Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XXXV. NEW SERIES VOL- XIII. BUBLTVOTON.VT., FRIDAY MORNING, APRIL o, I8G7 NUMBEK FORTY '8flre Ji-te fjms. g. c. a- ii-i.. MissamcT. SMT0B4 aSD raIBToa. FRIDAY MORNING, APRIL 6. 1R7. ! Tl.e Kxtra Se-lw. i ii! r-ior- of the Lrgi-Iiture has 'i: Wen n f-h-Tt, sharp and effective" affiir. The members awem'.M on Wednesday ir,"iniin, in foB force and in (rood humor. willirg to assumo that ibe. Governor would ",-t r.ave railed them trgetr.tr without soffi. r-icnt r iusr, acd gcneTs'ly inclined to do what : cdrd to he doer and go home, as soon as po-'iMc It Trap evident at onoe that there vn to be no fight ever the main object of tl.c M-stion, a set forth in the Governor's pr jd 1 mttion and xaewsagr. Tbe managers rf the Bennington ei Kntland road asked imply the reassge of two bills, both reason aMe and modcraV, -and they might rslcly have euharttcd f in case without argument other than that n-rr.is.' , d by the statt-tucnt of thr cs'c in the -error's message, and thtir -.wc ruemori But tbey were not !-: 'id to leave v.u! ing in doubt, The rnrof nti p- .iti ! of the citizens of i.i .!'gt jd acd Rutland counties were duly ; r. H.-iJted, and" tbe speech of the session tree a i.!. in the House by Mr. Park, of Ben n.rgton. Tb:s gentleman, aomc years since, .-'.'jrtly after bis return to Vermont from California, Ixtaebt np the great man cr tbe 1, r.d- of the Western Vt road, and wined mi tl.u old oomp.iy under that name by .-ecuri.ig a new art . I' incorporation and c' anging the hods into the stock of a new company, under the t , i i- M I'.e Bennington A Rutland R. R. t" i.v. In thw sompa- j ny Mr. fart is ol eour -- ."net owner : ne is in fact the Company. Mr. fark took the AW, Wednesday aftcriw .n. 3f. PAIE'S BPEtX'U. tie eommeneed with tbe oocttrnction of the Western Vt. Road, fifteen jean age. and des cribed the great muieaes in luaiinraetering, ead in the valae of fhrms. quarries, and all kinds of property in that regies consequent trpon the opening of saoh railroad facilities Be men tioned the lease of the Western Vt. road ten years ago, to the Troy & Boston Company, i which lease ezpirel last J- .ury; the contract Mweentke Rtmndi-B.r!ir?,on Real the Efisaelaeri Sara. cs, r.&Iy bj wh.ch t'ic " through travel" to Tmjk was -l.-erttl f. ni the Troy Si Boston Ml, snil K i.t i"tii .1 I, iratoga; the app!bu..n ! ..or Uiur fr relief from such cni.iUur.l d.i-r- n l travel and frsigbt fi-ai tt. nu.ie 'hrM lin; hi own earnest kLd uccesKful titoits to secure each legiilattve relief; th rnser of the art eouipeilmg Uir r.nncrtons between connecting roads in this State; i he testing of the validity of taa law hefire tb apren.e Coart ; and the ril dc'"i"!i ia its :, r Withm twelve boors after the r. u 1. r-cg ' ib decision in favor nf the Troy k BostcB j , obtained btrgeiy ttiroaghhis own ex- ind at heavy oothj ,.f bis own mosey, i'.r irk said the Troy i U.vtoa managers ' .' tiici out, by making .. co ntract with tbe K-'jla..r and Saratoga Cxpiay, (which a-ta-xiay had in the meantime leased aud taken I 'issestion of tbe tVi1an4 at Washington road, running parallel to the B. uuntr! Si Rutland) by the terms of which all tr.. through freight affd travel, fcr ten yr', wa to go hy tbe Rutland & Washington read, tiu but one way train a day wis to I,-; run to Ben :.:ngton by the Troy .V Biston managers, and Vit it at snch hours, that it could be of no service '. r !y but purely toctl travel. Mr. Park read i!. letter by which this arrsigrunent was an r nnc d to ban by Mr. Vail, the President of tl r Troy & Boston Co.. aad said that stoee that p-ce of ingratitude and treachery was eonsam tiM'el, he had never jfvitti to Mr. Vail, and never intended to speak to him again. The well known nets reining to the lease of the Bennington Si Rutland road to ex-Governor Smith ; the attachment of the tne.ir.is and roll ing sttck i f the Troy B.stcn Company, by Mr Park, on suit far damages, upon the expire i o f his leae to them, last January ; tad t rr-.ling up if the Bennington & Rotlaid r 1, -.1 its loser cad, by ike entire stoppage of cuLcecting trains by tbe Troy t Boston Co., tr. re next mentioned. That break being male at the State line, was not within the scope ' f tie law cf tbe last scaiion. I Is disastrous ef tci n- on all the tasincs? ot that region, by eom ; iling the freight from seventy-five marmfsc tjries and from the auarries and farms to go a hundred miles round on its way to market, was described. Affidavits from well known eitmsna of Becnington County were read by Mr. Park. s. wing the effect of the steppage on their busi u aad stating that when respectful remons trance was made to the managers of the Troy & B r.oD read, they were answered with the decla riien that thev (the railroad managers.) cared r'tkjig about the people cf Vermont; that ;-.iy had got Park in a tight place and meant told him there ; that tbey wcuU never ran ' ii j more trs:ne to Bennington, till Park releac- 1 their property frcm attkehirent ; and that 'in people cf Bennington County, u they withe, tbe trains to run agau, "mo-t get rid cf that i d pirate. Park." Mr. Park next took np He nutter of extor i.cns practiced by tbe managers of tbe T. k B. Kj'J. Ueataosl sad showed by affidavit? of Winces men. that the fare from Bennington to Iny, thirty miks, in the oil days of stages, used to be ote dollar, and the rates on freight, ty wagons, about 3S0 a ten; whereas by iailroad the fate wa. ete dtllar and halt; and n freight the raus mre from foar to five dol tton. Sisee tbey cbtaiaed sole coatrol. t: '7 hsd increased their kal puasoger rates nearly 100 per cent He state! that the local ntcs varied Irus fcur cents a mile '' Sve, six and even eight ceais, and t-it no other Vermont reed eharged w thin twenty-five per cent as much as tbe i & B. Co. He saosei bv comparison of 8urcs frcca their own reports, required by the railroad lax of New York, that tbey bad taken from patteagete in tour yean abut SlSO.OOO ever and above the leSa charge wii,h 1Ieiimil. td by their chatter to a cents a m,k. eitortions were bat a laaple if W a.igfat be expected ehenlere , if the foreign earporatiotis "ontrolling every aTen u frou Termoal &utb. fyriiHor water, were permitted te carry oat tbe objects of their cot, federation nnopposed. The coBttrnet.cn ,! the proj cjwt conoMtien fi .m Beunington t n.,. !,., In r..i at Chat ham, X. V., It giviiij . . u ;,t, would Lot only give immediato rtuel i.. me citizen! of Bennington County, tut g,Mly benefit :: i.utinfES andtravil cf 1; W.t,rn Vermont. ! wculd give the people of -y, ,u. g,,. shcitstt and 1-est route k "ew York, ace i vroald ba prrperly a New Yr!c lice, 'j with reftrea'c to the luroujh traYj, 1 and free from the delays cuwl to the inuaa River route by its weatern eounee- lions. In oompl!ingthcpcopleorAi:xoDtto bniW that new link, the Troy s 11 fnn ria ... would bate done the only good act tbey ever did to the people of Vermont If the Igii!s tore shoaM vote the whole amount neoesary f. r its conatraetien, from tbe Stmt tresmry, be beBered it woald be thetKat hiveetmtart rrer Okde bv tee 8tate: bnt he asked no nth aid. Tbe Lebaaca Springs road, to Chatham, was already chartered, and 8600,000 subscribed in Sew York State, towards Ua oaoBtruetion. Alt that the Bennington k Rutland road sad the citi zens on its rente, asked, was aotburitjr to raise the $800,000 or 