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B0RLLSar0S."FRIDAT7oCT- -8 I8-L
0. Q. BENEDICT. Eoitob.
THE WEEKtr FUEE l'RESN
II published every Friday morninx tv
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a jrreat convenience to the rubliehars.
Letters on business should be addressed to the
Editor, but alwajs to
Tuc Trie Tress Associavios.
Tl'.e T.ct Scnalr.
Whether it is best to rcdi.-trict the State
contingently, in view of the probable loss of
a member of Congress, is a iiuoti.in. at Moot
pelier. Another, and somewhat similar one,
e far as we are aware has nut yet lieen
mooted there ; but is obviouly open to dis
oawfion vir: whether the IMature at
this Mr. ion should reapportion the Stati
renators anions the counties.
The Constitution provide that the Sen
ate shall be eomposca oi tniriy senator:
that " the Senator shall be apportioned to
the several comities, according to the popu
lation," " regard being always had in such
apportionment to the counties baring the
largest fraction, and giving to each county
at least one Senator :" and that the Leg
islature shall make a new apportionment of
the Senators fc the several counties, after
the takinrr of each census of the United
The census of IsTO, though its results are
not officially promulgated, has been taken,
and the fjlkjwing table shows what the ap
portionment is to be under it.
The total population of the State being
330.5S5, tbe divisor will be 11,019.
This leaves four Senators to be added to
the counties having tbe largest fractions
These are Bennington, Orleans, Franklin,
and Kuthml, to each of which another Sena
tor is to be added, in the table.
The result is that by this apportionment
Washington county will lose a Senator and
Kutland county will gain one, giving the latter
county four Senators a tire-eminence which
Windsor county u-ed to have, previous to
Is it proper, then, for tbe legislature, at its
present scseion.to mate the apportionment for
the next Senate, in advance of tbe official
promulgation of the figures of the cen-us?
To this question those who desire to fix
tilings j that it will be necessary to hold a
session next year, will of course answer no.
Those who consider it tbe duty of the legis
lature to re-pect the action of the Constitu
tional Convention in regard to biennial ses
sion;, and to take no steps to make an extra
session noeervary next year, will probably
t Slate (onsiabuiari.
An important bill was introduced ui tbe
House last week, by Mr. I'oland of Jlontpe
licr, entitled " An act to provide lor the bet
ter enforcement of criminal laws." Us pro
visions arc as follows :
The governor is required to appoint at
once a State Chief of Police, who is to ap
point two deputies in each county. These
officers arc to have tbo powers of county
sheriff-, town constables and city policemen,
except the piwcrsofserviugiiul process and
of summoning military aid, their " jurisdic
tion" extending throughout the State ; and
their special duty being fc endeavor " to
prevent crime by enforcing the IawB
agiinst gambling houses and houses
of ill-fame, and suppressing the
traffic in intoxicating drinks." They may
arrest tiersons violating the law- and seize
intoxicating liquors and pramb'ut.g t,ols with
out warrant, and detain them until warrants
can be obtained : and their c implaints on
oath are made sufficient caur ul criminal
proceeding against such persons ur articles.
All gambling or counterfeiting implements
so seized and proved to be such, shall lie for
feited to the State, and may be s dd and tbe
proceeds paid into tbe State Treasury ; and
intoxicating liquors so seised may be sold to
town agents, if fit for medicinal, chemical or
mechanical purposes, and the money paid
Into the State Treasury.
The State police officers may pro-ecute
their own complaints to final judgment, be
fore any city judge or justice. Account
is la kept of the moneys received from
fines, co-ts or forfeitures, and if the money
so paid into the Treasury by the State police
amounts to four thousand dollars over and
above tbe fees allotted to tbe officers, the
chief of police is to have a salary of one
thousand dollars. If it is less than $4,000,
he is to haic one fourth of the amount. The
deputies are to tbc paid only by fees tbe
same as arc allowed to sheriffs and consta
bles, for like services. Provision is made
for proper reports from tbc officers, for giv
ing bonds, and for punishing parties fal.-ely
assuming to be State police officers.
Of course no such bill can pass the Legis
lature without scrutiny and discuion.
Sympathiiing fully with every effort to se
cure the enforcement of wholesome laws,
and with the general objects of this bill, we
arc by no means convinced that such a meas
ure, conferring extraordinary powers on a
State police and making the State a dealer
in gambling tools and liquors, is expedient
in our commonwealth. Xor are we sure that
the success of a State constabulary in Massa.
chufctts has on the whole been such as to
make it advisable for Vermont to try a simi
(.rnu h of .,Ias.athu.cl(s.
An analysis of the census returns of Mass
achusetts gives some interesting facte. Thc
aggregate population of tbc State has in
ceaed IS 1,024 in five years. The increase
of city population in the same period was
90,000, which is about half thc increase of
the entire State. This, however, is not ex
cessive, as nearly 43 per cent, of the whole
population of thc State are residents of
cities The proportionate growth of towns
that are developing into cities has exceeded
that or cities proper. Among the latt.'r, one
shows a loss in population of nearly four
hundred, while there arc scores of towns
that have gone backward or remained sta
tionary. In the county ot Franklin, fifteen
towns have gained in population, and eleven
have lost. Of the whole number of towns
in Franklin-twenty-six-ono hajf are m
plied with railroad facilities, and one-half
are not. Eleven ol the thirteen railroad
towns have gained ; and two have lost. Four
non-railroad towns have gained ; and nine j
have lost. And this may be taken as an ex
hibit applicablo to every county in the
State. Along tho lines of the railroads the
increase of population is almo6t exclusively
to be found, which shows the effect of rail
roads upon population. The same result has
attended the introduction of manufactures,
every town which has had that experience
This showing furnishes a tolerably satis
factory refutation of the many confident as
sertions that tho old Bay State is on her de
cline. The census has dissipated many illu
sions, and not the least among them is this.
Massachusetts has not declined. Sho has,
on the contrary, entered on a new lease of
Our .lull stein,
There is a subject which was briefly spoken
of in the Governor's Message this year
which needs a more comprehensive and
thorough examination than it can get duriDg
the limits of one short session of the Legis
lature. Yet the prctcnt session ought not
to iafs witliout its receiving some attention
and tho adoption of some measure which
looks toward improvement, and which shall
be a step in tliat direction. AVe refer to tbc
subject of Jails. Our jail system asa whole
is a reproach to the State. If the system in
other States is worse than in Vermont that
doe not make it anv better here, or afford
any excuse for letting it remain unimproved
One of the great culs connected with our
jail system is strongly spoken of by Gover
nor Stewart, though very briefly. 1 hat par
ticular topic might be enlarged upon, and
the evil consequences of the arrangement
sKiki n of might lie spread out into a picture
which would startle the public mind, a
picture beyond anything which can be con-
ccned of by those not familiar with the
working uf our c-rimm il sytciu. And be
sides that evil, there at other cr serious
one, all of which must lie taken into ac
count to secure any general and thorough
imjt-ovement. The suggestion of the Gov
ernor that the construction of all the jails
hereafter built should be under Legislative
direction, is good as far as it goes ; but there
is no good reason why badly constructed jails
now in existence should not be made to con
form to wholesome and geneial sate regula
tion. The administrat'on of the 'ails should
not be left almost without supervision and
inspection, as. chiefly, it now is. Kvcn tin
reports of the Grand Juries in the sevcr.il
counties, as now provided (or, amount to
very little. A hasty and imperfect examina
tion, an equally brief statement that tbe jail
apieare to be secure for the confinement of
those imprisoned these in, and that it appears
to be clean and well kept, is generally the
sum and substance of the report : and if any
needed improvement is suggested, as a gen
eral rule the information and tbe suggestions
of improvement are all buried together in
the files of the Cour.ty Clerk's office. Very
rarely, we believe, is the report published
for the information oi the people.
Tbe most hopeful way towards real im
provement, so far as we can see, is the ap
pointxent of a ojmmission to make a thor
ough cxaminatiot i of all the jails in the State,
their constructioa and discipline, and such
information as the commission can obtain
about tbe good or evil points in their con
traction and history. The commission
should not be absolutely limited in their in
quiries to the jail system of our own State,
but allowed to get Mich knowledge of that
in adjacent btates as may help tbcm to fair
and intelligent conclusions. Such a commis
sion need not be a large one ; but it should be
com pored of men of goodjudgmentand sagaci
ty, wedded t no particular theory, but earnest
to conduct tbe business intrusted to them
thoroughly and to report their information
clearly and methodically, and to support
whatever recommendations they might make
without -undue prolixity, and with reasons
which w-'.ll bear the most thorough examina
The report of such a cominissitm would
give the Legislature materials for intelligent
and j jdiciou- action. Tbe cost of it would
be nnall in comparison with the benefits
which would follow its labors. Without
some such preliminary investigation and re
port, all legislative action on the subject is
liable to be crude, and in ihe end very unsat
isfactory. hile so much is heard of the npprcssi-.c
burden of taxation, and t he m-ual changes
are rung about bard time s, it is surprising
to see with what fullnesr- oi generosity re
ligious communities roll up the subscription
lists for tue fnrthernnie if their peculiar
tenets. According t-. gi u.1 authority the
Method'i-t centenary flirt of J-Oi, which
was expected to reali'e but two riillions of
dollar., actually realized eigl.t millions and a
half; and now the Mcth,di ts talk no longer
of a five million subecriptu n. but labor for i J
ten million budget. The l.imcialiet church
es hac voted to celebrate this their ctntett-
, .l i n r -ii:,
ary vear bv a thank-'ffen ng of one mi 'lion
J - "
I dollar-, and already tii-irc t ban two-thirds
the amount haie lic-n t-uWribed. The
Tnited Presbyterian- publicly announce 1
! their rt-oh- to make a tlu nk-oficring of five
millions of dollars. Of thisf jm the Preeliyter-
mns of New York have- v itcd to raise one
j million a- their --hare. nd there is no doubt
j the atuount will be more TImn huliscribedand
i paid in by thc first of May next. Taken in
connection with these Protestant donations
the vast sums weekly given by the Homan
Catholics, and we h-.vc no dou'it thc aggre
gate will reach at least twenty-five or thirty
million- of dollar?-, which thc American peo
ple annually dona .efor the purc of spread
ing the truths of thc Gospel and thc conse
quent enlighter merit of mankind.
