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A GREAT PHYSICIAN.
/II um unity's Debt to Dr. Kooh, the Boriln. Scientist. liven IT His Tuborealnsls I.vmpti Should Vrovn n Knlluro lie Would Still I.Ivo iit? One of the tiroatest ISonc fuotors of Muuktiid. Some years ago, writes Poultnoy Big nalow in ilarpor's Weekly,*wliile making an inspection of the farms in the neigh? borhood of llcrlin, to which all tho sow ; ago of that city is conveyed, I was much j(Struck l>y tit'1 remark of one of our party, a man of about forty years, vigorous physique, sharp, clear eyes, and using Tory few but very strong words. **In my opinion,*1 said he, "our city is, humanly speaking, beyond tho reaoh of epidemic." This oracular expression roado littlo I ; impression on mo at the time, for though I had been introduced to the speaker, jliis name, not an unusual one, bad eon i vejed littlo beyond one syllable, and I fancied that he was seeking to impress ' two Frenchmen present who had been ,commissioned by tho city of Paris to re j port on tho Herl in sewage system. That night, however, I repeated the '. langnago of Dr. Koch, for that was tho 1 oracular spokesman, to my host, a mem ! bor of tho Gorman Parliament, and his .answer was: "If Dr. Kooti said that, I you may depend upon It absolutely. It j is a wonderful discovery." This is not .-tho place to enter upon an account ol j 1 Dr. Koch's contributions to tho sanitary j conditions referred to, boyond remark ling that It illustrates the thoroughly (practical character of this great doctor's j mind. Dr. Koch is one of tho youngest iamong Germany's great men. Moltkc ! was cixty-six before tho world rccog jiilaoil bis genius on tho field of K?nig [?graotn. Koch at forty had made a ro [?port upon cholera in India and Egypl ? i'lat proclaimed his discovory (lS8:i) ol |<T o "cohiina" or cholera bacillus, a serv? ile* to humanity which at onco placed PltOF. KOCH AN 11 HIS AIITOOIIAPM. his namo on an ominenco with those of Pasteur,- Lister and Dr. Bigolow, of | Hosten. His grateful country presented him with 100,0011 . .ii-ks. about ?35,000, and \ ,soon after . iced him at the head of the jBoflin lustituto of Hygiene. One or J 'Dr. Koch's practical services in this ca- I ?parity was to organize in the capital a so-called hygienic museum on principles j that, would have delighted good old I Benjamin Franklin. Hero ore gathered ?together all tho useful appliances that ?conduce to health?models of sowers; -methods of ventilating houses, particu? larly schools and hospitals; plans of dis? posing of oity sewage by spreading it .upon arable land; the best patterns of shoos to wear, and oven the squares of woollen cloth which many of the Ger? man troops fold about their foot instead of stockings. Hours can bo spent in I)c Koch's museum, learning at every step tho means of living better as well as moro economically, a standing proof -that Gormans are no loss practical than theoretic in their love of science. ? Bismarck is quoted by his Boswell Busch as saying: "But for mo three great wars would have, not boon fought, 80,000 men would have not been killed, or thoir parents, brothers, sis tors and widows "iavo put on mourning, and yot that is ?what I have done, with God's help." If Bismarck, for doing this, still finds ad? mirers of Iiis career p.? "War Minister," what affection will not be given to ono 1 who preserves not B0,000 lives in otto lifetime, but 800,000 perhaps ever ,- year! Tho importuncoof Dr. Koch's discov? eries to his counfryraon alone may bo measured by reialling that in forty years Prussia alono losl 15411,05a lives by cholera. The average ntimbor of deaths Iby consumption every year in Prussia represents 01,850. In the German Em j?ll'? the average number of deaths every jear from "tuberculosis of the lungs'1 4s 100,000 people. In Deri in, during tho ten years from 1S7S to 1887, there died .from consumption alone 80,832 people, Berlin and Now York being about equal in population. These figures aro elo? quent testimony to tho importance of T)r. Koch's discovery, particularly so as tho ravages of this disoaso are in many other countries greater still than in -Gormany. KngWHh I. nie"* in llusluoss. The army of society business women in England increases constantly. Lady jBrooke has lately opened a she]) whoro 'needlework and line undsrwoar is sold. S?ho employs, it is said, a iargn numbor of girls, skilled workwomen, to whom *ho pays 5 shillings per week. Prob? ably tuo first lady laundress is Lady "Wimborno. who haa established u very successful laundry on her husband's cs tato in Dorsetshire. 