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JU Jr Jr VOL. XXXIV. NEW SERIES VOL. XII. BURLINGTON, VT FRIDAY MORNING, APRIL 13 I8GG NUMBER FORTY-TWO voctvy uvn youm'Hst. tl JOHS C. WIUTT1EB. As one who held herself a part i)f all she caw, and let br heart Against the household bosom lean. Upon tbc motley Drauieu mat Oar youngest an J dearest tit. Lifting her large, sweet, asking ejes. Now batbed within the fadeless green Ana holy peace cf Paradise. O, looking lrom some heavenly hill. Or from some shade of faintly palm. Or silver reach of river calms. Do those large eyes beboIJ me sliU ? With me one little ye-r ago; The chill weight of the sitter now For mouths upon her grave hie lain ; And now, when rummer south winds blow, And brier and bare-bell bloom again. 1 tread tbc pleasant palls we trod, I Me tbe vioht-sjirinklcd sod Whereon the lcane 1. loo trail and weak. The hillside flowers she loved, to seek, Yet following me where'er I went With dark eyes full of love's content The birds are gliu ; tbe brier-rose fills Tin air with swce.utss; all tbe hills Stretch green to June's unclouded sky; But Mill I wait wiih eager ere For something gore which should be nigh, A lots in all fmil!.ir things. In flower that lilsm' and bird that sings. And jet, dear heart '. riiuemberint; thee. Am I not richer than of eld ? Safe in thy iniuiortsJiiy, What change can rear a tbe wealth I bold T Wh it chance can mar the pearl and gold Thy low hath lett in I r ut with me ! And while in life's l afternoon, Where cool i.J Uiue he shadows grow I walk lo m.t ibe uiglit that soon Snail sba itn I suuluw overflow, 1 cannot feel :bt ihfj -.rt fr. Siuce near at nct-1 lb ..els arc; Anl when the v.. s t .';.- uubir, ( Shil! I not t-t:.tt waiting seaud. And, white agiu . vraiax atar. The S(l4ne of t! ; ' .i k. uing hand T Koi thr hl'xtren. A &a tra'uoi found Lung l'j the hair. - Sam. IS : 9. B was a foil) built high in lie air Utm. 11 :4 C was a n.i obtain o "ei linking taeeea. 2 K'imft 16 : 4l 43. 1) wasa nurse.buiini ondir a tree. Gtn. So: 8 E was a nrst-bcni, bad from bis you ill Utb. 12; 1C. F was a ruler who trembled at troth. - .1ctt 24: 25. G was a mi tsenger, sent with g od word. Dan. . o . II was a mother who loaned to the Lord. 1 Saat. 1: 27. 28. I was a name received at the ford. '-'a. 82: 2228 K was a place near the desert of eud.Vnt. I: 13. L was a pauper, begging his bread. Luke 16 : 20. 21. SI was au idol, an object of dreaJ.-X.er. 20: 2. 3. .X was an architect, age ago. G. 6: 1 22 V . -.Mr4 (a kMiiat 111 fi nkran . 27- 3. P was an isle whence a saint kxJwd above. er 1: y was a Christian saluted ia love- Jtoa.l6;28 K was obscure, yet a mother of kings. .Mall. 1: fi. S Danite who did wondrous things. Judort 11: 6. 6. let. T as a citr that had a strong-bold. 2 Sam. 24; 7. IT -aaai . annnirw Mvwfwuativta r.f tTCllii 1tT. 10: !. V was a queen whom a king set aside. Either 1; 1022. 7. was a place where a man wipbed to bile. Gen. 19: 20. i!I i s c c I 1 :i i y OUIt "LII)IY LIZEtt." A I UJIESTIC T A I. E . She was christened Lydia Eliza, I believe, but it couldn't be expected that human be ings could take the trouble of pronouncing those two hai d names a hundred times a day ; and the natural consequence was that rhe was always called Liddy Liaer. and al ways called herself fso : and the fact oogbt tn be a warning to nil poor jieople not to take aii when tbey name th ir children As for Liddy Lizer hereclt, rhc nevsr took ary airs I'll say tl.nt for her : but then, mu i-ec, she had no rea'on to. I took her Out ,1 ttit- i. irh.jusc. Y lien 31r. iranieit tnis wiek.dwurld.ond I tliongtit ol talcing a I. w m ! ct 1.. nrdcr. I went tu the poor-house - h!-" 1-' kdt1.c i'ealihu-tand smartest. II 1 Lad kiuwn n w smdn ei.e i u never had any thing to do w ith her, you may depend on that : but I never knew any good to come of tin we eh irity children never. Pen could not tell ill I did for that girl S!ie w b mnd to :a- until she was eighteen, and I felt ii my d ity. She al ways wore two aprons ttiat v vend her from her chin to her tif , and nice, thick cow hide bouts, and all winter 1 gave her two nights a week at evening school, and nevor allowed her to contract habits of idleness no, that is not on my c .n-cieuce. I have hail that girl up at five m tbc morning scrubbing the steps, when they lroze beneath her brush, before she was twehe years old. Tbc only fault 1 had to find with her was that she was toff pretty for ber position. Chariiy children lve no right to l.c hand some in that way I don't mind healthy red checks and chubby shoulder , but Liddy Li zer grew up tall and fair, with great blue eves nr.d golden cutis, (I cut them off as close as 1 could to her head though.) and was better looking than ray AraKiinta, who was just ber age or would have been, if I had dressed them alike. Hut you sec I kept mv Araminta always dreed like a doll, and put her her hair in paper every night, and never let her soil her liaudr. and 1 had her taught to play the piano, and forbade her thekitchen for 1 meant to bring her up a As lor Liddy Lizer. you heard her name all over the house n bundrtd times a day. I wanted her, cook wanted her, Araminta wanted her, and every boarder in turn need id Liddy Lizer. When sUe found time to cru;-I don't know, but grow she did. I knewtbJ byber twoF.on?-, She was a 1 . . - "rt ' Oer T.mfc I Tint t.. . i?UUUj. irtr -n-l r....t , . rrT' UUI. t UIU1FULU rMf III I till. mcnts on me nrM noor with his own hand- EOme tilings, anu paia well and iiromptlv. Which Hie uoarucrs awn t all do. I won dcrcd ii iic was a bachelor. I looked at my Araminta, dressed in scarlet and black, with her hair braided at the back and fattened with a gold comb. Tbe girl had a bewitching way, like her mother's when she was young ; and I lay awake, drcaminfr. tbounh mv eves were wide onen. nil niirht. about bcin mother-in-law to Sir. Ashton. Yes : the truth was, I bad made up my mind that my Araminta should be best, and dress her prettiest ;and, certainly, when I was almost driven wild with duns from dry-goods etorcs every day of my life, the ouzht to bare had a sufficient wardrobe. And that 13 iiic wav i.iauv uzr r was nress- ed into service, and nut on her nink calico. and sat up in the back-parlor stitching all day ; for she was bandy with ber needle, and Araminta detested sewing. Matters began finely : for, as Araminta told me. while they were ccwinz Mr. Ash ton tapped at toe aoor, ana. wncn (oi csursc) she asked turn in, sat talking to ner mr iwo nours. The next dir. and tbc next, he came also; etrv at that : and I said to Araminta : ' f never saw one come on quito so fast iiug io ttiat. And she said : " Oh. co 'away, raa ! Sunday I felt curious. Araininta dressed in her best, and ran all over tbe house, talk- ing and aeking the time, so that nnv one micbt be sure she was quite readv ; but Jlr. Ashton did not oficr to cecort her and she went alone. 