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VOL. XXXV. NEW SERIES VOL- XIII. BURLINGTON, VT.. FRIDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 8. 1807 NUMBER THIRTY-TWO
Poctrv The Scant) of Old Age. I vften think each tottering tor is Tint limp along in life's decline, ( inoe lion? a heart as youn;;. as warm, Ab foil of idle fault as air I And each has' had iu dream of jay. Its own unequalled, pare romance. Commencing whe a the blushing boy First thrilled at lovely woman's glance. Ad J each could tell his tale of yanth. Would think its scenes of lore erinee More passion, more unearth 1 train Than any tale before or since. 1 ee ! they eoald tell of tender late. At midnight penned m cUsie sendee. Of days more bright than medemdsyg And maids more fair than modern saii J b : or whispers m a willii g ear ; Of kisses on a blushing cheek, l.ach kiss, each whisper far too dear Oar modern lips to give or apeak, if passions too untimely crossed Of passions slighted or betrayed Of kindred spirits early lost. And bads that blossomed bat to faie. Of beaming eyes and tresses gay, Klaatic form and noble brow, A &d forms that haTc all passu! away. And left them whit we see thesa now. And is it thne is human Iotc So very light and Trail a thing ? And most youth's brightest vision sieve Forever on Time's reaves) wing? Mast all the eyes that still arc bright. An i all the lips that talk of hilar, ail s!l the forms so fair to sight. Hereafter only come to this? line what are all earth's treasons worth, If t. - at '.i'Jgth most lose them thnr !:: , vjne most on earth I'.c ! -tg most fade away from os? TI i s c a 1 1 K o ti s . The 1 a sura's Taxrs. The? following lm ; i :nt iecisiona have recently been Riven Ik i e Cumraiemom'r f Internal Revenue at W u-Lington : 1 . Fu mere will not be required to make re turn of pradnoe consumed in their own im mediate (amities. 2. "The farmers' prcfi'r from salts of lire clock are to be found ly deductinr from the gross receipts for aniruila fold, the purcbatc money paid for the same. If animals have In en lost daring the year by death and robbery, the uurchase money paid for such animals may be d. -dieted from the gross income of the firm ; Vo deduction can be made by the farmer f the nine of services reudered by hie minor cL.Uiin, vLether he actually pays for such ser--. i r or r. '. If adult children work for him and receive compensation for tbrir labor, they are to be regarded as other bind laborers in determin ing his ir.coruc. 1. Money paid for Ul' . exaapt such as is used and employed in domestic semes, or in the production of articles consumed la the family of the producer, may be dedncitd. H Sn dednction cat: 1- !!weJ in any ease : r tt CfSt cf nnprodurti . larmr. If boose t r , itnts are employed a portion of the time in iinJuvtive tabcr, such as the iraking of butt r and cheese for sale, a prop -rticnaie amount of the wages paid them may N" tcdacted. f. KirtenstJ'for ditebi'g u.i clcariof new 1,'T:.I are plainly eipensea for perfeacsnt im j.' iTcraent and cot dedactcJ ; The wliole amount exorcded for frttilii cia applied da: ing the year to the farm may be deducted, bat no ded action is allowed fur fertil isers prodartd on the farm. The sort of seed purchased' m soping and planting may be it dnrted. ClRI -ITiES or tb Xarw VoKK ClTT L'gs m s. T: o census of tl.r Lt jear dereli p ', inte-iw-ting taots.tbat tb: i-aces of womm r iirccly increased oicved ISfiO. as ha al r . t number of naturalized voters ; the t.uui'er of traeboldere, or aliens, and ot per-n,- v ho cannot read and write, hao decreas ed. lUt immigrants from ti e Southern States "ttle in the city, wfcilr tWc from the Northern State settle in tbe country ; that one out of three foreign iuiuiirant-9 stops in the citj ; tliat there ar.- cigt.tecn persons in the city who arc ever hundred Teats old ; that there are in the city 42,909 rsmi liee wbo have no children ; 1:7 ,48-1 with one e'.ild ; nearly the same miuilcr with two eioldrtn ; 7304 with five t-'iildreu, and two with twelve children; mrt there were 1 Z'2 marriages in the cit ; tii:t the most c mmon wages for men is 50 ui r.tb, af ter which, in order, come $0fl", $40, 65, ". $75 and 52; that tw. women get rn a month, the bigLcet ng paid to per sons of their sex in the my. and that the mn.un rate is only 20 ; laetly, that of t! e ;..u.-s of the city V74 arc of atocc. 34, 7S7 or brick, 10.28 ot oud, and S'Ji Jo not one onder any !' t.'ie classes, total number ot houses in the city is 4.9,544, which shelter 716,443 inhabitant!!. Tni Wivteb Fashions. Jennie June" write frosi New York to the Boston Post : Tic iniiici skirts have got about aa far as tiiif on (to fashion hat undoubtedly no limits except the pulses of its votaries, but twenty-Eve fit-l front bouses have, aud the skirts trailing iwo or more yards upon ihf ground in an as etmblage cf two or three hundred persons, iruwdid into two sn.&21 or one long narrow rccci.hsvp, to sy the leatt, rather an inglorious time cf it. About the new short dre&M-e there is no ques tion; it is tie m jst admirable, Kn?ible and use ful fashion tint has been invented in modern tunee, and we hope sincerely that Udici every where will sustain it and make it permanent. The short gored dress has all th? advantages of the Illoomer. and more, without auy of its disadvan tage. It is pretty, rent, convenient, modeet and inexpensive. It protUes a eottume in which Udin can walk, ride or travel all the year round, with as much ease as gentlemen can in their comfortable .'.oth suits. But it aiut be made well and tasti fully, of material suited to the rtyle, and of a quality that will Hani wear and exposure without injury. Looee paletots made of thick tnffed cloths, are undoubtedly the most popular cloaks of the season; they are warm aud comfortable, require no lining and no trimraiug beyond the fashion able large button, and are therefore not costly, though the cloths themselves re expensive. They are only Ftylish, however, in light colors, white, cream, and -Ure color, and therefore will not last more than one season. Apart from the white, cloaks which are quite uniiiue.rierbaps the prettiett and most dressy cloaks of the seaion are the half-fitting paletots in Humboldt purple and marine blue velvet cloth trimmed upon the seams (lengthwise) with heavy black silk braid?, worked with jet. The ft red sack cloak hith slet-tega&d a round cape trimmed with a narrow border of gicbe or Attractn, it the nust sensible anl useful cloak of the reason, but It is hardly introduced here jet, and will probably be more fashionable next Winter than it has been this. The short sioque eat oot or trimmed to match the skirt will be the garment generally worn with short dretscs luring the Spring eaa..n. Heavy black silk is more in vo;ue than ever; it is cut gored without plaits and with a lonj trim. Narrow leather trimmiug is mash used for ttin drestes. Greek bands for tbo hatr arc Airg out of fashion and flowers are coming in. Vtung ladies dress their hair very high behind nl with one lonp "Alexandra" curl behind the r xht car. A comb and a small flower or bow oi lace or ribbon is considered sufficient decora- People who would rather hear what the people in Japan arc doing than to haTC a weekly intercourse with men and things in their own county, should Uko a city paper. But ll tbey prefer an intiuate knowleii ot their own county they iH take a local paper, tbaoRh it coat one cent a week more ian a wiy paper. As thing, stand now, we cannot print s. tiatier for leu th.n so n.1 rTjear. AVe pay 20 cir.ls per pound for the white paper. Si Tears azo the tinea was $1 50 per year, and white paper 8 cents per toond. It will not reouire treat mathe matical development to enable a man to see that the publisher's profits art far leu now than six years ago. Lyndon Union The farajus trotting stallion " tban Allen," lately owned in Boston, has been gold to ilr. Z. Simmons .if JJcw Vcik for $10,000. Ethan Las teen the time when $25,000 could not Luy tee side ofhitn, but U is est? in h'ii Is'lh year. G. C. Z. IJ. 1 BraEIIlCT. EDITORS A.1D PEOWtmrES. rniDAY MORNHfO. FEDHUAltV 8.1867. The raie cf Jlr. Jlotley. The corref pondcDCs relating to the reai nation of Mr. Motley, as United States Min ister to Austria, is interesting.; Mr. Seward, it Ft-ms, last November adJreased a Utter to Mr. Motley, savin; that a "citixen of the United States" whose name ta not givtn, Lad writtw to the President from Paris tl.i t moat of the United StaU-s Ministers r.cd Contnlc abroad, were "bitterly hostile to t! c President and his administration." "Ik- adds,' aaye Mr Seward ihat you lo not prstend to eoaeeal 'your oVjast,' as he cays you ttylt it, U the I'naidtnt'o wbul-.