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Hill [ MSI VIRGINIA Mwfci Robinson Reviews | History of Its Develop ? in ?? /> mVBBlr UBUMk [ n hrI? kiim Bureau Chief Gregory Talks About the Government's , Policy. Thla year's annual convention of h the natural gas men of West Virginia which was held at Huntington last I week was one of ihe most interesting of the whole series of these meetings and the following paper by Kdwin Robinson. of this city, which present-1 : *d a resume of the economic side of f the natural gas history ?r the state ! was one of the most Interet.Mng num ? ben en the program: The producer, transporter anil db trlheter of natnrml gas have been j glean public attention and crltlcim as i 1 . to the manner in which their business i - Is conducted from the Incipicncy of I the antnral gas industry la the early stages of the business V s little er no attention was paid to the r ; leakage, defective pipe line laying or | I [ bad plumblnt In the conaumer's re. I flag la these dsys was plentiful and ' the aarfeet was scarce. As everybody ' I * wae after oil. gas was considered of t * little value end e great amount of It I l was allowed to go to waste Along about 1102 the possibilities I of Wait Virginia's Nstural Gas tie i sourest became evident to some ofj I ! the larger producers, leasing of terr; ; tery began la earnest, leases were j I r dmwa sen carefully, the drilling of ' wnfle was begun, locations were made ? aflea apart tor the purpose of testinr ' tbe scope of the gas belt. I When gas was found in large quur . titles In scattered districts. It was I tbea that the Industry was put up.m a bantuses basts Careful records ot ( Iliac done, every formation and through which the drill went arvatlon. which heretofore was, ra, was being practiced in a f ni by some of the larger ilea. It wai not long after this le gaa companies began In to aee what gas once In the raid go to the consumer. I were stopped, line walkers Igrted la all directions to note ika, the condition of the lines; probable chances of a slip or < Ida. And this is in practice efficiency experts, geologists,! ra aad chemists and every device end Invention for the eat of the service have been , gas eompenles that formerly I for driving the gas compress?las tailed boilers, opened coai bat mora gaa could be deliver I customers. amount of gas used under1 lor drilling wells was one hun , id ten thousand cubic feet1 venty four hours, now thirty j usand cubic feet Is used thing la being done to con * by the producer. The State led laws and the Public Ser amission rules to regulate the, ipaay In the conduct of its , Repcrts of its business. ' of the most minute details to. pressures in cities are re In fact everything about Its Is knows to the AdmlnlstniSharleaton. Is no objection to this?all people ask It fair treatment I treated like other people and Ions. I will say that our re ' rlth the Public Service Com aad the Administration and rtaaent have been most cor fair. watlon by tha consumer has legun. He has not made any effort to improve the use of lis home, for 1 believe that ireent of the appliances used lines In West Virginia where I [aa is uaed as a fuel are the 1 St were originally installed > twenty-five years ago. has been no attempt on the the consumer to insist upon ippl ances properly Installed ?? ? ..a -.i,? I HSTTiW Will m?c B?n ami iruuvt vnv e<tn greet many companies have men whose only duties are to see that its Mrtonera burn gas In the proper man; Mr aad not waste it. If this method wu adopted by all of the distributing I rawpsnlrs and the consumer* would f'Mt object to installing modern dev|. aw and appliance* the amount of gas Km would take care of considerable t at the ehortage that occurs during the salWi cold weather. I There le another class of consumers ' I where ooaserration of gas Is unknown lata eg taking of the free consumers, tab CM efte an Instance in West Vlr> |Ma where a free consumer used one rfeflUea eehie feet of gas In one month Hf >h residence Ths should be sufS Meat gas for one hundred consumers A treat deal of this waste comes fatoto the training end conditions inri< hat to the early use of ges. From the ItoMtoatng of the business until within ret* start time ago natural gas had ;htot little commercial value except as a bait for locating Industries by offerlMm free gas fbr a term of years or Saga rata ao exceedingly low to amount ^Rtttooet tbe tame thing E|Mta Waat Virginia the earlier InfMlMI hi the natural gas business jPMtrad ia tha footsteps of th.