Newspaper Page Text
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vv. NEW SERIES VOLXII
BURLINGTON, VT., FRIDAY MOKNINOr, DECEMBER 521 1800
P o c 1 1' y
The l'irtt Mow
The snow bad begtra i SraW?
And botfly all fc.'," .
w hh . eHe JI whl,t-
Bnrr fir aaJ kemkek,
HvJe ermine too dear for an earl,
a.ai! the poorest twig on the elm tret
Was fringed inch deep with peati
F-oni sheds new roofed with Carrara,
Came Chanticleer's muffled crow.
The stiff rails were softened to swan's .lowu
Aod still flattered dowB the snow.
I stood and watched by the fiiodow
The noiseless work of the tkj,
Aho" the Mtdiiefi aurriesof snow-flake.
Like brown leave whirling by.
I thought of astound in tweet Auburn,
IfLtie a little head-stone t:od
How lie flakes were folding it gently,
Asdli robin the babes in the wood.
Up spoke i ami little Mabel,
having, "Father, who makes it sn f"
And I told ber of the good A It-milter
Who carts frr us all below.
Ag 'n 1 looked at the snow-fall.
And thought ot the leaden rky
That arched o'. r Stat great
When the mouui was heap so hu.
I n-membrr the gradual patience
That fell from that clood like tu v,
PkVe by flake, healing and hidinf
The Mar of that ib-cp XHbbd wo.
Ac again to the chiM 1 whispered.
"The mo' that htttl-eth all.
Darting, tb Merciful Father
Atene can tueieit tall "
Then with eyes that caw cut, I kissed her
And the, kitting Uck, could pot know
That my has was given to ner sauor
t elded Cioae unatr aeepeniug
Jlow t yrc laid the fable.
Cotat tiavn all unto my Sung.
It u no tiily table';
'Tu all abort the tni&uty card
They call the Atlantic Cable.
ttiw Cyrus Fkld, be s.a, J be.
! have a pretty rWiun.
"i'hat ! can ran a telegraph
Aortas the Atlantic Ocean.
TWc all the people hmghed, and said ;
They'd like to see him do H !
He might get half sea over, bat
He never eoald go through it.
To carry oat his foolirh Ian
lie nerer wuold be able.
He mieht a well fo inag himself
With his Atlantic Chit-
But Cyras waa a raliaot man,
A Mlow of deekioo.
And heeded not their mocking words.
Their lsngSter and derision.
Twice did bis brave courts &3,
And yex his mind was stable ;
He wan't the man to break his heart
Because he broke his cable !
OLct oore ! my gallant boys," be cried,
" Thru titkti .'yon know the table !"
(I'd make k tbuty, mattered he,
Eut I wiii Ujr the cable !)
Onot: more they tried Larrah ! hurrah !
What means this prat commotion '
The Lord be praised ! the cable laid
Ascoaji the Atlantic Uccaa !
Ioad ring the bella : ti-r nal:ng through
Six hundred leaguta of wai r.
Old Mother England's iwaUo"
Salutes her etdef dtogbier :
Vow tang live President and VI aero ;
Long liva the gallant Cyras !
Acd may hie aauatgt, Mth iwd'igal
With enralstioti are uf !
z& may we honor evermore
The meals', bold and etaUe,
ilJ tell our mis to make tnem brae
lluw Cyrus laid the exile.
Jl I K I' C I I SI II C O II S ,
The Lnclimi II 'there used to be a pood
kji-Ji-b dcremtiti cor.nteied with the I'ro
tiderc- (R. I.) O'nfaeno. wl-o bad a rar-'ti-bag
marked witb the icgle initial L.
"n or.e occasion in tbw times tl.c annual
dttinp :f the Ci.nfrrer.o. fin:!.ej its butinees
hdJ fin.lxd the hual adjournuiitit in the
afternoon, bat a feu mmuto t lore tbc hour
Un the memheis wcie to Late towz. Ma
nv ol thetn. anticipating cuch a state of
tbiegs, had taken their Ufgagr to tbc place
wl.i n- il.e tettione weie beid. and as soon as
the tentdiction wafc pr. ntiiii.nJ there was a
rueli for the pile ol valit and rarpet-bags
in ib entry Our I j'plii-li ii lend vtaeatlhe
'.t cid of the crowd, and not !.-in able to
i pet to the j lie, f-tood at ttit outside of tie
irele. calling out : " Hae cny brother fttn
t '-ar t-bap marked Hell "'
Thl i KtMit LatiATtos or Ke.ys. 'He
? r.th toy onets which for 16 years have
j : 11J tiie temporal wer of the Pope in
': - tternal City, have at last been actually
suiidrawn. The eveut ia announced by the
Roue, Dec. 11, lC
lh.t (Taesdav) motnicgthe important and
ig expected event of the evscuation of Rome
ibe French troops was c rrpleled.
At un early hoar the soldU rs of Napoleon
Ki&rched from the Castle cf San Angelo. The
mj-erial French flag was immediately run down
nil the Pontifical colors hcistcd em the strong
The Pope is gone to CiviU Vecchia, where his
H hrnis will remain duiisg ten days.
Pn:, Pec. 10, 1S66.
.Serious dimcultr is apiaehecdtd in Rome
iA ifter the withdraw il of the l iencli troops. 11
I J . .1 . .. . d. Ln AM
law limi piejmiain.be air uiiiife j
aorities to meet the worst.
Malakorr,'' of tlw New York Tmes,
c araeterixes the rtctnt jroeccdings of our
'ivernmcnt in the Mexican business as
trjing to knock in, with the sound of
tr mi etc, an ojtn door ;" "giving n man a
.ick when lie show, a disposition to rc-
t re peaceably,'' and "coming in at the tail
ui 1 ol .n enternriso with harsh words,
htn all tbc unfortunaU-s who have
ewanivd in it are in tfaie.".
St'XBisE. Uiatv Itatbawav says: "The
m;n that misses tumiv lrvj-s the f wtctest
tart of his existence. 1 1UC lo watch the
5. . . . 1 . 1 : . . . ..1
'.ist tear mat gusieus m ojienmg ej-- o
iiijrnins tne fiieni song tne nower s
hreath the thrilliDC choir of the woodland
minstrels, to which the mud n brook trickles
Rpjlaui.- These swellings out of the
sweetest ol creation's matins, seem to vuur
some glad and merry talc into ueligbt's ear,
as 11 the worm bad dtcarcca a iiappiuioj
ind now smiled tver the telling ol it."
Wc feel iust so about it. and make it a
J '-hit never to inh-s it, atleep or awake.
Casto o orr Dxviu We Lavo a Iriend,
Mpthndist nreacker. He lias a larcr. mm
eular frame and a huge bnod.witb a powerful
grip. Same years ago 1 e was holding a
mcetinc. at which nuitc an interest was
awakened. A cumtcr of pttsons had come
to the anxious sent, and some had been con
verted. A cronn. consisting o' two or three
ycung men and as many young ladies, were
prvsent, whose object in coining was to have
x-er-iatnt. The minister kindly requested
hem to observe tbo decorum befitting the
tlace. One ol them, ventured in a rather
-irracions manner to rerlv that they had
"understood that miracles were worked
litre, and he had come to sec tome pet'
fitted." Upon this our robust friend, the
tut collar, deliberatelv led bim down the
tule, and opening the door, without cere
sonv lar.Jrf him onttide. ooictlr rtraark-
tr?. "Wa dn not work miracles Urr, hil
B. C. A, It. I BENEDICT.
editors aXD PinriuEIOES.
1 FRIDAY MORNING. DECEMBER 21, 18C6.
The Snllra?c Kill,
li e pith of the h'ufiiagc Ci!l f r tl c Dis
trict tf Columbia 16 in its Cut strtion :
i Bte. 1. That from and after the tasige of
thie net, each and erery male porton, excepting
paupers ami erton uisdcr guardianship, of the
age of 21 years aDd upwirJ, who has not been
! conrieted of any iclamous crime or offtnoe, snd
I excepting pertons ttho uwiy have roluntarily
giten aid ami comfort to the reUls in the late
rebellion, and tt ho shall hare been born or
I naturalized in the Uniltd States, anil tball hare
resided in the said District for the period of one
year, and in the ward or district in which be
! fclttftll ntlvr tn rnt llirrn mf nllj next Dreeedice
! any elect on therein, shall be entitled to the j
' eleethe franehite, and fball 1 deemed an ekotor
and cstit'ed to lote at any election in h1 lm
' triet, without asy distinction ou account of
i color or race.
