- w- ?m\ ^ JI y jfl I A iM.'
I .'_ T m | Byl ^JUK%|L B t Ml lilttK |]
and Publishing Gomptiir* ^ '
I F-OttflCO Aflyejctlsluz Bcpresentatlvo. ROBERT E. WARD, 1
Avenue. Kott York: 5 a Wabash Ave.. Chicago. j
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ay wsbriek?an Fairmont.) One year, *7.00; elz 1
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R ' 211 subscriptions payable In advance .
' ^pSJlr*"^^ f0r c"a21s? 111 ad<lrcas give old as well as
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t;. ' second- class matter. I
' fi~"t IF YOU DON'T GET YOUR PAPER CALU
? " "WESTERN UNION."
- ,. ' Subscribers on our carrier routes falling to get The West
B" Vlrgtalan any. evening should call "WESTERN TJNION,"
K . . state the fact and give name e nd residence and a messenger
ft - wm deliver a paper to your door at oncc. There Is no
a -charge to the subscriber for this service.
MQl^AT EVENING, DECEMBER 31. 1917.
NOW OR NEVER.
' t T would be difficult to overestimate the importance of the
1 conference upon the gas situation which will be held in
'Clarksburg on Fridayof this week, and it is to be hoped
dutf /tQ Ute cities , business organizations and commercial
bodies in. this end of the state will see to it that they are
^represented by trustworthy and thoroughly in earnest menf
'; It is now or aevef for West Virginia in this gas matter.
The only way in \yhich an adequate supply for home cony
L sumption may be guaranteed is to push through the present
! movement to its logical ending?the establishment beyond
tie. shadow of a doubt of the right of the local consumer
W W the fas he needs. If the movement halts short of
Jj ' that goal the fight is lost forever for all practical purposes.
S Never again while there is any gas worth fight" .g for will
v; it be possible to make another effort. That is fully under- ,
stood in Pennsylvania, in Ohio and in the offices of the
, gas exporting companies, even if it is not yet thoroughly
appreciated here, and it is that which gives the present movement
its serious aspect and makes a display of both resolution
and caution essential to uccess.
If the outside interests, and there are many of them, ber
V Iipvp iki* Wm( VirTiria nncihnn will Vtnlrl in law nnrl ikat
die movement will make it necessary for the great gas com)
' panies to give West V irginia an adequate amount of gas,
, no matter how greatly the supply available for other consumers,
is depleted thereby, they will not wait to fight a
losing legal battle, but will seek by every device -nd strate'
gem at their command to divert the West Virginia movement
into other cahnnels. They will propose compromises
_ that are not honest, and they will seek by various methods
to lessen the zeal of the leaders.
That is a possibility that must be guarded against frankly
pS $nd adequately. * We are all familiar with the mole like
methods by which the struggle to control natural resources
is all top frequently carried on. There is no middle ground
.forindividuals and the representatives of communities. TIT
tins, matter every one is either for West Virginia or against
her. The gas companies, local as well as exporting, occupy
c a somewhat different status, but while this is conceeded,
I they, should be made to understand that though this may
|; not be their fight, and while it is quite proper for them to
be passive observers, it is their business to see to it that
,'itothmg is done to embarrass the effort of the people Of
$ West Virginia to establish firmly and indisputably their
r,V right to their own gas. If the gas companies are not willing
to'.take this position it will be prefectly legitimate from a
moral standpoint, and absolutely essential to the success
% of the- movement, to treat them in every way as enemies
of the West Virginia public.
. EXPERIENCE NOT NEEDED.
T HIS newspaper could scarcely be classed as a warm
t \ J admirer* of Secretary of the Treasury McAdoo. As
2.'v.V chief financial officer of the government he does not
rise above the average in that office. It is quite probable
that President Wilson could have selected a better man for
director general of railways. As to that point, however,
no one can be sure until all the facts of the Tailway matter
come to die surface and we arc able to see what Mr. Wilson's
policy is based upon, and to understand just what he
HI hopes to do. But even though we find it by no means a
jr., difficult task to restrain any tendency to become enthusi
^ astic about McAdoo the man, we have no patience with
' newspapers and the other critics who condemn his selection
I to aie. traiuportation direction on the ground that he has
hiad ho experience in railroad matters. The same applies
to criticism of Dr. Garfield, the Fuel administrator, on the
came silly ground.