6900,000 needed to complete it, by an twoe of tcirn bonds, and by a mort gage of tbe ! ernington k Ratiand road, now free from sneambrance. If tbe Legislatnre woe Id gire toek antbsrifjr tbe road wenM be bnih at once. Mr. I'ark epke with ppirit, carried with hint fully the synrpathy of the Moure, and was scTeral times heartily appianed by fliot and galleries. Tl bill allowing tbe rowni- on tbe rati of I-is road to issue town bonds, in paymeni for the bonds or stoopt of the Lebanon Springs road, was at once pat rn its pfi-a0 and passed under Fuxpeosiun et the rules, i Ttv faH iienaitting a mioefigr ol tho B. K.' road, for the same purpxae, nas next taken np nnd parsed in the same manner, and Mib- Btqnently tbe following jjict rcsolntiun, in. trodud by Mr. Park, was adopted with equal unanimity : Whtrta The- control by ferefgn corporations of the railroad facilities of this Stele has baeeme a nrMeet of arrare practical nupnitanee ; snd uaereos aeribus oompbints hae been brought to tbe attention cf tbe LrguUt me against tbe conduct of eeeb corporations rais"l in th manaceweat of Vt roads. Aari uAcrraM to dtsptditua nf these pobiio works ought t be all. wed which impairs the peranaent right of the people of the Srate to the jut sad reasonable ase thereof Therefore, ruolttd by the etaate and Iloase of Representatitts, that the Governor be nqaest ed to appoint three commissioners, wbeee liuty it shall be to consider this subject sad is in quire ibto tbe grievances nUeged to hare beta sustained, with power to senl fwr person aad papera. and to report to the next annual session ot the Legislature whether aay awt what addi tional legislation oa tbe premises is necessary, and to prepare aay bill on tbe subject which they may think proper to recommend The Senate, on its rjart. referred the Usage m , abtff(, nimci ,0 tj tie Jud:ci4ry cummlttfei ,nd on tbcir faT()lV , rcj.it p,.. ananilD0Bs!j on TnarsdaT ..,,., c., m.,..j tl.e adoption of the ! iv. ju' r-ru'uiMq. Wilb this action die l.s.-Iitin in it-hrtce to tbe railroad truuhU.: in Btnniaetu.i Coo ny c:i.id. It io acco: : '.at- I v.u . Ifactiry p .aipint-so n..d wth . unanimity, ani With it tht. tonn tt'o- i.-ijti aeeoiuplUiitil. It was, wc think, a goxil joh. ,.fwing i-ct of Its r- suit wc doub: not will be tne sp t-dy eon uroctioi. of the cunnciion with t: U-i:lcm road, an 1 'ho npcning thereby .if a m w, direct and urt ('r-ira!lc and plet' r ute to New Vork ; .m.i if it pr.ivrs i.. way ek'trimental to t1 - Troy B r- :i(i, its uiinagerri ma'; o ..of.it tuemflvos witn the reflection, 'hxt i: os the rrv.il i ilcir own folly and di-rrgard of the pu'. .r e i. vrnitnee. the arTLA-vn aaiLaojtD attx, asn otuss It was the opinion of Mine ! tho test mernbers of both Houses that ti c Legisla ture oogbt to confine itwlf strictly to tl o business for which the eptri il Mssi.ri was called, and a resolution introdiired in tl.e j House by Mr Rwnd of Cfce-ttr, that :Lc Uousr w i.lQ nut en ten in any ou&iccm uut tbat eiaraced in tbe (j ivernurV mc.-se, was ad jpcd on Wednesday morning.and h i v ing been passed was no more regarded than if it had been rejected. The tffurt to rcntrict legislation to tbe mlrd business, was also made in the Senate by Senator Barntow of Chittenden Co. ; bat be was overruled by tbe Senate. In all fourteen bills were introduced in tbe Senate and thirteen in the House. Tbe introducing of new business was finally checked on Thursday in tl.e House by Mr. Weston of Colchester, who on a request for leave to introduce a bill chang ing the boundary linos of the Tillage of Springfield, expressed his emphatic protest r gainst any further crowding into this special session of LuiinrM which might as well ligerml till the regular scsatott, and the leave asked was refused. The Senate adopted a resolution forbid ding tl.e introduction of any bills after 4 o'clock en Wedicaday; but raspendc-l I a own rule and several bills were introdund after tbat time. In all sixteen Acta were parsed, as follows Authorizing mortgage of Bennington k .Rutland road. AutbcrUitrc towns on Benaiogtoti 4 Bul la nl road to issue town bonds. Authorizing towns est tbe imc of the pro posed MsntpeliCT k St. obosbary and frsex Co. roads to issue town bonds. Authominf; certain totrne ti aid in con structing the Woodstock A Kntland road. To incorporete tbe Ratiand R. B. Co. To iDCorporate the I'topsw' Qaa light Co. of Rntlaad ; the Bennington (iaa ligh; to, ; tbe Anvedwo Iloce had box Co. ; tbe j X rthem Tele-ran Co ; aad the Cain 4 Drake Marble Co. cf I'iuaford. Ceding to the U.S.. -ite lot Custom Uon-e in Newport. To pay thsSccieUrks and dtrke of thu Senate and House To provide for tape nets of-the sptciul ee'rsioo, oj propriatitig tWaw for mt purpose. To punish breaches of the peace and un lawful conibinatiow to prevent men from laboring in mills, quarries or on railroads. To establish the Kntland grated school To prevent destruction of tt-o by pounds or set nets. Of tbete the bills granting peiaiio.'iun to the towns named to iesu towa bjocU in aid of the Muctpclier and St. Johcsbuiy and TCoodstock rods. are similar in terms tj that of the ItonniDgton and RutUnd rad, and were pused, as a matter of ."mice, without opposition or debate One of the most impartial ones is that incorponiting the Rutland Railroad Com pany. It grants to tl.e second mortgage bondholder!, tbe Trustees ul which now control and run tbe road, authwity to form a new corporation, order tbe ab ve title, with liberty to issue stock of two kit. U, preferred acd comiasc. 'Its preferre.l it3ckii to 65 eschatrjsUs tit tbs First mortgage bonds, ttic principal of which . amounts to $1,800,009. or if bondholders (Jeelme tociebansc, thcttoct is to be fold and lbs ptoceed used for the purchase 1 4 the bond. The common stock is exchange- bis for the Second Mortgage bonili.tho ririn otpal of which nmounta to $1,200,000. The issue of sloek ij to cover the accrued interest on tte bondiot both classes. The ob ject nf the bill is the laudable one, of ending the litigation between the 1st and 2d mort gage bondholders, irtf.ing out old scorts, and placing tbe road in the hands cf a new eomtnny, free from encumbrances and un- hamicred by old complications. liat any tueh measure was to be proposed at this ecstion was probably known to Tcry few of the members. The bill made its ap pearance in tbe Senate, bad a reference to and consideration hy the Road Committee, ! was paaeed under suspension of the rules, and went to and through the House, just at the d'jGe of the Wednesday afternoon session, in spite ot an ineffectual protest against such hfte by Mr. I'-jurx! or Cbcrrter. The matter occasioned considerable talk that evening, and tho impression was quite decided in the minds ol some of the sound- I est memljer., that, aside from anv question Of tho merits of the bill, the passage of an aei luroiriug so many and sucn ucavv inter- cats, without previous notice to all the par ties concerned, and on so hasty an examina tion of its bearing, was a dangerous prece dent. We belicrc, with what light wc haTC on the subject, the bill to be a fair one for all the interests concerned, and one which will be of decided benefit to the road, and ia time to the public, a measure in short wbow merits would bare stood full discus sion under ample notice to all parties) : and doubtleea fuel, notice ought to have been given. The feeling of dissatisfaction