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Burlington weekly free press. (Burlington, Vt.) 1866-1928, May 11, 1866, Image 2

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echoes and rnorstETCES.
The Bceujotos TTiiklt Free Peiss U pup
llsied every Friday morale;;, an! contains the
litest news; reports or Boston markets and Cam.
trfde CtUe Market , fall State, County and local
intelli;enee ; well selected Miscellany. Ac- lc"
No care and outlay Kill be spared to rraie It a re
liable, interesting and valuable famil) journal.
Tbe circulation of tl.e Fsic Patss exceeds Uiat
of any paper la the rejion, and It the rfc'sre, an
unrivalled medium foradrertiserf.
We deinc to give addltlccal attention to the lo-
ttl mit of tie varices towns In tblsani adjoining
Counties, in which cur Weekly bu a numerous cir
culation, and thall esteem It a lavr,r If oar readers
will ferward.ni any Items of interest.
Ts5ofTHiWrfi:LTFBtiPnrs per jear $J
in advance, aad If not strictly In advance. M.
President Johnson nml
the Southern
The President's sudden popularity with
the most unrepentant of the late rebel?, is a
hird thins for true men who would gladly
support the President if tbey cuuld, to get
along with. That Mr. Jolin.-cn can have the
CJnSdcnce and support of diametrical opr
sites, of men who still glory in their crime
and declare "wc do not repent" of treason
and rebellion, and oi the loyal northern masses
who fought through the war to forever put
down the "guilty fantasies" is impossible. Uu t
the President is rapidly securing, has already
secured, the apparently hearty adhesion of
the ex-rebels as a class. Hear one of then;
reconstructed secessionists,
tFrom the Jackson (Jliss.) Clarion, April 22
The speech ef President Johnson which wc
published yesterday, is another of his character
istically bold and honest demonstrations. While
we wire committing to paper our thoughts on
the qiestion ot "bow tar the fcoutn fhoul.l sup
port the President," we did not know how pow
erful reinforcement was advincing along the
telegraph wires to the support of our views. We
utterly repudiate tbe consideration ot tbe pur
blind, mole-eyed policy which io such times,
and under such circumstances as the present
would counsel reticence and reserve We must
speak-plainly what we think. I Ft rfo no! re-
pen we sneak not merely in our individual
person, but in the name of the Southern people
ice do not repent of the course tchirh four
years ago ire entered upon; wc leave it to pos
terity to say tbat we uiJ nebt. t by rrovi-
dence denied us success we know not cow. but
' we shall know hereafter, and even cow we
watch with interest from day to day. tbe
unfolding of the divine purposes concerning the
country winch He has decreed shall Dejone,
though many wise and good men thought differ
How singular the turn that affairs have taken
and how completely Providential. ihe good
natnrcJ buffoon whom the people of the North
chose to place in the chair cf Washington and
Jacason, was removed when his mission was ae
compIihd, and the hearts of Southern men al
ready depressed by the great misfortune that
was fresh upon them, sank deeper at the
thoueht that a ruler was then set over them who:
little finger would be thitier than his pred
ecessor's loins. We well recollect the remark
frequently made a year ago, that the death cf
Lincoln was the greatest disaster that could have
happened to tbe couth, liut instead of tbe des
pot whose accession to power was so much dread
ed, we see a man with all the honesty cf Henry
.Clay, tbe firmness of Andrew Jackson, and tb
boldness of William Pitt, combined with char
actenstics peculiarly his own, which stamp him
tbe man for the times. There is in PrcsiJent
Johnson a disregard for conventionalities that
makes him perfectly at home in not el circnm
stances where the cautious inquirer after pre
cedents would be completely lost for want of
a red tape clue to guide him. Conservatism itself
stands bewildered at a situation for which the
onditions of conservatism supply no formula
but a radical of the radicals, steps forth as the
preserver and restorer of the Cnion under the
If Southern men do not admire and applaud
such a man as this, it is because the God that
made them has reconstructed them in a way
hitherto unheard of taking away their old
heart and nivmn them instead a heart of dirt,
They arc not the people to give a half hearted
approval, nor it they were, are these in
times for it, or is Andrew Johnson the man to
whom it is due.
The New Tax mil. -
lion. J. S. Moeeill, Chairman ol the
Committee of Ways and Means, discussed
the new Internal Revenue bill on Monday in
the House. His speech was a very able and
exhaustive explanation of the provisions of
the bill, and ol the financial condition of the
country, and will be read with great inter
est throughout the country. We shall re
fer to it again. He was followed by Mr.
Raymond of Xcw York, in an able s pccc!i on
the hill.
The Republican Senators who desire to se
cure a further limitation of the President
power of appointment andrcmovnl.are, with
out doubt, acting from patriotic motived.
They are where they can judge Letter of the
President's purposes, and of the consciuen
cea' ol his probable action, than wc at thi
distance from Washington, and they ucfiucs
tionably believe that there is Tcry great rcril
to the country ahead, if Mr. Johnson is nl
lowed to carry out the measures to which his
democratic friends arc urging him. But on
the other band, the attaching to a necessary
appropriation bill an amendment like that
of Mr. Trumbull, is one of those expedients
which sometimes come back to plague the
inventors, and which better be nvoidcd il
possible. It seems to us that there is much
ejund sense in Senator Poland's- speech, as
we find it telegraphed at length to the Bos
ton Journal, and wc arc sorry wc can only
make room for an imperfect abstractor it.
There may be rpicstidns ol taste as to per
tions of it. We are onrfeiYcs commonly
quite as well suited, when our ripresi nta
tives let their record speak lor them in place
of ptrsODal vindication Johnsonian exam
ples to the contrary notwithstanding and
when they leave glorification tl Vermont to
others ; but the portions which may Iksvc
been spoken "for bunconilic' aside, the,
points which Uar directly on the me-ribi of
the case, fcem to us sensible and well taken
It will be seen tbat as sound and true re
publicans as Fcssenden, Foster and Wil-on,
voted foi the reconsideration It seem- to 1
conceded on all hands, that the amendment
is lost, in its present shape. If when the
subject comes up again such legislation can
be had,B8 shall scclh a permanent limitation
(for this and all subsequent administrations)
of the power of arbitrary removal and su
perceduie or faithful public serranls fjr
mere opinion's soke, the result will lc a
much purer state of national polities. I
The Appointing Power or the President.
, . ,.;r Mr. Trumbull' !
ine niouuu ' . . admits that be weuld have ncjcbjcction to that
amendment to the Post Office appropriation t!on of ,hc jn-njeent, which provides that
hill came nil in the Senate on Monday. The j if tbe President hall undertake to fill a vacan
oiu, ca f j hjcU fxijtjj ijcn the Senate was in session,
amendment was as toliows. ' after the Senate had a.ljourned, that the person
Norrson exercising or performing tbe duties ih ibom he fills that vacancy shall nofbe
rf wMch. t lawVis required to be ; M. W that .ini.ler or . resort to a desper
fflrfbylbVadviceandccnsent of the fccnate , ate sure? To what does he object J He
ihall before his confirmation by the Senate, re- objects because we will not pay a man who if
vl'anr sa'arr or compensation for bis services 1 pot Into office for the purpose of orerthrowmg
i,hlrMmmissKosdby the President to the Union party and turning the country over
m aSb M reason cf death, res- , to those who have been fighting us for fi.eyeara.
KSSof VernVof office during 1 The United State. Marshal of Pennsylvania and
xbeTteessro ihe Beoate. and since its last ad--i
.Vmrunent.oretDOTedor acts done in vwlationj
ifthe duties of .his office, the cand cause of!
toRmovaltobWttiortcdtothe Senate at it'
Btxt twwicxi.
