ot and K. 8 Ilichhet', Privates L. lit Mird, Ji».
McGwire, 8 O. R bum*, direr Hubble. Company E,
and I-wae Hall, Company K Captain Wiiiiam* ia the
editor of .be V rtbfrn tndiawUn, * Douglas peper iu the
ctutpaigaol 1860 —Murtinilmry R>p*blean.
N‘ WO.»ll»NJ MAhKlT, Dec 10,1181.
Sreaa -Thtrc la . fair OtmtnJ. mail r for t*s lower qualities,
-ni a,, mar.el It Ana at rrevlciu tatea Tbeaalei nub see about
■»tb • Inferior H,i4,Cow»«eV>t*ro>Co<Be.»sv!».2K,far
i> fujiy fair 8iSJ*c, rrlmrlet hilt- aaftc V A
Voi.-oro -1 he t-kareach tul y 4 OO bbla at ICal* aad l*Rald
ola for Perweutlng. accord tg to quality an* 171* .1*1* j far t-itmc
l>Oftol-e toweled of On lab an k:ld above the out a! Jr If
I'uiea—We JI1 aot bear cf a a\l*. On VrlJay anj talar dr
• nail I II-aid at -al'.l for tu.e.Boa a 111 Wall fur Good aai
Cou-Aboal H«»* Mfil H hit* Mil la ••**%! loM 4l <> ud ItlO
Poor itiieiatsoj ft am_ mmmm
at Ceawlck, r.a TtirtSajr. IhaSUi teal, by Itflel.l. K MaaJa,
Mr JNtl. H WcODSravD, of siaaatou, to BA* BOLUS B.
■lUlNM, of Alb.waila eo , Ta-__
Oj Friday iHth mu.. w lme, .H1 ****** •
d*y>. and OB 84 urday. the l<lh lilt .EVA, i*«d • y ■&**••*
ii4 a daft, ehU'tm of Eobffi A aad lira M. A. E. Fb1^
— . vlUUke alice 4t tbal*tHd frabfladin Okareht
.re Ineited to » mil
u M«L«. aC. IkoUaa. Wr tala *7 »<>▼■ * «>•. Vlr,1
O Mistkaafttu.
t* aAirtmod to
tit Whig."
ArHolM mrUtm tm both otdoo q/Uo payer WM not bo publish
■ 1 Thu it a ruloo/lmg ibiuMmg.ought to bo tnmtmioaU.
md trill la mo onto btdtporiod from, Obituary moiiott otootd
•mg tight Umot art ohargtd far tt admrtiummti.
gr Wo oamnot underlain to rthtrm rtitcltd eomtmmmiemMomo
Tim etrior'oeT of Urn tlwee Impeilog ihn neeeaaitv ef paying
ce>h lor ererith'ng i redial (or the pmhllotlon of a aewepaprr
I • pilled at, toaio time nine*, to an. oence that la no eaee woald
wo inter a lubecrlbe-’i name on car hooka anleei I he order for the
paper woe acoompanled by the money to pay for Ik# lame. A lit
tle experience of the tlmee hie not omy confirmed ailn thin deter
mination, hat compclle an to aonoaoce to a I lha lubte'lberi it
the Whig a ready on onr hooka, that nrceeilty forort ae to adept
the earn-role In regard to them, atliait ant 11 the tlmee wl.IJneU
fy a d Scent rouree. To thli end we will forthwith oommenct the
work o'lending oat onr bil e from the office, mode oat In luch
am-an e aewdl, when paid, place each eubiorlber In adv nee on
a c >aot of eaheeiiptloo; end thi • will be done 10 ai to plooo eaeh
•ubj.-rihere hill before h'm within the next three moot he On the
let of Uareh, 1 >43, the namao of all who have not paid according
to three tertne Will he craeed from oar booke, and regnlaily ihere
after Umely no <ee will hr lent to oar eaheerlbrra of the expiration
of their aubaerlptlonyear and e like coarre adopt*d wl h all. anleee
payment la mad <. Self prcierratlon compel* Util coareo or alee ll
would not he adopted.
Ike War.
OS i»l intelligence ha* been received that on the
IStn iuit. the enemy, B.OtlO etrong, attacked our force*
at Camp AUegiany, co:,rilling of about 1,500, nodtr
Colonel Edward Johneton. The enemy were repnlerd
with heavy lone, after a tight of teven boure. The fight
began al 7, A. M.
From other eonrare, but deemed reliable, we hear
that cur loan wee 25 killed and *0 wounded, end the
eaeo v left ou the li.-ld bet een 90 and 100 killed, *r.d
bore cIT their wounded. Among our killed reported ie
Captain P. B And. reou, tf the I."e Battery, from Lynch
burg—the name gemleman confidently, but erroueoualy,
reported killed at Rich Mountain. We hope the report
may hare no more truth now than then.