we have allude! to found expression on Thursday morning in both houses It) the Senate Mr. Taft of Chittenden County moved that the Qonse be requested to return tbe bill to the Senate, and on tbe announcement tbat the billhad been already approved by the Gov ernor, which of course disposed of that mo tion, be followed np his purpose by the intro duction of a hill to repeal the act. T'ic chief discussion, on this proposition, took place before tbe committee on Roads, be' -re whom the propriety and expediency of the nrt as passed, was ably argued by H ti. L u Undcrwoid, on tbe part of the S o)'.4 ! ttjrigc bondholders. E. J. I'hclps for t' . f the First mortgage bondholders wh) i.. irtie to tbe measure, and Hon. A ndr- k Ti acy in In half of tbe original cor p.ra!.;:. The committee reported unani mously iains: a repeal of tbe act, admit ting tbat the Tnird mortgage boodhoMers bad had no notice, and that but about onc t ird of the First mortgage bonds had been r-' rvwnted btfore tbe committee ; but churn ing that t!,c 1'iU fullv protected the rights o tiie First mortgage holders. Senator Taft argued that this was exaetly one of tbe case in which the proper legal notice was n-ceskury, and averred his belief that tbe parti' net notified bad rights which were endangered by tije hasty passage of-the act. To this Senator Barlow replied that tlie rights of the various parlies, being legal and vested rigiilf , could not be taken away by the act ; and tbe Senate Iit a vote of 3 to 26 refused to repeal the act. In the House a reconsideration of the same bill was moved hy Mr. Pease of Cbar ltte, and supported in some remarks which will be found in full, in another column. Mr. Prout of Rutland replied, explaining to same extent tbe bearing of tbe aet. stating tha: a majrity of the First mortgage bond- ! holders already assented to the measure, and tbat those who did not would receive the principal interet of their bonds ; tbat and parties asking or aseentisg to tbe pas sage of the set, represented 5,000,000 of the debt t.f the road ; and declaring bis firm belief that the interests of no one would be injurirusly affected hy tbe act. His re marks and tbe discussion were ended by the axsnonneement tbat the Governor bad signed the bill. Mews. II. Burden .t Sons, the heavy iron makers of Troy, who own some ore beds in Bennington, appeared as petitioners for a charter for a short parallel piece of railroad to connect their mines with the Troy & Boston and Bennington & Rutland roads. The fact that tbe Troy & Boston managers were understood to favor tbe project did not help it any ; it was reported against by the House committee on roads, and the charter refused . though as tlie petitioners only asked authority to construct the piece of road themselves, wc sec no good reason why it should not have been granted. The only remaining subject of uuch dis cussion during tbe seuion was tbat of tbe construction of a new jail for Windsor Co. at Woodstock, in plice of the one burned the otlicr day. Tbe towns in the southern part of theCounty,wbisb desire the formation of a new courty, objected to be taxed for such a purpose. Their cause was ably con durte'i by Major Rounds, ol Chester, who earned the day in spite of a report in favor of the jail from the select committee to whom the matter was referred. lie stated that a bill for a new county would be pree-ed before the next legidaturc and in his pinion would succeed ; that a majority nf t1 e mrmliers from Windsor Co. were op pose! to the bill laying a Ux at this session lor the construction of a jail, and that t v as unprecedented for the Legislature to lay a tax on a County without the assent ef a majority of the members ; and on his motion tbe bill was dismissed. The Senate passed a bill to erect a work ehoD for tbe Reform School at Watcrbury. at a cost of 3000 ; but it wis rejected by tbe House, by a vote of 5G to 3. Two or tbreo bills, of little consequence, were refused a second reading, and will have to take their chances at a regular session. On the whole much Iris good and more barm might easily have been done, at tho scecial ecKian, and we believe it was on tha whole warth 1U coit to tbe State. Gen. Sirxtrj' First Oedzs is Socth Cakousa. Gen. Sickles issued the follow ing order on takiDg command of tbe 21 mil- itary district under the reconstruction bill : ... . . . a .. in tne execution oi my umj aa caaLuu,- lng general, to maintain the security cf the la- bjbiuuttla thtlrTtrcons and prertrly. to sup - i press insurrection, diici Jer and violence, and M Fv.c!-?r:fla?l,.0.bc P,an"H " J!.,-u,-" w (mono peace icu en initial?, lac local 1 tribunals will be permitted to take jurisdiction or 01 ana "7 ocenucrs, excepting only sacu eases ...... 1 , -.1 r ii - i: l v. as msy by crder of the commsnding general, be referred to a commistioa or other milttarr trib unal tor trial, ciril oluccrs arc hereby autbor izca to continue to exercise tbtir proper junctions, and will be respected and obeyed by the inhabitants. VThencTcr any ciril cfEcer. magistrate or court neglects or refuses to per ioral an omcial act pr. perry required or lucb tribunal cr efficer, whereby due and rightful security to person or property thill be denied, the cue thill be referred by the post command, er to these headquarters." IIo also expresses a desire to prcserre tranquility and order by means most congenial to the people, and solicits the zealous and cordial co-operatien and aid of ciril officers and citizens, and that the occasion msy teldom arise for the exercise of military authority in matters of ciril administration. GOVERNOR'S MESSAGE TO THE General Assembly of Vermont. errciiL session, liiEcn, 107. Gtnthmcn of the Senate and House of Rtjjfeicntctivts . Upon rcprescntat.ons made to me of the suffering condition in which the important busincts interests of the South-western por tion of this S ate had been suddenly and unexpectedly placed, by hostile acts of err- tain railroad corporations of an adinininc State, end which appeared to mo to demand , traincd ,0 ym tMj timc fa ; extra session. I deem it my dutv to mako to vou a brief statement of facts in relation thereto, as they havo been represented to me, and on tbo correctness of which I have reason to rely. It anrcars that in connection with thn Tent. land A Burlington Railroad at Rutland there hate been, for a tents of vcars, three rail road routes to Troy, in the State of New York, forming connections therewith other railroads leading South and Wtst ; that these railroads have been to a considerable extent, rival roads, cumtetins with each other tor the freights and trnvcl which enter upon and pass over the- from other rail roads, termed through busmus. and that each of said roads detiends mainly upon such tnrougn uusiness lor its support and success, ful operation. One of these roads, whi:L was chartered hy the name of the Western erinont Kailroad, and is now the Benning ton t Rutland road, runs sjutuerlj from Rutland through the counties of Rutland and Bennington, to the west line of t. c State I near torth Bennington, a distance of fifty. . four miles, its track being tbenee continued by that of another railroad in tbe State of l New lork, about thirty-one miles further to Troy, the latter road being under manage ment of the Trov k Boet. u Railroad Coic- i tiny. There is ah-o a branch of the Ben- .ington 1 Rutland road to