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I .'_ T m | Byl ^JUK%|L B t Ml lilttK |] and Publishing Gomptiir* ^ ' I F-OttflCO Aflyejctlsluz Bcpresentatlvo. ROBERT E. WARD, 1 Avenue. Kott York: 5 a Wabash Ave.. Chicago. j Kfe^^P^^SUMCRIPTION RATE8. _ ? I ISs *': ir iWHi fPnTr'*tr Jr. advance only.) One year 15.00; H? - 52.00; three m on the. *1.50: one month, 00c. i ay wsbriek?an Fairmont.) One year, *7.00; elz 1 Si I rnontheTn.OO; one month, 50c; one week, 15c. For copy J US, , r BY CARRIER?(Outside of Fairmont.) One month, 7Scj E%k/ K'OIm Weak. lie.' By carrier Three Cent*. ] R ' 211 subscriptions payable In advance . ' ^pSJlr*"^^ f0r c"a21s? 111 ad<lrcas give old as well as Bfefji?' Entered at the Fostoftlce at Fairmont. West Virginia, as t;. ' second- class matter. I ' fi~"t IF YOU DON'T GET YOUR PAPER CALU ? " "WESTERN UNION." - ,. ' Subscribers on our carrier routes falling to get The West B" Vlrgtalan any. evening should call "WESTERN TJNION," K . . state the fact and give name e nd residence and a messenger ft - wm deliver a paper to your door at oncc. There Is no a -charge to the subscriber for this service. MQl^AT EVENING, DECEMBER 31. 1917. o NOW OR NEVER. ' t T would be difficult to overestimate the importance of the 1 conference upon the gas situation which will be held in 'Clarksburg on Fridayof this week, and it is to be hoped dutf /tQ Ute cities , business organizations and commercial bodies in. this end of the state will see to it that they are ^represented by trustworthy and thoroughly in earnest menf '; It is now or aevef for West Virginia in this gas matter. The only way in \yhich an adequate supply for home cony L sumption may be guaranteed is to push through the present ! movement to its logical ending?the establishment beyond tie. shadow of a doubt of the right of the local consumer W W the fas he needs. If the movement halts short of Jj ' that goal the fight is lost forever for all practical purposes. S Never again while there is any gas worth fight" .g for will v; it be possible to make another effort. That is fully under- , stood in Pennsylvania, in Ohio and in the offices of the , gas exporting companies, even if it is not yet thoroughly appreciated here, and it is that which gives the present movement its serious aspect and makes a display of both resolution and caution essential to uccess. If the outside interests, and there are many of them, ber V Iipvp iki* Wm( VirTiria nncihnn will Vtnlrl in law nnrl ikat die movement will make it necessary for the great gas com) ' panies to give West V irginia an adequate amount of gas, , no matter how greatly the supply available for other consumers, is depleted thereby, they will not wait to fight a losing legal battle, but will seek by every device -nd strate' gem at their command to divert the West Virginia movement into other cahnnels. They will propose compromises _ that are not honest, and they will seek by various methods to lessen the zeal of the leaders. That is a possibility that must be guarded against frankly pS $nd adequately. * We are all familiar with the mole like methods by which the struggle to control natural resources is all top frequently carried on. There is no middle ground .forindividuals and the representatives of communities. TIT tins, matter every one is either for West Virginia or against her. The gas companies, local as well as exporting, occupy c a somewhat different status, but while this is conceeded, I they, should be made to understand that though this may |; not be their fight, and while it is quite proper for them to be passive observers, it is their business to see to it that ,'itothmg is done to embarrass the effort of the people Of $ West Virginia to establish firmly and indisputably their r,V right to their own gas. If the gas companies are not willing to'.take this position it will be prefectly legitimate from a moral standpoint, and absolutely essential to the success % of the- movement, to treat them in every way as enemies of the West Virginia public. . EXPERIENCE NOT NEEDED. T HIS newspaper could scarcely be classed as a warm t \ J admirer* of Secretary of the Treasury McAdoo. As 2.'v.V chief financial officer of the government he does not rise above the average in that office. It is quite probable that President Wilson could have selected a better man for director general of railways. As to that point, however, no one can be