VOL. XXXIV. NEW SERIES VOL. XII.
BUKLLN'tTON, VI, FRIDAY MOlCXING, MARCH 2, I80G.
NUMBEK THIRTY SIX
Poet v y .
(V7-. n the Wii'ted ICuon.) HeraM.)
TIi ePonr:-'' nok ul ine oi:ueia ol lrgil.
I't'M INTO XOUEatX tMEBICAJf.
.1'ipiter, the great, grind, bfzh old Turk,
up, aim gJM, ana womu sou said,
- ury, my sou, in cn vosr teieippo. quick,
r i .irap on Csriliagecity, like a screak;
!.'ies s thi re a uangiu around DMo;
1 w.u t t kbt what be means by it. I da !
It I bun i k up and be off &r Italy,
Oi if b -i n't. larrup him most mightily."
lit u... t- j.ut liii wing-ed india rubbers on,
1 u j..u ci u M articulate Jack Kobbisuo,
r i-i-ii I hi- Iii jan, busy as a bee,
' ; iriii Ibdo's masb-iuu, and says he,
'Nua drop ibnt hammer !ilc a hoi potater.
'! i pui your fleet to "c that what's the
Tb.' Fates ordain that u pi up a nation
W h.jsc fsme at... f owe shell ring through all
-r.l jut Mit :I y u duo t obey th message
He'Ii k; o. k juu stiflrr'n a bukray sassage.
liriw n I" 3 iir.c fur iHium, and br spry !"
" h tia: t vanished in the sky-blee sky.
leva fX fti-k in hi chuttrrinp itn-
T'.' i . - ""i d e ui-p on h'.s p ordered wig
1 m j i lie u u tbe tretlul pirrap g;
lit- in pi, anu rtti n again he dwso't;
"ii: '.iiiitu li i: J-I ncpluurul.
At nuih lir calls b.- o.ouaiic- braw isen
A jhit. I'.T'er, Fsrreeat, Sergto
A i d ii- fit i ut l lint (tun boat on I be alj
lu iui ili- -Laij. I kkadt ot lMiw'e)e.
But liJt. cui.-l tl:i-Trja MiatageiB,
Aii'l 1 kt- i luiv iht4 't-U'ired hiD):
' iinj.i i r.'.u- ' will )' u p'ay
TIm-u- titatib. .amv a!i u i'i kmiwa u me?
H hi i t nr l,.t . ii; .1 iii ici-ea band,
v ill I' i" . i : - , t . u iii my land ?
W.ilj c lUiiijiiih- "ir3 !!.!; 10 brae,
Aiiil r a! icm a, ii tt ireacaeroD?
V i c.-t huiigrt suit ire rvilii king and ?oarl-
I V. . i r Cai'iii rVniDtSiH 11 g' lUc up bit dar
f II . tii.- K'eat gritf which new ray b-.aom wring",
liiutb, an! voat, aiwl all tntm
I'rocr-I, 1 do adjure yon, to relent,
j V r if you d. u t 1 certaiiilj shall faint."
Say- .tueas, "I am your moat obedient,
liu: to May here don't artm to he expedient;
I ar iiia;, I wander on this earthly ball,
iiut ilisremember you I never shall;
i'.ui if the cuort do Ubdertand beiself,
nd abe nresuoir abe do,) that Imleelt
- :ii.:u, i ft.re-urdained io fuund
IA .im-c.-m miiire to Italian Ground.
n't iiicilv like tt fltal away.
lliut tlii-n again, I've not agreed to stay;
i i.e lioit ii, nij progeuitur, Aucoues,
fcacb uipht Ims.iW mv truuVb J eiueij arise?;
ITbi. ei dfr con.uacd me to svt out of this
ltd ; a M: itl ! 6tid t ir.--'i f."
Oh cufcUr !" ciii the . imi i-i iuled woman.
1 No d'Us- i- tin mithii, Li., uo metaii.
jui iiKu aat Km tut i! tin 'i 11T3 rock
ii'J liercc IHrcantan iireii. ae tueeauek 1
RNoa, iiijw, rcai Juuo, tc iu:t - -i creature
He mn't ibilut 1 i.e rflu s tea ure!
ll tcuuii biui Mi r ai.i huu i t a eraTback.
ml itn.ed aud aineil an I toaH-it I :i .rm tray back
aunt un a suic.r. u 1 his 1 uiv crw
kii't lipoid his iv'titic van. ciear tbroash !
1 u ta.k al'vui otaviuz Jues decree
Ttajii. iillc ' what a ptouc tuai, vuu be !
I ill, c'. an i leave me. lure atal destitate
II a 1. 1. -t . aita tucu a brutt
-lut ii ibe pods are worth a aiu le Dickie,
iii-ie ilici il give yiu an eitrnal pickle !
I Ai l tn iii.lifiimt ilWi, vitrn I am dead.
ISbaHtiie jour ei fcrcieuee like a pjg t lead V
IVniiti.!y overcom"1 with pa r,nH fusrioD,
M.i i-.n.Kii it: tbr iuihi d.siibeue fasbioa.
Iliji (' i13B.1t'.' rLai.ltU5 tir tbr prostrate
Hi t. 1..! ttt tn ini Kitir mi'i lnau '
1 -I'-a ,
S' . - 1 1 ad ibe htm t paiby taiok, wbde those j
1. 1 1 u . 1 I. Nitju to ber pallid nose. I
B. ,.. 11 il ine m .ruine, fiuui her nalaee lowers. !
1 n tiis Je-snin sai:, and flasamg oars,
.n uer culdi'ii Ifcks in ecstaey.
I uii u-d on ber breast treweuduosly.
, J iij r : shall ibis man get away T
1 I- ' biiiv Sre randt ! ah, what do I
i r i-enae me while he atayed ?
c l ui l bis f. ,:i hurt with
t i hi!- ; uiz-iKifsiil boy while I aas able,
. i-rtd lnui tor ma lather's taOle !
a 1 aiitlte 111 luiHHtbt di-'iuk,
h- ji'ii! (''! it) on his heartless
t evt'oa'.ls r. Ii while thas she
pus suuuse oer ijaiveTina; coeess,
n 'ii wild luipeiuoMty,
, boiiir Uirty-fuur fi et high,
ii' i'ing wood, at least ten oorde,
. ' r - t! e-e, ler taiest words i
I.'- i .-I odi i. aukiii'l :
w .rk ty tn.iigsss. Fate assigned,
' j, -ei mv
p l..a" i.t l lijti iiad ut
nr.- ie.l t-iwees,
not I oclteu my shores !"
urn tik- vS deadly dirk she grabs, j
ie.lt seve-nti puBiM'tuI jabs. 1
he la.iiing bit Wood, aud the crowd I
i.en surtey, witb clamors loud : ;
i - and 1 u I UBientatusns rtee.
u'i the t-ny, and assault tbe skies.
- .p4jri hinlt npon ncrilbow,
i - 1 1 1 tjes to vrr h-r iubdel b au,
- -in- -ii tbs liiax tig I'ght ot da; ,
. g i. oi 1 ii, gu tuiBK, tarns away.
17 In I ajittlij ,
i . - ..it.iiig .iul t" nc.
. ii- r -rl... wing-.
1. ti i eiiouliiritigs.
with iniiwirtal speed. I
An l si.
.tit. e i
k to Pint
I'M Itl dsttited breed
s r. im. I lar away.
f Ana i.. w t c'-
tt.i e In in ibis ruined clay.
So em .n
-lie cut tl.e lock of golden hair,
Hied on the s phllrM air
cci l;i;i v
OI K FA MILY JAft.
nd I never quarrelled. Indeed, it
t.i lie a frt of byword with tbe
lit . tt 1 1 n they wis:-, tn express an cxtra
iiioi) mgrecul connubial felicity, "As
It - I'm and Luuise So you see
I'li.n is e tiittiisi td Hut we did
:;!' oifli'-ulty once, and it had near
i o mi .us one.
. . .mi- lntti i i.c of Turn's hobbies,
1c -!i .old g. 1 1 housekeeping as
i t me luurrit d.
