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antycierk ifei 11 Iflii ill 1 H Si L IBS! 1 lsVI HI ss lanae.: HI . VOL. XXXV. NEW gflrc $m press. O. G. & II. L. 11 E EDICT. EMTOaS A0 rBOIBTOM. FRIDAY MOBMXG, JANCARV 11.186T. Italy and the I'ejie. Tlie n-ot iMtier.iring at Rome, tu:t be of intercut wbecevrr the name- of Rome is Known. Tbe Pope in M " allocuUon" rcfiwd tu dtnoarkJic Victor Kmanuel as Km of italy, and wr cspteiali eercre on the " frcn"J tomxs which declared that the City of Rome uuift share in the " un ! bj py Italian perrarlation." Jtat his H--li-t rt, nds it difictilt to keep out ti ;ier turtjtii." Francr withdrawn the troops which bovc i.itiitrto ruotainrd i im. Rossia l-y impenai ufcae- iina abrogattu uil it!iti.iis between Kui-ia snd Jbine. li. i netia tlu: priects cen eide with Vietr rojnnotl ; ai.d in R' sh iiKlf the Jlaxxini ;,aiwi-al C'ouini in i uued an addrt-tp In tbe nasae ut tc MM'f let not the least part of car tint Uny mvmy at Ums soies&n no i,nt. SarctSf m ctria ji. the davs of cbaisal Jospotbrn are cambered. Your coumiitee will vnt let yon want either otion or advise." r-icinly the end of tie t report 1 jxisrcr of he Pope ii at l.ni.d, ai.d Pius IX will x , 1 r ml .. , i .in , r'.ik, .. t om chie Bwop l the Buman Catholic Church. s oeeck ol Senator i ..... to adsall Xtkratfcsu We gave sotne da attract of the debate mawffi rartieipilted, I "e il.c tcKgrapt.is w 1 ii fct ldUor Kd i t c hill t admit i Kflriciinj: v-1- XctTutkii kill; t iiu:,i.; l .t.g co the white- uurti n ! c prificipb? h,vlve! r n f tic Btati'. 1 i.'l L- -A itt.i a: uri;4x at thit- si n i '. . p wurrsnt ut lo itJcntip Ui tur u'!i Sir. Kln:uiii3f' ! !-t c:oir at lenptl . ! n. the lullr i (. it in she Conjer-i nal t! An , v.! n.Itaeut had hci.0 ) rd tu i-1- hiil, b Mr E: wn o MiKouiiri, the admip- ri 'D '1 tv- tat M.diti'irl Hi- .fii.- lij;::, v, iJ "Willi '" l.'-tu t: HiBicf rlai.be I lie cmMUttiif 4' " Ji it of this im(Ui!uirnt Mr. Edun.mic ;1 . V't.,-.- , it appeats tv h i. v Uii er . tbav that bow, whci. the t: .uetiiuiku it j.ifpented to u, jre are. wifioa' -.nv es'nppel cr committal or other qu.iJi i . Mi fr r- u. m .rc oorju'JgoiMt aa :ib.-.. b t'.i cWlitnttoo bas repiwl . u- u;.n l!,.- ni jt; l-etiiir, under the circnutv; i. tUry ijcw eat, ia the light of the bi.- rt iht :.o' tiun Las paet ova the eruu r , i f ai light iha fbi? territwy Mtui t,- c ai.c: nd his k Htr itb the cocstitutiui vu,i.s b: ir.pt in uf U-eauee, as I have ei.J. .i. inc diwfi tbare can be no b'njitt toppt! upon ili gwiauve jx wir ..f the eeODtiy at auv tiine, iuA becaose it is niaiiile: id me that tbe ,-t of 1S&I which aatiKrijMd the crti;.n of a iate frcio this territory, c-oucite ttftv rr prin haevcrf opoo the eu' j et i.; ik- iigl '.T usraa-, the right of repmcbtatHjo, the uiethod Lj.i coicu tbe stateshoold trg:.uireit g' i. ro mtti', tictpt opug the general dedaraticn of fij,u,il,. which aboutd ba t r paide to Ifcat yc.: it in loinung a eonseiuiiiui, l usee, u we ini i. :at cooatuutioQ auytLu g ivpeoug the ciiaLluitat of its conns ; tbe trial by ja'J t rifilii i- U is moat civilised ucuntries, deriving ilirir ancestry from Anglo Pixon marces, at Kwt. to le saeredif vs $zul id it anything Lieu does not commend ,L.eu Ui our sound eiise U what ie just and r.g!:t, i. lo he stii vuat ly an; irnpi e i estep) 1 1 ui i .outfa are U le cLwd and Be must ucc i pc iit &ow which utberwise we won Li not utve uiu ? I think, thtn. tir. that it :i chutr tl ai we nmst meet this eae npon the reahtjt , if u t reality, of tbe questioa wnich is pre-mtd,.aa4 that wc aaaat shelter oorselvea, howeter rnneh we might wish to do it, behir.J the thin disguise that we have committed our" lies to this raise step which we are asked to t. We most meet tbe Qvestion as it is. Kow, list is the qnee eun.' The question w fi'M. csetker we have tbe pfwer under the Constitution of the United States to dictate the terms at-d conditions and -.uaii&eations under wbwh territories shall be created into new states, and admitted to an tqual participation in the actnc operations of the a-overnment. n we ce a mere macoioe, h.ieed to act whenever n territory j.rcaeot! it- I o .. . - r. . .. .. eu, and in whatever U rm if presents iteelr, u the Don rises doctrine npon ah.t-h this territory me first organized teems to declare, then, of coarke, there is no room for debate ; we are ex ercising, then, merely executive and not legisla- tive function!, and we have cj opportunity for i th exercise of any discretion whatever. If, OB tbe sotrary, the grant of )-. rtr which llu 1'onMitutk.E gives to Congress to admit new statu, into the national council, is one which impl.es judgment and discrttiou, implies that ten-e of responsibility which ought to operate in ail legislative attain, then, most dearly it ia vac duty to scan to the ntternuU letter the cnatuutiuu ef any new formed state whkh ia presented to us. The Constitution ot the United States upon the subject of our power over the admission of lies states reads as follows : "New states may be admitted by the Con gress into this Union ; bat no btw states shall be formed or erected itnin tbe jurisdiction of any other state, nor say state U termed by tha junction of two or more suits i r parts of states, without tbe consent of the legislatures of the states ccnoerneil as well as of the Congress." There is an unqualified ram of rower in the first instance ; discretionary, depesdmg upon the wiO of the law-making jwver of the country for the admission of new states. Then there are imposed upon it conditions and qualifications re-;ectmg the carving of new states out of oil (or-, and no other condition abl no other quail- i t.ituKo, whatever. Therefore I take it to be V..i- ioJ beyond contradiction that it is within j the tl ar unconstitutional poser ot Congress to ! preecibe the terms and qul:oitiniiE and the time and the fitness npon which any new state i snail t created out ot any of its territories. It 1 is j right which cannot be questioned at all ; 1 and it is a right which ludenpendent of i the Constitut.oa, Slows logically and necessarily ' from the supreme legislative dominion which , e have over the territories of the United States ' territories many of whem, this very territory indeed, itself, weie not within the dominion of ihia government when tbe Constitution was t formed, and which, thercfoie, the Constitution itsell by its own vigor never could have operat- j ed upon. Yi e having exclusive and complete jurisdiction over these territories and having I complete discretionary oner by the express letter tU- Constitution ovtr the admission of statts, t t it tu be said that ne must nut our eyes to ' what is contained in the cocstitut'on of aterri- , torj Khich is offered to us for aecrptance, and are we to be told that this olj-ctm., or that ob-j-eticn , whieh may be just la itsur, cannot t-e Kara because we are tramphi p upon the rights cf rv b-.i.-orset of men ? 