I obotlmiowi J /\ /mj
I Dafly Average A VJI
July 1917 . I j / V
j A Quality New?p?p?r for tH?
1 ESTABLISHED 1868.
i mi itiLS i
Had To Learn That Universal
Peace Ideas Would
7 nflfiurHuioHiiu MiLuiHLu
t Now Know They Must Help
To Defeat Prussian
Ic'harles Edward Russell, mender
of the staff of The West Virginian,
spent three months in Russia
with the United States commls,
' sion headed by Elihu Root, to
which Mr. Russell was appointed
by President Wilson. He has Just
returned to this country and Is
now writing for this newspaper
and its associates in the Newapak
per Enterprise Association the real
I facta,about GREAT RUSSIA TOK
DAY as he found them in his dual
capacity as official Investigator
f and observant reporter. This Is
I. his second article; watch for othr
ers.?Editor The West Virginian. |
[ By CHARLES EDWARD RUSSELL !
s. Uttoalo atrnteht in I
' II you warn, w so..
your mind you must begin with thb '
first foundation fact, which 1b this:
The revolution there was different
from any other revolution.
All the rest have been political. This
was about one-fifth political and about
four-fifths something else.
Revolution had been taught many
years In Russia. Taught secretly, of
course, underground. In cellars, stealth- J
lly and In whispered speech, but taught.
Those that taught It taught a great
deal moro than merely the notion that
'* ' the rule of tlio Czar must be overthrown.
Here is the first place where we In
Amorlca get off on the wrong foot.
We 'have one fixed, abiding, persistent
conception of the Russian revolutionist
as a man with a deadly hatred
of the Czar. We don't understand that
he planned an entirely new system of
society, that he had a wliole vast creed
' of social betterment in which the overthrow
of the Czar was nothing but an
There never was a broader creed, j
V It embraced the whole world.
The Russian revolutionist dreamed j
I of a free Russia only as part of a free j
I world. Free not alone from czars and j
I political despotism, butfreo also from
poverty, injustice, hatred, competition
I ?and war.
All mankind is one great family; all
races In one great nation.
m j Happiness, joy, sufficiency for all;
V1' and universal peace.
I- ^ In that dream he cared little more for
Russia than for any other corner of
I the world federation. Perhaps he
cared not at all, for it, or made himself
believe that he didn't. Anyway,
all the ordinary appeals of patriotism
I that so much move other men came
to seem to him not praiseworthy, as we
think them, but hateful.
World patriotism was his creed, i
Universal brotherhood, universal good
will, no more national barriers, no
more national prejudices, made up Us
ilrst article. And universal peace.
To tell the truth It was a creed that
la his time he did not expect to see put
into practice. He knew that some day
it would come true, but for his own life
time he looked forward to nothing but
covert agitation, secret meetings, perilous
escapes from the ever watchful police,
and either Siberia or the gallows
ai the boundary of his life.
The bloody story of tho futile revolution
of 1905 taught him the terrible;
lesson. The Czar and his power were
fjBt rooted In the very foundations of
things, not to be torn out except with
long, painful, toilsomo efforts stretched
T V.otra tall/nrl nrit.Vt manv nt tho Duo
A lia>u luiuvu "?uiuu; ui bug iiu.r
8lan revolutionists. I have found nono
Je that on March 11 bad any hope that
T the curse hanging over their country
300 years would in their time be lifted.
And then, on March 12, the whole
thing, without a moment's warning,
began to crack and bend. On March 14
the revolution that no man had planned
was complete, the older order had vanished,
the wonder of a dazzling New
Day hurst upon Russia.
Then the Russian revolutionist
soared to the skies in an uncontrollable
burst of enthusiasm.
The thing had come after all! All
the old foundations had been swept
away over night. The dreams of so
many years were not idle. Behold they
were about to be realities before his
i no nag guiic auu uiou weiu
free, not alone from Czars and political
I despotism, but free also from poverty,
H j.s Injustice, hatred, competition?AND
C' A.h!?well, there was the trouble.
(Continued on page 8)
B The West
MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS.
IT B QUI! !
Fairmont Board Has Two
Other Applications To
Nine of the eleven claims for exemption
that have been holding the local
exemption board back in their work for
several days were brought up at a
meeting yesterday evening and considered.
Eight of the claims were allowed
and one refused. Two other claims are
awaiting the filing of affidavits.
