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'•:* lOffSTITCTlO I—8 TITS It 11> B T X.
UlCUMOND WBltt ri EAD V V nOHNINO, «‘EO. 31, 1861. TOC«.H3E9IH>NDBNTS. ||t' latlnn am buaimatn mmnt bn Oililrsnstf fo nn“£Mtqr qf III Wily.” t-aiv'M toriUnmon N>M Mil of‘la papnr mil', not bn imbltnl «t Tlin U u rWo of long iOirvlt~q, ou . lt to bn tauten lo nit, • vf mill m no can* bn 'ir1.tr'sl from, Obitmiry notion swosod tmj niglt liman arnolirgmt for ,uonriinamanln. 00T W* onmm 4 nmdnrtntl to rntum rnfnotn* rommumiontiont CA.-U 19 ADVASOA. Tin stringency of ths It non tmpvstog tho necessity of paying osab for seeriUi'.ng esod*ul for tho publicatlon of a rewopupsr 1 polled at, to tut tlm* s'ncs, to un ounce that In no eaee would wu outer a subscriber's asms on ur booka unless the order for the paper wat tcvomounlsd by tho money tv pay for the tame. I lit tle oiporfooee of tho timet h u not on’y onS-med i.1 in this det.r Btc tHon, but comptlli ut to aonoaicj to nil the subscribers to tho Wllg t ret ty on our book!, that n-cetelty force* ut to adept tho tarn» rule In regard to them, ut but ontll tht tlmae will justi fy u d ffurevt course. To this end we will forthwith commence the work of tending oot our bll’s t om the office, made outlntueh in an t at W'l], when paid, plac t etch tubterlber In ade-noe on totjuit of subscription; nnd thl t wu; be done to si to place etch . ubscribor's bUI before h'm within the next three months. On the 1st of 9arch, lS«a, the names of all who have not pnld according to the*' toruts will be erased from our books, and rtgulaily there after tlme’y no toe will b* tout tv oar suhserlhcro of tho explrnllon of their subscription yen* and tike coorie adopted with all, unit a payment in mad a. Self preservation compels this course or else It would not bo adopted. \%’’atari- They Fighting For f The Vow Oilcans B*n answers i’.s own q lOftti>n, wha: are the Yankees fighting for, by saying, we take it that the s'ale and wre’ched pre'eit of preserving the Union is wed nigh abandons 1. The on’y journals which yet seem to cling to it as an npvlogv for their baseness are the Lincoln sheets in Kentucky and Missouri. They, no doub', in common with all others who uw their sense* and intellect*, are aware that the Union, is it was, has cease i to b* a possibility, and that any UniM invol ving the idea of inialiiy of rivhts in the Sou'h is us com rletely out of the question as if it never existed. The North has riven up the idea of fighting for the Union— For what then is Yanke. d mi fighting ? ' Tb t arc hat two possible replies to this iuterrogito ry. Firit. Iir veugeancs; seco id, for rapioe. Let rs exolaic The Nirth will never forgive the South for se eetlii’c, and thus d's'roymg that immense and lucrative '.ra le by which New York afid Bolton and Philadelphia had been enriched. L»t the war terminate as it tnay those cities have ween the acme of thsi’ prosperity, erd must hence Yi-th d wline or rcm tin stationary. This ca lamity will rea-ilt front tho independcree o' the Southern (Joufederacv, aid Vra eur determine* ion to preserve a? few omioercitl relations as po-sihl' with oor sreroies.— Tbs latter are furious, aud swear in their wrath that if they must suffer, wc in the South shall be rained with litem. This is the mode in which the vengeance motive tpirab-e. But the war is frightfully expensive, and lit it cetse whec it w !>, the Federal Gorcrumeut becomes burdened with a debt, of which the interest alone must be annually utet by heavy tjx.ioa. The p rplc, weari><d aud ex hausted with racrifi tes, will be in no condition at tie end of a protracted c.irtest to submit to new aud onerous contribut:ons. Sxnebody must pay the piper, aud who eo fit as the power which, according to Federal authori ty, provoked the war v The 8outh.h*s four millions of ulaves, counties* tore* of fertile territory, and proli c-s annually coti<m to the value of two hundred tuillious, .md sugar aid tobacco to mote than half that sum. Tie North has only to subjugate the South, and ronfi-catesll this, together with houses a. d Urn!*, and back stock, and money, and cattle, and heboid ’ the expenst's of the war ar > paid. This is the modi in which the rxpiqe mi ti*e operates. ’Thus we see that the Yankees care nothing about tho Union. It has even ceased to be a catchword. They make war olt uu brcause they are instigated by hatred ant rapacity—pussrina, io 'prefect keeping wUh their character, and- worthy of th »ir reputation. These being the imprHing motive* aud objects of the *•*, if thgre werh no other reason why the Southern peof h should resist ttrthc las:, they are of themselves enough. Cou d they conquer us they would at ores g'ut their revenge and gratify dieir gre« d by a wholesale plnqdrr. ^Juder the pretext ol^ indemnifying them salves for the cost of - the war, they would patip riz* the whole Louth, aud lord it over her pcopl • with iraohnt domination. Who can pii'ure the shams and degradation, deeper and darker than that which the darg Falirro predie'ed for Veuice, to wh oh our people would be sulj cted, were it possible for the vulgar aud vindictive race of the North to obtain the mastety over them. Happily, we feci no oec&siru to ooctetr plate the hortid idea as a possibility. Unless we greatly mistake th* true Southern character, there would be few left to figure in tuch a sceue. Quibbling. It is unden’ool that Lincoln aud h's knavish premier are endeavoring to dodge out of the Trent” affair ou the pr^> xt that as they did net authorize the act they ate not resnot-sibl* fur it. Koe'iih irwyers will be apt to rt member tbit it is m easy to become particep aftrr the oemm Union of fta me aa ia advance of it. If the act did uotmeot the approval of the* Government, Messrs. Mason an l St dell would of course have l>«eo discharged the moment they reachod Fortress Monroe and the facts were communicated to Washington. Instead of thst » Use deed was acceptrd atd approved, sa is sliown by the imujidieto imprisonment of our Oomminlonrrs. It makis not the least difference whether Wilkes wag or dered to arrest them or not. By taking ps sjrsion of oar Coat uniat toners after they wtre Cinghi, the Garetn ment endorse! the sot, and is just as respors:bl« for it as if it had orii< red it. Aa accesaory after the fact ia held to be guilty in the eye of the common law, and wiU bs (O hell by iuternational lag; nd it is very poor p atifogg ng on thj part of Seward and Lincoln to at tempt t J escape the conseqenjee of their act by such a * q nibble. Ksmtuckc.—Under the h*ad of * Ra’.’.iugs,” the N 0. Picayune gives ns a stinging and purgent leader on the new lights th.t have burst upon the L;uisviUe Juur -,W. It eapos*# tie abiurdity of the supposition tlat P-entice, char aightrd and experienced politician as le is, bis onlr, -H no# wak'd up to the abolition purposts of the L’tc >tn Government, and concludes that it is not from acouvietiou ol ibis .iboli'i n Jenifer, hut from accu victi m cf bis own p*rd iu the State of Kentucky, which he -as* is d. twained to be frre.that Prentice his, at the eleventh hour, “ratted’’. Siyg the Picayune in cnnelu situ : * Again we accept this manifestation of wholesome fear of ooosrqueucei. on tho part of the Louisrill> J,urna’, as a proof that a feel.ng has been aroused among her eons whl h will it c ease in is tensity and in elR-itncy nnlii the reless' ol noble eld Kentucky from the thrall dem under which she is now laboring shall be no longer a m liter of speculation or of hope. la furtherance of this l lea, we take the following frem a k’tter in the Circinna'.i G*~- 'He, dried at Frankfort on the lOAiiat. Mirk the acknowledgement as to tho 3outherm fseli.