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t .-l-'tV Clerk
VOL. XXXV. NEW SERIES VOLXII BURLINGTON, VT., FRIDAY MORNING, DECEMBER 528 I8G6 NUMBER TWENTY-SIX Poetry ! Tor the Free Tie Over the Srror. (Her the river n? M"" K. Are wait. " """""S oT eotoins to see; Thool "7 S fcy the o'er the rt I know they are wsiiafnod watching Air i " rjtJ cu Us brisk, on iu dm verge I tread, ilI star He to phtogr 'tteatk H dawk turbid tale; lc I stand tmnbKcg en the bank of the Straus, jile the edU ckiUiiur waters beneath my fact tlide. ii Toiece I hear in sweetest trains swelling. falh on my ear. Oh ! as raawsumsjy street ! ihe song of seraph and angel bands tinging. I .'be anthems of Heaven, that the freed spirits greet. nun snaM we mortab wtthdtaw the din curtain, I last haaas like ariat o'er theitter of death : i n'J scan Mi dark porta that hide from our ar treasures departed to its mystical depths. ra irith them sofHy. e'en down to it waters. lit dark spray we ted a we near lis cold tile, pile ncstntan i waiting, coor tears are aa- heeded. Ti.e current is entered they're borne rob oar side. or v'skn l eclt udtd, wt per into darkness, Eat Fsitb with her torcl light illsuxtines the gloom. c iiiv the bright a.nr,eious of glory they re entered. Anl listen tt tr-caic frcm heaven's hallowed daxce. ;. I know that I too, am treading ll -pathway, Adown its steep backs in its waters to lave; .-i:. Jj I lift for the call ot' the boatman. a oaia mnffled toaz i s tby part the dark wave. 1 know that bcjcid, my laved cues re nUting, i;- waiuK, anawatciims: uv eomm: to see. -fh bid from tay pti liy the mists o'er the vslley, c I know ther are waiting, are watehini; ft mr. -: cle, Vt. M hat saau C'laan Brangh Mr. bt rrrx jtwa o'biii s. isle moon shimmered ibn.cch the blind ; Irt-hrtken moased tbebemeiess wind. I ' ;he whole worM was otiLmil. .-1 men with wild bsxmomo diu. 1 tcrrets, rana the A 1 car in itiut born wubont a sin. tl a heap cf ache hear. heart tbt rom bravely turr, .lowed the pine log's iloll-rei core. : is," thought 1 (ts aerial mirth, . I dfrks. tingled to raj hearth) .dlcr heart than mine on earth .' lie solemn midnuH.t hour. rn Clans, with m;ry poser. ry i 1 oath bestows bw dower. l.'let a cui'y head to-nicht. rmms upon the pillow vhiie, . r&rc vif:cns of delight 1 .. srelin, true to magic laws, rsd tcL-;li the bed-dothe draw. . sts for coming Santa nans. ruc'i i urscry-rocite the vhispere ran 1 Jc-r i. Ihe dud is done, : giLf hr the morning saw. i a1.' klI wile with seeking eyes, 3 i r.'li n.ttt with sweet surprise ; -i'cm no joy will rise ri i l ut one cift prised by me, ill ur pearl in Lite's dark sea : J 1. i.c -U bring me Bertha Lee. 1 an j, or, u'yoong and bold, 1.' ugk her fondest lews I boM, - not clasp the licks with gold. L bitter words aa 1 rnsnlte sore, i'ke: chased me from his door, c rtha loved me all the more. 1 I Khen we met in secret, sa'd, : dying year shall not he dead ! gnat sorrow shall have fled.' women's heart, when skies are free, iscre boats will tempt the sea, . ;ht first clood torn and flee. Bertha since that last saraet tryst, ' Hope frcm off her lips I kwsed, :uvo sign that I sm nassed. A I have haunted every place 1 c ny hope to see her face, : :.kD, and no trace. . r ntr j our triamph through the sky ! : t lUt the year sboold die ; i-oum hisbnrial more than I." thus I conned my sorrow o'er, ri,fj a pain unknown brftre, came a tapping at my door. tap and then a pause, f sib re?" "For me each bolt witbdraT's; i p'.ft frcm Santa Chios !" T'sven ! that vox it scarce eouUl be ; tie quick tap the door naa free, u my bresst lay Bertha Lee. -, my heart all pale all cold. " 1 the snow fronj ber hair of gold ; Lcr as Love above conld bold : "ag the chimes from belfries brown, t.r ugh the vast triemphal town u no joy that mine could crown ! It pht heard my joyous cry. greet the New Year in the sky ! ' fid me his coming so mneh ae I '." 1 CHItlSTM.V, :RUKL. BT ANDREW niU-lUAT. !y dinner last Christmas day consisted of 1. lirucl for roast beef, gruel lor boar's d, gn-tl for turkey, gruel lor plum-pod- . piuel lor Trimro.r.i..a Iaf ahnonds and t-s, russet sj pic, hibert. ok! orown Oc- ; . tawnv nort. wasmil for all tb! -'teas courses and dessert, gruel ! d looked forward to that Christines ' with a keen anticipation of pleasure I ir.Titea to a count! y house, an ow- ced country house, where Christmas ten kept in reat state for many genc ri ; a country house with corridors and - (anels, and an old hall with a great '-rig fireplace, specially designed for '-1 s : just such a place as imaginative 'ts love to sketch in the CbristmaE num- 01 the illustrated papers and periodi Iry. holly, snow, and robin-redbreasts : Hazina fires, merry faces, warmth. rt, aistletoe-bongh, and pretty girls IVY'.. I ...... r .f , crrtTea at tnat time 01 111c ween 1 - ii .1 . 1 ' . . 1 . . 1 m t jvj uit tiiesc tuinirb 10 iuu tun. vis 1 1. If .,. 1 say all. TbcTC arc periods of cxis t.enaman oan enpy enly son.e of , -lP 1 hayc mentioned. -A boy-cnioye . u'-lee. tho turkey, tho plum-pud- tho almonds and raisins : the - man takes delight in tbe society of , t tbiukip'' of them. But tbo middle- j kitta. ajju eu ucuitu toi uu. , "indless, alLenbracing enjoyment is 1 ti!s vrylhlo, raiksy, I plum-pudding, almonds anil raisin?, old and opportunity to annoy others and benefit port," pretty girls, a nap in liie easy-chair, a themselves. In Scotland the beggars arc band at cards, a ciger, what not 1 " .Age. Las 'trapping farmers' tons, who shoulder the its advantrges. its privileges : one of the ; as for tbc nonce, ami go round to the larm latler I value very much. As a middle-aged houses tagging meal for tho poor, generally ieitow, clone tor ung ago, l am tbc rcct- pient of many rrctty, playful attentions from tne eiris, wuuout exciting tenons envv or jealous. It is my good fortune to liave a bald bead. Do I astonish you by calling that good fortune ? Let mo explain. Hie Isold bead makes me look older thau 1 am. It (tires me a settled-dawn, sedate appear ance. The consequence is, that young and pretty girls have no scruple about fondling uc, even in the presence of their proper pa ran a and jealous sweetheart?. 1 am ' old Uncle Tom.'' The girls delight to play tne off against tbeir lovers when the young fel lows are jealous or sulky, as yonng folk: in love ofun are and they come in a levy of bounty end kneel ronnd my chair, nnd pat my bald head, and tease ine in a most delightful manner. I like thin, just as I like to dandle pretty little sweet-iaord ln hies on ny knee. That is to say, I take their a tentions placidly, and enjoy tnem as an abstract admirer ot beauty, and gayety, and innoctnee, without a quickened emotion or an extra beat oi the pulse, l'ou can't do this when you are young, and your hair cork. At that time of day you must bare intentions," you must ask papa and mata- ma, you iousc submit to be Kcowied at uj jealous rivals, yon must be prepared to name the day, the amount of settlement, and so wnu. iiu, 1 nn miu wttiu. i tc euui; through all that fire, and I have oome out a cool bit of tempered steel, safe and true. I have so many calm lores, yon see. Those dainty bits of beauty rustling about me don't ' take away my appetite for surver, nor dash I y relish for a giass of port My eTe wan- deto away with perfect jontcntment from ! their flashing eyes and ruby lips to contem- I plate tbc beeswing flatiitft in the wine-cup. Nothing in the way of enpyment comes amis to toe ; but I am wedcleO to no single I pleasure. I take infinite delitHt in tbc , prattle oi my pretty Jane, bnt whci., at the sound of the knocker, she rntbee away to meet her dear EJward on the stair, I turn without a pang to woo the amler lips of nv mecrsehaam pipe. With all this capacity for injuaient, 1: , was a sad disappointment to me last year t '. be eented with a catarrh on the eve of Christ- , mas day- It is Horace, I believe, who says ' that no man can be supremely happy wbo i ' subject to a cold in the bead. 1 agree with ' him there entirely. 