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The Roanoke times. (Roanoke, Va.) 1890-1895, October 02, 1890, Image 1

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n. SALE ?; co.,
Real Estate Agents.
VOL. IX.-NO. 12.
Brief Sketches of the Various
Volunteer Organizations.
Tiu- {toys Who "itim with the Machine"
?The Vigilant'* l?hie ItitlhlliiK ami '
HiiiiitKomo Hall?The Junior Hose,
l'ricntl-.Vip ami Other Orgniilxntiou*?
Talks with the Lentler* on What the j
Service Need*.
While Roanoke's lire department is
not all that is to be desired in every re?
spect, yet it is very creditable to the
bravo volunteer tire laddies. The de?
partment is composed of tlyee com?
panies, one in each ward. The city fur?
nishes buildings, lights and fuel, and
also keeps the equipments in good re?
pair. With these exceptions the com?
panies are sustained 'entirely by the
efforts of the members. The depart?
ment is under the direction of .las. ti.
Knopp, chief; Owen Duggan, first assis?
tant, and Jos. T. Engloby, second assis?
tant. They have charge of the depart?
ment at. tires, and each company has its 1
own organization.
i "The Vigilant, the oldest and largest
company, was organized January .'!, Ism,
and wasimmedialol; Incorporated under
the laws of Virginia. The olllecrs were
jW. V. Orrior, president; C. Markloy,
secretary, and J. CI. Knopp, treasurer. 1
The company has enrolled, in all. since
its organization, over I no members, and
ha* never losl a single oim by death. It
now numbers forty-five mombers with
W. Aminen, president; .las. II.
l'ugli. first vice-president: .lohn MoDcr
molt, sec nd vico-prosidont; W. 11. Heu?
ser, secretary, and .lohn Bngloby, tr. a<
urer. The directors tiro .1. ti. Knopp,
lohn JdoDormott, 15. I). Wingfield, II. C.
Wiley, Fred I'e tors, K. S. Wilson. F. ('.
Shade and ?'. I'otoct.
The Vigilants occupy a handsome
two-story brick building on Jefferson
Street Which was erected in 1888, at a
cost of 6<?,000, including the lot upon
Which it was built. The building' was
erected by the city from the proceeds of
bonds issued for that purpose. On the
first floor the equipments, consisting of
a lire engine, hoso reel, hand reel and
hbbkjand ladder truck, are kept. In the ,
rear are the stables for the handsome
pair of Iron gray horses, in the front
part of.";.' building on the second floor
deeping apartments, occupied by
four members of the company.
The remainder of the second floor is
[taken lip by the hall. There is no pretr
[tier or more elegantly fitted up ball in
he city than that of the Vigilants.
pThe lloor is covered with :?. beautiful
lvet, brussels carpet. The chairs,-of
[which thero are ISO, are the best leather
lishioned. There aro half a dozen leather
ushioned sofas, and a handsome presi
lent's desk. There are two.S100 chnn
leliers. The walls are adorned' with a
lumber of appropriate mottoes and pic
tiros. Tho hall furniture, the hook and
adder true,;;, the uniforms, the gum
oats, hats ami belts, the hand reel and
he horso are t lie property of thocom
>any, and are worth about SiJ.?OO. Th?
torses arti valued at 8700, and the hall
urniture $1,200. The engine and hose
?eel belong to tiie city. The eity also
imployos a janitor for the building, who
s the only paid man in the service, and
eeds the horses, in the tower of the
nillding is the lire hell.
The funds' for tho support of the com?
panies arc raised fairs and sitbscrip
ions by tho members and their friends,
tho cost to tho members Is about two
(lollars per month. The company ex?
tended $1,000 in 188!) and. so far, a bout
W0 this yi'ur.
Meetings aro held on Monday night,
very two weeks, and a series of
??hthly lcotures is now being given for
he entertainment of the members.
