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Daily Richmond Whig. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1861-1862, February 10, 1862, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86071866/1862-02-10/ed-1/seq-1/

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tt' • IE. t: »i»": »•« o«l until •>: Jared not, and paraant
"jr iwto ** «!•»*•*> -To a»i' I anj omundoriftaaiUna
43" -u, ftn uvl ft !> - rm, it s» propwto rtatn .ftafia.d.>,
.fc , . - Sin r*r Immediate tujoeaft X*»
a.d*:i A-AI- ■ ,-,ntiUft.Bi h» I».«t w b. ftn
a| ftTfl I lft> WltiflOB. - . a
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HI'.KI'OUT * U 4U.I.K,
ATTOKAAt3 AM) lOl.XSELLuSS Af LAW,
DALLAS, TdXAJi.
H. *._p,»tw-.oo to C oor. anJ Land Pft!®*.
•a>lla ... Pi V ua Ijd. tad -ftt a M., »a; John
fhftBpftoa. Jr . • i . ...and A Chrtuiftft, UMW
. Jadtfe N. H liu.-f'- l. UaJ1**.
'oo N ■! !>■ nhH»--diel J
|M> il> *. V. C'ABI’.LL,
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
PSiC*iCt**' ai Oin* ifltt eountiwo of N«tooo aoJ
AcAh>rr«L H * %»••-» *137 !»• baii3«M estrutted to ;
hi-c *n *.fcf Aftlivov aatet. __ _ _
u*,' N-I- .'ft.
■ad*- '-y __I
HAKkK HOl.lUKtTLR,
ATTOUNF-Y at law.
R|. hwltil flit, Vft.
*lMU.pi »ottc« ft. . .-■• .ridtatfto Ctty af Richmond, I
\\ . -I 1. u.nrt-O and ri whftlfta.
(■■cc cnU ' - »
IA . . N-., - t t 0 dflP-l*
* 1 • « •: B*M(
ATTORNEY at LAW.
Win piiCTi .. Cv. ■* •: <M’«a, M«re«r. Moore*.
,1 y \ « ».i.i »ii. col.eoa aud rtoll puje
ia « - , CU - v .. U.
r * _»IT~
.1011.1 W. «.K 1L.V
» r.A.w,
FR%(n3IW *N* art* f City of R! •.cond and
*\ •- al • »a «" #ftl f® t 4 fc«
ili-,* — • .iv • iHT* )(!!<•*. Ur ihe prtMsl, wlvh hto ta
i v - * ' f
K. < \ .v \ B<>ULDIN.
ATTOK1HIw \T LAW.
0I11LO1TI r VIKDII1I.
Con-1*.—Clu ..M:H MitrJ, tppiulLi. MaakluL
b: . _wlt-lr
0 k ■ t- 8UWH, JA.
1/ati'a. r-<« rrok Old Cliarch, liaaora*.
DOi 4«L \R A UK LOOK!
WiLL 11. .. ii.b. <• * K aa WHIUai aaJ Haaoiar. B
0. D' .< ■» ala M..pl af.« Ocu.Wb .1 B—d *
A ’
.....Nil. jonaC.B. kLMM. A HP <JCA
JOHNSON Ac GK7.QON
4TTi-KHCVS AT LAW,
AUMW >J4D, V*.
1 :c«ll* •
J,a-..... V- ■> ..ileld.
r . « ' a._1*4
UL.tll'iVK: ii rwtnd Oa .racCaa ol LAW la Ua
. da* ..t." BtelaucaA.
Mill. ; ^*liAi*.ai ItU.fraatlaA kaa ilnaL
a*t—at _
BAMKtno i.fflOA OF B IdaaiMA'X). t
0 >r« 't. n aO.1 1 aih --.•uaa, ->•=> ad. Va t
In •«BB»**la,i « *> U>- Bvnkma a U* ua i.rd*aud kill
rtr H'l «”■ ■ *i"i'a ol' h- A ‘judui.-oa a d Oul
. -o of Oi* oia \gt ii* lh -0 of- l*rat* (»orer*»ai si
V I . i •« * «**n * rlnaoi l-||U t*ln*ol • flr0«70«
il iif ?*<• foa t l i' *-*a*ry to In m.
T -re’, nr* « • >\ *»• • *»•*, «tthcr ip«» la! <** roalla#*nl m
I I I
t», ii ruii . T* C4 On. W Mi.' •*•!. .^icrtlv’i SUL
of *tr*a.a. C* 1 J i » v -t.r>vi Air of vitytaU; Co!
J M Hwuattl, !•« \ r.\, JbU*** C*ak»#. hq ,
i* t- it a*ri\ of * *. *a V fu ir ► » Ob*I»Ici R«uk of
V K % ,j *r lit 4, t- 11 Hi -w * 'il fn I •» Bi'4 J Kao
4iC * Tfk-*# I«q , 4W • . U *Ut« of Ylrgiul*.
Jfflj| • ). ti a i
%fw*rap*ni«i » v f.-I*. . r M-vU ab4 vo«rh*rs, aoJ
• . ; %i p .* r of a*v * . *y »*» r**vf»mJ H|i thr niuuf of Uw
L,B If |. *oy pA^ra or • »a *»u oer«wa»rf |a C.c pir*A*;*««a.
al/S tf____
■ Ann «*rn ' UAKtCK'S etinn ia * #«
B4 >LH> lid*. • . > t BABnaV.
^ c i *T of Tl** %n I »r . yl »*»
A Mf*K< I % Ia %«»!*< * I a» IMK MILII.IU*.
% '
B. » A f<>r n ar • »• O c-ct* |* r hrttrf.
s *»Un «»a4* *-b orJ*
%*., Hraa.t %• nMr,w.»i v,p«Hi
bin. m . t*u ■ % •, a* " " •* '** ■**• * P‘* ***
v.jiii iLi, f ' 11 • « X-I.I r • h la.I uuie lak, cut In
th- irtud at***.
r» 4- in «p.( Af r «• i * 4 • I .lo w II to A ail
4.1 4 ' '*
%.|4re*i A. K «» t A ' • M. >'■ ■ I Ou t-r, H \ Mil U'll J W to the
OMnlU* B«l< Kl< -a n I _ __ _*>*n
4 I
\|,l. - 4. • . t *.Se .--T *t- of the It P
tt« u, deceased, • ••(•* — » lo | rr>r i« (Tie •«««, July au
th*»n » •
)ki tm JUHlLPtfl.4 J. ftAHM, fur -tor.
■ A Iff *\LJC. i 70 U NO VrrvauO, n faailllei
r r%‘«. I i Vn! % r-r p%rti»*u»%i • la
\ *
nog k m
r .-*»:* .1 U» • f % i3%aufV»orf. |i li tl
l.* I f» .i. i» f'» i'V«*n< puri.^l
a . 7w KKSf. PfMK 4 An.
. imon E HWlViiy
ll 'ip’r.-t '■ * • Go-., M*vi. f\nQ<i **»•! T-no-i ‘•iti,
• u>N*oaJ lia/. ’a.-*-. H.-Umbom Te* »o<l Tible (Hmo«A
' uM ta * CLAUK.’AON A OO ,
ia* No, H4 Mold MrM
ST!. % f| ilLLPDH RILK -1Vp«-* enlufth- Ifock,
<.,4^ *.|4 111* - . .... if r n«.%ur an4,Cbra, au 1 l* well
* * a;. ■• t for i Pttiiui / Mill ** i* ant uri ft ua€*l, lU'i I* iroo
il, ■. i. ■- nr i . •a*'. , « the 4<-»l la the cltjf. The
* AS PORT A Oft.
IP. * *
* Jail !»•» ¥ 4 00. «h I aale T»in/gtOi
URAPi #f L • a geooioe Ku/itah
^ d.j«a Ln ri ' r. \ej tut for tale by J. P. 00
VlL,»rorr i v.| 'iM’i _1*4
nO M K ,f| kllb ■« • .tli( It uik«« atlMH fer aaie by
A. t MOOKk, A gaol.
g to IP III' U OIL. -o ict Hater*# Pure Col L'aer Oil,
Vj foraaWby J V DI’VAL,
j Mil M«ia a Mrtrli
1 ina <4l<tv niLiriKY
i OVXil racks
.. »- I i > the bwly % ’ j »ot the Cape, eat In Ui * rrgular
. f : <iM.>n on the*.