sure until all the facts of the Tailway matter come to die surface and we arc able to see what Mr. Wilson's policy is based upon, and to understand just what he HI hopes to do. But even though we find it by no means a jr., difficult task to restrain any tendency to become enthusi ^ astic about McAdoo the man, we have no patience with ' newspapers and the other critics who condemn his selection I to aie. traiuportation direction on the ground that he has hiad ho experience in railroad matters. The same applies to criticism of Dr. Garfield, the Fuel administrator, on the came silly ground. It is not what a man is or what kind of training he has : had, but what he can do that counts at a time like the present , A great deal of history might be cited in support ' of that proposition. It is proved in the cases of Alexander Hamilton and the younger Pitt, who revolutionized gov! " eminent administration in their respective countries when they were mere youths; by the career of Talleyrand, who ( was educated for the priesthood, but had his finger in every i political pie in Europe befor/he died, and by many other < j$? .1 provide eggs of at le i Ruff Stuff The Weatherman: f&'X- _ . . ? The laundries: st< Tonight's the night for turning over screens. a new leaf, and here's what some well known-local people ought to resolve The B. & O.: get | to do? ? ? ? the tipples every onci iV The loafers: go to work. Tho Mayor: enfon every offender no i The bootleggers quit. pull he may have. T. Bevenv: dear tin the sldewallr. fhaf a nrlinla * * * homeless down in Gu K. The M. V. T.: put a little heat In the ? That's tough, but I KsS * * * not nearly so seriow ^ The restaurants: lower prices mul It is in Bootbsville. f .. > ". t ' Y"!1 yr ^ fame as Aftd" m Mdu^d'oSS martMy meil<rr ^ Pre*~ When the' war broke otit Sir' Eric Geddes was a business nan who bad seen service in'this country and in India on tigging railroads apd in lumber camps. He went into the >i Mill nna SIIIKMA S I?A? Mva^lat] as afl S n uuuiuutn uiiiwc wuui 11 n? uranu no cut oMisiout *y Joyd George and.made ?uch a remarkable record for or>anizing ability that when the transportation sy item in the ear of the British army in France and Belgium broke down te was sent over to put it on its feet. His success is one >f the romances of the war. He took army transportation sspErts who had specialized for a lifetime and were thought lo be prefect products of military schools and made them leam their trade all over again. They created a special rank for him and he was one of the biggest men in the British military establishment when die storm over the navy broke and he was placed at the head of the admiralty. It was one of the most pronounced shocks the war so far has provided for the British public. An out and out civilian at die head of the navy, the first line of defense which had never before been entrusted to any but experts 1 The thing was almost unbelievable. But it has proved a wonderful success. Geddes, who did not know anything about naval affairs, has cut naval red tape and destroyed naval prejudice on every hand and he is getting things done. Every once in a while the Germans make a raid of some kind which distor^ British equanimity, but these things no longer cause uneasiness. Confidence in the British navy has been restored. McAdoo may not be the, man who can do it, but that u exactly what is needed in the transportation system of this country. The railroads broke down because the "men with experience did not possess the genius to rise above their experience. The fact that the Interstate Commerce commissioners suffered from the same mental rigidity hastened the process of collapse. No, experience is not what we need; at least that is not the most important need. What we need is vision, and courage, and a vast intellectual energy. Given these things an administrator can use the experience of others and make it count better than it was counting before. EXEMPT MINE WORKERS. PITTSBUGH'S district draft board "anticipating that the government, which has already granted class exemptions in the shipbuilding industry, and will shortly take the same action for die railway industry, will before long order class exemptions from military service for men engaged on war work in the steel and allied industries" has given men in thoSe industries deferred classifications under the new draft scheme. This is decidedly