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4k «i>S8TITVTI9f—flTATI H'tiHTil.
Kf O HMONP" WHIG »HID*V 7IIUNIM., JlNl'ARV 17, l««J. TO CO U HK4PO W UKWTW. <0~ !*tor* ns* huoinmt mu* ft* •dUrmuul to tkamM*Uor of tl • -n a* >'-Utou ,m oU ale* of t-U p*j»r mill n/d ft* /luft.'iat oi I * U 1 rtsixoAl no •.im/la.', oay i: In ft* knotim to a-i, tml itU i* *o mo ft) J.,.ir!*J D'ltuary noticmomm* mj *>v*l 1m>«» gotoaasymf Awris i.‘-or-ii«aom»tx. tfT W* <M,j: anOu-Mk* hi r«ljew e***r!ert v-oimi.ni.VMS.via OAMi Ik AOVANCH. r• ssif-ncncy of the lltn Imposing tbt neo-mlty of pajlnc lux'-, for evertih.n* .endfnl for the pohBontlcn of* itnpsprr I rpelle-! a*, some Pm • «V- \ * > *n-ooneo that In no case would we solar a sabacribwr’a none on mr book* unless the order for the paper wa* accompanied lijr the money to pay for Ik* urns. A lu ll s experience of the lion h si sot on*y ooaSrmed ns In thi* deter, coax in, btr.oaptdlo a* lo anno nr- to lithe *nb*orib«rx to *She tr\iff a’rex In on oar hooka, that a teexaity tore** a* to adept the sxra • rnl* In regard to thwa, at least anttl the time* wlIJ ia»U fy a different *uar*e. To thi* end we v*t forthwith cotnmec the work of ten-din* oat oar hills from the office, made oat In such amiau s as will, when pai-1. place each sabocrlhvr la advance oa *-,-*uof »ub»:i-pUno; «n.‘ tnl * will b • don* »o at to placw each tu * .-other's bilibel re h'm wuhia th* Beat three month*. On the lot o' sfarch, 13A2, ihe aam*a of all who h»v* not paid according to these looms wt"J he crated from oar book*, and retalaily there altcr timely an »oe wtl! b* scot to our M-mcribeta of the expiration of their to'iocrlpt'on year and a Ilk* course adopted wi-h all. an!-m* payni-n< a mil*, den prctervxttoa compel* thltcourae or el*c It weald not be adopted. j .killiaiy tioadx. Wo Eo'icw tli*: -hrv ri! p-opoeiti>;-( hare boon submit ted ’O the Lec-iVure, (or the par pom of cOtstroctirR r aids, leu: to je ! by tu rx;gerc:« of our position. Tbir .* a very in.pnrriiit matter—one in which thw well-being ot the whole Confederacy id levelled, nud which might wall engage the attention of the Confederate Oongrew. There mtv be aoiu« ro-ide ot limited exlent and great inporttnen at the innlnnt, which should be couotrut-'.ed « Tier* are it her” of greater length, beyond the t a .cial ability of the S ate, b it essential to the icde p-udeac* aod safety of the Confederacy. They, too. ni ght be and -r’akea by the State, with thr assurance ot efiuieat aid from the Confederate Stale* Ot this character is a military road from Staunton to Wtugfag. W>th sach » road cow in being, the tories of that region would long since have been driven eft', and ft e and sword been made to visit Pennsylvania and 0 'i a. When, some years ago, the extension of the Cer t-tl K <ad was under consideration, the writer of these 1: • • earnestly recommended that it should be extended . tie direction of Wheeling. Sot that the present pot* ture of afTiirs was foreseen or apprehended, but tor the purpose of uniting every portion of the State, and tra it ug the interests of ail identical. Toe Pai-Band e, cut rlT at it is from us and accessible to its eaecsy, ij at present a source of weakness rather than strength. But, with a mid'.ary road, connecting it with he heart of the Sta'e, jutting as it does deep into e enemy's territory, it would be an invaluable pa-see 1 on. Portihed and strongly held, it would a: all time* make us mas’era ot the rituitinu, and enable us to deal a deadly blow either to the 1 ankees of the East or the West. Our occupation of this whole Northwest region is essentia), uot only to the preservation of our natural I nils, but the safety of the mountain districts ot K u luvjsy and Tennessee greatly depet ds on it. Tu regain i: and he'd it ft-w y and .securely, s military road from .vouch it is P,rtaps the i ..id' and only f ■ £r:ng it, at pres cut, cl tories aai.Tattki upon Cii. cinuati or Puiiade.ph pic spirit i umutes our pubfi^ 1 VV leetw of the id.- and ' >t. phrowupdut, and bund roads to l now hold.— The proposed roai Martiusburg e. -mi to be a in elf defence, and l r-dat may hs iu Tu a grand advance uK-ut. A riail ris needed beyond Staunton, ,:i tba d.rectiou of Cheat Mountain, to bo exletd.-d as rapidly rs possible to Wheeing Wo might rid North wos era Virginia of the enemy, bu., without thr-w tacil - t.cs fur tran-porting armies and provisions, wo c'uld no; no.d it psrmauentiy. Wc i. .ooose, however, that this wbrne suijcct baa been dU* coLmdind by our rulers, t'.at they appreciate the mportance of a ktaUr runuit g , to »nd cu tthe en<-my’s territory in two, and that oct will n gU-ct uo me-uis to regain and hold it. the 'lull Prepare. i.ewtha: X itur ■ has so o- a. I* check d all hoatile ote■ rations by either army, from toe Po'anac to the Bias.* e ppi, it i* ailing that we acca.a aavaaiuge ui mm eoonder well oar st'.uuioo, and provide for eajh ni ame* of aaloty a* may—io v*e of a reverse io oar arm*—a cp a eowar jlv, bat vigorcm enemy »: biy So far," the only successes uf the Yankee’ have born accomplished bv their Navy. Matte as and Port Rival tbroaga it* ig-rrey. To it, thev are iudevei ft>r 3'* of t dir rtratepo point* in the Conf-dente States ; bat Io- i’, fartrtM Monroe and .Newport New? -ou the in ,)• car owt. a-e—would be our*. With MvCSe iat’.* mul'i-.u 1 ttou* Mm* wter.aei: • u- : t M , IV1-, we cut (eel oomparativelv saw—*«r wc knev v u i .lire - ot auecta* there—b*. ae to the result ol the * ts trin-de sir at;, «! • ttt li’.ion, w- may bate um*i*irge. tv acre n i' to-trik- u- * What [KMtoi of on-»eabna-i is io he po:l*i*’-l by the loot ot men » defeated fo-- ? W;;1 oar inn>w ime ot gci-aiM*l an l »ontl*e* h»r l?o:s. it »-u;? hi . upojw.b'c to ofcst.net the chnnele ...a], ir to o 1—v . er. d* pomi*. Kean if we bad »t.ip< or oli aula-’, wecj’i'd appop utn the at to better pu p ies than a un* blocked* " Therefore, onr otdv j u forth it >oe—not daughter-per*. ho* Mb ; 'WWflM % '■ * ■ a Tl'lTie tbi Weat j| Will i. I /. i . jffir, have whipp d the .owardly |fl ia*rSwir>*at c< ry Bat. in epite of ;h*ee e a* ■H t. wtn’ow, lb-■ *-e prerar !*;<»' la-.c'i oi; the M-a*iw*ppi Wm a: (1 leiiuu-i. whed, if »u -dul, maii spread lev?-• |g§ mn a-i l Jiimiy in it* pr igroNi It .* eouipo-*d of ■ e’. " inter i*l ma.'hlae the .igrtiaily of aa r.fernal BB w« litI . . -i.-J ft nea, ron plile-l bif |Ht catiug -tin* so1 - ire i - - tr imeoie. If 0i>! imbue IH [4 M'tup'ilii ma ’ follow, r>- Aj’i’i-’ • f i- 1/ mi BB , J,:,. i* '-'I•.■•'! P it -Ht-, «’. amboita, lo**, ■I I » o.) oava. a.i.t . .„• * * i ana«-r the put paw, WM m ist b; anetthre I i r wei-ired down an that neither §jjj8B y . t ■ ,-a*mae*., . ha m rhfv m-r> : of the r.v«. c r. 'u’ivo ■Bio. Tali ac.