It is not what a man is or what kind of training he has
: had, but what he can do that counts at a time like the
present , A great deal of history might be cited in support
' of that proposition. It is proved in the cases of Alexander
Hamilton and the younger Pitt, who revolutionized gov! "
eminent administration in their respective countries when
they were mere youths; by the career of Talleyrand, who
( was educated for the priesthood, but had his finger in every
i political pie in Europe befor/he died, and by many other <
j$? .1 provide eggs of at le
i Ruff Stuff The Weatherman:
f&'X- _ . . ? The laundries: st<
Tonight's the night for turning over screens.
a new leaf, and here's what some well
known-local people ought to resolve The B. & O.: get
| to do? ? ? ? the tipples every onci
iV The loafers: go to work. Tho Mayor: enfon
every offender no i
The bootleggers quit. pull he may have.
T. Bevenv: dear tin the sldewallr. fhaf a nrlinla
* * * homeless down in Gu
K. The M. V. T.: put a little heat In the ?
That's tough, but I
KsS * * * not nearly so seriow
^ The restaurants: lower prices mul It is in Bootbsville. f
.. > ". t ' Y"!1
yr ^ fame as Aftd" m
Mdu^d'oSS martMy meil<rr ^ Pre*~
When the' war broke otit Sir' Eric Geddes was a business
nan who bad seen service in'this country and in India on
tigging railroads apd in lumber camps. He went into the
>i Mill nna SIIIKMA S I?A? Mva^lat] as afl S n
uuuiuutn uiiiwc wuui 11 n? uranu no cut oMisiout *y
Joyd George and.made ?uch a remarkable record for or>anizing
ability that when the transportation sy item in the
ear of the British army in France and Belgium broke down
te was sent over to put it on its feet. His success is one
>f the romances of the war. He took army transportation
sspErts who had specialized for a lifetime and were thought
lo be prefect products of military schools and made them
leam their trade all over again. They created a special
rank for him and he was one of the biggest men in the
British military establishment when die storm over the navy
broke and he was placed at the head of the admiralty. It
was one of the most pronounced shocks the war so far has
provided for the British public. An out and out civilian
at die head of the navy, the first line of defense which had
never before been entrusted to any but experts 1 The thing
was almost unbelievable. But it has proved a wonderful
success. Geddes, who did not know anything about naval
affairs, has cut naval red tape and destroyed naval prejudice
on every hand and he is getting things done. Every
once in a while the Germans make a raid of some kind
which distor^ British equanimity, but these things no longer
cause uneasiness. Confidence in the British navy has
McAdoo may not be the, man who can do it, but that
u exactly what is needed in the transportation system of
this country. The railroads broke down because the "men
with experience did not possess the genius to rise above
their experience. The fact that the Interstate Commerce
commissioners suffered from the same mental rigidity hastened
the process of collapse. No, experience is not what
we need; at least that is not the most important need.
What we need is vision, and courage, and a vast intellectual
energy. Given these things an administrator can use
the experience of others and make it count better than it
was counting before.
EXEMPT MINE WORKERS.
PITTSBUGH'S district draft board "anticipating that
the government, which has already granted class exemptions
in the shipbuilding industry, and will shortly
take the same action for die railway industry, will before
long order class exemptions from military service for men
engaged on war work in the steel and allied industries" has
given men in thoSe industries deferred classifications under
the new draft scheme.
This is decidedly premature. It was not merely to say
that, however, that we refer to it, but to call attention to
the fact that it is high time some one began to take an active
interest in the status of men of military age who are skilled
mine workers. There is a prospect that before very long
the transportation situation will so imporve that the mining
industry will be put to a test, but in the mean time another
half million men will be called to the colors and West
Virginia mining counties will be called upon to send their
quotas, which necessarily means a reduction in the supply
of mine labor unless steps arc taken to keep mine workers
Great Britain founc! it necessary to send men back to the
mines ufter they had reached the trenches in France. This
about face involved double loss to the empire. We may
find it necessary to retum/niners who are in training at the
military camps, and ir. view of the plain warning which the
British experience gives us that would be an inexcusable
blunder. Operators' associations ought to take the matter
up with the' government at Charleston with the view of
having me state cuthonyes take it up with the War Department.
