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I in That Land.
i kbsh, mff fmise " " *.-* '' W0:' 3T.M. C. A. Quarters Doing m Better Work Than Politicians. fijii New York, January- 22d. . & dace September last the National - War Work Council of the Young Men's i ???: Christian Association has been send-j Sag groups of secretaries to -work with the soldiers of Russia. Some of the SeSjg groups have gone across the Pacific, / . entering Russia through Vladivostock. or through Dalny in southern Manchuria. .Other groups bare crossed the Atlantic and have found their way Into Russia through Scandinavia. Al. together about ninety men have gone, end these, with secretaries already in Rnspta who were formerly In pr|:on camp work but are now with the troops snake a total, of over one hundred Americans serving in this way. So interrupted have been the lines of communication with these secretaries that practically the only way of getting reports of this work has been I through courier, i ne nrst saussw;toxy report" has come from -Major Orrfn S. Wightman. M. D.. a member of the American Red Cross Mission to Russia, who has Just retained to New York City. Major Wightman has resonded to an Interviewer with regard to the work of the Y. M. C. A. in Russia as follows: "It must be borne in mind that the Russian people, besides going through a. great war are also undergoing the most severe strain that Russia has ever known. The democracy so often heralded as the savior of states has come to a people 90 per cent of whom neither read nor write, and their failure to grasp what freedom means turned freedom into confusion, if the Russian problem is to be solved -by the human mind it must be in a language and in terms that even a v poor Russian peasant soldier can understand, and I honestly believe that the Young Men's Christian Association ?nii its present methods come nearer *Vv to meeting the soldier half-way than all the political activity that is so rife >'? present throughout the Russian na : - ' . - **' . I West V . This stron public ass< i % ' ^ '"r ' ; * 4. In additi< VIRGINIAN 1 all it daily pr " H ? ' r- II ^hT' v7"v " t'' vt-V' V v:Y ' ?==*' "* * T ??wfKin<? grftTT srt 1 , 11VU. X UC?C1 OOT? bUlMO O* W .. ? ? much in demand, nor meet such material success as the 'work that these young men are doing in the great country of Russia. "The American Red Cross Mission to Russia did not include any cooperative work with the Voung Men's Christian Association, hut after viewing the problem, and seeing the able way they were combating this phase of the situation. I fell in gladly, and did all in my power, both in Moscow, Odessa, and Jassy. Roumania .to further its work. "Consider these young men of the Association, going into a strange coun1 try in war time, speaking but fewwords of the language which they had to learn, organizing a great body of men. rolling up their sleeves and do, ing a great part of the labor tbem: selves! They secured quarters, furnished them, lighted them, and then, when everything was ready. Invited soldiers to enter without money and without price, to enjoy the hospitality An I] SPUTED Leade :e second to none irginia newspape g position which help: ets of this city is due 1 It covers the local fie It has a public spirit* ous policy which is consi It has the courage of It is the best illustra >n to these and other things "* recognizes to its full extent i ints more "features," both hi If ymi ai best intersts ronr Home by Carrier for 15 e tside of city, 18c per week. , 1 I .r *n/w' mgrt'WH a *T TTA/VK7. A TT"1 d^.rcy of co-partnership, to be for the first time in the Russian soldiers' experience an integral part of a club. "When I saw the progress of this work in Moscow. Jerome Davis, of Oberlin. Ohio, and Crawford Wheeler, of Eau Claire, Wisconsin, had started a shack in the suburbs of the city, j They were showing moving pictures to the soldiers at night. The demand was so great in this particular that they had to place the sheet on which the pictures were thrown in the middle of the audience so that the thousands of men looking on could view the picture from both sides of the screen! "I entered the shack and found that within everything was as neat as could be. and. this in spite of the