1 1 1L.1-it n, t. Torre i i i .t-lvrent right in tbe people tf any terri- I ceive yon opon tbe condition that within your i.rr to be constituted into a Btate. Congress , borders, notwithstanding your constitution or mj never dispose of its pnUic lands there ; 1 your Uf, you shall practically exercise eqas.li Un organized it may keep it in tne perpetual j ty and justice toward every citizen within your c l I t.ou of a territory it it pleas-s ; because all limits ?" As I have said before, the jpower ttie t moderations which govern such questions j canLot logically under the cotstituticn be art considerations chich merely ' appeal to the denied. There is no danger if it could in ( rdinary legielative discretion ot the liw-makieg i trying the experiment ; the friends of this meat power, and therefore eveiy c.rcumstance and ure certainly, if they believe it to be merely a consideration which enters into tho fitness of the irufmamen, are not injured by it, and will thing itself which is proposed to be done, is a thus concede the assertion cf a rrinciple upon matter that we have no right to set aside. i Tbea. Mr. President, if we Lavs ,k and it it enr duty in the ciercit of that dis cretionary power to exert it, as we do all other lejishtiye power, upon the prmciplt f legisla. L,. : J?'.-1 JaT,V ZJZ, T this constitution ought to contain to anthems as to receive this new state into the family of theLat.on. It woull hardlr seem, that, en this tide of tbe Chamber, in reaching for ard to the discussicn of a question of that kin I, 1 should be met with any objections from the gentleman who ta prefrly lrd; us cn these territcnal mcasart's, a man v. ho bas been all bis lifetime in the skirmish '. . e acd frcct battle' rank cf liberty and equal rights everywhere. He can hardly, I think, rise in his pb.-e and ttll us that it is cot right and St that men, irres pective of rase and color, shouil it entitled in a republican and free gortrnmect to the eier '. cf pclitienl righte. I Dtu inncteut rasa; SERIES VOL-XTII. 1 I mean men who have forfeited no natural, or I sxial, or political right which they may have I been otherwise entitled to, by treason or any other crime; bat innocent, boned citizens of the count tr. without respect to race cr color, are I certainly, the honorable Senator mutt admit, entitle, as a matter of justice as well as a l matter cf policy and parity, to be represented, i to have a voice in the selection of their repre j tentativeg, and to be amung thou who consent ' to the laws which are to affect their life, their libetty, and their pursuit of happiness. , I beiieve that every writer upon the theory I of democratic gOTcrament, upon the abstract theory of all just government, agrees than any . arhitrarv distinct ion. nv nrhitarv test, evefi of , iatellicenee. has no nlace in the foundation cf (he exercise of those rights which relate to the seieotuu ol the persons who are to administer the government for the benefit of all; because the man who is ignorant be ,rccjsely the tame tight to protection, he has precisely the gaite right to every specie of protect ion that the law ires to bis neighbor who is intelligent, he has liu tas:t right to choose among his intelligent neiebburs m ia? other nan, which of them ball make laws lor him. 7k: tb-ori.ty cf uc- j derlakior to set np these tests is the more - feat true the fact that so far as the Wirid baa at present prcgrcaiaai ws cannot fail to see that if any special test of intelligence or of property or I y other arbuary rale were laid down, tha largest part ..I minima wouij nave to voice u government. There are uany cramcnities in which intelligence has reached a very small point of advaaeenMtit. b ll to le said that those communities matt necessarily epd ltiiirt:icli be governed by souie despot or mg; snd if so how is hi to be select ed? By his superior suewgih ;r bv hit age or tiv htfl ralnr Xn. Mr. TnMnjMit ! 1h nil. , ixc bj 0 fat dispute, when we consider I tb subject lu Ihp light of the Democratic equality which we all profess ui l'i in. that ,gt, 0 Kkti( f0JTVIitrlt tbeTight lo'h,c a voice in choosing those who ire to make your laws, must necessarily reside ic every person hi coram ut,: over wncm tbse lawi are to operate, a iudg s; that person utitles himself upon his neighbor, bj ccsmitttog Ctimw, io have a vobe u the sdminhitiaiion cf afiii.-. 1 do not mean by thU to uainaie to make any argument against tbe propriety ot l&uuiug That is nit tbe point. The more we hue of it, tbe better we ehali le ttt But 1 do undrrUhe to say that to make learning or vulcr or proper ty or race a test in a Iiemocratic cr, -atiy, of the right to chcote its mlire, a to K.p the fuusua tion of tiie very pri3ctp!e of Denxcrjey up- m wnicn yoo aci. to m:s oour, i.y s iciy large majorirr, ws have agree 1 to' th prapoai- tion abd d:sjrdmg every tut tae cituunship and loyilty we have deibwaJ lht 4ituictions of race and color or of learning have Hu t itoe a the llemtcratic theory of thb OoverbmcLt; and we exct to be obliged. rati fully ehi'ged it may torn out, to earry this principle wherever the' Coiw(Utet(ju permits us to ctrry i'.'uto more seetioos of tlii coontry ;t Js yet been ranied bv (at S rAll..-. ..... .u . ..: e ., (VflVlll KVUIiMf KIWU 11 CUTS lU llllM iuuwi, (he people of this territory, ever which C ogress is th.: ;:ne c.ttril, for which it has made last snd fvt up itMiuibu;, sad from which it msy take them to-dy lawfully and corMiiutiot-ili; ii u p:tacf. ccmc to us with a c-.-i titutm whkh h . this iohtrent and radical dMincliu). fthsr""re is it there? Wherefore is this dt:iu.-lien et up in (be fcudacent4 laws wi.ich the ;oj,leef ii.it tenitory Laii Irjuglt here and h. -l npon our duk . My hutot&ole friend frt-r.i Ohio, iuitil'g a dittioeuished citir-n of MnMachnst tts, who is now d.ad, in helieriop that the Declaration of lcdepeuJai.c . was only a : ;;Ii? and glitteiing generality; tells ns that this is ouiy a aot tp.,hnisiUiy ; it dots i.i t nacuct to anything; there ave na colrrtd men there, aud we are reallv "-sticking to the bark" hen we are endeavoring to in graft open this constitution tbe perpetual and landamental ;aodi(ion that equality amen; men shall be preserved there i tbil c; are jv.il'y im peding the pregress of Repnhluinism i-7 neing over nice about such little, immaterial irifies as , the right of ecu cf any particular ra.e or color I la erereise the full political privilege of citizen ship to the ei dure: of all others. Mr. President, t do col ;e;rd it as an imma terial trafic If it wan of oonsrticr.te eaosgh to be a matter of deliberate consideration hi the territorial eanvciition cf tbe people of Nebraska, as i S5rn-ne that it was, if it was ef c oseuence enouiLU to .a j": tooJitnetul lar as one ui' the cordicil pnticipie; .if-'w ..'i: t'lat friegu.