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. . Str eami asm taw mjtmai suv s. tannr bm. ni 2 yawtr vv. NEW SERIES VOLXII BURLINGTON, VT., FRIDAY MOKNINOr, DECEMBER 521 1800 NUMBER TWENTY-FIVE I P o c 1 1' y The l'irtt Mow Kali. The snow bad begtra i SraW? And botfly all fc.'," . w hh . eHe JI whl,t- Bnrr fir aaJ kemkek, HvJe ermine too dear for an earl, a.ai! the poorest twig on the elm tret Was fringed inch deep with peati F-oni sheds new roofed with Carrara, Came Chanticleer's muffled crow. The stiff rails were softened to swan's .lowu Aod still flattered dowB the snow. I stood and watched by the fiiodow The noiseless work of the tkj, Aho" the Mtdiiefi aurriesof snow-flake. Like brown leave whirling by. I thought of astound in tweet Auburn, IfLtie a little head-stone t:od How lie flakes were folding it gently, Asdli robin the babes in the wood. Up spoke i ami little Mabel, having, "Father, who makes it sn f" And I told ber of the good A It-milter Who carts frr us all below. Ag 'n 1 looked at the snow-fall. And thought ot the leaden rky That arched o'. r Stat great When the mouui was heap so hu. I n-membrr the gradual patience That fell from that clood like tu v, PkVe by flake, healing and hidinf The Mar of that ib-cp XHbbd wo. Ac again to the chiM 1 whispered. "The mo' that htttl-eth all. Darting, tb Merciful Father Atene can tueieit tall " Then with eyes that caw cut, I kissed her And the, kitting Uck, could pot know That my has was given to ner sauor t elded Cioae unatr aeepeniug Jlow t yrc laid the fable. Cotat tiavn all unto my Sung. It u no tiily table'; 'Tu all abort the tni&uty card They call the Atlantic Cable. ttiw Cyrus Fkld, be s.a, J be. ! have a pretty rWiun. "i'hat ! can ran a telegraph Aortas the Atlantic Ocean. TWc all the people hmghed, and said ; They'd like to see him do H ! He might get half sea over, bat He never eoald go through it. To carry oat his foolirh Ian lie nerer wuold be able. He mieht a well fo inag himself With his Atlantic Chit- But Cyras waa a raliaot man, A Mlow of deekioo. And heeded not their mocking words. Their lsngSter and derision. Twice did bis brave courts &3, And yex his mind was stable ; He wan't the man to break his heart Because he broke his cable ! OLct oore ! my gallant boys," be cried, " Thru titkti .'yon know the table !" (I'd make k tbuty, mattered he, Eut I wiii Ujr the cable !) Onot: more they tried Larrah ! hurrah ! What means this prat commotion ' The Lord be praised ! the cable laid Ascoaji the Atlantic Uccaa ! Ioad ring the bella : ti-r nal:ng through Six hundred leaguta of wai r. Old Mother England's iwaUo" Salutes her etdef dtogbier : Vow tang live President and VI aero ; Long liva the gallant Cyras ! Acd may hie aauatgt, Mth iwd'igal With enralstioti are uf ! z& may we honor evermore The meals', bold and etaUe, ilJ tell our mis to make tnem brae lluw Cyrus laid the exile. Jl I K I' C I I SI II C O II S , The Lnclimi II 'there used to be a pood kji-Ji-b dcremtiti cor.nteied with the I'ro tiderc- (R. I.) O'nfaeno. wl-o bad a rar-'ti-bag marked witb the icgle initial L. "n or.e occasion in tbw times tl.c annual dttinp :f the Ci.nfrrer.o. fin:!.ej its butinees hdJ fin.lxd the hual adjournuiitit in the afternoon, bat a feu mmuto t lore tbc hour Un the memheis wcie to Late towz. Ma nv ol thetn. anticipating cuch a state of tbiegs, had taken their Ufgagr to tbc place wl.i n- il.e tettione weie beid. and as soon as the tentdiction wafc pr. ntiiii.nJ there was a rueli for the pile ol valit and rarpet-bags in ib entry Our I j'plii-li ii lend vtaeatlhe '.t cid of the crowd, and not !.-in able to i pet to the j lie, f-tood at ttit outside of tie irele. calling out : " Hae cny brother fttn t '-ar t-bap marked Hell "' Thl i KtMit LatiATtos or Ke.ys. 'He ? r.th toy onets which for 16 years have j : 11J tiie temporal wer of the Pope in ': - tternal City, have at last been actually suiidrawn. The eveut ia announced by the it te Roue, Dec. 11, lC lh.t (Taesdav) motnicgthe important and ig expected event of the evscuation of Rome ibe French troops was c rrpleled. At un early hoar the soldU rs of Napoleon Ki&rched from the Castle cf San Angelo. The mj-erial French flag was immediately run down nil the Pontifical colors hcistcd em the strong at once. The Pope is gone to CiviU Vecchia, where his H hrnis will remain duiisg ten days. Pn:, Pec. 10, 1S66. .Serious dimcultr is apiaehecdtd in Rome iA ifter the withdraw il of the l iencli troops. 11 I J . .1 . .. . d. Ln AM law limi piejmiain.be air uiiiife j aorities to meet the worst. Malakorr,'' of tlw New York Tmes, c araeterixes the rtctnt jroeccdings of our 'ivernmcnt in the Mexican business as trjing to knock in, with the sound of tr mi etc, an ojtn door ;" "giving n man a .ick when lie show, a disposition to rc- t re peaceably,'' and "coming in at the tail ui 1 ol .n enternriso with harsh words, htn all tbc unfortunaU-s who have ewanivd in it are in tfaie.". Uen St'XBisE. Uiatv Itatbawav says: "The m;n that misses tumiv lrvj-s the f wtctest tart of his existence. 1 1UC lo watch the 5. . . . 1 . 1 : . . . ..1 '.ist tear mat gusieus m ojienmg ej-- o iiijrnins tne fiieni song tne nower s sonij- hreath the thrilliDC choir of the woodland minstrels, to which the mud n brook trickles Rpjlaui.- These swellings out of the sweetest ol creation's matins, seem to vuur some glad and merry talc into ueligbt's ear, as 11 the worm bad dtcarcca a iiappiuioj ind now smiled tver the telling ol it." Wc feel iust so about it. and make it a J '-hit never to inh-s it, atleep or awake. Casto o orr Dxviu We Lavo a Iriend, Mpthndist nreacker. He lias a larcr. mm eular frame and a huge bnod.witb a powerful grip. Same years ago 1 e was holding a mcetinc. at which nuitc an interest was awakened. A cumtcr of pttsons had come to the anxious sent, and some had been con verted. A cronn. consisting o' two or three ycung men and as many young ladies, were prvsent, whose object in coining was to have x-er-iatnt. The minister kindly requested hem to observe tbo decorum befitting the tlace. One ol them, ventured in a rather -irracions manner to rerlv that they had "understood that miracles were worked litre, and he had come to sec tome pet' fitted." Upon this our robust friend, the tut collar, deliberatelv led bim down the tule, and opening the door, without cere sonv lar.Jrf him onttide. ooictlr rtraark- tr?. "Wa dn not work miracles Urr, hil I'fSH. B. C. A, It. I BENEDICT. editors aXD PinriuEIOES. 1 FRIDAY MORNING. DECEMBER 21, 18C6. The Snllra?c Kill, li e pith of the h'ufiiagc Ci!l f r tl c Dis trict tf Columbia 16 in its Cut strtion : i Bte. 1. That from and after the tasige of thie net, each and erery male porton, excepting paupers ami erton uisdcr guardianship, of the age of 21 years aDd upwirJ, who has not been ! conrieted of any iclamous crime or offtnoe, snd I excepting pertons ttho uwiy have roluntarily giten aid ami comfort to the reUls in the late rebellion, and tt ho shall hare been born or I naturalized in the Uniltd States, anil tball hare resided in the said District for the period of one year, and in the ward or district in which be ! fclttftll ntlvr tn rnt llirrn mf nllj next Dreeedice ! any elect on therein, shall be entitled to the j ' eleethe franehite, and fball 1 deemed an ekotor and cstit'ed to lote at any election in h1 lm ' triet, without asy distinction ou account of i color or race. 1 An cflott I.J ixuatnr I'ixun tu attach an ! educational tet failed. It washdocntcd by Senators Totter ai.d Cowan, and opposed by ! Scawtots Wilcun, Sumner and o'.bere, on the J gir.nnd tLat it would tetard the education of i tbc Wacke I y mating it an object tu keep . them from learning bow to load and write ! The fBHtidnioit was kxt by a rote of 11 to ; 34. llotu tic Vermont