» itoeest to call.
, jal W«f liA4N|ir»| 111 4a«Q 4«rM».
C1%N%*#% *••!»•> mV, rent* per pouaJ, a; MKAltl
J 4 BA Kit 1*4 lira. *» ■ •, mr ab»V« P O.
i 1.P • *1« PC kbit 1. Trull 4 Oat pure S. K. Hu n, high proof,
Ti t*r #ak iiy
I
4 V »t kx’ t • • . i* l*«iL; Mlataifo
.1 Haladua «l 0 .1 : <U*rr>, at MKijg 4 HuCKH’d
1 Lnii-Nii#, IM M.i i curna ikx#P,4
1 i ruAkr^i I * t »t Mf.ADIS i ttAK<k'«
l 1 a.«<»oi»._ ..i
I I 0 A 104 -*» 1 ' >4 *u f ti.‘# l f t.ul y ItaCtia, c»»n •ta'loir af
1 I J iU<a#. -I *e« an I 4 i 4. •* b*»l« tr. « .o’j pura OtJer Via
I «K U,M OUiguO rJ ., 4J f >r i4'| U#
I ii> _, W. a K4i.-i4.NT4, lWi 4.nk.
(-ONVKOBMATK »1*T*W OK A.HKAtlC*. i
tUCPAITMtNT OR JUSTIOK >
RicuuokD, 24th. October, 1 SCI. I
f|13I follvwlng regulations at* prsAcrtbvd under "An art to pro
I vide a uoteof authenticating claimt lor money against iho
Confederate dials* not otberwtse provided for," approved 30th
Aiuuil, IsCl. , ,
1 a elate.oral of the claim or demand, with th* dal* of accrual,
mu* l.*sw rn tiby tne person luttlug the claim or demand If Uvlug;
unleu he be ub« I from hts realdeuce lo th* tervlce of the 0.
or a prtaoee- In the handi of the enemy, and Wen by an ngeot, or
tome member of bis luoiUy, or uoleu be be under logul dtsaotll
I, mn4 ih«u by hi* Commute*, or euardlaa, or aom* member of
Ale rsmlly And If the p -ra.u I.e dead, then the affidavit msy be
male by his Esecutor, or Administrator, or any member of his
he affidavit must stole the rlUstoahlp of the ArtglnAl claim
ant and If made by any other then such or glna' claimant. It mail
al*o stale obt Ub *o made and th* relation of the pertou m»k
lns- it aa agent, wife, Ac If the original clalmnnt he dead,
the affidavit must also slate the names and cliisensolp of the per
sona Interested In the claim or demand, by dcerenl or dlstilbn
““i'Ii rhe affidavit may be made before a 0 8 mstrlct Judge, or
Coiumhaloner, or <'lert of a a ». Dlntrtct Court or before any
gireoo aathor.sed by any one of tbe Ooofederate Blairs u admin
IV rbe officer before whom tbe affidavit shall be maJ*, shall
administer to the witness or witness** offered In support of the
claim or dr maud, au oath, to make iroe answers to the Mtowpg
Iuterrogakortea, aud to such otoeru as may be proposed Ui belie.'
of the i lalma which shall b* propounded In anting or printing,
and ike officer shat! write, or cause to be written, the aoswers
made thereto, and base them signed by the witness making
Ugcta.
V Th# oflktr shall certify that he te such ad officer as these
r«vul aUuq* «ulhorls* to act la the premise*, aud that the affida
vit AuJ AQbVrn were sworn to befor# hint, au J shall further state
la the c<iti#«ate, hb opinion of tbe ja*tu» *e of tbe claim or ile
rauuil; and If be ahali beliefe It la be uujuat, lo whole or la pvt,
hr *ha!l •t*t<* hb reason tbeiefor, auil he may aeoJ to thh depart
meut anv affidavit or affidavit#, tending to abuw aa h uujUAiue**
VI The affidavits the I a ter rv gator lea and answers l ereto, and
au< h d . ummiary evidence aa may becff.ted, and the certificate
of tlii* officer before whom the proceeding ahali have been had,
a*ialt be by Mm sealed aud transmitted to thb Department, within
U irty days after the examination of the witneeaca shall have becu
Cvuc luded.
iwramacaaTViaiH.
I. Do yoa know, or did yau kuow tbe aald (name of orUinal
claimant) If yea. tialc bow long, and the place or pi urea of hb
reeidcucr, aud tbe dat .athereof, since he waa kbowu lo you9
i Stale whether or not, he «ai. or b a cittern of the Onnfedrra
rate St%te«, and the facts upen which you base your opinion? If
be h** dead, vtale wbw are entitled by deaceul or dialilbudou to the
cla.in ou dcmanO, and their places of realdeuce.
J. Ha# be, or ll deaJ, have the persona uext by descent or £b
trlbutlo-, been frlemllv or unfriendly to the Confiderate blalra
,.oce the Clh of May, l Mil y If yea, etaW every fact aud ilrcum
sLancewlthlu youi knowledge, of sueh unfrlcuily character and
the dale ol Ua occurrence. ^ . . _
4 State fuHy all that you know In regard to the origin and
amount of the claim or demand, and every thing Wudlag to ah^w
It# jus nets or r r^j u»tneaa. In whole or In part.
b •kale whether or not you have any claim against the claim
ant. If living, or against hla estate. If he be dead, wa-thercr not
you ar. related to Mm, by blooJ or marriage, and whether or not
you expect any benefit from the success of the claim or demand?
sort.
The foregoing rule# are not intended to preclude any other evi
dence wblch may be pertinent, or wblch a party may deem mate
rial.
The feminine pronoun or tbe plural shall, of coarse, be substllu
led whenever the facie retire it.
aCL*M is aKLATtu* TO CLAIMS Of TM« LATS DOTHOT ATT** AS STS, MAI
•MALM, CIA SK »«D COMM sWUOMBXS. \UAi**T Til tSUTBU #TATR»
The tale Mat ahali of the l nited States havlog aim* for takiug
the Ceoaus, will prefer the in under If) e rules prescribed by the law*
of the Unite 2 » ale* for obtaining thnlr paj. lo alk caaei rtatib*;
upon oath, wt ether Ihejr hare received any pay therefor, and lf»J,
what amount .... •
Sach Marsha'* w4» also certify to thb Department the nmoant
t mi Affiffiiffitffi&t for taking the Censes. aa provided by the law
of the Unit'd Miif*. and eat h Am i'ant Maishal oiuii oi&ke an
affidavit or furtiUh other t*AU factory evidence, »• t<» the amount
if my. paid tot im and whether the aame aas In part, or lufuU,ol
hi* claim when paid.
If a certtfl* ale of the am uat dae to any Marti, al or Autetani
Marahal * u gives t>jr the Government of the l ulled tUles It mu»t
U« Hlr.t.
MorohOlo I lurl.-t Attorney*, Conunltoloner* oe Ole kl of JM»
irlet or Circuit Oou U of the Culled Mil*, ti»»ng elnlm* for loln
r.e« or fbe. ocolootlhe foiled 8l»t-o .Ul note Uie uir, verift d,
u Ml run. hy otb Ink. end h»ve them »u*MOllled to *r d opprov
-.1 by th. judge! ef the Dutfkt Oonri. of the Ooa t lerou Moiei
In tr.e tome in utner u they .ere ie.j tired to do, by I*., prior to
B U borenler, I>uti And la oil tocb ro*ei, every Mor*h*l or
■ ther ofll.'er .dl be required to tt*te whether he hod ony notirl
In t.id houdo oeluugl. g w the I'utted Stole* when hr reaerd to »c!
in b • Mid tfli'r, m l if lo, whmi oaoutil and wh*l Jlipuoltlon b»i
beeo n*t*le of the aame.
,,1» dbwltn TllO’rt BRAOII, Allen, >
WAN mu.
a A AAld tarrUA Immedto-d? A jrotsl frloewi'.l be
LU.UUm p»ld. BAMPdtm JONlIt Ag'l
0 .rner Mein ond Wtb Ml eel*
MiiiTAH* ATTKieriorT -The uuiertiKu.u b»vi
on haad, auJ are iunnufno*turing Hraai proiaeJ letters. Dr »*<
»a. Orocs cannot*. 4u*, for Military Capa, and with lo call th«
attention of thf military to the fact.
Order* iwaoiplly alAenJrd to.