If the mines are left without an adequate supply
of labor the steel town draft boards will not need to exempt
mill mSn, for the mills will have to go out of business.
Washington dispatches say that freer movement ot
coal will be the first question taken up by the new director
general ot the railroads t*>is week. That is a good
place to begin. Who- the temperature is Bta^'ug below
zero over almost the entire country nothing is ot more
imp'ortance than coal supply, and the success he makes
of this effort will furnish an excellent barometer by
which the country may judge the value of Sfr.^McAdoo's
There was an Important loosening up in censorship
regulations yesterday. Military sharps have had to revise
their theories in very many things since the war
began, and by the time our armies really get into the
fighting they -will hare to give up all news suppressing
ideas for which they cannot prove actual value.
Some newspapers continue to display irritation because
of the activities of the congressional investigating
co^nlttees. That is a very narrow and unenlightened
view to take of the matter. These investigations arc
doing a lot of good e . en though- some of them may have
had their Inspiration in partisan bias. They are letting
in a lot of light at a time when it will do a lot of good.
We did not begin to Investigate the conduct of the Spanish
war until the war was over and all the dr mage that
it was possible to do had been done. One experience of
that kind ought to be enough for a nation. The more
open and above board we keep the war activities the
better will-tie the Tesults we obtain and the smaller the
loss of life from inefficiency and neglect.
The weather is a never ending topic of conversation,
but even such a hackneyed subject freshens up and becomes
decidedly interesting when the temperature takes
the swoop it did Saturday night and Sunday morning.
Bessarabia has declared its independence, according
to dispatches from Russia. This action comes later than
might have been expected, and it may be taken for
granted that there will be some trouble to get this rich
province back into the Russian fold.\ Bessarabia for
years has ben harrasscd by pogroms and prosecution
of the Jews of all kinds. It naturally will view with
distrust even a popular government in Russia unless it
:an be assured considerable control over local affairs.
ast 1917 vintage. That Pittsburgh motorman whose
. _ car ran away the day before Christmas
wro a ea and killed a lot of peoplh has left the'
_ ,, ? hospital and his address is now?the
op making smoke con5ty jalK
*. / ?
a coal car under And he stands a good chance of
s in a while. staying behind bars for a good long
;e the law against * * *
natter how much Men with uncontrollable temper!
are a nuisance anywhere, hut on the
business end of a street car they-are a
lot of people at* qfime.
atemnls. ' / * *
Perhaps If they send this guy to the
being homeless !? pen others who cannot control their
i In tlHUtnnmla as footings will quit wl)!le tho quitting is
or niBianrn. &ooo? T
I <BY cc*
H6Y. Cve/?CTT ! F_ -5]
Ml TIM B,... ' if r", jjjg
* -?* ii? . k
mw ?wik ' i ' x ~j
T<?ST6f?TVIt ? }
=rl=j UKC A "I
31} # <v
* ? J# ///7
on Current Subjects
From the Manufacturers Record.
The price of coal is higher now
than at any time in many years. High
as is the price paid by the consumer,
it offers not the slightest encouragement
to the increased production
ui ujtti lur me simple reason tnat mo
United States Government hns decreed
that the producers shall receive
only a small, fixed part of the ultimate
price. Considerable profit is being
made out of tht sale of coal, but
this profit Is going to those who have
no influence over production.
Before Dr. Garfield, president of
Williams College, was Invited to leave
his quiet classrooms and take charge
of the coa) problem of the United
States, all the demands tor coal made
by the United States Government, the
Allies and the domestic consumers
were being met by a group of experienced
coal men, constituting the Committee
on Coal Production of the
Council of National Defense, At the
head of this committee was Francis
S. Peabody, owner of coal mines in
Illinois and engaged in selling coal.
