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BURLINGTON, VT FRIDAY MORNING, APRIL 27 I8G6
VOL. XXXIV. NEW SERIES VOL. XII.
I"r the Tree Pres.
iijlc Shall Drink of the ItrnnW in tlic
My spirit thirsts for purer streams.
Than e'er from earthly fountains stray;
My epirit thirsts, and I would drink,
From living streams that flow for aye !
Through desert wastes and burning etnds.
Aweary, faint, and sad I stray.
To tltkc ray thirst I wander on,
To Sod the brook that's in the way
The stream the holy prophet! saw.
So full ami always flowing free,
Where crery one who thirsts may draw
Frssh cooling draughts, nor fainting be.
From pleasant streams, from wayside rills.
From babbling fountains sparkling gay.
Too long I sought my cup to fill,
Nor found the brook that's in the way.
The cop from which I sought to quitfj
My fill of joy. in eager baste.
Oft slipp'd from out my trembling grasp.
Nor satisfied my longing taste.
And oft I tamed m rain to find,
A source from whence ray thirst to allay.
Ami oft I sighed, until, Oh joy!
I found the brook that's in the way.
Since then, thronzh earthly spring!) may fail.
And every nil ol comfort dry,
This living stream no drouth assails
1 tut ever yields n fall supply.
The toil worn traveler list to bear
The murmur of the rippling stream
Aa gliding down the mountain side
It flows along throuah pasture green.
He di inks, ard V" aiain be tbirats.
As marching u the, ugh soltry day.
And ever thirst.', tm'il hr find
Jtsi, the Brook " in the way.
From the Pror. Joarnat
Some !'Nue in I We Mir at lttiru
H'Acran is thmcu the incuHWuenre of not
hanng The "Afuswn Ear.
Deacon Uoodman was. at-nsicly known, j
t merely in his own Parish, but through
scvcrnl miles of the surrounding country,
for his amiable disi-osiiioi). active benevo
lence and unquestioned piety. So thoroughly
was the Deacon 'a cliaracltr r-tablished, that
when the jieople ol the n ighboring towns
saw him passing, tbey would say, "that
man is rightly named", I. r il tUrr ever w"
a good man, he is one "
The Deacon, although highly orthodox
was very liberal. There s. a small Uni-vcrsali-t
isociety in the t. an ; and it really
seemed as if be had taken the (. niveiwaliste
under his especial King ; for though always
ready to argue with them, (he was tough in
argument) be would never hear litem abused.
What,' he would say. 'have wc not sins
enough of our own to answi-r lor? So far as
man is concerned, they have as good a right
to their error, as wc to our truth. We must
all render the great account . not ol others,
but each one of himself'. '
The Episcopalians had ale., been prowling
about within the Deacon's domain and had
even formed a little chtireh. which met lor
public worship in a school house. And al
though the society consisted id but nine or
tin taniiiie. tfcey were warmly discussing
the question, whether the ir church, (to
le built next year) should be Grecian or
Gothic The parish clerk tti.Mipht it ought
to be modelled after St. Paul's in lndon.
Tbey had better model it afur St Pi ter's at
Home, said a rich eld church member
hereafter to be mentioned. The organ was
already spoken for. "Its none of my busi
ness,' said Deacon Goodman, 'but wont all
this cxjieDsc conic rather bard on your small
society?' 'We depend on the church at
large "said the clerk, 'and wc expect the
society will grow." -Oh; that's it, said the
Deacon, 'you go on the martin swallow prin
ciple ; put up the lox, and the hints will
lint although Deacon Goodman could not
sec the wisdom ol the clerkV reasoning, he
had no vulgar prejudice aiiii.si the Kpisco
palChurcJi. So far from tlt, on Christmas
and Good Friday, and evtn on iwnday.whcn
his own worthy minis!, r was admit or in
disosed, he was always a dtvout attendant
on the Episcopal worship.- -I can't always
find the place in their pray, r book.' said he,
but when I da find it, it's" always a ftsly
good place; and what if tlnir prayers are
Hinted ; is not the lord's Prajtr printed?
If their minifter or ours ever makes a better
prayer than that, I hop.- I shall hear it,
printed or not.
Dut the qualifying "but" mutLcinters
od even in the ease ot Deacon Goodman. He
had a fault ; He would sing in Meeting.
Nature has so formed us, that some have
the "musical ear" and iIkih not Now
this "musical car" has nothing to do with
real character, moral or intelh ctual ; but yet
tbe persons who have not the -musical car"
ought never to sing in meeting 1 1 they do,
they will be sure to annoy others, anu uiuko
themselves ridiculous. Dra. Goodman had
not the -'musical car." Whether it were
the "Messiah," or the "Creation" or Jim
Crow, and Zip Coon ; it was all the same
to him : so far as music was concerned, it
was just so much singing. And the gentle
and respectful remonstrances of the choir
leader, were met with tho unvaried reply,
"Singing is praying; you may ns well ask
me not to pray : I shall sing in nutting."
It is now proper lor the luographer to hint
at another trait in the good Deacon's charac
ter, lie was rather "set in his way."
Wc all know that musical people arc apt
to 1)0 sensitive, and sometimes n little cap
rlcious : and who has ever known a theatri
cal Orchestra, or even a village choir, that
had not a regulai "blow up" at leas: once a.
p? ttt-nnil oil doubt. Deacon Goodman's
i.;r,r.in was a vcrv serious grievance to the
cboir, nnd no small annoyance to the congre
gation. Yet in consideration of his g cat
merits he was indulged; though his regular
nerfonnaneee. often drew forth the
remark, that if music murder was a sin
TVn Clnun irnillil haVC IllUCll tO
nrrrr.r f,i lnt tborP is a IKlitlt U'VOnd WlllCil
rnTltmnm U nn longer a virtue-. Great
pains had been taken by the clioir, in get
hem. iM'Iectcd Irom Mo
zart fur ThnWivinr daV. and the very
gem of the piece was a solo, which had been
assigned to the sweetest little girl in the
village. All who attended the rciicarsaio
were nsrfectlv delighted with the solo ns
snni. liv "little Marv." It was verv difficult
It was'enrked from the lginning to end,
"Andantino," "Dolce,"' "Afletuoso,"
Creiii5endi." "Piano." " Pianissimo," with
plmnfr'nr. V-evs.and flats and sliarrw, spring'
in" mt from unexiVctcd places ; but she had
coaqucrcd it alL Three or four accomplished
singers who bad come IruUl Huston, to pass
'Ihanksivinz in the country, and who had
attended the last rch. arsal, were in raptures
with 3Iary's singing. They bad neurit lea
csco.and Bifcaccianti, and Madam Ihehop;
and yet. said they, "forn country girl, she
is a prodigy."
Indue time, Thanksgiving day arrived ;
snd the congregation assembled. AtTength
came the Anthem. It even went beyond ex
pectation. A long "rest" immediately pre
ceded the solo. It wa- m rest tor "poor
little Mary." It was the most anxious
minute sho had ever asd She aroso,
blushing and trembling. Her agitation
gave a tremor to htr voice, which added to
thepatlioe of the music It was beautiful.
Now, Deacon Goodman always made it a
rale, when any accident detained him until
after wortbiD had commenced, to come in
very softly. Ilow different from the fashion
able flourish ! All were intent on the solo.
None heard, and but few saw Deacon Good
ruin enter his new. and take up tbe ebect
oa which tbe words or the anthem wcro
printed. The Deacon soon found the place ;
4tm t.t?nnt(n r the. elirvlr irui .to, nerfeet
t,iJl, IllUl.liaUUU wa w -' 1 ai t- .iv-. ..... -
horror of "little Mary" he "struck in,'
and accompanied Iter through the w hole solo.
r. i , i t . ei it. ? .1 .i.ii Ti
accompanied --vn iu mc stiuy nigm,
accompanied by Capt. Bragg's lottery,
would give some notion of it. Poor littlo
Mary was 6ick for a fortnight. "Why don't
you cut that old fellow's tongue out?'' said
one of the Boston singers ? "What good
would that do?" said the choir leader, "he
would howl through his nose " They were
all very cross. Ah for the Deacon he looked
around as innocent as a lamb, and thought
1'C had sting as well as any r them.
