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The West Virginian. [volume] (Fairmont, W. Va.) 1914-1974, May 01, 1917, Image 9

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||i For the Pot
Information Which Will )
p| , Chickens for Pleasur
'fPrerniretl hv 1h? T'nlted States Deoart*
merit of Agriculture.)
February. .March and April nre the
Is best months to hutch chickens, dopending
somewhat upon the Individual,
I _ us well as thi' climatic conditions. Set
up thu incubator according to thn
manufacturer's directions, and sea
that the mnchlne Is perfectly level,
- JC spirit level Is not available, a
long shallow pan of water set on top
, of tho incubator can be used as a level
to assist in sot ring tip the machine. Ha
a cure thnt ..11 parts of tho Incubator nra
1n their proper positions and that the
V , regulator works freely. Do not piano
off tho door of tho Incubator, If It
t: Sticks, until thn machine has been
heated up and thoroughly dried. Itan
I. tho mnchlno at about 1011 degrees
Fahrenheit for a day before putting
In thn eggs. It takes several hours for
s tho machine to come back to Its correct
temperature nftor tho eggs are
' first put in; therefore the regulator
should not ho touched during thnt
f time. See to tho regulation of the
temperature of tho Incubator before
1 ^opening the door of the machine to at
tend to tho eggs. Look to the cere
of the Incubator carefully anil regularly,
but do not clinnge the regulator
any more than Is absolutely necessary.
When the bulb- of the thermometer
rests directly on the eggs the temperature
Is usually held at 101% to
\ , 102 degrees Fahrenheit the first week,
102 to 108 degrees Fahrenheit the sec],
ond week, and 103 degree^ Fnhronv
i Ihelt the third week; while a hanging
| thermometer is operated ut nbout 102
to 102% degrees Fahrenheit the first
two weeks and 103 degrees Fahrenheit
the last week. At hatching time
the machine will frequently run up to
\ . 104 or lOJjy degrees Fahrenheit wlthJ
out any Injury to tho chickens. If the
temperature has been right up to the
\ hatchhjg time, It Is usually better not
i J to change the regulator ut that time,
1 provided tho temperature does not run
Jbove 105 degrees Fnhronhett. While
the eggs will hatch just as well If the
I < tqmporuture Is run slightly higher than
; noted above, throughout the hatch, the
chickens are npt to be weak and hard
to raise. In a good hatch the eggs will
' start to pjp on the eveuing of tlio nineteenth
day, and most of the chickens
w'll be out of Ihe shell on the morning
/ ot the twenty-first day. If the hatch
Is much enrller or later than this It Indicates
that the conditions during Incubation
have not been right. A high
temperature may hatch eggs too quickly
and produce weak chickens, while
a continuous low temperature throughout
the hatch will dcluy U tor several
Use good oil. Clean and fill the
lamp once dnily, trimming th? wick
, by scraping the charred portion off
, with a knife or square-edged nail, or
by cutting the wick with scissors.
Caro of Machine at Hatching Time.
, After the eggs begin to hatch, leave
the niochlne alone until the hatch is
well nrer. T).i not ones the door to see
how the eggn arc hatching, us it allows
Iuc uiuibiuro 10 vM-i.pi:. n Liiuu to
Maentloi at l!i:.-- ti:i?e. Keep the lncnbator
flail: at hatching time by coverlog
the glass lu ihe (lonr with n cloth
or burlap naclt. so that the chicks will
not be attracted to the front of the,
machine by the light nnd become restleas.
When the chicks are all hatched,
remove the egg tray nnd open the venl
tllators, according to the manufacturer's
directions, and keep thorn in the ;
Incubator from 24 to 36 hours after
the hatch Is over before removing
y * them to the hrooders. If they are to
' t>o shipped n long dlstnnce awny, so
that they will be on the rond two or
three days, It Is better to ship them as
* loon as the hatch Is over and the
chicks are thoroughly dry. Chicks
,* which pip, but are unable to get out |
Of the shell by their own efforts, rare-;
ly amount to mucn ir nriped out; ai-;
H s though. If desired, whort most of the [
eggs ore hatched nnd tho chirks dried
off so thnt they will not be Injured by
'opening the incubator door, any which
have pipped mny be helped out by
'' cracking the shell and placing them
I back on the egg tray.
