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i--urn1 mi mi ii ihli' -it '" niwiwtw!M j' nie w ujugjjiioirBBia'm. j i.) i i.i hmmw w VOL. NEW SERIES VOL- XIII. BURLINGTON, YT ., FRIDAY MORNING, FEBRUARY 15, I8G7 NUMBER THI11TY-THREE Poclrv, The Cider JIill. By the roadtide stand the cider milt. Where a lowland slumber wafts the rill. A jrcat, brown boilding, tiro stories btgh. On the wetteru hill-face, warm and dry ; And odorous piles of applet there Fill with incense the golden air ; And heirs of pumice, filled with rtravf. Their amber sweets the late Site draw. Tbc carts back up to the opjwr dsor. And fpill their treasure in oo the flow. Djwn through tbc toothed wheels they g To the wide. Jeep cider press below. And tbe screws are turned by tlow degrees Itcwa on tbe straw laid eider eaetee. And with each tarn a f oiler stream Burets from beneath the groaning beam : An amber stream the godi might sip, And fear no morrow's parched lip. But wherefore gods? Those ideal toys Wire soulless to real New England beys. What clastic goblet evtr felt Such thrilling touches throngh it melt As tlrob electric along a straw When boyish fir the cider draw? 1'hc years are heart with weary ssuads, Anl their discord life's sweet sisifc ilrowas ; Hi vet I hear, o'i sweet ! oh sweet ! T' r r: ! thit tatheJ my bare, brown feet ; Ar i ; . the cider drips and Mis Mr ; ; t ear at intervale. .e! I at times in a tad, sweat dream, It. tk 1-abMing of that little stream ; An l tit in a vieiooed antnmn trill, Ir: tic sunny door ot a cider mill. Harper's JIVeA-.'y. ifitkcclianeous. Cu-gdt a Tartar. A lew years ago, we were just about leaving New York for Bos ton, Ivy one of tbe Fall River boats, and were seated with a low friends upon the promenade deck il i:.e creamer, loosing down tbc pi' r, wulv li.ne tl.c last itrrivals i and prtparaiiuns f jr Ji parturc, when, jnst as the lat UJ1 was ringing, a carriage dashed down the wbarf, tbe driver leaped irniu iii? oox, ana a nneiv-arcssea scntle- ly-kokiiur man, rather under tbe medium ! . p-d out, grasping a leathern valite : :.t band, while tbc other, encased in a 1 ukil glove, cxterded a half-dollar to iru r. tccbj, however, indignantlv yi t. n'u-id tie ojin, and demanded a dollar for . - terviee- A dvihr!" said the piMienger "why vou i ;ue i niy driven mc Irom the head of lArilundt -ttcct; itV rat alive- uiiuates drive." I an't help tbat, air, ' n plied the driver, -(ling that time was precious. "Weal .t thargesa dollar wlieii a gen'elman s 1 i v disc inside.'' " IL- tin- half dollar . r nothing,'' said p --tt.gt.r, bin eyes tpark ling with anger, ! e observed tLat prepnratj. ns were making : tt'se in tbe steamer's gang-planks. Ti.e driver made a spring forward, and rudely seizid hold of one of the handles ol the valise, saying, as be did so : " No. yer don't -yet d.m't take that ere 1 aggage away till 5' r TaJ'- dollar !'' The yellow-kidded pslui that was out stretched with tbc half-dollar clesed over it, nt-d in a second the closed 0-t was delivered .n t!,c I ack-drirer's fac.- vtitl a force that j !nm like a that. fht next instant s- n his feet, with t'cr.ehed fist and I ,'v intent a strong rough-looking i i'!ir, much heavier Him bis plucky ! i :.' :ponist, who l.-id down bin re- -i ttu v..list-, jerked ..3 t- -hurt iloak lie . and who, with Lis i- u In aver bat. le.i.'ikii gloves, as he -".! u,'. an attitude Irt . r cxuicd a laucti at Si- ininc such an tednr'iary, with au idea -it anything except nnnihilatun at tbc firs; .'iict. Tlie kniebt I of tbc whip sprang lorttnd, and aimed a' blow which would have settled hit fure,1 Jhati it taken fffict. A rliii; movem-.nt of ' (the head to one side, a p:ick liorizontal ex- j tension of tbe prssen'r& rm, and down I wir.t coacby again, amid :l.c shouts of the IEreetators on tbe prumer.ade-eleek, and the fit-lighted exclamation uf oi c. tbat was la i.tvili-li straight oountcr-lut : l.jt jarvey was nt satitced up ajnin lia ire cautions be Milt linked uron bis little antagonist with e rueuipt, and was d tennined to repay, with n.tert. the dam bj;e lie mttained. 'Aru - er i itr.li, with toe int' iition of getting in a -mn-hing blow, was encountered in quite a diflrm.t style The lcit foot was Blipped aside, a tiight dodge to Itbc lelt, ana ti.e nacifn-nn s hst went far Kiast its dttina:i.n, while the i.rm of his opponent eamc a.wu airtc:'y acreni ttie 'lower ),irt ul bis n?ck, wl.irling him half awa r 'iru, aua tringing riis riacl; close up fto; Mt thigh of tLe little man. There Eras a momentary ttiuccL ihe nest time lop went tLe driver's bcela i.i t!ie air. nnd dtv:i he cac f r tl.e thtj time, banc ! lur r. i..e iir, t!r n liy a movement kn iwn amjng trie ' lancv ' a- ,i 4 crost-but-toek.' 1 "All thi pasiied in lt5 time than it has f.kon to tell it, and during its performance the steamer's r -pes were e-..s off. and, ai the iJriver fell, :'.e j;.:ng-plat,k- were drawn in, preparatory to startirg. The rarsenger no tidthi?!: so, se-izirg hit-el. ak and valije, Le threw them upm the 1 and, with a run and n jump, aligt ted on b lard.umiJ the butEtretchcd arms nt the deck-bands, to wlnra lie handed tbe lnli-d U-.r. which be had kept clenched in l.ij. band dering the icncrumer; wniic, ss v.p it.iuiei away, bis llste aderbiry, with fBe- tidly battered, yva Hen stanumg upon trie pier, soaking ln fist in impotent rage at the fast receding It;, .mhi.at. W 'Were joii not afraid of so large a fpiT.n '!' asked a gentleman, as tbe little game cock made bis appearance on tbc promerj-ade-deck among the pa-engen. " Oh no, Eir, said be. quietly cocking Ibis new hat a- little more iauntilv. and tightening his gloves, that bad been toiac KwLat disarranged not at all ; l'e been to jc! ' 1. gentlemen !' " Cam. Bulletin. N NT i v YurR Sizi? Anv onn who has Ilived in Cincinnati, will remember E.. the Itanir. unc of the oldest and best of his craft, las wi.ll as une of the .i)!lie?t, always as ready CO: - Jered the "l;r ,..." ..,. . .trcUt ejes at vananee r?;tx n-i..t tt n..r.ct:f,,(n i - li.j iicieuua iu uis eioro lot Dg the steps of tbe Burnett House, bo cn- II.B l'iTfnsr HG&vWmDnt t V ,..njt .nnennAlJii Utx indicated, and found E. (who, by the Kj.y, -was troubled with an lmwsd.inent of itaiiDC ms want, u-r Tlit,.lr. -rA tn tr.vs.tr o ffiw mn r. 1- fllLtllllt 1 . 11C ilinVl'IV Rnrnal.4 I 1 wifh a m v r nt rvlnvsctv&tnU. i tn a very tnua tone, -we shall h-,r. tn , i lace mdicatinr the utmsst seriousaets. re marked tj tho astonished Kcntuckian : "V.rfir.nrr n-. . ... i ' . . r.