Two cases from the first call and
two cases from the second call, certified
to foreign boards are awaiting > eclsion
and ruling from these boards.
it was announced at the office of the
draft board this morning that on Monday
all persons that have been culled
for service and have not appeared for
physical examination will be certified
to district boards as persons called lor
service, neither exempted cr discharged.
Their names will be recorded to
the nearest agent of the Department of
Today the board Is spending a large
part of Us time filling out the dockets
giving the history of all that have been
The local board has not as yet received
the official list of those that are
selected. This 1b expetced to he here
not later than Monday and immediately
notices will be sent out informing
thoso that are selected for service.
Claims Not Allowed.
Order Serial Name Address.
208 1617 Russell (J. Francis, 30(1
Nerval St., Fairmont, W.
Va. Dependent mother was tho claim.
Failure of affdavlt fo meet the requirements
of regulatlous and other
available resources together with en
1GS 1275 Doniineck l'enhinary, 122
Robinson St., Fairmont,
W. Va. (Alien).
212 6 Francesco Capallone, 708
Diamond St., Fairmont,
W. Va. (Alien).
225 1221 Mike Natley, 135 Bennett
St., Fairmont, W. Va.
227 556 Nicolo ilamiozo, 501 Jeflersou
St., Fairmont, W.
Va. (Alien i.
187 1314 Camille Lambert, 1302
Virginia Ave., Fairmont, \V. Va. (Wife
200 rSii Jamca Hawkins, R. F. D.,
No. 8, Fairmont, W. Va.,
(Wife and cliild).
170 1022 John Leo Gill, 510 Gaston
avenue, Fairmont, W. Va.,
(Dependent mother). Discharge al
lowed until Jail, l, wis oniy.
197 11143 Clarence Oscar Morgan.
Walnut avenue. Fairmont,
W. Va., (Dependent wife undergoing
surgical treatment. (Discharged until
Jan. 1, 1918, only,
"FOLLOW ME," SAYS
MANN TO SAMMIES
Brig. Gen. W. A. Mann, chief of the
U. S. militia bureau, has Just been appointed
division commander. He will
lead the militia division to France. In
this photograph he is reading the first
orders for the division's mobilization.
Virginian Is the Fai
FAIRMONT, WEST VIRC
OF nUCIION GO.
Plan Was Explained at Din-!
ner Given at the Fairmont.
lis GREAT OPPORTITIfi
Details Worked Out By |
Great Baltimore Banking |
At a banquet nerved at Tlie Fair;
inont last night to the bankers and
| nthfci representative business men ot
Marion, Harrison and Lewis counties a
plan was presented by which it ia hopeo
! to eiTect a stronger bond ot co-opers
| tion and good will between the Monou
, gaheia Valley Traction company and
| the cltlezns ot the communities along
its lines, its patrons and employes.
' The plan, as presonted last night by
j T. S. Mathews, a representative ot the
banking firm ot Robert Garreti & Sons,
I Baltimore, who have perfected the pian,
j is to permit the employes and others
i who may be Interested to acquire a
limited amount ot preferred stock and
common shares of the M. V. T. Company,
and thereby participate In the
ownership of the company and acquire j
a proprietary interest through the application
of their savings mouth by
month to the purchase of shares.
, The firm of Robert Garrett & Sons
| through a number ot banks along the
; line of the Traction company Ib pre|
pared to receive subscriptions .or
1 shares pf stock c>( the_ Mpnpnfruhela
Valley Traction company, aud on "such
subscriptions us are confirmed, the
Baltimore banking firm will arrange
| Tor a local banking institution, mutually
agreed upon, to purchase the shares 1
and carry the same for the account of
O. S. McKlnney, who presided as
toastmaster, arose when the last course
! ha l been cleared away and after a i
j brief review of the development of this I
I valley oi the Monouguhela, In which J
j he emphasized the important part I
. ,i,n /.itv nf Raitimore had olaved I
| WUlVtl luu X.. ? _
I In that development from the very first
I anu the close community of interests
| existing between Fairmont and Balti|
more, he introduced T. Stockton MathI
ews, who with George E. Kelley reprei
sented the Baltimore banking firm.
Mr. Mathews outlined the plan for
! permitting the people of thi scommuuI
ity to share in the stock of one of the
! moat important an drapidly growing
enterprises in this state. The plan
j which Is to be put into effect is as follows.
The price of the shares will be forty-1
three dollars for each combination of
one phare of Preferred and one of Common
stock, but no more than fifty
shares of each will be confirmed to
any one subscriber under this plan.