- i eractent is to be in-titutcd, then criauii; Li ! no such mean thing as nut to desTve considers- J , tion and debate from as ; all nilMai mora j than a mere technicality, in the language of ILe : Senator from Ohio , it lz something mere than , the sounding and glittering geceruiry &vt the 1 eminent citiaen of Massao!iUictts to wliom 1 : have alluded characterized as beirg the chief I quality ol the Declaration of Independence ; and 1 am surj. r 1.1 indeea, pit, sarpnsea ceyona measure, end I feel regret that is even greater than my cuprite, to fee the honorable Senator (rem Ohio, whom we all Lve so cejl to follow, leadii c us through this btstiict against all op- I position for these same tonal rights, and then turning to the westward and saying that after .11 t. : . i : i . . . au it ia uuuiiog out a tccuuigaiitj , tut uicw sutcams (n their own light an I in the light ot their party if they 7enture to lift their voices ia favor of erasing this oSensive, unjust, tnd inhu man distinction ! There is everything, Mr. President, injustice; and we shall learn when the empire of tradition which has ten tottering has at last completely fallen re shall learn in the new light that we are coming to that wz aLall never hue com plete prosperity if we do not stick to oar p.ico pics through thick and thin. There can be no temporary triumph, there can be no temporary necessity in the nature of things possible which will justify a true man in departing one hair from justice and truth. There is souethis ci.re, Mr. President. While t all love justice and equal lights, and we all love our party because we believe it repre sents the active operation of that justice and tbe eccntiil propagation of those rights, we must still remember that even the party which we wish to ccrry forwaid and build up for this purpose is not great enough and btrong enough to do srrong. ITc must remember th.it wc mtut not stand npon one principle in the District of Colombia and npon exactly the opposite one in the territory of Nebraska, because although we ere strong now, the free people of this country will never belie to in a party which is inconsis tent with itself, snd o' whom it might lie justly said if we pot this bill through as it is : Year preteme in tbe District of Columbia acd tu the Southern States about the tq-iahty of men ia merely because it suits yonr purpose to get in Republican Seaatcrs and Rrpresectatives; but when it suits your purpose to get in Republican Senators and Representatives Irom Nebraska, then yon believe that there is no such thing as f qua! rights irrei pective of race of race or color; it is only a technicality, then, cr a glittering generality. " Mr. Piesnlt-iit, as strong aa we are, aud justly strong : as prond as we are and as eoneiow as we are of our strength, we do not deserve to be strccg or prond or successful if we do not adhere to a great prin.-inle cf juetiea and equal ity which wc practice upon here where we may have the power ; if we do not adhere to i' in Nebraska because it happens at the moment thfct we are tc gain a IU preeentative or titocr a henator or two by denying the principle there. Ard as we have the power, in my judgment, the clear and unquestioned power, in the ex ereiee of cur discretion, in admitting this ter ritory to be a state, in creating it to impose fueh conditions cardinal ami perpetual ss seem fit to us, why not let ns do it T by cot i us av to the Decide .f this territory, "We re. the part of the Centres of the United Statts, which I tro.-t within the next five years will be carried to tbe remote t corner of the laad. A Georgia excoenge which a while since "ad nothing but praiio for -Vndv Johnson, 1 now sv T l.u mun - ! vv.p, M t- tt, Tbe Piesidrr.t in mum nn the sutfra?e nues- tkn, nvmio cn the election questltn, and dani question.' .... v. . At tbe New EoRland dinner at Kew Tort. nnr of the jrcakcrs said : .,.v ti i . , .. . . the principles he espoused, ana thcte principles t .. r . , j .v- f . . U.Uu " - li.U!Ilf t flr.VAA ,n w .-ilv in old EucUnd under the cf that trcs Britlth rslte, Jchn Bright ituereiiip From tbe Vermont Rec id. Martin Chittenden : rnr sixth oovrawoB or tekmoxt. nv m. ruxv u. vuiie. The name of Chittenden has been an hoo. uided name in Yorment from the very foun dation of tbe S-atc. For nearly a fourth of that time a Chittenden lias been the Gov ernor, and donn to thie very day the name lias not failed to be well represented in law, in poliiks end jn tbeolozy. n regard to the feccond Gov. Chittenden, however, tbe rvpular knowledge has been quite vague and uncertain, amounting, in fact, to iut much more than tbw. that bia administra tion of aSairs at the time of the luttlc of I'lattsburgh was so untriotir as t- arjucv no littls indignation at tbe time and tu make his mcmorv eonttderatiie lets fraerani tUn thr.t i.l his latter. It is the purpose ol tl.io artr i j put on rccorJ the principal facto in his l,fo, that we- uiuy k;.'.w. as well s therf lacto will erallc Hp. !.a'aisn-cr oi" nikc 1. . -23. Before- Ti mas CI iit.nJ. :i, tin rit v- I cti.or ef ciL-.i-ni. einieruu.d tj that y.uto, he- uutnied :iza!cth 3!iit:&"f (T'ii!f,:d. C't t ud with i.-r t.;c: yp tj.- Heidi: er at Sjlht bury, Ct., wLere tiiy hecaiiic parnts o! ionr Sohi and sn daulnerh. he seventh o these chiidreo, atsd tti SiCud jf the- a .us, sa Martin CuittLul.n. lie was ;rul2 Match 17G0, reiuuved with his iati.tr to illietcn, Vt, in May 1774, and to Arling ton, Yt., in Juno 1776. lie commenced prcpaiilU-no for Collecje with Rev. Daniel I l'arrand of Canaas, ft . thither ui lion. Daniel Farratid of the Suprems Court of -fcr. moot,) completed bis prcpt'ratury oure'e at iioorp s Charity fccbool, IHnovcr, N. II., entered DarUcouth (Julitge in fSh.a'ua was graduated in lTe'J- It bed Ueo lu inten tion to tttdy on ol U e karrtd iroleieiuiu, b"'t his heallh f. ilir.ff. Lc i "ur- Bfr, rutcbascd a fait, in Juicho, Vs., Been vrC j-.-iul. timie r,-:,t to be his employment t&rbueh i-fr, ,jr.t n he wat, eppiped in official duttc. In October llb'j, bring; ttica Utb frum Collt-e be was elected a justice of tic peace for tl t Connty of Chitterdf n. Thin was the t); inning of an tScutl cni-'r. ccntinu- ing without interrnptioa for inorc than twectv-fivi. vrara. duiinv mm-li r.l I time he held two, and sometimes three, and I eyen llur tEees. Ic wa-juctlev ul tU i j peace- f mr years. In Ft'iruary 17; 'J, he wa- ! appouiica Viers; ol C iitten u-n County i Court, and beU the office three e.tn, wheii I he was elected an Associate Judge ol the ' Court. Usvtng ; erred ai tin, offi.e thrct years h? a prmjtcd ti Chief Jade. and in that carccity prtsidi J in t! Curt sein j-earj In 17lH, he vv 'It' ltd to re I resent Jcrieho in the L?gi.latu.-t-, aud held tb.it effiee six succ.s.tc vutis. 11c wjs chctcd again in 1,97 and 1H2 Uc Wai al.