premature. It was not merely to say that, however, that we refer to it, but to call attention to the fact that it is high time some one began to take an active interest in the status of men of military age who are skilled mine workers. There is a prospect that before very long the transportation situation will so imporve that the mining industry will be put to a test, but in the mean time another half million men will be called to the colors and West Virginia mining counties will be called upon to send their quotas, which necessarily means a reduction in the supply of mine labor unless steps arc taken to keep mine workers c:homc. < Great Britain founc! it necessary to send men back to the mines ufter they had reached the trenches in France. This about face involved double loss to the empire. We may find it necessary to retum/niners who are in training at the military camps, and ir. view of the plain warning which the British experience gives us that would be an inexcusable blunder. Operators' associations ought to take the matter up with the' government at Charleston with the view of having me state cuthonyes take it up with the War Department. If the mines are left without an adequate supply of labor the steel town draft boards will not need to exempt mill mSn, for the mills will have to go out of business. o Washington dispatches say that freer movement ot coal will be the first question taken up by the new director general ot the railroads t*>is week. That is a good place to begin. Who- the temperature is Bta^'ug below zero over almost the entire country nothing is ot more imp'ortance than coal supply, and the success he makes of this effort will furnish an excellent barometer by which the country may judge the value of Sfr.^McAdoo's transportation organization. o There was an Important loosening up in censorship regulations yesterday. Military sharps have had to revise their theories in very many things since the war began, and by the time our armies really get into the fighting they -will hare to give up all news suppressing ideas for which they cannot prove actual value. Some newspapers continue to display irritation because of the activities of the congressional investigating co^nlttees. That is a very narrow and unenlightened view to take of the matter. These investigations arc doing a lot of good e . en though- some of them may have had their Inspiration in partisan bias. They are letting in a lot of light at a time when it will do a lot of good. We did not begin to Investigate the conduct of the Spanish war until the war was over and all the dr mage that it was possible to do had been done. One experience of that kind ought to be enough for a nation. The more open and above board we keep the war activities the better will-tie the Tesults we obtain and the smaller the loss of life from inefficiency and neglect. The weather is a never ending topic of conversation, but even such a hackneyed subject freshens up and becomes decidedly interesting when the temperature takes the swoop it did Saturday night and Sunday morning. o Bessarabia has declared its independence, according to dispatches from Russia. This action comes later than might have been expected, and it may be taken for granted that there will be some trouble to get this rich province back into the Russian fold.\ Bessarabia for years has ben harrasscd by pogroms and prosecution of the Jews of all kinds. It naturally will view with distrust even a popular government in Russia unless it :an be assured considerable control over local affairs. ast 1917 vintage. That Pittsburgh motorman whose . _ car ran away the day before Christmas wro a ea and killed a lot of peoplh has left the' _ ,, ? hospital and his address is now?the op making smoke con5ty jalK *. / ? a coal car under And he stands a good chance of s in a while. staying behind bars for a good long time. ;e the law against * * * natter how much Men with uncontrollable temper! are a nuisance anywhere, hut on the business end of a street car they-are a lot of people at* qfime. atemnls. ' / * * Perhaps If they send this guy to the being homeless !? pen others who cannot control their i In tlHUtnnmla as footings will quit wl)!le tho quitting is or niBianrn. &ooo? T I <BY cc* ' H6Y. Cve/?CTT ! F_ -5] Ml TIM B,... ' if r", jjjg * -?