An Initial payment of seven dollars
will be required on each combination of
Preferred and Common stock, which
will be credited to the subscriber's ac
. 1 1-t-~
counr ar me uuuiuug mauiuuun, iuc
subscriber agreeing to pay the balance
in installment of three dollars a month
on each combination of stock until the
investment is paid for.
The subscriber's account will be
credited with all dividends receiveo ,
on the stocks and will be charged with I
interest on the balance at the rate of i
six per cent, per hnnum, such charges 1i
to be made quarterly. On the present
dividend basis the stocks will return <
I the subscriber about 6.40 per cent, on i
the investment. i
TT*i/lnr hla nlnn thft chnrM will hp t ,
fully paid for in one year, the last pay- :
ment being an odd amount which will i
adjust interest charges as against divl- i
dends received.. Subscribers may anticipate
their monthly installments and 1
complete the payemnts at any time.
In the event of a subscriber falling
to pay his monthly Installment when
due he will be given thirty days of
grace (with proper adjustment of interest)
and if payment is not made at
that time the banking institution shall
have the right to sell the stocks
pledged, at the market price, returning
to the subscriber any excess over the
amount realized from the sale.
The opportunity afforded in this way
for patrons and citizens of the communities
along the lines of the railway
is an exceptional one inasmuch as the
M. V. T. Co. is a prosperous and rapidlygrowing
concern with an authoried cap- |
uai biock or ?4,uuu,uuo r-reierren ana i
$12,000,000 Common, both classes hav- 1
Ing a par value of $25, full paid and i
At the conclusion of the address by !
Mr.-Mathews In which he outlined the 1
above plan, Toastmaster McKlnney In- I
traduced George W. Bowers, of Man- <
nlngton, who said that he was glad of i
(Continued on page 8) i
mite Newspaper of J\
est Virginians Greatest Ne??}
?INIA, SATURDAY EVEK
HI 1ES WILL
* ? amp?% m vph FAi%
Distribution Will Be Entirely
In the Hands of
Also Pays a Visit To the
Federal Trade Commissions
(By Auocl&ted Prwi)
WASHINGTON, Aug. 18.?Presi
dent Wilson went to the Food administration
office today for a personal
conference with Herbert C. Hoover
and later went to the Federal Trade
Commission. It was believed the
President discussed the coal situation
and the extent to which he tvould assume
the powers to control distribution
vested In him by the Food bill.
I'ntler the law the President may
fix the price of coal, operate the mines
or commandeer stock and sell It to
tho public. Some decision of which
course he will pursue Is expected as
the result of today's conferences
which were based on the Federal
Trade commission's now completed
report on the coal situation.
At the Federal Trade commission
tho President went over the figures'
gathered on the cost of producing
coal. The trend of the commission's
report on the subject was to urge the
.''resident So taliit'ovnb supplies and
WASHINGTON, Aug. 18.?The Federal
Trade commission which has just
completed its Investigation of coal
production cost will probably submit
its findings to President Wilson
in a few days.
Tho report will serve to acquaint
the President comprehensively with
the nation's fuel situation in relation
to the consumer.
Government control of the industry
in accordance with the provisions
of the food control law now appears
Imminent. The Trade commission's
report will say It has learned that at
present prices operators. Jobbers and
retailers are reaping exorbitant profits
mul unusual distributiop Is adding
to the cost in many sections.
European Expert Will Be
At the High School Tuesday
Miss Blanche Price, the girls' club
worker for this county, has received a
communication from Miss Marlon
Hepworth, of the Home Economics department
of the West Virginia University,
to the effect that Frances Lund,
a graduate of the Copenhagen univer,rinn
whn has had extensive
experience in the conservation of food
in France, Belgium and other European
countries, will visit this city next Tuesday
afternoon for the purpose of instructing
the women of this city in the
conservation of food stuffs and interesting
them actively in this work.
Arrangements have been made to
have the meeting held at the High
school at 1:30 o'clock and at that time
the noted worker will address the women
on the important subject of food
conservation and will probably give
demonstrations in canning meats, fish,
methods of drying, etc.
Mr. Lund is devoting one week to a
tour of West Virginia and be has Just
completed a tour of Alabama where his
work has met with great success. He
will bo accompanied through this state
by Miss Hepworth, of the University,
and immediately alter the meeting on
Tuesday afternoon the two will leave
for Clarksburg to hold a similar meeting
there in the evening.