The "Inrlnui ytiitl.tlrt if VI. f.r 1.",-.
The Twelfth P.cgistration Iteport of the
State of Vermo at, for the rear lf-OK, pre
pared by the S jcretary of Sta Se, has been re
cently distrib jted. Its table of births, mar
riages and deaths, include returns from
every towr in the State, and wc shall copy
at length from the intcrcsti ig statistics to
collected , hereafter. An el aborate summary
of the various observations is embodied in
thc rers at, prepared by Dr. L. C. Butler of
I'i-sex. This snows much 'jure ind labor and
is full of interesting statements. Unfortu
nately , some of these in tho li,t of thc
censes of 1S70 prove to bave a quit! remote
relation to the actual facts. Tbe &nputa
tione and camparitons in thc report r. 'dating
to population are all based on tbe cent 1119 of
lSOO, as they must nds be, no o. uer
figures of population being then availab 'e.
Hut ten years have made changes in popula
tion which exactly reverie some of thc state
ment. Thus, the returns show that the deaths in
thc eight cast side counties, including La
moillc.in 180S were 2,394, and in thosixwest
side counties were 2,019. This, says thc sum
mary, shows that " tbe east side of thc Green
Mountains is the healthiest part of thc
State," the deaths being one in 73. S of the
inhabitants on thc east side, while on the
west side they were one in 0. Hut thc
census shows that in ten years the eight
counties ranked as by the east side have lost
wme 2,500 of their population, whilo the
west side ones have gained over 17,000.
This puts the hoot on the other leg. If
tbe latter counties bad gained but 12,000 up
to 1SCS, the deaths were actually one in 74.2
instead of one in GS.S, and the aest side
was therefore tho healthier of tho two.
The summary also states that " the city of
Burlington exhibits a larger proportionate
mortality than any town in the State," and
it is added that " cities are proverbially un
healthy." But the computation for Bur
lington is based on tho supposition that its
population in 18G8 was what it was in 1SC0.
Thc fact was, that in ISOi our city had
nearly doubled, in population, since 1SC0.
Instead o a death to every 40 of its inhabi
tants consequently there was only a death to
almut every SO which in spite of tho pro-
vcrbial unhcalthfulneES of cities, places Bur-
linton at the head of the hrgc towns in the I
State, for hcalthfulness. !
To some other needed corrections, wc may
call attention hereafter.
"Wat lork Cily Disturbed.
Qaite an excitement broke out in New York
City Wednesday, in respect of the registration
for the coming election in November. In accor
dance with the act passed by Congress to secure
accuracy in registrations, thc ,U. S. authorities
stationed a Deputy Marshal and Stiperviscr at
each place of registration, on Tuesday ; and
quite a number of arrests were made in
consequence of persons getting registered
in several different places. At this "high
handed interference with the liberty of the sub
ject," the Pemocrats were naturally exceeding
ly wroth, and Mayor Hall in the evening issued
a proclamation as follows :
Asa part of a manifest attempt of the Fed
eral government to throw every obstacle in thc
way of a free registry, and to obstruct natural
ized citnens in their vote, Toleral officials have
rait-ed a question that no registry will be legal
on Wednesday, the 'Jib. October (which has
been a day heretofore ) Therefore to prevent a
collision that has been threatened by such offi
cials with the citizens, the Mayor recommends
that the places cf registry be not opened cn this
day. but that all citizens reserve their pretests
until Monday, October 31, and Tuesday. Novem
ber 1, which are the last days for registry, and
upon those days neglect all other business until
the full registration to which this city is entitled
be completed. But, under no provocation, to
suffer themselves at any time to be invited into
a disturbance or breach of the peace.
This was distributed all over the city, with
orders to the police captains to notify tbe ins lec
tors not to sit as registers on Wednesday. In
consequence, most of the registering places were
net opened, and a good deal of excitement was
manifested ; many upholding thc mayor and de
nouncing the government, and many declaring
the mayor's only purpose was to scare away re
publicans from registry, and to bring about the
very riot which he seemed to deprecate
Thc Grand 1.14.
The Legislature ha constituted the members
of the House from Chittenden county an equal
izing board for this county, with all the powers
ot the equalizing convention of the listers which
failed m agree There will, of course, be seme
divinon cf opinion in the committee ; but it is
understood that a Urge majority of them are in
favor of averaging down insteal of up, and
they w 11 doubtless give the county a grand list.
We hate lieen a good deal of the opinion of the
member from Burlingtor , who oijected to hav
ing this duty put upou the representatives, and
ureel instead the appointme'it of three commis
sioners to equalize the lists, as being more likely
to do the work thoroughly and sarisbetorily.
But we do not doubt that the committee will
endeavor to do tbe business fairly according to
their understanding of their duties
The attitude of the listers of Burlington asd
several other towns in the county, and of the
representative of Burlington, has been altogether
creditable to them They have made a faithful
endeavor to secure an honest observance of the
listing law in their towns and in the county,
and if overruled they will have the satisfaction
of reflecting that they did their duty as con
Retentions men. We trust the Legislature will
yet revise the whole listing system, and give the
State something which shall sot be a constant
encouragement of perjury, injustice and oppres
sion. The Earthquake.
Accounts come in from all quarters about the
earthquake of Thursday morning, which was fiat
over all New England and at far west as Cleve
land, Ohio. The most severe shocks seem to
have been along ia the lire of Boston, Portland
and Quebec, and most accounts agree in repre
senting three distinct shocks, at short intervals,
and lasting in all nearly half a minute. One
observer at Salem, Mass , says they weie but
half a second each.
1 Thi Boston 77r. ( r says the first shock, as
! already stated, lasted about ten seconds, the
j . V' TJI.
. t - , .: . I. Iwn, (mm Mil
10 west, mis wa wuuimi iu uwei bmwm,
with a motion from north to south, and being
nearly ten seconds in duration, and very clearly
defined. There are various accounts as to the di
rection and durationof the shocks; but as to the di
rection we can find no evidence to convince us
that our statement in regard thereto is not sub
stantially oorreot. As to the duration, accounts
vary about tee seconds, some affirming tbe shocks
to have lasted 20 seconds, while others say thirty.
We an inclined to adhere to the thirty-seconds
Prof. Hough of the Dudley Observatory at
Albany says : " The shock Intel about one
minute. At the time of the shock a rumbling
noise was heard clock pendulums swinging
north and south were made to vibrate east and
west, showing that the earthquake wave passed
in an eastward direction. Since S a. m. of yes
terday, the barometer ha been falling rapidly,
tbe total fall amounting to seven-tenths of an
:nch During the shock the mercury in the
registering barometer was in a violent state of
All the accounts from the eastward say the wae
passed north and south, or north-west and south
east. One cause of the iliffererce of estima
tes of the time may be that some watched the vi
brations of the earth and others tbee of the build
ings, .0 , which might easily continue for some
time. Thus in this city a gentleman who got (
out mtj tne street, sou lounu me eanu hj icn
I aalwM alnnniiii. In inn,iilr hnv Iniiir th
" - -
snate naa lastea ana nxing u ai aovui io
onds. noticed at the same moment that jras-fix-tures
in the bu'.lding were yet "baking a good
deal, and a person inriile might have said the
shake was not over.
In Boston and some other places chimneys
were toppltd down, panes of glass cracked,
oopinsr stones and slates shaken off, &c , but no
oasualties are yet reported except a rumor that
two men were killed in Quebec.
There was a shock felt in New England a year
ago, Oct 22d.
A New Enmox or thc Qejifvul STiTrrss.
A new edition of the General Statutes of this
State will be pubbshel and ready for delivery in
a few days. Judge fchavr, of this city, who wss
the Commissioner to annotate, index and pub
lish the Geoeral Statutes of li62, has by au
thority from the late Governor Washburne and
An litors Stewart and Ferrin, prepared a new
edition, (the former one having become entirely
exhausted) with marginal references to the ses
sion laws since 1862, placed opposite every
section of the General Statutes which has been
in any way amended, affected or aided to by
subsequent legislation. Tbe notes to the Ver
mont Reports have been brought down to and
include tbe forty second volume. As an ap
pendix, Judge Shaw has aided all the public
session laws since 1862, which are now in force,
with marginal references similar to those above
described. A full index is also aided to the ap
pendix. Oar people will thus have all the pub
lic laws of the State before them in one volume,
and, to ascertain the statute law upon any sub
ject, it will no longer be necessary as heretofore
to consult seven volumes of statutes and nine
volumes of Reports in addition to the General
Statutes themselves. The book will supply a
mat public want, and supervene the necessity
I cf any further compilation or revision of the
laws .')r several years.
A Baa t11"8 Imfbessioss or Lonlkix. A
farewell soir, " w!ls EiTen IECTntIy " the Hano-ver-rquare
root LocJon-,0 ,he Cbo Keshub
ChunderSen. 1 BM, addressed the meet
ing at great length ' ?oJ.it?:r'bf?f e impres
sions made upon t 'o by h i to Lnglsnd.