-o e piesaber of tu Constitutt-wi C nven- tiun-U Iflat and Para. hi with this in.o (rf titii oIoa-s there ran a iice ol military piouu'i'.ns. In IT'.MJ be w aide-dt-mp ! Lt. Go. Olcatr. In 17y.i, he Icciu.e t V.ptam oi the militia in Jericho, ar.d wua tiuawtcJ. Jnuary 17'J4, L', (.'nivinel ui the Is'. Kc.mebt, 7th Brig ade, Hd Division, lie w-o uftcrward pro moted Brigadier Ut-'.in.!, t.ni r- c to the rank of Major General, and rose' t.. the rack of Major General of fie id Division, 24 Oc tober 17 SS. n this Ificc he remained till 13113. Down to tua. la-t , a pt. id of ..ujy fourteen years from bis ratrai-ce i'-to official life, be had occuj id civil eScts for the term of twtnty-eight yrats, and military oflfcx-s lor ten years. In ail these he ac quitted uiinaclf so niuii to pu'oiic saUsiaCr tii n that he was though; worthy of stilt higher advancement, and in lH)3he was elected Representative in Congress from the Korth-Westeni Distriet of V He held bis seat by successive elections, fur ten Ytai, aud tii-iieu lv rattly rarticipated in the aelutto his .'pioioii- e imm.tnle j rc.pect, and l.c wss a useful arid influctitial mernVr. Br his i.pp-.itim tt, the act declaring war with Circat Britain, and bis Vote against t'aat ut, lc lburuuuly idtntihed hinaself with ttm ft-deral party. Iq 1M3 he was a candidate f T Oovtrnor, in oppoeiti m to Jonas U-.lusha, who had held the office fjr the preceding four years. Tut u W4 no Election bv the peopje. The maj -n:y if the rcturn-.J memUts of the le gislature, upon which the ekction was thus devolved, were republicans, there being four federal majjrity ia the ILmsc, aaJ ten republican majority in the Coaneil. But the Icderaf leaders wtrc shrew d and not ore r eorupulons, and. finding that by i--cting the entire vote ol ColchcsUr lur councillors, upon the i retenco that a hte number of vitcs bad betn palled illegally hy Unit, d b tales s-ldiers stationed there, three more ft-deral councillors would be elected and tie Jiint Assembly brought to a tie. t! ej decid ed to di so, end the federal ta.ij' niy in the Uuase carried ont their purposes in that re gard. The Joint Assembly balloted num txr ol times every day for more than a week without efft-etin,; a choice, till ut length, on the 2tst day of October, the votes wrc de clared to be one hundred and twelve for Martin Chittenden, and one ! iimiuJ aud eleven for Jonas Galusha. 'm i.t-I.Lnirtd snd twelve republican int ji'uers immediately signed a certificate that they did, each of tl em, on that ball t, vote for Jonas Galu sha. and claimed that tho apparent result should be set a-ide and another ballot taken. But tbe federal majnrity in the House re lusidtotakcanyfurtl.tr action, and Mar tin Chittenden was'dtclarid Governor. There is good reason to believe that the re sult of the ballot was correctly deolarcJ, ouly one hundred and eleven persons in fact voting for Galusha, and Oliver Inham of Canaan having withheld his vote. By what means he was induced to do so it is lmpoasi Me now to ascertain. Gov. Chittenden's administration was a p rijd .f great ahiiui and excitement, on ac count c. f the war between the United States and Great Britain. On the 27th of Sep-1 icmbcr preceding bis election, tbe 3d brigade of thi- 3d division of Vermont militia, which had been drafted into the L'Litcd States service, went tc l'latit-'mrg, N. V., to re place a foi cc of fifteen hundred Sew York militia that had just U-tu sent forward to Chateaugay . In his inaugural mcsssgc Gov. Chituudtu tuok strung ground in opposition to the war and tj the general policy oi the government in enacting it ; maintaining with special emphasis, that the militia were designed exclusively for son ice and protec tion of their respective States. Thee prin ciples he soon put in practice bj ordering the Ycrm'intrr.ilitia to rcto'n frm IMutt burg In his piociamatiou Gv Chitundtn took tlie ground that tbe militia were for tlie defence of the State exc'osivcly. and oideted the Vermont troojs at i'lattsburgh "lorth vrith to ittntn to the respective places of thiir usual iesidtr.ee." To this tbe militia of the third brigade, in a published reply eisneU by Lt. Col. Dixon atd eighteen other officeif, rejoined, that thty considered tbera tilves "under a paramount obligation to onr common country, the great confederation ci States ;" that they would never obey an in- invitation to desert the standard of the counry, altuoogti u procecacu no-" " r ,l.n Governor and Captain General of ermont ; that they considered his proclamation "an intuit ;" and that they absolutely refused to obey it. cd at Piattsbureb, but the campaign of 1813 closed without their bcio" called into tctual fcrvicc, and thev .,iiv. rf.rnrd to Vermont before their term expired. Gov. Chittenden's conduct was taade tbe suDicci oi -".-.a,t.- E:on not only in Vermont, but tbroaghout t, ...nntrr Tt was even proposed in Con- i t,- Ji, .VnnlJ be impeached, tut 6S H.tN - . ., , neither the coDitttution nor laws proTWto . ,t..j -r :,Vm,. c-nvcrenrs. the I any metauu oi ijjti-s n---- -.- I propomion was not t. .. Alls ujuin BURLINGTON, VP., FRIDAY MORNING, JANUARY" 11, I8G7 tion? , Iiovfcver, were unchanged, and lie showed bis moral courage ' v purs uin; a similar comae of conduct just on the etc of mc election in ion, wucn lie was a canai- aate lor rc-clebtiun. On the 31st ol August. 181-1, Brititb forco, to the number of 14.000 entered New York at Champlain, and marched upon Pittsburgh, den. Micomb sent un t-jprccs to Uur. Chittenden, notify in( him ol the invasion and urging that the niilitia sbonld be sent to the defence of riattsburgh itumtdii'i ly. The (iotcrnor refuse J to order out the militia ; but nlloiyc;! as manj as would tq vtriotces. How tlicy volunteered, how thty (ought, and with what rcEulbs, is matter of history. His eon duct on thid occasion was made the ocearion of reproach to him, down to the very latest year of I U life. Among tbe many eoD tliat were eung during the memorable polit ical campaign of 11G, won one in which he commemorated fallows : ! " W Ire I 1' ten this old bat was new, old Onvercor rovost The States invaded at tbe he-1 . f i.ax.eron Britiah hosts. Mirk well, ye locofiiV, bat then did Mirtin Chittendeu do ? I i J( Oiceni)oanUin boiSto fight, when this M hpt oas ne.-. lie did pot, bba'ck-cr, uut oi a rc-tltctiou in 1H. There was no chejice by the pco iU,l,i ttj; Joint Assembly fw-cfeitcd him by the w-peetaliie mii-iriti ot" tu cut i -nine snd lis a furmal vote-, endorsed bin eium in ttfuciuy; to order out the m.lttia At the cxpirati ,a of h i oetot.d year he returned to bis farm, and did not aain enter official life, except that in 1S21 and he WMjudeeoi Pr.ihite. iVIiriiarv 11S be removed to Wlili-iton, wl.i. h vs hi home for the remainder' of his life. He was a suc ceIul fatmer and oocumulatv-d a brpr far tnot. Hit, Oca to tout p,cc a Sepfcmbri 140. During his last stekne-g tho cnuual elestiun took phoe, and by his own request be was carried o tbe town hall that he ""f" ! ch oncv mo,c ta- rt c. ,.e usn- I Chittenden yii a man of t!mB avcrae: mtelleatual ability. Tradition ' v' (Mt nu father gave htm a liberal edn- . ft'on y way of atonrm r for the niggard - i S "nner in which aatut;- iad bestwnl her , liry n' a.!cd that tbe rarcntal partiali- ' 'T ,n ,nai l'irticulir was not uite agreeable i 1 the other una. Hi ,l.!,r thr 'I'm. i'jan vcv remoti:tuted with the father for t'TnS Martin mjrc education thin all the 01 ,hc Cunilv. but was cut short by tbe 2"J "1Bl aar:in nee-led more evocation 'ma tn0 rut to wake him ipaUc ot" taking cttrc uf ''tmstif'. Su lonir after, the iM Governor had Siw trouble with a calf which l'c cmld nut teach to do what be wished ,nd m b irritatian cali.d the calf a look F. :'icr." said Truman, l-kinj archly at ita, --Father, lijo'tyou Utter send him i college s' The writing of Got Mai tin ' it!tn-len which are extant do not, indicate 'Vthing more than ordinary sebulirahip a result -f htoxperiencc i.i cjIIc.. Ii , i-'i t Y'.-i j,;ljtica! cantr there can lurd 1 l? rn'it'h diBcrence of opinion ai the p. -sent day. His conduct in recalling the i lilitia frnav i'h 'tsbu -g wjs thi- fitst dem in s rat: n rh-ti I Uc thtury -if State righU. whit', half .