1 An cflott I.J ixuatnr I'ixun tu attach an
! educational tet failed. It washdocntcd by
Senators Totter ai.d Cowan, and opposed by
! Scawtots Wilcun, Sumner and o'.bere, on the
J gir.nnd tLat it would tetard the education of
i tbc Wacke I y mating it an object tu keep
. them from learning bow to load and write
! The fBHtidnioit was kxt by a rote of 11 to
; 34. llotu tic Vermont Senators voted
against it. The Mil red the Scnatcby tb:
Teas Meaars. Antheay, Rronn, Cattdl,
Chand er, Conner, CreMwell, Edmaude, Fet
eeaden, Tagz, frelinghayren. Grime. Harrfe,
Henderson, llonard, Howe. lurkrood. lAse,
Morrill, Morgan. lVland, Peine roy, Ranway,
Rrss. Sbernwn, Sirsgue, Stewart, Sumnr,
Trambnll. Wade. Wiley. Williams, WiUoo-iK.
Mays llcssrs. Bockalew. Cocsa. Xavw.
Dixoc, Doolittle, Foster, Hendricke, Kcsuitb,
-IJortcr . Palter?, n. Riddle, Saulsbory. Van
In tLe llouw. Mr. Hale etJeaortd to
ofvr an amtnclment imUrflyiEg an cduca
1 tiooa) ualtfieatiou ; but the jrttious qaet
j tka was dmrukJ and enforced, and tl c
j bill psaid without debate, by t. :oU; of H
to 40. four ol the IfMitecce mcmicn,
JI ners MaiJiid, Stclrs, Hawkins and Ar
nell tottd .lor tbc bill. u did alto Mca.
BaynMod and Hale of cw York. Messrs.
Baiter and Woudtoldfie J Vt. voted for the
bflL v'r. Morrill arrears to "uare ben ab
cnt or not voting.
Tbc Washington correspondent of tbc
Sear York Cewmrrdal AJrtrlinr rays that
the cccret of the failure to engraft the edu
cationtil qualification cn the bill is to be
found in the remark of VIr. Sumner that
that "would tiOt ceeare the oectssary tottny
CcrusivNai. An sousing passage at
sum occurred in the Hcnsscnoo the Uth.
Judge Hale ol New uk bad Hitrodaeed
frvm vuuiniiu.1, the bill providing that re
movals fium office fhall only be nude bv the
Prcsider.t kr S2alltxrrt.ee or incsjc :y. and
stall i:-ke fli ct tl ly witb tit cuiietnt ol the
Senate, ltad bttvttt ofleredaii amendment
to the efiert that snjr aj pointee to an cSlv
who shall I f rejected by the Senate, aball be
incapable t holding tftee under the I'nited
States for a year after ekdi rejtctiou. In
topi-ort of th'n Mr S. said :
Paring the last til months a class of the
swanest me 2 whom God ever overlooked in
making met, Lad been aprouittd to cmee, ana
were now awaiting rejection or confirmation by
the Senate. He had no doubt that a great many
of them would be 1 eject ol, but if the President
were allowed to sppemt them to cn; other office
he would reward them el!. The very faet of
their acceptance of ofnee was evidence that they
wtre tco mean to hold it snd t lishonesl to be
trusted with it. and that fir lcist cce year
they should hold no office.
Mr. Hale oTtnoaed the amendment. lie was
delighted to welcome the senlleman from Penn
sylvania to the conservative rant, but he re
gretted to see that with the ical common to a
conhvtc. be now went far beyond these who
had been heretofore considered as in some man
ner sustaining the President. lie (Mr. Stevens)
propcetd to put in the hands tf the President
such poster as bad never teen entrusted to any
man. Under the gentleman's amendment the
Presuent niiiht send any man's name
to the Senate for an office and on the, Senate re
fusing to confirm him, he v.ould be incapable of
holding any other office far a year.
Mr. II lie went cn, suppose, for instance, that
the President should nominate the gentleman
from Pennsylvania himself to some office, for
which the Senate could not confirm him. say
Commander-in-Chief of the army, the gentleman
wou d be ii.capab!c of boldms any public office
for one year after his rsjection, and tuen now
sorrv the fritudi of the centleman in the House
would all be. (Liu-hter.) It like manner if
the President should desire to ge rid of General
Grant or General Sherman, he had only to nom
inate bim for Chief Justice, and in beingrijected
by the Senate, the General would be rendered
locapauie 01 uoiuiug uis uummj iwiwu.
Mr. Stevens insisted on his amendment, and
called for ihc yeas and najs which letuited
teas IS. navs 132. So the nraendaitnt was re
jected and the further consideration of the bill
In the delate on tl.c ArpTorra,lim w,1,
. .. .. , V. Cl-CJil
in the uciiee on rnuay, jir.jcvi""
to strike oat the paragraph appropriating
$250,000 fcr the Stntc DepartuKnt, and re
quested information about it. lie had heard
it said that it wae to induce fcurratt to come
to thi6 country and receive his pardon, as
tbtrc was no pardon sgtncy established in
fiuropc. This suggestion ocoat-ienw
laughter. .Mr. Thad. Stevens replied .
Mr. Ptenhens said that he tad himself Uen
:,iit.1 in recommend that item to the Ap
propriation Committee. Ue had therefore re-
1 c 1 wi.n la TAnn mm
OUCStCu .'II. ccnaiu, piw ' J
. , . . ,1 v : . .i ml nim 1 1 1 m the
t laugnier; 10 can ujvu - -
necessary information, and Mr. Seward had
He wouia say to gcniicuieu mi mtj
had not talked about anything except uusicees.
and Mr. Seward convinced him that the appro-
rrition wis necessary and proper.
' ...i .it..-. Tli f-.ei
1 l ee
The covernment had
1 prisca wouuj
large suits pending In Europe, principally in
Englanu ana l-rancc, 10 recoier j-ieje, v ""'
had belonged to the rtlel government, and there
aits were very expensive. The aggregate
amount involved was over tntnty millions, and
it was supposed that a veij large portion cf that
would be recovered. The expense cf tracking
Surratt all over Europe was urge, ami
Derailment would have to pay iuc
expense of the vessel that was conveying Sur-
mtl t ,1,;- rr '1 KEfl IHC CUIC yuwi-
ment i,i,i the expenses cf the reception of
Queen Emma in this country, and of her return
to Honolulu. It also paid the expense cf the
recent expedition to Mexico.
Tbo Legislature of Alabama has rejected
the Constitutional Amendment bv a large
majority. Gcv. Patton, in recently recom
mending tbc Legislature to ratify the Amend
ment, woe unsuccessful in undoing tbo work
of his message on the opening of the Legis
lature, in which his decided opinion was
given for its rejection.
Tbo President's appointments made dur
ing the recess, It is said, arc to be ecnt to
the Senate by States. Maine, tw Hamp
shire, Musachutetts and crmont will go in
in a few days, and then tLe Kw Yorl list
The Story or the Atlr.ntic t'nble.
The pnssure oil our coluuiDi lis? nt per
mitted us hitherto to ghc to f.ur readers the
ericc:h of Cvrits W. Field, at the cteat
bnnquct given in bis lienor in New York
last month, liut it was olo of tin most
notable Erecchcs cf this generation a great
account of a Rrcat cnttrpriee A tirajJc,
clear statement ot facte.it has more than the
interest ol a romance, and there is much of
the element of romance in the whole story.
Cable despatches arc already an old story.
London news of noon, at supjier-tiinc, are
as nauoh a matter of course a tbc icpslir
New York tclegrami.cr a bread and bolter;
but nevertheless the Miecea- of the AtUotir
GaMc is one of the biggest things ot thi ape
of phyeieal iTonduri. There w encourag
raent for every ;;ood enterpru, in this ac
oant of manly perseverance against iufiuttc
diEScultics and discouragement. No man's
cjoI will be the smaller for ConUnipUting
each example of enlightened liKralitv. a
that, for iwtaoec, yl stout Mr. ltiacey, a '
galden name for Mr. Held, it, apite ol its
sound of baser metal who ill the darkrot
hour vf thr project, stretched out bis hand
with ::K,0(jo in it, and folloutd wit! an
of, r of aa much more. And it Ttijl not buit
tbosc w! 0 have rlready read it once to read
once m'ire "how Cyius laid the Cable." VYe
select the more intoiesting passages of Air.