A debate of four hours duration took
Mr. Poland (of Vt.)
tuck the ficor and
f?U feiv. HltiJT tbe. vamt.meDt.VaDtf?h" I
the bill iij;lf, with great hesitation, and with
the asin, it he could not became better sins- , , . f ,. . j "
fiedwithit, to move its reconsideration. Tbe 1 lwtlation. not amenamentg to rrropna
amendment Fas very general and comprehen- . tlu? b- Asscsiors.collcctors, postmasters,
sive in its terms, and denied any payment of , an1 3 re class of officers might be rheed
salary to efficers appointed by the President be-
tore weir cenarrnaticn, unless appoinieu io un i
vacancies happening during the rrces; by death, I
resignation, expiration of term, or removal fur ,
cScial misconduct. One of the mischiefs which
it is claimed to 1 designed to prevent, vas the ,
filling of vacancies which exist while the Senate (
is in session, wben there is an
ubirntt nominations, cr the st-p lutment in va
cation of persons rejected by tbe Senate in ses
sion. II the amendment hvl mi m eater so pe
than this, be would cheerfully snproit it: f.r
the language of the cens tilutir.n was chur, th.it
the president's power of appointment, without
tbe consent of thi Senate, i? u.ufciud to vacan
cies that happra during the rt-co?. The power
of the President to fill vacancies was not denied,
but the amendment declared tlmt, unless thev
hirpened in a peculiar way, the sahryof tbe
person appointed shoul 1 n-1 Iv pud , unl" V
consent of the Senate. He thought the mover
would not deny that tbectfrci . i' h'S .nutodrucnt
was to declire that appointment' to vacancies
cause 1 by removals for i!iiral re.ions siiouiu
not be confirmed. Jhis tonight up the old
question of the power of tbe President to remove
iron crocepcreons wnose cneinai spjxnaimems
could be mdc only by ccasti.t cttheSenste.
That was the boldly avowed ej iui' n of the Sen
ator from Missouri, (Henderson) and liis argu
ment, could the iuection le considered an open
one, would go f.tr towards c-nuncing him (Mr.
Poland) tbat such was the troe censliuction ot
the constitution. If Senate! ', had power to re
lue appropriations to pay "ilar.es ot execiitue
officers, he held that its exerc'-e eoull only ! I
justifies, a l..t resort, to p.even, usurion, j
ortbeuestractir.,, ot the me..i u b'l (Kansas). McPougal, Morgan, Xesmith. Xor
If the President has not the legal and constim , iii,r.i. Ri.tll s.nl.l ,,r fii, L.
tional power of retnoval.wliy n-t say oUistinet ;
ly? If we would adopt the J..-tniie of tbe fcn j
and manly waj? After a uniform cxerri-e of the
power oy Cery 'iuuisiiaivf' eiihx luiuij-
tion of the constitution, and after at least thirty
years of unJoubted and utiiu-.tiiOvd use thcre-
01, uoes 11 oecomc me reuaie io no u in mc in
direct and sinister way proposed by th's amend
ment ? If such is tbe design, is it exactly ojn,
honest dealing tolol'ter it up by affecting to be
lieve that tbe President transcends ins power oy
making such removals . llut it coneedes, he
affirmed, the constitutional power to remove on
its face, by providing that removals for miscon
duct in office shall be excepted from tbe piuhibi-
ticn of payment. It could m.i Le sakl tbat be
bas the power to remove for one cause but net
for another. Ihe idea was strange and mon
strous, that a man who legally holds an ctlce.
and properly performs its duties, should not l-e
paiu because his sppomimeni was panicuiariy
unsatisfactory. He believed such a position to
be wholly indefensible, wrong in principle, and
one upon which no party eoukl stand. He hap
pened to say, in ottering the motion to reconsid
er, that the doctrine seemed t.- him almcst l ev
olutionary. He had since learned that no rad
ical Unionist bad a right to use that word, and
he would, therefore, take ietue to withdraw it
He stated the erigm and status of the contro
versy between Congress and the President, and
slid neither showed as yet a disposition to yield'
to the views of the other, but to appeal to the
people in the election of the next Congress.
The truth U that tbe President, if he enter
tains any such design, cannot build up for him
self against the Union party a Presidential party
of any considerable numbers without having in
it the men nho opposed every measure for the
pullins down of the rebellion, who discouraged
enlistments, opposed the draft, voted the war a
failure and many other things ot that character.
This very fact will destroy his party if he en
deavors to make cne. W here these men go the
people will not. The people look upon the
thing as they did during the war not as an or
dinary ijucslion of polities, but as a question of
loyalty or treason and If the President aban
dons tbe great Union party to form one for him
self, and his party is made up, as it must be in
the main, ot the men who opposed the war,
they will soon be the only men left in it If the
President is ambitious to have such a party aa
this shall wc deny him the benefit of a few hired
mercenaries in the shape of federal ofiice-bolders
if be desires? If he choses to make changes, so
far as my own State is concerned, he will Imc
to make them from men who do net belong to
the Union party. I have never yet heard of a
Union man there who does not most cordially
support Congress. I believe my State is not
singular iu this respect. Mr. President, I ex
pect to be lectured here and elsewhere for op
posing this amendment. I know that one can
hardly be allowed to question a measure here,
however injudicious or unwise he may deem it,
without incurring the charge of being a Cop
perhead, or a Conservative, cr a Johnson man.
1 have seen in a leading Republican paper a no
tice of my motion to reconsider the ote by
which this bill was passed, in which it was said
that I had adoptid the language of tbe Copper
head press, and the Senator from Kentucky
(Mr. Davis) says my ideas on this subject may
be odd and olJ-fashioned. I admit it; but tbey
are such as have always obtained in Vermont
Mr President, I do not know anybody who can
sustain such accusations with less danger of in
jury to thcmseUes than Vermont and her Rep
rcscntaties. Vermont has always upheld free
dom and law. The doctrines of equal rights
and equably before the law have been there
maintained since the days of Ltban Allen. Her
legislation, her officers aul her courts have ever
faithfully fulfilled her will in sustaining liberty
and freedom according to the Constitution and
laws. When tbe war of the rebellion came upon
the nation no State in the Union contnbutcd her
proportion of men more promptly than Ver
mont. Iter sens showed their patriotism and
courage on many a blooiy field with e-qual credit
at least with any other State. She paid as
heavy a legacy of death in proportion to her
number as any other. She bore her share m
putting down the rebellion most cheerfully, and
she did it to preserve a government of constitu
tional law. She does not desire to have her re
presentatives here aid in frittering ac.iy what
has cost us so dearly to maintain. She desires
her representatives to stand firmly for her pnn
l. i . :. 1 . - i ... ... l .
law. The two great measures of Ibii session of
Congress, which elicited the difference of views
between Congress and the President, were the
Freedmen's Bureau and Civil Rights bill. I
assisted in the preparation and perfecting of
both those great measures in CYmmittee. I
voted for b .tli on their original passage in tbe
Senate and voted for the passage of lioth,
notn it tf landing tbe president's uto. I voted for
the joint resolution declaring that no State
which had been in rebellion was entitled to re
presentation, or to share in the Government;
thereto, I think, I may surely claim to be a sup
porter cf the policy of Congress. It might in
reference to these measures, be siid of me, as a
political wag said of a leading anti. Mason in
my State in the days of the rule of that party
"That he was such fool that he believed in hi
party principles."