-. century nftrrwardt culminated in fcfM-i in and rt belli n, and convulsed the nation with a terrible intestine wat. He m&rricl Anne Benthy, "a poor girl of ti ricr:u!ile c i.ri ctiins," by whom he had A! Lira ErTyi-nu, b. 20 September 1791, m. f ijim n S. M.Ihr, d. 21 Aogut 1817 ; Tru nio Al oii. b. U January 1G!7; George Washirgtin l. 13 May lt10 ; Ljisa Maria, b. 221 Jut.? lstll. m. Liren Butler. Sote. Our readers will remember tint ire itf ''!-Uht;i tip proelumafiop ; ii Governor CHtfe-nd- n, and the reply ol t' t Vt militia, early in the late war. At t it time Guv. Horatio S-ymour ot Kew .,V Irji tl v.-l. n ... i,I.Imw ,lu. X ' " " ' " ta:itt TeiaXf in tl.c v. a. service, on 1 tbe grtcrd that it was n a't-lition and un-e-onsti'uti -i. .! wr. fie rarallel between the two c ils, and llio w' lesjms example Sf bv tbe tirern Monntain boys in 1813, wis int-rc-ling, and nttractrd Considerable a tention at the time. The artipje( wc u.iy y uosr, was pre. p'rt-J at the Fiic-tijn and requester Judge Collamcr. Ed. Fret Press. Jiikjs RsDiiKLD. The Bi-toc oorrespond- end of the N. Y. Tunes says : Tha appointment of lion. Isaac 1. IWdfteid. w'h was formerly Shief Justice of tbs Btate of Vermont, ss counsel for the United States Oct ei ncnt to prosecute in the Coarts of Englasd tl claims of tbs United Stales growing oat Of ti late war with the Sjntb, is an excellent one. M: rtcdfield has fur a number of years bean a ci1 i-n of this city, snd in the legal fraternity is now standing in the position once occupied by C!ir-itc. His masterly work on wilts has bc-ce-'oe a standard work in England, and his name is as familiar t" !y in the Cods f W,tniinie. ter Hall r.- i i. u ,f . '. gil 'ir stinotir r-w-j U'-j, l.i i.- i:. '-.I.i.i u to int- ;n!ln i . ii J i Ije lie ..iv ! is i 1 1 m of in lefattgable 'i u.-t:j ui 1 . f tii e ai lro-s. and the cuntry bij ci.nrata'.itc itJt tint it a to b renment ed y this eminent jurist in the Coarts of ling la: I in the settlement of questions of immense in ortaace, involving great principles of in'.er ns:.usl law. Ia addition to his volume on wills Jo I Kedfield's volume on railroaJs is vienetl in 'its country and thoughout Europe, where it bu ' ccn republished in tcver.il languages, ss tb -rst complete work on that subject. Mr. lt .it Id is a gentleman about sixty years of age, bo. i in Coventry, Vt , and educated at Hart with College. Niw Vobk State. The Iifgislaturc or ww Vork met on tbe 1st. and organized with Kdinund L. I'itts, of Orleans Co. as Sj-eaker He is but 23 years old. and tbe ycungf-t xtn that has ever occupied the jo ituti. Gjv. Fcnton'smcssige is long and rather wordy. Uc urges speedy measures lor awtuiblirg of :l.e Constitutional Con- tc -m 't. Voted lor by trie piopic at the Uit el tion. He thinks reform is especially led in tlie judicierr nystetn of the State. State h is been runnltig 1 chind hand lor years, the exenars being greater than income. The State debt is now nearly $52,000,000. On national matters be says : Molerate yet firm in our purpose, ooosiitect and uniform in what wc propose, wc tender an amendment to wni.-a wc trust the insurgent States will accede in the same spirit of frank ness and go.it httn in which we otter it for th- ir acceptance. If, to our disappointment sad regret, they shall manifest a spirit of continued h ttility, and Ly rejecting a proposition so lib eral and just evince a settled purpose to con- time to oppress those whom wc aie bound in hi nor to protect, ami at the tame time to repre set t them in the eouneils ef the Federal Jov ei ..meat, it will then le the duty of Coczrets, m more stringent measures, to give effect to the k imlir will. There can be no reaction: Ibe ni'.oa hat no purpose of turning back. Woman's Kiciiis in a Nct Siiill, The colored " mother in Israel," Sojourner Truth, to whom Mrs. Stowe has given a wide fame, and who is alines; a hundred ycats Old, nude tho following speech on Woman's Bights in Rochester, last week : " Kow I'm gwiue to svy something 'bout dis qifiskn ot womtn's rights I den't see what ftr that they want to keep talkin' about der rifhts. Dete rights belong to em : When a tiiig belongs to anybody, all dey got to da is to go and take it. Dat s all der is about dts qnes f.O'l." A Niw Word' FuoTcoaiii." Tbe sniie argument by which the introduction 0 tl o word "teleztatn" was saccessfully en f irccd reejuires us to accept "photograro. We as properly speak of sending; a tele- c aph. as of bnying a pbotocraph. Bath aie abhorrent to classical order. The reasm is, that graph is the root of the proeent ao- tivc, to write ; or nsir-g the j articiple sub stantively, anything writing; while gram is trie root of the i-crlcct participle tiauivo written, or, tubitantively, anything writ ten Scientific American. Tiis I-astht TRirs ever made- by a nailing vessel i.cros the Atlinlic. were made by the Amcriiati elipjier ship Driadt-cught, The , tirat ol these was m I)ec-mlH r J8j1. The run Irotn jwt f4 art ueeomidirhed in thirteen days and eleven hour-. Tbe fcceond and lastcst trip ever mad:- by railing vessel from jiort to port across the V-.lantic was in V.. I i,n ... . ittHuary, iooa, in tntitctnUats ap-J aioe liours. This time, , vreli Cat inide by ,n? Henrietta, rairly riv.ils ste-tmer time. The Ttitune says : This nstonishipj (peed cf a aailtn: eesel may be manured by the fact that the voysgt wsj so tuilly one ilsy and a half less than that of the last vut one Cuaard steamer. ll.ie than this th :i orietta, had she not been ublige i to heave tu ! 'welie hours in a beavi i.-m w.ml.l hue bsd.y beaten the Jau. that, ii trtu conld blush, shj wt.hl Ui.aCirth U a bright Critewn cslor. 'Tbe'lr-nrietN is about !'8 f-et in length cf keel, hut Colambos d::-,.(rrej America in a frar-masnj veeKl if but u) fiet length of ieet, awosiriawieii hy two caravels, one cf chioh was nrobahly but half thes'i-. 1 Et'aorr. Lte advices by the Cable arc as follows : The Paris .Munitrur uiva s, leiegrsui fron the Vailed States, wLk-b .leclarei that French ships are placed on the urae footing as A tunic a vesself, in which cte.- tbe Mvnttth ssjs that vetseb beariDg the .u.iri;n aK will be free of al turientlan ieeti in I'reocU frta. The revcans and trade reto.