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Burlington weekly free press. [volume] (Burlington, Vt.) 1866-1928, April 06, 1883, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86072143/1883-04-06/ed-1/seq-1/

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Yjr Hie Tut Vrvt l,,u'4'
(Mir I. His
tt ,Nif j.n.nrihTM-f RlOnM.
W..V-...I wirr.i, itumtlnnl m-lue,
T i- lin- our lit'- 1'inir timuiK'i,
l i-'i!!i)r, hiijtlii. H4HII !'
I M llfn-ttt.U H'H"I bUltl),
ti 'in-ul hlPiHlnjf, f"i r.u-ti tnnrrnw,
i i Itkf n l!iu' sim'i lliroa-l,
i w u U iitftli It m iv he f lid.
i iitu it Hon, won I i tlimijilil.
w 'i .'!( Vt h.m t li.it h wrciiitiii ;
i i i 1 1 up rolor w i' f1iall hi v,
ll I" ligln it Ht'iiiilv.
I I n l tier MC"'liiit "Ht
11 Miititr. Wrtittns for not our,
m I in fun' tin- a Ml H wmi,
W cii Uh' race In lu-iiitf uin,
1 ll mi lit. Hut tti'iL- tf none,
Knt tliia Uplift, "Niut, well iloiic."
an r.vnt aoiuh vwi kuimumj.
IHtillhlu llouso Vlo IVrt Utile,
I (Hi Vrct lie in. ntiil 1'inir siorlt'H
IFimnllie New Voik Ki tiling 1'oti.J
County Clcik
tithctirally jusL lie re
that thn Louisiana State liottory is one
nf tho economic banes of the, wholo Mis
HiHHiti Valley moiely from its effects mi
ehnrneler). To sum up tho whole thing
m nseniencc, tins ancestral ana inpgu.u
I hp lilns' Mtto.
r oui'tln' ivt-Mnilt Hug
I in i ho iriiiiiHiniiU rt n.iii'H
i. m li.tVMit'Fit.l.'Miiinlorlliouglit
t Itllltl tllf gntilftl lllll'l."
'1 lie iMMntiitli grnitJ,
Ui i-iiri'iiil iiri -Tittdfitth
i io UdMing ItL'll i ing elii'llv out,
t in 'ninliaii'l Ml. I. , ti
i n in r we oil ill Kh.iif the trie I,
I ii" I- u(.i'it'Huf lir
I jiu imii.'n
Mi i mil. my itr.iri,
Tul Puain in pin.'
Ii i- U Unit litlt'ii r.ow his hati't,
I. .ii. Ilfit Hit slioti'J l.t' I)
lull Oil ll illTl' I lilt' t-Hl'llU iMlliI,
ul wlun i i-ifd UhiliH) ;
"llll iMUtl Hi J ll,
l.o, tlmiiiirt num.
A 1, 1 1 1 itlil th'nel
.! v.iicn He.it li Jn'.ns mo lie i more
til Know mi nulling lirnt,
L i ! hl.il of Hint belter luitf
D ttii h i no iioiur to i.ut.
'lint troiii le
l'or t it't'.iii't i tic
ii ili' hllUii'I tl nn tlie li.lt,
1 1 1 ill'. tl lilt ( ll.llljllitit ll'll.
, i t Miut'tl i licit i it lit' I 1 ft'ijii iitfi",
ui tln il iiit:'i utlitiU iwh,
1 ll'lH !
Tluit I) -nth' rrlltlirl
'it'ii 1 ne f.ui 1 Jit !
i al iln lie stfo.l u'o ic
I -I'l- hiH iinrrniv litl ;
t w I ho line frimi oil iicr li.iti't
1 1 tlm KuiitMiiitiih.ini :
-till, ni.itu wiio L'luivU
W til citti till nil,
lill lkMtli iHiurt.'
. . .".m f virnllier imr.N for me
i ' I j o th ii k join, " llf't'inh
. i mcioiH tfoMen h.ilnl onri more,
U ' i niuiiili. wiMltltlook,
Aii'l Wloitfrhl Mltti t'.i0
I "l' ,llt'. til.t t'HIl,
sioTiii, oi t vi:sr.
'I iltiNol ii lilniL'ii Icrlt nlm f
pt it 4i E'tislllmi III a I'aliota lln
'i k i Sun.
Tho linrnnn'M. liuusu in this fily may oil sociability of llio planter, to iliidi wo
ho HOPit al tho lioilliiiesl forner oi Jjt'X- trtvc tho lincKiieyeil natno m "rtoiiineni
incrton AviMiiic mill Kinlitv-M'fouil Street, iiopnitality." i ton often inoro hl.o the
When IiexiiiKloii Avenno unout tJiiouRh lant Bjilemlid liamiuet of a liankrupton
MHiin j ears ago, n Ftnp of land tho feet tho eigo of niiu than national liberality,
viilo ntut one, hmulreil feet ilecp was all A erv ordinary Keiv Jliifflumler ioiilil
that iaa left of n certain lot belonging to maUe agootl liing out of what the plant-
a pemm who dnl not oun tho )iet lot on cr lialmuiilly insteB.
Illf MHTI. lilt! Mill'. Wllllfwi Hint- iiiiiiu
by itself, M'oithl bo valnablo to the per
son owning tho adjoining lot on Kighty
second Stret-t, because it Mould not only
enablohim tnbuildahoiihe flc feet wider,
but would give him wiud)i all along the
side of Iuh house on Iicxingtoit Avenue.
