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VOL. XXXIV. NEW SERIES VOL. XII-
BURLING-TON, VT FRIDAY MORNING, FEB. 10, I860. NUMBER THIRTY FOUR Voct r y . hilly Klder. K rtri'Uf If the ftrenra I saw Kate, the tamtf's daughter, L-nnking in her rosy palm Hipping op tbajratcr. .Kbe bid thrown her hat aside, line her arm and shoulder ; Esch unnmscicoi charm display td, Made mv love the bolder. So I slowly, tenderly. Went and knelt beside her, Drank with br from cut th stream Blushing Kitty Eider. And I said, "The poets think Life is like a liter, Ehall we not its waters drink, Always.love, together ?" Many years hare passed uj by, Like the flowing water, But I drink life'" dream to-dy, With tbe farmer's daughter. .3 i e I I a is v , HOW TO KEKP A IIOTHL. First, don't call it a tavern, or nn mn, or n hotel even. Call it a House, and name it after some great capitalist, big Indian, or Saint "Morton Peto House," or " Wboop-dc-Doo-dlc House,'" "I "St. Bjb-a-Lint Ilouro;" that sounds will and takes the traveller's car. Be sure and establish an immense barber's shop on the ground floor. It causes a grateful o&ur of the Halm of a Thousand flowers and Xiglit Bloouiing Ccr- tus to pervade tht-aimnspbcre, and effectual ly subdues ar.d memuncs other and less agreeable smells, as ft.r instance cockroaches and cookery. If you can hire an Irishman cheap enough let one man do nothing hut swab the marble hall w ith greasy water all day long ; it con Teys an idea ol cleanlier to the guests ; at eight, when few an- ai.oui.it is of little consequence. I said "gueMf ,' and here i a point you should by no mean neglect. Be carcinl m speaking of your lodgers, in printed notices and t:ie like, to use that term. It is refined, and pets them on their good Itehayior at once. Procure a well dressed clerk with curlv black hair, if possible, to stand at the desk, and by all means insist on bis wearing dia monds. Seedy visitors will take no liberties with men a man. W ben a traveller comcg in, he is not to notice bim for tbe space of five minutes at least : it pate tbe obligation at once whero it belongs. You take bim in, not bo you. It is an excellent device to have the num bers of your chamber rover d from the old plan. i. e., let them begin to count from the roof. Thus when a guest rees the clerk puf'No. 10," for instance, oppoaite his name on the register, be departs satpfiea', and is too much exhausted and cowed by the time be discovers its whereabouts to make any coin plaint Instruct your clerk that it is not las busi ness to know anything about departing trains and steamboats. When a guest lias paid bis bill and is about to depart, let the clerk ask cheerfully "Which way do you go, Mr. Robinson?" Some persons are so easily imposed upon that tbe extraordinary fact of n highly be dizened clerk's knowing their names two minutes after reading them on tbe register, tickles them tremendously. It will scarcely be necc-sary to mike any suggestions in regard to extra charges in tbo bills, as they will niturally occur to the feeblest of landlords You should always, however charge for a tire in winter in every room that h.is con veniences lor it, and if remonstrated with, reply that it is a "rule ot the Hooeo," and the guest might have had it. This phrase you will find of liamcnfe ecr viee on all sorts of occasions. Procure the largest Chinese gong you can find, to awaken yoor guests in the morning nd call them to meals. They will conclude that your House is a stunning affair. A negro will probably beat it moro thor oughly than a white man. Also, on the counter in tbe office, keep an immense hammer-bell. A judicious clerk will produce a very tumbling effect upon a modest guest by -tnking it rapidly four or five times when he is asked absurd questions. i Follow these suggestions carefully, and yuu will go far to prove the truth of Emcr eon'e. aphorism that "travel is the fool's par adise.'' Saturday Press. A yjulaele Forces. Old stories of the war arc constantly coming to light. It is stated that when General Bragg was in command at Augusta, Georgia, last winter, Jeff Davis telegraphed to him "to hold the State at all hazards, stop up the roads, destroy the sup plies and crush Sherman."' At tho closo or the despatch the rebel President Inquired; 'what is your available force for this pur pose?"' General Bragg promptly replied: "Five proclamations and one brigade." The Coal Qcestiov ix England. Toe Pall Malt Gazelle has settled the question. The prosperity, the business, the very exis tence of England depends upon coal. It makes our fires, heats our furnaces, gives light and water to our towns, drives our manufactories and 6tcamcrs. Without coal England would lose trade, manufactures and three-fourths of ber population. It will not pay to bring oal from the great fields of America. It would be !ettcr to go to the coal. Well, Sir, at the actual rate of uing coal in England and the annual increase, the entire stock within -4,000 feet of the surface will last seventy years the child is born who will sco it exhausted. Of course, as the stock diminishes, and the difficulty of getting it increases, the price will nee, and the consumption gradually diminish, so that there will be a gradual decline, instead of a udden destruction, and if no substitute e in I found for coal, this decline of Britiali l'.duptry, wealth and jowcr will begin in ' lit fiftv vears. and in Cftv more you may "w isnianma juil on ice ruins o: v. Fiji's, a broken arch ol London Bridge, or any convenient place for 6uchan inscription. i-"KL.nd. with her stock of coal exhausted, will !,c a jloasant sort of watering-place, or suminir resort for the rest of the world, covered with the ruins ot iron foundries and cotton mills, a shabby looking Palmyra, or a grimy Theoes. Antiquarians will explore it. and future Gibbons will write tbo decline and fall 0f tho British Empire. Josts wnn & Shall c. On Sunday latt a gentleman booked bis name at one of our ho tels as Charles Y. (we think) "genes," and with him be bad a young lady who rejoiced in the name of Silina. IUr other name, if she had one, was about to be changed, and wai not considered important enough to re quire mention. It was distinctly understood that Mr. "cones" desired zuod rooms, and ibcy were placed at his disposal, and a fire made. Mr. r. and lady bad tea. Then. of. tcr an oblmin- rlprfrm;, l.-(l K..