He said that the first i struck him on
his arrival in London la n spnng was the splen
dor of the shop, and th. ' tMtefDl aw,B" a
which the good, exhibited t d- The
number of shops that met h. ' e ?.lU (,J"
was to him perfectly bewUderu. te 'kei
himself where all seemed to U. ' Ut" I w,he
could be the buyers. The next th V m
traeteii his attention was the art u Pam?K
Wherever he went he Beemed to b. V ?f
through a forest of advertisements. . "LJl
was struck with the activitv of the i F"-
John Bull seemed to have no time for con ?'
plation or thought ; le could think of noth. V
but work-eternal, everlasting work. Anotlu T "
thing which made a great impression on him
was Fnglish eatinc. An Enzlieh dinner appear
ed to him a sort cf hunting party , and as confirm
ing this view of tbe case he always found the
ladies ssking the protection of the gentlemen
before entering the slining-room.
The laws of Maryland require every voter to
be a free-holder. Lasit spring Senator Vickers
made out a reed conveying one square foot of
ground to nintty-fovr citizens of Chestertown,
Kent county, with a view to enable them to vote
at a local election. But a colored man beat the
Senator at his own game, and carried the elec
BURLINGTON, VT., FREE
Von Moltke has got out of the "three leal I
coffins," in which he was lately sent, by certain i
Frcni:h I!' ' thc tomb of hi "cestors in
Mecklenberg, via Toul. He turns up cot, as
might have been expected, in that city, but in an
excuision around Paris with King William.
Prince Frederick Charles, who lately died of
typhus fever in the columns of thesame sanguine
journals, is not jet resuscitated but the crent is
Ihe story that Prince Amedeus of Italy will
accept the Spanish crown, is founded on doubt
ful authority. During the recess cf the Cortes
it appears that nobody has a right to make him
an clfer of the crown, and even if ohered, the
Spanish people have the right to say whether
or no he shall wear it. Negotiations to bring
him forward as a candidate may have seen com
menced , as stated in a recent despatch, but the
Spanish nation will decile the result.
Tue steamer Cambria, whose loss on thc coast
of Ireland is reported, left New York October
Mh, with 127 passengers. She was comminded
by Capt Oco. Carnaghac, an experienced offi
cer, and it is stated that she was in all respects
a first-class vessel, well equipped and fully man
ned. The Cambria is the third vessel lost by the
Anchor Line, the two steamers previously h-st
being the United Kingdom, which was never
heard from, and the Hibernian, lost off the coast
of Derry, Ireland.
The N. Y. Tnt,uue apprehends no danger to
the city from Ihe presence of yellow feter on
Governor's Island so long as the cool weather
continues and the quarantine is maintained ;
but intimites that if the renort of Ihe Board of
Health relative to the condition of the quarters,
fortifications and dwellings on the island may
be relied on, the place is unfit for habitation.
As a farther reaon for adopting the suggestions
of the Board of Ilcalih that tbe budding 1 de
stroyed, it is staled on the authority of the Unit
ed Slates Surgeons, that Castle William is a mere
shell, not only rctien and unfitted for defensive
purposes, but filthy beyond description, and not
suital le quarters for troops.
Toe Tammany managers in New York have
issued hand-bills giving an official list of the
new election districts created by Mayor Hall's
process of re-di-tricting that city, as a means of
facilitating election frauds. Betaeen eaca warn
in the list, is interjected a line or two of advice
to voters, each as : "If you don't register,
j the Riiicals will cheat you out of your vote '
If you would put down Kidioal misrule, reg
ister !" etc. These hand bills are issued from
Tweed's printing-house, and for this little piece
of official electioneerine on behalf of the New
York democracy, republican tii-payers will be
compelled to pay treble the price at whioh the
printing could have been contrae'ed for else
A man in hU has been convicted of murder
the rt aim bis crime eonsistini of
throwiuK a train of cars, on the Pittsburg and
Fort Wayne Railroad, off the track. The ver.
diet is a righteous one. Imprisonment for life
is not too stern a punishment for an act which
imperiled the existence of many scores of pass
engers. Bat wherein consists the difference in
moral gutlt between a deliberate attempt to de
stroy a train and the negligent management of
railroad directors ' In their criminal inatten
tion to duty lies the primary cause of a large
proportion of railway accidents, and the un
heeded censure of the press or of a coroner s
jury is too commonly the only punishment visit
ed on tbe persons responsible.
Gen. Butler appears to retain a singularly
tenacious hold on the Fifth .Massachusetts Dis
trict. On Wednesday he was renominated for
Congress with but one solitary voioe raised in the
negative. Of course he will be elected. The
small Democratic minority in the district is of
little account, and an opposing candidate of his
own party he is not likely to meet. The complete
defeat of Mr. Dana two years ago, is a standing
warning to all such adventurous intruders on the
Gen. Butler has served his constituents well,
asd they have requited it by pardoning his oc
casional departures from sound Republican
doctrine. He is fortunate in having so etsble a
constituency. Geo. Sehenck has worked as hard,
and with more fidelity, but unless Congress decid
es the throwing out of the soldiers' votes cast for
him to have been illegal, an insignificant Demo
cratic opponent will take his well earned place
in the House.
Touching the late apptehended difficulty over
tbe St. Clair Fists Canal, between Lakes Huron
and Erie, the facts, as given by the N Y. World,
are very simple. By the sixth article of the
treaty of Ghent the boundary line between the
United States and Canada, on this part of the
border, is in " the middle of the old ship chan
nel." In stiaightening this channel to facilitate
navigation a canal has been built, and in some
places runs to the east of the old ship channel,
and is consequently in British territory so far.
As the waters hereaboute.however, are by treaty
common to both British and American keels, the
mere question of territory is not one of any im
mediate importance, and only by an ignorance
1 of the treaty provisions and some misconstruc-
tion of a Canadian official's action in putting a
I war vessel through this canal under the British
I Big, has any excitement arisen.
1 he speculators who have been s- Lilian-
from this country to France wi1' fo - n- whs
discouraged at the conduct of thc 1 rm, -i a'.'h r
ities in seizing all Ihe rifles that have arrived at
Hret an! Havre withmt special order from the
Government Ofiice The exporters of these rifles
some of which were not of the first class by any
means eipectel lo realize enormous profits from
them, on account of the necessities of the French
Government.with which they mtenled to make a
bargain afier the arrival of Ihe arms. But these
speculative exporters are likely to be grievously
disappointed. The French military functionaries
are notoriously economical in t .tie dealings at
all times, and will not be likely to pay loo much
for arras whioh they have forcibly taken posses
sion of. It will be lucky for the speiulators
if they do not lose heavily by their venture.
Late despatches from London state that Sois
sons surrendered to the Prussians with so slight
a show of resistance, in comparison with the
means of defence it possessed, that the treach
ery cf Bonapartist agents is called in to account
for it. Other reports lun to a vastly different
effect. It is asserted that both the attack and
defence were of the most desperate and sangui
nary nature. The national guard fired their
own houses, and a hand t3 band fight proceeded
in the streets. The troops fought with clubbed
muskets. Women and children, bewildered
and flying in fear, were shot down by the cross
fire of the combatants. Four times the Ger
mans were driven back, and four times they
came forward reinforced, and drove the French
before them. Xo quarter was shown. The
wounded were bayenetted. Women took to the
roofs and windows, and hurled furniture and
stones down upon the heads of the Prussians.
The loss of life and property was immense, and
the battle scene was to pitiable that the Grand
Duke of Mecklenberg wept at the slaughter. If
these reports ate correct, and such things
could occur at Soissone, what may te the terrors
of the occupation of Paris ?
Tue Resignation or Seceetaev Cox. Gen
eral J." D. Cox has resigned his place in the
Cabinet as Secretary of the Interior, and his re
signation has lieen accepted, and will take effect
as soon as the report now preparing in his de
partment has been complete!, which will proba
bly be in about thirty days. On many accounts
it is to be regretted that this chaDge in the Cab
inet has been determined upon. General Cox
has performed the duties of his position in such
a manner as to win the commendation of the
country. When he entered the Cabinet, it was
confidently expected by his friends that he
would earnestly labor to introduce into his de
partment valuable reforms of administration.
These expectations were not disarpomted. He
"P' oat tke """P' IJlM rID- "hlch
root ; he established a system of examinations,
a zrove the competency of applicants for office
jn lis department ; he forbade the levying of
m trilmUons, from poor clerks, for political
a -est, and effected other valuable reforms.
In fat . tfcJ w'10 re I'IT to the great necessi
ty of a l 'dkal reform In our whole civil service,
were beEiL-.S to look to the Department of the
Interior as a wherein several theories relat
ing to thc propo'Mj.ref?,'m.in particular that
relative to tue exa. - - Bo.
ernment appo Intmen "S tested with
gratifying results. Fot ' ,Des. nd other reasons,
the retirement of Secrets vy Cox will be generally
regretted by Ttepublicana -Jcnlr -Demo-cm
PRESS, FRIDAY MORNING, OCTOBER
School Statistics of A'eimolit
The educational stitistics cf the State at fb-
liihed for the last thirteen years in the Annual
Reports of the Secretary cf the Board of Uuca
tion, cannot be said to possess very much value.
They are better than nothing, but not one-
twentieth part as valuable as they might easily
be made. Trey are printed cow in one grand
' Statistical Aggregate," covering about a page
and a half. This undiscriminating exhibit of
tot lis serves as a bssis for a good many strong,
and some rash, statements as to the cost and de
ficiencies and failures of our schools ; but what
further purpose is served.it woull b; difficult
to say. Thc progressive and the stationary or
retrograding portions of tbe commonwealth are
lumped together in one mass. For practical
uses, wc need specifications and details ; we get,
instead, a sweeping generalization.
Consider the expense to the State of this little
table. It seems by last year's report that the
aggregate number of weeks of school was 58.846.