Field's fpeeeh. Mr. Field said :
It w nearly thirteen tear tince half a !
dozen gentlemen of this l-'itj met at tuy
houec for lour buccrxsivc tvening. twl
around a tabic covered with maps and rh&rt-
and plans and eetiontee, eonsidercd a pre-
jet to .xtend a line of telegraph from N -va
Scotia to St. Johns, in Newfoundhna.thence 1
to l earned neroe the ceran. It was a
TCfy prtttT plan on paper. There was New
York," an j ;ucro pas Sr. Johns, only about
1.300 mi'-.s apart. It was ia, to Ji.w a
line from one poinf to the other making no
account ol the foresu and mouutains, and
swamps ai.d rivers ai.d guifa, that lay in oar
way. Not .me ol u- Lad ever men tie coun
try, or had any idea of the obstacles to be
uverevmc. We thought we could build the
line in a lew months. It took two years
and a uaf. Yet we never asked fur help
outside our littls i.ric Judged J fear we
should not have got it ii we had for few
had any faith ia our scheine. ktery dollar
came out ot our own rocket. S'et 1 am
pruud to say no uian drew back. 1 man
proved a dcoertxr ; those who came first into
:hp work have utood by it to the enJ. Of
thow tii men our arc here to-night Mr.
I'eter Cooper, Muses Taylor, it0jvb4.ll O.
Robert, and myself. My brother Dudky u
in Guiopc, and Mr. Chandler White dial in
1850. and his place was supplied by Mr.
Wilson ii Hunt, who is also here. Mr
Robert W- Iaiw ber was our Secretary, l'o
these gentlemen, as my first associates, it is
bat juft that I rlioull pay uj firs', acknowl
edgment. From this sutvuco( jou rc-iw.i,t tLat 3
the beginning Ibis was wholly an Ameriean
enterprise. It was begun,and for two yenrs
and a half was carried on, solely by Aiueii
cjan mpitai Ourbrtt'-'tn acro.b the i
did not even know what we were doirg away
in the forests ol Newfoundland. Our little
eomunv raised and expended oiir a million
anil ..L.-trf'' t A ,'jir befure an Kl
.uar!.' 0. J :!are Otlore an rjigiisu-
aid a single lKiund ktcriing. U J7 on
ly support outside wac in the liboral ebarac
tpr arid ateadv fnendabit) of the C Government
of Ntrnfoundlaiid, for which we weregreatly
indebted to Mr. E. M. Archibsld, then At-tornev-Ueneral
of that colony, and now
Rritish Consul in New York. And in pre
paling lor an ocean cab! . the first soundings
acresa the Atlantie wcic made by American
oifisxrs in Amirifan ship. Our scientific
men Morse, Henry, Bac'-c aed ilaury
had taken great interest in the subjeot Tnr
V. &. ship JMphtn discjvered tbc telegraphic
plateau as early as 1S3 ; and the U. S ship
Arctic soi'ndedcciiss from Newfoundland t
Ireland in 1356, a year before II. M.'s ship
CtJopi. under command of Capt. Dayman,
went over the same ooarsc. This 1 state uot
to take aught from the just praise of Eng
land, out -imply to vindicate the truth of
It was not till 1S50- ten rears aco that
tLe cnterprUc br.d any existence in Kngland.
Iu that summer I went to indon, i4 tbere
with Mr. John W. Brett. Mr. (now ir)
Charles Bright, and Dr. Whitebuuse, organ
ized tic Atlantic Ttle-rapb Company.
Sciit.ce had begun to contemplate the nec
essity ot bii.i an enterprise ; and the great
Farada cheered us witb his lofty enthusiasm.
Tlsen lor the first time was enlisted the eup
pjitol English capitalists; aud then the
ilritish Government begun that generons
coarse wbi.'li it has continued ever since
offering us ships to complete soundings across
the Atlantic, and to atot in laying the ca
ble, and an annual subsidy for the transmis
sion of message-.
Willi the hiilorv ot toe expedition 01
1S57-S you are familiar. On the third trial
wc gained a brie f success. lhe cable was
Uid. and for lour weeks ft worked though
never very brilliantly never giving forth
such rapid and distinct flashes as the cables
of to-day. It spoke, though in broken sen
tences. Rut w bile it lasted no less than 400
messages were sentauroni tbc Atlantic, loa
nil remember the cnthusum which it excited.
It was a new thing under the sun, and for a
few weeks the public went wild ovtr it. Ol
course, when it stopped, the reaction was
very great. People grew dumb and suspi
cious. Some thought it vras alia hoax l and
many were quite sure that it never worked
at all. That kind ot odium we have had to
endure for eight years, till now I trust we
have at last silenced the unbelievers.
After the failure ol lfa ca'uc ourdirkrst
dava. WLen a thing is dead, it is hard to
galvanise it into life. It is more diffiVilt to
revive an old enterprise than to start ":w
one. The freshness and novelty are gone,
and the feeling of disappointment discour
ages further clTort. Other causes delayed a
new attempt. This country lad become in
volved in a tremendous war ; and while the
nation was straggling lor life, it had no time
to spend in lorcigc enterprises.
Rut in England the project was ttill kept
oi; The Atlantic Teiecrapb Company
kept up its organization. It Iras a noble
body ot directors, who had faith in the en
terprise, and looked beyond its present low
estate to ultimate success.
When the scientific and engineering pro
blems were solved, wc took heart again and
began to prepare for a fresh attempt. Ibis
was in 1803. In this country though the
war was etill raging I went from city to
ritv. holdins meetings and trying to raic
capital, but witb poor success. Men came
and listened, and said "it was all very fine,
and " hoped I would succeed, but did
nothing. In one of tbc cities they gave ot
a Urge meeting, and passed some Lcautitul
resolutions, and appointed! committee ot
solid men " to canvass the city, but 1 om
not get n solitary subscriber : In this city I
j.j P.,r thnmrr, mnnpT came bv the liard-
aiu ue,e, - ,
est. Ry personal solicitations, eccocragta
bv voa, sir, and other good friends, I suc
ceeded in raising 70,000. Since not many
had faith, 1 must present one cxamplo to the
iLnnob it was cot till a year later.
When a'lmost all deemed it n hopeless
scheme, one gentleman came to mc and pur
1" i 'tn,. h At antic Telegraph Com-
SEy to the amount of 100,000. That was
I T w : -J.r. nhn in here this even-
t"Bbi?hrcw7rded. But at the
too I speak of, it was plain that our mam
London, xnerc, iw, ha 7 t.
There was a profound discouragement. Ma
ny bad lost before, and were not willing to
?J. - mm into the sea. Wcnccded
Vfiftn 000. and with oar utmost efforts wc
bad rki-cd less, than talf, and.there the cn
terctut itooa in a utau - - r
ihal m WP ff0B ,on" n
f quarter. 1 looked around to find a nun who
' had broad bU luldcre. and c uld carry a heavv
load, and who would be a "iirit to tbecacte.
It u.'f at this time I was introduced to a
KCutlcman, whom I would bold up to tl c
American public as a specimen or a great
hearted Englishman, Mr. Thomas Itra6;ey.
Vou may never have heard his narai", but in
Laniun he is known as one of the men who
bivc made Rritish cnkrprie and Rritifh ca-
pital felt in all parts of the earth. I went
to we him, thoueJi with fear and trembling.
lie rt ceiled me kindly, out put mc thiouh
soch an examination as I never had before.
I thought I was in the witness box. He
asked every pcsiblc question, but my ans
wers sati-Ced him, and he ended by raving it
war an enterprise w hich ought ta be earned
out, end that be would be or.c rt ten men to
I furnish the money to do it. 'lids was
, pUdgt of 60,000 curling ! Knc juracta by
1 this noble oS r, I looked aiound to find
another such msii, thouh it was aim st lik
trying to find twv Wellioptori. Rut lie teas
found in Mr. Join l'cnder, of M imL ttr.
, I went to hh ofSoe one Jiy in L. 1 dou, and
j we tralked together to t':, llous? ol Com
I mour, ar.d belore we got '.here he said lie
j would take an tqual than with M'-.