- I jrltctly agreed witb Tom, to
went .i" s sn as we re turu
..M-, ex, litncett tie usual
. i t. ti - in.. i utiurcs incident to
' lit!c. I at the end of two
' ii J tiurei'tt fuirly settled
. - lc duuiesiic was a r. pt.eulilc
imtuie age,!'n-e ligist ball (it
. t lso, in thin i-i-". tiod de-erterd
, I. (. -.. ..ul
m 'i 1
. .v.. ... . a, r v,,
i t. in wlncb.'i- i- n .t i.tiueunl in
.-.si i-. j I ril In tn : ii lmfa.rtant !
t. N' witl.-tiiifli' g ti." ui.mi'rous I
. -i a' seut spij.iM . Mro McNally j
t j i i lutuii'iv. iiu sejkc ol
' i d. uitet. and n grtt.
.N'ii-. l'ii-t. ii." s: v. on 14 say, "it
fjje j inly my utvn lault. Pdt was nlwajs
ante. 1 .:k-, ai.d 1 si uulc! ' ate irne ttitti
ias li il. t.niinn'"
Jl us-u t f. un uut ul tie kitchen alter
fiucll ti'i'tliw-. leilir.- m.il. leutlruclpil
Ianei l .. it ,t ! il eeti.ti ,
laugh, wi . n i t !d him
: near lum 8
" ir domes' ic's
ttj.," be would
fefgn g -pint
'11 w 1. s-ii l.rigf te
litar, dtjurud ilcXally.notv;
. fa il.tt
jc. nttiac -ejia Drutt ol a
I. ' t I .III KUti ll
Ju' i it.: ee :i t heart I thought Tom ate.
- 1 IS. tl XullV. tlKlU"h 111 Wi.il III
k u u. i. i 1 t ine It Watt fine nf Tiim'a
W1Ll ,n tl .jm dats lu make fun ttf prfrt-
0. c of tbem. He bad another. He
- oa d g.
ol say ti.-it turn would keep a
i I - K..I tlitan llnit lit' TTMtfd in thia
' .ntt my ex j r s-ed w ili to the con
In t c', tuerc had been a sort of com-
".s-s nmdc fjetwetn hp. If I bated dogs.
rc detested cats, aud a pet cat wasoncof tny
few iwjlil.it s. So wc signed a sort of hollow
truce, and Kuver ana Tubby Itccatnc domes ti
CHtcd in our household. Tbey were very good
Iriends tliem-civee, winch was a men v, as
they might otherwise have caused a rupture
between tlxir matter and niistrcss,eticti being
bnund to uphold nnd sustain hi or Iiit res
istive apjndnge. Hut foratvbile niattcts
went n swimmingly. One altemoen Tom
ceree in to tea rather crlier than u uf I.
Lou," tc mid, "I Lave a pre'tnt for you
Vim nnieinbcr the large jar that bas al
ways stood in grandmother': prior, filled
with rose leaves I believe? Well, that is
the dienticsi! thing, us Captain Cuttle used
to say. How do uu liki-it, Mrr. Lou?
j "Oh ' liie one niiidmothcr thought eo
I much of because it came (rum ll illaml, and
j bat. itlways liet n in the family? lam de
j lighted ; it will loot hi nteely in the rloi ,
Cilad you're pleated tny dear,'' Tou
eaid li;hjin his segar "I ueed alwa-,8 tn
be pturahlim over the c- nfi-unjed tl.in". at
grandmoiherV, but I am u. re eareiul, now 1
am a married man."
1 had a lew private don bin to Tool'
lmproTetnint as to that respect, but tbej
did not prrveut raj ; . af ore when the neit
daj be brought the jar home. I criatlj
aduired the effect ol the blue and white
ohmn, with its j;rolcKne lifrure, a;ins. tbe
tuarble of the mantel and hearth, and Turn
hitntelf CuDAi-xd it quite an addiii tu tbe
room. And when I had filled the j tr with
rime Seam, the rootn sun lied like a garden,
and my pleaxure in the jiroent wa wholly
uonll.iyed. Itii a itek or two afte
wrd, that Turn eame fiom the office early
to take ine to ride.
Iluny and jtct ready. Imi,'' he raid.
"e Iit no iimr to f(Mre."
lum tiid nut c-itu- in o the houv at all,
mt -t un the ott't. mukine i.ntil 1 waa
-1 Vim vhut tlw l.mli r l.ajr, lyu, ?" he
ikiit, aa I j 4ted htm ; ' K er and T.il.li;
are in the bunae and lailit get in tliere, if
the donrv are lelt open "
"Ob ? 1 vhat then ail," I anrwered eonG
diliily: "but ral by oiuld d.i no haita, at
any rate, and you oughtn't to leave liuer
in the huuae, r.im."
"X ver mind, he'a all right, and I w m't
forget him ajain."
Ana dirmnauDi; all care, we gave ouselven
up to the pleasure of the ride. It wan af
ter dark when be came home, and Tom left
me at the door, driving toe borne to the a ta
ble himself. I went in, Montting into tbe
parlor a mmuent to light the pi" before aio
uije op atairs. Hut, as tbe light flirted up,
wliat a iUt met D'- lurror FUiek.ru evw.
Ala ! my Uautilul llollaml jar waa brukt n
in piece, the frajrmenta lay virewn around,
awl the reae leaves iu sc-t.-treu i.. all
dinctiuncov r tiw earfict
"Oh! that bumble dug!" I txeUim-d,
Mnoiuntarily ; "I wwh he a tilled !"
Juat tlten I heard l'uitt euuie in. I ruaiied
to meet him. "aUik mad with j;rie:' "
"Tout .' Tom !' raid I, "do eve what that
dog f your b.j done?"
Tom contemplated the ruins, put bia
hands in tun pocket and bejran to wbwtle.
Xow, if tl.i re is one thin mure aravatin
tiian another to wumankind, u ia to hear a
man whittle in thia way. It ia so tanial
irme, so i xpmive of ditubt, of diUlirl, in
ebon, of mrjibiuj: .iuudiug to tbe feel- ,
ingf i.f a seoaitire p rmin.
"Tou needn't wbiatle, Tom!" I aid,
ratlir crosly. "I ili !oiarUJy would
drown that burrid ltuvtr!" "
"They'd find it a difScuh Brocer.
' desir," Tom ob-ervud witn u little chuckle.
"Bver nwima like a duek "
t 1 bean to be ft little indignant at Rover's
i bi it r aa well n Hover, su I didn't take
! any notice of tb it remark. Torn went on a
j little mure seriously
" Loutac, now dn you know tnnt Kuver did
lk aiet ? You shouldn't condemn evan
&'f. without proof. 1 think it is quite as
lictly to have been tabby.
fatihy, indeed !" 1 answered with an in
voluntary burst of indignation. "Iluw
could the little thin uate knocKtd over that
htavy jar? Nonpenae, Tom, your partiality
to Kuver m ikts you blind to bis faults and
quite nnjust to poor Tabby. She was far
tuuu-h from here, I'm run. Of course it
was your uIt, rouh d'ig."
Turn's face pew a litile rod.
-My dear," be said, with great dignity,
'yuu allow vuur leeling to run away witu
1 ernaim it win oe a; wen to raveni-
gate tbe facts belure yot decide. If tbe !
door had been f mil erly closed, neither dog j
nur cat could have cone into tin- parlor.
xuit ine tea ueii uas niu, a'ei you iiau 1
trr eo up and take off vour things imme
Now, orJinarily, Tom would bate gone
up with me, but to-m' t he took out bis
Dtwetiaper and seated him-elt in an en-y
iebair. uu. roticbsaliRg a single glance: at tne.
Tbis behavior, iui hi- reftreuee to my liav
I in lett the dtmr oin. was nlniuet too niueh.
Up in my ruum, alone, 1 was sorely tempiod
iu si; dnn and have a good cry Jasur
woman's usual resort, iiut I tier c was sotoe
nr inin-Uaf with unef, and Toni mould
uut h tue i-ry yui ! dj 1 cnuketl eloun my
tears, ratrraiigext my Ikur with due tleiiber
atiuti, and walked down tlie stairs wiui us
utoch uigiuty a I mi iiim-sll. I
'l'ieii,"" 1 saeid, as I passed tbe srlor j
d-ioi. -1 mu ready lor lew uuw."