-n w,iiAlt they went to the parlor to unite their des tinies under tho "firm name of cones," for better or worse. After the ceremony was over, a gentleman who had kindly volunteer ed as groomsman was requested to "hand that air to that air ftllcr." the "that air" being a dollar of lawful end good money ,and me "iciicr" tuc itina clergyman, ihen Mr. g. informed the clerk at the hotel tbat be and his would take a walk Whether they We still strolhnr. in blU-ful reverie. over lLn face of this beautiful and genial earth, or nave ttonrted for rest, wn rannnt vrnturn tn affirm. Ifacv have never returned from their "walk," it is certain ; and in their forget inlnesi of all but themselves, their little bill at the hotel remains unsettled. Wherever bey arc, we wish them gov, and lota of 9ftt.St. JUbaits Mtsstnger, Feb. 1th. GEO. W.S. G. C. BENEDICT. rnirons asd pcoraitTOiis. FRIDAY MOBKIKG FB. 1C. ISC. The KreirnociTT Treatt. The Montreal Transcrlft thinks Canada is gradually get ting an insight into the views of its neigh bors on this qncstion, especially since tbe publication of the report on tbe Rcvcnuo Commission, and tho report of tho Treaty prepared by E. H. Derby cf Boston. After specifying tho principal points of these docu ments, the Trcnseript says : " We do not know if tbe Americans mean to treat us in this business after tbe fashion of the lower class of shopkeepers, who demand from their country customers double the price for their goods tbat tbey intend to accept for them in the end, after some higgling. lint if they are in earnest in enacting tbe proposed condi tions a; tbe prico cf Reciprocity, we must re gard tbcra both as injurious and insulting to us. These terms mem that we are to wage a fiscal war against all other countries, bat espe cially against hagland, in fivor of American products and manulactures. as respects every article we purchase, except those with which they cannot supply us. We are to suffer all tbe evils inflicted on them by tbe enormous debt they have incurred, as the rcsalt of the recent war with tbe South ; wc are to stifle many of our growing manufacture in their infancy, by taxation which our own necessities do not re quire, and whicb, did we require the sacrifice. would be the greatest misfortune that com I overtake ns, as it is theirs. The American Fox has lest bis tail, and be would persuade his neighbor that be ought to reduce himself to the same condition. They are laden with debt, and tbey must submit to grievous imposts to meet their liabilities ; we, whose indebtedness is com paratively trifling, must be forced to impose tbe same burthens on ourselves. Bat wby centinus tbe subject ? The Canadian, be he statesman or private person, wbo would recommend a course fo suicidal, is only fit for a lunatic asylum. Oar true policy is competition with the United States, not tbe commercial union tbey offer u. The position which we occupy, in contrast with theirs, is one which, some, years ago, we would not dare to anticipate ; and if wc cast away the great advantages to be derived from tbe lower price which our products cost u. we deserve the worst punishment tnit may uu to our tot as the due penalty of our tolly. There are two redeeming points to be found in the 1'tports. Both the Commissioners and Mr.Dcrby recommend tbat a new Treaty of some sort should be made ; and Mr. Derby proposes besides that in the meantime the present 1 reaty should be continued for twelve months, to give time for new arrangements. But he Accompa nies tbe concession with conditions which cannot by any possibility be accepted by us. If the Government of tbe United States could be ad vised to adopt tbe suggestion of the continuance of the Treaty, without the objecticnable condi tions, or witb a few provisions necessary for working it satisfactorily to the two countries, we suspect tbey would discover before long that tbey had done what was best for tbe true inter est of all parties interested in this matter. In another article the Transcript, crying up the principles of free trade, declares that "the whole commercial legislation of the Unitcdstatee Is a disgrace to its intelligence," and on economical questions, it says "onr cousins across the lines seem to be as mad as a March bare." Xo loubt, whoever wants to cloc a contract of which John Boll or his Provincial sonny holds tbe best end, always seems to tbein demented. The Provincial Trade returns for 1S&1-5 sliow that almost 01 per cent of all Cana dian exports went to the United States. During the long winter Canada's only prac ticable outlet is through the United States. If under fech circumstances Canada can afford to do without reciprocity, the United States certainly can. and make something by the stoppaee. To suppose that the present treaty can bo renewed, or that any treaty will be made until Canada makes it irorM oar while to grant one, is utter folly. Tho St. Albans Mcsstngtr writing on the Report of the Committee on tbe conduct of the War, says : Ferhaps the telecfion of Gen. Meade, at the time it was made, was the most fortunate thing tbat conl l have happened to tbe army. Be was scarcely known, through fame, to the soldiers. One of bis first orders was fall of the rigor and steianess of war. Any soldier who disobeyed any order, on the march or in the fight, might be shot in his tracks. This order stood in the place of needed discipline, and it showed the army that it was under a ccmmanderwbo meant tobcoleyed at all hazards, and tho very want of knowledge of tbo man, under the circum stances, magnified bis power. In a day an ar my whose attention was distracted by the thoughts of recent disaster, the offensive ap proach of its old enemy, and the change of its chief commander from one not fully trusted to one not fully known, was turned warward, with the visage of Mars. It was as if tbat fabled god had descended to the command. The rank and file hailed the order as "jnst what we want ed." Probably no man was shct under it, for its show of power and unity was enough. The army fought at Gettysburgh aa it would not have done under a better krown commander. and succeeded. With duo deference to the military critic of the Messenger, wc must ray that most of the above sounds to us like very absurd talk. Wo never heard till now, of the order al luded to, though in a position to know some thing about such orders at the time,J and if any such was generally promulgated to the rank and file, it had nothing to do with the success, at Gettysburgh. Our armyniarcbcd as it did, and fought as it did, there, not be cause the men were afraid of being "shot in their tracks" by their officers, but be cause tbey generally appreciated the po sition. They all knew that Lee had got to le tchippcJ, or Baltimore and Washington would fall, and the confederacy be acknowl edged at once by England and France. Gen. Meade brought no enthusiasm to the army with his assumption of the command. How good a general Msrs would have made m modern times, we can not say ; butthcarmy didn't feci as if they bad any God of War in command. They Aa;ief they had a good general now; but they were bound to make a stout fight anthow. Of course they did better than tbey would have dono if they had been dispirited by positive knowledge tbat tbey bad an inefficient bead ; but to maintain that tbey did better than they would have done under a better known and better trusted commander, is of course nonsense. Our own opinion is that tbe com