* ii? . k mw ?wik ' i ' x ~j T<?ST6f?TVIt ? } 1 "Ia/HAT f =rl=j UKC A "I 31} # <v * ? J# ///7 Editorial Comment on Current Subjects From the Manufacturers Record. The price of coal is higher now than at any time in many years. High as is the price paid by the consumer, it offers not the slightest encouragement to the increased production ui ujtti lur me simple reason tnat mo United States Government hns decreed that the producers shall receive only a small, fixed part of the ultimate price. Considerable profit is being made out of tht sale of coal, but this profit Is going to those who have no influence over production. Before Dr. Garfield, president of Williams College, was Invited to leave his quiet classrooms and take charge of the coa) problem of the United States, all the demands tor coal made by the United States Government, the Allies and the domestic consumers were being met by a group of experienced coal men, constituting the Committee on Coal Production of the Council of National Defense, At the head of this committee was Francis S. Peabody, owner of coal mines in Illinois and engaged in selling coal. Mr. Peabody and the experienced men who were serving with him know tho coal situation. They knew what it cost to produce coal of various typc3 as a result of their own actnal experience. They knew where the coal was to be found. Mr, Peabody called a large meeting r\f ,nnl man tft aal. ~ ?' - 11 ? a.u I V* vvui utvit tu UOIV tuoiu LU uau U UUlt on rising prices. It was realized thai It the law of supply and domand were permitted to work unfetered, the increased prices would encourago production; that more coal produced would probably reduce the level ot prices. But it waB also realized that there should he some check upon prices. Secretary Lane of tho Interior Department and Commissioner Fort ot tho Federal Trade Commission attended the meeting bt coal men. There was a unanimous agreement to limit the price ot coal to $3 at the mines, with half a dollar oft for coal sold to the Government. Mr. Lane said It was the best evidence of patriotism that could be given by business men. Tho rnnl mon foH Vtof >!?v ?(UUU >V'k VUUb l/HO 1VO | agreed upon, white moderate, still I would encourage production. It took account of rising labor costs and rising cost of materials. It the price was liberal enough to encourage increased productivity, and the output Increased, the supply more nearly would equal the demand. Two firms then would not be bidding against each other for the same ton of coal. Secretary Baiter of the War Department, two days after the conferenco, denounced tile meeting. He said the Committee on Coal Production of the Council of National Defense had no right to approve of the agreement entered into by the operators. Moreover. there was a suggestion that the price fixed was on the same basis as the price for the fixing which a number of coal operators had been Indicted and for which they were on trial in New York. The agreement was kicked into the discard. Thfin nr nonflolrl itwaelilaw* a# \4IMJM<?U| |? QDIUOUV i". Williams College, was made Fuel Administrator. If he had ever given any special stndy to coal In his little office at Williams College, the tact Is not generally known. One of the things about coal which he didn't know was that the navy used :a specially picked, high-grade coal, which cannot be produced at4he tame price as the coal useA by nhmufacturing concerts. , He Used arbitrary prices tor cal, making tew distinctions between variouif grades. He eays there was no falling off In production following his advent. There is considerable dispute as to that It is a fact, however, that, the shortage grew acute following his entrance into the sltnatton. , It la a simple, economic fact that a liberal price at the mines will encour age production. The more coal mined under ahch conditioni the larger the profits ot the mine owners^ ' Half a dollar added to the price at the mines might mean an Increase o( fifty million tons; the amount which. Dr. Garfield uayB.we are short It that shortage-could, be met in that way, it would mean that the Rnnnlv wnnltl equal tlie..demand. Competition In I bidding, as well as hoarding, naturally | /v "* \/^ FR F.' j" I rj .R.OF) V} ' ^ , ! ' i. .i I 1 1 u =J ^ - *** ? ' -i#?' * -, k. ?. \ ' 1 1 1 then would cease. The price to the consumer inevitably would come down. The shortage caused by the low i yiico at luc uixiiua uuijucouuiwui; iuices up the prices to the consumer. There are two schools ot economic