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Daily Richmond Whig. [volume] (Richmond, Va.) 1861-1862, April 08, 1862, Image 2

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:*» I9BST1TPTI01—STATS E16BT8.
KiOGMOND 1G
Tl'ESDiV MOU.N'IJIU, APRIL S. 1*82.
to CORttHs 1*0(108* T*.
■0~ mUn am boatmaaa moot ba xidraaaad to tXa" tutor <V
I li PVtf." ___
iri’inM Vtt tidia y/tAapvartai^mrlba pmtltat
Oi. TV* u <1 ruUs/to»g th-sitop, ouj/U to ba truMom toatl,
•*-’ ct!i n* %oca:a b* Japartfrom, ttHtaary aottoaa amoaatl
toj am/ht limit an dLitycd for :i -utTartinneaU.
fU~ Wacom-*-traumata to-atom maetadaraimiamtaatieni
The Great Hattie on the Itinrnrt.
Ths following dispa.ch received at the Adjutant Ger
eril's oili», yesterday, givss glorious cot-fli mation of
our victory cn the Tt>nn. * e river Sunday last:
Bame or Shiloh, April *th, )
via Oorii’th, Vt ss , ami Chattanooga 7th. )
Ti Gam A Cocprr, A>j‘l General:
We, this morning. Unused the enemy in a strong pr
tilion in front ol Titteburg, and alter a severe bat'le of 10
hoars, thanks to the Almighty, ga tied a complete victo
ry, driving the enemy from (very position. Tne lose cn
both rides is heavy, including oar Commander-ir-Chief,
Gnu. Alb.-rt SJncy J ah ns ton, who fe.l gallantly letding
his troops into the thickest of the fight.
G T. Bur am a an,
General Commanding.
The W! of a military chieftain on the Arid ol honor
and victory, at the bead of his lu-hing columns, fight
the country moat an- nta. Such baa been tha fate cf
G'ul Abort Sidcev Johnston. A dispatch from Gau'i
K-»uregard siya he fell “gallantly leading his troop* into
tho thickset cl the tight.” Sutler u fortnitioo in regard
to hi* rocout retirement from Booling Greek, and h:*
p-*atimed responsibility for the ii smuts at Forts Henry
and Douelcc, h.d already il -are d him of the hasty and
u jus: erasure vented upon him for those occurrences,
auj t.o v his splendid victory and glorious death coma to
caucu s • his name lor history U s count** men, iu the r
r-j *e : g', will rot withhold the tribute of the tr teats,
a d e arning genera'tors wl' keep hi* memory fresh.
.T.i"a oar.lv, tho ixpor a cv of w .ieb cannot well be
over- * nt *tod, was faugh iu Soutliw,*: Ten pence, iu
U>rdn ecu. v,on or near the Tet .msee river. Weaie
w i mu; i. tciuiat cu ae to the ferut* • rgsged.incugb they
' arc kuowu to h>v > been large on both si tes, or panui •
Ur* as to .-arutl-ivs wnich man have been h«**y. It
m»» aaf. ly h- oo: club d tha after ilie lease a o: Mini -
• s, (*or wh ch we ,1c not ch» ; • him with too re»pon-i
b.i.ti*a i l»*o. U inr. card will push the victory to *11 *t.
taiaable coore>|ua’c-a of preti: and advantage It w.l!
be *o ce d»y* l> rors we g-t lull details. Iu the mean*
tin-' we lurowh such as have.
The folloaiag is the tel-gram fur the ntw-pspsra, rt
c« ivci lift nich!:
WTIkSV |.t*r*Tt'!l
lliw.it, Aftril 7.h—St»,ial despa’ches to the
Atv -r iser srd R-gi- -r, dabd C-rioth, ywaterdty after
noon, any that I b~* bv 1- or. sin ties ft "rcc ard furicu*,
the euomy stubbornly r,V*iirg their fate, wbil» lb*
Southerner* -on. iar to ptess upon them with rvsisileM
determination, .lowlv but surely forcing them back —
O r lo-a is he ,vy, but our men are in good epirite, and
are thoroughly warmed op to tha work in baud. All
ft well, but the A'tbama, Mississippi and Louisiana
troops display eyl. raid g-illantry. The Slit Alaham
roveecd them-eivys with pi ry. This regiiueat ciptcred
two mtter-es Tha 1 *t Louisiana regiment of R gulars
took a battery. G-n Bush rod Jjliueuu, o-.e of toe Dor,
elsoa prisoners mho subarjuenily escaped, is wounded.
A'lutrs —The enemy are in full retrea: and tho Cue fed
eratea in hot pursuit. I write Irom tho one nit’s camp
and oa Federal paper. Luge numbers if Federal pri.
•oners have alrealy Keen tak * an 1 wsttjsct to ctp
the greatsr part of the Federal army. Wo are driving
them hick ou the river and shall kill or oapturs the «»_
tirwVmy. Tinbattls is atilt ragisg with terrible fury
Wo ft*** captured Gen Pretr.isv and a large cumber ol
efi.-urs. Gsn. A’beit Sidney Johnston fell at half-pul
two. One ot hi* leg* was torn by a shell and a tnr ni«
bdi struck hia iu the body. He died while gallantly
an 1 steadily Iradiuy our victorious troepe. G t. B !auri*
gagd now commands the army. Hs says this is a second
Manassas fight. Gun. Buell was not in lime to take pa*.
In the anti on. Gen. Grant wsa in command of the Fedc'
oral fore* a.
■ tco'in Dtssa»c3.
Msweais April 7 —A de-patch from Corinth, dttrd
yesterd ssy. Tr-e great battle commenced At daylight
this morning. The Yankees were driven buk two milrs.
Oir victovtoi s c.k :mt a are still advancing. The l«t L .
teg m -nt has taken one F.d.ral battvry and several
others have been captu-ed. Cad. Wdlums, of Memphis,
vut uni. W\ rrelun capture’!. uiey
. I ad ihirt’-fiywibouaani men in the fi-M and eighteen
batteries, Dearly all ot which haee b*eu c vptured. Ger.
Iti ll had a portion of hi* force at Duck river.
We have the enemy’s cunp and all th> ir imm-ititicn,
etoree, it •- The battle was a very .evere onr; Ion on both
sides heavy. The fitting ^ a". II goii •’ on. Goa. Po'k
U in the advance. Ger e. Premia*, Grant, Sherman, M ■
Ckraaud, Waliac * and tLu.'.h oouima'tded the Voder..'a
G-o. Smith wan auk Two thousand pr eooer* hav >
tvwn taken and went totur rear. It is reported beie
that oar farces an li’hting BieH to-day. Gen. Cl. k
i aui CoL Cioan of Mist*, and CoL Richard* of Bo.,
were wounded. The Federal* have be-n drivn to the
ever and are Attempting to crest on transport —
Many prisoner! are still bs n- breugbt in.
Toe lallouiug paragraphs, prelini:na*y to the gntat
encounter, will be read wi’h interest :
Interest. The correspondent of the S. O D -lta, under
dats of Coriath, Mist, *9 h uK, says:
Tbs mast interest ng incident of **slerd»y »** tbs sr
r.vai of Geo. Brau*rgx.'d ard sti ff, an e*snt that d;f
f t icd a general j vy throughout ths army. Tie Geuer.l
Is gitNotij impio* d m Valth, I*, in tec", in etcellent
c-> ditto') to uk ■ tie field. Gir. Johnston, who wa* in
com • I' i ve*tarJ*y, I; is oiidsntood, does not intsrfers
with 'I -u. K '»u-eg«rd, t u 'g ves hit eourssl end (id
wi- .-g fcers, slid r tains cunmand ot his co<p’, wbic'i
fytutA l! e right w'ng ot thw army Under all circuui
s'a. :cs, Bsaurcguid corarooiik tLe torcc* which ha»e
b v.) sent trad r his call, and these lor.n the bu'k of the
Attn; here.
