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VOIi. XXXV. NEW SERIES VOL-XIII.
Poetry John (J. Wultticr. The roet's portrait cf Himself from AVhit- tier'e new Poem ' The Tent on the Beach." And one there was, a dreamer born, Wbo, with a mission to fulfil, lis J left the Musee'e haunts to turn The crank of an opinion-mil. Making his rustic reed of eong A weapon in the war with wrong. Yoking his fancy to the breaking-plough That beam-deep turned the toil for truth to spring and grow. Too quiet eeeoieJ 'be nun to ride The winged Hirpogriff Reform; Wan his a voice from side to tide To pierce the tumult of the storm ? A Hifnt, shy, peace-loving man, lie seemed no fiery partisan To hold his way against the public frown. The ban of-Church and State, the fierce mob's boon ling down. For while he wrought with strenuoui will The work his hands bad found to do. He heard the fitful murk still Of winds that out of dream-land Mew. The din about him could not drown What tbc strange Toiees whispered down; Along his task-field weired processions swept. The visionary pomp of stately phantoms stepped. The common air was thick with dreams He told them to the toiling crowd; Bush music as the woods and streams Sang in his ear he sing aloud; In still, shut bays, on windy capes. He heard the call cf beckoning shapes. And, as the gray okl shadows prompted him, To homely moulds of rhyme he shaped their legends grim. He reeled now his weary hands. And lightly iSoraliied and laughed. As, tracing on the shifting sands A burlesque of his paper craft. He saw tbc careless waves o'errun Hie words, as time before bad done. Each day's tide-water washing clean away. Like letters from the sand, the work of yester day. miscellaneous. HISTORY OF" A AVUATIIEItCOCK. Heine ibe Wonderful and Instructive Le gend of 31 cdio-Polllto. Theleeead here given is the Anlalusian one, and profess to explain the origin of weather cocks in the history of Medio-Pollito. or Half- rhkken. the crces-er&ined founder of his tribe. The curious superstition alluded to in it, of eggs being laid by old cocks, is firmly believed by the people ; and we have beard it asserted by a -oJi.minrm&i Runnnl that an unusually small egg which he had found in the hen-roest must j eertahily have been laid by the cock. A oock. however, is saw to lay cuiy v.ec fh rusilisk contained in the eegz (axes sevtu years to batch. TheSrstptrsonwhomhe. es on breaking bis sfcell he is awe 10 khi uy m ruv.tr of his eye j bat if any one should 6rt at him. the basilisk himself dies. .-'eareely less caneus is the notion, on which the final eatae irophe hinges, ot St Peter's dislike to the ci ow ing of a eo. and his stooping to Uke levengc vo one that had effended him in this manner. Oar story is translated from La (7rtoo,a tale of Spanish life by Fcrnan Cabsllero, the greatest living Spanish novelist. TOE LEGEND. There v."aB oce upon a time a handsome Hen. who lived very comfortably in a court yard surrounded by her numerous family, amoDg whom tbeie was one chicken that was both kmc and ugly. Kw this was the very one that tbc mother loud best of all, for that is the way with mutiiers. This cripple had been bateUti from a very uuy little egg. ne was indeed no more than half a chicken, for he Imd only one eye, oiic wing, and one claw; and fr all that he gave himself more airs than hi father did, who wa the handsomest and bravest arid most gentlemanly cock m nil ti.e .wl-yards for sixty mile round. Tbie cl K-k thought him clf the Pbeenix of his race. If the other cocke laughed at hltn, he thought it was out of envy ; and if the hens did, 1 e said that it was for anger because of the little attention that he paid them. One day he said to bis mother, " Look here, Mother. Tlie country wearies mc ; I have made up my mind to go to Court. I want to see tlie King and Queen. The poor mother began to tremble when she heard these words. My un. " she exclaimtd. " Who could tinve nut such nODterwe into vour bead? Your father lias nenf once been outtide bis own domain, and he is l be pride of his race. Why, where would you hwl men a court yard as you lave here ? Or w here a grander manure-heap? Where would you Und bet ter or more plentiful food, a warmer hen roost, or a family that locs you more dear- ly ?" , . , " Ncgo." said Medio-Pollito in Latin, for he set up to be a great scholar. " My brothers and my cousins arc ignorant clowns." Hut, my eon," continued bis mother, have you ncTcr looked r.t yourself in the gbwe? Have you not found out that you nave got one eye and one claw less than other people ? " Kay, if yuu begin upon that," replied Medio-l'oMito, " 1 shall answer that you ought to fall down dead for shame at seeing me in such a state. It is your fault and nobody's else. What sort of an egg did I come out of, pray ? Was i: laid by an old cock?" No, my son," said the htn, "for only basilisks come out of thof e eggs. You were hatched from a very wee little egg, but in deed that was no tault ot mine. "Perhaps," said Mcdio-Polito, his comb turning red as scarlet, "perhaps 1 shall mt with some clever surgeon, who will put on my missing linibs. Anyhow, my mind ismado up ; offl go." When the poor hen saw that there wasuo way of turning him fiom his purpose, tbc E&id: , , , "At least, my son, hearken to the prudent counsel of a loving mother. Take care not to pass by any churches where there is a statue ot St. Peter, for that saint is not at all fond of cocks, and still Ices of their crow. Ayoid also certain men whom there are in the norld, called cooks : for they aro our mortal enemies, and will trrinj your neck as soon as they look at you. And now, my eon, St. Raphael, the rutron or travellers, be your guide. Go and ask your father's bless -irg." .Mcdio-rolltto apjroachcd the venerable author of his existence, and, stooping to Vi?s his claw begged his blessing. Tho wufthy ola Cock avc jt him with more dig nity than afTtction, for he was by no means fond of him on account of his peevish tem per. But his mother was so much moved, that she was obliged to wiC away ber tears with a withered leaf. Thee Medio-Pollito began his march, clapping his wing and crotripg three times as a signal of departure. As he arrived at tbc banks of a stream, that was almost dried np, for it was sum mer, it so happened that tbc slender thread of water was hindered frum flowing by a few branches that had fallen across its bed. On seeing the traveller, the Stream said : "Thou sccst, friend, ho? weak I am. Scarcely can I move a step, and I hac not strength to push aside these branches that block up my way. citLcr can I makp a round to aToid them, fur it would entirely exhaust mc Thou couhM easily pet me out of this difficulty by irticg tbc branches with thy beak. In leturn, thou majtt not only quench tby thirst in my current, but reckon cn my services as soon as the rains J beaten shall have restored n.y strength." . The Chicien rcrlicd ; "1 mM. Iiiil t don't JiuOre JJO joa think I look like the servant of dirty little streams?" "Thon wilt remember me when least thou tbinkes t," murmured the Stream In s faint ing voice. "It's very fine for ycu to boast 1" relum cd Meuio-Polhto. mockingly. "Why, one vould think you had jutt drawn a prize in the'lottery, or wold bp sure of help from A little farther on lie met with the Wind, lying feint and hclplces on the ground. "Dear Medio-Pollito." he said, "in tbi world we all have need of one another. Conic near and look