The rction of ihc.-c two g.uiUmtn was a
I turning point in the history of our enter
I prise ; for it led shortly after to a union
, of the well-known Gnu of Glass, I'Jliot & Co.
I with the Untta IVreba Company, nuking of
the two one grand concern known as "lhe
Telegraph Construct jn ".rid Ma;ntena,ce
Minpany,' hth iucli.(.rd not only air.
Urauej and Mr rendtr. but other meo of
great wealth, Micli as Ml Oeurgc Rlltot and
Mr. Barclay, of Lmdon, and Mr. Henry
llewley, of DuMin,.aud which t':us rein
forced" with imittcnce capital, t'nk up the
whole enterprise in its strong arnK We
needed, 1 hare said. 600,00(1, and with all
our efior's in England ana America we raise!
Only This niw ompacj CjW
enme lors'aid. aca o fit red tj tak? the vholc
"ua'n,nS xiw.uuu 01
,bc bon,li. Vu euc-
A few days alter halt v. dox.n gentlemen
' j lined together and boug' . the (irrat Emst
' to lay the cable; aid at the bead of
t thii! t?OTiltiacv was eihtmd Mr. Danitl (looeh.
i number o l'uriimc'nt aqd Ctirman of 1
(heiUreat Western Railway, who was with !
1 us in loth the eruditions which followed, j
I and who for his scrvioe has been made a
Baronet of the United Kin-duai. '
Thns organised, t ie work of making anew j
Atlantic cable was U-gun. Tbc i-jn. wai '
prcpatiJ with infinite caic. under III able j
urinUndcr.c-: ol Mr. Cbattcrton and Mr. .
H'llioughhjr Smith, and the whole was cow 1
j acted ju about eight ujvflths. As fas: as 1
r ady, it was taken on baud the Urtoi I
Uniterm and coiled in three mormons tanks ;
Oa the 15th of July. lto. tin ship etartrd
on her memorable voyage
I will not st.)p to tcU the story ol that 1
tipcdttion. For a week all went well ; wc
I ad paid out i,2Dd miles of eiWe, and bad
.ly COO miles fuithcr to go, when hauling
i.i the cable to remedy a fault, it parted and
went to the bottom. That d.'.y I can beti-r
lorget how men p-.ccd ti e deck in d. spair,
looking out on the bioid sea that had at
ljwod up their hopes We returned to Eog
J ind defeated, yet tail of it solution to begin
il.e battle anew. Measure were
ut once 1
taken to wane a econ4 caii.-, and ut out a j
11. w exptoiiiuu , au-i wit;, ir-nt
i- me home last Autumn.
In DccmbcT I went luek ngmn. whu lo,
a'l our hopes had sunk to nothing. The
Aitornvy-iiencral of England had given bis
written opinion that wc Ld no irg-.l right
without a special act of pirl-uiti.t, (which
rr.4id not be ubUintd under a year, to issue
t c now 11 per cent, abases. 6n wWh s
rrlwd to raise our eanital. This wwa a ter.
ri'ae blow, lhe works were at onee stopped
the money which had been paid in re
t'lrned tothesubsenbers. Such was the state
of things only ten months a I reached
London on the 21t'i of Deeembrr, an i the
next day was not a "merry Christum-" lo j
me. But it was an uoxprrsnrle comlit to
1 eve ibe counsel of such men as Sir Daniel
( ax'haiid Sir Michard A. uuu , and to
I ar etoutbeartrd Mr. Krasey tell ns to go
1 ':ead, and il need wsr- he wjuld put down
i'O,(M?0 more ! it wt finally eonclddtd that
tl .-lxst course was t i ryoni;' a hhc com-p-jiv,
whic'i sl ould as-'ime the work, and J
Ciiginatcd the Anglo-Amtrii..n Telegraph
Company. It was formed by ten gentlemen
who met around a table m London, and put
down X 10.C00 a piece Sxn after thr books
Were opened to the public, through the emi
i.rnt banking-house of J. S. Morgan .t Co..
and 10 fourteen days we bad raised the Ghole
1 K) 000. Then tl.c w. ik Is-gan sgvin. and
v -:t in with speed
It wa only the first day ui March that
t' new cotopany was formed, and was reg
i 1 .ed as a company next daj : and yet suci
w s the vl;-or and devpiteh. that in five
m ntbs from ti.at day the cable had been
munulactured. shipped on tbc Great Eastern,
stretched across the Atlantie, snd was send
ing messages, literally swift as lightning,
from continent to continent. (Cheers.)
1 et this wae not "a lucky hit" a tine
r-n ams- the ocean in calm weather. It
w is the Wont weather I ever knew ct that
season of the year. In tbc dispatch which
ar (eared In the Xew York papers you may
ti ve read, "luu wcittncr nas reen iu'i
ssnt. I wrote it "tin pleasant. We
i fogs and storms almo-t the whole way.
. success was the result of the highest
nv combined with practical experience.
rj thing wae perfectly organized to the
lii - itsst ueuil. ) c tract on uoaru an an
n. r-Me stafi" of officers, such men as Ilalpin
at 1 Reckwith : and engineers long used to
this business, such as Canning, and ClitTord,
and Temple, the first of whom has been
knighted lor his part in thi great achieve
ment ; and electricians such as I 'rot. Thom
son of lihugow, and Willotigbhy Smith, and
Laws; while Mr. C. F. Varley, our com
panion of the year befon ,wbo stands among
t1 e first in knowledge end j radical kill
r uained with Sir Richard Olass at Valentin,
t. keep watcti at tost end ol tne line, anu
Mr. Latimer Clark, who was to test the
ca ij when done. Of these gentlemen, Prof.
1' uison, as one of the earliest and most
et nent electricians ot England, has received
thi same mark or distinction. England
he r.ors herself when she thus pays honor to
sc. nee ; and it is fit that the Government
w. ich honored chemistry in Sir Humphrey
Davy, should honor elee'rical science in Sir
Rat our work was not over. Alter land
ing the cable safely at Ncwlaundland, we
bad another task to return to miJ-oceen
and recover that Jjst in the expedition of
lust year. This achievement has perhaps
exeited more surprise, than the other. Many
evn now "don't understand it," aud every
d -y I am asked "how it was done?'' Well,
it ooes seem rathe: difficult to foil for a jewel
at ibe bottom of the ocean '21 miles deep.
R t it is not so rerv difficult when you
w bov . Vou may be sure wc did not
t fishing at random, nor was our success
. r ,. ., . 1. ,1
re- re "luCK. 11 was iue- mumi-n u mo
h '.eet nautical and engineering skill. i c
I four ships, anil on ooaru ui iucm some
ihe best seamen ia Eosland, men who
kb.w the oc.an as the hunter knows every
trail in the forest, lucre was LaptMomrty,
w..o was in tbc Agamemnon in 1807-S. lie
wrs in the Great Listcrn last year, ana saw
the cable when it broke ; and be and Capt,
Anderson at once took their otwervationa so
exact that they could go right to the erot.
After finding it, thev marked the line of the
ciblcrya row of buoys; lor fogs would
c imc down, ana enui oui euu uuu cwno,
t , that no man could take an observation.