Immediately after meeting the choir leader
called on the minister. "Sir." said he,
"this must stop : If Deacon Goodman
sings again, llo not.'"
"Oh 1 know it," said the minister, "1
have long felt the difficulty ; hut what can
wc do .' Deacon uoodman is a most excel
lent man; but his only faults, arc that he is
rattier set in his troy and trill sing in meet
But Deacon Goodman is a reasona
ble man," said the choir leader."
'On most occasion, replied the minister.
"Do go and see him, sir for my mind is
made up : If he sings in mating, 1 do noL"
"Deacon Goodman," said the minister,
'I have come on a delicate errand; 1 have
come to present tho respectful request of the
choir that you will not again sing in
The Deacon was thunderstruck : lint he
soon recovered, " Singing is praying" said
he . They may just as well ask me not to
pray : I shall sing in mating." And on
tho next Sunday, sure enough lie did : loud
er, and if possible, more iuhainionioiw than
ever. The mm singers looked daggers at
liira ; the girls hid their smile Mimd their
music hooki. Little Mary was nut there.
" This iW.' stop," said the choir leader.
I will no and Me him u.vtcll."
" Deacon Goodman, wc all most highly
respect vou. jh yon must well know. Hut !
joii hare not the musical vonv. and it is tho I
earnest wi-h ol the olioir, and many ol the
euo-jrotKin, that you do not again y "i ,
meeting." The Deacon S thunder- j
struck, but soon recover, d. "Singing ir '
urayin-:" said he. " and tiny uiight 4 well ;
j tell me not to pray. 1 shall sing mxtmg.
i The good Deacon war dr.-t.lti.lly " set in
' his way," and i it went on nirain week
after week, m tlie same old way
Hut an incident oocuircd. which ivntnb-
"ted much to bring thia singular owtoi
crisis Aboui two miles irou the Deacon s
oomioriaoie uweiiiD, (oerc
hovel, which imnerfpetlv sheltered the
wretched wife and children of a still more
On one of the mot inclement evenings of
a New England January, the Deacon started
out. What did he care lor the storm ? " 1
am going on God's errand," said lie to him
self. "I am going to visit the worse than
widow and fatherless." The next thing he
said was, " Oh, get out." That he meant
for tbe prompting of hw own proud heart.
Misery, misery, indeed did he find in
that most miserable dwelling. The poor
wretch himself, was drunk on the floor The
poor pal woman was sobbing her very heart
out. The children were clamorous: and
hut few were the worus ol their clamor.
" 1 am cold," "I am hungry" and that
was all. The Deacon brougb't in wood and
made up a fire: lighted a candle, and
emptied tlie lg and lkct ol foud he had
brought. The jioor ile woman wept and
sobbed Iier thanks. "Oh, you varmint,"
said tbe Deacon, as he looked at the husband
and father; and broke oil' a piece of bread
for tbe children. The general ooti. motion
aroused the u r wretch from his drunken
stupor. He looked up and rceogniicd tbe
- "Hullow, old music," said be, "arc you
here? givo us a stave, old nightingale. Sing
as you do in meeting. Sing and scare tlie
rats away." "Why, whni on earth does
the critter mean?" said the Deacon. The
poor, pale, grateful woman smiled through
her tears. She could not help it. She bad
been a singer in her better days : she had
aIo heard tho Deacon sing.
I do not record these incidents merely be
cause tbey are honorable to Deacon Good
man, but because tbey are particularly con
nected with my story, m mis crranu u.
mercy the good Deacon caught a very serious
cold ; it affected his throat, nnd his nose,
and even his lungs : and gave to his voice a
tone ol a cracked bass viol alternating with j
the shriek of a elarionctt powerfully hut
unskilfullv hbwn. "Now Deacon, said I
Mrs. Goodman, "you arc dreadful hoarse :
you H-on' sing to-morrow, will you?"
"Singing is praying and " and hedropp'd
nslcer. And sure enough he did sing to
morrow," and it surpassed all that had gone
before. "This is the last or it." said the
choir leader. "I have done." In the after
noon, the choir was vacant, some of the
singers aljscnt and others scattered about in
the pews. The Minister read three verses or
a psalm ; and then observed, "the choir be
ing absent, singing must ncccsssarily be
omitted." But Deacon Goodman saw no
such necessity. He arose, and sung the
three verses lnmeir' He stopped six times
to sneeze ; and blew his nose between the
verses, by way of symphony ! The next
day lie was sick abed. A parish meeting
was hastily cancu, anu a raoiuuuu ui.u.
mously passed, that "Whereas the solemnity
and decorum of public worship depend
much on the character ot the music : re
solved that hereafter, no person ehall sing in
meeting, in-this parish, without the appro
bation or the choir." 1'atbcr a stringent
measure; but what could they uo: iuc
Minister called on Deacon Goodman, and
banded him the resolution, tic rcau u over
times. He then calmly folded up the
paper, and handed it back to the Minister.
"This is a free country yet, I hope. 1
.!.; ; ,- mwinj." lie said wosc very
o-nriia lie was etreauiuiiv --rvi iu u
'JL. ...T.l H. XTtntcler "I
have a most rainful duty to perform: "I
III 1 1 Tl I I f i c in kiiu nil; .illMI.'..!
instructed to tell T0U, mai iu."
irttli the society must cease
Ti, nmmn stnrtr,! Irom his scat, nau
be full moon snlit into leur pieces, and
.tnnee.1 n ntmdrillc in the heavens; Orion
singing, and the loriiicrn icar grunuur
t.Ca i,e ennlil not have been more astoupicd,
He was silent. Emotion after emotion rolled
over his heaving spirit. "At length tears
canio to his rclicl," as they say in the
novels. He spoke, but almost inarticulate
ly. "1 know I am a poor unworthy creature;
1..., I tinru. trier will take me m somewhere."
ti, Minister went himself. Ilow could he
helnit? The Deacon's cold was nearly
ere,l - nnd about an hour after the inter-
!, wns seen mounted on old Mag,
heading due north. Four miles in that di
rcction7 lived the worthy Minister of another
mrish. The Deacon found him in his study,
Li 1., re-o bia Hanchtcr eonvin" music.
WIIVJC mcv . r- --w . .
She was a proficient in the art, and playca
i 1. !n lift fiither's church. She had
heard or the Deacon's musical troubles, and
-i, i,,r.t lom sinf. "Sir." said he to
the Minister, "there has been alittlediffieul
.111. .'..."- , . .
tv in our parish, which makes me feel it my
duty to withdraw ; and I come Jo ask tue
privilege of uniting with yours, (.i u
moment the young lady vanished from the
room.) "I much regret uicuuuvui.j w j-r-parisb,"
said the Minister, "and hope it will
be nmi-.t,l .ettte.1 tint if VOU finally
conclude to withdraw, we shall be most hap
py to receive you ; and when it shall please
tbe Lord to take cood old Deacon Grimes to
himseir (and a very Tew days must now give
him his dismission) wo shaft expect you to
.;t in his scat " After hair an honr's
pleasant conversation, the Deacon arose to
take his departure. At that moment, a boy
;n nnd handed a billet to the Minister.
n lnneed at the billet, and "Deacon, sit
moment." said he. Ho read the
t -ii-i. t iter some, hrsitatinn said. "I
have "received a singular communication
from cur choir leader ; he has somehow or
nther heard of your intention to join our
Sty -d bi heard of it with very great
sociciv , u " r.
nleasurc- but. DC aQOS tnai it w iuc catucc.