on mc. Seest thou what tbo bcrt of tuinircr has done to use? to mc, S3 strong, so mighty ? to me, who raise the waves, who lav waste the fields, whose piw er none can withstand? This midsummer day has killed me. 1 fell asleep, intoxicated by the perfume of the Bowers witti wmea i was playing, and here thou sccst mc swoon ing. If thou wouldsi hat raise ne two inches from tbo ground with thy beak and fan me with thy wing, that would enable me to take flight to my cavern, where my mother and sisters, the Stoma are busy mending up n few old clouds tliat 1 have torn. There they will give mc some refresh ing draughts, r.nd 1 shall recover my strength." "Sir Wind," replied the ill-natured chick en, "many a time have you amused yourself at my expense, puffing at me from liehind and blowing open my tail like a fan, so that all who saw it might langb at tne. No, no, my friend ; every dog has his day, so good afternoon to you, Mr. Jjhcr.'" With t!.i ho crowed three times in a luud voice arid strutted away. In the middle of a stubble-field t which the laborers Ud set Ere, there rose up slender column of smoke. Medic-PoUito drew near, and sew a tiny flame flickering from time to time among the ashes. 'Ueer Medio-Pollito." said the little Flame, "thou art come in the very niok of time to save my life. I am at my last gasp for want of fuel. 1 cannot think what is become of my cousin the Wind, for it m he who always helps mc out of my troubles. Do bring me one or two little straws to re vive me." "What business is it of mine, 1 should liko to know?" replied Medio-Poiifto. "You may go out if you like, and wed corns. I don't want you." "Who knows but you way want uic some day ?" answered the Flame. "Xo one can say. 'There shall be no harm happen unto mc.' " "Now. then," said the erof erctforc. "oiuetjou always) he presenilis;? 1'nkc that, then !" And so saying, he ooreied him with ashes; after which he began to crow, as usual, as though he had done some great deed. Medio-Pollito at last reached the enpit.d. and passed in front of a church which they told bim was St. Peter's Thereupon he posted himself in the doorway and crow d until be nearly cracked his voice.for nothing in the world but to annoy the Saint, and to have the pleasure of disohoviog his mother. When he came to tbc Palace he wanted to go in to see the King and Queen, but the sentinels cried out to biui, "Keep off!" Ibcrcupon he turned aside and wc through a back-door into a large r jobi where be saw a great many people passing m ana ( fn.. !I ai.lst who thev were, and woe in- i f. rL.td that thev were llw Majcs'.y s c;uk. Instead of running away, a." hi mother had edvcd him to do, in he marched witn hcvij and crest ent. Immediately obo A Ike sculiioiji laid hands on hiiu, and wrong bu itvclc in twinkling. "Hullo there !" said he. "bring sae some hot water that I may pluck tliis fowl." "Water, my beautilul crystal lady!" cried Medio-I'oIito, "do not scald sne. I en treat you. Have pity un t '" "lladst thou any pity on mc, when 1 asked thy help, ill-natured bird ?"' replied the Water, boiling with indignation, and splashing him from bead to foot, while (he scullions eoon left bim withcut aiagle feather yi vvcr him. Then tbaeouk laid h"M "f bim and put bim on tbc spit. "Fire, brilliant Fire!" cried the unUapfj bird, ''thou who art so powerful sud so , glorious, have pity on my state, draw in thy j llaicfi and burn me not ! Wretch !" replied the Fire, "how darts ' the bill H he does the latter, it will prob . . ...-,1 . .... thou apcal to mc, after having attempted to smotticr me on the pretext tnai inou oouldet never need my help 7 Com near and sec what 1 can do ! ' And, not content with browning him he burnt him as black "3 a cinder. When the cook saw him ia this state, be took him by the leg and flong oun out oi" the window. Immediately the Wind caught faoid of him. "Wind!" cried Medio-Pollito, "my dear ' and much honored Wind ! thou who ' reigncst over all and obcyest none, mightiest , among the mighty : have compassion on mo, 1 and leave me alone on this rubbluh-Leap !" "Leave thec !" roared the Wind, snatch ing him away in an eddy and whirling him through the air like a shuttlecock, "So, never as long as 1 live !" , Ho set Jlcdio Pollito down ou ttie top ui a Jicuio roimouownou io,. o, . steeple. St. Peter stretched out his band and fastened him there. From that time , forth he occupies this post, blackened, Hat-, fth district, and Louisiana and Texas the tcned, and fcathcrlcss, 1 13 bed by the Itam, Enn jistrict. and pufled at by the Wind, from which he Section i That it shall be the duty of the is always trying to protect his tail. I President to assign to the commanl of each of lie is no Ion"cr Called Medio-Pollito, hat I said districts an officer of the army not below Wcathcroct. But be it known to you all. the rank of Brigadier General, and to detail a that there he still is. reaping the just reward sufficient .military force to enable such officer t3 for his disobedience, his pride, and bis ill- rrfi,rm his duUes and enforce hi. authority . u""""-'"-1' l I within the district to which he is assigned. naturc- j Stio.-3. That it shall be the duty ef each Ax Astomsued Old Lait. An old lady . 0qxt aMigced as aforesaid, to protect all per whosc heme is in tho country, and who I mn, m their rights of person and property, to had'nt been in Cincinnati for several years, j suppress insurrection, disorder and violence, and came in yesterday to do some trading, her to punish, or cause to be punished, all disturb. principal business being one of the few ! ers of the public peace and criminals and to eventful incidents in her life, tbc purchase of a new bonnet. She had'nt had a new 1 bonnet since ebc wi in Cincinnati the last time, and that was s-vcn years ago, nor had she seen any of the new-fangled contrivan ces "trifles light as air" whiah tbc women wear now-days in tbo place ot Djnncts as a new bonnet was tbc engrossing thcuie in her mind on entering the city, ot course- she was on tbc alert at once to sec whit the tfcf rs1iinn who. Imagine Lcr conetcrnation tfepn. in stHndinr on Fourth street, watching the people as they passed by. For a time she was ncrfcctlv speechless, and then she n, v.irvi .nifirnw tin berl anls. and exclaim : . ,, "For the land sakes ! arc the wiuimin all through the streets with nothin' on their blessed heads ? What's be come of al their bunncts ?" She went into a millinery store and accost ed a "gentlemanly and obliging" young lady in attendance ; "You sec 1 come the hull way from Clar mount county to buy a bunncl. I've worn this one goln' on eight years. It'sn little out cf fashin, I recon, and I want one that it is right in style. I didn't know what the wimmin was wcarin', so I stood out licre a blessed hour to sec 'cm' pass, and I hope never to see my old man agirf-if 1 saw cne with a bunnet era durin' the hull turn' Some had a doll's handkreher laid on the tip of I . nthtiru liH utiilt ll.fi km lor all I the world like oyster patties trimmed with blow'd glass, and I dcclair to goodness if one woman, with a big ruttabaga turnip on the back of her bead, in a fly net, wore any covcrin 'cepting a yallcr circus ticket tied on wjth a string!'' When informed that the etvU s shs had seen were the latest thing in the bonnet line, the old lady's astonishment incn.ared, and 6he was thoroughly bewildered by the time she had examined each ot the Tsrictics embraced in the milliner's collection, particularly 1. ,u ir.Mi thn nrmmnanvinc: priced. She looked at ber old bonnet, which bad been preserved so carefully during the chang ing lashons ot seven years, and compared it wiia inc lasuians 01 vu-uojr, " lady fairly wept. She declared it was cnougti to anvo one craxy to see eucu auj tits as the women arc running to now days. ' Twan.lt so when I wns a rzal." said she. "'Women wore bunncts in them days that covered their heads, and tied 'em under the chin instid of fast'n 'em to the back hair." She left In great di,?u,t. and w.id eho would go right back to Clairmount and wear her old boanet until milliners gut to making Eonneie a gem. Seo adTertisenent et HartfcrJ tublishiDg po. in our Ulunns. C. C. ii 11. L. BENEDICT. XOITOBS ASD rBOPRIXTCBS. FRIDAY MORNING, MARCH 1. 