manding general had not very much to do, individually .with our success there. He bad as little to do with the selection of the ground for the battle as any man in his ar my ; no maneuvrcs ordered from headquar ters, or genius of a single guiding spirit won the fight. And Gen. Meade's failure to order an attack on the beaten enemy after tbclr final repulse, was one of the most mel ancholy' mistakes CTcr made by mortal man. Singclir AxoitALr. The time is now out of joint surely, when "Every Saturday" come regularly on Thursday. The Freedjiex's Bcreau Hill inssed by the House is nearly identical with the bill for the same purpose which has tossed in the Senate, but differs from tho latter in extending the Bureau's jurisdiction ever frccdmen and refugees in all parts of the countrv : reducing officers' salaries : 2iv ... , , , ing other lands, at the end of threo years, to tho negroes settled by General Sherman on South Carolina and Georgia coast planta- b 1 tions, and in some few other respects. Mb, -Mor.iLi.'s Bill, prepared to hit the cases of foreign holders of our Railroad se curities, which have hitherto cscarcd taxa tion, and the cases of those who render their income returns on a gold basis but pay their taxes in paper, was passed by the House on tie 7tb. Msxican AiraiRS. Important Snicu or IiOi ls Natoleox. Tiie speech of the Emper or Louis Napoleon to the French Lfgislatuic, brought by the last arrival, contains the following important passage : In Mexico the Government founded by tbe will cf the people is being consolidated. The op position, conquered and dispersed, nave no longer a chief; the national troops have displty ed valor, and tbe country baa found guarantees of order and security which have developed its resources and raised its commerce with France alone from '21 to 77 millions. As I expressed the hope last year tbat our expedition was ap proaching its termination. 1 am coming to an understanding witb the Kmperor Maximilian to fix the epoch for the recall of our troops so that their return may be effected .without compromis ing the French interests which we have been defending in that remote country. North America, issuing victoriously from a formidable strug;le, has re-established tho Union and solemnly proclaimed the abolition of slavery. France, which forgets no noble page of htr history, offers up sincere wishes the pros perity of ibe great American Republic, and for the maintenance of amicable relations, which soon will have bad a century's duration. The emotion produced in the United States by tbe presence of our troops on tbe Mexican soil will be pacified by the frankness of our declara tions. Tbe American people will comprehend that our expedition, to which wc invited thm. was net opposed to their interests. Two nations equally jealous of their independence ought to avoid every step which might atlact their digni ty ana their honor. This seems tolerably definite mid to the point. Tbat tbe Prrncb troopn arc to leave Mexico seems plain. Whether Max. will follow is not so clear. We do not think be will, at present. Till U. S. Con mission ee or A g a icvlt in v. The country at large does not understand, probably, tbe amount of talent it takes to fill the position of head of a bureau at Washington. Certain it is, tbat tbe chief of the Department of Agriculture u not proiierly appreciated. I it known that we bite m that responiblo pou an Iaaac Xew ton? and that be is a much bigger man, unless be is mistaken, than Sir Isaac Newton was? If not, it it known that tbo country is disgraced by tbe placing and continuance at tbe bead or tbe Department of Agricul ture, of a coarse, ignorant, utterly illiterate man, who fawns on his superiors, and abuses his subordinates with equal meanness who cannot write an English sentence, and whose spelling would consign any Vermont school boy of ten years old, to a birchen re freshening? Snch hawever is the case. Ha goes by tbe name of "old Peanuts"at Wash ington, and "old Peanut's last" is as much quoted and laughed over there as Mrs. Part ington ever was.Oae of the last which comes tousina roundabout way, but isiindoubtedly currently reported, is an order by Mr. New ton, lor a new "classification" of the stuffed birds in the Cabinet, on tbe principle that those with tho "shiny feliage" be placed in front so as to hide the ugly ones behind. Wc cut tbo following from a first rato notice of this worthy, in tbe last American Agriculturist : If the Commissioner doesn't know that when he visits the other Departments, it is a signal for all the clerks to look out for fun, wo will let him know it. When wo wonder at the small re sults cf the propagating garden, being a gov ernment establishment with a most capable horticulturist in charge of it, we know that tho fault is not the Superintendent's. Other people tell us, tbat every pear, grspe.and othtr fruit as soon as it shows any signs of ripeness, is picked by tbe Commissioner or by his orders, and sent to some Senator or other public functionary,and the whole purposes of tbe garden, that of test ing and comparing fruits, etc, is perverted. Almost daily we see tin some paper some ex pression of the contempt in which the head of the Department is held, of which, this from the Yi asbincton correspondence ot a morning paper will serve as a specimen : 'Amonir the visitors recently at tbe itbite House was the Commissioner of Agriculture, who made a brave speech to the President, as suring him of bis sjnguine expectation lor tbe early conglomeration of tbe States through the efforts of the Department of Agriculture: "The people has laid down their spears and is beginning to take crunicg books; and although the fields is wasted and tbe land mourns," qnotb Isaac, placing one band patronizingly on the President s snouider, "yet we wilt distribute tbe seeds of barmcny, the fruits of concord and garden eass generally, so as to let the South sco the effects of good government and the wis lorn of your administration." Upon concluding his remarks a copious dew was ocserved to be shed over the bcarainir countenance of Uncle Isaac; but the President preserved his usual equani mity and made no effort at reply. Tho employes of the department breathed easier upon tbe Commissioner's report of the effect of his ad dress upon the President, and their appreciation of bis abilities experienced no diminution." Senator Howard on tiie Trial or Trai tors. The following is a condensed rcpoit cf the speech of Mr. Howard of Michigan, in the United States Senate, on Thursday, on hit resolution recommending the trial of Jeff. Davis and C. C. Clay by military com mission : " 'If there be any expectation,' said Mr. rioward, 'which has been more prevalent than another among the loyal people of the United States it is this : That it is doe to our dignity as a nation and to the obligations we owe to the constitution of the nation, that there should be an