*"~ . - . 1
g|y- Says Test. Has Proved
^ Soundness of Public
I BEPORT BHJHE MAILS
Past Year Has Been "Very
Active One for the
(By Associated Press j
WASHINGTON, Dec. 6.?Telephone
and telegraph lines Or the country,
now under government control, should
become government owned at the conclusion
of peace and the expiration
.of the provisions of the act under
; which the utilities are now controlled.
Postmaster General Burleson declares
in bis annual report made public today.
The war has shown that government
ownership of telephones and telegraphs
"is not only sound but practicable,"
the Postmaster General says,
in repeating the recommendation
which he has made in previous reports
-which he makes for the first
time as bead of the government
agency controlling the land communication
"The experiences as a result of the
.present war have fully demonstrated
that the principle of government own.
ership of the telephones and telegraphs
Is not only sound but practical,"
Mr. Burleson says. "It has been
? necessary as a war measure for Congress
to consider legislation authoriz,
ing .the President to assume control
of the telegraph and telephone systems
ofthe country. While such control
is temporary, and will exist only
?? ?fl fTiiv wof iftAotinn /-?tVin r.TI fv /-?t'
IEpJS yiliH U1C Vi. kuu vav-fekt/ WJ.
^ j peace, yet the best results can be obg-;
- talned only -when these systems are
*'' owned by the government, made a part
of th# postal establishment, and operated
solely with a view to serving the
s^f public aad not making profits or guar*
" anteelng returns on the investment.
fs. Government ownership of the telegraphs.,and
telephones should not long~
cr be delayed,. and the action of Con^---" gress
in this matter is urgently rec-.1
Operations of the Postoffice depart^
ment for the fiscal year ending last
June 50 resulted in a surplus or re- j
^ceipts ever expenses of S19.979.79S, ac;
- "cording to the report. Approximately
g '"'$44,00,000 additional was paid over 1
to the Treasury from the increased ]
v *, .postal charges imposed for war reve i
tnne." Total revenues of the de-part i
/meat from all sources during the yeax !
'are given as $388,975,962. against j
f -$329,726,115 for the 19X7 fiscal year :
ft-'. 'Total expenditures are reported at ]
P $324333,728, against S319.8CS.71S in
:1917. Disregarding the increased
^postal Tates effective November 2 un-1
-'der the war tax bill, the actual m- j
j- icrease in postal service business dur-!
dhg the year is plasced at 4.47 per
H <ecn?? while expenditures increased ;
I ' 'Me. Burleson for the first time otfidally
reports upon the use of airplane3
for transmission of mail, and ;
government-owned trucks for the oper-:
ation of rural parcels-post routes (lis-;
tlbsing plans for -vide extension of
_T?ot& facilities. He also renews his
' Pretvlously made recommendation that j
postmasters now appointed by the .
President should be selected under
competitive civil service examinations.'
and that' the four assistant postmas-1
ters general and the purchasing agent;
should be likewise selected.
The. volant."! of mail carried during
,the year was greater than ever before,
says the report, in commenting upon
the surplus earned, which it places at j
more than double the greatest profit j
eyer found by the department previ- j
"'Oualy. War activity in private busi- j
ness not alone grew, but the govern-:
"meat Itself put a tremendous burden j
, of matter into the malls from the new
efforts which It built up. Postmasters ;
and postoffice facilities alike were 1
-used for war service that ranged from t
.the registration of aliens to the sale
-of thrift stamps and government
Among new facilities the report}
" -"asks Is an appropriation of Jl.500,000
for the construction of a subway be
tween the Grand Central Station In
jfe; i- New York and the Pennsylvania TerR>-~
minal office, replacing the discarded
KtevT,' system of pneumatic tubes, and deK?--'
' , vised to relieve congestion. AuthorKg.
--Ity is also asked for the establishment
g>. ofa guaranty fund -within the departg?;-'
. 'meat, -with which to bond employes I
E handling money and valuables. This
is advocated to relieve premium charg-r
p- j ea which are said by the report to be ,
*' S 'TT' R J
4* ?? Fw-Ixifattts Children
jryWy.'V ef ,.* - * *
v .-.v*v - ijUif""'''' a '?:Jt
I excessive, and also to eliminate deiay
Dealing; with complaint of delays in
mail for soldiers in Prance, both before
and after the mail service was
taken over by the army. Mr. Burleson's
report says that much of It was due
to the handling of mail by orderlies in
"Perhaps the most serious of these
delays arose from the attitude of the
military authorities," it says, "who declined
to reveal to a civilian postal
organisation the whereabouts of military
units, in many cases until their
location bad been discovered by the
enemy. There was also a good deal of
trouble In obtaining motor transpcrt.
and at one time the military authorities
undertook to take from the postal
stations the small details of enlisted
men who were assisting in the work
on the ground that they were needed
for purely military service."
