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The West Virginian. [volume] (Fairmont, W. Va.) 1914-1974, October 02, 1917, Image 1

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jV A Quality Newepaper tor the Home Jp Wpdneeday warmer.
on us
SatI '
Ite Usual Mode of Escape is
Through the
, Notable Lecture Before the
State Medical Society
iransfer of poliuiiiyeliLio to uion,
aeys has removed all doubt concerning
lti infectious nature," declared L>r H.
L. Amose, of the ltockefelier Institute,
New York City, 111 an address nils afternoon
before the West Virginia State
Medical Society at 1 lie I'an inont.
By lnnocuiatiun tests with the vari/,f
hnmun i-aans. it. lias
(jub bcuduuuo ui . -been
shown lhai the onl> constant
route of escape ironi Hie central nervcub
system is throtgli the nose, although
in a few instances, the virus
has been detected in other places.
As far as can be determined, the
viruB docB not multiply 111 nature outside
of the human body, except undei
conditions of the laboratory Tlieie
fore, in order to account for the spread
of the disease- direct transfer of the
infecting agent from one person to another
must be assumed. The tia lister
is accomplished by means of the
nasal secretions, which have been
-hown to contain the virus.
I Kecent observations ot the disease
( has led the itockefeller Institute inves'igatorj
tp the proposition that all
{ cases of poliomyelitis are due either
to direct contact with a person, who is
% either in the acute stage of the incuba
.. iron period, or a healthy carrier.
The first conclusive evidence that a
carrier or contac' may be capable of
!?'' * transfer of the disease was brought
l?j ;'r forth from the experimental work of
Flexner, Clark and Kraser. who rinsed
H the naBSl cavities ot the parents ot a
patient in the itockefeller Instltuie.
The combined washings ot ihe father
and the mother, who themselves showH
| ud no evidence of the disease, injected
into a monkey produced ty pical expert
mental poliomyelitis. That this mon
key suftored from the disease was
shown by the autopsy and subsequent
transference of the vi-i?-, other mon
Dr. Aiuuxu ...u, . ..,?e people
thought that bedbugs and tlcas were a
carrier of the disease, but he brushed
tills opinion aside, lie cited instances
where grownups had associated with a
family in which the disease was preva
lent and later on their own children
were affected. Dr. Aoss described epidemics
thai had been experienced m
Vienna, Germany and Sweden. The disease,
he said, originally came from Ger
many presu uably through Sweden or
Denmark. During 19Id when the epi
' degiic w.as experienced in New York
is estimated thai there were
JWJO.OOO persons o? the must suscept'.ble
age, that is under sixteen years,
yet there were only s.iiu cases ot
poliomyelitis or about o . pet cent.
The following observaiious upon
the mechanism ut ueicnse or the body
against poliomyelitis arc. it lias ueen
shown that nasal wasmugs of some
Edult6 contain substance capable ot
neutralizing or rendering non-iuiectiouB
the virus u iioliouiyelliis. Not
all adults and a sinaiiei proportion ot
children possess tuc.-e imbalances in
their nasal secretions, and ine power
i to neutralize is nut generally present
under abnormal conditions. Children
who are in the euriy acute stage of the
cisease, some ui those who have re]
covered and carrier., ui poliomysntis
nave been louiid to possess- this power.
Their results do not prove, but suggest,
that there ma;, be a seasonable
distribution ol the neutralizing substances.
The power ui the nasal secre
1/ irons iu neutralize ine virus is consul
ered to be ihe lirsi line or defense
against the infection. .Since there are
boalthy carriers of poliomyelitis who
never show evidence ot aciual invasion,
and since there are persons w ho,
not possessing tlie neutralizing sub
stances, have not contracted the disease
after lepeated exposure, there
must exist other nieaus ot defense.
In concluding Dr. Amoss said: foliomyelitis
must be regarded as selectivey
ty highly contagious. The proposition
V U here presented that all cases of poliomyelitis
result fro mthe transfer of the
virus by means of nasal secretions
grouped as follows: Persons In the
acute stage of poliomyelitis; persons
who have recovered and still harbor
the virus; persons in the incubation
period and healthy carriers. Dr. Amoss
tald that all o fthe tests had the sanction
ot the Rockefeller Institute. Some
of the opinions expressed he made on
his own authority
i, Probably sixty-five different experlI
Booze Stores
Are Closing in
New York City
(By Associated Press)
NBW YORK, Oct. 2 ? Unable to
cope with the multiplicity of federal
and state taxes and the Increase
cost o fall Intoxicants, 1,000 saloons
and retail liquor stores in
greater New York have closed
i their doors according to estimates
i made today by excise officials.