1 didli t wait tor liliu urn 1 t.-ually did, lit t
F 1,1 tlumi.eh tlie bad Hbd duwil ttiv i
-lairs rather sfowly, bopeng that be Would I
I i .in en. IImiiiiI liter. I.nwerter. but rueo I
b-neuraly, loitkd uphi- new rwia-r, and i
sauntend aluug bcbiad tue Hbiriiui):. It
vtms ttsa first meal tluit we bad not gone
down to togetlier I think Mis McNally
must bate seen something a little peculiar
in our behavior, for lio gate us both a keen
lout, but as site inter ejiokv unless she) was
tpukeu to, she "made no sign," but per
furuied Iier olik-e at the tt ble m tbe iiual
way. Indeed, thero waa almml a silence in
tbe room. Tom looked Iiigbly iiidiflcrent,
and 1 extremely sulky.
At last, as Mrs. McN'ally, her mission bc
ins indeil, was alsHit to leave the room,
"Mrs, Mi-N'ally," he said, "can you tell
me wbo broke tho large jar in tho par
lor?" There, sir," Mrs. McKally btau a far
from the point as jwesible, "yc see, I was at
me work iu tie kiioben when vex wint out,
and for awhile the house was ji-t as still as
nerd be. But, biuie by, I berra an awful
nil, and telor.' I could get to the d ur.
Tabby nn by as hard as ivcr -he could, an'
lluter a chasin' nfter ber. Tbey ti-artd up
tbe stuirs, as if tbey was mid, and right in
to the tailor nnd 1 alter tbem. Ta by, she
jiet run round and round, and Kuver alter
nir, an at last the jumped right on the idge
ot the jtr, and Kuver dashed light again-,
it, and uuvcr it wint und broke all in pieces.
Aud so, sir, you fee," she taeid, turning
trtim me. to whom she had addressed tho
main part of her narrative, tu answer Turn's
iiu-ati n,"I can't jisisay who itwi-sdid it,
for it was raly botu of thim. 1 cipect it
was jisi like "ail throuliles lietwant- lolks
some lault on both sides.'
Turn gave n glance at me.
"That will do, now, Mrs. McXally," he
said And our "laetotum" deportt'l intu
ber uwu regions. As flic closed the door,
Tom left bistibair and came around to me
"Lm.' be said, putting his arm around
mc, "Mis. MeN'ully i5 a wio woman. I
accet't a lull share of the blame for my self
and Kuver. We're both very sorry, and will
never do eo again "
"Oh ! Tom," I said, it was my fault after
all ; I wis very erase, and I'm so sorrj."
'-Kirs and be iricnde, then," Tom ?aid,
suiting the action to the word. And with
that kiss ends the history ol our first and
last "family jar."
Two million dollars worth ol Cotton was
received iu Btston by sea, on two days of
last week. I
Four thousand or the e"ht thousand ce-
groee in Macon, (la., are tttcnding school, t
t Jim wmii
Rr.O. V. A. C. C. BF.NtniCT.
rr lions lyD rnorairrtRS.
FRIDAY MOBNING MARCH 2.16C0.
The Pollticnl riurrr.
Juat now Congress is in a flurry.TVashinjr,- i
ton is also in a flurry.Coopfr Institute polit- ,
ciane arc in a flurry, and vent their cicite-
ment in words which lie more wind than '
practical widoin in them. The hosts of j
copperhcada all over the land arc in an ex- 1
tatic flurry.bel:evin; that the grand restora
tion of pro-plivcry democracy is nih at
hand, Uccuusc I'rciilcnt Johnson lias vetoed
a hill pos-ed by overwhelming majorities of
bi political frieniis in both Houses, and has
giTcn some good and tome poor objections to
its provisions. .More than all, President
Johnion has liiniijcir got into a flurry. It
waa well known that he bus been cicccding-
ly disturbed by tbe orai-ion on the part of ;
Congress to admit, promptly, the Rcprcsen
tivts and Senators from Tennessee, to seals
in Cougrtsa, and he has recently shown biin
felf to have leen annoyeil unreasonably
for a old a politician aa he is by remarks
of certain member of Congress in refirrneo
tn him-elf. In an evil hour for Ills credit,
be yii-ldid tn the clamor ol the Vahinstin
deraoerats, who csme to Ci rtily to him their
readjust" to hack him again't all enmer'ind
made tbeta a speech straririg much mote of
the atmnspliere of the hunting" than of tho
I'Utcial caljinex and discretion which should
mark tbe jiublic utterances of the President.
Not that everything which he said was
wrong or out ol dace lar from it but
so much of it itas unseemly and unjustifiable
b to give an unfavorable character to tic
whole. It might delight the groundling
bat was sure to make too judicious grieve
Mr. .Johnson classed togeiber as dianion
wts, lr. Sumner and Jlr. Stevens, who
though loldingviews on some point to
which Ave and the roses of the tarty du not
agree, are still eminent and patriotic mem
bers of Conjres;, of Iog experience, and
who upon tbe j-oiut which tha l'reiden
mst attacks, vix . the right of Congre; to
deride when the States lately in rebellion
shall be entitled to admission to Congresi,
represent tiro Ihtrds ol both Houses ol Con
gress. This resonal arraignment of two
racmber of Concres. ws made
mure offensiTe by coupling with tbem
Mr. U'endsll Phillips a mm who has no
official retatiooa. no party connection, and
no position or reputati in except as a speech
maker, whore only vocation i to rail In ele
gant Kngliih at whoercr for tbe time he sees
fit to denoanee. The President went further
and denounced the eour:c of tbe srtst m
joritr of Cotiers, in terms clo-ely ap
pmsching menace, an "almost another re
bellion." Such language has altogether t. o
close a reseablaoee to the old border Stale
talk which classed together as equally guil
t? abolitioni't and rebels and called for
tbe banging together of tboce wlio by law
ful and const it u tii na means strove to abate
the Mighty evil of Sim cry, and tho-c wbo
by icrjnry, treason and armed rebellion, un
dertook to destroy 'he G vernment. If some
dap their hands at Mich ademon'tration from
the Heps of tbe White HuUre, not one, even
of bi-i appmaders. will restect the Prtsident
tbe more for it. We can hardly doubt that
before this time be himself bas regretted
tn"' he betrayed into the use ol such
unseeioly and injudicious lsnguacc. It will
,." r., .11 ;. ,vnrr-tn
As to the veto itself, though wc cannot
give the weight which the Pres
ident does, to most of the reasons
he assigns for it, the r.fficisl right of the
Prciidmt to pronounce it, if in bis own
judgment and conscience lie felt that he
iiif.lit to. is not to be questioned. Vctc
are no uncommon things and wc luve known
of eoiiridcmlile rxcitimrnt over them before
now. Wc trust that the flurry caused by
this last ot.c, end by the indiscreet language
ol the President, wilt soon give place to
calmer language and mure slatesmtnlike
conduct hoth in Congress and out of it.
We think we see token of such a chanje
alrewdy in tbe language of that able Senator,
Mr. Ffssenden. n rejortid in another col
umn. If the House will now stop voting
fur the iretious question whenever it i
moved as it nctcr ought to be, early
in the fetsion. nnd on roints which have not
been fairly debuted the effect will lc good.
It i to lie expected, of course, that some
mistake will be made in thebueinrs of rc
conetruction, or restoration, ami that for
many years serious troubles will prevail in
the Southern States, growing out of the rt
bellien, its causes nnd consequences. N'o
wisdom of man rem and no providence of
God tciW i revent the existence ol these evils
fur a lung time. Such has 1 ecn tho opera
tion ot human affairs in all ages, and so it
will be hereafter. We must all striye hon
estly and faithfully for tho beet, and be b.tpe
ful for the best yet well knowing that we
shall fall short of realizing our full wishes.
That tbe late rebels of tbe South and tkc
deraosrati of tbe Xortb, always more oriess
in sympathy with each other, intend now
tj combine and organize anew, in order to
carry out in a political war the purpose
they failed to secure by the war of arms,
seem tolerably clear. If to a combination
of such strength for evil, were added tic
p iwer and patronage ol the National Execu
tion, whv cannot see that there would be
danger of losing all that we have gained by
tie war? Tbe democrats bste stoutly
claimed that they would soon have tbe Pres
ident, "body and hoots " Tbey have taken
the veto as the President's open march from
the ranks of bis party intj the camp ot his
late enemies, and bare fired salutes of can
non in twenty cities in honor of tbciracqui
itin. It was because tbey feared that such
indeed might be the signiScance of the veto,
or at least that it was a step in a path which
ones entered would sorely lead tboPreiidcnt
to tern bia back on bis party and on tbe
principles and professions wbicb gained him
tbeir support, that the veto bas occasioned
, . , . i
ia - a excitement and apprehension among
the Union men of tlio North. They hare I
! not, a? Mr. Becchcr saj tl-.i'y have l.st si!
faith in Gj1 and iu thei.- own .aui , o t
having faith in God, t'lcy also prwc to
keep their power dry ; and they cannot be
ejnvinced that they do not do right to guard
with jealous core the obects gained by such
' tremendous oot in bio id and treasure.