arraignment and punishment according to the forms of law of some, at least, of the ring leaders of the rebellion. I think I do not over state the truth when I say that this expectation is not at this time diminished in any degree, but that unless some bona fide endeavors (ball be made to execute tbe law upon some at least of the traitors wbo have done such wrong to the rovernment of the United States, a feeling of despondency, not to say di'gust, will be very strong and pervading throughout the United Slates. Davis was the President of the rebel povernmcnt, and, as such, Commander-in-Chief of its armies and navy. His commands in car rying on the war were irresistable ; bis will was tbe origin of every movement in conducting tbe operations of the rebel armies. It pervaded and directed every hostile act. lie was tbe monster cf the rebellion, and gave it animation and acti vity throughout its whole extent, from the At lantic to the Rio Grande. His commands dir ectly or remotely, put in every case effectually and resDonsivcly, caused every advance of the rohel force, every attack, every battle, every death among the Union forces. Bis orders alone gave energy to every blow, on every field and alonr a whole line of fifteen hundred miles; from the East to the West ; from the Gulf of Mexico to tbe Canadian frontier. It was bis command tbat shed the blood or caused tbe death of more than a quarter of a million of and (be waste end destruction of more hi thousand millions or property, His irresistible commands were present everywhere at the first Boll Run. at Jlalvcrn Hill, cn the Rappahannock, at Centrtville, at Sbilob, at Vicksburp, Gettysburg as well as at the massa cre at Fort Pillow and olber minor butcheries. lie was the war. His will directed it every- - 1 "here." Mr. Howard then entered into a legal i rgunieni,in opposition to me .attorney ucner- ,,. vieHJ nhtA ,ha atij m:ght ' triej i in Pennsylvania or Ohio, tr in any other Slate ,' th.e,w" wsclrrifd under Ibe orders CI the President nf lhi. Ill lY.n rMprnrr. ill looked upon it as wholly out ol the question to try to convict Davis in anv of the latelv rebel States, because no iurr er.uU be fnnn l there convict bim." Iteliglous Intelligence. A rcival is in progrcsi in the Congrrgt tional church in Ascutneyville. It com menced in the Sabbntli School. Sixteen have tern admitted to tbe church on profes sion. A serits of meetings has been in progress for more than three weeks in the Freewill Baptist church in Sutton, of which Rev. E. C. Heath is raetor. The number of hopeful eonwreions is nearly forty, and the interest appears to be increasing. Thcic is also quite a religious awakening iu the town of Whcelock. Rev. J. II. Woodward, of Imsburc has gone to Wisconsin upon an urgent invitation to preach a few Salibaths to a congregation there. It i thought be will receive a call and will accept it. The services in connection with the "recce nition" of the Dew Baptist church in St. A! bans, were as follows : Sermon by Rev. Dr. pbatB cf Fairfax ; leading the Artielvi of Faith and Covenant, Rev. N. P. Foster ; Prayer of Recognition, by Rev. Dr. i'hoaaas; Address to the- cburcb, 1 y Rev. A. Sabm Rev. Mr. Bittinger, of the Congregational church, otkred tbe Prayer of luvoeation, and Revs. II. C. Ktee , 11. C. lxtavitt and L. I!. Stole assisted in tbe other devotional exercies. The agent of tbe ermont bible society, who has canvassed tbe town of Concord, K;r Co. Vt. reports the following peculiar distribution of the church goers : Uuiversal- isf 170, Metbodht III, Freewill Ilaptist 38, Congregationalist S, Miscellaneous 33. Making a total of 300, or hx than one-third of tbe people, that regalaily attend church. Perhaps it is not suijirising tbat the statis tic show a loss ef population of 13S in tbe town since 1SG0. It was announced from tbe pulpit of tbe Congregational Society in ltrattle- boro last Sunday, by Rev. Dr. Tyler, its pastor, that the debt of $5,500 for repairing tbe church, had all be on paid off by tbe vol untary contributions of members. Tbe rent of tbe pews amounts to about $'2000 yearly, the highest rent Leing 37.60, and the lowest trom $3 to 1. Rev. Geo. F. Merrick, Miasiotiary of tho American Board at Constantinople,is now in this Country on a vi-it. After a little tine it the service ol the Board nmotag frienda and tbe churches, Mr. and Mr'. Ilerrick hope to return to their work. The Rutland Herald informs u that there is to be a grand exhibition at tho Congrega tional Cbnrch in Sudbury, on Thursday evening. February 15th, for the benefit of the church and society, consisting of "a Mt-lo Drama, in three acts ; Charade, Rival lovers; Farce, Wanted, a meat cook ; and other things, making up an exWnrive and interesting rnclangs." and a cuiioui enter tainment, we bould aay. for a sacred boose, or object. Tbe pastor of the North church, in Hart ford, Rev. G. B. Spalding, has taken strong ground againot Dr. Buthnell's recently pub lished work, " The Vicarious Sacrifice." This is the church of which Dr. Buebncll was formerly pastor. Bishop De Guesbriand, of the Catholic Diocese of Burlington, line issued tho fol lowing regulations, for tbo annual season of Lent, which commences on Wednesday next, Feb. 14th : Every day in Lent, except Sunday, is a fat day of obligation on one meaL Custem, how ever, allows alight collation in the evening, and a cup ol tea or coHee in tbe morning. Tbe precept of fasting implies also that of ab stinence from the use of flesh meat ; but by dis pensation, tbe uso ot flesh meat is allowed in this Diocese at every meal on all the Sundays, and at the principal meal on Mondays, Tuesdays and Thursdays of Lent, tho Thursday of the first and last week being excepted. Fish and fleeh meat should not be used at the same time. Tbe use of eggs, butter and cheese is allowed. provided the rules ot quantity prescribed by the fast be complied with. Tbe use of lard, in the place of butter, is allowed in dressing vic tuals. The Church excuses from tbe obligation of fasting, but not of abstinence from flesh meat (except in special cases of sickness, cr tbe like), tbe following classes ot persons : 1. ane inarm. 