Bennington, five I mute in lengtb. , Another of the rival roads, called tbe 1 itutland k Washington Railroud, tuns vvest- - rly irom Rutland by way of Castleton and aaicm to eagle litwgc, wliere it connects rith the Troy A Boston Railroad, toe Utter road extended lrom thence to Troy. The third rival road known as tbe Reus selacr k Saratoga rood, useo tbe track of the , last mentioned road from Rutland to Castle - ton, a distance of eleven miles, and from .hence it luns bv way of Whitehall and wratoga Springs to lroy. This road is uelvr wile longer than either of tbe other wo, nod Uus not seem to lie tbe natural .oute for either natil vr height between rlutland and l roy Tbe Rutland A. us tungtoti railroad had en a comtlng line with the Rensselaer 4 Nvratoga road for through business until Nut two tears ago, when it w understood :Lat the company owning tl.e latter road oadc a purchase of tbe former, since which lac their rivalry has crated, and tbey have both teen under tbe direction and manage ment, within tbta State aa vtcll as out ol it, of tho Rensselaer A Saratoga Railroad Com pany, a corporation existing under ami by virtue of toe law? ol the State of New lork. The Weste-rn Veronal, now the Benning ton k Rutland RHlroad, wa- p it in opera tion in the year lb52. and tor ten years, Lading the loth ol January lart, had born ! asedto the Troy X Boston Railroad Cwu ..auy. and during tbat rtriod had been oi- .rated by them in countction with their road lrom tbe istatc lino to Troy, before mentioned. Tbe Western Vermont road bad alnavs been a rival road to the Rutland A Wash ington and the IEeBH-elacr k isaratugn roads, until the month of February, latio, when a Tirittcn contract was entered into, to con .1 .uc in force for ten vcar. between the J.inseclacr it Saratoga Company and the i toy A Boston Company, by which it was agreed tbat no through Lusiues-' of any kind s .ould be allowed to sg over the Bennin" I' n k Rutland road ; the Troy k Boston I ompuny binding itecll not to deliver to or leecivc any through fn ighU from Mid Ben nington .V Rutland road, and in order tKat passengers might be effectually prevented irom travelling over the Bcnulngton k Rut land road it was further stipulated hv tl.e Troy k Boston Company that but one train per day each way should be run by that rumpany to connect with the said Benning ton k Rutland road, anJ those trains were run at such hours us would not allow trav- e ilers to connect with the trains of other i. ids. This arrangement for diverting the t-rough business from the Bennington k, Rutland Railroad, was carried into effect ti ting tnc period ot tbo Ieaso of the road lu the Troy k Boston Company, and tiid company, in case it should ever again connect wnn tnc liennington k Rutland read, is under an obligation by it contract to continue n lor aujui nine years longer. In the mean time two 0f the citizens of tbii State, John Gregory smjth and John B. Page, had lccomc lessees of the Benning ton k Rutland road, to commence at the ex piration of tho beforo mentioned lease to the Ttot k Boston Company, antj bid uiado preparations for orxrating it, by sending engines and cars to tbo Stato line to connect With thosp of the Troy k Boston Company. N a such connection was however made, and although the lessees arc desirous of waking such connection, and have applied to the uanagers of the Troy V B .ston Company I:,r tbat purpose, they utterly nfuse to agree upon any terms of ce-oncotlon, or to run their cars to the State line ; and since the said ICtb day ol January last there has consequently Lccn no railroad outlet to the South and West, there being a break of nwjui nve mucs Dciwccn tnc onto line ana Hoosick Junction, from which latter place cars are running daily to Troy, a distance of twenty-six mile?. Th intermediate five uileo qf road is elated to have been, since .c JCth cf January last, permanently i aecd to tho Rensselaer A Saratoga Railroad 1' mpany, thus placing all tho avenues from i jtland to the South and West under the j. rfect control of tbat corporation. The manufacturing interests that have ; rown up on tho lino of the Bennington k Rutland Railroad arc very extensive and io j riant, probably more to than Say other section of tho htatc cf eual population. ipcracmz tocsc ct cotton ana woolen in uieir various braccnea; of taper; of iron 1 -vi... j i- i -. ..y oiset auu cupoia. iuruas; oi oci.rc .or td us lastsetsioa, when sounding out the 'Vond paints; of machinery for cot n woolen ' .. m tMiMSm c , fulull and paper mills; tanneries; establishments 4C(1 corporationi-who now are indeed confes for making chisels, carpenters squares, ndly and meat certainly regardless of the inter chairs. bedsteads, doors, sash, and many stt of our Stale, teeking only to find food fur the . 1 . 1 . 1 .1 t I . I . TL. . . . . O oiucr biucics oi rom tvuou. anu i-uu. xiv railroad, transportation required to lurtiisb applies sad to end to market the products oi tncce establishments mut u very great. That portion ot the Statu is very ricb in marble and timber, many thouranda of toss of each being annually sent away by rail road. If these business operations, and others connected with them, are to be p r- uanently shut off from railroad communi- ca.tj0ns with the outer world, as they arc at 1 I resent, it is easy to ice mat, all must re I iiouslv suffer, and that rerv many of tbca i . . , ; , . . nich can only prosper by cheap and speedy 1 transportation, mutt be utterly ruined. This appearing to be the situation ol af fairs in that portion of the Stito, and be lieving tbat every considerable portion of the State, when suffering or in danger, is entitled to the sympathy and protection of the residue, and that ti- whole State, and particularly the whole Western part uf it, is deeply interested in having a free anl t:i trammclcd outlet for freight and travel to the South and West from Rutland : and feeling tbat any remedy for the evil com plained of, in order to be eflcrttial, must prompt and sjdy. 1 have felt i! my duty to call you together on this occasion that you may tako into consideratio;. the whole matter, and adopt such measures in relation thereto as you shall deem right aud roper. It is understood tbat th' e-acuse for break ing the railroad connection mentioned, is founded on a complaint uf the Troy k Bos ton' Company agaimt the proprietors (not tbe lessees) of the Bonnni'-tun k Rutland Railroad, and that the officers of the com pany publiclv declare that as long as the road is owned by the present proprietors no connections th ill be made wi'' it. Whether this complaint is well or ill . inded. docs not term worth our while to i. quir., for whatever may be its charac ter, it is difficult to conceive how it can form any justification foi inflicting indiscriminate, and pcrhaiis irrerauMe, iniurv on an inno cent public It is understood that the RcneoeUer k Sa ratoga Company, owning the two riial roads from Rutland, de?irc to purchase the j Bennington k Rutland Railioad. Such pur chase would give them a monopoly of all tne j business and travel passing through that place to and from the bnitn and West, and enable them to itnpoic such terms up n it as they might choopo. It is alleged that the present stoppage of the road is prompted and sustained by a desire to force a s tlu -f it to tbat company. Whether it would I for the interest ot the State to i.uve all the avenues of business and travel in the- hands of one corporation. anJ that a foreign our. may wen no questioned. Sine, the before- mentioned contract in February. 