-. ef y-yotir t-s jite." j 1 uj Lit nuivt . i-j , ii i . " " y Jo.u HiLLlscs os inn Owl. Bards is (Jod's choristers. Tew the lion he cave majesty ; tew the elephant, strength ; tew tho fox, cunning; and tew tbc tiger, desist. Bat tew the bardj, his pete, he gave bnty and fonj. And ncno ro blstt r tba owl. The owi is a game burd; he can whip anything that wears feathers nfter dark. Ho is a wii-c bard, and boots at most things. Ho is a solium bun, a ernes between a nstiee of tbc peace and a county supervisor. He is a still burd, and aits np as stiff ae an exclamation point. He is a luxurious burd, and lecek on ' st ring chicken?. lie is a long-lived burd, and never was nown to take deeth natrally. He is a hardy burd, and grows tough by ..ing. lie is an honest bnid, and always tbjwa i an open countenance. He is a prompt burd, and satisfies at or-t his outstanding bills, lie is a comfortable burd. and rIhavs sleeps in feathers. He is an attentive burd, and dcrin' the day can always be found in. lie is a festive burd, and don't come boiuL until morning. Thus the owl, a mistaken emblem of soli tude and eadnets, if we dig into bis nature closely, is emphatically one of the bys, acd belongs to tho club. The Open Polar Sen . On the 29th of April 1861, Dr. I. I. Hayes left bis ship, iee bound in llartstene lay, to make with fourteen Jugs, three picked men and a sledge, bis but attempt to reach tbe open tea to tbe Kortb. On the thirty-first day of the j urocy Irom tLe ship (May 11) they touched the further shore of Smith s Sound, and two days later reached Kennedy Channel. On tl.e 15:h the strongest nisn of tbe little p. r'y Jensen broke down. A comrade wis hit to watch him, and Dr. Hayes pushed furward, with onlv one oomjeinion, to make his "last throw." He writes : "My purpose now was to make tbc best posh 1 could, and, travelling as lar as my provision; warranted. restch tbe highest attainable latitude, and secure a point of observation tbat wonld enable tae to form a definite opinion respect ing the sea, before me, and the prospects of reaching and navigating it with a boat or with the schooner. 1 bad already reached 8 position somewhat to tbe northward of tbat attained by Morton, of Dr. Kane's expedi tion, in June, 1S54, and was 1 joking out upon tbe same tea from a point proiably about sixty miles to the northward nr.d west ward of Cape Constitution, where, onlv a month later in the season, his further pro gress was arrested by open water. It oniy remained for me now to extend the survey as far to the north aa possible. By tbe judicious husbanding of my resources I bad still within my liande ample means to guar anty a successful termination to a journey wbish the increasing elnrkncss and extent of the water-sky to thnortheast seemed to warn mc was approaching its climax." Un the 13th of May be chmbiJa ragged cliff, whence be saw the Open Sec ; and the next day, advancing further, built a turn and plttt.te-d the American flag upon tbc nut northern pvint ever lie ttilo the tt.ry thus - by tul t'l rv r I.AB CEV. Standii.g agaii.it the dark t'ky tit the north, tbe re was seen in cim outline the white Uoping summit ed a no' lc headland, tbe mast northern known land upon tbe globe I judged it to he in latitude 82 30, or four hundred and fifty miles from the North Pole. Neater, another bold cape stood forth ; and nearer still the headland, fur which I had been steering my course the tlay before, rose majestically from tbe sea, as ii pushing up into the very skies a lufty in .untain peak, upon which the winter bau dropped its ti Udell, ol snows. There was no laud visible except tbe coast upon which I stood. The sea beneath me was a mottled sheet of w itv and dark patches, these latter be in' .it.tr soft decaying ice or places wucxe t u.e bad wholly disappeared. l'Lee epots i' heightened in inu.nt.itj of timde and plied m sire as they receded, until tbe t tbe water-sky llend.d tbeiu ali to si.i.it luto one unilorm color of dark blue. 1 t.i v 1J and solid flees (some a quarter or a rude, and others mikes, across) and tbe mas sive ridges and wastes of bumnvjekco ie : which lay piled between tbcn and arjund their margins', were tbe only prt:- A tbc s.a which retained tbe whiteness and solidity of winter. AU the evidences showeii that 1 stood up on tbe shores ol tbe Polar Basin, and that the broad ocean lay at my feet ; tbat the land npon whieh 1 stood, culminating in tbe distant cape before me, was bat a point of lan 1 projecting far into it, like tbe Ceverro Yo-tochmoi Nosa of the opposite coatt of Siberia ; and that tbe little margin ol ice which lined tbc shore yob being steadily worn away ; and within a month, tbe whole sea wonld be as free from ice as I had seen tho north water of IIiGn'e Hay interrupted only by a moving pack, drifting to and fro at the will of tbe winds and current. rLASnso un rue in LATm'oaSI 35. It now only remained for us to plant our Das in token of our discovery .and to deposit a record in proof ol our pretence. Tbe flags were tied to tbe whip-lash, and suspended between two tall rocks, and while we were building a cairn, they were allowed to flut ter in the breeze : then, tearing a leaf from my note-book, I wrote oo it as follows : "This point, tbe most northern land tbat has ever been reached, was visited by tbe undersigned, May 18th, 19th, 1861, accom panied by George I. Knorr, travelling with a dog sledge. YV'c arrivtd here alter a toil some march uf forty-six days fre ui my win ter harbor, near Cape Alexander, at tbe mouth uf Smith Sound. My obsei vations place us in latitude SI a 35,longtitune 70 30, V. Our further progicss was stopped by rotten ice and cracks. Kennedy Channel appear to expand into the Polar Basin ; and, satisfied tbat it is navigable at least during tbe months of July, August and September, 1 go benee to my winter harbor, to make another trial to get through Smith Sound with my vessel, after the ice breaks up this summer. I. 1. Haves "May 19, 1SG1." This record being carefully secured in a small glass vial, which I brought for the purpotc. it was deposited beneath the cairn ; then our faces were turned homewards. But 1 quitted the place with reluctance. It possessed a fascination for mc, and it was with no ordinary sensations tbat I contem plated my situation, with one solitary com panion, in that hitherto nntrjdlcn desert; while my nearness to the earth's axis, the consciousness of standing upon land far be yond tbc limits of previous observation, tbc reflections which crossed my mind respecting the vast ocean which lay spread ont before me, the thought that these ice-girdled waters might lash the chores of distant islands where dwell human being of an unknown race, were circumstances calculated to invest the very air with mystery, to deepen the curiosity, and to strengthen tberesolutiun to persevere in my determination to sail upon this Eca and to explore its furthest limits; and as 1 recalled the struggles which bad been made to reach this sea through the ice nd across tbe ice by generations of brave men, it seemed as if tbc spirits of those Old Worthies came to encourage me, as their experience had already guided mo ; and 1 f : tbat I bad within my grap "the great 1 notable thing" which had inspired the 1 of sturdy Frobishcr, and that I had ..levcd the hope of matchless Parry. On Thursday last a man in apparent baste entered one of tho express offices on Fourth street, and inquired of the agent how long it would take to express a corpse to Ben nington. Vermont. " Two days and a half, or three days." " Could yon positively assure me that it could b done by Sunday next, as it is desirable that the funeral ehould tte place on tbat day." "Yes. it can be done, ify0Q tend it around this after noon, so we can start it off on to-night's train.. " Well, the corpse is my mother's; she was not quite dead when I left