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SI i 1 1 rr-jr nan inn niin i VOL. NEW SERIES VOL-XIII. BURLINGTON, VT., FRIDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 1, I8G7 NUMBER THIRTY-ONE HM 1 1 VXy Poetry. The Evening ci the Year. j Wc reprint tbe following exquisite tmti frcn ." WavsMc Posies," a colled ion ef original auii eclectc'd poems edited by Kobwt Buottanan: ' New dark and diy h p'Jed the wheat, i The nine press frtls co stained ftat, The white moon brinks her BClc dear; j A nd voices cf the air repeat, I It ie the evening of the year. Whv hare 1 mitred, white men have found J j IKn atnile ibat earn and wine atoamd. And children eat tbe ripened ear ; I gate at them from barren gnaad ; It is the eveu'mf of the yr. Oh lore ;t hot yesterday. A chiitl in free green Bride I lay. And dreamt of tbc where skus were dear; lint withered leave bestrew my way ; 1 1 is the evening of the year. (I face that I hive Witt Men ! Somewhere on earth with saddened tain Thou waiteet, fall of sober cheer ; Come '. win re the reaper's foot hath brea. It is the evening o the year. G.me to me, 0 my love, my fate, l.i e all be cold and desolate ! Coioe ! I have (ought thee far and soar , C.me ! lest I wither while I wait ; It ie i he evening of the year." ill i s c c 1 1 it 11 e ii s . I):;; (.mi-- We American otRnd inoat Viai'. ix'f!'f n V"J" we permit ' , - J I. I' l,-.. . ... .... ..t-t An lAutitrwtd t.' I , 1 1 ami loo gvetiiy, nic uumarrie.1 . . ..rc ui.norsdiiy ar.ucu un g.eat aim- n. Uy wtir n tlulwotelv oriu- : ': . ilnvt -, no uramt.iidf,'i o tT robt. i - i;: i- j ..un. moacn acu unprrtnning. in I-: il we titvc seen tt.e gr' n np aauan- . r "I a man with Lifl million aterliop. tit , w n to tbe dinner table in a lurje company, n .i miii-t I laid, vithout nupi. bractlele. ; d without theli;btct atnmpt to ontshinc rmutherin jewls or in convention ; ! wr liettoueht fir h-H i.f the flibber- tiWiits at home, who cannot appear in tbe .-:rcct, witt.out a silk --t r-' on their hack. and a jevrcIlerV ehop nn ti.e ir person. n crc we under oatn i.i ten me wnoie truth, we should declare it tu our solemn ivietion, deiiberatclv arrived at. that tbe fi u.alc intellect in ita adolescent stage, ia v.! illv icc-tiiatle of enduring tbe burden of ' rin.-t nttmtion to tnc varying cuanuc ot , vr.tirfiU. tbc akirt, the well, what k t r.r.i-i and is a i:irb, acd at tbe r time f aiqutringany un-IuI infarma- t-rondenrr Jtmtna!. Mllh. PAPTINGTOX WITH A CCt.f. W bat ft . e f r eoWe this i?, r, t n:n ; I deciiw, ii--: e. niktery ir':j?nt.d with my .li." "Ion need an x; rtOTJnt," said d w-tor. "I expect .' ' r. ; litd tin; "but l t'icr ti will dj anv l i or not must i nri upon bow it rn;t n , bi.t I will n tv 'x lfa'rociou toiiipH, ai,y how, i h I h :vr beard spoken M as roelliSuous." ta- -i. i. ! time lnpl-jms iihti.t'lumt- t a.- d t! r old lady afcd tbe dcetor to . , 1 ise tr tr.e iioerry ne i-mis, 'ceaose vne ooy j- i pive-n to jtMeketies. Iaing Race. About tjrty year as two in in rcrriMiureh. L . I ritui:'D ana . i (' rier. were each wi-lang t purchase lot I iod owned by a man in 1 roy , A l . 1 1 1 agreed to start lor 1 r y, t'orter oo rt hack and Crittenden jh foot, und tbe ilmt cot there 6r.-l rhould have the bsd, f Li .n it wasforsalc. t'ntiendeo waaa It i. ;' iui man Wito Jege hi t e man ncuse- v. i ad waded tLe lake -eral Ubmw : i: v.nrr. Tbev started cecordmic to J .p .nt. P. soon leil ('. btbind, but hc Ijil'! t C. paaaed P. while hi- was feeding Bti j rtstsng hi boree. lie next day U an i veil in H.y. huugtit lan J and startine lor husic iuet 1 . wbo I id not only lot hi-j ium-v. but Well nigh iilicd Ins bore. Ktcera. W . . ii r. ... TlfiE 11 v IfU.ItTllHX U1U1U il Ul IITO 1UI Uti As a geaertl thiog. oar clewmen ao talk J. IL II ptJUIDIIB WCMHI j.. " ' - . ?CI ABU i iicic ie wi ... t-' - - atria iv on eoe incraic. 'i w i.d it is the imprrauTC ni'J vi an goou ciujcui. .v ns AG Clerical, lo urrsru inuurrawc, '. i l 1 1 ... k. . n . ...J in iuM I1B IDC nul" HI 1 . . " ... .. "j ihc miuiiiviwhi ul isw. lun urr iucii iwnc iu Kt.1T llie Der liur muxu w uetoiauiu; i uvnujr homes and rnrrvatme our reople. L Wllo CeiMllTTFD THT llIK7 On Ej. -i it r.lternoon, Mr. Slrei" .-, the milK- toir, iliieoverrd, between ttic residences of iDuic.n Inealls end Mr. Ji In Ru-s at Me- I11i.eu theb.dyof a ffmah- f.jun stiff. She was wtil clad, bat bad a ! utile, which had jontKincd whiskey, at btr Fide. The d proid to that . f Alri" Joanna Mur ,1 y. a widow of about tl i'.tvfkc, with one cl.iid alioot fourteen years of ace. She wss last seen on Sunday al'en.i n by her si'ter, and it was found imfiOfSiMc to get a trace ot fcer after that until bcr rcmuiuc were found. It could not be ascertained in ebose rum bole she was harbored, or who lurcisbed her the poison which sent hi r into what proved her sleep of death. iAirmirt American. Tni "Social Evn," is New York. In LAltnAA ..III. I. n UAHMI 1. f t ll. I laid turc. the Police CommicKi mcrs have taken a tbew census of tbe fashionable acd unfath ionabk: 'brolbels in this city, and they find Icf tbe former, which are known as "parlor boues. where costlv wines are dispensed. n1) ut ".00, sheltering abo-it 3,000 abandoned Women. The number of ie-s pretentious bro'hels, where a concwi m of New-Jersey t Cider and muriatic acid is eld as champagne, kr. i dealt out over a bar, is abjut 500 ; and the - keen from two to ten prostitutes each. CM Msemtcts, eontsining Ir. ui two to five tiri..tes, the number is 700, and of dance, Kutinc, asicnation h'lorc, th numher is 70i The Tenth Ward, whi -h sup:orts the IP' Kcst number of dram-shots, is also tbe IdKi llinp-pl-.ee of the greatrst number, of awomtn wiiij arc lost to s ame ; hut, as in fas! ionahle neiehliorLo.jd8 un town, manv pf the novices in this peculiar crime arc un- ftufpected, except by tbe poli.-e. Not a fcir iui me coseuest raiaces A tollution up town far so quietly kept that . nly the initiated ir.ri. HWarc ot their ex.e-r oi- For example, Itw j magnificent trown-stonc mansions on IFotli-avconcin Tweniielh St.. several in fcTwinty-seond-st., two in Lexington avc, two in Fourth are., one in Broadway, and cr,c in Madison ave. all superbly furnished at d maintained at enormous cost pass as jas'iionabie boardir.e houNS, and until re- It. r.;lytwo of these institutions deceived ttn tbe detective police In one block in Itl.e Eighth Ward every bouse is a den of int. nty. The Police CjaamistioncM estimate lot totals in this shameful business is far un Jder .hat which has been commonly received, ITbcir figures arc es follows II Kamc, 2,100 ; Inmates thereof, 11.000 ; wo- I l . I- T ... imen wuu piy .ucit tociiion on the streeti and dwell in furnished bouKa and botcl m,000. Tniime. tm the SDrin.