Yesterday when the license fee
of *1500. which must be paid in
advance, became due hundreds o(
places failed to open
I If the present situation continues
I It is said '1000 saloons in the stale
1 will have to close doors in the next
j six months
n entc were made by the institute.
Dr. Amoss began to speak shortly be
fere 1 o'clock this afternoon, the train
cp which he was a passenger having
teen running late.
Seventy-five physicians were regis
tered up to noon today. The Fair
This morning's session was opened
at !) o'clock by Dr. J. E. Radcr, the
president, of Huntington. The invocation
was by Rev. H. G. Stoetzer, D,
D., of the First Presbyterian church,
and the address of welcome was given
by Mayor Bowcu. The address ol welcome
on behalf of the society was
made by Dr. <J. U. Henry, of Fairmont.
Dr. C. R. Ogden, of Curbsburg,
made the repsousc.
During the morning session an address
was mude by Dr. H. B. Wood,
jof the .State Health department, who
stated that an epidemic of dysentery
was preavlent in the southern part ol
the state and warned the physicians
to be on the lookout for it. They
were urged to report these cases tr
the state because the government
want sto know about them so as to
keep all soldier camps clear ol it.
Dr. Wood discussed the Pennsylvania
state system of health officers,
but he was reminded that the Keystone
State gets an appropraitiou of
| $0,000,000, while West Virginia gets
I vorv little in r.nmnariann Hno .?f ?i..
problelma of West Virginia was to gel
the physicians in counties having nc
medical societies to be informed oi
the work, and this ho said also applied
to the lay population.
Dr.- W. J. Judy, of Bellevttlty told
of a ease of rabies that existed with a
dog, which bit sheep and so on until
a number of cases had developed. He
explained how he notified the health
department, which investigated, bul
its work was not very effective. Dr.
Judy lid not criticise the department,
hut thought lhal the laws were
Dr. S. I.. Jepson, of Charleston
spoke in the interest of the department
Prior to 1913 the department
had no money appropriated to it. He
stated that Wheeling for a long time
was spending more money for public
j health than the state itself outside ot
the city. He stated that, the Attorney
General had ruled that the rabies
would not come tinder the health department.
Some of the members believed that
[the registration of vital statistics
should be kept under the direction of
the county health authorities. An
effective law for the compulsion of
vaccination was also urged. Berkeley
county has made such a ruling.
Dr. 1.. N. Yost, of Fairmont, advoI
eated the schools as the best source
I of spreading health information. He
thought that each year the county
heatlh officer should give talks with
the aid of slides. He also believed
that the pulpit, should give its sup1
port, by having a Sunday reserved for
that purpose each year.
Dr. H. B. Wood strongly advocated
I the use of typhoid vaccine .especially
in coal mine or other camps, as a
moans of effectively combating the
disease. Cases of tuberculosis should
he reported to the state department,
which sends useful information on the
subject to the patient.
At this session Dr.. .T. H. Brownfield.
of Fairmont, responded to address.
He had been president of the
state body for a number of years.
(Continued on page 10.)
(By Associated Press)
WASHINGTON. Oct. 2?Treasure
officials today were elated at the re
turns pouring in from all parts of th<
country indicating that the appeal t<
raiBe three billion dollars for thi
second liberty loan is meeting with at
enthusiastic response from the public
Although reports from all largi
cities make it appear that the publii
welcomes the opportunity to assis
the Government in the present emer
gency, officials recognize that only ;
sustained intensive drive can maki
the campaign a success.
It has been estimated that the vol
ume of subsriptions must appro*!
mate $125,000,000 a day in order t(
attain the minimum figures of $3,000
Put Your Ads in the
Cocal Classes Will be Organized
This ??
Clarksburg Has Class That:
Will Study Tennyson.
The extension department of the
Fairmont State Normal school will he
carried on this year in an intensive
as well as extensive manner.
The dpartment is being organized
at this time and work will start in
many of the classes with this week.
The department is under the direction
of Prof Walter Barnes head of the
English department of the Fairmont
State Normal school assisted by oth
er members of the faculty and several
of the pupils.
East year the department had more
than one hundred pupils enrolled ami
this year it is hoped to jpaterially increase
this number.