Mr. TtEMncLL, (of Illinois) in reply to Mr
Poland said, he was surprised that tbe-Senator
from Vermont should hate risen in the Senate
to deLouneea measure which he and a majority
of tbe Senate had voted for; to call it political
quackery, an indirect and sinister wa of legis
lating; and, to ask the question, "Why not act
in an open and honest way ?" Does the Sena
tor from crmcnt mean to impute to a majority
the remarks as I think they deserve, in a' Cody
wlo-m w. .re ennal. an l where Ihe motive, of
nl tin lu-.l. iltkhimcatv hi ttc ,p1win. anil tn Kir I
:v:'".i r i mc umon-r that he
it Am tJ., rt areniv .ml ftirlv 1 will not country through the pal
r i. . ti t .Z i i. i he made baste to uo
sunrr uivseii io or ueiiaycu juiu sucu u icijjv iu
persons aie not to be assailed; where one is pre- ,
sumcd to I as honest at another ! I have nev- , On tbe 6th day of May. 1SC1, Lord John
er myself indulged in any remarks claiming ' Russell, then Secretary of State for Foreign Af
formvsclf greater honesty, nor have I imputed fairs, wrote a dispatch to Lord Lyons, in which
to others sinister designs or dishunest deed". he describes the condition of America as "Me
The proposition under consideration received but . disruption of a confederacg," and he further
small part ot the Senator's attention. Ho has ! used these words : "t7iri7 tear Aot broken out
adenounced it as monstrous, and he bas spoken ' beluxen the sereral Slates of the late Union.
of it as a rert to doubtf il and des e meas
ores, as one upon which no rty could stand.
He says tbat he i, disposed to make the fight
within the t-a'c of the constitution. Docs be
mean by that that anjbody is disposed to make
the fight out of the pale of the constitution .
Why, sir, I think the majority cf tbe Senate,
who voted for the measure, have as much respect
for the constitution aa the Senator fiom Vermont,
and as little inclination to resort to any sinister
or dishonest mode of legislation to carry out
their object. What is this amendment? The
proposition is simply that persons uuconstitu-
tionally in office shall not be paid. Tbe Senator
and if he were at liberty to refer to what was
liag done in executive session, he might con-,
Vince Mr. Poland that' removali were not few I
opr uncommon.
lie knew of a case is which
an oSce-holder had taken part in a meeting to
indorse Congress, and soon after received a let
ter on the subject, asking bin to explain if he
wes t that ccctlcg and indorsed Its action
Mr- Snumis said the way to reach .he
.., - ,,, .d hr , w;nn
bcyona tbe powcr 0l removal by the Prtst
(lent. II the President used the patronage
in hi powcr against the party that elected
him it should be for Congress at its cut
session to guard against it ; tut there was
no need of doing so now.
Mr. Johnson (Dcm.. J;
Id.) azrrcd with
Mr. d.'.eriu.iii that it was ouniictent fur
Congrem to cuntrol the aiiinlincnt ot in
ferior ('Hirers, and, if it to desired, tu test
the apjMiintin power in the Suprrm Coutt.
Mr. HowkoI Wis. spoke againt the rc
e ii'idirutK n. Mr. S.ni.nfRV (I)em., Del.)
said wax glad to hear the able speech ol I
Mr. 1'ol.ind, but he sincerely re-gretttd to
bear linn use the word "copperhead, a
term which he thought had passed away
with the pas-ions engendered by the war
The dcmtK'rats endorsed the President in his
recjntriation policy liecause be wan right,
and ir hi hand' fell duwn in that work,
Deimcratic vote-is would lilt them up It
was a great mistake to suppose that Demo
crat'! wanted eifficrs from the President
Andrew .lohnson might, if he fcttd
right, by the spontaneous action almost d
tin' An iiirt.n Koile, become tbe next Pre- I
Mr. McDoir.ALL (Detu., Oil.) m1-i op- I
I -ed tl.e nnindnient.
The iuetir.n was tHken on the recwiisid- !
I e ration vnd it ira decided in the affirmative,
l.ili..v :
... .... ...
r"" FteTX r'lAne
, ' ni v.n u.nii. wm.V win,.. ,A
Wilson ,1 ' '
.Vciy Messrs. Anthony, Chandler, Clark,
Connes. Crtswell. Harris, Henderson, Howard,
Howe Lane (Ind.), Morrill, Jfje. Pomeroy,
ltamsey, Sprague, Sumner, Trumbull, and
Wade If.
It i- expected that the bill will hi- .asscd
without the amendment, and the same prin
ciple will then be put into another bill and
will lie wsseJ at once.
Co.miRISsional. In tbe House on Mon
diy, it resolution was adopted instructing
the judiciary committee to inquire into tbe
propriety of reporting a bill providing that,
hereafter the i-kctive franchise shall not be
deme-d or abridged in any of the territories
of the United States on account of race or
color, and proiiding further that hcuetfor
ward no State shall be admitted into the
Union, the constitution of which shall sanc
tion such denial or abridgment of the elec
tive franchise.
A resolution was also adopted calling for
information from various departments in ref
erence to the number of clerks, and from
wliat States appointed, also how many had
been in the Union and in the rebel amy, and
by whom the latter were recommended.
Lord Ilu .ell denies Its Truth .1 Kiplnln-
.Mil. UAXCKOKT'.s HKl'I.V.
Xoblc Lord Pro led Mi-taken.
Ciiejuam-ilice, Feb. lt.
I)e,tr .Mi . .IdatKt :
I observe in the Daily .Vers ot
yesterday extracts from a speech of Mr. Han
croft, delivered in the House of Representatives
on the 1-th instant.
In this speech, Mr. llancroft ia represented to
have said, referring to the breaking out of tbe
civil war :
"The British Secretary of State for Foreign
Affairs made haste to send wcrd through the
palaces of Kurop e that the great Republic wa
in its ageny, that the Republic was no more,
that a headstone was all tbat remained due by
the law of nations to 'tbe late Lmcn.
As words pronounced on such an occasion and
by so eminent a man as Mr. Bancroft may have
an elite i tar beyond tbe injury which my per
sonal character might suffer, I must rcouest ycu
to convey to Mr. Bancroft my denial of the
truth of his allegations and to refer him to facts
of a totally opposite character.
Soon alter the news of the resistance in arms
of the Southern States to the Government of the
Union arrived in this country, a member of the
House of Commons stated in his place that the
but We of llepubucanism had burst
I replied in the same debate, tbat the bubble
of Republicanism had not burst, and that, if
tbe curse of slavery still bung about tbe united
States, it was Kngland who had made tbem tbe
gift of tbe poisoned garment which was now
their torment.
In fact, I have never had any doubt that.
whether the United States consented to separa
tion or pursued tbe war to extremity, the great
Western Republic would remain, happily for the
world, a powerful and independent Republic.
The authors of the Declaration of Indepen
dence, in declaring tcr separation trom Ureat
Britain, after enumerating their complaints of
her conduct, go on to say : "vie must therefore
acquiesce in the necessity which denounces our
separation, and holds tbem. as we hold the rest
of mankind, enemies in war, in peace,
Tbat we should be enemies io war is easily
understood, but when we are at peace why
should we not be friends, as the great men of
the American Revolution intended us to be ? It
they, in the moment of separation and ot war,
ship, why should we, more than three-quarters
of a century alter thes events, keep up senti
meats of irritation and hostility, founded on a
mistaken apprehension of facts, and tending to
lay the foundation of permanent alienation, sus
picion and ill will .
As Mr. Bancroft's speech is likely to have
very extensive publicity, I reserve to myself the
power of making public this letter, at such time
as 1 shall judge ht
I remain.
My dear Mr. Adams.