1 will even eo further, and say that, of all tli- ill that flesh is heir to, there is no one greater, cr harder to bear, than a cold. It is an cspiring, ambi tions, desperate mal.idv bile gout is content to assail the f-jct, and celic modestly take a middle ranee, a catarrh audaciously attacks the citadel ot the bead, and lays all . . li i-. : i ,t 1 Hie senate prostrate as one unm. nuwuit tyrant bold sway yon cannot see, you can not taste, yon cannot smell, yon cannot think, and sometimes you cannot bear. There is a certain depth of wretchedness in the miflerings of the victim, when be does nut care what becomes of him. I was at the bottom of this slough of misery and despond on Christmas morning. I bad hoped that the tyrant would rckx'hie grip, but I might have known better ; he never does ; be makr a rule oi ruttine you through the i whole p', tic middle par being half j murdtr. 1 1 could r.ut go to 0.ikhurt to tuy Chriat j mas dinner that day. Everybody else in tho 1 bouse was going somewhere, except the cook, w he as cn orphan, fifty jcars of age, , a spinster, it bnter of bcr ajecios, and one wbo j accustomed to say that Sundays j and Satuidnys, Christraana ana Go d Kri , days, mjdt 1:0 difference to her. It was a dreary day alter everybody had me. I sat alone by the fireside, moping and miserable. On ordiaary slays I bad ame visitors than 1 cared about. To-day nobody came ; not even the doctor, though .1 had engaged him to attend my ease. It was a glorn.ua day ieT him, knowing what to cat drink, and avoid, and seeing other joyously preparing Uiexneclvcs for draughts aijd pill. But as for poor me, 1 was ready to cry when I thought of my loneliness, sadness, awl de eolation on that day when everybody else was making roary. Everybody else ! Yes, I thought rrrrvWyelsc except me. The misanthropical cook came in to ask if I would take a little ol the boiled mutton which uhe had prepared for ber own dinner. Such was that woman's misanthopy, such her unchristian condition, that though she was offered a piece of beef and materials to make a little plum-pudding, all to herself, she preferred boiled mutton and suety dump ling. The cook, I say. came in to offer mc boated mutton I had no appetite, 1 could not swallow. I asked for gad, and I bad it just about the time that "eveybody" was sitting down to turkey. I did not eny grace before that gTU'l. did anybody ever say grace before gruel, or after? 1 was heath enish, and summoned Philosophy 10 my aid. Philosophy, whom I sbonld have expected to appear in tie form of a grave old man, with long flowing white locks, and tbc Book of Knowledge in one hand and the magic Wand of Experience in the other. did not answer the summons. How should such a OoM, sedate old spirit be within call of mor tal 00 tbat day of native gladness ! lie was no doubt asleep over bis musty old book. I periLrmed another incantation. Into a lit tle chins caldron I pot various charms, all of which had been prepared with great care, and brought with pains and peril from dis tant iwtts of tbc earth, liquid rtd fire from the western Indies, lumps ol sweetness blanched in blood, drope of acid of tbc citrus limonium, grown over tbe volcanoes ol Sicily and waters made mad With fire. These I mixed together with many conjurations, and when I bad drunk of the charmed potion, contrary to tbe express injunctions of my doctor, High-l'iiest of Slops, I summoned to my aid memory. She came to my call, a cvtnely maiden clothed in shadows, with n grave, "ft smilo on her cheek, and a great depth of thought hi her large, contemplative eyes As I gszed at her dreamily, I fell into a pleasant, wak ing trance, and saw the past roll up upon v vision, like clouds from the west, that the son glorifies in going down. I wan not to be merry in the present that Christmas night ; but the long loving maiJ, Memory, was to make me merry in the past, amid Chrietmss scenes, upon which the dark curtain of time had lallen long ago. Memory was more prodigal of her gifts than present reality could be. The envied eTcry liody eke was spending one Christmas. I was spending a dozen. The fiist Christmas of my experience rose upon ray view, and I was a boy again, in Scotland, being awoke at five o'clock in the morning to drink sowara. Old style ttill nrrvails m Scotland or did then, and . . 1 r 1. , c T -n ... 1 bvc no recollection of roast beef and plum Yule was ccieuraicu on iuc ui ru.ldin . t r Jmvo a very vivia rccoueviiuti ot Bowaii, a port of gruel mine irom int; feruent'd gluten of oat-busks. Not by any raeans a pleasant drink, even whin sweeten ed with sugar or treacle. - But this was tho iare peculiar to Yule, and wc got up in tho middle ol tho mht to drink it. If there were any not able to get up,baf ins of sowans were carried to them in their beds. It was in the country, at a Jarra-bousc. Tho great sowans-drinking took p.lace in the large kitcLcq. Neighboring swams came from far and near, through the datknesa and the snow, to join in the festivity. Behold Betty the cook stirring a great pot cn the fire, and a circle of lads and lasses around her. wait ing to be served in wooden bickers. It might have teen a religious, ccrcmonv, It was so sad and solemn. There was no drinking of healths, no einging or dancing, no mirth or jollity, but ju6t a sombro drinking of gluten, Wc did cot co to bed acim, but st up wait ing for the "beggars." The beggars arc the Scotch "waits," with a worthier mission. Tbo miscreants, as Mr. Bats or Mr. Bab- bago would call tfcem, who wake cs up in tbt miAA'ip. of the ni.'bt in London with doleful tqoeaking of a clarionet, are general- ly loafwi d tdl skalki, who stit custom , 'or ijnc torn widows, incy come with a i sang, but not until daylight doth appear j anu me lasses put on inur ocst caps and wreathe their best smiles to girc them wel come. Now comes the "rape of the kisses." The sturdy, handsome young beggars throw down their mcal-bagc. rush in among tho lassc, and kiss them all around, amid such a "skcllecliing" expressive word that and giggling as never was heard. Then the mi-trcss cf tho house gives the voung fel low n dram, and in tbc true spirit of the Saxon lefdey, or lady, dror with bcr own bands a tnrtion oi meal into each bag. Thcro arc many good souls, animated by tbc feci i of the time, who do good deeds and blush to let them known. Aware of this, the roor old widows, when they receive the bounty, take care to sift tbc meal, and oftentimes find in the fieve a rexiduum o! shilling and six pence i. A marked feature ot the l'ulc festivities was a grand tea breakfast to tho tcrvants and dependants. At ordinary times the ecr vant&'breakfast consisted of oatmeal porridge, milk, and oat-cakes. ltut on Yule morning tbey had a breakfast of tea, white bread, that is to v, bread made of fljur. ten'. Uml lddoeks. Ah ! what is glonous'-ploy" Ttbe only English erjuivalent for this word I I can think of is "snrw." enrl tht ai 0'iitc express it was ihat l'ule breakfast ! In my vision 1 can sec Betty the cock at tbc h"ad of the great deal-table, pouring out the tea from a big, battered liritannfc-mctal P't, into cupa ol all sizes nnd patterns ; while d iwn the side arc seated ploughmen and j'oughbuys, each with a buxom lass by h 11 side, all laughing, giggling, and eating at one and tbe same time. There is no stint est white bread and butter, but the allowance' of tea, which is n rather