-n iipbiheJ, their mighty Misea-ippi -cStke it a “bubble.” HH s ir n nt our Arm*, what; it w.otwr >1 arterv, nag.ee* jffljii *. .,- ,v-Lfiosn to drill and nitcioiine * l-h sreof-., . Sgm v J ioiportawce. K/erv at: a iou anvuli b> pail to ■HB -fo ‘jujHtt «nr iif. for it j ralv. the “wenpau ol th ■ WM b-i» ' When th.- :j .yj ,e* m gh. be uu le w tlbeleu'. WM i.. i uoorta ey - u . ible. I i th* k-t Italian cuu BEl >>. < i r-goc'u. 1,1 1 ‘ * /* id. routed tie A n WWW t *u * ho*r ~. 1 -• I i n ' T. i-.g ri-ge g ...» miy Jo imB *. * e j ?.-t*r»— • th Ya < -- SMB VO. ti.;oo«>. - tna w.aoou l'»«i wo'ld Oar oia u ut When the Twice of an officer is hushed amid the din and roar of battle, tbs ah rill, clear eound of the bogle caz be heard, giving every order with diftinctncea and dear ness. We must not be too prone to underrate the prowess of tbs enemy, and however confident we may be of suc ce«inafair firht, bo la exhibiting a determination and industiy, worthy of a better eaner and though hie army ie not comp os *1 of the same m<riel ae oure, nor are the men iudh: dually actuated by each motives to fight, yet he will attempt all that mean ambition or mer cilees revenge oen prompt. The Northwestern State#. The Nash? lie papers contain an able and characteris tic letter from (ioirge Senders to the people of the Northwestern Jtstes, set'lug forth the fatal consequences to themseivei of following the lead of New England fanatics and Pcunaylveni* protectionist*, in a war upon their natural friends and c istomers, the people of the Mu-yawipni valley. If this and similar documents could Si d their wsv into the communities for whioh they arc i, tended, we should hope for good results. The great Northwest, which h.s heretofore been the granary of the tfnied Sta’cs, and which has, until now, found a reidy market for a large portion of her products in the South, or an outiet lor them down tho iftfeissippi river, fo.ls the effjete of the war far more seriously than any other section of'“'ocouni-y. The oolv outlet the peo ple of that seclio - now haw is through the port of New Turk, and so gr at Is the ii duence of the blockade estab lished by the war '* rated by one of tho papers of ih-t section th.i j crop? of many farms would not, if sold, pay fot U Uojr hired in raying them.— R uu, absolute ri in, etarva the farmers of the Northwest to the face, aud their n- v nope is that the war may be brought to a eucvcs.-f.. It -minatiou and the markets of the South bo again opened. The energv with which tle% urge on th* war is the vergy of despair, but when ever they become uorou*' 11 convinced that the war can a-ver result as th.'v dealt t,, -hey wili be as clamorous for peace as they have hitherto b>en for war. The Motive and Meane tor the Yankee War. The mainspring of the w \r, on the part of the North, is interest. We make a sufficient allowance for tho fa uatical element then-, which makes no calculation of ctet or cocs quenoes, but blindlv follows the demon that UjiIs it oo. Rut with tho large majority of those who urge th- war, tho loin maul motive is interest, — sought af ter, we admit, bv a most niLcaken, stupid aud suicidal Bourse. With Lincoln, the q lestioo was: “What is to b come of my revenues ? "— With the merchants and .r......... --Wh.il. to b<couie of our trade*'' —Aad with the masses of the people: “How are we to get bread, unless wo outer the army T " It was openly declared by leading journals of New York, that the Northern States could better affjrd to fight the Southern, thin let them go. Aud there can be no doubt of the wisdom of the conclusion—if by war the Northern St 'tes could, as they believed, or at least hoped, have sac ec .-ded in bringing back the seceding States and restoring ft rmer rel itious. 1: wss here that they latally misralcula tei—and there by precipitated thicr own ruin—adding the sudden destn ctioi. of war to the slower death ftoat impoverNhuacnt -n 1 decay. No doubt,** they have seen ttiir expectation dlMppof-ted and their hopes deferred, f clings of hatred ,~u revenge hive occupied a larger space in their l< a.l - but tne ruling consideration still is the reimbursement cl tl.cir loaaes, aud the recovery of ths missing corcucop from which the South was ac customed to emi t,- to pie ecus a stream of gold into ih ir gaping oeff s. Tor this purpose, utterly vain aa it it. they are uow fighting and will continue to fight until the “sinews of w»r” fail. Si long as they can erunmetti money, they can raise troops, any number they please. I: become1, tber, a matter of much inte rest to us to under- and -heir financial condition, aud as the matter s -ems fairly considered io the lollowing general view of the New Or I, ans Hrr, we avail ourseives o i a r- fl xtiou- i.d coumunions. Says the Bu: Thete ia a t ..-cieut adage which warns us cot to rc.'Kou without cur host. The Yankees, conceiving ;• -mselTca mould d of a d.ffereat clay from the rest ot !• ttikind, here . ouwht t* -0 despise this homely pror «ih. Tlev e tered upoi i war of indefinite duration «i d iDcakui.l e .si, conhuently relying upon the abut. J ut resources o- the couu ry. Tnesi were abundant, it ia true, but net inexhaustible. The war alnne might not have empt’ed the ttional exchequer, but when r.pxcious contractor* plunged both arms in, to the - nows, it av h.rJlv to be expected tha' the cof te s would -. .ad the depleting process forever — T ere is now a huge and giptug vacuum in the Lincoln tr-seurv, whi' *1 Mr See* t ary Chase has been lor Mime tine vaiulf laboring to fill. The banks of the North, h v-ing hied ev-u lo U.e exhaustion ot their available ■o aus, -• tn|do "o more. Tney li en)selves are threatened with a drain o' ecie which, u uot arrested, will sp.-cdi ly result ia a fits- - al cullsp e Meanwhile the Govern unlit eta osiiy mv itaia is inormous army and navy at a cjs' r.l shun y million- per mouth. At least this ts ths acknowledgment of Otars, who, duubth as, is as mrdes. * denary :. Lis cal nlatioasas possible. Wane » the mono to ecu* from "* The bankers consult; the Scre’uirvol the Tr-iat-ty writ) kits his brow; Congr-ei d .wdlea and pottcis uv> r tne thorny question, and ■ oth ing bitter can Os - mg-* . than the utue by the K-de Govern me-1 of oi. *ri di enable circula i-ii ol one n Hired slid filly uuliico* in ptptr promises. This wual 1 suffice to meet toe pressing exigencies of ths mo m-nt Some expedients, however, ere only to be commcoded is de-p-rste strut-. Tr.e federal Government already owes three or lour hundred millions, and the people wili h. 1 Wi t,i*i even to a. the interest 0 i the debt — A hundred and Bit millions iu Trea-ury notes wiil but *jp aJ the iodebttoncse of the Government, aDd prove i -.hcM and temporary relief .. the war is to continue •mo* mouths. Oi course if this scheme is resorted to, lb ■ Northern banks na*t c.so paym'iits, as they ,..r.not possibly receive aud reoeeiu the issues of the G iverntnent and thiir o*. i likewise. A auspeoeion im •n d *t«I* ethane - the .ouiporauve vdue of the pre • «us iretaJs, ard deprri l si of piper money. For » while this will not be wateriai’y fell, as the Treasury n t s wi! piss fre • hand to hind, and eoi slitute a on reuient currency t£ :! I •» I'aitei States import largely i, jm K i-opc, sod .vi it* nothing to offer in exchange, t.ecd pay fti t r pitrehsses iu gold. One ol the looesq ierc nils' jn, would, then loro, bo to ri ;> gold to ' per cent premium. Aga'U ; all -uc: i ■. wlbe one referred to, nrc«e *emly nu-ment the na enai debt Wcoa.i readily un de -t»tid me ail :re aer.i of a Sc'itioas plethora ot money; how it c»e»p.s a 'laiusi • prosper it ; how I; sonds up , , ois atd real is. ite , now it uiioelers to the danger OUHspirit of spee-.mi.no, and bow lor a while all goes ra-rry as a uoiiig • l> 1! 