- north ftoMtan Ohio producers by making It taiMeat to the real estate business ^ JJSag about that time the Ohln and Ytattoaa gas fields were exhausted tnd j; J a washer of Industries that were seokI tag rrat Ions where gas was plentiful ind aheap, turned their eyes to West TIm manufacturer from Ohio, lad - a ana and Pennsylvania looking tor' :heap gaa had never boon trained to a ron-erve In any way or to nse any a modern method* or appliances The it price of gas was ao low that no attention was paid to the amount con- w mined. The ga* men encouraged this f: for the bills were larger. n Today to a certain eitent tbla ia b true for the reason that the majority h of the Industrial consumers have no h Idea as to the value of the commodity nor realize the importance of conaer ration t The low price of na'ural gas has e had more to do with the waste and r careless use of it than anything etae g Whenever the price of gas reaches r the point of its value as a commodity t both the Industrial and domestic con- . sumer* will use erery know* device nd appliance for getting every po* r Ible heat unit out of It. The exceedingly low price for ga? offered bv producer!, .Boards of Trade J or Real Kstate men attracted to fbei. towns one class of manufacturers,! with few exceptions, namely those en- ? gaged In the manufacture of glass. '' Then came the Carbon Hlack maker, who followed cheap gas like the Win fl dow Glass Manufacturer, from Penn- ' sylvania to Ohio to Indiana then to a West Virginia I > The carbon Black manufacturer to- ' day consumes one half as much as ? Used by the domestic and industrial I consumers of the state. I In Wheeling distrirt. which has r been and Is the Iarge.it manufacturing f distrirt in West Virginia, most of the a large iron and steel mills and glass t factories were in operation before \ natural gas was discovered and have been and are successfully operated. ! s There are manufacturing centers i ( Iron and Steel at Pittsburgh, Rubber t at Akron. Pottery at Kast Liverpoo'.' j Automoble* at Detroit, Machinery at 1 n rlncinnati ?nd so on j, The Inhabitant* of the?c place* a'c t thoroughly fan' liar with It* particular' r r!a*s of Industry end the mannfactur er would hesitate to niuve his plant for the sk'Hed mechanic who ha raised hl? family there, with his rela \ fives and friends, does not care to < move from place to place. j Since January lf?J" the Industrial f consumptloti of natural ga* ha* be?n i unttPooo/lfinior! fryv I wtt puflc inn fir*f i on account of all the p'ants In which] s natural gas in used for fuel being r operated at their fullest capacity l during ths entlr< twclv?> months of the f year. S 'cond (hp great number of1 ( Industries that began to use natural, f ;ras on account of th-? nrice of coal' f advancing from two hundred and fif'> ., to five hundred percent of its former j eiling price. , I wl?h to say here hid the price of rr.tural vis advanced along with tinprice of coal Here would have been comparatively little rhortage during , the winter of 1917 and 191* This Increased demand for Indus- ' trial Oa? has not been to the liking i ' of the gas companies which had Its ' protected wells shut In In vergin tcr- ] e ritory to be used for future domestic] rervicp The land owners were paid ( * their royalties for these wells from : ' which no gis was taken, pipe lines in 1 many instances were miles away. N'ctural C.as Companies are Public 1 I'tllitles am) arc not pi-.-mittrd to te [ lect their customers. j a In the transporting of natural gas j i difficulties arise similar to transport , t iue other commodities. We are affect ; t ed to a eertaln extent by condtions. j All the railroads during the extreme f cold weather are practically at a stand still and are unable to move either J passengers traffic, or freight trains 11 on any regular schedules. Industries are frequently closed 1 down on account of the railroads be- * Ing unable to delircr their materials,]' which are he'd up in a blizzard o. ' blocked hv a snow drift. This Is takqn as a matter of course. People under 1 stand it and do not complain. Com- r patent management adjusts Itself to,) conditions as they arise. i When we stop to consider the enor 1 moiia Inr-rposed demands made upon # the natural gas utilities caused by a a drop in the temperature of from thirty, f forty and sometimes fifty degrees, t with only a few hours notice and 11 never more than from eighteen to j t twenty four hours. It seems Incompre-1 j hensible thftt the service Is as good as ( it is. I j For one degree drop in the tempera- f ttire means an increase o' three per f cent In the consumption of gas. It does n'?t