- condi tion ; tbat yon despise American democracy, and loudly proclaim tbat an English gentle man is the model of human peritctio: ; that the I 'resident has descrttd 1 is pUdt-s and nrinci'Jes in common with Mr. Sewnd, who yon say is bopeleseiv degraded. " Mr. Seward closes with the word, "ycur denial or aonfirmation of these reports t- re- rjoesrted." Mr. Motley replied at some length in a straightforward and indignant letter, sating that he bad thought nt first to content him. i fdf with a "flat denial" of tle reports re garding himself, leaving the other ministers and ootHtiU to answer for thcmaelve aa they are folly competent to do ; but that on rc tketinn, as he wished to have no doubt ebont hit political sen:im"nts ho would Bay u few word ujen them. We quote the niUstunce of the remainder of bis letter ' I have always believed it u-c..'-iv that strong guarantees should be taken against a recurrence or the rebellion and the establish ment of some form of slavery, before the seceded States should be re-admitted to rej.re( ntaticn in&ngress. Latterly I am inclined to the opinion tbat the noblest and the safest course would be by an amendment of the constitution, prohibiting the distinction of race or color in regard to the attainment of the franchise, to f etber with a general mty to be proclaimed by the President. Thee opinions in the privacy of my own household and to an osusunal American visitor, I bave not concealed. I bave never thought during my residence at Vienna that because I have the honor of being a public servant of the American people I am de prived of the right of discussing within luy owa walls the gravett subject that can interest f.'. .' nien. A MinUtcr of the United States is as deeply interested hi others in all that affects the welfare of his country. I have always been cau tioa,boweter,ta such couversttioa,touvUJ any j expressions of direapot towards the Presides: or his Cabinet I have uniform y :atl that in our o.n country the people was n t n!v theor etically but tactically sovereign I Kmc stead ily exprtceed the op niou tbat the President and Congress would be reconciled after the people should have pronounced tbeir f Junta verdict, and I havz added tbat alt r.jrn-s :u t e I'nittd States, as 1 believe, honestly des.reo, aaa re quired the re-tablishment of the I'tii .n, bos- i ever tbey mi'ht differ as to the wisest means of securing it. This is the way in wli fa I have ! been in the habit of speaking, cflic.a.i; ir aetri!- I officially, aud this it my reply to t! e cheats , contained in your letter, so far as tiicy regard in any way the President of the- I'uited :aua That "I despised American dmi-cray an J , loudly proolaim that aa English (teutlrmaa is 1 the model of human perfection," is mi pitfui ; a fabrication that 1 blush while I Jet. ju: it. Any one personally acquainted with ru, or who j has taken the trouble to read my writings,wheth- i cr oScial or historical, knows that & more 'er vent l-elie er in American democracy than i am dots not exist in the world. Vj expressions of reverence for the American people during ' thKe few heroic yrs hav erred, if at all. on 1 the Ue of enthusfeim. cjmI hav often MBttl to tk soeptieal somevhat estravagaat. I accrn to dwell longer on the oontemj.tibb i h-.'-j-. ' That I have called "Mr. Seward horfclc&lly if- ' graded" is a vile calumny, and it siat .is ioe i deeply that ycu coul 1 litco for a tnutBKt to tseh a falsehood. In conclusion I have only to ' addtbarl bag herewith respectfully to r. i sign my post as United States Minuter t.t Vi -a- na. I am, sir, your obedient evact. 1 J. Latbbop MotLtt l It will be noticed that Mr. Molky gif c" I no reuron for his rcoignati-n, L.i-vi.i to it j inferred that ti t in consequence v! t' i i ratumary, nut to ay itiMiiting, way in n l-'i.-li lie bad lieen called to ae-eount by the r.-.e-tary jf Hvtte. We are sorry that Mr. Mot ley did not stoj. longer to coneidci that mat ter he sav be had received Mr. Seward's letter but "an hour or two" I t-fore rrr lving and decide to put Spon ti.e I'rcident and Secretary the odium ol rem ring him, il tbey wanted bis place vacant. As it was, he gave tbo President exactly tl.c opportuni ty he desired ; bis resignation was at or.ee accepted, and the renegade Cowan appointed in his placu. The publication of the correspondent e will probably not greatly improve Cowan's chances for confirmutiou, or add greatly to the popularity of tbc President ana "Bilhc Zoord." The Waebirtgton eorrci'pon Je i. - 4 toe Boston AJrtrtistr says the aii"nm us 'ii xen," wholiae been playing the spy t broad, and telling (lies to the President , specially mentioned Mr. .Marsh, as well as Mr. Mut loy, as among tbc offending ministers. If so Mr. Marsb probably received a similar missive to that sent Mr. Motley. Co.NGSEsfio.v.tL. In the House Jan. 25t'o a sharp debate arose on a motion to strike out ol-tlie Diplomatic Appropriation Bill the ckusc providing lor tbc payment ot the sshry or Mr. Harvey, our Minister resident at Portugal. Mr. Stevens repeated Lis or posiiion of last session to the- clause, and caused to be read Mr. Harvey's fain .tis let ter addressed to Secretary Seward, in woieh he denounced tbo opponents of the Pirsi dent's policy. Mr. Baymord took up tic cudgels for Harvey, stating that be. (Bay mond) in fact was resonsible for tbc pub licity of tbc letter, and therefore should re mark that it was a private letter tj Mr. Seward, and never designed to ii printed. Mr. Eldridgc exclaimed tbat in tbat case, if some one mast be punished by loss or salary, it should bo cither tbc gentleman from Xc.v York or the Secretary of State. Mr. Ray mond facetiously replied If the Hooee held me responsible why did it in crease my salary at its last session?" Ste 'vens immediately responded amid a roar of laughter extending on all side as well as in the galleries "Oh, that was to pay Tor your outfit and expenses at' the Philadelphia Convtnticn." Aa soon as a voice could be heard, Mr. Kayinoud replied" Well, sir, considering my services at that Convention, the extra pay was nono too ranch. " Tie Senate Committee on Commerce has reported unfavorably on the nomination of Gcnetal Conch as United States Collector or Boston, but tbe Senate ha? net yet acted upon it. t The Plminces and ltcsuniptlon ofSieclc Payments. i Srncii dt Hon. J, S. Moebill or Vt. i In th thine January 24M. 1SG7. I ..... Wo mast look at tbc sober facts before us. The inevitable expenses of tbo Government must be r.rovieltd for. The interest on our public debt is f stimatcd next year at 105, 551,512, end unless tbc perpetual paper propagandists shall prevail, upon tbo final redemption of the local-tender currency this vrill be umimatcly increased about twenty or twenty-five million dollars, or in the aggregate more than our whole public debt in lflC, when it reached the Inchest point ($127,331,993) prior to the recent re bellion. Our Navy Las been very larpcly increased, end it is not probable that it will ever i shrinks to it lormer narrow prorortion3. In this Department oar annual expenditure 1 w'l U-f 23,144,810 31, or nearly twice as j lunch es befcre the war. The re gular Army is now fixed at about fifty-four ttiootana men. out we nave to prowuc iur marly ninety thousand fur tbc Cuming year ; and it mutt bo kept capable of instant and formidable expansion. The estimated cost f jr the War Department the coming year is $58,804,657 05. The extra bounty we provided lor last year will amount to $S0, 000,000, all of which iajet to be paid. le jiensi.in appropriation, instead of (.