The Junior Hose Company No. :.? was
Organized Fobruary 33, lsss. and in
iprpbratod Fobruary 20, with tho fol?
lowing members: Chas. W. Onev. Llew
llyn LsoknbiH, Sam C. Henry, C. C.
litchell, l-'. R. Hurt, L. I'.. Clingen feel,
R. Thomas, R. L. Traynham. Oeo. E.
yilliams, li. l?\ Stonobraker, A. R.
s'eal. W. II. Kestor, J. X. ltarksdale,
. R. Garland, W. II. Dickonsou.
The flrsl olllecrs tvorc Oeo. E. W" i 11 -
fins; president; |j. I.ookabill. first vico
iresident; Frank Stonebraker, second
ice-president;C. C. Mitchell, treasurer.
? company now numbers thivty
iix members, with the following officers:
ames Mo Fall, president, E. I., ltich
Msoh,' vice-president; J. E. Hooker,
jerreiary: L. Lookahill, treasurer.
The dircotors are James McFnll, J. J.
|)avis. E. L. Richardson. James 10.
looker, W. L. Thomason, L. I.ookabill.
(). .Moody and II. 1). Nash. The meet?
ings are held regularly every Thursday
light, and the annual election of officers
held in February.
The quarters of the company are In
io rear of Rorer Hall,on Roanoke street.
owns a thousand dollars' worth of
poperty, including a hand reel pur?
posed recently at a cost of $300, uni
irms, and other equipments.
The actual expenses necessary to keep
o company together are about S300.
sides meeting this, tho Juniors have
id for their new reel making an ox
nditure of $000. This has been raised
fairs, excursions and voluntary sub
riptions. They are now arranging for
,cir third annual fair, which opens the
th of the month.
The Friendship Fire Company was or
nized and Incorporated from the
ion Hose Company last January, tho
[liter having dissolved. There were
special. notices.
guiarly for sale at the news stand
Uem, Va.
jtilii TlMRS can bo found rogulariy for
fie In Roanoke at tho book-stores of
].-() OR A V VTT, Jh., and M. L.
ilTH, also at DALL1S & DENNIS1
| w s stand.
twelve members at the organization,
ami the following officers wore elected
for tiie year: T. 1). LDLrbart, president;
W. A. Rudy, vice-president; W. E.
Thomas, secretary and treasurer; W. II.
Rodriok, <-:i ji::l iii. The membership has
grown rapidly until this is now the
largest company in the city, numbering
sixty-live members. This is the young?
est and not well equipped yet. but will
be at an early day. 11 now has a good
hose reel and uniforms.
Their quarters are in the rear of the
Third ward school building. They con?
sist of one room, in which the equip?
ments are kept, and another in which
the meetings are held every first and
third Tuesday night of each month.
The company has expended 8500 dur?
ing the year, all of which was raised
among the members. It has ?800 in the
bank, which was raised at a fair held
last April, An excursion will be run to
Ilagerstown on the I Ith of the month,
and as soon as the company secures
enough money it will be thoroughly
Uoanoke Council No. 1 of the Virginia
State Fireman's Association was recent?
ly organized by members of the dilferent
tire companies. The officers are L.
Lookabill. of the Juniors, president; G.
W. Aminen, of the VigilantS, secretary:
T. D. Ehrhart, of the Friendship, treas?
The State Association was organized
in December. 1880, at Portsmouth, Va.,
and hold its second annual convention
in Uoanoke. It provides a small life in?
surance by levying an assessment of
llfty cents each on all the members of
the association upon the death of a
member. Thorn are now about 000 mem?
bers, making t he death benefit $.'100.
When asked for some suggestions for
the improvement of the Fire Depart?
ment, Chief.I. s. Knopp said to a Timks
reporter; '?] know of no other city us
large as U >anoko that is not better
provided for against lire. We need an
electric tin- system and better equip?
ment for our men. Property shouid be
secured in the two wards, the first and
third, that arc without substantial
buildings, for the companies, before
property gets hjgher. Put for the
cramped condition of the city treasury.
1 should have asked for better equip?
ments and better buildings for the Ju?
niors and friendships. Each company
should have a building as good as the
ono occupied by the Vigilants.
Assistant Chief .los. T. Engleby said:
??An olectric alarm system Is what we
need most now. If the city will give
us this we would bo in a pretty good
condition." Engleby .V Pro. have
offered to put in the Gainor system of
St. I.ouis. and give the city plenty of
time to pay for it.