take much figuring to 1 ( show that the increased demand for1 natural gas on a few hours notice runs from one hundred to one hundred and j fifty percent. We 1tnow of no business that is called upon to meet de 1 mauds like this which comes at fre-; J fluent periods during the winter months. There is n way for the industrial | 1 and domestic consumers to coserve < and it has been demonstrated to the, t satisfaction of exports and laymen \ < that the kind of burners and appll-|t am os used with proper installation i i: has everything to do with the amount c of gas consumed J It has been shown by testa made In t one of the Slate Laboratories that r certain kind of burners properly In-1 c stalled will save the house wife from i i thirty-five to fifty percent in gas than t she formerly used in rooking 1 9 Natural Gas Is the fuel In the home |; of the laboring man, in other words in j f the home where the wife does the1 ? work, its convenience and cleanliness | saves her many hours of work and, drudgery. The family can sleep longer I in the morning as it is not necessary j to build a fire and wait half an hour' for the stove to heat sufficiently to boil the coffee and cook the breakfast. This class of consumers should have preferred service. In other words, the man who uses gas In his furnace for heating his bouse, should be required to burn coal during the ex tremo cold months, so that those depending entirely upon gas and require It for heating and rooking should not suffer shortage The cost of producing gas has In creased. Label has advanced sixty to one hundred percent. Material from one hundred to one hundred and fifty percent, Higs from seven hundred and fifty dollars to twelve hundred dollars. Teaming from five dollars to eight dollars per day, Hoarding for the men has Increased fifty percent and so difficult to tecure that the establishing of camps Is necessary in many places. The avera-e volume of wells drilled In 1914 was from one and a half million cubic feet to two million cubic feet, today, about six hundred thous , and cubic feet. f In 1914 the pressure was almost j sufficient to carry the gas to the I markets, today mechanical means am i ?iM??a * i WEST VIRGINIAN, Fi tCMitrr, which adda to tho coat Pipe caatef. fKtte?a and machinery re tko only materiala parchMod oot Ida of tko Stat*, with hot few except>na. If It were not for the gatollno. which rai formerly wanted, and tho revenue rim oil production, which hao been iade attractive to the gaa companlaa j Four Dollar oil, ni rectpu would rlna In no revenue for the atockolder. 1 HI ammminn miiiuac. The address which attracted the lost attention because it foreshadowd impending < binges In the goveriticnt poller with regsrd to natural as was that made by T. B Oregory. hief of the bureau of natural gas, In he Fuel administration. Mr. Gregory aid: It affords me great pleasure and I egard it a special privilege to meet o many representative men of the oil ,nd gas Industry that are assembled iere today, especially so, as It was In Vest Virginia I had t ome of my early xperletice laying gas lines; In 1*81 laving been associated with Mr. E. Grant, of Morgantown, and three ther gentlemen of Pennsylvania, in he construction of the natural gas nd water system for that city. A few ears later representing the eame paries it was tny pleasure to have charge if the construction of the natural gas ine to Fairmont and Grafton. While am no longer connected with these ompanies, I am still so closely identlied with the gaa and oil producing md refining industry of the state as o feel justified In claiming myself a Vest Virginian. We of this closely allied industry hould feel proud of the commanding dace it la taking in helping win the :reat war for the preservation of our a.niiliet, homes and National honor, md making the world a safe and deent p ace to live in by crushing out or all time the aims and selfish as orations of the Kal cr and his mill ins, ami e t.iblishing a universal sin in stated by the word "Democracy When wc look tack to the last grea' var thia country was engaged in ami (insider the petroleum Industry wa iractirally unknown In 18?0, takln 10 part in that atruggle. and compare t with the situation of today, in which t Is admitted by everyone on both ips as being, arter tne pari ratten oy hp mothers. wives, sisters and sweetlearts. tbe first and most important actor >n the struggle. and that gas Is inally going to Win this great con lirt, America being depended upon to apply tliis product for our own and lilies use. It can readily be seen the rup'irtnnre of everyone