-.uri.iir a lew hciocs of a hundred Teats at ut ti.e involution, and five ur six thous and seined soldiers of the war of 1812 and 1847, now embraces young men, but muti lated in service, in every city, town, und village, to the extent ol nearly one hundred ami tweuly-Ew thousand ; and instead of lees tl.cn a million dollar, as in 1SC2 now icquircv $13,177,-140, or as mucbaatho whole expenses of the Government in l2l and 182. Tho nec- claims ot several States, if tbat of Missouri, already repotted upon at $7,009,000, may be regarded as a fore taste, will weigh heavily upon tie Treas ury. The- Indiaue. Cough rtdured in numbers kiraco the advent of the Pilgrim lathers from not less than httecn millions to two imnareo and rinety-fivc thousand seven hundred and scventT-four, maintain their nomadic and in tractable character, requiring for each a milo square of territory for support where n white man would need but a few nuns, and beyond this an annual and perpetual cxpcndi urcol $3,jOO,MOO more, which doc not include tho large ai d taxable enus it noM; ns out of the military chert to bestow upon thctn, for 7a rio'.s provoked and unprovoked offenses, tbat Christian chastisement which ti.e agents and trader who snatch and devour our amiable charities, tbink tbey need. Last year seven tnouRsnd nine hundred and nine Navajota ! were held by us as prisoners n ijew Mraico at an cx(cnse of $1,500,000. It.r i reedmen s liureou, in .rojortion to it value aud iiuportapee the most economic- al i- i.diturc ot tbc Govcruuicut. will cost fur tl.c evm.ng Mar 5:10.3o0,265 55 ; but it ha .1.4 expended f.ind on hood or two thin.;- tf tl i.- -amount. The elevation of the li.dsati tuiv Ih: nopelees : but fortunately tbo iu.jr ,iiui:' ol five million of the African race i- a iioility obunqcntlj asaurcd With i ta t iLfkxil.U economy, our entire dur riLt oLlications 'vorth their t sr va' expend. i .reo ior all putpoeei cannot he- .Je in gold at borne ' ' ' ' brought n ii to anything like the old stand ard ot sixij or seventy millions per annum, lieavy t.x..tiou i? at present unavoidable; but t'u- w ill etery year be se-nribly dimm iehe! l.y increased wealth and increased po putativii. Our t.sk, il vrcare- wise, will be at leu-t biennially to relieve something from taxation. An annual lUiu. howirtr, is this year to be proiide-d 1, The Put is Exhibition will attract Americans )y thousands, and there i fome grunnd for the satire conveyed in the pretended cable- dispatch, that Napoleon has set apart ljur acres as a grave yard for American visitors wbo may not survive. It will U- a very moderate otimatc to calculate that Eeunty-five thousand persons will this year cruas the Atlantic from the United Sue.., iad tl t- cost will not be less thru $1 ,500 each in gold, or a total of $1)2,500. 000. wliieli m currency would bu over $150,1)00.000. Thi will wallow up tlio entire production of all our gold and eiltcr nines for the year to come, or, what is more likely, .t- '.,iiiv!ent in United States bonds. Si.cb a oi.'iu taiy Ik ijl tirseil. tut there is no escif c lroa it. I know that excellent mm entertain much' . ffec i n I r paper money. I confess to a feehrg t in est of mortification in having the e'onv :ion that this question rtq jirt-s sober ar, ...on Lcion- sn American Congress. 11. i. uny inct.J of Ameriuau luotistry cun es .u-v- the eiusc of an endless reign of p-'per currency, of which it takes one dollar and t: ir;v. forty, or fifty cents to buy a dol lar in specie, is to me incomprehensible, iron slips are rapidly coming into use, but tbey ca.i be built abroad and employed for one-l.alf the price they crt horo. ill any American build an iron ship ? Tenements for tint, unless already built, are no longer lavonte investments for men having capital, and no pjjr man dares fur a moment to in dulge the idea of building a borne and a home. Although all other circumstances, tae only our depreciated currency, indicate r. ciif pot. lion and warrant in all parts of our country, North and Sauth, Kit and West, to start new industrial enterprises, jet few Mich arc actually started. Men will not in vest expecting five years 1 enco to Ioec one half of the sum invested Raw material las U en consumed an J labor has advanced, but prices of finished manu rsctkres I are receded and arc still receding. Many mills have alresdy suspended, and others are working on short time. Certain ly to embark in any new enterprise is deem ed lintardou?. ISeithcr the great, attractions ol the West nor of the Sauth can overcome the dreaded longevity of the race or "green backs." The bare dinerence In the ccit of the permanent capital or English woollen manufacturing establishments and An trfean ives to tbc Engl sh the mastery and ample ividenda. Six years ago a woollen mill that would cost $1,000,000 in New York or New Eng'and, could have been put up, so mueh cheaper are raw materials and labor for $.i00,000 in EcglstJ. Permanent in vestments there wliieli yield three and a hair per cent, j cr annum arc satisfactory. Here seven rr cent, per 8nnum is the feast that wt-uid tempt capital to such enterprises, or fiat would anywhere be voluntarily accepted. To-day the prices or bricks, Iron", machinery and labor have so largely increased that such an establishment would have cost near, ly double what it would six years ago. or $2,000,000. The interest upon this sum wonld be $140.(100 rer annum ; but the in terest of the British establishments $500,- 000 at three and a ball per cent. is no more than $17,500. Here is $122,500 per I rr, a sum sufficient fir very respectable divi acnas, certainly, on a capital ol $0UO,UUO. Is it any wonder that wc have an extraor dinary influx or British goods, or tbat all Europe last year was swept to furnish Am erican markets? 