tho house. bat I guess sne is ov ima time." Sendni your raotner along, rennea tbe expressman, a little horrified ; ' we'll put her through." Oin six n ff t i In jvirir. C. C. & II. L. BENEDICT. EDITORS A3D FaOPHtSTORS. Tutus ; Two Dollars per year, In advance. FRIDAY MORMKO, FEBRUARY 15.1867. The .miliary Government for the South. Tbe Bill introduced by Mr. Stevens from tbe Reconstruction Committee, is entitled "a bill to provide for the more efficient government of tho insurrectionary States." Its preamble is as follows : Whereas the pretended State governments of I tbe late so-called Confederate States of Virgin i i, Korth Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Mississippi, Alvnsii, Louisiana, Florida.Texas and Arkansas were set un without tbe authority of Congress and without the sanction of the peo ple; and whereas the so-pretended governments afford no protection for life or property, and countenance ard encourage lawlessness and crime; and whereas it is necesearr that peace aiiw good order should be enforced in tbe so called States until loyal and republican State governments can be legally established. The act proceeds to divido tbc Southern States into five military districts : makes it the duty of the General of the army to as sign to the command ot each of said district an ofh'.'er of ths army not below the rank ol Brigadi' r (jrncral, und to furnish such officer with the military force sufficient to enable bici to perform bis duties and to en force his authority ; makes it tbe duty ol e:ch officer so assigned, to protect all peace able and law-abiding citizens in their rights ot p.r&un and property, to suppress insur rection, disjrder and violence, and to punish or caii!-o to be punished all disturbers of tbe public peace and criminals, and gives him power to organise military commissions for that purpose, anything in the constitution and laws ot tbe eo-called State to tbc con- trary notwithstanding : and all legislative or , judiciary proceedings to control or present ! the rroreedings of said military tribu- ! nil-, and all interference by taid pretended State governments with tbe exercise of mili tary authority under this act shall le void and of n effect. It further provides that the Judges shall not irsue writs of halms caryus in tebalf of persons in military cus- I tody, unless "some commissioner or officer on duty in the district" shall certify on tbe petition for the writ, tbat he believes the de tention f the person arrested to be wrong ful. i nere .3 alsj a provision tbat all persons put under military arruet by virtue of this , net t'.ali be tried witnout unneeessarT delay, j and lj cruel or unusual punishment shall bj inflicted. Mr. Bingham of Ohio sought, but did not ' secure, an oportunity to offer an amend- , meat, which is stated by one of the Wash- ingten correspondents to be a cubstitutc for the preamble, in tbe following words : I "Whereas, it it necets-vry tint peaoe and gotd j order should be enforced in the several States lately in rebellion, until said States shall have ! been fully restored to their constitutional rela tions to the Government of the United States; therefore be it enacted." ie, Alo changing the fourth section jasto r raiit tbe courts to issue tbe writ of habeas corpus, in eases where a person is lieki for a crime which it indictable by tbc courts of the United States hat the final rate oi this bill is to be, of cou:e cannot be predicted. It teems to us tbat sueb a retain to military oontrol ol the Southern States can be justified only on the gr.mr.d of stern necessity. But if tho things ritited in the preamble are true ; if it is tbc fact as bin? been stated, that " it is not kno'.rn that an instance is on record of pun ishment of offenders against tho laws of tbe United States, especially in the commission ol crimes against Unionists, bltck or white," then some such measure as this is necessary and right, hard though it be, and it v: 11 be sustained by the loyal sentiment of tbe Country, until State governments adequate to tbe proper ends of civil government can be organised. Mamsox Aeuiy. Mr. George T. Curtis states, in tbe New York World, that tho passage in reference to suspension of the President during trial for impeachment at tributed to Madison, is of doubtlul authen ticity ; tbat it is found only in Elliot's rc p. rt of tbe debates, which were taken from unknown " contemporary publica tion"," ard tbat it is incontistcnt with va rious other declarations made by Mr. Madi son on tLe satse subject. He adds that an eff rt was made in the federal convention whieh framed the constitution to amend tbo article in relation to imrrachmcnt so as to give Cungrcts tbc power of suspending tbo President during trial for impeachment, and the amendment was rejected by tbc vote of three Stales for to eight against it Tho only remarks against tbe amendment were made by Rufus King of Massachusetts and Mr. Madison ol Virginia, and Mr. Madison said : " Tbe President is made loo dependent al ready on the Legislature by the power of one branch to try him in consequence of an tm peachment by the ether. This intermediate sus pension will put him in the power of one branch only. They can at any moment, in order to make way for the functions of another who will be more favorable to their their views, Tola a temporary suspension of the existing magis trate." Tue Civil Sesvice Bill. An animated discutsion took place in the House on Wed nesday on the " Civil service bill." Tho bill is one which emanated from the Com mittee on retrenchment, and is quite distinct from the Tenure of office bill, though de signed to supplement tbat measure and at tain some of tbc tame ends. Mr. Jcnckes of Rhode Itland, who has charge of tbc bill, stated that tbc original draft upon which it was based was prepared during President Lincoln's term of office. It proposes a very radical reform in tho civil service, by the appointment ot a Beard of Commissioners, wbese duty it shall be to prescribe the qual ifications necessary for an appointment to any subordinate position in any branch of tbe civil service, and to provide for the ex amination of all applicants for such appoint ment. By this means it is sought to make capacity, integrity and good moral cbaractei take tho place of political influence and par tisan favor, in Eccnring positions. Mr. Woodbridge of Vermont opposed the bill as containing many objectionable feature!. He admitted its good purpose, but argued that it would not tend to pre vent corruption in tbe departments. Cor ruption erspt into rrsiy depaitmint an4 Even tbc pulpit was not exempt from corrupting influences, and it would bo impossible to prevent corruption in tbc departments. He thought tbe pres ent system was good enough, for he believed tbc political changes in tbc departments wcro beneficial and of advantage to tbe coun try. He opposed the bill also on tbe ground tbat it was antidemocratic General Scbcnck of Ohio replied to Mr, Woodbridge, but several amendments were offered, and finally, as Mr. Tbad. Stevens wished to make a report from thr Recon struction Committee, the bill was laid on the table by a vote of 71 yeas to 67 nays. The