2. Those whose duties are of an exhausting or laborious character. C. These under twenty-one years of age. i. Women in pregnancy or nursing infants. We exhort the clergy to introduce additional exercises twice or three times a week in their re spective churches, and to recommend to all un der their charge tbe daily recitation of a part of the Rosary. They are also authorized to give Benediction of the Blessed Sacrament once overy week in each ol their churches. We humbly beseech Almightly God to give all in our diocese grace to spend the time of tho forthcoming fast with more than ordinary devo tion, and hasten by their prayers and works of penance the restoration of peace in our distract ed country. t LOUIS, Bishop of Burlington. Vt. The Fta Trade in Minnesota. A letter from St. Paul, Minn., in the N. Y. Herald says: The trade seems to be monopolized by three or four large houses in this city, one firm alone claiming to have exported $150,000 worth; but there are small dealers scattered all over the State. Chief in importance is the mink fur, which is a source of considerable revenue to the trappers and traders throughout the northern part of the State. In former years, when mink was not considered a fasbiosablo fur and martens were all tbe rage, skins could be bought for twenty five or thirty cents each; but now they will bring from six to seven dollars apiece by the grcss. The Chippewa Indians are tbe most suc cessful trappers we have, and monopolize the lion's share of the fur business, especially since tbe expulsion of tbe Sioux, with whom they were ever at war. The bunting grounds are located in the wildest and most uninhabited parts of tbe State, chiefly in the neighborhood of the headwaters of the Mississippi, and along tbe shores of that chain cf lakes which distin guishes tne northern boundary cf Minnesota. Tbe trapping season usually commences in Oc tober, and continues through the greater part cf the winter. Furs obtained in Dccembsr are tbe most valuable, on account of their weight, mink at tbat season of the year being considered "full furred," as tbo traders express lL Ex perienced dealers can, by examining the pelts, tell to a nioety almost In what particular month men, than the animals are killed, and fix a price upon the skins accordinclv. .Veit in importance to tbe mink oomes the muskrat. It is found very plentifully in all tbo lakes throughout tbe entire State, and lirge quantities of the furs are chipped from St. Paul for tbe IJuroncan msrtcti. The skins arc worth awul iemj-uve cenis eicu, auu arc t-aewj about twenty-five cents each, and are easily converted into good warm gloves, which find a rcvij- uiarkci umonf ine poorer orusts ut uui population. Bearskins, which arc becoming rather scarce now, are brought in by the Chip pewia generally, and find a ready market at fifteen dollars each. AVolf and raccoon skins, which are used principally in the manufacture i of robes, are plentiful this year. Tho wolf skin to 1 is worth about four dollars and the raccoon about one dollar. Fox skins arc gathered tor exportation. In some parts of Europe, especial ly Germany, large quantities of thtfe fun are used for trimming purposis. The fur of tbe American fox is prefemd to tbe European, and good profits can be made on shipments from this country. The best otter skins are sent !o China, where the fur is highly prized. Pelts are worth from seven dollars to eight tkulars each. Beaver is the only fur sold by weight. It w worth three dollars per pound, and is bought up by the agents of listern manufacturers in considerable quantities. Buffalo skins are brought here by the Rnl river traders, but not in Urge quanti ties, the great bulk of tbe skins being sent down the Missouri river to St Lovis. Good buffalces can be purcbeed for seven or eizht dollars by the quantity, although retailer her have the conscience to charge fifteen dollars. A white buffalo skin is considered a great rarity and is very much sought after by traders. Major Hatch, of this eity, while acting as tbe agent of tbe lllaekreet Indians several years ago, was presented with a couple of white butialo skins by the chief of the nation. Tbey were tbe only skins of that description in l he possesion of the tribe, and tbe compliment was esteemed the highest tbat could 1 paid. Tbe recipient re gards the favor very highly, and would sot part with the present lor loe or money, I suppost The New Steam Saw Mill and Mill at the I.ke. Few thing I'lani.nc give us more pleasure than to chronicle each ad dition to tbe manufacturing establishments which are making ,aod to make, the prosper ity of Burlington. Each new chimney is a pillar of strength to the material interests of our city. Kadi new cog-win rl is also a wheel in onr car of projicaa. We paid a visit thcotberday tothe ne )Stcam MiU.niw approaching completion, of Messrs. S. S. CntricHiLL k Co., more popularly known, from tbe heavy intercut taken in it by our townsmen I). C. and G. L. Lineley.aa "Lint ley's Mill." The company consist of Mr. S. S. Churchill, wbo will be the active man nager of the mill, D. C. and G. L. Iinttey, and Mr. Luther Wbitztey. Their ertablirh mcnt is erected on tbe filled land of the Vt k Canada Road, north of the Lumber Yards. Tbe main building i a long two-story one.of wood, 120 by 30 feet. To this i s attached on one side the engine house, ot trick,27 by 16 feet, and the boiler-house als of brick. 47 by 27. Tm Utter contains the boilers, three in number, and from it rism the main chimney, 85 feet in height. Au engine of 5 horse power, drives the large circular saws, for the cutting of dimension lumber w hich will be the main business of the mill. The arrangements for this are of the most complete and convenient kind. Six piers, sunk at distance of 200 feet out into tbe Lake, and connected by booaw, will form a spacious area for tbe holding of the logs. w hich as wanted will be drawn into a small ilip in the dock on which the mill stands, and thence on inclined way, directly on to the carriages of the aaw tnilL These are of iron, running on an iron railway. A wing 50 by 20 feet on tbe Sunth aide will be 'oc cupied witb machines for planing and dress ing lumber, ltoate can lie at dock close to tbe door of the null on one aide, while cars on a aide track ot the Yt. & Canada road, can load it from the very doors on the other side. Over tbe saw mill, ia a spaeioua room 130 by' 20 feet, whicb will be rented, with power, to smaller manufacturing concerns, and with the advantages in the way of con venient .access to rail and water transporta tion, and to heavy stocks of lumber, will not be likely to go long unoccupied The ma chinery is in place, and nearly ready for the belting, and the mill ia expected to com mence business in fifteen or twenty day. When it is remembered that the constrao- tion commenced in last November, and that the whole work has been done in the abort winter days and cold weather ol tbe past three mantlis.it wilt be owned that this mill is a monument to the energy as well as the enterprise of its owners. Success to them. CUITTENDEX CoCNTT AOHtCTLTCAL SOCIE TY. At the annual meeting of this Society. held at the Secretary's office on the 7th inst. tho following board of officers were elected : President F. J. Hentke, Borliogton. 