Mr. Lund is a noted authority on the
subject -of food conservation, baring
bad considerable practical experience
so ?? ? flinrnnch crrntinrilno'fn fho
??'i no a "?w? d* ?????a ????
theory, and those who have secured his
services here are very eager to have
the people of the community respond
to the opportunity In a way which will
compare favorably with the response
made by. the people of the southern
states during his recent tonr there.
iarion County Won
ING, AUGUST 18,1917.
The New Ba
i it / ^Zocrt
I A i-y The
heavy black line shows the pre
French front between Langemarck an d
the front from which the recent offen a
Ypres ia the little town of Westhock, i
at week. Fresh gains have been mad e
MAKE R0A8S SAFE
Special Committee Named
To Enforce Law Against
President J. M. Jacobs has named
a special committee from the Chambor
of Commerce consisting of Fred
Helmick, chairman, M. L. Hutchinson,
Brooks Fleming, Jr., J. H. Iiownd,
T. W. Hennen.
This committee will act with a
similar one to be named by the Business
Men's association in a special
effort to secure protection to people
who ara obliged to travel tho city and
county highways and who are constantly
in danger from wreckless and
careless drivers of automobiles.
The county court will be appealed
to by the committees to furnish special
police officers to keep & lookout
for dangerous drivers and arrest them.
It is probable that action may be taken
In order that Sunday traffic may
be watched. Sunday is always a day
of accidents and casualties, many of
which have been very serious. It is
to be expected that some severe penalties
will be imposed on violators ol'
the law before the dangers will be
TWrt nnt<skot< a? QitiAmnkllas 4a f*r\n.
iUD UUUiUVI VI HUWUIVI/HVP ?u vwu
stantly increasing and in consequence
possibilities of casualty are constantly
Every citizen whether an owner of
an automobile or of other vehicle
used for transportation over the public
highways should Join with the automobile
association in and stamp
out the increasing hazard to human
life and to property. We trust every
officer of the law may be on guard
especially on Sundays looking to the
arrest and punishment of every traffic
Mrs. Jos. P. Palmer
Dies In Arizona
News has been received here from
Phoenix, Arizona, of the death of Mrs.
Jas. p. Palmer, formerly of this city
which occurred at her home there on
August 7th. Mr .and Mrs. Palmer and
family left here In March for Arizona,
In hope that the climate would benefit
Mr. Palmer's falling health. The deceased
was formerly Miss Icie -Barker,
a daughter of Br. D. B. Barker.
She was aged 38 years and was born
! and reared in Marlon county. She is
survived by her husband and three
children, Paul, Misses Virginia and
Blaine Boggees and Assistant Chief
a sister, Mrs. Margaret Simmons.
The body was Interred in Phoenix,
August 9. Mr. Palmer expects to continue
his residence there.
Mrs. C. F. Crane went to Pittsburg
today to spend Beveral days with Mr.
and Mrs. Geo. E. Suck and Mre. W.
A. Fisher, former residents ot Fairmont.
PR0VERB8 AND PHRASE8.
Geology gives us a key to the pai
tience of God.?J. G. Holland.
ien-To Reach Them
TODAY'S NEW? TODAY
zfunrKt r * j
J KOuJWtO^ V^WVOORD?, I
l'"v 'xrri I
sent British front, connecting with the
Bixschoote. The dotted line shows
Ire was pressed. Almost due east of
vhieh the British captured Friday of la
on the high ground near the Ypresnwr
1AD10 ONE IN
"" * - * Am TXTaaf Vl?*<rinfan \
(special uiBiraiuu m .up. ...D. ,
CHARLESTON. W. Va? Aug. 18.On
the first day of AugUBt Governor
Cornweli sent to the Sheriff of each
county a letter requesing information
regarding the number of persona con
fined in his jail, the number employed
on the public roads, and the number
physically able to work who are unem
All the sheriffs have reported, except
those of the following counties: Berke
ley, Lincoln, Mingo, Morgan, Pendle
ton, Pleasants, Randolph, Summers
and Wirt. \
Excepting the counties whose sheriffs
failed to report, there are GS5 prisoners
in jail. Of these 348 are being
worked on the public roads, and 158
physically fit are unemployed. Of the
latter number a considerable number
are charged with felonies, while some