Tho two dm net 3, however, could not
ngree aa to Icnnn, and n liouso was erect-
eii on tlio lot ailjotuing Uio.nanow fitri
!!nrl' I. IT.. nti.I M 1'ilirt? tfk I IIKist
liirrrillhlt! !Slurlt ot IIW itiitlilul
Tho long exnected biograidiy of Wil
liam Cullen Bryant by hi son-iii-law,
Parke Oodwiu, is intcrebting in tho life
of one of America'H fittst and foremost
Iho owner of tho latter had nothing to inon f lnttm- nn,1 linncn in rolotinf
lo but to abandon his lot. or build a ti,,, i,itr.rr f,r tl.nt lifn l.n l,itin-v r.f ilm
houfcotlve feetwido upon it. The latter formation period of American letters is
course was iierhans adonted because stteh :Vnn wi.n Mr ltrrmt wn n vmini
a house would Mint up all the side win- man American poets wero scarce, and the
dows of tho neighboring buildiug, and nppenranco of a now one, and such a one
considerably icducc its value. nH this lad from Massachusetts, was a red-
Tho new building, which has been On- icttcr day in our literature. The first
ished for somo months, is thereforef 5 chapter of tho work U am autobiography
feed wide, UWftetdtep, and I htoncs found among Mr. Ilryant'a papery and
high. It is divided into two houses, each wns written in 1S71 S. When Mr. Jltv-
.p0 feet long, and tho entrance doors are, nnt was born, 1791, tho region around
of coitrte, on the avenue, as there is no Cummingtou was n new one, and his fam-
room for a door at either end of the y wcr nmoug tho early bcttlerp. His
buildiug. The law allows a bnilding at father, Peter Jiryant, wns n physician,
tho comer of a sticet , to hao projecting nndumauwho delighted in poetry. In
u.iy windows along tho side and taking i,iir,ii-v nrn ih wnrk f thn mos.t
advantage of this circumstance, tho ar- einiuent l!nglth poete. Ho Mroto verges
chitect has managed to plan a Iioiho l,imHclf in Knglislt and Latin, and played
which, while peculiar m inside appear- tlio violin. He wastry iugeniotw with
anee, and probably very uncomfortablo tools and mado a brass Viol, on which he
loiivom, may una leirauiM. uinoitt i8 eaid to have played. As might be im-
theso b.iy-wiudowsor squaro projections ngincd, ho huh nut much of a business
running from tho foundations to tho roof mah nm tmtients paid him whntthoy
it would not huie been possible to build pioascd. Themothorof Mr. Urvantwai
a liouso at all, for no loom would hao a writer of decided character' and as
been wider than time feet. Kuch house iml,li(. upiiitod as sho was douustic. "I
has, thfiefoie, two bay window h, in one thought to be a jirecocioua child,"
of which aro tw stairs and in the other Elites ber son. "On my i'nst biithday
one loom about tight Uec wide by fifteen theic is a iccotd that I could alicady go
irct long, upon cacit lioor. me long alone, and on the 2Sth of March, J7Uii,
pass:pn'u bituecu tho stair-well and the UlCn but a few days moio than sixteen
room is ahuiU three feet wi.le. i-ucJi mouths oM. there is nnother record that
house contains kiteheu eight by tiftcen t Xtntv nil tt,,. l,tt,.ru ..f iho n1iilinlit. Tn
fietand fuiir lnuiiiH, ench of tho same h,0th these instanei-s it is probable that
size, hut on Uincicnt tloors. ltieio aio mv mnther fimlini? 'me mtlier docile, took
aKo ingcnioiisli-phictd ehmtts ut each
end of tlio building and under the staiis.
ltoth houses are uiioccupud. One is of
feicd for lent atc-.jOO a year.
.At iiy hotel eletks hao a great desire to
im i .in. d, to cltrk at one hotel for u
ti lie. ui 1 tin n accept an encr-tgeinent at
lluu Ihu) I.I 10 111 .tlll!iitl.
Southern writfr includes tho follow-
.th i. . i.d go to diuVnnt cities, mul iiigiu n leiicr on uio in .uississippias it
pels say that "ni-aud-sn, tho w tu-a.iy :
Ol tilt1 - - M'Hle, lillS hcetl ,4Vl innuinu luiii jwuuu in iitu in-
n l.,,t.l ' Hut ttipr.. U uinarv Soullicrii DlantiUion home as one
lmu I rink .that will noer IlllllM 11 loai,y, eignieen yeais since mo
lose oi i lie war. Jt is usually a stately
two-t-toi v structure, pillaicd iu front,
1 i i
gt nut! e'
st cm-
one Ciii
moi ii
. tthdi
and mi v nnito if ho once gets
a imwng lob. 4ast year he ac-
v iitet1 ii position as t lei In in a hotel in
D.iknta. and the lmptis simko of the
hotil he Vi.tt to go to as one that watt do-
pleaBiuo in bringing me forward smnC'
whatiuematurelv." His lirother Auctiu,
luiBaf, however, was "more remaikable
as ou'emly scholar than myself." llefoie
the clo38 of bis third vear he began to
rend tho Bible, aud by the end of his
f ninth, year had rend from Genesis to
Mr. Jirvant b first published poem wn
the inception "Thelhnbargo ; or. Sketches
of tho limes by a lonlh oi llurteen.
This was honored with a second edition in
tho following venr, 1809. Iho autobio
graphy cndR just as Mr. llrynnt wasabonl
to tell us of tho inlluences under which
his "Thanatopsis" was written. Why ho
in in
i.. . i... ... '.I-:. :n. sionoea n is not Known, .ur. u
nil L'l V tlllllllO 113 1(1 lllt'llllt'CWUt', H11U .Mlll I ,, . f .. . ., ii, i 1
r.tl.;r.m ilnpreie nil- of nristuemtic t''.1':H tlmt nas ',m',J?!'1-T on'W" !'.V
eomtoit. But
ng memory. Mr. lioUwiu taKeH ui:
thestorvof tho famous poem and shows
up the poet in tho throts of composition :
'It was in the autumn ; the onto oi ino
examnio it closer, witli
ititr mi in i.iiiim busin t-s, and pit dieted nioiu attention to detail I The paint is
thuM'i. e! rk would make it veiy popu- ami long weatlier-maius cross
r- "tuI". . 1 : r i..,1. zz " 1 1 z: 1 r.r r had into ami the
mil ljst mi k In; imui' liiuK. lie went 1 ll,ir iry l'lokt-n wimlow.
,11. 11 tn.' I'l.imtu- i.f tin' Imti'l wlioiou mo hlniiRli's nro moiw riiiwii, mm the
nit ,i.l. 'I hit viis mum I'lerl;, nml tin- cliimupy in longli piIrmI from ilisititrgrn
liii.i..! oillfil i Hurler t(i tiln liim nil I tiou of liiortfirtuul liticK. TliuKii'iit finnt
1, ...... f,.i' .1 trntnli. Hi' :m tlm wolAt Ulll uf sulrl'.ll UCll'S, Mllil'll USPiltli ri'lll'Il
twilling pri'iiun tlmt i'Vi'1- Mini, nml his t fur In fore this mitiiiui' ilwi'llins tn
fiinul ili.l m.t l.iiuw linn. i:iihumtii)iih the btii'ct or lu.i.lniiy, hut l.ii'ii cut in
fllUinM'.i, mul till" tn Ml'llt llll') tlm lm-. l.ii n.v lil-riii. irui-i', ii-iiiii-nib'li hi nun
room iiiniiuuK iirinii, una nil- Liiii'iigu ....... .. ...i-..... .....h.. . . . ,... - ,,,,, : lls
lerl; -ni.l ftim nniiiintiii'ii. iiicivH. Kt'Ohi', pig-, mul : ; . . v . iV Vi
"Vl"!t h llio menninc i.f thi, S Diilu't But viumliT tliio.iKh' the ilnor- I"'"'1- '". " t, !
l).IIv.it.lin.'VltllJ.m.-- hum ,B ,ni i '- '"i"1: ." Il,ia .-'n,,,! !n,n,l tl lint ll
mi ii .in 'U fr.uni Klnictitrr, withitoehunl hfio ono or two ilism.il niulcH nro ini'ili
wctii n on tho tM tliiuv, i.iiilwo h.-iiehloi't tntiiiR, complcta tho pictnro of bluihhy
' i liui.iln.l iH i'iilo in thuthoiiKi'iili'iitv (jr.niiioiir.