Senators voted against it. The Mil red the Scnatcby tb: feUtfWio&vote : Teas Meaars. Antheay, Rronn, Cattdl, Chand er, Conner, CreMwell, Edmaude, Fet eeaden, Tagz, frelinghayren. Grime. Harrfe, Henderson, llonard, Howe. lurkrood. lAse, Morrill, Morgan. lVland, Peine roy, Ranway, Rrss. Sbernwn, Sirsgue, Stewart, Sumnr, Trambnll. Wade. Wiley. Williams, WiUoo-iK. Mays llcssrs. Bockalew. Cocsa. Xavw. Dixoc, Doolittle, Foster, Hendricke, Kcsuitb, -IJortcr . Palter?, n. Riddle, Saulsbory. Van Winkle 13. In tLe llouw. Mr. Hale etJeaortd to ofvr an amtnclment imUrflyiEg an cduca 1 tiooa) ualtfieatiou ; but the jrttious qaet j tka was dmrukJ and enforced, and tl c j bill psaid without debate, by t. :oU; of H to 40. four ol the IfMitecce mcmicn, JI ners MaiJiid, Stclrs, Hawkins and Ar nell tottd .lor tbc bill. u did alto Mca. BaynMod and Hale of cw York. Messrs. Baiter and Woudtoldfie J Vt. voted for the bflL v'r. Morrill arrears to "uare ben ab cnt or not voting. Tbc Washington correspondent of tbc Sear York Cewmrrdal AJrtrlinr rays that the cccret of the failure to engraft the edu cationtil qualification cn the bill is to be found in the remark of VIr. Sumner that that "would tiOt ceeare the oectssary tottny fortr." CcrusivNai. An sousing passage at sum occurred in the Hcnsscnoo the Uth. Judge Hale ol New uk bad Hitrodaeed frvm vuuiniiu.1, the bill providing that re movals fium office fhall only be nude bv the Prcsider.t kr S2alltxrrt.ee or incsjc :y. and stall i:-ke fli ct tl ly witb tit cuiietnt ol the Senate, ltad bttvttt ofleredaii amendment to the efiert that snjr aj pointee to an cSlv who shall I f rejected by the Senate, aball be incapable t holding tftee under the I'nited States for a year after ekdi rejtctiou. In topi-ort of th'n Mr S. said : Paring the last til months a class of the swanest me 2 whom God ever overlooked in making met, Lad been aprouittd to cmee, ana were now awaiting rejection or confirmation by the Senate. He had no doubt that a great many of them would be 1 eject ol, but if the President were allowed to sppemt them to cn; other office he would reward them el!. The very faet of their acceptance of ofnee was evidence that they wtre tco mean to hold it snd t lishonesl to be trusted with it. and that fir lcist cce year they should hold no office. Mr. Hale oTtnoaed the amendment. lie was delighted to welcome the senlleman from Penn sylvania to the conservative rant, but he re gretted to see that with the ical common to a conhvtc. be now went far beyond these who ' to,a had been heretofore considered as in some man ner sustaining the President. lie (Mr. Stevens) propcetd to put in the hands tf the President such poster as bad never teen entrusted to any man. Under the gentleman's amendment the Presuent niiiht send any man's name to the Senate for an office and on the, Senate re fusing to confirm him, he v.ould be incapable of holding any other office far a year. Mr. II lie went cn, suppose, for instance, that the President should nominate the gentleman from Pennsylvania himself to some office, for which the Senate could not confirm him. say Commander-in-Chief of the army, the gentleman wou d be ii.capab!c of boldms any public office for one year after his rsjection, and tuen now sorrv the fritudi of the centleman in the House would all be. (Liu-hter.) It like manner if the President should desire to ge rid of General Grant or General Sherman, he had only to nom inate bim for Chief Justice, and in beingrijected by the Senate, the General would be rendered locapauie 01 uoiuiug uis uummj iwiwu. Mr. Stevens insisted on his amendment, and called for ihc yeas and najs which letuited teas IS. navs 132. So the nraendaitnt was re jected and the further consideration of the bill went over. In the delate on tl.c ArpTorra,lim w,1, . .. .. , V. Cl-CJil in the uciiee on rnuay, jir.jcvi"" to strike oat the paragraph appropriating $250,000 fcr the Stntc DepartuKnt, and re quested information about it. lie had heard it said that it wae to induce fcurratt to come to thi6 country and receive his pardon, as tbtrc was no pardon sgtncy established in fiuropc. This suggestion ocoat-ienw laughter. .Mr. Thad. Stevens replied . Mr. Ptenhens said that he tad himself Uen :,iit.1 in recommend that item to the Ap propriation Committee. Ue had therefore re- 1 c 1 wi.n la TAnn mm OUCStCu .'II. ccnaiu, piw ' J . , . . ,1 v : . .i ml nim 1 1 1 m the t laugnier; 10 can ujvu - - necessary information, and Mr. Seward had He wouia say to gcniicuieu mi mtj had not talked about anything except uusicees. and Mr. Seward convinced him that the appro- rrition wis necessary and proper. ' ...i .it..-. Tli f-.ei 1 l ee The covernment had 1 prisca wouuj large suits pending In Europe, principally in Englanu ana l-rancc, 10 recoier j-ieje, v ""' had belonged to the rtlel government, and there aits were very expensive. The aggregate amount involved was over tntnty millions, and it was supposed that a veij large portion cf that would be recovered. The expense cf tracking Surratt all over Europe was urge, ami Derailment would have to pay iuc expense of the vessel that was conveying Sur- mtl t ,1,;- rr '1 KEfl IHC CUIC yuwi- ment i,i,i the expenses cf the reception of Queen Emma in this country, and of her return to Honolulu. It also paid the expense cf the recent expedition to Mexico. Tbo Legislature of Alabama has rejected the Constitutional Amendment bv a large majority. Gcv. Patton, in recently recom mending tbc Legislature to ratify the Amend ment, woe unsuccessful in undoing tbo work of his message on the opening of the Legis lature, in which his decided opinion was given for its rejection. Tbo President's appointments made dur ing the recess, It is said, arc to be ecnt to the Senate by States. Maine, tw Hamp shire, Musachutetts and crmont will go in in a few days, and then tLe Kw Yorl list will follow. The Story or the Atlr.ntic t'nble. The pnssure oil our coluuiDi lis? nt per mitted us hitherto to ghc to f.ur readers the ericc:h of Cvrits W. Field, at the cteat bnnquct given in bis lienor in New York last month, liut it was olo of tin most notable Erecchcs cf this generation a great account of a Rrcat cnttrpriee A tirajJc, clear statement ot facte.it has more than the interest ol a romance, and there is much of the element of romance in the whole story. Cable despatches arc already an old story. London news of noon, at supjier-tiinc, are as nauoh a matter of course a tbc icpslir New York tclegrami.cr a bread and bolter; but nevertheless the Miecea- of the AtUotir GaMc is one of the biggest things ot thi ape of phyeieal iTonduri. There w encourag raent for every ;;ood enterpru, in this ac oant of manly perseverance against iufiuttc diEScultics and discouragement. No man's cjoI will be the smaller for ConUnipUting each example of enlightened liKralitv. a that, for iwtaoec, yl stout Mr. ltiacey, a ' galden name for Mr. Held, it, apite ol its sound of baser metal who ill the darkrot hour vf thr project, stretched out bis hand with ::K,0(jo in it, and folloutd wit! an of, r of aa much more. And it Ttijl not buit tbosc w! 0 have rlready read it once to read once m'ire "how Cyius laid the Cable." VYe select the more intoiesting passages of Air. Field's fpeeeh. Mr. Field said : It w nearly thirteen tear tince half a ! dozen gentlemen of this l-'itj met at tuy houec for lour buccrxsivc tvening. twl around a tabic covered with maps and rh&rt- and plans and eetiontee, eonsidercd a pre- jet to .xtend a line of telegraph from N -va Scotia to St. Johns, in Newfoundhna.thence 1 to l earned neroe the ceran. It was a TCfy prtttT plan on paper. There was New York," an j ;ucro pas Sr. Johns, only about 1.300 mi'-.s apart. It was ia, to Ji.w a line from one poinf to the other making no account ol