-EtlJ Resuilican thinks that so llonj as the State of Massachusetts, as at tho election dinner, huvs linuors of Iioucr deal. lers ana tccn turns about and indicts tnoso 'dealers for sellicij linuor contrary to law juries win lan to cor.wtt. This rctcts to the Cadet dinccr. While wc dctpito tbe hypocrisy ana cant in many officials acd cm tens about temperance, it is but fair to state t-iat tbcre was no wine or alcoholic liquor of Ley description on met lao.e a; tuc dinner in question, except wcat lcumjuaij may narc '.raeied on their own nccjunt tor tuoir own os Beston Post. SMtc Jrce frail C. C. B. I BENEDICT. ISITOBS A5D raOT-HIETPESl. FRIDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 1.1857. Congressional. 'ihc hill amendirg the rets orgr.niring the I several Territories, conferring the right of I hi drape therein without reger) to rare or i color, was presented to the President on the 12th irjHt., and aa lie ha not returned it within the ten days allowed by the Cocstito- tion after it lad tccn presented to htm it i line become a lew in like nncraf if he had signed it. Tbc bill repealing the amnesty nod pardon authority siren to the President, beeauie a law m a similar way. Apparently Mr. Johnson is getting tired of vetoing bib that are sore to pat over hie veto. Mr. Raymond e.f New York msde a pretty ladical speech on Thursday on 1 bad. Stev ens' North Carolica reconstruction bill. lie declared that tbc President's ilicy can bo kngcr he fhj jorttd by tb w desirous of prowrtinf; tbc good of the country and wifety of the Government. lie advocated an en largement of the Constitutional Amendment to provide (or greater power in tin- envern- int-nt. M aa to enabla Congrvt more per ft,.,!, nn.tfrt the riirht ofieil rilisen. Ur opred tbe bill becaut he thought it would implant a leviiutionary foverr.ment in every Southern State acd ecnetmte strife. Another objection waa that It pro vided no -aarantee forever it was merely a law. Ld tbc Supreme Conn might annul it to-morrow. Mr. SbdUharger, of Ohio, hi opposed tbe bill, a cot Cuk-ulatcd to secure its ob ject. Mr. Stevens may not bring tbc bill to n tote, at it is Purposed it could not com maud a two thirds vote. The Senate on Wednesday made a wise eonccfcion, in acceptive, tie amendment to tbc Tariff Bill oftrcd by Mr. Esmond. which add to the "free list" ail books. c!-ari. uaps, JLc , imputed for (be nscttf Puhlio Libraries, Colleges, Schools, Phiho thropiesl and Literary Sjcietiea The President has apptoved tbe bill provid ing that in addition to the regular meeting of Citigret- n tbe first Monday in December there shall be a regular meeting on the 4th of March, upon tbe heels of esrl: outgoing Coofrets . Thus, in-tueJiati ly after the final dj in i n.e i.t 1 1 he i ii ih nt Congress on tbe 4th ot .March next, tbe sew Congress will take its place. 'llie W'ashingtem Union, whose editor, Tom Florence,! oo sock intimate terms with the President that tlie Union n p.BC!inies Colled tbe President's organ, says that Mr. Johnson will foreiblv resist the attempt ot Congress to impeach him. that tbe army and navy will rcsponi! to bis call for at'iitacce, and that the issue cannot be doubrl , Trie telegraph snn anscs tb it Mr. J hn- Son repudiates wholly this intiaiation and nays toa. lit i wiuiog nis uw iinuuiu . i . - -.i ... . i . i 1 1 .. menee. as soon as Longrcss at-sires. i ne .i. l . 7Tme also states that "if impescStutnt I c determined upen in a coMititulional way, ! e will throw r.o lar in t!"c way of t! fullest ineti(ration of cciy ebarge, pesaxmi ai d political, upon which it asaj be feoiMScd. On tbc contrary, be will do all in bis power to secure tbe most searching investigation into tbc facts of every aoetuatifvi." Of course thii is the proper attitude for the President to take. The Southern Republican Association, in session at i asnmgton, nave auopuu a oui for recocstiucting tbe Southern Stales, pro viding that tbc appointing power shall be invested in the President acd Senate ol the United States, and that a Provisional Gov. eminent shall have lull control until a Con stitutional Convention of loyalists, without distinction of color zi to voter, shall adopt a liejublican Constitution acceptable to Con grew. The Union National Cotaautice at Wash ington has passed resolutions declaring that the President has deserted the party, and that no reconstruction can "be just or s-afe which does net secure impartial suffrage to all the loyal people of the Southern SraUs. Gov. tlawley has been unanimously re nominated for re-election by the Republican! of Oonmetieut, and he will be te-clcceed. be well deserves to be. It is announced that Gen. Harriman, the Republican, and Hon. John Siceuir, tho Democratic nominee for Governor of Sew Hamp-bire bav arranged to stamp that Etato together, niter the fashion of tbc famous Lincoln and Douglas campaign in Illinois. IurXACnuENT. Kvory Pictfielcnt in opposi tion is an obstacle to tne majuruy ; mi does tbc tbe Constitution provide impcacb rnMitasr. remedy for that difficulty? If the ordinary mcthoda of our system can not endure such a strain as the performanecs of Andrew Johnson, what would become ol them under tic pressure ot a sagaeioas ana powerful conspirator? 'I lie Presielent is a temporary otstacic to rrconstrucMon. u. he does more to confirm and develop tbe saving radical purpose of the country than a hundred Thaddccs O'evenses, uowevir . 1 1 . II? I . Tk. VairfUUnemE. siuruv auu e'luuieiu. iuc viiiieu.- . sacre, inc siauiiiiu ui- civ.uii i v tbc grave ol Douglas, the exhortations to tbc late rel el States to reject tbc Amend ment, the Coprcrbtad society in which be Igvcs to dwell, and the course vituperation of Senators nnd Representatives by name these arc all things which tho intelligent mind and tbc generous heart of the people constantly meditate, and they have leu An drew Johnson mortally impeached, and mor ally condemned to a ougrace more unuymg than that of James liucnanan and rranic- lin Pierce. Of course, in extremity, moral impeach ment is not enough. Uutwhat is the sit uation ? Tbc President may delay but be eaniwt defeat the accomrliobmect ot tec popular purpose. He is practicall power less. Commander of tbe array and cavy . be can use them only to enforje tbo laws cf ronsTPss. ifcev nrc not His creatures, nc can not teat a single member of Congress from the disabled SUtcs. He can not count a solitary Presidential vote for them before their restoration to their functions in the Union. The n?w Congress will atsemblc and organna as tho old dissolves. Tnc ut most that the President can do is to veto laws which Congress will pass, and nominate officers whom the Senate will not confirm. Kcithcr the Secretary or Yar, nor thcStcrc tary of tbe Treasury, can he suspected of complicity id any Presidential plot, however npon certain points, they maj diSer with Congress. Above all, the people