ii..'I,k. Thi v c.niio in M.l:roli loiuls". Thu uwniT of tlm Ij liic.-ll mminoli is
'I'lu 1 m.ll.ivil ill ulo money, out he was usually n Kontlcnian i ami n lcnl one
Mirievmir. run a lumh.r vard and New Yorker who has been botn and hied ' cumm no less a..
irmlliiiiL. The ttrBt d.iv I wns them 1 in the country, hut lie is tar moio cour-
badtihi-ie thcotliee and due thirty tioits uutl polite not merely as an nit hut
ttams aiMiiiid to the lmu ned help un- s a gemuno ekment of his character.
hitC' the horn s, ami all tho time I win 1I ktndnesh to a guest is not a formality
llwx.i I .. lmlf in f r. nun ini'. lilt I iPlll'tV. Ml llllIll'V lllltllllbO t'l t'll
maid, half cook, and half cvervthiug hen camril to a point which wo at the
thtre was. Whv, Jim a hotel clerk is of North would legard as absurdly saciiti
lid mrir.. account out theio than an nldei-- oial. No ineonenicnco is too Intrden-
m u lieie. It would I'laupjou hick.
had t l,i ip wait on table, hell
fcpht 1 d4 tur fuel, bail out
deal tor a faro bunk the hiudhml was iu-
I blown eaitu was heaped with sere and
withered emblems of tho departed gioiy
I of the ear. As ho trod upon the hollow
sounding giotmd, in the U nelmess of tho
woods and among tho piostiate trunks of
trees, that for generations had been mold-
ering into dust, ho thought how the vast
solitudes about mm were hlled with the
same sad tokens of decay. Ho asked
While his miud was yet tos&ing with
-d li
tired to pnint it to tho eye and render it
m music to tlio ear. no began nurupti,
in tho middle of n lino :
"Tet ft fevr iltjK, nnl Ihee
Tlio ill-iiciiulliiiir aim !iU heo no aioro
lu all his cours?;'
rtiouiJinU more
W 111 i.ii am tli v iloutluv : tln litltTltiff worl I
lU'it e to lliff Kraic. 'Tlie limy iro-il of tiara
i'kkh mi. nm i ncn one v loiist-i ui ut-i ri
ills f.ivorne itiiunfm : it nil Uic-ie slulllcive
'1 lu'ir inlrtli uml ttiir t imilojuii-iiu, ii'i'l iliii'l i onic
aii i nuku laeir oeu iitiu hut.
This is tho form of poem ns it was first
T I HnriMi mi liMUMidilitv hm mintiid.l f n u pllbllhlietl, RlHl lOV WlllCll 1H1 COlllt'il a
1. .fnur.,l o friwra Tlio iiimitnr'amtii limn 11.11110 IlOlll 1110 UfOCK J ImllnlOpsiH,
i . i. ' ,!u V., lit- ,,i,i .u i,iu i,i.tft i.?u t, Coutrarv to his custom, tho youthful poet
.Li ... i.. hia fll.inV v.nU turn. ill lin n't tlm viKitl did not take this poem to his father for
ten t. il ti nc !i Siliw llliti ndciit nf tin. or s hilt ilisposal. V"":'- "" ' 'V4 ... " ' . .7
L..... i i i ...in. .'; ' V t,,( ,,, l.r. .ii,L,.iMiiv Kr.ntl.nrn lor their aiproval, but ho carefully hid it
I..,.-, inv lur the hoiM-s. L'o out and hold ciiauicti r and say that mo same courtesy . . , r , ,
a .hum U.r Hineiois. whel trunks from exUii.U to tho stranger met on tho toad "mi utL" "I,ul
thi ih hot on a win elb.ui'ow, wrub the 'r lailway tiatn, and that in less degree
ntiiee l! .r with it stub biiiin:i. be iluoi- tho same iunato politeness is shown even
man i - r ha-ihuiceH in the sehoul section, by tho poor Southern whites. I hae
iiif i .-t u. h s lm bai bed who fenoe. nou ottHi hecn amazed at the natural eouiie
mi n h Kirn Hiuku. unio.ui oath, mow iv ooiu oi soiten aim manner oi souu
i wii hay, lay out ouiphos, deal out quin- unufinpt nntno of tho Smith whom, at
lviwtul." mon tiamp. Southein elmalry has its k iiouiw.
This is tho way bo atiuounccri his mar-
riairoto his mother'
JJniH MoTHF.n : l hasten to send you
tho melancholy intelligence of what has
latelv happened to me.
;.uiy on the evening 01 uio eievemn
d iv of the pirsent month I was at a neigh
this village, rtevtrni
assembled in
ii . . i .. 1 t IjIiwmi. is ..to.! n.i.l ilnl..kt,il.l,. CiuPj lukiii I PeolUO OI OOI11 Kl'SFB Wt'lll
nil? Why did vuu huo if vou had m wincii wm no loueneu upon ntioreiuis - Vr V" i.. I'V.V 7 li
v.mr li.mdri tnllV said tho Chioatro letter closes. But among its best ciuuli-
1 1 iciiil ties must bu cited graces of common so-
r i ..ii. n 11 ii. ciai uuercourbo. exienaingitown uuoiikii
j. i t'uiuir Miiini ii nit inn iu , 1-1 .1. i..
sutmiKr and fall, hut when winter came (:imilil(,l in his own communities H wn uot long before wo were Mtnimon
on It was ditVeicnt. C..uldntget wood u J "'Ul ""V"1, t ed to attend in tho npartment whero ho
enough to Utp w aim, and had tiilayubed , ',.u7 . t...,.!,1,., 'ii and tho rot of tho eompauv wero gnthei-
twenty houts itday to sno f'icl. .No , , L,(l went in and took our seats ; tho
giusts coming in mo winter, and on i ii ;;;; , (lin h1 rw illllf.lir Jlittlo elderly gentleman with tho In
otheis, with mypelf, wero in another. At
last camo a littioeuieny geniiemm, paie,
thin, with a solemn countenance, pleuri
tic voico, hooked noso and hollow eves
neighborhood, with tcors Mreaming down
his cheeks ruid exclaimed: "Oh 1 read
that, it is Cnlleii's." Ho wasso delighted
with this and tho " Fragment" discovered
nt tho same time, that ho resolved to take
thorn to Boston, to mihjcet them to tho
judgment of hm friend Phillips, whoso
now literary entetpriio, tho Xorth Amer
ican it tut u inongn mu recently eniao
lished, had already accpiircd some name.
1 will quote Mr. (iodwm'a necount of tho
reception of thn poem by tho JtrvUw co
terie: "Mr. Phillips was not at homo
when ho called, and ho ho left his package,
with his name. When it was put into tho
editor's hands be read tho poems with an
absoibed liiteicst, miw at onco their sit
peiiority to what ho had been iu tho habit
of receiving, and bo hastened with them
to bis fcllow in Cambridge, to take their
opinions, lliev listened attentively to
Ins reading of them, when Dann, tit the
close, remarked, ith a quiet smilo: 'Ah,
Phillips, you havo been lmposeii upon ;
no ono on this side of the Atlantic is ca
pablo of writing such verses.' Phillips
lcjoined, with somo spirit, that he had
uot been imposed upon. 'I know,' ho
said, 'tho -gcutloman -nrho wrote the best
of them, nt least, very well ; an old ac
quaintance of mine Dr. Bryant at this
moment Bitting iu tho State liouso in
fioston, as heuatorlrom iiampsuirocoun-
tv, 'Then,' responded Dana, 'I must
havo n look at him,' and putting on Ins
clogs and his cloak ho trudged over to
Boston. 'Arrived at the Senate baid Mr.