Your faithful servant,
(Signed) RUSSKLU
P. S. I subjoin an extract of my speech on
the SOth of May.lSGl.as reported in Hafard's
New Vobk, March 23, leoC,
Mu Dear .'Ir. .idams :
I have received from you, by
Lord Russell's desire, a cory of bis letter to you
of 2Sth February last, in which he denies the
truth of certain allegations in my address to
Congress on the 12th of tbe same month. The
passage which he cites contains these three alle
gations : Tbat as British Secretary of State fur
Foreign Affairs, be viewed this Republic as "the
sent this view of our
aces of Europe; and that
so. Yt hen Lord Kusscll
"lls ,0,Ba ,nL, Yt.7 ,T? 5? ,
Ilf.B"lst "knowledge them to be perfectly just
Une uorcrnmenivj we oonuirm poruon nas
dulv eonttiluted itself. Her Majesty's Gor-
ernment do not vish you to make any mystery
of that rieu." Here is irrefragable proof o(my
first allegation.
On the day on which tbe Minister of the
Queen thus wrote, he addressed a dispatch to
: Lord Cowley, her Majesty's Ambassador at
1 Paris, designating our Republic aa " the Slates
j uhieh lately composed the American Union,"
j "the late United States," "the late Union,"
and he inclosed in that dispatch, for Lord Cow
' ley's Instruction, a copy of tbe above cited let
ter to Lord Lyons. Having thus ostentatiously
i communicated his view of our country at '-the
late Union," he asked in return "fo be made
' acquainted urtlh the rietrs of the Imperial Gov
ernment." Jly second allegation is therefore
true, in letter and In spirit.
That Lord John Russell, al Secretary of State,
waa in haste to do this, appears from his not
having awaited the arrival of the American
Minister of Mr. Lincoln's appointment, and
from those very letters of the sixth of May,
1&C1, to Lord Cowley and to Lord Lyons, for in
those letters bo confesses tbat he had not aa yet
"received from Lord Lyons any report of the
itate of affairs, aad cf the prospect! of th sev
eral parties;" but tbat, on coming to tbe de
cision which was to , aotaehtoua and unprece
den tad, at 'acted on the reporta of" tont'roa
Jtili" tad "of thi public prints."
It is true tbat twenty four diy after Lord
John Russell bad officially described our country
as "tke ditrvpthn of a confederacy," "the
late United States," "the late Union," here
proved a member of the House of Commons for
openly exulting "that the great republican
bubble in America had burst," and owned
"that the Republic had been for many years a
great and free Stale," but he .Heted no ex
pectation cr hope of the restoration of our
Union, and rather intimated that the Americans
were "oiouf to destroy each other's happlnes
and freedom." lord John, on that occasion,
rightly attributed the rebellion to the "nffiirri
inttitvtion of Slavery," and confessed that
Kngland was the ghcr of "'Ac ioisomeil !
stent," that the former Government of Great
tii.Th .in.. i... . i.t.-r., 1.-
oftiicevil." lint ibu confession must he In- I ln w'"'' Ihirty daye. at rates varying
'lnJS,.!'' four Ir nt. according to j
as-ertion. th.it the 'ellorls of our country were I
but a contet for 'empire ' I
In speaking of the Arneriaiu I'ongresx, of the
life and character of Abraham Lincoln, it was
my unavoilable duty to ref-r to the conduct of
the Uriti-h Government toward our oountrv
' during bia nJmini-trntion; for nothing so t
I woun del bis feeling, or exerried hi ju-Igment I
I or tried his fcrtitude.
I I was asked to ndJresi the two bouses of our I
Congress, and those only. When I learned that I
: the llritisb Minister at Washington was likely !
, to lie one of my hearers, I reouell Mr. Sew-I
i anl to advie him not to to present ; ami through
I another fiiend, I eut him a similar messice,
which he recehed and prfeetly understood.
I need not recill words of ninety
eirs am.
to be persuaded that in r-eice America and the
United Kingdom should I friends. I have a
right to say this; for when in the public service,
' proved it by public acts; and as a private cit-
1 have never wished our Government to
demand of a loreign t)wer anything Iwtjtistiee.
Pray send Lord Kussell a copy of this litter,
which he is at liberty to puilish; and I consider
myself equally at liberty to puUi-h hi letter,
to which this is a leply.
. I am ever, mr dear Mr. Adams,
Very truly yours,
(Signed) GEO. 1IAXCKOFT.
A Woman in VuliiiicloiL
AtiMNUToN, D.C., April, lfiWi.
After tliehibt of excitement reached over
the Civil Bights bill, ami tho veto, Congress
1ms fallen back to dull discussion and routine.
If I am dull, Independent, it i'beciuso noth
ing below inspire me Nut a spark of mag
netism Hies up to the galleries. Half of the
members are writing U tters, a lourlh arc in
the smoking room or Lunging tib-mt with
their hands- in their pockets, tbe ret are
reading a bill. As there i nothing more
important to do, 1 might tall to studying at
titude : and. after c Hinting the men with
funds in their packet and feet "pin their
dcsks,tbe conclusion would be that tine man
ners are by no menu necessary t a scat in
Congress. But the pcupli like to reward
their heroes ; and, by the way, not one of
them lias his feet on hi' desk.
On tbe other side of tbe lluun: sits Uen
cral Itosscau, tbe brave Kentucky soldier.
How strange! ho risked bis lib- for bis coun
try over and over, and now he couk to Con
gress and gives all bis votes to tht copper
heads. Like most Kentuckians he i a gi
ant in stature. But hi lace djn't seem to
mated with bis form, suae way A nose in
tbe air does not look at (home above six feet
of stature. On the Republican side ot the
House sit live generals Cicntral Paine, vtbo
lost a leg at Port Hudson, Urn. Garfield. who
fought at Cbickamauga, Gen. Scbcnck, lien
Farnsnurtb.and Gen. Bank. Gen. Hank-
is reading. Gin. Garfield is writing. Gen.
Sehenck ii looking over statistics, for in a
A w ruumtnts he is to sin-ak on the Array bill.
and Gen. Farnsworth is smoothly draw ing
out his long beard, and gui"g toward the
ladies' gallery, as usual.
Many other member ait- iu charucieristic
lKJsture?. Thaddeus Stevens sits in his seal
grim ind erect, as if meditating on the hast
'stupendous hoax." nar him, bent over
his papers, is the iuu-1 laborious, faithful,
and iaticiit worker of the House, Justin S.
Morrill, of erinont. Ashley of Ohio, is
laughing at a tremvtidous rate, and staking
Ins ambrosial kicks like .loc. long John
Wcntworth oi Chicago the largest nmn in
Congress is standing up. eating an apple
to the great discomfiture of a er email
member, wb", sitting behind him. of course
sees nothing.
The gentleman who is jut now bidding
forth with such a degree ot acrimony on tbe
Army bill is Kosvoe IVnkling And, as lie
comes from Nch lork, I un.e; tell yon
about him. He is one uf the youngest and
handsomest men in the Houk ; and, fur bis
years and nifriuHV, one or the ablest. Toe
trouble with lloecoe" 1- that be is aa arro
gant as be Is able, lie glories in about six
feet ol stature, luagmtkvut proportions, an
imperial presence, lie has something of a
Henry the Fi'hth rare, with a higher and
nobler he-ad ; a rioh Saxon beauty-, auburn
beard, and heir which erownc his high fore
head with a wouuertul mot ; a curilciuptu
ous mouth, a supercilious e-hin. and alto
gether a haughty tearing. It was the mis-
lortune of lloscoc Conkling lo bue been
considered very early a rising great man
home. Ltica.au aristocratic and eclectic
little city, products' each generation a genius,
poetical or ditical. It lia hUuijs a pet
boy that it is nursing ior greatness, on
whose grand future it delights to prophesy.
It coddles rnd Halters him through boyhood,
and, when he becomes a man, tirt makes
him mayor, and then sends him to Congri-s-'.