1 am eo defender or the politics or the Secretary of tbo Tresury. They have been end arc as distasteful to me as to any of my friends. He is not, however, tbc first man , These circumstances keep some small por who has sought distinction in a role for ' tion cr the gold coinage from being w holly wmcn cc was unuiicu. mo autnor oi Blackstonc's Commentaries sought parlia mentary postition to increase bis fame, but there his career is only remembered Decausc Junius nointed at him his "slow, unmovinz finger of scorn." John Quincy Adams was 1 the hydrostatic powcrat the TrrasurjDopart- I ru.n ,e",ul stretching every rag ol not always satisfied in tbo high career or a mcnt. and it onco more rises and fljats tn- j 1,h Pur admirals lashed to tbe mast statesman, but sometimes attempted poetry, umphantly over the dirty sea ol paper cur-i and came off victorious. Now, with and "Dcrmot Morogh" was tho result- Tho rency in valgar fraction! The gold certi- "'J our "a" aMJ ia harbor, it would be political sins or the Secretary are patent, fieates of deposit, issued by million!, help to .d,'8'BCiro,. ,ink hy insisting upon carry but according to Burns we know not what swell our circulation, being conveniently 1D8 instead of throwing an anchor has been resisted. Should we drive him and daily used for many purposes, especially ! or J n-glecting to trim the ship with from position, is it likely that any successor to pay for exchange in liquidation of foreign FIr ballast alter being unladen. Thus would bave moro of the confidence of the accounts and among gold operators. Bills oi j e have escaped any commercial torn a ccuntry? His recommendxtions, so far as I exchange are in Tact currency, and the i 5e' bat r we should be visited by such a am concerned, shall not bo condemned be- amount afloat is enormous. calamity the usual sequence or war it is cause made by him. only ecratinired. Al- Tbe compound.interctt notes arc largely xo? obnous that wo are exposed to something though 1 think he has named a day for the used, and almost universally, though with- j ' unrecorded severity, resumption of specio payments somewhat out authority, take tbe place of United earlier than it will be possible to tcbiere.jet tie unaltsrabls purposa is returns at an mrlr Hit I l.nrn nr. dnnht i( mtind in nnn. ciplc, policy and mowbJ, and ir CoLgrtss make tho whole or our present currency shall thwart this rurporc it will have doom- $0o3,200,551 03, or in round numbers near cd the country to lontr years of suffcrins. '7 ?nc thousand million dolbrs, to do act- On the 11th day of May, 1805, the pre- mium on cold bad fallen to ono hundred and twenty-eight and a hall per cent, having fu1tn fWvvTv f xx-n Inimlrofl tvt wn mMawli. and from a much higher point than that in January without producing a perccrtiblc rinnl. in iTnnneinl rireleo nnd IruVtill a ranie Thcrc were twenty-seven hundred and thir- eluding private and joint-stock I anks ctab-ty-thrce failures in 18G0 in the United i -"hcd by act or parliament in 1314, was states, amountmc to ui,fvj,jo, out iu 18C5 there were only fire hundred and thirty, amounting to $17,725,000, or about one iourtb part of the aTcragc number and amount. Mortgages, made light, bad been liquidated. Tbc oil system of mercantile credits by common consent bad been banish ed. The South in losing all bad lott its credits, and trust in tbat direction was im possible. All felt that to pay as you go was eound policy. The scriptural injunction "owe no man anything" had been iintltcitly obeyed, and then was the golJtu eminent, not only fur political reconstruction, but for a return to sncpio payments. Thanks at least, to the Secretary' of the Treasury for harinc borne aloft the motto or an early re sumption or specie payments. This, il no more, has prevented the country 1,-ora an, indefinite extension of credits, from plung - ing headlong into debt : and nctcr, in my cpinion, shall wc have a more auspicious moment to initiate measures fur a vigorous retirement or the excess or our paper cur-, rency. , I wish 1 coald believe tbat the Treusur) , estimates or tbc receipts, from custom Tor , the years 1SG7-GH were not too large, but , cannot, and instead ol $145,000,000 ir we get less by $20,000,000 it ought to content and be eatislactory to the country, capacity or tbc South to consume and The pay for immense importations has been vastly overrated, and the lake tra le alone probably much exceeds the entire .rigjto of the southern trade recently restored. Tho prompt action so generally expected ujion tuc tariff bill now nendin - in the Senate. by which the rates of duties would bo some j importations, and we ha, '"had u.tli s glut i west )ncrenci- lora urn greatly sumuiatru 3 j .- .. . . ol inerchatiiso and ol revenue by no means to be anticipate-d ror the comici; yeaf. ' CutcJ. Tl.c rates of value, of fifteen or sij lt is most likely tho rkvrcury oi tho'Treas- i tcfn to ct,c, iooo bcoa-ae obsoicie, and gold ury has underestimated the amount of Unit- ' coins, although the standard was purposely ed States bonds held abroad, nd that in- 1 placed below that or silver, were still ex stad of $350.000,000,not Ies than$5lK1.000,- 000 of our national securities arc so held. So lon s thee u-r-aio Leloy pr abroad ibrf will be held moro or less as fancy stock, liable to bo returned for realization at any moment. If tbey could be made equal to par it does not seem to me that the holders would part with a security ror which they xcro receding ti: per ccn: interest iu orJi. i to accert another no better at three and a lull per cent, interest. Beyond a question hc, 0Ur bonds bring what they ; lo!iir (r ja, n9r 03t) mT. fc, Ecgotiited.'if it ve-redr represent. mvable abriad drsirable, at live per oent. and perhar at four and a half I per cent. c shall ere long demonstrate j that it is safer to trust the United States at three and a ball per cent, than any other nitinn in tho ernrM luit ftrnl tri tmiRt niai-p I wish it were true that the stocks ol the United States were uo: to be found at all in loreicn morlets : but wc are not rich enouiib .to hold nil the good things we produce. Is ; at jiur. When our paper money is prompt it not. however, a source of mortification ly convertible into specie it is still much hat Massachusetts five per cent stock brings ' below the par of tie countries with wbjcb, more in IfJn Jon than United States eixifl ? . wc have the ltr?es commercial transactions flr that Vi.-gm.a tfyc per rfc,it tirli,g uiy M' K"J ffl'ns are received abroad, not (.venty per cent, less? Arc wc quite con- nocording to Ijhc value wc stamp upon tbcm. tent tbat fyptian, (quoteu at 84,) lurkisb, ' tvi.) Brazilian, (93,) and even Moorish, (93,) stock shall be quoted much higher than the best of United States stocks? Some of these loam at four per cent, of Governments greatly inferior, as we tbink, to tbiit of the United States, bring higher prices than our six er cent, loans. y The entire amount of bank-note circula tion of the wbple country in January, 1802, s $184,000,000. and or thi- $40,000,000 rrlonged to tho southern State.. The max i mum amount of bauk-tn tc circulation Bt no previous time has none !otid $211. 778 922, and tl c lircuiuUjn ir. 1S60 wa $g07,0S!.e)0l), i 4 that a yrjr e.1 uj large production and of as much general prosietity as any rrrhaps in ur history. To the amount of J-apcr there roust be add ed a small amount fo' spx-cie in daily circula tion. Doubtless tnete ti $200,000,000 of 'Jteciv iu thp onuntry hot that bcl4 by 'nil';- i rcpre-Mnte-d b pcr, an equal mount of which is usually retired when- vcr sicic is uemanued and temporarily ' .