A l letter* of iu<4*iry rnuai contain lUrap to pay return postage
Hr an 1* of all »i*e* an i devtgu* taadeto order A too, imall tteu
•IS* for marking c > thing male to order. LKWlM A HATTON
Bran.I Cutter*, 14th b*weeo Main and Cary street*
4 . lx K I ■ Ml I. \ a
MINK \ - luu bbM Whiaky, of Virginia M. n
on* t > twelve year* old, the large* and fine*' fto k lo IhU
city to select from, foi *ale by \t M tk AI.LACK HONH,
Oomr of Pearl and Cary Atreets.
nOM K^THATRD LI E.~* MMM ban 1, L>r talc bj
Ba 4,4 novk a cvi
PIT in a: 1XW KKK. -*oeo'*lo« ond fer *»k by
BACUN A BASKBRVll.t
rilH AALK.
HARK HTKRLlh'a IXOMANGk, In bill* of £.'«*>.
OohfodetoW.'Roleo ond Ytrglnln.d'ot* Boudo.
WAITS*.
■khucnJ City Stork.
Gold ond SUter.
jmlh__R H HAIRY S 00.
tir | % SC**. —1 hoee *tUl In More very Bne Sherrie. ood Model
YY roe, moM of them b ugh l from three tj Bee yrort of t, vet]
•Ulterior Putt, b title I In Oporto. Al*o, o few • *»*• of old IIton
die. ond *eirnl rodeo of wry ror* Hook Wloeo, ond ChoV Yqutnn
oil of .Ii-ch I Otfri ot reOK.noble price*. 0. CRASH, No. 1 I t
chonge Bloek. _____
tXINK WIN SCR AND lilt A Mil As > bo**.td Url!
1 *l, ( Chontpolgo Wlor*. bt'bo k. U Mumtn'r Verfeuoy C-b
Inet Ju. 1 holf pipe* Old Hctinrury Broody. St) code. Bokct't Bit
• et*. SO coo*. r loret W,t.r, for sole by lAli. WoLUACS WIN*
(Juttw Peorl ond Oory Hlreeto drill
II ••r 9 nof A Oft IWaiglAl
riOPFCK 1
V/ 'A •
ply or (>urp lugot C*|l»«r, Which Ihry oler fo. silo la loU »o tul
BACON A BArhf Ml l
>1 w BBUMPUIM 01 ll(U VINBOAB U HlorW and far talc, by
'ft o<*S W. U PI.RASANTB.
PI PUN. Brier Bt. Pipe*, a large and beautlfltl lot, for rah
by P.IVk BOO . * ‘ ■ • Art*
I'MBLOPW AND PAPKB. *<•.<** >
|k bo K.-auu Baled Paper, Juvi received by A. MoWlf, V
Male Street, __ •**'
■ NBInTih IIKANIIV A par# arllc Ml* by W PCT18
r HON AOO.. llrarvUU_art*
’ B1ANK NOTH PAPbM. J. w KANUOLPH I, a# far tub
|y in.tasiSheet* of bauk Nole or Bond Paper Price l.hpr
10»V> abeet* * jaogl ^
■ SPRING STYLUS fl*
OP II AIN AND 4 A I* » . ^
MY are rlBient of HATH and OAPH far ibt Spring Ir at# li not
Complete, ealbrat lug all the Dew etylea and coiul* of Bof
Bale alto. Moieeklu, Mlk an iCa*#lu.eie MaU. aud a great varttlj
ef ue'w >lf * of tlapa, Leghorn and straw Uat* In great variety -
Aleo, a genet al aa.o: Itot-ol of geblfeuleb’a faritlaf.log gottje, I'm
hroll'w. Walking Cane*, Ac , Ac , all or any of wblcb will be aolt
an at good tar rue as at any other eetabtlebiueot lu the t Ity. t too*
t-*pe.ifally Invite a call rtnta pntohaaem
JOHN TUOMPBOtf.fNf
mats No 1 Ballard Houee.
IkKAN.-fc-t) bat. Black Ry*d Peai, lo elore, an I for tale
' j.gf, kg. If. PH ABA NT*.
ALAtio aee. rtnienl if aoperlor Palut Hrilah. a, Doaler
and Whitewash Brail.ea, for Mir by
n»I WM SATTI.kg A 00
C>a| Ha. Dreaatug. Pic* Tooth and Pocket Ooiuhs, no tie
gent neon incut, tut aale by IIOVK A OO., Wholeaale llrav
I del a __d*16
CrkATarK ill L.—iuat received, one raak I'aal l&JIa Catto
/ Oil. for aale by W rmcKStiN * OO , INI Main at di-lC
Gu n AKA Hill*—SB bale* (lain Arabic Ah) to iral Iba reel
hr aala by Ml k A OO._.lela
CAkhNNK PPPPIII, BoadereJ Oavtua* Pepper
flroand Hack Peppe-. of the bryt .jaunty, for tale at MaAD
j A BA It BBT) Drug Strre, HO Main atre t, ror. above P. O. jalli
AlNILLLOrOP L kl- ( A k HA i'OKPKE.
I bM llnifi'J ill
1 do Alcohol #
On cfiiLiNDDpal and for talc by
W. H. PM Alum*. )f4h •»rppl1_
HONTKTT H’NHITTKIBN.-I* Itoieojiiet receive
and for Ml* by fJalT) _ tMlVE A 0o„ Pruggl.lv
W AN I BP. _
HONDB of the Confederal* BMlee Prodno# Loan. Wauled by
ja„s BACON A BABKtBVILL
HI i'll A HDNON'N VIUIUNIA AND N. A L
MANAO, for IS«J, pubttaht.1 and for tale at |s per groat, c
II oer doaen. A M0RK1S,
j,g, PabHaher and Broka.llor.
Hitr/.h't aWInn LKATIIKU PHMBKVA
if at*, for making Boole and Bhoej aoft and darable, an
water proof, for aale by J. P. DUVAL, comer of Main and I0l
atreela. ___)*-•
CiHBAPK SADlIIS.-J W BANDOI.PH.UI Atalntlreei
/ haa iPYpr*] thousand w> luttr-a ofn*w and noco d hand li Ch
la near'y all d-prrt uentv of Literature, which are offered at ha
p Ice. Rig Wt rlli of rca lable volume* will be eenl |Wheo forward
ed by tap ana, or railroad, iht freight will be Sic. or $1 more,) fo
♦ft. _____ian?1
NOTItK.
V M ceoaeauence of our having bi pay caah for material* need li
B our bottnrii, we are c unptdle 1 io al pled tha caah avrtem I
111 prctecullon. and ord* a for Plow*, Cuttnga, At , mutt bt ar
com;.anle J with <h* moavy,to euaart Ibatr vacation
drAl_Clin WATT A 00.
NOTIalf.—#iout Ihli dal* oar aala* will be for mh vacla
lively, until furthrr notice,
jail _ DO Vi A 00,
( UeLI *. HI IN RICHMOND, V.MM,
C. W. HPICKR A 00., Proprietci*
0. B l.rca, Baprrlatrndrtil.
R. C. HtruBBOM .Oil. R. Trill. OlrrH. |nan<
jSm___N. W. HARRIS.
sm iNIOI I'M K KOO.il>*.
147, MAIN STKELT, 04 EK AWE it GRAY'SORl'G STORE.
firms PODbE, now opra to rultort, will Of n tmotljf keep At Ihr
J Jlip ikl of rusUimets the b**st Wine* and Liquors lu the
c.uDi.y, *ud til. choir* of lb* m»rkrt will »iw*>»b« errand »r*J
foteod Ui«rc "on Hrrlng to cmtomcr* PflvAir pwtlc* cad twin
be Are* lomo.uw<i with private Dicing Room*. ji'ii —Is**
u. iirin Hit FI.I.,
ronnimioN mihehant,
PUOCKOK EI.1P, RICHMOND, Vi.
OIEKib hi* lervlcr* to thr pabllr, for lb* ulc of Leaf *D,'
M*u .fu'tttrr.l Ti.bA*'** ’, Wlirit, Cere *u*l PUir. j»S I—In*
Mi* HINKliY OIL.
WK Ar« Di«nuf*ctorlcg Imho PrtDuU a auprrkr of Lu
brlrallng 0*1. It I* Dim well A*l»|*tril for burning. Will b* i
•Old iu iiuinlllir* to lull. T. 0 IK. (t. MORTII,
I.R7- 3*e*__ WU“ M~ °* J
RIORY AMO HPNKY I'ULLRUN,
WiAUINtlTON 00, Vi.