expensive article al t! is time of day, is limited, and the infusion -i on pales belorc tbe brisk and active de mand. I remember somcthine: about its not being genteel to take more than two cutis of tea, and to drink out of tne saucer ; but as the tea cjmes but once a year on this scene, ' till such etiquette is thrown to tho winds. ; I can hear lietty saying new, I dcclaro j that loon (Anglice, ''uv,') Ucordic has bad ' fourteen cups " 1 don't doubt it. Ueordie , bid t een gulping down cup after cup, and -ending up for mure with astonishing des patch. The color had gone out of the lipoid lone aeo Out witat was mat 10 iieortiie or Jamie, or Jessie or Jenny, ro long as it ran j out ot a teapot, and left some grouts at the ooiiotn 01 sue cup iu ten iuriur.c uy : i oat rare fun wc bad reading fortunes in the ci.r-5 ' It afforded such a capital opportu- nity for lads and lasses to Icok ovir each other's shoulders, and get their lips and cheeks together. And u hen rosy checks and vurm lips approach within a certain range of each other, tbey are fcpt. like the magnet and the bit of steel, to conic suddenly into collisi.io. They sit long, with lingering delight, over their tea breakfast (long after the leaves and tho batter and the haddocks had disappeared), to read the cups; and great was tbc laughter when the eloee juxta preition of a long stalk of tea and a short stalk of tea, followed by a motley crowd of stalks of all six;, was declared to portend tbcBurriagc oi.Wiilic the griere (bwiliff) with Annie the little housemaid. There is co going ti church in Presbjter lan Scotlntid on Christmas day. No re-iigious exercises of any kind hold a place in my me mory in connection with old Yule It was merely a holiday in tbc schoolboy's sense of tbo word. a day ol play. The one amuse ment especially associated with the occasion was a shooting-match, at which the highest prize was a gun, or a silver watch, and the lowest a bean kame. Do you know what a bran kame ie? Let mc whisper in ycur ear. A bono comb, that kind of comb which has small teeth ! I remember Jamie coming home from the shooting looking very glum and downcast. "Weel, Jamie," said Willie, "have you won the gun'.'" "Xa." "Nor the watch?" "Na " "Have yc nae won onything?" "Oo ay, I've just won tbe bean kame!" 'Weel," said Willie, wbo was a bit of a wit in his dry way, "I'm just thinking you'll be likely to do nwir execution with the bean kame than with the gun " I Icily and mistletoe do not enter into the Scotch Christmas rites. When 1 think of these things my vision changos to a farm bouse in Rent, wtcrc I spent my fit Eng lish Christmas. 1 am realizing what I bad often read of in books. I go out to the wood to assist in bringing home tho Yule-log. 1 am assisting an elderly spinster to decorate the rooms with holly and mistletoe. I re member here, pleasantly, over my gruel ,1kw I fell plump over head and ears in love with bcr, though she was old enough to be my mother, and made no attempt to conceal her liking lor gin-and-wtcr. She bad a girlish way with her that captivated mc, a way of giggling and sbaLing bercurK 1 was quick to le-ain the privileges of ar English Christ mas, and kissed 1 cr under ' se mistletoe the moment she hung it up. It was she who started up, aa twelve o'cloek struck on the eve, to let Christmas in. I ran with her to the door, and kissed her again. I was very happy then, fur I did not find out until af terwards that Miss Lizzy was giddy even to the verge ot lunacy, and had loved and been in love a hundred times. On Twelfth-night she tryetcd mc to tbc orchard at ten o'clock at night, and there, under a chcrry-trcc, while the moonsbono bright, she said : "Tom, let us be married, nnd fly to for eign lands." 1 had dreamt ol something ot tne xina ; but this abrupt way of proposing to settle it cooled my ardor. "Give mc," said I, "time for reflection." " " Love;" she replied, almost fiercely, "never reflects " Miss Lizzy had money, and her friends found it expedient to prove, which they did, that she was non compos. But she made a very sane remark that time under the cherry tree, by the light of tbe moon, when cho said that "love never reflects." After long experience 1 am prepared to say it docs not. For tho first time in my life, at that Ken tish farm-house, I heard "tho waits singing the Christmrs carol ; for the first time 1 went to church on Christmas day, a church decorated with evergreens, what a Eight to mc ! For the first time I saw the boar's head and the flaming Christmas pudding brought in with due ceremony. English people grow up from infancy accustomed to these Christmas rites, and arc littlo impress ed bv them. But upon the mind and sym- pathy ot an aauit stranger tncy ettt.u the force and charm of enchantment. The very remembrance of that Christmas day brings a thrill of pleasure, which 1 fear no Christrais ol tho future will ever stir, in my accustomed breast. , This vision fades, and another rises in its stead. A pleasant foregathering or chil dren, and children's children, on Christmas day round a granddad's board. It was our o-cd host's birthday too. Ho was ninety two years ot age that very Christmas day. A little, feeble old man ho was. almost as helpless as a child, bnt still cheery end hearty. When tho children and the grand children the eldest child was threescore came in from church, they fonnd the old man seated in his arm-chair directly under the branch of mistletoe. His J?'' dauchtcr (who had remained unmarried for hcrSpoor'liiath'aKlk' that she might live with him and attend upon him), had placed bim there to bo kissed, like a pretty habv Two generations made a rush at him, an' almost smothering him first, nearly devoured him afterwards. It was an affect mc sicht to sec so much love centring in a pJor old man, sitting, as it were, on the ve brink of tho grave. The oU Tor very happiness, and his good danghter had to go and wipe away his tears, for he was too table to perform even that . offiei Hftr hiiKclf. At dinner-time ho sat at the ceaa of hU table, as ho had always dose, though riJ?' fbEa w .Ll,d 1;SJ.bElf ,a Klaf Z?l i. . ?H ! fc? ehccrcd Wonderfully' and lirrnme nnitn mrriitnn. about the days of his youth, when" he was "a sad young dog, sir," and knew all the sparks and bloods about town One reminiscence of his makes me cherish a particular remembrance of this Christmas uay. lie had once teen Dr. Johnson. When tic WAS IL VPTV littl. Im-r hia fttUn k.,1 l.M . - - i ' u,ut. , icaii t nigrum luXILV a QOISC nim up in a crowd ncr Temple Hir, to look nnd wake them. I w.mld have given nny at a lat man in a brown coat and a shovel! thing to sneak away; hut I was hound to nat. And that fat nun rn th f.rpnt l.vivw ' nn.i i. . .. . .1 , , And that fat nun was the "rent l.-riivi- grapher. "Uid you ever sec Olitcr Goldsmith?" isked. "No. he never saw him." Uut you beard a great deal about hitn, at that time? , 1 5 Bc " ' ller much about 0'ir L-oldsmith. Johnson was jhc great man." 1011 am iinauicc that, can vnu nut? f he talking turn much heard of ; the fjuitt j James showed mc the-door, in fact, and man ol tliought and modest genius unre- I went forth into the keen frosty night with garded . a F' - that the free air, at leat, was sea- Sutne great-granJchil Iren came in iu the s. le. Gain; borne throu -h tbe chilly evening. One, aged five, a pretty little pus, str s. seeinj; the brigttly-lightrd windows, with blue eyes and tl xen hair, bchnyed and hearing tbc siund ol merry voices with quitcin a motherly manner tjwards her in, I felt, even aft. r my sumptuous dinner, great-granddad ; kissed him patronizingly &s ir I wete homchs', friendless, and hun on botti checks, patted his bald head, and gry. on that Christina night, making hiru comfortable in his chair, talked The scene chmges once nv.re, hrincin" to him soothingly in babylin,;uage. Ttiere back to mc a Cbriitmas day big with my were fiur generations round the supper- j rate. 1 w nevrouj, excited", and bad no tabic. The old nun was sj j rjud and so apatite. Wa 1 ill, or was I going to he happy that he wouM icsiet upon sitting up married? Xcittier. Wassail, flowed in long after bis usual bedtime. When bis abundance, but not for ni Pretty sirls uauguu-r sai-a it was nme ior oy-ny, ne snapred his fingers at her, demanded anoth cr glass ol punch, and declared lie would sing us a song. There was a cipital song that Captain Morris used to sing, be saiJ. but but he couldn't remember it He, he i u tan.