are thor oughly awk an j in exmctt Tbsv watch constantly and closely. Heartily united, every unlriendly word and net of tbc Prcsi dnt only binds them more firmly together. Tlipy will bear with attention and intcrnt what iir. .UMey has to siy. Itut if it be a mere rojetit on of General Ilutlcr'a speech, it will noi prsuadc them that the President ouht to 1 impeached. And aa for the ilrull effort to make a adhes.on to the wis dom of impeachment, without further know!, de, the tast of Radicalism in tbc sene of tbc trne national policy it is jus t as wise and will prove just as successful as the attempt during tbe war to make contempt kLd dittmet of Mr. Lincoln the measure of patriotic fidelity. Harpert Wttily. lie President baa thus far sent to the Senate over four hundred civil nominations. among which tberc is yet but one Postmas ter. The Senate rejected tonic forty odd ap pointment oi internal tcvenue collectors, a'eeseor?, Ac, but week lit i. eon ncKNsas. A Rood tired story- and-a-half dwelling house went by our office up College street this afternoon, full sail, drawn by eight hortes acd two yoke of oxen. It rested en Lot-slcels uneler cacti corner, end titmllid at about the ordinary rate of lradcd teams, a good deal faster than any Iooe we have Men in motion, since Gov. Pniue's log cabin came to Uurlington in the famous Harrison campaign. Pres. AaceH's I.crtuir. Ore . I tie largest and itost coltivatod Ke.diir.its ct ttt settee filled tic City Hall last etctJng. to j;ut acd I ear Pres. Jakes B A xeii IX, of the University. Anticipa tion bad been highly rawed by the slight taste of Mr. AngellV quality as a speaker, given in his brief inangural address last cummer, a no by the reports of thote who have fce.nd Lim elsewhere , ami it ii very high praise to say. as we can with truth, that tf-ese high exf ectatioiw wcTe fully realixcd. The subjee-t of the lectuic was " Tl? f.n tons af fhr Ual five years. M For live jiars, said thef jeaktr, our nation basbtcb sitting at tbe feet of tic stern in-stti-cti r, Wrr. God eufftrs nothing, not even war, to rfflict mankind without good results. In His wise providence the wars of Alex? cder tbe Great, apparently tbe most cati-rbsh End destructive in history, by mcrg irg the rations into a vast empire on tbc 'si-i of human equality, were made to oi oiii the way for tbe triumph of Chris :iir.itv, aid tie roMrr empire of tbe Prince . f Pir.re Mrrs bas always been a teacher fico. w ! t m m n would leatn when all others ful.d, rod oar recent struggle, vicing wiib tie jfft in its models cf heroism ; ia wi iib M-.riman has more than i in Led ;' t lurcbca of llacnibal, and Ca ar's icmous le'otatiein of debat into victory in tbe bailie with tl.e Netvii bas had its equal in Sheridan at Winchester, bas been (Dfureirg lrssoDs that eooki hare been taught is no other way. We have learned something, and we bare taught tenu thing. The -South has learned s..n ething. M e Lad few cehoolo and we sent brr dewn a millitn of schoolmasters, wbt. bearded rum d " the district. Their puj h. learned tl jt Northerners and mnd- sihs,' that ttn '.be negroe would pght. Wi;h this cau.e a letton of respect, not felt in forty years before, and for the lack of wbieb at the uorth ware u much to blame as trey, a respect which will be tbe foundation of future harmony and anion. Tbe South has learned too, tbe value of northern mcdes ol industry, and her states men arc now urging tbe cutting up of the plantations into farms, and the establishment of manuiactcre. Tbe South has learned that slavery is dead an! tout its death is a blessing. Said a Georgia Stnate r to bis father, wuen Mr. Lincoln's cmaccipation proclamation reach ed them, "I congratulate you that now aid bcncelorth we arc free mem-' It was said sincere ly and it expresses the feeling of many a former slaveholder to-day. Tbe Sooth has learned also that Secession is dead. Tl.e abstract doctrine may still bo held but it will io nothing more. The deci sion in the eeae was rendered by Chief Ju-'icr. Giant, tr.d tbcre will be no appeal fnci it. Tic South is to-day claiming re presentation on the gtound that the Union h-.s never been severed and that there is no such thing as Secession. Tbc South ha' learned tbe unity and in divisibility of this republic. The lesson was taught by Grunt and Sleade from tic mouths of their err, non at Vicksburgand Gettysburg; it was written by Shennin in letters of fire from Atlanta to tbo sea; and they learned. Trey read it still in every desolated town and huiilet, that this nation shall remain one till la'est time. There is much in all this to cheer us, amid tbc causes for dcjrcE sien in the present' attitude of the Southern Slates. That tbetc lute Wen a change for the worse- in their temper acd position einco the close of tbe Mar, aprecrs undeniable; and tberc are Northern men wbo mutt share a portion of tbc blame for it ; but the check in the work of restoration is but temporary. H.,ving learned so much wo bavc-the right to lope that they wil' learn the rest. Disclaiming all partizan thought cr feeling, he believed that tbo North, having the pwcr, bad only to take and keep its stand on the gre.ucd ol universal freedom and the equal rights ol man, acd kindly but firmly ii.sist en what is cescntial for their gcod as well as e.uie, and al! would jet be well. Our foreign friends, too, have learned something from our war. Tbcy have learned sonxthirg of cur geography. Some amu6. icg instances were here related of the mis takes of Englishmen in reference to our country and ways and, Eaid tbc lecturer. probably wc have made as bad ones concern ing them. European Ni lions have learned something from us in the ntls o! war. They began to learn from us in 1812. The use ol rifled arms in Europe dates from Jackson's victory at New Orlrtne with bis Kentucky riflemen, and it is not too far fetched to trace the crcat victories which have recently changed tbc map of Europe, to tbo teaching or the Kcntuctians. Gihnore's rifled shots at Pulaski went through all the forts of Ports mouth and Cherbourg. After the fight ot the first monitor with the Merrimae, tho London Time said that tbc British navy ... ntr rrrfr.rrd to four shir. And those four, with tbc entire navies of all Europe were sunk by tbe 15 inch shot which John Rogers sent through tbe plating ot tLe At lanla at Savannah. We have revolutioniicd tbc naval architecture of the world. They bare learned too, something of onr strength. They have not failed to sec that tbo one State ol New York sent to the front more than three times as many fighting men, es there arc in tbc whole English army. Tbcy know that they bare no general equal to either Grant cr Sherman. The London lltrald bas reluctantly owned that w arc now tho leading war power. And if the sudden springing of myriads to arms at tho stamp