Xnanimouaish of tho choir, that you
-iii ni - In mettinar Tho Deacon was
I electrified, but had cot ueed to the ebock
. , r. . . - , - . . .
"Singing is praying, and 1 join no church
where I cannot sing in meeting, good day.
Sir." He was rrry "set in his way."
l ivo miles west ot his own dwelling, liv
ed the good Pastor or another flock. The
Deacon iound him sbellins corn in his crib.
ThH Minister had heard of the- Deacon's
musical troubles, and shrewdly suspected the
ouject ol Ins visit. "Deacon Uoodman, i
am glad to sec vou." said he, "this is not
exactly ministerial labor, is it?" "I am of
a different opinion," said the Deacon, "any
honest and useful labor is ministerial labor ;
I hate all dandies the Lord torgive me,
mean 1 don't like tbcm ; and 1 like a dandy
Minister least of any." "You and I are
agreed there, said the Minister, "come, walk
into the house and sec my wife ; she says
sue is in love with you lor vournoncsty ana
your oddities." "I never!" said the Dea
con, "but I thank you, I am in something of
u iiurrv ; anu nate u umc ijusidits mm-ii
we can just as well settle here.
"There has been a little difficulty in our
J'arish, which makes me led it my duty to
withdraw, and I have come to ask the pny.
ilegc of joining yours." At this the Utvcr-
enel gentleman looked as iflic was very much
surprised. "Is this possible," said he," well,
Deacon, though ati ill wind for them it is a
good one for us ; lor it has blown you hith
er. We shall be most happy to receive you
especially as our choir leader has followed
the multitude nnd gone West. Wc have
liecn looking aluut for a competent man to
take his place. Our singers arc al! young
and diffident, and each one is loth to take
the lead. o hear that you sing the most
difficult music, and "
"Why. mercy upon you,'-said the Dea
con, "I don't know one note from another.
1 know that singing is praying : and I -ing
in mee'tini: a- 1 pray in meeting '
"rlseuse me. my friend," replied the .Min
ister, "it i your mmlcrty that now speak- ;
you do iicderstaud music : you must under
stand music ; or vu could never sing Mo
zart with prottr expression ; and did not
you siug that uiost beautiful solo, which is
wortliv of an Ang. lVe-r and voire ?" Now
t!.i wns .ill tiirek to the Deacon, iind liken
sensible roan as he w. h. always said
n .thing h.n he liad notliing to iuy. "Vou
ay truly." continued the Minister, "that
singing i proving. Dut to th-iM who
know nothing ot music, it i praying in an
unknown tongue, and I am sure you are not
Papist enough to approve ol that: music is
a hnguage, ami like other language rau-t
be le-arncd before it can lie spoken. When
the deaf and dumb attempt to sak our
common language, they make strange noises,
and still worse noises do we make when
w itlto.it the mtisieal ear or the musical voice,
we attempt to sing." Thus sensibly did
that good Minister steak. Tie Deacon was
a good deal "struck up." Though srt in hit
iry, he was not a fool ; and only needed to
be touched in tbe right place. "It never
apjieared to me in that light bfore." said
the Deneoti thoughtfully.
"And yet my friend, it is the Irne light,"
said the Minister "And now, do let me
give you a word of adnce : Go home, and
take your old sear on Sunday ; and never
again attempt to sing in met ting. For il
your heart is right, your ear is ijntumil,
and your voice, tliough kind is anything but
musical. The Deacon saidiKthing,but thought
tbe more; He mounted old Mag: The Angel
of reflection came down. and sat
upe.n her mane, and looked him full in the
face-. JCcader, doe-s that seem incongruous?
Is the old marc's mane an improper seat for
an Angel? 1 am afraid you arc proud.
Who once rode on an Ass?
The Deacon pasrd a (Mint in the road,
where on one sidewa a sturdy oak that
had been blown over by a recent whirl wind,
and on the other, a flourishing willow,
gracefully bending before the passing brccie.
Od rabbit !" said the Deacon to him'elf;
it was the first word he had snoken, "to
think that I should be such an obstinate ok!
He approached his own village. The tea
son for Ins errand abroad had lieen strongly
suspected and tliey were ill on the look-out
lor his return. There stood the ehoir leader.
"Welcome home, Deaoun," said he, "hope
wc have not lot you yet." "Get out,'"
said the Deacon, with a good naturcd but
rather sheepish look, and on he went. There
stood the minister. "Welcome liomc, Dea
con, I liopc wc have not lost you yet."
"Get ;" be was just going to say get
out, but habitual reverence for the minister
cat him short. He looked at the Minister,
and tbe minister looked at him, and both
burst into a fit of lan-'hter. Tlie cboir lead
er came up and took tho Deacon's hand, nnd
joined in ihc merriment.
Deacon Goodman took his olu seat on
Sunday, but since that day's adventure, has
never sung in meeting.
The I.io.to:i Iw Decision. The decision
of the Supreme Court on the liouor law cases
is bavin" nn excellent eflect in stopping the
sale or liquor in all parts or the eomuicn-
wealth more so ot course in inc counirj
than in the large cities. The Ncwburyport
lltrahl savs of that city "Wc should think
one-half of the Americans had stopped sell
ing, and the foreign topulation arc more
largely supplied Irom private nouses. c
know of eight some of them very largely in
the business wlio nave discontinued within
as many days." And wc hear -.f similar re.
suits in other places, iune a numuer oi
places in this city lane 1 ccn closed, anu in
case the parties who are awaiting sentence
bcrore the courts receive severe penalties,
many more places will lie closed at once. V c
hope the good work w:ll go on. no.iim
Marie Amohc. ex-Ouetn of the French,
was buried beneath the Catholic Church of
Weybridge, England, on the 3d of April.
She was buried in the gown she wore when
she left France an exile, and in the cap she
wore as a widow, in accordance with a sol
emn reepicst by her, as indicating the two
guiding nnnciples ol tier iuc ucvouou m
her husband, and love for her adopted eoun-
1-nvALTV. The country Is lr-
rectlv settled about here, as to any disloyal
Trson dointr an unlawful act, or even ut
tering a single traitorous word.
The Kcv. Mr. ticld. the .vjctliouisi cicrcy-
man, whose meeting i nticnueu, hi
mo an invitation to come up to their meet
ing, said, " Wc mean to be jdain Christians,
nol at all starched up, but "intensely toyal,"
which is the ruling sentiment, in imo u..
or the State, at least. There are some ex-
rebels who arc sufkred to remain, hut nicy
dare not say a singlo traitorous or disloyal
. .- .1 i . i
wunl, on pam ol being oompciicu io itu.t
thc State forthwith, anu mis is ns it suuum
be in the entire S nth Holla. Mo., L or.
inmtTivT Drcisiov BtrrrAljO. April 13,
i.Tt T...I ctu r iln. United States
I i . UO UUUllt ....... n l.J , v. .....
. . nnrt j.-. rendered a decision In re-
hJ.on o th(j of the Unitt1t SuUt
Assessors. He decided, in tticcascoi inomas
Drown, of this city, tbat tho assessor had
.irtl.t tn erlevr Bnr assessment maue by
him and which has been transmitted to tne
collector and paid, and that the assessor has
.nitinriw unler law to rcauire any man
. : - 1 , .,,..h
to appear ior examination iu irgaiu
returns, nor compel bim to submit his books
Tor examination, and tbat the assessors pro
ceedings in all such casesarc a nuuuy anu
without color ot uw.
Tbe Fssiaxs. A despatch, from Montreal
I ,nmiiit ileteetiTs. who has lust made a
I trip on the American side of Lakes Erie and I MijJ
chf report, that the Fenians 'have fifteen
tckIj, besides scnooncrs anu
iDg with field artillery. rpmcnUtore.