I Mr. Johnson tells his friends ttat be has
' no intention of going outside of the Union
organization. Many leading men and j-ur
nils of the party while not fully approving
the teto, still iut full trust in hit honesty
and subsiantial tiutb to the principles of
freedom and true UcpuMiranism. It i',
when we think of it, hard t sec how he can
go back on all bis public pledges and pro
fes"ions, and throw himaelt into the hands
of the men, who for four or fire years have
lieattxi obloijuy and insult upon bim, and
who now, if they eonld gain posses? too of
bim would only use bim for a time and then
tbrow him anay like a sucked orange.
The democrats uny yet find that they
are reckoning without their host. Ut
us wait and see what we shall see ; above
all let the true L'nion men ol the Country
still stand shoulder to shun der, refusing to
be divided, and remembering that in anion
H thtir strength.
Tbi John sox .Mmtinu is Kcw York
SicarrAiir StwitD's Srricu. The meeting
tosu.utn the President, in N. Y. Thursday
ereningjpa?arc to have been a big affair. It
was called by Republicans and DiBwcrata
indiscriminately. Cooler Institute waif
crunded. and tbe strict filled with people
outside. Secretary Seward was among tbe
speakers. lie fully sustained Prtsident
Johnson, and argued that no State can be
kept in a territorial c.mdi'in in the Lnion ;
that the States which ar. i'i the I'niou can
not keep any S'ates that are outside from
coming in. He said :
Congress is habitually disinclined to this ex-
tisnment. It bwitated about Miebisati and
Mis-ouri. It reelel and staggered before Text
and I nlifornia, and it cooto'"I tbe aatina in
resistiug K-inaas; yet they are all in the Union;
all now loyal, and mnat of them cheerful ami
1 ayprebend Bo serions 'liffioulty or calamity.
There can be no snceeifiil process for the re,
turation of tbe Uuio'i and harmony among tbe
Suits, except the one with which the Presldant
bis avoaed himself stis6ed. Tbe President is
in harmony aitb ait the Slates that were in re
bellion. Kvery l!xseutivr department aad tbe
Judicial department are ia operation, or ar
rapidly resuming tis exercise of tbeir functions
Loyal reprearntauve mure or lraa from tbia
Sia'ea are bow tar.iing at tbe doois of Con
press and have been siamling there for tares
months past, asking to be admitted to .
bile Congras pass law after law, ami im
p ss bnrden after t urlcn. and duty a trrda'y,
upon tbe Mates wbicb thus, agaiust their ear
nestly expreaasd desire, ars left wituout repr
For any practical pirtvst the rebeltion will
in la com. to an end, if the Prescient er Cub
grses, one or both, e Rieially anaounee it ter-
Now suppose this announcement to t-e made
by the I'reaidrnt and by Conerass. or be either
of them, lo-iui. rrc.w. Io that cae the Freed
men'f Bureau i coutiBUs.1 by virtue of tha
limitation omen bod in the act of Marsh 2d,
1 ;oa, oae year alter Men proclamation snail
hire been mJs. Thu tbe Fres-lmsn's Boreao
aould continne by the rrisinal limitation ouiil
Ihr M day of Feb. 1867, a very proper day
oa which to bnng it to an tn 1. If Conrreaa
boa.d t to find it neceary to prolong it ex-
ittener, it cau it once take the necessary steps
for it nill tt that date have bsea in sessica
oearly three mouths
Oarht the l'rssidsnt of tbe United Mates
to be detonated in tbe bouse of bis friends fur
rrfusing. in the absence of any nset?.iiv, to
oecnpy or reuin, and to exsrcie powers greater
than tfaiie nb cb are exrrcitd by any imperial
madnrate in the worll? I trust, thtt this
fenlt of declining imperial rower-, too hvtily
trndersii by a to confiding t'oiigreas, may be
fiTgnm. It will be a sad hour for the repub
lie when tb refusal of ut necessary powers and
patronage by tbe I'rwident shall be held to be
Tbe meeting adopted resolutions, favoring
tbe admisf ion of ail loyal representative
from states lately in relellton, who were
fairly elected and can take tbe oatb pre
scribed by Congress as a test oath of un
swerving loyalty ; approving of tbe general
principles announced by the President in his
annual message, and in his late veto mes
sage and assuring him of exmfideoee and
support in all proper measures for tbe res
toration of constitutional government in all
parts of tbe country.
Tns JollNSOS MlETI.SC at Wssui.noion
The meeting beid at Ford's Theatre in
Washington, on Thursday evening, to sus
tain the President, was run by the demo
crats; and ii tbel'rtsidint g lim-d any ibin
from tbe character of tbe New Vurk meet
ing, held the same evening, he lost it from
the character of bis supporters in Washing
ton. Among the speakers at tbe latter were
Sunset Cox, ni perbead and hater uf New
England, wbo iuld tbe Republican clerks in
the Departments that they were to be h
looked alter;" Montgomery lllair, who
said we were hurrying to a war ol races ;
Rogers of New Jersey, the stripe of whose
speech may be inferred from the fact that
Umeral Monk of Ineliana, wbo whs next
called on to spwak. refused to because the
speaker before bim bad denounced tbe war;
and other dtinoeralr; while among thvso wbo
aired tbeir eloquence out of doors were Sen
ator McDougall, and Messrs. Aiken nnd
Clatnpitt, who were the con nee 1 for .Mrs.
Tbe resolutions adopted were of tbe gen
uine old irgmia stamp, sixteen in number,
and alni 'st pro-sravtry in tons.
The following is a sample of the batch:
llctolrtd, That tbe grind old declaration that
all men are created equal was never intended by
its authors, nor understood by the people for
whom it was made, as placing the African raoe
in this country on a civil, social or a politico!
letel with the Caucasian; that to give it such a
signification would be to charge a large propor
tion of those who were engaged in making and
sustaining it with the rankest hypocrisy, inas
much ss they were all the while holding large
nombers ct what was confessedly an inferior
race in dependence and servitude; that even if
this broad declaration was meant to apply to all
human beings alike, it does not follow that the
Chinese or negro any more than the female" and
children of our own blood should exercise the
right of suffrage, and that while we are nilliug
to accord to these exotic and uaatsimilible fel
low creatures all the privileges necrsary for
their personal well being we will never consent
to imperil the sacred inheritance derived from
our revolutionary fathers by intrusting it partly
to the gnardianehip of those who know not its
value acl who care cot fur its preservation."
The Boston Jtvrnal says of this demon
Not a man whom the loyal country recognizes
as a reliable and judicious Unionist look part in
that mestug. The Sau'sburys, the McPou
gals, the Florences, the Coxes, &c wbo ruled
the meetii.g, while others of a still worse sump
followed their lead and catered them on, it is
sufficient to cay, have not the confilesce of the
i loyai masses, lor tney provea oaring a lour
tuyu luneceg. tut: met iiiuicu uuiiuk mut
J(tn, ,bej jy JsserT0 it The
country will hve none of them, and the coun-
try's Prt'siilcDt might well hate refuted them
his prtseuc, and inu h moic hi approval of
their ilitnues and his accepUr of tbeir flat
teries. II be thinks be i.eartin that noisy
gathering the veice if 1 lie Aui ricin people, he
is most sally and tiri;b:.v ui -:ak- u. j
tl.i the Iljiise resjliiti 11. iffinnin - the I
right of Congress to sty w' en r. j reetntative
f oui the late rela.1 Suites -ball be admitted,
Kaytuond and Hale. f New Y. rk, Smith
and Kouagcau of KaitLcky, Pmlp. and
Frank Thomas of Marylnnd. anJ datham
land Wh'.ley of Went Virginia, voted nay.
the v ,tc ul 119 to 40 by which the reso
lution vt-a carried, would have again piased
tbe Kretdmen'a Bureau bill, had it lep.eseel
tbe Senate, and made it a law.