Turning and Cooling the Eggs.
B : Eggs should be turned and cooled
V. * {according to the directions furnished
jwith the Incnbator. The eggs are usufelly
turned for the first time at the
p; fend of the second day of Incubation
fend twice dally throngb the eighteenth
fcjfr..-. fend nineteenth day, or until the
||L. thicks commence to pip. After turnit;.'''In?
the eggs, reverse the egg trays
'& ;'kid for end, and from one side of the
f machine to the other In two-tray inch.
baton. Keep the ibcubator door
y*. jjosed while turning the eggs, unless
iC*<? ' * *'-rr"' -a
iltry Fancier
lelp the Man Who Raises
3 to Realize a Profit.
- ----- i
ftHAIINti INoUbAlUn |
the directions state that It should be
left open. The length of tltne to cool1
eggs depends upon the temperature of I
the Incubator room. A good general;
rule Is to leave the eggs but of the In- !
'Cubator until they feel slightly cool to !
the bund, face, or eyelid. Cool once J
dnlly lifter the seventh and" up to the .
nineteenth day. I'lncc the trays of
eggs on the top of (he machine or on a !
table In such a position that they are !
not in n draft, and so that the tray !
does not project over the edge of- its'
support, thereby allowing part of the |
eggs to cool much quicker thnn the j
rest. Moisture is used extensively lu
hatching in the South, in high nltl-,
tildes, and in places where the Incubator
Is run in a dry room. Many methods
are used to supply moisture In
Incubators, such as sprinkling the
eggs with warm water at about 100
degrees Fahrenheit, or plneing a pan
of water, a receptacle containing moist
sand, or a wet sponge below the epg
trny. Another common method of supplying
moisture Is to sprinkle or soak j
the floor of the incubator or to place ,
a pail of water under the lamp.
The eggs are tested with the large
end up, so that the size of the air cell !
may be seen as well as the condition j
of the embryo. The testing should
take place in a dark room. The infer- '
tile egg when held before the smnll j
hole with the lamp lighted inside the
box will look perfectly clear, the same ;
as a fresh one, while a fertile egg will J
show a dark spot, known as the cm- i
hryo, with a mass of little blood veins ;
extending in an tiirccnons, u me em- i
hryo is living; if deiui, and the egg lias j
been Incubated for at least 40 hours, I
the blood settles away from the em- j
bryo toward the edges of the yolk,
forming In some cases an Irregular circle
of blond, known as a blood ring.
Eggs vary in this respect, some show- :
lug only a streak of blood. All In- ,
fertile eggs should be removed at the
tirst test. The eggs containing strong,
living embryos nre (lark and well filled
up to the fourteenth day, and show a
clear, sharp, distinct line of demarcation
between the air cell and the growing
embryo, while dead germs show
only partial development, and lack this
clear, distinct outline.
Follow Directions.
Follow the manufacturers' diroc- j
tlons In setting up and opening an !
See that the Incubator Is running '
stendily at the desired temperature j
before filling with eggs. Do not add !
fresh eggs to a tray containing eggs j
which are undergoing Incubation.
Turn the eggs twice dally after the |
second and until the nineteenth day.
Cool the eggs once dally, according to
!he weather, from the seventh to the
nineteenth day.
Turn the eggs before caring for the
Attend to the machine carefully at
regular hours.
Keep the lamp and wick clean.
Test the eggs on the seventh and j
fourteenth days.
Do not open the machine after the i
eighteenth day untih the chickens are
flood Combination Made of Qralne and
Ground Feed?Supplement With
Milk or Beef Scrap.
A good ration for egg production can
bo made with a combination of equal
pnrts by weight of whent and corn,
or In the winter time twice ns much .
com ns whent may be used. For
ground feed, a mixture of equal parts
of bran, shorts, and cornmeal may be !