Mr. Llewellyn Lookabill. of the
?lunior ! lose Company said. "It would
he a great relief to the firemen for the
city to appropriate 5??J00 annually to
each com pan v for current expenses,
and this wouid not bo an unreasonable
request to make.
If anything' of importance occurs In.
Uoanoke, Southwest Virginia, or any?
where in the world, you can count on
finding it in THE TIMES tho next morn?
ing. _
St ruck hi I lie Head.
A negro came to police headquarters
this afternoon and claimed that he bad
been brutally assaulted by a white man
who struck him on the head with a large
ruck. The scalp was badly lacerated
and the boy was Inconsiderable pain,
lie said he had given no cause for the
assault, but was a victim of circum?
stances. The man. at last accounts,
had not been arrested, and as the boy
j was too much stunned to lie able toglvo
an accurate description of him it is not
probable that he will bo.
Otltccr liriiwultig's Health Itnid.
Officer Drowning has summoned sev?
eral parties living on Railroad avenue,
near Henry street, to appear before
.Mayor Evens this morning to answer
the charge of committing a nuisance in
; that locality. The parties were seen
by the Otlicer saturating the sidewalk
with tilth from the second-story win?
dows, and as the practice had become so
common and unbearable to all Ideas of
decency and cleanliness he concluded to
haul I hem in.
Col. PuriScr's Mission.
Col. P.. s. I'ardec, correspondent of
' the New York Commercial Advertiser
; and other northern and eastern journals.
leaves Uoanoke to-day for an extended
j and critical tour of the section tributary
to the Norfolk and Western. It his
purpose to prepare a series of articles
from a conservative standpoint, dealing
: with Southwestern development, and to
? show thereby that under the speculative
fever which may rage in certain si ctions
is a wide spread and enduring devolop
: inont which is even now in its infancy.
Struck by an Unruly Horse.
As Mr. Goo. Slices was trying to con?
trol an unruly horse last Thursday, the
animal reared and struck Mr. Sikes on
I the forehead and under his right eye.
Slight bruises were made, and the inju?
ries seemed trifling, but the bruises be?
came inflamed with erysipelas a day or
two later, and .Mr. Sikes was sulfering
intensely yesterday.
A Masonic Temple.
The Masons of this city have pur?
chased the lot on the corner of Camp?
bell and Commerce streets and will
erect a beautiful masonic temple, 48 by
150 feet in dimension. The details of
the structure have not yet been deter?
mined upon, but it will be one of the
finest temples in Virginia, and will cost
not less than $30,000.
September Uymeninls.
The number of marriage licenses is?
sued by the clerk of the Hustings
Court during the month of September
i was eighteen, twelve being for white
and six for black couples. During the
[ month of August seven licenses were is?
sued, four for white and three for
colored people.
THE TIMES advertises Situations
Wanted and Founds free of charge.
A Times Reporter in the Halls
With Madmen.
A Model Institution In ilto Mountains of
Southwest Vlrgluln--Tlio t'rcsvnt Ks
tubliMhiueiit Cramped Tor llnoiu?Tlio
Annual Report <<f tin- Superintendent
Soon to Ix> Issued.
Marion-, Va., Sept. 20.?[Special]?
On an eminence overlooking Marion and
surrounded by the most pictursquo coun- ?
try to be found in the great Southwest,
stands the latest structure erected by
the people of the Old Dominion for the
treatment of those unfortunates whose
reason have left their thrones.
A Timks representative was kindly
received this morning by Dr. R. .1. l'ros
ton, the superintendent, and shown
through the extensive building. Clean?
liness prevails on every band?in corri?
dors, halls, basement and kitchen. The
floors are its white and OSjsmooth as the
host kept hotel. The sleeping apart?
ments of t he patients are each furnished
with a neat iron bedstead, a good wire
mattress, and the sheets, blankets and
coverings spotless white. The ventila?
tion and sanitary arrangements are per
1 feet. Bach room is supplied with a ven?
tilator shaft, which carries oil' all the
unpleasant odors that may arise in tho
rooms, while the sinks and closets are
built in ells way out from the main1
wings in the rear of the building, allow?
ing a free passage of air between them
and the wards.