fact that the Russian peasant knows not the meaning of dirt, and many of them, ! until they had joined the young Men's Christian Association, had never attempted even to wipe their feet on entering the house, and did not know that it was necessary. The reading mporl r in its home fiel< i, while beyond t r. s to spread tlie fame < :o the fact that? Id completely and intelligent! sd, broad guaged, liberalized stently carried out. : its convictions and never di ted newspaper in the stat^ tfhich have won for THJS W ts obligations to the commui amorous and entertaining, tfc rs not a regular reader, show of Fairmont and Marion coi % m FA] enfe per weefc j room was full of men. tiie writing; room likewise was crowded wtih young fellows wno naa oeen ur^cu iu nuw home to their people on paper, envelopes, and ink provided for the purpose. In another room the soldiers were able to secure tea with sugar ( thing which is almost a luxury here now) for the sum of three kopecks a glass, when, as a matter of fact, the same would have cost me several roubles had I orders! it in my own hotel, and the boys told me that even at three kopecks a glass they were able to make money. . "On another spot, to one side of the shack, was placed a blackboard, while near by were tables and rough wooden benches. At these sat a great throng of men. anxious to learn the raiments of arithmetic, writing, and spelling, and English, and even hungry to know how to write their own language. It was not a question of getting the men to come; the great question was to provide space to accommodate even a i ??i tant 1 ' WW W W Wl i, The West Vi he state boundar :>f Fairmont and make !y. It p yet vigoj> knowled opinion Via. . It is paper ty EST VIRGINIAN widesprea iity in which it is published : lan any two other newspaper that you appreciate a newsy lnty by becoming one. Uit RMONT, WEST V1RG1 ... =r ^| . . ; . '.-^Cv-y- ' , ; fraction of those who deetred t* en-f 1 -The T. M. C. A_ secretaries werbi thrown entirely upon tl^Tr .own re-J : sources; they had to corner one wtih g 'another to decide what was the best! j thins- and then so through a limitless i j amount of red tape on account of the ] Russian Government to secure it. The j Rutsian soldiers could not understand j how young men would come from a; foreign country, establish plubs for ! their convenience and comfort, with] many things given them free, without! having some hidden motive. Time; and again as I talked with Russians.; | they would reply., "We. don't know yetr ] why they come here; they must have ; j a good reason for coming, but wc will i i find out after awhile.' "Just before leavins Moscow (two; , months after my first visit to the i [ shack in the outskirts of the city) I j ! learned that there were five branches! of the Young Men's Christian Associa-1 tion. where formerly there had been; * ? a ! I oujc one. i went up iu & uuuutur*. '?iTere Crawford Wheeler had started j his Central Branch, and entered a i large red brick theatre. It w3e ideally ! situated for the Association work. The! large auditorium seated nearly two thousand men. and as I entered and ; was escorted to a box I noticed two intelligent-looking officers in the box next to me. "Wheeler told me that they were two men who had been sent from another city by the soldiers to! learn m<*e about the Young Men's i Christian Association, with a view ofj inviting it to their own town. "The audience was a sea of faces, i These soldiers had organized the evening's entertainment and were asking to? volunteers from the audience to amuse them. One could hardly believe that this hatless. well-behaved crowd could be the same jostled mass of men. the idler of the park, the shuffling deserter. that I had met in other parts of Russia. Yet under this inspiration and in the atmosphere which he understood and which understood him. he was ready to obey all law and order, wtihout any oversight whatever. "I could go further and. mention briefly the able work that H. T. Baker is doing at Orenburg, the magnificent supervision and organization and sagacity of Mr. A. C. Harte, the great secretary, whose tireless energy and sympathy are smoothing the way in many places that would otherwise have been unapproachable. "The finest thing about the Young Men's Christian Association, as I saw it. was tbat.it had everything to give and asked nothing. It was ably supported by the aristocracy because it was good, and was a boon to the sol-| dier. because it was presented to him j in a way that he could understand, nr.