of tbe President's foot, amarcd them, tbcy were equally astonished at the rroropt disbundiucnt of our army, Sheridan's fierce rider is to-day driving the pen in the count ing room, and Sherman's bummer filling with sereno gravity the office of Justice of the Peace in his native town; and seeing tbc spectacle, our foreign friends own that if wc are tbc most powerful we ire also the most peaceful of people. They have learned the strength of our in stitutions. Titce was when John Lord Rus sell, who iniant in Li; blundering way to be our friend, said that " the North was fight ing for Empire and the South for indepen dence ; ' and when Mr. Gladstone said that Jefferson Davis " bad created a nation." A pretty nation it ii oter which Mr. Divis rules to-dav sml bow.Mr. Cbancellcrol tho Exeheiiuer. would you like to administer its finances? Our true friends abroad, the Ga parins ani John Itngbts, arc not failing to press home the lesson, that our free iastitu ttons have sustained an ordeal such as no foreiKn government could stand.. And our triumph has let day light into many a dark home, wheto the Lancashire laborer has prayed for the succee of the workingtnau's 6gbt. We of tbc Noitb bart 'earned romcthing. We bate learned wbo ate our true Iriends abroad, Wc have learned new coiifiJcnce in our gorcrnmcct and people. In this connection, Mr. Acgell aid r.n clcquent tribute to the oonitancy, fortitude and fidelity of the American people, and tn tbe female hcroi'm displayed in the war. Wc have learned, as our hit and greatest lesson, a new devotion tn Principle. Men hue leen asking themselns " are my prin ciples such that 1 can die tor theinv' Tbe volcanic fires hate lifted tbc nation to a igher plane of devotion to Truth, in plsoe f extrdiency. We have learned that no question is finished till it is finished nyht. One giect queetiun remain" tbus to Lc fin ished, and then tbe Ijnd shall have Peace. Our ahctract, vie are coDscioui , will give very imjierfect idea of tbe lecture. Mr. ngcll spe-aks without note, and with a very graceful at-d effective deluery. If tbero was little of novelty in the separate tbougbttof he diseouise and be said nt the outset hat he could boe on such a subject to offer othing that was new the forcible and ..hie arrangement nt.d presentation of them. e delicate humor, the glowing rhetoric, 'ie sound deductions, tl e earcrit, fair asd ipeful spirit of tbe lecturcr.Leldbislicarets more than interested intent and delighted r an hour and a halt ; and it must have been very imr-ive t ester wbo did cot gain instruction, ho;- and impulse lor good as nell aa entertainment from the lecture. It as frequently interrupted hy arplausc, and a hearty round at the clow evinced tl c grat- iieation of tbe nudtcteo. KJitariil Cerrrspcn leace of the Free Pres. I'lom ihc West Indies. No. V. r. Croix, Jan. '1, ISO". In toy le.M letter I pit a giccrel account of the petnlhr liber syttcm in force, in this uland tor the versing f the " (itatei " or planta tions is they would he called in our country. 7:i3ugh the main points of that system were fit '. rib, 1 trust with clearness and sufficient ful r.ess, there are many subordinate points mat- rt of detail which need to be kcovrn before a ttranger ran see hoe it all werks in practice. What the cbaoge from the ft -tea of elate la bor to the system of free labor sicb as that sjitem is effected in this island, can cot le clearly aprrehtcded, withont a knowledge of what slavery was here, for a gentraticn crtwo immediately anterior to the general emancipa- -in act of Governor General Yen Schelltn in ;,-MS. Had enough at slavery continued to b ion; as it had any existence, it had been i atly meliorated frcm what it was a century 1 'ore. acd to long as tbe slave trade was allow- in these iilandr. The humane spirit of the Kings of Denmark, Christian VII and Chriitian Till, daring the fore Tart of the rretcnt cen tury, was constantly influential to check by holcscme laws tic rapacity and barbarity cf s'.ive owners, overseers acd drivers ; and to im prove the condition of tbc slaves. The Goverccr General, Von Scbolten, who held his office aa nth and resided in St. Croix from 1627 to the middle of 1B18 (having been previously Govern- r of St. Tbcnias) wts proverbial for the leal with which be seconded tbe humane disposition of the crown. Practically his power here was hirdly inferior to that of the King himself ; and he was cot slow to use it whenever hs thought the occasion demanded. Flagrant acts of atro cious treatment wire lealously hunted up and the guilty parties were vigorously punished. Borne of his most important measures for the benefit of the slave population, I shall have oc casion to notice in tbe progress of these letters If in early times the slave was regarded here much as elsewhere, as no other than a two-legged brute, to be fed and worked i clely for the own er's pleasure acd profit as a creature destitute of any " rights which a white man was bound ta respect," as an animal which might be starved, beaten cr maimed at the pleasure of a brutal overseer or at the command of an infur lated owner, acd even the life of the slave taken n' the pleasure of the master, the case was far different under Yon Scbolten's rule. No doubt, even in his time, instances of very cruel treat ment of the slaves would in numberless cases escape punishment I have heard auuaiocs made to them cot caly by those who once were slaves but by aged white residents such allu sions accompanied with strong emotion at the painful recollection for, as cce, once a slave, who bought his freedom from a kind master wbo cevcr struck him a blow, said to me, " it was better for the slave to submit ia most cases acd hope for kinder treatment to follow than by complaining to expose himself to be kept in purgatory all the time after. Nevertheless, it was a ?reat thing for the slave, that the law afforded him protection in many rights, and that redress Ic extreme eases of in justice vu within his reach. Some of these riWi wtr the ful!ow!o( ; and If on omparlng them with tbe barbarous slave codes so recently in force in the southern portion cf our own country, the comparison shall appear mich to oar disfavor, we must be the moie thankful that slavery has cow no legal existecce through' out the vast domain of tbe United States. Firtt, The slave was cot rrgardcJ as a mere ckatUI, to be held, treated, bought and sold ex actly as a brute is, if tbe owner so pleated. His personal relation to tbe owner was mere truly that of one bound to rcnJer service and labor without reward hut yet possessed of many ef the rights of manhood. He could, according to the common phrase, be sold b his owner under cer tain limitatiocs, acd he could le levied upon and sold for the benefit of a creditor ; bat he could not be biought forward and ti