It is proposed to organize at once
classes to be held in the evenings
at the Normal school in many differ
ent branches to which classes tin
teachers and anybody olse in the community
who is interested, will he
eligible Among the classes to he or
gattized are French, German, Latin.
Education, History, English. House
1 hold chemistry. Mathematics and any
i other branches where the demand is
sufficient to warrant the organization
' of the classes.
This will afford a splendid opportunity
for those who are employed during.
the day ang wh?-desire speoip*..
instruction in any of those branches.
. Already a class of 25 or 30 has been
' organized in Clarksburg to meet each
i Tuesday afternoon. This class will
study "Tennyson." Similar classes J
: will be organized at Mannington.
Grafton and other nearby towns.
The plan of the Normal extension
- work is to reach out all over the section
of the State in the organization
, of classes and thereby give the peo
pie of the section amnle opportunity
to develop along certain lines of edui
catlonal value.
1 Anybody in the city or elsewhere
' who wishes to participate in these ex'
tension classes are urged to communicate
with Prof. Walter Barngj al
i once for Information.
P. M. Conlev district superintendent,
of Lincoln district will conduct a class
at the Normal here on rural school
i supervision the work to begin a|
' once
preaching' at m.p.
temple tomorrow
Because the pastor, Rev. Dr. J. C.
| Brooiutield, will leave the next day for
' i a four months' stay with the Army Y.
( M. C. A. at Montgomery tomorrow's
mid week service at the M. P. Temple
instead of being the usual prayer ser,
vice will he a preaching service dur1
ing which Dr. Broomiield will occupy
the pulpit and there will be special
music. Miss Dilgarde and MIsb Hern'
don will Blng a duet entitled Faith and
' Patience.
The service will begin promptly at
7:15 and will end just as promptly at
8:05 so that those who attend may be
in plenty of time to attend the Cole
concert for the benefit of the Red Cross
at the Grand the same evening.
This evening the quarterly confert
ence of the M. P. congregation will be
held and arrangements will be made
i tor some of the things that will have
to be looked after during the absence
of the pastor.
Fire Department I
Had Morning Rnn
The Central Fire department was
railed to the scene of the old Jackson
street feed mill at 10:50 o'clock
this morning. Feoplo there who are
now engaged In destroying the building
attempted to burn quite a bit of
extra lumber, and found the old wood
to make a much larger flame than was
expected. Fearing that the fire would
spread the colored church which was
hut a few feet away, a call was put
in at the local fire station. The fire
was rapidly spreading toward the
church, but by the use of fire extinguishing
equipment the blaze was
soon under control.
Newspaper the Who<
>E m
' 7
B9hc , v^'.
A group of happy Gorman pris
each reader to study these faces. J
town m
John Fluharty Slip. Out of
Door While Doing Work
Assigned to Him.
Dtputy sheriffs and officers in the
surrounding country are today, search-i
ing for John Fluharty, an American,!
who broke out ot the Fairmont jail
Fluharty. who hails from Sruitlxfield.
Wetzel county, was a "trusty" and on
^ujlday night he was engaged in washing
dishes in the kitchen ot the prison
when he made an exit.
Fluharty was sent to jail tor sixty
days and sentenced to pay a fine ot
$100 for bootlegging. He had been in
jail tor sixty six days having been
serving out the fine, when he escaped
t 1HIW IVH ?
' '>
The Tractlon jark Hospital just as
it had hen wheat'the infantile paralysis
epidemic ,yvas"-at its height was the
unique phase .oft the visit of the physicians
attending the State Medical
Society , to that Institution this afternoon.
A special trolley car conveyed
the visitors to the hospital, having
left the court houe at 2 o'clock.
Dr. Peter Noe, Jr.. who had charge
of the Traction Park hospital had
all of the little patients retfrn and
occupied chairs in the hospital at a
point -just as near to the original
spoil, where they had heen patients,
as was .possible. . He. showed and explained
the. charts to the doctors and
gave a history of each case, and giving
the course of the disease.
Just before the children were arranged
for view the physicians they
wer entertained 'at luncheon.
?: ? - ?
Mrs. Mary A. Parks to
Be Buried at Salem
Mrs. Mary'A. Parks, aged wife
of Ira Parks!. died yesterday in Cook
hospital from a complication of diseases.