-ou;nt into use. A con'idirablc amount, - there ever will be, was hoarded or in transitu as merchandise I The bu;inccj of the iu: country vas net iargcr in IttiO, certainly, than it was in 18C0, except in national tax;s,and there un questionably create a demand for soaic in crease ol the circulating medium, and as unquestionably to come extent diminish tbc husincssof tbc Country. It is a great conven ience, however, that the mf4'uC should be ul a national character and enrrent in all puts or tbc country. With what propriety can it be claimed that tbc business or the country requires thu vast volume or paper currency which n'.w inundates tbc land ? It us lpoi at it . I'aptr currtnry note in circulation, (Dicta ierl.lSCC.) Notes ot State banks $36,75,035 00 Notes or B'.atc bank, conver ted, now outstanding 9,748,025 00 United States notes, legal ten- der 35,441,849 00 Fractional currency 23,020,249 93 Circulation issued tonatlonsl bank: 293,67 1,753 00 $753,260,911 93 In 1EG2 the circulation or bank notci of the southern States was $40,000,000. and was at the outset of the rebellion much in creased ; but the confederate currency was subsequently largely substituted Tor it, and the amount now outstanding certainly docs not exceed that sum, and its chief value lies in fact that the creditors of the banks can use it to pay their debts, I shall not bring the $1,000,000,000 or Jeff. Davis's king cotton currency into the account. That, in "swinging around the circle," sccss to have been condemned and executed even before its authors. West or the Rocky mountains, on tbe Pacific slope, gold and silver ba; maintain-d ' its sovereignty and very little paper has got i into circulation. Tbe amount or cold and silycr coin is probably considerably greater -1 theie to-day than it was six years ago, and may be estimated in all the States and Ter ritories at $25,000,000, Throughout the country, and -particularly where merchand ise is distributed at wholesale, there are many articles bought and sold exclusively for gold, and no other prices arc quoted for them. Instead of coin, gold bars or bul lion is very largely used by banks nnd br importers to pay fur foreign merchandise, demonetized. The copper and nicklc coin age has been deprcciitrd so tbat a five-cent tsiVfn Mrtnlatn, afv,,,t tnn , nf ml rain. I ,,nt,i it oimn.t ii!,, n,r ! . which can he nroduccd.even hv the (renins of . btatH legal-tender nates in tbe reserve re- auirao. to ce neia ny nanoiai Dinns. , Tto o added to the nt series of items , UJ Icm busincs than we were aoing six J" ago when we did not bave nor require i one fourth part of the sum J The amount ol notes authorhsa to be 'el by the Bank of England is 11,000,- 1 w or go j.uuo.uuu ; ana ti.e entire amount of paper circulation in O'rtat Britain, m- t iiwvu,wv,ui w,vw,ww. wj.ujv-.o it has been a trifle less ; but in 1865, strain ed as they were for capital to buy and hold cotton at its advance price, the amount di I not go beyond i:39,lL"J,Te;3. Beyond doubt the trade and commerce of Great Uritaln vaklly exceeds that or our town or any other nation Its cxports.in 1801 were $2,545, 000,000. and yet they find $15 000,000 or paper money equal to all their ordinary dc. minds. llou- Is it that it can be pretended wo require so much more? T c surpassing abundance ol the precious i is, especially that or euld, discovered wi. in the last eighteen years California bein already eclipsed by the Colonies ol Great Britain and the facility and cheap nees with which thcr are obtained, has so . Cheapened the mnrkrts of the world tLnt , 30lu "self hw. rapidij dej.icujatd ud uo- whete pprphaccs ';s mi.h ; it would in 18G0. So copious arc the supplies, multi plied sudJenly at ko many different points on the globe, that it may be expected at an catly day to be valued, like any other ar ticle, at no more than the cost ol rxtrac-ti-D, Amao Other mode of ((during (he stand ard value of money, Ojnjr-si bean as early a' 1S3" by debasing our told and sllter I coins, and declared that of one thousand i parts nine nunarca snotiia tr i pure metal anu one nunurcu pins auoy. ire sunuara of British gold is enc part alloy in every incite , on i c r.tfc uo 0nj , iSu are not debated at least one part in every ten. At tbat time gold could be more profitably ex ported tnan surer, and this measure was ! dcigncd not only to mike the legal value or ' .1 . - r t.-i i. il , enunaicni io ineir relative commer j v'i'l Jiue, Uut to trlnj go? i&to u.ite gen- erai circulation. rentier object was se- ported. In order to retain in the country any siiver, which, being worth more then it? lygal tender alu.?, rxif u premium and was sjld si a commodity, it then became neces svry to reduce the weight of the silver coin age, and the half dollar in 1853 was reduced from two hundred and six and a quarter grains to one hundred nnd ninetv-t o ra;ps, -j.o iiai.ltou.al part, to tnc same pro ! portion. Silver dollars at once dtsapr'artd. anu eagles tearing elate prior t . l!37, bein worth in protiortion to the new mgles $ll, 00 also disappeared. The weiel.t of the"e in j7sl, jlstidard, goio, was uu !, ... and Kunty grains, but in IP3? t!. y wn re duced to two hundred and fi'ii i ight grains, fbe debasement of our coinage, never en tirely pure, was thus abou scv. n per cent I' will be seen from this recital tbat the st- Til of the I'niteel State eoinajr is rery ju.'. . iid tbc uofma) condition ofscbange with ,soet other civilised nati ,ui is alwavs against us Exchange on London wtcn at not over nine and a half rer cent, is reallv acoe-ruing to me amount ol pure gold uiey ouutain, it would srem alnji.t incx- . . .. . . . - - cusablo to allow our paper money to remain dci reciatud below tbc standard or specie as fixed by ourseltes, for any period injrc pro tracted than is now imperatively cecrsaary. Bank notes, when tbey arc made cuivalent to the stoiiir j of. unite-u iutes coin1, will be Lone too valuable. The second, third, and fourth dilusi .n of moucj would not be tol erated by even Hahnemann. jut the value of anytLieg oiioulallng as mniey dljuinisbe-s hot " in proportion to its abundance and in proportion to ti.- swittness with which it chsnges hand" In the I'mte-d S"ate tt e k.iu- -unj of vy.:-; l ir,UilJy fhneu lain tui.. a. tre quei..ly as in Knghnd, and in Euglaivl three times mjn frequently than in France, and in Irancc tnicc as fiinuentlv as in Snain. ' and in Slum five times more frequently than I- 11... 'I' -e. ... . ,? ... .i.m ui lunrj eainn alto inom ao twur to be Seflxiniati l-i, v.ber specie once lotruduccd ncter more ootues to tie light. It gew and stays there. -e-rha bc cansc it will buy more labor there than tlse wheit ; It is irrecoverably lost, nt all events, to tu.d-rn commerce. Years ago n high authutity laid it dawn as au ajioiu "Uivea tip comtxratl.d abuoJanot: of n.oney, its market valur will vary as hc rapidity or the Circulation. Given the rapidity of its circu lation, tbe market laluc will vary aa its cumrative abundance. Given both the quantity nnd rapidity, its value will vary as the economy in its uw." II this be iruc, almost any natiou would reel the evils of n redundant currency less than that or tbc United State, because the deflation elsewhere would be generally more sluggish. The eOcuts or an Inflated currcteiy. by creating suddenly a nominal increase or value , has demoralized the nation. I he urban population cyery where gain in numbers at the expense or the rural. Town end city rents are fabulously dear, but not cve.i tbc cholera retards their rise. Hotels arc filled, notwithstanding members or Con grtm irom the Pacific find it cheaper to cross the Atlantic and spend the vacation m Eur pc rather than rjsk e four-months' rev. ning with an American landlord. lot dus-.y. whether agricultural, manufactur ing, or mechanical, is np longer attractive when fortunes are lost by wise men and aro g-ibb'.ed up by fools. A few may gain what others l.so by bold and remorseless spcoula lion, but the masses, trained to legitimate business ccd to honest labor, are daily grow ing poorer in pocket. Let us set tbc gold operators and all who follow kindred trades at work in some honest calling. At least wc may dry up the fountain from which flows their present means or intoxication. It is a significant