100, by ' which the Bennington k Rutland road ceaa- , cd to be a rival road to tbe Rensselaer i; SdrutC?a rued, it appear that th rhfirM Sarat.va road, it aptwars that the charm fur fn ight on that road between Rutland and Troy .ave tee u largely increased tbe in crease on some portion uf it exceeding ninety per cent. thu imposing an additional bur den upon all the business of the Suite, which josses over that road to and from the North and East. It is represented to me tbat tbe people on the line ot tbe Bennington k Rutland road strongly distrust the inclinations of these lorcign corporations to do them justice, and I'lmiai vurntsuy against any sale ot tbe road to them, and certainly the facta herein- before stated of tbeir efforts to make a per- manent diversiun of the business away from : Mild road, and tbeir present hostile attack j upon it, do nut seiu calculated .. inspire- ! confidence in any lutuic tn.m uient ol it ! by them. Io guard as l.ir as practice' h guijt j long continuance of the ein'urru-.-.mntu .m- . der wbich the ruplc in the .u'l.-a-.Ttern . quarter oi the state are laVring. it i pro posed by them to open another outle; for i tbe Btnnington k Rutland road t . ;ne S uth and V ctt, by constructing a n a railroad I froti. . je- vicinity of its prevent termination to con .cct with tbe New Yo k 4 Harlem ! Railroad at Chatham Four Corners. Tbi, I it is alleged, would supply the only link 1 tbat is wanting to form the shortest and I mct desirable railroad mute between th,- cities of Montreal and New Vork. running iorugii tuc wnoie Kn;th ot our State and furnishing our people Utter railroad faeili- I oa that day to abstain from their nana! employ tics than they have ever before enjoyed. I ments ; to assemble in their aeeustomed places iv is icprcecmeu mat tiiorougli and accur- - i sutveta have been made of tbe route of this rend : that it is aliotit Hltv inilra in I lengtu; that lU coat will not exceed SI. 400.000. and that for its cor..! ruction I csnfi nnn i.. i..,...i, i i . the State of New York. In ..rJr e.. .C. w -v.k-ww . . v u i lumrinra in I up the deficiency, or a portion ul it. it i T"" yw noe aaaeu io cnicr an- i iiiority on tne Ihnnington 4 Rutland Rail- i rmd Company to ieeue bonds and uv-rtgage t, iwu, bin wi an tuv town luieicaiLHi io lend their prcutiiai) aid towanit it. on- I st ruction. The action of the- Troy A Bo.' 1 ..mi-a- ny, in suddenly refusing to run tm ir cars to j connect with a road with whiel. it had un- I interruptedly connected lor hit'-rn wars, 1 thereby rcuectinc great and cerum iniurv 1 uu mc puonc, is a rare occurence in railroad niseory, anu oug-t not to i al owed to rw repeated, if in tho power of tho If gislature to tircvent it. I suggest for your ounsidera tioti Ti jetber a rcraidy mistht not lie provid ed, by making corporation rern.nilIe for injuries occasioned by nets of tin, .iis rin- tion. Both the Rensselaer k Siratoga and the Triy k Bocton Il-iiroad Comiuniet, operate- roads of some extent within this State, and in doing so have tbe lenefit ol our laws lor protection It these corpora tions, oy lour control ot thetc Northern roads without the Sate, combine nd confe derate together to inflict irreparable injuries uton our eiti;cna. it would seem tu t such acts might, not lo beyond the roach of legis lative rcmeuy. i am not iniormcu ol any other considera ble interest of our people that u likely to suffer lor want of speedy legislation, and tuereiorc emu caning your attention toother subjects I ALL DILLINGHAM. Kjecl'tivs Cuakuxs, Montpelier, March 7, 1MT. Speech ol .Mr. Petite, ol Charlotte, On a notion la recontidtr the bill for the in- coi trillion of the JCutland Railroad Co. Ma SrnaCEX : The Railroad fever is rac ing a' 1 though at tb-outsell advocated the idea . f utinj the tttaa when it was up, I aa now , on second thought, constrained to counsel a gen:' - opiate m the share cf in admonition to ;ul ifovn the brain. For the eighth wonder of the rxsrU. it might almost be said, in the iacredib.y short space of time licce tbe opening of this special Session we now have at an ac complished fact an amount of buiiicit that mightjwell occupy ocr thsughtful and disinterest ed consideration for the usual length of a full term. Tbe tlrange tummeriaults and ftatsef rope walking which have brought down tho house are at tho least noteworthy. Those persons and interests formerly meet clamorous for legis lation incidentally and directly favoring the interests of foreign capitalists and corporations acd almost frantically tager to identify all our local and state interests with the developments of our mineral, manufacturing and agricultural resources, have is by magic, by some talisaianie touch, "presto ! change ! ! turned cat in the pan," and we have the most violent denuncia tions of foreign influences, corporations and capitalists and arc most eloquently dthorted frcm any alliance cr trust in 'anyiSotrin," saving the interests "pure and simple" of Vermont and her power of taking care of her own affairs; while at the same time tbe development cf her mineral rtscurces is sought to be crippled by the giant grasp cf a railroad monopoly icekirg to deter us from granting a right of tray for a company, tpend isg usually hundreds of thousands of capital in our midit to transport th raw material to the theps where it is to be made a thousand fid mere valuable by the processes of the manufac turer. if my memory serves me, we have a emetine eoni irom taat to luneiunv oner- tooth of creed, I make the motion to reconsider the vsts we cut yesterday, passing the bill granting a char ter to the Rutland Railroad Co.. for the follow ing iraton, I would move an amendcentof that charter to hastily granted In tplte of tbe protestations oi my doughty friend, the "mili tary gentleman" from Chester, sots to give the State and this Legislature an opportunity to form a precedent which shall be now and always to available at to tbield us from the dilemma In which we find ourselves in tbe case of the other railroads, particularly the Vermont and Canada; by which that treat thoroughfare, . j - .-.------, representing minions, is screened from bearing any portion of tbe expense of the very legUla- fion wc have now been called hereto accomplish as well as cf the whole michinerr of tbe gov- crumcm uy wnico iney are created ana protected. Wc shall, I suppose, in all probability be met at the cutset hy the cry that the Railroads are in creasing incidentally the value of our taxable property so thit we can well aftol to let them go scot free. aot to go into any special pleadings. I would for a moment just turn the tables and tec if by tvlrttv nf tl.!. . . I . v. .i.i;uuiu iju ,ctjf arguucai, li II proves any thing, does cot prove too much. Suppose our industrial interests, our farmers and manufacturers, shculd claim that Railroad Ccrperations could exist enly on the business which our products afford them, and arc greatly enhanced in value by our contribution!, there fore tbey ought to rar all the taxes and we ho enabled to .aerease our own products and so help them to grow aad fatten, it strikes me we could make out " a can" very e&silr. But I shall waive the question cf policy, and insiit on the merits of the idea of equal taxa tion of the property cf the country. I bad intended to allude to the value of the investment in the instance cf the Vermont k Canada Road, and the unscrupulous manner in which its managers conduct its affairs to in crease its earnings and bolster np its power. Tl-.. l-.Tt. l-.l- - . 