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Burlington weekly free press. [volume] (Burlington, Vt.) 1866-1928, February 01, 1867, Image 1

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fflft.M sajmnt rm-r fZSBBU !
SI i 1 1
rr-jr nan inn niin i
HM 1 1
The Evening ci the Year. j
Wc reprint tbe following exquisite tmti
frcn ." WavsMc Posies," a colled ion ef original
auii eclectc'd poems edited by Kobwt Buottanan:
' New dark and diy h p'Jed the wheat, i
The nine press frtls co stained ftat,
The white moon brinks her BClc dear; j
A nd voices cf the air repeat, I
It ie the evening of the year.
Whv hare 1 mitred, white men have found J j
IKn atnile ibat earn and wine atoamd.
And children eat tbe ripened ear ;
I gate at them from barren gnaad ;
It is the eveu'mf of the yr.
Oh lore ;t hot yesterday.
A chiitl in free green Bride I lay.
And dreamt of tbc where skus were dear;
lint withered leave bestrew my way ;
1 1 is the evening of the year.
(I face that I hive Witt Men !
Somewhere on earth with saddened tain
Thou waiteet, fall of sober cheer ;
Come '. win re the reaper's foot hath brea.
It is the evening o the year.
G.me to me, 0 my love, my fate,
l.i e all be cold and desolate !
Coioe ! I have (ought thee far and soar ,
C.me ! lest I wither while I wait ;
It ie i he evening of the year."
ill i s c c 1 1 it 11 e ii s .
I):;; (.mi-- We American otRnd inoat
Viai'. ix'f!'f n V"J" we permit
' , - J I. I' l,-.. .
... .... ..t-t An lAutitrwtd t.' I , 1 1 ami
loo gvetiiy, nic uumarrie.1
. . ..rc ui.norsdiiy ar.ucu un g.eat aim-
n. Uy wtir n tlulwotelv oriu-
: ': . ilnvt -, no uramt.iidf,'i o tT robt.
i -
i;: i- j ..un. moacn acu unprrtnning. in
I-: il we titvc seen tt.e gr' n np aauan-
. r "I a man with Lifl million aterliop. tit
, w n to tbe dinner table in a lurje company,
n .i miii-t I laid, vithout nupi. bractlele.
; d without theli;btct atnmpt to ontshinc
rmutherin jewls or in convention ;
! wr liettoueht fir h-H i.f the flibber-
tiWiits at home, who cannot appear in tbe
.-:rcct, witt.out a silk --t r-' on their hack.
and a jevrcIlerV ehop nn ti.e ir person.
n crc we under oatn i.i ten me wnoie
truth, we should declare it tu our solemn
ivietion, deiiberatclv arrived at. that tbe
fi u.alc intellect in ita adolescent stage, ia
v.! illv icc-tiiatle of enduring tbe burden of
' rin.-t nttmtion to tnc varying cuanuc ot
, vr.tirfiU. tbc akirt, the well, what
k t r.r.i-i and is a i:irb, acd at tbe
r time f aiqutringany un-IuI infarma-
t-rondenrr Jtmtna!.
Mllh. PAPTINGTOX WITH A CCt.f. W bat ft
. e f r eoWe this i?, r, t n:n ; I deciiw,
ii--: e. niktery ir':j?nt.d with my
.li." "Ion need an x; rtOTJnt," said
d w-tor. "I expect .' ' r. ; litd tin; "but
l t'icr ti will dj anv l i or not must
i nri upon bow it rn;t n , bi.t I will
n tv 'x lfa'rociou toiiipH, ai,y how,
i h I h :vr beard spoken M as roelliSuous."
ta- -i. i. ! time lnpl-jms iihti.t'lumt-
t a.- d t! r old lady afcd tbe dcetor to
. ,
1 ise tr tr.e iioerry ne i-mis, 'ceaose vne ooy
j- i pive-n to jtMeketies.
Iaing Race. About tjrty year as two
in in rcrriMiureh. L . I ritui:'D ana .
i (' rier. were each wi-lang t purchase lot
I iod owned by a man in 1 roy , A l .
1 1 1 agreed to start lor 1 r y, t'orter oo
rt hack and Crittenden jh foot, und tbe
ilmt cot there 6r.-l rhould have the bsd,
f Li .n it wasforsalc. t'ntiendeo waaa
It i. ;' iui man Wito Jege hi t e man ncuse-
v. i ad waded tLe lake -eral Ubmw
: i: v.nrr. Tbev started cecordmic
to J
.p .nt. P. soon leil ('. btbind, but hc
Ijil'! t C. paaaed P. while hi- was feeding
Bti j rtstsng hi boree.
lie next day U an i veil in H.y. huugtit
lan J and startine lor husic iuet 1 . wbo
I id not only lot hi-j ium-v. but Well nigh
iilicd Ins bore. Ktcera.
W . . ii r. ...
TlfiE 11 v IfU.ItTllHX U1U1U il Ul IITO 1UI Uti
As a geaertl thiog. oar clewmen ao talk
J. IL II ptJUIDIIB WCMHI j.. " ' - .
?CI ABU i iicic ie wi ... t-' - -
atria iv on eoe incraic. 'i w
i.d it is the imprrauTC ni'J vi an goou ciujcui.
.v ns AG Clerical, lo urrsru inuurrawc,
'. i l 1 1 ... k. . n . ...J in iuM
I1B IDC nul" HI 1 . . " ... .. "j
ihc miuiiiviwhi ul isw. lun urr iucii iwnc iu
Kt.1T llie Der liur muxu w uetoiauiu; i uvnujr
homes and rnrrvatme our reople.
L Wllo CeiMllTTFD THT llIK7 On
Ej. -i it r.lternoon, Mr. Slrei" .-, the milK-
toir, iliieoverrd, between ttic residences of
iDuic.n Inealls end Mr. Ji In Ru-s at Me-
I11i.eu theb.dyof a ffmah- f.jun stiff.
She was wtil clad, bat bad a ! utile, which
had jontKincd whiskey, at btr Fide. The
d proid to that . f Alri" Joanna Mur
,1 y. a widow of about tl i'.tvfkc, with one
cl.iid alioot fourteen years of ace. She wss
last seen on Sunday al'en.i n by her si'ter,
and it was found imfiOfSiMc to get a trace ot
fcer after that until bcr rcmuiuc were found.
It could not be ascertained in ebose rum
bole she was harbored, or who lurcisbed her
the poison which sent hi r into what proved
her sleep of death. iAirmirt American.
Tni "Social Evn," is New York. In
LAltnAA ..III. I. n UAHMI 1. f t ll. I laid
turc. the Police CommicKi mcrs have taken a
tbew census of tbe fashionable acd unfath
ionabk: 'brolbels in this city, and they find
Icf tbe former, which are known as "parlor
boues. where costlv wines are dispensed.
n1) ut ".00, sheltering abo-it 3,000 abandoned
Women. The number of ie-s pretentious
bro'hels, where a concwi m of New-Jersey
t Cider and muriatic acid is eld as champagne,
kr. i dealt out over a bar, is abjut 500 ; and
the - keen from two to ten prostitutes each.