Efficient egg production requires also
that this ration be supplemented
with cither sour milk?all that the
birds will drink?or In case sour milk
IS noi avaunnie, commercial oeei ;
scrap. One-fourth of the ground feed
should consist of beef scrap in case
this Is used.
Among Necessary Characteristics Are
Short Heads, 8tubby Beak, Broad
Back and Strong Legs.
Select birds with a short bead, stubby
beak, prominent eyes, long broad
back, strong legs, set well apart,
smooth and glossy plumage and a fiery
red and well-developed comb. The
male bird that proves the best fighter
and can crow the loudest and longest,
If be possesses the other necessary
breed characteristics, may be placed at
the head of the breeding flock.
Chalky White Ear Lobe Indicate* Hen
I* Laying Heavily?Rule* Laid
Down by Cornell Expert
When yon go out Into the hen yard
to get a chicken or two for.the Sniitor
dinner, you natnrally wont to ae
lect the ones that are poor layers.
There probably Isn't any way of telling
In every case by a hen's looks
whether or not she Is a good layer,
but the following rules laid .down by
Professer Kent of Cornell are the result
of a good deal of study and observation.
They will hold good In
most cases:
Yellow-legged birds quickly lay of
the color In their shanks when they
are laying. A hen which Is laying
heavily almost loses the yellow color
out of her shanks. After molting the
yellow color returns quickly.
Examination of the ear lobe Is considered
to be almost Infallible. A
chalky white ear lobe Indicates that
a bird Is laying heavily, whereas a
cream-colored one shows that the bird
Is laying moderately, has just started,
or has just stopped. A milk-colored
ear lobe shows that the hen has laid
slightly or has stopped laying. A very
yellow or dark ear lobe Indicates that
Ihn hen has not laid nt all.
It Is to be remembered that an extremely
white eur lobe also may mean
very low vitality. *
The more velvety the texture of the
comb of n hen Is the better is her
ueuiiii, unu ii in almost a cerium sign
thai she is laying heavily.
, Out of 40 hens under observation at
Cornell, six with chalk.v-white ear lobes
showed that they had laid 22 eggs that
week. 10 eggs the previous week and
uine the week before that.
Of six other hens with creamy eat
lobes, four lu id 15 eggs that week nnd
three laid 12 the week before and three
more laid nine eggs the prior week.
Seven liens with yellow ear lobes
were examined and only one of them
had laid nn egg that week and four the
week before.
Nine liens with very dark ear lobes
showed that they had not laid an egg
for weeks.
Farmer Who Expects to Carry Over
Few Hogs Should Have PatchDo
Not Buy Feed
A circular from the extension department
of the college of agriculture of
the University of Arkansas says about
Every farmer who expects to carry
over a few pigs for the winter (Should
plant a patch of rape for winter pasture.
"Do not buy feed when it can
be grown," should lie the motto of every
fanner. Arkansas buys too much
pork when we can grow pork cheaper
here than rnn the furmers of any of
the northern states.
Retain Nothing but Well-Matured Pullets
and Husky Males?Fatten
and Market Surplus.
Cull your flocks, and cull closely,
A chicken that has not commenced
to lay at present had better he disposed
of rather than kept over through
the long winter months.
You cannot cull too closely. Keep
nothing but well-matured pullets and
husky, well-matured males. Send all
else to market at once.
Pen them up in closely constructed
coops and fatten, giving them the finishing
touches for market, same as a
steer or a hog.
One of Most Easily Provided of Green
Feede?Rig Up a Rack for
Sprouting Oats.
All the green stuff the chickens ger
you will have to furpish theu!. Cabbage
Is on<j of the most easily provided
foods In this line. You own, If you
are handy, make a little place for
sprouting oats, and these nre fine.
There nre regular sprouting racks, hut
they ore not necessary. If you once
see one you can rig up a rack that
will answer every purpose.
Low-Priced Grains Possess Very Little
Food Valued-Better Give
First-Class Grains.