Col. fobnetouV force ooLiialed of put* of three Regi
_-e_ a A. _ Id L fluau:. 1 I D DuUmiet'a ami AaI
Jickaen's—with part* of two lUltaliooe and a battary of
4 piece*—th* whole not ciceedirg 1,500 men. It ha*
•itioe been reinforced by two R iglfceuU. It 1* said that
thw enemy got is oue rear, and rather took our force* ty
surprise. But if there wee auryrit*—which it never ei*
.'owble—they redeemed theinjclres by food and fallaLt
The Knoieille Register brings tone interesting ir.tel
ligrnoe from Geo. /.jlliooffjr'e column—which has cross
ei the Cumberland riser In Wayne county, Ky., and is
making an important advance in th* direction of tho blue
grass country. The enemy opposed to him are the seme
scowndreU who fled from Wild Oat, when ne one was
pursuiug them. W* hops our General is aware of the
fact and will gif* them but liul* time to breath* in their
present retting place.
Th* reports from Memphis, if reliable, indicate move
ment* by th* enemy in the direction of Ooittmbtuk
Rsalerky Tories Alarmed t
Th* Lauievill* Jjwraal docs not relish the 14 contra
band ” doctrines of Lincoln. Those of Cameron are
pronounced detestable, aod Lincoln's are regarded as no
better. They may in tppearano* be leaa violent, but iu
their remits they will be equally mischievous, aod will
produce th* earn* effect*. We cope elsewhere an article
from that paper on lb* wt:> j *ch. This may b• the onicry
of o venal wretch clamoring foe more jobs, and proba
bly that motive Is not without it* influence. But we
think it likely it is prompted in a measure by other end
broader noeaideretione. Th* mole contract* and gov
ernment jobs, profuse as they may be, ean only boy up
a few of tho more prominent politician*. They cannot
retch lb* great body oi the people, who own, or have
an indirect interest in negroeo. Theie will bo directly
and irjuriooely affected by Lincoln'* regulation* fer sail
ing and confi-catir.g slave property. They, we arc told,
though strong Unionist*, will join th* Southern Confede
racy la a body, sooner than submit to Yankee coofiacs.
tlow. It i* llii* apprehension that alarms the J;Hr«al —
It see* the rpeedy and irreparable overthrow of tho Liu
colu cans* in all lb* border State*.
Its tppeala to the Ken'ucky Legitlatur* to reels* the
violeot measure* of tbo Yankee Government trill be in
vain. The majority of that body ar# within roach of
bribery, and no doubt their pocket* are filled with fede
ral gold. _
It ii rated in Northern papers, that Mr. Faulkcer ha*
be*" released on parole, and i* now In New York, on
hi* way South. It ii said that no evidence* of hi* dis
loyalty had been adduced, and that bo s'outly denied
that he had ever acted incoas'stently with hi* position
aa Minister, while iu Pari*. It is also aaid, that Mr. Eiy
ii to be eichangcd for him.
Northern paper* likewise report that the Lincoln Gov
ernment will release aa many of our man held a* prison
er* of war, a* we will release of tbeirr;— but this not to
include State prisoner*. A* we h*v* a good many more
Tank*** than they hare of eur men, thi* arrangement,
if carried out, would restore all our prironer* to their
home*. If the Yankee Government would carry out in
good faith this proposition, we should be in favor of dis
charging*) parole all the riwti, remaining on our
hands;—for there is no pleasure in torturing, or it.Aiding
any unueewaary punishment on an unarmed man.
Prlae Oallli.
The Yankee papers are making a great to do about an
importation of army clothing for T'l.OtO men from
France. It is the most magnificont outfit over aeon.—
The Yankees will be fine as fiddle* and worth taking for
the *uk* of their cloth**, if not for their owq stinking
carca**f*. In th* importation wer* two prizi outfit* for
the two best companies in the service. One of throe be*
been swarded to a Ptnn*ylvania company—which i*
proDooncrd the finest company of tb* fii**t brigad* W
the finest division of the Grand Army. Tbi* award, if
we hrd no other informaticn, wonld satisfy ui as to the
true character of that army. Wben /’cwnsvVsnians are
the best, we know how to rate the rest There never
hia been any good fi^h'.iug by PrnuRylvsnuns sicco the
foundation of the Govcn m»ul; and we dob’: believe ia
miracles. In a'l the war* we htve bad they have been
peo-erhial for their awkwardoese, atnpiiity sad cos
nrd'ce ; we do not doubt bat they dearrve tb* reputa
tion and will pteterve it to the end of time.
Imiporimvt •ecimcat,
We publish a vary iulerestiog paper of Seward’s, re
vealing the refusal of England and France to p>rmit him
and hi* Government to become a parly to lb* treaty of
Paris, ur.l*** special etceptiou was m ide in favor of the
Confederate State*. Th* knave thought to entrsp those
Government* into aM^gagement agalast Southern priva
teer*, and veu'd hare succeeded, if ha had been per
mitted lo represent ill th* State*. Bat they would not
allow him to do that; he was consequently baflhd.aod
ho shows by bis manner that bo fo*l* aa mean 1* a sheep
k llieg dog.