CM Msemtcts, eontsining Ir. ui two to five
tiri..tes, the number is 700, and of dance,
Kutinc, asicnation h'lorc, th numher is
70i The Tenth Ward, whi -h sup:orts the
IP' Kcst number of dram-shots, is also tbe
IdKi llinp-pl-.ee of the greatrst number, of
awomtn wiiij arc lost to s ame ; hut, as in
fas! ionahle neiehliorLo.jd8 un town, manv
pf the novices in this peculiar crime arc un-
ftufpected, except by tbe poli.-e. Not a fcir
iui me coseuest raiaces A tollution up town
far so quietly kept that . nly the initiated
ir.ri. HWarc ot their ex.e-r oi- For example,
Itw j magnificent trown-stonc mansions on
IFotli-avconcin Tweniielh St.. several in
fcTwinty-seond-st., two in Lexington avc,
two in Fourth are., one in Broadway, and
cr,c in Madison ave. all superbly furnished
at d maintained at enormous cost pass as
jas'iionabie boardir.e houNS, and until re-
It. r.;lytwo of these institutions deceived
ttn tbe detective police In one block in
Itl.e Eighth Ward every bouse is a den of int.
nty. The Police CjaamistioncM estimate
lot totals in this shameful business is far un
Jder .hat which has been commonly received,
ITbcir figures arc es follows II
Kamc, 2,100 ; Inmates thereof, 11.000 ; wo-
I l . I- T ...
imen wuu piy .ucit tociiion on the streeti
and dwell in furnished bouKa and botcl
m,000. Tniime.
tm the SDrin.-EtlJ Resuilican thinks that so
llonj as the State of Massachusetts, as at tho
election dinner, huvs linuors of Iioucr deal.
lers ana tccn turns about and indicts tnoso
'dealers for sellicij linuor contrary to law
juries win lan to cor.wtt. This rctcts to
the Cadet dinccr. While wc dctpito tbe
hypocrisy ana cant in many officials acd cm
tens about temperance, it is but fair to state
t-iat tbcre was no wine or alcoholic liquor of
Ley description on met lao.e a; tuc dinner in
question, except wcat lcumjuaij may narc
'.raeied on their own nccjunt tor tuoir own
os Beston Post.
SMtc Jrce frail
'ihc hill amendirg the rets orgr.niring the
I several Territories, conferring the right of
I hi drape therein without reger) to rare or
i color, was presented to the President on the
12th irjHt., and aa lie ha not returned it
within the ten days allowed by the Cocstito-
tion after it lad tccn presented to htm it
i line become a lew in like nncraf if he had
signed it. Tbc bill repealing the amnesty
nod pardon authority siren to the President,
beeauie a law m a similar way. Apparently
Mr. Johnson is getting tired of vetoing bib
that are sore to pat over hie veto.
Mr. Raymond e.f New York msde a pretty
ladical speech on Thursday on 1 bad. Stev
ens' North Carolica reconstruction bill. lie
declared that tbc President's ilicy can bo
kngcr he fhj jorttd by tb w desirous of
prowrtinf; tbc good of the country and wifety
of the Government. lie advocated an en
largement of the Constitutional Amendment
to provide (or greater power in tin- envern-
int-nt. M aa to enabla Congrvt more per
ft,.,!, nn.tfrt the riirht ofieil rilisen.
Ur opred tbe bill becaut he thought it
would implant a leviiutionary foverr.ment
in every Southern State acd ecnetmte
strife. Another objection waa that It pro
vided no -aarantee forever it was merely a
law. Ld tbc Supreme Conn might annul it
Mr. SbdUharger, of Ohio, hi opposed
tbe bill, a cot Cuk-ulatcd to secure its ob
ject. Mr. Stevens may not bring tbc bill to
n tote, at it is Purposed it could not com
maud a two thirds vote.
The Senate on Wednesday made a wise
eonccfcion, in acceptive, tie amendment to
tbc Tariff Bill oftrcd by Mr. Esmond.
which add to the "free list" ail books.
c!-ari. uaps, JLc , imputed for (be nscttf
Puhlio Libraries, Colleges, Schools, Phiho
thropiesl and Literary Sjcietiea
The President has apptoved tbe bill provid
ing that in addition to the regular meeting
of Citigret- n tbe first Monday in December
there shall be a regular meeting on the 4th of
March, upon tbe heels of esrl: outgoing
Coofrets . Thus, in-tueJiati ly after the final
dj in i n.e i.t 1 1 he i ii ih nt Congress on tbe
4th ot .March next, tbe sew Congress will
take its place.
'llie W'ashingtem Union, whose editor,
Tom Florence,! oo sock intimate terms with
the President that tlie Union n p.BC!inies
Colled tbe President's organ, says that Mr.
Johnson will foreiblv resist the attempt ot
Congress to impeach him. that tbe army and
navy will rcsponi! to bis call for at'iitacce,
and that the issue cannot be doubrl ,
Trie telegraph snn anscs tb it Mr. J hn-
Son repudiates wholly this intiaiation and
nays toa. lit i wiuiog nis uw iinuuiu
. i . - -.i ... . i . i 1 1 ..
menee. as soon as Longrcss at-sires. i ne .i. l .
7Tme also states that "if impescStutnt I c
determined upen in a coMititulional way, ! e
will throw r.o lar in t!"c way of t! fullest
ineti(ration of cciy ebarge, pesaxmi ai d
political, upon which it asaj be feoiMScd.
On tbc contrary, be will do all in bis power
to secure tbe most searching investigation
into tbc facts of every aoetuatifvi." Of course
thii is the proper attitude for the President
to take.
The Southern Republican Association, in
session at i asnmgton, nave auopuu a oui
for recocstiucting tbe Southern Stales, pro
viding that tbc appointing power shall be
invested in the President acd Senate ol the
United States, and that a Provisional Gov.
eminent shall have lull control until a Con
stitutional Convention of loyalists, without
distinction of color zi to voter, shall adopt a
liejublican Constitution acceptable to Con
grew. The Union National Cotaautice at Wash
ington has passed resolutions declaring that
the President has deserted the party, and
that no reconstruction can "be just or s-afe
which does net secure impartial suffrage to
all the loyal people of the Southern SraUs.
Gov. tlawley has been unanimously re
nominated for re-election by the Republican!
of Oonmetieut, and he will be te-clcceed.
be well deserves to be.