connected, in ven the remotest way, doing his u< mist to speedily achieve this most de ired result. The question of meeting the petro earn requirements resting with us, we mist have the most hearty co-operainn ; rrong all workers of the indiu ry who are still left to fill the great taps iade in our ranks by contribaions made toward that noble army ind navy who are showing such grand esults across and on the water, and if the many others who are still waling anxiously for lite opportunity to >e there, this great responsibility dared upon those of us who are nece.,arily left can only be met hv the most inselfish and hearty efforts of all and >y forgetting state or community line? ir indivldualltv. That the petroleum Industry will .rep its Cogr intact utiJ well lubl ated to give the greatest efficiency ty nil who are in any way connected villi it, la my confidant prediction, nade from personal knowledge by vork and association with them, and n behalf of the oil division of the U. t Fuel administration 1 ask all to ake a personal Interest In the work >y helping In every way. give your leighbor friendly and timely help if 'ou see the necessity, auch as report ng leaks, broken lines, etc., or if a ittle work on your part will avoid ome break stop and repair It. Field ind lease men should give their best iforts to maintain production and equipment saving all material possiile so that more munitions can be nade. and it tbey are employed by a arge or prosperous concern do not nuigire it is not necessary to save, is by saving they are helping in a louble way, first by preserving the n.iterill, leaving Its replacement nvallible for other needs, and second by inTeasing the amount of income and ixcess profits tax that company must lay. Such help Is not only expected )y our men in the army and navy who ire risking their lives for us but by mr government who asks it as your bit" in assisting in every way the treat efforts being put forth by such nen as Dr. Garfle'd. Mr. Requa, Mr. VDonnell and others who have left heir homes and business and by the intlring work in assisting these men ?y Mr. Bedford and Mr. Teagle. of the Standard Oil company: Mr. Davidson if the Gulf Oil company; Mr Doherty, >lr. Doheny. Mr. Daves and others of he Petroleum War Service committee, epresentlng all the leading oil and :aa companies of the country who are mielfishly giving their time and neans to the end that the Industry hall fulfill the trust imposed upon It nri that err can look our boys In the ice when they return or greet the lear ones of those who will never reurn. and feel better In knowing we oo have made some slight sacrifice ind helped In a small way to bring ibout the dealred result we all so conidently anticipate. It la fitting that I announce to thla ssembly that there is under contem nation in* issuance m a itiuviwubion placing the distribution of natural las under license and making rules rovernlng the distribution o( natural (M in order to equalise Its use and MOT* the greatest efficiency In the tar program. Th reasonable needs >f the domestic consumer Is proposed o b taken care of first, then in order if priority as will seem to be of the ;reate*t benefit for the conservation >f fuel It is hoped should this order te found necessary It wtil be received >y all concerned in the spirit that la ntended "the greatest efficiency of Its llstrlhiitlon looking to the needs of he laboring family who are depending in it to enable them to conserve their me and resources for Important war rork. ? e e NOTICE My wife. Florence Deselm. has left ny bed and board without a just su*e I wi'l rot be responsible for my debts contracted by her. B. A. leselm. 7M.llt.4171 \ - UtofONT. WEDNESDAY 1 OUTBURSTS OF | (?v? W MAT DO ^ VAI A Iwiu* 1 ^ iw^ ? l to~b -J POCI Q Evening Chat Contrary to aipectatloni, of watar there was none yesterday when tb?1 tin did not ante. A Cod sen; .-al t line down just 011 purpose to fill bn> rets an 1 tubs ao that poor Kalrmon; era might not go utterly waterier* Many aunt.org tales were to'd tiiioug'i out the rity. At the hot os a nmnb* r when aal.ed if they would have room nad batb. declined with thanks. Whtt was the use of a hath wi'lt -to water' llti*. the far seeing cloth nad the ba'hs or Laud and supposed he must dispose of them aomenow. Tb t Meredith spring, according to seteral repotta, his been closed, whether gone dry or i no; was not atateil The Watson ' ' rpring runs feebly and as many as lilty people al a (imc wait politely in line for a chance at the precious iiqnid. There's a saying about water never being appreciated till the well, runs dry and it is certainly true. The older people arc taking the matter quite hopelessly, 'i hey class it with all the calamities occurring since war began. 