Suppose that each teacher gives, on the aver
age, five minutes cf each session to Ihe keeping
of the school register. Allowing six hours to the
day, fire days to the week, and forty weeks to
the school year, this statistical work required of
the teachers' time 8,173 days, or 1,WI weeks,
or a little more than 40 school years. If this
time were paid for at the low rate of si 00 a
week, it would require the snug little sum of
S8.1T0. Then the superintendents of 24-" towns
gather these registers at the end of the year
and proceed to tabulate them for thc use cf the
Secretary. The work would be cheaply done at
S8.00 for each town ; here is an outlay of labor,
if not of money, to' the extent of S7" more.
Further, the school census is taken by the clerks
of2,l!7 districts ; or, if the fractional districts
be included, of 2,006 districts. Granting bnt a
half-day in which to do this work in esch dis
trict, we have a total of 1800 days absorbed in
making the enumeration quite too low an esti
mate. This labor is often paid for by the dis
tricts, we believe ; at all events, it is indirectly
paid for in the fees by law allowed the clerk for
making returns of births and deaths 15 cents
each There is another item to consider the
time which Town Clerks are obliged to give to
this business of the School Registers; but we
will not attempt to compute it. And once
more : after these returns are gathered in Ihe
Secretary's office, they must be assorted and
copied in tab.es and summed up; a work which
should require, we judfe, from four to six weeks
of clerical labor. It is entirely safe to say mat
the whole amount of time and labor spent in Ibis
work in ,ir ordanrt mth Stdtt low, would
be etingily paid for by the sum of Itn thousand
dMars. And this page and a half is tie total
visible outcome 1 A rather m i .
when considered s the ?ru;t of o louch tra
nd even this umaiar mu-t le pri iioun--el
untrustworthy Secretary Rank n in t'u- l.th
Rep rt gives a list of if h
made ' ' Those which were navel,
be proruincs " incomplete an I ma. -urav
Hesavs tt.e S'ipet n'?n lents " nuke very ittr
era' c.mtlamM atrai.lt the distr.c i'A'
character z-iig s. -uc is lb - Jt.'v . :
ten- i rf. rm the dir f if th. :r '. ." a-. 1
othrrs is ' -art-U an 1 ni.--urate ' It resu ts
of ursc. t'.at the sutnmarv can n t " ij m re
than an'" v. nia't t.i the truth ' In the
(thelasti lle-r he givesan-.ther : st if
fire tou wh se supennten len's were le'-i.-
quent, tvn.tt'iig ' )
h ti wnK
wi-" a? Ni w
as Middle ur) an I e-gerni", a- we" v
ReTsn. Br. 1: -t. Grar.v an I !. e-ter
ivne count; , are i-...ir.il in 1 th nj its for
Even MoBtj-e'.Hr keeeps th- a apuy in the
last report an I w.'l ,n ihe one forthcoming.
Three of these ' iwns are aming the very fore
most ia educat - i.ai matter", an I yet they disre
gard the law, an 1 repeatedly ' What Oin we
expect from the sra-ilicr an 1 -s progressive
communities ' j-h t -wn ref i r a; to make
returns, it is m w nh - that fr c ne-tenth to
one eighth of the wh le state h u'. I ' unreport
ed. Of some of the 1 stn- c'erki, Scrstary R.
in his last Bep " "J" ' ,n i'!'ie,
the most igr. -a:,' an 1 iu;.- cnt :jm i' 'i;
these posit", t - ivme f tbem ian scar e
write legit y. an I livr'v- znn-e a" -.e -J . r
spelling. I c'es i, "! re-iely - ' .1 1 w
might as we ' j; vc up a ' attetii; i. t --e-ur,
statistics I-i this last ren.ark wc are.
thong, t '-r-.nl " n'y e::. has re h.s . .
re.ee n ;r . ' '. r al l' Vf : e M . ,
8jiteu.fs.li , have i .r'i4.es iu-l'
sdS-'i- Ke.;..er en inli. t ena' u t ' v .
up tlie Mr ng laag-iajeif tV Stvretar;
many - f the ;.erk. eapoc a.'y. s, a 1 .n err r., .
or dlfctue relurns, that m rt .an -e .s t le
placed -n thc aggregate 1 :;a'i- T gincra
izefni tlui.i .s uLsafc T . tcach-r- ret-i-i-are
rm I i-tn in . 1 u- wh 1 1
to take an .ti'tance, that -the verae at' l :
aac pa e 1 rn-ar'y , - .n -
SVcnta, Alams :r. h,s 1'.;:. Hep, rt say f
the orm nt sjstuii if S-liii! !'at st, s. t a
it s " i uai, 'f n t sujeriT to any n ex
eii-c ' Th.s " sjste-i," .t is f.ur t. -vv. 'i 'i' 1
in 'u lea schii.ii ir pan fir, the facts
(Ita.ml "hat th.s is in Ven.uct.has .t'roa.y
.-atrl page, or a a;e an 1 a ha f. el
h.t.ting hit i . . i '-'t-i '
i verv thing that is in t buried in the .Svretary'
Pi e ' Njw, for thc sake of i n.pans- i.. w.
tane up such f the 'ast rep rts . f neighlior.iii;
s'ates as happen t lie within cur reach as wc
Tbe Sew Hampshire Report furnishes twe.ve
pages closely packed with figures, cnntain.njt the
numer.cal answers, arrange! by towns an I 1 y
counties, to thirty-four .juestiins , about
4ua.irm ,. . in V-i- U 4 statist.-
cal matter as is found in ihe v ermont document
The Xew York Report gives menty-sn pages oi
figures, tabulated by counties, to correspond
with the peculiar school organization of the
State. Tbe Connecticut document presents
forty-seven pages of tables, classified by counties
and by towns, the first eighteen of which give tbe
snswers to thirty-seven questions, town by town
The remainder are equally definite. The statis
tical part of the Massachusetts Report cover
one hundred and six pages, and presents tbe
condition and progress of each town.
In view if these facts, we submit that it does
not become u to boast of our " superior sta
tistical schedule. Our entire statistical report
would not occupy one fifth of a pag in the
Xew Hampshire tables ' It is not uninteresting to
know that the schools of Vermont, all told, re
port 33 Thermou.tters in use ; but whero are
they' Add, that half that number are in the
school-houses of this city, and tell us where the
rest are, and we shall get some localized, speeifis
information, lhat will help ui to compare notes
as to the care taken of the health of tho child
ren. So in regard to more important matters,
wages, money raised, number of weeks of school,
average attendance, fit or unfit school-houses,
visits of superintendents and prulential com
nittees, we are all rendered obnoxious to a
sweeping condemnation for which this " statis
tical aggregate' seems to afford ample warrant.
We don't like to have to answer for the sins of
others, that's one reason why we object to
tumbling our school statistics, gathered at so
great outlay cf cost and labor, into one confused
heap, of which the reople can never ascertain
more than the footings. And another and
weightier reason is, that we desire to be in a posi
tion to make comparisons of town with town,
county with county, east side with west side.
For the ue and guidance of the workers in this
field, we demand to know irhtrc the deficiencies
are, and where we are to look for models. We
want such tables as will set forth the facts of
each municipality, and shame tbe laggard and
stingy into new energy and larger outlay. At
present the Secretary alone has the means of
ascertaining the facte which every educator"
desires to know, and which all such as work in
other than the most restricted spheres, need to
know, in order to work intelligently. There is a
vast deal of school work to be done in the State
every year, outside of the school-houses. The
Secretary, however, able and faithful, can do
but a fraction of it-
Give us then, we say, these facts and figures
in detail. What is the use of painfully gather
ing the figures and then printing the grand to
tal the footing of a column cf over 5000 num
bers! of 500,127 tardinesses, if we cannot
locate them? Do you imagine those six figures
go an inch toward disturbing the equanimity of
the town or district most remiss t No one does.
But publish the fact that the borough of Bung
town attained the bad pre-eminence of reporting
9,423 of those tardinesses ; the fact that its
registers exhibited an average attendance of
but 47 per cent ; the fact that there is
not a dictionary, nor a globe, nor a map, nor a
clock in the whole town, ic, ic, and the citi
zens of Bungtown will stand some chance to be
pricked in the hear,, and put twelves in the
way of reformation ; acd in the next year s
rcport that well-to-do community will make a 1 mcnt) SEll it .h0.jii rfa-ate the whole cnaras
better showing. t- Is a part of this to he family
tr. are nut fnraboliahinir the svttem of ' sta
tistical interrogatories'." On the contrary, we
are for extending and perfecting and tnforcing
it. We advocate the system because of its dis
cipllnary value in the schccl-rccni ; le.-ausc
only by a knowledge of tbe facts so ascertained
can intelligent plana be laid for the future ; be
cause our law-makers should legislate in the
light of these facts ; because all , our "school-offi
cers need them And we ask for the publica
tion of these f cts in detail for the same reasons ;
and further, because it has already cost so
much to gather them ; and because of the quick
ening moral effect which their publication will
l sure to pro-luce in scores and scores of towns
throughout the State. Shall we not have them
Since we are engaged in fault finding, we will
aid that the Remarks of Superintendents"
accompanying the Report might be much more
easily consulted, if only they were assigns! an
alphabetical arrangement, or properly indexed.
Indeed a thorough and tolerably minute index
would greatly inert ase the value of the docu
ment. There are certain points in our School Law
which seem to us to require revision.