Dana in a conversation afterward, with
the Rev. RobertO. Wateistoti, 'I caused
tho doctor to bo pointed out to me. I
looked at him with prolound attention
and interest ; and while I saw n man of
striking presence, the stamp of genius
seemed lo me to be wanting. It is a good
head, 1 said to myself, but l do not see
"Thanatopsis" iu it, and ho went back a
little disappointed. Mr. Waterstou, in
communicoting tho incident, thinks It
'lenuiikablo for u peuetiatiou aud oii'iu
nbty characteristic of Mr. Dana's saga
cious judgment'."
Both of these poems appeared in tho
Xurth Auci'iranl for which Mr. Biyant
soon after wrote a prose essay on Ameti
ean poetrv, which was then nt a pretty
low ebb. About this time Mr. Dana
started npeiiodiealcalled Thn Idle Honrs.
for which Mr. Bryant wroto a number of
his best known poems. A man such ns
our lawyer-poet could not remain long iu
a quiet New P.ngland hamlet. Ho longed
for association with tho literary men of
the day, no ho came down to Boston t.)
east about him and see what was best to
bo done. While there, hemetthe Danas,
Oiiincevs. Adamses. Otises and Moths,
and enjoyed an intellectual feast. This
was in 1822. tho vear the first collection
of Brvaut's poems was piinted. Tho
praise awarded his seises dctetmiued Mr.
Bryant to abandon the law and deioto
himself to literature a wisoresolie. Mr.
Charles Sedgwick wrote, urging him to
eomo to Xew York, where any deflcio n
cie of salary might bo eked out by teach'
ing foieigueis, of whom there wero many
eager to Team our language and litem
tuie. On tho strength of this encourag
ing letter Mr. Bryant came down to New
Yoik, where ho met tho literary men of
the day, Among them "Mr. Cooper, tho
novelist," who, hewntes tohis wife, 'eu
grortscd tho wholo oonvemtion, nnd
'.. I woiks luue'met with." The success of
Mr. Bryants verses had evidently not
turned his head, for when asked what
compensation ho expected for "Tho Past"
mul "iho JJeath ot thol lowets, no sain
:2 nuicco would satisfy him. 'Jhopub-
lisheis, Mt'KMs. Cummings, Uillaul .t
Co., "appreciating ths woith of their
contiibutor," olTercd him S200 a year for
an averago of ono hundred lines a month
about lGj cents a liue expressing at
tho same hmo "their protouud regret mat
they wtue unablo to oiler a compensatijn
muie adequate,"
A gentleman met .Mr. JJryoiH iu a ew
York book (-tore a few yenrs ago, and
said: "I havo just bought tho earliest
edition of your poem, and gavo jjji) lor
it." "More, by n loncshot." icplied Mr.
Bryant, "than I ruceicd for writing the
whole woiK.
However. Mr. Brvant was notdiscour-
nged, and iu took up his abode in
ew loik ns assistant eibtoroi the
York Htrh'tr on a balaiyof JflOOO a year.
Mr. Bivanthad chat go of the Hue ails
depaitment, and his atsociate wioto of
music ami the drama, mo icnnrwnn
not a stuvess, and juntas things seemed
at their datktst Mr, Bryant was asked to
act tempoiatily ns assistant editor of tho
llvtniiHt itft, as tho place had bem
otVeied Mr. It. H. Dana, who had not yet
gneti lm answer. Mr. Dana could not
u'lvwell leau Boston, so Mr. Bryant
was ictatned, and in 1S27 begauhiscateer
with the piiner wIiom fame he made
.Nolwithsbuidiiig i.w ham worKasino
htor of a dailv paper ho found time to
collect and publish n ultimo of his poems.
i iiMiiiiL'ioil irviuij wn iiieu .uiuisn-i in
Bnglaiul, nnd to him ho sent tho adianco
Kheets in the l.opo that he could uml turn
a publisher in hondou. Tho task Mr,
living glniiiv nndeitooic, but met many
lebutl'H befoie finding one. which l.o tinal-
Iv did in Mr. Andrews, who consented to
uudfitakc it on the condition that a line
in tho "Song of Marion's Men," which
few t iv over who ean't tret out. and thev BeufraicuunriiiR too si 10 units, iiir-ui-
Mill Mink lor llicir lio.uil. 1
toilo nny wink except to Keep nurill nil a 1 11 ,',
whiter, hut i not tireil luyinR in heil, nml ruiiK 'y
.11 the lli.t tiuin went IhioUKii after l1'"!"" hint lm
i.,. unrm nil n foul fill hill' to lnateiinl proaiess. W ell 110 I'"'1 nmnniii mosi oi
noso prnveit, nml wo nil n,oil up. When
' ui tut ilown. Tho
weio nuliuim wlien the Kontlemiiii mtli tlio lioiikeil not.o then
hiriio nirphiH urnllli in lm- innttcriHl certain cnlmlistioil eipiessioiu
I . i ip 1 nn i l una ton iniiuli l n tt lit .ii. I tn in.
the lilucUule 1 C,, on, nml .lr-mlctor "T. tfl l t o I Z Z hut I.ecol1tlhUltho.wi,i
iiiuii i ii.iii pin mil on iu miii.iiiii ; ,ri ,.: It.. I ii, sionlMnsitiventouuiIerRtiimltlmt Iwiis
liiez. .mil in r.i.iii Miiiini iio Mieiiior "i i,it,,.,. hnnriieil to n vouiie lmly of the name
lllllll!ll.'i"i. I ,..l llll iiiiii.u.i nieii-uiii . , , , , , !' l'.-,ii.eo liiiie i . wlii.m I lieweiie
io.n u fellow Unit .lie. ;,, tl.o House, mul " ; -( ' j st.n.lini! by my side, nn.l I hope in tho
in re I inn Minium n iiounr, nn.l no joii. : - , - ., eoni.n of u few lmuiths to hmo t ho nsiis
If I e.UI (,'lt 111 ns l.ell hoy 1 nlll Ulllllllttu " ..I..:..-.'.. :.. I,,,,. f i(io.lnein,. to nil n Tonrilunirl
taku it anil Muilviny uiiyiip to oli'vntor " :,,,' ,', ,.,, ,,, tei'.in.ln-. nhidi is n mutter of somom
l".""'. "!." . ,. IT", ll TX ,, w i Ulo ehi, il oUtndo' 'to Souther,, pro- lo.est to the lioor fe-irl, who has neither
... ;.V uress. Iho nnsu.r MoiiM ho tlm watti fill miikt nor moiner in uio on,i,
" 7 V . .1 l..i... .,t l..ln.-A.l .n f.... .....1 .