Thirty-Seventh state. Tbc bill for the admitston of Nebraska as a State of tbc Union, pasted tho Senate on Friday, over the veto, by a vote of M to 9, only two republicans. Foitcr or Conn., acd Morgan of X. Y., voting against it; and pissed the House on Saturday, by a vote of 120 to 44. So the bill is a law, and when tbc Legislature of Nebraska shall have af firmed tbc condition of impartial suffrage, required in tbc bill, tbc thirty-scrcnth Statu will b; added to tbc Union. Nebraska commenced its existence as a territory ,in tic storm which followed the re peal ol the Missouri cotnpromisc.incorporatcd in the bill tor its organizition as a territory and passed in liGl. The death struggle with slavery begun at its birth as a political community, and it is quite in keeping tLat it ehould come in as a State, against the op position of the ghost of slavery and rebel lion, represented in the veto ol President Johnson. With the proclamation of its ad mission, two more republicans will take scats iu tho United State- Senate. The House Committee jf Ways and Means propote contidcrablc relief in the income tax. Incomes up to 1000 arc to be free, and all above that ta pay 5 per cent. The tax on woolens is to be reduced from 5 per cent, to 2J, and clothing, manufactures of leather and of tteam machinery arc to be free. The Committee proiiosc to exempt from tax particles which enter largely into tbe coet of living ; and to prevent the dupli cation of taxes, so that where thcrcis a tax on the raw material there shall not be an. other tax on tbe manufactured article. Mr. Miiiiso.vo.s IiirjuciiMt.w. The ques tion and a very important one it ie, too, has arisen whether, in care of imr-rachmcnt, tbc President could lc suspended from bis functions at the beginning of the proceed ings or .not till aft-r a conviction wes reached In the Convention of Virginia which was called to ratify tie constitution, -teat objection was made to tbc alleged ir responsibility ol tie Picsidtnt, especially in ibe matter ot pardons. This called up James Madison, who, rcported,made the following remarks : "There is one security in this case to which rentlemen may not have adverted ; if the Presi dent be connected in any suspicious manner with auy person, and there be any grounds to 1 elieve be will shelter him, the House of Ite iresentatnts csn impeach him ; tbey can re move him if found guilty ; thty tan sviftinl him vken svtfxctti, and Ihc power wil! devolve on the Vice President. Should he be suspected. also, he may likewite be tutftndtd until hi te imptachtd and rmQttd,and the Lfffttlature may make a temporary apfointmtnt. This is a Rreat eurit.y." The YVnter Quetloa. The T tmts calls our attention to two eon 'deration: in lavor of tbe Lake plan, viz, tbat "by the unanimous teetimony of our medical men, the water ol the lake is vastly preferable to tbat of the river "; and that 'the fight to take water from the river would probably be a costly purchase." Tic question of purity of the water, is to i-ur mind an all important one, in this Lusi rets. It is the question. If tbe river water, w 'it n properly settled, is not suitable fcr d .mcstic end culinary purposes, we do cot want it. If it ii, there can be no question that tbe river will be the cheapest source of supply. Wo are aware of no testimony of our me dical men upan tbe subject, except that of Dr. Thayer, who in his report as Health Officer, Feb. 1800, says "the great purity of i'ie waters of Winooski river and Lnko l faamplain, if brought in general use, would -event many distressing complaints, origin- :ng from the utc of well and spring water." . ..:. looks as if one certainly of our medical 1 n, had no great choice between river and 1- lc water, and considered either preferable to tbat in most general use in our city. But this matter of tbo quality of the water is nothing that need be left to conjecture; nor has it been. It was investigated last summer by a eommittcc consisting of T E. Wales, Lawrence Barnes, O. A. Dodge, and P. 1). Ballou, four gentlemen whose reputation for good judgment and competence to decide such a question, certainly needs no endorse i.ientof ours They commenced their invieli. gttion with tbo conviction, as they stated in f eir report, that tbc lake was tbc true (.Hircc of supply, and they ended with the conviction that " the quality ol the river vtatcr is as good, if not better than the Lake water.' Among the things which led the Committee to this decision was the analysis of the waters made by Prof. Seeley, who re ported no great difference between them, tbe river water however being a trifle joier than the lake water, and depositing foomr the impurities held in suspension in it. Mr. McAlpine considered the river water " but little inferior" " nearly equal" to tbe lake, and recommended tbc river n on the whole the best source of supply. Against these wc have tho opinion of Mr. Linilcy, an able engineer whose opinion is 1 r.questionably entitled to weight, who was enco in favor of the river, but who has reached tbe conclusion tbat the Lake will furnish the Letter water. He is backed in thic belief by Mr. Skde, civil engineer, and by tbe majority ol tbc Board of Aldermen, who have been givicg careful attention to he subject, acd wbotc general good judg ment, ability and sincerity we do nM ques tion. Clearly it is a case in whieh the "doctors disagree." Bet noting tbo fact that the i r inions unfavorable to tbc river arc mainly bised on conjectures and apprehensions of v hat may be its condition a number or years lesee when factories shall have greatly multiplied along Its banks, whereas tbe tetttmony in favor of the -river water is de finite and pciltiw, ws reach, for ourselves, business of life. the opinion that tbc river will give us ex cellent water, if we will take it. And wc relieve that it woull be economy to go to tie river, even though in ten or fifteen years its water should become unsuitable and no cettitatc a removal of the works to the Lake. As fur the cost of utchasing the right to take water from the river, such right has once been offered to the citv. with tbe neccrsary water power to drive the pumps free gratis for notbioc; and wapjrchcnd there would be no difficulty io securing a renewal of tbc oCcr, or if necessary to pur cbatc, in purcbanine at a very moderate 6grc. Wuo is McCsackex? It was taid that he was a relative ol Charles O'Crftir of New York; but this Mr. O'Conor indignantly denies, saying to the Trilune, "1 know no sn person as tbe aliened calumniator. Iff is . .ithcr a re-Utive, connection or acquaint ance of mine." The sum ot tbe information about McCrackcn, then, is that he is a New Yorker, and twenty four years ot age Further than this nothing b:s tccn learned which has not been contradicted. The Common SebooU. The citizens ot Rutland have been cot.' sidering the cxiJieticy ofcontolidatm tbe teverel school districts, in that village, and putting all under one manngement, as some of our citizens greatly detnu to do in Bur lington. And they seem likely to reach the desired result there, sooner than we shall here. Tho subject was referred, at a late corporation meet ice o! the village of Rut land, to a committee, who