the foresu and mouutains, and swamps ai.d rivers ai.d guifa, that lay in oar way. Not .me ol u- Lad ever men tie coun try, or had any idea of the obstacles to be uverevmc. We thought we could build the line in a lew months. It took two years and a uaf. Yet we never asked fur help outside our littls i.ric Judged J fear we should not have got it ii we had for few had any faith ia our scheine. ktery dollar came out ot our own rocket. S'et 1 am pruud to say no uian drew back. 1 man proved a dcoertxr ; those who came first into :hp work have utood by it to the enJ. Of thow tii men our arc here to-night Mr. I'eter Cooper, Muses Taylor, it0jvb4.ll O. Robert, and myself. My brother Dudky u in Guiopc, and Mr. Chandler White dial in 1850. and his place was supplied by Mr. Wilson ii Hunt, who is also here. Mr Robert W- Iaiw ber was our Secretary, l'o these gentlemen, as my first associates, it is bat juft that I rlioull pay uj firs', acknowl edgment. From this sutvuco( jou rc-iw.i,t tLat 3 the beginning Ibis was wholly an Ameriean enterprise. It was begun,and for two yenrs and a half was carried on, solely by Aiueii cjan mpitai Ourbrtt'-'tn acro.b the i did not even know what we were doirg away in the forests ol Newfoundland. Our little eomunv raised and expended oiir a million anil ..L.-trf'' t A ,'jir befure an Kl .uar!.' 0. J :!are Otlore an rjigiisu- man p aid a single lKiund ktcriing. U J7 on ly support outside wac in the liboral ebarac tpr arid ateadv fnendabit) of the C Government of Ntrnfoundlaiid, for which we weregreatly indebted to Mr. E. M. Archibsld, then At-tornev-Ueneral of that colony, and now Rritish Consul in New York. And in pre paling lor an ocean cab! . the first soundings acresa the Atlantie wcic made by American oifisxrs in Amirifan ship. Our scientific men Morse, Henry, Bac'-c aed ilaury had taken great interest in the subjeot Tnr V. &. ship JMphtn discjvered tbc telegraphic plateau as early as 1S3 ; and the U. S ship Arctic soi'ndedcciiss from Newfoundland t Ireland in 1356, a year before II. M.'s ship CtJopi. under command of Capt. Dayman, went over the same ooarsc. This 1 state uot to take aught from the just praise of Eng land, out -imply to vindicate the truth of history. It was not till 1S50- ten rears aco that tLe cnterprUc br.d any existence in Kngland. Iu that summer I went to indon, i4 tbere with Mr. John W. Brett. Mr. (now ir) Charles Bright, and Dr. Whitebuuse, organ ized tic Atlantic Ttle-rapb Company. Sciit.ce had begun to contemplate the nec essity ot bii.i an enterprise ; and the great Farada cheered us witb his lofty enthusiasm. Tlsen lor the first time was enlisted the eup pjitol English capitalists; aud then the ilritish Government begun that generons coarse wbi.'li it has continued ever since offering us ships to complete soundings across the Atlantic, and to atot in laying the ca ble, and an annual subsidy for the transmis sion of message-. Willi the hiilorv ot toe expedition 01 1S57-S you are familiar. On the third trial wc gained a brie f success. lhe cable was Uid. and for lour weeks ft worked though never very brilliantly never giving forth such rapid and distinct flashes as the cables of to-day. It spoke, though in broken sen tences. Rut w bile it lasted no less than 400 messages were sentauroni tbc Atlantic, loa nil remember the cnthusum which it excited. It was a new thing under the sun, and for a few weeks the public went wild ovtr it. Ol course, when it stopped, the reaction was very great. People grew dumb and suspi cious. Some thought it vras alia hoax l and many were quite sure that it never worked at all. That kind ot odium we have had to endure for eight years, till now I trust we have at last silenced the unbelievers. After the failure ol lfa ca'uc ourdirkrst dava. WLen a thing is dead, it is hard to galvanise it into life. It is more diffiVilt to revive an old enterprise than to start ":w one. The freshness and novelty are gone, and the feeling of disappointment discour ages further clTort. Other causes delayed a new attempt. This country lad become in volved in a tremendous war ; and while the nation was straggling lor life, it had no time to spend in lorcigc enterprises. Rut in England the project was ttill kept oi; The Atlantic Teiecrapb Company kept up its organization. It Iras a noble body ot directors, who had faith in the en terprise, and looked beyond its present low estate to ultimate success. When the scientific and engineering pro blems were solved, wc took heart again and began to prepare for a fresh attempt. Ibis was in 1803. In this country though the war was etill raging I went from city to ritv. holdins meetings and trying to raic capital, but witb poor success. Men came and listened, and said "it was all very fine, and " hoped I would succeed, but did nothing. In one of tbc cities they gave ot a Urge meeting, and passed some Lcautitul resolutions, and appointed! committee ot solid men " to canvass the city, but 1 om not get n solitary subscriber : In this city I j.j P.,r thnmrr, mnnpT came bv the liard- aiu ue,e, - , est. Ry personal solicitations, eccocragta bv voa, sir, and other good friends, I suc ceeded in raising 70,000. Since not many had faith, 1 must present one cxamplo to the iLnnob it was cot till a year later. When a'lmost all deemed it n hopeless scheme, one gentleman came to mc and pur 1" i 'tn,. h At antic Telegraph Com- SEy to the amount of 100,000. That was I T w : -J.r. nhn in here this even- t"Bbi?hrcw7rded. But at the too I speak of, it was plain that our mam London, xnerc, iw, ha 7 t. There was a profound discouragement. Ma ny bad lost before, and were not willing to ?J. - mm into the sea. Wcnccded Vfiftn 000. and with oar utmost efforts wc bad rki-cd less, than talf, and.there the cn terctut itooa in a utau - - r ihal m WP ff0B ,on" n f quarter. 1 looked around to find a nun who ' had broad bU luldcre. and c uld carry a heavv load, and who would be a "iirit to tbecacte. It u.'f at this time I was introduced to a KCutlcman, whom I would bold up to tl c American public as a specimen or a great hearted Englishman, Mr. Thomas Itra6;ey. Vou may never have heard his narai", but in Laniun he is known as one of the men who bivc made Rritish cnkrprie and Rritifh ca- pital felt in all parts of the earth. I went to we him, thoueJi with fear and trembling. lie rt ceiled me kindly, out put mc thiouh soch an examination as I never had before. I thought I was in the witness box. He asked every pcsiblc question, but my ans wers sati-Ced him, and he ended by raving it war an enterprise w hich ought ta be earned out, end that be would be or.c rt ten men to I furnish the money to do it. 'lids was , pUdgt of 60,000 curling ! Knc juracta by 1 this noble oS r, I looked aiound to find another such msii, thouh it was aim st lik trying to find twv Wellioptori. Rut lie teas found in Mr. Join l'cnder, of M imL ttr. , I went to hh ofSoe one Jiy in L. 1 dou, and j we tralked together to t':, llous? ol Com I mour, ar.d belore we got '.here he said lie j would take an tqual than with M'-. sey . The rction of ihc.-c two g.uiUmtn was a I turning point in the history of our enter I prise ; for it led shortly after to a union , of the well-known Gnu of Glass, I'Jliot & Co. I with the Untta IVreba Company, nuking of the two one grand concern known as "lhe Telegraph Construct jn ".rid Ma;ntena,ce Minpany,' hth iucli.(.rd not only air. Urauej and Mr rendtr. but other meo of great wealth, Micli as Ml Oeurgc Rlltot and Mr. Barclay, of Lmdon, and Mr. Henry llewley, of DuMin,.aud which t':us rein forced" with imittcnce capital, t'nk up the whole enterprise in its strong arnK We needed, 1 hare said. 600,00(1, and with all our efior's in England ana America we raise! Only This niw ompacj CjW enme lors'aid. aca o fit red tj tak? the vholc "ua'n,nS xiw.uuu 01 ,bc bon,li. Vu euc- tingent. A few days alter halt v. dox.n gentlemen ' j lined together and boug' . the (irrat Emst ' to lay the cable; aid at the bead of t thii! t?OTiltiacv was eihtmd Mr. Danitl (looeh. i number o l'uriimc'nt aqd Ctirman of 1 (heiUreat Western Railway, who was with ! 