The Huuae on the 21st refund by a v-te
of 108 to 37 to recooaidcr the resolution.
The resolution was introduced in the Stnatc
that day by Mr. Feaaentlen, but wis not
diacussrd, the regular order bring en tbe j
constitutional amendment in rtlatinn to j
representation. On this Mr. BuckaW, '
democrat of I'ennsylyanis, spoke, declaring
that New England posse-seed too great a voice 1
in the Senate, and favoring the admission
of tbe Southern memlwrs and an amer.d
meot of the Constitution so as to give
State? with less than a million inhabitants
but one Senator, and Sut a with over three
millions, tbrc Se-nators.
'rite Freewill en'- Hureuu Bill.
raesiiiixT johssos's veto htm tor.
Ta tht Stnalt of ttr Vilti Stales :
I have examined wuh eare the bill which
origiBaitd in tit Senate, and has been pa-ed
by the two li otra of CeKierea, to amend an
act entitled " An act to establish a burean tor
the relief of frenimen and refugees, aud tor
ether purposes " Hiving with much regret
eonw to the cuoelusaoii that it w iuld not be eua
aiateat with the public welfare tu give my ap
proval to the measure, I return Jhe l ilt to the
Senate with my objectuM. to its becoming a
I might call to mind, in advai.ee .: these ob
j -ct'uiw, that there is no immediate necessity
tor tbe proposed measure. Tne act to establish
a bureau for the relief of freeilmeu and ref igees.
which was approved in tbe month of March
but, ha not yet expired. It was ih jught strtn-
Bwanutxieosive enuugu in ine purpose u
view uemreie ceassa w nave enect runner
experience my assist to gui le in to a wise con-
elunion as to We policy to be a 1 .; ted m time of
rTT" . . . . , . .
I haee with Ungress th.- str i jtest desire to
HVie 1' ,IK II1WHM l.V IUI1 I J '.IT .1 . V, .(IVI.
freedom and their pni"rtj. a. I their entire
independence aud (quality iu n. .kins contracts
for their labor. But the h.'l b.'t in- in- contains
provtiinns which in my opi'i.
ranted by the Constitution, ai. I
are not war-
ase i,i.t uell
sailed tn BCoomplatb the . u 1 in
Tbe lull propose to esiab is.i. i .i .'iiaority of
Congress, military jun-Jiotn n iwi i l parts of
the Ui-ited tates cootainitig re-fiii;! -tvt f reed
men It w iuIJ, by its very i a.uic. tpiily wufe
moat force io these parts of toe I mted Stale, ta I
wbicb Ibe frevlmen meet aU.unl. a.J il ex-
nrextv exiei.d. he eaiatmo- temi,rVv iariadie.
pressiy extei.us Be existing temporary jurisaie-
iion ol the Freelmen's Bursa n with sreat y en- ;
arire.1 txwers o.er thw St.t.. in which the I
ordoiaty c, urs. of ju icial pnsed.t.g. haa been ,
mtrrropied ly tbe rebellion ft.s s ,urce from
wnicn tb military iurliet.cn is to emana-e is
none other than the I're-i lent of the Luitr.1
Stales, acting through the War Ihpirtaient and
the Ct-mm ss oner ot the r'leedmro's Bureau.
Tba agswta ta carry out ten military iuriadte.
tioa ar to V selected either from I he army or
fnitn civil ble. The country to be divided
into dtatrieis and sab-datneis. and the number 1
ef salaried agents to be snip! n e 1 m ty be r.,u 1
to the ttumbtr tf cuuulies or pen-he in all the j
I'uitetl Slates w lee re freed men or refugees are I
to be found. The subject" ntt r vt ch this tu 1
itary jurisdiction is tu exnnd u e ery part of
tbe United Slates, includu pro cel. in to all em
ployes, agents ant tmci-ts of fiis Bureau in
the exercise of the duiie idojv sol upon tlwm by
I he bill, iu eleven Stain, it i- further to ex
tend over all case affecting frtcla.cn and refu
gees discriminated against by local 1 iw msti m.
or prejudice-. In th.ee elctfii St a'es the hill
suhjtcis any white person who i-iay lie charged
witb depriving a freed man of any civil rights
or itnmunit'.e- belonging to wbi r-i n to itn-
prisonment or fine or both, wiiei however, j
d- fining the civil rights ami imtnunittes wbicb
are thus to be secured to the Jretdtmn by mili
tary law. This military jurisdiction also ex
tend to all nurst'ons that may arise respecting
The I'resident proceeds to o'nject that tbe
agents wbo may be appointt I under the b'U
may not be acquaintod witb the leol laws ot
the districts tu which tbey are sent, and there
fore will be liable to errors of judgment. The
trials provided for in the hill will be without
jury, without fixed rules of evidence, and with
out the right of appeal, and tbe ponishment
not such as the law declares, but such as a
court-martial shall choose to infl.ct.
Tbis, be urges, is contrary to the express
provisions of lue Constitutiuu. sal in ltfiincs
f its safeguards and securities. It gives the
Preside ot such s power a neter ought to l.e
granted in time ol peace.
He eay : Lee us not unnecessarily disturb the
ceuiuKrcc, and credit, nud iu.lu"'ry of the
country by declaring to the Ann rk- in people
and the orld that tbe United Slate are atul in
a condition of eitii war At present tbete ia n
part of i.ur touutry in which the authority cf
be United States ss disputed. tltfrnss mat
m tie coiuiu.Ufd by iiiJittdua! s:k. i duoi
work a torfeilure of the right ol ibe eaoia com
munities. The country ha eutet ei or is return
ing to a Mate of peace anJ industry, aud t ic
rebellion is in tact at an end. The measure,
i hereto re, seem to be as inconsistent with tbe
actual Condition of tne country aa it is at va
nance with the Constitution et the United
The institution of slavery, for tbe uni tary
destruction ol which the Frtedmei. '. Kureau
was called into ex sience as an auxiliary force,
has already been effectually aud t-mlly abro
gated throughout the whole country by an
amendment ol the Con tttution ti tbe United
Suite", and practically it. eradii ation ha re
ceived tbe assent and concurrence of most of
those States in which it ul any time hail existed
I am not able to discern in the country any
thing to justify au apprehension that the powers
and agencies vf tbe Freelmen's Bureau, which
were effective for the protection ul fieedmen
and refugees daring the aciuil c nitinuetioo of
hostilities ard of African si rvitu le, will now in
a time of piace, ai.d after the abolition of
slatery, prove inadequate to the same proper
He also objects to the bill that by its
provisions Cuogte-s exercises the uuusnl puwrr
uf suppurung remgrea an 1 fieel ueu, a d pro
vides lor renting ur puruhistu Und uwh.ch to
erect asy turns aud Svhuol b uts-s tor their lienefir,
urging tiMt a system for the support uf iadi
geut persons by the geueral gmtTiitui-ut was
never contemplated by the Cons itut.on, and
that there is no reason why it should be estab
lished fur one class or color ef our people more
Any legi-iation implying thel the freed men
are not to be able to sustain th-m-elvss would,
be holds, be injurious to their clitracter and
Diosperitv. The appropriations a-k-d by tbe
Frediueti's Bureau, as nowesublohe.1, amount
to neatly twelie million of dollars, and be
thinks that under the present bill double that
amount would be needed. The condition of our
financial affairs is encouraging, Lut severe re
trenchment, he urges, is ueeessiry at this time.
In addition to the object u us already stated,
the fifth section of tbe bill proposes to take
away hnd fiom its former owner without any
legal prueeeetliugs being first had, contrary to
that prow-ion of the Constitution which de
clares that no person shall be deprived of life,
liberty, or properly, without due process ot law.
Itdoes not appear that a part of tbe lands to wbicb
this section refers may not be owned by minora
or persons of unsound mind, or by those who
bate been faithful to all their obligations as
citizens of tbe United State. If any portion
cf the land ia he! f by such iersons. it is not
Competent for any authority to depnte them
There are still further objections to the bill,
en grounds seriously affecting the class of per-
sens to wnom it is designed to bring relict, tt ;
will tend to keep the mind of tbe frcedman in a I
state of uncertain expectation and restlessness,
while to those among whom he lives it will be a
source of constant and vague apprehension.
Undouttelly tbe freed man should be protected.