1st. Vice President Smith Wright, Willis- ton. 2nd Vice President J. V. Hatch, Burlinn- ton. Treasurer C. W. T oodhouse, Burlington. Secretary II. II. Taleott, Burlington. Town Manaiers S. Deavitt. Bolton ; A. Tay- or, Burlington ; A. Austin, Colchester ; D. C. akc. Charlotte ; lirowntll, Lssex ; 11. n. Pcit. Ilinesburgh ; L. C. Snyder, Huntington ; A. Bishop, Jericho ; Ci. Sanderson. .Milton; Albert Town, Richmond ; Tiras Isham, St. Georgo ; F. J. Mcecb, Shelburn ; II. & Landou South Burlington ; Julius Naramore, Underbill; Dan. Giddingi, VTcitford ; C. W. Brownell, Williston. The meeting was very fully attended, and the prospects of the Society are flattering. Tbo Society was regaled with sumo choice and delicious specimens of Pears, presented by F. J. Hcndco and A. Taylor. The following resolutions were unanimous ly and enthusiastically adopted. ItetolreJ. That we arc opposed to the Reci procity Treaty, whicb we cannot but regard as unfavorable and unjust to the Agricultural in terest of Vermont, since it allows the British North American TrovincesJ to unfairly compete with us, opposing the advantages or low-pricea lands, labor and light taxation, to our high priced lands, labor and heavy taxation. jferoirea, mat tne cecreiary ue msirucicu iu transmit a copy of these Resolutions to the Hon. Portus Baxter, our Representative in oengrcss, signed by the President and Secretary. A meeting of the board of managers will be holden at the office of the Secretary on Saturday the 17th.at 10 o'clock A. M Hon. J . S. Morrill has given a dinner par ty in honor of tho Reciprocity Commission ers from the British Provinces at Washing ton, to secure an extension of tho treaty. Senators Foot and Poland Speaker Colfax and Thad, Stevens were among the Congres sional guests invited to meet tho Commis-' eioncrs. Uurltnglon limes. The limes is mistaken, wo suspeci. Sen ator Morrill of Maine, it is stated, gavo such dinucr party last week to the Canadian Commissioners. Tho Commissioners expect no assistance from Hon. J. S. Morrill ef Ver mont, and he is not very likely, we should say, to be giving them dinner parties. "I Told Yon so.", window. -Seo ibi ficture in Stylet' TnxNiw Vt. and Canada Passenger DrroT. Wr congratulate our travelling public, or that portion of it which travels by way of the Vt. Central and Vt. & Canada roads, on tl.c prospect of a new passenger depot in Burlington. Hitherto, for twelve OT fifteen years past, the passengers by tbat road and the officers or tho road at this oint, have been compelled to get along for one long while, with a small dwelling house turned for the tine being into a depot, and of late with an open shed, witb the ticket of fices and waiting room some distance off on the dock. The day of such makeshifts, we nre rejoiced to know, is about ended. Tbe construction of a spacious and convenient depot has commenced, and will doubtless be completed the coming season. By the cour tesy of our townsmen, D. C. Linsley Esq., Hoginccr of the Road, and Warren Thayer, Architect, we hate been permitted to exa mine tbe plans. The building will be of brick on a granite foundation. 1 be main building will bo ol the spacious dimension of 201 by 8S feet, affording ample room for three tracks, running through lengthwise from North to South, with wide platforms. The main side walls of this building will to 27 foot high, with long windows in arch ed reeessea. Fr in each corner rises a small tower, 11 feet square, which will afford ae oomodations for closets, and baggage and express rooms, and will externally give an ornamental finish to the corners. On the West side will be the wing for tbe asscnger rooms, Offices ol the Road, Ac., This will have a front of 102 feet, facing the I jake, and will cocit of a centre protection 40 feet high, Hanked by two towers, each 23 by 34 feet square, and 64 feet in height. The internal arrangements of this portion will be exceedingly convenient. The Gen tlemen's waiting room on tbe lower floor will have the ample dimensions of 25 by 40 feet ; The ladies' room will be 20 by 2S, with proper closets and withdrawing room. Tbe ticket office and Telegraph office will be conveniently placed on this nur. The 8 km- above will be devoted to the o&een of the Road, which will be arranged with closets and supplied with water, gas, and every convenience. The buildinr as n whole. while coiK-trueted for use, and not ornament, is yet well proportioned, of tasteful design, and in its ample proportions and fltneaa for its nes will be pronounced a handsome pub lic budding, and an ornament to tbe eity, aa well as a much needed convenience. Its design does credit to Mr. Thayer, and the work of construction will doubtlvse tie thoroughly done, under Mr. Ijnaley's ex perienced supervision. It will be placed at the foot of College Street, dote to tbe pres ent temporary depot, or landing place. Tbe foundations ate already partly laid, the underpinning mostly cut, and the working I piana nearly ready for the carpenters. An other winter will see it completed, and we trust in use by an arrangemrnt between the Roods, as the surfing point of all tbe trains leaving Burlington in either direction. The Fes ujk. Tbe Fenians held a rens ing meeting at Fenianllall, Saturday eren'g. Tbe Hall wac crowded witb tbe Fenian and their friend, who were addressed by Mr. J. J. Crowley, organizer, of Boston, and Cap tain Imergan, in some very earnest and eloquent speeches, urging tbe Brotherhood i to fresh efforts to sntain tbe cause of Irish independence, now approaching its crisis. Vol so Men's Association Tbe next lecture before tbe "Young Men's Associa tion" will be delivered Feb. 23. by Kev.Wm. H. Lord, of Montpelior, Subject: "Ver mont," awl will be one of tbe best lectures of tbe course. Tbs YatCKNNES Fire. U. S. Bonds to tbe amount of $5,500 were consumed in .r. Joalyn's house. They weic forgotten in tbe excitement of the fire. But little was saved from the burning buildings. The names spread so rapidly tbat tbe occupants barely had time to escape themselves One of the sufferers by tbe fire, named Wait Martin, died Sunday. He was an old and very poor man, and lost c .irjtliing be possessed. After the fire be was taken, with his aged wife, to tbe poor-house, where he died soon alter. A despatch to the TJmea says it is supposed be died from grief. Aeitoss the Lace. A meeting of those opposed to any extension of tbe Reciprocity Treaty is called by forty citizens of llatts burgh, at the Court bouse in that place on Tuo'day February 13th. As Jlr. E. F. Boynton of Clintonville was loading his revolver it exploded, tbe ball passing through bis hand and then in'o the heart of his little nephew,aboy of seven, son of Mr. David Fay, wbo was Kitting by. He lived but three minutes. CoxriHiiEn. The nomination ot Wni. Pitt Kellogg (son of Rev. Sherman Kcllcgg, formerly of Montpolier,) to be Collector ol the port of New Orleans, lias been conSimcd by the Senate. TnRoccH rnc Ice On Wednesday fore noon Mr. Louis Delibee, of this city, while on his way to Willsbora for a load or stone, gut into n crack in the ice about a mils west of Juniper Island, and lost his horse, sleigh and robes, valued at one hundred and seventy-five dollars. Thiee men accompanying the team escaped unharmed. Tux Marine HosriTAL. Tho Marine Hos pital