In five cues out of six, the orator, whose
eloquence was to stir tbe land, comes back,
builds a fine house on Genesee hill, sub-ides,
and that is the end ol mm. I tica s present
pet will do no such thing, though it bas
done its test to spoil him, and lias very
nearly succeeded.
Maintaining silence is the first lesson of
every new member. It Le is wise, he will
keep still and Iimcu. No matter what his
home prestige, e find' that here he lias
an entirely new reputatiun to cam and es
tablish. As usual, the road to excellence
and to fame is by no meats easy. It begins
with the drudgery of routine; it lead-i
through cxhauMive reports and tire-ome
committe-c rooms ; it involves days, and
nights, and years ot labor. It goal is won
net more bv ability than industry, patience.
and devotion alike to ji-rsonal duty and to
every claim ol the country. I here arc men
who came here almost unkuuwn. Modestly
and sbrtnkingly they took their scats amid
the trained statesmen who had uon a na
tional reputation. Tlicy wete observant,
and faithful, and patiently hided their time.
When they spate, it was of that which
should be done. And they always did vast
ly more than thev said. These arc the men
who hold the national laith, and the faith of
their constituents. They are the lenders of
the House, the trained, governing legislators
sent back by their States year after year,
because they know the people's work and do
it. And the States which wield the greatest
power through their representatives arc
those which have learned that a great states
man cannot grow from the experience or a
tingle term, and who, poseessing a man who
embodies the elements or greatness, ecud
him term after term to this great school of
national council, till his nanio becomes the
synonym of his State, and his wisdom, his
patriotism, and his fame reflect the luster or
hie loitering mother.
The Tact that a greater number or such
men than usual have seats in this House ac
counts for the facf that the Thirty-ninth
Congress is one of the ablest that ever as
sembled in the history of this country.
Afrj. Amts, in the X. Y. Indtpendcnl.
Heal Estate in Birlington. X. B. Flan
agan has purchased or Hon. T K. Wales a
vacant lot on tho South siJe of Monroe St ,
for $500.
A. Ladukc has purchased of Hon. Lcti
Underwood the vacant lot on the corner of
Main P.nc and streets, for $3,000.
Henry P. Hickok. has purchased of Curie
Baxter, for $2,5C7, the tract or land owned
by him, lying south ol Green Mount Cem
etery. Noab Allen, has purchased ol Henry
nitney ior toe blacksmith shop, ,
corner or Pearl street and Wmooski Avenue, t
occupied by Mr. Whitney Ior twenty years !
pet, and tbe sr, and two dwelling bouse.
adjoining on WinoofEi Avenue,
, .
II. IX Howe. has purchased hit residence i
on Cherry street, of Mial Davis, for $2,500.
C. L Peck bai purchased of Augustus I
Dirrowe the vacr.nt lot on Maiden Lane, I
next ccrth of t;r js Ruby's, for $600
Wales and Tafi have purchased of Caro
line Pigc, for $oOO, the railroad lot on the
north side nf N irtli Street.
A. J. Murphy ha puichasedol Cupt. G. '
l-atht' . the tenement next north of the
store I the former lor $1,000.
Tut. rissr National Ha.sk ol tbia city is !
i now paying interest on deposits not with- j
ltnS,h of ,m,e- rh,s fJs,rm bas ProTnl ,n I
practice a good one, both for depositors and J
mnKS, auu ii ior inc lormcr iu-h w niui-ii ;
extra proit
The BrRu.vcTJN Directory. Our read- j
cm will notice tlio announcement of Mr. I
I Hiram S. Hart, in another column. The j
i '
Directory, first published last year, hi been 1
I a gre.it convenience to our citizens, has lieen
widely distributed elsewhere amoDg business
I men, thus contributing to the business and
prosperity of the place, and i an enterprise
which dex-ivcs to be wedl sustained. Itwill
I enlarged and improved. Tor tho present
year, and sold at a great reduction in price,
and every eitiren should have u copy.
Police Itm. Before Recorder Bead Tues
day, .Mary E. Sims wai fined $5 and costs
Tor intoxication.
Wm. Maher and .Mary Gary for the same
oflenco, were fined $10 and $5, Monday.
t'ity of Hurllngton.
roarp or alpebmen.
Monday, May 7tb. 1S66.
The Board met at il P. M.; the Mayor pre
siding. Present Aldermen Appleion, Arthur, Bal
lon, Bkjdgett and Taft.
Licenses to keep eating saloons were granted
to Mrs. L. B. Perkins, Cahxte Limogf and
James Lee.
The Und f L. A. lhew. City Constable, was
approved. The fallowing appointments as po
licemen were confirmed : Henry Stanton, N. B.
Flanagan. Franklin Wight, Cba. Wight. O 1).
Atwater, II. S. White, Wm. Perry. Geo. W.
Warrants were approved for the ptyment of
several small aaeounts, and the Board adjourned
to next Monday, the 1 lib m-t. at 2 P. M.
The nkw Cimtebv. e understand that
all the land owner whose land was taken for
the extension of Green Mount Cemetery,
have apimhtl from the apprai-l of the
board of Aldermen, with the exception oP
II. V. Catlin, a warrant for wlso-e land
damages, -amounting to $325, wa approved
by the Board Monday. It i now the duty
or the County Court to appoint three di
interested etKniiii-sioners to settle the dama
ge, within such time a the Court .hall et.
Fiaa in Sr. Auum The St. Albans Gas
Works took fire on Saturday afternoon and
were destroyed. The kiw to the Company
ia $7000 to $5 0W, which i jartly covered
by insurance, efiected about I P. M. ol the
same day. in the Metropolitan Insurance
Co-rajmny to the amount ol $5tKNI. The
Mnsenyr intimates that an efficient fire or
ganisation, with a stillicient supply of
water, would have sated tbe property,
Gas aiHAXAiio.v.- A Massachusetts man
with his wife and sun, took a room at the
Franklin house in Rutland on Fmtay night
last, and going to bed, Utie out instead or
turning oil, the gas. The boy awoke in the
night, nearly suflbcated, and roused his
rather who could nut stir, and his mother
w bo Tell inserieible on tbe tloor. Fortunately
tbe boy had strength enough to get a door
and window open, and allsumvcd tho night
though the man and woman were under the
doctor's care tho next day. Such ignorance
in thcedays, is surprising.
Oct Ntio.val Debt is computed to be but
IS per cent or our national wealth and aver
aging less than a hundred dollars to each
cititeu. The debt or Great Britain in 1S1C,
at tlie close or the war with France, was 40
fr cent or the aggregate capital or the na
tion, and amounted to over $218 to each
The Missing Ocean Steamer Cur or
Wasui.vcton, has been heard from. Her
machinery broke down at sea, and her passengers-
were tranPerred to the steamer Pro
pontis, which arrived at Qucenstown with
them on the 27th ult. The City ol Vah
ington is making her way to port under
The Government is a loser by the failure
or the Merchants' National Bank or Wash
irgton to tbe amount or $000,000 or $700,
000, deposited there by paymaster Paulding.
That a bank should he made the depository
or such a sum. a long as the United States
Treasury was close by, seems quite an un
necessary trar-action. F.vidcntly somebody
has made some money bythe failure. Paul
ding, however, i said to be honest.