It is announced that Gen. Harriman, the
Republican, and Hon. John Siceuir, tho
Democratic nominee for Governor of Sew
Hamp-bire bav arranged to stamp that
Etato together, niter the fashion of tbc
famous Lincoln and Douglas campaign in
IurXACnuENT. Kvory Pictfielcnt in opposi
tion is an obstacle to tne majuruy ; mi
does tbc tbe Constitution provide impcacb
rnMitasr. remedy for that difficulty? If
the ordinary mcthoda of our system can not
endure such a strain as the performanecs of
Andrew Johnson, what would become ol
them under tic pressure ot a sagaeioas ana
powerful conspirator? 'I lie Presielent is a
temporary otstacic to rrconstrucMon. u.
he does more to confirm and develop tbe
saving radical purpose of the country than
a hundred Thaddccs O'evenses, uowevir
. 1 1 . II? I . Tk. VairfUUnemE.
siuruv auu e'luuieiu. iuc viiiieu.- .
sacre, inc siauiiiiu ui- civ.uii i v
tbc grave ol Douglas, the exhortations to
tbc late rel el States to reject tbc Amend
ment, the Coprcrbtad society in which be
Igvcs to dwell, and the course vituperation
of Senators nnd Representatives by name
these arc all things which tho intelligent
mind and tbc generous heart of the people
constantly meditate, and they have leu An
drew Johnson mortally impeached, and mor
ally condemned to a ougrace more unuymg
than that of James liucnanan and rranic-
lin Pierce.
Of course, in extremity, moral impeach
ment is not enough. Uutwhat is the sit
uation ? Tbc President may delay but be
eaniwt defeat the accomrliobmect ot tec
popular purpose. He is practicall power
less. Commander of tbe array and cavy . be
can use them only to enforje tbo laws cf
ronsTPss. ifcev nrc not His creatures, nc
can not teat a single member of Congress
from the disabled SUtcs. He can not count
a solitary Presidential vote for them before
their restoration to their functions in the
Union. The n?w Congress will atsemblc
and organna as tho old dissolves. Tnc ut
most that the President can do is to veto
laws which Congress will pass, and nominate
officers whom the Senate will not confirm.
Kcithcr the Secretary or Yar, nor thcStcrc
tary of tbe Treasury, can he suspected of
complicity id any Presidential plot, however
npon certain points, they maj diSer with
Congress. Above all, the people are thor
oughly awk an j in exmctt Tbsv watch
constantly and closely. Heartily united,
every unlriendly word and net of tbc Prcsi
dnt only binds them more firmly together.
Tlipy will bear with attention and intcrnt
what iir. .UMey has to siy. Itut if it be a
mere rojetit on of General Ilutlcr'a speech,
it will noi prsuadc them that the President
ouht to 1 impeached. And aa for the
ilrull effort to make a adhes.on to the wis
dom of impeachment, without further
know!, de, the tast of Radicalism in tbc
sene of tbc trne national policy it is jus t as
wise and will prove just as successful as the
attempt during tbe war to make contempt
kLd dittmet of Mr. Lincoln the measure of
patriotic fidelity. Harpert Wttily.
lie President baa thus far sent to the
Senate over four hundred civil nominations.
among which tberc is yet but one Postmas
ter. The Senate rejected tonic forty odd ap
pointment oi internal tcvenue collectors,
a'eeseor?, Ac, but week
lit i. eon ncKNsas. A Rood tired story-
and-a-half dwelling house went by our office
up College street this afternoon, full sail,
drawn by eight hortes acd two yoke of
oxen. It rested en Lot-slcels uneler cacti
corner, end titmllid at about the ordinary
rate of lradcd teams, a good deal faster than
any Iooe we have Men in motion, since
Gov. Pniue's log cabin came to Uurlington
in the famous Harrison campaign.
Pres. AaceH's I.crtuir.
Ore . I tie largest and itost coltivatod
Ke.diir.its ct ttt settee filled tic City Hall
last etctJng. to j;ut acd I ear Pres. Jakes
B A xeii IX, of the University. Anticipa
tion bad been highly rawed by the slight
taste of Mr. AngellV quality as a speaker,
given in his brief inangural address last
cummer, a no by the reports of thote who
have fce.nd Lim elsewhere , ami it ii very
high praise to say. as we can with truth,
that tf-ese high exf ectatioiw wcTe fully
The subjee-t of the lectuic was " Tl? f.n
tons af fhr Ual five years. M
For live jiars, said thef jeaktr, our nation
basbtcb sitting at tbe feet of tic stern in-stti-cti
r, Wrr. God eufftrs nothing, not
even war, to rfflict mankind without good
results. In His wise providence the wars of
Alex? cder tbe Great, apparently tbe most
cati-rbsh End destructive in history, by mcrg
irg the rations into a vast empire on tbc
'si-i of human equality, were made to
oi oiii the way for tbe triumph of Chris
:iir.itv, aid tie roMrr empire of tbe Prince
. f Pir.re Mrrs bas always been a teacher
fico. w ! t m m n would leatn when all others
ful.d, rod oar recent struggle, vicing
wiib tie jfft in its models cf heroism ;
ia wi iib M-.riman has more than
i in Led ;' t lurcbca of llacnibal, and Ca
ar's icmous le'otatiein of debat into victory
in tbe bailie with tl.e Netvii bas had its
equal in Sheridan at Winchester, bas been
(Dfureirg lrssoDs that eooki hare been taught
is no other way.
We have learned something, and we bare
taught tenu thing. The -South has learned
s..n ething. M e Lad few cehoolo and we
sent brr dewn a millitn of schoolmasters,
wbt. bearded rum d " the district. Their
puj h. learned tl jt Northerners and mnd-
sihs,' that ttn '.be negroe would pght.
Wi;h this cau.e a letton of respect, not felt
in forty years before, and for the lack
of wbieb at the uorth ware u much to
blame as trey, a respect which will be tbe
foundation of future harmony and anion.
Tbe South has learned too, tbe value of
northern mcdes ol industry, and her states
men arc now urging tbe cutting up of the
plantations into farms, and the establishment
of manuiactcre.
Tbe South has learned that slavery is dead
an! tout its death is a blessing. Said a
Georgia Stnate r to bis father, wuen Mr.
Lincoln's cmaccipation proclamation reach
ed them, "I congratulate you that now
aid bcncelorth we arc free mem-' It was
said sincere ly and it expresses the feeling of
many a former slaveholder to-day.
Tbe Sooth has learned also that Secession
is dead. Tl.e abstract doctrine may still bo
held but it will io nothing more. The deci
sion in the eeae was rendered by Chief
Ju-'icr. Giant, tr.d tbcre will be no appeal
fnci it. Tic South is to-day claiming re
presentation on the gtound that the Union
h-.s never been severed and that there is no
such thing as Secession.
Tbc South ha' learned tbe unity and in
divisibility of this republic. The lesson was
taught by Grunt and Sleade from tic mouths
of their err, non at Vicksburgand Gettysburg;
it was written by Shennin in letters of fire
from Atlanta to tbo sea; and they learned.
Trey read it still in every desolated town
and huiilet, that this nation shall remain
one till la'est time. There is much in all
this to cheer us, amid tbc causes for dcjrcE
sien in the present' attitude of the Southern
Slates. That tbetc lute Wen a change for
the worse- in their temper acd position einco
the close of tbe Mar, aprecrs undeniable;
and tberc are Northern men wbo mutt share
a portion of tbc blame for it ; but the check
in the work of restoration is but temporary.
H.,ving learned so much wo bavc-the
right to lope that they wil' learn the rest.