1 fancied he was not a church going roan. Hut ten minutes after ho put on his hat and coat, and went in quite an njipof itc direction, and never came back un til balf past twelve. Of course Araininta was in a pet that afternoon, which was to be cipected. But, as I told the girl, who knew what odd sect ilr. Ashton rnhrlit belong to.? He bad tra veled, and traveling appears to unsettle people's minds on rclisious suMects. ' Poor Araminta ! She had said that she had Iiall a mind to give up Mr. Ashton, and marry young Tompkins, who really did adore j her. The next week, however, Mr. Ashton seemed to be its devoted as ever. There was inoro scwinc, and AraminU insisted on hav ing Liddy Lizer of afternoons, and he read more poetry. He drew, it teeme, and asked leave to i-keteh her as she sewed. When Lc as dono ho would not let her see it becsuec it did not suit him ; but I peeped into hi- jiort-Iolio the next day, and saw that he had really been dissatisfied, for be had rubbed Aratninta's portrait almost out, and left only Liddy Lizer sitting on a lcnch at her feet. Tbe boldness of that Liddy Lizer, I vow I never half knew what it was until about flower-planting timt . I went unexpectedly into tho garden, and faw the girl, with seeds and roots in her hands, talking to Mr. As-hton some rubbish about loving flowers, and feeling that that they Wire her friend. "Ma," said Araminta, "its tcry plaiir Mr. Achton is in love, but he don't say any Wing. I can c tell why. You don't lend him on.' I said. Tompkin ua," said A ns don't need any leading on ma, said Araminta. It was nrovokins Mr. Asiiton bad been there six month, and Araminta't inuIinerV bills wert frightful. Liddy Ijaer wa patt Mrvtnteen now, absolutely lefuecd to wear aprons, at all, and would put ber hair tuck with comb? and let it grow. She as ha ti dy, too, and made herself look altogether toofixyfora hired girl. Just then, too, she our tod up to go to Sunday evening meetings ; and what with the minister's wile, and tho knowledge that she was quite near tbe end of lur time with me and very urelul, I let her have more of her own way. ISeeides, I bad not so much time to think of her.- My mind was full of Arnminta's prospects. At last one night a Sunday, in the first of May Araminta said : "I am going to find out what Mr. Ashton does with himself Sundays." Well, tbc child came home at lml! past nine, pale as a ghost. "Mother, 1 followed Mr. .snton. anu tie went to a Methodist meeting." Is that all?" I asked. "'o, ma," said Minty ; "wait a minute. He sat in the middle aisle, and 1 went into the gallery ; and pretty soon I saw Liddy Lizer come in, and march up the aisle and seat herself betide him, and tbey Skc, and looked on the same book, and, ma, he saw her home."' 'You mean site followed on after him, I suppose." "So, ma ; she took his arm.'" I could uot sleep all night for thinking of it. A daybreak I went down stairs. There was Liddy Lizer Irying fritters for the early lioardcrx. Sho looked up, and said : "Good morning." 'Can you have tbe face to speak to me ? 1 said. "''You arc found out, miss ; your character is known at last. I know why you go to church so much." She blushed, but said nothing. "My house is a respectable one, and I'll have no ill-bcbaved creature here. Your time is up in a week ; find a place by then, and take yoursell off then sooner it you can." She did not fire up, but said . "Yes, ma'am." Xot another word, only " Yes, ma'am." And it made mc so angry that 1 struck her. And then I turned, and saw Mr. Ashton looking at us from the hall. A week went by. and on Saturday Liddy Lizer came to me and said, quite coolly : "You wouldn't mind my leaving this evening, I presume, Mrs. Trab?" "The sooner the lietter," I replied. An hour after, she came to say "Good bye. " " (Jo xl-bve. Liddv Lizer." I said, "only don't come to me for a character, for I could not give you one." "I shan't come, Mrs. Trab," she said, and went away as a lady might with n little polite bow. Cook followed, and came back to tell rsc she had pone to tbe minister's. "Araminta." I said after tea, " it's plain that Liddy Lizer has deceived Mrs. Scran tum. It's our duty to go around and let her know what the girl's real character is. Our duty as Christians, Minty." So wc went. The minister's house was lighted up, and peeping through the window wc siw that tbc parlors were lull. "A donation party or something," 1 said. "Methodists arc always having such things. We'll just make ourselves sociable and End n chance to tell Mrs. Scrantum as if by accident- Strangers arc always welcome at such times." So we went in. The servant it wasn't Liddy Lizer) asked us to step up etairs and take off our things. And then we went down into the parlor. " by, ma," said Araminta, ' it's a wedding!" And sure enough, Mr. Scrantum stood in tho middle of tho floor, with a couple beside him. "Mr. Ashton, ma," whispered Araminta. And oh, goodness gracious ! just then tbe bride stepped around so that I could see her, and I wonder I didn't drop to the floor, for it was Liddy Lizer ! And Mrs. Scrantum's Eister was her bridesmaid. Me. Xisur ox tue i-bse-nt Sitimtion. Sa far as heard frum, wc uv tbe South is still in a strat uv abject cussitood. Our habis corpuecs wich Linkin took away frum us heven't bin returned, and we arc obleegcd to it alon" cz best wc kin without era. I knoct down a small nigger yistcrday for the purpose uv asscrtin the soopenority ol tnc loucashun race over the Afrikin, aud wuz to wunst hauld up afore a Freedmen's Buro and fined. Our high-toned and chivalrous members are pvlooded from Concris. on the frivolous plea t4hat tbey wuz kernels andbiiggydcer Giner- als m 'be LWnieaeni serns, aouan mew. um raWs ag"jn Dimocrisy, androo Johnson, by permitt n. . J-Pfl--. M 1 could prooao'j1 " "b" lam a Dimokratuv thirty year's standing, and uv courso hev mn on Doiutues u cry politiklc fence tbe seats uv uy pomiKic pants is full of slivers. But Oeforo I take down these things I wast io know what 1 am coisa io 01T FOE IT. i.t Anaroo oonnsou goes back on his party onl bis pledges, be uv course asks us to go back on ourn. In sicb transactions, when both parties by bein engaged in it, all confess themselves rutber a low grade uv tkoundrcls, I think it well enuffto hev tbe con;ideratian caid down. Ef Androo Johnson wants me ho knocs tbc terms. I am his to command, for a can sidaraohun, cz much ez is tbe thousands uv Dimokrats who hev bin for the pa6t week gittin up democstrashuca. But 1 want euthin to goon. VThcn 1 hev bis peimission under tbe oroaa scei ut me rost Urbs lie- rjartment to write "P. 51." after my illust 1 . - . , nous name, i enau un jHtiireu io wane in I hev bin huntin np sevral reasons for SUP' portin him I her em all ready I only want this additional one, anu men i ning my Dan ner to the breeze. Faith is sed to be tbc sun uv all religious systems Post Oktis is the central figger in all Dimokratic creeds tho theme ut conversation oj oay, anu me stapie how , long Petkouxii V, Kasnr. j Liit Pastor uv tbc i Church uv tbc Koo Dispcncashuu. ! ; ftc Sm nm CEO. W.lc C. C. BENEDICT, EDITORS AH raoraitrORS. FRIDAY MOBNING APBIL 13. 18CG. FREEDOM AXD EQ.UAL, RIGHTS. rnssage ol the Civil Rights Rill in th Senntc, otcrthc President's Veto. Wc arc glad end thankful to be able to i record another triumph of the cause of Jus tice and Freedom, in tbc re-passago by the Senate of the Civil Bights bill. It is a triumph, too, of the People over presidential influence and usurpation ; for it was doubtless the wholesome fear of the loyal voters of the North, overbalancing the weight of presidential influence, which brought the doubting Senators up to tin mark, and secured the passage of the bill over the President's veto. Its re-passage by the House may be considered as certain as anything future, and tbo next question is "what will the President do about it?" Wc earnestly trust that he will accept the admonition, lay to heart this fresh proof that revolutions never go bad. ward, and j im hands once more with the party in Con gress to which he owed his elevation, and from which alone can he obtain any valuable enpport. Ibe veto mtssage was taken up in tic Semite Kriduv at one o'clock. Ben Wado gave his viewt of the President's policy Garrett Davis and Saulsbury sustained the veto message, the former declaring that if the bill became a law, he should become the enemy of the national government, and tie latter p.