Uonam is •'tinted in Tishamiogo (the north-eve )
e eviHjA !lit*:*i"pi, the junction of the Memphis and
C iar'edlon B .broad, with the railrouljeaditig to Ju-k
San, Teen.
A despatch to the K. 0 Pieaynre, dated Corinth,
3*» h alt, an;* :
*v m~mi4» i-aort the enemy In Ivrje (nice nt Shiloh
4 .Ith, three miirs eou'-b-wsst of 1’it-sburg, and tigh*
t • u mil 8 nor iiewt of Ota.‘inla.
P A stated by t use woo y sited the eui rnV'i camp,
y • c Jay, fist they are piepa .mg to march by the ll iui
k o'g road, uDcn Corinth, seme lime next weak.
B 'eli’i column, r ported to he vev,nty-thoniand
s ru. g, i is r* i ov d te I’.lsski, forty |j,e miles t.nrth
went i f If'iLisvii c, Ala.
1; ia-uppci d that it ie tho inten'ion ot the e iemy to
unis witi the Trut-essie culuain at S.vaur.ah, ou tie
T'Oi essee river
T' ey are n-bubding an the b trot bridges as they a
V .nee.
lbs Mar.
The grrat b.tiis ot Slniob awabous up VI Other news.
To estimate .U unportai.ee properly, kt the reader coo
» >’ *
——1fgg
aider not only what wa gain by it, and what It opens iw
ui*, but what would have been the ooor qiercae of Me
teat. Ueaeured by this standard, it to an achievemecf
of the very largest dimensions. It* moral < fl-•«'*. too.
are of it. calculable wdrth, and will bo felt on both aides,
for good to us, for evil to them, as long as tha war lists.
It would not be practicable, eten If it were desirable,
to keepsecret the important faot that the Virginia ha*
again tallied forth. She kit Norfolk yesterday, half aD
hour a/tor noon, on what * pedal errand bent we know
no more than the roader. A gentleman who was at
S'weli’a Point Sunday informs ui that there waa
at that time abundant game In the Roads. It ia
not impossible, however, as we have received no
tidings of any of the mot ••er’a frevks among the Yan
kee small fry, that rough weather may have prevented
her attempting anything to this time. Commodore Tai
ns!! ia in command, and, nobody will doubt, that if no
thing is done it will not be tor U(k of will nor daring.
W/received nothing additional yaterday from tbe
Peninsula. Expectation ia still on tiptoe of a great evant
there.
Abolition the Inevitable Consequence or Con*
quest.
Though the universal spirit of reaiitanco which ani
mates our countrymen render* any exhortation to its de
fence unnecessary, it may not be improper to show that
this resistance is not only inspired by patriotism,but vin
dicated by tbe coneeq-ieccea wbioh must result Irom the’
ultimate successes cf the enemy.
We do not doubt the Yankees are divided by two
opiuions—tbe one, that slavery should be abolished, and
lbs other, that it should be so far preserved as to fat'
Utah the means of paying tff the enormous debt incurred
In tbe prosecution of the war; and, also, to produca
those exchangeable values upou which Yankee prosper
ity has been founded.
Both these opinions are as to us one. The total de
struction of slave labor would be inseparable from the
establishment of Yankee rule in the South. If compell
ed to adopt the alternative, wo shot id i; finitely prefer
tha deportation of the slaves to being enslaved iu com
mon with them by the supremacy of Yankee masters.
We can conoeive of no social condition ao terrible is
that of a high-spirited people mixed in with millions of
free negroes, backed and protected by thievrs, fanatics
and aliens, who wish to drive iff tbe owners of the soil,
that they may e*j*y cheap labor and associations agree
able to them. And this would be inevitable.
The interference by laws in which wa could have no
mice—the presence of thousand* prompt to encourage
aud protect tha riive in any act of disobedienoe—would
an far destroy the value of nominal slavery as to leave
the master obargcable with the infirm and beiplras,
whilst the male negroes would live in insolent idleness.
We are not without an example of the inevitable re
laxation ol (he bands ol slavery from tbe iuterfrreoceof
an irresponsible Government.
Wbeu the Parliament of Great Britain commenced to
tamper with the great intete-w* of the Colony of J unaica
it wait asserted by the frieud* of gradual abolition that it
w i'.td b* < ff cted without social disturbance.
The Assembly of J tmaica, however, declared that an
insurrection of the misguide i slaves had been rici ed by
t >« “unceasing and unconstitutional interference wiih
t .oir social condition by ministers of State—memh»rs of
Parliament, as well as by the false aud wicked reports
ot the Aciti Sitter? Society.
i i const quuce of the open d scuwioo of the smelio
rt'icn proposed iu the alive code of Jrmaica, V:seouot
E dkut declared that lbs peace of the Island w»* plac ‘>1
in rx reme jeopardy, and the slaves couU scarcely es
cape lie lu'ectioo if tb«»j opinions.
These opinio: s were the more dtngerous, that the
-lives haJ been induced to believe that the Governmett
of Great Britain mat “in their favor, and opposed to
their ownns.”
The slaves we:e toll ths m. I liars lisd i>ceivsd ordcrT
not to make war opoa them.
The immediate result of the insurrection occasioned
by th s' teachings, was the destruction of three or four
millions of dollars of proptrty by tire and plunder, and
the slang iter of thousand* of the negroes by the whiles.
Toe i. surreclioo W_e quelled, and the experiment of abo
1 ion wcut 03.
VV but wvs the seeul ? The authority of the master at
an end, the slave ceC-ed to labor, and became such a
burthen that the mails r abandoned his estate, and the
valui of landed property sank tv nothing. The product
of the 1 lind dtc'ined from 12£ 1‘11 hhds. sugar in 1S£0,
to 40 £49, in 1831 The tsx*s assisted in IS4S were
{.•i 4X1—in 1S5£ they wore little more than tall. It is
riorded by a rtcent English traveller, that scarcely a
single sugar estate continues to be held by its fortetr
proprietcr, and that the fee timple of a sugar estate h-*
b iec bought for lets than the cos’, of the woiks erects d
upon it.
The same authority adds, that the Island b.cam« unfit
f >r the habi'a’ios of respectable white peep's. The
rich proprietors emigrated and the poorer ilass of over
seers, herdsmen and mechanics, unable to remove thim
selves and families, were compelled to remtiu and reir
their children in this atn osphere of idleness and vice.
Such would be the inevitable consequence of an at*
leapt lo continue slavery iu the 3cu:kcrn States, by vest
i g the poaer to govern in a distant and irresponsible
Cxigrtss.
We may notion ths progreai of these two schools in
.he Burch of invasion. Tbs column of the shall icnist
Btuke re xes the most prciuinent ciiis'os of the Valley
end imprison* them for r.ot pcj trirg itaemselvra. Forty
of the principal inhxbiUnts of Ahseudrut hevc bee i
treated m the tame way. At the tame time the Ken
tucky coqurois and the marauders upon the ehorcs
of Narth Carolina, pretend a sacred regard for prop.-rty
and private right.
Both the practical and fanat'cal suntlment of the No th
sgreee in the policy of destrcyltg evrry v.stige cf the
social itis.i'utiou which dia.iuguitbes ua Irom tbcmsel r< f.