And first, of Ihe annual school census. This
is taken by tbe district clerk, and contains " the
number and names of tbe children rtsident in
bis district, on tne first dayof January, betweeo
tbe age of to -r mil hieuly yen rt, with the
names uf heals cf families and number of child
dren in each " Act So. 2, 1865. Sow the
Secretary's questions alwajs ask for, and his
Annual Iteport invariably exhibits the number
both of scholars and children between the ages
of fuvr mi:) cihlrtn Form No. IB, 12ih Its
port, calls for thesea.es How, we ask, does
the Secretary ascertain tne number of children
bthrtin f.ur nut .lyAfeei, since he gets his
figures from the superintendents, and they
theirs (through the town clerk) from tbe dis
trict clerks, who, if My ''cy Me tlalutt, enu
merate nil hi ' u i ci I ii i: I 2'l Here, as we un
derstand tbe matter, ia an inconsistency that
should be r-ghte-1 Certainly Ihe figures, as
now report-d, are unworthy ef confidence. We
suspect, however, that the secretary's " statis-
ticu interrogatories, nave virtually maae voiu
tbe enactmenT of "the General Assembly, and
lhat tbe cleri-sdonot very generally take ac-
count of the children between 18 and 20.
. .- , t I . .l:-
lie napp-n U anew luai luuas; snu una
ceaeua iu lusinr si, vu.c4u.w ,.... "
narcv arc aoiuciiiucx um4w ou ,.4uc.
P . r ,,
po nts. Are they to neon! the names 01 nil
head, uf famine.,' or only of those who have
chiHrin under twenty? Are they to take ac-
count of children tour- There is reason
. tt-.nk th.. h M. i. often omitted, thourh
nlainlv the statute reauirts it to be incluled.
.vow we Dupv io i-ts: . "'
a-tention. They are sent to school simply to De
, .t of the way ot their mothers. They might
gc sbiue good in a Kindergarten, or school
.pi- tally designed for infants ; but the enforced
l'"'i' ment, the vitiated air, the cramped pos-t.-is
the ordinary school, do them a hundred
IP.. -e harm than the alphabet, at this
-' . w lo ther, good Save the healths and
- f tt'e innocents by .iti-iy until the
o to teach them from booka Many
. Hint say, Makesixyeanthelimir.
tt 1 r. I
.rselves would not allow acbild
1 an earber age would tooatr
; tut we ask for five, because
be generally accepted That
- : in this city for two years,
'to low '
; t , wc desire to see this cen
sus d At present young men
w . . . 'ge are put in tbe same
, 4... u 1 - l . ought not yet to be vexed
w '.. 'herespecttveagsabecare-
. a .v 1 ' . , -ks to the ziames of the
.1 4 - - . . iiem be reported in three
c'i-- 1 . . to 15, and 15 to SO
Tea. 'I . - exactly what we need
to knew t- will contain approxi
mately sut, ' i v- should constitute the
primary scbtx 1- nd such as should fill
the grammar 1 ,s organized in most
large town. ) , and 1 - urether frill show the
number fur whic' v - 1 ..ary district school
should make pre - ' -.ha census .ill coat
m morethan th -.-v u lassified one does,
and its value.s- 1 1- ' - letimates, will be ten
times greater 1 - oney .hould be di
vided (as 10 Vasst according to the
number if . - '-." and 1,V As for
those liet.f - . a- 1 . 1. y are to be looked
fir m the jh 1 o - a- 1 academies. New
York.it - 11 t .i'.l five years the
limit . 1 - -. t'.cr Stales and cities.
Six . . i ., itfp, Louisville,
i, 1 i ; - N 1., ing, and several
- ;rcat gain, couli it
rthj of attention,
1 Secretary The
h. The "tlietrict
r regiiier with
it Marcb. School
.f hfitfij ' '. - ttit
1 , not jet baTiog
'.eg all the chxi!.
1 f March, acd ail
1 th :t1l Urch 1
an ahetract of the
, for the use of the
' j the 1st Tuesday of
i : ay tall on the 7th.
-nake returns to the
So 10th of April, Sec.
- certificate which en-
aoor torten iwo asys i m
..nt THe law rtf KtS
ifi to the Secretary,"
that they must be r,- 1
with all respect to the
enacteJ tnese laws, we
w :ing the superintendents
; a'i-, when oas thrff ,iy
ueadent for tabulatinft tee
us) 15 to -11 districu (be-
tjget errors correete.1 and
and transmuting them to
he - -., Iven if the docunient were
ma VI , . -ti. mcertiun post-offices in the
-v. . I -.ardly rch the Secreury s
a is .1. : o. as the law savs it must, or
! .- i:,j
; wns ta
thorou-h revisal of thi- business of the s. h.,.l mat ..1 woen aineism rrsigo .u,..,
censu. In the first place, we, in common with an ..lustration of his theory Inst the Bible
all intelligent educators, desire to see th lo ,-was never more supreme in the won d than
DMii-t lirl ! ;ithtr o.toi tht The , now. ..... as.
public sihc-ol is no place for - They re- j The ocjasion was one of much 'ntereat Mr
ceive no apprec.able benefit from attendance. ! Brastow's address was a clear and forobleprc
and theva! rba large share of the teacher's ! senUt ion of the important subject cu which he
t ,d to do the work for nothing. ,iteJ b pj,.,,, participate in thede
i wonder (that in 1W.9 twenly-five liberations of tne society. Dr. Woltf rtspoo led
I .together to report? We don t I exnressini: the comrratulations of the 15ute M
Tue t. r t irerintendent has to work for next
t l ti; W per day in this case for
exa n thing and find himself ' Is not his
t.nje rth as much as a carpenter's or a brick
laer"s. or at a legislator's (say) on Saturdays
an 1 Mondays ' V e are aware that the Super
.nteadent is invited to mske returns at any time
letxeen the 'J'th of March and the 10th of April;
bnt if i i.-'ir, r I to ask for returns before the
statistical year is closed If the schools are still
in session, as they have a right to be, it would
cost nearly a week's labor, in some towue.to col
lect the facts. and who would pay for the
t )ne mure point and we have done with this
not very juicy topis. Is Sect. 11,. of the School
Law inoperative' If not. what becomes of the
return? mwie uj ure uu .s.wy... , published ia tne transactions of tie tfta'e wr r?-, ,
academies and grammar schools, in response to J ci.tJ. I Hon. K. B Mason. Mayor ef Chicago, and
the Secretary's statistical inquiries. e would The n,mMI of Vn H j M,,t,r of i Hon J. Y. Scaiumon, endorsed Governor Un
like to see returns from all schools, parochial , Oe... C. Briggs of Frankim were presented , derwood's sUtements, and farther indicated the
and private as well as the rest. Only so, can for membership, and they were duly e'ectel. j commercial importance of the undertaking,
we ascertain precisely where we stand to-iay. Dr. C. P. Frost real an ilaborate paper on I The matter was then referred to a special oom
or estimate the needs of the morrow. Infinity, considering it in its pathilegical. di- I mittee of four, consistingof Messrs. Kgn, Davis,
UT- ....... ..1.1 -. .r nuokl. .wis,.,! nnl.i.l. rf J . . r c .
Burlinirtcn, that, for the past two years, the
.. , a,.... v.
school census of this city has been U'.en cn the
plan recommended above, thougti with more of
particularity and detail.
Vermont lliblr Soelefjr.
The 'ibth Anniversary of the oldest Bible So
ciety in the country was held at Bethany church,
Montpelier, on Wednesday evening, October 13.
J. G. Stimson, Esq., of Norwich, presided.
The report of the Treasurer as received from
which it appeared that tbe Society has received
during the current year r5G,92ri8i. The dis
bursements have been SG,2Si7T. Balance on
An interesting report was then read by the'
agent of the Society, Kev. Mr. Carpenter, from
which it appeared that 108 towns hare been
visited during Ihe year, containing more than
20,000 families. Eighteen hundred families
were found destitute of Bibles. The whole
amount of donations in the State hare been
Kev. Mr. Brastow, of SL Johnsbury, addressed
the Society upon the question whether the
Bible shall be used in public schools.
Three cUs.es of citizens object to the esc of
the Bible in common schools. 1st, the Catholics.
Their object is to break up thc public schools.
2nd. Sceptics of all kinds. Their object ia to
discredit the Bible. 31, Protestants, who be
lieve this the best way to compromise matters.
Some of them hold the religious view of govern
ment, but yield to what they call a higher cc
cessity. Others hold the view that the govern
ment should be kept entirely distinct from reli
gion. There are three manners of argument. 1st,
the prudential one ; 21. political necessity ; 31,
political right This last is the real question
whether the government should have anything
to do with religion. He believed political govern
ment must be based on religion. All covern-
ment must be based on religion. An atheisti
cal government is a contradiction. Law is force,
is authority and this implies will, Civil author
ity mast some way be based on moral authority.
All authority must be given to God. Every au.
thority which we can allow must have come
from on high.
Civil government hu no right to take a man's
life, unless the moral right is given by God. All
authority must be delegated authority Govern
ment is an instrument of God to discipline, edu
cate and elevate mankind. All nations have felt
that in some way power comes from God, and tbe
Bible most clearly teaches it. This has been
grossly abused, but it does not vitiate tbe fact,
2d, As government has a religious basis, so in
some measure it must have a religious aim.
Government only deals with men because they
are moral beiogs, and it is absurd to supposs
that it is to treat bnt one side of men. It must
J b . safety of the govern-
aedthe church, because they can do better this
work. This is in fact a zAeufic government.
theories can dispute that this is the fact. It
also a Chritlian government.
Again, if cue objects conscientiously to the re
ligious eduoation cf bis child, his views should
be respected. But the views of one, or a few,
should not overcome that of the mviorit y. Tnis
would allow the conscience of a minority to pre
vail against the conscience of a majority. We
uo not atiow minorities to rule us m iiner rv-
Finally, the utter expulsion of everything re-
ligious and moral follows from the denial of tbe , Washington county.
foregoing : the observance of the'Sabbath of the omrm William L. Sowles, President; Car
marriage relation of tbe oath in courts of jus- ,M Bancroft, Vice President: Joseph Polani.
lice of all sanctions of law and government j gMrft4rj; Samuel Well", Treasurer.