TUI Bprlor 8***lou of U»* lutltuUou will b««ic the »tli of Jad
uary ne«t.
Hoard can be had at fit* per month, at the Botrdlng Hall, 01
at fix per niooth, lu private femlilct
Those expecting to attend air requested to notify the uuder»lgn
eJ Immediately. Du- oilier chargee are :
Tu lion, for !> month ..$15 to V* 0
Fuel and charge for Janitor. .$•&*
QnnUngent Fee .5 w
fy All payable In advance.
Other Information can be had by Atkin sstay,
R. R. WILIY, Pre*X
noli—lift Feb Kmory F. O., Va.
ItlK. LEFEBVUK’S SCHOOL,
RICHMOND, VIRGINIA.
millfl Institution will be opened again on the let day cf Oeto
! A her, l^fll, for the reception both of Boarder* and Day Bohol
art. Y *r particulars, apply to
»e6—IfHPBIRT F. fclFlBVBB.
DIBOI.PTXON.—The co partnership of W ATI INS A FICKLE
exp'res tJitw dav by limitation. Bit her ofthftubt rlher* n«)
me the name of the firm. In liquidation. Our book* and account/
will be f* and la our cflice, on the second floor cf our late Store
house 11'J Main MrcM. ahe'eall pvfsor.1 Indebted to u* will plras*
eall and inak«* immediate payment, an I thove having claim*
agamst us will present them there for eeUlrmml.
^ J. S. WATKINB.
JAB. B. FIOKLRN.
Richmond* January 1st, 1^6'i._ J ni
I AS PHILIP_RA.HM, fi
EAGLE M A C H I N E 44' 0 U K S,
4’wry, l rtict+n 144A and 15M Aireef*,
RICHMOND Va.
nianu facti rer of
PortabW tnd HiAiloDary bTRAM KNUINH cf adjt rrqulr.d power,
with either Locomotive, Flue or Cj Under Boiler*.
SUGAR MILL.', t IKIULAK SAW MILL.*, IKUHSrtfK
TR'ALBiW MILIJ*, UR18T MILLS, DRAINING MACHISM,
MIISULI, UT > Will MJIXIXU »»i HIXX.',
TOBACCO FACTORY FIXTURES
OF every DESCRIPTION,
ard all klr.di of
CASTINGS IX I HO A and BRASS.
The luhsctibtr was awarded by th** l’ H. Agricultural Society,
held la Richmond, Ya, Oc.ober, 1->2e* the <• 114 Nil LOLL
T| FOAL OF ftlONOK for thr M Engtn*
/«*r Furm «v.
Hr aarats by permission, Vo Governor Henry A. W’s*, Blefs's
Waiwtck A Barksdale, Dunlop, Moncuie A Co., and Haxall, Orel
shaw 4 Co,
In ; a -suanee of the will of PMHn Rahm, dec*J. the fcregolnt
luu n^is will be ra-rltd on as formerly, under the Supcrlutrodar c
Of Mr. Frank Kst.l, and all orders wll be faithfully and promptly
eie.uted Cm] APOIPIlPaJ KAllM, K«*r
DIFS ! I'TION.-—The Co parlneishlp of VAN LEW, TAYLOR *
CO . Is this day d asolvr 1.
Having po'chated If e interest of 0. M. Plratan*«, the survlv
log paittirr, J»>HN N. VAN LEW will hereafter conduct the bust
nets In h‘s own name. All persons IndtUud to the old concert
wll! please call and settle with thr undersign* d
JOHN N. VAN LEW.
Riel mood, January 1st, 1 **C$. lanS
("1 LI' *'.-r. toy Printers and Cabin*
V Makers, f.tr isle at MKADK A HAK Eas'd Drug Store. 1>4 Man
gfreet, cor. abuse p. O._ju$0
DINNOUTION.
r It It E Arm of Wotable A Cialf orne Is Mils dty dlnolved by mutu
A si eons nt.
Either party will »lgn the name of the firm In liquidation.
JNO. E. UOMHfek.
Rl hmoni, Fel>. 1, l'Cl. JNO. U. CLAIBORNE.
A CARD.
Tl.e uuJerslgoed will continue the 0*>tntnlsslon Business at thr
stind recently occupied by Wcmble A Ulalbjrue, N» 11 Pcuri st.
f„l JM> E WOMnl.E
Nona TO <4HNI|C\ ’IFHdltMS WHO
o»l era Laving Bakri 's P.< tiAluin Bottles. -I will pay Wrrnl*
p« r dt *.-o for them, delivered la Ru-hmoad, at Messrs M> (Jr 1
Bik<t'i,DiovF(U, tomrr above lt< Post Once, and at R W. Pow
er a Nrw Diu; More, corner gt»»ve HL Charles Uo el, or at to*
l aboratory, ou Veonblf Mr eel, 1'nlou Hill.
k MAKER. Proprietor.
DUiCMN POK THE AHJII, Just put
and Diets of the Army. It is a large volume c utalulng I!
plates, with estimations. Price $4 by tnall, post-pah). For sal*
, . V J W K4NliiH.PII.lSI Malolr—i
Cm Mm IRM1 BBGFRsAI IOII1B*
HY AUT’tOKlI Y J W. K MkiLPli, 1*1 Main Street, wll
pul*1 ah <» » the 10th of Janutry by authority of the Ferrets
ry of War, undrr the super* Di*>u of an o#cer of the Adjutant
Gene si’s Off -e, th.* first part (whl h contains al' the matter t
the Quarter Master's ail Pay Department Inclusive,) of the C
3 Array Regulations Price $1,241 hy mall, post paid. Ttie whol*
work,cJt p «te, wdl be ready in February, and Sold at the sum*
prirsbur.l l*nlt»
LAM) Foil EALK.
flliir proprietor offers for sale, one li.oueaoJ or twelve hnu
A drel acres of doe Oane and Oura Land, as wrll adapted I*
the production of Coro and Cotton, as anv land In the Bints o
Ml- dppl lb's land 1* situated **u U.e Boat hr-a bouo.lary w
Hunflower County, on a braullful Lake, three utiles from the Ya
Rlv , tntowl , Usa ifwJIai i Rat EstiMH MTl*
gallon Into the river Upon Oils land D tradulug five y. an old
at Ich Is sue** pUble of making a fine crop the fliut year
Yrrma one tbli d cash, thr balance In two aunual Instalments
one half • f Die same Will be takeu lu uegro property If desired.
Address, K. IV. RANDLE,
Ms landing) Y*too River, care of I.C i»ew Drop,
0e3t> - if Vicksburg, Mias
I 'LH. % NT NFab IDMIUV —T, R PRICK A CO. hav*
| j juit r* cel fed k'Ugsut H a> k a ..I Oohred grouud BlellaHI awl
irstia flue,) Rich Bro -h Lou* sod Square fhawls, (real India
K't b Ptald P plains, Rl h Irish Poplalus, Rl* h Dark Hits, flvure*
,u • plain. Velvet kul *• Ik H«*bre, New EuiOioidert*a. Black Moui
i> tinea, ftla.k Fhawls. Cottons, Diapers, Blank eta, Ottomans, Ac
Ac. All of Which will be s*.»d, as far as possible, at oil ra'0*.
lung THOM AH K. PKIOs A 00.
NOTH V !
I TWENTY FIU WUFgl.WkH.MTlt, 10 Work for the Army o
l' r( ' iDil,' tl ur utn Niuuru Mall.m. 14b.- hi wages paid foi
good work.j. ALFRED*! llAKB.il R
Chief Qaaitermaat,r Potomac bid.let
Gsautililiv, J*n. litl._j»HF- eolm
| ^HIKI! Is oy U. II. ItlAUHV A VO.
STOCKS AND BONDS.
V rgtala Stale Sir.a. rcglatvrad; Virginia Coupon non.li; Tan
nasaee Coupon H uda. North Carolina Coupon UouJr; Confederal
-Main It ti.li an J rvgLaterc.l Htoek, for aale at market rate*.
IVWtN r*:t> Gold and Silver Colo. R II. MAURV A 00
del (l Char lea Hotel _n<14
KKVIOV A I..