- im iuu, vapvaiu .'iojriK. a rare . . 1 1.1 . 1 . . . - Wade ; oould sing a Qrst-rate sjng. No;jloxcs? .Not exactly that ri-b. r ; but 1 m he could n't remember that sons, but he j reckoning with fear" and trnhhliiig what I nuuiu iu ieuieiuuer anoiner. jnti presently, after a good dcil of cogitation, the nonagenarian struck up, in a shrill, quavering treble, "Here's to tbe maiden of b ushing fifteen, Here's to the widow of fifty; Here's to tbe fliuating ex rarsgvat qustn. Here's to the " At this point his momory failed him, ami, thinking lor some time, lie said : ""ccr minJ, we'll eing tbe chorus." "Let the glass pass, We'll drink to the lass, I'll Ksrrvct she'll j rove an e.v.eur f..r the grass." Tbc next verse escaped him altogether, aul llc he would sing us another capital song, called the Vicar and Moses. But be forgot that too, and vent Nek to the chorus 1 of "Here's to the maiden " and finished up I hy drinking his half-glas of weak punch, t rith some faint imitation of tbe mmncr ot , tbe rearms blade he used t- be when he wjs voung. h was not till twelve o'clock struck that the M great-granddad weukl consent to And then his loving daughter took him by the arm and helped him to bis room, when she put him to bed and tacked him up lik a child. ! Ala- ' he sleeps in bis hv-t bed n iw ; the 1 old be.irth is desolate-; the children are scattered, never to meet more until tbey are j tue.yv, ... w.c tM.vt e ..ouso e-t ; many Mansions ... , The next Christmas day that rises on the magic disc oi memory is suggested by tbe one I bare just described ; not because it wa like it, but htcausc it was rery unlike it. It is memorable as one ol the coldct, most un comfortable Christmas days 1 ever spent. I had three invitations to dinner that day. One to a country house, a long distance from ldon ; tba tecoud cauic from a homely l imily in the natural wilds of Islington ; and lite third was conveyed to ue by an aristo cratic pcisonage, with a handle to his name, who resided in the unnatural tameneeses of Bclgravia. He was not a duke, nor a lord, bat be was something even more awful, grand, and unapproacliable, for he was a sct.-mib'c baronet wbo wrote D. C. L , and LL. I)., and F. IL S., and F. It. G. S., Ac. after his name. The terms in w bieb he couched bis invi tation make it clear to me n iw thoueh 1 lid nut perceive it at tbe time that lie ia v ited me rather in 1 ity than in spirit of genial hospitality. The note was written un very thick cjarse-graincd piper. (I wonder why thick coarse-grained piper is considered aristocratic'; adorned with a coat-cf-arms, and the handwriting -was an illegible scientific scrawl. (I wonder wby Kcience, which is so accurate and precise m other things, always writes such a lad hand.) And the gieat man, liirt,, I). C. I..,. I.L 1)., F. It S., F. It. S., 4c, said, as weli : i 1 could make out, that I" might come 1 d " cat my Chri-tmas dinner" with him. 1 did n't like that phrase, "eat my Christ mas dinner " To be sure it wa the piur Ise of the thing ; but i: was, I thought, a 1 dd-blooded way of putting it. I remem ber now that I had turned author about that period. I dare say he thought a dinner at any time would le a charity to mc. My desire to dine with a baronet, however, blinded mc to any offence that might have lurked in the terms of the note ; and dis diimng humble Islington, whero I should have been supremely happy, I accepted the invitation. 1 went in full ivcuing costume, and ar 1 ived at the grand mansion a quarter an I ur lelorc the thing appointed, which wis s x o'clock. I was received in the hall by n stately footman, wbo conducted mc to the di iwing-room. The Baronet was there, suited in his armchair, absorbed in a Re view with a sombre cover, indicating that it was solemn and solid and scientific. He did not rise to bid mc welcome ; but carelessly extended three cold fingers for mc to shake, and said "How do?" ' Nothing about a merry Christmas to me, or any seasonable greeting of that tort. Indeed, there wcro no signs of Christmas in tho house. Tho drawing room wss very elegant, with rich curtains, toft couches, large mirrors, marble l usts and statuce.and a great deal of gilding ; but my eye searched in vain lor tho pleasant twinkle of a hollybcrry or tho glint of a mistletoe leaf. The Baronet's guests drop-p-.d in one by one. They were all males, and as tbey mostly appeared with tumbled hair, and wore spectacles. I judge that, like their host, they were scientific, and wrote capital letters after their names. It proved so. There were uo ladies of the family except her ladyship, and she excused herself from cominc down to dinner on the ground of in disposition. So wc, the male guests, tum bled down to the dining-room in a disorder ly mob. On tbc stairs I heard "superphes pTlnte" mentioned, also "carbonated" s jmcthing, likewise an allusion to "caloric" It was a magnificent dinner, with every thing proper to the season, and many other tl ings besides. It struck mc, however, that ti e viands proper to the season tho turkey, tl e- roast-bccf, and tbo plum-pudding were ii.troduccd almost apologetically, in defcr ei -c to prejudice and foolish custom. It w .s a long time before wc came to the tur k. y, nobody took roast-beef, and the plum pudding was a little thing made in a shape, with no spring of holly in it. and without a glory of blazing brandy. Everything was banded round by two silent rootmcn. And tbc guests were almost as Eilent as tbc at tendants. At no time was there a general conversation; but after the champagne bad gone round, 1 beard one gentleman, with tumbled hair and spectacles, say something to a gentleman next bim, with a rumpled shirt and spectacles, about albumen in con nection with the vcal-cutlcts ; while tho sizht of the plum-pudding fluted to a third gentleman, with a laid head and a black stock, a grava remark about sacchar ine matter and prosaic acid. After dinner tho scientific gentiemea drank a good deal 01 wine ; bat it seemed to havo no particular effect upon them, except to make their faces red. Ihcy did not be come at a jolly, and merry Cnmtma was not once alluded to. After tea, which was 'served in the drawing-room. -banded round a rosgoiiwt, lJ of 3,rcr- h the !ca.nest of the two footmen, UP thc Kronct and his gurst-wil!i the excep tion of four who sat down to play whist for half-crown points in a corner, ditnlv lichted by two tall ycllow-lookin wax-candlesi went to sleep. I was not rlccpy. My din ner bad not wanned my bhtnl a bit, nor ad ded n throb to my pule, and I fat uncom fortably awake in the- mid.t of the sleepers, I f i 1 ... wu u.u uij ,iv3. 