* tn which be felt himself a part. I The people of Russia will remember j the American spirit'as typified by the kindly help of the Toung Men's Christian Association much longer than the bitter criticism and condemnation of those who do not appreciate the peasant's real condition." HEALTH QUESTIONS ANSWERED. Mrs. H. P. asks: "Will yon please tell me what-goiter is and what causes I it?" It is an enlargement of the thyroid I gland. No one knows exactly what j causes it. Nervous shock, properties j In certain water supplies and inherit-1 ance are some suggested causes. ? ^lews] ? i irgiman nas won y it now shares h js of The West Virgi resents the news adequately, ge of news values, never pe to invade the news depa cmer with possibly one exception, pography in the state. id recognition seldom accordf and goes to much trouble a r.j. s in West Virginia. ?Ani-ntr en mnnli f.f )<X fJCI loiau AO WW M4VW ? rainimt. NJA i i ' ' " ??fganw : ; ?. ;^>.\ ^ .-. - - ?*.- ? ?- *.ir.x> *y /*?" . Say Men WHY PA1 In these days of high cosl step into a pa W. L. DOUG At $3.00, S3 -5< Every pair Goodyear We] AS ALWAYS. WE AR3 QUARTERS FOR RUBB] CLOTHING AND RAIN now on h^nd at the Old P Do Your Bit! Buy War S< IM and Leaders o FARMERS CAN BUY NITRATE FROM U.S. __ Hundred Thousand Tons Will be Disposed of at Cost. t WASHINGTON*. D. C., Jan. 23.?As a part of its program for stimulating agricultural production, the Federal Government announces through the Secretary of Agriculture the purchase of about 100.000 tons of nitrate of soda. which will be sold to farmers at cost, farmers paying the freight charges from the port of arrival and the State fertilizer tag ree. The nitrate probably r.T:I be used most largely by farmers in the Atlantic Coast States from Long Island to Florida, owing to the value of nitrate for sncb crops as truck, grain, and cotton, and the greater cost of freight to Middle and Western States. The free-on-board cars psice at ports will be seventy-five dollars and fifty cents' a ton (575.50.) County agents and local committees are cooperating with the Department of Agriculture in' the work of distributing the nitrate and will furnish far-' paper prestige through onors with but oi nian one of the most honestly and with expert rmitting expressions of its. the best example of news a small-city newspaper, ' expense to fulfill them. An ?? > promote tha Five Dollars p?F y&ii Sev&i dollars, deliver *_ . . Sf MORE? 11 t of living: it is a refief to I I ir of genuine I d las shoes i 1 It, Button or Lace Styles. I I 3 LOW PRICE HEADER FOOTWEAR, OILED COATS. .Complete Stock I JE rices. fl J I lyings and Thrift Stamps. I IMF f Low Prices in Fairmont. 1 mere with application blanks and ex- J pianations oi how to obtain the ma tcrial. If the total of the applications exceeds the 100.#00 tons available, the Government reserves the right to prorate the amount to individuals in smaller quantities. None of the nitrate will be sold to I dealers either directly or indirectly,. I according to the department, and each fanner in his application must agree I not to resell any nitrate but to nsc I it on his own farm. Applications most be signed and returned so as to reach the county agents or members of Jo- . cal committees by February 4. ..Th<v fl Government is making every effort to Jg roach farmers who desire a part of ' H this nitrate, but states that it will be impossible for the county agents or M other persons to visit even- individu- H al farmer and urges all who desires S to purchase nitrate to get in toncii H with their local county agcat or a member of their local committee. j Meits at Federer's. ill Fatnnont Ave. Phone 11S-R.?Adv. fl WANTED I To buy operating mine in Fairmont fl district with 6000 acres of coal. Glye1 full description. Inventory and price in first letter. Address Coal. The W West Virginian. Fairmont, W. Va. lout the I me other important *- rfl THE WEST j id to crown it - M / H ? * ?' ' i w " *3 sH Hy Mafl. erf by Carrier HI