8ho has seourod ?overal largo contracts for hotel wash? ing, and bor business energy and meth? ods aro said to command thorospect and admiration of ail ognizant of thorn. Although started to furnish occupation lor poor girls in a neighboring town, tho enterprise has boon oonduotod with such skill as to havo been self-support? ing from tho first, and is now yiolding its founder a profitable income. 1 HOLLAND'S QUEEN REGENT. Emma, Widow or tile I/tlo Kli>s Wllllnm of Uio Nolliiir iihiIh. Tho Queen Regent of Holland is a young ?vornan still, although tho widow of an old man, and sho is likely to livo many years after her little daughter, now ten years of ago, shall have come Into full possession of her royal in? heritance. Queen Ehmen waSborn In is.'i8, at Arolsen, the capital of her father's miniature state, Waideck. She. as well as her two sisters and brol her, was brought "up rollgtoiisly and plainly, and sho had receivod fow offers of marriago before that of William III. was laid be? fore her. Tho oiler oT a crown was da/. sling, but there was much In the con? ditions attending it t<> repel a young girl. The King was nearly three times borage. Everybody know that he ami Queen Sophia, a princess of the VVurtom bcrg family, had lived a wretched exis? tence, and that the blamo of this tin happiness did not rest with tho Qu'<en. When tho Princess Emma plighted her troth to William 111. sho accepted a lifo without gay ety, and sho knew that, as a German, sho would he unpopular with her future subjects. Sho faced tho situation brave? ly, and resolved to win her husband's and her new people's lovo. In the hey? day of her young womanhood sho led a lifo of seclusion. Her hus? band was bypoohondriacal and irritable; 6ho devoted herself to enlivening and soothing his mind. Her gentleness, her tact, won their reward in gaining bis affection and trust. Her influence over him grew every day and her subjects learned to admire her. Tho Queen l: : '/A, , ) k>Xhh 4f ? ? ; ,????./ QUF.F.N BEOEXT KMMA OP Ilor.I.A N D. watches over tho bringing up of her child with unceasing vigilance and hor maternal zeal lias deepened tho esteem folt for her by her subjects. It is curious that tho little Queen Wilhelmina has not as yet been taught German. Tho child rises at seven o'clock and goes to her mother's rooms. At eight o'clock tho royal family breakfasts. The little Queen studiestill olevon o'clock, then her mother lakes her and reads to her, with explanations,a chapter of the lllblo, after which the child plays. In the after? noon after lunch come moro lessons and play. Driving hor carriage, to which six ponies are harncssi d two abreast, >>r ?sailing in her boat on tho lake aro her favorite recreations. THE LAUGHING JACKASS. A Ludlcron* Itlrd 'Hint Feeds on AM Iv'iiUs iif II. pt .Ira. Tho first timo tho writer made tho ' acquaintance of the laughing jackass was in the bird market of Sydney, Ans- I tralia, where one was offered for salo confined in a htifje wicker cage; but tho sarcastic notes of this ludicrous bird wete often beard afterward in its wild state, singing through tho jungle. It is one of tho most curious creatures the traveler meets in his wand? rings. Mis oblovous. sly, droll, and without a par? ticle of shyness, what a bird it is! Its plumage is white and black, presenting very little tail, hut it is provided wi>ha ^? ?'. ?i i ; mW Tilt: I.AlTliHIN? JACKASS. large, gawky head, well-rounded body, and is about tho si/.o of our domestic pigeon. Tho eyes aro very largo, and gar.o boldly ut tho observer as if to pieroo him through and through. This bird laughs almost exactly likon human being, says M. M. Rallen in tho Detroit News, with a.sortof bird malice added, and, though his notes are harsh, his merriment is extremely ludicrous and even contagions. One not only laughs at but with him. His rattling articula? tion forms a tumult of laughter. Ho is as intelligent as a mino bird or a parrot and can bo taught to articulate words liko them, and we are sorry to say, takes most aptly to profane language. Tho laughing jackass is of tho king? fisher family of birds, but derives