Disclaiming all partizan thought cr feeling,
he believed that tbo North, having the
pwcr, bad only to take and keep its stand
on the gre.ucd ol universal freedom and the
equal rights ol man, acd kindly but firmly
ii.sist en what is cescntial for their gcod as
well as e.uie, and al! would jet be well.
Our foreign friends, too, have learned
something from our war. Tbcy have learned
sonxthirg of cur geography. Some amu6.
icg instances were here related of the mis
takes of Englishmen in reference to our
country and ways and, Eaid tbc lecturer.
probably wc have made as bad ones concern
ing them.
European Ni lions have learned something
from us in the ntls o! war. They began to
learn from us in 1812. The use ol rifled
arms in Europe dates from Jackson's victory
at New Orlrtne with bis Kentucky riflemen,
and it is not too far fetched to trace the
crcat victories which have recently changed
tbc map of Europe, to tbo teaching or the
Kcntuctians. Gihnore's rifled shots at
Pulaski went through all the forts of Ports
mouth and Cherbourg. After the fight ot
the first monitor with the Merrimae, tho
London Time said that tbc British navy
... ntr rrrfr.rrd to four shir. And those
four, with tbc entire navies of all Europe
were sunk by tbe 15 inch shot which John
Rogers sent through tbe plating ot tLe At
lanla at Savannah. We have revolutioniicd
tbc naval architecture of the world.
They bare learned too, something of onr
strength. They have not failed to sec that
tbo one State ol New York sent to the front
more than three times as many fighting men,
es there arc in tbc whole English army.
Tbcy know that they bare no general equal
to either Grant cr Sherman. The London
lltrald bas reluctantly owned that w arc
now tho leading war power. And if the
sudden springing of myriads to arms at tho
stamp of tbe President's foot, amarcd them,
tbcy were equally astonished at the rroropt
disbundiucnt of our army, Sheridan's fierce
rider is to-day driving the pen in the count
ing room, and Sherman's bummer filling with
sereno gravity the office of Justice of the
Peace in his native town; and seeing tbc
spectacle, our foreign friends own that if wc
are tbc most powerful we ire also the most
peaceful of people.
They have learned the strength of our in
stitutions. Titce was when John Lord Rus
sell, who iniant in Li; blundering way to be
our friend, said that " the North was fight
ing for Empire and the South for indepen
dence ; ' and when Mr. Gladstone said that
Jefferson Davis " bad created a nation." A
pretty nation it ii oter which Mr. Divis
rules to-dav sml bow.Mr. Cbancellcrol tho
Exeheiiuer. would you like to administer its
finances? Our true friends abroad, the Ga
parins ani John Itngbts, arc not failing to
press home the lesson, that our free iastitu
ttons have sustained an ordeal such as no
foreiKn government could stand.. And our
triumph has let day light into many a dark
home, wheto the Lancashire laborer has
prayed for the succee of the workingtnau's
We of tbc Noitb bart 'earned romcthing.
We bate learned wbo ate our true Iriends
Wc have learned new coiifiJcnce in our
gorcrnmcct and people. In this connection,
Mr. Acgell aid r.n clcquent tribute to the
oonitancy, fortitude and fidelity of the
American people, and tn tbe female hcroi'm
displayed in the war.
Wc have learned, as our hit and greatest
lesson, a new devotion tn Principle. Men
hue leen asking themselns " are my prin
ciples such that 1 can die tor theinv' Tbe
volcanic fires hate lifted tbc nation to a
igher plane of devotion to Truth, in plsoe
f extrdiency. We have learned that no
question is finished till it is finished nyht.
One giect queetiun remain" tbus to Lc fin
ished, and then tbe Ijnd shall have Peace.
Our ahctract, vie are coDscioui , will give
very imjierfect idea of tbe lecture. Mr.
ngcll spe-aks without note, and with a
very graceful at-d effective deluery. If tbero
was little of novelty in the separate tbougbttof
he diseouise and be said nt the outset
hat he could boe on such a subject to offer
othing that was new the forcible and
..hie arrangement nt.d presentation of them.
e delicate humor, the glowing rhetoric,
'ie sound deductions, tl e earcrit, fair asd
ipeful spirit of tbe lecturcr.Leldbislicarets
more than interested intent and delighted
r an hour and a halt ; and it must have been
very imr-ive t ester wbo did cot gain
instruction, ho;- and impulse lor good as
nell aa entertainment from the lecture. It
as frequently interrupted hy arplausc, and
a hearty round at the clow evinced tl c grat-
iieation of tbe nudtcteo.
KJitariil Cerrrspcn leace of the Free Pres.
I'lom ihc West Indies.
No. V.
r. Croix, Jan. '1, ISO".
In toy le.M letter I pit a giccrel account of
the petnlhr liber syttcm in force, in this uland
tor the versing f the " (itatei " or planta
tions is they would he called in our country.
7:i3ugh the main points of that system were fit
'. rib, 1 trust with clearness and sufficient ful
r.ess, there are many subordinate points mat-
rt of detail which need to be kcovrn before a
ttranger ran see hoe it all werks in practice.
What the cbaoge from the ft -tea of elate la
bor to the system of free labor sicb as that
sjitem is effected in this island, can cot le
clearly aprrehtcded, withont a knowledge of
what slavery was here, for a gentraticn crtwo
immediately anterior to the general emancipa-
-in act of Governor General Yen Schelltn in
;,-MS. Had enough at slavery continued to b
ion; as it had any existence, it had been
i atly meliorated frcm what it was a century
1 'ore. acd to long as tbe slave trade was allow-
in these iilandr. The humane spirit of the
Kings of Denmark, Christian VII and Chriitian
Till, daring the fore Tart of the rretcnt cen
tury, was constantly influential to check by
holcscme laws tic rapacity and barbarity cf
s'.ive owners, overseers acd drivers ; and to im
prove the condition of tbc slaves. The Goverccr
General, Von Scbolten, who held his office aa
nth and resided in St. Croix from 1627 to the
middle of 1B18 (having been previously Govern-
r of St. Tbcnias) wts proverbial for the leal
with which be seconded tbe humane disposition
of the crown. Practically his power here was
hirdly inferior to that of the King himself ; and
he was cot slow to use it whenever hs thought
the occasion demanded. Flagrant acts of atro
cious treatment wire lealously hunted up and
the guilty parties were vigorously punished.
Borne of his most important measures for the
benefit of the slave population, I shall have oc
casion to notice in tbe progress of these letters
If in early times the slave was regarded here
much as elsewhere, as no other than a two-legged
brute, to be fed and worked i clely for the own
er's pleasure acd profit as a creature destitute
of any " rights which a white man was bound
ta respect," as an animal which might be
starved, beaten cr maimed at the pleasure of a
brutal overseer or at the command of an infur
lated owner, acd even the life of the slave taken
n' the pleasure of the master, the case was far
different under Yon Scbolten's rule. No doubt,
even in his time, instances of very cruel treat
ment of the slaves would in numberless cases
escape punishment I have heard auuaiocs
made to them cot caly by those who once were
slaves but by aged white residents such allu
sions accompanied with strong emotion at the
painful recollection for, as cce, once a slave,
who bought his freedom from a kind master
wbo cevcr struck him a blow, said to me,
" it was better for the slave to submit
ia most cases acd hope for kinder treatment to
follow than by complaining to expose himself
to be kept in purgatory all the time after.