Mr. Peabody and the experienced men
who were serving with him know tho
coal situation. They knew what it
cost to produce coal of various typc3
as a result of their own actnal experience.
They knew where the coal was
to be found.
Mr, Peabody called a large meeting
r\f ,nnl man tft aal. ~ ?' - 11 ? a.u I
V* vvui utvit tu UOIV tuoiu LU uau U UUlt
on rising prices. It was realized thai
It the law of supply and domand were
permitted to work unfetered, the increased
prices would encourago production;
that more coal produced
would probably reduce the level ot
prices. But it waB also realized that
there should he some check upon prices.
Secretary Lane of tho Interior
Department and Commissioner Fort
ot tho Federal Trade Commission attended
the meeting bt coal men. There
was a unanimous agreement to limit
the price ot coal to $3 at the mines,
with half a dollar oft for coal sold to
the Government. Mr. Lane said It
was the best evidence of patriotism
that could be given by business men.
Tho rnnl mon foH Vtof
>!?v ?(UUU >V'k VUUb l/HO 1VO |
agreed upon, white moderate, still I
would encourage production. It took
account of rising labor costs and rising
cost of materials. It the price
was liberal enough to encourage increased
productivity, and the output
Increased, the supply more nearly
would equal the demand. Two firms
then would not be bidding against
each other for the same ton of coal.
Secretary Baiter of the War Department,
two days after the conferenco,
denounced tile meeting. He said the
Committee on Coal Production of the
Council of National Defense had no
right to approve of the agreement entered
into by the operators. Moreover.
there was a suggestion that the
price fixed was on the same basis as
the price for the fixing which a number
of coal operators had been Indicted
and for which they were on trial
in New York. The agreement was
kicked into the discard.
Thfin nr nonflolrl itwaelilaw* a#
\4IMJM<?U| |? QDIUOUV i".
Williams College, was made Fuel Administrator.
If he had ever given
any special stndy to coal In his little
office at Williams College, the tact
Is not generally known. One of the
things about coal which he didn't
know was that the navy used :a specially
picked, high-grade coal, which
cannot be produced at4he tame price
as the coal useA by nhmufacturing
concerts. , He Used arbitrary prices
tor cal, making tew distinctions between
variouif grades. He eays there
was no falling off In production following
his advent. There is considerable
dispute as to that It is a fact,
however, that, the shortage grew acute
following his entrance into the
It la a simple, economic fact that a
liberal price at the mines will encour
age production. The more coal mined
under ahch conditioni the larger the
profits ot the mine owners^ ' Half a
dollar added to the price at the mines
might mean an Increase o( fifty million
tons; the amount which. Dr. Garfield
uayB.we are short It that shortage-could,
be met in that way, it
would mean that the Rnnnlv wnnltl
equal tlie..demand. Competition In I
bidding, as well as hoarding, naturally |
"* \/^ FR F.' j" I rj .R.OF)
V} ' ^ , ! ' i. .i
I 1 1 u =J
^ - *** ? '
k. ?. \ '
then would cease. The price to the
consumer inevitably would come
The shortage caused by the low
i yiico at luc uixiiua uuijucouuiwui; iuices
up the prices to the consumer.
There are two schools ot economic
thought in Washington. One believes
that increased production is more important
than price. The other believes
that price is more important
than produtlon. Dr. Garfield apparently
takes his stand with the latter.
No relief to the ocnsumer may be
expected so long as he persists in that
The Committee on Coal Production,
now dissolved, brought production to
the"Tiigliest point it has ever been in
the United States. This was done by
experienced handling of the situation,
backed by appeals to patriotism. If
there is any suspicion anywhere that
tU? nnnl minn /\mnni*a osa elnnlroes ,
lug guui luiuo vnuuta uio omvnvio,
wilfully sulking in their tents, this,
thought is answered by the millions
of tons more of coal produced this
year than last year. If the Coal Committee
had remained in charge of the
situation, there is every, reason to bolieve
that its achievement would have
been cumulative; that they fifty million
tons still needed to meet the
shortage woud have been added.