1 us in loth the eruditions which followed, j I and who for his scrvioe has been made a Baronet of the United Kin-duai. ' Thns organised, t ie work of making anew j Atlantic cable was U-gun. Tbc i-jn. wai ' prcpatiJ with infinite caic. under III able j urinUndcr.c-: ol Mr. Cbattcrton and Mr. . H'llioughhjr Smith, and the whole was cow 1 j acted ju about eight ujvflths. As fas: as 1 r ady, it was taken on baud the Urtoi I Uniterm and coiled in three mormons tanks ; Oa the 15th of July. lto. tin ship etartrd on her memorable voyage I will not st.)p to tcU the story ol that 1 tipcdttion. For a week all went well ; wc I ad paid out i,2Dd miles of eiWe, and bad .ly COO miles fuithcr to go, when hauling i.i the cable to remedy a fault, it parted and went to the bottom. That d.'.y I can beti-r lorget how men p-.ccd ti e deck in d. spair, looking out on the bioid sea that had at ljwod up their hopes We returned to Eog J ind defeated, yet tail of it solution to begin il.e battle anew. Measure were ut once 1 taken to wane a econ4 caii.-, and ut out a j 11. w exptoiiiuu , au-i wit;, ir-nt assurar.ee ( i- me home last Autumn. In DccmbcT I went luek ngmn. whu lo, a'l our hopes had sunk to nothing. The Aitornvy-iiencral of England had given bis written opinion that wc Ld no irg-.l right without a special act of pirl-uiti.t, (which rr.4id not be ubUintd under a year, to issue t c now 11 per cent, abases. 6n wWh s rrlwd to raise our eanital. This wwa a ter. ri'ae blow, lhe works were at onee stopped the money which had been paid in re t'lrned tothesubsenbers. Such was the state of things only ten months a I reached London on the 21t'i of Deeembrr, an i the next day was not a "merry Christum-" lo j me. But it was an uoxprrsnrle comlit to 1 eve ibe counsel of such men as Sir Daniel ( ax'haiid Sir Michard A. uuu , and to I ar etoutbeartrd Mr. Krasey tell ns to go 1 ':ead, and il need wsr- he wjuld put down i'O,(M?0 more ! it wt finally eonclddtd that tl .-lxst course was t i ryoni;' a hhc com-p-jiv, whic'i sl ould as-'ime the work, and J Ciiginatcd the Anglo-Amtrii..n Telegraph Company. It was formed by ten gentlemen who met around a table m London, and put down X 10.C00 a piece Sxn after thr books Were opened to the public, through the emi i.rnt banking-house of J. S. Morgan .t Co.. and 10 fourteen days we bad raised the Ghole 1 K) 000. Then tl.c w. ik Is-gan sgvin. and v -:t in with speed It wa only the first day ui March that t' new cotopany was formed, and was reg i 1 .ed as a company next daj : and yet suci w s the vl;-or and devpiteh. that in five m ntbs from ti.at day the cable had been munulactured. shipped on tbc Great Eastern, stretched across the Atlantie, snd was send ing messages, literally swift as lightning, from continent to continent. (Cheers.) 1 et this wae not "a lucky hit" a tine r-n ams- the ocean in calm weather. It w is the Wont weather I ever knew ct that season of the year. In tbc dispatch which ar (eared In the Xew York papers you may ti ve read, "luu wcittncr nas reen iu'i ssnt. I wrote it "tin pleasant. We i fogs and storms almo-t the whole way. . success was the result of the highest nv combined with practical experience. rj thing wae perfectly organized to the lii - itsst ueuil. ) c tract on uoaru an an n. r-Me stafi" of officers, such men as Ilalpin at 1 Reckwith : and engineers long used to this business, such as Canning, and ClitTord, and Temple, the first of whom has been knighted lor his part in thi great achieve ment ; and electricians such as I 'rot. Thom son of lihugow, and Willotigbhy Smith, and Laws; while Mr. C. F. Varley, our com panion of the year befon ,wbo stands among t1 e first in knowledge end j radical kill r uained with Sir Richard Olass at Valentin, t. keep watcti at tost end ol tne line, anu Mr. Latimer Clark, who was to test the ca ij when done. Of these gentlemen, Prof. 1' uison, as one of the earliest and most et nent electricians ot England, has received thi same mark or distinction. England he r.ors herself when she thus pays honor to sc. nee ; and it is fit that the Government w. ich honored chemistry in Sir Humphrey Davy, should honor elee'rical science in Sir William Thompson. Rat our work was not over. Alter land ing the cable safely at Ncwlaundland, we bad another task to return to miJ-oceen and recover that Jjst in the expedition of lust year. This achievement has perhaps exeited more surprise, than the other. Many evn now "don't understand it," aud every d -y I am asked "how it was done?'' Well, it ooes seem rathe: difficult to foil for a jewel at ibe bottom of the ocean '21 miles deep. R t it is not so rerv difficult when you w bov . Vou may be sure wc did not t fishing at random, nor was our success . r ,. ., . 1. ,1 re- re "luCK. 11 was iue- mumi-n u mo h '.eet nautical and engineering skill. i c I four ships, anil on ooaru ui iucm some ihe best seamen ia Eosland, men who kb.w the oc.an as the hunter knows every trail in the forest, lucre was LaptMomrty, w..o was in tbc Agamemnon in 1807-S. lie wrs in the Great Listcrn last year, ana saw the cable when it broke ; and be and Capt, Anderson at once took their otwervationa so exact that they could go right to the erot. After finding it, thev marked the line of the ciblcrya row of buoys; lor fogs would c imc down, ana enui oui euu uuu cwno, t , that no man could take an observation. '1 r.eso buoys were ancaorea a icw mues . ,.-re Thev were numbered, and esch Lhad -.. tr : . ,A !, t, IVMfl.l V. f van ll C d.v : and a lantern by night. Thus having .i-i.n nor lirarin!rs. we stood on three or r milrd. a as to come broadside on, and tr. nciins over the crapncl. drilled slowly .. ,.. ,t. draireinr the bottom cf tht . ..r, we went. At first it wv a little tnkwaid to fish in tucb deep water, but our . r.t nul tn it. and soon could cast a grapnel almott as straight as an old whalar torows a harpoon. Our G;liing line was of tormiUaole nzc. It wao luidt ot rope, twis- icu wiiu wires ot etui, to bear a strain ol 30 tuns. It took jiu: two hours for the grarncl to reacii butt ui. bu' tic could ttll when it struck. I oh. n um; to the bow and sat on the roje, and could Ice 1 by the quiver that the grapnel was urjgi;ing on tbc oottom two milts undtr u-. But i: was very il0v busmcsi. U o Md f-ornji and calmj, ' 1nd '"S' and-Kjuulk. btiti He worked on ! y er day. Oner, n the ITth of Au guet, we got the cable up and had it in full tight for five minutts, a long, slimy monster, fresh from the ooze of the ocean's bed, bat our men began to eheiru c.klly, that it eitiued to be frightened ana luddcnly broke avray and ,ent down into the tea. This ac cident kept us at work two necks 1 nger, bat finally, m the last night ot August we caught it. VI had cast the ic.rsj nel thirty titni. 1: wa n little befute lonirnht oa I'liiav lugUt that we hooktd ;hc oiotc, ami It was a little allvr luidnigl.t Sunday rnor fling hen vie got 11 00 burd. What was the . .xietyof those 20 hours ." The strain on . ry laau'e life was like tl.c tr-i i on the . blc itecli. When it h.ialiy appe.trcd. it wag midnight ; thv Iighu of li.e snip, and in lhe boa us around i'ir bows, as they flashed in the faces ol the nun, chuutd tin in eager ly Matching for the caMe tj iippc ir 011 the water. At length it w.. liou!it to the surface All who wilt ri:l"Aid lo i1rj. o orowdtd forwaiii t see it. Yet uot a was tjiokm, only tut o'-,-v, kJ ilic iUi.rt iu ?offic:.ad here' hcaid giving urdiis. Ail lilia-ii lite and death h'lo a the is.