Nevertheless, it was a ?reat thing for the slave,
that the law afforded him protection in many
rights, and that redress Ic extreme eases of in
justice vu within his reach. Some of these
riWi wtr the ful!ow!o( ; and If on omparlng
them with tbe barbarous slave codes so recently
in force in the southern portion cf our own
country, the comparison shall appear mich to
oar disfavor, we must be the moie thankful
that slavery has cow no legal existecce through'
out the vast domain of tbe United States.
Firtt, The slave was cot rrgardcJ as a mere
ckatUI, to be held, treated, bought and sold ex
actly as a brute is, if tbe owner so pleated. His
personal relation to tbe owner was mere truly
that of one bound to rcnJer service and labor
without reward hut yet possessed of many ef the
rights of manhood. He could, according to the
common phrase, be sold b his owner under cer
tain limitatiocs, acd he could le levied upon
and sold for the benefit of a creditor ;
bat he could not be biought forward and ti
posed to view for that purre.ee at an auction
as a horse or inanimate thinir is. The
disgraceful and shocking exhibition in puhlio
of mn and women to be examined acd sold like
ot es common lately in own Southern States,
anu sj often the subject cf indignant comment
by the philantbropiit acd christian, was cot
allowed here.
Stcond. If perseviringly and flagrantly
abased by his owner, theowner could be compel
led to sell the slave for a fair price to a master
who would treat him more kii dly. No doubt ap
pb'catiocs to the magistrate fir redress in cases
of that sort would cot he cnoourael, unless the
abuse was fligrant and clearly trau.vnleJ the
degree cf severity t-elieve-1 to le cccaeiocally
neccsiary to secure older icd industry in the
laborers. Hut the pe-tih litj of such an ap
peal to the magittratr, and cf tu:h a result,
must have wcrked leceSciall fir the slave.
Third. The slave had the right to acquire
bybenest mtans pereccal property, which his
owner had oo right to deprive him of. He
might use means so acquired to get more,
to aid to his comforts or to purchase his own
or his wire's or his children's freedom, if le
please 1; and if the owner refined to sell, or de
manded an exorbitant price, the price could be
determined by an impartial commission, and the
owner coull cot refuse to asept It.
fourM. There were no obetaclei by law in
the way cl emancipation. It is well known that
in our Southern States it was a frrqntnt provision
of State law that a elave should not be made
free, unlets ampile security was given that
the freed jereon shoull not become chargeable
ta the public for support. . In tome cases tho
8ctr ConM not fan his slaec raetpt by firtt
taking him outside of the retch of the State
law and leaving him in another acd & free State.
Here it was only ceccssary fer the oncer to o'e-
clare the slate free before witotiec and le bave
the declaration prapetly recorded.
Fifth The husband could uA be sold re
motely from the wife, the wife remotely from
the husband, nor the child remotely from its
mot' rr.
Siztk. The slave hal, to a certain extent, a
legal dates If fore the Courts. Though this
testimony could not be taken in civil atfeirs I
believe, yet in criminal cases it would be, on
the same footing as that cf a white man. What
a different condition for the slate this was from
that in cur Southern Slates, where the pre
vailing rule was that no black or mulatto pcr
sn's testimony was allowed in any ea-e which
concerned a white man !
Strtnth. We all kntw that in cur Southern
States it waj a punishable oBVlk under
the law, for any one to teach a ilave to
read or to ante, acd only by stealth, or occa
sionally by an icdulgect master, or more often
aa indulgent mistress, wai the law ditrrcarded
in favor of ssme favorite slave. In the Danish
Islands there waa no such prohibition. On the
contrary school houses erected in diQrrent parts
aad schools maintained at the expense ef the
gjverrmont for the rxirres purpose of giving
the children of the slaves an elementary educa
Hut the subject cf the education and religious
instruction of the slaves anterior to eraaneipa
tion. -nd of the laboring olatea since that
event, I must leave for a fuller notice hereafter.
Tours, ic, G. W. D.
No. VI.
Marktt day al Ckriitianitad.
Sr. Caoix, Jin. o, IS6T.
It may gratify your readers to line me break
the lice of my graver rrmaika on the institu
tions and customs cf St. Croii, by a description
ef market day ic this place. Aescrdicg to long
usage, Saturday of each week is market day for
Chrittianstad acd Frederickstad, tie only two
towns on tbe island. A considerable open space,
perhaps half to three quarters of an acre in
extent, bets ten the buildings on four sides of
it, ii fenced off by chains for the occasion, so
that teams cannot interfere with the operations
carried on within. Puring the foresoou labor
ers from the estates, men, women and children,
will be seen on the roads streaming into town,
some ia the little rude one horse carts owned in
great numbers on the island, and others on foot
the carts acd the heads of the walkers loaded
with articles cf produce to sell, the articles
beicg stowed in bulk ic the carts, or carried in
bsgr acd trays on the head. Nearly all are
jauntily dressed and all seem to be tn capital
spirits In anticipation cf the pleasures of traffic
and tbe opportunity to meet acquaintances acd
bave a good time generally.
About coon the market is in pretty full oper
ation, acd to a stranger it preseots a oovel and
amusing spectacle. At first sight, as one comes
cear, the entire area seems to be filled with
huodrcds cf persons standing acd moving about,
being chiefly women dressed in long gowns of
light eoler, acd with colored kerchiefs wreathed
around their heads, so as to make a covering in
form half way between a Turkish turban and a
steeple shaped cap, or else made up as a close
round cap with a bread tsg like a tail banging
down behind.
On going nearer, the standing acd moving
crowd in the market ground are seen to be
commingled with another multitude similar in
appearance but seated en the ground, singly or
in little grcupe, having by them spread out on
the grouod cr oo trays cr bits of cloth a hest
of little piles from tb: site of oce's fist to that
of a half peck measure. These piles consist of
the various fruits and vtgetables which they
have to sell Tbe surface of the street is smooth
acd hard, acd theretcre cot so ill adapted to
sneh an arranges e it a oce might suppose.
No particular order of disposition is regarded.
Each one seems to bave squatted wherever he or
she found aa open place the ihu form by
far the largest proportion, acd all are engaged
in a ceaseless overflow of jabber. I call
it jabber, for though it 11 said to be English, the
prooaeiation it to different from ours acd so
peculiar, that It ia rare that I can make cut a
word of it as commonly uttered. As for tht
vegetables acd fruits thai covering the ground,
a few of them a stranger would know at light.