-rdicting fresh levulutiun and blood shed, from the page of the bill. Senator Doolittlcannouneid that though instructed by the Legislature of his State to vote for the bill, be ehould not do so. He wished a civil rights bill could be framed which would suit both Congros and the President. Sen ator Yates of Illinois, urged Senators to march forward and boldly do their duty, which they proceeded to do. The question licing, "Shall the bill pass, the President's veto to the contrary notwithstanding," the vote stood : Yeas Messrs. Anthony, llrown. Chandler, Chirk, Conness, Crajin, Creswell, Kdmund", Fetsenden. Foster, Grimes, Harris. Henderson, Howard, Howe, Kirkwood, Lane of Ind.. Mor gan. M rrill. 'ye, Poland, Pemeroy. Ranuey, Sherman, Sprapie, Stewart, Sumner.Trumbull, Wade, Willty, Williams, Wilson, Yates 33. Nats Messrs. Bucialcw. Cowan. Davis J)oe- little, Guthrie, Hendricks, Johnson, Lane of Kansas, McDougall. Vimitb. hoiton. Riddle. Saulsbury. Van Winkle, Wright 15. Abext Mr. Dixon. The Chair announced, amid great ap plause, that the bill, having received a two thirds vote, bad become a law, but subse quently corrected the inadvertanco by stat ing that the bill, having rrcched a two thirds vote, had passed the Senate. It will be seen from the above that tho bill bad the vote of every Xcw England Senator save Dixon of Connecticut, wbo though in Washington, was not present ; of both tie Senators of New York, Senator Morgan.wbo has been in doubt, having come to the con clusion timt he could not disregard the in structions of the "ew York Legislature his voto was received with loud applause in tbe galleries ; of both the Illinois Senators ; both the Missouri Senators ; both the Mich igan Senators : both the Iowa men ; both of the Senators lrom the new State of Ne vada, both Sherman and Wade of Ohio, and a vote apiece from Indiana, Kansas, 5Iary- land, Oregon, Wisconsin and West Virginia. Who will undertake to say that these votes, from tbc Kist and West and Southwest, do not trulv represent the loval masses ? Cowan of Pcnnsylvania.Jim Iiue of Kan s, Doolittle of Wisconsin, Norton of Min- esota, and an Winth of West Virginia, elected as republicans, stand by the Presi dent, and will doubtless have their reward. On motion ol Mr. Trumbull, tbc Secreta ry of the Senate was ordered to communi cate to the House a copy of the veto mes sage, together with the result of the vote, and the Senate, after this good days' work, adjourned till Monday. Rhode Ilnnd Election. The election in Bbodc Island passed oil very quietly, on Wednesday, and was all one way as a matter of course. Gen. Burnside wai elected Governor by a majority of 5200 in a total vote of about 11,000. The Senate stands 2S Union to S Democrats ; tbe House 65 Union to 7 Democrats. Connecticut. Full returns in Connecticut give Hawley, 43,817 English, -18.248 Hawley's majority, 693 This is close enough for all practical pur poses. It was a desperate copperhead euort, with the influence of tbe Administration thrown, in effect, in their favor; but it fail ed. The democrats carry 8 of tho 21 Senat ors. The House is heavily republican, and tbe election of a republican U. S. .Senator is thus assured. 51b. Foot's Death a N'atiosal loss. The public men of any station have been few whose death has occasioned such wide and deep felt expressions of sorrow, as those which have followed the decease of Senator Foot. We take the following noticeabl e- cognition of the country's loss from the Washington correspondence of tho Boston Watchman and Rtfltctor : The announcement, last week, of the death of tbe Hon. Solomon Foot, of Vermont the olaat United States Senator, recognized by his asso ciates as "the Father of the Senate,'" honored and loved as a man, a patriot, and a statesman- awakened throughout toe whole una a proiouna tense of national 'bereavement; and, wa may add. throucbout all the loyal States a profound (Wlinr of nersonal loss. There are bat few men in any age capable of commanding universal confidence like mat which was yieiaea to mm by all classes of the people, from tbe Atlantic to the Pacific The moral away which he exerted arer all with whom he waa officially connected. from the President to the page, was well known in Washington, nevertheless, these who occu pied the highest stations -were somewhat sur prised to objerred what vast masses of tbe popu lation bewailed his departure, not merely with the excressiona of a common sorrow, "but a a man moiirneth for hla friend." I uv drecms by night How long ! oh lone ' leading statesmen tbe lind conld easily account for the profound esteem which they cherished for him; they rec ognized the power of hii intellect, the clearness of his insight, tho cogency of his reasoning, his masterly grasp of the great problems of the int for the profound umcs; dui now was it tuat tbe great multitude. in ine very bumtiltst walks of life so fully ap preciated and truly loved a man so habitually reserved, and so unapt to stir the masses of the people or taking speech and popular appeal I The answer to which we are leu is initinctive and refreshing; it was because their instincts apprehended at once his ml greatness; the sim plicity and integrity of his character; they trast- eu mm; and, as trust is tbe foundation of Icve, they instinctively loved him. During cur four years- war tit passed a Lery ordeal, stood nobly by the cause of his ccuntrv. sustain) d President Lincoln in the dtrkeet hoars with a strong hand and wise counsels, and never betrayed a confi dence. The people saw all this, and when they ice the like they always love to enthrone a strong and honest man, and honor him as "tho noblest work of God." In view of this distinguished position conced ed to Senator Foot, the narrative of his lutdsvs in his chamber of sickness at Washington, is full of touching appeal io the moral and religious sensibilities of tbc millions. No sermon can equal it; as the press sent it forth from the cp ital it is a fresh messijre lrom heaven to the nation Honors tu the .Memory of Mr. Foot. PK0CEEM.NCS OF TDK CI1ITTENDE.V COIT.NTV BAB. At a meeting of the 5Iembers of the Chittenden County Bar, on the 3d inst., Hon. 51. L. Bennett presiding, it was re solved that tho Court be requested to give opportunity for a suitable expression of sor row for tbe loss of Mr. Foot, on the part of thr members of the Bar, and on ni!i.n of K. J. Piikli-s, Esq., a ooinmittic of nine, to present suitable resolutions, was appointed. as follows : E. J Phelps, Burlington, Hon. Geo. F. Edmunds. UurlinRton. Hen. L. B. Kngletby, Iiurtini;ton. Hou. Hilind Hall. Iltcni tn. Hetnin S. Royee, St. AlU.i,s. B. F. Fifield, Montpelier. Ira W. Clark, Middlebury. Geo. L. Watermtn, Hydepark. Geo. A. Bsllard, Georgia. nuay at t.ou i". .ii., llio Uourl sus pended its ordinary business, and the fol lowing truthful and appropriate resolutions were introduced by 5Ir. Phelps : SESOLUTlOas. Rttolted, That the members of this Bar. in common with the whole people of Vermont, have received with profound sensibility and sor. row, the intelligence of the death of Hon. Solo mon Foot IitioUed, That we resard this mournful event, especially as occurring in the present ex igency and crisis of public affairs, as a serious misfirtune, not to our own State merely, but to the nation at large. Rttolted. That in all the relations of ih (, of our departed brother ani friend, as the elo quent advocate, the honored and beloved citizen, the Senator of consummate ability and unsul lied integrity, the Patriot cf tireless devotion. and the gentleman without reproach, he has been a distinguished ornament to the State of his birth, in whose service he died. Retohtd, That the members of this Bar will cherish his memory as one of onr own hmiW. hood, sprung from our ranks, and always near and