In the United States. 123 branch
postoffices were established at camps ;
ana caaionmeais cu ucxivu ma? w
the troops. Censorship boards were
established at nearly all ports of exit
from the United States, in connection
with military operations, and 1.600 employes
were engaged in censoring approximately
125.000 pieces of mail
dally during most of the period covered
by the report.
A very wide extension of the aerial
mail service has been planned, the report
indicates and outlines are given
for four rontes. two of which extend ]
outside the United States.
"The trunk line and feeders decid- i
ed upon for the aerial mail," the Post-!
master General says, after describing I
experimental operation between Wash- j
lngton. New York, and Philadelphia,
"under the present program are:
"1. New York to San Francisco, i
with fcewers from (a) Chicago to St.
Louis and Kansas City, fb) Chicago .
to St. Paul and Minneapolis. <c) i
Cleveland to Pittsburgh.
"2. Boston to Key West, with feed- J
ers from (a) Philadelphia to Pitts-;
burgh, (bl Washington to Cincinnati, i
(c) Atlanta to New Orleans. !
"3. Key West, via Havana to Panama.
"4. Kew West, via the West Indies,
to South America."
"The Postoffice department only
awaits the day when the aircraft production
of this country can more than
supply the needs of our own army and
those of our allies to make effective
the program for aerial mail that I have
directed to bo put into operation as
speedily as the war conditions will
permit." Mr. Burleson continues. He
points out that planes for the overseas
service decided upon must be
powerful, fitted with wireless, and of ;
special construction, and declares that j
; the commercial advantage resulting j
| from the expected reduction in the j
time ot communication Detween out. r a
and Central America trill justify the
Discussing the rural truck lines, and
the expected acquirement by the department
of many hundreds of war
trucks, the report says that the commercial
an deconomic advantage of
the service are evident, and its extension
d -sirable. The transmission of
food products from farms to urban
' centers is particularly facilitated by
: the mclorized parcels post lines.
I Due to enlistments, and high wages
i in outside service. 9.07S postal employes
left government employment .
during the year, the report says, neces- j
skating extra efforts in training sub- i
stitutes. Of the number leaving die j
service 4.S9S resigned for other em- :
p'.oyment. or 12.4 per cent, of the en- j
tire force, but the report says that in- j
j creased pay, and over-time allowances j
| Value ii
; | You can make no m
| | Barry or Queen Quality S
| | The price is right on
! ! xthey give satisfaction. Ti
| 327 MAU
voav? i vi i
Cases that carry ma
the person at home, trav
boy. Small ones, big ones
cases, empty or filled. A
gift, something greatly d<
made under new laws will guarantee
the maintenance of an efficient force.
Postal savings bank deposits increased
516,26,503 during the year,
raisins the total of these deposits to
My grandfather used, to say. Whydo
you fry the first pancakes? They
are never good! '* I say. "Why do we
have winter? I don't like it!" Does
anybody really like all varieties of
cold weather? Young people do. I
know; but then, they have blood
which flows swiftly and warmly all
- - ?* ? ?i ?u?
me nine. iney can run m iuc auv?,
walk all day on the hunt for a frozen
river oa which to skate, come home
at night with wet gloves after a good
I snow-ball fight?and even come flying
down an icy hill after dark with the
temperature somewhere around zero,
taking a glorious tumble in a snowbank
as an extra measure, without
damage to bones or flesh. Young
folks! Xot so very long ago, we were
all young folks with foolish notions!
Some of us haven't got over the foolish
notions yet. But the most of us
are growing older in years every day,
with the young part of us only a matter
1 grow more and more of the same 1
! opinion as the ground hog. who j
f makes a r?:ce. deep hole for himself
; into which he retires to blissful uc!
consciousness of out-of-door changes.