'1 r.eso buoys were ancaorea a icw mues
. ,.-re Thev were numbered, and esch Lhad
-.. tr : . ,A !, t, IVMfl.l V. f van ll C
d.v : and a lantern by night. Thus having
.i-i.n nor lirarin!rs. we stood on three or
r milrd. a as to come broadside on, and
tr. nciins over the crapncl. drilled slowly
.. ,.. ,t. draireinr the bottom cf tht
. ..r, we went. At first it wv a little
tnkwaid to fish in tucb deep water, but our
. r.t nul tn it. and soon could cast a
grapnel almott as straight as an old whalar
torows a harpoon. Our G;liing line was of
tormiUaole nzc. It wao luidt ot rope, twis-
icu wiiu wires ot etui, to bear a strain
ol 30 tuns. It took jiu: two hours for the
grarncl to reacii butt ui. bu' tic could ttll
when it struck. I oh. n um; to the bow
and sat on the roje, and could Ice 1 by the
quiver that the grapnel was urjgi;ing on tbc
oottom two milts undtr u-. But i: was very
il0v busmcsi. U o Md f-ornji and calmj,
' 1nd '"S' and-Kjuulk. btiti He worked on
! y er day. Oner, n the ITth of Au
guet, we got the cable up and had it in full
tight for five minutts, a long, slimy monster,
fresh from the ooze of the ocean's bed, bat
our men began to eheiru c.klly, that it
eitiued to be frightened ana luddcnly broke
avray and ,ent down into the tea. This ac
cident kept us at work two necks 1 nger,
bat finally, m the last night ot August we
caught it. VI had cast the ic.rsj nel thirty
titni. 1: wa n little befute lonirnht oa
I'liiav lugUt that we hooktd ;hc oiotc, ami
It was a little allvr luidnigl.t Sunday rnor
fling hen vie got 11 00 burd. What was
the . .xietyof those 20 hours ." The strain
on . ry laau'e life was like tl.c tr-i i on
the . blc itecli. When it h.ialiy appe.trcd. it
wag midnight ; thv Iighu of li.e snip, and
in lhe boa us around i'ir bows, as they flashed
in the faces ol the nun, chuutd tin in eager
ly Matching for the caMe tj iippc ir 011 the
water. At length it w.. liou!it to the
surface All who wilt ri:l"Aid lo i1rj. o
orowdtd forwaiii t see it. Yet uot a
was tjiokm, only tut o'-,-v, kJ ilic iUi.rt iu
?offic:.ad here' hcaid giving urdiis. Ail
lilia-ii lite and death h'lo a the is.-uc.
'l ""'j atn 1. m ro..glu over
bow agd on tic Jtol u i. uartJto
breathe. Kren thin they baldly believed
their ryi. Some e.ept tjwat i it 10 feel ot
it. to be cure it was there, lhtu wc car
ried it along to the ilcctrici u' roim, to tke
if our long sought lor treasure was alive 0
dead. A lew minute ot so It iw. and '
1." . t "f the Hg.uujng current aain :u
rce. Jbenuidtbe fetling long pent un
uuii lurtii. iwsk lufiieu away lueti i.eaua .
and wept. Other bruke into chcra, ol1
the ry ran op frvm man to man, and Wj
beard down in the engitii rooms, deck biloa 1
deck, and from the boat on the water, and 1
the cL i, while rockxta lighud up the dark ,
ness of the sea. Then with thankful hearts ',
a ttime4 "r J,v' 5tn lne
J1M tae "M jr J1 "our- wc
wm exposed to all the dangeia ot a .urm
00 tuc Atlantic. Yet. in the rerj bight and
,U,J ul "c gale, at I sat in the electrician-, ,
toom, a flash ol light came up from ti :
oP ; which having crossed to lrcland.came .
back to mc in mid ocean, telling that those
so dtar to me, whom I had leli on the banks
ol the Hudson, were well and following us
uiUi their wishes and, their prajers. This
was liti, a whisper of tiod rm the .
biddin- me keep lieart and oope. The Ore.H
Eastern bore heisell tirocdlr turouga the
1 storm, us if she knew that the vital eo.d
wfci,:a waa to jon two hemispheres hung at '
uer stern ; and so. on Saturday, tne tti ul
September, we hf-.neht our s iv nd rwb!v
celery to th Wv "
When 1 tliiak ui them all, o-.I only oi
th.se n the Ureat Eastern, tmt of Capt.
t'jicm .ill of the Terrible and his fi.rt ofioer,
Mr. Curtis (who witb their ship came with
us, not only to Heart's Content, but alter
ward to the (iull oi St. Lawrence, to help
the new cable,! and of the om-
sms of other shirs, y heart is full.
men nev 1 trod a deck I 1 do 1 ut name
them ell, i; is because thry arc too many,
th.ir ranks are Ijo full of glory. Even the
sailors caught the enthusiasm ot the enter
prise, and were eager to rbare in the honor
of Ibe achievement. Rrave, stalwart men
they were at home on the ocean and in the
storm- of that sort that bare carried the
Qag ot England a vou ml the abb-.' 1 sec
then now as they dragged the snore east tip
lb beach at Iimrt'e Ubnlcnt, bHagnnaj it ia
their brawny arms ao if it were a shipwreck
ed child whom they bad ntcucd Irom the
dangers of the sea. Uud blras tlie-m all '.
Such gentlemen, in brief, 18 the story ol
the telegraph which you wished iu heat. It
has been a lon. bard ttruzgle. Nearly la I
years of anxious wauhirg and osaseless
toil. Ui'tou mv heart hat been ready to sink, j
Many times, when wand, ring i'i ' torist
of Ne-af lundland, in the pelting r in. or en i
the decks of ships, on dark, stormy t.igbls ,
alone, :ar froai home 1 have aim wt accused ,
uiyeill ef Uiadness and fully to sac.ifl.-c tbc
pea -e of ray family, an.i all the hopes ot
which might prove after aU but a !
dream I have seen
my c .mpauiona one ;
and anotber falling by my side, and feared
that I. lo.., might uot live to etc tne end. And
yet one hope has led mc on, and have
prayed that I might not taste ol ds.th till
this work was accomplished. lual prayer
is anew ered ; and now, beyond all aesnow-ledguit-nts
to men, it tne fttli. g of gr' i
tude to Almighty Uod.
Having tbu. aev uiiilishtd uut wo.k -f
building n Ocean Tclegiapb we desire to
make it uselul to the public. Tu tbu end
it must be kept in perfect ' order, and all
lines connected with it. The very idea o!
an eleetiie telegraph is, an instrument to
send rac.-tages imtaneout'.y. When a di
jalch is sent from XewTorfc to Iden.
there aiusl be no uncertainty -.bmt itt
reaching it dtslinatiou and that promptly.
This we aim to secure. Our twoeuhbsdo
their part well. There arc no way stations ! c
twecn Ireland and Ncwlouodlai.d, where ines
sagee have to be rcjieated. and tbc light, ng
never liuire-r mure than a s-.conil in ct.
torn of the s..a. to
those who leureti that i
they might lc used up or wear out, 1 would
say, for tLeir relief, that tbc old cable works
a little Utter than the- new one, but that is
; has been down lunge r, as time
itnprous the quality oi Uirn ptrcna. n.a
the new one is constantly growing better.
To show how delieitc are these wonderful
c rds, it is enough to slate.- that they can be
worked with tbc smallest battery power. When
the first cable was laid in 'Hi. dieticians
thought that to send a cunctit 'J.OOU uiiles
it must be almost like a stroke ol lightning.
But (iod was not in the earthquake, but in
the still, small voice lhe other day Mr.
l.itiuicr Ciark ttlegrapbcd from Ireland
across the Ocean and back again, with u
battery foimed in n ladj 's thimble !. And
now Mr. lulled wines me irum iieuri e
Content : 1 have sent my compliments to
Or Gould of Cambridge," who is ct Yalen
tia, with a battery cvnipofcd or o gun-cap,
with a strip of zinc, excited by a drop of
water, the simple bulk of a tear !" A tele
graph like that, wc think nearly per'ect. It
has never failed fur an hour or n minute-
'1 he Capture ot Surratt.
President Johnson rent o Congices on
Monday the diplomatic correspondence rela
tive to the discovery of John II. Surratt
It is in subetancc as follows .
A letter frcm Consul Wilding, nt Liverpool,
dated Sept. -7, l6o, tavs Suiratt was exreeted
in Li' cr; col that day. An affidavit says that
while come from Montreal to Qaebac the writer
became acquainted with a man calling himself
McCarthy, who tow mm ne nta been in tne ,
Confederate sctvtcc, encaged in conveying in- I
telligcncc between Washington and Kichmend;
that he baa teen concemeu in a pun lor carry
ing off President Lincoln, which was concocted
entirely by J. Wilkes Booth and himself; that
he vtme to Canada jost before the assassination
of President Lincoln; that while la Canada he
received a letter from ucotn, saying that it baa
become Eecettiry to chinge their plans aad re
questing him to ccme to Washington immediately,
snd that he did start immediately.