The first wi.tb'-s to plant in cur place a p cple who ebry
ar.d a.ior- t^c Federal Government. Tur second to sub
stitute th-ir ui of civilix.tiou for oms. To a great
• x rut ths h runny between theso parties if peTfec’.—
Thus far tbry ca oprrate cordially in tbr common design
of plunder ai:d oppression. There may be some remsn
s-ianc* rgiinst the impolicy of destroying the source cf
the golden evg*, but it would hs a mercenary, not a mrr.
ciful, in'erposition. The cor n queues* which we have
portrayed would : fi'Ct evrry Soulhrrn matt, woman and
child. Rob or poor, slaveholder or uoukUveholder, all
are Interested al.ko iu reeisiirg an invader who comes
with fire and tword to overthrow all that is dear 10 free
men. * All are alike interested In maintaining the right of
every frreman. to choose his owe government by vote,
instead of having it imposed upon him by force. And
all may regard the eonrrqueroe of abolition inevitable,
even it the Government of the North shoo'd endeavor
to preserve slavny as a means of rendering their con
q tost more piotlt.ble.__/ _
1 he Virgtnlu Kept dark.
The subjoined romaiks of an intelligent correspon
d tit arc submitted with h.eitatio-. Whenever the pro
pie urge a ma'U r which accords with the dictates of c< la
ui -u tense, the authorities “lake the stilt's.” To enssre
the defeat of stiy m *aure, it is only utcowiery (or be
u -wepaf*eis to advocate it unanimously,
rrriRsnt'Rn. April 1.
I concur in ist heartily, but with trembling »' xie
tv, in your remaiks on the conduct iu the future of the
.Vi.gir.im Is it pn-eihle that ebe is to be kep'. idle U' -1
til the Yaukees ehal* have had time lo make and seed
0 half a di sin Maimers? On* Monitor is eaoegh, I
should suppose, to epur ua up to ths i most activity.—
Great Go I' is it pos-ible that the roll of muvketry aud
th- shout* of an advancing fee, kuown the woil I over
to be the most persevering people on the wide earth, are
not satli dent to admoti-h ui that our safety is alone iu
activity I Dne-i i ot every pr x--b< x >r know that the
w aker party iau corq »r only by superior activity f
We are iud-ied rp. ll-b-iui d. The seductive delurioa
01 foreign tuocor has held cur tasrgies in check for

twelve months. All tbs Urns ww have been- oon
ducting onrsslvee hi the chains of another deloMon, t
wit: That we stj conteodi' g wii a civilised foe. Tak
my word for it, sa you may not have space for my argt
menu to prov# it, thst ws will never cocqoer i put
until ws shell have acted on a kaowUige of ths fa:
that oar enemy Is as ansoinpolona aa ha la Implacebli
0.
A rommtodkbU Example.
The sum of money receive J with the annexed note hi
been given tbe direction desired by tbe writer. Ws tak
the liberty of publishing bli note aa an example of prei
tical patriotism, that all m.y, in some meaeure, and ft
some good object, Imitate :
Can aa Foax P. 0, Carolixi Co . Va., 1
April 1st, 1862. f
To lAt Editor of Ik* Whig :
Seeing t'-at the ladies of Richmond are raising a (an
to baud's gunboat for (he pioteotion of the Capita 1, an
not bsing able, from an enfeebled oonstitation, to rsndi
aervioe on the flail, I feel that 1 sboull rand'
aid in some form in this oar struggle for independenc
end therefore enclose to you, for the benefit of the ledii
raising this fund, $12—it being my commission as poa
muter, at this place, for the quarter just ended. I wii
my circumstances ware snob that I could make a conti
bution of soma note to ibis noble object.
Mr. Editor, if all the postmasters in Virginia were l
contribute to this objeot tbeir commisaioi a fer tbe qu i
ter jutt ended, a considerable sum would be realiisd.
Please call their attention to this subjact.
Yours, truly,
Root. 8. Anmrros, P. M.
Another Ih-scrlpllon of the Btllfi' of Blbhor
—1 he Operations of Price'! Column.
We are permitted to make tho following txtracs fro
a letter addressed to the Don. A. II. CoO'OW, oue of tl
representatives frtm Missouri to the present Congress :
Vax Brass, Arkansas, )
Eeadquarteis of the Mo. StAte Guard, •
March 12th, 1862. )
Col. A. B. Coaaotv—Dear Sir You will donbtlr
learnt by telegraph, before this nao e< you, of our bs
Ue at Sugar Creek, In this Slate ; but, as you will g
nor a of the particulars, 1 wUl detail soma of them I
YOU.
Wa left ou- oamp on Cove Creek—twenty-five mil<
sou'h of FayelteviUr—oa the morning of the 4 th insl
the army being divided into two divitiocs, ons of t«
thousand men uuder Gen McCulloch and the other ui
der Generals Trio# and Van Dotn, of eight thoasar
B1*T.
We encamped the first right at Fayetteville. Tl
next day wo moved to the Elraapri ge. about tan mill
from Bsotonville. At the Utter place, wa learned tl
enernv ware unaware of our approach and ware amar
ed hi rue milrs apart; but they soon learned o( our a;
proach and concentrated their forces Before they ha
__ .J..1 1.A..WAP In vattin* thfikip iQfffcthf T. 1
over'ook their rear guard, commanded by the cell brati
retreating officer, Gen. rieigle, from whom we capture
somo fifty pr jonera and two hundred musketa. rieig
retreated to the main body of tha artuT, which watt e:
ras ped betaoen Rlkborn Ureru and Sugar Greek. VI
followed 03 to within a few mile* of their camp at:
rested uutil daTlight. When morning ettne we more
to the attack—Gen. M.'Ctilloch’ii division attacking tl
enemy from the west and General Price up >n the non!
Genera' McCulloch drove the enemy before him, until I
fell capturing eeren guns, but, bpon his tall, hi* eolun:
5,ca ne di -heartened and were forced to fail It ck.
Upon the side of the Miuiuriaos the eti.mv wa« d
fwateti at a l |ioiotr, tha t -oops under the command i
Gtueral Price ab'p t g al night iu the camp which it
e :»iur ha 1 occup'ed tne ti'gbt the n'ght before. Doric
he night General McOulloch’e command was order
around to wnerw the Missourians wee.-, but for eon
cauaa unknown to me, were not brought into the figi
the nsit mornirg. About one hour al er we commenct
the fight the nr it mort i ig, we were ordered, trom eon
cause unknown to tne, to fa I back, and continued to <
e> until we reached this place.
On the first day o( the figh' Oen. S'ack was wonndt
ia the stnie hip wounded at SpriDgfirld, though not i
badiy. He ie in the hands of Yankee*, they treat hit
we learn, with the respect due to tis rank. The radde
occurrci.ce is the death of Col. It. A. Hires,who was kiili
on the 8d morning of the fight, as he was briugioc li
regimen' from the field. We lost in the two day's fig
about otic hundred and twenty fire killed, ah mt fo
hundred wounded and two hundred p iionera. The e
rtsy'e low*, as admitted br them to Colonel Shamboug
«,re three hundred killed and nine hundred wounde
aud we brought with ut to this place three hundred at
fifty prisoner* and three pieces of cannon cap tired I
the ¥i**oiiri*ns The seven pieces of c.nuoa cspluri
by Gen McCulloch’* force* were left on the field, aft
La'iug burnt the carnages and revering them uselt
to the enemy.
THKttOAN’OKK DlSAtfTIK.
Rica mao, April 5 th, 1862.