'F i'lj;rl. 1 iuuqu an ojiportunity at last. I -Good 1 w-t. nijht, sir ; I m very I ; I cookl nit siv it.ani the Bironet did not care whether I -lid it or tint. He gave , mc, witi out rising, the samp three fingers. f'H cnW. ami said. , Good niKht to you. J.4ine. sl ow Mr" Il r..n .: i... 1 stool under the nutlet. nnd tempted me not. In tbe midst of the irth and jillity. I was moodv. thoughtful, aoi anxioua. Something was going to h-ipt.cn on the mor- u.t. .1 E nui tnrihtiaDS aty mat 1 thought abuut, buttle day alter. Was I 1 : ... . rccKoning wnat 1 Slioul 1 ) Christmas nii'iii eineet tram 1 nri.ti,:i i..t. t .: and callety I bsd written I'hri-tnia-. piieee for a theatre, and to-nwri jw would bring boxing-night, and scccew r failur. I remember, while lo iking out ( the win dow tuiunim, not Chri-lnias dir. . but iu; own comic song, thit a crow lh w by Was tint an omen? Ai. t was car cnwagK-d omen? Tbc wi-h being h the f totl 0 th 'ight, 1 comforted myself with the con ij-.ioo that it was a good omen. Presently a -r.-jr.d crow flew by. No, 1 was wrong. Iwuciuws were a goid omen. By and by a third erw Ucw past. Ab ! now I rcmemUr, it i three crows that constitute a guod omen. No more crows came, and I was quite sure of i Three cr.s bad up.pc-c.rcd to me. and the piece would Ic asuic. v. But I am anxious and doubtful, and my heart is in a flutter. I am realizing once- m re in mrii '.ry a sensation whie'h 1 am a'ruid I .-hall ' never re-hze again in aetn.ili:. . I r I bate come- 1 1 estimate applause at it- ! ue value ; I have come to know that that !ii -ii is ap plauded tbc must is generally l!. ir n : icri de serves it tbe least. 1 was bowing i ile in,huutie' to the pnMie iii call uhici: wL :i W. r . ue- th it night the happiest man in In! wl.ei. the sound of tbe knocker dispell.! the vision, ana announced tnat my p-e -j i. had come home from their Christmas ft jtiweue Tbey grt"ncern that I bad b en end. runcd to apul. ixcd for beme so late, m.d exir.s'ed IkocJuhss and gruel ouCbri-iuits d.tv. Had I thuuebt the time l.icir? " NVt at ail," 1 said. Have vcu, r..d' r ' If ni'. ylavdttr el ralrlr. Tux .Mo.Mir ami ths I)kiK.tBu. Mr. Pol lard states that in hie drinking days be was tbe companion cf r man in Arundel county. Maryland, who had a monkey that be valued at a t'tousand dollars. We always took him out on chestnut par ties, and when be could not shake them ..&", be would go to tbe very end ef the limbs and knock thcui rT witb his fi-t. Ur.e day we stopped at a tavern and drank freely. Al. lit I slf ti glass was left and Jack drank it up. S-n lit was merry, Lopped uud danced and set u in a roar ef laughter. Jack was druuk. Wr all aarc d, six of us. that we would come to the tavern next day ' and get Jack drunk again and have sport ail day I called at my friend's h ate next 1 morning and we vcnt out tor Jm-L Instead of firing, as uf ual. 00 the box, l.t was not , to be -ten. We looVcd inside ji.-I there t-c was, eroucbed up in a heap. "Come out here ! " said his master. Jack came out on three legs ; his toicnaw 1 on Ma head. Jack had the- heidaebe knew what wss tbe matter with him ; he felt j.ist as I did many a m ruing. Jack was sick and couldn't g. S- c visited , tbtee days. We then went, and whil drink- i ing, a glass was provided for Jack. But , where was he? Skulling behind the-e-hairs. 1 "Come here. Ja-'k, and drink," s.iil bi master, hold in? out the glass to hiai. Jack retreated and as the door was open, elipjcd out and in a moment was at the top uf the house. His master went out to call him down, but be would not come. He got a large whip and shook it at him. J.-ek sat on the ridge-pole at.d refuted to oly. His master got a gun and pointed it at him. A monkey is much afraid of a gun. Jack slipjicd over the back side of the houtewhen he saw his predicament, at once whipped upon the chimney and got down in one of tbc flues, holding on hy his furcpans. The master was beaten. The man kept the meckey twelve years, but could never persuade him to t. urh an other drop of Iiijuur. Ti e lieast bad more sense tban the man vbj has an immortal soul, and thinks himself tbe first ami best of God's creatures oil cattb. MesnznAT Fka.nconu, N. II. George MaxRill was brutally uiutdered at i'ran conia. N. 11.. en Siturday eveninc. He lived 1 lone, keeping hi own house, and was found Sabbath morning in his pantry, lying in a p ol cf blood. The appearances about the huute indicated a severe and long strug- lc. There were several sticks of wood, cvi cntly used in the conflict, which were cov ered with blood ; and everything about the house was in confusiuu and very bloody. Maxwell's skull was broken iu several places. After the murderer had killed his victim, he took an axe and struck hitn twice upon tho bend, one blow nearly severing his brad from his body. He then drank a cup ot tea, and taking what provision there was in the house, fastened up the doors, went to the barn and harnessed Maxwell's horse, and started toward Canada. He wjj traced as (ar as Lancaster, where he left the wagon and harness in the woods. The selectmen of Franconia oflcr 500 for his apprehension. Maxwell was a quiet, sjber, inoffensive man of forty-fit 0 or fifty years of age, had no re lative in this part of the country, and always lived alone and because of this, the murder was n it discovered till twelve hours after it was committed. The supposed murderer is an Englishman named Samuel Mill.', who had been employed in that vicinity as n miner at tho Copper Ore Works. He broke into a trunk at Lisbon the night previous to this murder, and stole a gold watch and from seventy to eighty dollars in money, and left Lisbon on Saturday, saying to some of his friends that he was going to Canada, end tried to buy a revolver, saying that it might be handy for hiai on bis" way. Ho was traced from Lisbon to Franconia, on tbc road leading to Mr. Maxwell's house. The horse and wagon of the murdered man, have been found at Gorbam, where tho murderer stopped over Sunday with an acquaintance. From there he jvent on Monday morning by a freight train on tho Grand Trunk Itail road to a station about six miles from Island Pond, where he lelt the cars and struck for the woods. He has since been traced tj Montreal ; but thus tar has alluded arrest. Rogers used to relate this story : An Englishman and a Frenchman fonght a duel in a darkened room. Tho Englishman, un willing to take his antagonist's life, gener ously fired up tbc chimney and brought down the Frenchman. .'When 1 tell this story in France," pleasantly added tho re lator, "I make the Englishman go np the ehimmry." c. c. & it. I. uE.NEDitrr. EDITORS J15D ranPRIETOSS. rniD.vr mohnixo, December 28. i866. The Case ot Nebraska benatur t ade tried Lard to press to its passage tbc bill admitting Nebraska with constitution expressly restricting suffrage to tho whites ; hut failed, the Senate adjourn ing over the recess without action on tho bill. an interesting debate took place on it in which Senator Edmunds took a leading part, maintaining the principles of freedom and equal rights asserted by him in his speech on tho Colorado bill. Wc copy frcm the proceedings of Thursday : The bill to admit Nebraska was tLen taken up. Mr. Edmunds of Vermont took tbe floor in support ef the amendment cf Mr. Broun, at taching the condition of impartial suffrage upon the admission of the State. Uc maintaiaed that CoDgr. ts had the right to make conditions pre cedent to the admission ef a State, and that it would Le retrograding from the principle of equal rights asserted in the District Suffrage bill, to permit an incoming State to deny suf. frace on account of color. Neither the Ccnerees of 1851 nor that of 1SG4 bad any right to fore stall the action of this bedy : but the Enabling act of 1 86 1 had net contained anything incon sistent with the proposed requirement of strik ing out the word "Khitc-" It visa the right as well aj the duty of Congress to scan closely any 1 hertrightin the people cf this Territory to I cook in on their own terms. The Senator from . Ohio, who had always been in the front racks ' of liberty, would not deny that in a republic all men guililiss of crime had the right of franchise ' irrespective of race ; that the right of a voice in 1 selecting Iaw-uakcrs belonged as much to the ignorant man as to the intelligent, was th 1). moeratic theory. Mr. V ade asked whether, if Ccngrcts could establish such permanent conditions, there wcnlJ be any rights reserved to States. Mr. Edmunds If wc cannot admit a State upon a cooditicu, then what becomes of oar esc Iiliou that the pcopli of Kansas or Nebraska 'Lall never let up slavery T If we have power to that, why tot set up any other arbitrary condition. He enppoeed thst ths Senator, like Kuius Choatr, supposed thst the Declaration of IcJcttndrace was only a glittering generality, at. J 'hit the rights of humanity were cf little Berennt. He regretted to see thst Senator's ei u;re on this bill. They never could have any ptrirvnent prosperity in a departure frcm jus tice. Mr. Wade denied that he bsd receded from V.