reported as fol lows : Tbe fault of the preient system, in the judg ment cf your committee, is lack of system, there being no responsible head to see that teachers are up to the proper standard of qual ification, and that their government ia effective in holding the sehco's undtr their immediate charge, up to the hightest point f discipline, for their most complete operation. Teachers are examined, and with an occa sional exception, no further interest is exhibited by committees or parents, until the close of tbe term, to know how their children are progres sing, or wnetnet tne teacher ia capable in execu tive tact, for the petition of moulding children into self-reliant, intelligent men and women. The old aphomm tbat " what is every body's business is nobody's." holds especially good in matters of car common schools In any business investment we atk a perti nent question, would the amtunt of mosey ex pended ic our tchcols, have as ilr care, as little elimination, as to whether it was return ing a proper remuneration for tbe uutlay ? Should we pay ia our money, giving no more attention to it, but entruit it altogether to disin terested fir tics, to judge whether the proper and best use was being male uf it? Kather should we not put at the bead of our associa ticn v competent and responsible man, to tee that .11 the subordinates do their whole duty? Our children are being educated for good or evil, Kith a tendency largely to the latter, and these children are very soon to assume the con trol of our village. We cannot, it is patent to your committee, afford to neglect this matter, or longer trust it to irresponsible hands. We believe it for the highest intertit of the schools, to parents and to tbe village of Kutland, that these several districts should be consoli dated, under the supervision of a committee, one perhars selected from each Ward, who eh ill act as an advisory committee, the execu tive of which shall be a school superintendent, to be paid for his services, and whse qualiEca lions shall fit him and whose duty it shall be, to often call together all the teachers of all the schools, and teach them in theit duties, and in the c-vernment of their pupils. From such appointment on jour part, and such action on theirs, we beiicve will be evolved order, and more effective teaching in vour pri mary schools, emulation ant Increased knew- ledge among jour teachers, and needed and gratifyins results in education generally throughout cur village. 1 Gzo. A. MiaaiLL, For Committee. 1 We- copy this report became it is just as applicable to Burlington as to Rutland. The opinion of Col. Merrill, the author of toe rcrort, is valuable, not only berautc he is an intelligent, liberal minded and public spirited citizen, but becaute he has had an opportunity to compare closely and prscti Icallt the s'up shod tysteui of seratc dis tricts, still in vogue in Rutland and Bur lington, with a consolidated system such as they have in St. Johnebury, Montlier and St. Albans. The rttult of this report, in Rutland, was the referring of the subject, on motion ef Hon. J. B. Page, to a Committee, with in structions to rejiort n plan of consolidation to another nutting ten days hence. TlIK Mo.NTrzLIEK and St Juiinsdckv Roan The project for a new railroad from Mont pelier aero' to the Connecticut river, i back ed by meu of energy, business tact ad eapi tal.ai.d they propote to push it through. Tbc etock subscription books w ere opened the other day with a subscription ot 2100,000 by tl e heavy firm of F.mbiiamcs & Co. ef St. J .bnsbury, and it is not putting it too stro'i: to say that tie interest tukeu in tic cm. prieo by men of such weight, reliability and ! igh chsracter.as the Messrs. Fairbanks, will be worth, to it much more than the money they put into it. Wc shall watch the progress of tbc road with intcreet,cbicfly because of its importance to the State at large, us opening up a fine fertile region in tbc heart of tbc State, now without railroad facilities, though it is not impossible tbat there may be some special advantages to the business of Burliiig on in bringing that portion of the State within short railroad communication with the Lake at this place. We find the following concerning tho pro posed routo or the road, in the bit Caledon ian : Beginning at Mcntpelier, the new road will run through the towes of Fast Montpelier, Plainfield, Marsbficld, a corner of Cabct and perhaps Waldcn, Danville, St. Johnsbury, Kirby, Concord and Lunenburg. It is well known that several of these towns are among the best dairy towna in the State, while Greens boro, Crafubury, Hardwick, itarcet, WaterforJ, etc., are grazing acd dairy towns which have few equals, acd no superiors, anywhere. The road from Montpeb'er to St. JohcsburT. following the valley cf the Winooski river, Molly's pond, Joe's pond acd Sleeper's river . having co deep cats or heavy fills, and no ex- j necsive briJcrea will hit TsrrrliMnlrennfitrnrt- I ed. From St Johnsbury to Palton, (N. IL) the road will follow up tbe valley of Moose river nice miles, and cats thence by Miles' pond to the Connecticut river. This note is entirely feasible, an easy grade, and the road can be cheaply constructed. Ihe first nice milts of this read have been carefully survejad and estimated by an experiecced en gineer, who stands ready to build that portion of the road at his estimate. By this estimate the ccst of grading, bridging and fencing this cine miles, a leu than 3.000 per mile. This estimate includes all expenses ready for the superstructure, except land damages, which it Is believed will be mainly provided for by the towns through which the road pastes, free of expense to tbe corporation. Walton's Journal says : Our own people do not realire probably that that th'u is cot an unpropitiooa undertaking Less than forty miles of track will connect the Central at Mcntpelier with the Paafnmpaio road at W. Jonctbury; and leaf than sixty railss of track will connect Jlontpelier with the projected lice frcm Portland to-Dalton. N. IL; and a few more miles with the Grand Trunk at Northum berland. This is opening Central Vermont to vast net of railroads. Can the work be done Yes, if the people will take hold in earnest. We learn that tbe people of Marabfield have voted to give the right of way free cf cost. A good ex ample, n e must say, however, from the ex perience of farmers on the other railroads, that there is cot a farmer or land-holder cn ths lice, who will not make money by (rivinc the right ot way, and ad ling to that one half at least of the present value of his land. The McCrackcn-Scward-Motlcy letter, which was tent to the Senate on Wednesday, and is published in all tbc papers, docs not allude specially to Hon. Geo. P. Marsh, as was stated. Mr. Morris at Constantinople is mentioned as one of those who abuec tbc President. Mr. Motley is called a "thorough flunky,' and half a dozen Consuls rue al luued to aa " vulgar, Ignorant, unworthy. blatant " radicals, "common drunkards Ac. Tie T riiune says it cannot find Mr. Mc Crackcn in the directories of N'cw York, Brooklyn or Jeieey City. "Who is Mc Crackcn?" is apparently about as much of a question as ' who is