dear to us alL Iiut wbilo we mourn the loss we have sustained, we find a juit consola tion in the reflection that it is not for him we are to deplore, that to a life so illustrious and nsful has come to an end so peacoful, honored by a nation's sorrow, and illumined by the Christian's hope. Resolved. That these resolutions, and the proceedings of this meeting be publicly pre sented to the Chitttndsn County Court now in session, with the respectful request that they 1 ordered by the Judges to be entered on the record; and that the Secretary of the Bar be directed to transmit a copy of the same to tbe wiuow oi air. loot- bekabes or kb. rurxrs. Mr. Phelps sid that deith had of late been 0 busy, that none could have failed to be im. pressed with the fact that the sentiments inspir ed by such an event as we are commemoratine, are not fitted for public utterance. -They belong to ine ararr, and not to the voice, and the at tempt to And public expression could only brief an almost painful sense ol inadequacy. Mr. Foot was so far identified with the State for a quarter of a contury, that his memory is pub- lie properly, neatl knew bim. We all re member him his genial spirit, his kindly .cour teous manner, bis personal worth, his large pub lic ability and services. He (Mr. I'helprjwould not undertake to analyze tbe eltments of his character and fame, further than to allude to one or two minor characteristics. One of these was that while we have seen greater, more brilliant men, it was rare indeed to find one so strongly endeared to so many of his constituents. This was due to his anxiety to be practically useful to bis constituents, and rarely has a public man succeeded in accom plishing so much for tbe immcdiste private in terests of his people, without neglect of public interests. It waa due to his remarkable consi deration for the feelings of others. It was due to the unsullied and unswerving integrity or tbe man.JThat was never questioned. He left Wash ington and public life with hands as clean as when he went. His loss it peculiirly severe at this emergency, following so closely the death of Mr. Collamer, and at a time when all the tart and experience of onr bet' men are so great ly needed. The men of that high stamp arc passing away lrom ui, and whether their places can be filled, is a question which presents itself forcibly to the present and coming genera tions. Ut. Phelr closed his graceful tribute, by quoting Mr. Foot's own striking and prophetic words, at the close of his speech in the Senate on tbe death of Senator Collamer. "He whose "death we lament has gone to be with ns no more. His work on earth ia done. He "strikes a go'den harp among the Seraphim on high, his precepts and his example are lett " to us for our instruction and our profit. Hap " py indeed will it be if we shall to prot by them " that we shall be ready, at he was ready, for the nnai sammoni in that hour which is com- " iag to ui all, and to some of ut ia not far off when the world and its warthlessness " shall fade from our sinking vision." J. S. Adams, Esq.. Clerk of the Court, read a letter of sympathy with the objects of tbe meeting and respect for the memory of 5Ir. Foot, from J. N. Pouirov, Esq., and added a few words. XS. ADAStS' XEUABXS. There was to bim a peculiar significance in this staying of the ordinary bnsineas of a court, to consider the work ot death, and to reflect on the disruption of ties, like those. now broken. It was wholesome for men of all professions, thus once in a while to stop and consider the lesson ol our mortality. Ilia own travels through the State enabled him to add a fall confirmation of Mr. Phelps' remarks upon the attachment of the people of this State to Mr. Foot There was probably no living Vermonter who had so many personal friends as he. By his universal kindness, by the fact that no Vermonter, how ever ranch a stranger to him, ever applied to him for aid- in vain in these ways, end by his probity, industry, and careful and conscientious service he commended himself to the perfect re liance of the people. But words are idle. His best monument is in the hearts of Vermonters. In that striking death bed scene, one of the most impressive in history, when he asked to be raised that he might look on tbe structure which was the object of his care and the scene of his labors, be closed a model life. xx. xaaLEiBT'i limits. Hon. L. B. Enzlesby said that hi had hard ly expected to b calltd on to tpeak, where so many others could do so from closer personal acquaintance; bat Mr. Foot's fame belonged to the Stale, and it wis perhaps fitting that one who knew him less intimately should add a word to express the public lota. Mr. Foot bad stood among the public men most respected for purity of life and rectitude of intentlon.and had passed away leaving the memory of an honorable career. Be died at th atitesmin and patriot would de- Why was it so ? The of sire to, with, as it were.his harness cn, at Wash ington, and with his eyes resting on tbe Upi- ioi. us coma inina oi uv umrc umug n.c, or more worthy end to a worthy life, and such tie believed was the verJict or the people or tun Sla,e' Ilo.v. D.vizL Kodektj followed with , ,. , . . , ... ; whole people. 1 would not navo bad the elect Senators and having authority to pro touehmgand beautiful tribute, which we pki,i , !f Th,t u, ,r,nn. J m. i i " ' arc glad to Lc able to give verbatim : BE3IAIUCS Or MB. BOCLHTS. .Viiy it please your Honors : The resolutions adopted by the Bir and ofiVred to the Court fer record, express all that can be said by amplifioition of speech. lhey speak of Mr, root as uwyer, as orator, as statesman and citizen. Tbey spnk in no lan guage of stinted praise, and yet are truthful al- together. It was not needful here to speak guarded phrase, lest the language of generous eulogy should not be able to bear the test of the cold critic'Sm of t istory. The unprompted lan guage of affection and reverence is here happily the language of simple truth. I have known Mr. Foot from my boyhood as a Freshman of 1 i in College, I met him as Se nior I was for a time an inmate of the family of his widowed mother. I am a native of the County in which he spent nearly all of his ac tive life, and though younger than he, was but one year behind bim in my admission to the Rutland County liar. I have met him at the Bar in practice, and hive shared his friendship in social lire, and have always watched with in terest and co-operating sympitby his course in public life. I waa bound to him by personal furors I held him by the hand in his last sick ness; and I speak of him as one who knew him. How well he has played his part upon the public stage; nay. rather hew well he has acted out himself in the management of p iblic affair, I need not state. His record ia known and read of all men. It ia one of which his native State may well be prou 1. for it was ns pure as it was illustrious, lie n rmiMed Ii t monument in the heirtsof the people ot Vtrm nt. "And theie enshrined hi such norno doth lie. That kings for sueh a tomb might wh to dw." ine nrartis oetier man ine brad; tbe ran is greater than tbe ttatettnin. and purity and honesty of soul ezel in merit the highest at tainments of earthly ambition. So, although our brother hl high abilities as lawyer, orator, politician and statesman, yet 1 h. i.or him rocit that he carried into all the activities of his life an honesty, generosity and noWri.es of spirit, wbih illnminateil Ihe work of hi- intellect, and attested tbe true mtnliness of the man. It is a beautiful incident attru J ng bis last sickness, that he tried to remember tbe man wbom he had ever intentionally injured. He ceuld think of none. If there be such an