He did not say whether he went tbere or net.
but said that cn bis way back to Canada the
tram was delayed at ct Alcans, and while sit
ting at breakfast table, a gentleman next to him
cpoke of the assassination, and that be replica,
the news was too good to be true;" that the
gentleman took a newspaper from bis pocket
SOU reaa mo account, aui was cuipjjeev hi
s his came there and left immediately; that
on Sunday last, the accused bad been talking
with afSant of an interview with Mr. at
Richmond, when the affiant said to him, "you
have told me a great deal; what must I call
joa' Whit is yoar name 7" and be answered,
mv name Is Earratt." This was jait before
.v.-.. ,nll , rnitnnrlm. VVhsn MeCartbr.
or larralt landed, he was dltguissd.
isr' lfDS "la .Mr' '"dS'ft- 30.
iebo. that burratt had artiiel nt Taiprrvvtl
and again on the 10th cf October that Minister
amma hail instructed him that he did not con
sider it desirable, with their present evidence of
identity and complicity to apply for a wirrant
fur the arrest of the sappesed Sorratt.
. It ia farther stated that in his conversation !
with the aOant, Sarralt declared hia belief that 1
he would live long enough to give a good ac- I
count of Mr. Johnson.
The ActiDir Secretary of Stute. Mr. Huntr 1
October 18, lii'io, sijs that in consult atien with i
the Secretary of War and Julge Holt it was ,
thoojht advisable thit no action be titen in re- '
ganl to the arrest of the sapposel John If. Sur- :
ratt at present
Minister Kinir at Ufjine writes Scerstarv S.w-
ard, April 2:1, 1S66, that Surntt reomtly en.
listed in the Papal Zomves at Seise. Mr.
tving s informant reccgoiied him, and Surratt
admitted that he wis right in h'n coajeeturr. .
Sorratt ackncwledged participation in the plot I
against I'residtnt Liaeola's life; nal declared
teat Jeff. Davis had inoited or was prity to it. j
The informant farther n'ul that Sorratt ssemel -
to be well supplied with money, and appealed to
him not to betray him.
Minister Kiag to Secretary Ssward. Aorfoet
8, 18CC, says he communicated to Cardinal An
tonelli the information which waa seat. His
Eminence was greatly interested by It. and in
timated that if oar goTernmer.t desired the sur
render of the criminal there would probably be
Secretarr St-tni, In a dispatch to Minister
lyine, Oct. fti, 1S-06, directs bim to employ a
confidential person to eonpare the photograph
with the original and visit Yilletri for that pur
pose, and to pay the informant a sqm of money
(amount not named) ht the ia&irmation givtn
upon the subject
Minister Kinc to Secretary Seward, dated
Rome, November 2, Mys he had an interview
with Cardinal Antoaeili. who frankly tephed i
that he would give up Sarratt on proper mdivt-
aent ana j roor, at tj; re,,ui u( tne Urjnrt
ment cf Stat.
Secretary Seward, May 2a, lotio, soargests
that as we have no treaty with the Papal goy
en ment, a special agent be rent to Rome to !e
u,anl his surrender.
Mr. King under the date of November 10
says : that the Cardinal informed him that Sur
ra't, or Wa'scn, hid bern arrested by his or
ders, bat whde on his way to Home had escaped
from his goard of six mea. The Cardinal ex
presses regret at hh eacapa,
"osecber iSib. Minister Marsh, itp oris from
Flrtnee that be bal an interview with tbc Sec-rv"ry-General
of the Minister of Foreign Af
fci: 9, and asked him if he thought the Italian
iirverniuent would surrender Sarrstt if be
shual 1 be wsnl in Italian territory. The Secretary-Central
replied that he believed Surratt
wvul I be surrendered by that government on a
proper Jems ad by the United States and proof
i f the identity of the criminal, bat that this
wouM probably be doje only under Ihc tiinubv
ii, o, c the part of tbc United States anthori
ti'.r, that the punishment of death woald Let be
ir.S':;ei upon the criminal tu sanendered
Minister King and Capt. Fox, Lisbon, N v.
l .'ih, telegranhstl Minister Harvey to direct
Admiral Goldsborough to tend one of his ships
to Civ ha Veechia
earratt. trader the name of Walters, was.
after his escape from taw guard, hunted for in
Xth a, bat had gent tbeooe to Alexaadria.
DecemUr 2, Csaawl Qentral Hale eommnBi
catts tbc fast that ha iM obeyed inetructacm
and arrectc-1 Sarratt. Secrenry Seward next
day te'egraphs him that aieasares have been
tikrn to bring Sarratt home. Admiral OolJi
b.roagh having beta thns iaatraeted.
A i'ov. swiMiLa. A big swindle
tipttrattd in Boston a week or
tin.- hy two men named Edson
rho hired a store, got trusted
amounts of goods, shipped the
sauie to Ntw York and Montreal in large
quantities. m.',J theoi iot ash,nd a' soocded,
leatibg ttetr crethton to whistle for their
money. Two or' throe earlcad of goods
desj atet-eti by -ibe swindler to Chnada, ntre
ciaed at St Allnna, in txmsetfnence cf tele
graphic advirts. and $l- 000 worth ere
t'u rievvrt J; bat tiai mis a small por-t-
oi the whole. Edson turned np in
Montreal la-t arek, and the Gazelle thus
relates how some of his creditors, wLo fol
l-.wisl i.idi t! iih,r. biled in an attempt to
s e ale their property :
One of tht tmsm of alapiaord eonaJenos,
who had receive! a bogus cluck for $700 in
. mi t ,nmmm,,nAm Im Amw IUmh
!fft for Canada, states that, in kit iatervww
ith that reouraably frank and nnsophiaucs-
led chil 1 ol nstare, he spoke ss Mows :
1 admit that I kav awiadltd yon and se
ctttrd h f goods, snd that I am a scons Jrel;
ho' I have g-mc to the devil, and I goats he'll
take care of ue. My ereditcrs sorely don't
think that I aoi goiog to pay a cent Ko; that
won't do. I wast a'l my Iwndt to keep myself
toe aafortanale ered tor here expostulated a
litth aitb the imDu'siv. Mr. Edson, bathe
went on to my
'l'tegot r-",,f " my pocket, but it
is i.ot f-r my evedite v Xo. sir-rre. I know
the lias of Canada or i'ur tVates can't touch mr.
I br. the moeey. ind none cf you can
i.a.b il "
The creditor g?n t'lni cs-rated, bat Mr Ed
son agam wen en to say
" ell. yon hate teen a rice fellow ta me and
alay treated me litniltf.in. lv. Ccme arl top
a few days at this lo'rl -i.H I'll pay your ex
penses. uu a'. ii.'-.b.I as'll have a bottle of
Other cteJ -ois a.ie i... :i.hi!a arriving by
cert train u i fr.iut',.allc roahins to lhe St.
Among the'u more rtvratly cause a member of
one of Ibe oldest and trta:tburt firms in lioston.
who i- unJerstcol t.. h iri ir.tty heavy claim,
and placed hiraclf in rummuniealion with Mr.
Qirooard with the view if hatisg soma of the
gc!s scire.t. It was evident by this time thvt
all the weightier gekals brought br and seized on
the Grand Trunk tram- were comparatively
v-doetes; that the hemes and vehicles which
had arrived had been svll, an.1 that nearly all
the goo is which had ben obtained in Rcstsn
had betu ooBerted into diamoods, jewelry,
greenback n.l United Slates bonds, and were,
as laio-i stated, carried about in his possession.
The ordinary process at law id such easts would
certainly have filled; and thecreditorapplicdAr
an attachment, which unJ.'r the special circum
stances of the ease, the judge, latr on Monday
tveninir. ordered tv be telvrced. if ceoessary at
uv time, ntgbt er il, ia the rooms 12, 13 and
14 St. Lawrence
II, cv .'lently so that the ui-u
mends, jenslrr, moneys and other valuables in j
i.iisort e pecsei ana iru: Ksmigui ee te.ieu. in, i
execution of the writ was entra?ted to a sheriff's I
officer, who at an early hoar jesterdey morninj, '
i son's rooms and pvtieotly waited m opportunity
to take him bv surprise
Soon after are the fireman of the hall was ad-
mined into the room fir the purpose of lighting
the fire. The .heriff s efficsr saw the door quiet-
! If open and ruhrd in after hits bat alas ! ia-
stead of finding Mr. and Mr. lii- o sounlly
eoorin ia the arms of Morpheas, tu hi intense
i disgust ouly saw Mrs. El-en s.itiog in fall dress
I before a splendid fire in a netiog chiir. The
I bird ha.1 noan, Mrs. Edeon saying be had gone
toSweetshurg to consult hU ' 1J ..Mr. Dev-
lin. No MUmondV met the officer s gaze, no
greenbacks, no jewelry.