Horse miEr Sentenceu.A disi-erate leai
John Beall.wns brought up before Frank.
lin County Court, lastWe-dnesday, for steal
ing a horse of Hiram Best ot Highgate.plead
guilty and was sentenced to four years ia
the Mates prison. On hi. way to Windsor
in charge oP the SI criff, Beall suddenly
tnrcw himself, handcuffed and lettered, from
the car, under lull speed, Wow Sharon SU
tion, and put for the woods. The train was
stopped and as he could not run well in Pet
tcrs he was soon caught and is now safe in
the stone jug.
l-apies iifiiTixo Clam. To accommodale
the ladies who wish to join the Ladies' Writing
uais at the Uusiness College, will be held from
4 too o'clock in the afternoon. Every young
ady in llurlington should avail berself of this
opportunity to take a course of lessens under
Mr. McCreary. We feel satisfied that as a
penman and teacher, he has no superior, and
few equals.
ihe loss by the burning of the St. Al
bans Gas wcrks is now estimated at not over
$0000. It waa insured for $5000, half or
which was shifted from the North American
to the Metropolitan Co on the day oP the
Death or Hon. IraAllen. Hon. Ira U.
Alien, or Irasburgb, died at his rcidence on
Sunday or last week. Mr. Allen was , son
0f the famous Ira Allen. nd 1.. n,
cheater until 24 year, of age, when he re'
moved to Orlean. ,n. it. t..A .
j . niuc
influence throughout that lection, and hta
dtb will be deeply regretted.
iw Enclaxd's Losses is the War or
-st Rieiluon. It appears from official
uocuments that Xew England furnished dur
ing the war 343,710 men, reduced to the
three years' standard. Of this number
14.S41 were killed "or died of wounds, and
23,385 of disease, making a total loss of
3S.199. Of this number Massachusetts had
killed C029; died of disease 7901, a total of
13,933, or nearly cnc-nmth of her men
called out. The Iostca ol Vermont with
29,052 men called out, were much larger
than those of Xcw Hampshire with 30,S27;
S(atc la,ic(; ,9(K) ga:nst only
, , he TI,C ,05 of Maine,
8145, were heavier tn proportion than any
. r ... p i,.i
The St. Lawrence river is now open for
navigation up to Quebec, and Montreal.
The Ritlano Town Mi-eting. John Cain
orthc Butland Coir'r.artcr arguing that he
was under the statute the legal moderator or
all town lAcctings held during the year, by
virtue or his appointment as moderator ofthe
annual meeting which it will be remember
ed was determined by the original and high
ly satisfactory method or drawing cuts -gives
the following account ot the proceedings
Prom the "dimmtchratie" point or view :
Two long and wearing hours did Page and
Cain contend for the Moderatorsbip of the meet
ing. In ordet to restote peace and harmony,
Cain proposed that Page and himself should
decline, and tbat Mr. Moses Hayward, cne of
the Selectmen nominated by the Democrats and
elected by them, should t made Moderator.
This proposition waa scouted by Mr. Page, and
he called again on tbe Sheriff and other officers
to take the editor of thia paper into custody.
Deputy Sheriff Briggs at once laid his hands on
the collar of our coat and attemptel to take us
down, and although he hid just been at home, tion to be pre-scnt at the approaching Com- many more might be added to tbe melancho
at the jail building, and had armed himself 1 mencetocnt of Dartmouth College. ; lv catalogue. If time permitted, I might
with two six shooters, he thought discretion tbe
better part of valor, when we gave him to un
derstand that on his peril be must keep his
"bans off." Sheriff Fields acted in a gentleman
ly manner ; bat his threat of calling out the
militia, at the request of Mr. Page, only met
the ridicule and contempt of all sensible men of
all parties. The arms and accoutrements of two
companies were in a room opening from the
Town Hall and somehow or other, as by intui
tive instinct, one hundred good and true Dem
ocrats stood up close to that door, and, as we
now understand, were determined to have their
share of tbe guns (if guns were to be used) to
preserve order, and to see that the laws of tbe
State were enforced. Fortunately, Mr. rag-,
like a good and peaceable citizen, at last (half
an hour after It was proposed) accepted our
proposition, and he and we declined, and Mr.
Moses Hayward (our choice) was chosen to pre
side at that meeting. The business ofthe meet
ing, then, under a Democratic majority, was
done up in an orderly manner.
The new Revenue bill is partly retroaet
ive, giving asM-sor iwer to open and add
to every list returned within on year, when
ever in their opinion any understatement or
undervaluation exists, although made in
good faith.
Buttek. The latest St.
is -10 to 43 cents.
Alhaai asolution
Bcttek sohl at -15 and 46 cants at 51.
ban" on Tuesday.
Bimoval Wc learn that tbe Hon. Dan
iel Roberts of this city lots been removed from
the place or Special Agent or the U.S. Treas
ury Department. Mr. Roberts , it is under
stood, is a decided "Poland and Edmunds"
man. Is that the r en Kin of tbe change ?
Will some of our Republican cuuteroporarie
please enlighten the public as to the matter.
Wc can think of no reason for Mr Roberts'
removal, unless tbat be has been too faith
ful, capable and honest a public -ervant, to
suit t o purposes eif some other ooVriaK It
's a wrong which we look to see righted
without great delay.
Tux National Debt. Ihe montnly stale
incut of the public debt issued May 1st,
contains the following footing op '
The total debt bearing eoin interest ia si,-
18C,0v2,&n SO; total debt bearing currency
interest, t l,ls?,a,ol 1 b-'; mature.! debt
not presented &r payment, (VI; total
debt bearing no interest, S552..1M.755 54 ;
grand total debt, S2.S27.676.S71 60; amount
in the treasury, 8187.953,028 62, of whiah
76,076,470 02 is in eoin; amount of debt less
cash in the treasury, S2.6?!,6S',?!'- T5.
Hii ro has been a reduction of over fifteen
millions in the debt since April 1st, aad in
the eight month.- past, of nearly sixty-nine
A club has been formed iu Middlebary,
called the "Union Club," and they formally
opened their rooms last week Friday, with
a supper and speeches. They intend to
have a reading room and library.
Junior exhibition in Middlebury College
took place April 24th. The class numbers
but five, and the Register says they acquit
ted themselves in a manner deserving com
mendation, lec music, to which it gives
more space than to the sreaking, was very
A cow belonging to A. A. Fletcher cf
Bridport recently had a calf without any
indication of a caudal aprendage whatever.
M. S. Sheldon of Salisbury, has- sheared
an improved American Merino yearling ewe,
and obtained a fleece weighing sixteen
pounds. Alo a fleece of eleven months
growth on a two year-old ewe weighed
thirteen pounds and two ounce.
Senator EnvrNos has positions on the im
portant Committees of Commerce and of
Our townsman Luther P. Bloikiett, late
ly or the Capitol police at Washington, just
appointed and confirmed as United States
Consul at St. Johns, will represent the "best
government on earth," among the jealous
and reman-affrightcd Kanucks, with di
tinguished dignity and courtesy.
The late Salmon Wires, Esq., waa born in
Cambridge, studied law with Hon. Asa Al
dis in Si. Allans, practiced for a time in
Bakcrsfield, removed to Lamoille County,
where be became Probate Judge, and in 1S4C
removed to Burlington.
The Officers or the newly formed Franklin
County Agricultural- Society are, President,
il. J Saxc, Sheldon ; I? Presidents, D. R.
Potter, St. Albans, H. D. Farrar, Ricbford ;
Secretary, L. 11. Hapgood, Sheldon ; Treas
urer, Joseph Fairbanks. Sheldon.
Rct. E. W. Winchester's connection with
Middlebury College has ceased, and Rcr. Dr
Labarcc is expected to assist until the arri
val ol Rev. Dr. Kitchell, the now President.
Among tbe speakers selected for tbe an
nual Prire Speaking at Dartmouth College,
which occurs on Monday, July 17tb. are the !
following young Vcrmontera : Junior Class, I
J. H. Lfidd. OmnTo V, . 0..-1
John K. Lord. l ZL v7 !