- position as an advocate cf liberty. He was nut, however, an extremist. Using tight of prac ticality, so as to fail in accomplishing good. He was n-1 lo le frightened by a red rag. Mr Edmunds asked whether it was right to deny rurTroge to a class. Mr. WaJe thought cot, but said he never gnspij at the ghest of a principle when it was man i.c.ble. lie had always shown by his acts that he l:d not consider the Declaration cf Icdr. penlei.ee a glittering generality. He thought it was sot in the power of Congress to force an utie&aujziaoie law on a territory. Mr. Sumner called the Senator's attention to the fact that in tbe enabling act there wtre three irrevocable conditions. Mr. Pc-ineroy. of Kansas, argued that if the etntiiiuii' n wss to have any validity at all, it niLtt U sul muted to the people. Ile thought the bi'l cuuld be amended in to other way. He wuuld vote for the bill. Mr. Howard, of Michigan, ccmbstted the pro lH.sit.in ihat Congress had a right to impose irro..aMe conditions upon new States, and ar gued that there must be perfect equality between the Ststes. If such a thing were possible, by lbs mbh iul CoDgrrss could forta a complete oode ot Stsie btws and mske them irrevocable. Ii would deny all tbe reserved rights of States. II et aid nci tote for it ; ncr did he believe it would ever aieet ihe ssnetion cf the people. Mr. Imuuda replied that it had alwsys been he'J in l.'s siistr, which wss older in Republic anism than M-cbigan, that the !sws of Congress were sive the Slste laws, and were the su preme laws of tbe land. Mr. Howard mid Michigan had the prece dence of Vermont in joining the Republican par ty, by a week. Mr. ijimucd would tvy to the Senator thst teftire the gills nt little Slste of Michigan wss bom the Leg:Ulurc of Vermont had affirmed this j rinciple. This wss na new power propossd to be rxereised by C'oegress. Tuk BeMiat tT Bitx. Mr. Poland made I ' an in. fbi-'u.il off .rt on Monday to call up for ctim-i.lt ration in the Senate, House bill No. ,W. tn'itltd "An act to establish a uniform svotrm of bankruitry throughout the Uni ted .State," the- mjtion to take up the Nc brusxa bill for the admission of that State havirg prtv .i!d. t"hc amendments to the lull pros, si i by tbe Judiciary Committee ol the Senaw an-ss follows: First, giving the apii..tnuit ol the Registers m Bankruptcy to the Judges uf the District Courts, in strvd . f ihe Circuit Courts, and without the noraimtion and recommendation of the Chief Justice or tbe L'nited States ; second, in section ten " any two of the Associate Justices of the Supreme Court" are substi tuted fur tbe' Sto Coiaaiissioners named in the act to sarin the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court in framing general regula tion, Ac ; third, an amendment strikes out in the thirtieth section the words " no discharge shall be granted to a debtor a third time bankrupt ;" fourth, provides for the tri il f any question of fact presented by any crcditoi at a stated sis-ion of the Dis trict Court, instead of by a jury ; fifth, sttikr out tbe pirotisiun in section thirty three, which prohibits the discharge of a debtor whose assets do not pay fifty per cent uf the claims against his estate without the assent of tbo insj-jrity (in value) of his creditors. In ell other essential particulars the bill remains the same as it passed tho House of Representatives, and is generally esteemed a good bill. Gen. Gpant Annmilatep. Tbc Rutland IltralJ pitched into Gen. Grant the other day, in the following fashion : If Gtn. Grant's position is not humiliat ing," aje. degraded, we should like to know what possible event could make it so. Were he a man or spirit, he would reiign a commission he could net hold with honor, or putting on re cord bis indignant prottst against the acts of his superior, let the nation know in unmistakable terms his own position cn the matter. Yet it is such a man as this, that some men are endeav oring to bntig before the people as the next Union nominee for tho Presidency. We must have no man eo utterly destitute of feeling ss Grant has always shewn himself, thrust upon u, simply because of his avsibbility. A posi tive, tried, true snd act ve mn, of positive feelings, must be nominated. We have had enough ot availability fur a few jesrs at least. As Gen. Grant makes no reply to this, the unavoidable inference is that Gen. Grant pleads guilty to bis degradation, and aban dons all aspirations for U.c presidency, if he has ever had any. Of course we all know he isn't a man oi any spirit, and when he talked abcut "fighting it out en this line," it wes all talk, a txtie pretence of spunk put on to deceive Mr. Lincoln. It is too bad, really, that Grant can't hold his present pesition, and we can't help feeling a little sorry that be sLould be to unceremoniously knocked cn the head by the Herald as a pos sible candidate Tor President, because wc have really thought be would make a very good one. However it can't be helped now, and we only hope the Herald will tell us wbo l we may bars, tine w mustn't bars Grant Correspondence of the Boston Joornal-1 The ndvancement of Italy. LETTER FltO.1t " r AnLKTON.J Florence, Nor. 16, 1SCC The struiuleof 1859 the short, decisive cam pvign. beginning at Magenta and ending at Solferino. by which tbe Ausirians wtre pushed uut 01 LKimDsruy, wvs rouoweu hy the re to latiou ia Tuscany. Naples or tho Two Sicilies. as thst Kingdom wss ca.IeJ- and the Stitts of the Church, all of which, with the exception of tuc present lemiory 01 tne 1 ope, were annexed to Sardinia To speak more correc:ly, we shoul I say, thst tbe Constitution and King of Sardinia were accepted by the people of these kingdoms nuu uucuici, sou mat naiy rcamc a nation. Naples at that time wss ground to poverty anddegradsticn between two millstones. Ihat of the Uonrton hang and that of tbe Church. na ch ground hardest it is difficult to say. The King wss a despot and tyrant ; he wss, how ever, cut one man, while thoss rcchsiostics who lived upen the pcopla were cumbered br thou snnds. There were 1020 rsiabljthments for men, containing 13,611 mcnk, of whom SS'J'J were mendicants. Tbe remtininc -1712 had an annual revenac of S'.ioO.OOO. In addition there were Z,l nunneries, contsininr 8.001 nuns. having an annual income frcm invested nroner. ty of SJ50.000. makinza total annual income of cne mulicn eight haudred and cighjy thcustnd dollars, cocsamed by 12,713 men and women, who were nrn-producers in the community, and who, however fervent their pravers mty hv been, gave only prayers and the counting cf ucaua in return, wita perhaps on the pvrt 01 the nuns occasional nursing to the sick. The valuation of this