I , , .,. ,n shinraenta of armi to tron-i
no aisocj. o j. ;. r5r
tier points aadj unutual activity in Fenian cir-
I ciei aiong u
GEO. V. 4. V. G. IlKNEIMCT.
EDITORS XSD rKOPBlETORS.
FRIDAY MORNING APItIL 27. 16CC.
THE TESTIJIOXr Of ALEXANDER II. STEHIEXS.
Alexander II. Stephens, or Georgia, late
Yice President or the Southern Conrcdcracy,
has been on the witness stand bcrore the
Hcconstruction Committee, nnd hi) testimo
ny is published at length. As n leading
Southerner, a reluctant secessionist, and an
ex-rebel with some remaining personal
character and rcsjicctability, his statements
are or value. Mr. Stephens .states that in
his opinion the people or Georgia desire to
become loyal citizen-1, nd that they have
totally abandoned the idea of secession. Wc
give his own language on thc;c joints :
It is now their belief that of the people of Geor
gia in my opinion, and I give it merely as an
opinion, that the snrcft, if not the only hope
for their liberties is the restoration ot the Con
stitution of the United States and of the Gov
ernment of the United States under the Consti
tution. I think the people gcneially arc satisfied suf
ficiently with the experiment never to resort to
that measure of redress again by force; what
ever may be their own abstract iJeas upon that
subject, they have Riven up all idea of a main
tenance of those opinions by a resort to force; i
they have come to the conclusion that it is bet- i
ter to appeal to the forums of reason and ju
tiee, to the halls of legislation and the courts
for the preservation of the principles of consti
tutional liberty, than In the arena of arms; it
is my settled conviction that there is not any
idea cherished at all in the public iniud of Ueor-
gin of ever resorting Spain to Secession or to the
exerci-c ef the right of Secession that whole
policy of the maintenance r their rights, in
ray opinion, is at this titoe t. -lly abandoned.
He gave siib-iinntly. some ot tbe icamn-
which had led the Siuthe'tn ixi4e to in-h a
conclusion, as follows :
First, the rwople are satisfied that a resort to
the exercise of this right, while it is denied by
the Federal Government, will lead to war, which
many thought, before the late attempted Seces
sion, would not be the case; and civil wars, they
arc also very well satisfied, are dangerous to lib
crty; and, moreover, their experience in the late
war, 1 think, has satisfied them all that it great
ly endangered their own: I allude especially to
the suspension of the writ of habeas corpus.and
the military conscription, the proclamation of
martial law in various places, general impress
ments, and the levying of forced contributions,
as well as the very demoralizing effects of war
Whether opinion had changed much on
tlie question of the abstract right of Secrs-
ion, lie could not soy.
Mr. Stcpbcrs further testified that general
universal suffrage among the colored people,
would now be considered by "our top!e,"
"our" people being ol course mhite tro
pic as "about as great a political evil as
could Ix'fal them." Individually, he said.
he would not U' oMKy-ed to "a r.ron-
er syptem or limited suffrage for the
Macks ;" hut he did not think that
the Georgians.cven to secure representation
and political power in thcgovcrnmcnt,wouId
be willing todo anything more than hoy haic
already done to secure rcstotatiun ; they
would neither 1j willing to extend suffrage
to the negroes, nor consent to the exclusion
of ibe negroes frvm tho basis of representa
tion, n conditions precedent to full restor
ation, K-lieving that Congress bos
no right under the Constitution to prescribe
such conditions, and that the suffrage ques
tion i one of State policy, over which Con
gress ls no control.
The late slaves, he testified, arc generally
at work : behave on the whole much better
than the most hopeful I ok'ii Tor," and af
fairs Iwtwcen the employers and employed
were in tlie main going on smoothly and
Mr. Stephens was by no means tirh a
know-nothing on the stand as General Ijcc :
nnd hi representation of the -tate ol things
at tbe South is oa the whole perhnpns favor
able as could have lieen expecteo. We dis
cover in it little, however, beyond the fact
that so prominent a Southerner ns Mr. Ste
phens is willing to absent to limited suffrage
for all classes, white and black, to encourage
hope of a speedy solution or the Southern
problem. Had the gotcrnmpnt presented ibi
conditions, ol equal rights for nil bcrore the
law, when tbe rebels laid down their arms,
they would have gladly accepted them nnd
thought themselves let off cheaply ; now
they talk aliout their " rights " under the
Constitution they have been laboring to de
stroy, and grow exacting as time goes on.
We trust that our wise and strong men in
Congress will lc able soon to present a plan
or reconstruction, to which the loyal North
can give its hearty assent. Then ir tbe De
mocracy, with or without tbe President,
choose to make issue upon it, let the i"uc
be formed, and God defrnd the right.
Another Speech by the President.
Mr. Johnson has been talking again from
the steps ot the White House. While less
violent in tone than his famous one of Feb.
22d, it still maintained substantially the
same ground. He insisted on the right of
the Southern States to immediate represent
ntion.-lcavmg to each House or Congress
the right to reject traitors, and announced
that be should fight it through on that line.
The speech was mainly devoted to personal
vindication, alter the following style :
I think I have given some evidence that I
have been sincere and in earnest; and now 1
want to know why it is that the whole train ot
1 . iml e.lnmni.far. and tntilncers
have been barking and snapping at my heels 1
(Cheers.) Why is it that they array themselves
against mel Ia it because I stand on the side of
tbe people.' And w&en i say ine peop'i.. 1
include the soldiers and sailors. ( Cheers.) " ?r
is it that they are arrayed in traducing and Til-
hfying and calumniating me. Where were they
daring the rebellion? ( T,c ".f'"
? i-augnwr.i .u .uC ,,r.t
voice against it; and when it was believed that
it would U to the interest or tbe nauon.anj,. hoped the President would
would assist in putting down the rebellion, did I , . T f then n Mkrf
not leave my place in i the fcenate-a piaceoi
emolument, ease and distinction, and take my
position where the enemy could I b. rehedd
where men s lives were in danger! (Cheers,
and cries of " That's so.") While I was tnus j
exposed personally and publicly, and in every J
way, some of my present trad oxers and calam- J
ntators were tar removeu irom me iuc, iu ..
enfovintrease and comfort. (Cheers and laugh-
ter.) But I care not fcr them; I care not that
slander, that foul whelp of sin, has been turned
loose against me. I care sot for all that; and
let me tell jou here to-day, that, although pret
ty well advanced in life, I feel that I shall live
long enough to live down the whole pack of tra
ducers and slanders. (Applause.) They have
turned the whole pack loose to lower me in yoar
estimation. (Vofces "They cannot do it- )
Tray, Blanche and Sweetheart. little dogs and
all, come along Rapping and inaxling at my
haelt. Bat I feed this not (Chters.)
have been contending against trait-
treason, and stces'ten aid the diuolu-
thc Union, I have been contending at
tbe same time aeain-t tbe consolklation of pow
er here. (Cries of -'good.") I think the con
solidation ot power here is eim.illy dangerous
with the separation of the States. (Cheers.) The
one would totter us and might run into anarchy
while the other would concentrate and eventu
ate in monarchy. (Cheers and cries of "Can't
do it.") Ob, bat there is an idea abroad that
one man can be a usurper, but that a hundred
or two hundred men cannot. Mr. JeQVrson, the
apostle of liberty, tells us. and so does common
sense, that tyranny and despotism can be exer
cised by many more rigorously, more vigorously
and more tyrannically than by one. What pow
er has your President to te a tyrant . What
can he do ? What can he originate . Why,
they say he exercises tho veto power. (Liughter)
What is thereto power. (A voice "To put
down tbe nigecr." Laughter.) Who is your
President (Several voices "Andy Johnson.")