Pa6c,MontpeIier,Vt.; Charles Parkhurst! I
Sharon, Vt.; Henry C. Bliss. Hartford V. ,
Tbe Chicago Republican learn, tbat the
ore decided and radical Republican, of the
Fifth Dirrict of Iowa, propose to bring for-
ward Major Gen. G. M. Dode as a eindid
ato for Congress at the next election. The
district is now represented by tbe Hon, John
A. Kasson.
A young McClellan lias made his appear
ancc at Drtsden,whre the General and Mr?.
McCIellnn arc now stopping.
S. B. Whitney, late organist of Christ
Church in Montpelicr, has been appointed
to the post or organist of Christ Church,
New York city.
Deacon Thomas Bishop, formerly of St.
Johnsbeiry, died at Athens, Ga., on the 8th
ult., in the C3d year or his age.
Ex-Gov. Fletcher was recently thrown
from a buggy by the horse becoming fright
ened, and seriously, though net dangerously
! It is charged tbat Commissioner Newton of
I the Agricultural Department, bag been guil
ty of fraud, of misappropriation or publie
money, of keeping fictitious names on the
pay rolls or his Bureau, and putting the
money paid out for thcra into his own pock
et, ol renting need toes buildings at govern
ment expense ami for hi own ttoicfit.
News Items,
senator Fcsrentlcn has had a flight attack
of varioloid.
On Wednesday it snow oil all day at Madi
son, Wwcobsid.
Since the 1st or January, 231,003 rations
have been issued to whites in Arkans.f, and
only 32,95-5 to bhek.
A correspondent describe Cathie's face
as resembling " a heap of stones overgrown
with bi a tables."
The Wisconsin river is higher than ever
belorjknown, and the lvs by tbe ptcfent
flood is estimated at $1,000,000.
General Sherman ha- accented an invita-
An irascible gentleman lately iooght a
duel with bis intimate friend because be
jocosely asserted that he was born without a
shirt to his back.
Ixrd Monck, Governor General of Canada,
bas taken up bis permanent residence at
Ottawa, the new capital. The occasion was
a gala one for the Canadians.
The bill aiding m the constractiito ot a
ship canal around Niagara Fall, to the :
amount of $6,000,000. was passed in the
lower bra neb ol Congress, without calling
tbe yeas and nay.
Mr. Jamus SieiibciM ia coming aeruasthe
water to unite the contending sections of tbe
Fenian Brotherhood. The Kilkenny cats
ihic uriwunj mu u,ii.i , , ijujh inc .map,
ami Mr. S. propose to join the tail'.
Tbe Roman Cathohc Orphan Asylum at
Troy N Y., was burned Frioay, supposed to
to have been tbe work ot one ot the former
inmates. The loss eslimitt-d at $10,000,
None of tbe inmates Were injured.
Tbe following singular marrmge uotai
occurs in a North Carolina paper :
"By Dr. J. A. Sberrill, at twilight on
Wednesday evening, February H, ls66, in
Catawba County, N. C, at tbe bouse of the
bride's widowed mother, Mr. A. A. Gahrile
to Miss Lizzie Milligan, after a 'hort but
most delirious coutlsksp.
One morning last week six burglars en
tered the residence of the castiicr of tbe
Harrison National Baok of Cadiz, Ohio,
bucked and gagged him, compelled hi wilt
to deliver up tbe keys ol the bank and rob
bed the sale ol three hundred thousand
dollars in United State bonds aad about
fitly thousand dollars in deposits- tour of
the robliers have Wn eiptnred. and $25t.
Otm rti- iverid.
The Ft-nun fury in Ne w lork city appears 1 Colfax : the largest man is J. D. Baldwin,
to be turned upon the leaders. O'Msdioney i of Massachusetts; the tallest, long John
has len arrested, tried, made to disgorge ' Wentworth, of Chicago ; the most produc
and deposed ; and it ia now tbe intention to tive man is General Ebenezer Dumont I
arrest and try Stephens on his arrival. He i Indiana, tbe father of twenty children , the
is accused oi complicity in the acts for which ! best parliamentary man on the Union side i-
O'Mahoooy win tried.
Ine Saturity Press among other sugges
tion' which will enable a person to avoid tbe
cholera, recommends : Don't get it on the
brain, and, to this end, at jid reading tbe
city papers. Endeavor, if possiMe, to keep
a clean eunseieocp, ana two or three clean
shirts. Rise with the lark, but avoid larks
in the evening Be above-ground in all
your dwellings, and above rWrd in all your
dealing-'. Lore your neighbor as yourelf.
but don't have too many of tbem in the
saiBt-hou-c- uilh you.
A chemist in Providence, K. 1., who bas
been testing samples of Kerosene inI in com
mon ue, fineh much of it almost aa unsafe
as gunponder. Of twenty-one samples, all
out are were so mixtet with be mine, sh to be
Mead's Marbles. Ana now Larkin G
Meade has come home, bringing tbe fruits
of his exile, which are on exhibition in the
Isrge gallery of the Studio Building in Tenth
street, lbese sr-ceimeos of sculpture indi
oatc both variety and scope, grasp and
ideality. They consist ot four pieces
First. "Tho Returned Soldier, or the Bit tie
Stoiy," representing (life-sise) a Union
soldier with a little girl between bis knees
auu leaning on Ins stalwart lorm in a child
like abandon, while he earnestly relates tbe
story of the war. The attitude of both
figures, as well as the expression of each
are tun ot lite, interest ami significance
they indeed, tell the story to the eye. The
subject and execution ot tnis grjup insure
its popularity, luc oiber pieces are
"La Contadinella," Thought ot Free
dom," and "Echo" all attractive and effec
tive. A'. Y. Times.
Married and Single. We are constantly
rcminuca tnai trotn is straDger tnan cetion
About a year ago a daughter of Motor Dan
iel Perry of Abington, who is somewhat de
ranged, disappeared and wandering off, was
at last lodged in the Sullivan Coanty Alois
House, New York, as a vagrant. Here she
met another monomaniac by tho name
L,ucy siater, ana ine two becoming very
mucn Bitacncu to cacti other, decided to be
come man and wife. They left thi Alma
House last sunimei and returned to Abington
where they lived in the bond-i or wedlock, as
supposed hy the neighbors, Lucy alias James
Slater wearing male attire up to the pres
ent time. She was arrested last Monday
and brought before Justice Hersey ol Ab
ington for thi? offense, and sentenced to the
j-iymoutu House or Correction. It would
be mora proper to send them loth to the
.sylumat launton. .Yew Bedford Mer
Lire in Nevada. Last Friday afternoon
a miner who works in the CholIar-Poto-i
mine was trarelmg afoot up Six-Mile Canon
ibcn about hair a mile or so above the
Gould and Curry mill, a desperate lookin
villain stepped out into tho road in front of
mm. and very blandly asked him what time
it was. The miner drew his watch, when
the footpad drew a knife and invited him to
tiaSS it OVrr Sowlhir with whtrr-vi trtn .,,.
ana otner valuables ne mignt nappen to
navcanout mm. lhis our crave miner
seriously objected to, and producing a pistol,
a Tery lively and exciting scuffle ensued,
ooin closing earnestly in a struggle ior the
mastery, which resulted in the wirv mnadea
or the hard-fisted miner bringing him out
conqueror, and the loottod bcio" llnnrnl hv
several well directed blows from pistol and
fist. Tbe conquering miner disdained to
massacro nis prostrate roe, but In retaliation
for a small knife wound in his thigh, ho
took the knife which he had
cut the footpad's ear off. leaving htm hut
one to walk off on.' " Kryinia (Nevada)
Firs Alarx. The wood-shed or the Rut
land and Burlington Road was discovered
to 00 8 o'clock on Sunday mor-
"!DJi'',n'J 8 Eneral alarm called out the
"cr'nieDt and citizens. The engines
wero promptly on the spot, and tbe Boxers,
getting tbe first stream, speedily put out the
fire, with tbe lost only- of a sraall quantity
of wood.