The deceased was a daughter
of the late Dr. Jas. F. carder and
Mrs. Margaret Gaskili Carder. She
la survived by her husband and three
brothers, John L? George A . of Fairmont;
Wilson, of Salem, and two sisters,
Mfs. Francis Strother. of 'fiddo,
0., and Mrs. O. Gainor. of IOlkins.
The body will be sent to Su'l-m nn
Thursday where interment will be
made in the I. O. O. F. cemetery. _
? ?
Begin Work on New
East Side Car Line
The- first workmen began work this
morning on the preliminary construction
of the East Side loop. The work
to be done first is largely in grading.
It is the plans of those in charge to
have all this part of the work completed
before winter weather begins.
Yesterday- the Monongahola Valley
Traction Company awarded the contracts
for the Job to Andrew L. Nicholich
and Sam Polino. Polino will
have charge of most of the work in
the central part of the East Side
while the. outer line, nearest the fair
grounds will be built by Xieholich.
le Community Look*
ggggWMHMragwwm.JHLii ..JU1 igg
oners captured by the British in the re
British orticial photo.
Its 2,500 Kilowatts Are a
Big Help in the Power
The Jayenne power plant that has
j been thoroughly remodeled by the
Monongahela Valley Traction Company
i? now running in lull force,
furnishing 2,500 additional kilowatts
to tiio power that is now being gencrated
at the Hutchinson power station.
The Jayenne plant was permanently
turned into service this morning.
The machinery was tested out yesterday
by John Wiggington and found
to be in first class condition.
L'neto tViSe tnnrn Iti tr tho mui'hlnorv
was put into operation. The power
has ben turned on to the main line
several times in the past week but
only for testing purposes,
i The additional power will greatly
: strengthen the electrical needs of the
; company until the huge plant at
Rivesville is completed.
"Sure I know what it is to do without
a smoke." That and a dollar bill
ir a letter with a Monongah postmark
told their own story quite clearly to
the man who opens the mail in the oluc
eof The West Virginian. He knew
at a glance that some good fellow In
the coal town had made a contribution
to the fund for the purchase of American
tobacco for the American soldiers
in France.
Although the fund was announced
just yesterday it already has a good
s tart and the indications are that there
will be a splendid response in the territory
in which The West Virginian
For every quarter contributed the
Aerican Tobacco company places 45
cents worth of tobacco in the hands ol
some soldier of the Republic fightim
ill France. In each kit is a post cart
upon which the soldier acknowledge!
the receipt of the gift. The subscrip
lion so far are as follows:
P It. Martin One ki
Uhler H. Dunlap One ki
H. E. Engle One ki
Mrs. h. C. Arnett One kit
A. O. Evans One ki
If. C. Faber Four kit!
J C. Herbert Two kit!
J. M. Bower Two kiti
A. Ray Mapel Two kit!
' City Hall Notes
After a busy police court Monda
morning, netting $47 to the city treat
ury, the city authorities found ihing
quiet in town yesterday and here wa
not a single violator of the law to ap
pear at court this morning.
"Did Mayor Rowen make provisio
in his budget to buy overcoats for hi
policemen?" With the first touch o
winter weather this is the big questioi
at the police department. Some o
the members of the force have deelai
ed that the city must purchase the wir
ter apparel.
> up to?Put Them i
Copyright Underwood & Underwood,
cord drive in Flanders?It will Interest
Will Talk Over the Pressing |
Problems of the Coal !
For the.purposo ot hearing reports
and for a general discussion of the
cost ot coal production, the members
of the Central West Virginia Coal Op
erators Association will hold a general
mass meeting in the oRice rooms
of the Fairmont Chamber ot Commerce
at 10:30 o'clock Friday morning.
The meeting will be attended by
coal operators throughout this section
of the state.
The Federal Trade Commissidi has
asked tho Central West Virginia Coal
Operators Association to submit to
them on October 15 tha costs of coal
production in this region. The im1
portance ot filing the daily information
to the local offices for the completion
of the average cost sheet will
also be emphasized.
There are over 100 mines in the
Central West Virginia Coal Operators
Association and an effort will be made
to have them all represented.