-uc. 'l ""'j atn 1. m ro..glu over trie bow agd on tic Jtol u i. uartJto breathe. Kren thin they baldly believed their ryi. Some e.ept tjwat i it 10 feel ot it. to be cure it was there, lhtu wc car ried it along to the ilcctrici u' roim, to tke if our long sought lor treasure was alive 0 dead. A lew minute ot so It iw. and ' 1." . t "f the Hg.uujng current aain :u rce. Jbenuidtbe fetling long pent un uuii lurtii. iwsk lufiieu away lueti i.eaua . and wept. Other bruke into chcra, ol1 the ry ran op frvm man to man, and Wj beard down in the engitii rooms, deck biloa 1 deck, and from the boat on the water, and 1 the cL i, while rockxta lighud up the dark , ness of the sea. Then with thankful hearts ', a ttime4 "r J,v' 5tn lne Rut J1M tae "M jr J1 "our- wc wm exposed to all the dangeia ot a .urm 00 tuc Atlantic. Yet. in the rerj bight and ,U,J ul "c gale, at I sat in the electrician-, , toom, a flash ol light came up from ti : oP ; which having crossed to lrcland.came . back to mc in mid ocean, telling that those so dtar to me, whom I had leli on the banks ol the Hudson, were well and following us uiUi their wishes and, their prajers. This was liti, a whisper of tiod rm the . biddin- me keep lieart and oope. The Ore.H Eastern bore heisell tirocdlr turouga the 1 storm, us if she knew that the vital eo.d wfci,:a waa to jon two hemispheres hung at ' uer stern ; and so. on Saturday, tne tti ul September, we hf-.neht our s iv nd rwb!v celery to th Wv " When 1 tliiak ui them all, o-.I only oi th.se n the Ureat Eastern, tmt of Capt. t'jicm .ill of the Terrible and his fi.rt ofioer, Mr. Curtis (who witb their ship came with us, not only to Heart's Content, but alter ward to the (iull oi St. Lawrence, to help in lawi vinr the new cable,! and of the om- sms of other shirs, y heart is full. E:tti t men nev 1 trod a deck I 1 do 1 ut name them ell, i; is because thry arc too many, th.ir ranks are Ijo full of glory. Even the sailors caught the enthusiasm ot the enter prise, and were eager to rbare in the honor of Ibe achievement. Rrave, stalwart men they were at home on the ocean and in the storm- of that sort that bare carried the Qag ot England a vou ml the abb-.' 1 sec then now as they dragged the snore east tip lb beach at Iimrt'e Ubnlcnt, bHagnnaj it ia their brawny arms ao if it were a shipwreck ed child whom they bad ntcucd Irom the dangers of the sea. Uud blras tlie-m all '. Such gentlemen, in brief, 18 the story ol the telegraph which you wished iu heat. It has been a lon. bard ttruzgle. Nearly la I years of anxious wauhirg and osaseless toil. Ui'tou mv heart hat been ready to sink, j Many times, when wand, ring i'i ' torist of Ne-af lundland, in the pelting r in. or en i the decks of ships, on dark, stormy t.igbls , alone, :ar froai home 1 have aim wt accused , uiyeill ef Uiadness and fully to sac.ifl.-c tbc pea -e of ray family, an.i all the hopes ot lilc lor which might prove after aU but a ! dream I have seen my c .mpauiona one ; and anotber falling by my side, and feared that I. lo.., might uot live to etc tne end. And yet one hope has led mc on, and have prayed that I might not taste ol ds.th till this work was accomplished. lual prayer is anew ered ; and now, beyond all aesnow-ledguit-nts to men, it tne fttli. g of gr' i tude to Almighty Uod. Having tbu. aev uiiilishtd uut wo.k -f building n Ocean Tclegiapb we desire to make it uselul to the public. Tu tbu end it must be kept in perfect ' order, and all lines connected with it. The very idea o! an eleetiie telegraph is, an instrument to send rac.-tages imtaneout'.y. When a di jalch is sent from XewTorfc to Iden. there aiusl be no uncertainty -.bmt itt reaching it dtslinatiou and that promptly. This we aim to secure. Our twoeuhbsdo their part well. There arc no way stations ! c twecn Ireland and Ncwlouodlai.d, where ines sagee have to be rcjieated. and tbc light, ng never liuire-r mure than a s-.conil in ct. torn of the s..a. to those who leureti that i they might lc used up or wear out, 1 would say, for tLeir relief, that tbc old cable works a little Utter than the- new one, but that is becaus ; has been down lunge r, as time itnprous the quality oi Uirn ptrcna. n.a the new one is constantly growing better. To show how delieitc are these wonderful c rds, it is enough to slate.- that they can be worked with tbc smallest battery power. When the first cable was laid in 'Hi. dieticians thought that to send a cunctit 'J.OOU uiiles it must be almost like a stroke ol lightning. But (iod was not in the earthquake, but in the still, small voice lhe other day Mr. l.itiuicr Ciark ttlegrapbcd from Ireland across the Ocean and back again, with u battery foimed in n ladj 's thimble !. And now Mr. lulled wines me irum iieuri e Content : 1 have sent my compliments to Or Gould of Cambridge," who is ct Yalen tia, with a battery cvnipofcd or o gun-cap, with a strip of zinc, excited by a drop of water, the simple bulk of a tear !" A tele graph like that, wc think nearly per'ect. It has never failed fur an hour or n minute- '1 he Capture ot Surratt. President Johnson rent o Congices on Monday the diplomatic correspondence rela tive to the discovery of John II. Surratt It is in subetancc as follows . A letter frcm Consul Wilding, nt Liverpool, dated Sept. -7, l6o, tavs Suiratt was exreeted in Li' cr; col that day. An affidavit says that while come from Montreal to Qaebac the writer became acquainted with a man calling himself McCarthy, who tow mm ne nta been in tne , Confederate sctvtcc, encaged in conveying in- I telligcncc between Washington and Kichmend; that he baa teen concemeu in a pun lor carry ing off President Lincoln, which was concocted entirely by J. Wilkes Booth and himself; that he vtme to Canada jost before the assassination of President Lincoln; that while la Canada he received a letter from ucotn, saying that it baa become Eecettiry to chinge their plans aad re questing him to ccme to Washington immediately, snd that he did start immediately. He did not say whether he went tbere or net. but said that cn bis way back to Canada the tram was delayed at ct Alcans, and while sit ting at breakfast table, a gentleman next to him cpoke of the assassination, and that be replica, the news was too good to be true;" that the gentleman took a newspaper from bis pocket SOU reaa mo account, aui was cuipjjeev hi s his came there and left immediately; that on Sunday last, the accused bad been talking with afSant of an interview with Mr. at Richmond, when the affiant said to him, "you have told me a great deal; what must I call joa' Whit is yoar name 7" and be answered, mv name Is Earratt." This was jait before .v.