1’ -a som thing like the war, w icbgtViS nnpi'vii'.:' us hundreds ct thousand* o! workmen, and swrli i • t ny with a host ol men who would oib rwise oe .a d gee of starvation. But every dollar thus < xp ad« 1 impo .cri-hea the Government to ,t exteal, aud a d»y ol r kon’ng must come at list. Whea the fir«*. issue "of inconvertible paper has beeu p.id away, a second ba'.-’i n® follow, and thro s third ir ■) fourth—nid is they wi I stand upon no certain la ri ■ ol redemption, iLeii value will decrease like the Con tinental mooev in the Revolution, until they become w irtblesa. L-t the Government throw lato drcu'aton three or four hundred n dlionsct dollars of Treasury totes i i addition to the immense loans it has already cou l o.-’c I, and bow in thi ua ie of cointnoo aenee can they ever b- redeemed? Neither Uxaiiun nor Governtaeut . tea will Ilih-' to with Inw asuually one eighth oi the amount. B. sides, at one lime or another the war w.ll • i J. Wi.a , then, is t J bo the late oi the half a million o‘ artisans aha are now gltasing a aubsisience as cai p -uters, ooop-i*, wotkmeo in iron and brass and the I ke, aud of the oi er half million of soldiers who w.:: be d:s *« ided, and whoso pay will cases ? Cursed with an irredei mtble currency of base shiuphuters, aud a Luge tegmmt of tlie population out of employment and out oi in one v, tow i xquisitely comlorunle, bow • .viable wiil bu the condition of the Yankee Adminis tration ’ lx not the prospect ahead cheering and iu sp ring? Are not Mr. Biucolo and his Cabinet ju t now reposing upon » bedol roars v We wonder if these > cple ever dwell np. n the possibilities of the fu.urc, or whetlier th»y imagine that the sut j igatioa of the South is to repay them for all tbeir ruinous outlay. Alas! If luey have no o'ucr hop , wo fear that, liks ItlON, they embrace a cl oud. “ He re •« During the call of to roll of the House tf Delegates, ou veeterdiy, the von- .ah'- arid patriotic delegate l.om Ihu coun’v ol Hanover u iwered, wheu his name was Called, “ Here'" The n un« of Dr. Taylor ia immediate ly precoded on the roll ot the House by that oi Hr. I that he was a volunteer Id the war of 1811; that hit i ama wai immediately preceded oo tbe muster-roll of hie company by that of a Ir. Tate. The stirring times in which we live recalled to the gray-haired veteran the scenes of bis early life, and hie answer—“ here ”—w«a tbe impulse of a generous patriotism, which has been nobly mgnalizsd in the service of bis country. Hanover may be proud of her representative. Western Virginia. Tbe 9tauoton S/ncUUur, in an article relative to tbe defenese of Western Virginia, says: “Col. Alexander Wt Reynolds, a native of Greenbrier county, a former U. 8. ofBccr and a brave and gallant man, baa been appointed to the command in that (action with authority to raise a brigade. We hope the people will readily, promptly and cheerfully respond to tbe call he will make upon them to raly to tbe defence of their homes and tbe honor of their State. Col. Jackson's regiment, (2'd,) composed of volunteers from the Western part of the Sta'e, has been sent to Lewisburg. The 8th Virginia Cavalry Regi m.nt, commanded by CoL Walter Q. Jenifer, of Mary land, has been ordered to Mercer county." THE FINANCIAL EMBAKRaS.SMF.NT UF THE YAN KEE GOVERMENT, BAKES AND PEOPLE. A circu'ar was prepared in New York and soot over to Europe on the first of the year, having for its subject the financial condition of tbo United States It contaiied the following leading statement upon the suspension of tbo banks: The financial crisis impending at the issue of our two previous circulars culminated by a euspeoaiol of spe cie payments by the banks of the cities of New York, Boston and Philadelphia on the noth lest. Bya singular improvidence, Government allowed itself to be dependent on their contributions to tueet ita daily expenditures, ami ootistq lently was compelled to follow thtir example and suspend payment on its demand notes, although the interest oo its bonds, at d probably on all its obligations to mature, will unquestionably be promptly met. Tue suspension was caused not by any leek of capital in the country, but lor the want of policy er scheme of finance adequate to the emergency. The oountry never presented more substantial evidence of wealth than at tbe present moment. We have taken frequent occasion to set these forth, and have contributed some thing, we believe, to advance the credit of Govern ment both at home and abroad. But the policy that has been stcrdilv pursued by Government, from what motive we will not iiq tire, lias directly tt tided to precipitute the eriris, and to Kavs it without means, while those of the couitrv have been really untouched. Tne remedy is per fectly obvious and simple—which is to adept a policy which, bv drawing upon tbe resources of tne people, shall give tbe Government abundant means and fully restore its credit. For the calender year which closed yesterday, we pre sume ihe current expenditures of Government wr re $tnm iMHi.oOu Its revenues were which derived from lands and in-port duties, dll uot prcbibly exceed, if reach, « or oue-tentn me txpenaitures. 