Is he not elected by the people through the elec
toral college ? The President is nothing more
than the tribune of the people. I thank God I
am. and I intend to assert the power which the
people hive placed in me. (Cheers) Your Presi
dent, standing here day after day and discharg
ing his duty, is like a horse on a tread-wheel;
and because he dares differ in opinion in regard
to public measures he must be denounced as a
usurper and a tyrant. Can he originate any
thing under the veto power .' I think the veto
power is confervative in Its thiracter and affir
mative. All that can be done by the veto pow
er is to soy, when legislation is improper, hasty,
uunise, unconstitutional, "stop actkn. Wait
till this can be submitted to the people, and let
them consider whether it is riicht or wrong."
(Applause.) That is all there is in it; hence, I
eay that tyranny and iwer can be exereised
somewhere else than by tbe Executive, lie is
potteries. All that he can i- to cbeck legis
lation; to hold it in a state of ibrvanci till tbe
people can consider and undcis' twl whit is be
in? dune. Then, wtrt hi lnii ! ne ' I have
dune what I belieied the cunstitutinn ri-uiml I
lue to do. (Applause.) I have Jutie what I be- ;
beted duty and conscience required lue to do.
(Cbtrs.)"So MirviDg. I intend to stieL to lor '
(sitiuu, relying ou the judgment, the istegnty i
ami tbe intelligence of the ma-iesnt the Amen-
can people, the Miers and -li'-.i rxprtfedy.
Who ka. ritl penlM uo.re than Jte j
bumble individual woo addresses v u Has not I
,, . ' . . .. . .. ' , ,
mv all been put on it-my bfr. my pn petty'
sacred ami dear to luaii has been
lfated upon it. Aud can I now he suspected ot
'ulterior at tbe close of th'e th'nl ordeal of the
nation? Where is he, in pnWie or private life, !
who has sacrificed more, or who has devoted
more of his time and energies to the accomplish
ment of tbe great end, than I And I hive done
it from the promptings of my own heart and
ainiwidnAe. I believe it waa riirht. And with
your hearts, and your countenance, ami your
encouragement I shall go tlm ih . t. that line.
(Cheers ami laughter.)
It must strike all as unfortunate that the
President cf the United States should deem
it necessary, m addressing a puty or sol
diers and sailors who called to (ay him a
compliment, to go so elaborately into his
own defence: to siend so much breath in
unking; himself out to he a persecuted man :
to announce with such earnest and abundant
iteration that he docs not notice or heed tbe
" calumniators" to whom he gives so much
attention : and to proclaim the " sawifices"
ho lias had to undergo in a steady advance
ment from the bottom lo the top of tlie
political ladder. In general, it is unfortunate
tltat tbe President should talk ia much
about himtelf, and If that must be the subject
of his studies, it M very unfortunate for
him that be baa not some friend, inthsetstial
enough to induce hhn to refntia from nnblie
Still AtiotherSpefch by the President.
The colored people of Waahington cele
brated tbe anniversary of the abolition or
slavery in tlie District of Columbia, on the
l?"tb, with a grand procession. They march
ed to the front of the White 1 loose and
were addressed by President J .I.ns m. who
said, among other thing'
Tbe time will oome when it will he made
known whocontributed as much as any other
man. and who, without being considered egotls-
tVsal, I may say contributed more ia procuring j
tbe great national guarantee ef the abolition of
.slavery, in an tne ciaies iv ur nimniwi
of the amendment to the oootti
liv tbe ntlBeatlon
tution of the Cited States, giving a national
guarantee that slavery shall no longer be per
mitted to exist. I he been engaged in this
work, in which my all has been periled I was
.... in it a hnlibr. nordM 1 ride the
coUr.il men tor tbe sake of gaiuing power )
What I did wa for the purpose of establishing j
the great principle of freedom ; and, thank God.
I feel and know it to be so that nry courts have I
contributed as much, if not more.in accomplish
ing this great national guarantee, than those of I
any other living man in the Lnitcd Males. U , Krate watcrtli by many tears and venerated for
is very easy for colored men to liave pretended i(8 t3 rtj jQ.ti Hn,ie tne nobie !p;nt wj,icl an.
friends ensconced in high plices, ami far remov- jm.tcii that clay his ascended to give an ac
ed from danger.whose eyes have only ahetracted- i count of ;,s mjff;on upon earth, and to enjoy,
Iy gazed on freedom, who have never exposed a, e msy weU Mitt tnt reward of a well
thetr limbs or ppiperty, and who Deter centn- I ijf.
butcda sixtenee in furtherance of the great, vyhen, Mr. President, a man, however emi
causc, while another periled his all and every- DCDt jn ctlier rurtaltSi nd whatever claims he
thing sacred and dear to man ; and thor whom
be raised and who lived with him now enjoy his
property with his consent and receive his ail
and assistance. Yet some assume to lie, and
others who have done nothing are considered,
the great defenders and protectors of the colored
I trust in God the blessings which have been
conferred lilay be enjoyed and appreciated by
you, and that you may give them a proper direc
tion. There is something for all to do. You
have high and solemn duties to perform, and
you ought to remember that freedom is not a
mere ide. It must be reduced to practical
reility. Men in being free ought to deny them
selves many things which seem to be. embraced
I in tho idea of universal freedom. It is with you
to give evidence to the world and to the people
of the United States whether jou are going to
appreciate this great boon as it should be, and
that you arc worthy of being freemen. Then
let me thank you with sincerity for the compli
ment you have paid me.
Mr. Johnson's sjceh, nprartntly did not
convince the darkies that lie wns their
only fritnd, ns they reserved their lieartitst
j applause for the Congressmen, who came
out on the porticos or the Capitol as the
procession went by by. Many eT the frced
mcn showed their understanding nt the case
by exclaiming amid their cbeets, " Dcm
yere Congressmen am our Moses." They
were !uhequcntly nddressed by Gen. How
ard and Senators Trumbull and Wilson.
1 Mr. Wilson said
m I aJ jnfoTmcj that tht President in
h rcnm!cd ,hit the colored popu-
i!nn wt,t soon discover who were their
rral frfends. He was not here to dispute the
prcs;jen,.8 c,a:m to Hed their friend. The
. in ,he executive chair by
the votes of anti-slavery men. and they only
' Mkcl htm to exercise its high functions lor trie
, ,. nf ,. , .nj tn3 T5DJication
, g0 forward; and they would hail him
? j f b(. b,k whentrer
Concressio.nal.-Wc copy a little more at
length the proceedings in the Senate on
Wednesday, on the habeas corpus act. The
act is intended to protect the officers and
agents of the government, from tbeconsc
epucnecs of ecixurcs and arrests, made by
them during tho rebellion, by the President's
orders. Mr. Edmunds of Vermont, offered
! an amendment confining the operations of
the act to tho States in wnicn maruai law
was in force, lie said :
He was opposed to throwing the shield of an
txpoil facto law over officers who had transcend
ed their power in regions where there waa no
occas'on for iL Fie was not in favor of shield
ing the man, while recruiting a company in the
North, bad stolen a horse or committed some
other breach of law. He saw no necessity for
it. lie thought a bill of indemnity rather than
an edict of defence wonld best accomplish tbe
Mr. Cowan of Pa., endorsed the amendment
of Mr. Edmunds and the views expressed by
aim. He was very well aware of the difficulty
of protecting officers in the conscientious dis
charge of their duty, and at the same time cf
protecting citizons from the tyranny and oppres
sion of malicious officers. The difficulty was
how to draw the bill and accomplish both pur
poses, protecting the officers and doing justice to
tbe citizen. He believed those most entitled to
the protection ot the government were the loyal
people of the rebel Slates.