Only I should like to go in and pull
! the hole in atfer me, to stay until the
j thousand voices of spring come echoing
back again! For more and more
| do the chill winds penetrate into the
[ innermost recesses of my poorly built
I human house. Each year I find myself
gr-nviug less able to come with
I blizzards and ice. I dislike the temi
per of winter. I'm not fond of her
moods nor her disposition. I am
never thoroughly warm. In the hoi- 1
low of my much blanketed bed at
night I lie content. I'd gladly give
all X own to stay t'lere through Janu
ary, February and March:
But body and spirit disagree. Isn't '
that always the way? The body prefers
one direction and the spirit another.
and the two have a dreadful
time getting along with one another.
There is a rcr.r n winter! We
ouldn't appreciate spring half so
much if we didn't hav it!
And what is to gloriously beautiful
as the rebirth of all nature after a
long, refreshing sleep! I wish we
were all wise enough to understand (
life so that we could appreciate the
various phases of existence and deal j
with them in a proper manner. I
can't like winter. I envy the cocoon
wrapped round and round and rock- .
ed gently, tied fast to a bush or tree !
just out of the reach of ::e wind.
Such a small cradle could not possi- |
bly be storm tossed or tenrtv-st rock- ]
ed. and the long, dull days would
sleep themselves swiftly by. ,
However, there a'e perfect as well
as imperfect winter days, and when
the Master of the skies decides to
send down samples of e::quisite j
weath. I am as appreciative as any- !
one. Snow which falls softly and
slowly and which is not wet like rain.
pleases the most exasiinjr near;.
Clear, cold days do not penetrate with
W hen people are asked ?
where to get good shoes ?
at medium prices, 9 out 8
of 10 will say ^:
GO TO I
istake in buying Stetson. ^
the present market, and b
*y them. g1
HOE STORE 1
* STREET |
&i let, Travel
my little toilet poods of
eling, or for the soldier
traveling cases, leather
very novel, satisfactory
disagreeable ache. Instead they in- T
vigorate and goad one to -work. The '
cold, frosty night, gleaming and glis- |
tening with stars in the heavens, is
wonderful, satisfying, perfect. On
such a night the little Jesus was born.
On such a night one watches, nose
I pressed against the pane, for small
j star worlds to show some sign, quiv;
ering so high and so far away. How
[ much they look like tiny Christmas
: ornaments held up by silver thrcaus.
! One wonders, dreams, lost in thought.
! Are they but bits of randies to light
| the an; :s Are they real worlds, or
merely jeweled beads to please the
eye? These thoughts come with the
cr-rr * orting cold days?so few and far
between. Through a pathway of
i howling, bitter winds which tear and
! cut. w<_- c>me for a moment?in this
; fiimitK of ours?to genuine, delight
ftiI -winter. We are thankful for That
; we get. Can we be more!
NEW WIDE SERVICE
AT LOWER RALE;
Short Night Telegrams Will;
Be Accepted After First
of the Year.
Manager W. T. McWhorter. of the
local Western Union oftice. announces
a scale of greatly reduced rates for
short over-night telegrams, effective
The new rates are calculated to accommodate
a class of telegraphic correspondence
consisting of short communications
which should not suffer
the delays inseparable from physical
i transportation in the mails, but which i.
will n~t stand the higher rates neces- ! :
sarilv charged for the longer night !
letters. j (
The r.^w service, known as night ! '
UNITED WOOLEN <
judged not only by the ?
by the high quality lini
Through and through <
must ring with real mei
Every garment that Is
measure up to the
workmanship which h;
of our unparalleled
Vigilant inspectors ma!
foundation is just as
The United Wc
JTS r*BL/SM*o sgSsTk
A* D?~7Q OfiOCR "^H|=
Main Sirzz*, Corner
KK > BM'or.fritadandsim port to th?
anMa ^ fly ?~Th nxuiata niirVrt(iiw>itifli
BBBMM W hundreds of thousands *2 ?x
MfmOSI JRa, America. Kmr wai a aerl
inHBSBB poeeawfol tempper and For
WMBflaW #ljty|in im
FOUmtk* Atom Cam
- . ' -
messages, is designed to supplement J
and round out the night letter service.
The minimum night message rate is '
20 cents and for 2 cents a ten word ,
over-nihgt message can be sent a con-1
siderable distance, while the maximum :
rate is 50 cents as against a maximum
of $1.00 heretomore charged.