thought in Washington. One believes that increased production is more important than price. The other believes that price is more important than produtlon. Dr. Garfield apparently takes his stand with the latter. No relief to the ocnsumer may be expected so long as he persists in that belief. The Committee on Coal Production, now dissolved, brought production to the"Tiigliest point it has ever been in the United States. This was done by experienced handling of the situation, backed by appeals to patriotism. If there is any suspicion anywhere that tU? nnnl minn /\mnni*a osa elnnlroes , lug guui luiuo vnuuta uio omvnvio, wilfully sulking in their tents, this, thought is answered by the millions of tons more of coal produced this year than last year. If the Coal Committee had remained in charge of the situation, there is every, reason to bolieve that its achievement would have been cumulative; that they fifty million tons still needed to meet the shortage woud have been added. The fuel-oil situation, almost as important as the coal situation, Is hung upon a delicate and complicated network of industry. There are indications that Dr. Garfield is preparing to meddle with this situation. At the present time the oil situation is satisfactory. Every call made by the Allies ,the United States Government, the munition industries, etc., has been met promptly and economically. Ir Dr. Garfield does to oil what he has done to coal, there will be public clamor equaling that made against his handling of the coal situation. Tho onTv wow nrfrna onn Krntiflrfit down is to make pricos secondary to production. Until the Administration frankly recognizes this self-evident economic truth, the United States will tail to reach its maximum efficiency. '?<? I EAST SIDE II NEWS Called Off. The watch meeting of the T. A. S. club which was to be held at the home ot Mrs. Henry Murphy In East Park avenue tonight, has been called off on account of several of tho memfcers being unable to attend. Gone to Clarksburg. Mrs. Alma Hudkfns and little daughter, who have visited relatives here the past week, have gone to Clarksburg to spend a few days oefore returning to their home at Akron, O. Aid Society. Tho Aid Society of theJDlamond St. M. E. church will meet Thursday at two o'clock at the home of Mrs. Neta Hammers in Columbia street From Connellsvllle. Mr. and Mrs. E. W. Abbott of Connellsvllle, were guests at diner yesterday of Mr. 'and Mrs. T. B. Henderson / In Guffey street. Mrs. Abbott was en route to Martinsburg and left last evening for that city. Mr Abbott who is auditor on the B. & O. passenger train, returned to Connelltvllle on his usual run at 4 o'clock. Shower for Bride. Mrs. Regretta Nichols Edwards, a recent bride of Urlcsville, On was given a surprise miscellaneous shower at the home of Mr. and Mrs. C. F. Pride on Saturday evening. The affair was arranged by Miss Naomi Springer. Mrs. Edwards received a number ot useful articles and the guests spent a pleasant eevning with their old time associate. To Norfolk, Va. Mrs. Kate Shlvely, who baa resided -In Morgantown avenue the past two years, bas gone to Norfolk, Vs., to spend the winter with her son. Watch Party and Shower. Miss Virgle Hawkins will give a watch party and shower tonight at her Irmto A lafga tiniftluvf nf' fagtfatHniit yitiiqtneanairprom* . I Miss PhyHU Walker went to Hundred today to spend New Year's day d with relative*. * n Mr*. Doraey Pople has returned from s a riait to her mother, lira. Maloae, at1 a] Grafton, 7 . William Araett, of Reerea arenoe, I l-as bqpn sick (or a couple of days. Mr. and Mrs. lamar Malone are home from Antioch, where they vtaltid Mrs. Malono'e mother. Mrs. Nixon. Mrs. J. & Watklns went to Rowleaburg yesterday to visit her mother-in- n law, Mrs.. Watklns, a few days. * Mrs. Iva Had cliff, of Wilson street, is visiting friends at Murray. Dayton Carpenter and wife, of East Pt.rk. ore visiting relatives at Moundavtlle. tl VtwA I tl East Park Citizens Expect* 1 ed to Have It Finished ? By January 15. r fc u According to present plans the com- * munity house now being constructed by the citizens of the East Side will ho open by January IS. The community bouse which is one of the first undertakings of this kind in the state, ; will cost the citizens of the East Side approximately $2,500. It is 36 leet in width and 61 feet long. It is to be equipped with modern heating and lighting. It