-.. ,nll , rnitnnrlm. VVhsn MeCartbr. or larralt landed, he was dltguissd. isr' lfDS "la .Mr' '"dS'ft- 30. iebo. that burratt had artiiel nt Taiprrvvtl and again on the 10th cf October that Minister amma hail instructed him that he did not con sider it desirable, with their present evidence of identity and complicity to apply for a wirrant fur the arrest of the sappesed Sorratt. . It ia farther stated that in his conversation ! with the aOant, Sarralt declared hia belief that 1 he would live long enough to give a good ac- I count of Mr. Johnson. The ActiDir Secretary of Stute. Mr. Huntr 1 October 18, lii'io, sijs that in consult atien with i the Secretary of War and Julge Holt it was , thoojht advisable thit no action be titen in re- ' ganl to the arrest of the sapposel John If. Sur- : ratt at present Minister Kinir at Ufjine writes Scerstarv S.w- ard, April 2:1, 1S66, that Surntt reomtly en. listed in the Papal Zomves at Seise. Mr. tving s informant reccgoiied him, and Surratt admitted that he wis right in h'n coajeeturr. . Sorratt ackncwledged participation in the plot I against I'residtnt Liaeola's life; nal declared teat Jeff. Davis had inoited or was prity to it. j The informant farther n'ul that Sorratt ssemel - to be well supplied with money, and appealed to him not to betray him. Minister Kiag to Secretary Ssward. Aorfoet 8, 18CC, says he communicated to Cardinal An tonelli the information which waa seat. His Eminence was greatly interested by It. and in timated that if oar goTernmer.t desired the sur render of the criminal there would probably be no difficulty. Secretarr St-tni, In a dispatch to Minister lyine, Oct. fti, 1S-06, directs bim to employ a confidential person to eonpare the photograph with the original and visit Yilletri for that pur pose, and to pay the informant a sqm of money (amount not named) ht the ia&irmation givtn upon the subject Minister Kinc to Secretary Seward, dated Rome, November 2, Mys he had an interview with Cardinal Antoaeili. who frankly tephed i that he would give up Sarratt on proper mdivt- aent ana j roor, at tj; re,,ui u( tne Urjnrt ment cf Stat. Secretary Seward, May 2a, lotio, soargests that as we have no treaty with the Papal goy en ment, a special agent be rent to Rome to !e u,anl his surrender. Mr. King under the date of November 10 says : that the Cardinal informed him that Sur ra't, or Wa'scn, hid bern arrested by his or ders, bat whde on his way to Home had escaped from his goard of six mea. The Cardinal ex presses regret at hh eacapa, "osecber iSib. Minister Marsh, itp oris from Flrtnee that be bal an interview with tbc Sec-rv"ry-General of the Minister of Foreign Af fci: 9, and asked him if he thought the Italian iirverniuent would surrender Sarrstt if be shual 1 be wsnl in Italian territory. The Secretary-Central replied that he believed Surratt wvul I be surrendered by that government on a proper Jems ad by the United States and proof i f the identity of the criminal, bat that this wouM probably be doje only under Ihc tiinubv ii, o, c the part of tbc United States anthori ti'.r, that the punishment of death woald Let be ir.S':;ei upon the criminal tu sanendered Minister King and Capt. Fox, Lisbon, N v. l .'ih, telegranhstl Minister Harvey to direct Admiral Goldsborough to tend one of his ships to Civ ha Veechia earratt. trader the name of Walters, was. after his escape from taw guard, hunted for in Xth a, bat had gent tbeooe to Alexaadria. DecemUr 2, Csaawl Qentral Hale eommnBi catts tbc fast that ha iM obeyed inetructacm and arrectc-1 Sarratt. Secrenry Seward next day te'egraphs him that aieasares have been tikrn to bring Sarratt home. Admiral OolJi b.roagh having beta thns iaatraeted. A i'ov. swiMiLa. A big swindle tipttrattd in Boston a week or tin.- hy two men named Edson was two and bVrrt ,w, lor Uige rho hired a store, got trusted amounts of goods, shipped the sauie to Ntw York and Montreal in large quantities. m.',J theoi iot ash,nd a' soocded, leatibg ttetr crethton to whistle for their money. Two or' throe earlcad of goods desj atet-eti by -ibe swindler to Chnada, ntre ciaed at St Allnna, in txmsetfnence cf tele graphic advirts. and $l- 000 worth ere t'u rievvrt J; bat tiai mis a small por-t- oi the whole. Edson turned np in Montreal la-t arek, and the Gazelle thus relates how some of his creditors, wLo fol l-.wisl i.idi t! iih,r. biled in an attempt to s e ale their property : One of tht tmsm of alapiaord eonaJenos, who had receive! a bogus cluck for $700 in . mi t ,nmmm,,nAm Im Amw IUmh !fft for Canada, states that, in kit iatervww ith that reouraably frank and nnsophiaucs- led chil 1 ol nstare, he spoke ss Mows : 1 admit that I kav awiadltd yon and se ctttrd h f goods, snd that I am a scons Jrel; ho' I have g-mc to the devil, and I goats he'll take care of ue. My ereditcrs sorely don't think that I aoi goiog to pay a cent Ko; that won't do. I wast a'l my Iwndt to keep myself and tuzik, toe aafortanale ered tor here expostulated a litth aitb the imDu'siv. Mr. Edson, bathe went on to my 'l'tegot r-",,f " my pocket, but it is i.ot f-r my evedite v Xo. sir-rre. I know the lias of Canada or i'ur tVates can't touch mr. I br. the moeey. ind none cf you can i.a.b il " The creditor g?n t'lni cs-rated, bat Mr Ed son agam wen en to say " ell. yon hate teen a rice fellow ta me and alay treated me litniltf.in. lv. Ccme arl top a few days at this lo'rl -i.H I'll pay your ex penses. uu a'. ii.'-.b.I as'll have a bottle of champagne ' Other cteJ -ois a.ie i... :i.hi!a arriving by cert train u i fr.iut',.allc roahins to lhe St. Lawrence Iltll. Among the'u more rtvratly cause a member of one of Ibe oldest and trta:tburt firms in lioston. who i- unJerstcol t.. h iri ir.tty heavy claim, and placed hiraclf in rummuniealion with Mr. Qirooard with the view if hatisg soma of the gc!s scire.t. It was evident by this time thvt all the weightier gekals brought br and seized on the Grand Trunk tram- were comparatively v-doetes; that the hemes and vehicles which had arrived had been svll, an.1 that nearly all the goo is which had ben obtained in Rcstsn had betu ooBerted into diamoods, jewelry, greenback n.l United Slates bonds, and were, as laio-i stated, carried about in his possession. The ordinary process at law id such easts would certainly have filled; and thecreditorapplicdAr an attachment, which unJ.'r the special circum stances of the ease, the judge, latr on Monday tveninir. ordered tv be telvrced. if ceoessary at uv time, ntgbt er il, ia the rooms 12, 13 and 14 St. Lawrence II, cv .'lently so that the ui-u mends, jenslrr, moneys and other valuables in j i.iisort e pecsei ana iru: Ksmigui ee te.ieu. in, i execution of the writ was entra?ted to a sheriff's I officer, who at an early hoar jesterdey morninj, ' i son's rooms and pvtieotly waited m opportunity to take him bv surprise Soon after are the fireman of the hall was ad- mined into the room fir the purpose of lighting the fire. The .heriff s efficsr saw the door quiet- ! If open and ruhrd in after hits bat alas ! ia- stead of finding Mr. and Mr. lii- o sounlly eoorin ia the arms of Morpheas, tu hi intense i disgust ouly saw Mrs. El-en s.itiog in fall dress I before a splendid fire in a netiog chiir. The I bird ha.1 noan, Mrs. Edeon saying be had gone toSweetshurg to consult hU ' 1J ..Mr. Dev- lin. No MUmondV met the officer s gaze, no greenbacks, no jewelry. Ths jewels should have bttn in the bureau., but unfortunately for the creditor they were not, and the btnoer had to make his apologies aad retire discomfited, the creditor exclaiming at the time time, Oh ! wc have been se-ld 1 The giy ami fctive EJsiu was in the me-nwbi!e taking a constitutional walk through the streets, tojojirg a cigar, and shortly after seven o'clock came into the hall, , where the creditor was alto walking down his disappointment and seeking consolation in the fames cf a Cabana. The Icllowing conversitiou ensued : Mr. Edson Now you thought yoa were prtt. ty smart, but I cutis vou wtre noi smart enough to catch me. During the tight I got notice ot your procetuiuga. n jo. uu caught me, as you in'ended.yiu would have got cent for ctnt on ths dollar, but ns you wtrs not smart enough vou and the rest ot the cred ltors will not get a cent I know I have been a . scoundrel, and have to act as such. The unfortunate creditor, consolingly No, ' you are not naturally a scoundrel, and tsenty years from this you'll see that rtraorte will make yoa repent. EJson No. to: I tleO qaietly now: and I 1 -i acre that rav netnt ereditsrt will not dis- I lurb mv ltn then 1 Tht creditor Wsll, if thtt Is thi caia, I I fiue3 I'll have lo leave like a for with my 1 hin 1 ' Mr. lift ia the oonri f tfc iIit K-orJ. ogiy, ana jir. iaison ao.t Uarstow remain in possession of the 6eld with the dumcals, the jewelf, ito grecnbseks and the bonds, and the will and disposition to qua? champagne and 5o ai intir crtonsrs . .vir. Uirstow is or a retiring disposition and resides in University near tne mounuia. Rditorial CsrrcspoadeBce of the Free Press. Pisni the U'est Indie. Ns. III. CHBlsmisrAbr. St. Ceoix. I 1 JJm' Danish W. ladies, Nov. 21. 