Mr. Clark hoped the amendment of Mr. Ed
munds would not be adopted. There were three
thousand suits pending in one State which had
never seceded .against loyal men and Union
officers for acts done in nuttins down tbe re
bellion, lie was surprised that the amendment
should have come from Mr. Edmunds, bat he
was not surprised that it should be endorsed by
Mr. Edmunds hoped Mr Clark would not re
ject the paper because of the poorness cf the
Mr. Clark said that in one Stato a court had
ruled that an act done in aid of the rebellion
was justifiable; but an act done by a Union ofil
cer was a crime.
Mr. Johnson of Md., inquired what authority
there was for that statement
Mr. Clark said he had the authority of a man
who was in the court when such a decision was
Mr. Johnson said it mut have been made by
some justice of the peace.
Mr Clark said it was not by a j sticeof the peace
He continued his argument against the amend
ment of Mr. Edmunds. It was proposed only
to protect men who had committed certain acts
in obedience to orders.
.Mr. t'onness, (rep.) of California, said rebels
were Wing pardoned every day; amnesty was
being granted every day to rebels for the high
est ot crimes, and why not extend an amnesty
to men who had committed these trespasses in
Ihe discharge of loyal duties?
Mr. Edmuudi resumed the Uoor in defence of
''''lUwspoke against the amendment as
1 . . cr u u
onlculiled to do wrong to Union officers, by ex-
. . ... J.,. . . ' .
'.. . ., ... ' 1 1
dice of civil juries.
1'hi' Eoston Traeeltr's Washington cor
rtoudeiit savs of Mr. Edmunds' action in
The Democrats are elated by his conduct,
and the Italtimorc Sun says, this A. M.:
" The speech of the new Senator from Ver
mont, Mr. Edmunds, on the bill releasing mil
itary officers from all penalties fur invasion of
private rights, was regarded very favorably by
the lovers of the Constitution and the laws. Mr.
Edmunds advocated the passage of his amend
ment excluding from the provisions of the bill
nets committed in any of the loyal States. His
reasoning was cogent and forcible. Although ex
pressing his desire to extend all proper protec
tion to these who had honestly done their duty,
be was eppesed to passing such a eweeping law
as proposed by this bilk Mr. Edmunds' course
produced considerable surprise en the part of
toe radical majority in tne senate.
Mr. Clark very dejrecatirgly observed
that such pturotitions as this Lad not here
tofore eome from Vermont.
Aa a general rule, wc think the less com
fort the democrats get out of the action of
our Vermont representatives, the letter tor
the latter. Hut those who suppose that Mr.
Edmund's course in tbe matter indicates any
particular weakness or the knees, or inten
tion to side with Cowan, Doolittlc, Johnson
Co., on tlie main question of the session,
will we fancy, discover their mistake in time
I'onsrei-Ioiml Honors to the Memoiy
KK.MAItHS OP MR. FESSEM1EX.
Mr. I'retident In attempting to speak cf
one so long associated with us, and endeared to
cs by so many rare and excellent qualities as
the late Senator Foot, I cannot but fee! impress
ed with the difficulty of doing perfect justice
either to the man or the occasion a difficulty
increased by the long uninterrupted, almost
brotherly friendship which existed between him
and myself. But. difficult as the task may be.
1 cannot, tt 1 would, withhold my tribute to tbe
c,in,cicr an j memory of
amj n0 btj ,y ji n;a
one so much beloved
aaasvj" tft in tniwif af.
The death of cur fnend was so unloosed tor.
his promise of prolonged life and continued
usefulness seemed so secure, it is hard to real
ize that his place is vacant and that we sLall see
bim no more upon earth. Bat yesterday he
stood among us, imposing in the beauty and
ttateliness ot perfect manhood his face beaming
with kindliness, his whole aspect dignified and
serene, glowing with health and vigor. To-day
all that was mortal ol' our friend and brother.
reposes in a distant grave, among inose Dy
noni he WM 0Tej trusted and honored, a
may have to public confidence, becomes a mem
bcr of this body.be has much to learn and much
to endure. Little does he know of what he will
have to encounter. He may be well read in pub
lic afTiirs, but he is unaware of the difficulties
which must attend and embarrass every effort
to render what he may know available and use
ful. He may be upright in purpose and strong
in the belief in his own integrity, but he can-
' not even dream of the ordeal to which he can
not fail to be exposed, of bow much courage he
must possess to resist;the temptations which da!
Iy beset him ; of that sensitive shrinking from
undeserved censure, which he must learn to con
trol ; of the ever recurring contest between a
natural desire for public approbation and a
sense of public duty; of the load of injustice he
must le content to bear, even from those who
should be his friends; the imputations on his
motives, the sneers and sarcasms of ignorance
and malice, all the manifold injuries which par
tisan or private malignity, disappointed of its
obiect. may shower upon his unprotected head.
r i n . 1 ' :. V-
All luis, Il lie nouiu acutiu uis luitui, w
must learn to bear unmoved, and walk steadily
onward in the path of public duty, sustained
only oy tne reurcuvu luavwuic lunjt uu uiu. no
tice, or, it not, that his individual hopes and as-
mrations. ami even his name among men jnootd
lie of little account to him when weighed in the
balance against the welfare of a people, of whose
destiny lie is a constituted guardian and ueienu-
To such an ordeal, Mr. President, our lament
ed friend was subjected for fourteen years at a
most trying period, and admirably did he lear
Throueh all this lonz period of fourteen
years, checquercd as they were with great
events, the course of ordinary legislation has rt
nnired a hizh decree ol intellectual power. In
a country like ours, where progress is so rapid
change so instantaneous, the human mind so
. . 1 , , ,. ,
active, new nci'is oi enon so urai anu uiversi
fied. legislation must accommodate itself to the
necessities and often to the Impulse of the hour.
It is impossible here to travel steadily in ancient
ways. The legislator who stands still will not
meet the renuiremcnts or our day.
Of such our friend was not one. With an in
tellect broad and powerful in Its grasp, and en
larged by stuJy and reflection, limited by no
narrow or sectional views, just and liberal in
spirit, looking upon his country as a whole, and
lovinir it In all its parts, nothing that could aid
In its development or advance its best interests
failed to receive his sympathy and support
And seldom was his deliberate judgment at
fault. To say that ho might not sometimes navs
erred would be proclaim him more than human.
To assert that he was never willfully wrong, or
erred where wise and good men mignt weu
differ, is doing him no more than justice. The
erowninir beauty of his publio life, more than
all else, was that whatever he did, however he
might act, no spot was leu upon ine perieci
enamel of his character aa a legislator. Malice
could not stain its whiteness In' all that be
did there was that transparent' truthfumeat
which attracts and secures the ceafideact ot
friends and compels the respect, and even the
admiration, of adveiiaries enemies, he had
A stranger, Mr. President, upon entering
this Chamber, and casting his eyes around upon
the Senate.couldn't but be struck with the impos
ing presence of our departed friend and asso
ciate and attracted by the rare union o. mild
ness and dignity in bis expressive features. If
he rose to speak, the commanding yet pleasing
tones of his voice, the noble grace of bis de
meanor, tbe elegance of his language, and his
clear and forcible statement, would deepen the
Erst favorable impression. If called to the
chair, aa he was more often than any othtr,
that leemed to be the place he was made to fill.
There wag exhibited his remarkable love
of order, his impartiality, his sense of
senatorial propriety, hit entire fitness to
preside over and control tbe delibera
tions of what should be a grave, decorotu, and
dignified body of thoughtful men charged with
great trusts and alive to their importance.