-g in the Frankfort District: I* is p-op:r to cxoltin that Mr. Crittenden was not re Hourly pweei ted by hia friends as a candidate, b< caose, j rat now, they * ere unwilling to spare him from this die ,-iot. It he ind been elected Senator, a new election fj» Representative of this Qwgresaiunal District would -have been necessary, and, just now, nDicn men have •very reason to dread an election here. Mr. Crittenden wax only elected bv a small majority; many of h'e eup porters are now off in tbo army, and there would be at l.-ast great danger that, if an election woe held now, an out and out eeceaeiouiet would be e.-nt to represent the Ashland District. If a viotory oould be had at Bowl'ng Green before the election, there would be nn such danger, but it appears useless to make any calculitiOTS upon so uncertain a movemeut as that. The t surputlon. It is high time that the Washington Usurpation bsd abandoned the pretense that they have any authority from the Federal constitution, the theory of their govern ment, or the views end intentions ofite founders, for the war they are waging. They get no credit #r the as sumption at % where. It is a matter well understood now, even in Europe, that they are exercising usurped jowers, not only unprovided by the constitution they falsely de clare themselves endeavoring to maintain, but antago uiatic.to its every feature, aud inevitably destructive of it. There cobid be no tno'e scathing commentary on the conduct ol these tnio, than the debate which occur ed among the framers of that ioetruement, when dis cussing the nature of the powers that should be conferred upon the accredited agent of the States, the general government. This debate furnishes, too, the most infallible authority regarding theootempo rary construction placed upon a’l delegations of power that have b <en wrested into giving the governmant the right to wage war upon any of the sovereign States who are or were parties to the constitutional compact. In the year, 1787, on the 29lb of May, Mr. Randolph, appearing as the advocate of a strong government, very much to the surprise of some of his more democratic colleagues, introduced a proposition to confer upon Oou g-ass the dangerous power “to negative all laws pasxed by the several States contravening, in the opinion of the na ional legislature, ths articles of Union,or any treaty xnbiisting under th» articles of Uoioo; and to call for the force of the Union against any State failing to fu’fi 1 •t< duty under the articles thereof." Mr. Madison imme diately moved to postpone the proposition to authorise force, end said; “Toe more I reflect en the use of fotc», •he more I doubt the practicability, justice aud effieieney of it when applied to a people colleotively. Ttie use of force again 4 a 3'.ato would look more like a deolaratiou of war'thau an iefliction of punlehment, aud would be considered a dissolution of the previous compact by which it might be bound.” Mr. Mason said: “The most jarring elements of na ture, h e aud water,themselves, are not more incompati ble than pueh a mixture of civil liberty and military exe outiM. Will the militia march from one State to another for the purpose ? Will not the oit'xcue of invaded States axaiat one another, till they rise as ouo man, and shake off the haled Union altogether ?" a coercive principle is ncc'esiry for the Union, but it i! » question whether it shall be a coercion of law or a c icrcion of arms. Where will those who are in f »vor of coercion of arms corns out? A necessary oon9i queucc of their principle is a war of the States, one against the other. I am for coercion by Hw. Attempt to execute t ie laws of the Union bv sending an armed force against a deliuqn >ul State, and it would involve us in untold ca lamities ” Hamilton said "It has been observed, to oierce Staks was one of the wiliest prrjjcts that have ever been devised. A failure of cump'iauct with the laws of tho Union will never be confined to a single State. This be ing the case, would it bs wise to hi*»rd civ.l war ! Sup noie Massachusetts, or any large State, should refuse, a id Congress should alt'mpt to compel, would tV / n it hive influence to procure assistance from those unit*s that are in the same situation with themselves! What picture does this idea present to view ? We should have a nation at war with itself. Cun any reasonable man be well disposed toward a government which makes war a d carnage the means of supporting itself?” We now have the result of an effort to carry out the co’reive proposition of Mr. Randolph, which was r< jeo to] at ths ume of its being offered by au overwhelming majority. The “mixture of civil liberty and military execution," referred toby Mr. Masov, haa been tried by tho abolition Usurper and has resulted in thj prcJ.cted c damity ot “a nation at war with itself." When an impartial history of this cor diet shell be written, and the acts of the Lincoln dyuar.y shall be s.-ruttnizsd, the world will stand aghast at the ex ;oot of that blind fatuity that could have induced the grossest perjury in tbs violation of an offltial oath by* the President, notwithstanding the lights designed to aruid* bU judgment were as palpable and unclouded as ■be sun. WU1 OlcClellitn AdvanceV 'The Cincinnati Enquirer of the Itfib published the fol lowing : There is to be no advance from the Potomac befoie -priug ; the Union trot ds arc going into win’er quarters; •.here will bo no general engagement this winter, unless drought on by B’auregard. Such is our latest and mo9t U.rect information from Washington. Too Cincinnati Commercial cf the loth copies this paragraph, and thus significantly comments on It: We do not hesitate to r>ay that if this is true, the esusa of the Union is surrendered. The army will be more than decimated by disease during the winter. The soldiers, disheartened utterly by the dreariness of para mount and insurmountable stupidity, will die by thou •m ,lr, and the loss of life wist be greater than in the most destructive campaigns. The credit of the Govern ment will sink. The people will become desperate— ready for anything for relief from the crushing suspense and horrible harden of an immovable army and a war, at once the most costly, and the least profitable, known in the history of civil’zjd communities. All manner of factions will arise. Abolition f.natics—Red Republican fmics_Secession conspirators—will grow potent in tho unwholesome atmosphere of a »a-conducted by imbe c les for the benefi’ of contractors. It will not do to wait, and wait, any longer. Njw or never. The conclusions of tbs Commercial seem reasonable eaougb. It bas been asw a little more-than five months . .is* •• th» Yount? SiDoleon ” took in band the Potomac army. 113 was heralded as the “ hero of two victories in ooe uny,” a man of consummate energy and dispatch perfect in ihe art of war, and master of the situation.