1867. The Hcconstruction Hill Light Abend. Whatever Mr. Johnson docs with the n;w reconstruction bill, it is a most cheering sign, tliat a hill for the government and res toration nf the Southern States has not only passed, hut bos commanded the vote of every republican in a very full tally in both Sen ate and House, with the addition of as in. flucotial a democrat as Kcvcrdy Johnson. The lull, which we giv below in full, as originally introduced in the House by Mr. Suvciis, consisted simply of the preamble and first four sections, with the difference t'iat the military commandcr.-t for the South rn districts were to he assigned by General Grant, irtcad of by the President. TLo great i.l jittion te it in tliat shape was that it j ut the Southern States under martial hvw, wi'f'.'ut any indication bow they could escape its rigors. The Si nate thereupon remodeled tbc bill giving tn the constitutional head of thcarroy he duty of assigning the military governors, and adding the fifth section, embodying a plan of restoration ; But without the pro viso in the last sentence. In this form it was stoutly fourbt by Stevens, Boutwelland others, chiefly on the ground that all the rebels wcie thus allowed a share in tbc wurk of reconstruotion ; and by the aid of tbc democrats, who arc thus largely resjonsible for any additional severity in the tciius of fered to the South, its passage in that thaie was defeated. The proviso in the fifth sec tion and the sixth sectiun were thereupon added by the House, and finally accepted by the Senate. Ti c bill explains itself sufficiently, the or.ly j jint of doubt nith general readers being to what extent the rebels arc ex. eluded I row participation tn tbo formation of new and jiemanent State governments. U e notice some confusion on this point in the comments of several of our exchanges. theN Y. 7 isms nd one or tuo others talk-' ing as it jl the lt rebels were excluded. ' Thi is not the ewe. 'lne excluded cIms arc ...... p.t ! tbos- who. ss IM third section of tbo UH t siituti-nrj Amendment enacts, " having taken an 1 ath as a member ot Congress, or ts an ifli'"er J tbc United Stales', or as a nietaUr of ..ny State Li-tsltiurc, or as xrciitiu or judicial officers of any Slate, t support the Ctnstitution of the United States, shall have engaged in insurrection vr rebellion ag-iinst the same " This provk tXi-ludee the prominent and Reading rebels, but leaves untouched the -rue ma3 ut t.uitu.i,i vhtte citizens, who. are ptrmitud, side by side with the loyal blacks, tu tLgpgc in the work ot restoring their Siati - on a loyal basis, and will have to do so, if the bill btoomes a bw, or the mediae t i!l ahead and do the work alone. President Johnson will either locket or veto ably Ucrmc a law, ovr the veto. If the former the next Coneref- will attend to it. j Tub New JUcofcSTRi'unos Bill- The t following is the mw reconstruction bill ns it finally lasscd tbc two Housts of Congress 1 ll'kntuM, ho legal Stale governusni, cr ! adequate protection for life cr property now I exists in the rebvl States ot Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Oeorgia, Alabama, Louisiana. Florida, Texas and Arkansas ; and lllfrrai, It is necessiry that peace and good ordsr zhould be enforced in said States until loyal ati.l republican State Governo-eate can le legally established, theref. re, Bt it naeltJ, 4e., That saU rell States shall be divided iuto military districts, and made subject to the military authority of the United Stales as hereinafter prescribed, and for that purpose Vircinia shall constitute the first di' - . ,-... ,i rro ,!. the stcocJ ii3ttii,t utaTit, Alabama and r'iorids, th ,hlrj jistrict. MtssisiipH ami Arkansas the this end he may allow local civil' tribunals to take jurisdiction cf and try offenders, or, when in his judgment it may be necessary for the trial ot offenders, he shall have power to organ- Militarv Commissions or Tribunals for that purpose, and all interference under color of State aathcrity, with the exercise of military authority under this act, shall be null and void. Sce-nos 4. That all persons put under mili tary arrest by virtue of. Ihis act shall be tried without unnecessary delay, and no cruel or un usual punishment eLall be inmcteu, ana no sen- 1 tenco of anv militarr couimiaion or tribunal hereby authorized affecting the life or liberty of any person ehall be executed until it is approved by tbc officer in command of the district, and the laws and regulations for the governmect of the army shall not be affected by this act except in so far as they may conflict with its provi sions. Section j. That when the people of any oz ot said rebel States shall have formed a constitu tional government In conformity with the Con stitution of the United States in all respects, framed by a convention of delegates elected by the male citizens of said State twenty-one years old and upward, tf whatever ra:e,color or pre vious condition, who ha e been resident in said .tte fur cne vear nrevious to the dav of such election, except such as may be disfranchised fcr participating in the rebellion, or for felony at common law, and when such Constitution s.a 1 nrovMe that the elective franchise shall be cDjojed by all such persons as have the qualifi cations herein stated for election of delegates, and when such Constitution ehall be ratified by n maioritv of the persons votine on the oviestion of ratification wno are quanncu aa eieciors 10c delegates, and when each Constitution shall have neen suuuuucu iv vouicss wf u.w.- tion and approval, and Congress shall have ap proved the bill, and when said State shall, by a . nf in Legislature, elected under said Con stitution, have adopted the amendment to the rVTi.t tniioa et the unitea Diates nroncteu ov the thirty ninth Congress, and known as " Ar ticle 14," and when such Article shall have be- r..rt .if tl-p t rr.rtitntion 01 ine usucu States, Slid State thai be declared entitled to representation in Congress, and Senators and it.