Tb* action of Franoe and E igland la th* most decio
ir* ia btk.lf *f ths Oonfadaral* Iiavsrumint, w* bar*
yat mat with from any European Power.
ft* Petersburg A'apr<-i hear* that El Btealy tad
hi* Mpb*v, Capt. F. Btealy, *f tb* U. 8. M., hot# beea
arrested ia California—oo aospi .-ion that thoy ware about
tONtara lad end join th* Boatbsra State*.
ikvlliklii Da tie*.
It la understood, that Getigrwf» la considering tha pro
priety of abolishing ell duties for a fixed period, or dur
lag tho war. The term *f fir* yean has beta mention
ed. The object is to eumulat* foreign reeaele to ran tb*
blockade We are not saliified, that the proposed ac
tion would bare the desired effect. The inducement* at
present, In the very high prioe which oorUin articles com
mand in ear Confederacy, are very great—and throw out
of coo aideration almost entirely the petty dutiee im
posed. let perhaps no aoriona aril could ranlt from
tho abrogation of dutie* for a ahort time—aay twelve
month*, and tb* effect in that time might be tested.
But w* oea imagine rery serious objection* to pledg
ing oureelvrs to absolute free trade for a term a* long as
fir* year*, ar during tb# war. By making the suspension
of dutiea commensurate with tb* war, it might happen
in future complication* with foreign power*, which moy
become parties to the wsr, that it might ba their inte
rest for the lake of thet free trade to prolong tb* war.
And in the contingency of the war ceasing iood, a
period of five years might prove very tmbarraaaing to
our finance*. When peace return#, we shall expariaooe
great diflioulty In meeting our public debt, and to rely
eolely upon direct taxation, will pro?# a desperate expe
It elriket us as tb* safer policy, not to bind ourselves
for a lougar tie** than on* year. If tha experiment
proves successful, it may ba continued from year to
The final Tauikeo Vallan.
Biuce tha withdrawal of the Southern State#, the Yan
kees have had everything their own way, and the fsireet
poeeible opportunity of demonstrating what maoDer of
people they ar*. They had a government, which they
believed, and yet claim to be, the beet in the world —
They bed an army and nary, an Immense commercial
marine, a revenue end postal system, international trea
ties, coarts, laws—in fact, the whole system, machinery
and apparatus of government, ready mad* and In fu'i
operation, and three fourthe of a century’* training and
teaching In the art of working it. They had in addition
railroad*, canals, mines, workthopa, warehouses, and all
the enginery of commerce and indostey. They had re
lation! of trade and wer* at peace with ail the world.—
With each adrantagee, with so splendid a clack in
la hand and so vigorous a sand forward,with the cspital,
the name and the "good will” of tha "old concern,” it
would not have seemed extravagant to havo prophesied
for them a career of unt 11m pled prosperity and happiness
with such a begiuniog, a uation but eemi-tifillsod might
have breu t1pooled, for a fee decades at least, logo
03 with teeming success. The vary momentum of
the aorernmenf was auflLient of it* own force to
carry it forward with an appearance of being propjrly
bandied. But those who mey be** enlertainod th* idea
that the Yank** oould manage the government, or seen
p'rmlt it le menage itself, knew nothing of hi* Infinite
incapacity for ((Taira of Slate. It had not bean win
month* in hla hands before it was mashed Into rmltker
eenr, end th* ((ranger looking upon it for the first time
in its wolui wreck would find it impossible to coneeire
what it* original form and purpose and modal operandl
Tboy cam* into poaaeaeicn on the 4th of last March,
and of what was a Republic tboy boro already mad* a
Despotism; with warning* and precedent* agamat th*
dsnger of armies to free government*, they boast of
having two-thirds of a million of men under ermr; with
admonitions and restraint* against estravegance, they
arc • pending more in a week than the earlier administra
tion! spent In twrlre monthi; with coostitu'.iocal guard*
for tb* protection cf the liberty end right* of tho eki
z-n, thty hov* ebcliihed Vtixoi corpoi, provided Rtelo
dungeon*, in*titut*d Ulltit <U ealektt, violated mail#,
disarmed communities, quartered troop* on private
families, minted th* press, silenced free speech,
debauched the pulpit, tortured women, and brought
into service e depraved end pension id band of
spies and informers; inateed of pursuing p'tcs as
their beat policy, they have plunged into a hopeless
war with the very paopl* from whom they received
the patrimony of their government and their wealth, and
with whom pacific intercourse waa to tbtni a natter ol
incalculable importetc"; they hare seriously weakened
and diminished, ead are in a fair way tw destroy, their
menace, their commerce, their industry, thiir very
means of anbvietenc*. What are w# to think of such a
race, but that they were meant to be theaUvas of alavee,
and that for their arrogance they are accursed o( God
in boiag ptnullt-d to attempt to govern themselves !
Vaukee Imcwpmeltp.