— Vet, for nearly half a year, ho has permitted an enemy fir inferior in nnmbers to tread upon his rery.toe*, and uuntard d.-fy him in eviry porsiblc way. It was not thus with the older Napobton! We hear much of his performances in the saddle, but Yar.kcedom cannot af ford to pay #2,000,0**' a day for these equestrian net* ears lie must attempt something more, else some moonlight night be will, as the Commercial hints, find too thousand Tam O'Stautcr furice of the North at hie horse’s tail.__ A N*w CraaiNcr Plait —The Vicksburg 1 Vhlg un derstands that a bill pawed the L -giriature of Mirsistip p: granting the pririlege to the New Orleans Jackson and Great Northern Riilroad, the Mississippi Central Road, t ie Mobile and Ohio Raid, and the Mississippi and Tennessee Road, to is u’ $160,000 each, and to the South ern Riilroad Company fifty thousand dollies of notes, in d -nominationsof one, two and three dollars,to supply-tin want of change so seriously file in all parts of the 8tate. Elforta were made, also, to attich to the bill other cotpo ritioos, and to give counties the same ptivilegi; but the I,-gts’a'ure deemed it imprudent to open the door so wide and flood the whole oountry with small notes, but decided to confine it to the prominent Railroads, permea ting every part of the State, and krown to be respouri b'o, and whose da iy biiiiness with the p-opie will g<vo them a pir circulation ail over the country, ai they are a I compelled to taka each other’s circulation, besides ri deeming them in gold and silver as scon as burners o.enr, or in a abort time after the banks in New Orleans a id Mobile resume rp -cie payments. Ta* AtKA»*iS CcsrpiaaToas.—We learn from the f, tile Rxk Journal, of the 17:h instant, that tba 78 prison:rs, whose arrest in Searcy couni y we bare nc t c’d, were broupht before a Military Board, and, after an inres’.igation, were all released. They protend their d -rotion to tho Confederacy, and cla'med that tie organ’s illon contemplated no more criminal intent than to insure them against the hostilities cf an invading army. Tbs leaders, it is evidsul, contemplated crimi ual ulterior designs, but the followers were in tbe dark an to what wss proposed. They forthwith formed them selves into a company, elected their officers from those who had arrested and escorted them as a guard from their native cotinty, and were sworn into tbs service of the Confederate States “for and during the war.” The Journal says that tbe soeno which followed their release, the touching rental ks of the Governor, and their solemn enlistment into the Confederate service, was a very af fecting and Impressive one. Flnnkylaiu BobnUcd. The attention of a British journal—'11 Rtynoldt't London Xttttptptr”—having boon attracted by the boss'.lng of the Tanked press over tbe accession of a lew aprlgs of European nobility to their service, and by tbe fiuoky reception given to them by Lincoln and bis understrapper*, it rebukes tbe Presideutial snob in tbe following caustic atyle: The appointment to high and responsible command of inexperienced and inoipable aristocrats was tbe bane, and nearly blasted the fame, of tho British army. If President Lmooln was a mao of spirit and of prudence he would avoid stumbling into a similar pitfall. But na ture teems to have intended him for a C mrt lackey rather than for tba President of a Republic. At least we arrive at thi* conclusion after reading the name* of certain foreign officers to whom he has granted commu nions and commands. The nomiuatiou of 'he Orleans princes—mere schoolboys—to tLe staff of G.*n. McClel lan is one of those flagrant abaurditirs attached to “tie sweet uses of royalty” wbioh we should have im agined Republicans would repudiate. Then, again, an u ikuown Prinee, belonging to some obscure German principality, applied for and obtained tbe command of u cavalry corps. It being subsequently discovered that his highness could not apeak one word of Engliah, a few trifling difficulties have yet to be overcome before he asaumrs the command of the regiment honored by hav ing such a distinguished warrior as its Colonel. But tbe appointment of our old friend, tbe drunken and idiotic member from North DSirbam, Lord Adolphus VaneTem p «st, to a command in the American army, is oertsinly the queerest sot of folly and stup'dity yet perpetrated by the Lincoln Cabinet. Is it because ho happens to he a lord that Muster Tempest has found favor in tbe eyes of Lincoln ? Tho In si app*sntnc* in England of ihe President's proltgt was at Ma.nborougfc sirct Po lice-court, chsrg-d with being drunk and disouhrly ; but, as bis lordship’s fiicn Is declared be was mad, the young gentleman wss handed over to their custody, and every one believed him to be the inmate of a lunatic asylum. Lv and behold I Lord Adolphus now turns up on tbe “other si le" of the Ailautlc, full rigged and tog ged os a Federal offlc»r! Pity Lnrd Forth baa suc cumbed to the brandy bottle, or else hit military expe rience might have b^eu turned to account by Mr. Lin Ciln. Ilinnnr—The followiiafir statement occurs in a late letter from the Cei.trcville correspondent of tbe Louis vllle C’ciwrirr, but as wc have heard nothing of the mat ter from any other quarter, we conclude that the writer was falsely informed : Aa a sequel to the eifculion of the two “Tigers ’ by order of court-martial, I have to record that, yesUrday morning, the bodies of two ifficers of the Seventh Lou i-iana Regiment were found witli their throats cut.— Tney were the officers of the day aud officers of the guard at the time of the commission of the ootrago by Mr* “Tigers," and were instrumental in bringing them to punishment It would be well could tbe whole com patty be <fl'tced for this new and most horrible villainy. Rank in thi Army.—We have heatd told an aneodole on thic often embarrassing point, which we think too hood to be lost. It is as follows : A private and a captain wore engaged playing cards— the Uttar bring consiih rably ttuder the influence of stimu lants. A d epute arising, the captain denounced the privatr, and. at tbe same time, announced his pirsonsl esponsibility, saying, that he would valve his rank aud fi;bt him according to the code. Thu private replied 'hat he would not waive rank with him. Tbe indiguant oflieer replied, “You waive rank—don't I know you are nothing but a piivate?" “Yes,’’ replied the private, ‘aud that is the very reason. Put a strap on a Yankee’s shoulders aud give him high pay, and eTru he will fight; hut it takes a gentleman to ti 4bt for eleven dollars a month.” Not bad logie. The Charleston Fundi Tho Mt. Ilermon congregation, in 8potsylvania coun ty, have forwarded to this office tbe sum of #«6,05, f r the relief of tbs sufl'Tcrs by the Charleston fire. It awaits tbe call of ary party authoils'd to receive it. Orison.