The fuel-oil situation, almost as
important as the coal situation, Is
hung upon a delicate and complicated
network of industry.
There are indications that Dr. Garfield
is preparing to meddle with this
situation. At the present time the oil
situation is satisfactory. Every call
made by the Allies ,the United States
Government, the munition industries,
etc., has been met promptly and economically.
Ir Dr. Garfield does to oil
what he has done to coal, there will
be public clamor equaling that made
against his handling of the coal situation.
Tho onTv wow nrfrna onn Krntiflrfit
down is to make pricos secondary to
production. Until the Administration
frankly recognizes this self-evident
economic truth, the United States
will tail to reach its maximum efficiency.
I EAST SIDE II
The watch meeting of the T. A. S.
club which was to be held at the home
ot Mrs. Henry Murphy In East Park
avenue tonight, has been called off on
account of several of tho memfcers being
unable to attend.
Gone to Clarksburg.
Mrs. Alma Hudkfns and little daughter,
who have visited relatives here
the past week, have gone to Clarksburg
to spend a few days oefore returning
to their home at Akron, O.
Tho Aid Society of theJDlamond St.
M. E. church will meet Thursday at two
o'clock at the home of Mrs. Neta Hammers
in Columbia street
Mr. and Mrs. E. W. Abbott of Connellsvllle,
were guests at diner yesterday
of Mr. 'and Mrs. T. B. Henderson /
In Guffey street. Mrs. Abbott was en
route to Martinsburg and left last
evening for that city. Mr Abbott who
is auditor on the B. & O. passenger
train, returned to Connelltvllle on his
usual run at 4 o'clock.
Shower for Bride.
Mrs. Regretta Nichols Edwards, a
recent bride of Urlcsville, On was given
a surprise miscellaneous shower at
the home of Mr. and Mrs. C. F. Pride
on Saturday evening. The affair was
arranged by Miss Naomi Springer.
Mrs. Edwards received a number ot
useful articles and the guests spent a
pleasant eevning with their old time
To Norfolk, Va.
Mrs. Kate Shlvely, who baa resided
-In Morgantown avenue the past two
years, bas gone to Norfolk, Vs., to
spend the winter with her son.
Watch Party and Shower.
Miss Virgle Hawkins will give a
watch party and shower tonight at her
Irmto A lafga tiniftluvf nf' fagtfatHniit
I Miss PhyHU Walker went to Hundred
today to spend New Year's day d
with relative*. * n
Mr*. Doraey Pople has returned from s
a riait to her mother, lira. Maloae, at1 a]
Grafton, 7 .
William Araett, of Reerea arenoe, I
l-as bqpn sick (or a couple of days.
Mr. and Mrs. lamar Malone are
home from Antioch, where they vtaltid
Mrs. Malono'e mother. Mrs. Nixon.
Mrs. J. & Watklns went to Rowleaburg
yesterday to visit her mother-in- n
law, Mrs.. Watklns, a few days. *
Mrs. Iva Had cliff, of Wilson street,
is visiting friends at Murray.
Dayton Carpenter and wife, of East
Pt.rk. ore visiting relatives at Moundavtlle.
East Park Citizens Expect* 1
ed to Have It Finished ?
By January 15. r
According to present plans the com- *
munity house now being constructed
by the citizens of the East Side will
ho open by January IS. The community
bouse which is one of the first undertakings
of this kind in the state, ;
will cost the citizens of the East Side
It is 36 leet in width and 61 feet
long. It is to be equipped with modern
heating and lighting. It will kavo
a movable stage, and movable dreselng
and cooking rooms. It will have one
large parlor, size 14 bp 32 feet. Tbo
paslor will heiused as n meeting place
for the Red Cro%s, Gamp Fire Girls, _
Boy Scouts, Bible classes, and for com- munity
conferences. It will be so ar- q
ranged that the parlor may be oasily |
thrown into the auditorium, which to- I
gether with the balcony will accom
modate 1,000 persons. The auditorium
will be equipped for basketball and
other gymnastic equipment for the
physical development of both the boy i '
At present the bnilding is almost under
roof. The floor is now being laid 1
and t|ie healing system Installed. The
community house is located back of the
East Park school fronting the GO feet
koulevard planned through the J. L.