10 m»k" up the deficit loans were resorted to, the preau r por tion of them being naJe in the city of New York. The expenditures bang largely made in distant portions of th« country, the balauce of indebtedness at the cloee of the year turned against the city, so that the payments of coin by the bank* failed to return to them, leaving them no other alternative but to discontinue their ad vances, us a means of retaining the specie still remain ing in their vaults. At the close of >b» last week the amount held by the banks was ¥2;',257 712 This soon will be reduced by the amount ot $2,500,000, which they agreed to advance for the purprs; ol ei ablirg the Treasury to meet, in spe cie, the Jsuuary interest upon the liabilities of Govern ment. I'pon the third *50,000,000, the banks will have paid $25,OoO,000, making their total advances $125,000, jOOl Of this amount, the Government has returned, say $31,000,000, being proceeds of sales outside the banks, and has agreed to account tor $12,000,000 more as pro ceeds of such sales. We take it for granted that the banks will go no fur ther upon the agreement of the 13:h ot August. It is neither for the interest of the Government nor the pub lic that thev should. It is now clearly seen that the al liance between th< m and Government was both unbus inesslike and unfortunate, as it Las iu etf-et converted their capital into Government bonds, which arc not moo cv-capital shouid never lose the attribute of money— while it led Government, to long as all its wants were supplied, to put off the adoption ol any plan or system of finance, necessary to produce even its expenditures upon a peace looting, upon the enlarged scald which the retiellion rendered iuevilabl The arm: g. 111 on l was a most improvident one for both parties, and both were equally interested in bringing it to an early termination. The aid ot the banks sboulu only have been availed of to meet a present emergency. When this was prsst d, the advances me/Je by them should have been returned, aud the expenditures ol the Government met by the people, either in long loans or by Uxatiou of one kind or another. For this reason, we hare for seme time past advocated a suspension of spec e payunuts ns the necessary step to the adoption of a p min tr.t and adiqute poicy. duch a policy should be a srstem of taxation, which, with customs revenues, will yield annually (say) $150, 000,OOO to f J'Ki ikiOOOil Customs may ■>« mole to produce prob- b‘.y $.V),ouO,OOo or $t»u OtM 000. We are theo left the various inodts ot iuleruai taxation, such as property and income tax, sttn.pt, and excise tax or duties England raises In ail some $350,Oik),OOO annu aliv. We c»u eeit only raise one ball tins amount with at much •a-c as she raises ihe whole. We have uu equal popn a ion, and in many respects superior te s .tiroes. No one doub s the ability 01 our people to piy such tax. It* collection, as far as Government is concerned ecu d be anticipated by demand Treasury notes, wnicii by bring matte receivable in payment ol such tax, would iny readily taken by the government creditors, at d till redeemed, pass current as money. Government could .bus at one-be 11 .cod in funds to the amount of the probable revenue irom all sources for the year. Its credit in ty in this wav be so lully rc-eatahlished that it may continue to urgouate leans to un amount sutliu.sut, wiin us revenue derived from trillion, to meat a 1 wauls. The plans tuggwted as alternatives to that a. tied, an p, tr to us to be not oolr madiquate to tue emergency, ou a* likely to prove disastrous in their results. Tue one to which Mr. Secretary Chare inclines—that of Frew ifauki.ig, t d on Government bonds, would, if render ed obligatory, force the banks of the country into gen eral l.quidaiiou instead of crcalii g new cnee. II left optional wi'.h the public no one will avail himselt ol it, .s no one is going to purchase Government bauds os a condition ot issuing ctrcu! tliou, wheu the sttnc thing <au h ■ done now under State laws, without auy such deposit i' i— lin k nciUs of the New England Slav*, which ate w lollyfu-isecured n*s« throng! out the country at ajlehs rate ol discount than those ot this State which aro am ply secured. Toe guaranty of » d*posi’. ot Uuited Suit* stocks for all the bill* is-ued by the former would not add iu the brightest degree to their sslvency. They arc :,o» abnndamly a.-cnri J by nu ad mir illicit intern ot Oauk iug. They are equivalent to gold, which ts certainly all the p .hiic d -maud. Ti r gte»t dinger resulting from Mr. Chaae'ascheme in that Coi grrse wi'l waste time over it which could just now be better erap'ojed The sncpMsion by the banks operalr d as a great relief •o the public mind, l’rioea at the Stock K(change rose v ry rapidly—tho advance over day i previous being, in many itatauce* as great as b and 6 per cent. Gold wa« n. ver more abundant than at tho present moment. It will not p.< h.tbly cnmi.-aud for the future any prrmiurn The i IT c' of the stop union will be to correct a vicious system ot national li iauce, which was an incubus upon tL» op.-rations of business and trade no longer to be born.-. We have ao doubt that this system will be followed liv ore fully adequate 10 the crisis, although much prcciius time may be lost upon irnptictirabl) schemes, an 1 in ex periment* which are always incident to new experience. A« IurtRTaxT Ahum aL—The Houston ffltfraph of tho 1st lust, learns lioiu rood authority that a steamer ha* arrived iu a Tei is port within the past week, under D 'iti«h colors bringing 4S 'or s canr.o i powder, a large amount of r II r powder, VdO.OOii army caps, boml can uuu ptimors, and a coiaderihlw amount of cctl'ee, dry goods, baggu g. rop1, etc—f.VienhHs Km/uirer. DUD) Sev- Cent esllle, at S o'clock the rooralngof 1he !Hh of January, WM CaduKi.NMa. CUU rll .PH, ion of the late Major Jrfferaoo Ph.lps.rf Covlratoo, Ky., and grandson ol the late Judve Wo Hiockei.hr ugh >.l Richmond, In t ic 9'ln year of bis a(e. Mi. Phelps th rich hum In Kentur y, w.u re .re.I an 1 educated la Virginia. ns yeerr ago, he returned to hl> birth place, Covington, Ky., wi.cre he w,s engaged un I. the comm nocrn.ut of thlo war, In the pr.ctlce of hla pr.deiiton—I aw The Invasion of Virginia to .n b ..ay t h'rn back t > the land uf hU father*, aud tfo:ur lest turn m. r to Mioaaaaa, he Joined ai a Private, Ca lain Deaha'e Com pany, let Kentucky R. irimmt. At llraluwlite In the front rank uf hlsrefluient he keeled hU devotion to Ini couctry, with hla blood; he Mere had hU left arm . haltered, and this resulted lo ■|e nil, on the doth dar af er the action. The devoted attention of h ■ nnlde Oaph.n and comrades was above all praise- he bore hi ■ suJertug w.tti the calmneel and foitltuJe that became a soldier aud pu.rlo', and In hit latter boot*, coma Wing hlas.nl to hla Saviour, breathed hit life out ai gently as an Inrant M nii.hli and O.ndnnaU pape.k please oopy. t vl».*!01l.MM—Wa ait rotelrlnc this oiar.dag Tent.er’a \ I 01 ol dlffe-rni qiallUea, a no Mach tie ry Oils, tame of welch U Of ae. lor qaelll/ ana at low pile.