—A Northern paper mtkesthe following state ment about political efUirs in Oregon The tories of Oregon are rampant, and are making all sorts of trouble lor tbe Union men. Gov. Whittaker is su avowed vympatb'zrr with the rebellion, and has uamei such ifficers lor tbe recruits he proposes to in «■ that no loval men will submit to serve under them. Old Joe Line lives at Winchester, and takes much interest in these thi tge, but I e is sai I to be anxious to Sell out and quit thi; Rate for some toon' congenial dim itc. It would pty the Union men to raise a fund and buy him out, if he will leave. Ben Stark, appointed to Baker’s seat in the United States Senate, is no better than the gang, al though a Connecticut man and a former resident of New London. He it one of the “blae lights" order of tories. Frets the Mo'tie AiiverUierot the'.’.'iji. NAVAL ENGAGEMENT DOWN THE BAY. About mid-dvy yesterday the stout gunboat Florida, C .8, N., concluded to ceb biate Christinas <vc bv a siu-ll set-to with the indent Lmcoln cruiser New I. indon, wh;eh was lying off tbe harbor. The Florida ran down to the westward of Sand Island and eballenged the New L radon to coins on, wbioh she did, and for an hour or two a lively cannonade at loug taw furnished an f xclt ingly interesting exhibition for the entertainment of the great audience which viewed it, the four thousaud men a ho garrison Forts Morgan and Gaines, as well as the crews of the blockading vessels, being the spectators — The Florida e juld not come to close quarters with tbe en-my by iva,son ol the shoal water of a bar iutarvening, and could she have got out, it is likely she would have had more than she could attend to with the several block kders that were lyiug < If in deep water. The engagement was lengthy, and many shots were fired on both sides, and ended by the New London back ing ou*, as usual. The Florida was not touched, but It it thought that three of her pills took tfT-ct ou the enemy. All but there three w :re seen to striko the water, bnt tbe thousands of eyes wbioh watched oould not tell where these three went to if they were not stopped by the New London. 8he was evidently hit hard. (or. after backing out of the fight, she signalled tbe fliet, and one of them ran uown and lay nloDgsid • of her for sevurai hours, rendering assistance, it is sup posed. The spectators sav that the Florida’s lor g and ter rible guns were admirably served, the practice being most i xcellen', placing tbe shot and shell all aronnd the mark, so cloi) in many instances as to apparently dash the water upon the Lincoln te’s ti cks. Tne cn gigement is laid to I ave bren a moat animating and . toiling scene, as witnessed from the forts. We hope that our gun boats will olten so enteriain the garrison in those drearv <|uarlers by dsmngiog attentions to our unwelcome visi e.-s outside. GENERAL ZOLLICOFFeSs GENERAL ORDER ON ENTERING KENTUCKY. The following General order was issued by General Zjiliccrt-T to his brigade, on entering Kentucky: GENERAL ORDER NO. 34. if tan Qiartzrs. Krstcckt Link, ) Ntaa Alhasy. Nov 26, 1861 f We march into Kentucky lor tbs pur pise of detruding the propie of a sister Southern State against an invaiing Northern army and their f'dural adhtrtn'-e. Let u< be careful to do uo act of it jury to tvoas wo come to pro tect Let no citiz -n of K-ntucky be molested ia bis per son or property, whatever his political opinions may be -uppostd tube, unless found i r. arms against us or giving aid and comfort to the enemy No officer or acldier of ibis command will be permitted to take property b. long i ig to any private citizen without au'.hoiiiy from tbe General in command. Offi -era commanding regiu tents, oatttlions and ceinpanles, will see that this order is slriot ly enforced A few bad mnn must Dot be permitted to bring reproach upon the whole command, or by lawless acts to convert ibe people ol K-ntucky from fr« nc’s into enemies. S-verc rumples must ba nude of the few, if any, who disregard this order. Commanding officers will < anso this ord< r to be read to their seveiai commands until all understand it. By order of Brig. Gen. F. K ZoLuor-rrss. Pours B Li*. A. A G.-nt ENOLI-H Cl LOT CLOTH.-One ca>-, dsrk blue, htaty Eofllah P.lot Oleth, Id itore and f« r a tie by d»8lBACON A BABKHITIME KOI l^K. IN coDi»q3*DC* of oar hating i) pay caah *ur eaierlaU uitd la our bra nett, vt art ccmpallad to ad pt*d tht ctah tjr.ea la i t pro«- c uii and ordt • for Plovi, Cttila t«, Ac., buii bt ac* oomiuhiltal a 1th 'he mooty, to tetare r tlr cz« uton. fm_OteO WATT ACO._ WA NTFB-A m'ddle *?td lady, aalliAk to Uke full char ft of a faBJll / of little clr'a Addrsts X, Dispatch office <lt«S- «i» FROM EUROPE. THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION—PRESIDENT JEFF. DAVIS’ MESSAGE IN kNGLAND-TBE INDE PENDENCE OF THE SOUTHERN CONFEDERACY PREDICTED—QUEEN VIOIORIA’3 PROCLAMA TIONS. Ac., Ac., Ac. By the arrival of the Cunard mail steamship Amerioa at New York, on the 24 th inn., we have European maili of the 7:h icitant, with file* of paper* to that date. We give below eome very interesting txtracts, bearing upon the all-abeoibing topic which occupies the publio mind at tbia time : PRESIDENT^DAVIS’ MESSAGE IN ENGLAND. what hie CAnixrr aid k-uiticiaws tuixk ahd ho si saiH THH FAKIR. [From the London Pol (Government organ), Dee. 7 ] The principal intelligence conveyed by the Khnbun from Amerioa consists in the message of the Presidenl ol the Southern Confederation, and we are glad to no tice the friendly tone in which it treats of the relation of the South with this country, while wo ere emb irked in a critical negotiation with the North; and while wt are also about to enter upon oar intervention ia Mexico, a country bordering upon the Southern S.alee This is, in fact, the only satisfactory and significant Information that the presert Am-rican packet has brought Tht “Trent question” remain* in ttatu yuo. The opinion cl the law ollijers of the Washirgton Cabinet, which is now repeated, bad reached us by the Persia on Monday tan: but the popular excitement which the question had pro voked appears to have in some measure cooled down.