one, let him step forth and listen to the meek prayer of that deathbed for forgiveness. There is none such who will stand as an accusing spirit of our brother before the great &?ize. How many baa be aided in their needs, and bow baa he proted himself the servant of the people in attention to all the demands made of his official influence! Hot and impulsive at times, and pouring out without caution the wcrda of indigLant censure of anything which he deemed base or meant, ytt we loved bim the more for this bailing over of a generous, honest soul, and his free speech dignitled him even in the estimation of the sub jects of his censure. A true i vrmocter son of poverty, wbo won his way to success and honorable di-tinelion by his own efforts and the innate powers of hia own nature, and dcerved the success be won wbo loved the State that reared him. and the people in whose service hia life waa expended, and drank in their spirit ef liberty an 1 -turdy inde pendence a statesman without reproach pure of life an able, honest, honorable, kindly, great-hearted man. something even more than these, the beauti ful scenes of that death-chamber ill oat rated ; the Christiin's faith, and the Christian's none. and the Christian's charity and these will en dure when Ihe record obich we now make of our I love and respect for the memory of our brother j shall have mouldered to dust ; for hie sun went down in such glory ot cloud and sky. as to pro mise a lair uprising upon the morrow. And so, my brothers, let ns live, that like him, when we pass away, we may live long in the memories of men, and forever in tbe recog nition of God. Ho.'e. (5. W. Benedict, who had been re quested to be prexent and to say something on the occasion, spoke briefly : XE. BINIDICT't BX11AEEI. Mr. Benedict said thit thouth he was not one of Ihe Bar, yet at tb instance of some of its members he would add a few words to what bad been so well said by others. Few in the room had known Mr. Foot as long at be had Mr.Foot, during the years of lSHT-S. while a lutor in tbe University ot Vermont, having lived in bis family and thus they were brought into familiar intercourse. The genial and manly qualities so characteristic of .Mr. Foot in his subsequent life were constantly seen at that time. Though he then thought el teaching as a permanent pursuit he soon Itid that intention aside and entered upon tbe public career for which he proved to be so peculiarly alipted. both fjr honor and great usefulness. He was not so remarkable in his popular addresses for displays of uncommon brilliancy as some, yet he waa always impressive afid influential rare ly indulging in discourse at much length except with careful preparation. At Washington, for so many years the scene of bis labors, bis in fluence was more exerted in fan iliai intercourse than by tlabrate speeches yet occasionally he discussed a subject in eztenso, and bis speeches were intently listened to, and a1 ways regarded as sound ard influential. Always indefatigable in his public duties, always the man ol upright ness and sound juJgment, always tbe thorough gentleman, always the frank andn liable friend. his influence for good was always great, n bo ever said of Mr. Foot " His speech ia fair and kind, but you cannot be quite aura as to what his inner thought is, or where you will Sod him next I" That was never said of him. The people of his State had been justly proud of him. and be was proud of the State which he represented so long and well. Mr. B. alluded to tbe reputation oi -Mr. root lor unimpeacnaDic fairness, as shown in tbe fact that in the miny scenes of high excitement in the Senate, within tbe last tourteen years, he more than any other had been called npon to preside over and direct its proceedings In closing. -Mr. iieneuict saw be concurred in the sentiments of the resolutions, and in the re marks so fitly and beautifully (made by those who had spoken before him, and would add his fullest testimony to their justness and truth. Chief Justice PiERroiNT spoke briefly, from tbc bench : JUDGE riEBrOINT'S BESIABES. He said he had known Mr. Foot long. Though somewhat younger than Mr. Foot, he had come to the bar before Mr. Foot did, and was on of the committee to examine him for admission. He well remembered that at that early day, Mr. Foot waa evidently preparing himself for public life, and was beginning to show the characteris tics which fitted him lor distinction as a public man. He felt then that if he lived he would become distinguished, and that be had done so all acknowledged. Bis success was owing to his earnestness, intelligence, honesty and patriot ism. He (Judge P.) concurred m the resolu tions and remarks already offered. They were true and it waa enough to be said of any man. The Chief Justice closed by directing tbe resolutions to be spread on tho records of f ol tbc Court A number of our citizens, in addition to the members of tbe bar, filled the Court room, and the occasion was one of deep and solemn interest. The Civil IMghta 1)111 und tbe resident's Veto. al'EECll OFSENATOKTIlUainULL IN TUE SENATE. APRIL 4ll, 1SCC. Tk. i v.: r- AUG IbtW UllCCBLIC OeiULI IA&CU U It, ll . ' Trumbull said : 5Ir. President: I fully share with the Pres ident of tbe United States, tbe regret ex pressed, tbat he is unable to sign the bill to protect all persons in the United States in their civil rights, and to furnish tbe means of their vindication. I regret it on my own account, because the just expectations raised when this bill was presented to tbe Presi dent, before its introduction into tbe Senate, ha'c been disappointed. I regret it on tbe President's account, because it is calculated to alienate bim frsm those who elevated him - ' to power, end who gladly tmo rallied around ms administration to sustain una in priuvipiea uiua wuilu uc m ucuicu , uuv above all, sir, 1 regret it for liberty's sake, , to secure which to ourselves and our nostcr- j ity, this government was founded. But, if a ' " nuns unconstitutional anu unjust io I ii-iuiu C w awavwj uiw I neither unjust to tbe whole, or any portion of the people, nor unconstitutional, 1 shall endeavor to show by a candid and dispassion ate review. The, president begins bis objections with tbc very Outlines of tho bill, which declare that all persona born in the United States, and not subject to any foreign pewer, except Indians cot taxed, are declared citizens ot tbc United States. The bill, as originally in i introduced, diJ not contain this provision. It was believed by myself nnd many others, that all native born person, since the aboli tion of silvery, were citizens or the United States. This nas the official opinion of Mr. Bated, the Attorney General of Mr Lin cola's adminis:ration,and the opinion adopted by bis aduiini'traiion. and acted upou mce by all tbo departments ot the executive gov ernment, including the Secretary of State, who has issued ptssports to persons of color. recognizing tbcm as citizens, it was the opinion expressed bj Mr. Marcv. when Sec retary of State, that all persons born in the United States were citizens of the United States not referring of course, to slaves, slavery at that time existiog in the country. The President dots not object to this declar tiun in the bill as unconstitutio. al lie elocs, however, say that it does nut purport to declare or cooler any other right of citi zenship than federal citizenship. It does not purport, he says, to give these clasee of persons any status as citizens of States, ex cept that which may result from their sta tus as citizens of tbe united butc. the power, he adds, to confer the right of State citiz- iisbip is just as exclusively with the several States as the power to declare the right ot federal citizenship is with Congress. But. is it true, sir, 'hat when a person be coiner u citizen of tbc United States, that he is not aim a citizen of the Slate where I e way be residing? On this luiiit, I will refer to a decision pronounced liy the Su preme Court of the L'nitvd S atcs, delivered by Chief Justice Marebal!, in the case ol (usee, against Buflow, reported in tbeiixih volume of IVtcr'a Report.