-;rnT Wf oath prescribed bv law, and then and thereafter tbc preceding eections of this act shall be in operation in earn ciair. Provided, That no person excluded from the privilege of holding office by said proposed iS,.t in ihs Constitution of the United KUi til lam"" -.1 , Stttes shall b? eligible to election as a member of a Convention to frame a Constiution fjr any rebel State, nor shall any such person vote at any election Jor memoers 01 iub wi". a , r. That until the people - bi.im ,hall bv due formoflaw b admitted to representation in the (ogress of the United States, any civu go.ou..u. -m.v-,r!.t there shall be deemed to be provision al cW and in all reepecls subject to the para- ST .n.Snritv of the UaUel States, at aar time to abolish, modify or MptrceJe th lim BUBLINGTO.rr., FRIDAY MORNING, MARCH atd in all elections to any office unler such provisional government all persons shall be entitle! to vote, and none others, whoar mtii!I fn vote under the provisons of the fifth section of this act, and no person shall be eligible to effiee under snch provisional government who would be disquaiitiea irom holdinc office under the provision ot tne mini section cf said Conshtututiocal amendment Gor. Ore or Sjtrrn Caromsa asd tub Feexdmex. A mass meeting: of from 1000 to 2000 Freedincn was held in Charleston, S. C, on the 14th,which was addressed, among others, by Governor Orr. Tbc following extracts from his speech, would ho had a very curious sound, Cve years ago, aud show that liberal ideas arc making progress even in South Carolina : " But I feel it my duty Lcrc, from hating made elese obrervation, and in my official ca pacity to say, it is due to you, it is due to truth to acknowledge that the great bulk ot colored reople in South Carolina, since the rxirjurdi cary change of emineipation, have demeaned tbemeelves with remarkable propriety. " I have witnessed the migration of these (colored) people from the State, and as I have seen trains going into other States and localities, it has excited in my mind emotions of the pro foncdest regret and sorrow. For I desire you to remain here. I desire you to continue with the people of South Carolina. I think it your in terest. The intertst of laborer aud the land ewncr both require that you shoulJ be here. You are placed in this important position. If yon can get employment etsesheir, if you can go to work where you can be better rewarded, you should go But wilJ, delusive hopes have been doubtless hel 1 out to many who, after ex perience of six oi twelve months, will find thcc to be a mere cheat. " Ai the Chief Executive uf the State, it per haps becomes me to say to you, and to reiterate what I have s.vd to other assemblages .of colored men, that I iutenJ, so long as I ccatinue to dis charge the functions devolved upon me by the people ef South Carolina, that those who at tempt to outrage or oppreu you shall have the laws enforced agaiuit them. And I shall step forward whenever it becomes necessary to sate you against what may be the passion cr prejudice ti any locality, or again?: unjust conviction, and unjust punishment. " Nop- education is a matter of very great consequence. I am glad to knot? that you hte organized schools here. Your people will be situated with reference to sennets as the whites are in many other places in South Carolina. n mapy plaoec schools cannot be organized. At the next session cf the l.egitlatnre I aae no doubt a common school system will be inaugu rated, tchich will tmiract colored at mil at the trhite Tact. I am of opinion that It may be successfully carried out in all the lower portions of the State, but in my region the sparseatss of the population will perhaps prevent it. I shall take occasion, in niv next message to tee 1-epiflalUie, 10 rxvniisea.l ib&t a sabool tax " levied upon both white and black, and that .i..ni i.ii r, - .1..11 .,, .v.. every dollar levied upon vou shall go to the sap- port or your ealiurea, an'l every uotltr levml upon the whites shall go to the support at white children." In closing Gov. Orr touched upon the pubjept of politics, avowing himself in lavor ui limited negro suffrage. He said . " I am pre)ared to stand by the colore 1 man wbo Is able to real the Declaration of Inderend eoee and the Constitution of the United Slates. I am prepared to giv the colored man the priv ilege of going to the ballot box ami vote. Tre mendous applause. Tbc Mca of universtl tunrage, I think I ess .iena.net re,te to tl.e iuUlt;eut uriwc of yoa,Ti a miitate. Ycc mutt remember the larger portion of you here to-Light ate people of intel ligence much more so thaa thoe outside of Charleston. Many ef you hate bad theajvan tages of education. jut contact and associa tions have been in such ebaunels that you bad f Jvnta;t; nh)ct the veran ot people cutside ,f cities do not" ptssWf. I do not mean to cen sure those who cannot reaJ, bat I would ask the jcteiligect portion if they Would be willing to ooeff r the elective fran biN unt n ;svm trnihs of these iiviu on plantatiobS, who have net had opportunities of preparing their minds r the exercise of thu highly important function of determining wbo shall represent you anJ levy taxca upon your propjrly. Are you prepairtl to do it? " I say to yoo, theref.re jou ttyt practise jlienM upon that ubjecl, fcn l, in biy Jndg a.ent, those peopls who ate atlviUuc a dinctent course, are not friends to your interest. Give jou children such mtelligeiice shall quality them for an inteltigest exercise of the elective franccise and the; will secure it. Do nut trouble yoursejves upon the subject of politic thikf.ur fxaplt mi-jit pitfU ttj stars y lit lljritnti tal suuc 'Jf wt trkttt ptoptt hart kad in Soutk Carolina. I think the more you work and fee after yaurown businesi anl ecomomize your own time tee better.' .V Ittl.el rorlrato I,it)coUi. A writer In the " Old Guard," a rebel magazine we say rtlel ndvixedly, for every article in tbo isue for the current month inculcates treason an I resistance to (iovcrn nient diseasing Abraham Lincoln's place in history avers Vliat that be vaa merely the tool of his (arty, and had no will or plans t. his own. He goes on to recite tbc fear ful acts committed by Mr. Lincoln in making n.ihtary authority superior to civil; in UiiiUhing and imprisoning American c;ti. ns (or fear of what they might do ;" in j rmittmg Democratic printing offices to be j llaged ; and generally in " conducting a war violative of a'l the laws ol cirilizji tioo" merely to sene his pmrty. Proof of this subservience the writer sees distinctly in Mr. Lincoln's face. We quote : ' We instinctively shrink from this heavy clammy countenance ! It locka as though it smelt of toe cancel nouu. is it nesn : or is lead, frosted with the vapors of the tomb: If the historian would seek for the cacee cf the absurd and cruel contra lictions cf this piece of mortality, that face will reveal alL Io self- force ! no conscience - uui a norrioie aptunae f?r criminal jest and irresponsible a'lventure. Quick and keen in all the loner attributes., such as cunning, perception, and imitation, but ob- luseiulud regions 01 iujkiuui, numiuu auu rsoieccc. A negative quality 01 intellect which is capable of receiving an impression of all tne oad passions o suca positive natures ai those malignant Constitution-burners, who were the architects of that vast temple of abomina tions, in which Abraham Lincoln committed all his excesses against law and civilization." Out! that takes avjay one's breath ! Evi dently we mutt removo Lincoln's portrait at once Irom our walls. 