Whatever was in the least degree unbecoming
was offensive to his feelings and his taste, but
however these might be offended he never
fcr a moment forgot what dm to tbe Senate,
and to himself as its officer. Would that his
precepts and his example in these particulars
may net be lorgottrn. Often, air, when we
look upon the chair you occupy, however ably
and faithfully it may be filled, must we think of
him whose admonitions we well remember, and
to whose unshaken firmocss and unweared pa
tience we were so often indebted for the preser
vation of that respect which we owed to our
selves. Averse to much speaking, Mr. Foot did not
otten address the Senate, and never but after
careful thought; and yet he possessed every ad
vantage for distinguished success. His mental
powers, as I have before remarked, were care
fully trained and cultivated, his command of
language was excellent, his tan e correct, his
voice sonorous, and his action at once graceful
and diiruified. That with such advantages he
should have taken so small a share ia J.Lite,
especially in later years when he had become fci
miliar with public atfvirs. must seem not a lit
tle singular to those not acqumnted with hi
habits of thought and his peculiar temramejt
The explanation, however, is simple, and niy
be found in his raraarkable want of stlf-appre-ciation.
Modest to a fault, he lever did any
thing like justice to his own powers. To others
and especially to those who possef.-cd his confi
dence and affection, he did more than justice
being too ready alway to receiveond defer to ihe
opinions of others in no rtspect superior to him
self. Thence it followed that he seldom address
ed tbe Senate upon subject which occasioned
Often have I known him to insist that hit
name should be struck from an important com
mittee, in older to replace it with the name of a
friend or assosiate to whom he thought the dis
tinction would be grateful. To him more than
any ether was assigned the unenviable task of ,
arranging these committees, not only because
all confided in his sense of justice, but because
of his disinterested magnanimity. I have often
thought that such generous abnegation of self
should not have been permitted. I know that (
on several occasions it waa percmpioriiy ulCa
ruled. That such a Senator, so useful, so modest, so
unassuming, so courteous, so kind, of a deport
ment so unexceptionable, should have won the
good-will of all his associates and the love of
many, and that his low should occasion univer
sal sorrow, may well be supposed. Those, how
ever, who saw and marked the crowds assembled
to witness the last sad ceremonies, and who
noted the many weeping eyes which looked upon
his coffin, would naturally be led to conider
that nothing in the routine of his public career
could account for a grief so deep and so general.
Men are cot apt to be mourned with tears for
public services, or even on account of public
or private virtue. Great istellectuaj preemi
nence may excite admiration , but when the light
goes out its absence occasions but a weak and
transient emotion. Gifts and qualities like theso
come nol near the heart." The secret or all
that genuine and unatfteted sorrow fur the
friend we have lest lies in the feeling of all
who came within his sphere, that his wis a true
and coble and loving nature. Impulsive and ,
ardent in temporament, he was kind, generous, i
and forgiving. If injury excited him to aagtr,
it was a generous anger, which could hardly
outlive the occasion, and perished of itself let ,
alone. Enthusiastic in his friendship, no labor
was too severe, no sacrifice too great for those to
whom he gs.ve his affection. He was proud of
his country, of his State, of his friends. For
himself he was humble. Of an opea hand, his
charity was instantaneous and unsuspecting. If
"He prayetb best, who loveth best
All things, loth great and small :"
then was he a man of prayer. And if "the
chamber where a good man meets his fate" is
holy, then may we rejoice who were permuted
to feel the loveliness of his dying hour.
Admirable Senator : patriotic citizen '. good
and true man ! dear and cherished friead ! this
scene of your many labors will know you ao
more, bat long will your memory dwell in thest
Halls ' This marble pile, bearing the Impress oi
your watchful care, is one of your monuments.
Its massive pillars will stand erect, giving their
testimony to our country's grandeur long, long
after we and generations yet to eome shall have
passed like shadows upon the water ; yet he
bo. like yourself, shall have performed nis
daty in life and died with a Christian's hope.
will survive when all time columns snail tie
lost to sight in the accumulated dust of ages.
REMARKS Of MR. SUMNER.
.Ifr. PriiiJeHt There is a truce in this
Chamber The antagonism of debate is hushed.
Tht echoes of conflict have died away. The
white flag is flying. From opposite camps we
come together to bury the dead. It is a Sena
tor that we bury, not a soldier.
this the second time during the present ses
sion that we have been called to mourn a dis
tinguished Senator from Vermont. It was much
to bear such a loss once. Its renewal now after
to brief a period is a calamity without prece
dent in the history of the Senate. No State be
fore has ever lost two Senators to near to
gether Mr. Foot at his death, was the oldest Senator
in continuous service. He entered the benatrs
in the came Congress with the Senator from
Ohio (Mr. Wide) and myself; but he was aworn
in at the called session iu March, while the two
others were not sworn in till the succeeding De
cember. During this considerable space or
time. I have been the constant witness to his life
and conversation. It is with a sentiment of
gratitude that 1 look back upon our relations,
never from the beginning impaired or darkened
by any difference, rcr one Drier moment ne
seemed disturbed by something that fell from
me in the unconKiooa intensity of my convic
tions, but it was fcr a brief moment only; and
he took my band with a genial grasp. 1 make
haste also to declare my sense of his personal
purity and his incorruptible nature. Such ele
mcnts of character, exhibited and proved
throughout a long service, reader him an exam
ple for alL He is gone, but these virtues "smell
weet ant txossvn in the dust.
He was excellent in judgment He was ex
cellent also in speech, so that whenever he spoke
the wonder was tbat he woo spoxe so well
should speak so rarely. He was full, clear, di
rect, emphatic, and never wasdiverteu rrom tne
thread of his argument. Had he been move!
to mingle actively m debate, he must have ex
erted a commanding influence over opinion in
the Senate and in the country. Ilow often we
have watched bim tranquil in his scat while
others without bis experience or weight occu
pied attention. The reticence which was a part
of his nature formed a contrast to that prevail
ing effusion where sometime the facility of
speech is less remarkable than the inability to
keep silent; and again, it formed a contrast to
that controversial spirit which too often, like an
unwelcome wind, puts out the lights while it
fans a flame. And yet in his treatment of ques
tions he was never incomplete or perianeiory.
If he did not smy with the orator and parliamea
t.rt.n nt Fmnee. the famous founder of the
rinrlriaaire Khool of politics. M. K02r Col-
l.nl iti.t he hJ too much respect for his au-
.lt.nr. ..r tn auk attentioa to anything which
he had not firat reduced to writing, it waa evi
dent that he never spoke io the Senate without
careful preparation. Too do not forget his
commemoration of his late colleague, only a few
knrt arm. when he delivered a Funeral
n..t;n not nnworthy of the French school from
o-hieh this form of eloquence is derived. Alas I
u we listened to that most elaborat eulogy,
.v...l h atndT and penetrated by 'feeling, bow
little did we thick that It was so soon to be echo
ed back from bis own torno,
it. waa haccv in the office of Senator. It
waa to him si much at his "dukedom" to Froa-
ptro. He felt its booors and contested in uuues.
But be wa content He deaii ed nothing more.
Perhaps no person appreciated to thoroughly
what it was to bear th commisaioa of aStat ia
this Chamber. Sorely no person appreciated so
thoroughly all tho dignities which belonged to
the Senate. Of its ceremonial he was tbe ad
In the long warfare with slavery Mr. Foot
was from the beginning firmly and constantly
on the side of Freedom. He was against the
deadly compromises ot 1860. He Msled bis
shield in the small but solid phalanx of tbe Sea
ate which opposed the Nebraska bUL He was
faithful in the defense of Kansas, menaced by
slavery. And when at last this barbarous reb
ellion took arms he accepted tbe issue and Oil al!
tbat he could for bis country. Cut eves the
cause which fcr years he had so much at heirt
did not lead him into debate, except very sore
Iy. His opinions appeared in votes rather ihau
in speeches. Bat his sympathies were e-ilv
known. I do not forget that when I first eamt
into the Senate, and was not yet pelsnally
miliar with him I was assured by Mr.Giddsags.
who knew him well, that he belonged to the
small circle who would stand by Freedom, aad
the anti-slavery patriarch added pleasantly that
Mr. Foot.on hts earliest visit to the House ot Rep
resentatives after he became Senator, drew at
tention by coming direct'y to his teat'and sitting
by bis side in friendly conversation. Mr. Foot,
by the side cf Joshua R. Qiddings, in thosedays
when slavery still tyrannized, is a pietvre nut
to be forgotten. If our departed friead is no'
to be named among these who Imvi bora th
burden of this great controversy, be aiatt net
be forgotten among those whose sympathies
with Liberty never failed. Would' ttwt be and
done more. Let as be thankful that he did so
The office of President pro tempore atone u,
grows out of the anomalous refatssns of the Vie
President to the Senate There is no sock offi
cer in the other I!oue, nor was there in the
House of Commons until very reentry, when
we read of a " Deputy Speaker," which it th
term by which he is addressed whenia the chair.