fact that our great eras of financial distress bate occurred just at the moment when wc have had tbc maxi mum amount of paper money inflation and when wc were at profound peace with all the world. The lank-note cirulation of the the United States rrora January, 1830, to Janury, 1837, rose from $01,324 to $149,185,890, and then came the financial collapse Trum which the country did not recover for more than fivo years, or until 1843, whea the bank c.rculation had been reduced to $58,564,000. In 1857 an other period ol sharp distress and great embarrajsincnt was experienced throughout the country. At this time tb bank-note circulation had :trollcn to the highest point ever known $214,778,822. An ex cessive rise ol the circulation or paper would teem almost as surely to presage a storm in the financial world as tbc sudden sinking or the mercury in the barometer denotes a vio lent change in the atmospherical world. Under such circumstances tbe skllfnl mari ner will trim bis canvas so as to weather the Tough dangers be mav be called unon to P88' through. While war raged wc bad to j from tbo facta to whieh 1 bay already aiieu; tut attention of the House It would appear to be demonstrated that the simul taneous discovery ot new auriferous deposits in various parts or tbc world, or marvelous extent and richness, has rapidly and forever depressed tbe stardard Talue of gold.wbcthcr as a currency or as a commodity, through out all civilized nations, and that the United States standard of the previous metals used as currency has been depreciated from time to time, cither by alloy or diminished weight, until it compares unfavorably with that cr other nations : that while wo have already entirely extinguished or propose to extinguish tbe circulation ol State banks.we bave supplied its place and much more by the creation of a family or national batiks, whose issues alone arc ono hundred millions greater than tie circulation displaced is sues everywhere practicallT irredeemable and inconvertible, and only claiming to bo convertible at -onic time or ether Into other paper currency or still larijcr Brorwrtlons. whloh the O'ovcrniacnt will in some way and at some time redeem, ir it docs not choose instead to go ui .re deeply into the monopoly f fancy colored p- per money; that deiosijs, bills of exchange, nnd checbs gI individuals real!? pss;cw in commercial transactions all the functions ol bank-note currcnev. and in modern times are used at least nine times more extensively, and therefore, iu propor tion to ;y;inrJ- cf the world, tar less mocy if actually repaired than formerly ; that; th; rapidity of the oreclation of mon fJ. or wh&teter circulates as money, greatly magnifies any currency which may be used in the United States ; that the immensity of our pater money circulation tends to the spread of unthrifty habits ;rd ioduocq c$ traynasro uu lie part cf Cougrcts ant the dxecative Dernrtujcnts as well as the peo ple ; tb.t a po.tpjnemeal or tho time of re sumption vi 1 nnd our pelplo less prepared, more dt eply in dcbt,lbc banks with a heavier line of discounts, and tbe credit system more expanded everywhere than now ; that wo are likely q e?s no Utter ti&.u lLau now foja nKe,sUdy,and prudent adherence lothe idea or sn early resumption ; and without this cardinal idea always in front we are in danger, In the faco of diminishing revenue, or no resumption at all. A violent or "brppt; focWactjoa of Us present volume or paper currency might not be ndyjsable, and with the cyer-prcssnt In terest cf '.hp Ttc&iury urging the mainte nance uf an easy money market, there is no danger of its occurrence ; but a moderate and persistent contraction of tbc flood with in its old embankments is rdv,;at Iu order to rtu(i) health and" vigor to languishing industries and In order to build up our great ness as a nation upon thnt impregnable foundation for which the material, not more precious than solid, has been placed by Prov idence within our reach, and, in tcater aluii Juncci ihttO H tc W feend in nil other countries beside. As a result, doubtless-, of tbc Congression al inquiry, the President has sent tQ '.hi Stats Qepirtmcnt the two bills which he did nut either sign or veto, witb a certificate stating that they have become laws of the land I' necessary nowadays ta have both Dc cwratio influence to secure appointments at Washington, and Republican influence to ccurc confirmation. Thirteen republican Senators voted against the addition of $1.50 a (on (a tbc tariff on coal, among them Senators Fesscnden, Wil son, Anthony. Edmundi, and others. Tho democrats voted for it and it was curiied. But coal needs na protection, Tux Liquor Decisions. It is claimed ky the Massachusetts lquor dealer: that the re cent de?is;oc cf the United States Supreme Court only determined tbe question of license, and dil not decide the question whether the man wbo pays a United States taa ba. not a right to tell in order to recover tbc amount paid in taxes, or in other words whether taxation docs not imply protection. How that protposiion is to be maintained, in lace uf the distinct language of the decision, that the United States license or tax does not confer authority to carry on the licensed busintei in violation of State law, wc da not set T;.c decision, as reported, was explicit "that the prohibition of any business by the State dues not conflict with tbc right of the Government to tax such business where biing carried on, nor decs the license under the cot of ISO-t give the licensee authority to violate the laws of a State by engaging therein in a business rendered unlawful by statute ' Reconsthectios. The telegraph says tho Committee on Reconstruction will enter im mediately upon the preparation of a proper bill for tie reorganization of the Southern Stalls, iu view ol the rejection of the Con stitutional Amendment, to report lor action the present session. Mr. Baxter and Mr. Morrill voted against the rc-commitment ol Tbad. Stevens' recon struction bill. Mr Wodbridge voted with tho majority to commit it. Tux Eastern Qcxstiox. Bancroft, tho Historian, in a Jcttcr wllch bos just found Its way into print says : "A friend cf mine in Europe, from whom 1 bave just received a letter, expresses my opinion so exactly that I ask your leave to cite bis remarks : "Tbc key to the political movement in Europe, is obviously the resurrection of nationalities, Italian, German, Hungarian, and now according to all appearances, or tbo e 1 . . I . r i -. ' t elite uuu ukucr uaeionauue-fl. ttllicil naic been bi.ried under the despotism or Turkey. The Candiaa resurrection is by no moans sjpprcsed, and even il it were, tbc crazy o!d ship or Ottoman despotism is on fire Irom stem to stern, and tossed on a raging sea of Eurojan revolution besides. Vtnit suimna diet. Tbc Turkish Empire, in spite of all that the national jealousies of Earop can powers lave done to resuscitate it, has never etiown one real sign ol returning lite; aDd dilomacy will not be able to keep the corptc above ground mueh longer." 