We cut ourselves aloof from the past, and put i n.i,i.sf wuKtta the memory of Dea.
ourselves alone in the world as a State, without
God and religion
Rev. Mr. .Malcolm, of St. Albans, was intro
duced. He hoped the Bible-would never be re
moved from the school-room while a piece of Ply
mouth rock large enough for a flint remains He
,. nn fears hot the Bible would remain forever
in the sohooK He believe that men should be
lnteresto-t wita tne mote, oecause u
el them in the past. As a matter of fact the .
Tlihle has alwavs elevated man.
Professor Buckham neit male a short address.
There is an impression prevalent that the Bible
has lost much of its influence. On the one side,
this is a matter of boasting on tbe other, of sor
row and dismay. He did not believe this to be
true. These assertions rest on the authority of
two classes ; the first, those wbis-c interest it is
to have them believed. They contend lhat U
llarninT is on their side, and their bravado and
blasphemy is wonderful. But God laughs at the
presumption of these little-great men of earth,
1 believe we might laugh at them as we would
laugh at Dame Partington trying to keep outthe
Atlantic ocean with a mop I believe we should
be mortified, could we find out the exact number
of the very few shouting infidels who have been
frightening us. It would be wiser lo let them
severely alone, than to dignify them by attempt
ing to answer tliem This impression rests upop
a false idea of the con-lit.- a of 'nine a few years
since. Perhaps in a few localities, there s now
less reverence than formerly ; but these same
mpressions have always preva-.Ied.ana the "am?
j lamentations and sighings have always . been ut-
tered. Wny, sixty yea r. k B,bl
j was organized to meet in,- !f
-- ., .. i..:
- at minmi Dunun.1 , r.i n n-, . . ... ..... .
-- - - - - . -f , .-
. r- . . . D . , ,
. rV...... al.tk malras thssinM 4mmnlll
1 . - ... . , , .
, ....... af-.k ...i- , 1,4. S4m4 4mrnnlainta.
j i.. .- - -r
1 There never .as a time .ben the Bible hail
I so strong a bold upon the world a. now
Scarcely a man can be found who dares to
' defame the Bible m his o.n name. Host Iiry
must be disguised.
He contrasted the late French Revolution with
... , , i
m.h .... i,-M.a.i tn wirn i!(Mf ana iti-bui-
fied attention. Mr Malcolm was earnest and
interesting. Prof. Backhaul, as usual, was clear
and adzuirable, strong in his points and strength
ening and reassuring to all who heard aim. The
singing by the choir of Bethany Church, under
the leadership of Col. Hopkins, .as of noticeable
Vermosat C'olontxi&tlnu lorlely.
This Society hell its fifty-first anniversary in
the Hall of ttspresenta'ives, in Mon'pelier,
on Thursday evening.
Tbe evening was one of the mist tnj'em.-at of
the season, and the storm, with he-.rings before
committees and ether meetings, '...gened greatly
the attendance, so that qaite a thin auiience
Hon. Daniel B ildwin, the Pri lent of tbe So
ciety, was in the chair.
The Chaplain not being present, the Secretary
opened lbs meeting with prayer
Re?. J. K. Converse prssentel an abstract of
the report of the Board of Managers, and also a
statement of the sums collected anl paid to the
parent society during the present year from j
Vermont, amounting to S2,17"."'v Mr Con- ,
verse also gave some interesting fads of the ,
History of the Colony an d Republic of Liberia.
Judge Ball.in then introduced the Hon. J.
H. B Latrohe of Baltimore. President of the
American Colonization Society, who held tbe in- !
tereated attention of his audience for more than 1
two hours. His adJren was replete with tacts,
arguments and illustrations sketching tbe ori
gin and early history of the Society, justifying
the nobie aiins and motives ot its founders, show
ing that the work of spreading a Christian civili
zation ia Africa nust be done mainly by her
own returning ca-ldrcn. and lilusrratiBg by a
number of interesting anecdotes, the intelligence
and capacity of the nat.ve African, as well as of i
the colored men of America. A hearty vote of
thanks was riven to the speaker at the elose of .
the roeetinz, which was one of high interest and j
crnc Irtl.fal 'er!et?
The ttfty-seveath annual eewion of thL society
was held at room Nc 1-. State House, com
mencing Wednesday morning, Dr Henry Janes
j of Waterbory, President
tbe chair The
proceedings of the las: semi-annual meeting
were read by Dr. L. C. Butler of Essex, Secre
tary. Reports of delegates to the Medical Depart
ment, U. V. M . were presented by Dr. S Put-
aojaflera brief discussion were laid upon
1 ' w
Dr. C. P. Frst proposed to strike out the last
naragraph of standing resolution No. 2 of the
society, relating to forfeiture of membership in
the society, whVh was passed t'nder this
amendment the names of Drs. G. M. Hall of
a-. - i n i-i I- .r tt' ... f ir sr..
I kin, of 'Semh' u. H. Sdesof fhstfopl and
t-.i . tr,h .Mnn.n,.it
j were dlly electei
The credentials . f Dr. Arthur S. WoW as del-
egate fromihe MedicalSociety of SewTork wen
JL,..i ..i i,. ii.n. .i ...i tr..
ciety he reprtsented
Dr. J N sJtiles presents.1 a paper on Chloral
j ."vtv, giiing s.iine practical results of its
use in his practice, and under his observation
and that cf others
An interesting divuss.. n followed in which
P's. Wolt?. Stiles. Frc.t, Watkins, Jones. Put
nam, Kichardson and others participated, giv.
ing results of their experience in its adminis
tration in various diseases, which were general
In the afternoon a reflation was intro luced
by Dr. L C Butler inviting County Medu-al
Societies to a more in'imate relation wrh the
State ocietv, by making their orcanizations
, ,.,11:,j,-J t0 j,, wnding valuable papers present-
' M , their mKting3 tJ the state S.:e:y, to be
j agnostic and therapeutical aspects.
Dr S. Putnam also read a paper en ihe Mme
subject considering in its statistical aspect . show .
ing its rapid increase m the present day. and iu
its legal aspects, shotting the tendency to make
tbe plea ot insanity an excuse and palliatioo fr r
The President's ad Ires was delivered at four
r. M , and wa. upon the subject of ncnurs
iur.r.rf on imnjin'ny r mfiirt, whch he il
lustrated by nu nero is eases occurring iu his
own practice, and under the observaticn cf
A committee on nou,inaiio;is was ordered and
oonitiluted as folio i t. Fassett, N. W.
Braley, C. II Scott. A. J. Hyde. D O. Kemp
The Society then adjourned to 7 r m.
Westees Vexmost Mi-si-it. Assocuno
The Western Vermont Muical Association com
menced its 20th annual session Monday, in the
Opera House, Rutland The attendence on the
nrst day was. cf course, somewhat limited, but
Tuesday brought large sscesioos to tbe musical
force. Tbe exercises of the morning session
comprised the practice of Uymnr, Anthems and
Glees from the ' ( horester," a new book just
published by tbe conductor W. (). Perkins, and
choruses from the Opera Chorus Book, Messrs.
Cobb and Moore presiding at the ptauq. There
were about 2GQ in attend.ccve Thursday, and the
convention promises to be very interestinr. The
first grind concert was given that evening. Sev
eral singers and musicians from this place are
attending the convention.
he Association met at 11 o'clock Friday and
elected the following offloers :
PrttidtntQ. L. Case, Brandon.
Serrttary Geo. (J. Day, Rutland.
Treeitirr E. A. Dowd. Kew Haven.
rirr-Praidtntt R. E. Wilcox, Orwell; J. J.
Jesting, Poultney ; James P. Stone, St. Albans ;
E. N. Merriam, Rutland ; X. P. Barbour, Mid
dlebary ; Erwin Hazeltine. Bristol ; John
Engles, Brandon ; II. II. Kimball, Hilton 'a
River ; R. C. Smith, Pituford ; John A. Childs,
Weybridge ; Geo. F. Washburne, New Haven ;
and D. B. Colton, Fair Haven.
,biaintr:i?ij Committte. M. Tripp, R. J.
Humphrey, J. B. Hilliard, 11 E. Wilcox, anl
C. E. .Miner, Secretary, of this city, and J.
If. Tripp, Treasurer, of Middlebury, two cf the
old board cf officers, were urged to take a re
election to their respective offices, but declined.
II. A. Lyon, of St. Albans, movel that the
re ident elect be made an honorary member of
the Association, and he was unanimously elected
as such by a vote of tbe convention.
After the transaction of the above bnsicess the
members of the Association rehearsed several su
perb pieces cf music, to be given at the concert
The thanks of the Association are due to C. E.
Miner for his services ss Secretary for the past
three years. He is a deserving officer, and dis
charged his duties faithfully.
Fabjiee's IxsntAXCE CoMPA-vr. At the an-
cual meeting of the above Ccrpwahoe, held at
its otSee in Montpelicr, cn the 19th lest, thc
following elections were made for the yearerau-
Dirrriort Gustavus V. Cook, Addison coun
ty; Tarrant Sibley, E. B. Burton. Bennington
county; Barron Moulton, Caledonia county;
Torrey E. Walts. Chittenden oocnty; Wm. II.
Hartshorn, Essex county; Wm. L. Sowles.
Franklin county; LMward J. Reynolds, Grand
Isle county ; l i Dodge, Lamoille county; Jno.
C. Steam-, Orange county; Jos. Bites, al. Or-
j Mnscouniy: Bradley Fish, Rutland county
Inscouniy: urMyrisn, ..ui. cw.t, . .
N. Bern.-, Windham county; Ewnr Brrigf,
Windsor counlj; Joseph PsUud. Samuel Weds.
,,i-- R..nen,ft. A. C. Brown. Theroo O. Bailev,
Samuel Oray lateof Towcshned.who bad fsena
Director of the company tor many years, were
Fri.ni tie 31 ilwaukee Sentinel, Oct. I rtb.