are Federal prisoners. The figures by
counties are as follows:
No. in No. work- No. physi
Jail, ing on cally fit un
County. Roads, employed
Barbour ... 5 i
Boone 2 I
Braxton .... 3
Brooke .... 30 4 26
Cabell 11 11
Clay 1 <1
Doddridge . .None None
Fayette .... 40 17 11
Gilmer 3 2 1
Grant I I
Greenbrier . 6 3
Hampshire . 1 1
Harrison ... 44 26 t
Jackson ... 3 3
Jefferson ..5 4
Kanawha .. 65 37 25
Logan 43 27 13
Marlon .... 33 11 13
Marshall ... 23 16
Mason 3 3
Mercer .... 30 17 9
Monongalia. 20 9 13
Monroe .... 2
Mineral .... 29 13 H
McDowell .. 98 75
Nicholas ... 12 9
Ohio ...... 75 32
Putnam ... 4
Raleigh .... 28 14 14
Ritchie ... None
Tucker .... 10 10
Tyler 7 1
Upshur .... 1 1
Wayne .... 15 9 4
Wetzel .... 2 1
w/u*? .so 6
Wyoming .. T I
Use Its Advertising
THE WEATHER w
ilr and wtrmir tonight; Swv f .aHi
PRICE THREE CENT^ : jftJB
One Report Says 1
250 Perished at 1
Rigaud, Que. i
Farm Houses Mile Awu
.Were Leveled j
(iwjj p?^oo?t ia>
MONTREAL, Aug. 18.-A tetrWI |
explosion at the powder plant ot OWN . 9
tls and Harvey limited, at RlgKta |
Quebec, today la believed to havf ^
caused heavy loss of llfa ^ v;'m
Five thousand men and womea ard ,
employed at the plant which covtoedf 1
an ayTa of 6 square miles.
??nnri, rnrnlvprt horn soon- after thd
explosion said the plant was nearly
all in Hamas. Prom points near Rlg? ,9
aud It was learned that three exphx . ,
lions took place. The first st nine ' '*?
o'clock was beard at Vaudreuil, II
miles away. It was followed by two .... Jh
others In quick' succession. I ffsh
The explosion' disrupted telethon! jf |
I and telegraph communications wltl fl
Klgaud. making it difficult to obtnb ' 1
Information. t ' ' S
I Traffic on the Canadian-Pacific Hi .' J
I It. Ottawa and Montreal line widen
I passes close to the plant bas been
suspended. Trainmen who got awM
from the sccno of the explosion 1WJ
ported that forty houses at Dragon?
a little vlllaganear the plant occupied
by workmen, were razed by the forced
Rigaud Is a village In Vaudreuil
county, Quebec, on the Riviere ah m
Graisse 45 miles southwest of Mom
It had a population prior to the *efi
of 1000 persons. The whole country
side was covered at 10 o'clock wltUr
a dense copper colored smoke. A ape- . }'i
clal train of doctorB and nurses left ' ' ,
here at 10:30 for the scene of tk?
Passengers on a Canadian Pactfld
R. R. train which passed the seen?
of the disaster placed the number ot ,
dead from the first explosion at 20.
The passengers said it was impoe*
slble to obtain definite figures aa hunk : -i
dreds rushed into the open country .
nr.nuuggoil Otlfl gjwBg
wneu llit> litOk UApiUOiuu Wvutiv. " ' "SB
, few had returned when their train left
| for Montreal. The extent of the ax- ?
. plosion may bo judged by the fact ^
that two farm houses more than * .. ||
mllo from the plant were blown down. '?s1S
At noon tho village of Dragon was vtCj
blazing and it looked as It it would
1 bo destroyed. The officials here of . " j
Curtis and Harvey lack Information
as to the cause of the explosion. 5
It was said that probably 30 per- ' 'fi
sons were working In the section of ":
the plant where the first explosion 1
took place. It was believed by tho s
officials that the two other explosions
i were caused by fire which spread from
OTTAWA, Aug. 18?Kbit fHHI
received here from the scene of the
powder explosion at Rlgaud, Quebec,
slates that In the neighborhood of .
250 bare been killed.
Swimming for Girls . S
At Y,M. 0,1 Soon
Indefinite postponement of the op- '
enlng date for the opening of the . H
Young Women's department of the '?:j
Y. M. C. A. has been announced by ..-.A?
tho secretary, Miss Grace M. Foster.'' ?
Soveral weeks ago It was stated that ,
the department would be opened abort-', |
!y after August 15 but Inability to sa-,> 'Jy!t
cure materials and labor has greatly
retarded the work of remodeling the eg
building and delayed the opening in-) H'Jm
definitely. Swimming classes,
er, according to present plans, will be I
opened the last week In August.
WANTED - sM
Laborers?Apply at r
'OWENS BOTTLE J
1 MACHINE CO. i; M
" "L~" r " L""' -n-xi-.-.-Lfir
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