1 c. me across several o! them sitting with folded hands and miserable facet, discussing the situa lion. One would think water was rev er tc he had ogam in nil this world WUh the nvcr near and rain CMBlag down nicely yesterday, there was small "hance of real suffering though . 'here was plenty of discomfort. The flaston well on High street was closed yesterday and this was a cast whore a woman gave gladly all the. water she had and when It went dry. went without with the rest of her nelahlior?. Listenine to gossip about tiif city, heme nail) that a number retust t to allow outsiders to tnke any of their well water, Maying they want cd it themselves. One woman said. i "Once where 1 lived in the country things got so dry all the wells about , were low and (or days people came to our house, into our clean kitchen tracking It up with mud, for water We gave it to everybody?even to tin horses?and were perfectly wlllin ; that all ahould use it as long as It lar. | ed. We thought the Lord would sure ' ly make ours go immediately dry i , we refused anybody. We said If i. did go dry we'd get along with the rerr I as best wo could." On Main street most of the house and stores had water in the basement, according to report. In several of thi apartments there, women set oui buckets, even coming down into of fices and flats below them where a better rain spout was situated, asking lor permission to borrow a little rain. The drug stores had a small amount of worry and trouble in carrying water upstairs. So did the restaurants. On< woman aaid she hadn't had a drink tc ; two days and she was going to boll n little rain and try It. Bast Parkar ; are getting along better, several say I ing they had water right along. Pen , pie living on hllla have been without , It for u number of days and are living | in a state of wear-what-you'vegot anu j don't wash anything but - the dlabei manner. As long as It ataya cool and - rains occasionally, we're all right; but . if It turns hot again with still no wa | tor. chances are that we'll have a nurn ber of tblnci In Fairmont In the next two months not to be blamed on drink Ins unboiled city water. A plentlfu' supply of lye and clorlde of lime about drains, and a cheerful dispoal tlon no matter what happens. Is about all that we can depend on. Several people got wagons and wen to the river with barrels last night bringing home enough to take care of present needs. Expense In drayage Is not considered In spite of the fart tha< , when the water does rome on, If It ever ' docs, we'll have extra water tax, me ters. etc.. to pay for Just the same. The supplying of water to Fairmont Is a task, as we all know, especially for the rapid growth of the city. But tbe*v things will happen and taken nltogeth er. sometimes it Is necessary to have a big break down all at once to show ns Just the eondltion of matters. Robert Amos, of ill High street. Is quite a business man at present. He has a fully equipped moving picture _____ mpawc. jplt ?, aft EVERETT TRUT WDO) I??IN WITH, ~ff /VAMT A f TC Clc*k fW jAa ON h jn St house In his mother's basement, with chairs enou/th to seat fifty and a stage with screen above. He has a regular box offire and he charges four cents a<l mission, showing first class pictures. Ilis audiences say his shows are iiue, Mid he Is hoping to do good business . Jsrht slong. He only shows pictures Wednesdays and Saturdays and his hour for showing Is five in the sfter-1 con, owing to other business duties It-hurt Is only fourteen hut be lost h:-. father s year ago and since then hes determined to he a success in the world, with a small sister and a mothtsf to took out for fie Is a serious' minded youngster with many wort i; while units, as observed by neigh , lairs anil friends and everybody wants j to lend n hand in the building of hi- j hbaab I)..l.nrt hoe a itw li'.v ttV.K'httin CM I CO I . nwwT-i ' una n t ajn.un umi n .1.