'il Ii v too miieii soein-i . i'.j'. ... ...... ......
UiiM.il oi(t tlu ic. It is tin- (,'ienti'st eoull-
i, hut I will hire some-
ly to go out tlieio mul get neh for me.
try uiiiler llio Mill, out 1 Mill lino some- """.V. ' ,.i1ii,, ,i, ricl nn Kthion tor the iocl in her ear.
.1' . .. . " : ... w 1 L.lrn.! .m ...... .m.J J 1. .,.. ....
1 lie llrlti!, foinun Ireuit.Ics,"
ehouhl hochangeil to
'Tlie focraan lifiiilile. In hli camp,"
to nvoi'l Miiiiinliiic llritiih siiicciitibili'
tics. 1 no hook wns DiioliHtieil in .Mnrclt
1S12. Milh n ilcihenlioii to Samuel lloceis.
which spoko in Iho warmest terms of tho
pocnm eontaiiioii 111 it.
Aliolll llio saiool llio hook in Aiuerie.
Mr. Ilivnut writes to Mr. Dana that if
Iho wholo eilition is ohl it will liliiiK him
in SUVI. Mr. (lo.lMin Ment on tlio J'utl
in Will, when hut thico iersuns worn on
llio stall, now mere aro twenty, .Mr
Ilnnnt wrote tho loinlm? articles ami rc
iews of hooks ; his iiist assistant hail
tlio exchanges mul Iho theatres, tho thir
aeteil as general lepoiter. Ah tlio staff
was so ptiuill. Iho lnhor was vert severe
hut it fell mo.t heavily on Mr. llrynnt,
wlio una IMignt uispiiuiiotocipcet oier,
ilnv unmr. .likniiivitiiiti u.n-lliv tn l.o ven.l
Tho hours wero from 7 n'cWlc a, m. to
nliout 1 p. in, ; 'mul piomptly every
iiioruiui; .Mi. Iirvnnt un. in nu uesK.
Minking witliout lutfrmissiim till the pii-
I niu I no ho!!. I iloulMiint llioenrtli, "','," " '.V i. V ' , . . I ;i ir....i;, .i;iii,i, . v ? .. . . . ., . ' ,
....... , i .; .i .... .. . , i.:.. .1....... 'llio lilt llioiuenl liiulice. nccusiomeii 10 "'i-.' " .., , v,,v ilul KimtJ m press, ins uriu-ies. ui
nun mo on, J..O..IU. en.,-. i. in.,,. ..,... , , ,., ,'oo.l uiulerB ami in. etc.. am tlm clinr-i l ;,.(i.n m :n.
" . . .' . . ... T ..... D ............... ...... ,
nml tuiiehiil hm Chic
stml nml tlieu
b.ikl. "iho hamo ohl pie
see," mul tho beaiieo broke up.
JhicigofiU'iiiVsiliainoiul closo ami h,M,lemnlic management, Mouhl
lusted of his linger nn.l bp piofoiim ly mnnzeil nt tlio Miiy Iho or
31.I.I piece of borax, I ilmary planter "inns' u plnntiilion of
Uoi. lVorr tl.o lliibf.
tl Mia Ii.iri.er'ii ltazar.
acter of mv Mifo is too frank nn.l single.
henrteil to suffer mo to fear that I miir he
say, litliousaiiil ncies, Mitli n hunilrcil 'lil'l'"''tJ- I do uiyseli wrong ; I ilid
negio iianiis. it is ii vast nun vaiiiiueu v ...... .,
interest, ns iutiieate ns n big Xew Kng- but thoy trappfil ino beforo I was uwnre,
lau.l factory. Yet tho planter scarcely ami uoiv I am mnmeil in spite of myself.
1, ; . 1, ploHKliB, hoiroMS and cullivntois-iiro K ' . " V"uo .'" n taml over h
..I? ,11 n n btd orl '"st"'lJ- '''""? "M 'U'"1, i""1 .n"".W el''.'t,lji'(n8e ' to.B?,"u V'tu. f " a ho wrote.
,iil loinll on n bid or ,, ,.; ., ,, ,. ... ... best May is to Uont nmelly with tho tulo. ...nnke.iio."
montlis before. Ho may ho staggering much for philosopliy-now to husi.
consiiint'y tuidcl
hatnllei' 'oo iiuiclt.
&nil exe I ilile. AlhnM
up nnion-j pill inn, ilia more ul case than
111 U,0 lolllllbl 111111". Piuy Miouni il vciy
yiiiiuicc'.lld he Incilnl lo look nt ohjctu, or
listen to louiids, or h.mille tnjs by way of
ainiiicinuit. l.lfo Ii n viry klunning soil of
t'xp'iiuicu lo hifull ino ciililenly, anil It
Inkis n lial.y n gieil many inonllis of tcmU
ktuinfacllon lo ucovir fiom llio shock,
Jlnnljsiois n lottery, but mo havo not
hiard llml love Iclli is iirciluilud the privi
lege cf llio inalls.VAfc Tmnurift.
liko I'opo'i ''lloiner," on tho lirst scrap
of paper that camo to hand the hnckB of
old lutters, or IliHieierse Biao oi lonuer
nrticles, limits' elowly iinii carefully,
with maur erasures mul corrections, but
iu n neat nud graceful script, his proofs
required very little rectiUcntiou. Often
ll... f,,rnmn,i i.f 11. ir ni i n ff.iYw.in vnnl.l
lire agahist tho Btreain, and iiouo . but n fool t.m,i ovl,r i,:,,, 8ioinC off lhie by lino
. ..... .1 i,:.n., i i.. ... . i . i 'ri.,. i . , .u . . .
s lio wrote, iu order to bo in time lor tuo
f'fuiimniil v tiA linfriiti liJa ib'aniilsiUnii
under nn mniiinl interest elmrno. vet ho iour ullcctionata eon, Y H.I.IAU. Mhntoyer it niiuht be. Mitli nn auecdoto oi
must havo his hoises for pieaBtire, bis Wlien Mr. llryaut left collego liostudieil story illustrativo of tlio theme, which
costly guns, mid expensive double Mng- law anil was nuiniueii 10 priiouee, u.ui no i causeu n winy opponent, wnom no nan
u r..ul.i4r,..r i.aIar.j ever keeps'a set of phmtidioii hooks, life 'ilm, the current ot destiny enri
It is not wi l for a cljilil Ihal Ulioi lil bo l i1I11.lle.llclltll, t c.utt(m cultmo long. None but n maduiau Mould
on s. to bewoin out nuickly on rough was not of tho stutVlawyerB niu inado nnd
rutted roads, upon which n Yankeo mil- his practice never ainounted to much,
honairo would scarcely uso n buckboard. Iu tho meautuuo "liianatopsu was
mi . . . ... i.. i..! :i i .. i . i 1...1.. .. I
Alio youngpi piiiutcrs, too, seem 10 1 lying m u pecmut-u juki'-jii nuir, iihito
castigated, to but that tho Kvcnlna Post
always opened with a ttale joko nud
closed with a fresh lio. Ho seldom suv
passed u half coin tun of print iu getting
think it essential to human existence that Dr. Biyant discovered it hidden away, A Lis thought wll out. Mr, Bryant wrote
1. i .i i ... i, r. . . i .. i.i I i ; i ; .... j i. t :i i i. .. i . i.: 1... .,n t..i... .