Sad Accident. A shocking latality oc
curred in HntUnd Friday. Mr. G P
Hannntn, a worthy and respected citizen
while getting out of the way of a win, not
. noticing another behind him, was run ovei
l by the latter und instantly killed. His i.-dv
wa horribly mangled.
I Mietig or Chittenden Cocntt Bar
! Br'PirT to the Memory or Mr. Wires. Ai
a meeting of the members of the Bar, Sat
urday. Hon. L. 15. Koglesby was chosen
i Chairman and J. S. Adams Esq., Secretary
! The following resolutions were adopted and
j the meeting adjourned.
The Bar of Chittenden County, having
heard of the death of one of their cumber, Sal
mon Wires, Esq., dc resolve
That ia the death of Mr. Wires, we have lost
an old and active member of the bar. whose life
bas been a constant and signal manifestation of
untiring energy anil thorough devotion to the
duties of bis proftswoc;
Tbat we recall with deep sensibility the aunj
virtues of our departed brother, his industry,
his enterprise, his fidelity to bis client, hi; lib
eral spirit, bis frankness of manner and speech
bis genial hospitality and his kindness of heart,
and. together with the whole oommuniry, we
mourn the less of a most useful an i ialue-t
That our warmest sympathies are with tL
afflicted (arsily of the deceased, who have been
thus suddenly bereft of a most kind and devoti-l
huind and father;
That we will attend the funeral in a body,
and tbat the Secretary is directed to communi
cate a copy of these resolutions to the family ot
Mr. Wins, aad also to present tbem to ihe
County Court at its Bext session, with the re
quest that they be inscribed open the record) of
the Court.
Tb King or Poisons. There are iicenry
ont varies morbid condition, induced by
alcohol : but wben thi. is said only some ol
the most Dromineut are reckoned, and
show you mat amongst, ine wnoie orouur
hood ot Buttons, alcohol U kins Its rival.
mcreurr. can hardly produce twenty dirKr
ent forma of diease. while copper, lead and
arsenic hide their diminished bends with
three or four. By acclimation, then, w,
hail alcohol aa sovereign, tbe prince, th.
noientate cf tiuMOOs. vieecerent oi tnt
grina monster death Dr. Phelps e
trat' Drinking.
A New Vkuetable in England The la-t
new thing iu vegetables is really quite
startling, wonder. Think of a radwh with
sred-poaVi about three feet long, and somr
timcs crowine: five or six inches in fo:ir-an 1-
I twentv hours. Thai radish h said to be
i palatable as it is monstiou". The p ds are it
ediMe portion, and wben bait grown
may pickle them a a component part m
salad. When tbey are full grown you m i;.
I oil them, and tbey taste like a combination
ot asparagus ard green peas The plant
comes from Jan. hat we are told tbat it has
been fairly tried in the open ground in Eng
land and succeeds perfectly well. To add to
to merits, its podi are ready for use in b-s-than
three mootb- after the seed is sown
Personal Charaitesisthh or MmiiER
Concress. rhe Washington correspond, n
or the Troy Timts. in a recent letter allud.
briefly to personal characteristics of mem r
ef Congress. Of ministers or ex-ministir-be
says there are seven , including Patter- i
of New Hampshire ; ol generals serving n,
the late war fifteen : the wealthiest man i
Oakes Ames of -Massachusetts: the mist
extensile shoe manufacturer, J. B. Alley -t
Masaehu"ett ; the richest banker. Sumui-l
Hoope-rof Massachusetts: the mo-t effective
speaker. George S. Boutwell of M.is.ti-hu--ttts
: the best voice for declamation, that ut
N. P. Bank, of Massachusetts ; thi- rnuii-st
and most finished off-band speaker, Schuyler
General Banks oi Massachusetts ; the oldest
consecutive member is F B. Washburnc. ,:
Illioiis: the most industrious man is J .
Morrill of Vermont ; the cleverest man is
J. M. Marvin or New York. The num(wr
1 1 bald heads are tucnty-6ve ; number id
mustaches Si teen ; tbe oldest man is Thad
deus Stevens of Pennsylvania, seventy-three
the youngest, J. Donetlyof Minnesota, thirty-four.
Perfect integrity and a well Hiked beef
steak arc ram.
O'Leary, gazing wi'h astonishraent on an
eleptiant. in a meoagerie, asked tbe keeper.
" What kind ot a batc i- tbat aitin' bay
with its tail
A celebrated composer wrote to a irieod,
requesting tbe pteusu re of his company '-to
luncheon ; key of O." His iriend, a
tncroogb musician, interpreted tbe invita
tion rightly, and came to tbe composer's
house ior a luncheon at One sharp.
Males, says a sweet young lady, are of no
account i,om tbe time tbe ladies stop kissing
tbem as infants till they kiss ihem as
It is supposed by leained theologians that
Adam entered the Garden of Eden in the
Spring. Howeve I tbat raay be it is certain
be came out in the Fall.
There were found 130 yards of lace in tt -back'bairof
a female smuggler on tbe Bel
gun border. What a waterfall !
Said a erazy woman of a stingy man
"Do you see that man ? You can blow his
soul through a bumming bird's quill into a
murquito's eye, and the musquito wouldn't
Last toast to woman : "To her virtue we
give love ; to her beauty, admiration , and
to Iter hoops, tbe whole pavement."
Science does more for the brute than the
man. Pigs, attacked by the most fatal dis
orders, arc frequently cured after death.
A Spanish gentleman studying English,
being at tbe dinner tabic, and desiring to be
helped to some sliced tonguti in doubt as to
the term, hesitated a moment, and then aid,
"I will thank you, miss, tu pats me that
Scene in Corny. Question What is
your name '.'
Answer Vcl, I calls minesclf Fred, but
may be I don't know it is Yawcup. You
sec, Chudgo. mine niudder sbe have two lit
tle pays ; oao was me and one was mv
broder, oi one was my broder and t'other
was mc, 1 don't know which ; aLd 1 was
chust so old as my broder was young, or my
broder was cbust so old aa me, I don't know
which, and mine mudder ehe don't ; and one
or us was named Fred and tho other Yaw
cup, or one Yawcup and t'other Fred, I
don't know which, ana one of us got died
but mines mudder, she never could tell
whether it was mc or mine broder what trot
died : so, Chudge, I don't know whether I
am Fred or Yaweun. nml mine mudder she
don't know.
John Randolph is said, u Don one occasion.
to have visited a race-course near the city ol
New York. A Hash-looking stranger offered
to bet him $300 upon the result of the race,
and, introducing his companion said, "Mr.
iianaolph, my menu here, squire Tompkins,
will hold the stakes." "But, sir," squeaked
the orator of Roanoke, "who will bold
Squire Tompkins after I give him my mon
ey?" The I.stxiHK Tax. Considerable discassion
has been raised or late rcgaiding the col
lection of the tax on incomes and the duties
ot the people and of the official? in the mat
ter. Tho law on tbe subject is very plain.
It specifies that tarnavrrs shall furnish their
schedule, to tho assistant assessors m their
respectivo districts oa or before the first
Monday in May. The assessors are onder
no obligations to send blank rmss bat
it is the business of taxpayers to obtain
them from their offices, fill tbem up and re
turn them within the time specified. Any
neglect or refusal to comply with the above
regulation auhiects the offender to a penalty
of twenty-five per cent added to the amount
ascertained to be due: and in case of fraud
one hundred per cent is added.

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