7j fk« Ki.tyr of l*« H’Vy:
In one of the tditdrials of your paper of this tnornir
you very j istly claim, that our eery defeat* and dfcast«
•how that oar mm oau and do fight better and brat
than the Yankees. Cut, in apeaking of the Riano
Island affair, you, doubilees from misinformation, uni
tentionally make two invtdicui distinctions: First, y
seem to clas* that iffiir as not proving so much for o
men as other defeats; and, secondly, you my: “The bi
terie* wert fought splendidly, and some of the troc
act id gallantly, but Gen. Wise told the whole stoi
when be said to some of his •tliierr, who had retreat*
• t ere is no bood on your bayonets ' ” Now, aa to t
fi »t point, permit one who sympathises with all of o
gUlant and ncble soldiers in their defeats to my, ll
comparisons of this sort are often nr just for went
discrimination, and that U wanting from defective da
The force at Rianoke, all t>Id, did not consul of mo
than 8,<00 men; and of those rot more than 1,801 are
e en tolerably equipped and drilled. About 600 w<
*c .Boned men, who had been under fire and wrre w
equipped. They were on an Island, defer c les q and n
supplied with anything ad*q late, alteeked by water a
br luud. br a foiee littlu short of RO.oOO men, soldo
and seamen, fatly «quipped. They stood ono dsy’s e
trem Iv heavy bombardment and a second day's batt
wi h small arms, and with those who fought tbe od
were twelve to one a-etit at them. They fought this u
q ul contest for 41 hour--, tiring away upwards of
mind* of iminuLiuor, per man, and yielding only wh
all was < xhaustod. Wekiowof no sernrr res'sUn
ihau tha*, where there was no hope of victory or repi
sing the enemy from the li et. As to the 2nd poirt, yi
do but jusiloe to the ram at th* hntttrut. They d
fi {ht • *| lendidly," but no more of them. In proporth
to their who'e number, fought, ihau did thoee of the I
fantrv in proportion to their number. Rut onu belli
oat of tire could bring any gars to bear, and that o
could bring but three. A'l of them would have foug
al.ke well; but the enemy selected s position cut
rsi ge of all the guns but three, so badly were the bt
teiiee located. TI e infantry and field artillery, ins
n imbered but 1,658 tueu. Nine companies, comprise
406 mlh, never got inioirtioi; atd 1.25S were at h
pUa Hill Tii liras to fight. Of these, 40A men sustain
tbe whole brunt of 10,O00of thetnemy. .They foug
them from 7:S0 o'clock A M , until 12:2o P. If., ai
killed and wounded 'Jlti of the enemy. And groat
this hircc was, it was not greater in proportion than t
4i-rt The rnriry's lots wia about one in six, and o
lens wps tit killed and wounded, or'abcn one in rt?
of those actually engtged. The field brier? of only
p'eoes fought as "splendidly" ce did the “Pork l’oi
Battery," and they did not excel the infantry in cith
•splendor*’ or ‘ gallantry."
h>t us rattier try to cover the dieaftcra of the forlot
a-nl if there ever was a forlorn command, it woe that
Roanoke Island. Qon. Wise, perhaps, did ask the fi:
two refuceee, who brought him the firft report of c
aster, "Whether there was any Mood on their bayonoti
hut these men had tired away all their ea-innl!itioi>, b
been eo picket du y atd lUd only ah n our fltuks w»
turued, and they wuw likely to bo cut on. There w
too much prec-ous blood of the brave rpdt hopeh sj
at Ruanoke U'and for a snaer or slur to curl the lip
the sad miEfonun*._JUSTICE.
KAKKUn,
At l.'hertr, Vt*(lo!s, as ths «ih sf Ma*tb, llrn'sesrt JAM
BHr KKVRl O A, »l ev.etoa't 11 Ml s FANNIE, daush'.cr or
M Burtv i, Kq_ _
JV*T TO rn4pip-Far* l«4 l« Oil.-*®#' '*»•
•ceWtd EM'l fjr »%!• by lK)?I k UO.
CONGRESS
) OF THE CONFEDERATE STATE OF AMERICA.
s • Moidit, April 1, 1842.
SENATE.
• Mf. HILL, ef Georgia, introduced to tbe Senate tbe
. Hon. John W. Lewi., who tb.renpoo preunMd hie ore
dentiale from the Gorernor of tbe Sum of Georgia, as
'• an a. credited and duly appointed Senator to eopply the
vtoancy occasioned by the non aoeepuoc# of Hon. Ro
bert Toombs, S nitor elect. Mr. Lewie wu duly .arm
ed, and took tin ■ <at.
a Mr SEMME4, of La, presented a communication from
e the New Orleans Committee of Publio Safety, relating
to the existing vir &nd the fonnetioo oi eim 1 tr leeocis
* tiona in tbe different cities of the Confederacy. It wu
r ralerred without biin* read, to tbe Military Committee.
Mr PHELAN, of Mias, introduced a bill to authorial
the iene of CoofederaM Trauury notes under the <te
nomication ci Ire dollars.
The bill wu read and referred to th# Finance Com
mittee.
° uroiis cr c-mnrriis.
d Mr SPARROW, from the Military Committee, report
r ed back, favorably, a Ml for the appoiatment of a board
r of effioers to develop and work nitre bed* in the Oou
, fedenov; also reported a inbatituM for tba bill regulating
’ the Medical Department of tbe army.
* Mr. HILL, from tbe Judiciary Committee, reported a
'• bill regulating the ealar.es of the Judge, of tbe Dietrict
h Court, of tbe Confederate Salee. * ■
p Mr. CLAY mored to lay on the table, which motion,
after debate, wu agreed to.
aisricTTO amour or 61*. jonrfrro*.
° Tbe clerk announced a message from the House of
r" Representative* embodying the resolutions adopted by
- thit body relative to tie victory in Tenneesef* (^'
House proceedings) .... . . ,
Mr. HENRY, of Tenn., »atd le hoped the resolution
would prore premature. From the dispatch that bad
been received and Irora conversation with tbe President,
p,e was disposed to hope tla'. GeoJral Johnston wu not
killed, but badly wouuded. The dispatch wai rented
just at the clise of the figh-, and it wu probable that
n Gen. Johnston Lad been wounded, and, as is often the
e cl*s, bad been reported dead. At all event*, it would
be well to wait until we are well informed, or until the
first dir patch wu corroborated.
Mr. DAVIS, of N. 0, staled that tha dispatch an
nouncing the death of General Johnaton wai a mt to the
ASjatat t General by General Beauregard. It wu em
p PbMrC WIGFALL replied that was so, bnt Gon. V»n Dorn
it bid also telegraphed cn a former occasion that Col. He
o bert bad been killed In battle, when ha afterwards timed
op alive and is yet alive. In the ex dMtnent of a battle
• liv'd nothirg can be known with poritive cr rtaiuty.
n acted ou at lha time.
I THI Til A* FEOETl Eft.
d Mr. OLDHAM, of Texas, called up the bill reported
■pin adversely by the Military Oommillee. tor.eilre Into
8 tb» Conledi rate Stake rervio# oue regiment ef Tans
* vgluLt.ers for the protection of tb* Texas frontier.
8 "Tb* 8 nit* ordered tba bill to be racommiue \
' Mr SEMME3 moved to make t'ae House bill for tha ra
il pul ol tha tariff, which tad been repor ed upon ad*ere- -
ly by lha Finance Committee, the oi d :r of tbe day for
,i Tburedry.