1 ho Eastern Question. Cable News-1 Lonmn, Jan. 29 Evening. It is considered certain at Constantinople that tic Eastern complications will result in war. Turkey has called out 150,000 reserves, and tbe government of Russia has ordered that all military furloughs shall end on the 1st of March. Deepatcbc. bar; been received which state that the Cretan war has been renewed. The terms of the Sublime Porto for peace wero scornfully rejected by tho Cretans. A battle has since been fought, but the result is not stated. There was apparently much enthusiasm on both sides, and the war had spread to tbe neighboring islands. Atiixxs, Jan. 29, 1EG7. The Greek Ministry propose to raise the effective force of the army to thirty-one thousand men, including fourteen thousand reserves. This aetion is taken on account of the military preparations made and tbe threatening attitude taken by the Sublime Porte. J Brigham Young looks longingly at Lowell. In a recent speech be said, "The last time I was in the city or Lowell, there were four teen thousand more females than males in tbat city. Two thousand good, God-fearing men should gj there, and take to thsmsolvrs Mven wives aplete." Foreign corieircDdtnce of the Free Presi. Letter from Tnrker In Asin. Tn.ivrz.uso i.v the r.ur. Mittrt. EJitort oftht free Pre$i : Tainizoxn. Dee. 12, 18C6. The want of good roads is perhaps the great est of this country's material curses. Fcr thousands of years the people have been content to carry their merchandise cn the hack of horsea and mules along rough and dangerous btidle paths across the hih moaLtaias. As a conse quence much of the wealth of tie interior has renamed undtvtlor ed or gone to waste fur lack of a near and accessible market. For travellers, provided they arc strong men. these reads will acswtr iery well; h .t when the problem is to travel with a family ladu s and small children it Uscau a little moie rericus mstltr. This was the problem fcr us to tol when we proposed to leave our hcrae .'n high snd cold Erzrcom and spend a season ly the seaside, aggravated as the approMh of win ter iccrtSKd ?lt Jeaeer sfcald storms by the way. There are several contrivances by which tl exposures and tatigaes of inch a journey is mitigated. One is called a "tsckhtravan." This is a large covered box resting on Iwo shafts which extend (crvard and backward, sufficient ly far for a hone to stand letveen them. This, ycu see, requires two horses, making it the taost expensive manner of travelling.especially aa the "talhtravan" is heavy requiring a freqeett relay ot animals, thus obliging yon to pay for four horses. Because it u ibas expensive, snd a.Iso very baavenient, it is used enly whtn absolutely necessary. A simpler and ranch mere ccn. men contriv ance is the "raoffah." This is a box situ a top lite a carriage top a pair st then be ng tajt t5t4 to tbe two sides of one horse. These, when targe, will answer fur either grown people cr cliUrcn, but are sometimes made small express ly for children. Lirgc baskets also are fre quently fitted up for childtts fccm tiro to ten years of age. My vlts Is bitterly prejudiced sgainst all these contrivances and has heretofore managed to keep clear of them and for this journey also she fully resolved to stick ta the back of her fine easy donkey. Bat a asow item coming np a few days before we were to start, led her to re flect vhat she would do on the donkey in such a storm. As a choice of evils therefore lie yielded the point and accepted tl "moffah." Xor is it strsnge cne should have a prejudice -gulnst the racffats. They cannot be very large, and a grown persen sitting in one with tie tectssary cushions so fills it up as to give to chance to move about. Of course after a little hi!e one gels very tired so tired as eomttises to I r in an agony of aia. Besides, the raoticn ef the L-Ufih products in many a kiad of sea sickness. Then there is a sense of lrtsecarity which is decidedly uncorajortable. If you sit firmly on a horse yen feel there is something sold and substantial under you. Bat to le hung on tie side cf a horse, with nothing di rectly under, gives yoa the irresistible iraprcs- ion that you sre going hopelessly down. Nor '.I this insecurity entirely imaginary. The horse, you see, is very heavily loaded, carrying a bur den many times of net lets than four hundred pounds, and is therefore much more liable to fall. At cce time tls road was so slippery from snow and ice that enly the utmost exertion of the muleteers prevented the mof&h-horse falling. On several other occasions the same danger arcse from clayey mud. The weather wis likely to le so cold that we could net use a tent, and we must therefore de pend on such Ic'gitgs as we could find by the way. These were generally the corner of a stable cr a recm a..c:rr., but with tur etmp led steads, eur Adding table and chairs, our cocking utensils, fuodr., we managed to make our sehes half cim.'trtsblr. Much of the tine it rsired alen evtty bit of elastic, fcr ind wool len geeds was called icto requisition to keep us dry snd warm, and Sometimes we did cot suc ceed. In cresting the Inst range cf mountains the wild ccU nicds filled wi'h sleet acd rain beat fiercely upon us. And when we were fair ly down tie mountain atd Lcped to find a let ter road and an easier time; we were sadly dis appointed. The new read, cf which so much bae been said, a little ol which has teen built, proved tie woist it all. Being new and only partially finished, tbe run bad softened it to a pumice. When the louts attempted to pats a gcod part of Hem became nearly tnried in mud. At one time we taw seven horses rolling and fieundering in tie bottomless mire. For a time we stood t re rubric; z. doubt how wt were to avoid the same fate; but by careful engineer ing, as our good Father would have it, we were brought safely through. Thus in ten Icng, weary, wet and painful data we performed a journey which by rail could eatiiy l-e made between Ircak&it acd tea of the same day. Tie rropricd wsgen read across the rnccc taics, if it is ccmplettd as it lis been begun, will be a very handstrce thing. It. is beauti fully graded acd macidinvted, and tbe bridges and culverts seem luilt in tbe most workman like manner. But at the rate which it is cow going forward, it will tale a generation or more to complete it. Detidis there ne a let of French trginieis ard litd-woilrrer, who eat up what little money litre is. while tie woik does net go forward. If tie Government would give the contract to build tbc whole read to an energetic man, it might le dene in a year easily; lot in the hope of prtssirg tie villsgeis to work and thus eavirg rnttey, the Government will in the end spend more menry, while it w doubtful if the road : ever completed. And tie poor op pressed people must stifltr lor the folly of the Uovercraeiit. Thus it is with everything the people are constantly raving, laying, ajing, to the Gov ernment, but ttfj get absolutely nothing in rtturn. How long piay tell can inch a rot ten affair ccctinne to exist? Yours, P. " Purr rsuisiD." It is hardly time for the " spring run" of original poetry, which commonly comes witb tbe sap in Vermont; but there arc indications that it may set in very strong this year. Wc suspect that they are going to " have it bad"' in tic Northern part of the State, from an effusion to which the Barton Standard gives immortality in its last number. Or the dozen or twenty stanzas or this poem, which is in honor or the Vermonters, we can give but one, as a specimen brick : Strong and supple, tried acd trus. Poet praised Green Mountain Boys. Thon'it fell In battle not a few, Maeh praised Green Mountain Boys. The author of this resides in Craftsbury, and was as well as could be expected at last accounts. There is a bill cow before Congress to es tablish a Department of Agriculture, which will add one member to tbe Cabintt. Tuto.v. The following t . t M tkVltlU 1 by the chairman of the Lecture Committee oi tco at. t'aul Library Association : Cidak Rapids, Iowa. Jan. 2. 