-us of 0 rest Bri tain arii ery lalisbetory. and indicate that Dis raeli, Chancellor ut thi Kichniuer. will b; able to exhibit a snrpla revenue of nrly two mil lion pounds. j More arrests were nude at B-lf ist, Ireland E !Sew Year's dsr. of person tnfget in maho- Iha Paris 7aw declares thai a rapture be tween tbe Sublime l'orte and the kingdosa of Greece is liksly to take place at any moment. Ditj-itehes from the East aunoa ws that there had beta a miaiaterul crisis at A then, ca-i that a new Csbiett h'- U-. r "ed By the King. The London Tima, ia an editorial, prliou that the new year wilt be one of peace. Napoleon's speech on Kew Tear's day, to the diplomatic corps, expressed hpes pease an't eonowatloa, tha itahiHty of thrones and the pruspcrUy of satiowa The King of Italy ia his speech on New Year's day, to tbe Hepresea tali Tea of tbe foreign gov ernments, near tha Coart at Florence, predisted peace for the future, bat still it is nsassairy lo foster and tmorove the military organisation of the nation Vmio.x Stats AcKietLTVvi Nn eii. Tie attual mming ,i 1 1 1 Poor: j took ptac at Rutland on the IT u ,1. VT. Colburn, Pretidrnt, i.. the tl.air. Tt Titssuttr s Rt ptit sLowid -I t ti last Fair tii tied $Uli W. alter jairg ell ijecre-, ard t'-i ttcre were $8,008 15 uw in tbe trtniL y. Rerolt titijs were sd pttd eslling npon t ocgress for ) relet t ion ir. favtr ol the wool-gi owing interest, and the following of finis were elected fc-r the ensuing yjrar : PresiVcaf-Joha Gregory, SorthfieW. f'ice Prttiitntt ilesry Keyes, Ken bury ; Henry 0. Root, Benniagton ; Henry S. Moras, Shelbnrn ; Victor Wright, Middlebarv. Trtanrtr Jcreph W. Colturn, Springfield. .xecrery uenry ClarK, Kntlami. Hoard if Dirsdora rilwin Tiammcad, Mkldlebnry ; In. R. 8anford. Or veil ; George Campbell, Tcstaiiastsr ; lijih Cleavel-uid, Coventry ; Henry Baywaid, Clarendon ; Henry B. Kent, Dorset ; m. Q. Brawn, Pairhavrn ; S. B. SaAwd, White River June m ; Crosby Miller. PoB.fret.L-la, Miller, PemfsctUwrtsee Brsard, Jr., St. Albans : Davtftseodcn, Brattletv.ro ; Henry Chase, iUndoa : Hear' But at, d. Woodstock Till VT. Hyde, HydeviUe ; E. t. Stow. II, Cora wall ; James A. Bbedd, Barl: gton. Mr. Colbarn declined a ic-elcction as pre sidVnt. Tbe oBee of eonesponding See rttarj was not filled, the Stciety havirg voted no to appoint such an c Hover . Hon. Kdwin Ilamm.nd westhcttdamcat btr of the Kxeetitive Committee ol the Na tional Wuol-Growtrs' Association. The So ciety accepted tie previsions tl tie act of the ligtslatorc. chaciT' lie name of tbe S-jrictj to the ' Veimoiit State Agricultural St-ciety and Wool-Growers Assock'ior.' II m. Joseph V. Colburn, the- itiiriog Trcsld. nt, was invited tv drl;er it.- add rest at t e ne;t annual meeting of the Society. lloxaa foesiss Co. Ha 3. At the annual meeting oi "Boxer Engine Co. No. 3," held Friday evening, the following uvtn were ejltctcj . " rtmtH Ciuaua U iN'lLfOX. lsf Assistant Gio. II. M. BxADLtr. 2d A twlant Oscaa lloarwici:. Cltrk and TVeunrer CpBLr R. N ASH. JuJiior Amos C. b"i-t.tc. Mr. Neleon is a veteran fireman, and bis cxrcrieiHx- in iorracr years as foreman of Boxer Company, and o( late as Chief Eogic? eer of tbe city, cannot hut U ec .aluatle to the Company. '1 bey are to be eongrato. latro it their selection. Att hums. A brakeman on tbe Rutland road, axued Cam, residing m this eit7 faa knotii 1 of a fw.ght train on Tuedoy, by striki i bridge in Chatlolte. His skull was fractuird by the blow. As be fell he caught the ttar rail of tbe car and was dragged a 1-mg dt-tance, his face coming ;n contact with the banter, breaking his nose atiJ cutting him otherwise, but through great effort he succeeded in getting hack on the ear and walked the length of train to the saloon car and Rncuanord his Injury himself, ile is doing w- II. A Frenchman, uaintd Duprex, in Brand. n last Saturday, was run over hy a wood sled. trampled by tie horses and crushed under the sled, and instantly killed. lu Liruoille County butter is selling at from 10 to 32 cents per pound ; beef from 8 to 10 tents ; pork from S to 9 cent-. ViMiovr Stock. The .AtTrej, Agricul turist lor Novcmlir contained a portrait of the Merino ram "Golden Fleece." owned by Col. E. S. Stowcll or Cornwall, Vt. This animal is lour years old, and was tbe Lett exhibited at the last State Fair. Hi fleece of 1SCG weighed 261 rounds unwashed. $15,000 have been refused for this bock : A recent number of the Agriculturist also contained a tc&utilul likeness ol the superb piece of horseflesh owned by Sattcrlcc & Holabird, of Shelburo. Middlebubv. "Forefather's day " wes celebrated as usual at Middlcbury, Dr. Kit chel delivering the address. A writer in the Middlcbary Register, sajs there are in Middlcbury several barns which present more architectural beauty than either cf the college buildings. A cormiocdent at East Middlcbury fur nishes an exchange with setae items from that place, among which u tl.c following : ' Miss is to teach the school in this village this winter. She ia Is a very successful teacher and MotiS a nalire er Ihii rillane commands the love and l'ersonal. Our readers will remember the care of Kcv. Mr. Uirnard, the wifs whipwr. of Georgia in this State, wheso treatment of Lis wifenrM made puhlia by the Free Prim, anil who was disciplined therefor by the consociation to which ho belonged. After that afl'air he removed to Detroit, which city was his wife s cxideii home. Ilia ill treat. niect cf her continued, and about a year ago, the obtained a divorce from' him. on tbs ground of intolerable severity, vra believe. He is now, wc are tolJ; comewherc in Ver mont. Prof. S. G. Drawn accepts the Presidency ot Hamilton CoIIokb at Clinton, X. Y , and will leave Dartmouth at theejrti o he next term. Dr. Ohatles ti. Oreene of the United States Army, died at Gordonsville, Va..on tttday tbe21rtint. He was a native of Windsor, Vt. It is noteworthy that the father and ;i, wise a brother of the Hop. J-uelus B. Peck, were removed 'OJ soiWcu nttack; of disease supposed to have been paralysis. Wesley S. llnnt. formeily ol West Haves, Vermont, recent'or ooamitttel suieWe at Vic tor. Iowa, where bo bas resided for several years. His basinets was large and was sup pcd to be profitable, and he was a leading; member ot the church and society in Victor. No cause for the act is knoro. He bad ap I "med ;lf-prtjd for jotoe vttks previooa to .';c melancholy sat. Capt. A. II. Keith of Sheldon, now in tb Customs Department, has leeo brcvtej Li. ut. Colonel, "for 5s4-i r-nu dtin-uWi- ,v wr.ivo capt. ive,ti, served in tbe 6th j Vermont, and still sufier Irom the effect of itvtind. 1 Brevet Brig. (Jen. John ?.. Lewis, has I f -i -opunkad to a full majority in one of the Veteran Reserve Reiavrnts oi tbe Idgular Army. R v Hiram Chamberlain died in Browns ville. Texas, last November, aged $Q ysar. Hi- ws a native of Uankton, a graduate of il. 'iih bury and of Andovcr; went into the erure tu uc aa. Home JilM. &0C. (Q tue West; published a religious pajwr in St. L uis went a Tczaa in 185Q and organiied the first Protestant church ia the yalley of the Rio U.ande, was a aha dm in in the oM rtbtl Atu.y daring; tha whole of the war ; at.1 a ay.il in majn. He took tbe oath ol allrguncv beiutc bis dead. J. I. C. Cottrell. forsserly of -Mootpelter, loitts Uilwaakca to go into patteerehip with his elder brother, Crorge, in Xew Vork erty. Key. Dr. Albro, for thirty years pastor of tbe She pi rd CoagTcgational Church in Cam bridge. Mass., and a prominent and gicfttty est'.i uwd memoer er the Alassaehnsetts cler gy, died suddraly in Ruxbary a week sioee. Utv. . it. Milburn, the " blind preach er," has cf Ie c entertained hope of recover log lis aight. Eminent oculists have into rat ed htm that a double operation opon tha right vjr culil pruhably enable him not orly to liisting ii-h objects, bat perhaps read coarse typt-. K- v. .Mr. M. intends gjing to Borope ia the vtwiig to emit an oeulfet a( Berlin Th orMter j'y denies that John B. Oougl has soM out and gone to Notwieb, Mass. A eeJebratcd marriage took place gt tb reside-no of N.innan Bcttuii, Ksq., of Shaltebury, un 11-irday, Sttfa nit. Tbe partita united were Manltbr Boreb, of New OrlraM, Li., ard Lucv Amlerson. of Charles City 0 H , Va ,- colored. Tlie groom.. man is a m-mer --f Dartmouth College. Tb hridt-smaid , a tr.t-Bbr of tbe celebrated Female hshi-i in Newark, N. J. Other gntsts were Msjir Fiske of U.S.A., and lady, a lady fr. m ! tershurgh, Va., (colored) and a member ,d th, Vassar Female College in Puugbkrcpsti'. N. V. The ynrtiej were married by K'- H'a II. Hugg, pnstor of tii Baptt -'i.in-h in Sbaltsbnry. .VaiteAes Jer (V-) Jrna'. BuMinr. The office of B. D. I'etersoVs brewery, Champlain Street, was entered on Saturday ru irnirw Lut and $-17 stolen from the drawer. NtWSI'AI'lU A i r AND IMfttOVlMI-NTS. Henuv Cuax, kq. of lliultncy, assumed editorial charge rf 'he Rutland Herald on the 1st in,i. Mr. Clark is a ready writer, a thorough g.