its food supply mostly from small snakes. These ho seizes just back of the head, and flying high in air drops them upon stony ground, which breaks tho del lea to spine, aftor which ho quietly devours them piece-meal, and as ho thus per? forms what is considered an Important sorvico ho enjoys entire immunity from trap aud gun in Australia. Splendid Ailvlew. Ethelbert?Will you grantmoono last fond embrace bofore wo part forever? Winifred?Cort'nly. If 1 were you I'd fondly embrace the opportunity to got out boforo popa comes down.?Judgo. LETTER-CARRIERS. Something1 About tho Pcculbr Do volopmout of Thoir Logs. Tho Sh ipes of Calven nml TUclr Several Mouiilut-it?Tho Htiiii-Cllmiior nnil tho ??pi h" Walker?Tlin lltll <:i lulior'H Ouoor O.iir. OW many miles, ttska the Phlla dolphin Record, do tho pray clad carriers of Undo Sam's postal army in this city walk together in a day? It is a question which many a person y\ \ f^V-A has thought of, " 3 out very f o w I 'ft IfcSo / have made tho veriest guess. A little figuring ? on the problem produces astounding re? sults. The number of miles each car? rier walks in a day is something quite ! remarkable. Add these miles all to- I gether, and the figures are simply as? tonishing. The r-arriers of London walk ; ^enough in a day's regular routine to go ? tw ice around the globe; that is, the pc- : V?cstrlantsm amounts to 4S,:;;>0 miles. | In Philadelphia, however, tho carriers wal'c enough logothor in a day to go id most around the globe once. The dis? tance paced by them is a little over | 21,000 miles. Despite this frightful ex? penditure of physical exertion tlioy plod on. cheerful, happy and courteous. \ lint this steady exercise, day in and day out, dovolops the muscles of the leg in many queer ways. Letter-carriers are divided into three classes?the stair climbers, tho hill-climbors and the flat wnlkers?and each class can boast of a different style of muscular development in his lower extremity. Now, for instance, take the lower leg of the man who elintbs up hundreds of flights of stairs in a day. Tho muscles are not much o n t It o bttige, and look puny-like. 15U c they are all there, and are as bard as Iron. The reason given by students of anatomy for this pecu liarity Is that the con? stant lift, lift, lift of tho stair- STAIR-CMM?EU. climber's leg has a tendency to stretch ? tho muscles, and they lio close to ono another, like a bunch of whip-cords. After a stair-climber has become ac? customed to bis route he would not willingly change it for any other, so easy is the work for htm, Folks in Cincinnati can decide wheth er a lady lives in the valley or up on tho hillside when rainy weather neces ; sitates an elevation of tho skirts and t discloses the shape of her limbs. \ Olli? would gather from a glance at tho J picture of tlie hill-climbers calf that tho poor man was Suffering from a very aggressive tumor, but in re? ality the muscles have conformed themselves to tho shape best, adapt? ed to elimhing the hills about Manayunk. Dig? ging tho toes i into tho ground ?n order to gain ! a foothold calls Into play certain I a iiim^cmmhei?. m?selos,and con? stant using of these muscles causes them to develop In a big bunch on tho side of tho leg. This does not make a very ornamental accessory to tho letter carrier's anatomy, but they all say "it's very useful." If knee-breech os ever come into vogue the flat-walkers will ha apt to desort tho Government in a body, for they can easily travel on their shape Plodding along the level year in and year o u t gives an admira? ble shape and de? velops the mus? cles in a uniform manner. Anoth e r peculiarity ab,.u;, letter-car? riers is that thoso who are accus? tomed to making th reo trips a day kick vigorously when compelled to go on a rour-trip route. There is no more work, as Hie hours uro just the same, bet when the muscles nro to a three-trip route it's a killing job to conform them lea four-trip ono. Tho muscles during the transformation pain like a do/.en full-grown cases of toothache._ ?? rir-t I. uly " <> Cioimln. Lady Stanley of Preston, wife of tho present.Governor-General, was MissCon stance Vllllora, tddest daughter of Goorgo.fourth Karl of Claren? don. Sho mar? ried Karon Frod e r i c I; Arthur Stanleys? who in _- ? ; l-SSO was raised ^if^^S^s -. to the peerage, r%*r ftml ln IS8S "? jflffiS'-'b^'-K' bocauio