Oranges, bananas, acd sweet potatoes would be
old acquaintance to him probably; and green
cocoa cuts he would guess at from their shape
and'alre. Bat It would Le a novelty to oo
who had just ceme icto a tropical regioo, to see
a man or stout boy standing by a pile of them
with his bill a sort of broad bladed. crooked
knife, the blade three to four inches wide aod a
foot long, equally useful to cut up cane in tbe
field acd to chop up small fuel or do any ether
rough cutting work in the kitchen and on an
assent to buy, proceed to back off the crten
covering cf a cat, trim away the thick white
corky bask acd with a (mart blow of tbe bill
cat off the top so as to expose a hole, from which
the purchaser could drink tbe pint or so of
sweetish cutntcus fluid within and all fur
" oce ceot " Huodieds cf little piles are Ken
on every hand, of sneet potatoes ot divers col
orj, yams, e ranges, Iimee, sugar apcles. ginger
roots, peppers, okra, pigecn peas, it, bunches
of roots like little onions, water cresses, bay
leaves, abortioos of cabbages, acd scores of ether
cj tables of which I have cct learned the names,
each pile offered for one cent. Now and
men a more ambitious pile is seen the
price cf which ia "seven cents." Theiumn
from "ooc cent" to " seven cents," which one
ejes made inccsseent.y, sounds very odd. "What
magic is there about that particular sum.
tevec ceots.'" one asks himself, that it is
earned on every haod rather than five ceots,
six ceots, cr ten cents, as ia the case in our
Northern markets ! The solution to the ques
tion lies in the tact that formerly the halfilittr,
a little Dscish coin worth about seven and a
half cents, was tbe " half bit" in common use.
Thit hat been taltn cut ef circulation acd five
and ten cent piccis arc used. But the measure
of the article sold for the half stiver continues,
and the price cesrest to it, "seten cents," keets
it company.
The tiles in the market are not limited to
green fruits and vegetables. Trsys of corn
meil are dealt out by the little half-calabash
full for cce cent, thcllcd peas, sugar cakes.
dried fish, dabs of fresh batter; and cow acd
then ebickecs tied by the legs together are to le
founJ, and an occasional live turkey tied by the
keels quietly awaits a purchaser at such price
he can command. I believe, however, the
live turkey lies under some restrictions as to his
appearance in the Saturday market the pre
sumption being, unices the seller can show a
pass" to sell turkey, that he has been stolen
and therefore liable to seizure by some limb of
the law. Extensive, so fir as number is con
cerned, a3 these petty sales are on market day.
many householders are supplied from day to
day at their houses; and besides, trays loaded
with fruit, bread, &c. for sale, are to be seen
Cry day under tbe arcades along tbe street
sides and on the heads of barefooted perambu
lators. Besides the miscdlancoa tavrket above des
cribed, there is another, a few streets off, for the
sale of wood acd coal. Here are to be seen
great quantities of large fjggots cemposel cf
sticks cf wood each stick from an inch and a
bilf to a finger's thickness in diameter, and
about three feet long, each faggot tied up by
string ot bark or small withes; the faggot i
nearly as large round as a man's body, and for
tale for "seven cents." Smaller ones of little
twigs go for cce ceot. These foggots constitute
the fuel generally csed in each household in the
town. Great quantities perhaps I might more
truly saj many niuntities cf coals are i!o sold.
These ci-r.Is are all burned from the small sized
wood above tpekee ef. and hundreds ef little
piliM of this ccal, each for "oce cent," are ex
posed in this market and to be seen exposed
along -he streets fer sale cc other days. There
are many operations here for which oce cent's
worth of ceal will scll.ee. These who please
have a chance to purchase cc marktt day by tbe
"1 agful" for a dollar a bag.
'-Burning charcoal" without leave, ia oce of
the things tchibited to the estate laborer, by the
"Labor Act." The temptation to pilfer small
wood and stealthily burn it into ceal is little
coal pits beneath the surface of the ground, to
procure an article which is sure to sell for cash,
is very gicat. As a cheek to dishonest acts cf
Hit sort, 1 am told that the appcaraoce cf coal
at msikct is under tone special regulation.
' l'assis" to have so many faggots of wood or
so many tegs cf ceal ic tLe lead, arc furnished
to these wbo bring them to market, acd are
scictiuizcd by a police efficer, to prevect frauds.
If aiy tec thicks that I have described a very
small market and a way of doing things cc a
very small scale, I can only remind him that
St. Croix i a very small principality and Chris
tiatiStad only a very small town.
Yours, G. W. B.
1 ii r Nicht Session. There was less in
t xication in tbc House ol Reprcssntatives,
un Tucedaj night, than is commonly expect
ed in such rotrattcd night ecseiocs ; but
there a ears to Lave been a gcod deal of
fun going, which tbc N. Y Triiune protests,
against as Icing very undignified, as unqucs
tio ably it wes ; but members of Congress
arc mortal acd il they do nothing worse than
crack poor jokes on such occasions the coun
try will tuivive.
The members v ere retained by a call of
tLe Hume acd by locking the doors. Sev
eral me ml ere escaped by crawling through
the ttet.tom over one of tbe lobby doors.
Points of order were jocularly raised against
eniukirg, snuiicg acd eating. So many of
these Ik tight in by the Sergeant-at-arms
oSercd sickness as an excuse for absence,
that Gcc. Schccck inquired il any epidemic
prevailed. Two members having reported
that tbcy had been made ill by eating Ojb
tcrs , a question was raised as to tbc pos
sibility of two gentlemen being able to eat
the same oysters, which was decided in llo
negative by the Chair, and that one mutt
bavodevouicd the shells.
Mr. Orth having been captured by tbe
Scrgcant-at-arms, made tbe excuse that he
had been home to dinner.
Mr. Scbenck inquired where be bad got
bis dinner? II in tbc restaurant or the
House that war penalty enough.
Mr. Eldridgc moved tbat.bcingeuhjugatcd,
he accept suffrage without regard to race or
color, and take tbc test oath.
Mr. Rogers inquired whether it would be
in order to have bam sandwiches supplied to
members ?
Tbe Sfeaker icpltcd that that would re
quire an appropriation, and would liavo to
be first considered in Committee ol tbe
Tbc members were severally excused cn
payment or costs of arrest.
President Johnson gave a State din
ccr at the White house,Wedcesday evening;
at which the guests were Chief Justice
Chase, Justices Nelson, Wayne, Miller,
Davis, Justice Clifford and lady, Justice
Field acd lady, Senators Anthony, Spragoe,
Buckalew, Cowan, Cragic,acd lady, Dixon
acd lady, Dkolittle and lady, Edmunds,
Frrlirghuyetn ecd Nrimitb. Ihc dinner
was intended for tbe Supreme Judgea and a
few Senators, vtbcec names were selected al
phabetically, except Senator Sprague acd
lady, who are of Chief Justice Chase's fam
ify. The r.ext Stale dinner will lc given t j
tho remainder or tbe Senators and some ol
tLe Representatives.
City ot HurllngtoT.
rcocTECisos or boasd or JimsHt.v.
Burlington, Jan. 23d, 1S67.
uoaru met. 1'retcct AkferiMn Appletem
Arthur, Balltu, Illediett, Uedce, I'ttk-.Taft
and notcesttr.
ine ordinance in retvjon to the Fire IVpart-
msct reported by the CeeBr&iitee on Fire Uvpart-
mect Jao. Hist, was Ukta up and pawl.