posed to view for that purre.ee at an auction as a horse or inanimate thinir is. The disgraceful and shocking exhibition in puhlio of mn and women to be examined acd sold like ot es common lately in own Southern States, anu sj often the subject cf indignant comment by the philantbropiit acd christian, was cot allowed here. Stcond. If perseviringly and flagrantly abased by his owner, theowner could be compel led to sell the slave for a fair price to a master who would treat him more kii dly. No doubt ap pb'catiocs to the magistrate fir redress in cases of that sort would cot he cnoourael, unless the abuse was fligrant and clearly trau.vnleJ the degree cf severity t-elieve-1 to le cccaeiocally neccsiary to secure older icd industry in the laborers. Hut the pe-tih litj of such an ap peal to the magittratr, and cf tu:h a result, must have wcrked leceSciall fir the slave. Third. The slave had the right to acquire bybenest mtans pereccal property, which his owner had oo right to deprive him of. He might use means so acquired to get more, to aid to his comforts or to purchase his own or his wire's or his children's freedom, if le please 1; and if the owner refined to sell, or de manded an exorbitant price, the price could be determined by an impartial commission, and the owner coull cot refuse to asept It. fourM. There were no obetaclei by law in the way cl emancipation. It is well known that in our Southern States it was a frrqntnt provision of State law that a elave should not be made free, unlets ampile security was given that the freed jereon shoull not become chargeable ta the public for support. . In tome cases tho 8ctr ConM not fan his slaec raetpt by firtt taking him outside of the retch of the State law and leaving him in another acd & free State. Here it was only ceccssary fer the oncer to o'e- clare the slate free before witotiec and le bave the declaration prapetly recorded. Fifth The husband could uA be sold re motely from the wife, the wife remotely from the husband, nor the child remotely from its mot' rr. Siztk. The slave hal, to a certain extent, a legal dates If fore the Courts. Though this testimony could not be taken in civil atfeirs I believe, yet in criminal cases it would be, on the same footing as that cf a white man. What a different condition for the slate this was from that in cur Southern Slates, where the pre vailing rule was that no black or mulatto pcr sn's testimony was allowed in any ea-e which concerned a white man ! Strtnth. We all kntw that in cur Southern States it waj a punishable oBVlk under the law, for any one to teach a ilave to read or to ante, acd only by stealth, or occa sionally by an icdulgect master, or more often aa indulgent mistress, wai the law ditrrcarded in favor of ssme favorite slave. In the Danish Islands there waa no such prohibition. On the contrary school houses erected in diQrrent parts aad schools maintained at the expense ef the gjverrmont for the rxirres purpose of giving the children of the slaves an elementary educa tion. Hut the subject cf the education and religious instruction of the slaves anterior to eraaneipa tion. -nd of the laboring olatea since that event, I must leave for a fuller notice hereafter. Tours, ic, G. W. D. No. VI. Marktt day al Ckriitianitad. Sr. Caoix, Jin. o, IS6T. It may gratify your readers to line me break the lice of my graver rrmaika on the institu tions and customs cf St. Croii, by a description ef market day ic this place. Aescrdicg to long usage, Saturday of each week is market day for Chrittianstad acd Frederickstad, tie only two towns on tbe island. A considerable open space, perhaps half to three quarters of an acre in extent, bets ten the buildings on four sides of it, ii fenced off by chains for the occasion, so that teams cannot interfere with the operations carried on within. Puring the foresoou labor ers from the estates, men, women and children, will be seen on the roads streaming into town, some ia the little rude one horse carts owned in great numbers on the island, and others on foot the carts acd the heads of the walkers loaded with articles cf produce to sell, the articles beicg stowed in bulk ic the carts, or carried in bsgr acd trays on the head. Nearly all are jauntily dressed and all seem to be tn capital spirits In anticipation cf the pleasures of traffic and tbe opportunity to meet acquaintances acd bave a good time generally. About coon the market is in pretty full oper ation, acd to a stranger it preseots a oovel and amusing spectacle. At first sight, as one comes cear, the entire area seems to be filled with huodrcds cf persons standing acd moving about, being chiefly women dressed in long gowns of light eoler, acd with colored kerchiefs wreathed around their heads, so as to make a covering in form half way between a Turkish turban and a steeple shaped cap, or else made up as a close round cap with a bread tsg like a tail banging down behind. On going nearer, the standing acd moving crowd in the market ground are seen to be commingled with another multitude similar in appearance but seated en the ground, singly or in little grcupe, having by them spread out on the grouod cr oo trays cr bits of cloth a hest of little piles from tb: site of oce's fist to that of a half peck measure. These piles consist of the various fruits and vtgetables which they have to sell Tbe surface of the street is smooth acd hard, acd theretcre cot so ill adapted to sneh an arranges e it a oce might suppose. No particular order of disposition is regarded. Each one seems to bave squatted wherever he or she found aa open place the ihu form by far the largest proportion, acd all are engaged in a ceaseless overflow of jabber. I call it jabber, for though it 11 said to be English, the prooaeiation it to different from ours acd so peculiar, that It ia rare that I can make cut a word of it as commonly uttered. As for tht vegetables acd fruits thai covering the ground, a few of them a stranger would know at light. Oranges, bananas, acd sweet potatoes would be old acquaintance to him probably; and green cocoa cuts he would guess at from their shape and'alre. Bat It would Le a novelty to oo who had just ceme icto a tropical regioo, to see a man or stout boy standing by a pile of them with his bill a sort of broad bladed. crooked knife, the blade three to four inches wide aod a foot long, equally useful to cut up cane in tbe field acd to chop up small fuel or do any ether rough cutting work in the kitchen and on an assent to buy, proceed to back off the crten covering cf a cat, trim away the thick white corky bask acd with a (mart blow of tbe bill cat off the top so as to expose a hole, from which the purchaser could drink tbe pint or so of sweetish cutntcus fluid within and all fur " oce ceot " Huodieds cf little piles are Ken on every hand, of