HUNT A JAMBS hue rrmoveJ (ruin the Corner of Vltglnl
an.l Cary Street two duntt ale.ya, to the home recently oc
.copied by Meaara J hnaen,Ttrielies11 A Vaughan.
They hare la alore for sal? a la.-g* and varied atock of tnanufa.
lure.l lohacro of nearly all rradea.to whlrh consult additlona ar.
neloy m nlr from mv u aetutera lo tlilf State and North Carotins
T! v ala> have "t hand a good atock of Floor of all grade*. Alan
Oriel Apple* and Pearhea. Muller. Ac . Ac. Ja7
/tAI* AMI I.KITKK WRITING PAHKH.
V J dual reccivH and for aale
ftft H am* Ruled Cap finer at from |10 to *12 per Ream; IIH
Ream* l.elt.-r Paper, ftom *i to *H>; 25 Ueami Glared Medium
taaorted Colon at *15;Itt> R -ami Broad Cap Aaao Ud Paper a
*a; lilt Keama Manilla Wrapping Paper; SCO Iba Hemp Twine
large and amaU.
too rr.a o.nn:
Fire Ivory Combi, India Robber Long Ooaiba, Wood Pock-t
■ Combs Ullvervd Uno’a and Ryei, French MM Soaps, Colgs* ■'
rol e Ho ip, pocket Book., Port Monnaiea, Buck Puraea, lukatao.lt
ctael Pena, Cedar Penc l*. Healing » hi, Wafu a. Copying Booki
BID « Hoi'S-*,
An Rktciaalya Stock of Cap. Demy and Medium Record Booki
alio Account B<oka lo great variety. A M0RR1',
y,g Bookseller.
EXTRACT:
I ADJUTANT AND 1NSP. GENERAL'S OFFICE, I
Ricnu.rap, January RTlh, 11-42. I
J PEt t lL ORDERS. (
O No. lit ( ,
V1IL Lieutenant Colonel GEORGE DBAS, iaslatant Adjo
tant General, ta aaalgned to duty In the Adjutant and Iospecwr
* General's ufflee, and will taka charge ef th* general recraltlngaar
vice of tie army. All cotnraunlcal ons pertaining to the recruit*
log aervice will be marked up the upper right hand aide of the en
ve ope which cover them, "Rkcantr xu Haancx "
, Bye irnnaod of the Secretary of War.
I JNO. WITHERS,
janlH- tv_Aaal AHg't Gen.
"TWA LBS CONCENTRATED POTASH, or making Soap, L
lib . Clba, and llflbt. cans. Just received and for sale
by DOV.: A 00..
f Jan* W oleaala Druggists.
IS.—Two 01 three IRON SAFES, new or sacond
bind AleMachine Belling We have a sma I lot of shoe
. MMwk KNOWLES A uWALF0RDk
! Prta,,Un*”J “hunt a jamie.
\fI'NTA Rb.-tO dosan, In tins, for sale by
ixl jan'il _ DJVK A 00., Drugglslk.
jud rt‘
tin iud
l»21
RICHMOND WHIG.
r.omtbe Ulackw od Migulne far I'eeeaker.
SOME ACCOUNT OF BOHI SIDES OF TUB AMERI
CAN WAR.
If there be one characteristic wh'ch, more than anoth
er, diatiuguisbaa tbe intelligent pojtion of tbe British
public, it ia tbe desire to draw its own coocla io.'ia. I .
loves to be furniabed with full and constant iufotin itiot.
of current cvantr, but ll suspicious of auch r.cccun'a as
bear the evident impress of parlia uiship These ia prob
,bly no uewapaper writer whose lu'ters have become 10
popular and eo generally read as Mr. Russell't; and, if
• e mistake no', they own their popularity as much to
the spirit of close criticism which pervades them, as to
the remarkable power) of graphic description for which
tlteir author is fatuous. Ilia eiposure of preteutioua and
allaciea alike in hisHtlers front the South at the onset,
tud in those from tbe North during the progress of the
war of Secession, have rendered him unpopular with both
i paitna engaged, but I ave gained for his statements a
I l-<(.me ef reiianci; while ahe atreng Northern Idas of
1 the Tiiiui' New Ycrk correspondent deprives bi< r p
reaeulauoua of that effect which their abilitiee would de
serve.
It may be observed in passing, that in no respect ia
'.be contrast more strongly marked between E iglish and
“American" manners than in the different style and tone
.jf the newspaper press of the respective countries. For,
lowevtr eagerly educated and refined persona on the
liber eide of the Atlantic may disclaim the tone of their
Pre. a as a true indication ot public opinion, tho record
of events would uot be uniformly garbled and infh'ed
lid simplicity and accuracy suit the appetites of those
for whom the journalists cater. Tiif.v read contentedly
.very day accounts of victories aud si:cce*sea gained hy
he Northern forces, by which it ia hardly conceivable
that they can be misled. 0 i tbe other hand, among us
it preeeut the complaint is common that we are eaclud
J from all reliable iutelligcnce of the position and proa
>ec a of the “rebel*;" and we cannot help r- jjotiug the
earvolous tales, deriied from Northern sources, of hard
«ou victories against heavy odds, and of the daily
slaughter of the en tuy In nand-to-hand conflicts which
never lead to any appreciable results.
Und.r thesecircuma'ancea, a statement, comparative
,f both sides of the position, aud derived from recent
.leraonal observation, which the facilities (Horded by the
nilitary commanders enabled the writer to make, may
tot bs unacceptable to our readers, at a time when tbe
mpreesions of writer) In magazines aud newspapers on
tbo subject of tbe American war, all along uncertain and
(actuating, appear 13 bs affected by recent accounts or
he impotlug preparations of the North. The disparity
of the resources of the contending communities appe-r*
o be assumed, and a deduction ia made tbs', as the
I'uiiti not long since said, “the tide may be too atronc
iven for the obstinacy ot tbe Southern race to resist."
It it no*, indeed surpr aing, if as tbe correspondent of
'ie limit tas owned, Englishmen at Washington and
New York be led insemioly, by the boastful language of
ne new paper) aud of public men, almost to a conviction
if the strength of tbe oommunity amongst which they
re living. Every one must be conscious of having re
vived such impressions under similar circumstance*.—
tut it is surprising to Bud niatiug a gross misapprr
euaion, ou tbe part ot those who might be presumed to
>* well informed, of tbo diatiibution and ^umbers a*
■e'.l as tbe condition of the Confederate forces —
from the blindnraa with which, in the few engage
.euu ot the war, Federal generals have fallen into
vel'-laid trape, and. if their despatches can be b
iieved, have uniformly found themselves confronted
y lupenor numbers, wbsn the dispirity of force be
«een their army aud that opposed to them is their
ial'v boast and demonstration,—it is impossible to doubt
ha'* the Federal* are much worse served in respect ot
formation than the Oou'ederatos, and that the lattei
„<io p ><ww an in-' meal s mere rehable than tbe sate
menta of deeertera or spies. If, theu, the want of iutel
iget.ee suffer* d by those in authority ho so great, that
each advance of teu or fifteen miles into a conn'ry quite
fam liar to them exposes them to damaging and demur
i ixing defeat, bow much greater must be the ignorance
•t the general public, dependent for Southern news on
what fil ers through these clouded sources. It may be
iwi’ul to present tie our readers some tact* as to the po
sition and strength of tbe Southern Confederacy which,
though they may be at variaoes with rewired uotions.
we give either Irom personal observation, or on the au
thority ot those we cot aider most trustworthy ; and our
raol* are at least, we hope, uutingrd by what is called io
Imrrica ••sectional” spirit. We must, however, premise,
hat wlide we endeavour to give a cornet statement ot
acts, *e abstain altogether from prophrey. He would
a’bold speculator who risked an opinion upon the re
mit of a war of conquest, dependent for it* prosecution
ipon the resolution ol a most versatile people, and upon
ie achievements of armies as yet newly organ lid,
- hicli are operating over a vast area, aud for the most
, > ft in a country so wooded and impas.ahle, except by
r. -oade, as to be unsuited to ctleuded military
movement*.
nou . .gsrd, in tbe first place, to tbe main Federal
arm* ot the Potomac, there eai be no doubt that, for it*
,jt ft is one of the best (quijpjd which any natiou has
ret ou fuoL Its transport is superb, its artillery nuine
■ous, well appointed, aud of the beat description ;• the
iJkyiiuu* fcf its men unsurpassed. It is, moreover, a’
.he disposal of a Government virtually drawing at will
ipon the accumulated capital aid the entire credit ot
ibe uation. For practical purposes, the President and
ils ministers are all powerful. Such as tbe army is, nmi
u so far as the? can depend upon its good coudue', i
* at their abaci-He disposal ; aud upon the ii-e they are
ibis to make of it depend* tbe solution of the great
pies ion at issue. We have enumerated, as h'longing
o it element* most valuable to its efficiency, and highlv
jreditaMe to those who have employed ro judiciously (he
resources at their command. We shall presently relei
o its value iu reepeut of uerlaiu military qualities, which
'•i'her the most competent war minister nor the most
overflowing treasury cau so quickly iufuse into its chat
icter.
tiut before doiog no, we c-tnnot lone unnoticed the
ao ion of causes ot weakness to the North, ol which the
eff.cts, though no: vat fully experienced, cau hardly be
averted but by some sigual military auccess.