'll.e eauulinnvvitctt SlilP fannl.
i gf:P01!T AXI,.An-:os or the sulwadees bovd
The Committee to whom was referred the sub
ject of the Caughnawaga Ship Canal, which mat
ter was before the Chamber of Commerce some
dsys since, on Saturday made the following re
port through their Chairman, Gen. West, at the
a .option of the report prevail unanimously.
The report was as follows :
The Committtee appointed to consider the sub
ject cf the Caugbnawaga Ship Canal, beg leave
that thev consider this sad kindred en
terprises, which are a continuation of one grand
. . li tlAm
j Kaa ,'u open ,teamship navigation from tide
water to tne heart oi me tuuunii,
of the greatest importance, not only to all com
mercial holies, but to every inhabitant of the
eastern, middle and western states, and also to
the people of Canada.
The people of this whole country are determic
1,1 that they must and will have cheaper and
more expeditious means of transportation. To
open by far the grandest line of internal water
communication in the world a line reaching for
more than two thousand miles through the cen
, hunJrel t0Mbartien M between
our lake poru and the city of Sew ork, would
ter of th.s conunent and on wa.cn iieamsnips
our .a i iw. w - - J
oa)j uire the building of the Cvogbnawaga
, , ... i t M,ini.i
CXIl M iwcnijl-uura sums " . ,
expense of which is only 32.500,000. The en
larging ot the Champlain and Hudson sixty-six
miles in length, which might cost n.'!,'.-
the enlarging of the kicks on the St Lawrence,
urn ,uc s"". r , 7 T
which is t.enty-eght mtoin length, or the
building of tne
at an expense 0130.00000 more. Theentire
expense of the whole impnrft wtexceedmg
?0r SSrS ZXZZ
sin and Fox River improvement, the completion
of which is already assured by the general gov
ernment, thereby connecting this line with
the Mississippi River at Prairie du Chien. it
gives us one continuous line ef over 4.U0O
miles. So where else in the world can even
comparative results be obtained for a like ex
penditure. The qnestion that capitalists will
consider, when asked to furnish the money for
the enterprise, wd I be. Will it pay ? The won
der is that capital, ever keen-eyed, has not long
ago sought the investment
Duringtneyear too'' toere was receive, av eve
in flour. rJl.0tftj.0MO buabeia
the nreaeut rear, this mill has paid a toll tax
to tbe Erie canal of six cents a bushel, and to
elevators at Buffalo, as transfer charges, two
cents a VusheU making a toll tax of eight cents a
bushel, amounting on grain alone in one year 10 1
g'.,6dO,WM, a sum nearly sufficient to make
the whole improvement. Daring the present
year these tolls, as aa experiawat. tore been
reduced one half, which would- make tbe 1
tL. at ClfinAA TLi. amawiinaltl f
seen, to be very luuMMnetory to tbe peophwf
the State of Nei York, .ho have long fattened
at the expense of our commerce, and they are
amount formerly charged. Andto protect our-
selves from then- npttb ""f W
rge for.dU the improvemeuU .i.h
I lie cose oi in pnawu uwm uwK sj-i-,- -. . , , , e K ,
flOO.rtii". Hi per cat inrereet thereon .ould be H . h, !r; -&l,L-i.,W.
The probable expense of main- , 7 Jl ,V
taining and repairTwould trmjlOV : f a?f, ,hla h ' '
making a reWof il,mODO stetssuy to I al ths n to d: e...-.,
- s . to protect i !it4ie r inle'fer
ms . W '"Ttr?
tioned, a toll of one eeat per bL.I. being but
one-hai( cf .hat is tnmally cWged for a transfer
a. .i, . .i4.u.i., ,M rTi-.al !il f.Vl
B .......... ... ... .
leaving our tr.sj,.i.i to ne rsasea on au orner
freight, iacluding iron, coal, lumber, salt, pro
visions, merchandise, se. la, so that it is evi
dent at a glance that a toU amounting to but a
mere pittance on this eaormoos commerce wonl.l
pay handsomely for the otttlay, and that the par
ties controlling this line of Csiaminhtation would
control the gateway to tbe ialand commerce of
The advantage to th peeple would be twe
tbli ; a saving of on-lulf th arsarat cost of
asa a saving ox one-naix tne
j time at present required lbr soch transportation.
PVtnslteni nlMrnw frsa ajilwsuikeii or t'hieaim
would arrive in New York ia ten days, or less
time : whereaa, at present, twenty days ia con-
sidered nmarkablv aakk time to act a canro
throuh bv water, and a bushel of wheat could
be traiisferred throwwh tat tan cents, the aver-
age oast now being fairy twenty cents. Thus, the
saving on the yearly neeipa ef grain before
mentioned being tea eems a bushel, would
amount to sli'.lUO.OOt) annually, or more than
the entire cost of the canals; and ia fair to pre
sume that theeaviag on all other freight, bo'h
eastward and westward bound, weald be as
much, or more than as much more, making a
total yearly saving to the prodweers of this coun
try of at least S 5,1)00.000. after nariae the par
ties handsomely .host oapital and enterprise
shall make these improvamenta.
In view of these mets, it seams incumbent
upon us to use every eSbrt t father the speedy
; aocomplishnient of so cssMrihls a result. Andwe
i feel particularly anxious for the immediate eon
' struction of the Caughaawaga hnk ef the chain.
sa the building of that portion ef the line must
speedily compel the oompletioa ef th whole.
All of which is respectfully sabmitwd.
t. H. Wist,
'. P. McLancw,
A. McD. Torse,
From tbe Chicaro Thbaas, Octcber :.
uroar or tut aoaan or Taana cosratsacxaL
comuTTcx on ooTiavsoB (lanM.uop's an
nasss thk iikkat woaK CVDOim
Dn TueIay afternoon a meet bag of the Com
mercial Committee of the Board ef Trade was
held in the Secretary a office, to bear a states
meat from Hon Levi UooVrwood. ex-Oover&or
of Vermont and Vice-President of the Csaurhna
waga Canal Company, respecting tlat commer
cia! importance of the proposed work.
Governor L'nderwood, in his address, urged
that the Caughnawaga canal would be aseeisaij
as supplementsry to the projected ' taiario and
Erie Canal, and lhat it could be conracod, of
a capacity to float vessels of SW tons burden.
" nuney. ana w renn.
Yesterday at noon this special committee sub-
1 milted the following report, which was uuani- 1 dents, 3 ; Editors. 2 ; B -tollers, 2 . a:
mously adopted : Clerk, Tiasml'h, Bridge oaulder, 1 .
Whereas, This Committee has on a previous j er, Boot aad Shoe Dealer. General h'
occasion, iven its cordial endorsement to the . Keeper, Furniture Dealer. Biack.mi'l
project of connectitur the waters of the River St. or. Tjiacconiet. Publisher, rri.re-l 1
Lawrence with those of Lake Champlain, by the
proposal laugnnawaga canal ; and,
Whtreas, The committee has heard, with
great pleasure and KtisfectioB, the address of
thc Hon. Levi l'nderwood, in which he most
fully demonstiaied, not only the practicability,
but also the eminent wisdom of the early con
struction of said canal, under the liberal char
ter granted by the Parliament of the Dominion
of Canada ; therefore.
Hi voiced. That this committee more emphati
cally re-affirms its previously expressed senti
ment, that the construction of the proposed line
of water 00m mo oica tior. is a eoiamereial neces
sity, not ooly to the producing regions of tbe
West and Northwest, but also to the manufac
turing and eonsamin; classes near the seaboard,
as well as for the cheap ami rpeedv tnnsnorta-
tions of the inland commerce of the United !
tr-tates with foreign countries.
Rttolttd, that we regard this lice cf aaaal as
a valuable, if not indi.pensab'a, vipptament to
the proposed Ontario, aad Erie Chaal, recently
warmly oommendeil by thisoommittes ; the two,
when Ovvtnpleted, giving this city an uninter
rbpted water communication of over 1, WO miles
in Ihe direct line of transit for most Western
products, and navigable for as long a season as
any of tbe chain of Northern lakes.
Htsolced, That we most heartily commend
the proposed work as worthy the attention aad
favor of capitalists snl business men ; and we
urge upon such tin prompt oapitalixition of the
company, and that the enterprise be pursued to
an early completion, iu view of the pressing
needs of rommerce and the demands for greater
and cheaper means of transportation by the
rapidly developing greatness anl wealth of the
Cnitel States and Canada.
After the acceptance and adoption of the re
pot t, the meeting adjourcel.
EiEniduiFcss Svirsmce the first settlement
of New Cotlia l earthquakes have been reported,
and with increasing frequency of late years.
This is due, probably, to the greater facilities
afforded by the press for recording such events,
rather than to say actual frequency of occur
rence. Ia the old times it was only the great
earthquake shocks that m.de any impression
upon the popular mind. One such occurred in
1727, when quoting the words of a Boston man,
The houses rockel as if they would fall down,
and the people, being amazed, ran out into the
streets, calling on the Lord for mercy;" and
Gov. Unmet of Massachusetts, appointed a
Fast " on account of the late surprising and
amazing earthquake." Tht great earthquake
of New England occurred on the eighteenth of
November, 17M. We reproduce the following
account cf it :
Itcaac at hal:-pi . .',ur .a the m ,r:
" w yet Jarit aau the ps..p'e were i,
.a ..UU4UW j -"octt lastet lour m -
nutes and i',sf . . were fractured. tt,r
ground op. ... u . .ces, bureaus w.r-
upset in , i..-t h ... ..- walls were burs-
and fell iiwn, i ,i i e ,lasli.d over tn.
sides of rc.se's, a : p.- . . w .e nrown down 7
the v.u.mr unlu.,i y , .nl met, m u" ti
ground. Urlciv. ir. , : , tUD!) ,,f c.,.mn.;
thirty-two leet m heii; i', w.r . thrown a dl"ta:.
of thirty feet from -u I,..- Tne wooden sp n
die of the vane on i ieuu llall tn Boston, ti..
inches in diametrr, wan snapped i iI t.y tu, jer.
ana an iron spinm- u:. acnurcb a' ;.r njv
oM hun,)re(. , w -
I ,,,..,.. .
f, , .. , u
to stone It-net atone, io tunibho; t-i-m i ,
earth, was c.-i aiitol t "si.ishi . .
which was then a town of lo.'si-i sc-y . .
deed chimneys fell to the roof or irr-ii '
other chtizmeys were so twisted an. in I m I .
tered as to require rebonlling. while -brick
dwellings were thrown from the , v
to the eaves of the Bouses.
l.itjucrs far Hedxiaal Pur;- .