sneet potatoes ot divers col orj, yams, e ranges, Iimee, sugar apcles. ginger roots, peppers, okra, pigecn peas, it, bunches of roots like little onions, water cresses, bay leaves, abortioos of cabbages, acd scores of ether cj tables of which I have cct learned the names, each pile offered for one cent. Now and men a more ambitious pile is seen the price cf which ia "seven cents." Theiumn from "ooc cent" to " seven cents," which one ejes made inccsseent.y, sounds very odd. "What magic is there about that particular sum. tevec ceots.'" one asks himself, that it is earned on every haod rather than five ceots, six ceots, cr ten cents, as ia the case in our Northern markets ! The solution to the ques tion lies in the tact that formerly the halfilittr, a little Dscish coin worth about seven and a half cents, was tbe " half bit" in common use. Thit hat been taltn cut ef circulation acd five and ten cent piccis arc used. But the measure of the article sold for the half stiver continues, and the price cesrest to it, "seten cents," keets it company. The tiles in the market are not limited to green fruits and vegetables. Trsys of corn meil are dealt out by the little half-calabash full for cce cent, thcllcd peas, sugar cakes. dried fish, dabs of fresh batter; and cow acd then ebickecs tied by the legs together are to le founJ, and an occasional live turkey tied by the keels quietly awaits a purchaser at such price he can command. I believe, however, the live turkey lies under some restrictions as to his appearance in the Saturday market the pre sumption being, unices the seller can show a pass" to sell turkey, that he has been stolen and therefore liable to seizure by some limb of the law. Extensive, so fir as number is con cerned, a3 these petty sales are on market day. many householders are supplied from day to day at their houses; and besides, trays loaded with fruit, bread, &c. for sale, are to be seen Cry day under tbe arcades along tbe street sides and on the heads of barefooted perambu lators. Besides the miscdlancoa tavrket above des cribed, there is another, a few streets off, for the sale of wood acd coal. Here are to be seen great quantities of large fjggots cemposel cf sticks cf wood each stick from an inch and a bilf to a finger's thickness in diameter, and about three feet long, each faggot tied up by string ot bark or small withes; the faggot i nearly as large round as a man's body, and for tale for "seven cents." Smaller ones of little twigs go for cce ceot. These foggots constitute the fuel generally csed in each household in the town. Great quantities perhaps I might more truly saj many niuntities cf coals are i!o sold. These ci-r.Is are all burned from the small sized wood above tpekee ef. and hundreds ef little piliM of this ccal, each for "oce cent," are ex posed in this market and to be seen exposed along -he streets fer sale cc other days. There are many operations here for which oce cent's worth of ceal will scll.ee. These who please have a chance to purchase cc marktt day by tbe "1 agful" for a dollar a bag. '-Burning charcoal" without leave, ia oce of the things tchibited to the estate laborer, by the "Labor Act." The temptation to pilfer small wood and stealthily burn it into ceal is little coal pits beneath the surface of the ground, to procure an article which is sure to sell for cash, is very gicat. As a cheek to dishonest acts cf Hit sort, 1 am told that the appcaraoce cf coal at msikct is under tone special regulation. ' l'assis" to have so many faggots of wood or so many tegs cf ceal ic tLe lead, arc furnished to these wbo bring them to market, acd are scictiuizcd by a police efficer, to prevect frauds. If aiy tec thicks that I have described a very small market and a way of doing things cc a very small scale, I can only remind him that St. Croix i a very small principality and Chris tiatiStad only a very small town. Yours, G. W. B. 1 ii r Nicht Session. There was less in t xication in tbc House ol Reprcssntatives, un Tucedaj night, than is commonly expect ed in such rotrattcd night ecseiocs ; but there a ears to Lave been a gcod deal of fun going, which tbc N. Y Triiune protests, against as Icing very undignified, as unqucs tio ably it wes ; but members of Congress arc mortal acd il they do nothing worse than crack poor jokes on such occasions the coun try will tuivive. The members v ere retained by a call of tLe Hume acd by locking the doors. Sev eral me ml ere escaped by crawling through the ttet.tom over one of tbe lobby doors. Points of order were jocularly raised against eniukirg, snuiicg acd eating. So many of these Ik tight in by the Sergeant-at-arms oSercd sickness as an excuse for absence, that Gcc. Schccck inquired il any epidemic prevailed. Two members having reported that tbcy had been made ill by eating Ojb tcrs , a question was raised as to tbc pos sibility of two gentlemen being able to eat the same oysters, which was decided in llo negative by the Chair, and that one mutt bavodevouicd the shells. Mr. Orth having been captured by tbe Scrgcant-at-arms, made tbe excuse that he had been home to dinner. Mr. Scbenck inquired where be bad got bis dinner? II in tbc restaurant or the House that war penalty enough. Mr. Eldridgc moved tbat.bcingeuhjugatcd, he accept suffrage without regard to race or color, and take tbc test oath. Mr. Rogers inquired whether it would be in order to have bam sandwiches supplied to members ? Tbe Sfeaker icpltcd that that would re quire an appropriation, and would liavo to be first considered in Committee ol tbe Whole Tbc members were severally excused cn payment or costs of arrest. President Johnson gave a State din ccr at the White house,Wedcesday evening; at which the guests were Chief Justice Chase, Justices Nelson, Wayne, Miller, Davis, Justice Clifford and lady, Justice Field acd lady, Senators Anthony, Spragoe, Buckalew, Cowan, Cragic,acd lady, Dixon acd lady, Dkolittle and lady, Edmunds, Frrlirghuyetn ecd Nrimitb. Ihc dinner was intended for tbe Supreme Judgea and a few Senators, vtbcec names were selected al phabetically, except Senator Sprague acd lady, who are of Chief Justice Chase's fam ify. The r.ext Stale dinner will lc given t j tho remainder or tbe Senators and some ol tLe Representatives. City ot HurllngtoT. rcocTECisos or boasd or JimsHt.v. Burlington, Jan. 23d, 1S67. uoaru met. 1'retcct AkferiMn Appletem Arthur, Balltu, Illediett, Uedce, I'ttk-.Taft and notcesttr. ine ordinance in retvjon to the Fire IVpart- msct reported by the CeeBr&iitee on Fire Uvpart- mect Jao. Hist, was Ukta up and pawl. This ordinance aatbcriua the appoictceat ef three Fire Wardens, oce fun eveh v.d, wbo take a for tie n if the duties ef the Fughwers, in respect te oversight of stoves, e 'nit. ejs and property liable to lire; and i.tif pr.eiic.lly to the rtrcticn tbe seltettis cf tie ! i gitccrs. -Mr. BaCon's resolution in tefiicr.ee to tbe Waterworks, introduced nl.lei.