Cheap foorls nnd spoiled grnln are
often sold as poultry food nt comparatively
low prices, but the food value 1(
so low la most of these that they are
actually more expensive to feed than
ore first-class prnlns. #
mi*5fiiafsa*w uiw.ii
One of the main streets of Fetr
which the revolutlonsts fought ' No
tlonlita flying abort It
|ll [i I _
l( THt TEHCC L?i^
QUT * >
pi V
Fellow citizens, if you can find mice
other way to "do your bit," the Grain I Bi
Savers' League offers a way to the j cc
ron-plussed. You don't have to wait ei
to be conscripted, but you can volun- I
toer ana enlist right now. sign up the! 01
j pledge of the order, and call Mary m
I Aau. the good wife, out of the kitchen,
and hand her the slgned-up pledge.
The preamble to this pledge runs this ^
w:hp .
"Whereas, I love my country; and se
Whereas, my country is now at war; bi
and rc
Whereas, there is a great shortage j th
of food, especially of grain; and j of
Whereas. Intoxicating liquors are , gi
made largely from grain; therefore" It
Now the pledge: i tb
"I hereby gladly promise on my he
honor as a patriotic American clti- N
zen, that for the duration of the war
(and as long thereafter as the shortage Bof
food shall persist), I will not drink, ei
buy, accept, sell, or give'away any in- 'it
toxicating liquors." th
(Sign here, please) ,w
I . Ia
The league, which lins no officers |
| headquarters, initiation fees or any-1 j,v
| tiling else of that kind, contends that j r|'(
I any man can close the saloon between j w
Ills own nose and His own cnin, ana i w
that the Supreme Court of the I'nitc 11 n(
States cannot declare the act uncon-1...
The badge, according to the lltera- itl
tnre of the league, Is "a small Amurlcan
flag on the left lapel of the coat. 0B
if you see a man drinking liquor while ^
lie wears the American flag, you will g|
know how much his patriotism 0r
amounts to." Obviously. If this ar- ^
gument he correct, not so great as his pr
tliiist for the concentrated essence of cr
the tangled fields. tI]
It's alt right to be a pretty young M
thing of about 20, and be called on to sc
serve your country with a typewriter so
or a stenographic note-book, oat the w
fearful prospect which now faces the ci
Washington girls who have enlliiod jf<
in the Naval Reserve Is the prospect B<
ot wearing a khaki uniform. These to
recruits have seen Just enough of the In
National Training school, girls in their fa
rather unbeautlful, khaki suits to make
them shudder at the thought of commonsense
black shoes, broad white pi
collars and khaki coats and skirts, di
I Heard three of them holding a coun- th
cil of war on a 14th street car today: se
"When 1 Joined this reservo corps," tk
said one, "I did it because I saw a of
chance for a good salary and a chance Bi
to serve the country at the same time. \V
I know I might be sent out to the tk
Arizona deserts or the South Carolina at
________ _
ograd is bore shown barricaded with fi
t? the Held gun in the opening oi the barrlc
2? WINNING /?!
~ f|if
I wy
_ v I XvJI
_^&S^ (^f
last, and that wasn't so bad either,
ut when they begin to talk of khaki
iats nr^l skirts, I'm ready to quit. Ev ybody
says the only lqind of waist
look decent in Is a crepe de chine
le. I'm thinking of deserting, alost!"
Step into the lobby of any of the
g hotels at any time now and you'll
le the biggest aggregation of male
ains that you ever saw under one
lof In your life. The great men of
le country are slipping in and out
' Washington on business with this
eat government. They are behind
In its war ngafnst Germany. In
ic lobby of the Willard yesterday,
ire are some of the brainy men of the
ation, I saw:
Dapiel Willard. president of the
& 0? member of the National Coun1
of Defense, and chosen by Presi nt
Wilson to place the railroads of
e country into perfect cooperation
Ith the government; Archbishop Irend,
some to pledge to the President
e support of the Catholic heirachy of
le Northwest; Eliliu Hoot, chosen
the President to head the commls111
going to Russia, which, it is hoped,
ill prove the steadying ihfluence
men me new siav itepunuc seems
>w to need, tind to frustrate Gerany's
deep-laid schemes to negotiate
separate peace there; Hudson Maxi,
the investor, who is believed, as
is believed of Edison, is working
i an invention to cope with the subarlne
pracy of Germany; Howard
lliott, railroad president who Is colerating
with Daniel Willard; C. C.
