SIGNALLING AT SEA
THE annals of the sea afford few
incidents so remarkable, thrill
ing and significant as the story
of the collision between the
White Star liner Republic and the
Florida of the Lloyd Italians line and
the rescue of the p~?sengers and crew
of the former vessel. Though six lives
were lost in consequence of one ship
•crashing into the other In the fog off
the Nantucket shoals, ro one was
drowned despite the hundreds of hu
man beings in peril of such fate, and
this outcome was gratifying proof that
t'APTAIN WIUJAM T. SRAUBY OP THE RE
two of the most important inventions
of the age have greatly reduced the
danger to human life in travel upon
the sea. for it was because the Repub
lic was equipped with the Marconi
system of wireless telegraphy and with
submarine signaling apparatus that
aid was summoned in time to prevent
a great disaster.
The submarine signaling system is
the result of an idea suggested to Pro
fessor B lis ha Gray by Arthur J. Mun
<ly of Boston. After the death of Gray
Mr. Mundy carried on experiments to
this direction and added numerous in
ventions of his own, thus perfecting
the system. The idea came to Mr.
Mundy from recollection of the sim
pie experiment often made by boys of
striking two stones together under
the water when swimming and listen
ing to the sound at some distance. He
knew that water was an excellent
conductor of sound, and the thought
occurred to him that some system
might be devised which would enable
ships at sea in a fog to signal each
other or to learn of their nearness to
dangerous points of the shore. Pro
fessor Gray and Mr. Mundy conducted
experiments near Gloucester about
nine years ago in which a bell weigh
ing 800 pounds was used and which.
THE BEFTTBLIO SINKING.
Delng rung under the water by a
.strong magnetic current moving the
hammer, gave forth such a volume of
sound as to be heard at a distance of
fourteen miles. Subsequent improve
ments made it possible to send the
sound a much greater distance.
The system proved such a success
that the leading ocean steamship lines
placed the apparatus on their vessels
several years ago. It has been applied
also In connection with naval vessels,
especially for the purpose of detecting
the approach of torpedo boats. On
merchant vessels by placing transmit
ters on both sides of the ship It has
been possible to detect not only tlie
■direction but the approximate distance
and character of the sounds. Receiv
ers are now located In the pilothouse
of a ship, and in the hold is placed
the transmitter case, where it is pro
tected from the water and the possi
bility of accident. The signal bell is
usually located on»tbe side of the ship.
The courage of Captain Sealby and
members of his crew in staying on
board the Republic as long as a chance
of saving her remained excited much
admiration. Not until the Republic
began to settle preparatory to taking
her final plunge beneath the waves did
her captain leave his post. He was al
most too late to save his life and had to
climb to the top of n mast as the
steamer settled and Jump into the
KEEN KUTTER LAWN MOWERS
The Halbert & Webber Hardware Co.
THE WENATCHEE DAILY WORLD, WENATCHEE. WASHINGTON, SATURDAY, MARCH 13, 1909.
foaming, mrging waver, from which
he was picked up by the Gresham's
men, clinging to some wreckage, after
; a battle with the elements which well
| r.igh exhausted him.
Captain Sea.fey was born in Vine-
I 'and. N. J., forty-six years ago and hus
, been with the hi<e Star line he
I first went to sea In 1879. His first a oy-
I age was as an apprentice in the Iron
I bark Esmeralda under Captain Juna-
J than L. Park, and In the fif een
i months he was on this vessel she was
• engaged in trade on the Pacific roast.
! and young Sealby saw some stirring
; scenes in Chile and Peru during the
| war between < ,r »untri^ , s Upon
j wmpleTlrig *us apprenticeship H6 terv"
I ed as second and first mate in sailing
I ships and at an early age took con*
i mand of the first Oceanic, running be
' tween San Francisco. Honolulu and
j Yokohama. While In command of the
< Coptic he was the first to take the
news to Honolulu that the Hawaiian
\ Islands had been annexed to the Unit
ed States. He was honored by a bau
, quct and presented with a loving cup
by the citizens of Honolulu.
Next to Captain Sealby perhaps the
greatest hero of the Republic disaster
was the wireless operator of the
ship. Jack Binns. who was able to
keep on sending signals and bringing
other ships to the rescue without re
gard to his own peril. Binns is a native
of Peterborough, England, and twen
ty-five years of age. He had an excit
ing experience as a wireless operator
iin Jamaica during the earthquake.
"YThen the Florida struck the Repub
■ lie, ripping off the roof and all of one
JACK RINNS, WIRmESS OPEBATOR OF THE
wall of the wireless station, the shock
of the collision put out of commission
the dynamo whi< h supplied the power
Binns had used for the wireless. The
lights in his station also went out at
once. Binns sat in the darkness, with
the roof and one wall of the station
gone, waiting for orders.
After a few minutes had passed and
Captain Sealby had realized the ex
tremity of his peril he told Binns to
send out his widespread call for help,
the now famous signal C Q D. To
operate the wireless at all Binns had
to rig up cumulators. and these stor
age battery substitutes for the dy
namic power furnished by the ship
had only a short life.
In sending out his call he notified at
those that received it that while he
would "listen in" on all wireless mes
sages he could not attempt to send
more than were absolutely necessary.
For more than ten hours Binns sat
in the wrecked wireless station with a
blanket tied over him as a roof and
with the fog banked all about him be
fore he thought of food.
After getting some refreshment he
resumed his vigil with the receivers
of the wireless apparatus clamped over
his ears. He did not take off this
"harness" until ordered to leave the
ship. On his way into New York
SUBMARINE SIGNALLING APPARATUS IS
on the derelict destroyer Seneca, Binns
was handed a wireless message which
had been sent from Washington tell
ing' him that Representative Boutell
had spoken In his praise in congress.