-t tie-ins;, was thee taken ap. On motion of Alderman TH, iLercsUutUc was amended by striking cut the per Too re lating to pier and woci'u-i food nit extendtrg icto the Lake. Alderman Dodge moved to amend the iteolc ticu by striking out all after the resolving clause, aod substituting thetollowiag : That the Enricter of the Citv Water Works le instructed to procure bids fer the rights, materials, acd labor rxecrsary to carry out the following plan for furoUhm? the ntr with an abundant supply ot water, through a reservoer at least one hundred feet higher than the pres. cnt oce on Tearl Street. Securing proposils for : Right to divert oOO.OOO gallons dailr from the WinocsM River at some joint above the lower uam at uinooslci f alls. Right to sufficient water power to elevate the Btme into a Reservoir 300 feet above the Lake. witu land on which to erect a building for pumps, waterwheel, &c. Construction of such building. Construction and nuttier in niece water wheels, pumps and necessary machinery. Pipe of suitable calibre aod material frem tbe pumps to the reservoir, acd thence to the old reservoir on Pearl Street. Land on the ridce East of the Collece for reservoir, acd coastrnction of same, of capacity tj store tin million gallons. l.iteceion of six inch iron pipe tn Tearl St. from Chuuh street to Like street, there to con nect with aa eight inch iron pipe extending from Mr. Liesley'g Mill to College street, thiough the Lumber yards, together with 20 hjdraats and all necessary fix urea to complete the works above indicated acd put them in working order. Also proposal to operate and keep in repair tin pumping machinery, waterwbeels, ic. for five years Iroo their completion. On this amendment tbe vote stood : yics, Messrs. Dodge, Taft, Worcester ; nayi, Mtssn. Appletoo. Ballon, Blodgett and Peck, so it waa not adopted. Mr. Bailee's resolution was then passed, yeas, Messrs. Appleton, Arthur, Bilkm, Blodgett and Peclo ; aoji, Messrs. Dodge, Taft, Worcester. Alderman Taft offered the followicg resolution w hich was passed unanimously. lltmlxtd by tbe City Couceil of the city o' Burlington that tbe City Treasurer he directed ts open an account of expenditures of the con struction of the water works and credit the same with tbe amount received from the rale of Water Bends, acd pay frcm such funds, so re ceived, all warrants drawn in payment of ac oounts for such constitution. The following resolution was offered by Alder man Taft and unanimously adopted. Htsolrtd, ic , That tbe Mayor be requested to settle all accounts of expecses tor running the water works ef the cit j from the 1st of October lc6C to the 1st day of February 1SC7, ami his warrant for the payroeot of the same is hereby approved, and he is also directed to see that all receipts of water rents for the same period be paid to tbe City Treasurer. The follow ing resolution was introduced by Mr. Taft ami adopted. Ritoltri, 4r , That no contract te made cn account of the construction of water works for the city until tbe money to be paid on such con tract be rtal;i.l from the sale of bonds and pieced in the City Treasury ; but the city may contract for the construction of the whole or part ofsmh work, pAymcttobemadein bonds, at such prices as may be agreed on. A resolution greeting the use of City Hall to Mr. W. 0. Perkics.cfBcstoo, during the mouths of July acd August uijt, for the sessions of a musical institute, at all times when cot required by the city er other parties rtcticg the tame. wasalopted. Board then adjourned to Mcndsy next at 24 P. M. Govee.mjr JIabvis CHiTTC-ecrx. The bio-raphie-il sketch if this excellent man as given hy Rev. P. 11. VA hit in the Vermont Record, has caused some discaesioa as to the correctness of some of the statements which are quite mater ial. Somebody i eks thioagh the columns of the Free Press, act declares that Mr. Chittenden " desired the troora to go to Pittsburgh aad offered to go himvif." NT then, there is abundant proof that he went to Darlington when lac mtutia were preparing tn emnaric, ana ad vised them n 1 1 j c,. over. My father, the late Samuel B. Kenne ! , was oce of the volunteers in the battle of Platt-burgh, arid marchel from liolton in the company oommvsued by Captain John Pinneo. I have eft en heard him relate the circumstances connected with their adventures. and atnoag ether thirgs be said that while at Unrlington Governor Chittenden came among them and talked to the volunteers in a friendly manner and advised them not to go over to Pbttsburgh but return quietly to their homes. .My fitber was a personal trtend ot Jir. cnuten- dea acd always spoke of this as the great mis take ot bis lite. Gso. W. Kcx.xrDT. WTracav, Jae 25, 1S67. Walton' Journal. For tbe Free Press. A Voice fiom the Spirit Lnnd. Listen, my friends, unto my vo-ce, Aod let your wraegbs,; cease. And with your foolish words of strifo Do cot disturb my peiee. A nnn who's bad his day of toil His night's repose would claim. And in his lowly, narrow bed Forget both praise acd blame. What matters whether sharp or dull, A learned man or fool, Or whether I belonged to tbis Or that political school? Since ytm bave shown by many proofs I m to peace inclined, Let me henceforth repose In peace, Accerdiag to my mind, And don't disturb with ills words, Uttered j erring men, The quiet rest of your servant, sirs, Gov. Macti.v CnlTTESDIS. Wi!iO".tKi. Ate. special meeting of the citizecs of Winooski list week, tho Com mittee priviuusly jppointed to draw up a set of by-laws under tho village charter, made report, and their report was accepted, and the by-laws adop'id. Oce of them provides that the Trustees " shall build acd keep in repair such cum ber of rcftivoite as in their judgment is necessary for the safety of tbo village'" agaiust fire. The question ul furnishing tho villago with a fire irgine wof left open to be acted upon at an adjaurcc-d tsteting to be held in four weeks l.enec dt tbc same hour and place. A committee wag appointed to ievca irgitethe subject meanwhile and report at tbe adjourned meetirg. Tbc meeting seemed almost loantinouely to favor tho project of procuring a tttam fire tngine. Paiisis. Patents were issued to the fellowicg Verrccnteis for tbe week ending Tuesday, Jan. loth: S. Richardson of Jericho acd J. S. Adams of Burlington, for improvement in potato diggers. Royal II. Millikrn of Springfield, for im provement ia rocket knives. Antedated Jan. 5. 