'ebber, of Minneapolis, one of the
eatest farm Implement manufaeturs
in the world who Is hero to tell
e government what he can do to
crease food production; William H.
Ills, of New York, who, with his asiciates
contrftls one of the largest
mrces of copper in America, who is
orklng with the government to inoase
the copper supply for our Alas;
and Charles M. Schwab, of the
;thlehem Steel company, who is here
tell the Navy department of a cut
steel prices and the speeding up
cilities of his great steel works.
The President is setting an exame
of simplicity and economy at this
ning room table for the people of
is nation to emuime. nor am ne
it aside tho short and simple menu
icided on during war time in honor
even so eminent visitors as the |
ritish and French * commissions,
'hen he dined the latter, he's what
e menu was; Tomatoes stuffed with
ichovies; plain soup; filet of beed
lied case sand artillery behind
ade and the red flag of the revolu
UN *
wouvt) LmfrirrrnTm
* - ^ i^7TTT
? t-lA
! with petm and potatoes; salad; ices,
coffee and cigars. For a Presidents
tab'le. it must be said that wasn't
I any royal banquet by any means, but
j it was enough, and we dare say that
dear old Papa Joffre, good eater that
J he looks to be, didn't go away hungry.
The President has also taken
up a new form of exercise. He has
taken to hourseback riding and, accompanied
by Mrs. Wilson, who rides
astride, may be seen on the bridle
paths in Rock Creek park almost every
day now. Golf has been the President's
only form of exercise up till
a week ago when he took to the saddle.
He never posed as being able to play
much of a game. His only excuse was
that it made him do his "bit" out in
the open and conditioned hint for the
immense work of his position as head
of the government. The Wilsons ride
jet black horses, and the fact that they
have taken to the saddle will revive
horseback riding here which, was a
great fad in the Roosevelt and Taft
days. The Colonel was a fine horseman,
and used to take the hurdles In
Potomac and Rock Creek parks. Taft
liked It, too, but he didn't take any
hurdles. He quit horseback riding
for motor driving Just about the'time
that tho local branch of the S. P. C. A.
was thinking of halting hint before a
magistrate on the charge of cruelty
to animals.
... i
Uncle Sam cannot depend on any
Seventh Day Advenfists carrying a
gun for him and going to the trenches.
They are conscientious objectors, and
a committee of dignitaries of that
creed which has its headquarters at
Tacoma park, a suburb, and a large
following in West Virginia, where at
Salem It maintains a college, called i
on Secretary of War Baker and In-1
formed thnt there was nothing doing j
in the war business for them, and
theirs. The commltee set forth that,
although believing In the principles
uponwhich this government 1b founded
affd acknowledging that 1t should
receive the support of its cidzenB, the
Adventists are "compelled to decline
all participation in acts of war and
bloodshed as being incomsls.ent with
the duties enjoined upon us by our
Divine Master toward our enemies and
toward all mankind." No conscription
law can reach them.
Invented Slavonian Alphabet
Two brothers from Thcssalonlca,
Cyrllus and Methodius, missionaries* In
Moravla-ln 808, are credited tJlth the
Invention of the Slavonian alphabet
and the beginning of the translation
of the Scriptures Into that language.
Cyllllus died at Rome In 888v Methodius
was the first bishop of'the Slavonians.
Lift your corns or calluses elf
with fingers and It won't
pain you one bit
Yes! Tou truly can lift off every
hard corn, soft corn or corn between
the toes, &b well as hardened calluses
on bottom of feet without one bit of
A genius In Cincinnati
discovered freezone. It Is
an ether compound and
tiny bottles of this magic
nrn| fluid can now be had at
iKuL any drug store for a few
PPMJ|| Apply several drops of
BllllHj!' H this freezone upon a ten
I|| V der, aching corn or callus.
In#j|l] Instantly all soreness dlsII
HI appears land shortly you
if I' IJ 9111 find the corn or callus*
so shriveled and loose that
you lift It out with the fingers.