The Senate refused to do eo and than went into secret
* ***1'0n' HOCSK or REPRESENTATIVES.
e The nouae mrl at 11 a’cloek. Prayar by the R< r.
d Mr.Carui.tr.
d rn* tar* naann ricroar.
e Mr WILrOK of Texas, by unanimous consent, offaiad
' the folio*Mg joint resolutions:
* h'ti lMd, Tb»t Co cress bar* learned, wifh feeling*
3 of deep j v ai d gra'itude to the Dine* Ri-lx* or Na
riosa, the news of the recent glorious riotory of our
ini io Tenucraee.
*' /,'«,/»*</, That the dea'b of (tRS’L ALBERT SIDNEd
e JOH.NaTON, the Commander of our fores*, while lend
c in< hi. troupe io v ciory, cannot but temper our exults
d (i0I1 with a shade ol aadneaa at the Iom ol so able, skilful
c \r d gallant an officer.
II Jitiu'vtJ, That, in reaped tb the memory i f QKN’L
d JOHNSToN—the Senate concurring—Congress do now
adjourn until 11 o'clock to-morrow.
0 Mr. PIKKIN3, of L».—I ihiuk w* would hot honor
1 the memory of that dia’inguiihed snd gallant officer by
doing what ia best calculated to give increased efficiency
° to our army and strengthen our defence*. I wcu'd re
’• spectfuliy tuggest that we lake up and consider the Mill
j tarv b II on < ur tshlc haring there ol jeot# in view
Mr FOOTK—I would ask the gentleman from La. Io
^ withdraw hi* ohjeciion to the consideratiou of the** re
.. solut'oni.
While I agree with the gentleman a* to tha nece**lty
of .p^dy action upon tl>e sut-jici to which b* refers, it
asen.s to me that such a mark of reaped to tb* gallant
j dead i* peculiarly appropriate, aud-abould b« id'rred r#<
1 gardleM of the consideration which lha gemlamau pre
«<n* Notwithstanding that we all feel njo'cid over
° the g'orious rie.ory which has b.-en achieved, we cannot
" but f«* I daeply sad’dentd by tha fate of lha gallant John
aten.
It a.-ems to me, sir, that wa cannot b« to day sufif
c'.eutly composed to perform our duties here, sod il
would, in my opinion, beat comport wi'.b the feelings ol
re.pec't and gratitude which we all entertain for the dis
liuguiahed and patriotic chieftain, as well as the offlorn
g, and sol liar* who part cipated with him in this co; d ct,
' to adopt the** resolution* and adj >urn over until to
morrow.
tT 1 am *s%raiou. as any m\n to perform tba dut'ai d
r# folriug upon us here , but I arc sa'sAtd that we carncl
c- do so to day with that degree of oompoeurs which is nc
o **ary to g »e force and efficiency to our action.
I iru-l the gentlemau will withdraw his otj ctioa and
allow ID* rvvoiUUWJ w
it- Mr. l’KREIN8—I withd aw my ohjictlon.
pi Mr SMll'H of Virgiuis, J would suggest to the gen
tlroun from T. iu (Mr Witcra) that it would .probablj
be b *t 6* to adopt a r> eoluiou applicable to thia Houu
*» alone, inatead of a joint reeolu o i.
ie I will read a resolution which I think] will nit bettci
ur tbtn then off-red by the gentleman.
Jiito'nd, That thia House, from rrepeot to Ibe memo
** ry of General Aliurt Sioaiy Jonstro* and the offlceri
of sad meu who have Mien in defence of their oountry, ic
a. the hour of a great aictory over our ruthlres enemy, do
re now a j lure.
M\ MiQUEEV, of 8. G.—I d-aire to euggeet to the
r* gendeman iromTrxx* (Mr Wine x) that this battle may
rc have been fought in Mississippi. If so, it would be
1 proper for him to charge that part of his reaolu.inct
ot which lot a es the fight iu Tennessee,
j M-. DAVI ’, of Miss.—That battle was fought In Ten
uesaee, Terr rear the Misei-.-ippi line.
rt Mr. MCORK, of Ky.—I d a re to occupy no time in
x- advocating the pa?sage ol the resolutions of the gentle
e man from Tex« I feel, however, that I would beau
thorn -d to indulge in a few remarks rilxtivo to there
* reeclut ons—first, for the purpoie of expresaieg mi
I gra itude to the geutletnan from Text* for preaentii |
Id (bom, and secondly, to a-f the House to paaa those rrac.
■n lutio:is and to adjourn in respect to the memory of Gsr,
Jchnaton and the othrr ofH-»rs who may havo fallm in
thiarretnteo (let.
II M -. t r.iKsa, I think it ia peculiarly appropriate tbal
iu [bits testimony of gratitude and reepset should be mani
id fraud by this Housa to the memjry ot Gen Johnaton
and ihos* other b-ave officer* and soldiers who hav«
" f» len in this oot fliot 1 may be shewed to sty, withoui
n Indulging In any n (Lotions epou tbe past, that It is pe
7 culierly appropriate that this teal'mony of gratitude and
tv eatsem should b) ck'ered io the Capital of the Nation, hi
lt the Oorgreas of tbe Cenfedirtte Bistre, to tha memo j
of tbe gallant sod heroic Gar. Johnaton. Ut haa t x -ib
0 tted, amid tt • clonda of appareut dsrktieaa that, to s >m«
A- i xte’nt, lowered over hia hitherto brilliant military earaet
II, a for.hude ar.d an energy, which la the p-ouliar eharae
’ leriaioof the true patriot; and he haa now given tfl
* highest testimony wliloh a soldier and patriot can give 11
0 bit devotion to hia country—he has given bli life aa a
d plidge of that devotion and of hia exalted patiiotlem —
bt Ho fell whilo gallantly leading hia column to vie ory
agaiust our mercih at foa, and his lora, as th* rra ilutiona
■o well rxpress it, osunot but cast a shade of gloom ovn
'* the aoMevrmauia of our aru.iea in thia oot dot.
ie I know that it would b' Inappropriate o th e occ‘« on
ur for me to indulge at any lengtd iu.any biator c I >erie*
of the put life ol Gen. Johnston. He ha*«b en rrgsidctl
•a -‘one of the first military mru o( the age,’ and I
S It: ow, as do those who mingled wi-h him at the ctmpei
nt Bowling Green, the pr r ations, the dot p soiicitude and
rr unrp. akabie ai xieiy which cons'.actly moved that gresi
heart, whil t be al pt op h-s couch ol straw, sharing the
hardships and privation* cf hi* brave soldiers, win were
n- tio few iu number to j saily him in advancing any where,
at (.roo render it rcarct ly safe for him to retreat. No maj
•t in this Uou e, t acept one who ispetronilly < ogii'ernt ol
m the iut iimrraids d.fTlxuhit a with which he «as surrou d
,, ml, eau Ml to appr eiate the mighty weight ot respou
’ aibili'y that pressed upon the gicat heart of lhal
>d untebhsi, good man, and gallant enldipr. Now
re tliat ho has d S'ipiud tht j * shadows that ohf .yrrd
M the auiishiue ot that Lr-ghf 11 me, whrch had
adorned his brow—now that ho has diesiputed lieu:
•T iu tbia critical hour by the highest to timoniil of devo
»t t-oo to ccuu'ry which mortal min ctn < It' r, I hope thal
out of reap ct for the memory of Albert Sidney Jjhu
stoo, and in view of what has transpired iu thia hall and
elsewhere, thia House will uraoimously agree to an ad.