* - * A. iTOKu A CO. SENATE. Tbirsdat, Jan. 16th, 1862. The Senate met at 12 o'clock. Prayer by Bar. Dr. Siblbt, of tbe Second Baptist Church. THI CHOCTAW INDIANS. The PatsiDKT laid before tbe Senate a communication from tbe Executive, transmitting a letter from tbe Act ing Commissioner of Indian Affaire of the Confederate States, bringing to 'he attention of the Legislature the fact that tbe old United State* Government holds io trust, for tbe Choctaw tribe of Indiana, the aum of $450, 000 of the registered bonds of this State, upon which on* year’s interest is now doe. These Indians having united themselves with the Confederate Government, etc., the Cominissioner now applies for the interest due on the trust bonds Tbe communication and acoompaov icg documents were referred to tbe Committee of Fi nance. TEA I TO as AMO (KIC It 10 SO IS. The President 0L0 Lid before the Senate a coinmu nicatiou from the Execulire, dated 16*.h instant, trans mitting the following letters, with tbe remark: “ Legisla tion is necessary to provide for the cases referred to in tbtse communications Was Department, Jao. 8th, 18G1. Hon. John LrrcHia, ' Governor of Virginia: Sir—I have the honor to inform you that Brig. Gene ral Whiting has telegraphed to this Department that he has taken up some eighteen or twenty uegro women and children, residing within Virginia, against whom the proof of correspondence with the enemy is too strong to permit them to remain in front of our lioes on the Poto mac. They have been sent to the rear of our army.— The husbands of these negro women are now with tbe enemy. I will thank you to Inform me what disposition aha!) be made of these women and children. They cannot be permitted to lemain in Iroul of our lines, and there arc no accommodations for them in the rear. Your obedient servant, J. P. Benjamin, Secretary of War. War Department, > Richmond, Dec’r liltb, 1861 y Sir—I respectfully inform you that tne lollowtng named persons, row orfined in jtil hero, have been ex aminpd by the Hon. James Lyous, as Cotmu.s ioner for this Department, aud he reports them as being, in his opinion, traitors that ought to be hung. This being a matter that concerns tbe civil authori ties, I deotn it my duty to give their uamps as follows, vi: 1. George W. Anbry ; 2. H-ury Ault; 8. Benjamin Bone ; 4. John Bergdale ; 5. Aaron W. McDonald ; 0. John Alfoid. I am, respectfully, Your obedient e< riant, J. P. Benjamin, Secretary of War. John Randolph Tloikr, Esq., Attorney General State of Va. BILL PASSED. House hill (o ami-mi and re-enact the act relundtog to Muses G Booth damiges paid by him as surety of Sam uel S. Turner, late Shunt]' of Franklin county, BILL RIfORTID. Mr. IiRANSUN, from the Committee on Finance, reporttd a bill for tbc relief of John R. Ounuingnam, adm’r ot Newton Cunningham, late Sheriff of Prince Ed ward county, ADTXRSI RSPORT Mr BRANNON, from the same committee, reported that it is inexpedient to legislate,upon the petition ol Sally Robinson, lor payment for a slave condemned and exe cuted by order of the county court of Middlesex. Rteoirrtoxs or isuuiar. Several resolution* of inquiry were adopted, among them the following: By Mr. CHRISTIAN—Of providing for terminating a tenancy more •ummarily when the rent is in arrear and unpaid. WKSTKRX VIRIIIMIA. The joint resolution submitted, a few days since, by Mr. Par*, in relation to the reclamation of Northwest* rn Virginia, was taken up, and ummiuioias/y adopted. The resolution declares “that in no event will the State of Virginia eubmit to or consent to the loss of a foot of her soil," etc. Subsequently, on motion of Mr. FINNEY, the pream ble was so amended as to strike out tbc sprcific locality and m ike it applicable to "some of the counties in Vir ginia." THS MILITARY RILL. The Senate then proceeded to the consideration of the bill to raise and organixt Virginia's quota of the Con federate army. On motion of Mr ROBERWON, tho Senate resolved i'a-If into secret res don. After remaining sometime in sermon with closed doors, the Senate adjourned. DOUSE OF DELEGATES. WinxisDAT, Jan.^'.h, 18iisS. The House met at 13 o'clock, M. Praywby Rev. Dr. Moore. The house agreed to the joint resolution of the Senate to uppoiut a committeo to examiue the various depart ment* of tho State, aud to see what ohanges may be made in view of eeonoro'Yng the resources of the State. On inotiou of Mr. PRINCE, tho resolutions request! g the representatives ol Virginia in Congress to urge the su'peusiooof the ac providing for revenue upon import ed commodities from foreign countries, aud all other acts h iring a similar bearing, was taken up and consid ered. Mr. FRINGE sa'd that this question was alrraiy be fore the Confederate Cougrrui and he understood that an express on ot opinion on the part of 'he General As sembly of Virginia would materially itUocnce the action of Congress He thmight it oowisa at this lime—a time of war—to put a tariff on foreign imports. Tnc revenue now raised by tho Government by this tar O' is but tri lling. I<ei us open our ports to European natious, aid invil* them freely to ootne hither. Mr. GREEN was opposed to any interference with the operations ail the Confederate Congress, uuleas the mat er Hhoull be one peculiarly off cling Virginia. This matter concerned the country a’, large, and not Virginia alone. He thought the Confederacy needed all the reve nue It cmild get. He believed that 'be blockade would he ral<«(l snoruy, an minion* ui imparled, from wbi.-b we otold draw a very largo tar ft He hoped ih» reaolotiona would bo rejected. Mr. ANDERSON, ol Rockbridge, moved to amend by ioreitlng the word* "during the pretended blockade," instead of the words "daring the war," which amend ment wa* adopted. On motion of Mr. BARBOUR, the whole matter »u laid upon the '.ihle. The SPEAKER added the following gentlemen to the several Standing Committee.*: Committee on Finance, Mr Oasts; Banki, Mr. PtuLL. Roade and Internal Improv.-incuta, Mr. BumiiukD; Courts of Justice, Mr. Roumxon, of Beikrley. The bill amending icouon 1J ol chapter 77, in relation to church property, so a* to introduce the clause—"such irus’-eus sUall not held more than two scree in any In corporated town, nor more than o- o hundrod out, eudu nit,, of ohuroh and burial ground " war pt-tsej. The bill authorising the sale of a slave named Rich ard, to John Washington, of Carolina county, which alive b»s been found guilty of grand larceny at the Hunt ing* Court of R chmoud, provided the said Washington sends him beyond the limits of the State, was passed. Several bills were cirriod through the preliminary stages. A communication was read from the Governor, en do ing paper* from the Secretary of war and General Winder, relative to the cap'.are of certain negroes near O-nireville, who had been ho'ding communication with the enemy. K f.