You feel no pain
While applying freezone or afterwards.
Just think! No more corns or calluses
to torture you and they go without
causing one twinge of pain or
soreness. You will call free tone the
magic drug and It really Is. Genuine!
freezone has a yellow label.' Look tor
jrellow label.
PA (j'
An organization of the sheriffs of
the state Into a co-operative body,
will be effected at a meeting of thira^H
sheriffs of the various conntlee tf ?
Parkersbnrg Mar 8. Sheriff A., It'
Glover, of Marlon, wu selected, temporary
chairman at Charleston lastarlm^
ter where the idea of the organisation?
was discussed by sheriffs who were att,-->
tending the leglelatnre.
The purpose of the organisation will
be mutual benefit, to provide tor th(
appointment of committees to look
after matters of Interest to he sheriffs, ?
especially the enaotment of addition- >fl
al legislation In relation to the office,
and to arrive at a general undsrttiwv^F
Ing as to tho proper interpretation
of laws recently enacted In conneotlon
with the office of sheriff.
An organisation of the sheriffs, oo*n>
tv and circuit clerks, was In exist** *
some years ago, but was permitted
tcr die out. It Is believed that the or- B
ganlzatlon of tbe sheriffs will be- a flB
splendid thing for all of them, and
every effort will be made to make tv:
live and mutually beneficial associ* >.
Folly of Self-Titlporttnot. *
It Is sheer folly for any worker ?.
be carried away with the Idee of
Importance. Good men and greet men
die end their places are flUed by others
who seem to do quite as welL Jt U ? j
true that all employers diked changes M
unless forced to make them?thl?" "V*
dread the period of probation when
taking on new workers. So good work*
ers are reasonably safe and the em* ,fl
ployers who appreciate them are l#a< |
sonahly sure of a continuance of eatl? > I
~WB SIM wntr" ja
It used to be said that women oonld
not be depended upon like men to |
work steadily, and, qonsequentljrr ought!
not to expect so much pay as man employed
i t similar work.
While It would be foolish for any 3
young woman to stay at work when
physically unfit. It la believed that |
most women nm continue'at their work
as constantly as men. Any Wtp^J
man who Is unable to do so, should take S
Lydla E. Pingham's Vegetable Cm>*?
pound, the old, reliable medicfob-fojrjl
women, , and get the aid she needs to , 1
enable her to keep at work. ' 'v3
? * f i"*'. . sSffl
Only tliose persons who hare (0M I
through the happy experience recorded a
in the following signed statement can J
fully realize the deep pleasure* of the ,
table. One must have suffered severe- v;
ly from indigestion and then found a way
to eat without distress if he wants-J
to know what the enjoyment Of hi* f
meals really means. Mrs. PartheM^
Keener, of Montana Mines, this oonnty, |
found such enjoyment by the use ofd
Nerv-Worth, as the following letter, g
which she wrote Bome tine ego to "I
Crane's drug stored fully pro?MWV#%a
"I have taken three bottle* of NervWorth
_aifd It has helped me wender> |
"I was 10 nervous that I could not J
stand the noise of children playingylj
"1 now can eat onions, cabbago, cake I
and p(e.
"Montana Mine*, W. Va."- a
Your dollar back at the W. R. Crane 2
& Co.'s drug store, Falrmontfl If Nerv- 1
Worth does not benefit YOU. Ask'lp^^^H
Crane's for the new Nerv-Worth Laga-.^
tive tablets, 25 cents a box. Wonder. S
fully good for liver and bowel*, eepe-afl
daily In connection with Nerv-Worth J
S#?t nf
h/Vfc W* M m.'y, TOM
Jfll I
^pPv^ II- 4
ci'own and bridge wort, $b.M.JI
Tooth fllllnge, 60o and up.
Examination* tmd estimate* II
Dental method! hare totally I
changed In the laet lew year* II
and to get the beat ot dentlitry, II I
coniult a dentlet who la praer'ikj
Using the late method*. gjUH
We guarantee our work.
Office on Main etreet oppoelt* I
Court Houie, over 6 and 10 Cent 11

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