Govorn si ,'v: W o r-G e n e r a 1 of ft K I. ADV Canada. Lady Stanley ITANI.KY. ,g );lU am, ?is. I tingue looking, with a kind, benevolent i face, beautiful softhrown wavy hair und blue even. Her expression is gen tin and attractive. About a year and a half ago her oldest eon, lien. Fdward Stanley, married the Lady Alico Montague, youngest daughter of the lato Duke of Manchester. Lady Stanley ia tho do voted mother ol seven sons and ono daughter. All of her Bxcellonoy'e ram I lly are extremely fond of outdoor sporu?. PLEASANT RECREATION. Visitor* nt a. Preaeb Watering Place Wutohlug Ftahorwouaeo. At lliarrltz, a fa vor i to French bath log place on t he buy of Biscay, the prin? cipal morning recreation for visitors is watching the groups of flsborwomon waiting for tho return of the Loats on the Bands below. Some wa re moving about; some half lying or sitting on tho rocks ami Bands; iuost of them knitting, their brown lingers niovingdcftty, while their eyes now and thon wero eagerly strained seaward, watohing for the lir.st speck of the boats' beads to appear. Th?y were very hundsOmo women in a Btrong, muscular way. Their bare foot and ankles, bronzed and roughened as they wore, would have served a sculptor A HIAimiTZ FISIIKUWOMAN. admirably, and tho llthencssof limb, strong w; ists and shoulders, and free play of the arms showed how little trace of physical weakness they or their ances? try knew. Tlx? women, young and old. I wore drcsssd in short, dark skirts and ? loose, short-sleeved blouses. On thoil beads they wore the usual gay bandanas, i Now and then a brown old face looked out from tho handkerchief knotted under tho chin, but chiefly tho hit ol ; colored linen was wound about tho back :of the head, and frequently fastened by [ long brass or silver pins. JOAN ON HORSEBACK. Tlio French Ilt-rolno'H Stntuo Recent!; UiiT.illml in Piill'idelphla. The bronze equestrian statue of Joan of Arc, presented to the city of Phila? delphia by the Fnirmount Park Art As? sociation, is located in an angle of the broad driving path that leads from the river drivo in Past Park to tho (Jirard J avenue bridge. It stands against a I high bluff that was cut away to securoa I favorable site. It is the latest work of the French1 , sculptor. M. Kroiniot. It stands on a granite pedestal. Tho figure is heroic, ' the features tiro stern and the brow is | knit as if with anxiety. It is armed ' cap-a-pie, and bears in one hand a lanco and oriflnmme. It was originally in? tended to take the place of thostatuo of ; Juan of Arc now standing in Purls, i which was to have been sold to the Fair mount Park Art Association for tho i mere cost of Casting tho new ono in bronze. When tho latter was completed, ! however, the French Director of Pine ! Arts decided that, as the original btatue had been dedicated with numerous formal ceremonies, it would bo better ? not to remove it, and accordingly the present statue passed into the hands ol the Art Association for about83,500, tbo \ cost of casting it in bronze. A dupli? cate baa been etected in Nantes, the ho.no of the sculptor. A llminc-liu liltni: I'.sh. In Lake N'yassa, in tho interior Ol "Darkest Africa," there is a kind of black fish which every year builds what tho natives term a house. In the mud i at tho bottom of the lake it makes a hole some two or three foot broadj heap- j ir.g up the mild removed front tho hole so as to form a little wall around it. The depth of the holo and the height ol j the wall measured together make a basin from 15 to 20 inches deep. In this lake within a lake this queer littlo fish erects a mud house, the average sized specimen measuring 14 inches aoross tho bottom, rapidly coming to a point in the shape of a broad cone. A hole four inches in diameter, always on tho south side, serves us nn opening for egress and ingress. A dried specimen of this queer domicile preserved in the Loyal Musoum at llerlin has two doors, and a partition separating it into twe rooms. Tiie c?.'v Trre. Tin- cow tree, tho sap of which close ly resembles milk, is a native of South and Central America. It Is a species ol evergreen, and grows only in mount air regions. A hole bored in the wood, ot even a wound made in the bark of tlih remarkable in c. ; ?. almost liiimedlsitol.t tilled with kiotoal-liko fluid Alexai der von Humboldt wan the l'.r-.t t .iveh lod^soriiio this tree and I.tin:; >'- :'> tl. notice of Lu o .? tins. Buchanan NO PLACE lu. the .