I but LesEouId be protecteil by tbeciril authori
ties, especially by the exercise of all the consti
tutional poneis of the courts of the United
Statu and uf tbe Stales. His con lition is nut
so exposed as may at first be imtgined. He is
in a porticn of the country where his 'abcr can
not well berpured. Compttitien fur his services
from planters, from these who are constructing
or repairing railroad", or from cipitalists in n
vicinage, or fiem other States, will enable him
to 0. mmand almost his own terms. He also
pessessea a perfect right to change his plan of
abode, and if, therefore, he does not find in one
eomoiunity er State a mode of life sutteu to his
desires, or pror remuneratirn for his labor, be '
can move to auoihsr. where labor is more es
teroie I and betttr regarded. In trntb. boa -
ever, each State, induced by its own wants and
interests, will do w bat is neeessiry and proper
to retain within its bonier" all tbe lebur that is , States fully juMifies the President in miintain
netdeil fur tbe development of its resources, j ing the suipension of of the writ of habm cor
Tbe tews that regulate supply awl demand will put in these States.
maintain their tewce, and the wages of tbe li
o rer will be regulated thereby There is no
danger that tbe great demand for labor will net
operat in favor of the laborer. Neither is suf
fioient considetativn given to the ability of tbe
free! men to protect and take care of themselves.
It is no more than justice tn tbem to believe that,
a they have reeeitrd their freedom with moder
ation and forbearance, so they will distinguish
themselves by tbeir industry and thrift, and
soon show the world that in a condition of free
dom they arc self sustaining and capable of
selecting their own employment and tbeir own
places of abode; of insisting for themselves on
a proper remuneration, and of establishing and
ma ntaiaing their own nilumt and schools. It
is earnestly hoped that, in-tead uf waiting away,
they will, by their own efforts, establish for
1 themselvrn a condition of respectability and
I prosperity. It certain that tbey on attaiu to
that cun ii'iou only tbruueh thtir own merits
j aad exertions. In Ibis condition the query pre
I seats itseif whether tbe tyaitm proposed ny tbe
j bill will not, when put into complete operation,
: practically transfer tne entile care, support and
c u.rol of four millions el emancipated slaves
Vi agents, ors era or task mailers, who, ap
i pointed at YY thugton, are to be located in
; every count) aud puish th'ongh.ut the I'nited
I Sil cutainii.g Ireedmeu and refuge. Such
a system would inevitably tmd ti such a con
centration uf poser in tbe executive which
would enable bim, if so disposed, to Control tbe
action ol a numerous class ami use them fur tbe
a:ta iinii:ut of bis oso politioal ends.
' 1 cuuot but add another very grate objection
to thi. bill. The Constitution imperatively de
ci iris in o nnect un with taxation, that each
Si a-, shall have at least one representative, and
1 fixes 1 hi rules for tbe number to wbicb in fniure I
times each Mate shall be entitled. It also pro- i
tide that the Senate ot tbe United States shall j
oe composed ot two senators from eneh State,
and adds with peculiar force, thit no Stito.
1 wllhot it con-ent. shall be
deprived of us
e.iual sutfrag in the Senile,
1 ' . 7 ;
The orig nal act
tbe arsenceof Ike
Sluu cbir , nfcBM(I because "their lu-
P-e were then contumaciously engaged ia the
1 n.lliK0 NuW ltu, m,t cnaugv.1, an.1 some
at least uf tbe States are Attending Congress by
h)al representatives, soliciting- the alnwaace of
the ccnstituuuual right of represtntation. At
the time, ojwuer, of tbe Cunsideratiou awl the
piss i i'i the bdl, there was no Senator or Its-
I"" ..iii.liv .or'
ii7 iZ.7uZ ia.7 !
j .. ..r , . .
against .be good .LepwlH ot the cuuntrv.is an
auumoi.al teascn ttbj they need, and should
! 0,1 ,SJI " IbMr local m ledge, in t mt rr-
f, , niea.ures iminedutely atbel.ng tbaan-
i.? Ihe u. jfih,,,, muul
!I . i!T. !! "L "!!? T.
tr Jw.l le t0 ite judgment,
lbv aM ubj,10B ttTSJd ,he I
mt ,nKrr.i hail pVrmnted W 1
tie heard, i'ae principle is firmly fixed ia tbe '
minds vf the American people that there should
be no taxaiHan without representation. Onset
baeaWwa mr mm- to be ejweans by nil (tea aoui.tr,
and may best demtod that they saill be
txrist without murmur when tbey are vuteil by
a majority ol the i-eprtawnUtites of all tbe pets-)
pie I would uut interfere with Ibe uuquesttou
atile rigot of Congress to judge each House lor
itself, of the elections, returns, and uuilifica
ttuos of its own members. But that authority
cannot be construed as including tbe rgbt to
shut out in time uf peace aoy Sta;e from tbe
representation to which it is entitled by the Con- i
stitut on. At present all tbe people of eleven
States are excluded. Those wno were most
faiihiul during the war not less than other. I
Tue Stile tt Tenuessee. for lusliac, whose I
saiburtiies eugsged tn rebellion, was restored
to all ber I onuuutio al re anon to tbe L'uion
by tbe pttnottam ami energy of her injured and 1
utuagul Iu ., teimmation they bad placed them
auu betrayed psoitis. lteiore the war was
Selves in t elation with tbe General Government.
had established a State gotsiniuect vf their
own, and, as tbey were not i ictuiled in the
Emancipation Proclamation, tney, by tbeir own
act, bad amended their Constitution so as to
ao utsu slavery within tbe limits of their State
1 know no reason way the ctate of Tenuee-e,
fur example, saould not fully enjoy all ber Con
stitutional relations to the United States.
Tue President u.' the United States stands
' toward tbe country in a somewhat different at
t titude from that uf any member uf Congress
CBosen from a single district er State Ibe
j President is chosen by the people of the
I Mates. Eleven Males are not, at this time, re
' presented in either branch of Congress. It
1 would seem tu be bis duly on all proper oeca
I skos to present tbeir just claims io Cungms.
ihere always ili oe uiUeraucee ot opiutou ia
the commuuiiy, aud indititiual- may be gudtr
of iran-gress.iim of the law. liol ittae Uo not
constitute taud uuji-cti .us again't tho right ot a
Aiaie tu reprtseneaikiu. I would in no wise
ILiertrre with tue discretion ot Congress witb
regard tu tbe qualiliiatious vf incniuets; hut 1
iioi i it uiy du.y to recumiueud to you in tbe in-
erests i.f peace, ted m tbe interests of tne
1 l ui 'u, tbe admisMuu ol every Male to its share
: tt putiliu legislatiou, when, aux-'ver insubordi
I uate, lusurgeul, ur tebellioui Us people may
i nave breu, it presents itself not only in ao altt
tule ut loyalty ami barmooy, but intbepersuus
ot Kepiescntatites whose loyalty cannot be
que-tiuned under existing Constitutional or leg il
lest, ll is plain that au indeBuiteur perm litem
exclusion of any part of the country from re
presentation must be attended by a spirit of dis
quiet and complaint. It is unwise aud danger
ous tu pursue a course of measures which will
unite any targe section of the country against
another section of the country, no matter how
much the latter may predominate. The course
ot immigration, tbe deretupment cf industry
aud tiu;iue:s, and natural causes will rai'e up
at tee uulh men as delated to the Union as
Ihvee ol any otner part of tne laud. But if
tbey are all excluied from Congress; if, in a
permanent stitute tbey are declared not to be in
lull cons.ituuoual rtlatious to the country, they
may mink they have cause to become a uuit m
treliogs and sentiments against the goverucieut
Under the political education of the Amertcea
people, the idea is inherent and iseradiceble
ibst tbe consent O' the majunty ot the whole,
people is neeessiry to secure a willing acq nes
ceuue in legislation. The bill uuder eunM icra
tiun reters tu certain of tbe States " though
tbey bai not ' beeu lully restored in all their
cviietitutiuual relations to the United States "
If tbey have not, let ns at oucc act together to
secure that desiraKe -nd at the earliest possible
moment. It is baldly necessary for nie to in
turiu Congress that, iu my own judgment, must
of these States, so for, at least, as depends upon
tbeir own action, hate already been luily res
tored, aud arc to be deemed to be entitled to en
joy their constitutional rights as members of the
Union. Reasoning from the Constitution itself,
and trom tbe actual situation o! the country, 1
feel nut ouly entuted but bound to as-ume that
witb the federal courts restored in the several
Stales, and in the lull exerciseof their functions,
tbe lights and interests of all classes of the
people will, with the aid of the military in
cases of resistance to tbe law, be essentially
protected against unconstitutional infrtngmeat
and violation. Should this expcetitioa unhap
pily fail which I do cot anticipate, then the ex
ecutive is already aimed with the powers con
ferred by the aet of March, 1S65, establishing
the Freedmeu's Bureau ; and hereafter, as
heretofore, he can employ the land and naval
forces of the country to suppress insurrection
anil to overceme obstructions to the laws.