-ing Vernooicr in all his tastes and sympathies, widely acquainted with Vermont men and mutters, a reliable repub lican and a genial acd woti'iy man. He is a decided aooesswii to tbe editorial iraternt iy, to which we cordially welcome bim. The St. A Hums Masengtr marks the open ing ot the year, with an addition of a column tb the width of its page. The Messenger is edited with care and a) il.ty under" its pre seat aii-nagiroent snd we cungratulate it on its growth in sise, which will be equally We trnet, a gruwth in prosperity and in tho favor of its patrons. The RiihinJ lndtftndtnt pt(ss to com mence thr I'sue of a soldier's paper, under the title ol ' The Boys- in Blue," to be de voted to the interests ol ermont soldiers and reminiaeenoe of the war Wc under- stand that Capt. J. T. I) aw, has become editorially connected with tbe Independent. Bask Dividends. The Farmers A Me chanics Bank of this city declares a dividend of lour wtr rent., for the past six months, and also a special dividend of serenty-firt ptr rent, being the first of the special divi dends which will teturn to the stockholders their capital, in tbe process of winding up, which will sjan wipe out of existence this ancient landmark in oar financial world. Tbe Merchants National Bmk, declares a semi-annual dividend o! five i-er cent, and the Commercial, one of thrtc I-er cent. The First National does not divide till April. OmcEB-T Ri-c.sto.v, or Nzw Hami-suikx. The officers of New Hampshire regiments in the late war, held their second re-union at Cjncoid on New Years day, organized the " Veteran's Union ol New Hampshire,' with Mnj. Gen. GrifBn of Kecno, as Presi dent, listened to an oration by Ocn. A. F. Stevens of Nashua, and a poem by Lieut, Maiden, and wound up a very succifjtul and pleasant meeting witb a ball in th evening. CoL W. O. Vcaicy of Rutland formerly Of Ntthua, N. II., was present and was made an honorary member of the Vet crans Union. the I Kr,n... . ... r. . , nicK.-AS uon. scnnjt. cr Colfax was on his way to Burlington the nitcrnoon of hie recent lett ire, a gentleman took the tram at Shelburn, and found a scat with Jlr. Collax. Disposed to bo sociable he turned to bis fe'law traveller with, " Goin- to tbe lecture?" Mr. Colfax said It should probably be mere. " So am I. Did you ever bear Colfax V " Oh yen. often," was tbe ilr. C.'s reply. n ell, what kind of a man is ho. I3 he a Jtood fpewker ; docs be know anything?" " Well, really, 1 don't know as my opi nion is worth much on that. Jy name ia Colfax." This reply brought the tu. .turner up all fciarwta- ; but rallrmg he took a good look at his distinguish -d fellow traveler, and beg ging nn pardon, told bim he- thought be wonki Irnuw him next time- a:.d shouldn lie sold that way again." lae niuc out gue was quit.- amusio : to .vir. coiux, and a numhet 0. while it lustod, pa-sengers. Till ukkkt KAN came to grief in Albany, last week, being arrested for selling w thont a license. His name ia S. B. Aid Vie. The St. Albans Mutimtr, which has followed tbe foeket man with an interest almost eyjual to that of those who still retain a me mento of bim, wonders if a heavy fine will teach him that " it is murr Messed to ttiva than to receive" a phrasa which be was fos v. at as jomt will rt member. Vermont Items. Mr. Thomas Still, ad .-nv hundn'.! ywr-J and six Boothr-, a jltlii r Stndgato, died iz thai ioea oh thr 19th inet. Mr. Chaw. Foiaeta of Lyndon has i turkey whose live weight w 33 lbs. A KutlacJ rot-jr, Mr. T!' -m oti, sent l..uud iWU tax gem:, a Christmas presents to his patron. Mr. and Mrs. Lather Park.ol Bennington, eelebrated the 50th anniversary 'if ,eir wed ding hat wees; ThcnitUy. tne trams ot toe I'aamiapMc Kaiira id are expected to ran to the Canada Line during tbe present taaatb. Two large machine shops at Lyndon aie nearly completed, and tbe new hotel is now open. The subsenptioaa to the capital stock ol tbe Woodstock raOtoad now foot np about . !3,KH, of which the town of Woodroek, at a t..n, takes $50,000. A fox banter of Whit tiigbain has caught, in s steel trap an eagkr that measured over 7 feet from tip to tin of ill wings, and stood 3S feet high. Two little shavers in Barton, tain broth ers, even ).:ti old. took it into their beads to go chopping in the woods tbe other day, on their own hook. Re-alt, one nearly chopped the other's leg off. The town of Barnard bas joat mptted a new school hoeise, ousting $I9B0. Good hard wood i five dollars a cjtd ia St. Johiksbory. and about the same in Moat ndier. Tbe temintmr roiiil in Bclliws F.tBs and (iraftoa h mafcmg g,xd progress. The names attached to the pledge in the former place number 339 and in tho lit er 444. Mrs. Farwell ot Ikorset, tbe other day was attac'.ed by a bull, and thnwn d .wn and rolled along un tbe ground, in hi attempts to toss her. At this juncture her dog at tacked the bull, and after a desperate strug ;U' succeeded in releasing his mmtrtss from ber perilous situation. Fortunately Mrs. 's injuries were very slight The bull is dead. Qeaatntoa stains t have the most pow fal water fountain in the world, recently completed at "Maple grove," the new sum mer residence of Seth B. Hunt. At the first trial it threw water to the height of 1 15 leet. '20 feet higher than any other knewu foun tain in tbe world. The water is eoe,rcyad-l in iron pipes a distance of 6600 feet, and the fall in tbe whole distance is 305 leet. Mo.Mpn.itR. The Fire Dspartasast has pro cured adjustable monies for tbe fire engines. II alton't Journal. Are the Montrdier engines ugly, or threatened with hydrophobia, that it in ne cessary to re a tile tbera ? Collxctobs' Pnorisrrna. Philip Dorsfcct- mer of Buffalo ban a "big thing" pending in tbe Court ol Claims, vt aehiDgton. n bile Revenue Collector he seized contraband whwkey to the value of $600,000, but the Secretary of the Trea-ury compromised with the owects lor .Mr. D. claim that one-half of the value of the whisker. $300,000, is due him under tbe law. and that the compromise of the Secretary cannot invalidate tbe inlormei s rtgbtt. I be ce- cision i locked tor with much intercut. Latxst on 11a ix A Paris eorrpspondent says . " Hair ii worn sn the very raeridmo sf every lvlv's occiput, and kn: plaits