Korney gives a pleasant sketch of th* impoteney of the
Yankee* to run the Government machine. For affaire
of Government w* knew thty werw unfit. Their fmt*
lies in a diff .rent direction, la bate mechanical oontri
vacua* and th* vulgar trickeries ol trade, they are ao
aurpassed by any people, but la lb* comprehensive iatel.
lect secretary to conduct tbs operations of * nation,
they are wholly deficient. Iven if they poo maid that
requisite, their iaretarete habit of looking to everything
with an eye to a job, would bafil i all their cnlcalatiwnr.
In setting up for statesmen and gentlemen, they have
ehflllv mistaken their genius and reduced theu’ieirt* to
the bitter alternative of sinking into anarchy and bar
barism os submitting to a rigorous deaputiwn of th*
IlfMtsa of lbs niulMlppi Valley.
The 8t. Louie correspondent of the Cincinnati A’ny*i
rtr supplies lb* following outline of Geoerel Hellack’e
scheme for the invasion of th* Mlseierippi. It ii oa th*
big figure, aod savois of th* Chinese. An army of 75,.
000 and anather of 80,000 art mar* olicumstanoe*. Th*
one is to take all ear position* on th* Mit-iissippi in tha
rear, by the wey of th* Tennessee riser ; th* ether I* I*
more forward in conjunction with it, and twaep evety
ihing before it, in the direction of Nashville. With lhaas
swaggereii, campaigns on paper ar* the easiest thing* in
nature. But all these great preject* are, for th* time
being, practically frustrated, by the morements of on*
daring man, at tha head of a haadfull of bare-footed mi
litia in Missouri.
The following is tb* programme:
The newspaper* of the country are continually allud
ing to the expedition down the Mississippi riser, as if
that waa actually the contemplated programme of tha
mortment under Gan. Haltcck. Tbs morement will aot
be down the Mi'siwlppi rirer, bnt go np th* Tennessee,
where Gen. Halleck’s force*—75,000 etrong—will lease
th* rirer, aod march in the rear of Columbus, Hiclman,
and other point* towards Memphis This msaiweere
arjlt compel the retxla at Columbua and other pelntt to
fall beck on Memphis, thus leaving iDe river clear forth*
rne-oeati and Iran apart*'ion reraels to pane up and
down unmolested The Cocf»dera*»* are occupying
their time in fortifying New Madrid.Columbus and other
points,aud are monnting the same with a large namber of
gnns Upon the approach of our troops toward their
tea*, rather than be cut off from all commnn eation
with the Booth, the Confederates will fall btek. No
defend* have been thrown np on the Teuncmew
River, and the continual running up and down that
n-ream. of gunboats has kept the shore entirely dear
of maik*d helleriea and fortIfination* Oar army will
nret with no reri nance, aod will by this morrment
accomplish th* aam* retn'l, without loss of lif* and
property that th* rirer expedition might bare don* after
a -errs loe* on both aid**, and a faorfWI destruction of
property, both rr'rato end public. Th* oolnmn of Ms
j->r Genrral Dallcck will more forward in exjunction
with General Buell's Dirision of tiO 000 men from Loots
rill*, which proceeds through Kentnckr, eia Bowling
Green to Ntshviiie. The friend* of the Union has* great
reason to feel confident in th* tsiertion in id* by there
in tu’horiiy, that the war will has* been ended in about
three month*. A* the attacking party, th* eaemy are
anooyed at th* unaartaln'y of the point* our eomraandeti
shall attack ; for instance Memphii will not bi taken eia
Columbus acd th* rirer; Richmond will not be raptured
si* Manassas; nor will the naral li >et make its cor qn**t*
Is tha mannor prescribed by tb* Confederate Oeaerala.
Already the** anooyacee* and defeat* ar* eraatinf graat
uneasineee among th* Oonfedeialri, tad this fitment I*
8*. Louis la not now so eangoin* as they war* a dew
werka since. The defendeva ad the Uoieo, a* the ethar
hand, art eo fidenl, far
"Every thing lies lerai la owr wiek ;
-pause-'till thee* rebels aaw afeat
Com* and math th* yak* af Gi mamma*
. a t w > v 1 ' •m •
■Mill ieoltt lee I It
We hare frequently called the a'.tenliea of car tond
cm to the importance of eoarrudlng loohooux aad
poMiag op large oappUce of lee. We call again. Thanh
not a moment 10 bo loot. Every man conrenient to a
railroad or a aaral tbeuld make preparation* at noon.
Tha demand far In* aeat year will bo i—mm. All ih«
South Hill hot* to f*t ilt mi from nrfinim; and by
mooting th* demand th* people of title Slate cannot en
gage in any bnainam to profitable. W* would adobe
trery (Armor within roach of n railroad In any part 11
tha Rtata, to gat ready to reap tho profit*; hot all be
yond tha mountain*, wber* th* l**-crop It * certainty,
ahoald g* at thin butimua with thair ohel* feta*. They
cannot Mid hop— too larg* nar *t*r* away la* mach
[M in tham. They will find a rowdy marbot (bo onty
pound of it To* demand wil bo a I moat taboo*!***
1** 1* aot only a luxury, bat U la a ncowMty ; aad, *ot
off a* w* nr* from the Yank***, th* (apply cannot ex
ceed th* demand.