-, the Chief Justue in delivering the opinion ot the Court, ae: "The defendant in error is alleged, in the proceedings, to be a citizen of the United States, naturalized in Louisiana, and residing there. This an equivalent to an averment that he ia a citizen of that State. A citizen of the United States, residing in any State of the Union, is a aitiren of that State." This was the only point in tbc case. Un less this authority is to be disregarded, tho President of tbc United states is mistaken in bis law. It is not true that when a man is made a citizen of the United States ho is not a citizen of every State. The President next alleges that the right of federal citizenship thua to be conferredon the several excepted races beforcmentioned, u now for the first time proposed to be given by law. Now, sir, this is a mistake, not of the law, bat a misappri'bi-nsion of fact, and it will appear by references to wbicli I shall call the atten tion o: the Senate in a moment, that tbe President's facta are as bad as his law. I read from pugc 897, in Lawrence's Whcaton on international law, and various statutes of tbe tinted states on this subject. Tnere have been in tbe United States several cases ol collective naturalization by tbc annexation of territories. By the third article of the first convention ot April 30, IsCO, with France, in the cession oi Louis- j iana, it is provided mat tnc mnauitants ot the ceded Territories to be incorporated into the United States, should be admitted as soon as possible, according to the federal Constitution, to the enjoyment of the rights. privileges and immunities of the citizens of the United States. A provision to tbe same effect is to be found in the sixth aiticlc of tbo treaty with Spain for tho purchase of Florida ; and by the eighth article of the treaty of 1843 with 5Icxioo ; also by the annexation ot Texas, under a resolution of Congress of .March, 1845, in its admis-ion into the Union on an equal footing with tbc other States. "Col kctitc naturalization," says the authority from which I quote, "may also take place in the caao of a class of person-, rativc of the country orotberwi'e, who, without any act on the part of the individuals, may be made citizens. In the United States it is incorrect to sup pose tbat aliens, as opposed to citizens, im plies foreigners ; as respects the country, Indians are tbe subjects of tho United States; but they are nut therefore citizens, nor can they Ucomo citizens under the ex isting naturalization law ; but tbey may b made citizens by some competent act of tbo general guvcrnment, by treaty, or other wire."' By these various treaties, resolu tions, nnd acts of Congress, it will be ob served that Frenchmen, Spaniards, Mexi cans, and IndUns, bate all been made citizen of tbc United States ; some of the very classes of persons spoken of in this bill ; and yet the President tells us tbat this right of federal citizenship, as if thero were such a thing as federal citizcnsbip,as contra distinguished from State citizenship, is now, for the first time, proposed to be given by law. If, says the President, as is claimed by many pcrs jr.s, all who arc native born, and arc already by virtue of tho Constitu tion citizens of the United States, the pass age ot the finding bill cannot be necessary to make them such. Well now, that is here, sir, but is the President to learn now, for tbc first time, that principle to be found in the very horn-books of tbe law, that an act declaring what a law is, is one ot tbe moat common acts passed by Legislative bodies? That all native born persons, not subject to foreign powers, are by virtue of tbeir birth citizens of the United States, some disputed ; hence, for greater ccrtainty.it s proposed to pass this law. It is now mado an objection to the passage of this law, and a reason given by tho Presi dent why ho cannot approve it, because it is a declaratory act1 But if such is not the law, says tbe Pres ident, a grave question presents itsell. Whether, when eleven of tho thirty-six Slates are unrepresented m Congress at tbo present time, it is sound policy to make our entire colored population, and all other excepted classes, citizens of the United States This is a standing objection, not urged against all bills, for tho President tells us in his message tbat be has signed some of tbc bills that havo been presented to him. But if there is anything in it, no bill can toss tbe Congress of tbe United Statss until these States are represented. YVll air rhnn lault is it it tbe eleven Statc8 Bro not represented? And it tba reason urged by the rretident is a goou one now, it has been a good one for all time. Within a few days tbe President bza issued a pioelamation, not of peace, as tbo Senator from Nevada (Mr. Stewart) seems to sup pose by no means ; not a proclamation that the rebellion is over, but that in certain States it is over. Tbc President does not tell us tbat Texas, one ot the States tbat were in rebellion, is in a ixnditijn to be ic- Tjrcstirted here. Sir, if we bad to wait for tbe eleven Sates, must we not wait for Texas? Tho same principle would require us io wait lor Texas ; and she has not yet i reorganized her State government And . r ... ' . i IWit v.li which hri rwmrnniw those States which have reorganized, have not yet been recognized as having a repub lican form of government, entitling tbem to representation. The leprcsentativcs they have chosen from most of those Bute that havo undertaken to reorganize, arc persons fresh from the rebel Congress and lrom the rebel army ; men wbo could not be admitted here, could not take tbe requisite oath to cntitlo them to tbeir teats. And are we to i await and to abstain from all legislation of a , general character? Sir,- these States can . onlrbcTenrceented thrJugb' State organiza t tion; All members cf tbia' body can only be ! elected by SUte legislatures. SIcmbcrs tbe , of tbc other House can only bo elected in pursuance 01 otate laws, liene, as prelim' ; inary to any representation in cither llou- or Congress, it must bo determined whether j there is a State government ; whether there tnei , is a State legislature having authority vide laws under which Reprcsentativca may tie elected, incre was a time certainly whon there were no sueh legislatures in any of the eleven states, incrc nas a time when tni only kind of government in any of them was hostile to the United State?, when every member in it had abjured hi allegiance U the Lnilcd States, and sworn allegiance to governme-nt hostile to this. Will anybody pretend that while a State government was in meir nanus ii was en.iucu to representa tun in cither House of Con grcsa ? If not, shall wc not inquire whether it has got ou oi tnoae lianas into the lianas oi loyal men Sir, this proposition that no bill is to be passed because certain States are unnresent ed. when it is their owa fault that they arc unrepresented, would be utterly destructive ol the government. But i he President tells us timt tbe bill in effect propones to discriminate againit large numbers of intelligent, worthy and jkv triotic foreigners, and in lavor of the negro. Now, nr. is that true? What is the hill Why. it declares tbat tnere shall be no dit tinction in civil rights between any other race or Color aud the white race It d