Drorxrtr is etimal nt about fifteen million dollars. it e are not to confound tbe convents and nun- zeries with the churches, which are DO'rl of almost fabulous wealth. Tbe repcrt oa the valuation of ihe property of tbe king-lom gives the total annuiif revenue of the coltrges, chap ters snd churches at thirtien millioit tro hun dred thoutand dollar 1 Ltt tils le oj pit sl ued at four per cent, and we have an invest ment of over ninefen hundred million U.llarx, mined and controlled ty the Jtoasa t'anrcA in Italy, not indudiDg the enormous wraith ac cumulated at Rome ! This is ab-jut equal to four-fiflhs cf the present nstivnat debt cf the United States, the whola of which has been taken from the peopls by various methods. It is hardly possible to conceive of the ignor ance and debasement of tbe p-ople when the constitution of Sardinia was ener.le.1 over Naples asd the States taken from the Church. Those provinces which had been under the I'ope were lowest down in the settle Ia thst territo ry, accerding to the census of VKt, of every 1000 persons, 012 couhl neither real nor write ! Throughout the whole of tbe Biadicataand Naples, more than nine-tenths of the people were neither able to read and write. Pielraont stands highest of all the provioces in the scale cf intelligence, bat there 57 0 t of every 1000 are unable to read or write. According to tbe census of lKd, out of a total population of 21,703, 710, there wire only S, cSI,21o who could read aad write ! Here waj a country where the Roman religion was the only religion. Edacvtion was wholly in the hands of the priests, monks and nuns, who wtre under tbe jurisdiction of the Pope, and wbo were independent cf tbe State In Naples alone here were 3001 large parishes which had no schools, and the few schools which were iu exis tence - rre taught by men who were devoid of the coot clrmentiry knowledge. Let me not be understood as saying that sH of the Romish priests are ignorant and degraded men ; on the contrary many of ibem are learned awl accom plished, bat such mtc are net found teaching common schools ; they occupy high positions in the church, or in ecclesiastical colleges. To comprehend the condition of Italy as it was two years agi we mast compare it with the United States or as the Coifed Starts would he if it wtre like Italy. Imagine all New England, New York. New Jersey. I'ecDsjlvsnis. Ohio. Indiana, Illinois aad Michizsn to heve Ia than cm thouJ echets, ami nft toe people cf these states, every man, woman ana cfttta, to be un able to read or write seventeen millions in utter ignorance, and yeu will have the condition of Italy. WHXT BUS BEES DONE. In 1E61 the law which bad been applied to the ecclesiastical ettshhthnsente id Sardinia was iztended to Naplis and the provinces acquired from the I'ope, aad a large aumbtr of monas teries and nunneries were broken up and the revenues devoted to public ins ruction. The Minister of I'uhfio Instruction, went to work with great vigor establishing eorassoa schools. By the report of 1SC2 it appears that tbete were tatn established 1003 schools for boys and '22 fcr girls, with 01.250 bnvs and 30,567 girls in attendance. Ia addition, there were 91 1 evening schools fcr adults, ha-in; 0SOI pupils. Thirty-three normal schools have been esta blished for the education of teachers. The new Italian government has voted an annual appro priation of 3,000,000 besides the revenue from the confiscated States. From an official return laid before the Chamber of Depaties daring the session of IS60, it appears that there were still at that period 2392 ecclesiastical establishments ia the Kingdom, containing 2$ ,991 persons, one-half of whom were men. Of these, 8229 were beggars of their daily bread. A bill was introduced Into the Chamber of Deputies, at its last session, for tbe entire suppression of these establishments, and became tejaw, but it bas net yet been put ia force. It probably will be ex tended to enetia, which has a large namtcr of these establishments, many of which are ia the hands of the Jesuits. The members ot that order, like the wolves upoa the prairie scenting the approaching conflagration, are leaving Ve netia fcr Austria, bat it seems that the Aus trians are not dispoicd to receive them. In addition to these public schools, which are graded like those in the United States, private schools are being opened in tbe larxe cities, and the education ot private individuals is passing out of the hands of the priests 'ml auns. A beginning has been made and the seed town has already brought forth fruit. There ii a growing desire on tha part cf the people to obtain know ledge, and especially that their children shall be taught. Newspapers sre multiplying. Go into a cafe, and you will see an individual rest ing the news to a half dczen ttho cannot read. Upon the streets the ignorant ask those who are learned to read tbe notices and handbills pasted on the walls. Here we get at the source of tbe lren nte blood ef this rising empire. The people under stand that knowledge is power. They have a great V todo not only tbe building of a new edifice but tv, clearing away of the rubbish of fifteen centane. , VtftA dominica a work of self-emancipation fro monkish and priestly superstition KZLIOIOX IX HAL, The Reman Catholic religion is the wubliehed religion of the State, but all others are foisted. That is a wonderful change. I am informed by several gentlemen that the tendency just now is towards inSdelity. Tbe people have no faith in the Roman religion, and having no acquaintance with any other, believe ia nothing. The attitude of the majority of the priesta hist sum mer, which was hostile to the guvemmtct has contributed in no smsll degree to the progress of infidel opinions. They were closely wstched by tbe government. Some priests were arrest ed for holdinz communication with Austria Some of the churches wtre taten tor hospitals. In Genoa the priests were rescued from the hands of a mob wbohadbecomeincensed sgaicst them only by the strenuous effurts ol the police. By a report mode by the Catholic coclesisstics of Milan, it appears thst there were sixty thou sand lets attecdants at the con'esvional io 1E6S than In 1661 I am informsd that the number is far' less this year than it was laat Previous to 1859 the distribution of the Bible was prohibited by law. None can sell a Bible openly in Rome to-day, bat everywhere else ia Italy it may be sold or openly distributed, the same as any other book, and it is beginning to be sought fcr by the common peaple. While tbe Romau religioo is djring oat. Prot estant religion is coming in not rapidly bat gradually. The English Church is here at Turin, Milan. Venice, and in some other towns not for Italians, but Englishmen. The high church party of England of late have taken it into their heads thst they are going to convert the Pope, but the tendency of their effjrt is to carry themselves to Rome, insteaJ of bringing Rome to them. Of the vital forces now st work, are the Waldenslsns, who have abcat sixty teachers and preachers ; the Wesleyacs, with about fifty teachers and preachers; tk ln..n ml Foreign Christian Union, with about forty. Besides these there is the j Free Italian Lhurch, ana tne .vice eximraiiirc composed of several gentlemen who are sustain ing preachers The total camber of preachers and teachers la the employ cf evangelical agen cies is abont two hundred, atseng tweaty.tbreo mtUleas ef people. rat rarstsT movemzst. Politically the tendency is towpI R-pabliear. ism. There is no country exercisinj each in influence upon Italy as the Uoiied Ststes. American school books are ia the common schools. Anthoa's and lUrkness clsssics in the Normal Schools, American newspapers