Itiey bllOUHl ' ireai lienueuiiy, Kiuuniu u i uiuiuiuu m tuo iuiuhj 10 uuu, miuu iiv . tu Jim uiumci umiu ;
little, and buy a few lottery tickets each I lead it, ho carried it to ft lady iu thol Nlw YonK, Juno 28, 1838:
Vou aro so kind ns to wish to bo informed
about my literary projects. I havo no
time for such tilings. When 1 wont to
3-uropo tho Jhtntnrf JW wns producing
n liberal income ; Mr. Loggctt, who con
ducted it, espoused vcrv zealously tho
cnusoof tho Abolitionists, nnd thou wns
taken ill. Tho business of the estab
lishment fell into tho bands of a drunken
and saucy elurk to manage, and the hard
nines camo on. Ail tneso tilings uau n.
bad cflect on tho profits of tho paper.
and when I icturned they wero reduced
to iiuia or nothing, in tuo moantimo
Mr. Leggctt nud myself had contracted a
largo doht for tho purchase of tho r
ntny J'oit, Ho retired, nnd tho wholo
wns left on mv shoulders. I havo been
laboiing very diligently to rcstoro the
paper to a prosperous state, nna negiu to
have hopes that I shall rctricvo what was
1o4 duriuc mv absence in Kurono by
careful attention to the business of tho
paprr, properly so-called, I cannot leave
tin establishment till I have put it in good
order, Nobody will buy it of me. With
bo much to pay, aud with a paper so little
proluctivo, IliaTO been several times on
tl.'e point of giving it up, and going out
iiibi tho world worse than penniless.
Xothing but n disposition to look at tho
hopeful side of things pievyutcd me, nnd
I now sco reason to be glad that I perse
veied. 1 hove no leisuro for poetry. Tholabois
in vhich I am engaged would not, pei
haps.be great to many people, but thoy
aro ns great ns I can enduro with n pro
per legard to my health. I cannot pur-
kuo intellectual labor so long ns many of
a more robust or Ices nervous tempcia
ment. My constitution iequirGs inter
vals of mental repnse. To keep myself
iu health 1 tako long walks in the country,
for half a day, a day, or tuo dais, I
cannot well leave mv biutnessforu longer
peimJ, and I accustom myself to the
gientest simplicity of diet, lenouncing
tea, colVee, animal food, etc. By this
means I eniov a health scarcely ever in
terrupted, but when I am fagged 1 heark
en to naliite and allow her lo leerttii. 1
find by experience that this must be if I
would not kill myself. What you soy of
lmng happily on small means I agree to
Willi all my heait. My ideas oi compe
tence havo not eulonred a ainclo dollar.
Indeed, they havo rather been moderated
and reduce'd by recent events, nud I
would bo willing to compound for n less
amount than I would hao done three or
four yeais since. If I had tho means of
letirmg I would go into tho country
wherel could adopt a simpler modo of
lhing. and follow tlio bent of my luclina
tiou in certain literary pursuits, but I
Unto a duty to perform to mv creditors.
I saw Cooper yesterday. Ho is punt
ing a novel entitled "Ti'io Last of the
Mohicaus." The first volume is nearly
finished. You tell me that I must review
him next time myself. Ah, sir, he is too
sensitive a crcaturo for mo to touch, lie
' seems to think his onn works bis own
: propei ty, instead of being tho property
of tlio public, to whom ho has given
them : nnd it is almost as difficult to
prniso or blame them iu the right placo
it was to pr.usy "or blame (roldsuitth
piopeiiy in the presence of Johnson,
EEO.tli: TOPIC .
HoiiNt'lioUl IIIiiIm fur Spring.
or ordinary woodwork use whiting to
nib tho nut oil, nnd ammonia.
C'oppeias mied with the whitewash uti
i no et liar wiuis win Keep veinini
Ceili ics that bate bteu smoked by a
kerosene lamp should be washed oft" with
soda water.
Hellebaro spiinkled on tho floor at
night destroys cockroaches; they eat it
aud are poisoned.
(lood lhes should bo kept up during
noiico cleaning lime, even though the
tool's nnd windows bo Kept open.
Drain pipes nnd all places that are sour
impute may bo cleansed witli time wa
ter, cuppera water or caruone iicm.
A little ehlotidoof limo dusohed
waim water, and lett in a lamp or can
hicu has held kerosene, will deodorize
it tery soon.
Salt liberally spiinkled over a carpet
befoie sweeping will absorb tho dust aud
urt, and bring out the colors as iresit as
If s oto polish is mixed with veiy
strong soap suds tho luster nppeuis im
mediately, const iptetitly there is less dust
to brentho and blacken.
I'apcr and plaster mo actiteabsoibents.
and when thev becomo thoioughly .satu
rated with aiions tlHuvin nothing but
utile renewal will ele.ine them.
CaiDets should bo thoroughly beate
on tho wrontr side llrnt. and then on the
ight, after which snnts may bo lemoied
by tho use of ok gall or ammonia nnd
a tor.
II the wall nbottt thostote has oeen ...vi , ilpimiiilF(.nilllf
smoked by the stote, outer Iho black fj ,,f imitfr. Stir tl
paiciies with gum sneiiac nun tiicywiu
not stiiko inrough tuner paint or caiei-;
A good wav toelean lauipbttriiers when
they have become entered with soot and
gum is to boil them up iu a stiong solu
tiou of soda wattr. The wicks need nn
occasional washing, too, to remove sedi
An excellent liniment is mndeby taking
ciital paitn each of sweet oil, ammonia
and turpentine, adding double the quan
tity oi nlcehol ns oi any other lugreilient
used, rut togtthtr ami shako well each
time befoio using.
To wash led linen table cloth: But
enough powdeted bmnx into tepid soft
water to mako it leei slippery, use no
soap, rut a small quantity ol boiled
staieh into mo warm rinse water, uang
iu the shade nnd iron when almost dry.
One wav to clean tho inside of pots and
pans is to till them with water iu which a
few ounces of washing soda is dissolted,
and sit them tin the tire. Let tho water
bnil until the iusido of the pot looks
Vapor walls aro cleaned by being wiped
down with u tlaunel cloth tied over a
bloom or brush. Then cut olf a thick
piece of stale bread with tho crust on,
and lttb them down with this. Begin at
tee tup and go straight down.
l'urnituro netds cleansing ns much ns
other woiubwoik, tIt may bo washed with
warm soap suds, qnicKiy wiped ury nun
then rubbed with an oilyeloth. To polish
it rub with rotten stouo and sweet ou.