dares tbat there aha 1 1 be no different punish ment inuteteei on a colored man, in conse quence of his olor, to that which ia indict ee! on a, white man for the f.imc oder.se. I mat a discrimination m tavor ot the negro nnd against the foreigner, iu a bill the only object of which i to preserve equalitv of rights? Perlupd the best answer tj the i in jection that tU- ) II pr.jpoees to make citizons of Chinese and Gipsiej, and thi reference t. foreigner!,. i to ! found in a speech rieli verod in thii body by a Senator, ueeupying. I think, tl.e seat now occupied across the chamber by my friend from Oreirm fMr, Williamr), less than six years ago, in reply to a veto message sent tojthis body by Mr. Bu- cnunan, the then 1 resident ot tbe united States, returning, with his objections, what waa known as tbc Homestead bill. Jlr. Sumner, ot M.W3. What Sen ator was it? (Liughter,) On that occasion, tbc Senator to whem I allude sasd : "Thia idea about poor foreigners, somehow or other, appears to haunt Ihe imagination of a great many. I am constrained to say (says tbe Senator alluded to), that I look nnon this obiec- t'wa to the bill as mere quibble on the part of ine i resident, aad aa a proof jof his being hard pressed for some excuse for withholding his ap proval of the measure. His allusion to the for eigners in this connection looks to me more like ad eaptaadmn of the mere politician or dema gogue, than a grave and sound reason to be of fered by the President of the United States in a veto messtge upon so important a Question as the Homestead bill." That is the language of Senator Andrew Johnson It is, perhaps the beet answer. though I should hardly have ventured to nave usee! such harsh language in the pre sence of the United States, as to accuse bim of quibbling, and demagogiiing. and playing the mere politician, in sending a veto mes sage to the Congre-sof the United States. The President, also, makes soaw other al lusions in this bill of the sinie character; fur instance : he spenks of tbe impropriety of marriages between whites and blacks ; ho then goes on to say . "1 don't eay that this bill repeals State laws on the subject of marriage." is ell, then, for what purpose is it introduced in tbia bill ? Xot surely as as an cd captandum argument to excite pre judices, or as theurgumcnt of a demagogue and politician. Tbe President further sayj : "II it be granted that Congress can repeal i all State laws discriminating between whites j and blacks on the subjects covered by this i bill, why, it may be rsked, may not Con gress repeal in the same way all State laws discriminating between the "two races on the subjects ot suffrage and offico? If Congress can declare by law who shall hold lands, who shall testify, wbo shall have capacity to make a contract in a State, then Congress can also by law declare who, without re gard to race or color, sbail bare the right to sit as a juror or as a judge, to hold any office, and finally, to vote in every State and terri tory of the United States " Perhaps the best answer tbe President could give to tbem would be tbc answer of Andrew Johnson, himself. He undertook to reorganize Sttte governmcnta m the di'loyal States. When be did so, to whom did he extend tbc right of suffrage? To the blacks? Xo, sir. But be extended the right of suffrage to thon) authorized to vote under the laws of the State before the rebellion. When urged to allow the loyal blacks to vote, what was his answer? That he had no power; that it was unconstitutional. But he bad power to protect them in their civil rights, and ho did protect them in their civil rights II, then it be true that protection in civil rights car ries with it tbe right of suffrage, what be comes of the position ho asjumid when be extended civil rights to the nrgro all through the South as I shall presently show by orders issued by his authority, and yet refused to give them the right of suffrage on tbc ground that be had no constitutional power to do it, tbat it waa a right vested in the States, with which he could not inter fere? But. sir, the grant of civil rights does not, never did in this country cirry with it political rights ; or. more properly speaking, political privilege. A man may be a citizen in tins country without the right to vote, or without the right to hold office. The right to vote and hold offico in the States depeuds upon the Legislatures of tbe various States. Tho right to hold office under the federal government depends upon tbo Constitution ot the United States. Wo men arc citizens cuildren arc citizens ; but they do not exercise the elective franchise by virtue of their citizenship. Foreigners, as is stated by the President in this mes sage, before they arc naturalized, arc pro tected in the rights enumerated in this bill the right to contract, the right to sue, nnd most of the rights I have enumerated. Tbey do nut, because tbey possess these lights tbe right to make a contract and to hold land, which is the case in most if not allol the States at preont--I say tbey do not tbcrelorc vote. 5Ir Trumbull proceeded to refute, in de tail, the President's objections to the various sections of the bill. In conclusion ho said : Mr President,! have now gone through this veto message, replying with what potenco I could command to its various objections to the bill. Would that 1 could stop hcrc,tbat there was no occasion to go further, but jus tice to myself ; justice to the State whose representative I am ; justice to the people of the whole country, in legislating lor wiiooc behalf I am calltd to participate, justice to the Constitution I am called to support, jus tice to the right of American citizenship it secures, and to human liberty now imperil ed requires mc to go farther. Gladly would 1 retrain lrom speaking ot tne spirit ot mis message, of the dangerous doctrines it pro mulgates, of the inconsistencies and contra dictions of its author, of his encroachments upon tbe constitutional rights of Congress, ot his assumption oi unwarranted powers, which if persevered in and not checked by tbc people, must eventually lead to a subversion of the gOTcrniuent and the destruction of liberty. Congress, in the paasige of tho bill under consideration, sought no con troversy with tbe President. So far from it, tbo bill was proposed with a view to carry out what men supposed to be the views ot thi President, and was submitted to bim be fore its introduction into the Senate. I am i not about to relate privato declarations of Apply tbe language to tbc facts connected the President ; but it is right that the Amcr- with this bill, and then say who has violated ican people should know tbat tbe controver- the spirit of the Constitution? This bill in y which exists between bim and Congress no manner interferes with the municipal re in reference to this measure is of his own gulations of any State, but protects all . seeking. Soon after Congress met it became ' alike in their rigfits of person and property, apparent that there was a difference or opin- It could have no operation in Massachusetts, Ion between the President and some mem- Kew York, Illinois, or most of the States a bers of Congress, in regard to the condition the Union. How preposterous, then, ut of the rebellious States and the rights to be secured to frecilmen. There were some mem bers of Congress who expressed the opinion that, in the reorganization ol the rebclliuua Sut'8, ihe right of suffrage elionld be ex tended to Ihe colored man. Thtmgh, tl u was not the prevailing sentimeut of t.ngrcs, all were anxioui for a reorganization of the rebellious Stnte,nnd for their full participa tion in tho federal government, a .won as theo relations could he restored with safety to all concerned. Feeling the importance o'f harmonioei acticn between tho differmt de partment of the government, and an anx ious desire to sustain the Preside nt, f.,r whom I had always entertained t'-.e f.ig'.ist respect. I had frequent interview with him during the early pvrl of the session With out mentioning anything said by him, I may with perfect mfety state that, acting upon the considcratnms I bare Hated, ami believ ing that the paga ,.f n Uw hy Con -re- securing equality in civil right', when de nied hy State utreiriie.to n-ecdm?n an 1 all other inhabitants of thv United da much to relieve anxiety in tbe North. ti induce the S-uithern St lies to eeure thceo rights by their own arti-m. and thereby re move many of the obstacles to au early re- ounxtruction, I prepared the bill substan- twl.y as it now returns witu the IW'.m'. objections. After the bill w is introdaccd and printed, r cipy was furnihtd him, and at a suh-tquent periuxl, when it wa, rep ,ri ed hat he who hint iling about signing the rreettmcn llurcaii hill, fv. was inform, i! .,1 tho CMnditijn of the Cm! Right-) bill, then pending in the House, and a hope expro.