McGinnis?" or who struck Billy Patterson ? The Washington correspondent of the aV. 1. Twus tys of the bill for the military guvernment of tlie South : The bill is looked unon as the entering wedre in the destruction of the preient governments cf ine ooumern states, ana as an indication that nothing definite will be accomplished in their reorganization until tbe Fortieth Congress meets. Prominent Southern loyalists now here, express themselves satisfied with its provisions as a mat ter of temcorary relief, and are Darticularlv gratified that it has been presented just at this time, when the Johnson men of the South are urjing their compromise. I'.tiUBiHsiKEM or State Wac Diets. Mr. Blaine ol Maine, gave notice on Wed nesday that he sbonld call up at as early a day as possible bis bill to reinburte the loyal Slates for war cijceks. The bill giycs to the States a sum equal to $55, lor each sol dier and tailor furnished bv them for the war, reduced to the three years standard, the tame to lc jaid in U. S. five per cent, bonds. The allowance to Vermont hv the bill is $1.597 .SCO for 23,052 men. About forty of Mr. Johnson's Collectors, Assessors, District Attorneys and Marshals were rejected by tbe Senate on Wednesday. The Crnve of "Old John Itrovvn." The point of interest in North Elba is the farm ind grayc of old John Brown. The whole region seems somehow consecrate., with bis spirit, and begging pardon of tbe "recuoetructed," there was a sanctity about it whose influence we did not try to resist. His bouso is nearly a mile from the travelled road, his farm being a sort of elevated, un even plateau, among these guardian moun tains, wide open to the sky. Everybody here had something to tell us about the old man. "I taw biai when he went away on his Virginia expedition," taid one of our guide;, "and 1 stw the box in which he was brought back iu tbc winter.'' Even tbe landlady at the wbi;iey-p:r fumed inn where wc stopped paid her tri bute of respect to him as "the old scoundrel tf ho got up the war." But "be was a good neighbor." I talked with a farmer tbe night before, as be leaned over his barn-yard bars. I asked him if John Brown ttaid much at home while he lived there. "No. He was a wolfish kind of a man. nhvaj scorning and going on his cxredi tion." ' Did you like him?" 'Ycs. He was a first-rats man, a good neighbor, there wasn't no better man." He was generally much liked, and be did a good deal for the imtroveinent of North Elba was the universal testimony. We en tered the gate and drove through the narrow road to his house. He had removed himself far enough from neighbors to bo independent. The farm has fallen into scod bands, and appears to lie a productive one for this re gion. The bouse is a story and a half frame structure, nnpaintcd, but neat and comforta ble. Clusc by it is the grave, in a small tquarc of ground, enclosed with a plain fence built by bimsell. A quarter of the enclosure is occupied by a bugo rock, upon which twenty persons may stand, with an admirable lace for an inscription, which ought to be cut on it. His broad grave it tbe only one in tbe enclosure, and bis only monument is a somewhat rude slab ot slate. He bad intended this as the family bury in; ground, and before bis death had conveyed this slab to Wcttrort, with the name of his grandlatiier cut on it. It was brought from Wettport with his remains, and has since bad put on it his name acd thexe of three of his sons. I copied the eiraplo inscription : IK mehorv or CAPT. JOHN L-ROWN, u-Ao died at iVnr York, Sept. ye 3, 1770, in the -ISA year of his age. JOHN BROWN, 'bjrn bat 9, 1S0O, ire. entitled at Charlestoun, la., 1S59. Dec. OLIVER BROWN. west uar 9. 1839. tra killed at Harper's terry, Oct. 17, 1S59. Obverse. tx liEuoar or FREDERICK. Son of John and Diantha Broicn, born Dec. 21, 1S30, and murdered at Ossaicatomie, Kansas Aug.30, 1850, ftt his adherence to the cause of Freedom. WATSON BROWN, BORN OCT. 7, 1835, raj tcvunded at Harper's Ferry. Oct 17. and died Vet. 19, 1859. Some kind friends have planted tweet brier and roses in tbe enclosure, but the grats and clover arc not friendly to their growth The sunshine falls unobstructed on the grave. From tbc rock, Whitefaco is visible on the one side and Marcy on tic other. In this free, open place, in the keep ing of these grand old hills, be desired that his body should lie. Many a great cemetery in New England was ready to give it room ; but it is better as it is. In these wilds there is something consonant with his own untamcable spirit. Here is the very air cf freedom, and as we stood about the grave his epirit seemed not far away, diffusing about us his peace and bis grand serenity. Here be rests in solemn state after the etorms tf bis earthly career. The time is not dis tant when tie American people will make long pilgrimages hither to look upon one cf the hallowed graves of the continent. The fanatic of one age is the hero of the next. A Bit or Roxancz. Some seventeen years ago tbc ooly diughter of a wealthy farmer of Worcester County was married with somo eclat, and went away to livo in " York State. ' Tho history of the domestic felicity of this marriage tradition has not recorded, but alter two years or so from the wedding day, the young wife expressed a wish to re turn homo for a few weeks' visit Tbe hus band's business just then precluded tbe idea of his accompanying her, but he helped on her preparations, and one bright morning, now fifteen years ago, carefully put her on board tbe Eastern-bound train, bade her fare well, acd went back to bis home to keep bachelor's hall as best he might Strange to say, be beard nothing from the bssntes, but faithful to bis proaist, tbe ' next day he wroto her a long letter settling iujiu un ma uiscomiorts ana begging ccr to rriurn. lo, tne return mail brought, not a dainty little loving missive from Ms absent Harriet, but a strange, ill-omened scraw trom her mother. It was a wild cry of -i- ,i 1 , . . . J oiaim. acceaugnier nail not been home! And from tbat time for fifteen years she never did reach home, or darken or brighten her husband's doors. Tho husband bore his bereavement most stoically ; the father said noinicg. lie loved ins boys and was proud of them. His girl he had reared up to numanuueiu, gai ner well married off, and the wommcnt of the mystery be washed bis hands of. It belonged by good rights to the iiueoana. Bat the poor mother who hRd never, in all her life before, gone beyond the thadow of her husband's apple trees, set off alone in ecarcn 01 ccr. tbc wandered un acd down the world for months. A she . nnipt. hnms body, very deaf, and knowing no more about geographical points and railroad routes than tne Dig aog she lelt at home, no one won eltreel when ebo cave un tho seneh at last last as bopclea?. She crew vcrv old and very deaf, meantime, and everybody pitieJ iuc ciciiL, pnucn; moineriy wimin who forced herself to fettle down at latt and live on in the old, unarrested anxiety. Well, tbc daughter caino the other dav! She bad loacd her " affiiniiv" and been living with him these fifteen vcars. She don't need to marry him. Tncy understood eacn otner perfectly, but she thouebt she d just