The entire building is heated by ?
[ steam and lighted by electricity, and
j has a system of water works separate
and distinct from that of the town.
! This water is a free stone and Is supplied
from a cold spring about two miles off
1 which has a capacity of over a million
gallons per day.
Tho whole building is nearly, if not
quite, lire proof, tho doors leading
j from the wards and halls being covered j
with malleable iron. All the stair- !
j ways are of slate. At the landing of I
each flight Of steps and on each ward are
coils of hose with nozzle attached ready
for instant use. and tho lloora could be
deluged in ti fow seconds should occasion ,
Every patient is taken to tho large
dining rooms for their meals,unless pre?
vented by sickness, in charge of tie- at?
tendants?the male and female rooms
being separate. The tables are covered
with nice white or red spreads and the
ladies' tables an- supplied with nap?
kins. The food served is of the most
wholesome?light, white bread, beef,
vegetables, coffoo, tea and milk is the
usual bill of fare, while on one or two
days in the wook the patients are given
pastry and fruits. Somolittle idea may
be found of the amount of eatables
consumed in a day w hen I toll the 1
readers of Tin: Timks what 1 saw to?
day prepared by the Cook; One barrel
? of Hour, nine pounds of oat meal, tbirty
i seven pounds of sugar, twenty pounds
j of coffee, 200 pounds of beef, one pound
' of pepper, two and a-half pounds of tea,
; thirty pounds of bacon, sixty heads of I
! cabbage, five bushels of potatoes, pno
j bushel of onions, th e bushels of apples.
; besides butter, syrups,, etc. These
items werb given mo by the steward
The patients are kept as well supplied
w ith clean wearing append as it is pos?
sible. Tho large laundry, which isin a
separate building from tho main struc?
ture is supplied with all tho latest, and
most, approved appliances for laundry
work?tubular washers, steam dryers,
wringers and ironers: in fact, every?
thing necessary for the oloansing tho
3,000 to4,000 pi< c"s of clothing' each
j week. This laundry supplies employ
I ment to four young women of the town
! and vicinity.w ho arc thus given a means
? of lending a helping hand to their par?
ents and friends. There is a farm of
tillable land owned by tho State and
! worked by hand-hclpand tho voluntary
I services of patients.of fifty acres. There
is a herd of milch cows, and horses are
kept in the stables for farm work.
The management of this model human
; Institution is under tic control of the
following ptltcers: Robort.J. Preston, M.
I)., physician and superintendent; T. D.
1 Wernau. M. 1).. first assistant physician:
ElliottT. Ilrady, M. I)., second assist?
ant physician; C. \V. White, .steward:
A. il. Gibboncy, clerk. &c;
Mrs. Sallie 11. Gibboney, matron,
and is run without a jar, and those lit?
tle petty jealousies which sometimes
creep into the ranks of those employed
in like positions is not to be found here. '
Dr. Preston Is a gentlomentof the high?
est, culture and of Chcsterfteldian man- !
ners ami a physician of much ability,
while Drs. Korean anil Ilrady,his assist?
ants, tire courteous gentlemen learned
in their profession. Messrs. White and
Gibbony are energetic gentlemen, whose
whole time is employed in looking after
the business of the asylum. Every
.item bought or sold here is itemized
from a fiddle string to a draft horse or a
fat steer. Mrs. Gibbony is a model
matron, and has her hands full looking
after the affairs within the building.
ix Tin: waros
is where we came in contact with the
inmates. There are now under treat?
ment ninety-eight males and 102 fe?
males. There are three wards for the
males and live for the females. These
wards are under the constant supervis?
ion of attendants and it is really sur?
prising with what perfect ease the pa?
tients tire managed?without resort to
force or violence, one of tin' strictest
rules of the institution being that no
patient shall be struck or ill treated,
in going among these unfortunates one
cannot help but sympathize with those
they may meet, and yet there is much
to amuse?for instance?one patient
asks every visitor if he has seen any?
thing of .lim I'.laine: - that old follow."
he will toll you, "has been pursuing me
for the last year, and 1 want him con?
fined in sonic strong prison so that I
may be released from his machinations."