I return the bill to the Stcate in the earnest
hope that a msasure involving questions and
interests so important to ths country will net
become a law unless upon delibtrat considera
tion by the people it shall receive tke sanction
of an enlightened public judgment.
(Signs!) AxDXtw Jonvior.
Waihingtoa, D. C Fsb. 19, 1865.
Tux 1'osmox or the Horss. Tl.c Houeo
oT Representatives, on Monday, adopted the
following resolutions, introduced by Mr.
Longy car of Michigan
Rttolttd, That in the language of the procli
niafoa of the President of ilsy 2C, leCo, the
rebellion which was waged by a portion of the
people ottne Lmtca states against tbi- proerIr
constituttd authorities of the government tbeieef
in the most violent and revolting form, but
whose organized and armed force have now
been almost entirely overcome, has in its retolu
tit nary progress deprived ths people of moat
of the States in which it was orgsni.pl of all
Ittialrrtl, That whcneicr the peo.!e of any
State are thus deprived of a civil government, it
becomes the duty of Congress, by appropriate
legislation, to enable them to organize, and, in
the language of the Constitution, to guirantee
tu such Stale a republican form ef go-ernment.
lieml red, 1 bat it is ine deliberate sense of
tb.s House, that the condition of the rebel
- fescre-, That it is the deliberate sense of
! this House, that the condition of the rebel States
fully justifies the President in maintaining mili
tary pessession and control thereof, and that
the President is entitled to the thanks of the
nation fer employing the war powor for the
protection of unicn oitixes and tbe frredmen in
Ths vote on tho 1st wai 102 to 3G ; n the 2d.
104 to S3 ; 3d, 119 to 26 ; 4th, 134 to 8.
TI1K l'KKSIDENT'S VhTO.
The Wants 11ml parpoca ot the 5outh.
orirru nr axv. n. w. aniens.
Mr. Beecher made a speech in the) l.rouk
j lyn Academy of Music, Tuesday evening.
' He said, nsong many other things ,
For tea months not a gun has been fired in
tbe whole Southern States in war. si completely
bas rebellion been de-Iroye-l. There is no just
reason aby, in so far as tbe whole pop!e of the
South are Concerned, and their relation aud
feelings tn the government, they should not
be included in their representation in Concrete
It ui just and right, also, thit these freclaen
should be effeciuallv guaranteed iu tbeir liber
ties, ami we demand that lihtrty here shall be
American liberty. It is to contain rights of
person, rights of property, rights of civil life,
gbisof suffrage, Tbe Te is une simple principal
that I think will meet tbe acceptance of ever
man whatever was put into ths contitutwn of
the United States for the sake of slavery mut
emne out of it, now that f!t! has exorcised
There is a Freedom's Bureau. There was ia
Congress a bill for the more efficient organiza
tion of it. .Ul men's hearts hate been to-day
excited by the tid-ng that thvt FrteJmea's
Bureau bill has been vetoed by the President. I
am s.irry that be felt it to fce his duty to veto it,
and I aui sorry ilut tbe bill w: so drawn that
be was obliged to feel it to be his duty to veto
it. But, mark ! thi ia not vetoing a bureau, 1
nor an amended er reorganized bureau, but on
ly that particular form of bureau which that
bill contained. It does nut commit the Prrsi- j
lab PI t i rr. : St af tiWina r a la rata rtsfcunf il no t !f ar.
tog to tne black tbrou.-lwut the ri.uth. VTe
". lbe " b m r
. acu a ii'ireau. .ana 1 cor less m it on reming
b.s mss..ge it bas left a frofrund impression
upM mJ B,i,IJ ; tbat lie urges mint senous
i ?nu "MJ reasons way, in tne lor.u in wnicn
t.e hw of tbe latd. Rat I telieve and am
,ur. . : .t,;, i,,i :, ronr, flTor
, m ?
I some l.gUtK.n that shall amonnt to an ef-
hcint protection tu the black man than Presi
dent Johnson himself. They are to be protect'
rd, but they are net to be prelected at the
expense of tbe constitution, but by ita integ
rity. siLr laixatsr.
Ttws atoetth cMttl eu(ritate without cot ten.
Tbey cannot have rotten witieat negroes. Tbey
cannot hate neicruts without treititg them
j -sily 1 would gite more for two good cotton
erupt raised by Ibe ftetslmen than for file Con-
gre-ses, tbouja I highly respect toogreises.
I h 'Id it would be better that the States
sbtuli be brought into the Union to tnrrow,
every use uf tbem. And iu this regard allow
me to say that 1 cannot go with either the
President or Congress. I would bring all in at
once. They would let in a part, and let the
rest wait anil see how tbey would like it.. I
know I bey are etumbling on tbi" point- If you
let in Tennessee on that principle you will Wave
to let in all the rts.
uranisms was.TKX rieoM THKsorrn.
You are guiug to keep them out until you are
certain it would be be-t to let tbem in. It is
imprssible to give a certainty. H hat are the
things that you want guarantees about ? Seces
sion, rebdlion, the condition of Ibe frecdmen.
What ! a guarantee of secession ? We want a
guarantee that the South are willing to give it
up. How long would you take before you
would consider thit experiment as settlal five
years? Would that cure tbem? The question
is settled when they say, "We have referred this
question ti tbe court and arbitrament of war,
and war has declared against us, and we accept
the verdict we low to it." Can you in honor
ask anything more than that? "Bat then we
want guarantees ug unst rebellion." Four parts
out of file of tbe total property of the South
bare been destroyed by war, and u not that
a guarantee that they vron't fight again very
soon? The population of tbe South ha been
more than irrcimatetl doubly deeitrated. There
it mourning there ot which we hate no record '
or knowledge here. What villaje has been .
blotted out io tbe North ? Hundred have been
then, tt hat cure depopulated here? Many, i
many there Whole families extinguished and j
lineage blotted out. Tbere were no bells tuog
and n trumpets sounded on the return ef their '
sbattersu remnants ot armies; anJ now ao yoa '
I want a guarantee that this depopulated and
I destroyed South will nut attempt to organize a
war again ? ;
Tbey are so sick of it. tbat for one hundred i
yeais, cursed, tbey will say, be tbe ar.n that t
talks of war. "But we want guarantees that
they will gite the freed men their rights." ,
Is not tho constitution a guarantee? Is not
the whole law cf labor in the South a guaran
tee ? Is not the whole public sentiment cf this
nation mighty enough, witb the constitution on
its si lc now, and all natural laws ami laws of
political economy on our sale? I cannot pay
any compliment to the South, to their courage
and to tbeir intensity of sincerity and xal
greater than the state of panic and fear which I
see in the Northern mind.
You seem t be so stricken with fear that yoa
have lott all thought of jod, and providence
aad natural law, and all power of moral influ
ences and public sentiment; but I have that
faith in the caa-e, an I Inat faiib in Gel, and
that ftith in you, when you wak up
to the full consciousness of what you
are and what yoar poers are. that I
am willing to risk it if the South were twice as
strong, with what we have now on our side
They cannot be long ia withholding from the
frrednaan bis rights guaranteed to him by the
But tbsn you say, " We want guarantees
that they wou't m.' Idle with and J'soooor the
public debt." I do cot doubt tbat they would
like to do it. 1 juJe it from my nfn feelings.
If I were iu their piace I should hate to be
taxed to pay I-r whipping mysslf The
bond l of the United States are the bas s of the
national bank", and all the banking bu-mess of
these United Slates are the guarantee that the
national boner is to be preserved. Do you want
anything more than that ? It is a new South
we arc talking about. It has a new political
economy, ll has a new future. God has said
by tbe side cf lis sepulchre. " South, come
torth," and theSiuth has come, though bound
bend ami foot. Methiaks I hear the Sitior
say, "Loose har and let her go."
ctil ErrecTs or raoLosctn txcixsiov.