*- j opoiator, latui* llidenour, who re- < ceives half the profit*. f.ouU ftirni.?h- 1 pa part of the film*. I.aat Saturday ns 1 much a* forty cent* ira* lakpti fn. I POLITICAL ADVERTISING ' \ "MAN Measures Republicans:? Do you want a Cs Do you want to h Do you want a su Do you want a C November El Do you want a rej of approach a t Do you want a wt cial and other best interests Do you want a " clean, wholes a rock when power to giv< Do you want to | . intensely pat winning of tl sacrifice dem Do you want a tri fight, whose i to party has i the United November el Vote foi R?l I ' ? \ Comparison is of V; We Invite )2 50 women'* white gabardine wash fa *r kin. #1.29 12 fth Girl* gingham voile mid Uy cloth etc. tub ir ex sizes 3 to 12 yeats ^l?Cv It OA women's gingham housi or street dresses in Pln?f A? blue only ^1 s99 MOO whlt.t gabardine wash skirts (or wom-n in sizes 21 to 18 waist M 7t measure v&.IV 110 Men's Palm Beach Suit* In light or dark colors*? fat sizes 33 to 44 99*99 A belated shipment of new crisp and fresh white tolle, organdie and madras #4 AA waists, special I?99 harri I OH "ECONOf which though it may not protrida for a rast amount of luzuries, goes a long way to a start. Come to hi* show Sal- 1 iirday and bring the children. According to Isaac Watson the world is growing worse instead of bet Lor. We may hare had suspicion of the fact as far as a certain country we arc fighting is concerned, but we ilon't fleetly believe it of America, 1 ihourh three arc the (acta he says are : proofs: In 1914 we spent fur amusement* ait .Kiit hundred million dollar*. | Kor tobacco, nine hundred million, for ; randy seventy-eight million, for acft rtrlnks. thirty six million, fcr chewing turn twenty-all sill Ion, agaia t only ilfteun million dollar* for inlasionary , work! That * the argument. That because we like to be amused and eat a lot of randy, etc , we are growing wor. e Ho says marder is increasing at the rate of five per cent, faster than the population and that divorces number thirty-seven thousand In 1913., These figures are supposed to cover j the whole world. In reading them to \ one of our thinkers In the city the i Following r ntari; was made: "If men and women marry unwisely i and find tl-.ey ere handicapir.g one an-' uhcr In rplri'ual progress, a divorce nds to uplift rather than to lower, i know many a woman who could not' l POLITICAL ADVERTISING j OF THE \ i Up to Every Req indicate who can win? onor a Soldier of two wars? ccessful Business Man in the Sena Candidate who can poll the great S ection? >rescntative in the Senate who you nd glad to see you ? lolc-souled West Virginian, whose wise, is in West Virginia, to guard > % man's man," as free as the great ome, kind-hearted, charitable, sym| ; i?U al f. necessity requires?nuiu inw ui| i? ?lace your vote to the honor of a 1 iotic, personally interested and n ie war with Germany, ready and inded, to the giving up of his life ne party harmonixer, who never to< efforts have always been for harmo lever been questioned, to represent States, to lead you to certain vi ection? If so? r Major Davit Bkina publican Nomination i Unitod States Sonata B ,* i IB The Only Test I alue! I Comparison I Up to |IM ?oawi atrtMi and flowered roll* J--|g| #A a slt?rht!r MM chol*9?*VV ' I B $2 50 Serpen tine crepe klmou> o? either flowered A* ? H* #1.91 B P 00 women'* rhlna lUk w?mu white or fle*h aa #2.(1 I" 00 women'* (ilk erep* 4* h n? envelope hh M #2.91 !> to ?3.to w( men * white ranvaa ehppere (trap ?an4al* H ind pump*. #i AC ehoiea #1.9# M tl 00 Boy'* olirer twl*t and B r?mper play *ult* made of tren*1i ir cloth 78a por<*l .. Ife ,RTHEPtor^ I sol\(5 I *yCoKNBR " \0 possibly hare progressed spiritually while under the influence of tbs Ul she married In good faith. I baow a number of men who would neter htrs amounted to anything had they aot severed the bond which dragged thumr down." "As to aauaements, candy. ate* I ran hardly sea that tha eating and drinking of hurmleaa aweeta and aoft drinka ran po?alh!y make tha world worse. In fact lulte tha oppoalte. Wa all need relaxation, though we taad not be selfish about It, aapeclally la these war ttmea. The one Item you have not mentioned?that we draak la a fact I do deplore. That money waa lr a 1V1 do deplore. That money wna not only thrown away but It rulaad more than one poor devil! Oet after me llijuor men. but let ui have tha randy and the harmless soft drinks, .H if we like Physicians say eaady la a food. We believe that or wa would no* sand it to our aoldlrra. So phyet' laa w ill say liquor has any toad valuo." The LAW'd DILAY. What do thev mean by Oourt catea* inr? I don't under the term. Nor do I. I thought Courta paid no attention to time.? Loulsvllla Cour> ier Journal. POLITICAL ADVjyiTIBLNQ ;l IOUR" I uirement i I \ . Soldier Vote in the will find always ?*f .J every internet, finanyour and the State's out-doora, energetic, >athetic?vet firm aa ;h office it is in your true ton of America, ot by proxy, in tbo willing to make any if need be? >k part in a factional >ny, yet wboee fealty you in the Senate of ctory in the coming for the .