1SG6. E. A. Pond acd M. S. Richardson of Rut land, for improvement in gas apparatus. IVtectcd March 27, lbCC. BniiR a.vd Ciihsk. The St. Albans Afeirencer rublisLts a table showing that there were shipped from that place in 1SGG, 2.617,195 roncds of tntler end S?2,195 pounds of cheese. Tbis is less t!an tbe year previous, acccontcd for by the fact that aicci) tbo abiogUioa ol thu Reciprocity Treaty, much Canadian butter acd cheese bas found a market elsewhere, which used to be brought to St. Allans. But as it is. 145,CC0 rounds more butter were shipped than in 18C4. end that year showed the largest shir mcnts of any for fourteen years. Bitter. Very little butter was brought in to market, yesterday, acd less sold. Bos ton markets are full acd dull. Prices were 25 to 30 cents except for small extra lot. cr. .-wcutij .Ufjjenjer, 23d. The Crosby- Opir.i Hotrsx. A despatch from Chicngo, Jan. 27, says Crosby of Chieago, hashought back trc Opera House of Mr. Le, tho holder of tbe winning ticket, for $200,000. Before tho drawing the home was valued at $000,000. Of course tbe winner had to take what Crosby ehose to offer bim, as he could not collect by law a prize won in sbttcry. Fhirty-Xinth CongressSecond Session Wasiusctox, Jan. 22. SENATE. The bill chanzioc the mode cf acDointinz Pension Agents, and providing that such agenta hereafter be appointed by the President, by aad with the content of the Senate was amended, and sect to the House tor concurrence. The tariff bill was taken up. some amendments made cce putting the bill in force en the 1st of April acd during discussion the Senate ad journed HOUSE. Mr. Wilson of Iowa, reported the house bill to declare valid certain proclamations of the President during the suppression ef the rebel lion, with sundry amendments. Tbe amend ments were all screed to and the bill recommit ted. Mr. Boutwell reported a bdl declaring it to be a rnle of all Courts of the United States that any person guilty of treason, bribery, or other felony, or who bad given aid, comfort or counsel to the enemies of the United States, or who en gaged in rebellion against the United States, shall cot be allowed to practice in Courts. Af ter some discussion ilr Boutwell called the previous question, when the Democrats to pre vent a vote from being taken made all sorts of motions. The House remained ic session until 8 o'clock next morning, tht scenes up to that time being repetitions and variations cf those in the earlier part or the eight. Forty votes were taken by yeas and cays. At leogth an offer to compromise came from the Republican ranks, Mr. Boutwell suggesting that by common consent the House should meet at 11 o'clock Wednesday morning, and that the hoar between that and noon should be at the disposal of the Democratic members who wished to debate the bilL The House took a recess un til 11 o'elock. The House reassembled at 11 o'clock and Mr. Fnck took the floor against the bill. Messrs. Rogers, Boyer aod Niblack followed on the sime side. The Speaker immediately called the House to order in conformity with as agreement made yesterday, and announced that Lbs rote would now be proceeded with. The vote resulted as follows : Yeas 103, Nays 42; so the bill passed. The Sergeaat-at-Airas was ordered to present at the bar the members under arrest for absent ing themselvca without leave yesterday. Forty-four were brought up in front of the Speaker's chair. The discharge of members upon the payment of the usual foes except those fined under the first call, and these who left after that call was agreed to. Mr Kassoa then introduced a resolution to arrest Mr. Farqaahar for forcing himself into the House last session after the call and after the door had been closed. Laid on the table. Mr Boutwell from the judiciary com. reported back the bill to amend the act of March 1792. declaring officers who shall act as President aod Vice President in case of vacancies. After discussion it was recommitted. The Post Office Appropriation bill was then passed, acd the House adjourned. Waiuixctox, Jan. 23. In the Senate to-day petitions and memorials were introduced by Messrs Wade, Howe, Fes cenden, Edmunds, acd others, which were referred to appropriate committees. Among them was oce from tbe bank of St. Albans, Vt, asking to be reimbursed for the money stolen from the bank during the raid of rtbel thieves and burglars. Tke bill of the House prescribing rales for tht qualification of lawyers practicing in the U. S. Courts was read and referred to the judiciary com. The tariff bill came up, and a camber of amendments were offered which were cot agreed to. Mr. Edmonds moved to amend by loserting in the free list books, charts, maps, &, im ported for use in public libraries acd pending its consideration, no quorum being present the Senate adjourned. SENATE. Wasmsgtom, Jan. 18. Mr. Morrill from the com. on commerce re ported a bill to prevent smuggling which ty unanimous consent was considered and passed. Mr. Frelinghuyscn of New Jersey was quali fied an 1 took bis seat The bill by Mr. Wade to provide for the allot ment of members of the Supreme Court among the circuits was referred to the committee on judiciary. The tariff bill came up at one o'clock. The question recurred upon Mr. Edmunds' amendmeot to put books, maps, charts imported for literary societies, colleges aod libraries on the free list. Agreed io, 23 ayes to 13 cays. Mr. Kirkwood moved to amend by reducing the -uty on lumber used for fencing. Sir. Chandler wanted to see tbe duty on lumber increased as it was a product of labor and could not be sufficiently protected under the present tariff. An amendment by Mr. Frelinghuyscn to raise the duty on lioseed to thirty cents per bushel aad on linseed oil to thirty cents per gallon; was agreed to. HOUSE. Mr Bidwell reported a bill to extend the pro visions of the Agricultural College act to the State of Tern After cocsiderabie debate Mr Doaoelly moved aa amendment that land granted should be held by the State ofTeocetsee aod that no person shall be employed as professor or teacher in such college who ever held office under the so-called confederate government. It was adopted. The House proceeded to the conaideratloa of Mr. Stevens reconstruction bill and Mr. Ray mood addressed tbe House against the bill. He waa followed by Mr. Shellabarger in tap- port of it. Mr. ateveas announced his intention to call the reconstruction bill to-morrow, aod in view of the conflicting opinion on the Republican ride to move to lay It on the table. The com. on ways acd means were Instructed to inquire into tbe expediency of repealing the tax on cotton. On motion of Mr. Dodge the President was requested to communicate Information In refer ence to the removal of tbe Protestant church meeting at the American embassy at Rome. The House then weot into com. of the whole when Mr. Morrill made a speech on the financial question. He contended that the resumption of specie payment could not be obtained without some cnrtailmeot of legal tenders eay two hun dred miliums, cor until by stiffeoicg the tariff we checked th outgoing of California gold.