— For tbe moment, therefore, Southern politics arrest our chief attention. The Message of President Davis to tbo Southern Con gross is, in our judgement, tbe more satisfactory for tht firm and determined attitude in which it confronts tht Unionist (arty and the Cabinet of Washington; for if «« concede theco .quest of the South be next to impossible it is by tbe exhibition of Southern strength rather than ol Southern weakness that peace is to bo restored between the two belligerents. President Davis recounts thsl throughout seven months of hostilities the confederate! have almost uniformly held their own, aid that in aavura in.itarces they have thrown their opponents into adelen sive attitude. President Davis is therefore fully entitled to the bold ground which he assumes when be declares that “iht South will be content to Lee at peace with the North but that t ho grparation is ii-ial." He adds that the Sou'.l will aocept of no compromiss. He is now, perhaps foi the first time, in a position to m&kc use of this Ian gunge. Indeed, one is 1-d to ask, after the trial and ex biustion of so many -I -signs, and the exper-i ture of sc much money on the part of tbe North, what is yet U introduce decisive features into the campaign * Th< Frder.il* have enjoyed immense advan'agei in point ol men and mouey, and aiso (as we showed yesterday) it drawing warlike supplies trout this country, through their superior command of the sea. President Diva will no donbt derive fresh confidence when he reads tbe two royal proclamations which, in the latter respect, ti%rn now pucea me norm aid oouin on a looting ui i qaalily. But (here has been scarcely a single S'ate ovr r tuu by ihe Northern army during the who* course of ibe campaign, and it is much questioned whether the naval tip-dilions of the Federal Government •to Uatteras and Port Royal have done much more than ■■1'ghtly to reduce the privateering activity of the Sou'b. Tus as ertion of the Southern P.esiJent must, therefore, bt admitted to be subetanlially true, that “the recon struction of the Union, which the Fed'talSM* It toellrc' hy force of arms, his become more and more palpably impossible." He maintains, also, (hat the causes which brought about the separation not only remain in lull force, but have been strengthened since theciiil war be gan. With a view of observing strict neutrality be tween the contending States, we have carefully retrained from cfhoi&lly rocognii ng the South ; but the time has certainly arrived at which wo cease altogether to believe in ifio possible reunion of the States, snd at which we must, at all events, recognittt the independent confedera tinn of the Btiuth eu an actual fact. President Davis speaks with just Indignation of the sc'z ire of his Envoys to the Courts of France and Eng land; and there is a parstgs in this part of his message which throws a probable light on the di-tinctive mission on which Mr. 81ide!l snd Mr. Mason were sent to Eu rope. He remarks, with some evident pride, tbst the Confederate States have been content to fight tbs ir own battles.and have sol'ci’ed no assistance from foreign Pow ers. But he declares that they have a right to b ing lie lore Europe the qnes'ion of the appllcition of tb < ( list ing blockades of their own ports to the acknowledged principle of international law, that blockades, if they are to be respected by third Powers, must be tlftctive He is about to represent to the European Govt rumen's, accordingly, the total intfficiency of these blcckadis, and to put the assertion upon evidence. It is a fair in ference that this was one of the questions upon which Messrs Slidell and Msson were sent to Europe. But there is aooiher s'&tement in our present An eri can intelligence which threatens to put the blcck& ie quet iiou in a light el -getber new. It is announced that twenty five vess-is have set stit, apparently from New York, heavily loaded with stones, with the view of their being sunk at the month of a Southern harbor. Now, in a I probability ingress cr egress would be ns difficult at a Southern port, wi'h fire-and tweoty sunken vessels i i front of the barber, ss it was a’ Sebistopol, where the Russians sank severs) of their ships wi ll the view of pre venting ihe entnre* of E igli-h amf French vessels of war Hut if Urn Fateral tioremment deelre by tbie expedite1 to f <tiere their out ehipe by thill hi H' Huy up Hou hem i-orte, they mvet be perfectly ounce that there ie ut truce tin etui of the bio k ,1,1, in retry tnelnnce in which their new ohm ie to apply ,cu dten ceeeete iclV. not coneiUu 'e a btoi'knftlet them be ne • ef f.ct re" iie they may; and uhrrec-r the Federal GorerninenI dial' Ih ‘ie eub-eilii'e e-in ten reee/te fir its ehipe of tear, then the blockade ie at once terminated by the content tfati no Hone. We draw alteuiiuu to the ratiouai amt frieodly min ner in which the Southern President alludes to the alti tude maintained hitherto towards America by (his coun try, because we regard our relations with the Southern States as henceforward of very considerate importance. These States have now attaint d such a position that we must bring ourselves to believs in tho permanence of y^eir independent confederation. Wo have difT-reoces with the North In which tho Southerners are directly in terested ; and wo have just concluded a treaty with the Juarez Government of Mex co for a settlement of oar long-standing claims upon that country, under the ' Aldham Convention," sdu other r. corded obligations. Our naval expedition to the Gulf of Mexico is charted with t* s execution of these t:rros; and, probably, before February next the system of sequestratien of cuitoms revenue at Vera Crux and Tampico will havo beeu put into action, and the prooeeds be accumulating for dis tribution under the mix->d commission between the de spoiled resid mis and the wronged bondholders. We must look upon this intervention as one that may be in opera tion during a considerable period of time ; and while the Northern Government is too distant to admit of its atti tude entering materially into this question, the Southern Confederation, on the other hand, stretches for a great distance ilorg the frontier of Mexico, so as to render its triendly disposition to the authois ol the t'.tcrveiuion ol uo slight consequence. The Northern Government has invariably railed at oar neutrality ; bat tbe Soulh tr.i, with statesmanship and moderation, his recognis.-d ii it all that we could do for either party, and whether with a view to our transactions in M*xicO, or >o our rela tions with tbe Cabinet of Washington, the friendly for brsr.nce or the Southern Confederacy is an important p lint in otr favor. [from the London Tlmra, Dee 7th ] Tin President of tbe Confederate Statesbas delivered bis Message on the meeting of tbe Southern Congnee. Tbe usage in the Northern f. deration is for Congress to ■nee', on the first Monday in December, which this year foil on tbe ‘id, and io a few days we may expect to bate Mr. Lincoln's Message to the R> public of which he is Chief Magistral. Bat in tbe Confederate States the praclic) of the older fedent'jon bas not been adopted, so that President bas the start of his rival by a few days, and is able to make an Impression by a bold and cH.fi dent mat.i'esto, wb.ls President L;ncoln Is still engaged on bis own lengthy disquisition. Tne nummary given of tho Southern Message stiows it to be a State paper of great interest and importance. Its author has always bseu recognixid, even by his eremite, as one of tbe most vigorous and astute politicians that America has produc.d, and he is especially remirkxbli for literary sk1.1 in compodiionsof this kind. Wo may expect, there fore, ih u the diguity of tbe Son h will not stiff tr from the p.n of its first President. The mces'ge of a few months smee wag an able apology for srees-doa, and a vigorous exhortation to unity and courage. The prtsirt mesicg' teems to be a congratulation on victories achiev ed, and an announcement tbattbo national iodependerce mtv be considered secure. Aid ctruinly a less accnm l>liah«d wilter than President Divis might beeinie elo quent with the history of tho jast year us his subject. But lh > part of tho m *ssxg' which a; this mom sal is especially Interesting la that which ref. rs to the seix ire of tho Confederate Commissions a and ’he relations be tween the two republics and tbe Great Powers ol Kuropo. I-is plain that Mr. Davie dscerns the cloud which is firming oa this side of the Atliniie. ‘‘The claim ot the United Sates to seix! them in the streeu of Lin don,” stys P.eudent Divis, ‘ would bavs been ts well founded as the ■ ax ire on board tbe Trent.” As far as we could 1 arn by telegraph he does not prescroe to give us advice or to say that we are bound to demand reparation, but we cannot belp thinking that the probability of a rup ure between E’gland and lb: North icaphcg the President to uw a high tone with respect to foreign assistance.