step home for a flvins? visit to let them an mow nowsoe is. Lor. Hoston Traveler. Tub Eiipress Eccxxik asn nza Ban. Dress. Tbe Empress, it cannot be disguis ed, grows visibly older. Her bright tmile has vanished, the lines of tbe face arc be coming hard, and thero is a look of anxious care invading her physiognomy, w bich be trays more than tbe Emieror's expression less masx, mat mere is something to dread in tne future. Her .Majesty is still beauti ful, still full of grace, but the mark of time is upon her. Her dress was, as it always is, a wonderful creation of art, but it bad tbe demerit of being too youthful. Apart from tbe jewels which completed it, it might be worn by a young girl in hr teens White t-ilk- was the material which served for the display of the design of the dress. There were tcvcral tkirti", tbe upper one trimmed wnli long leaf-shaped bands of tulle, bound with eatin, which fell over tbo under-skirt not quite as low as the edge. The upper pari 01 me urcss, now in the Iront and at the back, was covered with sprays of ivy. wnicn, gaincrea at tne right tide in cluster ing sprays, wis held together by a few wild roses. The corsage was trimmed w.tb sprays of ivy, under which glittered a fringe ot diamonds about three inches in depth on the buom ; and on each shoulder immense emeralds, set in large diamonds with pend ants oi tmauer stones, were attached. An emerald and diamond necklace to match the lewels on the drees, bracelets and ear-rintrs of very large diamonds, the car-riDga mar Tels ot tize and purity, and lastly, a'ceinture or i-ioQiacncr, composca ot a net work ot pearls, small rubies, emeralds, and dia-ui-inds. In fact tbc entire upper part of the dret -tras composed of jewels. From the ehoulu.rs !hind fell a wide ribbon of emer ald green velvet, tied below the waist in a bow with short ends. The coiffure was a wreath of ivy, a large rote ji uiaioonus, DCing placed a little to tne left in front, while at tbo back, ivy leaves acd wavy, (not trembling) diamond sprays fell over tbe braids of hair. Pans letter. I-ast Winter Senator Wade proposed the following as an amendment to the Consti tution : "TLe executive power shall be vested in a Presidtnt of the United States of America. He shall bold his office during tbe term of four years, and shall not again be eligible to that office during the term of his natural life. In ea'c of the removal of the Presi dent from office, or of his death, resignation or inability to discharge tho powers and duties of tbe said office, tbo samo shall de volve on tbo Vice- Prteidcnt, who shall not again be tligibio to the office ol President of the United States during tho term of his natural life. Whenever Congress may, by law, provide fir the case of remov al, death, resignation or inability, both ot the President anl Vice-President, declaring What officer tball then act as President, such officer shall not again be eligible to tbc office ot I'rttKlent ot the L nited States during the tcnii 01 nis natural tile. Here wc have one hundred and fifty-one words to prohibit tbe re-election of a Presi dent "duriDg tbe term of his natural life." It is pleasant to know that tbero is some limit, however, and thit our Executive may be lawfully rccbosen alter his death. This amendment weet to the Judicivry Commit tee, wnerc it lay until last week, w hen it was reported by .Mr. TrurnVjlI in tho follow ing lorm : "No person elected President or Vioe-Presi dent, or who hav once served as Prw-tdent, shall atitrwam be eligible to either office." That is English ?h"rt, sharp and decisive: there is no loop-bole for escape, no chance iuc quiuuic or evasion, unynic wnto all enactments in English ? A. Y. Times IsntciJiEST or Juin H Serratt. John II. Sunatt was furir.trally indicted in the District Criminal Court at Washington, Monday mornidg bv the Grand Jury through their foreman, D. V. Burr. Ibe indictment is accompanied by a rresen men! charging J. Wilkes Both wit3 th- murder o! Abraham Lincoln, and J H. b.irratt, D ivi 1 E. Har old, IjwU Payne and George A. Atzsrodt for being prteent, aiding ind abetting, on or about the 21th or April, I8G0 Tne indict ment is for murder, anil in its first count charges tbat John II. Surra; t, un or about the 14th of April, l?0o, did murder Abra ham Lincoln. The second count charges that John II. Surratt and John Wilkes Booth did murder Abraham Lincoln. Tho third count charges with the murder ot Abraham Lincoln J.hn II. Surratt. Lewis Payne, John Wilkc Bjoth. David E. Har old, George A. Atzerodt and Mrs M. E. Sur ratt. The fourth count cuargea tla" John Wilfcc;tJjoth,Johu II. Surratt.David E Har old, George A. A'z- rodt. Leu is Payne and Mary E. Surratt did conspire aud confeder ate together to k II and muidrr A'-raham Lincoln, ic. It is believed thit Jo:o II. Sirratt's counsel will attempt tu prove an alibi ; and it is taid that only one of tho numerous wit nesses summoned will saiar that he was in Washington on the night uf t" e ssvssina tion. While there can ' no doult but that Surratt knew of the ongi al plan L) abduct Mr. Lincoln, many win, art mquaint cd with tbc facts in the cao think that be was aWr.t when Booth lormcd and carried out tie bloody aeeoteinatiuc. - The Swatara with Surratt on board, is daily cxrected at Fortress Monroe. From Ecacrr. Cnllc desjatctes of Feb 2d end 4th say : Hopes are expressed on the continent that Maximilian will be able to remain in Mexi co. Garibaldi declares against a r resent "rising" in Rome. Russia protests against tbo assemb-sge of Poles in Galicia. Numer ous arrests for political offenses are being made in Spain. Tbe quarantine at Cadiz was removed Jan. 14. Ships leaving American ports with clean bills of health, can go to their destina tion direct. Lord Cowley, British Minister to Paris, has resigned. Itisreportad that tho governments of Prussia acd Bavaria are arranging tbe basis of a treaty of alliance, offensive and Offen sive. Tbe National Parliament has abolished capital tmnishmcnt throughout tbe Kingdom of Italy." Labor riots bave occurred at Marcbiennes Aux Pont, a village of Uainaut. Belgium, on the railroad to Brussels. Tbe riots are spreading, and troops had been called oat Imprisonment for debt is to cats in Frsnee. It is estimated tbat the value of goods al ready received in Paris for the International Exposition amounts to a million ot pounds sterling. Tbo first iron-clad man-of-war ordered by the Japanese is now being constructed at Toulon. It is reported that the King of Grease is about to marry a Russian imperial prin cess. A direct mail has been established between St. Petersburg and Pckin, China. The ser vice requires 4S days. A Rebel AxiCDOTX.