Coogle props rev. The community house
Is being built by community contributions.
Lvr,. - . ~ li I
What People bay J
and Some Side Remarks o
C. J. C. Bennett formerly principal e
of the Fairmont State Normal School, (1
writes (he Buckhannon Delta urging t
a strong national spirit and makes his d
points from history, arguing that it k
cannot be said that his views are due r
to the fact that he Is geting up in n
years as the statements he makes o
ome from his study of hlBtory and not A
from youth or years. He offers somo (
$ $$$$$$$ $$
: Money I
rs lr/% #%
? ATiaikC ct
** Here's the Way
? Christmas Sa
^ Hundreds are flocking to join ou
you ahonld not let tbe chance go 1
Costs nothing to become a memi
yg. to lose.
: CLUB NOW FOI
It will enable yon to save when
will have money for Christ
?? how you accumulated so much.
^ A little each weelc regularly. 1
It's a great cooperative plan. 1
^ eral benefit'
Save for your family and friend
Act now while you are tblnkln
V> CALL FOR PARTICULARS.
Z The Peoples
Bank of F
if ^ ' i'lk
not JttTrt v'hatjax soinc'oth^r ''^^y'
He." who completed ? ?#eater'*or ?
>ldler hoy and headed ltl?tifr iaf
lection, saying nnerwaros; . ,-r. . ? -.vs
"Why, do yton know I l?i<&tTOidor
of hsring made an acceptsblo ,
sweater than I do ot all'lne.lidpks >
1 have ever written! I had no Ilea Y.
there was ao much fascination
about It" V.' ; > : The
Advocate odds that there Is
othing more fascinating than being
Bert Wtllama, the colored qamedlan,:
ho makes ISO,000 a year, ears:
"I am what I am, not bqdansa
of what I am but in eptte Of It."
Harry J. Hartley waa, talking, about
10 cold weather and apeagtng (X how
?r below tcro It waa. added? . \
"By Bob Lowe's weather-tolleir."
A great number of the prosperous
nd intelligent people ot~Fa| rmont hall .
rom Boothsvlllo and vicinity orbave
elatives there and are familiar with , x
(r. Hartley's reference. There tney be /
time Falrmontors who have not'heaW ho
There was a woman In the vicinity ot
loothaville who worked out, dolpg the '
eavy work at halt a dosen farmouses.
One morning when theweathr
was like It was yesterday she?*!* '
ivod at the home of the late Marcene :
mllh (father of F. J. Smith) and fiatrally
the conversation turned to Qif
leather. "How cold Is It?" she was
"It's sis Inches below Nlmrod? \
by Bob Lowe's woather-tpller," wss
Head or chest?webest
t's Unnecessary?La Creole
Darkens It Evenly?
' * . -,f
No matter how gray your hah", proMaturely
gray, faded, bleached,
treaked with gray, to restora to Batiral
dark color again, apply to till
-our hair, and scalp tho famous La
Ircole Hair Dressing. Do this Jus I
icfore going to bed. In a day or so
ou will be delighted to observe all
|ur gray ha'.r turn to an tfren beaufrul
dark shade without evca a trace f
gray showing. La Crooie revives
he natural color glands so all your
;ray hair is naturally darkened and
ntfre head of hair becomes soft, if
uffy, long, thick and of an oven beauiful,
soft, dark shade. Also stops
andrutf and falling, hair, leaving your
air fascinating anil abundant and
adiantly dark and beautiful, Spld on /
toney-back guarantee nt drug stores, r
r sent repaid for 91.20 by Van Vleetlanslleld
Drug Co., Memphis, Tonn.?,
ielps to Z
to Have Both "
tvings Club '.ml
r Chrlstmaa Savings Club and - '~v
- w-. '
ber?no fees, no fines, notBlng - " ,
EftftfllMA I AIM ta
you couldn't do it other*is&.
mas or other use and wonder j ^
Vatch your savings grow. '
fou get your share ot the gen- I ^
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