-flora suporlor advantag- to those seeking Manufacl Iii SUob than Buchanan. It has all tho conditions for Successful Mi ring. Cheap fnol, cheap and most cxcollont Irons, abundant timber ti ? teach, and oilier raw material at hand. Pipo works, paper mills, I I and other wood-working establishments, boot and shoe faotorlcs, i ? 11 id stool rolling mills, stove foundries, woolen and cotton mills, lua?hiii . will lind this tin best locution in. the South. Tho facilities for shipment of products arc unsurpassed. It is on two lines of railroads, tho Chesapeake and Ohio an ' r'olk and Western, is. V. R. 11.) and tho building Of two othors, tho 15 ... - and Oiiio and Virginia Western seems well assured. It has oonipotinj; coal! is within easy distance of the Now River and Flat Top Cokes ; is at-tin 0way to tho magnilloent deposits of iron ores of the Upper James; I one for the Roanoke furnace is mined hero: it haB giass sand, and s;.' I dien brick ant! foundry purposes at its very door; in a word, in an id ' fac? ti! ring site. A love) tract of four hundred tores of land, lying on both Bhh e; ail roads, ami on tho J allies III vor as well, with just fall enough (tvi nty-five feet) to give good drainage, has been reserved for manufaoturi | trposcs. Not only arc selected sites from this reservation offered free t .siblo parties h eating manufacturing establishments at Buchanan, bi 1 THAL I.AND COMPANY OF BUCHANAN is desirous of In void establishments as give promise of success. It is especially an.vl ? New England skill, and tho minor industries that havn been so New England. Address, JOS. '). WEEKS, VL*e-I'rcsldent ( nt.n1 Land Company of ihtcha:ian 'tl ? Ii v \ \ ?; \ HIOIXI i 1 h m [iiac unrisimas is neari Have you an overcoat and a new clothes? Isn't your c?*avat, collars and cuffs worn out ? ut Do you want to make a fine appea oe during the holidays? Call on ? ? "% n 'v*nf>? H Ik. Borna B? B Bona t$b?*s ^asP" ? y The Jefferson Street Clothiers and Gents' Furnisher.s A 1 ; poses. Of Salem, "The Queen City of the South? west." Tho Salem Improvement Company, the most successful organization of its j n, kintl in Virginia, had Its first saloof Iqli December 11, I881K Since that tlmo tht growth of Salem has been marvelous About. 400 houses have been built; SI, 000,000 spent in buildings and improve? ment's; the population nearly doubled, . and tho business of tho postoilloe and j telegraph olfico Increased 500 per cent. ; The iron furnace about to go into bias the factories in operation and a ttially I scoured will employ sever I thousand hands and Insure the Ac dinar of the I present population of 4,000 in another ! ^ Negotiations arc nearly closed for ad? ditional plants ? employ several thou l sand hands, an . tho hirtd companies, j with an aggregate capital stock of ?4, 000,000, have voted liberal sums for new Industrie i. A cotton factory and a 1 woolen mill (nearly completed) that will manufacture Its goods Into clothing. I will omploy a large number of females. The early extension of the Baltimore and Ohio and the Roanoke and Southern to Salem will make it an Important rail? way center, and hast? n its growth into a large iron, steel and general manufao- ' luring and commercial city. Salem and j Roanoke, now rapidly growing together, ore destined to ho tho great industrial ; center of Virginia. S?len? is the most attractive town ... Virginia; and it may well bo proud of 1 its sin passingly beautiful location, its j healthful climate, its refined society, its j fine churches, its excellent schools, and j of Roanoke College, one of the leading institutions in Virginia. Attractive as a place of residence, it now offers urt- j usual advantages for manufacturing and general business. No other town in Virginia has ever equalled Salem's record id progress for the last twelve months. The stage of experiment is j passed, and Salem is now firmly cstab- j lisbed on a solid Industrial basis. This property ndjoi ns i he old town and is surrounded by the lands of other strong cotnpanh s. Being insidq prop? erty, it will continue to increase in j value. The Norftdk and Western and ; the Dummy Line to Roanoke run through it and have their passi ngcr i stations on it. The streets have been j graded and the town system of water j works extended through it. On College avenue, which has been well graded and macadaraizi d at u cost of ?0,000, only brick or stone buildings may be erected. On it. the Hotel Salem, costing SOS,- j 000, exclusive of Coo land or furniture, is under roof, the Improvement Com pany's hank anil office building?50 by 80 feet, three stories?is nearly ready for occupancy, and a number of large business houses are in course of en c tion. This avenue is sure to become | one of the linest business thoroughfares in Virgin!