Il jjurumrnt until totnoirow. I urge this, Mr. Speaker,
not for tbe purpose of placing him higher in our aff-c
tion* than the other offiers and aoldiera who b*ve fall c
T in that struggle. Surely no', *lr. They are all dear u
ua lor their nob>o e*cn|o#a iu (hi* |reat oauae. They *«
oar tower of strength U this terribly eorfltek Tw tMr
grMt hearts alooe have we to look for eocoeee m thie
revolution, and God forbid that the hambl-st man who
o?ntributed to that glorioue victory should be forgotten
In our award of graii udt and thanks. It »a no part of
my purpose in rwferriof in an etpaciil mannar to Gaoor«l
Jobni'oe, to withhold the vxptemion of detp gratitude
which I, in common with all herr, feel, to the memory of
every man who fell in that battle. I bonrr them all, and
will at the proper tlmo moat cheerfully vote fer the high
est testimonial that ctn be offered to their gsilantry and
heroism. I am happy to see the universal concurrence of a
desire that Is to-oaj manlfes’ed in this Hotue, to pay that
respect to the memory of Stueral Johnston and the offi
oiri and soldiers who w with bios In this straggle, which I
thay so richly deserve. I trust it will be the pleasure of
the House to kdopt the resolutions end adjourn.
Mr. JONS?, of Team, I propose that the House do
now lake a vole on the resolutions.
Mr KENNER, of La, I would ask If thd effect of tbs
adoption of these resolu'ioni would be to cause the
Hum Immediately to adjourn.
The SPEAKER, the effect would be to suspend the
bus:net- of lb" House until we bear from the Senate.
Mr. WI LOOK, of Texas—In eff.-ring my rMOlution
of thanks to the Divtxx Rmxa o» Nations, and of
gratitude to the memory ef Geu. Johnston, it was not,
of course, my intention to offer any disrespect to the
officer* and soldiers who shared with him hi* glorieus
fa*. He was the only one of whose fall we havo thus
fu heatd, aid as the leader of that mighty host to
whose gallantry and daring we owe, onder Provideuoe,
tho great victory, I thought it was due to him that he
should be crpscialiy honored by auoh au eipresssiou of
gratitude as theM resolutions embody. When we sh> l1
hive heard more fully about the result of this batilt,
and shall bs more miuu'ely infoimcd in respect to those
who have tellen, it will bj our duty to lake appropriate
steps in refartnto 10 them. We have not that informa
tion now, and it la for that reason that I have Introduced
the r -solutions in the form in which they are now before
the Hon e. „ .
Mr. HORATIO M. BRUCE, of Ky. I would ask if
the resolu-ion of ths gentleman Irem Virginia, (Mr.
Puith.) ia before the House? If it Is, I hoj* It will not
b, adapt'd. Kor my part, I much prefer the issolutlons
of the trin'lemsn from Texaa.
The SPEAKER. The resolution or the gentleman
from Virginia is not in order. The resolutiors of the
gentleman from Texts are joiot ratolntion*. and tba r**o
luiion of the gentleman from Virginia coaid not ba of
tarad re a auhstiinta for them.
Mr. BRUCE. I would suggest to the gentleman from
Trisa (Mr. Wilooi) to include tbe other cffijcr* ai d
private. who have i»II-n in that oocflic!.
Mr GESTK7, of Teon. I do not think it woclJ be
proper for tbs House to act up n the suggestion of l ha
grnilamaa from Louisiana, (Mr. Kansas) namely, to
proceed to business after tbe peerage of these rcaolu
tioi.a. Bach a o ume would, it a very g'eat degree,
neutralist the < (fool and diminish the compliment which
wa are endeavoring ie paV to the illustrious dead.
I trust th# gantlrman will not pteaa that aaggaetion.
Mr. KENNER, of La.—If the bnain<a< wh‘ch I intend
to bring before thia House was busies** of my own, I
would retdily yield to tbe d-lire of the gentleman But
|t ia not business In which I have any peculiar interaat
above other*. It i* bnsiuess cODnected with our delei o*.
it ia tieeeaeiry tket certain oereon* ahculd leave her# irn
medive'y, for the army of Missouri, with fuoda »nd naolt
toat army withi'i a certain tints. A telegram h*i been
r cries 1 here from the fi ivornor of Mi»*otf rf, ata ing tbat
Ger. Price would be at a c-rtain ptint, where he tipett
ed to meet the Oommi sionets eent by the State of M s
aittri to receive tbe funds forwarded by them for tbe
p.ym-nt cf the troops. Taeae Oommiasiouera are cow
r* afv to start, and it aeema to me that the t euseeity of
thr ease i* euch a* should cause Uongr.ua to act upon this
m ttfr without any delay. If, howev«, the Houac is
no* dispon'd to cot aider this subjec', I wall not press it.
The question was then put ou tba sdupiion cf tbe
joint resolutions, and thev were unanimously agreed to.
The resolutions were then ordered to be asnt to the
Senate.
Mr. BARKSDALE, ia it in order cow to move to ad
j ouro ?
The SPEAKER, it is in rrder, bat the proper ourre
would be to await the action of th# Senate upoo the
resolutions which have been just adapted.
Mr. SMITH, why cannot the gentleman from L\., in
troduce bia bill now, tbat w# may peas It' while w# are
wti'irjr to h**r from the 8ennfe ?
Mr. JONES, ot Teun , for the reason that if tbe Sen
ate concur in the resolutions, tbia Hcute stands ad
journed.
After a psuse in the bue'n'H of soma fire or ten win
ut-a, Mr. SMITH said. I understand that the Senala bs»
a juurntd, and thereforeouryoaol ttlor.a cannot be ao ed
upon in that body In thia state of thing*, acoordirg
to the i uggeslion of lit • gentleman from Tmiieew (Mr.
Joses 1 we can do no buaiteas here.
The SPEAKER, if the gentleman isaasured that lha
Senate has adjeurned, then these resolutions being joint
resolutions fall. .
Mr. JONES, of Tenn., then I move tbia Hoa»< do mw
adjourn.
Mr. 8INGLET0N, of Mis*., I would suggest tl at we
sand fOr the rcfolu'lone, »nd so amend (hem •* to sark#
them apple to tbia House ouly.
. Mr. JONES at tbe request of Mr. Baiasdal*, with
drew the niotioo to idj mni, and moved to reconsider
tho vote adopting thr joint rseo'.tiion* offered by Mr. W.,
of Trjvs, inasmuch as th* Ssoate had adjourned aLd
could oct he acted upon.
Mr. TRIPPS, of Ga , rather than hay* it appear upin
the reecri that such resolutions a* thaae were moon
idared, would it not be bnt.tr to agree by nuinlaoa*
eonaent, to hare lha words “the Se.tate concurring"
stricken out, aud thoa msk* them applicable to thia
House alor.e ?
Mr. JONES, I understand the Senate la only moving
to another chamber.
the SPEAKER, the gentleman from Tennessee (Mr.
Jos is ) aa I understand, withdraw hie motion to adjourn
at tho instance of the gen'.Umatt from Mississippi (Mr.
Basksdali,) who ha* a communication to inhmit to the
House
Mr. BARKSDALE, of Min.—It was not my purpose
tc aubmit eny remstki to this House cn the resolution*
off .ted by th# gentleman from Trias, in testimony cf
th* giattiude cf Ooogres* for tbe gallantry displayed in th*
Valley of Lie Tenn<«e« by th« Con(*derate force*, aud
of ret.p-'ot (or tbe memory of th# great aud good man
who wa# chief in oomma-d, and who is reported to have
falhn while leading his eoluran to victory.
The highest du y which a people owe to those who
giro their live* to their tans* to, to protect, unimpaired,
their good name, and to transmit It vitboqt blemish to
aucored ng generations.