11 we wouia siccp q lietly o'nights. " Horrible aptituilo for criminal jest and rrcsponsihlo adventure," is good. What irresponsible adventurer Mr. Lincoln was, to be sure ! Wc quote again : As we are one day to be julged. we seek lo unjust judgment 01 tliis man neucsire .either to hide his merits nor magnify his f.ults." How admirably the writer has succeeded ! But again: Historv will weiirh him inexorably. The erdict cf history is made up from actual weight of character. Froth and fustian ana oomuast, and the lies of partisan favorites, weigh noth ing'in the balances of history." True, oh king ! or carnifex, rather. True as preaching ! Therefore we tako breath and courage again, for surely thy words are the eseenos of troth, fustian and bombast, On the whole, we won't take down Mr. Lincoln's picture to-day, Tiie Te-nisi or Orncr Bill, as passed by Congress, includes Cabinet officers, among these whom the President cannot remove without the consent of the Senate. The President will Teto tbo bill, and it will be pascal over the teto. -On Monday Mr. Poland ted from the Judiciary of Vermont reported from the Judiciary Committee adversely upon the bill to pro tect children of African parents from being enslaved in violation of the constitution of tbc United States, and moved the indefinite postponement of the hill. Upon motion of Mr. Sumner o( lasi., the (.ill with the motion of Mr. Poland, was placed upon the calendar. RncDE Island. The Kcrublicins of Khodc Island celebrated Washington's Birth day by renominating by acclamation Gen. Ambroje R. Burnsidc, for Governor for the ensuing year. Last year tho Democrat? could not muster courage to run a candidate against Gen. Burntrle. How it will be this year wc do not know. The othir State tfficere were also renoui if rI, as were also the present Iteprssenta ti in Lngres Messrs Jcuctec ami Dix on. Faosi Washington". the correspondent of the Baston Post says that the rrtideiit veto of the military reconstruction Mil, will probably not lie sent into Congress before the. last day or two of the session, in which event it is the intention of the minority to enter upon a determined course of fillibus tcring against all attcinp's to pass the bill over the veto. The hill regulating the tenure of Govern ment office bulders willaUo ti- vetoed. It is said that prominent War Democrats from the North arc at Washington, urginv the President to sign the rtv.Hutrnstiin bill, There is little chanoe oi the pajge of the tariff bill by tbc present Congress The llouso Ways and Means Committee have made two hundred and seventy amendment to the bill as it came from the Senate, and none of the appropriation bills for are jet ootapletod. Editorial Correspondence of the Free Press. Troni the West Indie. No. VIII. Sr. Uaoix, Jan. 2S, 1M7. Tat .Vesoel Syifen for tht wtioreri' Ckild. rtn. I said at the clese cf a fjrmer fetter that a lair cto.eplion of ibe csujuun of liu Uboruig population In this island could not te tmd with out some account of what rroviiion was made for their icitructicn in lcarnicg aad relijKn during the later jears of tltvery, asd what now exist for the same object. I wish Qy read. ers It Yp ia u'md this V Uoor.rs aud the ltlxt - z population I mean cow and heretofore only thoseemplojed on theeitates in theeountry. In the two tmall commercial toons of Caria- tiacetad and Frederickstad , the eonditisn of the population differs in from that en the estates, in several resects of which I thill speak In a futuie letter. The establishment of eohoote for tLe inatroe tion of the laborers' children was one of the re markable acts far the benefit of the dave popu lation which spraag irom thehumace spirit and stroog authority of Gov. Vou Scholten. In the year 18SJ nioe years before emancipation wis proeHiard, be caused the erection of substan tial school hjutes in diaerent parts of the island, expressly for the instruction of the chlklrcn of the slates, and in the early part of the year 1S11, these schools were opened. Thtre are eight of them. Ilia acta of course h I the sane, tion of the King of Deomaik I h.t before me a cony of". A C.lechuin of Bcrqrfuril Truths, prinstpally designed for the uee of the country I whooli in the Dauish West India I.liuJs. earn- ! piled by tho Iter. J. K. Bagger, K. I'., of the Danish Church, with th; tiaarian of His zaost exeell5t Majesty, the King." It it neatly printed littls book ofsixty-seeen pagn, snrlraag r ... : . , unite paper and In large dear type, and bears a New York imprint. The dedieaturu 'f it is wurth reading. It is as lalloas : To Peter Carl Frederick Von Sobutten, For several years Governor of the Island of St. Tbamte, And since 1827 Governor General of All the Danish West India Islands ; whoe leal In t!.o cLWU'nment of the Country Schools will be duly appreciated and ever faithfully remembered by every true frlad of Mankind, And more especially by that class themselves whose mental and moral improvement is contemplated, is this little book most rcepectfally dedicated. An excellent introduction from "B. Luckock, Minister of the church of England," says that it bu the concurrent approval of " all the churches in the island, the Danish, the Englia1). the Ronau Catholic, and the Moravian, or Uni ted Brethren, being thus a happy proof of that unanimity which Christianity can produce and maintain, where there is a concurrent admission of the great leading truth." By an ordinance of King Frederick tho sev enth, dated Sept. C. ISJ3. in which allusion is male to zoae " temporary regulations hitherto in fcroe, under date of Dee. 1816" (which was the year previous to his ordinance declaring that the young children cf the slaves should le tree forthwith, and all the slaves free at the end of the next twelve years) and by a subsequent Royal ordinance of Aug, Zi, the present svsteit of cozoiiy schools was established asd continues to be maintained. The hit ordinance is a short one, slightly modifying seme of the provisions of the ordinance of 1SA3. This is of considerable length. I give an abstract of Its raaia provisions. 1. All the children on the estates mast at tend the country schools from their 6th to their 10th year, every wozaing day, Saturdays ex cepted and on Saturday a school is held for the children of frcm 10 to 13 years. Th school hours for both the young ohlldren, aad the older ones who stteod the Saturday schools. are fixed at from 8 o'clock to 1?. o'clock in the forenoon. These, however, who officiate as monitors, are to remain in school half an hour longer. N. B. It ia to be noticed that when th schools were first opened the limitation of age for the children was from four to eight years. Afterwards it was set at from See to nine years, and now it ia from six to ten years the older and more improved scholars to b allowed ta attend the SiturJay school from their tenth to their thirteenth year. 2. There ia caa vacation of about a fortnight at the time of Christmas aad Hew Years, an other of a week at Easter time, and cae of a single day on Whit-Monday. about six weeks after the Easter vacation. a. Children under six years of age cannot he east la the school, Lor any cne having an infec tiouj diseas. The manager of an esUttis to CcS'CRrSJIONAL.' 1, I8G7 j send a trustworthy person fo collect the ehd - dren ol the estate from the " estate village" that is the collection of laborcra' houses to es cort thenr to school, report to the teacher if any are missing, and nfter school to escort them heme again. If the children arc absent irom their own fault tbey arc liable to be punished if from the parents' fault, the parents are liable fo be tine! from eight cents to eixty.four cents according to the degree and continuance cf the blamcwcrthicese. tf an owner cr manager has put obstacles in the way of the children's regular atteadicee at school as for instance by employing them at wotk when they ought to be at school, be is liable to be fined by the Gover nor from -1 to ?'i dollars according io the ag gravation of the ease. 4 All absences and defaults of the children are to lie eareitilly entered in the school journal; this journal is to lie examined by the Inpcctor every tune he viriis the school, and he must re port to the Scheiol Commission, which boJy dic tates the fines. If the amount of absence is found to lc it ry great and unsatisfactorily ac counted fcr, the case is to be reported to the Governor, who i to cause an investigation of the case to be made by the police. 