1 iciaiasurc (.aiuiptcs ci ycsteras against competing roads fcr charging exorbitant rates for freight and passage seemed a little overdone to Vermont ears, I fancy. We having beta so long patiently acquiescing in a system of over charges as to te almost "caic hardened," when wc actually pay 25 per cent less for a car load frcm Chicago to Btntoa than for the same load back from Boston to poinis ia our own State; when we psy less freight for a barrel of flour from Montreal to St. Albans, than for that sitae Urrtl from M. Albans back to the Ftate line, and so on. But I proceed to tuenst that while without doubt a large proportion ef other taxable property in enc way and another escapes the duty and tbe burden of taxation, tome of it is inevitably caught and fleeced to py tbe lack ing balance. While we have authorized many of our towns to invett largely in cortcra'e stxks, we have nude no attempt at a provision against tbat notorious and noaifrous practice ef defrauding the public treasury by evad ing the taxation, and the whole amount invested in these roads and bonds may very essiiy be kept by a judicious and shrewd adjustment of running expenses and salaried officers at a mint tn fr IIaw tl I. officers at a point to far below the (j rver cent. dividend cf pro6ts specified in the statutes as to be legally exempted. There is moreover a very singular and remarkable feature m the provi sions of the bill granting authority to tbe towns to subscribe for stock to aid in building lail ruaji which, as it seems tome gerrasin to tbe tubject in hand, I detire to notice, viz, that not a majority of the freemen and legal voters ia town meeting, but a maioritr of wealth shall determine who shall be taxed for building these roads, thus attempting to protect the capitalist against his comparatively impoverished neigh bor. to throw the balance of power into tbe hands of tbe rich to protect them acaisst tbe poor. I have always thought it a vastly greater arusoip ior tne ;oor to pay tbeir rawff taxes, out of their penury, in very many cases taking even Ihe very necessaries ot lifr, than fcr the rich out of their over-abundance to pay what they can well afford to spend. With these hasty remarks. Mr. Speaker, I submit tbe (reposition to the coaMderation of this body. STATE Of VERMONT. BV PAUL DILLINGHAM. GO vxrx oa . A I'roclani.-jtion. Io accord a nee with immemorial custom, and with a profound sense of its appropriateness, I do hereby appoint FRIDAY, the 19th day er APRIL next, to be observed as a day ef Hamii ntion. Fasting aad Prayer, by all the people of thi .Sl.f. A nil 1 Mmt mmmI. ?' pu"C worsnip, anu mere earnestly engage 'n '"vices suitable to the occasion. Heartily confessing our tin, as isoivii and as a people, to Almighty God, and humbly i TV?? HI! fS"o. t " earnestly pray . .. .. ..." tuai s7 nut iiirimc iu hu iMtiiEBiai uicit ini . ,,0.Je lor " "u "fr6"?' P" Let us implore Him ftr all ia atherttr. tbat ihey may hava wiadom. lavr.uta know the 1 right, and kaowine. dare maintain it. That He will, thranrhaait all nr l.rul qneneh ali, a the spirit of strife, and perpetuate :n lasun? love iir einr i: That He will beget in all hearts a true hun gering after righteousness, and for every virtue that exalts a people. Tbat He will merejAtlly regarJ the people of this State, in all tbeir interests, both temporal and spiritual, teaching us that while temper ance, industry aad frugality are aecesaary to material success, truth, forbearance aad charity ate no less so to religious prosperity. That He will bestow special blessings on ali ear institution" of learning ; that He will gnat prosperity to our churches, bounty and plenty to our people, and a cheering reward to all law- rui industry. And that He will graciously preserve us from t pestilence, give us health, and an nndvinc kave br true liberty, equal laws, and uaJtfiled religion. Given under my hand and the Mai of the State, in Fxecuhve Chamber at Mont pelier, this twtnty-seventh day of l. . March, in theyearof our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-seven, and of the Independence of tbe United States the ninety-first. PAUL DILLINGHAM. By His Extellency the Governor. WmiAM P. Diiuxeuax, Secretary sf Civil and Military Affairs. Adjournment ot Congress. Tho snarl between the two Houses on the adjournment question was finally setlkd,and Congress adjourned on Saturday till tbe first Wednced.iy in July, when if no quotum it present in cither House, tbe presiding officers will adjourn their respective Houses to tbe regular day of meeting, in Deceml-er. This is understood to mean that if President Johnson behaves himself pretty well Con gress will nut assemble again in mid-summer; though Senator Sumner said on Saturday fiat be had reason to believe tbat a quorum would be present on the first Wednesday in July, and gave notice tbat lie should on tbat day call up n bill for universal suffrage throughout the United States Mas. President Jounson. The appear- j ance of tbe President's wife, at a htto recep tion at the U'hitc House, U thus described : "Mrs. Johnson appeared at the reception for the first time I telt a deep anxiety to see the woman who had taught her husband to read, and inspired him with that lofty ambition whioh led to place and power. She stood near the President to his right ; pale, thin, stamped with care and sickness, s countenance cf thought ful sadness, an expression of deep curies ity. Looking for a moment at each person introduc ed, btr eye would drop immediately In medita tive thouzhtfulnees, as if her mind and heart were filled with thoughts and emotions far differ ent from the giddy throng pasting by. All who know her speak well cf her." Tni FiNUSS. The Boston TrctcVr has advices that large numbers of Irishmen have lately appeared in the neighborhood of Rich lord, Vt., on tbe Canadian lino, thirty nilcs from St. Albac:. Their business is un known. The Maloco correspondent of tbe K. Y. Herald Bays : The great cumber cf pianos that ccma boxed up here via rail Is astonishing, acd more aston ishing (till it the fact that the parties to whom these boxes are directed are net cf the class, socially speaking, supposed to take any very great degree cf interest in the digital exercises pertaining to such inttruments. It is suggested that perhaps their music Is about to be heard elsewhere- Be this aa it may, the transporta tion to this point cf large, square boxes, marked "Pianoforte handle with care," has increased most remarkably during the put month. Thete package! are invariably called for by rubicund lookine Mileaiant. who car aU freight charm willingly, and then rimers thtir pu'xieily to wnere; I cannot hear cf the rustge through here, however, of bodies ot men such as are known to have debarked at St, Albans and at Other points near the border. Editorial Correspondence of the Free Press. From the Wet Indie. No. X. j The eane culture. Continued.. St. Caoix. March 9, ISiT. The full grown cane ttalk, when stripped or what dead leaves remain attached to it and having its branching top of long open leaves cut off, appears as a round jom ed rod, rarely