has been rc-transfcrred by thcWnr De partment, to the Collector of this District, for tho use of the Treasury Department, and will revert, wc suppose, to its pristine con dition of intense activity and usefulness. TueJiwelrt Man did the Montpelier boys out of about thirty dollars on Wednes day. He made a speech, though, that was worth tbe money : "Read tho newspapers, bays, and keep yourselves posted." No Go. Washington despatches eay that the Ways and Means Committee, bavo en tirely failed to conclude an agreement with the Canadians in relation to tho Reciprocity Treaty. The proposition submitted by the delegates lrom Canada has been rejected, and a counter proposition from tho Com tnittep rejected by tbe Canadians. Vermont Items. t- , , , , ,, . Vermont s share of the okl-'surplus reven uelund,' on deposit, a recently reported by Secretary McCuIIocb, is $GGO,0c'G 79. Another Bellows Falli merchant failed Friday last. John Adams, twelve years traae tnerc. Liabilities $5000; assets $4000. A. S. lilies, of Calais ia the owner of an eight months old bull calf which weighed 752 pounds. Tho dwelling bonte uf Mr. Lyman laven- port, of Berlin, was destroyed by fire on tbe night of the 7th inst. The family were all in bed and barely escaped witb their lives. The tarn of Austin Ladd, of North Dorset was destrojtd by fire last week Wednesday. Nine head of cattle were burned. Loss about $1000 no insurance. A sow belonging to Henry Richardson, of Corinth, should bare brought Mm litter of pigs in .May last, bat failed. In December her owner killed kef. She sbrsserf afl 450 pounds, and from ber were taken eleven dead full si2ed pigs. Three barrel- ol high wines, one good sjian of horses, sletgb. buffalo robes, e.,the whole valued at between $700 and $0fl, the property of on Rankin ol Cabot, was seized by the customs oficer at Barton last week Everybody in Montptlier.witb their wives and sweethearts, were going to Waterbury for a alrigb ride on Tuesday .but tbe weather proving ton hoHteroua they went "riding on a nui. i nc question ror aerate now, in Montpelier, u "arc tbe sleigbriders by rail, thawed out yet ?" The peoj le of Albany, Vt., have gives five donation vi'its to as many raia inters, tbe ag gregate of eontribtttione amounttBg to $761, which they think is pretty well for a small town. Archibald Lander, wbo " sloped " from Court, when on trial for arson in Topshim, and was recaptured, might as well have ."pared his legs, as tbe jury found him not guilty at the end of a seven days' trial. Hiram Brewer passed five counterfeit ten dollar bilk on the Fell Kivei Bank, in New port 'L last Friday, and was arrested while trying to pass another. His pockets were found stuffed with counterfeit money, and be was promptly bound over for trial in $4000 bonds ; tailing to obtain which be went to jail A man named GUason in Cambridge, wbo prides Limsetf on being -'bard to catch," was arrtsiid, last week, by Deputy Sheriff Kinsley, on an execution .after nearly a day's chase through fields and wood, and the uso of pistols, axes, stove-leg?, ehillalabs, Ac. on the part of his friends. tieorce bite, the- Walnolo bank rob! r I wbo escaped from jail in K eerie last week, ' north by the way of Sexton's river. where be and a fellow iailbira hired a team at Mr. BemiV livery stable, wbieh tbey haven't returned, and wbieb tbe owner begins to de-pair of seeing again. .Mr. Goodell of Itrattleboro, wbo does every thing intelligently and well, from le gislation up to farming, gave a first daw free exhibition of fat cattle, in front of our window a few day since, consisting of five yoke of oxen, and one pair of two years old tecrs ine oxen weighed respectively 4,250; 4,100; 3.9a0: 3.600 lbs. The steers weighed thrtt tkonsand and fifty-fite pounds. Eleven months ago, the filth yoke of oxen, now weighing 3,460 lbs., weighed only 2,340 lbs., thus gaining trtr one MuHdrtd pounds a month far eleven consteuthe months. Considering tbat tbese eatile were worked through the pring at "spring's work," ami were not fed grain till Novem ber since whicb they have been fed witb meal we tbink tbe case a most reniirkaWc one. Recnrd. 'eiv Items. It is eighteen years since a man with a middle tume occupied tbe Prestdentialebair A young schoolmaster in Viola, Minnesota, lately frose to death while on the wa- to his hoarding place, which was six milei from the school bouse. The lato report of tbe New York Inspec tor of State Prisons, shows that while all othtr occupations are represented iu their large number of convicts, there is not a sin gle printer. Gen. Burnsido is talked of for Governor of Rhode Island. If the Republican of tbat State an unite on him, (or '-any other man,") wo hope lie will le selected as a candidate. It is reported that A. 11. Stephens and Ilerschell Johnson of Georgia, eleetcd to tbe U. S. Senate, have both signified their ae- j eeptaneo. Detectives are still at work on tbe track ot those engaged in the Adams Express rob bery, and it is reported that their efforts have been rewarded by the discovery of another large pile of gold. Appropos of the statement that ex presi dents Pierce and Buchanan have recently joined the church, the N. Y. Herald says, We imagine it would be difficult to get up a revival in any chinch where poor Fierce and poor Buchanan are communicants. Tbe Troy Times says Bartholomew Hig gins. a prominent young lawyer and a Fen ian, wln died a few days ago at Waterford, was denied burial from a Catholic church. From this it would seem tbat the heads of the Romish Church arc detetinined in their opposition to Feniamsaa in this country. There is one instance ot a person holding a college presidency even longer than the late Dr. Nott, of Union College. The Rev. Martin Joseph Routh, D I)., was elected President of Magdalen College, Oxford, in 1701, and so continued until his death in l!5 1, aged ninety-nine. The senior college President in this country naw is the Rev. Mark Hopkins, D. D . LL. I., President of Williams College, wbo was elected in 183G. Judge Kelly, ;n a recent speech in the House, read from an Alabama newspaper a statement that in one county in that State, there were, in one week, fire executions of negroes bv.thc regular sentence of courts, for the crime of hrceny two of tho execu tions being lor stealing a horse. The news paper in question justifies the hanging. It also contains tho sentence of a negro to 00 years' impriionment for stealing potatoes. At a recent masked ball in Norwich a youDg lady was completely dressed in newspapers. Of course she struck off a large impression, all the gentlemen present being impressed with the idea that the paper duty to fall in love witb ber was rc-iui posed. Dancing increased ber circulation, and her leaders were tho leaders of fashion. Of course she could not obiect to having her hand squeezed as an act of homage to tbe press. A young lady in Florida, who had been gradually becoming insane, lately destroyed her ambrotypes and letters, set" fire to her dotbirg in a wardrobe, and dressing herself in heavy woolen fabrics and a broadcloth cloak, tt fire to herself and sprang into bed, ! where she was found enveloped in flaiics, wn ciispcd handi exclaiming. "Oh. aint - : this glorious? Aint I a martyr?" 