Some imagine they are rich, and will
put on as many airs as a Vnnderbilt
or a .lay Could, some that the Lord has
commanded him to abstain from fowl,
and so has to be fed with a spoon by an
attendant! yn the female slue you find
the more noisy and demonstrative pa?
tients. One lady. wh? is of excellent
family and who is a cultured and a
beautiful pianist, has the idea that she i
has been dead for one hundred years and
she is simply a spirit walking the earth,
that one day she will fly away and that
all that is left of her will be a small
grease spot. (She weighs about 200
"All through the year," Or. Preston
said to tho reporter." "we have been
taxed for room. We have carried this
year 240 on an average at a less expense
than on any previous year. To do this
many necessary improvements and re- i
pairs bad to be omitted on account of
the smallnesB of the appropriation made
by tho last legislature. It is a great
misfortune that we have not been able
to add the wings which were originally
designed by the architect, and with rof
offtjeo to which tho water heating ap?
paratus j>nd electric plant, in fact, all
tlu> organization and equipments were ,
made with an eye to the enlargement
of the institution. With the additional j
wings the capacity would be from 500 ;
to not), and give a hettM classification
of tlii- patients in the wards snd for
their more successful treatment. At
the end of the year. I see from the
records, and they are not all in yet.
there will be over 200 patients in jails
and in the hands of the police, who are
unprovided for."
The appropriati >ns for jfr-s. 1880 and
1800 for supplies has beonWontraoted at
810,000, although tho average number
of patients has been increased from 170
to 240 the present year. This sum has
proven Insufficient for this year and last
and a small deficit has occurred for 1880
and 1800, The increased number of
patients makes this deficit unavoidable
and should be provided for as early as
possible, and strong efforts will be and
have been made to have our appropria?
tion increased. The deficit should have
been provided for by the last legisla?
annmai. ItKPOKT.
The annual report will be ready for
the printer by the 1st of October and
will contain an itemized statement of
all the workings or tho institute, and
will be gorally distributed to news?
papers and those desiring to have n copy.
W. R. \V.
If you lmvo houses for rent or property
for sale put a small Ad. in THE TIMES'
wane column. It will cost only a cent a
word, and will bring what you want.
Holds Its Annual Election?A Committee
to Prepare LnhorNew?.
At a meeting of the Federation of
Labor last night officers for the ensuing
year were elected as follows: William
Henderson, of tin- Carpenters' and
Joiners' Union, president: Joseph M.
Carper, of the Typographical 1 nion,
vice-president: II. t'. Ocnslor, of the
Typographical I'nion. Secretary; J. T.
Joyce, of the Iron M?hlers' I'nion,
Treasurer: I'. .1. lirocly, of the Iron
.Mulders' I'nion. Scrgeant-at-Arms.
.1. Y. Joyce, Joseph M. Caper and
Harry Thomas were appointed a com?
mittee to prepare news for the labor
column to be established by the city
j papers.
The tinners will meet next Wednes?
day night at federation hall to organize
a tinners' union.
The painters ami decorators have re?
ceived the charter for their union, anil
will probably he admit ted to the feder?
ation at the next meeting.
If you have houses for rent or property
for sale put a small Ad. in THE TIMES'
want column. It will cost only a cent a
word, and will bring what you want.
Enjoining Ilie City.
The Fishburno Bros, enjoined tho city
yesterday from Opening the street
known as the Moorman road, which be?
gins at the Lynchburg road and comes
through along Duck alley to the freight
<>a a Charge of Murder.
William 11. Cavil, colored, who was
arrested here hist Saturday, will be
taken to Pocaliontas to-day to answer io
the charge of murder. Chief Morris will
leave with him ? n the 10 o'clock train.
Read THE TIMES every morning for
tho news. Full telegraphic reports from
all over tho world up to 2 o'clock a. m.
Delivered in Koanoke, Salem and Vinton
for 50 conta per month.
Tltc I'eabody luiul.