Patc*i>at. Dac, 14, 1861.
Tho 8*oat* rci*«*mbled at IS o’clo k, M.
hmall aorx cunanacT.
Oa motion of Mr. CHRISTIAN, of Augnota,
Ruolttd, That th* Oommittoa on Bank) enquire iat*
tha axpedtoooy of iwnlrg iraaanry on to of a dannmina
lion lam than fir* dollar*, and roeeivablr in payment at
taxaa to anpply tbo mciaaity for n annnd nail not* eur
nxaao coxTicra.
Oo motion of Hr. JOHNSON, tbo Committee of CUimo
wu iintruded to enquire into the eipcdiaccy of paying
lb* claim* of the jailor*, of Bedford, for imptboolng and
keeping oartain eagre convict*, etc.
On motion of Hr. THOMPSON, It wu
Rnolttd, That th* 8*0*1* tender their tlaoaroaympatby
to th* eoffenag eitixjc* of Ohnehatoc, in tho diatreoe
ing cireamatonoo* to which (hoy *r* rodaood by th* r*
cent eocfligrntian which hu tialtod thu city, and r*
eognialog them a* oar broth***, idanlided with w in In
ter**!, tolled in • common dutiny, and engaged in o
imm, iliki jftr to aIL
Rtioltod, That the Commit** af rtaanao inquire Mo
tbo expodbooy of an apptopriaiioa for their tolbf.
cinartKaiXTin niwraicrn.
Hr. THOMAS, of Fairfax, from th* Commit*** of Trio.
ilagoa end Elect!toe, preoenud o MU to proeid* for fill
ing vacancho in th* tilth aad »0A H*n***rial District*.
On motion *f Hr. THOMPSON, th* Saint* adjourned.
Th* notocimu 0*1. Feruay writ** (row Wa*hi jgtoo
I* hi* Prca*:
..mri . _ >.* n_i. • t L__ _milk
of th« meat**, and I aa eooviaoed that they are aa
undecided in Ibeir own Bind* aa are the people in whet
•hay (inert af them. It wilt ba iwpsaaibl* «a elaaife
the member* under th* oM d.'olguatioo*—it will b* at
moat aa difficult to a* let a now and arbitrary clarifica
tion. I nceer aav euc'i r multitude of puhlie mea who
are abet mae he ct'led “ou tb« fener." On ana point
hay agree. Ta- Uiioi, tm: he sored, this war mua'b*
waged for ita ealeau n a d C ng <i<mu*« alrocgthan I'a
arm of tba Kixutive a jua iig it t a auooaariulcloar.
It will ba in tba details. in tha method af aoeoapliah
ing tbeoa eeda, that diffieultica aiil arita. Vou aay look
foe tboa in ail quarter*, and an all qu< stlaa*—on tbe fi
nancial arrrangementa ; on tba maitagaaenl af tha
campaign in Mieeouri; an tha ratec of taiatioo; aa tbe
apportionment of troop* among tbe State*; on the inter
national complication* arising out of the or real of Dr.
Gain at Maw Grenada, and tbe rebel ambaaaador* an
the Southern era*; on tho regulation of raaenuo duties;
o* tha management of tha bloakadc; oa oaaey eoncriv
abl* qaaattar relating to tbe moeamenta and control of
tbe army. There will bo a beat of claim-bunt***—mea
who bee* auffered by tha march af tbe army awae tbeir
property; aau whs bar* riftasod be tha bloahade, or the
enforoement af the non in'wtaoarte leas; Ban whose
ships baea been take* by Southern pirate*, and people
who ha** been baniahrd from tb* S'uth, and plundered
of thalr pcaeeeeioee. Among other thing*, Coofrwae
will be railed upon to debate the r.rc-ealty af a general
I'onfi-catioo at*. Tb* wisdom of such a measure Wane
oeded with jutticc—it* propriety will ba tba only ques
tion at i-aue. I am irclinaA to thick that aucb a bill
will be passed, and that thoa* who hsv* andaaeored ta
orerthrow tb* Government will loa* it* prwteetlwa and
I baea said it was inptwaihlo to claaiify the peeaewt
Bwmbors; but, wl.il* ther* ia upp»**nt unanimity, I Bust
aay that 1 look for np j at d urq<-v dieiaiona in aenti
mint. In the Aral place, the-e will h* advocate* af
peace, bequeathed tw u* by tha old Urwchiaridga aepeai
xation, who will b* more aatiou* to ewoapirw aad plot
and overthrow tban they wera a. t! e last aersiow. Too
may look for any run.bar af rtatrneaalik* resolutions
looking to the humiliation of the North, and tha aaea
toal recognition of tb* Southern Confederacy. I have
na doubt Mr. Vulandigham has a budget in his port
folio ; that Mr Oai has a apaaah toady in their support,
and that Mr. Wood, af New York. Mr. Ancona,
Mr JobMon aod Mr. Coopee, af rear own Blotw,
will b* ready to rota far them. Mr. May remain*
in Tort Warren, and Mr. Buraett ia with the South
ern Confederacy, and from throe It flietiena th*
Rons* will b* spared. Ia tha Renat*, tha elegant ard
accomplished traitor, John 0. Breckinridge, will tw
lowgae declaim hi* treason ia atalrr.ee* •( aiiwery de
fiance. I hav* net Warned of Mr. Powell, bat if ba W
not against oa in tb* field, he will be again* aa oa tb*
Dane. Mr. Bayard, af Drlowaf*, Mr. Bright of lodlaaa,
aad th* Sew aloe* from Mimeari, will bw a* traubW
some tbW roealan aa they were at lb* Iasi. Job* i.