Cleau ulV tho oil and polish with chamois
China is best cleaned, when vert dirty,
with finely powdeied fuller's earth and
warm water, afterwards rinsing it well in
clean water, A little soap may bo added
to the water instead of fullers earth.
The samo plan is recommeuded for cleau
piggluss. Thick brown paper should bo laid un
der carneU if tl.o indent lining is not to
oo unti ; it saves tuo wearoi uio itiunu
and prevents tho inroad of moths, which,
however, will seldom uiva trouble if 6ult
is bpriukled mound tho edgo when tho
carpet is laid.
Befoio pnint or calcimine is applied to
Willi ctery crcvico .should bo filled with
plaster or cement. Tor tho calcimine
put a qumtcrof a loiind of white glue
iu cold water over night and beat gradu
ally in tho morning until dissolved. Mix
eight pounds of whiting with hot water,
add tho dissolved gluo and stir together,
adding waim water until about Iho con-1
Bistenoy of thick cream. Uso a calcimine
brush, and finish as oii go along. If
skim milk is used instead of water, the
gluo may bo omitted,
VHc on !tou?lioltl Ilfforutloiii
A handsome lambrcduiu for a corner
bracket of ebony is made of dark bluo
satin, with a band of plush or velvet
across tho bottom. Tho satin should bo
fringed out to form the finish : ou the
satin pnint or embroider como stalks of
golden rod, with a butterfly fluttering
oterthem. Another pretty way to tlx a
bracket is to have simply n band of
fringed out crimson satin" tacked to it,
with n dclicato vino painted in oil or water-colors
ou it.
Ouo low seat in the form of an otto
man is desirable in living apartments, aud
chamber is hardly complete without
one. A chair with on ntlection oi tho
spine can bo easily metamorphosed into
a stand leauy tor tno upholstery, uovcr
the top with woolen goods in color that
win harmonize with other lurutsinugs.
lito pulls cf tho same material head a
box-plaiting lined with crinoline, and
nearly leach tho floor. A pretty tidy to
cap tho whole can ho wrought out of vel
veteen and cretonne, with a finish of cord
and tassels.
A bnnging-pillow for cither chair or
sofa may be made a rich ornament. Tick
ing will bo iu requisition ; cut two pieces
about sixteen inches long and seven inch
es deep iu the center, tapering to less
than tiirco at tho sides, sew together, nud
fill with culled hair. Lmuroidcied satin
or silk sergooterlaid with silk net, is nn
elegant outside ; mosaic sitk patchwork
orwoislediu tricot is also very pretty.
Sew tasselcd fringe across the bottom.
and finish tho sides and top with mobs
hinge. Tlie heavy silk cord by which t
suspend the pillow passes thiough eye
lets wrought near tho ends.
A simple but very handsome scarf for
n small table is made by taking throe
st ribs of broad ribbon, havo tho centre
strip of a contrasting color : for iustance,
if tho two outer pieces aro of tho ombro
or shaded ribbons so much in use a year
or two ego, let tho centre bo of cardinal;
tuin the ends luck to make them pointed
mil put n tassel on each point : baste tho
libbou to a lining of silesia, old silk, or
eten of canton Uauncl, and wheio the
edges join work fancy stitches. A great
variety of scarfs could bo made in this
form "and bo ornamented by putting
sprays of llowers iu embroidery or paint
ing on each point, or a vine or scroll could
be woikcd with good citeet on tho centre
A icrv handsome lambrcriniu for
bracket is made in tito points. The
points should bo about flvo iuclitswidu
at the top, and fiom seven to nine in
length. A pretty nrrangemeut in color is
to have the ecu fro point of daik maroon
or ciimsoti plush ; then have tho points
at each side ot drab or r reuoii gray satin,
and tho outer ones of very dark green
plush. Line the points with dark maroon
uauton liannel : ihotiotibio-laeeti is best.
as it will give body to the plush aud sat
in. Whom the points join work fancy
stitches in various coiomi silks, ami on
each satin point paint a spray of flowers.
A lovely design is of laiiiel Mossoiub
and buils, for one, and on the other ft
moss rosebud and leaves, or a sprat of
lobelia with its delicate blue llowers.
'Iho points are fhiivhtd with silk balls or
tassels ; tho lop may bo simply turned
under and be tacked'to tho shelf or have
uu enibroideied baud to cover tho edge.
llieso intuits aio pietty as n finish for
one e-nd oi a table scan, lhe other etui
may hate a plain baud of plush or satin.
iriUct-llnitrnii Iirt-lpn.
riied oysters make a delicious garnish
for balud tWh ; they s'loulil bo fried per-
lectiy brow u on both sides, and be nr
ranged ni outid tho lish on the platter.
Tho flavor of bean soup is improved if
a few thin bliees of ham arc boiled with
tho beans in bet f stock. They may be
removed beioro sen ing tuo soup.
Arrow root is n commended as the
thickening for custards aud sauces of all
kinds, both for puddings nud torments,
It is piefericd to com stnich by many.
n nccouui oi tiiouator.
A bit of tconomy is to save the peel ol
oranges; dry it and giate it for llatoriu:
mince pies and oiange cakes, nud custard
alho. It it is diied peifeetly, and kept m
a diy closet, there is no danger ol its be
coming imiaiy.
Lemon jelly, to spuad between lasers
of cake or on tl e top of sago or custard
pudding, is made by gliding tho nml t
tuo lemons and squeezing out the juice
t sugar, a taoiespooii-
these together, an
then add time eggs luaten tery light
t the basin or tittle pail in which you
hate this iu another of boiling water;
stir it constantly until it thicken?. When
it is cold it is leadv for ltH
Au excellent soup can bo made by tak-
iug one cm of coin and boiling tho corn
in ono quait of milk and water iu equal
propoitiou ; season with salt, pepper,
aud butler. After it has boiled for about
ten minutes stir in it three well-beaten
eggs. Servo hot, with a little rolled
oracker, added just beforo bending to the
,V dish of ovsttrs prepared iu this way
is teiy nice for tea. Toast some slices oi
luead' until they are well browned on
both sides. Butter them ou both side's.
Put tlio slices atoiiud the sides of a pud
ding dish. Then putalaer of otsters,
welt seasoned with butter, pepper, nnd
salt, iu tho button), and cuter it , tilth
bread crumbs, nud so ou until tho dish is
full. Pour otcr all n oolFeo cupful of hot
water, or enough to moisten the brend
nud toast. Bake for thiee qunitcrs of an
hour iu a hot oten.
BaUiu pie, which ii preferred by many
people to gi ape pie, is made of one cup
of crackoio, rolled very line, ono cup of
cold water, the juice and rind of ono lem
on, one cup of taUiutf, btoned and chop
ped very flue, and one heaping teacupful
ofbiignr. Bud the'se thoroughly together,
and add ono egg tlm hist thing. Bake
with ft thin upper and under cniBt : rub
tho top crust with the white of an egg or
with a little milk with sugar dissolved iu
it; bake iu a mode rut u oteu, but broitn
tho pie by setting it on the bhelf in tho
Phosphate ns Appetizer.
ft P. Curtl! til tlie foi'iiry f.Vn((min. !