*. Max [Meadows, Wytlie County, Virginia. .1 Pur of Roa west of 'orfect Site For Indti - Seventy-two miles w Va., tweniy-iight iiiih Rad ford, Va.. and seventy niilo miles east of Bristol, Tonil;, on tie line of the Norfolk and Western railroad?a trunk line from New York to New Orleans. It Is only fifteen miles west ..i Pulaski, tho point at which thcNorllil ur linacon ii' ol ion leaves the main line i .connect with the Cape Fear and Yadkin Valley railroad. With the completion of this and the. Iron ton extension to tho Ohio river, both Under active c nit Irttclion, a great Bkk Trunk Link from Chicago to tl.e Soufi? Atlantic Skaroard will be opened, giving ample facilities for reaching the largest and rapidly widen? ing markets. Max Meadows is only forty miles in an air line from the great Povaiiontas Flat Toe Coal Fif.i.ds, although the present distance by rail is 103 miles. It is surrounded by iron ore properties, and there Is no point in Virginia that has cheaper and more regular supplies of coal, cokk, and ikon okk. Although in the great Va!b y of. Vir? ginia, the altitude of Max Meadows is 2,015 kkbt atiovk tidkwatkh. The climate is perfect, the scenery superb, and the district has been noted for years for the richness and fertility of its soil, and the oxceilcnoo of its fink JAMES DEVON, (Successor to E. Walsak.) Dyeing and Scouring establishment li)4 Campbell street, Third avenue s. w. ROANOKE, VIRGINIA. Everything host manner establish->.er> dyed and cleaned in the Not excelled by any in i lie CMHItrv *.f O.I.D exchanges for sale at TlDX TlMKfl ofiioo; 2(1 cents per 100. cattle and sheep One of the largest and most thor? oughly equipped iilast fuknacks in the South is rapidly approaching comple? tion; a rolling mili, and uoitSR shoe factory is under contract, ami favorable negotiations for other industries are pending. By recent developments a strong red short iron ore is now avail? able at this point at low cost. Every possible variety of iron, either red short, neutral, or cold short can bo produced at will. A proper admixture of ores will givo a CIIKAl' ikon that cannot be excelled in any portion of the world for SM a i.i. cast inu8, and especially siiklp iiakdwarr, being as flui II as vittcr, and tknacious and 8Tito.no by reason of the copper.in the red short ore. There are a number of charcoal ku knacks in the vicinity giving chilling and malleable irons. To responsible parties disposed towards tho establishment of indcpcndi nt or branches of any industrial works in iron, btkkl, wood-workino, cotton, wooi.kn, or in oknkrai, links, admiii ablic BITKS will bk (iivkn, fronting on both railroad and water, and hearty co? operation assured. Peed Creek, one of tho boldest streams in Southwest Virginia, flows through the town, furnishing ample water sup? plies for drinking, manufacturing aud drainage purposes. Extensive watisr works are now be? ing constructed; a labor modkkn iiotkl will be opened in December; tho strei ts are being graded and macadam? ized, and an elkctric plant will bo established at tin early day. Betweoh 40 and .">n buildings have been erected during the lust few months, and a large number aro now under contract and construction. The company is particularly desirous of having located ji first-class ma-, chink brick' yard. Aside from a very heavy local demand, it is a good ship? ping point for outside plact'S. A e.ireful personal examination will convince any impartial observer that there is no point, not merely in the South, but in any part of tiik country that offers groan r business Indue -mentis in a legitimate way. No boom is looked for. but simply ? steady and proiltable ) development. Corr spondence solicited, i President, CLARENCE M. CLARK, I Philadelphia, Pa.: vice-presidents ED i MI ND 0. PECIIIN, Roanoke. Va.; manager. 11. C. BAKER, Max Meadows, Va.