No ordinary talent c an guide and control a leg
islative assembly . especially if it be numerous
or if it be excited by parly diUertoees. A good
presiding ..facer is like Alexander monatiag
liucepbaius. The nssembly knows its msat-r
" s a bor-e knows its rider ' Th.i war re
emiiieiitly the ease with Mr. Foot, sho was oft
en in the eh.ir, ami was for a eonsidarabie pe
riod ur 1'residt nt pro tempore Hers a- skew: t
a special adaptation, and power. II VSS ir. ;tr
skii "every nob " a President; so also rr at
in every s. und of the voire, n: carrirl into
the chair tht most marked iodividutoty that
has Leen s-n there dunog this geBsrsJioa. lit
was unlike anv other presiding oflesr. Ktc
but himself could ' his paraiM.
His presence was felt instantly. It tjtW! this
Chamber from the door to gallery. It aUnobed
itself to everything that was done. Vigsrsnd
dispatch prevailed. Questions ntrt rsd so
to challenge attention. Impartial jesth vs
manifest at once. Business in evsry Sbr T-r-
hsndled with equal eai;. Order vris cafcrcrd
iih no timorous authority. If ittt-r--ci
came from the gallery hot promptly r- l-a-ai-ed
his fulmmation. 1 f it came hnnj "V S'r
you have often seen him throT hissHf JntA, art!
then with voice o: lordship, uitauut -un
was in him.insist that dsb-Me siouM n vrroez.-
ed until order was restored. ' The Eerts me!
come to order." hi exelaimtil; tad e '-i-jiila
like the god Thor, he beat vrith hb : 7 k?m
nier in unison with his voice, sad 'h- "--.-bcrv
tions rsttl-d like thunde- in tic awa ,?.
His associates, as they recall his 1tr'l Sm,
silvered by time but bnmir-c yx s-
will not cetse to chsrish ths Tory c: tMtcr
vice. Hit image will rii before tVx j
faithful presiding office? by wion f "'-'-
of the Senate was maistnintvi. t-i bmsipe-: v-
advanced, and Psrliamentsry Lsr rms ip'rtV.
He had always looked -itr wrw- f.a
Capitol oct of the meat r-ra-rk: ! i"
the world beautiful ia ilse'i", Vut nen Hf -ful
still as the emblem nf thxt sttior'' e-i-?
which ht loved pi rtlL He -rjeyfu Us '-'-'
ment and improvenent. Ze Tretii.'- Tit ".
its marble columns as tby moved irto "-,
and its dome slit arctnd-d to fit. avi. Km
the trials of the ttsx eUd ret mix Vim fcr-:iit.
H is care secured thee- appronrntHn b- TfcV:
the work was ccrri-d to i:- tlon, a-rf e rtes
of Libert? ni is:tiUl or iri saMi-M r-- ssjaL
u .M natural that, ia hit last mo-crttr. r." 'i'v
wu failing list, he ioald lorj to r "it r
upon ax object Tiich wri to bim so da-. '. hi
early light of mornire; hiC co-no, ted i -."
ted ia his bed thrt hi rais-at o-.ci " b--
hold this Capitol with moral -asni; r -"-was
another capitol rhici al-e-ry b-m s ill
his vision, fairer thin your mirblr !acrr.
sublimer than your dome, htn Lits-i;
out any statue is glorified in ti:t serris hki
is perfect Freedom.
Presidential Vetoes. Th: Waihfcetoa
Chronicle gives the folbwing as the list of
vetoes issued since tbe formation or tho gov
By George Washington, J
By James Madison, C
By James Monroe, 1
By Andrew Jackson, C
By John Tyler, , 4
By James K. 1'olk, '" 3
By James Buchanan, 1
By Andrew Johnson, so far, 3
Tho terrific explosion whereby tho Liver
pool steamship European was blown to pieces
aj Aspinwall on tho 3d inst., and immense
damage done to the wharrand freight house
with the destruction of many lives, it ap
pears came from eevcral cases of nitro-glyccr-ine
which had been shipped for Uiliforoia,
without any indication or the dangerous ns
tuic of their contents. An explosion of the
same character at San Francisco, and tbe
one from a small box which exploded iu
front ol the Wyoming Hotel, in Greenwich
St., Sew Tork, tearing up ths street and ad
jacent buildings in a fearful manner, were
' beyond question caused by the same danger
ous material. An investigation in New
York city has shown that a company was
formed Tor iti manufacture m the vicinity or
tbe city, and that considerable quantities or
it were on store in public-houses in the city,
without any special precaution -ind noth
ng on the boxes to indicate iU true character.
It was speedily taken in charge by order ol
tho Mayor and removed outside ol tbe city
limits The fbllowtng account is given res
pecting the material ;
In 1ST a pupil of Mr. Peloute's, Mr. Solre
ro. discovered tbat glycerine, when treafe-1 with
nitric acid, waaeocverted iato a highly explo
sive substance, which he called nitro-glyctnat.
It is oily, heavier than water, soluble in aleoho'
and ether, and acts so powerfully oa tht urtotis
.1 . . . .: I ,1Hn 1. v. 1 en t Vim tin C.f
tysiem mv iusi "'! f"-e.- -r
the tonnne. will cause a violent heatUcbe, wn.c!
. (TL. 1 " 1 ......
will last wr ttverai nours. me uijuiu wiu. ,u
have been almost forgotten by chemists, and it
is only now that Mr. Xable, a Swedish engineer.
has succeeded in applying it to a very important
branch ot bis an nameiy, Diasung.
niner addressed by him to
tht Act leffiT i
Sciences, we learn that the cbiet a.iTn:g
which this substance, composed of ont part '
glycerine and three parts of nitria aci I. t. -s
sesses, is, that it requires a much small-r ho
or chamber than gun-powder does, tht streag'.
of the Utter beiag scarely ont tenth of the form
er. Henct. the miaer's work, which, aoxrdm t
to the hardness of tht rock, represents five t
twenty times the powtr of the gun-powdsr usl
is so short that tht cost of blasting is oftea rr
dttctd by fifty per cent. Tht procas is very
easy. If the chamber of the mine prsteata fi
tun, it must be lined with clay to mik it
ter tight ; this being done, the nitre glyerr t
is poured in. the water after, Which, twin g tht
lighter liquid remained at the top. A j'.
match with a well charged percussion e.p tt
one end is hen introduced into tbe nitn-ly-cerine.
The mice may then be sprung by
lighting the match, there being noaaedof Um?
Reckoning from the comjaralive vulumo
of gases produced by this substance and
gun-powder, its explosive power is pt v
eight times that ol gunpowder, when
equal weights are used, and thirteen fiats,
when equal bulks are taken. Probably II
thequickness of action bo regarded, its at
ttuctive power would bo fifty times that of
gunpowder. U ts evidently tco darxerous
a material for use except under the greatest
aid to tbe ajtosiiluacnt ol the congregation