from Rwtrn. all of the lending New York papers, the .Itlantic Monthly, Aorta .Imtriran Reviet , -fray and .Vary Journal, the United Sin,, pablio document, tbe documents of the State uf Matsichusetts, with new Americm books, in the reading rcoms of Florerce, and the name of Abraham Lincoln 00 the engines uf the rallrcnd; f The time is evidently not fer ofl when tho people or Italy will be rendy to nccept rtligiuis truths, and the Protf stsnt world must be pre pared to occupy the premising ground. The Kill of Itslv. while reenonii-ni- nnl. wardly the forms and ceremonies of the Church, is independent of ecclesiastical influence. I bits the following anecdote from a gentleman resid ing here in Florence, touching this point : It has been the custom Irera time immemarinl to have triumphal srehrs and canopies erected in this city oa great festive occasions, and Ia-t summer a deputation of tccleasiatics wailed upon Victor Emanuel to obtain rwrmmion nd aid in erecting the usual decorations on Corpus CAruli day. I think it was. The kin? reeeife.1 the priests with his utatl frank courtesy. They made known their errand. " Why do you wish torcanonies and urehea ! he asked. "The march will be lone, and we ihsll he n. pesed two hours or more to the burning sun," was the reply. "Well." replied the Kin-, "th- miller nf Italy, at Costoin, fought for twelve hsurs be neath a hot summer san fur theer country, and I think that if they could do so much, voa ought to be able to endure two hours of sun shine without the protection you a.k fjr." ine priests retired without obtaininff their re- aest. and for the rtt time, for I koow not how many years, there were no triumnhml arches on that occasion. Will Italy become a consolidated kinrlsm Is there fibre enough ia the bol politic to be come a great natiou t These are tbe questions of the preient hour. That s e is to be wholly nueu there can be no doubt. I sh-.ll have tomethiag to record in Rome btfjre Christmas. who, looking at the post at what has been e- comphshed ia seven years can doubt that there is material for hone and muscle in her. notwith standing the misrule and degradation of all ths centuries? Think of Sardinia. cmhed in 1819 it ih broken hearted IWleg Albert Uv ine dawn his crown and leaving his people, to die ia a foreign land; of the oath of bis son never to let tbe sword rest in its scabbard till Italy was free; of .'isgenta and bollenno; tbe rush ot events in ISGU; tbe annexation cf Narles and Tuscany the catting down of the papal dominions; the establishment of schools, building of railroads. weeping away 01 oij thing, Ihe inmsien 01 oung Wood, the liberation of Venetis ihe late scenes ia that city think of all the Ute events ia the history of this people, if you would com prehend what bos been accomplished, and if yea would firm a just estimate of tbe prospects of Italy for tbe tuture. CaBLnoi. Powers the Scruros. The Florence cor respondent or the Boston Past, docs not seem to think much of Powers' statue of Everett, which is as yet in plaster. He says : This figure cf Everett only seems to shew more conspicuously than ever the author's en tire ignorance ef the anatomy of tbe human form and bis want of taste in drapery and na turae. Iu the modelling of busts, ia seizing the happiest and most characteristic expression ot those who sit to him : ia lending grace of cat- ice and sweetness to tbe face of woman, he has surpassing abilities, snd few appro ich or equal m. That is bis inborn talent, but neither jetrs nor stady have doae anything ts make up for those uebcieneie, also innate, which prevent him from appreciating the ether and quite ss noble qualities ef an artist which manifest tnem selics in the humm figure, iis altitude and the drapery that sdoru it. Mr. Powers has now been thirty years in Florence ud is almost a patriarch among the artists in that city His studio is the most popultr ef alt and is tbe especial resort of Americans. A I was looking over the books in which all visitors sre re quested ts enter their names, I couM not h-lp no king how mtny of them were well known and dislinguisbeL In fact, thew volumes tiKd ia tbe course of years become quite valuable as a collection of autographs, if tor no other pur pese. The sculptor has always been a genuine patriot, and when ia a few esses persons hare bees uncivil enough to write C. S. A after their names he has carefully erased them A number of months ago the notorious George N. Saunders called at tbe studio, and sometime afterwards Fernando Wood. Mr. Powers told me that each of them stopped before tue bast of John C Cl boun, and said in almost the same words, There's John C. Calhoun I'm one ef that man's dieeiples." This coincidence is somewhat remarkable, and taken in connection with our late troubles, has a world of meaning. Oa this occasion Saaoaers did not hesitate to acknowl edge his connection with the St. Albans raid and other niferious plots to plunder and burn eur frontier, snd not only that, but beexpres-ed his satisfaction and even pride thst he bad done his best to help them on. When Mr. Powers said to h-m, " Sir, I desire you to know that I utter ly abhor ycur murderous plans snd detest the efforts you have made to ruin oar country," he replied with unabashed coolness and effrontery, " Oh. yes. that's of coars-, I expected as much as that." and walked away with the utmcst unconcern. Correspondence of the Free Press. I'rom Washington. Wjuni.xaTox, D. a, Dec. 17, I860. .Dear Free Prett: I am pleasantly disappoint ia legatd to the prophecy in my fast ss to the payment if bounties, as a few cases baye been paid undir the set of July 26.1866. Cob Gibson, the paymaster Ia charge, informs me to dsy that he is paying by States, ami that the applications cf Vermont soldiers will not be acted upon for several weeks. M. E. Hall of Vergtnncs has just beea sp oiutil to a situation ia the Senate chamber. He bas many friends in your city, aad Senatt r Edmunds in recommending the appointment has shown his appreoiatioa of the services rendered by a brave and worthy soldier. Mr. Elmuoo's does something more for oar soldiers than to recommend and make vain promises. Horace F. White of Benamgtoa has beta appointed to the position bctl by Mr. Hall ia the Paymaster 'Serai's office. 'I- Grossman, formerly Captain of Co. F. ia the " old txod," has received aa appoint ment io Ihe Treasu-, Tjepartmeat There is a prospect cf dispensing ..ij, the 0f lady clerks in the various Dnrtraeats here, and there is quite a fluttrring among u,;, C;II( of oar residents. Of coarse they object leaving positions where they have but little to do except te draw their pay. Probably the happiest people in the country sre the colored people of this District since tbe passage ef ihe Suffrage bilL Tbey will only be compelled to wait nnti! the bill is passed over the veto of their " Moses." when they will be gin to esjoy their rights. The event of the week in fashionable eirchs here was a fancy dress hall for children given by the little daughter of Gen. Grant. It inau gurate! the season of gaieties. We have also had two nights cf Grand Opera at Metzerott's Hall, where Grover's German Opera Troupe called tsgether crowded bouses. It is very evi dent that lavish eipealitare ia the matter cf dress Is to be the rule this wiater. Tbe first lecture in the coarse given by ths Young Men's Christian Association was dsliv errd by Hen. J. W. Patterson cf N. II. His eabject was, " Revelations as a Means of Pro gress." The lec'art was a success in every rospecr. Yours, A.D. J. "This, we must remember, is the fall season," said Mr. Quilip. as ho gracefully " bumped bis nose on too iw yesterday., to ths c amusement cf iom ssuoy shop-girls.