1 The strife of parties iu the North is reviving. Re
.«Uaa..a an.l II >111 h'filt MFA II <7 P 11 !l OtllH T W I t!l
culp ability iu the origin oi tin war, ami dill or widely a*
10 its objects and liinit*. Tbe tdruier, avowedly or se
cretly, desire tbe aubjugalion, or at least tbe peruiaueut
restraint, of tbe Slave Slates; tbe latter, that the war
aball be prosecuted only *o long as may l>o necessary to
induce tbe seceded States to accept U-ruis < t compro
mise; and they would gladly give terms vastly more 'a
vourible to tbe South I ban those proposed by Mr-, t,’ri -
-endeu with tbeir consent, but coutcuipluouily refused
by Mr I.iucolu \
It may not be unworthy of remark that, in tbe elec
.ion of tlie State IiJgiaUtuies uow goiug ou, the results,
4<t far a* they are known, indicate a great gain to tb«
Democrats, even iu the New K iglaud States; and though
Congress itself will not be actually atUcted thereby, we
may fairly anticipate the growth of a feeling averse to
the prolongation of a conflict inevitably crippling to tbe
whole community.
2. Tbo uupopuiarity of some of the leadiog Ministers
s extreme with the moneyed men of the North, ou
whose support so much depeud*. Iu spite of tbe de
duction of the liberty ol tbe press, iu which the con
s ttuted authorities and the taob have vied with eaob
tther ; aud the estebliaiimeut of the “Americau Bax
lile,”} a very general fee ling reetna to be makirg itseit
apparent, that great ebangee in the construction of the
Cabinet are necessary, and will be forced upon tbe Pre
sident.
X Tbo immrnes advances made by the banks of New
York have bound up tbe fortunes of their proprietary ir
tbe war, but do no', aa bas been supposed, prove, the
oinfidence of their beads iu its succeis It is c vmmoilv
bslieved, and ws* understood by tbe partira concerned,
ha' had the banks not afforded to ths Dover.unsut thr
• Mi nary mrn may be lot-rested tv hear that (rest Ire mvem
i,cr ii lalil to have eetv caused to tha Sort era army at tha bat
tie f Minaataa b/ tbe Bel I balta laa living eompoa d aa'I ely ot
rifled guut—aiparb or oog ratge, but uavleea ft r ahrapnai at
J o- r qua le-a. The Coofe.'rratea av ld«d till error.
• Mr. Crittenden, a vanara la and honour d Itlaen of Krn
varky, which ha haa during many yea • rapraarniad In Core aaa,
n,i av earne t attempt to avert the dlaa iluUon of the Do on,
l,| prop all f Ihai t-e OouttlluHoi ihvo d rev r f mo he law that
a new Stale ill<11 b • (l.vaor Vree a. oordlm lolbrv.ta, of thr
-na| r ly f II- r-aldenta In Ita *Te-vttjry" to on# rear blue
dial ot -*tbe Mlaavuil 0 oipr it laa," bv w left all new 81 t-e w,ia
io bo a ave or Pree aa they were fitta d North O' South cf the
at-u'lksm line of Mliaourt vrootgedia t a Pac fle Oeean. T. la
propciml. made by a KepnMcan, appeara vrvy honourable t •
dm, aa Itrvo vtm lor tha comm o a <d a Urge la.-rlflca of tha
‘platfo m” of b-pa ty. tie haa alaca p-o ed that hl< widlog
■,a«. to ooaerda ao mui-n eroae r m oo la-k of loya ty to tha
r.lon, lnwlnd ca t In hi lot with It whan hla fine male berime
it laa'. lov.lvvd In t-« war, and waa lorn to piece! by It* divided
opinion!. ,
; Dp io tha and of lad inoo*h, eighty-nine new.pap ra sra tall
to nave boon atippreaeed Iu tha Northern Stataa alnce the aeceeaioo
, r Smith arettna.
■, | ,a pamphlet anjar this tide, lately published by lard
wlc.e, Piccadilly, London.
supplies necis-.rv for the prosecution of tho war, tbs
Treasury wiu'd, on its part, have opened a war loan to
the pubiic nn teMin which would have diverted from lb •
banks the investments essential to their stability; while
an appropriation of (heir bullion for the necessities if
the Union would hardly have been a diffi :ulty to tbs
Government which has fourd tbe Ui ited Slut* s’ cons i
tution so rlae'ic, and would crtaiuly not have beeu cav
illed at by ibe despotic majority. The bank directors
probably thought that, as far as tiny were concerned,
of two great .lingers, tbe chauces of war were, on the
whole, tbe leseer uud more remote.
4 Uut plainly impending are the consequences of the
present system. The safeguards ordained by tbe authors
of the constitution have long been withdrawn. Federal
Republic*! ism lias become Democratic Absolutism,,
which has borne its natural fruits—the exlirction i f p ■
eonal liberty, a lettered pres*, a reckless expenditure.
An iueonver ihlc currercy cannot be remote; and mean
while the proved and alleged disbouesty of the de
partments produce general diatitnr, which goes the
length ol a belief that -some members ot the Govern
ment would plunge the coun'ry tuto foreign war from
personal aud fclfiih considerations. Woral ol all, Iln
wideepread distress which must attend upon the col
lapse of all foreign trade, if we except tho export ot
corn from the West—the stagnation of manufsc- t
tores, except such as reive the devouring jiws ol j
war—tbe rapid absorption by the war of capital with
drawn from investments—the additional liability til j
tbe No tb in the event of Southern independent) bei g
maintained, for those portion* ot the War dobt which ibe j
Government pretend to allocate to the seceded States,— !
must give the governing, because the most numerous
clast, a motivo te nbly forcible for presting On their del
egates tiaacc a! measures tho most itascrupulou* and i
ui wt ruinous to tluir country.
Such are someof tbo el‘meats of early difficulty which 1
beset America ; but for tbe present tbe question is one
ol war, and we proceed to consider bow far tbe new
Confederacy may be expected to maintain its position a
a iU facto Government, against tbs great armameuts o' |
tbe Federal (Joiiemtnent. The Government has drawn I
without stint upou the national resources, aud tbe news
papers arc never tired of declaring that tbe country pos
sesses a ‘magnificent and overwhelming army,’ tbe oneet
of which we continue to await.
Dut we must not, like tbe Americans, in their sargu'ur
anticipations, forget that of the rank and file of this
grand army the ohief part is lit le more experienced than
u was at tne battle ot the 21st of July—that iu offieerr
are taken Irom the same claw as they were on that day,
and elected in the same manner—and that of all the
causes to which the rout of Manssaos has beeu attributed
none is better proved thsu the incapacity of tbe regi
mental officers. Tbe uulitnes* of the great mass of ihi
general officers for their poetion is a neces-ity. Mur. •
over, a large and we believe tbe most trustworthy pari
the Federal army is composed of foreigners ; and al
though the Germ ins are vau tble for their aptitude for
drill, and the Irish for ihcir courave. their services cai -
uot In tbe offspring of a pitriotm spirit, which might
compeua'.e lor a defective discipline. They are ju-.t
such troops as high pay will attract to any seivice in the
world; but the time essential to their military education
has been wanting. Ol the soldiers who can properly b<
called Americans, we believe that many joined their reg
iments trom a belief that Washington was threatened
with capture, aud their native S'ates with invasion. 1
is curious that iu the North, by many, tbe awakening of
the military spirit is ascribed to the il judged speecu 01
Mr. Wa'ker, then Confederate Secretary ot War, wh
promised to the acceding States tbat "their banner s iou'U
wave over the Capitol, while in the Sou b, in in who
f rmeily, and up to a late dale, were stout Unionist, de
dare that Mr. Lincoln’s proclamation ia which he caller,
for a war upon the South, alone alioualed their lov«l ■.