On the other haud, look for one moment at the
effects of a prolocgeJ exclusion of the Southern
States. It is weaning the citizens of those
States mora and more from the national govern- j
ment. For five years they have not thought
of Washington except to curse it. They have
not felt the need of it. They have not felt any I
blood running through them thit came from the '
national heart It is proposed -o make them 1
live five years more cut of the Union. Is thit,
the way to make them love it? Is tbat the way
to make them feel their need of the govern- '
Let as cot upon any consideration teach these
States that they can get along w'tbout represen
tation in Congress, and without a close alliance '
with the national heart as represented In the I
national UIJutt!cut ia t.vi ittu tni.i...iiiiu
of healthy blood better for a diseased limb than
to leavo that limb to its own morbid condition ?
Is it not better to reinstate tbe Southern States,
and have a current of politics from the North
and West flan round and-round tb circle T It
is better for them, and tli-refore it Is ltier for 1
ths whole nation. I am for union. I am for
tha nation. The South is mine; the St.iiih is
ours; and I claim the right and believe that this
admxistration will act for the benefit of the
whole. We are paralyzing the Unicn n-en in
the South, and putting the whole power of the
Sou'h into the hands of malcontents.
We mast do all we can to introduce local gov
ernment. I hold it dangerous to place tt
much power in the central government. It is a
most extraordinary spectacle of the times to se
Congress gathered from tbe people, representing
the irreat mass of the people, passing a bill and
and putting, it into the hands of the Prtidsnt,
and thereby clothing him with a power greasr
any mcnarca ever wielded, and the Free:
dent vetoing it and returning it. saying I can
not give my asent to It. Vetoing a bill that
makes him so strong What if we had a Prei
dent there then like him who sat thero tefore
our martyred Lincoln, wiuld he have refused so
much power? What if wo bail that President
that was there before him I forget vho he was.
Doyousuppcse that you will always hae a
President like Mr. Johnson But I am mis
taken in my judgment if there has, since the
earliest and best days of our presidency, been a
man more honest, more single minded for liber
ty, who, without bias of the feelings or of tho
heart, without bias of any kind, endeavored to
do that which he thoughi best for the interests
of the country and the whole country. But
while you hold the sovereign right to criticise
do not forget that you have an able stab, sin.io
and an honest and pare man and patriot in
your Presidential chair.
me cosomo.x or the soctn.
I want to say something sbont the eonditnn
of the South. I say it is different in duTerrnt
parts. If you hear bad accounts in tbe lowrr
pans of the Mississippi, as no doubt you wi!',
you will not bear bad accounts from (Jeorgia.
If a man has a headache it does not Wlww that
he mutt have the gout in hi feet; ami beaui
there are bad spots in the South it dees not fol
low that the whole of the South is in the same
If you do cot take the Stuth in till she heals
ef her wounds, you will not take her in for a Inn?
time to come. Human nature does not run this
way. It it not a iiuestirn of abstract justice; It
is a practical iuetion, and you mut decide ac
cording to knuwn law and to human nature. I
know the South will feel sore. They belieted
in their cause; tbey were defeated; ami a grea'er
disaster could not tefall them. They lent every
thingmoney, fame, ambition, character and
all; deep gloom overhangs them, and profound
sorrow oppresses tbem. and tbey are ex-ee'ed
to give evidences ot thankfulness and joy. They
must first have the hand of kindness stretched
to them. You must give them new hopes. New
business will lead them to forget old grsvrs;
new thoughts will check ll tears. Kindness
and business, that is what tbey want.
Tin Ties ami rfavs. On the question ot
repassing the Frcedmen's Bureau bill, after
the Ptesidcnt's veto, tho vote stood :
Wa Messrs. Anthony, Brown, Chandler,
Clark, Conness, Cragin, Cresawell, Fessenden.
Foster, Orimes. Harris, Henderson, Howard,
Hose, Kirkwood, Lane of In liana. Lane of
Kansas, Morrill, Nye, Poland, Pomeroy, Ram.
ssy, bherman, cprague, cumner. Trumbull,
! "ads. WiUi.ms. Wilson
a..... It ... 1' T. r ii. :.
I Dixon, I K!ittIe, Guthrie. Hendricks. Johmon,
MeDuugal, Morgan, Nesmith, Norton, Riddle.
Saulibury, Stewart, Stockton, Van Winkle aad
Vi illey IS.
Absent Me'sts. Foot and Wright.
Mr.Poland said his culIeague(Mr.Foot)was
confined to hi Led witb sickness, but if
present be would havo voted tor the bill.
Mr. Wright ia a Democrat. Of those
whu voted in tbe negative, Messrs. Cowan,
Dixon. Duolittle, Murgan, Neamith, Nuetnn,
Stewart, Van Winkle and WiUey Iredwoed
The vote of Senator Morgan of New York
excites most astonishment.
llaxrxss MacaztNE for Marcb contains for
illustrated articles In and around Rich
mond," sketches of events of tha rr ne-7
that famous city .and Barro'v:! at Hitr?"
describing the burrowing habits, of seetsia
animals, birds, fish and insects ; ilso article?
on "The second life of Washington." "The
seven day" fighting t n the Peninsula," an
other cLapter of Wilkie Collins' Arma
dale," several short stories of interest
Editor's Drawer, Monthly Record, tie ax
usual. For sale by Fuller.
The Atlantic Momdlt for Mr.rch ir an
interesting number, baring the first of &
tcriee of articles Irom tho pen of Mrs. Ag
asiz,now with l.er husband in South Ameri
ca this one is entitled "an Amazonian pic
nic. "There ia also a third series of
extracts from Hawthorne's cote book, an
other brick from the "chimney corner" and
other articles of much interest.
Tits SiiBiTr or Ciiiiistu.mtt, or ths Gen
esis of the Christian State. A Treatise fur
lie Times, by the author of the .ajocstae
tstis, New York, Hurd & Houghton, Boston
K. P. Dutton i. Co., 1S6G.
We suppose tbere is no barm in our stat
ing that ths author ol Ibe Apovataetasis a
small volume which appeared a dozen team
ago, or thereabouts, and excited much at.
Uutiun in the literary world for its amount
of carious teaming on ancient practices! and
phenomena similar to what in our times
appears under tho name ut spirit rapping,
is a citizen of this place, whose pen bas
been used with greai force witbin ths last
five years tj expose Ibe sophistries with
wbicb men cheat themselves and others into
a belief of the essential righteousness of
human slavery, provided only that ths tub,
jects of it bate Alriran blood pure or dilut
ed, circulating io their veins. This work it
one of great ability, the general purpeso of
which is to stow that nowhere and in no
time bas there been any real progress tow
ards securing for alt men anything like an
equality ot right and benefits, exeept where
the principles ut Christianity have taken
toot and their binding ntfluei.fi- lei'iwc t
knonlcdged that paganism in all for am
help not the jmor and the suffering, but
only givts additional power to tbe oweriol
few, more rtfccluilly to drmiiute uver and
ue fur ihcir own ends the great mtiltitu- e
of the weak and ignorant, fheao is a gieat
deal of rolld meat in tho buok. and one must
be willing to chew it slowly if bo would
have- it turn tu account for Lis own juHtl
omrit'imtr.t. The book is a neat duodecimo-of
ltiO pages, h.tnds-Muely punted and
bunu ; and can he g it at Fuller
ParsluoT Jou.nso.n's AtTuiins.ariir.
In his spcecb to the Montana lelegarion, M'.
Johnson raid :
If I were disposed to refer to myself, I might
trace my career back to the :og cabin, taen to
an Alderman and Mayor in a village; then
through both branche cf the State Legislature;
then, for ten censecntivejears. in the Natioi.al
House of Rreprtsentatiies ; then through ibi
Gubernatorial Chair to the Senate of tbe United
States ; then Provisional Gove rncr.witb a slitht
oartieipatlon in military affairs ; then ice-
President ; and cow in the position I occupy
Those who bare anticipated a Urge rev
enue from the sale of confiscated property at
be South will be surprised to iram that fce
proceeds since tbe close of the rebellion do
not amount to more tbsn fS0,00tf.
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