Or It tee den will, I have no doubt, mum* tb* seat ia
which he *o Ivor and to bonoeahly repreaented Ken
tacky. Mr Gu'hrle is men'lpncd a* his aollcaga* in tha
aetntof Mr. PcweTs accession, and Ilavardy Jehcaon
inav he a senator from Maryland. The place of tbe la
besn ew>oirt-d by the floeeroew of Oregon, and ete, I
am t aid, ii a member of ibe aid Breckinridge organize*
lion, and opan'.y in favor of humiliating peace. By in
formation cornea from good authority, bat I eiactrely
truit I am doing Mr. Stark Injuatioe, and that tbo coun
try will btapa'od the imetifitetioo and tbo ahame ef aae
ing the aaat where Mr. Baker m lately immortalized bia
•eIf by bit patriotic eloquence oocupied by ao oaoay of
tho Republic.
must Diaraicr.
T. J. Foe ter, >077 I H 0. .Toooa, 1,186
Z. P. Dario, *26 | R B Linday, 264
nnooon di*iiict.
W. B Smith, 1,6*9 I N B. Brown, 1,468
P. M. Muegrore, 1 271 | W. 8. Eaenaot, 461
rnian district.
J. P. Kalla, 8,754 | W. B. W. Cobb, l,*17 j
rsuntn ninrtirr.
J. U M. Carry, (uw oppoAtlou,) 3,112 ,
nrrn morntCT.
P. 8. Lyon, 8,164 I T. H. Herndon, 1,241 j
J. F. Oocko, 1 886 |
■uni riwnirr.
W. P. Chilton, (ao oppooitioa,) 4 426 ,
itriiTM Diaraicr.
D. Clopton, (ao oppooitioc,) 2 684
naina district.
J. L. Pugh, (no oppooiiion,) 4,214
•isrrn djjtbict.
R. 8. D.rgin, 2,SOI I P Walker, 1,228
J. W. P. Portia, 1 694 |
The week hna op nrd with remarkably mild weather.
Sack weather ia favorable for cotton pi sking, but rather
too warm for aacoharice, and m let unfi rtonate for deal
ora in coal and many liters‘ariee of lift.
Tha fliga were tolerably thronged at aa early hour
yootorday, and up to meridian the chief talk waa of tho
t lection going on for directors of tha Papal Bank. It
waa late before the counting of the rotca waa completed,
and then it wai doubtful before tho aclool summing uo
that tha remit wan. There has not boon auch an Ml- ’<
mated or r idling elec'km aince that of the Louiaiana
State Bank la 19 III. preceded br that of tha elec Ion for
director* of tbo old Commercial Btrk ia 11*2; prarloo*
to that waa tbe rl -ckiu at tho B»ok of LauUleae la 18*6
or 1127, ea Urn ororthrow of tho first Caabler of the* lo- J
,U1^' *a mooli of tho tleetiew yMUrtey M ** 9***,1 \
Bank, wa haoo no killed and woaaded to talk oboe*,
though It wMbruited that two of tho aid Board wort no* ^
r*fKwetoMmom^rk*rt4atlmbata* a-oMtlcod '
a., .ig uuo4 WQtlrutm m UtWi iin, I
lihoitahM a loogohll* for tbo- barite. I. ted ft
fogyoBf«*a wiln^te•»»»*»’ «
1 ^ mililart D — ef Mioaowrl *od AAmag M I
IZkTrnbr***-* 9.
Tha Mawphta Apptal bn obtained e copy of tbe
LfOaieville Journal of Ibe »th, In which the following
leading editorial appear*. We cannot repreoa the re*-'
peiea that it k dictated by the desire of the old Tin
in mhI, who edits the Journal, to be bought over
tgwin ; bat, if this ho not the oeee, the ertlcie is deeply
dgnllSMt. IN quote:
We ere **rry to be oonstraiiwd to acknowledge that
Me Presides*'* message ie, *a the point of chief oolici
ud* I* the conservative men of the ooantrr, by no
-HeMetery Nay, the message Is on this point
lep'erebly unsatifactory. Wo make tbo confession
frankly beeausa It la true, and because it behoove* tbo
eyal men of the country not ooly to face the tfoth
•oafoeeed, but to firmly grappU mth it inttantly.
The JK iat to which w# refer I* of course the future
policy of the administration with rseoect to slavery — .