— ‘Toe Goofed irxtes,” stys Mr Davis, “ask no aid from foreign poweta.” This is jut tbe Ur guage that a new State mns‘ bold if it wishes te give its neighbor* an excuse for recognising Its indrpec. oauoa. This only oocai delation in suah a mm is whieth a er tbe community which demands to be reoogoized has tbe force and consistency which Millie It to recognition. If it be it facto a nation, if itvprove that it can main tain ite own independence, then other Governments are justified in cnimnanicating with It diplomatically, nnd treating it es i member of the family of naiiona. .Sat if it calls on the world to balp it, it does by this very act take away tbe right of central Powers to treat it M an equal. It proclaims that tbe State ageiust which it has invoked still has tho power to conquer it, and conse quently it is the duty of ututrile to consider It merely as a province in a state of insurrection. President Da vis fully knows that no European Stale would recognise his Government cdIfss be demanded it as a ruler capa ble of holding bis own position. Am to the geueral course of events, ia the present boar cf euspeuee any ordinary news from America must seem fUt and uninteresting. We feel that we ere divi ded by n greet gulf from (be time before tbe outrage on tbe Trent. The events of the war which excited our curiosity a fortnight ago now lose much ofthiir interest, since we know that their import is now auoofdfiiate to a f larger issuj. While'(Jfe two parliei sre carrying on [ their desultory warfare—this side bombarding a Confed ’ era's sea-port, that side burning a Federal town—we know that a message is ou ite way from England to Anierioa, (he reception of which may change the civil war into e great and wotld-widc struggle. Nothing can interest us now unless it relates to tbe one qutsiion— Wi I Messrs. Mason aud Slidell be giv.n op * Everything that bears on this will be greedily read by tbe British public ; everything that tends to show the temper of the Amerioane, or to give a doe to the intentions of their Government, will be minutely invee tigited and dbcursed. Unhappily, the despatches we publish to-day give little information on this point, to lar as we are able to judge from them, the Americans seem to be unconscious of tho mcmeotous controversy which they have raised. It is said that an uneasy feeling prevails, but we cannot but think that, being so accus tomed to find the British give way in similar ctsee, they wdl in a fnw days have teken it for granted that every thing Is right, aud that alter a little grumbling England will acquiesce, cot only in what th»y have done, but in what they annouaee tbeir iutontion of doing. QUEEN VI JTORIA’3 PROCLAMATIONS AGAINST TUF, EXPORT OF WAR MATF.RIAL—WHAT EF FEOT THEY MAY HAVft ON THE WAR. From the London Pest, (Oorarnmtnt Organ,) Dee A The second royal proclamation, forbidding tbe ciport of arms end other warlike stores not iocluded in the former, has followed ite predecessor not a day to soou With whatever view the .Cabinet at Washington bis Dorn engaged in buying up all our purebaseabis means of offence and defence, after a fashion that Charles Dick ons would describe as “wholesale, retail and for export ation. " By much or by little, whatever was to be ob •aiued for money, was about to be purchased and ship, pod'for America. Wilbio the list ten days an agent of (be Federal Government is understood to have bough*. up burcc w u-wuu wum ui snupcuc, luccuin cumpuut'ui of gunpowder; and tl is was eo much more than tbe • hale amount that London could supply, that the Amer ican agent, we believe, was obliged to complete his com niisfiou by contracting with manufacturers of 'Li* com modity in tho provinces. The export of these three il.ousit d toes was arrested by the lorni'r proclamation, probibly j:st in time. Meanwu'l*, however, the American government had been purchasing small arms on a scale somewhat less vast, or with eo much more discretion, at least, that the fact had not becomo notorious. But the necessities of the Washington Cabinet proving more urgent, a fresh messenger is understood to have been d.ipt'ched from New York in the Persia, which ves*el arrived io Liver pool only on Monday last. It is believed that tbe Utter ageot repaired immediately to Birmingham, with very extensive orders for rides, psredsdon caps, had for hul I. Is, amJ other stores of war. These articles, it will be seen, had not bem included in the interdict of the for mer proclamation, which had been isaued but a few days b'fore tbe arrival of tbe Persia. What tbe immediate success of this ageut's commission to tbe manufacturers in BitmiDgham and elsewhere may h ve been we do not know, but If he were prepared to p iv the era*, in cash— which he was very probably armed with the means of loing—it may be assumed that no dilliiuliy presented itself in the completion of the contract so far as tbe minufacturere wtre concerned. But so prompt and decisive has been tbe action of our Goverrm"i t. that, before this latter agent of the K. d.Tn I Cabinet bad sat foot for forty-eight hours in 'his country, a second proclamation has issued, forbid* d ng tbe export ef “arms, ammunition, percussion caps, tubes, and lead ” This proclamation Is diled Wedncs d y, Deocmbsr 4, and took tho public by surprise y*<* rerdty morning But for this rapid action, the geo a in question would probably have been shipped;, eo far is they were ready prepar'd for use, by tho end of the week. The repnlt is that thie Ameticin gentleman was 'brown up'in hu beam ends, and will probably return to New York by tbe next mail, witdi bis cash in bis picket, and leaving tbe coveted arms and ammunition on English ground. The o‘j ct of the Federal Government certainly ctn* cot bo logiciily prov d to have been that of a prepaia tiou for b' s ititirs against ourselves. If, indeed, it were clear that Ibis was their motive, the fact that their eorlirr ordeis bad been issued b.f„re tbry bad learned of the San Jiciuto »IUir wouli render their conduct peculiaily i rainoua It is, of oonres, possible that these immetife orders may have b.’en dictated by the exigency of their einipsigu agaiual tie Southerners. They ill ct to keep an army of somotbing like half a million in tbe Belt; and although we doubt whether throughout their civil wxrso much blood has yet been sbed as was shed in a