-In The Land We Love, a monthly literary magazine edited by Gen eral D. II. Hill, of the late Confederate army, a correspondent tells the following : "After the defeat of our army at Corinth under Van Dora, it was ordered lo Grenada by Pe'mbcrton. Tho Regiment of Mimissinni Cavaliv was also ordered to that point, although it did not llong to that division f the army. The regiment had became somewhat famous for its marching acd counter-marching incessantly without ever getting into a tcrioos engagement, and tbc mortification and chagrin of tbe men were extremely great at the ranyer-rcputation of iner regiment. While we were encamped there fat Gren ada) Grant came up to Cofferville, only twenty miles distant, with a portion of his army. One of our mischievous lads camo riding into camp, saying that he had just got very important news from the headquar ters of General Pemberton. "What is It?" cried oat many eager voices. "There has been a flag of truce in town." "Who sent it demanded the excited crowd. "Old Grant himself." was the reply. "Wcll.what does he want?" "Oh nothing much, only he says that he wishes to conduct tbe war on civilized principles, and as be intends to shell this town he requests that all tbe wo- mcn, children and the Regiment of Mississippi cavalry be removed bevond all danger." We do cot doubt tbat manv cood men arc favorable to a change acd swallow tha sophistry acd stupidity that temperance will be promoted by licensing men to sell, but still wc are confident tbat every liquor deal er in tbe State takes tbe same ground, and tbat this interest at the bottom ot tbc license movement, Wc should have more respect far these license philosophers with their su percilious assumptions of " practical wis dom." were it not that every fact in onr experience and history refutes their shallow conceits and superficial expedients. We have ttftd license for two hundred years, and it has failed constantly and notoriously. It has tailed always and everywhere. Look at New York. The Sate is flooded with rum under an " excise law." The liauor dealers of tbat State assail the excise law with the same arguments which in this State are used against a prohibit ory law. Every argument used in this Stats for a license law is most con- picuously refuted by tbo operations ot the cxciso law in New lork The law is violated and disregarded, and constantly and universally, and tbc evil of intemperance on tbc increase. Among ail tbo delusions which bave im posed upon porular credulity none is more strange than this theory : tbat tbc cause of temperance can be promoted by licensing men to sell rum and manufacture drunkards. But restraint, regulation, since yoa cannot stop tbe evil, is the answer. But is it not plain if this is good logic and good ethics so far as the evil and wrong of liquor sell ing is concerned, ic is goou tor ail inevitable evils, and justifies licenses for houses of ill fame as well as dram shops. But while many honest men favor a license law to pro mote tbo cause ot temperance, the chief ad vocacy and espousal comes from the liquor interest wnicn cioats under lair pretences ot public good, the insatiable greed cf money. We wain our legislators that after all the sophistries and bluster of tbo liquor interest, tbcre remains the intelligent, sober and vig ilant Deonle who will not bo hnmhni-ftvi nr moved, and they insist upon a prohibitory law and a fair trial. It is too late, gentle men liquor dealers. Revolutions do not go back. We bave outgrown license and can't return. iVorM Adams Transcript. Thirty-Ninth Congress second Session Feb. 7. Mr Stevens took the floor in support of the bill for tbe military government of the insur rectionary States. lie said : It has now become the duty c f Congress to do its duty by eatabliah ing some kind of government in these provinces, which for two years had been in a state of anar chy. For two years the loyal people there had endured all the horrors cf the worst anarchy. Exiles, persecutions and murders had been the order of the day. The best men of those States were driven from their homes and compelled to live on the cold charity of the cold North , where they were to be seen living about, everywhere wandering about, haggard and miserable ths ghosts of the unbuned dead wandering on this side of the Styx. He was tor makinj one mors effort to protect these loyal men from the cruel ties, persecutions and vengeance to which they were subjected. If Congress faded to interfere effectually, it would be responsible to ths civil ized world for the grossest neglect of duty that any great nation was ever guilty of before hu manity. Mr Brandegee addressed ths House la sup port of the bill. Of all the propositions that had been eabmitted from ths Joint Committee on Reconstruction, this bill seemed at ones ths clearest, the plainest, the most appropriate, ths freest from Constitutional objections. It com menced at the point where Gen. Grant left off the work at the Appomattox, two years ago. It had one purpose, to hold the revolted communi ties in the grasp of war until the spirit cf rebellion should be laid down, as its arms had been laid down two years ago. He saw in ths bill a promise that the sword of ths Republio shall be unsheathed again ; shall be placed In the band of the greatest Captain of the age, and ehould be held by htm, suspended oace more over the beads of rebels, with the awful memory of the reverberation of the cannon which opened Richmond to the Federal amies. Feb. 8th. Sexatc The bill to admit Nebraska Into ths Union, which was vetoed by the President, was called up and pasted over ths veto by a vote of 31 yeas to 9 nays. The bill went to ths House fir its concurrence. The Uoase resumed debate on the bill pro viding tor Military Government for tbe Insur rectionary States. Mr. Raymond opposed and Mr. Shellabarger supported tha bill. Mr. Stevens moved ths previous question. Gen. Banks asked that tha discussion bs continued. He expressed his belief that a few days devoted to ths discussion of the question, would result In the perfecting of a measure upon which Congress, ths President and ths peop'o would agree. Mr. Steven insinuated that Mr. Banks had been in consultation with the President, and bitterly spoke; of demoraliza tion in the party. In reply, Mr. Baaka takl he had had no negotiations with the President, but he believed a measure that would meet all demands could be agreed upon, and hoped for a change In the position of the President. The House refused the demand for tbe previous question, by a vote of 61 yeas to 93 nays. Mr. Kaison denied the right cf Congress lo pass a bill to establish military governments in the South. He offered as a sabatitats for ti bill a proposition authorizing ths military office:! commanding in the South to declare when nec cessary martial law over all or any portion. Feb. 9th. Sxxatc. Mr. Wilson called for a vote on ths motion to reconsider the rejection of the bank rupt bill, acd it was reconsidered by ytu 22, nays 14. Hocaz. The bill for military government In tbe insurrectionary States wis taken up. Mr. Banks raid he had at first intended ta tutport ths bill, bat on reflection h should withhold his vote frcm it. Bs believed that tha States la rebellion were still States. Us had never known the army to exert any good influ ence on ths civil ijovtrnment. H'u theory was , to reconstruct Louisiana on ths basis of lbs constitutional amendment and extend ths work gradually to the Southern State. Mr. Ashlar called up tie Nebraska bill and ' the bill was passed over ths veto by vote of 120 azalnat 44, and was proclaimed as lair by - ' theSpeaker. The Hon then rawsatsd Iks ccmUstiHss; ot -ths Rteocjtrictfoa biU.