Sir, if the nfblincholy tiding* whloh bat this momen'
have reached ui he trne, Gen. Johnston now reposes in
b a bloody grave, deaf alike to th* volo# of c.nsuru and
.Lan.v* i\f .Mrtfuttee Ha f**ll »hs»rA & lril« MO I Jl^P UlCHt
Iotm lo fall, bo fell at the poat of duty, an incarnation of
martial valor and eutlime haroivtn. Hia 8gure ahinea ra
diant amid the cloud and tempest and atorm of th* bat
tie fl. 11 lie fell at a critical moment in hia country’*
a ruggU, and at t period when tbe tougoe of calumny
sad been bury with hia name. But though dead he
•peak* lu hia own vindication from tbe Said on which he
fell, end hea vindicated hia title to tbe leepect, admira
tion, cot fidjncu slid gratitude of ins countrymen.
I hold in my baud au unclliclal letter, probably tha last
wn.ten by the Wmented deceased, to tha Chief Kx o .
t vs of the O-iufederscy, to whom he bad long b en uni
ted by the lies of friendship, and with whom be had cn
listed at an early day under the fl tg of a Gjvart tneuf,
which, together, they abandoned when it became lb#
symbol of a monitrou* despotism Th e ht'er bar beau
given me to be used a* I might iLiok proper for the vindi
cation of reo*nt acta of G iu. Johns.on, net fully under
s ood by the pubfe. I will, therefore, by the Ldblgeno* of
t te Hour-, r**d thtp Utter, that they may tee tbe facts
io th* light by which hia entirae wasihaped, previous and
auba.quern lo tbe fall of Donelaon. The*) fails triumph
a uly vindicate his fame as a true patriot and au able
at d skillful military laader. This Utter, written aedrr
most trying eircumsleio-a, sho»f that no tries of pas
•ion was vis bU in the awful severity of lie pure, brave
and tmdat.n|c i spirit in wh cb it orlglcatal. it is a simpU
recital of f.et* in jcst'Acatioe of-hts actions b'f<r> width
the Ofl'iauies of tha ienorantor the wicked will fled 'ike
mist before the brow of day. 11a baa left a nonle ex
ample of msguauiinity in li dMim si ef ui just compla nt,
and of coinage and fortitude amid disaiur. llUf.ine
lias# brighter ftom tbe sevtre ordeal through whiuh he
It ta passed, and hie name will live green and fresh forever
in the heaiM of a grataful peepl Mr. Speaker, I will
cloe* hy rcadl g th* lottrr to eh ch I have r.fsrred.
jitsoanctai. LXTraa cr naaiaat. a s jottasrou so rnxm
nauT narta
Dic*tt* Ala., March 18 h, 18t>i
Mu [bar Otnrral : ...
I received tfiw diupa e’ es from R c’jmond wilt ysue
p-ivaus letter by (iapuiu W ckl fTa three davs since; but
no pressure of *0’ ra and the ntc ssity Hl g Htng my
cumin tnd across tha Tamtca«c*, prevented mo from send
i ;g you an earlier reply.
I ahtcipafed all that vou b»va told me as to the cen
sure which tbe fall of Fort Dunclion drew upon me, and
the attacks to which jon m ght be subjected, but It was
iitpoa. Jble for m« to gather the fact* lor a detailed re
port, or to spare time which was inquired fo ex rict t
the ritxitiitffr of my tr-rop*, aud hive tha large aatutou
UUoo cf ••ore* aud prntiriona after that disheartening
I transmitted th* repor'a of General* Fiord and Pillow
without maiimn* ot enabling tbe facia and scarcely
wjib time to read them. .<
When about to xamme cutamaod of this P^par m ot,
' the guvarnmant ebarg-d m<i with tha doty of deciding
tha question of occupying Bowling Grato, Kj., whlok
involved Ml ewty alkn bwt peMMeal ennJiimrien —
At tbe time of my arrival at Nashville, the action of tbe
Legislators of Kentucky had pot an and to the latter by
aenetioning the formation of com panic# menacing Ten
nessee, by assnairg tbe close of tbe GsrerLment at
Washington, end by abandoning tbe rentrality It pio
faeeed, and in consequence of their action tbe occupa
tion of B soling Grte i became necessary u an act of
•aif-defenee, at Itaat in the first step.
About tbe middle of September General Buckner ad
vanced with a small force of about 4 coo men, which
waa Increased by the 16 b October to 1*000, and ikongh
aoceseioaa ef foroe were rooeived, I; coutineed at aboat
lie same strength until the eed of November, mes I a
aid other diseases keeping down the effective for. e —
Tbe enemv’a fwroe than wee reported to the War De
partmant 50 Ota), and an advance was Impossible.
« a e e • . w
Believing it to be of tbe greatest moment to protract
the campaign as tbe dearth of cotton might hr ng
strength from abroad *od d:»coiir*ge tbe North, • n ' to
gain time to strengthen mreelf by new troops from T> t -
ntstee end other Sta'es I m-gn'led my foreee to the
enemy, bet made known my trne atreng'b te tbe De
partment and the Goverrore of Statra The aid giro
waa ma'I. At length when Gen. B taoregard came net
in F bmary, be riprreeed h'a anrptiM at the smallness
of my force, and wts Impreeaed with the danger of wy
podti'in. I admitud what was so manifest, and la'd h*.
fort him my viewi for tbe fn'nre, in which he en''r--ly
counrrrd, and tent n-e a memorandum of oar cotfv
eene, a copy of which I amd to yon. I detennlntd to
fight for Naehvilla at Donelaon and gave the be<t part cf
nfh army to do it, retaining only 14 0"0 men to cover
tnr front, aDd givieg 14 000 to defend DoneUon. >
The foroe at Donelson la state! In Gen. Pillow'* re
port at much Ices, and I do not dmbt tbe corvee* n ai of
hia a'atement, for 'be force at Bowling Green, which I
aappoeed to he 14 000 effective men. (the m>d'o«l re
port show! g only a little over SOOaii k in the 1 oepiftl,)
wai diminished more than I OOu by thoae who were en
able to (Mod tbe fatigue of a march and made tnr force
on reaching Naehrille Irst than 10,000 mar. I arches
Medical Director’* R.-port.
Had I wholly uncovered my front to defend Donelaon,
Buell would hare known It, and marched dWc'ly wi
Nashville. There were only ten small a'.cam-ra in ’he
Cumberland, In Imperfect condition—only thr-eof which
were available at Nashville, while the transportation cf
the enemy wa* great.
The eracnation of Bowling Green wae impratlrely
nrc aiarr, and wai ordered before, and riaouted while
tho battle wa* being (ought at Dinelaon. I bad made
every deposition (or the defence of the fort my m-an*
allowed; and lh> troop* were among tbe b-at of my
force. The General*, Floyd. Pillow and Buckner, were
high in the opinion offlrere and men (or skill rnd
courage, and among the beat of officer* of try ergi
mand. They were popular with tba vnleiteere, a< d all
had aeen much *«rvie*. No reinforcements were arkrd.
I awaited the event oppoe;le Nashville. The remit of
the conflict each day was fsvorable. At midnight on
«h« 16 b. I received new* ef a glorious victory—si dawa
of s defeat.