1866. j ret Prat: I do not see that I can interest your readers, at this time, on ssat'ers pertaining to thi. island, ia any better way than to give a very brief cat line cf tome of the most noticeable roiats in 1: history. Though the substance cf nearly all I shall say is to be found in print, the information ia ihet term is not very seees aible. an.1 prehaMr b cut of the reach of meet of those who may read these leturs lhe sketch which I make will serve m a basis, to nhiehcan be applied whatever details 1 may give, hereaf ter, from uhMTiaiMB a the groaail, iai it Kill ue the necessity of repstttisa. The three !alaaft. St. Croix. St. Thonm and St. John's, which, with BunMrons itlrts of little extent and mostly 01 bo value, constitute tl; Danish posstssiocs in the West Indies, Ukng to the Virgin group, at the aortknw part of the Windwajd islands, nhick It gin e?t a Porto Rk. iiii stteteh away to the South Aojrioan eoast. When ducvcrtd by f. lunibne, who landed at St. Croix oa the Uth ot No-. I I j3, they were inhabited by the Carib :...hce, a savage and warlike ra.e ho were wont to mate war upon the mora pta.-vabie tribes nhvh inha bited Porto Rico, using then- captives f.,r food. They showed their warlike spirit r.t une by an attack npsa Ike efaniards ef Colncit-os's vessel when they landed at St. Croix. As Korepean colonies were tinned oa the Ulan It, war was mule apoo the Carite, and prtbMy within a huailrcd jtars ol the first discovery of the is lands the Indian tribe wtre entirely destroyed. Of the various difficallite which studied suc cessive attempts to Maoalm tbtte island by tbo Spaaiavds. the Hutch, the French and the Eng lish ; of the wart betneea the colonies, their ownership aoawtunts by European Oo?rnments, sometime by iadividnaU or eorporatioas who purchased and sold them, 1 nerd i ot sfevk. Though at one time so oasidtr.ihle a popslstion anoVr French authority had oceanied St Croix thai It la stated in J6I. niter a fresh reiafvree stent of colonists had arrived, that there wtre en the island 61 men capable ef bearing arms, vrt the sabseqaeat dtpraiiion became to great thai "n lK9o the island vras eatirrly abandened. At ihni '. there were but 147 white persons and "2J Uavea o tka Usnd. All were removed to 9t, Uosatage, then held by a French colony, and 3L Croix was left desolate of inhabitants. In 17C3, Christian VI, King of Dennrark, purchased St- Cloix of Fiance, and added il to the Danish pusricns of St. Thomai aad St Johns those kylaads haviag beta held by the Daar-h goteraaisnt hjr lainy years probably I from as early as 1670. It not however till the forepart of 173o that a formal transfer cf the uuacul to Paulili MUluwUy d. Tlx aland having been left aaiakabitnl tor forty years was so overgrown with bashes, vines and tret? that the landing party at Bttn harbor the harbor of Christianstadt took several days ef labor to clear a spate mOcient for landing and occupation The little fbrt with nine gans, which lhe French bad left when they deserted the island, remained in a fair state of oreetrva tioc. baring the Europe wars at the begin ning of lhe piwrsnt oratory, setae, or all these islands fcU, mr a few tears, aader Eng!ih rule, bat were restored bv treaty. With that slight exception they hart been unoVr the Danish erawa, ever since thty were permanently 'ttttal by Karopean. Slavery began ia the Danish islands as it did in the other Wtit India islands, almost simulta neously wilh their iccapatiun. Tae P-sni'h West India and Guinea ceavpaoy bad for a t-e-cial ehject the supply oi lhe islands nith .laves from the coast cf Africa ; and the .-aljugatioa of them to labor and obeditnee was effected and maintained by measures of severity and inhu mat.i:y maeb the same as have been resorted to in seme form cr other nhertvtr the unnatural and unchristian practice of tnslaving human beings has been resorted to. The natural re salts individual resistance, near and intur recticn in numbers were ttosorsethe accompa niments. The character of thr measures re sorted to, to prevent soch acts, stay be judged of from a few ot Ibe ordinances set forth by placard of the Royal Council, in January 1833, in view of fears of thve insjbordiuation. in St. Thomas and St. Johns 1. Th lsai'er ol run"-) lavrsakallle ptircLrd three times with rd hot .roc, tori then hone. 2. Each other rocavay slave thai I lot on !r, or if th owner pardrn him. snail lota ore ear, and lecelto m horslrwl sad ity itrlptt. 6. Slave . who steal l the vala of tour rix dol lar,, ihall br pinched aad hunt -, lets than lour rix dollars to b Branded, and recede vae hundred ard ttftv strtpes. s. A t'avs who ihall -lilt rUbandtoFtri-es white ntraoB. er threattn him with violence, shall t e pinched aad hum, thoold U whlto perron de mand it, if not, to lose his rlcfct hand. 9. One white rttton (ball b tuificleat wltaers against a ilav. and tl a slave ha rerpected '! Crist be can b tried by torture. These ordinances arc not quoted to r bow that barbarity was moie prevalent and more atro elous in the Danish West Indies than in the other islands. They are given merely as samp les of the kind of measures which were thought justifiable In those times throughout all the ivlands cf the West Indies saying nothing of other parts of the world to make sure and effectual the power of the masters over those "" "Ct- I leheve it to te general! r coneeued that tht treatment of slaves . WJ tbe whole mddtr in the Danish Islands . T, . ,, . after the sy of Dsn-art ovtr thtrn was Inlly eslablitbed, than in thes which belonged to the other Baropsan powers. The slave tra it was abolishel by the Da;ah Government ia 1503, though not Tally suppressed in its colonies for several years after. In 18 17 , b r. rDw!k, Christitn VIII, enacted lne ' . . that irem tne -em oi -mj v, jj., children Urn of those hH in bondage should be free and Ibat at . the end of twelve years thereafter tlavery should entirely ceas-. The slaves bowevtr wtre not svtisfied with the pros pect of freedom twelve years ctf, and en the 2d cf July ltMS, a formidable insurrection broke cut is St. Croix, which hid evidently been con cocted before band throughout the entire island. It broke out simultaneously all over the Island, though en some estates lie slaves did not join lo it, ard even violently rta'sled the attempts to destroy their master's property. Iu faet. though considerable property was destroyed, it is stated pceitivtlr that net a single white person lost his life, though tefere order was restored several of the slaves were killed by lhe military Circes. The demtnd of the slaves was that their free dom should be graded forthwith ; and to the surprise of tba white population, who believed that by (cergetic measures lhe revolt coald t duelled, tbi Gov. Gtcertl cf tbePanlsh Islands, T.n tthclttn. maJi protlacutloa from tht walls of the Crt at Fredenckstadt at the west end of the island, that slavery was at an end tt all the Danish Islands. Some have sucDeted that in fact the Gov. General acted upon secret order from the crown, and that the plot of an insurrection was previously known aad connived at by bin. ITowever that may have Uen. he soon after resigned hit authority, hot his act of emancipaticn was sanctioned by the King, and slavery fiom that date has had so existtccs In his West India possessions. The owners of the slaves thus summarily freed, made petition to the Kirg for remuneration alleging with force that it bad been under tba authority and approval of the crewn