-rroJ to the Committee on Courts of J u*tice. Tile bill compensating Georg* Daffy, late Commis sioner of R venue of the city and county of Aleiandria, lor services tendered, wa* passe I. The lull providing or tb-' establishment of a military school in counectiou with Randolph Macon College was pus ad. The Clerk read a commnnioation from the Governor, enclosing a latter from the Acting Oommi-'s'ioner of In d!an Affairs of the Confederate States, rilative to tha Cnoctaw tribe of Indians in the West, for whom the Se cretary of the Interior of the old United Stales hi id In tru-t the sum of $460,(XI3 of the registered bonds of Virginia, upon whicn one year’s interest is now due — These Indians having united them-elvcs with the Con federate States, the Cummin doner of IndiM Aff alri now applies for the interest due ou the Trusllllojds. The Governor recommends the piymcnt thereof. Referred to the Committee on Finance. The bill compensating E. J Buekwahr and William H. Pete lor keeping certain negro convict*, in the county of Be lforJ, was passed. The following resolution* of Inquiry into ctpsdienoy, were referred to the appropriate committees : By Mr. TAYLOR—Ol nuking South Auua river, from Bash Creek Ford to its junction with the North Anna, in the couoty of Ha-tover, a lawful fenoe. By Mr. HOPKINS-Of incorporating Liberty Hall Academy, in tho county of Rockingham. By Mr. ROBERSON, ol Bsrkslsy-Of providing by law "for the trial of criminal case* by juries ot a vicin age other tlau that in which the cft' ucc is charged to have been committed wheu a trial iu suoh vicinage can not be coovsniwuil) had by reason of tb* presence of tb* * public enemy, or the prevaleuoe among tbe people there in of sentiment! unfriendly to the enforcement of pub lic justice"—as authorised by tbe Convection. Toe bill to provide lor tbe construction oI connection between tbe Oraege aud Alex andria aud Manassas Gap Rtilroad and the Rich mond aud Fredericksburg and Polemic Railroad, was taken up. bsrerai amendments were elaborately dis cussed, aud finally the bill was laid oo tbe table. Mr. MTEGER seked leave to withdraw the memorial of Joaeph R Auderaon A Co, referred to a committee by the House, which was granted. Mr. BUPOKD iffcred a resolution to erquire into tbe expediency of legalizing the use of oertaiu State securi ties now held by the Back of Pittsylvania as a part of its capital. Adopted. Tbe House then adjourned. INTERESTING FROM FRANCE. The Cst'iE or tie Foctbirn Conesdeiact—Thi Mam cracTL'Kiso Towns Asxrocs About Cottos—Davto* Scubas as Orsrsa—Oocrt Dinners—Tbe’Ijbte Hon. Jobs V. Mason, etc. Fraoi the New O.leans Picayune ofthe Slh. We have already staled that we have lately been put in receipt of aero re! letters from oar special correspond ents at Paris, written during tbe autumn and fill,in rela ttoi to tbs iffttrs ol our Confederacy, but which we have not beta able, by reason of tbe blockade, and tbe suspeusiou of all pos al facilities, to rroeive when due. As showing the progress ef European, and particularly of Freacb, opinions in this regard, we have thought some < xTacts from this correspondence, though dated so long ago, will be found of sufficient interest to our readers to warrant us in giving further extracts there from. Under date of September 1st, onr correspondent al luded to “the uniting aud active txerlious of a most in ti initial party of gentlemen in Paris, possessing the la'gest share of the Emperor's confidence, and wbo hold it to be the true policy of Frauce to recognise the Con federate Stales immediately.” He then proceeds as fol lows : They have prepared elaborate memoirs on the subject, (they have at their command the whole diplomats and contultr correspondence of tbe Freich Government, which is, as I have before mentioned, altogether in fa vor of the South,(winch the Emperor has read with great attention; aud are- earnestly in quest of all information on iha tat ject. As there ate few Southern men in town, I was H.ked to meet tbe most eminent of these gentle men last Sunday to satisfy his mind upon several partic ulars, aud I waa then put in possreuiou of a good deal of information concerning their past labors and future auc cess. I waived the meeting because I thought it proper he should be placed in cuuimuukatiou with Judge Rost, aa I knew he would give them tue fullest satisfaction sud lay before them views of tku Executive at home which I urn not in posarssiou of. These gentlemen arc not tbe only parties pressing the Emperor lor an immediate re cognition of ihe Confederacy. The cotton manufactur ers of R)ueu, Paris, Mulhousjaud Lillie are appealing earnestly to him to take some action lu the premiers so as to secure them a supply of cotton.— The ailk mauufaslu ers of Lyons aud St. Etienne are represeutiug to him tbe importance of peeco iu America to their proiperitT, aud imploring him to rrenggu: b iug about peace. The stupid tariff of the North has damaged them immensely here and alienated from them a great niaDy persona who at first espoused tbeir cause warmly. Other of iheir frieoda here have been alienated by their reckleai legislation, by their dis regard of the great bulwarks of liberty, by the enthusi asm with which they surrendered all power to the hinds ot the military. People here know by bitter ex patience w' at this means, and whither it leads, and they fear the North in itsanxie'y to liberate negroes is going to enslave white men and negroes. The North has con vinced Europe that ail the statemanship and generalship and wealth and courage of the United States, are to b.i found in the South. The Indiytndance Bilgt, in speak ing ot Gen. Lyon’s defeat. “Tne news from the United Slates continues to ba adverse to the North. It has again met a defeat near Springfield. It is true this is not so grave a defeat as that experienced at Bull's Run, neith er is it so dishonorable to the North, at least in this re spect, there was no root, and the enemy was numerically superior; but three repeated defeats demoralise and la tigue public opinion in Europe. Besides it must not be forgotten that the longer the war lasts, tbo more will Europe, and especially E ’.gland, both of which require Southern cotton, suffer from the want of it, and be dis posed to sacrifice tbe cause of the North to their inter ests. These effect* will aoou be felt, and unless extraor dinary circumstances superveuc and enable the Washing ton Cabinet to end the war rapidly, it must be prepared to sec these effects ex irt an immense Influence in deter mining the conduct of European powers towards the Siutbcrn States" 1 see some stress laid iu the Northern newspapers up on the fact that noue of the Southern Commissioners Uavo been received by the FYenob Emperor. This be trtya strange ignorance of the customs of European courts. It is true the Southern Commissioners have not hid audience of the Emperor ; but ii is likewi-e true Mr. Dtyton has had but one audience of him, aud has dined only once at the Tuilerus. Let me explain what sort of a ceremony is this audience wad this dinner. As soon as may b; convenient after his arrival iu Paris, the Min ister acquaints the Secretary of Foreign Atlsiraol his presenc-, and lends him a copy of hi* credentials.