Other than the cost of coal production,
tho subject, of car shortage will
also ho taken up. Tho accumulative
car shortage for the entire association
has now reached approximately
2400 cars, in connection with the
subject ot' car shortage, C. If. Jenkins
will give a report ot a conference
with A. W. Thompson, vice president
' of the Baltimore and Ohio railroad
Mr. Jenkins will leave for Baltimore
this evening to confer with the rail >
road officials.
tnn farwii
lull inULIILLL
Men to Go to Army Thursday
Will be Given Fine
The program for the farewell dinner
' It. be given the next quota of FairI
taont's drafted men on Thursday at
> f ne o'clock was completed this morn
It will be practically the same as that
1 riven the last quota with tho exception
1 ef a change in tho after dinner speak1
I Judge W. S. Haymond has been ent
gaged to preside as toastmaster. The
> following speakers will address the
k <'01111 or mow Ktront PrtTtimiofllnncr A
' L. Lehman, representing the city or
? Fairmont; Principal G. H. Colebank, or,
ihe Fairmont High school; Mrs. J. Wal1
ter Barnes, representing the mothers
; oi the departing boys; J. M. Jacobs, of
j the local draft bonrd; Mrs. Samuel
Leeper. the Fairmont Chapter of Ken
y ; C ross, and Rev. C. E. Goodwin, the
I Ministerial association. Lamar Sattergj
field, accompanied by Miss Louise
s! Nichols, will render a vocal solo.
J The Vincent orchestra has voluntarily
agreed to he present to furnish
? music at the dinner. The arranges
p'.ents for the other music In the hands
I of Ira L. Smith.
n | The Red Cross is busy preparing for
,{| Ihe fiftcn drafted men and the five al .
ternates and will have everything
,.]ieady for the grand sendoff by Thursday.
n the West Virginian
DEMIEll 10
Sacrificing Men Freely in Afc |
tacks Upon Haig's
They Apparently Dread th?
Effect of Next British
Although Berlin military writers are
admitting that the Germans can hardlv
regain the initiative on the western
Front, the German high command Is
evidently doing Its utmost to keep the
British from making the beat use ot
their advantage in Flanders. Apparently
dreading the effect ot the next Britlug
stroke Crown Prince Rupprecbt ,
has been launching attacks upon Field
Marshal Halg's troops in their advance
position In an effort to disarrange the
British camp.
It is too early yet tor the effect Ot
this attack to be developed.
The British commander reports that
the attacks themselves, five In number,
were complete failures, the Germans
not being abel to make any appreciable
Impression on British portion
along Ih eYpres-Meniu road and
at south eastern edge ot Polygon woods
where the thrusts were delivered.
With the whole German line In Flanders
hanging In the balance as military
maps show, small surprise Is expressed
that the German command is making
such desperate efforts to balk British
plans and is lighting hard for every
\>i 6iv*inu yruieuunK me r LL'""" .-J
Cstend railway, a scant tlx miles cl)
yontl the present point ot the advent- |
ing British web.
Ou their front in northern France
the French are holding themselves In
testraint at present permitting the
(Town Prince to hammer away at their I
lines in attacks which almost invariably
are repulsed with heavy German
Two attacks by Germane In the C'raenne
sector on the Aisne front lait J
night were repulsed.
Efforts Ijy Germans on two ocda- J8|
r.ions to recapture trenches which they Jl
had lost in the Beaumont region in Verdun
front also were unsuccessful. ' a
WASHINGTON*. Oct. 2?Representatives
of the coal miners in the central : !
competitive field rejected today a proposal
by the operators offering in part
the wage increase demanded. 3
The conference wil be continued. :
The operators met the miners' demand
for an increase of 16 cents a ton in
pick atid machine mining with an offer :
oi live cents ana proposed an advance
of SI a day for unskilled labor instead
of $1.90 asked. The demand for a
straight 20 per cent increase in pay
for yardage and head work drew a
counter proposal of 20 per cent In Ohio
an i Pensylvania with an equal amount ;
in cents to be paid in Indiana and lilt- ;
The operators proposed a contract
for the period of war instead of one
lasting for one or two years and suggests
rigid provisions Cor its enforcemen!.
They would have a contract drawn
subject to the approval of the fuel administration.
At the end of the morning confer
ence it was said operators and miner*
probably would get together before the
week was over, each yielding soma- i
what. Both sides are looking to fued #
administration to increase coal price* M,'\
to absorb the wage raises agreed on. J
J 1
Business Lunch 11:30 to 3 P. M. 40b j
Supper 5:30 to 8:00 P. M. f I
j 1
Laborers Wanted
! in Select and Shipping Dept..Apply 'J
ar.'jA-.;*,-, - Siao?:-4v"\r,i"

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