single d ly at Sidferiuo, the requirements of tuch an army, even in ammunition, mult still be corsiderabl*. Ti'tir^ manner, however, in which the Federal Government has set to work on the present occasion is very unlike the purchases they have hitherto made iu tuppori of the civil war. The one case d ifits from the other as much at a steamer taking in coals fora long voyage differs from a steamer supplying herself for a river trip on the Ttianieg. We must remember, also, that this order for ra'tpelre was dispatched from Waihlngton before the exploit of Osptaiu Wilkrs had became known. As soon as it had b'comc known, a frtah agent, as we baveectn, was at once rent hetc with orders to purchase ilft-s, lead, and pertuvsion cape, on a fcale, it would «p pear, of corresponding magnitude. Once and for all is c Ttsinly not the usual course with those who can cut and comoapa'Q. We do not desire to give thrse con a derations utdue significance, but <bey c r ainly mply a ilispoeiiiou to draw our teeth and then tell us to bile if we oan. ram ra .. tra p.v*.y* • u.'u.ouuuu of our 0W3 Goverum ut, even.if our difficulty with tbe Noitte ra State a should be happily surmounted, and tbe civil war should be left os before to drag on ita weary length. We have aimed at tbe maintenance of a bo-ia filt neutrality between the combatants. ' A royal proclamation, a cotsiderable period ago, warn ed British merchant capuiea to carry neither arme nor troops for either party. Even io our official Unguage we have abstained from a: y'.bing more than regret for • ho eiisteucc of the conies:. Northern and Southern *b ps hive, as far os we are concerned, er joyed tbe same 'sc.lilies for tbe shipping cf warlike stores in tbe British porta. But, in point of fact, there has existed tbe gros s et (nopal ty between tbe advantage* of tbe two com bi ante in this litter respect. Tbe North have been su prem< at bos, and they have also maintained a more or It •« effectual blockuic of Southern pons. Tbue the one ptrty have e' joyed e practical immunity in the ebipment of armi from (bis country, tad tbe other party have been nearly excluded from our market*. A Southiru ship I as 6r>t to run tbe blockade at Charleston or New Orleans; It has then to make Liverpool in rpile of Northern cruis ers; afterwards it baa the same peril to encounter ou tbe return voyage; and, finally, it baa to ruo the blockade again and* to enter it* own port In safety. The truth, therefore, is that the liberality and equality of our laws have operated to feed tbe war io tbe greatly pr.ponderatmg interest of the North. By tbe present p> ociimiiions this tendency is now at an end, and neith er b lligerent wi I receive arms or ammunition hencefor ward fio n these shores. This is tuetirg out even justice, at least, to both parties. But whatever were tbe deeigne of the Federal Government, it is impossible to imagine any power more completely beaten io policy by ita late outrage on car flig. If it wet# its aim in there pur chases ni'rely to provide for its campaign against tbe Sontb, it baa closed the door to its cwn fictitious advan tages over i s antagonist in British parts ; aud if it were its a:ut to exhaust our own resoolTecs, it has put it* de sign in practice j ist in lima to be decisively defeated by the two roysi proclamations. V^sn^ltOIH NOTICE.—'The Vs? meailurj at • Icbetond Into, Ha 10, ire rrqu «tnl to attend a cartel meeting of tfnrtr Lodge, at M u in's Hall, this (Tae-di y) even'ng. at C o', loos, for work ky order if th* w: M , Jar. T RIDDICK, Beefy. Par Mat, >■ L. MM. A D 1S«I. dell—It NO I ICE. GFFIOI OF TBR WIST POINT LAND 00, I WartFetaf Dec. *0,18*1. f HAVING l.ated tha Capital Stock of thla company art h tha Aiita or of th* war tax, (or Ua roanty ot lag William, Uitrefoie, ti e ulccVboldera of IMa tompa y nead aA Mat ihrlr Slack Io thli company for taxtU io. JuHN roLLaRD, da*l-c u _ Traaaarerol the Cjapiay. COP PR ■•—The urderiigned, agrnt i o' the Un’on Consoli dated 0 prior Mice of Tojaaatee, hare J at rarelred a tup. I ly of paie Ingot teiper, which Ihe/rljr lor sal* la Iota la salt PB-chum. dcSl_ RACON ft tAHIRTILL. CAI'lfcltOtr -Hi Lii pure OartUeflra?, of recoct Is kortMUo, janrec.letd, sad la aura, for sale by ' dell IAOW ft RftftKRRVILL. FROM THE UNITED STATEN. From the Nov York Her- Id, Doe. 2«. THE IITCATIO*. Th# army of the Potomac celebrated Christmas day yesterday very generally. No duties were n qsired cf the men except dries parades sod private dnneis. Speeches and mafic were tbs order of tbs dev in many of tbe regiments. Intslligenoe was received yesterday from Draneavills, to tbs (ff.ct that s terribia panic ensued among lbs rebel* npon the late attack of General McCall's divis ion. They fled precipitately in all direcions, leaving their dead unburied. The citix-nv of Draneeville per formed tbe rite of sepulchre, giving to each a separate grave. Tot party woo brings tha it formation sut<* that he taw them buried, and that they numbered cne hundred and aixty five in all. Among them were tome twenty officers, including General btewart, who com manded tbe rebels, and Colonel Tom Taylor, wbono head was completely idiot away. Thev* officers w« r j identified by tbe named on their under clothes, and by papers found on their persona. A squadron of Oeu. r d McCall’* cavaliy, wto have ju-t visit.-J Draueaville, also r< port bavii g oountvd one hundred and sixty firs fresh mounds where tbe d tad rebels were lutetred. No progress was mxd yesterdvy in the Mason aid Sli dell affair. Toe British government, bowevar, has not bad any cocsnlta'.ion yet on tha matter, nor have Iho negotiations reached a point at which any cooauliatlou can be held. The main *1 ip channel to Of a le t u harbor ii now «f. fectualiy biccktded by our *t -uj tie*t. Tbe woik of sinking tbe whalers cornmecced on the 19-.b lost, and on tbe night of the 30th fifteen of ther^wd gone down to iheir watery graves, thus compleu ly etoppirg til rgre e and irgrese to Coarltston by that channel. The fleet wan towed over the bar by vessels of our blockading squadron from Port Riyal.and as eadh old hulk nacted is destination tbo plug was withdrawn, and she quietly seit I* down. Our correspond »?c« today gives a lull and graphic acoount of the entire operation, and will bo found of the highest interest. We have received inter eating accounts from Nassau, N. P., to the 11th instant. That port appears to bs (be rend* z.voua ot tbe rebrl teasels that succeeded iu ru nil g tbe blockade of Charleston. The sltop Nostk and the ecbooner Piinoe of Waist (since captures) arrived there on the ilb, the steamer Iran*II on the 8 h and the (learn er Gordon on tbe 9ih—all Iroin Charleston ; the first named with a cargo of rice, and tbo others loaded with cotton. Tho steamer Gladiator, from Liverpool, loid.