— Thereupon the Secretary of Foreign Afi'drs uses the Emperor's orders, and the Emperor appoima tbe recep tion day. The day before tbe one qopointed for -be re C’ption, tbe Duke de Bassano, (who, by the way, spoake E iglish with tiuency and accuracy,! visile tbe Minister, and explains to him the minor details of etiquette estab lished upon such occasions. Qe asks to see the speech the Mmister his prepared, and always, with American Ministers, begs them to curtail it of three-quarters of its original dimensions, saying—“The Emperor hales long speeches; besides, you will find the whole cereiuory of presentation extremely as sward ; we all find it aj, from ibo Emperor down to the youngest aid-de camp, aud like 10 get through it :u> soon as possible." The next day the reception is held. The Minister read- his curtailed speech, and binds it on bis ha'.-to the Emperor, who takes it iu h ind and renlies in as few words as possible, that he hep’s there will be peace between tbo nations, that lie will always bo glad to bear of America's pros parity, and that he is gltd to see the new Minister. Here ends the rrcootioo. Tne Minister is then carried down stairs to the Empress and presented to her, which is a .--remonv i wood deal like that which I hare ion de *orib»d. Tni* over, the Minister goes home, takes off hi* heavy uniform coal, and thank* ileaven the presen tation is over. A few days afterwards the Minister is ioviti d to dice at the Tuileries. Thero are fifty or sixty guests, and he is in rank twenty-five—that is, there are tour and twenty peoplo present who have precedence over him. As soon as the guests are a!) assembled, tho Emperor and Empress ma le their appearance, and walk around the room, calling each guest by name, and adduig, "I am gla l to see you this evening." During this scene a chant be-liin whispers to e»eh guest the lady ho is to take iu with him. The Emperor and Empress go into the diu log room, Tho minister, unless he *|to*ks French, sits as if he were dumb from soup to cheese. When the com pany retires from Ihe dining room, their Majesties go from guest to goes , and this sort of conversation ensure Emperor—Mr Deyton, I bone you may fi nd Paris au agre-ably residence." Mr Dty toe—“Sire, I am sure I S'-all ” Emperor—"I regret exceedingly the disturbed condition of America. Uin you not assure me the Uni on will coin be restored to its old harmony ” Mr. Day ton—“Sire, You mav rest attired tnit by the 4'.h of Ju ly, Virginia , Tennessee and Missouri will be subdued ; early in November wo shall take New Orleans and Charter* ton, and there will h > an ei.d of the war." The Ernos ror bows and smiles, (Mr. Dayton read* the smile, “ ! sin glad to hear if;" 1 read it, “You are ignorant of military operations, Mr. Dtvton, if you think tho 8ouih is to be subdued,") and passes on to the utxt person. By and by the Empress comes up : “I hope you may be pleased with Franc •, Mr. Dayton, for we all like America hero." “Madame, 1 am so pleased with your beautiful country, I fear I shall eotreaty ba able to leave it." “I should I ke to visit Amtrica Cooper's novels have intltmsd my iiusgination with accounts of your bread rivers, il limitless prairies and autumnal forests ” “Your Majesty would find there ad Hiring suhj jots in every cottage."— Her Majesty bows, smiles and passe* on. Thii is all the commerce Mr .Diyton his had at court. I think you will admit tlat a* far ns the Confederate States ate concerned, Judge Hast need not repine because he'has uot seen the Emperor. All foreign business is transacted with the Minister of Foreign A (This, aud Judge Ro-t eecg him whenever he ph ases, and much of eucr than Mr Dayton sees him, for Mr Dayton cannot soeak one work of Freuch, aud Moos Thouvenel is tqnally ignorant of English. The reason why all foreign business is trars.tcied with the Foreign Minis ers is, because a Minister may be disavowed or rc re«ign, aod Joes uot, until his conduct be ra'Jtl.'d, eugage (ho Government. I will remember the surptise raised throughout Europe whm the late Johu M. Clayton, who was at tha', time the United Sates Secretary of State, ad dressed directly to the President of the French Repub lican despatch concerning Msjor 8. T Provssio. I heard it said, repeatedly, here, “If such a usige was to be es tablished we should bo engaged in incessant war, ex planations and cone asioce, and withdrawals would be come almost impossible ; for we can change Ministers, but we cannot change Monarch* ; b<sides. Minister* en gage onlv the individual, whereas Monarch* engage the 8‘ate.” I might add, it would be physically impossible for the Emp> ror to utteud personally to all these matters of foreign business in their various stages. He rise* pi m 7., and goes to bed at 2 or S o'clock la the morning, and •vary instant of his time is occupied. It eomrtimea, hot rarely, happens the Emperor Invitee a member ol the diplomatic corps to expUin objects, an which ha daairac information, to him. For instanM, I remember on one occasion ho arksd poor Jadga Mason to lay before him a complete view o( the rtUtiona tv tween the Uni'ei States and Franca, and especially to exhibit tba effret of a war between tbe countrice on France. He asked Judge Mason to examine tbe enljrct thoroughly, and to come out to Saint Cloud soon af ter the Churt had taken np residenc- there. Wbro the Emperor apoka tho Court was at the Tudcriee. Th * was in April About the mi idle of May, Judge M iron received a letter from the Empetor’s private secrete./ inOt the Chamberlain—the foi m-r -rote in show bow in oraa' tho audience was,) asking Jodr- Maaou to rotuo to Saint Cloud and breaklaat with tie Emperor. Judge Mason went there, and after breakfasting aiot.e w‘ iho Emperor, at 12 o'clock, he asked Judge Memo if be was prepared with tbe information desired. Cp u t> o Judge’s affirmative answer, he went with him to another room. "This," said the Emperor, “is the room In which the Duka d’Angoulrme dWmef Marshal Marmout and put him under arrest, Fridsi, tba JMRb July, 1830, aid he na rated that singu lar episode of the Revolution ol 1820 to Judge Ma-oo. He then asked Judge Mason to exhibit the subject of thu relations of toe United State* and France. Thu Judge spoke from 1 o'clock till 4, with no later ruptioo, rxcept an occasional pruse to see if tbe Emt« ror wss fatigued—tin- Ku ptrnr invariably said: "C-» on, if you please ” Thu Emperor, after the Judge h> J ended his remarks, expressed to him his great *aiisfa< tion at the clearness and tallness with which he had 'm i the whole subject before him. Let tne here My, io honor tba memory of that noble-hearted old mau, the Emperor liked him nlremely. He wrs tend of sum tno:fg him to St