The new rates should not only '
prove a boon to the business interests
of this city, but should lead to the
same large use of the telegraph in social
correspondence that prevails in
Effective January 1. the following
night message rates will be inaugurat
Where day rate is rate will be
25 and 2 30 and 1
SO and 2 25 and 1 j
35 and 2 25 and 1
40 and 3 30 and 1
50 and 3 35 and 1
60 and 4 40 and 1
7." and 5 45 and 2
51 and 7 50 and 2
Chief Spy Hunter
to Leave Service
WASHINGTON. D. C.. Dec. 6.-A.
Bruce Bielaski, chief of the bureau of
investigation of the Department of
Justice, has offered his resignation to
Attorney General Gregory. He expects
to enter private business.
Bielaski has been at the head of the
investigation bureau since 1912 and
previously had been assistant chief.
He entered the service of the depart- j
ipent of Justice in 1905 as a workman, j
He is only 35 years of age and super-,
vises the biggest force of secret investigators
in the government service.
The precise extent of the service has ;
never been disclosed publicly. Mr.
Bielaski will not leave the department !
immediately and it is understood the '
date of retirement is indefinite.
If you know the country's best mu- }
sical organizations, you know the :
Tschainowsky Quartette .and you will :
hear Mary Clark, as soloist, at the
Grand Opera House Saturday night. !
Tickets at A. G. MartiD's Book Store. !
CLOTHES should be
attractive exterior, but
[ngs, haircloth, canvas j
>ach suit and overcoat
rit and satisfaction.
saves our shops must
high standard of
as been the keystone
success for the oast
ce doubly sure that the
i substantial as the
>olen Mills Co. .
ct JB||l|iiui, isnrnKaMasnriagCTratalfsTtat S
. lasoadatsesrychancaiutbaFBrlCarkst. 9
msraly "tntnnrhlng to rand" It I* tba 9
right road to rnliabla tonVit information d
n. "OfcSMialStairiinedndbr 9
topers and For ihippcn an crrrr North M
cms mhiii lain nls or facts pobUahaC In 9
this character of anao sad rsHnhOlty <9
nftn Hinilan fa ahskWl ?serial to lbs 1
s?oarnSSsEwf "" ~g*r^*"1"" .9
PO RT WO
Overcoats are <
Ai* 9 X .
ui course juu vc tui juui t
expect you to believe any
about fifty-dollar values foi
But we do tell you th
dreds of clear-witted men
the value we can get into
Buy your Overcoat wl
what is said is backed up b;
TIME FOR WAR*
AND WE HAVE E
Saturday is the
the Sale of M
They are new shoes wh
- il i v t _
terence m me worm wnen 3
some shoe sales are made up
in stock is substantially re
great deal these days. If 3
the time to get them. If yoi
buy for future needs.
TV? woman's tonic has never contah
ways been the temperance remedy tha
overworked, nervous or rundown.
FROM GIRLHOOD TG
The modern young' woman is often
with life. She BhonM he helped by
proven successful for over half a cents
For fifty years Doctor Pierce's PI
satisfactory in liver and bowel trouble
* - * ? z
T1- tj/ -, A ? nn
~ 1 !
I, $30, $35 ' a
ye teeth! We wouldn't i
cock-and-bull story. U
at hundreds and him- ||
know that we put aff 11
our $25.00, $30.00 and* If
I 1 .11 X. II
nere you unuw uuti. ?
y what is done.
Last Day ofjf
en's Shoes J|
lich makes all the dif- II
ou come to think how ?
>. Every pair of shoes j]
duced which means a r I
'ou need shoes now is . , I
1 don't need them now H
Fhe patriotic spirit sod derrotioi I
th -which American women bm I
far performed -war-service work
d made sacrifices has never been I
ailed in the history cif any Jj
ontry. Mothers, wives and 'iia
s support this burden with A
ength and fortitude. But those 1
10 are already miserable frtau m
complaints and wabKMS 1
rich are so common to womea. Jj
>nld take the right tonic tor H
[f a woman is borne down-by paid 1
d sufferings at regular or
intervals, by nex vouapeayega
zy spells, by headache or bjW^l
he, " Favorite Prescription "a
Duld be taken. " Favorite Pre5-1
iption" can now be bad ml
Diet form as well as Sqtzid 9^|
>st drag stores. Send to Doetea^/fl
tree's Invalids' Hotel. Buffalo^ ?1
Y., for a ten-cent trial pic1miS|
led alcohol, conscquenfiyhas al*J
t a woman should take
a "bundle at nerve^S
frequently blue and S
a tonic and nervinefl
ca Pallets have
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