that they had invested their means in slaves, and lilt they had dons nothing lo justify their being thus stripped tf their property, and that th evidence was abundant that the emancipation proclamation of Gov. Gen. Scbdten was nst at all needed to restore cider. The result was thst the slave owners were remunerated by an ap propriation cf SS0 for each stave to tmanaipa- ed, without distinction of age or cocditiec. Government bonds with interest cocpens at the rate of three per cent, per annum were isiued for the amount to thcte who had lost by ths proclamation core slaves than one, payable at different periods. Cash was paid down to tbeia who lest tut one slave. These bond are new all pa'd, the last being paid, I am told, last April. At the outbreak cf ths insurrection, assis tance had been sect far to the other isiaads aud also to Porto Rico fur Spanish troops to help Iu restoring order. In a few divs comparative quiet was produced, and seme temporary regu lations were established, and labor was on ame terms resumed on many cf the estates. Xo measures taken to promote a general re sumption of labor were, however, successful till after ths the arrival in November 13-13, cf Trier Hansen. as King's Commissioner and for the timo Gov ernor General cf the Danish West India Islands. He had full authority to pass laws to be binding on both planters and laborers. The laber act which he promulgated under date of Jan. 20, 1S49 "to regulate the rtlatiecs between the ewners of Landed Estates and rural population of free laborers," constituted a most remarkable system one which with tome slight modifica tions, brought about rather by usage and com. men consent than by any change in the letter cf the law (whkh I am told has cot been changed since its original promulgation) remains in force now. Its peculiarities and effects of its operation are too many to be stated in this let ter. I will enter on that subject ia mr next. Yours. G. W. B. (Correspondence cf the Boston Traveller. New Tone, Nov. 30. rnor. w. c. t. snxnc About twelve years since there wtscalled to an Andover profeisorabip a comparatively young man whom some critics had declared to be one of the greatest thinkers of America. He had been ftvorably known in a professorship which h bad previously held, but his came was not fam iliar to thft great body of the denomination he represented, and it was necesstry that he should then fill the chair that bad been occupied by one whose ftme was in all the churches. Ua proved himself to be more than equ,l to the po sition. He at once became a power in Amhver, and gave to his department a prominence, an interest and a value that it had not before en joyed. A few years since he accepted a call to bo a colleague to Dr. Spring of the Brick Church, I -at after serving a short time, he resigned to take a chair in Union Theological Seminary, which position he now holds. It is an cnpleasant comment on the literary aa well as religious taste of the church-goers of this metropolis that Prof. Shedd ia so little ap preciated here by those who have the opportu nity of listening to his preaching. During the past sammer he has preached ia the Broadway TalernacTe and in Dr. Adams's Church on Mad ison Avenue, but in neither places hag he suc ceeded in interesting the majority of his hearers. There are a few (comprising the thinkers snd scholars) who admire bis abilities and appre ciate the power and originality of h!s discourees, but I soppos: that the numerical majority are moro pleased at the close than at the beginning of any of his public efforts. I believe I have heard a majority of ths most eloquent preachers in the Eastern States, but I have yet to sec his equal ia logical powtr. His diction is simple, at times conversational, his style is adorned with but little imagery, yet that little is of ths best and purest. His voice Is letter fitted fcr the parlor than for the pulpit, and bis manner is mors earnest than eloquent. His appeals are powerful, and would be almost irresistible if they were made to the heart in stead cf the intellect. The simple truth is, that in his pulpit discourses he makes the same mis take that Dr. Bacon charged upon Dr. Taylcr, namely, " he goes upon the supposition that people think." J udged by the standard of thought alone, thtte is not a preacher in this city who can be compvred to him, unless it be Dr. Bellows. Dr. Thompson and Dr. Adams, in whose churches Ptof. Shed J so frequently officiates, are as much inferior to htm iu fogical power, as they are su perior to him in their ability to interest and hold their audiences. On the whole Dr. Adams is tht best type of a popular clergyman in a Urge city. His sermons have jost enoujh of tiwujrut ia give incm aignity, without so macn as to demand very active exercise for tho mind to fol'ow them. while they are ever character iisd by an almost matchless gracefulness of dic tioo, and the most exquisite imagery, and art delivered with an unction and pathos of manner that cannot fed to make them attract even when it does not edify. Outside of his peculiar sphere as professor and preacher and theologian, the influence of Prof ShrdJ is bat little folt He his never identified himself with any of the pcpular re forms, and in his sermons scarcely ever alludes to the momentous questions that agitate lbs country. Conservative ia his theology, he has little sympathy wilh the free-thinkers of any school. Consei vative in his politics, he silently frowns upon all the schemes of radical reform ers. He has never used bit pea in favor of any party; his voice is never heard at cur popular gathering". While Dr. Tbompscn identifies himself with all the progressive ideas of the time. wUle Dtcon and Beecher areastealous oat of Ibe pulpit as ia it, and feel called upon to proclaim what tbey believe to bs tba troth to all men. upon all the themes of vital moment, ProL Shedd concen trates himstlf upon his chosen calling, and cocseeratis bimsell to the one purpose of bis life, that is to convince mea of religious truth through purely logical reasoning. How can It be otherwise than that be shoild fait when he comes before the people? Tht heart sets farther than the head alwavs, and the human race are to be elevated more br an pml to the feelings than to the reason. If l'r .r. SomJ.I s serene ami logical intellect baa beta coupled with the rich and powerful lmagi a.tioa of a Cbttmrrs, if that masterly power of aualysia were set oil by the affluence of imagery and felicity ef txpresabn that give such a charm to the tff rtt cf Dr. Adams, thtn indeed would he l.e par izetlltnet the pulpit orator of tbo metropolis, now orten have i wisaeu, as l bavt listened to the en .nciation of b's eloquent iJtas, that nature had completed ber work, and had given bim the power of aronsisg th feel- in t as well as ot convincing tba understanding I In private life few men are more reipectrd. and few are more worthy. Simple an 1 almoat onscomcious ia manner, affable, ready and coa- mutiicvtiTr. in conversation, it is nc wonder that the students all love ths man, though thty do not agree with his politics or h:s theology. JIXDICCJ. Mr. Bvncioft perpetrated an unintention al joke about dashing beautiful women across the wires at tne century ciuo barqnet to Cyrus Field. This has brought out several little stones about tne nistorinD, which have ou account of their charming simplicity, been called Bancroftiacs. Among others, i: is said that, during a morning ride at Newroit last season, while icte-o-teta witb a charming young lady, tbo historian whispered, in the intervals of a trot. "Don't call me Mr. B. ; call me George." The) young lady siil not worJ, but some tlma after, iu a targe eciupuny at dinner, acrefs the taMu asiJ, "Gtiorjs, btnd mi tht rait."