Ths jewels should
have bttn in the bureau., but unfortunately for
the creditor they were not, and the btnoer had
to make his apologies aad retire discomfited, the
creditor exclaiming at the time time, Oh ! wc
have been se-ld 1 The giy ami fctive EJsiu
was in the me-nwbi!e taking a constitutional
walk through the streets, tojojirg a cigar, and
shortly after seven o'clock came into the hall, ,
where the creditor was alto walking down his
disappointment and seeking consolation in the
fames cf a Cabana.
The Icllowing conversitiou ensued :
Mr. Edson Now you thought yoa were prtt.
ty smart, but I cutis vou wtre noi smart
enough to catch me. During the tight I got
notice ot your procetuiuga. n jo. uu
caught me, as you in'ended.yiu would have got
cent for ctnt on ths dollar, but ns you wtrs
not smart enough vou and the rest ot the cred
ltors will not get a cent I know I have been a .
scoundrel, and have to act as such.
The unfortunate creditor, consolingly No, '
you are not naturally a scoundrel, and tsenty
years from this you'll see that rtraorte will
make yoa repent.
EJson No. to: I tleO qaietly now: and I
1 -i acre that rav netnt ereditsrt will not dis-
I lurb mv ltn then
1 Tht creditor Wsll, if thtt Is thi
I fiue3 I'll have lo leave like a for with my
1 hin 1 '
Mr. lift ia the oonri f tfc iIit K-orJ.
ogiy, ana jir. iaison ao.t Uarstow remain in
possession of the 6eld with the dumcals, the
jewelf, ito grecnbseks and the bonds, and the
will and disposition to qua? champagne and
5o ai intir crtonsrs . .vir. Uirstow is or a
retiring disposition and resides in University
near tne mounuia.
Rditorial CsrrcspoadeBce of the Free Press.
Pisni the U'est Indie.
CHBlsmisrAbr. St. Ceoix.
Danish W. ladies, Nov. 21. 1866. j
I do not see that I can interest your
readers, at this time, on ssat'ers pertaining to
thi. island, ia any better way than to give a very
brief cat line cf tome of the most noticeable
roiats in 1: history. Though the substance cf
nearly all I shall say is to be found in print,
the information ia ihet term is not very seees
aible. an.1 prehaMr b cut of the reach of meet of
those who may read these leturs lhe sketch
which I make will serve m a basis, to nhiehcan
be applied whatever details 1 may give, hereaf
ter, from uhMTiaiMB a the groaail, iai it Kill
ue the necessity of repstttisa.
The three !alaaft. St. Croix. St. Thonm and
St. John's, which, with BunMrons itlrts of little
extent and mostly 01 bo value, constitute tl;
Danish posstssiocs in the West Indies, Ukng to
the Virgin group, at the aortknw part of the
Windwajd islands, nhick It gin e?t a Porto
Rk. iiii stteteh away to the South Aojrioan
eoast. When ducvcrtd by f. lunibne, who
landed at St. Croix oa the Uth ot No-. I I j3,
they were inhabited by the Carib :...hce, a
savage and warlike ra.e ho were wont to mate
war upon the mora pta.-vabie tribes nhvh inha
bited Porto Rico, using then- captives f.,r food.
They showed their warlike spirit r.t une by an
attack npsa Ike efaniards ef Colncit-os's vessel
when they landed at St. Croix. As Korepean
colonies were tinned oa the Ulan It, war was
mule apoo the Carite, and prtbMy within a
huailrcd jtars ol the first discovery of the is
lands the Indian tribe wtre entirely destroyed.
Of the various difficallite which studied suc
cessive attempts to Maoalm tbtte island by tbo
Spaaiavds. the Hutch, the French and the Eng
lish ; of the wart betneea the colonies, their
ownership aoawtunts by European Oo?rnments,
sometime by iadividnaU or eorporatioas who
purchased and sold them, 1 nerd i ot sfevk.
Though at one time so oasidtr.ihle a popslstion
anoVr French authority had oceanied St Croix
thai It la stated in J6I. niter a fresh reiafvree
stent of colonists had arrived, that there wtre
en the island 61 men capable ef bearing arms,
vrt the sabseqaeat dtpraiiion became to great
thai "n lK9o the island vras eatirrly abandened.
At ihni '. there were but 147 white persons
and "2J Uavea o tka Usnd. All were removed
to 9t, Uosatage, then held by a French colony,
and 3L Croix was left desolate of inhabitants.
In 17C3, Christian VI, King of Dennrark,
purchased St- Cloix of Fiance, and added il to
the Danish pusricns of St. Thomai aad St
Johns those kylaads haviag beta held by the
Daar-h goteraaisnt hjr lainy years probably
I from as early as 1670. It not however till
the forepart of 173o that a formal transfer cf the
uuacul to Paulili MUluwUy d. Tlx
aland having been left aaiakabitnl tor forty
years was so overgrown with bashes, vines and
tret? that the landing party at Bttn harbor
the harbor of Christianstadt took several days
ef labor to clear a spate mOcient for landing
and occupation The little fbrt with nine gans,
which lhe French bad left when they deserted
the island, remained in a fair state of oreetrva
tioc. baring the Europe wars at the begin
ning of lhe piwrsnt oratory, setae, or all these
islands fcU, mr a few tears, aader Eng!ih rule,
bat were restored bv treaty. With that slight
exception they hart been unoVr the Danish
erawa, ever since thty were permanently 'ttttal
Slavery began ia the Danish islands as it did
in the other Wtit India islands, almost simulta
neously wilh their iccapatiun. Tae P-sni'h
West India and Guinea ceavpaoy bad for a t-e-cial
ehject the supply oi lhe islands nith .laves
from the coast cf Africa ; and the .-aljugatioa
of them to labor and obeditnee was effected and
maintained by measures of severity and inhu
mat.i:y maeb the same as have been resorted to
in seme form cr other nhertvtr the unnatural
and unchristian practice of tnslaving human
beings has been resorted to. The natural re
salts individual resistance, near and intur
recticn in numbers were ttosorsethe accompa
niments. The character of thr measures re
sorted to, to prevent soch acts, stay be judged of
from a few ot Ibe ordinances set forth by placard
of the Royal Council, in January 1833, in view
of fears of thve insjbordiuation. in St. Thomas
and St. Johns
1. Th lsai'er ol run"-) lavrsakallle ptircLrd
three times with rd hot .roc, tori then hone.
2. Each other rocavay slave thai I lot on !r,
or if th owner pardrn him. snail lota ore ear, and
lecelto m horslrwl sad ity itrlptt.
6. Slave . who steal l the vala of tour rix dol
lar,, ihall br pinched aad hunt -, lets than lour rix
dollars to b Branded, and recede vae hundred
ard ttftv strtpes.
s. A t'avs who ihall -lilt rUbandtoFtri-es
white ntraoB. er threattn him with violence, shall
t e pinched aad hum, thoold U whlto perron de
mand it, if not, to lose his rlcfct hand.
9. One white rttton (ball b tuificleat wltaers
against a ilav. and tl a slave ha rerpected '!
Crist be can b tried by torture.
These ordinances arc not quoted to r bow that
barbarity was moie prevalent and more atro
elous in the Danish West Indies than in the
other islands. They are given merely as samp
les of the kind of measures which were thought
justifiable In those times throughout all the
ivlands cf the West Indies saying nothing of
other parts of the world to make sure and
effectual the power of the masters over those
"" "Ct- I leheve it to te
general! r coneeued that tht treatment of slaves
. WJ tbe whole mddtr in the Danish Islands
. T, . ,, .
after the sy of Dsn-art ovtr thtrn was Inlly
eslablitbed, than in thes which belonged to the
other Baropsan powers.
The slave tra it was abolishel by the Da;ah
Government ia 1503, though not Tally suppressed
in its colonies for several years after. In 18 17
, b r. rDw!k, Christitn VIII, enacted
lne ' . .
that irem tne -em oi -mj v, jj.,
children Urn of those hH in bondage should
be free and Ibat at . the end of twelve years
thereafter tlavery should entirely ceas-. The
slaves bowevtr wtre not svtisfied with the pros
pect of freedom twelve years ctf, and en the 2d
cf July ltMS, a formidable insurrection broke
cut is St. Croix, which hid evidently been con
cocted before band throughout the entire island.