This ordinance aatbcriua the appoictceat ef
three Fire Wardens, oce fun eveh v.d, wbo
take a for tie n if the duties ef the Fughwers, in
respect te oversight of stoves, e 'nit. ejs and
property liable to lire; and i.tif pr.eiic.lly to
the rtrcticn tbe seltettis cf tie ! i gitccrs.
-Mr. BaCon's resolution in tefiicr.ee to tbe
Waterworks, introduced nl.lei.-t tie-ins;,
was thee taken ap.
On motion of Alderman TH, iLercsUutUc
was amended by striking cut the per Too re
lating to pier and woci'u-i food nit extendtrg
icto the Lake.
Alderman Dodge moved to amend the iteolc
ticu by striking out all after the resolving
clause, aod substituting thetollowiag :
That the Enricter of the Citv Water Works
le instructed to procure bids fer the rights,
materials, acd labor rxecrsary to carry out the
following plan for furoUhm? the ntr with an
abundant supply ot water, through a reservoer
at least one hundred feet higher than the pres.
cnt oce on Tearl Street. Securing proposils
for :
Right to divert oOO.OOO gallons dailr from
the WinocsM River at some joint above the
lower uam at uinooslci f alls.
Right to sufficient water power to elevate the
Btme into a Reservoir 300 feet above the Lake.
witu land on which to erect a building for
pumps, waterwheel, &c.
Construction of such building.
Construction and nuttier in niece water
wheels, pumps and necessary machinery.
Pipe of suitable calibre aod material frem
tbe pumps to the reservoir, acd thence to the
old reservoir on Pearl Street.
Land on the ridce East of the Collece for
reservoir, acd coastrnction of same, of capacity
tj store tin million gallons.
l.iteceion of six inch iron pipe tn Tearl St.
from Chuuh street to Like street, there to con
nect with aa eight inch iron pipe extending
from Mr. Liesley'g Mill to College street,
thiough the Lumber yards, together with 20
hjdraats and all necessary fix urea to complete
the works above indicated acd put them in
working order.
Also proposal to operate and keep in repair
tin pumping machinery, waterwbeels, ic. for
five years Iroo their completion.
On this amendment tbe vote stood : yics,
Messrs. Dodge, Taft, Worcester ; nayi, Mtssn.
Appletoo. Ballon, Blodgett and Peck, so it waa
not adopted.
Mr. Bailee's resolution was then passed, yeas,
Messrs. Appleton, Arthur, Bilkm, Blodgett and
Peclo ; aoji, Messrs. Dodge, Taft, Worcester.
Alderman Taft offered the followicg resolution
w hich was passed unanimously.
lltmlxtd by tbe City Couceil of the city o'
Burlington that tbe City Treasurer he directed
ts open an account of expenditures of the con
struction of the water works and credit the
same with tbe amount received from the rale of
Water Bends, acd pay frcm such funds, so re
ceived, all warrants drawn in payment of ac
oounts for such constitution.
The following resolution was offered by Alder
man Taft and unanimously adopted.
Htsolrtd, ic , That tbe Mayor be requested
to settle all accounts of expecses tor running the
water works ef the cit j from the 1st of October
lc6C to the 1st day of February 1SC7, ami his
warrant for the payroeot of the same is hereby
approved, and he is also directed to see that all
receipts of water rents for the same period be
paid to tbe City Treasurer.
The follow ing resolution was introduced by
Mr. Taft ami adopted.
Ritoltri, 4r , That no contract te made cn
account of the construction of water works for
the city until tbe money to be paid on such con
tract be rtal;i.l from the sale of bonds and
pieced in the City Treasury ; but the city may
contract for the construction of the whole or
part ofsmh work, pAymcttobemadein bonds,
at such prices as may be agreed on.
A resolution greeting the use of City Hall to
Mr. W. 0. Perkics.cfBcstoo, during the mouths
of July acd August uijt, for the sessions of a
musical institute, at all times when cot required
by the city er other parties rtcticg the tame.
Board then adjourned to Mcndsy next at 24
P. M.
Govee.mjr JIabvis CHiTTC-ecrx. The bio-raphie-il
sketch if this excellent man as given
hy Rev. P. 11. VA hit in the Vermont Record,
has caused some discaesioa as to the correctness
of some of the statements which are quite mater
ial. Somebody i eks thioagh the columns of
the Free Press, act declares that Mr. Chittenden
" desired the troora to go to Pittsburgh aad
offered to go himvif." NT then, there is
abundant proof that he went to Darlington when
lac mtutia were preparing tn emnaric, ana ad
vised them n 1 1 j c,. over. My father, the late
Samuel B. Kenne ! , was oce of the volunteers
in the battle of Platt-burgh, arid marchel from
liolton in the company oommvsued by Captain
John Pinneo. I have eft en heard him relate the
circumstances connected with their adventures.
and atnoag ether thirgs be said that while at
Unrlington Governor Chittenden came among
them and talked to the volunteers in a friendly
manner and advised them not to go over to
Pbttsburgh but return quietly to their homes.
.My fitber was a personal trtend ot Jir. cnuten-
dea acd always spoke of this as the great mis
take ot bis lite.
Gso. W. Kcx.xrDT.
WTracav, Jae 25, 1S67.
Walton' Journal.
For tbe Free Press.
A Voice fiom the Spirit Lnnd.
Listen, my friends, unto my vo-ce,
Aod let your wraegbs,; cease.
And with your foolish words of strifo
Do cot disturb my peiee.
A nnn who's bad his day of toil
His night's repose would claim.
And in his lowly, narrow bed
Forget both praise acd blame.
What matters whether sharp or dull,
A learned man or fool,
Or whether I belonged to tbis
Or that political school?
Since ytm bave shown by many proofs
I m to peace inclined,
Let me henceforth repose In peace,
Accerdiag to my mind,
And don't disturb with ills words,
Uttered j erring men,
The quiet rest of your servant, sirs,
Gov. Macti.v CnlTTESDIS.
Wi!iO".tKi. Ate. special meeting of the
citizecs of Winooski list week, tho Com
mittee priviuusly jppointed to draw up a
set of by-laws under tho village charter,
made report, and their report was accepted,
and the by-laws adop'id.
Oce of them provides that the Trustees
" shall build acd keep in repair such cum
ber of rcftivoite as in their judgment is
necessary for the safety of tbo village'"
agaiust fire.
The question ul furnishing tho villago
with a fire irgine wof left open to be acted
upon at an adjaurcc-d tsteting to be held in
four weeks l.enec dt tbc same hour and
place. A committee wag appointed to ievca
irgitethe subject meanwhile and report at
tbe adjourned meetirg. Tbc meeting seemed
almost loantinouely to favor tho project of
procuring a tttam fire tngine.