quite straight, but heavy and strong from the solidity of its cuter covering and tbe firmness of its juicy pith. Theocloris ton-times a dull yel low, sonxtimcs apple green, and in sitae locali ties it 'a a dark lrom. This last ecler is un favorable to the good color of the sugar. The ricinets of tbe juice varies considerably accord ing to the soil, the exposure and the relative quantities of moisture and tun shine which the plant has been favored with at the different stages of its growth. Whin "crop time," that is the tisae for cutting the cace aad making the sugar has come for a field, a gang of laborers, enh armed with the bill, a seculiar bread Mid ed knife about fifteen inches ia length and four or Sve lashes ia breadth, with a cutting edge on one side and a fiat hook turned ip towards the back at the end, the handle being alto of iron prooeods to the work. The dry leaves of tho cane is called "trash ;" much ot this haa fallen off and lies tangled about the cane stalks near the ground. With the hook cf the bill the trash is cleared away and with a smart downward and oblique blow the cane ttalk is cut off very close to the ground. The remaining dry leaves are stripped away and the heavy taft of green leivea at the top is cut off whole. These tufts are called "long tops," and are tied up in bun dled of the size ef a taall theaf of straw, tbe tops being from six to nine or ten feet long. These "long tops" are nted for food for the neat cattle, mules and horses. They maks rather a coarse food, not to good as the "guinea grass," but are freely eaten. Not unfrequeatly when the"oft" are rather wilted, they are chopped up with the bill into bits of six cr eight inches kog and sprinkled with molasses ; to prepared they are more eageny eaten and are more nutritious. Loads of these "long tont" are frequently seen on oris aad wagons for sale, and bandits of them in the hinder part of the laborers' little carta to feed the ponies with while the owners are at market on Saturday or at church ca Senday. Under the old slavery system, i- was often required ef the slaves, after the day's work was done, that they should cut up and br ng home to the manager's yard abuc- ' 'lie of wood or grass. After the emancipation I tats requirement sf the laborers was strictly for bidden y the "Labor Act" "but" continues I the aet -during erop the laborers are expected i to bring home a bundle cf long tops from the J fiild where they are at work." The eane stalks are leaded upon carts or wag gons lor transportation to tbe sugar wcrkt. Where the i.atore of the ground makes the use if the cart inconvenient, a resort is had to the mules. Fcr this purpose in arrangercent of iron boat is attached to the thick pad or pack. saddle of the male there being two bows ca each side, acd at such a distance frcm each other (0 ojm . f hat -a ctber placed . on them. Thete bows are called "cras&e," aed the Jaberers rmolsvcd In this rTioC are called "cmk la,." When a. nt- ficient load of emeeb piled In the crooks on both tides and aiuag the lack of the mule, a light chain or iope ia feiteaed across to make the lead secure, acd the animal it led or driven tc his destination. Tbe cane stalks aaU tbe kog tops being re moved from tte field, the whole surface of it is left; thickly covered with the "trash" the quantity of it being snipriairgly great. This bed of "trash'' is left to shade the surface of tbe ground mm the direct rays of the ten till new shoots spring np from the old roots, to form a seeoad crop of eases. This proce'i ot the cace s called "rattaoniag," and the new cants are culled "raltocEs." When the blades of the rattoons are tall enough, the process of dressing and weeding has to be itnewed. The rattoon erop u expected te be mature for cutting in a somewhat shorter time than was necessary fcr the first plantisg ; but not to produce so much sugar to the acre. This process cf rattocning takes place again the next year so that three j crops of cants, in three successive years, are j obtained frcm cue original planting. The sec ' ond erop of ratteens is inferior in quantity to i tbe one before it. It i net found profitable to l raise a third ere p of rattoens, except itteto raise seed tbat is cuttings for planting, as previously described. In tbe process of hoeing sad wrediag Ike ra Hoots, tbe trash having serve I the purpose of shading the recti tufS- oiently. is dug lots the ground for manure. When the ktst eiepef tattooes is taken off the trash is usually carted to the manure pent, un lets a new planting is intended to If made there forthwith. After the stand in; cane stalks have been topped for seed, aa above spoken of, they must be cut seen and ground, or they will be spoiled; and when the eane is cut, the sooner it is ground the better. A few days' deity will cans? the juice te sour, for which there is no remedy. It i unfortunate for the planter, if the cut ting is not followed soon by the grinding. In fact the plan always is to have the cutting, grinding an l boiling all ging en together, and the whole work pushed with ll tbe v:gur pos sible. Formerly, when the grinding was all done by windmills, it would often happen tbat the wind would fail, leaving a quantity of cane un ground, to sour. A good many windmills are yet in use, on estates of small size; hut steam engines are now quite extensively brought into use, and the managers can grind when thry please. Windmills, usually of smaller size than those needed to grind cane with, are In very common use to raits water from wells, to water ths cattle with, and fcr the use cf the sugar works. The application cf tbe power, be It cf wind or steam, to do the work of grinding, needs no special description. Two large tcooth iron rollers from eighteen to twenty-four iuckes in diameter and from three to four feet In length are mounted so as to turn very clcsely to each other. The canes are fed in between the rollers la mo tion, from a broad trough or hopper, the crush ed aad thoroughly squeezed mass goes cut on the other side tnto an Inclined abut;, from which It falls into a cart placed below to receive it. and the expressed juice runs cut below into a proper trough by which It Is carried to Ihe clatifiers. The dry mast of crashed cace is called aejatt (f renounced zoegawsr), and Is piled up la huge long piles five to eight cr more feet high acd many rods long. These piles of negus occupy a large space in the yards near by. The megass soon becomes dry and tbe sur face beiag; pressed down to as to shed the rata in good mtanre, tha sWe is j rtMrrtd for fu- I ture use . Large piles cf it are krpt over frcm one season to the next, to be used as fuel fcr the sugar boiling. The bringing in of loads of cane, carrying it by aiiniuU to the hopper, the constant filling of ths rollers, the steady cart ing away of the flesh megassand the piling it up, the equally tteady carting of dry rargus to the door of the furnace and the incessant stuff- tcg cf it into the furnace doer, keeps many laborers at work, and the scene is a livtly cne, outaidef the boiling house. The process cf obta'aing the sugar, motaaics and rnra from the eane juice, must be deferred ti another letter. I may as sell lecark here, that in all ,the opcratiecs above described men and wemen laborers are employed, working tegtther indis criminately, each gang having over it a driver, whose sole business is to direct the work