It is much to be doubted whether many of the Amricai •
burn soldi, rs calculated on or desire the invasion of iha
Southern Slates.
It is evident too, that, though the contidenco expn as
el by the Northern newspapers in the invincible c utrac
ter of tbs army la unabated, it is hardly shared by the
commanders. Their men .tires within their lines ou tf.i
r ght bauk of tbo Potomac are rather calculated for de
feces, or for a re ure retreat, than ior tho advance ol si
eager and "iirpcamg army.” Kvery road is cominandnl
by powerful batteries aud breastworks—every hillocf
crowned with a redoubt—every mile to which the re
t eating enemy encourages the advance of tin ir outposts
is mat ked by fresh fieldworks ol the strongest deociip
tion.
The Northern army may probably consist, according
to tbe most circumstantial statements, of 360 mat men,
for the larger estimatsa evidently include, among thus,
raised by the various States, the "throo month)’ men,'
afterwards disbanded. Frequent complaints reach us as
to the elackueas of the rtcrut it g in New York and othrr
eastern States. Many of the :<6() 000 must be as yet
very little drilled, and few have seen four mouths ser
vice. There must be also a cousid irable daily diinin •
liou by carnalities. A gentleraau who profe sed to le
well informed, but who was himself bound by no office
reesrve, stated that he II id an exact account of the ani
vil of troops at Washlr.gto .i from the date of the bank
of Mauiss 'sto the middle of Oclober.and that tbeir u':m
t> [{ lul not exceed 6u,000 It is likely,therefore,that Mr
iUi-rell’s recent estim tie of tho "Army of the Potomac,”
at li»l,00d, is not much below the mark, including prob
ably about 1 Ltd pieces of aitillery. Yst, if the i'.denl
General baa such a force at his command ou thd line ol
the Potomac, wo should tall into a gravb mistake were
we toco-ulude trom i-)perieucect Kuropta i or any otbi r
r.-gultr troops that he is in a position to advance tar in
to a diHienl'. aud hoatile country, to Id l>y a waiy and
resolute enemy.
We have seen it iu)-limed by tbe Titiun in one of its
sp-eulalive moments, that "without sending * nun trom
t ic army d. s'ined to protect Washington and to ndvat «e
ioto Virginia, the Fidorsl Government can .It eat expe
ditions upou other points which they may judge assail
able." It is true that as lh-y have just done, the trov
er mieot can, will) the command of the sea, direct expo
■lilions to any paint, and that they have in other quar
ters Urge forces in tin- ft IJ ; but besides having to leave
ton ot Maty lend, it limit l>« remembered that tbeir
forces have tailed to gain a ihngle succors (iu tbe KurO
peati sense,) i£wc except tbe capture ol Uapc Hatu ra
uuder the guns of rnen-of eat,and from thence they h v>
failed to adv ince ; that they nave sustained several ie
nous defeats, one ol which resulted iu a three iiiuuthr
su pension ol liosiiii.it r at the most Important point; hat
they helplo i'y see the navigation ol the Potomac clo.-ed
that 'ro.u Kentucky the most rauguiuit bulltlm ai
uouncos that “Ijiuisinle may now he considered Salop’
t a1, ill Missouri, Fremont was unable to preveut the cap
t ire of a town, iiupo.lant bcctute held by a competei l
garrison, and containing huge stores of arms, ainmunl
tion and treasure,; and tha since he took the ti-Id te
hmbceu unable to prevent tbe juicliouof Fries and Mc
Culloch. It may indeed liappcu ilia' K -Mucky ai d Mis
souri will bo lost to th • North. And if the staleiueuts ct
the generals, who almost uniformly roporl that they have
been opposed hy vastly supt ri. r toices, is to be r lied
on, the couclusiou is irri simbl - that either the miuibers
of ihe Northern aiiuyaro grossly exaggerated, or that
i s generals are woefully interior to their euruty iu the
imporlaut art of bringing their troops to tho poiuts at
which they are reqif red.
Tbe conditous ol tbe oolites'. will appear still more &!
tered if tbe state of tile South Iu understood. That its
ar uy is interior to that of the North in cquiputen', in
military material, an the command if Kurop-an sitpiln
has been correctly assume I. It is not uniformly clad ;
us train is less regular aud splendid ; its hit Id arlillu)
probably less numerous; aud the supply of rill d ord
uaace aud gunpowder must ueccssarily he difficult.
But the spirit which b is created tbe army aud maintatoeo
hilh-rto the Southern Confederacy,has also found ru.-un
to -upply many of its wauls. Formally neglec'ful o'
manufactures, even of the simplest kind, the blocked -
has cal'od forth many which were before hardly known
in toe S >uth. At Nashvilo a tautory has beon ostabli di
al, from which hsl: a railliou ol copper caps are turn -d
out daily. Tue Navy Yard at Norfolk furnished numer
ous heavy guns, which #re supplemented by factories at
Ric'tmord and elscwh -re. It is worthy of note tha tho
Federal ctliiers failed to c'eslroy tbe valushlc machinery
at Norfolk btfore they retreated, though, they
twill lire aud destruction upon tho woode i sheds. Tbo
arms found in the Federal arseuaU, or purchased by
tho several Sla'rs, nmiuu'el, by the report of the
Secretary ol War io July, to TOO 000 stand ; since which
Urge qu entities of lb- supeiior kinds of r ti •« haw been
introduce I through K -mucky, or by running tbo block
ade. Tbe Bermuda alone, which arriv.dat Savannah
about the eud ot September^ brought, among other vs I
uible stores, 25 000 rifles. And it muit b? remember d
that in lha Souih wlmo-t ev.-iy man was possessed"!
arms, goner.Hy of a r It —Hat ikill as a mark man was
highly mumuio I—and ihai in a wat vhintn Mjtmttfari
wsssr sr-«.saf, and a "bitllv" is a volley iu tho bush,
such arms cannot be igutred in tho enumeration of tho
national aiw^uient. .. .... ... .
The New York paper* credit Ihe South with ueeilj
SitO.tXK) men in a-rna. Mr. Yai cwy Mid, tbe other day, it;
bad rriaed 23it,UO0 A meric in numbers aerm fated to-:
be vague, but in July last the r. port of tha ConUdera'a;
8 c-etary of War, aireadv quoted, reprr ed “HO reyi-'
menu and !I2 hattallions" (tbe Utt»r protMblv artillery)
at having b-eu acetped into lieatrtice, which im|h<d
mat t> ey were oon p'eie ; to dial, su j cl to the casual
ties of war, at I test 2o0.liOO of Ibeir lroo|>* lave hrd
t ie advantage of aerator ainre th .t liute. The batl'e of J
M u auras took place nn tbe 21*t of J> !• ; and wbil* a £
Urge porliou of the Federal army war diihinded alter
that date, and of course but slowly n p’acerf, t' • OtVeJ.
erate troops who fought thee at d at ‘ Big Bethel' aa
■ aw rtcruiut lurt been cot atently dri led, have bern
lerfurm'ng all tbe duties of an army b fore tbe eni uiv,
and are still animated by tbe memories of those victo
ries. Dow raw some of them ware at M*> areas may by
imagined f out the fact that one battery which was hot
ly engaged, and is said to have dot e good errvice, Lad
never before tired ball, aud that one battalliou (of iasn
ianx) stood its ground for hour* against repeated at
tacks, though it bad Only been a few days organised.
Further, the Southern fares ia possessed of ebiueotl
of strength which might comp-uaau lor greater numer
ical di-parity. Ilia commanded beyond all qneatiou by
tbe moxt talented ofti.-t is of tbe late United State* ar
my. Few without actual military aiperience bold tbe
comma d even c-f brigsd*e,— md vety young “ West
i'oiiitt Iticera” held couai-ti table command* which, but
for the jealcuay of the Sou'.l eru public cf tivllliau torn
nt i inlets, might have been given, a* in the North, to in
ti iencial politician*. While Gener*I M' Ilellan himself,
great a* bis ati'itie* ars admitted to be, nevt r bald a
command, and had, before tbe separation of the 3uti *,
retired to a civil appoiutmeut, at least twenty of tbs
Cooled rate generals were brigadier or field officers of
tbe late United Sutea army, an I eight or Uu others
co ti'ti unfed brigades in tbs Mexican war. Hitherto
ibeir tactics have hardly bten chargeable with a blunder,
while in many instances their piaus have been eminent
ly well laid and successful.