-sed tlut.il b had any o!n'Ction to any of itn j ruviMns, he Would make them knomiij it-t irieiu. ituil they might ho re.uH.iiel.it not destructive or the mem j re ; n,ai ihrre if- believed t.i he no di-riiti.n.i, r.. t..ri l C-iifgress. and ceruiniy none on m? jrt. to nave InHs !e-eiiied to him wmci he would not appniw. Ha uevtr indicated to me, nor. -i Ur as I know, tu mi i ... rirnd. the least objection Ui any oi ihe pi ,. viM.in.- nf the hill till alter its pawi -e. II, w eoukl l.o auni'!ently with himself? The bill was framed, as ww supiMnd, in et.iire lrm..:iv with hi? view, und e rtainly m hnruvKiy with what Im was then, and . us since been djiiig, in protecting frev-dm-n m the civil rig'ite belonging to every Irei m .n the liirtnr glit ot . very Atuencm. and eare- uily avoided conf rnng or mterferin ' with p itical rig.its or privileges of any kind The till neither coolers nor abridge t, rights of any one, hut simply devlnres t. at in civil rights, there shall bo an equality among all clztsei of citizens, and ir.at ml like shall be subject to same punubment m wch State. So locg as a state does not abridge the great fundamental rights belong ing, under the Constitution, to all citizens, it may grant or withhold such civil rights as it pleases. All that is required is that, in this rcapeet, its law shall be impartial. And yet this bill is now returned with tto 'resident's ohjectiund and such obieetinn I What are they ? That in all our hi-itnrv all our experience as a jeiple, living under federal and State law, no such ytcin as that contemplated by tbc details of thi. hill has ever been propoacd or adopted. Have I not already shown, in tho action of the Pres ident himself, through General Sicklea. dp. daring that all laws shall be applicable alike to all inhabitants, and in various acts of Congress, a precedent for every provi.ion of .l.r.l.:ll- ..11.' 1 . , f . uiisoiii: -Luc ueiaus oi I no Dill, 'says the President, "establish for tbo security ot the colored rac:, safe-guards which go infi nitely beyond any that tbe general govern ment has ever pn-vided for the white race." With what truth this can be said of a bill which declares that t.'.e civil rights and the punishment ot all races, including, of course the colored the tame a-) those of tbe whites, let an intelligent public judge! "The details," says the President, "interfere with the municipal legislation or tho Stales, with the relations cxiiting exclusively lietwtcn a State and its citizens, or between inhabitants Ot the same State an ahwrption and a-sump-tion of power by the general government, which if acquiesced in, must sap and destroy our federal system of limited powers, and break do an the barriers which preserve the rights of the States. It it another step, or rather stride towards ccntralizition and the concentration ol all legislative pow ers in tbe national government." All this is said by a President, who, by hit own fiat issued through General Howard set aside an act of the. Legislature oi .Mississippi, and by another order, through General Terry, an act of the Virginia legislature, and for bade any magistrate or civil officers from attempting to execute it; who, through General Canhy, ordered the State courtsln his depirtment to suspend all suits against persons charged with offences for which white persons were nut punished ; and we all know the penalty which would Lave been visited upon SUt judges or officials for vio lations ot any of theso orders. A president wbo, after vetoing a provision of the Freed men's Bureau Bill hecauso it secured posses sion to the occupants of land under 5Iajor General Sherman's order, for tho limited period of three years, himself issued an or der within less than thirty dajs afterwards, through H. W. Smith, Assistant Adjutant General, declaring that grants of land to the freed people in conpliance wilhGencral Sher man's ejtfcial field order Xo. 15, dated Jan uary 10, 1805, will be regarded as good and valid. Well may we exclaim, in view of the acts of the President, in his language when discussing the veto of President Buch anan, "On, consistency thou art a jcwell !" In view of these facts, who is it that is breaking down the barriers ot the States and making strides toward centralization? Is it Congress by the passing of this bill or the President who without Uw is arrogating to himself far greater powers than any confer red by this bill? Ihe President is required, ia carrying out his powers, to act in obcdi enco to law, the very thing which he refuses to do. He says the tendency of this bill must be to resuscitate tbe spirit of the rebel lion. What assumption in one wbo denies tbe authority to punish those who violate United States laws under color of State au thoritya doctrine from which the rebellion sprung and in entire harmony with the de claration of 5!r Buchanan, that thcro was uo power to coerce a State. But, sir, from out the mouth of Senator Andrew Johnson I will prove that President Andrew Johnson has violated the spirit of tbc Constitution, if cot tho letter, in veto ing this bill. It will be remembered that the bill jas-ed both Houses of Congress by mure than a two-thirds majority, the voto in the Senate being, ayes 33, to nays 12 ; in the House, ayes ill, nays 3S. 1 will read from the remarks of Senator Andrew John son on the veto of the Homstcad bill by Jlr. Buchanan: "The President of the United States pre sumes, yes, sir, I say presumes to dictate 'o the American people and to tbe two Houses of Con gress, in violation of the spirit if not the letter of the Constitution, that this measure shall not become a law. Why do I say thia ? I ask, ia there any difference in the spirit cf Ihe Consti tution, whether a measure is sanctioned by a two-thirds vote before its pasaage or atterward When a measure has been vetoed by the Presi? dent, the Constitution requires that it shall be rcconaiderod and passed by a two-thirds vote, in order to become a law. But here in the teeth of the Executive, there was a two-thirds vote in favor of this bill. The vote was thirty six to two in thia body The two Houses have said that this measure is C natitntional and right. In the other House, reflecting the popu lar sentiment of the cation, the vote was one I hundred and twelve to fifty-one, ten more than , two-thirds majority, which the Constitution re quires. And when there is a two-thirds vote I for a measare, I say it la against the spirit of 1 the Constitution for the Executive to say : 'No; ! you shall not have this measure. I will Uke all the chances of vetoing it.' "