NEW VoitK, Oct 1.?[Special!?The
annual meeting of the trustees of the
I'eabody educational fund, was hold
to-day at tho fifth avenue hotel. At
tho morning session the report of the
general agent. Hon. .1. M. L. Curry, was
read. Itshowi/ the distribution of in?
come since OcbAr I. I SSO. to be as fol
i lews: Alabaif;' SS.:!-.'.".: Arkansas,
si, 000: OeorgK 84.035; Louisiana.
80,005; North Carolina, 820,720; South
Carolina. 80,05s; Tennessee, 83,025, I'ea?
body Normal College, 826,000; Texas,
80,300; Virginia. 87,285; West Virginia,
85,000. Total. 887,005.
.lack Hie Kipper's Warning.
London. Oct. 1?[Special]?The po?
lice of the White Chapel district have
received a warning from "Jack the
Ripper" that he is about to kill another
woman. The handwriting of the letter
is identical with that of other letters
which it has been the custom of the
murderer to send to the police prior to
tho murder and mutilation of some poor
\ creature in \\ late Chapel
IIa?? Wall Yesterday.
Loagno?Cincinnati Boston 3.
Brotherhood?Buffalo Boston 12;
Pittsburg 0, Philadelphia 7. Associa?
tion?St Louis T, Syracuse 8; Louisville
4, Baltimore.); Columbus Oil, Athletic 0.
Tho Visiting Scientists Opon
Their Sessions in New York.
Sir .lames KitKon l'i esides?Amli-ew Car?
negie Deliver* tho Address of Welcome
?A New President Elected?Opinions
From Leading Delegates on Metal and
TarlirMatten?Urltlsh Investment? In
New York, Oct. I.?[Special]?To-day
Uu> first session of the Iron and Steel
Institute was opened in Chiekering
Hall. Monday and Tuesday the Ameri?
can Institute of Mining Engineers held
their sessions, which were also attended
by the scientific Englishmen and tSer
nians who are now visiting t his country,
The foreigners turned out bright and
early from their headquarters in Park
Avenue hotel, and were in (.'bickering
Hall promptly at ten o'clock, when the
convention was opened. Sir.lames Kit
son. Mart., president of the British asso?
ciation, opened the mooting this morn?
ing. He said a few words of congratula?
tion to the members of his society upon
having an opportunity to visit and see
for themselves the resources of this
Andrew Carnegie then delivered the
address of welcome lie dwelt upon
the Closo friendship which has always
existed between manufacturers of this
country and England?friendship that
was increasing year by year. Tin? In?
terests of one country ". as the concern
of tho other. The I nited S'atos was a
great consumer and a great producer,
and her superabundant prosperity could
I not fail to reih ci in like manner up?.'J
| all other countries. lie was glad to
have the honor of bidding the members
of tho Iron and Steel Institute a hearty
i welcome to America.
"You are welcome, thrice welcome."
he said, "to the shores of the Republic
I where the people appreciate your.
I etl'orts. so successful in the cause of
progress and civilization."
Sir .lames Kit.son responded to Mr.
? Carnegie's welcome. "It is indeed ah
honor to us." he said, "to be welcomed
here by Mr. Carnegio, who is tin- largest
manufacturer of iron and steel in the
world. Ttie remarkable reception we
have been given here, since we landed,
justifies us in believing that wo are
welcomed as well hy the vast number
of people of the United States."
The president announced that at this
meeting his two years' term of ofiioo
was concluded, audit was necessary to
(diet a successor. Ho proposed Sir
Frederick Able, of Woolwich, England,
who was unanimously elected. The
session then adjourned, in order to take
a trip up the Hudson river, arranged
for them by the committee of the Amer?
ican '1 nstitute of Mining Engineers, on
tin'steamer Sandy Hook, on board of
which the delegates anil ladies of the
i party left at 1 o'clock.
Members of the I'ritish Iron and
Stool Congl'OSS have been interviewed
in resp< ct to several matters at present
i occupying the public mind here and in
' England, Many of them are large cap?
italists engagod in manufacturing or
mining enterprises in England, Scot?
land or Wales, and not a few are men
' widely known for their largo scientific
attainments. All may be considered
experts in their several callings.