Mr oolumn during tne day and right wai thrown over
the river—(a batteiy had been established b liw the ci'y
to secure the passage) N«ahrill*w*a Incapable of de
fence from Its position, and from 'hi forces advancing
fretn Bowling Green and np tbe Cumberland. A reergnrrd
was let nuder G o Floyd to a-core the sore* and pro
visions, bat did rot complete.* iffrct the object. T e
people were terrified, end - some of the troops were <?••
heartened. The dirooutegement was spreading, and I
order. <1 the command tn Mnrfretboro', where I man
aged, by assembling Oil 'so lon’i dtrieien and ti e fus.1
t re* from Donrl»or, tq c.llect an a>my tbletb ’ ft' r bat
tle. The weather wa» iocl.m-nt, the ti od rarer,
sire, and the b'idges wore wash'd awar, bat
EO't of 'he stores sud proriiioa* were ate.d, •• d
ooorertd to new depot*. Tnie haring h.cn accompli**
ed, tkotgb with aerioip. lose, in cnnfnrini y wi:b mr nrl
wi*sl ilssiatn I miv K-t) an 11 f K we e w <4 ■fi.l . thi. T r* .
neaswe *.t this point, ho a* to co-oprrfte nr unit* with
Gen. Bssuregard, for the defence ot tho Valley cf tho
Kimi-wippl. The paasagr ie almost completed, and the
head of my oilman is already with Oeu. B-agg at O '
rinth. Tea movement was drraiad too haxtrdcua by
the moat expariroced member* of my tuff, bat the ok*
j cl warranted ibe ritk. Tha difficulty of iff.-ciinga j n s
lion is not whully overcome, bat it approai lira cob p'a
lion. D>y after to morrow, noises the enrmy interc p a
on-, my force will be with Bragg aud my army nrnly
- thousand strong. 7hie muit be dtttmyei before
the enemy ten erlain hie chjtl.
I hare gttea this ske'eb, ao that ynn may apprc't'e
the embarrassment which t-uiroundc-1 me in tuy alt mo»g
to avert or remedy tho d Mater if Fort Dmelton, be
fore alluding to the conduct of tho Generalr.
When *tba fore-two* detached, I wr a in^hopca that
tucb diapcaition would bare been made aa would have
snail's! the forcol t> defend the For', or withdraw with
out srerifluing lb# army. On the II b, I ordered Qrn.
Floyd by telegraph, “ If be os' the Fort to get hia Uttcpa
to Nisbvljls " It is poa-iblo this might hare been Cot-e,
but justice requiret to look at eventa a* they appear) d at
tha lime, and i o alono by tha light ot eubiuqurnt infor
mation. Ail thu fie.a in relation to the turirodrr will
be uanamitted to the Secretary ot War, aa soon aa they
aan be collected, in obedience to hia tr-dar. It a| p'ars
from the information r»c tved, that Gan. Buckner, beit-g
tho junior t-IHoer, took the load in adridog the surreu
der, and that Geu. Floyd aiq tieeoad, and they all cop
currad la the belief that thair force copld eot maintain
it* pnoition—all concurred that it would n q fro a great
sacrifice of life to extricate the command. Subsequent
events (how that the inv sment wax not to eou pVta oa
thair information from their scouts lad tbrrn to believe.
Toa oonfarenoe resulted in tbo turret i|:r. Tha foot
i m»nd wo* irtegultrly tranafeired, sod detolrtd on the
junior G Le a', but not apparently to avoid any just re
ap -naibility, or from any want of perronal or moral in
tepidity." Tha blow waa most diswtroua, and al
most wi bout a remedy. I, therefore, in my brat
report, remained alrnt. This aiiacce you wrre kind
onoegn to attribute to my generoiity. I will not
lay claim tP ibe motive to rgeuse my course. (cl>
ee.ved silanes, as It termed to bo the beat way
to serva the eicee aud the noun try. Tue farts were rot
ful y known—ditepn tent prevailed, and critic it n or con
d -atnation, ware mors likely to augment than to cure
th i av 1 I refrtinod, well knowing that b'.avv ceniqree
would fall upon me, but convinced that it waa better to
a .dare tbrm for the preset t and defer to a more f.r*I’i•
tiouv time, an inyeetigation of the cp.'.dupt of tho Q si
r J«, for, lu th« mea.nlice, their cervices were n q irrd
ani t telr icfl lenoe useful. For these motors, G«n»r»lj
Floyd and Pillow wets ra-igned to duty, for I still felt
coutidunce in their g-liantry, their energy and their do
vo.ion to the Got f Jenny.
I hivo thus r purred to the motives hy wHoh I have
b >eo governed, from a deep pet a mat setae of 'ho fr-or.d
ship and corl iet.c* you bsvs r.lwiys shown ms, tad
f.om th* conviction 'bat they have not boon withdrawn
from me In adversity.
All the repot ta r> quiaite lor a full elibial invut gatlon
hav#‘ been ordered. Qsnerala Ftoyd and Pillow hate
been suspend d frr.m tommand.
I dors follow toon allusions not necessary to an uu
deiu'Jtndir c of the main ofcj-*c'a of thalelter, and a tta'e
... _ t .L. Jl....ltl... .f ak. f/twosa In aa m 1 Vt A ahiikt
l! is uot deemed arorseary to publish.] Th* letter dost*
is follows:
1 bar* trooblrd you with thee* details as I cannot pro
perly communicate th< m by til.-grnph.
Tbs lest of merit la my profession, with th* pcode,
is iannir I.iss bird rule, hu> I think it if.'ht if I
join this corps to the foto s of Uon. Beauregard (I coa
l'd a b. ztrdotui tip-riment,) then those whs arc iu« da
claiming sgaiust me will be without an argument.
Your friend,
A. H. JurmsTo*.
Mr. BARK4D1LE. I maws that tbs letter he re
ferred to the Uoromi tee appointed to hisruiigsle to*
fort Daudfeon disaster.
The mo ion was agreed to. .
The SPEAKER Tkt Oh.lr will atete lo the Urnise
that tba denote is ia session, and that it bs) dec tl 4. as
ho is informed, not to taka tbs joint resolutions ft it
Ih*r. fore for tbs Hnaso to take any action it pieties,
Mr flltlTif, of Vs. 1 now of<r tbs resolution » . ch
I read awhile ago .
Rttolwi, That (hi* House, from respect to the memo
ry of Qoneral Alorrt Siduuy J ibualou, and th- oB -ar*
and men who bars fallm in delence of their counter, in
the i.our of a great asd glorious victory orcr our ruth
less enemy, do now adjourn.
The rtMOiU.ion was uaeuirn rn.ly adopted.and the Hu us*
accordingly adjouraed until 12 o’clock to-morrow.
Till STEAMER NASHVILLE. •
PaTTOKsnnun, Miroh 29 ,b 1802
To lit Ki't >r of lit ll’A -g: j
la your issue of th • tba month I sec a notice J
in which you nujte a slight mistaks as r-gsrd* the pup
ton who rat left in cha-ge of the reamer i'asbvllc — B
She w«* left in eontmacd of LVuter.&rt Mfm C. Wbi ie B
Coufedersi* Hia'e* r.ayy, son of Oap’aiu Wm. C. Wbattle H
Gonfsdrrate States navy. Oj lisarii g that the en« ury H
had taken Newiiern he, rather than nurn the gallant lit- H
II j ship ds term in d on I is own rr» pone b.l tr, to rut ibe H
blciksde i gaiu SLd uke her into sto.l er port, Hr >t*H
suecsrrful and ran out und< r a I O’. Ore fit m tLe » 11 is^B
hoati'e tl et. The Neehmllr has now been Kid, and L i
tenaut Whittle has been seat to Charleston to deliter^H
h«r to her owetrt. I hope tbit mistake will be oernctetj^H
■4 hotter giro* to whom honor ia duo.

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