18C7. Ma. K , Mr Pzab Bib r I am informed. that your Democratic friends in SL Paul prefer that I would lecture In that acostolio city, cot on Prfcicstruction, but on Literature. I came to tie West, this winter, solely for tl purpose of speaking in behalf of equal lights. As to literary recreations, I can pursue them with more pleasure in my library at home, than by muffline myself up like a Laplander and ifcigh riding toward lyceums in the high lati tudes. Moreover, as to literary lectures, I had supposed tbat Mr. Andrew Johnson had already somewhat fatigued our Democratic friends with that species of amusement. I shall go to St. Paul for the express purpose of arguing, and potithly proving, that the negro, as an American eituen, is entitled to all the political right ""'m oeiscg to me euitor or tbe Sr. I'aul Pion. ur. If you do cot wish me to oome on such au errand, then I will atay away, and content my. self with referring St. Paul, tbe city, to at. Paul, the Apostle, who aaid, " Purga out tie old leaven, that ye may be a new lump, for yo are unleavened." Truly yours, TntoBoacTitroT. A Card. Rev. and Mrs. L. IL Elliot take pleasur Ia thai publicly expressing their thanks to th many kind friends, who assembled last evening in the basement of the Congregational church, and, after a pleasant social interview, presented them with the generous gift of $153 00 in money, besides other articles of value. Wi.nooei, Jan. 30th 1867. Tax Eviino ol of the most offensive manifestations, of superciliousness now to bo met m society. It is done everywhere ; at parties, at churcb. in the street. It is done br wnmn ,n ll conditions of life. The very servant eirls learn it nf their mitrrr, Whn mnnni recall hundreds or instances of that sweep of the eye which takes in at a glance tho whole woman and what she has on, from top-not to shoe-tie ? It cannot be a new fashion of behavior : but the daily increas ing pretence ot people to superiority, be cause tbey can afford to spend more money upon their backs than others can.niakcsitat once more eommnn r nrl mnm rmtnMA even than it was ten or fifteen years ago. -uca ore never gumy oi u. ualaiy. Tor "Old Imci." A difficultT cccurred Saturday between two of the colored popu lation, in wnicn one struck: the other with a piece of plank. He was brought up bcloro the Mayor, when be plead in extenuation that he would not bave done it, but the ther darkey belonged to tbc "old issue," (meaning that he was free before the war,) and therefore wanted to impose upon him. The "old issue" bold themselves abovo the netr, and compose tbe uppercrust ot colored society. Lynchburg Virginian. Men ost would satuez not vest. Men who tell stories tbat run into one another, eo that you find it vciy difficult to get away at the snd of any of them. ilen who have quarreled with all their re lations. Men who bave been persecuted and swin dled by a general conspiracy or everybody. Men who are always asking, "Don't you think so?" Men who are always "putting a case." Men wbo agree with you too much. Men "wbo feel inclined to join issue with you there." It is deemed noteworthy that a fashionable couple were married in a Boston church, th other day, without tbe conventional white kids. Thlrtj-Xinth Congresssecond Session In the Senate, Jan. 21, a resolution was adopted calling on the President for copies of the correspondence between the State Depart ment and foreign ministers, on the policy of the administration toward the rebellious States. Mr. Conness' resolution relative to the pro posed Reciprocity Treaty with the Hawaiian Islands was called up and passed. Mr. Sumner's resolution relative to Mr. Mot ley, calling upon the President for a copy of tie letter upon which the Secretary of State pre dicated his letter cf inquiry to Mr. Motley; alio the name of the writer came up. Mr. Doolittle said ha understood Mr. S tinner to state that he had received a letter of similar purport to the one referred to by Mr. Seward. He would like to inquire of Mr. Samner wbo that letter was from. Mr. Samner said it was from a person so ut terly obscure that he regarded it as practically in anonymous letter. It was from a person ab solutely obscure, whose name he had forgotten, and yet on such a letter the Secretary ot Stat had based accusations sgainst Mr. Motley. The Tariff bill was taken up, and a number of amendment! offend, among them one offered by Mr. Edmunds was adopted putting a duty of 10 cents per bushel on oats. The tariff bill was passed Ayes 27, coea 10. In the House the Senate bill to prevent smug gling was passed, after which the House pro ceeded to the consideration of the Consular acd Diplomaho Appropriation bill The amend ment adding an appropriation for the Mission to Portugal was rejected Ac amendment striking out the appropriation for a mission to Rome was agreed to. Other amendments were agreed to, aad tl bill passed. Tbe Bouse then took np the Military Academy Appropriation bill. The amendments adopted yesterday in committee were agreed to acd th bill passed. In the House on Friday an Interesting ques tion was raised by Mr. Trowbridgt of Michigan, who reported from the Committee on Enrolled Bills a resolution setting forth that the action to repeal section 13 of the "Act to suppress insur rection," 4c, approved July 17, 1862, the am nesty law, and the bill to regulate the electiv franchise in the Territories of the United States, bad been passed by both hoases of Coagrsss, duly enrolled and submitted by the Committca on Enrolled Bills to the President of the United States on the Oth and 12th days of January, res pectively, acd the President had failed to notify the House whether he had approved or rejected the same, and that, under the Constitution, they had therefore become laws by lapse of time, and aa tbev had cot been published, the Secretary of State is directed to inform the House whether the laws indicated have been filed In his depart ment. Mr. Trowbridge said this was the first time ia the history of the country when bills submitted to the President had cot ben returned with or without his approval, bat had bsoome laws by tie lapse of time, and the resolution was simply to ascertain their whereabouts. It was adopted. Feb. 2. Sexatk. Mr Sumner's resolution calling for a copy of the letters on which Mr. Seward founded his inquiries of Mr Motley, and to fur nish the came of the writer, was passed. The Bankrupt bill came up, the question being upon the amendment of the Judiciary Committee to strike out the proposition cf the House bill exempting from sale under the oper ations of law so much of the debtor's property as is exempted by the exemption laws of the State in which the debtor resides. This was debated by Messrs Stewart. Foster, Poland and Doolittle, after which the vote was taken on Mr Wilson's amendment to insert in liew of the above, the provision that an amount may be exempted cot to exoeed two thousand dollars. This was disagreed to, and the question thea recurred on striking oat the clause. Teas. 14 ; nays. 25. So the clause was cot stricken out. The bill to regulate the tenure of efiise was received from the House with amendment. House. Th bill to regulate th tenure of certain civil officers was taken np. Tea vote rejecting Mr Williams' amendment was recon sidered, and the amendment was then adopted 82 to 63. The effect cf this amendment is to strike oat the exception of Cabinet officers from the opera tions of th bill The biTJ then passed 111 to 83. The Senate's amendments to th Tariff bill were referred - to the committee on Ways and Means, aad ordered printed. Mr Anooea announced the death of his ecl leagus. Mr Johnson, cf th 11th Pennsylvania District, and offered the arusl resolutions of ra pe t.