5. As pared, and of course the children of teboot age, occasionally are changed from one estate to aDtther, the manager of an estate frooiahiebach.il proceeds is obliged in the acknowledgement cf notici (required by the Labor Act) to state the full name and age of the child, and the natco of its mother. The manager oa the estate which receives the child is obliged to make accurate report to the Police Master, of the name and age of the child aud tfc mother's name, as expresssed in the notice. Failure to mike such report, subjects the deliC4uent manager to a fine of a dollar fjr eaah day of neglect 6. As frequent changes are made by laborers at the beginning cf October, provision is raiJo that the police ma;ttr have farwarded to him from the estate at that time fall and accurate Hats of the children on the property, the names of the mothers, whether the child has been vaccinated, and has attended any school before, and which j from these lists the Police master makes out lists of the children to attend solum!, and furnishes them to the inspector, and states the day when the school is to open, and the in spector notifies the teuber;. 7. The ordinary branohes of instruction are to be reading, writing, the rudiastnts of arith metic, sewing, singing aad the catechism. Heading is most strongly insisted on. Thecate ohism is to be that compiled by the B:v. J. K . Bigger. All instruction lining particular reference to the peculiar doctrine an) usages o particular lehgwus deriesaiaatieBS, is te be a.otded in the schools. 6. The children have to be sent to school in clean and decent apparel, otbtmise the par ents are liable to fine. Care is taken that severe punishments shall act be resorted to by the teaehrn. An abue by the teacher of the liber ty to chastize wbtn Lscesiary, exposes him to be brsnght to account. There arc to bcpuUie examinations of the schools in September, at which time transfers from the schools for small uhilJren to the Saturday schools are nude, cer tificates of attainments and goad character awarded, and sonietiavts reaards given by the school csmaaisaion on reecmoesdation of the Icspeeter, to those wbo have distinguished themselves far diligent aad good conduct. 0. The teachers of the county schools are employed by the local administration of the Moravian congregation in the Danish West India Islands, and are removable by the same. The school commiseion is to communicate with the aforeaild administration if tbey deem a teacher unfit far his place, and may suspend bim, and if the said administration is net willi og to appoint another in bis place, the case ! 1 must be brought before I' e Governor for his decision. N. B. The administration aforesaid, in St. Croix. .Ari.Uti f the 1r-Tnwn nf th , ,, . .,.,.,, several Moravian cocgreeatiens in the Island thre in number. In. The teachers art to heed the instructions of the Inspector, and the school regulations, to keep the school joorna'a regularly and accurate ly, the lists cf the children belonging to each estate, who are in the school, to watch over the property, Ac, &e., and also to report to tho otiee master every Monday, a list of all casts of absence and other transgressions of the rules which occurred during the previous week; and the police master alone cr with a committee cf the school commission is to dictate the fines to be imposed. An appeal from the decision to inflict a fine my be made to the Governor. II. The Inspector is appointed by the Ad ministration cf the Moravian congregations, and is responsible to the school commission and the Governcr. He is to determine the books, course of icitructioc, &c is to give the teach ers written instructions, is to visit the schools fre quently and at indefinite times, is to inspect the school journal whenever he makes a visit and to note in it that he has examined it. is to have a constant eye to the industry, ability and fideli ty of the teachers, is to tec to it that all the re gulations arc followed report defects, indicate improvements acd make representation! on all inch matters to the school commission is to keep an inventory of the school property, aad to see that all is properly cared for, and to re present when repairs are wanted, ic 12. The school commission consists, in each of the jurisdictions of St. Croix, St. Thomas, and St. Johns, of four persons, rir, the Luther. an clergyman, the Police matter of the jurisdic tion, a member of the Burgher Council ap pointed by the council but aptroved by the Governor, and a member appointed by the Gov ernor from the inhabitants of the jurisdiction. Furthermore, the clergyman appointed tor any of the acknowledged congregations has a right to join aad vctc in the sitting cf the commis sion. Th school commission has poaerto summon the inspector as well as the teachers to its meetings to make explanations aad state ments concerning the schools. The Lutheran clergyman is the head of tho commission and ! receives all papers, directs the proceedings, cor responds for the commissicn with the Governor, and has lo carry into effect tbc resolutions of the commission. If the votes are equal he has a casting vote. The members of the commisr.cn are to visit the schools frequently to make them selves acquainted with the course of it struction acd the progress of the children. 13. The exper.se cf supporting the schools ia defrayed by the Land Treasury, and the com mission has to refer all questions ot expenditare to the Burgher Council, and to account to the same for the proper application of monies ap propriated. If the school eoramisnoa aad Burgher Council disagree about the seed or usefulness, of an expense, the Governor is to de cide in the case. All fines accrue to the Land Treasury. The limits of this letter do not allcw me to remark cn the character cf the system above described. On some future occasion, after I shall have become acre fully acquainted with its practical working-, I ehall hav something to I say of its merit? and its defects, of the diffi:a- tits with which it has had to encounter asd tho success which has attended It. Yoars, G W. B. Correspondence of the Free Press. FltOM WASHINGTON'. The Cougressionnl Temperance Move- mcnt. YVasuiscTOX, D. C, Feb. 2i, 1M7. Matrt Edilort of Ike Free Pmt : The Congretsioaal temperance movement j ia Washington promises to lead ta most gratify- io" resalts. v .!. 