As respects the English syndicates for
acquiring productive American proper?
ties, tin- rather surprising information
Is given that they represent mainly the
small Investors, not tho large capitalists
of Croat Ih'itain. Men having from
' fifty Xa five hundred dollars have been
Induced by promoters of such schemes
? to go in for the largo profits to be had in
certain estaldi died industries here. It
is not the big investors, as a rule, that
? are tempted by those ventures. Syn?
dicate schemes arc floated chiefly in
London, where the supply of gullible
people is almost inexhaustible.
i Large English capitalists are pushing
various enterprises in the South and
other parls of the country, but they an*
to be distinguished from tho agents of
syndicates who invest, other people's
money rather than their own. Tho
1 effect of the McKinley bill on English
trade w ill not bo so great as some per?
sons have supposed. The Itrittsh iron
and steel trade at least will not. it is
believed, hi- materially affected, inas
'? much as the exports to this country
have recently been small.
??We have no market in the United
Staies." said Mr. Fry. M. P.: "at least,
not. direct ly, our iron and Stool Unding
other outlets." Mr. Arthur McKeen, of
Birmingham, is of opinion that our high
duties will affect seriously the tin-plate
industries of Wales, but will not ma?
terially Inlluonco the iron trade gen?
Mr. Williamson, a shipbuilder of
Workington. sees no reason to regret
the passage of the McKinley bill from
his point of view as a shipbuilder.
? "There can be little doubt." he said,
"that free trade in this country would
injure shipbuilding in England. The
protective tarilTs that have made the
; price of American iron so high have
driven shipbuilding to England, so that
the greater part of American foreign
trade is now carried in ships under the
English Hag."
Tho story of the overworked condition
of English miners. Sir .lames Hain pro?
nounces "all a fairy tale." Let me toll
you. he said, "that our colliers go down
at live o'clock in the morning and come
up at eleven o'clock a. m. It is all piece
work, and the men work just as long as
they please, never to exceed eight hours
I a day. Tho afternoons are spent in fty
; ing pigeons and in various sports and
amusements. Such is the life of the
"poor collier.' They have the power by
combining in their well-organized union
to restrict the product, and thus keep
up prices. Small production creates
brisk demand and sustains high prices.
This gives them bigger wages, and they
are happy and contented under this con?
dition of things."
So far has the thing gone, according
Bedford City Real Estate Is
nvestori. \V
paying inj
! to Sir .lames, that owing t<) high prices
j fur labor, English iron is being dis
j placed in England itself by the iron of
; France, Belgium and Germany. Tho
difference in wages will bo corrected,
it is hoped, next spring, when an inter?
national congress of workingmen will
be held in Belgium to adopt an cquit
j able scale of wages for all oountrier.
! The labor question is a serious one at
present. The combinations of em-'
ployes are being met by combinations
of employers. A notable instance of
the latter is the Shippers1 Federation,
which, at present, by levyingono penny
a ton on the tonnage registered in its
books, can raise S3">0,000 to light recal?
citrant employes. As but 10 per cent,
of the tonnage is in port at any ono
time, it can be seen that the federation
will be a formidable opponent in futuro
If you have anything- to sell advertise
in THE TIMES, the leading paper of tho
mineral belt of the two Virginias.
The U?M>rRlu State Election Uovh Over?
wlteliunlugly for the New Party.
Atlanta. Ga., Oct. 1.?[Special]?
The election held in Georgia to-day was
for Governor, State-house officers,
general assembly and two amendments
to the State constitution. A. .1. Northen
was elected Governor without oppo?
sition, also R. C llarderaan, treasurer;
\V. A. Wright, comptroller-general: K.
I T. Nesbitt. commissioner of agriculture,
and Phil. Cook, secretary of state. All
these are nominees of the State Demo?
cratic, convention.