1 brash her limbs and tower part of her body baked brown, she did not appear to enffer on j in I pain. The Quebec Journal gives some interest ing facts aa to the diminution of the popu lation in certain parts of Lower Canada. St, Andrews, a village, in the township of Acton, contains 177 families, and has 100 houses unoccupied. In St Theodore, same Township, there are 24 houses untenanted. The diminution of the population in S't. Andrews, in three years, has been 2,00j souls, in St, Theodore 730. In the town ship or Acton, 1,500 of tho population have left fur the United States. Gen. Grant has issued an ordei revoking all previous orders requiring transportation io luruisueu to luriwigaeu soldier. A terrific tornado passed over the the vil lage of Newbcrn, Ga., on tho 2lth ult , leveling bouses, fences, trees, &&, sweeping before it in an instant everything in its path, killing four and injuring nout a dozen persons. Tbe boiler in the mill ol the Mechanics Manufacturing Company at Petersburg, Va.. exploded Friday, (nattering the building, killing four employes and wounding ten. An agent of the Freedmcn's Bureau wag recently murdered in his bed at Pontiac, .Miss., by the enemies of the Government. One hundred and eighty thousand bales ot cotton, weighing over 4,500,000 pounds, were snipped from Memphis last year. The Nashville and Chattanooga Railroad ha begun a suit agirt its late President for one million dollars damage, for permit ting the rebel government to ue the road and its machinery during tbe war. Tbe Governor of Georgia las vetoed the bill making valid all contvaeU between the whites and the freedmen ; and tho Senate of tbe same State has passed a hill allowing colored persons to testify in their own Lebalf in criminal eases; only. The Virginia Senate has fisted tho House amendment to the Slate Constitution, re ducing the required period of residence in tbe State to two years, an I triking out thl clause requiring votcis to pay a tax. A Romince or Real Life. Tbe following story is declared to bo true : About tbe spring of the year of 1S20, a Mr. GaraeU, living near Aubum, N. V., was ar rested for forgery. He wa3 tried, found guilty, and sentenced to three years in the State Prison at Auburn. He denied bis guilt to the end, and being a man of very sensitive feelings, and having a wife and family, it bore quite heavy upon him. He served bis time and was re leased a mere wreck of his former self, des pised by bis once loving wife, who refused to live with him, and shunned him as a guilty culprit. Sad and broktn hearted, be disposed of his property and went to Central Pennsylvania, where he married a beautiful and excellent young lady. They lived happily and prospered. Several years after his departure, tbe first wife became fally convinced that he was innocent and had been wronged. The conviction proved true by the death-bed confession of a man who acknow ledged tbe commission of tbe crime of which Mr. Garrett had been convicted. Tbe sorrow ing woman repented ber former act, and with a friend went in pursuit of ber discarded hus bind. i 'enE'b arrived in the neighborhood of their I l T.. - . 1 . ?. .( i . I . kuigu. .fusi si uarK mey orove up 10 me uoor of a snug and pleasant little cottage, when Mrs. Garnett entered the house, and there beheld ber enc? be,0fJ apparently happy in the society of bis second wife. She rushed up to bim, and throwing ber arms about his neck wept bitterly. Soon tbe scene became affecting, tbe two wives clinging to him, each claiming bim as ber husband. After calming their feelings, aid candMIy considering tbo case, the second wife decided to give up the husband, believing that the first bad the lawful claim. After a few days Mr. Garnett and bis first wife removed to the Tkinity of Rochester. N. Y., where tbey now reside. The second wife makes them an annual visit, and Mr. G. keeps her supplied with all the necessaries of life. Tue Kxgistrt or Seten-Tiiiett Treascrt Notes. The following letter from the Troas ury Department may be interesting to tbo holders of seven-thirty treasury notes : TaCASCRT DgrAETMKXT, ) Jan. 21, 1666. J Sir .- Any owner of a seven-thirty Treasnry note may insert his name as payee in the blank, left in tbe body of tbe note for tbat purpose, and if be thereupon notifies the Secretary of of the Treasury of such fact, giving tbe name inserted, and tbe number, denomination, and the date of tbe note, a record will be made ac cordingly in this department Unless such note is afterward endorsed by the payee, it will be paid to no other person, and if lost or destroyed it will nevertheless be redeemed in ha favor after maturity, upon satisfactory proof, and under the regulations in such cases provided. Very respectfully, L. V. Haetlet, Assistant Secretary . Ice. Drew A Atwater have added another capacious ice-bouee to their former store-bouse?!, and arc now filling them with excellent ice, ten inches thick, from the Bay ; so that there need be no fears of tbe Iaek of an abundant supply next summer. The Frexdjien's Bureau. Tbe Senate on tho 8th concurred in all the House amend ments to the Freedmcn's bureau bill, except that restricting the operations of the bill to States in which habeas corpus was suspend ed on the first of February, 1SGG. Real Estate. Thomas Northrop has s.dd bis place on Pearl St. to Dr. Crandall for $1000. Mrs. Minerva Haynea ha sold her bouse on New St. to C. B. Riploy for $2S00. Democratic Nohinatwns ix Oonnecticit At tbe Democratic State Convention held in Hartford but week the Tallowing nomina tions were made : Jamrs E. English for Governor by accli mation, and E 11. Hyde of Tolland for Lieut. Governor; Jesse Olney of Stratford for Sejretary of State. "When you come to the river leap it. it's only twenty feet aoos," said a monkey to a sloth. "That's a very valuablo suggestion, indeed," replied the sloth, blinking his eyes. Tbe Lndon Times is equally pleased wrh Secretary McCuIlocb's proposition to pay t-ff the national debt. -'By all mean," says the 7Tmci, "it's a most excellent idea ; we'l do so too." It is tho Congregational Churoh in Watr ford, Vt. not Wcstford as stated by t. is, morning's Times which is lieing preity extensively published as having "stoned out" its minister. In other words its pur tor Rev. G. I. Bard has been dismissed, ut his own rtquctt, on account of inadcqw-to eur port, his nominal salary being $500 nut of wbirh be had to support a family of fivo persons. The Wcstford people pay their ministers better Why waste time in discussing tion. "What is a spirit? ' It is the ipi - Mii t luilor- ial. Lou. Jour.