Cloud to dinner io u lees forma! wav tba: ‘he dinners at tbe Tuileries, and of qaeetioairg Judge Mason about America, about the groat meu of America—Clay, Marshall, Taney, Calhoun—about thu Navy, (a subject with which Judge Mt-ou was very fa miliar,) aud he liked to hear tbe Virginia countv court stories, of which the Jadge was brimful!. Nu United Rtetc.r Minister ever saw as much of Louis Ns tut eon as Judge Mn- on did, and to ibis day Lima Napoleon speaks of him in the kindest way. A g'-utleman toid me, no . longer ago than las' week, thu Count Wslewskl and Couut de Monty spoke to him of Judge Mason, and said the Emperor wee extremely partial to him, enjoyed bis company exceediuelv, aud rvgreiied his death. NK«V KEU1MENTH. To the Editor of the Whig. . The crisis U approaching. It is known that the Con federate Cougrees has authorized the formation of r--w regiments, compUlt ; heretofore tho h id officers worn appointed; why cau we not raise a regiment for each Congressional district in the ConL-deruto Rules, in addi tion to those already in tho field ; there are one hundred and scvol districts which would give us one hundred si J seven thousand men, that might be promptly raises, drilled and equipped, ready to be thrown into the breach if misfortune should attend any Important division of our army. To any close observer of passing events, it uiun be apparent, that the enemy are concentrating Urge bo aiesoi troops at ainsreut pieces, wi n a view of attack ing ua at ail points of tho compnaa at once ; and that they are progressing daily, in efficiency, and discipline ; and, smarting under the a'.ing of the receut “Trent” af fair, they will seek more earnest!?, to wreak their ven geance ou us. Gitutns of the Fifth District, w.ll joix raise one regiment, or two • Heme had her “Legions;' France the “Old Guard,” but the ambition of a Car ar and a Napoleon, brought ruin on both. Washington alone was the “Father of his Country,” and patriotism, his guile; to follow his footsteps anti teachings, should/ be our duty and pleasure. J. E. 0. GEN. MaGRUDER. To the Editor of the Whig: A private soldier of his command, iutiuenced by to motive but to do justio>>, wishes to pay a merited cnrnr.Ii tnent to M<jor Geiu-ral J. Bankhead Msgruder. York town cannot be taken either by laud or water. The ar my of the Peninsula has been and is well provided for in every respect. The Republic will receive no detriment while he keeps watoh. Us is one of "Freedom'.. be»t and bravest friends,” and this every one thinks of hint except those who tnisi marches and shirk duty. Military skill can be displayed in a retreat, as well as heroism in a charge, aud General Magrudtr has prudence as veil at pluck. YORK. Yobxtuwn, Jon., 18//2. THE AKIfY QUHT13N. Cave os Oixtbxv.llk UsiuBrs iau. 12Lb , 1«S2. To the Editor of the Whiq : The time is rapidly approaching when the serviee of those volunteers who ha7o enlisted on'y for twelve mouths will have expired, aud several plans have hern, proposed to meet the exigency of that occasion. 8ome fears have been produced on the minds of our rulers iu regard to n -eniislmeut at this critical juncture which is coming upon us. Those who bare mixed much without troops indulge no such gloomy apprehensions and evil foreboding!. Ti.e men,who responded so promptly to the ■ first cull of their country, have relaxed none of their put - poae, abated none of their zeal, done nothing to war rant these unjust auspicious. Tho people voted «n maiu for a firal separation from the sectional intoler ance of the North, knowing that it would involve us in a fratricidal war,but thsy preferoi tho temporary horrors of civil discord to wearing the fetters of an struck uj de'potism and transmitting to posterity the turmoils (f anarnhv. Yon will then probably agree with me, hi. Editor,that no additional iegisUuon is required to cotra thi present volunteers into a war of their own making Our authorities have displayed doubts of their pitriotis .. wuicu mm* inijuicu mu jan lu'ii^u.uiuu ui a jw ipi** born to be free. Sue': treatment is ungrateful, yea it is treasonable. The soldiers now in the field here dor.fi nobing to justify a belief that they will pnm d. lirq'nv True, they have seen much to disgust them with h service , they are aware ot the bad management which exists in the quartermaster, ommhiairy and is tdlcioul drivrtm.'nts; they see no valid reason (nr rejecting «p pli< i ionsfot short furloughs to see a dying relttion, or ai j i t bii-mese imoera'.ively Uvmauling a'lention, at a time, too, when they could be spared, without the •• r vion sustaining any detriment by their absence. They are frequently vexed at the t fti .'iousneee of political med dler*, who cry loudly “On to Washington,” but prev rv - a r<spec.ml distance between themselves and the tc. i . of danger ; but they submit quietly to these annoyances , they do not complain of hard duties to be perform'd, forced marches and hard fare. They are witling to tn dure prirstioas, mike ueejssury sacrifices, end ore ..) ways ready to oogage the enemy ; they are wearied wit. the ennui of camp, that “fruitful mother cf circa-. . '• which is demoralising our army, ar.d wilidtiail as d. v erers from a military prisou our gallant General* wi.ej they shall lead them forth to battle. It is none of l*»j aforementioned things they complain of, bat it U t.V propoicd legislation which savors of coercion, which I. caused such widespread complaint. I had thought ie took up arms against this very doctrine of coercion •— Oar ruler* anould presume in some degree upon the p»< riotis u, Intelligence and oeose of honor of the voluot.. r.. 1 think I know the temper of our troops, bavirg t.. , in tbeatiny nine months, and I can safely alii.-m, that r such a plan os that offered by Mr. Tuomts, ot Fairfax, Is adopted, our proud “ Did Dominion " will ruo in ►»< k cloth sad ashes the day such * proportion t*cou:e.. * law on her statute book. La those who have remained at home bo drafttd, without discriminating iu favor of any particular ag., but make all suhj -•ct to draft between eighteen and ftr t ftyw yetre of ago, and the present forces now in serve j will reeulist without biing forc'd to do so. All th. y require in that the burdens b»* distributed with vve banded justice. A proclamation, calling on the echo teers to rush forward to their country, low menaced ty horde* of mbits* invaders, would causo thousand, to rally arouud her staudard, ready to die in her de fence. A boom of fi'dy d .Hare, and a furlough of two months, bold out no inducements to Southern gtnt.'r men. Unlike the mercenaries of the N >rth, they can neither be paid nor forced to fi;hc. Oar army i.« com posed of the talent, wealth, cbivaliy and virtue of t‘..i Sduth; the men are identified to feeiing and interest