dangle dswa. Egyptian style, U broil, tome of tbe petit; mVde up into ehisnoBS are called rubanrine tables, eswtails, sphinx. leeks awl well-roves.'' Ciiangi or Time. Our readers will notice change of lime card on the Rutland road. The accommodation tram for Rutland will hircaftcr leave at 1.25 instead of 4.00 P. M The Accomodation train from Rutland will arrive at 0.35 A. M : the day exif fiom Troy at 4.20 P. M., and the Boston Mail at 5.45 P. M. Under this arrangement the New Vork mails which bavo heretofore ar rived at S.in tbe evening will not be received till morning. There are slo some slight chaDges on the Central. Advirtiiing. A story, related of a mer chant who made the choice of a husband for hi-i daughter depend un wbieh of her two suitors should write the best advertise ment, serves to illustrate the importance which is attached by bu'inesa men to judi cious advertising. In what "judicious tu vcrtismg exactly consists is not, however, so generally settled. Sjoic ttnnt it u in ar rcstini? the neople's attention and forcing them to read the ndvcrti'ing nolens volens. Others aim to kr.cn certain articles constant ly before the public. Steady, uniform, and nersittent advertiting unquestionably benefits every man in business. N. Y. Journal of Commerce. To those purchasing sewing machines, we would say buy tnc tictier uson ma chine, for it is the meat simple acd durable and will do' every kind of sewing, fhey are cmchattcaliy tne Gee: in tee market. .V Albans Messenger. X yry liberal body C-irg P bjdy NUMBER TWENTY-EIGHT Scraps. Horticultural hint. Emulato tha cucum Dor bs cool. tT': iIal3r9P'8,LMt-l"nTitinS ber friends to partake of a Cold Relation. Punch. The young man that was born with a Acw lcar's call may be seen anywhere on ,i scon unvwuero OE the avenues to-day.-iV. V. World, Jan 1st. riopemcnts, divorces and T"'. ttie -. i. Sun thinks whole continent ia incontinent. nnm...... ., . ., r i.i w ,u tho The frccdmm'j Kn.u - i- . ,! : . .ouunns rwo wmto drawers to one black one. and thev "draw" treely. Boston Post. 11 a man empties hu nurse intn ht. 03 man can take it from him. A released rnnrinf rMM t..t. , , . , iioui .auuurn starts tnat be admirer rlnsm, i.T. k... k. . . , r . , v j --..o, uas ruse an lova .oi .iiwum iocks. An American lecturer of noto(olemnly said one evening : "Parents, you may havo may have Ta STeDOt r" d"8hter " Tell the truth and shame tho devil " I know i0t8 0f ,o whQ wn f devil easy nff W t'other thing bothers cm. Josh Billings. A schoolmaster "boarding round," re cently r.-ceiveJ notice from a Dutch matron ut, " he"wo eat Wn but could net sleep wUMnhereI:a,ia.beCarerU, DOt 0 venture in the Times last week for'a stray cow, and the cow came home nextd,y, plwed down the cow-pen fence. l.Hno:i ..i .k- . M- until aiirj in aT .... al then kept off her own calf mi eoe was milked. Tblrtr-Xtnth Congres..SeeorJt, SeloD. SENATE. The chair laid before tKa Janata . t mUMnTKt, StC.",arT 0f thTrea,ary trsns mttting the ibjll and report prepared by Com ro! sties er Wei j. and t,tin,;k., .k- IT is - . ""O aC VUlQIUUl or hi? rtl ' Tv7Bh,Pte. wtwitb pnated " ar? hrar,Jr "PrroTaL O.dered A resolution introdneed V i, o adepted, directing ths judiciary com. t eaqnire if any IeRijUiICn or a constitutional amendment H necestiry to prevent tha selling of persons into .hvery fer a term of years as a punishment fcr crime as has been done by order of the Courts in HOUSE. The Wells Tariff bill an.l . .. t..t k. '"kth,',I(K"e anJ ",erreJ ,0 finance Co'ta. The House i proceeded to the consideration of Mr. Stevens' bill, to nm-,i t, .t. States htely in icsurrection their full political rishts. Mr. Stevens made a long and Sirnest speeen in its support. The dedication ol the new Congregational eburch in Ripton is to take place on Wed nesday, Jan. Oih. Religious services to eommtnee at H o'esock. Sermon bv Rev. Dr. Kitabel. Supreme Court. cntrTixoix oocxir, jAxnasr tibm, 1337. Tcqdat. Jan. lit. Hams ri, Flanagans Continued to Gener al Teem. Swtallt . Trey i Boston R. It. with OurL IVafterrj. Content etal Noheiring. Hazard xs. Hazard. Settled. Oslu and icift r. Spauldinj. This Is an actios to recover damages far injuries recsived by tbs female plff. from a ram belonging to the deft. Verdict for the plff. in the County Court forS1500. and deft excepted. The case wis argne-I by J. French & L. F. Wilbur, for pl2s. E. R. Hard & w. O. Shaw far deft Stmt r. ICai. A'rircA ef at. The briefs of counsel were hmJeJ to tha court without argu ment Bngksby, States Attorney, for the prcs eeuaoa. Wm. G. Shaw, for the Respondents.! Slate . Jerome Lacije, alias John Ward. Motion for new trial armed. States Attorney Englesby &r State, Henry Ballard for rtspend- ent. The death of floa. L. B. Peck was announced by E. J. Phelps, Esq., snd remarks of respect to his memory were made by 3Ir. Phelps, Hon. G.F. Edmunds aad Judga Barrett, when thi Court adjourned. Wt05EiDAT, Jan. 2. Dana r. AleCture, heard. J. French fi.r . PUT.. Bodcey land for Deft. Ii. Hine r. . .V. Pomeroy, beard. D. Roberts and J. French for Plff., Hird & Shaw fcrDeft. Mors and wift r. Tairn of Richciond, ard. S. n. Davis for the Deft, Jeremiah Freaeh Sir the Plff. On motion of J. French, Esq., Henry H. Den- iaon sf Royalton was admitted and iwom in tl an Attorney of the Court. TmrasDAT, Jan. 8. rosc5oox. Alaiit aad wift n. Richmond, heard. J. Freaeh and Hard i Shaw for Plffs. J. Mate aad S. II. Davis far Deft Aforie r. Huntington, beard. D. Roberts ami J. Prtnoh fer Plff., nrd acd Shaw for Deft. Tiiuisdat, Jan. 3. a nnt-Toox. X. S. Dtne . C. II. Potter wis argued by K. Hard for th Plff., snd by J. French tit be Deft. The ease of Brewint and Wift rr. Eitalt ef PnrrtU ITsU &TUfrl by II, II TftlCOtt &cd J Freaeh ftr the Plff., and by L. B. Ecglesby for the Brft. Matter Carptnter ts. H'm. P. .VcClurt was arsnetl by Jeremiah French for the Plff., awl by Rodney Lunl fsr the Deft. The ease of O. .1. Dodge rs. Stacy & .ippli. ton was easimencsl. FatDAT, Jan. 4. O. -I. Ihtdg tt. Statu Jppltton wis fln- Me.l. E4trin Blmtk ti. Town tf Cilchuttr, was argued by II. BiBaid for the p!ff.. Hard Ehaw Sir the deft. Saturday, Jan. 5. Stott ir Spalding rt. .McDonough, beard. II. IliUird nr pfcT..; Taleott. and Hard & Shaw.for deft. State rt. Italy, heard. Enjlesby for State. Anraxoor. James Musroe, the young man who stole a mm in U. S. bends from Jlr. James Uroahart, was arraigned, plead guilty, and in eocjiders tien of milig-iting circumstances, and the hope that he would "tin no more," received the very lenient sentence of S 100 fine, and ecstj of prose cution. Mary tacdry. arraigned for larceny of a drees acd ether articles of clothing, plead guil ty, atd was etnterctd to State's Pris-in for ilx months, with ccsts. Charles Ward, airaigted .for sltilin two coats, the property of James Mitchell, pleid guilty. Sentence, State's Prison for six months aad costs cf prosecution. Jane Flynn, arraigned for itealtng from the hoase of Wm. CUj-p. Mine silver ipooss and a cup, which she ptwnel for liquor, plead guilty; sentence oce year ia Stt'es pi bun sad costs. The Ccurt is mcuji led with tha divorce autaj this aierucou, of which there are five.