Paiisis. Patents were issued to the
fellowicg Verrccnteis for tbe week ending
Tuesday, Jan. loth:
S. Richardson of Jericho acd J. S. Adams
of Burlington, for improvement in potato
Royal II. Millikrn of Springfield, for im
provement ia rocket knives. Antedated
Jan. 5. 1SG6.
E. A. Pond acd M. S. Richardson of Rut
land, for improvement in gas apparatus.
IVtectcd March 27, lbCC.
BniiR a.vd Ciihsk. The St. Albans
Afeirencer rublisLts a table showing that
there were shipped from that place in 1SGG,
2.617,195 roncds of tntler end S?2,195
pounds of cheese. Tbis is less t!an tbe year
previous, acccontcd for by the fact that
aicci) tbo abiogUioa ol thu Reciprocity
Treaty, much Canadian butter acd cheese
bas found a market elsewhere, which used
to be brought to St. Allans. But as it is.
145,CC0 rounds more butter were shipped
than in 18C4. end that year showed the
largest shir mcnts of any for fourteen years.
Bitter. Very little butter was brought
in to market, yesterday, acd less sold. Bos
ton markets are full acd dull. Prices were
25 to 30 cents except for small extra lot.
cr. .-wcutij .Ufjjenjer, 23d.
The Crosby- Opir.i Hotrsx. A despatch
from Chicngo, Jan. 27, says Crosby of
Chieago, hashought back trc Opera
House of Mr. Le, tho holder of tbe winning
ticket, for $200,000. Before tho drawing
the home was valued at $000,000. Of
course tbe winner had to take what Crosby
ehose to offer bim, as he could not collect by
law a prize won in sbttcry.
Fhirty-Xinth CongressSecond Session
Wasiusctox, Jan. 22.
The bill chanzioc the mode cf acDointinz
Pension Agents, and providing that such agenta
hereafter be appointed by the President, by aad
with the content of the Senate was amended,
and sect to the House tor concurrence.
The tariff bill was taken up. some amendments
made cce putting the bill in force en the 1st
of April acd during discussion the Senate ad
Mr. Wilson of Iowa, reported the house bill
to declare valid certain proclamations of the
President during the suppression ef the rebel
lion, with sundry amendments. Tbe amend
ments were all screed to and the bill recommit
Mr. Boutwell reported a bdl declaring it to
be a rnle of all Courts of the United States that
any person guilty of treason, bribery, or other
felony, or who bad given aid, comfort or counsel
to the enemies of the United States, or who en
gaged in rebellion against the United States,
shall cot be allowed to practice in Courts. Af
ter some discussion ilr Boutwell called the
previous question, when the Democrats to pre
vent a vote from being taken made all sorts of
The House remained ic session until 8 o'clock
next morning, tht scenes up to that time being
repetitions and variations cf those in the earlier
part or the eight.
Forty votes were taken by yeas and cays. At
leogth an offer to compromise came from the
Republican ranks, Mr. Boutwell suggesting
that by common consent the House should meet
at 11 o'clock Wednesday morning, and that the
hoar between that and noon should be at the
disposal of the Democratic members who wished
to debate the bilL The House took a recess un
til 11 o'elock.
The House reassembled at 11 o'clock and Mr.
Fnck took the floor against the bill.
Messrs. Rogers, Boyer aod Niblack followed
on the sime side.
The Speaker immediately called the House to
order in conformity with as agreement made
yesterday, and announced that Lbs rote would
now be proceeded with.
The vote resulted as follows : Yeas 103, Nays
42; so the bill passed.
The Sergeaat-at-Airas was ordered to present
at the bar the members under arrest for absent
ing themselvca without leave yesterday.
Forty-four were brought up in front of the
Speaker's chair.
The discharge of members upon the payment
of the usual foes except those fined under the
first call, and these who left after that call was
agreed to.
Mr Kassoa then introduced a resolution to
arrest Mr. Farqaahar for forcing himself into
the House last session after the call and after
the door had been closed. Laid on the table.
Mr Boutwell from the judiciary com. reported
back the bill to amend the act of March 1792.
declaring officers who shall act as President aod
Vice President in case of vacancies.
After discussion it was recommitted.
The Post Office Appropriation bill was then
passed, acd the House adjourned.
Waiuixctox, Jan. 23.
In the Senate to-day petitions and memorials
were introduced by Messrs Wade, Howe, Fes
cenden, Edmunds, acd others, which were
referred to appropriate committees.
Among them was oce from tbe bank of St.
Albans, Vt, asking to be reimbursed for the
money stolen from the bank during the raid of
rtbel thieves and burglars.
Tke bill of the House prescribing rales for tht
qualification of lawyers practicing in the U. S.
Courts was read and referred to the judiciary
The tariff bill came up, and a camber of
amendments were offered which were cot agreed
Mr. Edmonds moved to amend by loserting
in the free list books, charts, maps, &, im
ported for use in public libraries acd pending
its consideration, no quorum being present the
Senate adjourned.
Wasmsgtom, Jan. 18.
Mr. Morrill from the com. on commerce re
ported a bill to prevent smuggling which ty
unanimous consent was considered and passed.
Mr. Frelinghuyscn of New Jersey was quali
fied an 1 took bis seat
The bill by Mr. Wade to provide for the allot
ment of members of the Supreme Court among
the circuits was referred to the committee on
The tariff bill came up at one o'clock.
The question recurred upon Mr. Edmunds'
amendmeot to put books, maps, charts imported
for literary societies, colleges aod libraries on
the free list.
Agreed io, 23 ayes to 13 cays.
Mr. Kirkwood moved to amend by reducing
the -uty on lumber used for fencing.
Sir. Chandler wanted to see tbe duty on
lumber increased as it was a product of labor and
could not be sufficiently protected under the
present tariff.
An amendment by Mr. Frelinghuyscn to raise
the duty on lioseed to thirty cents per bushel
aad on linseed oil to thirty cents per gallon;
was agreed to.
Mr Bidwell reported a bill to extend the pro
visions of the Agricultural College act to the
State of Tern
After cocsiderabie debate Mr Doaoelly moved
aa amendment that land granted should be held
by the State ofTeocetsee aod that no person
shall be employed as professor or teacher in such
college who ever held office under the so-called
confederate government. It was adopted.
The House proceeded to the conaideratloa of
Mr. Stevens reconstruction bill and Mr. Ray
mood addressed tbe House against the bill.
He waa followed by Mr. Shellabarger in tap-
port of it.
Mr. ateveas announced his intention to call
the reconstruction bill to-morrow, aod in view
of the conflicting opinion on the Republican ride
to move to lay It on the table.
The com. on ways acd means were Instructed
to inquire into tbe expediency of repealing the
tax on cotton.
On motion of Mr. Dodge the President was
requested to communicate Information In refer
ence to the removal of tbe Protestant church
meeting at the American embassy at Rome.
The House then weot into com. of the whole
when Mr. Morrill made a speech on the financial
question. He contended that the resumption of
specie payment could not be obtained without
some cnrtailmeot of legal tenders eay two hun
dred miliums, cor until by stiffeoicg the tariff
we checked th outgoing of California gold.

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