will kavo a movable stage, and movable dreselng and cooking rooms. It will have one large parlor, size 14 bp 32 feet. Tbo paslor will heiused as n meeting place for the Red Cro%s, Gamp Fire Girls, _ Boy Scouts, Bible classes, and for com- munity conferences. It will be so ar- q ranged that the parlor may be oasily | thrown into the auditorium, which to- I gether with the balcony will accom modate 1,000 persons. The auditorium will be equipped for basketball and other gymnastic equipment for the physical development of both the boy i ' and girlo. At present the bnilding is almost under roof. The floor is now being laid 1 and t|ie healing system Installed. The community house is located back of the East Park school fronting the GO feet koulevard planned through the J. L. Coogle props rev. The community house Is being built by community contributions. J Lvr,. - . ~ li I What People bay J ? y and Some Side Remarks o . B C. J. C. Bennett formerly principal e of the Fairmont State Normal School, (1 writes (he Buckhannon Delta urging t a strong national spirit and makes his d points from history, arguing that it k cannot be said that his views are due r to the fact that he Is geting up in n years as the statements he makes o ome from his study of hlBtory and not A from youth or years. He offers somo ( $ $$$$$$$ $$ : Money I rs lr/% #% ? ATiaikC ct ? Christ ** Here's the Way ?? ? Christmas Sa ^ Hundreds are flocking to join ou you ahonld not let tbe chance go 1 Costs nothing to become a memi yg. to lose. : CLUB NOW FOI \ It will enable yon to save when c?You will have money for Christ ?? how you accumulated so much. ^ A little each weelc regularly. 1 It's a great cooperative plan. 1 ^ eral benefit' Save for your family and friend ffj Act now while you are tblnkln V> CALL FOR PARTICULARS. Z The Peoples Bank of F "sTTTTTTTtl if ^ ' i'lk not JttTrt v'hatjax soinc'oth^r ''^^y' SfJStsW^tSS He." who completed ? ?#eater'*or ? >ldler hoy and headed ltl?tifr iaf lection, saying nnerwaros; . ,-r. . ? -.vs "Why, do yton know I l?i<&tTOidor of hsring made an acceptsblo , sweater than I do ot all'lne.lidpks > 1 have ever written! I had no Ilea Y. there was ao much fascination about It" V.' ; > : The Advocate odds that there Is othing more fascinating than being seful. Bert Wtllama, the colored qamedlan,: ho makes ISO,000 a year, ears: "I am what I am, not bqdansa of what I am but in eptte Of It." Harry J. Hartley waa, talking, about 10 cold weather and apeagtng (X how ?r below tcro It waa. added? . \ "By Bob Lowe's weather-tolleir." A great number of the prosperous nd intelligent people ot~Fa| rmont hall . rom Boothsvlllo and vicinity orbave elatives there and are familiar with , x (r. Hartley's reference. There tney be / time Falrmontors who have not'heaW ho story: There was a woman In the vicinity ot loothaville who worked out, dolpg the ' eavy work at halt a dosen farmouses. One morning when theweathr was like It was yesterday she?*!* ' ivod at the home of the late Marcene : mllh (father of F. J. Smith) and fiatrally the conversation turned to Qif leather. "How cold Is It?" she was aked. "It's sis Inches below Nlmrod? \ by Bob Lowe's woather-tpller," wss her reply. COLDS ?* Head or chest?webest a t"*ud"exlot*ur" )0NT HAVE GRAY til t's Unnecessary?La Creole Darkens It Evenly? No Dye. ' * . -,f No matter how gray your hah", proMaturely gray, faded, bleached, treaked with gray, to restora to Batiral dark color again, apply to till -our hair, and scalp tho famous La Ircole Hair Dressing. Do this Jus I icfore going to bed. In a day or so ou will be delighted to observe all |ur gray ha'.r turn to an tfren beaufrul dark shade without evca a trace f gray showing. La Crooie revives he natural color glands so all your ;ray hair is naturally darkened and ntfre head of hair becomes soft, if uffy, long, thick and of an oven beauiful, soft, dark shade. Also stops andrutf and falling, hair, leaving your air fascinating anil abundant and adiantly dark and beautiful, Spld on / toney-back guarantee nt drug stores, r r sent repaid for 91.20 by Van Vleetlanslleld Drug Co., Memphis, Tonn.?, Advt.) :$$$$$$$$ ielps to Z Merry ? tmas ? to Have Both " tvings Club '.ml r Chrlstmaa Savings Club and - '~v - w-. ' ber?no fees, no fines, notBlng - " , EftftfllMA I AIM ta you couldn't do it other*is&. mas or other use and wonder j ^ Vatch your savings grow. ' fou get your share ot the gen- I ^