Cue of the amendments to the consti?
tution voted on authorizes tho legisla?
ture to pension indigent widows of Con?
federate veterans, disabled or killed in
service, provided such widows have re?
mained unmarried. The other amend?
ment changes the method of reading
Dills in the legislature by requiring that
the" s< ;rond reading shall be by caption
only. AsV it now stands all bills are re?
quired to we.road in full three times in
j both houses. ' \
The State legislature will be over
j whelmlngly of the Farmers' Alliance,
! joint vote in both houses being morn
j than two-thirds Alliance. The legisla
| lure will elect a United Slates Senator
'. to succeed lion, .losepb E. liro\vn.
THE TIMES advertises Situations
Wanted and Founds tree ofcharge.
Two Lively tt:iccs Run off Vosterrtny?iV
Heavy Ti nek.
Stapnton, Oct. i.?[Special]?There
were two running races at the Baldwin
district fair to-day. First race, purto
$150, open to all. mile beats, best two
in threo;!eritries,Thrift,by~T. M. Hewitt;
KatoC, by William Garth; Page, by A.
D. I'ay no; Heutige, by L. Dangcrfteld;
' timo 2:0'}. Iva to C., winning ?S0; Thrift,
second, $70; others distanced.
Second race, limited to district horses,
j prize $100, open to all, mile heats, best
j two in three. Entries, l?g Head, by
T?te Steeritt: Virginia Helle, by WU
: Ham Garth: Prince Able, by L. Danger
field; time 2:01. first money. SVO. Vir?
ginia Helle; second. S3.">, Hig Head,
i others distanced. The weather was
1 unfavorable on account of tho heavy
1 rain last night.
(.en. ItoKser's Ohl Command Iteuiiitoti anil
Rejuvenates at \l hichcHter.
Wixciikstkh, \'a.. tVt. I,?[Special]?
', The Confederate reunion hero today
! was largely attended. The procession
\ consisted of survivors of Gen, Rossor's
? Laurel cavalry brigade, mounted;Chow's
battery with, guns: Gen. Turner Ashhy's
command, mounted: members of other
Confederate commands on foot, and tho
' Winchester Light Infantry. A number
of old battle flags were carried. After
marching through the Stonewall como
I tery. where salutes wore ll red, they pro
cecdod to the Shcnandoiih Valley agri
I cultural fairgrounds, where dinner was
i served, five thousand people wert? pre- $
? sent. Gen. Ilosser, Cob Chus. T. O'Fer
I rail ami ex-Governor Holiday made ad
j drosses.
Investors in Rounoko and other point3
in Southwest Virginia, living at a dis?
tance, will ttnd THE TIMES invaluable hi
keeping up with the advanco of property
and tho progress of the section. By mail,
i postugo prepaid, 50 cents per month.
Itnclng Ycatcrday.
WKsr ciikstbr PAUK.
1 first race, live-eighths Of a mile?
Yolunter won. forerunner second, Drtli
dess third: time. Second race, a
, half mile?Correction won. Blithe sec
| ond, Nolly Hly third: time, lO'J. Third
race, throe-fourths of a mile, selling?
Kirkovor won, Falerno second, Tom
Donohuo third: time, 1.I3!j. fourth
race, Jerome stakes, one and five-six?
teenths miles?Tournament won. Ban
quot second. Masterlode third; time,
2.10. fifth race, Manhattan handicap,
one and one-fourth miles?Raceland
won, Flronzl second. Diablo third; time,
2.11. Sixth race, one mile, selling?
Sain WoikI won, Es(|Uimau second. Gun
wad third; time, 1.41 J^.
THE TIMES, In its now form, la grow?
ing In popular favor every day. Over
'20O subscribers added tho first week.
Betty Hold? Out Tor All.
Richmond, Va., Oct., 1.?[Special]??
Bottio Thomas Lewis, the colored
daughter of William A. Thomas, de
! ceased, who is making a legal tight over
the estate of her father, which is valued
at ovor3200,000, has beenoffored $35,000
to surrender her claims to the property
and has refused.
The Weather To-day.
for Virginia: Light showers, fol?
lowed by fair weather, slightly warmer,
winds becoming southerly.
Read THE TIMES overy morning fop
tho news. Full telegraphic roporta trom
all ovor tho world up to 2 o'clock a. m.
Delivered in Roanoko, Salom and Vlntoa
for 60 cents por mouth.

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