-d with munitions of war for tbe rebrli, bad also arrived at N issau, together with a brig ftom the tame port with a cargo of salt, which put in lor a pilot to nsiisi in rum irg the blockade. It was supposed the authorities wou d make some ebow of opposition to tbe landing of the car go of the Gladiator, ai they bad refused to permit tho rchooner E W. Perry, from Puiladelpbia, 10 di charge her cargo of coal, and obliged her to lay off the port — An American suamcr, supposed to be a gunboat, airivid off Nassau on tLe 11 .lx. Wn. /I J I_i J 1__ (La LI—L. J- A tered some Southern port, with a cargo ol tali, coll'o at d Weet It dia fruit The steamship Niagara, from Liverpool, pasted Caps Rice cn route tor Halifax, on Mund.y night, with dates to the 15 h, the same date aa the troop sl ip Portia The death of Prince Aloert occurrel at II o'clock, on Sat urday night, the 14-h instant. His disease was typhoid fever. The Paris Pali ie says that all the gri at Powers of Europe have been consulted by Great Britain, on the arrest ol Mason mid Sudtll, and that they all co.-cur in diciaring the conduct of Captain Whites to be a viola tion of the rights of neutrals. A correspondent of the New Yotk Hets'd of the 'Jiiiji, writing from Mootpalier, Vf., December Jitt-J, lu nishee that paper with the following: skbkst or a •‘excisa" lanv. For route time past officers iuve hi eo on the alert, tracking the movements of a Itdy whoso ficqurnt and mysterioui visits to Canada and hick excited tneir atten tion. Oue detective had been engaged nearlv a month in following her. She w.ts known to have visited cer tain secession parties in Montreal, Qtebec. A:., a- d to have returned to a sm ill town in mis Sate, mar the Canada line, where she was elesated wiih s m tie tot,frtrt from the South, and soon aitir leave, as if dethoui of * avoiding observation frr ra any ore She Was last night arrested in St. Albans. Vi., and it is reported here iu Montprlier that important fctit-) documents were (cond oonoealed on her person. Comm iu cation with the re be s serosa the tiatata lines, and 'hence Southward through Vermont has bn n long suspected, hut this is t.e tint arrest. T-uete may be rat holes on the Cicada frontier, as well as iu the South, and P. fatten Ihculu should think a tout (ending a atooe fleet, or any other tort of whalers, in that direction. Vi m the Battlaun.- Clipper, Dsr. n. ARBIWT or IX-MIKISTIR CIOROIt W. JONXS. S.-viral day* sirce, the Hon. George W. Jones, ex Senator from lows, and late Minuter to Bogota, re turned to this country, after a iuug able nee. He imme diately pioceeded^to Washington, and piid hia respects i to the S-creiary of State, at the sime time. It U said, ex- 4H pressing hi* regret at the troubles of bis country, and b s hope that the rebellion would be overposered. At- er ror of $800 was discovered, that belt g the «xcers of h's claim over the imouut or*dited to him. Mr. Junes say*, that upon etauiii a ion the whole sum was allowed, the fault being in the Department of State. As late as Monday neon, he w»s closeted with Mr. Seward, and tbeir conversation is said to have been ot the most unresolved character. At tire o'clock he lock passage iu the cars, iutendirg to rtturn In me snd see his family. At X o'clock Superintendent Kennedy, cf New Yotk, reciivcd a despatch trom Mr. St ward, direct ing him to arrest the t x Senator, on a charge of treason, and informing him o' the rou'.e he hud taken. Detective Earley waa detailed to the railroad depot at Jersey City, lor the purpc*e of arrrsiir g the accused.— At tire o'clock on Friday moruirg the tram arrived, »nd Mr. Farley saw his man getting tlf. Approaching hint, be iuiormed him that be was a pri ODrr. Mr. Jones ex press'd a surprise at this unexpected interruption, and thought there must be some mistake, but the officer as sured bint there was out. Mr. Jones bag'age w.-s thru secured and he was taken to the police headquarters in a carriage. Mr. Jomsnid that he thought it w.is very strange • bat, alter bis full and free communication with the Siam D pmnient, Mr. Seward sheuli order his arrest In neither word or deed had he been guilty of disloyalty, and he could account for bit arnst only on the supposi tion that s foreigner, who bears him some enmity, hid made false charges against him. At about ten o’clock ou Friday morning, the pri-oner was taken to Fort Ltfavette. His bieeice was detained at the police headquarters. The Provist Marshal a*. We -ington had also gone on in the train, and hastened to t Central office to obtain the arrest of the ri-Minister. Li • insisted that Mr. Jones was at on* of the hotels, atd asked for an effi. fr. He wts agreeably surprised to learn that Mi. Jouea was al ready in custody. WILLIAM SMITH o'llRIXX OX A WAR WITH IXOLASC. Ve ilium Smith O'Brien has published a very important letter on the luijrct of a war between the United Statcj and Englind; and the duty of Irishmen in a'l pari* cf the American I'uiou during such a crisis. The cctninc nication is addre.sjd to Secretary Seward, through the Irish j iureals. Mr. O'Brien openly avoir* bis opinion that Krglaud wishes to extinguith a great commetcial iiv.1 in this the hour ol its home troub e. and asserts his opinion the she has no more sympathy with the United S ates than she has for the Gaineac goveromcn', the numiliitiou cf both being equally a pait of her policy. With ajvUw to her disipp'iiiiim-u's in this cooctry, Mr.O'Brien recomtr.ei di that very effort should be made by our governmrut to pat an end to tbs rebellion at the 8 nut ; and then that _ tm rica, again united, should tak - her dangerous and urscrupulous foe in band. Mr. O'Briau shows that bis f. llow couu'.rymen in every portiou of Amer ca, aye eveu In the Britieh army ou the Cauadim frontier, wil aid iu protecting the asylum of tbeir f*rtilic*, f i> mia and frl low citJisns here, if needed against E ig i h sss- ol. . ORUXR FROM OSH. m'clxllam. HcAnqtiaaTSRS Aemt or ms Potomac, ) W sbiugton, Dec. lti.h, 18C1. ( (Circular) The Mrjor General Commanding d recta that he read, r all deserters, prisoner*, rpies, contrabands, and ail other persons whatever coming, or brought into our liors, from Yirg.ula, shall be taken immediately to the quaitirs of the Commander of the Division, within whose line* they may come, or be brought, withoi.t previous exam n ttiou Or communication with a y one. except as far as may be mceseary fur the < ffi 1r »<u. ■sanding the advance gu ild, to elicit information re g. rlitg his own poei; that ll.e Diviaioo Comma' der ex aminer all such p -rsoo* bim<elf, r- d legate such du y to a prep -r t fficcr of hi* staff, lt d allow no other person to bold any communication aiib th*m; that he Ibtu im immediate y send them wi:h a sufficient jnard to the Provoet Marshal in thi* city for further rumination and safe keeping. And that strii ge i orders be given to ■ II guards having such persons iu charge, not to have st y conversation with them And, further, that the ioforma'lon elicited from such persons she1! immediately be ccmmouicated to the Ma in General esmanding, or the Ctirf of hisSbff, aid to no other person whatever. Toe Major Gentral com manding further directs that a « ffitient guard be p aetd around every Telegraphic Section pertaioing to the array, sod that iu:b guirds be Instructed not to allow coy persons, < xcept the rszuitr telegraphic corps, general cScers, and inch staff officers as may-be au thor. x»d by their Chiefs, to enter or ioiwr around such