Nothing is more conspiruoua than the confidence dis
played by the army in its geurral*. When every sol
dier is something of a politician, stems to understand
the features of the Southern case, and to be acquainted
with the geography and the otjecU of the tampaigo, it
ii tetnarkaMe to Uod a universal belief in tbe ptudeocc
tnri fnrfiiirht n1 (•nnifitsii^Ani In mil fh«* art mt nrmi
rounds on the l’ototnar, where are Johnson as comtuan
der-in-chief. Beauregard* and Smith at the bead of
e' r/it He arrr.ee undi r him—in Kentucky, where are an
other Johu'ton, Buckner, aud m another quarter Zolli
cuIV-t—at Norfo.k, where is Huger—at Yorktown, where
ie M'Gruder—iu Missouri, where Price and M’Ciltoch,
auch a ferliug is coustamly exprt *»d ; and this confl
uence appears to be mutual, the general* relying on
■heir meu. There seems among tbe superiora to he an
assurance, resting upon prearations completed,on troop*
willing, orderly, aud improving—oc past succ» sses and
on what is believtd to be a patriotic cause. The at my
itself, to he understood, must be seen and inspected.—
Roughly, irregu'arly, often quaintly clothed, not unlike
a certain British army whose clothing was a little long
delayed, but with something like s soldier)/ appetrsnee
—with bright and generally well carried arms, alert on
dutr, very rapid on tbe march—they do not look like
meu to be readily subdued. Tbe cavalry consist* of
meu accustomed to constant liorsemat ship ; they gene
rally bring their own horses into the servioe, aud their
a .titude is proved by the rapidity aud accuracy of tbs
movements ol strong squadrons quite lately formed.—
Kven Northerners admit the superior discipline of the
tJoafedertUa, as shown in respecting the pioperty Dear
which they are quartered. We ourselves saw bow tho
country in the neighborhood of their camps bore no
marks of spoliation ; aud iu route instances, we are sorry
to *nv,iu which, when it fell into the hands of the Olli
er side, the most wufltou and cruel destruction ensued.
Tnoarmy certainly iu Virginia and, w* beiitve, evr
rfwhero, is plentifully fed; the difficulties of provision
ing reported by Northeru papers are visionary. Two
comities of Virginia slone have meat enough to supply
the aruiirs for two years; and sveu duriug October,
when it had occupied the same district for four months,
the animals destined lor its supply were driven info
c.tnip from no great distance The harvest has been
plentiful; the price ol t orn in R'cbinond is but two thirds
of that of last year ; and the gilts ol food which are
seut to soldiers trout their friends are often so numerous
<is to e xceed the power of the railways to convey
them.
Inaction it the Lite nuir of the Confederate soldier,
who b>s come very often from the far aoutb and west
with the idea of an early conflict with tbe invader. He
welcomes the comparative excitement of the three days'
outpost duty, performed iu turn by regiments detailed
one from each of a certain number of brigade*, and
petition* are ofien made fo have the period extended.—
Their inaction has caused much s cknes', obit fly measles,
which at'tcked especially men accustomed to wholesome
country lile—the tnaitsts sayrfs of New Orleans being
the healthiest. These at'ack* usually loft tbe convales
cent wcuk, and pred-spofltd to low and sometimes ty
phoid fevers. During the early autumn Ike Ooufederate
Hospitals were crowded ; but now the epidemics have
csssed, and every report of an expected engagement
briugs hundreds of couvslcsceu's to the front. A* the
probability of renewed lighting becomes greater, eveu
the sick go r lucUolly to the rear by tbe railway.
The inoveahility of the army dea-rvtja notice. Etch
brigade can strike i;s camp aud pick its baggage on its
Ctrl* in twenty m nute-; change of camp by'some of
the brigs'es it often made—so that, concealed by tbe
parlially-cleaicd forest, its enemy knows not from day
today how far it* H inks extend. Though less numerous
probably fbau the federal army opposed 10 it, Ike Con
federate commando e, as we have already remarked,
hare the faculty of directing certainly a aiffiuient, or, a*
the federal* say, a superior force to every point attack
ed.
Bu' tho most interesting feature iu this tr
uly is its composiliou. Iu the fus. place, it is
cotnpjeed almost entiitly of American* Iu its ranks,
a* suhuilierit* and even as privates, art to he found many
men of wealth aud good social position serving from a
sense of the necessity lor united national * trrtiou, and
obeeru.il/ performing even duty. A rough-looking seu
try, or au orderly with an officer's korse, often prove* to
b<- a man with land and properly of bia own, whom
you might have met a few mouths since iu the ball
room or opera.
There ate tuauy companies, troops, aud batteries, iu
whose rank* stand the uihi at whore eipeuse (hey have
ti -cu formed, and horsed, and armed -free gift* to the
State—meu of great wealth, whose III' has been of net*,
accepting the lowest posia in the set vice of their Bute.
Mothers sending every too whose age enable* him to
bear arms to the war, without n gret or a paug—whole
littllit'n Blue uj biu«*. a muiuer i; nicuiuuuu, wuun
son bad gouo west for . mploynieut, bad nevrr caased to
lament Ins absense ; but when the war broke out, and J
ha return, d to enlirt ia tbe Virginia Contingent, sbe saw {
b ui go without a tear. Almost every oue baa a eon at
least, or a brother iu the army, but oue doe* not hear of
anxieties or fears : it is, “if the enemy beat them we
must go too." There was a but'.cry covering tbe rail
way bridi’O at Mun'ordsviile, K ntocVy. in which tbe
captain is tbe poor. .1 man, aL.i many of the caunonierj
wealthy planters. They have mounted their battery
with tigl t Mi d guns, I.OrseJ it, and serve with, ut cost ■
to the H ate. Similar is the oripiu of tbe “ Wa.biug
tou " battalion (tour batteriea) of artillery, forming part
f the “ Army ol the Potomac. " 80 W-*1 New
; Orleans r teed one iu which he a -rves as a private. Maj.
V-j( Louisiana raised« company at hi* own ex
pjnse,ai.d ia in jnr iu the regime .t into which it was
iniiiterod. Hi owns eix piant.tios, and near 1000 ne
vro. a, and lean tncu all. These a-e not thought »i'ra
irdt-itry instant s here. M.ti suhacribe 10,0o0 20000,
1 .“.il.Ol-O dollars to he State loan. General C--ofehe
■ Oouiedmta Army, repute! to be worth $2600,000, aod
to po-Jess 1500 Slav, s, I a< handed over hie whole income
! to the let vice of tba Confederacy, retaking but a modetl
j subsietenc - foi himself. And it must be retnemberid
ihat in case of the ooi quest of tbe Snath, not only ie
tbe I Mil worthless, bu*. the South are made liable, by tbe
of the U. S Congress, for a share in the Northern
debt—the cost of their own defeat.
A-ain, the clothing of the army causes but s alight
jraiu upon the ir.aaury. States, counties, oaks, aaeo
c a io- «, in livi -uai-, clothe their own brigades, regi
ments, and companies Kverywbere ladies are working
in the com son caun. TUoee who hut year were orowd
i)g the Nerthirn w»t*Ht g placrs, and scattering tbsir
|j b.-jadcaat, have th e luium-r *ui autumn been work
i ,g i , vast e» abl shmen', s-piunii.g thread, weavi g
■ I-- a, eu ting out auo fas-jiomiig rough hoIJiam’ doth
i g, orcanir.ing buepi.als, and tending the kick aud
wounded.
] As to money ma ters, there is more go’.l iu the trea«u
ry and in the btnki thin when tbe s'rusgle o iromence.';
! riie latter aro aihbiu lb ir issues of paper, although c.su
payments ere iu,pended, es this year no mpnry is going
abroad. Tb'Ugh in all transact ons paimSnt is made id
! p-p r, all arc agreed to take “Confederate dotek” a• j.-r.
Wk.-u hie, fw«c, aud propel t; are at stake, to take m

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