OeaesrntDg thia point In its principal aspect ths mewaga
•ontains the following passage:
“Alee, obeying tbe dioteu-s of prndmee, as well as the
•b'igtiloni of law, ioateed of transcend ng, I h .va ad
hered I* tha act of Oongreas to cocfi caw property used
ler iasarraotionarv pu’p >»e*. If a now law upon the
•une »a> jeot shill be oropooed. its propriety will be du
ly considared. The Union must be preserved, and hence
•II deainbls means must be employed. We should nut
I*) hoeto to deterxiui what radical and it re me meas
ures. which may reach the loyal, a* weil as the disloyal,
an todispcBoabla.”
It la impoaeihla to lock upon thla aa anything more or
lean than tha tipmuioa of aa Indirect and unmanly eon
cam oca in the pol'cy aaosrted reoently by Cel. Coch
rane and approved hy Secretary Cameron to tbe morifi
cation and ahama of every loyal man in Ksoinckv. Tbe
paseei* la iackiag in propriety as wofnlly as in sureman
ahlp. Tha manner is as bad as the merer. Both are
derply unworthy. The President, wlihoot bldly **
sumiog the reaponiibilily of recommending such a coi fi<
cattou law as tha anti slavery a -slots demand, ei courage*
them to go forward sad enact their law ; sod, without
openly approving the policy of emarc'ptlioo, b- g'vcs
the partisans of tbe policy to understand that in tbo rod
they will not be disappointed. In short, the clear im
port of tbia passage of the massage is, that not only is
tha President not irreconcilable hostile 10 radical coun
sels, bat be entertains them kindly and even uedit'te*
their edoptioo. Tbe passage it virtually a hint to Con
gress that, If that body will take the rerpomlbiiity of
authorising or of recommending extreme measures, the
Prerident will prwbably tske tha responsibility of ap
proving them end of carrying them out Acd the sev
eral hill* end resolutions proposing extreme meosurrs
whleh hare been already Introduced Into one or tb<*o>h«x
boo** with overpowering manifestations of favor, rhow
that Congress wi 1 not he slow to set open this hint —
Congress is tpparen'ly bent on such action We thus
have before u« the startling feet that, within a few day*
or weeks, th? President will be culled npd -. to decide for
or against the adoption of measures which the conserve
tire wien of Ibe country deem utterly fa’al to the re
establishment or r.ur government, arn write” ne » i,con
sider with • bias favorable to their adoption. T’t* a
tbe plain troth, deny it who m«y, and th tewls-ion r f
thie truth marks the real turning point in the project
■omenteus struggle. Now, of all others, ta the critical
hoar ef American nationality.
What is to be done* Tiieie is bat oce thing to bo
done. Tbs adoption of tbe extreme measure- eot.'t in
plated must be prevented or the nation is bwillowed up.
Of this we do not foel a shadow of doubt. But how
«*n tho adoption of the*o measures be preve ted ?—
There appear to us to be 'br«c modes, In either of wb;th
the sll important prevention msy be attained. 1. The
peoeperity of our arms and of oar ctuoe generally in a
degree that will put all pretax a wja'ever for a resort to
extrema mraaures out ot tbe question. S The awaken
iug of the conservative senlim. nt and enlightened loyal
ty of the countrT, and the bringirg of both to bear on
tSe President with a force which be cincot, u an honest
and rational man, withstand. 3. The resolu'ion of the
Oeotmtuder-in Chief ia the fi -Id and of Lis principal as
sociates in command, to surrender their swords ratio r
than link thsm with the infamy of such measures. Tho
first of these three modes, is, for the most part, beyond
tho reeeh of tbe people. We have faith In it, but it
should not be relied on blindly. Tho last mode is oor
laot hope. When everything else fails, this meat save
us. If it does not, we are Irretrievably I >at ss a nation.
This mode, though hardly beyord the r-acb ol 'he pro
pie, is still not directly within their h (fierce. The
ond mo e Is rspec'aily tbs people's own, and through thie
mode wo invoke the people to pour thrir awakened en
ergied with a spirit of lof y rreolve that thry will rot hm
put dowo, cr put ssida. ilere i* tbe sphere wherein tho.
loyal masers of enr people in this crixis of ths nation’s
fate can work etf ctua |v for the national preservation —
We call them to the eubl'me ia k.
Tho lark ean be performed successfully. Let It he ’
preferwird at every cost of energy s d w-cr-fiee.
would have the General Assembly of Kentucky inaugu
rate tho imperative work by at ore* protesting in lcy»l
items, hot explicitly and emphatically, against tha sdnp
dam of tho mwoorea in cvotrio»lat>oo. Let this bo
looo; and let tha axamplb be followed es prowp It ne
possible by ML-aocri and Delaware and Western Vir
ginia, and avery other Southern oommuniiy, whether
large or small, that still owns the bannerol our country.