1. , v,,- .1. I ho su-h meeting has ever beea baM in the national capital as that which assemWed list I San Jay evening in tho ball of the Heuae of re presentatives, to organize a congressional lem psranca society. It was ere of the events of thee event ful times. Thousands were turned away. Erery available spot which gave even room to stand upon, in the galleries, upon the fleer, and the very doorways, was occupied, while dense lines of anxious men and women extended bask from every door along the corridors. Tho speeches-were short, brilliant, and effective. That of Governor, now Senitor, Yates, of Illi nois, was particularly touching. His bold and determined slaad against intemperance, his avowal that henceforth he never would touch a drop of liquor of any kind, and his frank state ment of tne effects cfdrinking upon himself and others, deeply moved the audience. Only those who heard it, can fully appreciate the effect of the speech, so much did it depead upen the macr er cf delivery. Mr. Votes has a magnetic power over an audience rarely equalled. Hesi tatingly, as if struggling to master the emotions of his own soul, he began, in tremulous tones. when suddenly a flath of eloquent thought elec trified the scdierce, aad he was relieved by an outburst ot applause. The Sen ator, whese fine aprearacce aad graceful figure, no less than his brilliant public ser vice, justify the pride cf his friends, proceeded in a clear, ringing veice, and with deliberate and distinet utterance, through a speech of three quarters of an hour, scarcely a sen tence of which was not applauded. Shouts cf laughter and stifled sobs and tears, of his auditors, fol lowed in continuous succession. The only face upon which there were no smiles, no tears, wit that cf the speaker. He teemed moved by a calm, mighty eacrgy as he depicted the fear ful havoc and degradation of intemperance. A beautiful and touching letter from his wife gave special interest to the speech and profoundly moved the audience. As he clcsed he was pre sented with a basket of beautiful flowers, aad left the platform amid king continued applause. The war upon this fearful evil promises to 1. fashionable in Washingtcn asd Secatcr Wilson of Massachusetts, president of the Con gressional Temperance Society, labors steadily ta bring men ef all parts iato his organization. In this good work he is gratefully assisted by their wives and families. Another meeting is to bt held to Sunday evening next, at the same place, when a similar sieae may be anticipated. The call for a State Temperance Convention ef Pennsylvania to be held at Harrisburgh, on the iClh, headed by the Governor, Secretary of State and Speaker of the House, ia hailed with much tatlsfactien in this quarter. Yours, Sc., ViaMOSTnt. ExciTinrNT at St. Albans, Vt. An in tense excitement, it is stated, is now reign ing m St. Albans, only second to that pro duced by the advent of the rebel raiders in 1304. A correspondent says " It originated in attempts of the State officials to enforce the Uquor laws of Vermont. These officials have been ou the alert for some time, and on Wednesday seized a quantity of the 'ardent' at a 1 idiarJ saloon and placed it in I the loek-up to await the making out of the ctteasarv papers to insure its (pilling in tbo street. vmue it was ti.us 4ipcu 01. some 01 the liquor dealer, by way tf strategy, went acdimormed a customa e.flicrr that there was a ouautily of smuggled liquor in the lock-up. forthwith that official gathered his forces and seized the fluid which waa awaiting confiscation under th: State laws. Thus riled the State officials, aad a wholesale raid upon everr saloon and hotel was the consequence, the keeper of each saloon being required to give bonds in the sum of 61,000 not to open bis house to any outsider whatever. The consequence of this was that when the usual influx of strangers to the village eccurred on ThursJiy night, they had not where to lay their heads, and no place to procure a meal even, except at the eating room of the depot. One of the "peculiar" laws of Vermont ia that private bousea cannot receive and entertain any stranger fir compen sation, aa that would be an infringement of the rights ol hotels, so the unfortunates who desired I to remain in the village were compelled to hud- I die together in the depot when n:ght came, and two or three freight ears were metamorphosed into barracks for their aecoumodation. Tho situation was unchanged up f last acccounts. Every hotel is closed, villagers are excited aad business is almost at a stand still .V. V. Timet. The Mesjtnger said, of the trial of the proprietors of tbc Wclden Hourc : Most cf the day was spent in examining wit nesses wboee remembrance of things past was sometimes obscure So far as we heard the tes timony it disclosed the fact that only bottled ale aas Leen imoitieu in inis village, ana inai in such temperate quantities as to show that thesi r. Kr. 1! r n . r. " 1 lW !1 Mttl themSlltS-" and who drank are "a law unto themsthes," and need no restraint from statutes. V e do not know what awful facts may be proved in cases yet to be tried, but so far as the Weklcn House is concerned, all the testimony which we have beard ahoas that it has lien conducted on a temixranet basis, to an extent nt to be dreamed of. since the 1st of January. Citilfna are just becoming aware cf this, having teen bhnded, of course, by thetr jnjuutces." This is of couisc " tarkasticul."' The Messenger of Wcdnctdsy reviews the cafe us follows No trial in a Justice's court his received the attention bestoned upoc that which closed yes terday, the Court Houte being usually packed with 'listeners. Able counsel was also employed utwn both sides, aud every indication, from the bezinninc ihovied that there was to be a "C- teimined finht to icforre the law. and to rppose its enforcement, the t omlilulionolity et tne liquir law. a question leldtm brought before a court oi ine kidu, uecame ms question in our Justice's court, and learned arguments, ana ex- ccedingly ingenious ones, were made to show that the iarr had a rizht to pass oa the noes- J tion of the constitutionality of the law, and autnermes in seeming ar.unuar.ee nere raoi w lortllV lC Kficuucuu. iuc Bail, n tu. nuw.u the counsel for the defense constructed their arguments and conducted their case was admira- . . , . i c . - i . . , rjle, ana oa luc arsi inai 01 iocobij cue wunu has been tried, that of the "State vs. tho lessees of the Welden House, the jury disagreed, the cause of disagreement being the question of the constitutionality of the Uw. we believe. On the second trial more attention wis paid to this new question by attornejs on each side, making the trial more interesting still. But the good sense which recagnires that there would be no lafetr. nor stability cf law. if decisions of such importance were at the will of every jury, has triumphed, and for all the offenses considered proven, this jury rendered a verdict cf guilty. The argument of the State's attorney in closing this ease is tuitlr considered an able one, ana contributed much toward the triumph of the law in the present instaace S'nip BctLBt-NO. Sir. Hatch, a gentleman nf Buffalo, haa made a report to the Secretary of the Treasury, in which be shows that vessels can be built in British America for little mote than half the cost of buildinc them in the United States, basing estimates on our currency. The Canadian policy is to exempt irom duties evcrjtniDg impotua enters Into ship-building. NUMBER THIRTY-FIVE The Hoard of Education, and New School ' Hooks, The Boa id of Education commenced a ses sion at Waterbury on Monday of this week, ' to consider and decide upon the text books to be used in tbc schools ol this State for the next five years, in pursuance of the act of tbc legislature passed at its last session. ! The Boatd were all present, vix : lion, j Mcrritt Clark, of Poaltncy, D. D. Uorham, Esq., of Montpclicr, Jona. Ross. Ejq., of St. Johcsbury, Edward Conant, Esq., of Ran 1 