It broke out simultaneously all over the Island,
though en some estates lie slaves did not join
lo it, ard even violently rta'sled the attempts to
destroy their master's property. Iu faet. though
considerable property was destroyed, it is stated
pceitivtlr that net a single white person lost his
life, though tefere order was restored several of
the slaves were killed by lhe military Circes.
The demtnd of the slaves was that their free
dom should be graded forthwith ; and to the
surprise of tba white population, who believed
that by (cergetic measures lhe revolt coald t
duelled, tbi Gov. Gtcertl cf tbePanlsh Islands,
T.n tthclttn. maJi protlacutloa from tht
walls of the Crt at Fredenckstadt at the west
end of the island, that slavery was at an end tt
all the Danish Islands. Some have sucDeted
that in fact the Gov. General acted upon secret
order from the crown, and that the plot of an
insurrection was previously known aad connived
at by bin. ITowever that may have Uen. he
soon after resigned hit authority, hot his act of
emancipaticn was sanctioned by the King, and
slavery fiom that date has had so existtccs In
his West India possessions.
The owners of the slaves thus summarily freed,
made petition to the Kirg for remuneration
alleging with force that it bad been under tba
authority and approval of the crewn that they
had invested their means in slaves, and lilt
they had dons nothing lo justify their being
thus stripped tf their property, and that th
evidence was abundant that the emancipation
proclamation of Gov. Gen. Scbdten was nst at
all needed to restore cider. The result was thst
the slave owners were remunerated by an ap
propriation cf SS0 for each stave to tmanaipa-
ed, without distinction of age or cocditiec.
Government bonds with interest cocpens at the
rate of three per cent, per annum were isiued
for the amount to thcte who had lost by ths
proclamation core slaves than one, payable at
different periods. Cash was paid down to tbeia
who lest tut one slave. These bond are new all
pa'd, the last being paid, I am told, last April.
At the outbreak cf ths insurrection, assis
tance had been sect far to the other isiaads aud
also to Porto Rico fur Spanish troops to help Iu
restoring order. In a few divs comparative
quiet was produced, and seme temporary regu
lations were established, and labor was on ame
terms resumed on many cf the estates. Xo
measures taken to promote a general re sumption
of labor were, however, successful till after ths
the arrival in November 13-13, cf Trier Hansen.
as King's Commissioner and for the timo Gov
ernor General cf the Danish West India Islands.
He had full authority to pass laws to be binding
on both planters and laborers. The laber act
which he promulgated under date of Jan. 20,
1S49 "to regulate the rtlatiecs between the
ewners of Landed Estates and rural population
of free laborers," constituted a most remarkable
system one which with tome slight modifica
tions, brought about rather by usage and com.
men consent than by any change in the letter cf
the law (whkh I am told has cot been changed
since its original promulgation) remains in
force now. Its peculiarities and effects of its
operation are too many to be stated in this let
ter. I will enter on that subject ia mr next.
Yours. G. W. B.
(Correspondence cf the Boston Traveller.
New Tone, Nov. 30.
rnor. w. c. t. snxnc
About twelve years since there wtscalled to an
Andover profeisorabip a comparatively young
man whom some critics had declared to be one of
the greatest thinkers of America. He had been
ftvorably known in a professorship which h
bad previously held, but his came was not fam
iliar to thft great body of the denomination he
represented, and it was necesstry that he should
then fill the chair that bad been occupied by
one whose ftme was in all the churches. Ua
proved himself to be more than equ,l to the po
sition. He at once became a power in Amhver,
and gave to his department a prominence, an
interest and a value that it had not before en
joyed. A few years since he accepted a call to bo a
colleague to Dr. Spring of the Brick Church,
I -at after serving a short time, he resigned to
take a chair in Union Theological Seminary,
which position he now holds.
It is an cnpleasant comment on the literary
aa well as religious taste of the church-goers of
this metropolis that Prof. Shedd ia so little ap
preciated here by those who have the opportu
nity of listening to his preaching. During the
past sammer he has preached ia the Broadway
TalernacTe and in Dr. Adams's Church on Mad
ison Avenue, but in neither places hag he suc
ceeded in interesting the majority of his hearers.
There are a few (comprising the thinkers snd
scholars) who admire bis abilities and appre
ciate the power and originality of h!s discourees,
but I soppos: that the numerical majority are
moro pleased at the close than at the beginning
of any of his public efforts.
I believe I have heard a majority of ths most
eloquent preachers in the Eastern States, but I
have yet to sec his equal ia logical powtr. His
diction is simple, at times conversational, his
style is adorned with but little imagery, yet that
little is of ths best and purest. His voice Is
letter fitted fcr the parlor than for the pulpit,
and bis manner is mors earnest than eloquent.
His appeals are powerful, and would be almost
irresistible if they were made to the heart in
stead cf the intellect. The simple truth is, that
in his pulpit discourses he makes the same mis
take that Dr. Bacon charged upon Dr. Taylcr,
namely, " he goes upon the supposition that
J udged by the standard of thought alone,
thtte is not a preacher in this city who can be
compvred to him, unless it be Dr. Bellows. Dr.
Thompson and Dr. Adams, in whose churches
Ptof. Shed J so frequently officiates, are as much
inferior to htm iu fogical power, as they are su
perior to him in their ability to interest and
hold their audiences. On the whole Dr. Adams
is tht best type of a popular clergyman in a
Urge city. His sermons have jost enoujh of
tiwujrut ia give incm aignity, without so macn
as to demand very active exercise for tho mind
to fol'ow them. while they are ever character
iisd by an almost matchless gracefulness of dic
tioo, and the most exquisite imagery, and art
delivered with an unction and pathos of manner
that cannot fed to make them attract even when
it does not edify.
Outside of his peculiar sphere as professor
and preacher and theologian, the influence of
Prof ShrdJ is bat little folt He his never
identified himself with any of the pcpular re
forms, and in his sermons scarcely ever alludes
to the momentous questions that agitate lbs
country. Conservative ia his theology, he has
little sympathy wilh the free-thinkers of any
school. Consei vative in his politics, he silently
frowns upon all the schemes of radical reform
ers. He has never used bit pea in favor of any
party; his voice is never heard at cur popular
gathering". While Dr. Tbompscn identifies
himself with all the progressive ideas of the
time. wUle Dtcon and Beecher areastealous
oat of Ibe pulpit as ia it, and feel called upon
to proclaim what tbey believe to bs tba
troth to all men. upon all the themes
of vital moment, ProL Shedd concen
trates himstlf upon his chosen calling, and
cocseeratis bimsell to the one purpose of bis
life, that is to convince mea of religious truth
through purely logical reasoning.
How can It be otherwise than that be shoild
fait when he comes before the people? Tht
heart sets farther than the head alwavs, and
the human race are to be elevated more br an
pml to the feelings than to the reason. If
l'r .r. SomJ.I s serene ami logical intellect baa
beta coupled with the rich and powerful lmagi
a.tioa of a Cbttmrrs, if that masterly power of
aualysia were set oil by the affluence of imagery
and felicity ef txpresabn that give such a charm
to the tff rtt cf Dr. Adams, thtn indeed would
he l.e par izetlltnet the pulpit orator of tbo
metropolis, now orten have i wisaeu, as l
bavt listened to the en .nciation of b's eloquent
iJtas, that nature had completed ber work, and
had given bim the power of aronsisg th feel-
in t as well as ot convincing tba understanding I
In private life few men are more reipectrd.
and few are more worthy. Simple an 1 almoat
onscomcious ia manner, affable, ready and coa-
mutiicvtiTr. in conversation, it is nc wonder
that the students all love ths man, though thty
do not agree with his politics or h:s theology.
Mr. Bvncioft perpetrated an unintention
al joke about dashing beautiful women
across the wires at tne century ciuo
barqnet to Cyrus Field. This has brought
out several little stones about tne nistorinD,
which have ou account of their charming
simplicity, been called Bancroftiacs. Among
others, i: is said that, during a morning ride
at Newroit last season, while icte-o-teta
witb a charming young lady, tbo historian
whispered, in the intervals of a trot. "Don't
call me Mr. B. ; call me George." The)
young lady siil not worJ, but some tlma
after, iu a targe eciupuny at dinner, acrefs
the taMu asiJ, "Gtiorjs, btnd mi tht