Furthermore, let these solemn protestations be carrird
to Washington by delegation* of tbe n o t rmrent and
Influential citizens of tbe reepreuvu commuui iee, and
bo urged upon tbe President with all the weight of ex
ited character and intelligence, sroonded by the power
ef personal presence. L**t the loyel men of the South
rise up ss oue et«n, and tell tbe President be knows rot
what hi does. Nor must the loyil men of tbe North
lit inactive. Lit the enlightvnod journalists and spotfc
>rs of the Notth set forth in a strong igt t tbe facts—
IS-et, that sltrery is not lh» csujc, but the mere pre'rxt
it tbe rebellion; and, secondly, tbs', the policy of-man
eipatieo, U adopted by lb« Adminiit'slioo, would ren
ler tho bare physical supprereion of the rebellion in-jr*
liflcult infinitely, while it would make the re-esubl.alt
sent ef the Government wholly hnpca.-ifcU.
L-l them point out ihe >rarsparert folly which lies
it tbe boitomof this cry for rx'rcme m.a'crre, a: d bold
;ip to view the itnmeuu'ible folly end enormity of
the cry itself. Lot tbe finer iutolfigecee and nobler"Im
suUsuf tbe Norliierc mv<eca b: awakened Into triun&
I>bant action by jaai ana determined a.d uuiveital ap*
|i>ala; and let 'he better vl.-we an i si i, timer t* that crmn
t' this awake Ling fid timely ejpreee.oa in public meet
iuca and private letters, in petition*, in delrgiiiocs,
rirpular and cfflcul, and in every other prsoticible form.
[a a ward, let the conservative men of tbe North rire tl o
• *ne man, and unite wi h the loyal men of the South
a pro’retirg agHlost the detractive and monstrous pol
icy toward* which the Administration is drif'i-g right
md day- Let tbe virtue and enlightenment of tbe wl o'e
oyal aictioo of the Union lift up their mi-gled voice* in
>ue load and lofty and prolonged demand for moderate
touna Is io tbe Admii istration. Such a demand. >o put
orth, tb* Pre*idenl could not wlltuur d. II- wculd cot
ktuinpt to withstand it. O* would bail it ts tbe strorg
nd s-lf-stutolnieg echo of bis own better but feibo
purpose. ,
We cell on tbe loyal men of tha coantry to begin (hit
rork forthwith, and to pmerento it without digging,
intQ the end is s-cured. Not a day should b t lost.—
rbe longer the work is deferred the harder will be ita
iccoinplisbmrnt. If deferred long its accomplishment
■ay b< came unattainable. It ia now plain to every can
Kd ohatrver, that tbe President muat cither break with
he extreme men cf bi* party or xacr fice tbe country to
heir fanatical ateaeurve. Q to or the other I* Iner.tit Jo.
fbe message eboei that the president ie not disputed to
trvak wilb the extreme men of bis ptrly. Be want*,
jarbips, both the tagteity and the nerve. Something ho
lertainly want*. Whatever it may be, tha firm, full,
tealtbful, assuring, overruling voice of the pvop'o wilt
lepply it. Let that voles he beard If it should be
iush< d in silence at such a june-ure, tbe blood of tha no*
ileal government the world box *ten would cot reat on
hi I *•* of a frill cx*cit ire and hi* balrbralerd couc»
icllors along. We bxvespokoo op. nly aud p'ainly rn (lie
ruijeet, because we feel I bat tl.e great hop* of Iclcuc
l*y lit* n fu' y mo n zk g 'bo -ctuii ter., ind in res.•
lately grappling with it. Our senxe of the ac'uil peril ■
most deep and vivid. If we rup[.rested or disguteed i',
we should bo false to ourselves and faiae to our o-un'ry.
We know not how it may be with etherv, but wa c m
re** tb« iff.-et produced in ui by the mourt fol repuh*
ind panic of Bill Run wax eUtion eomparrd with thW ,
'eaiing wa eiperieuetd on reading the poaetgs of the
■rmagt which foirai the text of these tttnuks. Unit*
iha Pm aidant i* speedily brac'd up by tb* oooatrva'.ivo
gatimeal of Ihs nation lbare is serious danger that *!•
haasfa th* rebill on b* put down, the nation will be rx
i: guUbed. ___
Txs lioar xoxt or Talk —Oae of tbo boat docu
isnti that the war baa caused to be produced ia lb#
tie moesag^W Gov Letcher to tbe Gsnertl Aascmbly
if Virginia. It ia brimfull ot puriotUm and brimfull cf
oand team. We quite below a portion of tbia admire
J* piper espec ally oil ing al'enbon to tl-e Governor’*
scorn m—dot ion of an offensive war. “The Burqnrban
.a,”a*yw be, ”ii a better fighting tine for na than tb#
’oUmoV and Ik* idoair Ik* war it putkid forward to
kat Hat, (4* Uttar for Kergt'ma and Ik* Sowlktrn Caw
admitf "
That’* tha right aort of U Ik That* tb* rp>yit that
■Iwaiaa oar walnutcr* and oar people. Governor Latch* ,
r baa hit the Mil *0 tb* head—rvm Mail at* W*
rgwt that mo bav* Mt mas* far all of tb* tWaor*
mmis « At mar. and that we mast aoataat ornnhlna
Mth am taaml-y.* Orlamu Craatmt,
' (

xml | txt