dolpb. Rev. P. II. White, of Coventry, and A. J. aanborn, Lsq , of Jlomsviile. J.S. Adams. Esq., the Secretary of the Hoard was also present. There was a large attendance of the '''"cads of education" in othcrstatia, wlu rpnrM.,n. , ,u ,;, Kv,v. ',-,,, arc being indcfatigably pressed upon the at- tention ot the liuard, and wbo were pre pared to show the peculiar merits of their several publicati ns. These publishers and authors have been earnestly engaged for several months in bringing to the notice of the Board of Education, and of any person supposed to lie influential in moulding pub lic opinion in Vermont, the excellencies of their uxt books, and were at Waterbury in loree. The hotel was full of them. At a meeting of the Board at bt. Johns bury, several weeks since, the work of ex amining text books was apportioned among the members as follows : Messrs. Gorbani and Clark, Reader?, Spellers and Grammars; Messrs. Ross and Conant, Mathematics; "and Messrs. White and Sanborn, Geographies, Histories and Philosophies. Advising committees of teachers were also appointed as follows : Messrs. Ward of Bel lows Falls, and Dana of Rutland, on Mathe matics ; Messrs. Pearl of Johnson, and Cilley of Willistin, on Geographies, His tories and Philosophies ; and Messrs. Bing ham of Brattleboro, and Meade of Swanton, on Readers, Spellers and Grammars. These gentlemen were all at Watethury. The Board, Monday evening, agreed to hear representations concerning text books in the loUowing order : Chirograpny. Arith metic, Algebra, Geography, Phrlosopby, Readers. Grammars, History of the United States, Spellers, Geography and History of Vermont. The hearings were not public, no one being before tbc Board except the gentleman wbo presented a text-beck, acd who presented his book, or series of books, acd urged the considerations in its favor, and was then dismissed, acd an other gentleman introduced. The advising committee of teachers eat with the Board during these hearings. Tho following arc some of tho text-books pressed upon the attention of the Board : Arithmetics Gretnleafs, Walton's. Eat on's, Davics', Robinson's acd QuackcnboV, Readers Town acd liolbrook's, llillard's, Sargent's, Parker's, Watson's and Sander?.' Algebras Gicenleal's, Robinson's, Davies', and Lxjmis.' cntKCcaarnT. The hiaring proceeded Tuesday. Only one work on Penmanship, Payson, Dunton and Scribner's system, was presented. Mr. 0. II- Bjnlcs represented this application. XATntMATICS. Prof. Charles Davies presented the series of Mathematical works which bear his name; G II. Tucker, Esq., explained to the Board Eaton's Arithmetic ; . R. Stearns, Esq., presented the excellencies of Green leafs Mathematical works ; Prof. C. W Cushing represented Quackenbos' Arith metic ; D. if. Ranncy, of Brattleboro, brief ly presented the claims of Robinson's series of Mathematics ; and G. A. Walton, Esq.. the author of Walton's Arithmetics, urged npon the Board the superiority of his books. These were the only mathematical trea tises claiming attention. czocsarar. A. D. Hagcr'd Map of Vermont was pres ented by Mr. Hager ; Cornell's Geographies, by Prof. C. W. Cashing ; and Guyot'a Geo graphies, by Mrs. Mary Howe Smith. The hearings had proceeded no further last eve ning. Gov. Dillingham, who is cx-officio a mem ber of the Board, has been present at the hearings. The session will continue, prob ably until Friday, as it is tbc purpose to giro the claim of every text book a full and care ful examination. Freeman. Dram or Anotdir RKVoLrrioNaar Sol diir. Samuel Downing, the last but two of the soldiers of the war of Independence, died Monday, at Edinburgh, Saratoga Co., 'cw York. He was born near Exeter, N. II., Nov. 30, 17CI, acd enlisted when 1G years of age, and was sent with others to guard baggage trains to Springfield, Mass. lie was afterward stationed in New Jersey, West Point, Saratoga, Schenectady, Johns town and other places, participating in the campaign mai resuiicu in uw surrcnucr 01 Burgoync. Ho received his first pension under the law passed Marco IStb, ISIS, bis papers bearing tho autograph of John C. Calhoun, Secretary of War ; and he was tbc last surviving pensioner of the revolu tionary war. Mr. Downing'a wife died several years since, and of 13 children only 2 survive. Tbc old gentleman took much interest in the late rebellion and frequently cxptcssed a wish to have strength enough to assist the govern ment. Three ot his grandsons were in the Union Armv. The deceased was a man a little above the medium height, and stoutly made. His health was generally good. The PoiTiL Rid is tbt Sistix. New regu lations are soon to be put in force by the Pest Office Department for securing the safe trans mission of registered letters. Such letters will be inclosed in large envelopes of stout paper each constituting of itself a sort of pouch; the mail agents, railway post otnee clerks, or other persons employed by the department, will, - v. i. r.i . serine fnp the naf kaira Mk ,Q a pctmuter is to keep for I .. . L . I L -111 J. toe purpose, ancn mc agem or cicx. nu u- liver the cackaze at the pest effice to which it is directed, or, if that is off his route, to another agent, who will convey it oaward, invariably taking a receipt for it so that every man who receives a pacaagc gives uis sigaaiutc wi and he is held directly retponaible for its safety until it has passed out of his hands; the signature of the receiver of the letter completing the chain of evidence which must always ae ccmpaay the transmission. Under such a system there will be somo value and responsibility to the registry sys tem, as there has cot been hitherto. TniraosriCTs or Licinsi w Massacnr- setts. A xsoeton correspocaeni oi mo Springfield Republican says : I cannot see that there is much chance for the tinve neonle this Tear. It is doubtful if even onethird of the members of the House aro so thoroughly convinced that the present law is ltftan as to vote for its repeal. Besides the I y r K, m .pending money so rreely that I . ,..n.tM. imr,.r. mn hr realty faTOr a license law, will shrink from assisting ; legation which looks like aiding tho liquor sellers. Tne Peinctss ALixa.xDRa. The cable re- rart which cave us the sad information that the Princess Alexandra was suffering from an attack of rheumatism was speedily fol lowed by a second report, tnat tee worthy lady had been safely delivered of a daughter. . . , . .1.-. .1 ? I- r 11 13 EClUOUl tua iubuuMuuu 13 ou quicaay routed. The Princess was married to the Prince of Wales on the 10th of March,lS63. The first child, Prince Albert Victor, was born on the oth of January, 1304, the sec. ond child, Prince George Frederick, was born on the Mia ot June, lobo, and lor a third tune she has blessed the nuptial onion, varying tho a-sortment by the addition of a rncccsa. voslon Journal. Abdcccs Dnr. The Commissioner of Agriculture, having; some time ago received I a cumber of samples of California oranges. ' lemons, nuts, xaisica and wines, mvitea sev eral members of Congress acd otaer genue- ! men the other evening tot the purpose of I inspecting the samples. A committee of j seven was selected from the members of Con- teat I grtes present vo icsi vae aituaea maw official manner and render a written report. AM , "is.' ' ra ' fe 1 ri-r a -i . i'-iHif &0! ai7 3& - a.: - J "V; '.V- , a . fLiei ' 5.? ft tvaVr 3 14 a 7 . sV 1 - T " - - a.3 Vlaaf a"v.. L .'.Wi 7C aV-H - -1 L. the waters ot me utwge. -a 3