"That was nice of him, wasn't It?"
Binns said to the man who told him.
"Bnt I didn't do anything great"
From $10 Up
WINNER RUN EASY
$8.00 and Down
LACK OF CLOTHES
RRITISH EAST AFRICAN RESI
DENT SAYS TOO MANY" FINE
CLOTHES MAKE WOMEN VAIN.
New York, March 13.—Lack of
clothes makes morality, according to
the theory of Arthur George Pome
roy Collen, son of the retired Eng
lish officer, Lieutenant General Sir
Edwin Collen, for forty years a resi
dent of British East Africa.
"If American women wore less
clothes they wouuld be more mod
est," declared the Englishman today.
"The women of Africa wear very
little raimen and they are the most
moral women in the world.
"Clothes make the savage women
shy and coquettish. I have noticed
that in the native garb, which con
sists of a strip of bark or a bit of
woolen blanket, they are as uncon
scious of their charms as children.
"A white shirtwaist and a skirt, j
to which the missionary introduces
them, seems to sow the first seeds
of vanity. As soon as it is explained
to them that they are without suf
ficient covering, it has the most de
moralizing effect upon them. They
become vain, flirtatious and conceited
when they are invested with ap
"I think an Oriental purity bri
gade, with an African woman as mis
sionary, would help Occidental mor
als and manners."
Why should not the city of Wenat
chee be made to include all that
country on the fiat from the mouth of
the Squillchuck to the mouth of the
This is the idea sprung by O. B.
Fuller this morning. A whole bunch
of Wenatchee people have spent the
winter just past in California and
other points, and while away have
taken time to study civic economics
in other places. Mr. Fuller is one of
them, and he is loaded up with a lot
of good plans for city improvement.
In speaking of the enlargement of
the city limits he said: "The cities
of Redlands, Pasadena and River
side, California places, all have their
city limits extended in the country a
good distance. Long Beach has lim
its which extend out a distance of
two miles. I see no reason why
there should be any serious objection
to taking the whole valley into the
A short program has been arrang
ed for Monday evening at the infor
mal meeting of the Commercial club
to be held in honor of the home
coming of Representative Holm.
Short speeches will be made by
Frank Reeves, C. B. Reed, John A.
Gellatly and Dr. Stephenson. The
speeches will be short and the meet
ing will be informal. It is expected
that some side-lights will be thrown
by Mr. Holm on the workings of the
Marriage licenses were issued this
morning by County Auditor God
frey as follows: Van Worth Adams
and Miss Mary Elizabeth Thompson,
both of Chelan; Roy Mathes and
Grace Allen Adams, both of Chelan;
Leonard Rudberg and Edna E. Neese
both of Quincy.
Jury Venire For April
The court commissioners, under
the instructions of Judge Grimshaw.
drew a jury for the coming jury
term. The venire is returnable April
13. The list selected is as follows:
Clint Peer. Richard Ball.
C. A. Foss. A. F. Arnold.
B. Clement. Al. Gaston.
A. Z. Wells. E. G. Moe.
J- M. Richardson. L. H. Humphrey.
George J. Miller. P. M. Martin.
S. R. Hanan. J. W. Bonar.
B. Messerly. L. N. Courtway.
A. Z. Wells. J. H. Mitchell.
Moses Haller. W. S. Trimble.
M. E. Rogers. H. Honner.
Miller Kinney. H. F. Rice.
Hugh Todd, member of the legis
lature from Whitman county, spent
the day in the city. He came here
especially to see his sister, Miss Todd,
who is a teacher in the city schools.
Mr. Todd was the youngest member
For Field and Garden
We handle the LILLY SEEDS, which have a reputation
for quality. You know that when you plant these seeds
the reputation of that great concern is back of them.
Beauty of Hebron Early Ohio
Early Rose Burkank
CENTRAL PRODUCE CO.
of the recent legislature. While still
a student at the state college he was
nominated by the democrats of Whit
man county for the office of county
clerk. Though the county is nor
mally republican, Mr. Todd was elect
ed by a large majority. Last fall he
was nominated for the legislature
and again he was elected. He is very
youthful in appearance but he has
an old head on his shoulders. He
made a very efficient county clerk
and has ably represented his county
in the legislature.
Mr. Todd was a fellow student in
the state college with Clifford Chase
of this city, and in company with Mr.
Chase has made a trip today to the
Columbia bridge. Mr. Todd was a
legislative friend of the bill provid
ing for the purchase by the state of
the bridge and he was glad to have
an opportunity to inspect the recent
Mr. Todd was urged to remain
58 and 91-100 acres one mile from
Leavenworth in the Wenatchee
Valley. 40 acres under cultivation.
14 acres in one-year-old trees. 5
acres in young bearing orchard,
and one acre in ten-year-old trees.
19 ready to plant. All fine soil and
a good proposition to plat into
small tracts; $3,000 cash, $4,000
Oct. first, Balance long time at 8
per cent. We have other choice
ESTES-HANAN REALTY COMPANY
Head officii at Cashmere, Wash, Phone 147
here until Monday night and partici
pate in the speechmaking In honor of
Representative Holm, hut he is oblig
ed to leave this evening.
HILL CONTROLS ROAD.
Toronto, March 13.—At the an
nual meeting of the Crows Pass rail
way company today, it is announced
that James J. Hill has secured con
trol of the road.
St. Paul. March 13. —"The report
is untrue; the Great Northern is not
making investments in Crows Nest
mines in British Columbia or in any
other section." The above is Mr.
Hill's comment on the report from
Toronto that Hill or his interests
had seemed control of the great coal
fields of Crows Nest Pass, north of
Spokane, in Alberta. There is great
railroad activity in that section and
much speculation is rife as to what
companies are involved.
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