Editu - of FfCf Prrt$ and 'A 91
I set in the report of Legislative r
for Oct. 1'.', zaention of abl" ii.rr.-i i " .
ator Benedict to provide tor a State
spirituous liquors, to prevent the sa :
liquors for medicinal p irpDses. I m. i
ing of the provisions cf t'je bill ; hi'
importance of the resul' jiuud a' ui. 1
Moreover, no intelligent person can Iju
great deal of that wh.ch .s soid .s mor.
adulterated in a way to make the 1 fi
of pre per strength an 1 ti ivor. w li 1
much of this is due to in.rcdiez.u ..c a
too often deleter 10 us in teir nature
the adulteration is r:v 1 - at the p'ace- f :
nal distillation an! 'emientu!.:.. '
wholesale or the ri v '. d.-aler'. -.e
the same, rtz , to gef '
- comiiu-. '
article than eoui 1 -n, rea' r 1
pure one. Moat of -.
unable to detect these 1
huv the lUiuor that is
the representation of tbc
seller as t
So skillfully are these a l-iltera-.n ;
on in maayplice-, that vcr
nssrr 1 at sviwrimie. in: ms I "
honest merchant un.iMng.
questly a oUsbooeftt art i j.-.
I But the detection vt these
I romj.lv ftirfTveir ec. umnce
j fficof p..(pie
nclhoncor tie great nami;
thtZ: s i-h ,
1 diflzculfy of ha . jig ,
1 , . . . j.R
, , J fc lt
, lhein ;h,- ,:
I iuadeatany cue time J he i. ,u
in the storehouse by a skillful ai.
chemist suppose jet I irther, .v
in a depository shall 1. ,uor lie 1
has had it contents aseatrl, ar. .
assayer placed on the cask. w..
fraudulent change of pirt or ..
for liquor, much cheaper out iuq .
But such a rigi 1 cxaudnati. . t
tion as that I do nc !'. vc .
single depository .a t.i.s Sta
have fallen a great .a- below t
member that some vet- ngo is
ed by a certain dealer, f r the dep
of the Cniitn'T. an-i ili. r cert i :.
tint they foun i ta-nj to itt pure an 1 rt .
j what they ml:? nkert I to e K.w
! aal thorough th tii vs,s wa -n.Ie.
j frwon eka irv.m w - .-4 ,e cer.'..r-
samplcs for tiitmseivc4- r from a '
i liqaor fumihI ty .eilcn ti
! purporting t- I -i-t'-t' - rvseux '.. 1
store, wa n !.t 1 it th- a '
tht as the Bai .es 1 i wtra
' V ,!. ! e" .. .'
1 ' J .
1 J V", ' ' ',7t, .
.Mem L s a- 1 a otbe .te-
f, T , , i, t-e
, ,., ht ,
Barity d excel., nee. No d uV ti y
I bemaimposelupcn by ,-ioran e
1 draw aMentu n n tne aheren .
"Pf"? ,u,',: ,c 1 F-T
.hatevee lez-.-lat-.n mv be arte- r-.
! eeiae rrwmt
! oeive neat care, let a re nedv 1
plained f ha'.l itself i r. ve tallit
s.tt.1. t,f 1 .rmiitil.
- jc-rNr -.n-i
I- 'If vxat.v ' )
,',lo , i-s t. p, Oc. . 1
1. Walters. R.,' n. ,i, ,i a.
appointed Surzeon-fienertl of the ,
moat, with the rank of Irigadier-tje-
- me iciiowmg arj- iritmenu
t of His Excellent
j der-ic-Chief. are hrev v aanoun. i-1
i Theodore S. Peci. Curlingtin,
, and Aid-de-l'amp.
' Walter C. Dunu - P.it ac l
John W. Newton '-r
and Aid-de-i amp.
Truman C Flettlir , I
Colonel and Ail-le-Camr
By order .: Hu Etc
Goverr. r an i i
Adjutant ar. i E:.'.
TSi : ;:.!ilar.
The corresp r..leat . . : uc.tr. Al -u .
yer, comj.iIe. ft u t'. isaiK" n---' .
legislative S.anua . isL.vh is nw r. jr.
following st.itlies . Gfiie, -
Tbe figures cf aitiv . . ..upat i.n. ... , :.
the effioers uf the H-.use a, weil as tuei. .
Pol-t.r,:. r, - Republic.!-. .
.Viirij. Born .i Yemen'.
Hampshire, 2; Maine,! : Concect'c.t. 1 1
Occprt,v i Attornet-, 1 : ; lari..
Merchaata, 4 ; Editors, 1 ; Jlanu.-..! .
Physicians. 1 , Tanner. 1 ; Lis- r-j .
Clergyman, 1 ; 11 R. .-u.r , 1 . -v !...--.
BflitOKS I'm, i, , S 1'.,-,- i
Otttgragatwaalists. '. ; BipCsf.
3 ; Cmeisahsts . I nitar'an. ''
1 ; Episcopal, 1.
Longnt Term if wrr.se m 1
George W. Grandey , Vers;, ancs, 1 m
Otdtst .Vfitiir. - G. DvW.' .
County, 65 yean.
Yoitngtut MemL T. Ik-r 1 n I
ton County, 31 years.
Politlittl Prifin.r, Rejubli-
Democrats, 25; Conservative. I , D.ul tui.
1 .Vafir. Vermont .11 ; Xew Hamp.
12 ; Massachusetts, C; Knglanl.ti ; Car.',
j Wales, 1 ; Gnneeticut, - ; Xew York, 1
j Occuptitioii. Parmer., IJ7 ; Merchi-
. Attorneys, 17 ; Physichnv, " ; Mam-'V-
I i ; .wrcaanics, , ; t.um'-crmen, ; t ,-?
I ! I Insurance aarents. 3 : Caruenter
Banker, Marble Dealer, i'rot.t. !. it -
facturer, Wool Dealer, on-- each.
? It jtO"s Pre, rtnre. Methodi.
gregationalist, 4S ; Cni'eraaliat, ' I
'-'t , Episcopal, 11 ; Li' erals. , N .
ence, 40 ; Christians, 3 ; Unitarians.
dox, 2 ; Presbyterians, - ; BibV, 1 .
Advent, 1 ; Restoration.:! . 1 ; Cathol. -, !
.Vi. 4er serving theit tret term. 1 1
Lonjt-t Term of service, Gtlts li
Sunderland. 12 terms.
Old, .t Mt.nb,r, Joseph Sinkers. 1 t
l'oii i.j .f Meinb, r, SamuU 1; c
Sheldon, - years , and James Ho .
I 'range, 2(i years.
CiacxLia raoa Tin New lust -
I.hbeiati AsTtrw The Eillowir; - r.
ment is respectfully submitted to :S
atkm of the medical profession, a-..i :o t
in general r
It is believed that the expnea--e -five
year, has .leuoastraied not . n'v i.
but the necessity of theinstitu:: .n t-
.Veur Ycrl. Sloe l icbristt .! V
time have its prospects for use' i'm-" -promising,
or has it been ia s.. . 1 1 .n I
so fir as tbe treatment of patie in is ..
as it is now There are ve-v rrar. r-" "s
our State and throrghour "-, ei-un'-i ic
tims of a terrible mania !tr Ir -ik. -J - -Mi-"
salutary treatment whica n,. ' at.tu v; ' b
and who, without such m i i..-.st 1 "nan
probability perish. We, tht r. Lrx; 1 ' a' 3
every chjeet except au ea-i..--' ie n- "
restoring to their fr.en.ii . '. 1 1 - e C
of tnss talhr-i indeed, but n ' ev ! r-or ,
would earnestly commend th." lu-t 'm i. '
enlcieut means for securing ai. et 1 - mr . 1.
and inestimable. We deera .t pr. fs-r t -'a'
that ample means aro provt.lel t. r-.e- ';. 1
sical, intellectual and religious wati'3 f t w :
tients. The Asylum occupies a reiiar.s 4
healthful &nd beautiful site I .s ion:
with baths, and a great lanety ot a -.jrr
with a good library and reailmg - n. r.
suppliel with the leading daily nem pa- "- s'
the American and British niagaiint-s. I - " "
of the institution require 1 , ;??nr:t 1 -ar.:i'' '
meals the hours of retiringandrisui at 1
attendance on the religious exercises . f
establishment The Asylum has beei pl under
the charge of Dr. Daniel G. D-.lp". '
of superior administrative qualitiaiK "' 1
touards whom there ia bat one teoini tit frL
vailing with the olheers of the inst.'uc u an :
among the patients, that ef profoond r sp." t
him as a Christian :eatltiaao, aad cocadene :.i
him aa a skillful physician.
WiLLA&n. Paaxxa, M. D.
New York. S
President Board Trusties.
Rit. SaiicixW. Bcsii. Register.
Binghamptoo, N. Y .Oct. 1, 1870