and see that there is no lagging. The fundamental distinction tetwitn first and second class labor ers, whether males cr female!, ia based upen ths ability to keep up in lico cf a strong gang while workicg with the Aoe. Whoever can do that day after day acd do the work well, can maintain his cr her claim to receive pay as first class laborer. The old acd the weak, naturally fall into tbe second or third class. Vcnrs. O. W. B. Tus Masaaciicsxtts Liqcos Law IIzaklnc. The hearing tefoie the committee of tho Massaor-uiclti Legislature, on the subject ol license or prohibition, continues, and it is quite within bounds to say that the list of eminent and respected men who arc placing on rccoid their testimony ia favor ol prohi bition, suffers not at all by comparison with those who have testified in favor of a license law. Wc select a little from the masd ot testimony offered last week Rev. Dr. Hopkins, President of Williams Col lege, laid the prohibitory law had been practi cally enforced iu Williamatown, and the effect had been decidedly good. The traffic was with out difficulty driven into obscurity, and almoat wholly suppressed. The tale of honors in tbe hotels had been nearly entirely checked. The workingi of the law hsd been of incalculable benefit to the town ; there was no open bar. aad he would consider that the opening of a bar in Willianutown would be a pubha calamity. The law had no more to do with morals than that against stealing ; it had to do with the rights cf men. Tha object of the law was to guard the rights and property of the public ; incidentally it would afiect the moral.'. The batit of legislation was tbe protection of men in their rigtu, and the law should not compel the public to pay taxes to support the vicioui and the poor who were made to by any butinete whatever. He had no faith in tbe efficacy of a license law to restrain the tale of liquor. Rev. Gilbert Haven, editor of Zioa't Herald, laid that in England and Germany, where beer is drank to a great extent, the people seem to te brutalized, and are depressed both morally and financially. H. G. Cary, of Maiden, said that he had been in Switzerland and witnessed a great deal of drunkenness, dead drunkenness, fightinir drunk enness, and foolish drunkennett, and it wit caused by 'white wine." Rev. William F. Warren, of Wilbraham. said that he had been in Europe and observed drunk ennett there from the uae ot beer and wine. At the universities he thought the students were more addicted to drunkenness than tbe tame class of students in this country. On the cross- examination he said that one-third of them seem to get drunk as often as ence a week. Rev. George J. Carletcn, Chaplain of the State Pr.son at Charlestown, said he had con versed with 1 100 different men who had been confined in the State Prison, and more than fifteen-sixteenths of them laid that liquor had been instrumental in making them commit crimes. -Many came to bun when about to leave the prison, with tears in their eyes, and taid they almost feared to go out into the cities where the tale of liquor was open and tempta tion would be placed in their path. Hon. Valorus Taft, of Upton, said the sen timent of the people of Worcester county was now decidedly fn favcr of the present prohibi tory law. The effect of the law ia promoting the cause cf temperance wat good. There had been a steady increase in the number of advo cates of the present law for several years. There was cot more than one-fifteenth of the amount of drunkenness at the present time that there was ten years ago. Rev. Dr. Gannet of Boston said he thought a license law wrong ia principle and policy ; wrong in principle, because it threw the sanc tion of the Commonwealth over a traffic which produced an incalculable amount of evil ; and wrong in policy, because he never had learned tnat a license law had ever been enforced so as to prevent a great amount of intemperance ia the Commonwealth. Otis Cltrp, Assessor in the Fourth District. said there had been a great reduction in the cumber of United States licenses taken out by liquor dealers since the vigorous enforcement of the prohibitory iaw, and it was the opinion of some of his asaitunts tbat there bad been a re duction in the quantity of liquors sold. In pro moting the cause of temperance he relied more upon moral suasion than law, although the liw wis required to help them along and preserve harmony. To prevent Intemperate habits they mutt provide amusements of an elevating character to attract the attention of the young. lion. Hartley nuiiami, Uutnct Attorney or Worcester County, who was next called said that he encountered no very serious obstacles In the enforcement cf tbe prohibitory law, and he could concetie cf no law more useful and efficient for the promotion of temperance. Rev. Edward Utherman of Chelsea wat next called. He laid that he had ascertained, by hearing from them in writing, that there are 926 clergymen in the State who are in favor of a prohibitory and opposed to a license law, and S6 who are in lavor of a licensa law. Of tbe 56 in favor of a license law 25 are Reman Catholic!. 2 Trinitarian, 8 Congrega tional, 12 Unitarian, 1 Universalist, 6 Sweden- borgian, and three unknown. He obtained thete facts by sending circulars propounding the question whether they were ia favor of prohibition or license. AX IXSECT TUAT IS NOT PaRTICCLAB. While cockroaches partake largely of the common articles of diet in tbe ship's stores, tbey also rather like books, clothes, boots, soap, and corks. Tbey are also partial to Iucifcr matches, and consider tbe edges of razors and amputating knives delicate eating. As to drink, these animals exbi.it tbe same impartiality. Probably tbey do prefer wines and spirits, but they can nevertheless drink Leer with relish, and even suit themselves to circumstances, and imbibo water, either pure or mixed with soap ; and if they can not find wine they find in ink a very good substitute. Cockroaches are by no means exempt frcm the numerous ills tbat flesh ia heir to, acd mutt at times, like human epicure acd gourmands, suffer dreadfully from rheums and dyspepsia ; for to what else can be attributed their extreme partial ity for medicine? "Every man his own doctor' seems to be their motto ; and tbey appear to attach no more meaning to tbe word "surgeon" than simply something to cat- As to pbytio, nothing seems to- come wrong with them. As to powders, they in variably roll themselves boaily in them, and tinctures they sip aU day long. Blistering plasters seem a patent nostrum wbicb they take internally, for tbey have managed to use np two ounces in as many weeks. A physician one night left a dozen blue pills carelessly expoeed ; soon alter he bad turned in he observed tbe box surronnded by them, and, being too lazy to get up, he bad to submit to sec bis pills walked off within a very few minutes by a dozen roaches, each one carrying a pill. Next morning bit floor was strewed with tho dead and dyiDg. some exhibiting all tbe symptoms of an advanced sage of mercurial salivation, and eoms still awaUawing little morsels oi pills, no doubt on tha principle of tmtSatmiltoutcurantur. Thiity-fiye churches have been burned in and around Boston within a few years ; and so many quite lately, that the Insurance companies of tbat city bare decided to la create tbe TKroiama for lnsoring ckwebes two or three hundred per sent.