A little knot of farmers wero discussing
tho other day the benefits of phosphates,
Ono said ho'suwed a hundred Pounds to
tho ncre, nnd he had "good wheat,"
Another had put phosphate iu tho hill
tiith his corn, and he had "Urst-rato corn.
It grew light along." Anothersaid : "J ;
liko phosnlinte, it is fetich an easy way to
manure tlio land." Tho last mon put in j
tho clincher ; "I do not know that it i.1
so much of a mniinre, but it is n good np-!
letizer. no is whiskey, l do not be-i
levo in paying IU or jjij pe r ton for
'appetizers" for land any moio thau 1 1
loin attempting to live on stimulants, i
There is enough viituo iu most phos- j
piiatcs to stimulate a crop nt lirst. and,
cause it to btnitwi'lta more rapid growth.
In the same way a good drink of slimu
huit will gito a jieison a brave start, but ;
tho trouble is the effect is not sitflieicntly
lasting it docs not hold emt, In many
cases this stimulated growth is damaged,
for w hen tho catiBC is exhausted the plant ,
is weakened and el it eked iu its growth, or
else it has (formed nu unnatural stem or:
stalk which the soil is not ablo to supply, '
whilo if there had not been this ctccfh of,
stalk or stem thero would havo been ue
check, but an ability ou the pait of the
soil to lm ye nut nil of tho ii.iiuituinents
of tlie plant.
Befoie comincteMlmnumes turc put ml
up to the extent they are now, I had a
notion I could make corn grow ou tho
samo piiucipal stimulation nnd I pro-
mi cd a compound, not wisely mixed, pcr
liins, but nbout ns sensible nsmanyejf
tho modem doses which farmers swallow
so easily, and I put this mixure into tho
hill, put earth over it, and then planted
my corn. It camo up so meeti nnd rank
as to attract the notice of pusons pasiing
ou the road, and iho sbdks were gtaud,
but I never had so h u eats iu proportion.
Mv compound eoni-isted of air slaked
lime, plaster(sulphate of lime), and wood
ashes, rtow a chemist can u lime just
what wns lacking, 1 suppose, and if I had
put that iu, the-ie would hate bun a pto-
lortionatc crop ot i urs. i should like to
iavo bun. Now I will tell him some
thing. If I hud kept mv compound out
of tho hill, and had n natural growth of
stalks, such as tho land woiiU U.ite pro
duced, the crop would not have had the
set-back it did, nud (hue would hate been
a propoitionate ciop eif e'ars. My point
is, turn stimulating a crop is an injury,
unless it can be kept up until it matures.
As farmers usually uso commercial ma
nures, they elo little if ant thing mote
thau push tho crop at the stmt, and often
this extm trron lh is an imnrv. f watch
ed a field of of buckwheat last summer
with a groat de'id of iuteiest, when tho
seed had been drilled in with some kind
of phosphate, aud a strip kit across the
lot without anv ol it. li.e phm-pliated
part.eamo up tird, and nt bl )Soming
timo was several inehe.-t taller than tho
portion where no phosphate was used
Ihe straw mailt this was a great d-ai
coarser, and the leaves hroardor, ami tu
clusters ef blsst ms moio scittered or
wider npait. The oitner said he did not
think there was any better yield, and I do
not think thero was as good. Tho phos
phated part grew faster, blcsomed tlrst.
and w-as a few days liper, although it was
all cut nt the same time.
Ou soil so poor iu organic matter Itho
basis of vegetable growth) that it would
not produce a ciop.ehemic.il fertilizeia no
doubt could be added to onue a crop to
grow. I hey would also help to extract
plant food from the soil, but would a crop
grown nt such an expense pay ? I do not
like such a foundation to build upon, A
a last lesoit it might do, I kuow there
is n great deal of wisdom spiead on hero
by profussoisand maniifactuiers of chem
ical compounds ; to most of us it is dust
in our eyes so lar as eoinprciiending
their talk, but they dosuc.-eod in selling a
worlJof stuff.wliich in my hnmbleopiniou
does very lit'.le good. Not one of the
farmers whose remaiks I quitted nt the
beginning of this article, know that he
wns benefited in the least by his expeu-
dituio for phosphates, iho probabili
ties oio that thev Miiewattay their mon
and thousands of others aro doing
tfie same thing eteiy year, Docsit never
occur to our farmers that posibly they
may be humbugged a little? Only a few
years ago there were few makers of com
meieial stimulants, or as the fanners call
them, "phosphates, Nutv their name is
leeiou. and every third fnmieris nu ngetit.
Hate farmeis and philosophers always
been fools, or bate thero been new dts
coTories in the science of growth, which
can only bo developed in the laboratory
of some phosphate-compounding esiau-lishment?
It would be more profitable for fanner
when they meet to dKeiihS bow they can
increase the bulk andqunlity of barnyard
maiiuro, and turn their grain, straw and
hay to the best account to increase growth
ou the farm, to exhort each other to bet
ter culture, wlrieh will pay moro iu tho
end than by buying fcitilizi i. 1 do not
liko to sec this diifting away from the old
common-sciifC and substantial l.uidm.uks
aul practices, which have brought pros
perity to so many home, to the uncer
tain, shlltiess and foully wots wnert so
much is paid out nnd so little tot timed,
Would it not bo a wier policy forlarmers
to expend tho money they pay lor cnuini
cal fertilizeis in tho putehn&o of oil meal
and lira u to feed to their cons, and to
mako more beef, mutton and miuure ? I
consider oil meal at s?2S per bm nud buck
wheat bran at $18 per ton to bo a better
investment thau paying or tl i per
ton for a small per cent, of nitrogen oi
plitisphono ncid,
llutt lu SiU'Creil with Onion.
(Prom tuo American Agriotiltui li.J
Onions differ from most other crops in
are mado to run closo to the row : but.
until a machine enn think, the rows them
selves must bn ..I l.. l.,.,i t
culture, which menus thoWi of weeding
nppuances ns olten as is medod, must bo
New Vorh llntlrr .M nihil
Tho New York hnftei .wi.,UL.ia..i
butterino aud ole 'olnni'L'.'ir, no t,.ln,r,.n
with ll,o sale of "nil butler of onh- fair
lunhly, (Biueinllv if not slneilv rr'l, "
Ono of the gient hi iicfits of tio maim,
factum uml snlo of these imit.ilioiin is Ihn
liuproM lUlaiiihird ,,( thu make of ilniiv
butler. "Hm medium uu.l low grades of
butter nro a drug on the miuki t, heenuso
oleo has, by its superior merit, displaced
t ho grease that used to be palmedvir on
tlio poorer classes of customers. To get
rid of (his competition, denliTH ndviso
dairynuu to "hold kick i.ll II... ...1.1 i..i.
of butter they can. use it 1111 nt himin nn.l
supply the focal demand tw, ,
villageH, and mnko its uso last late. I.i t
ho fresh eomo forward hut keep the old
back, which will ho just nsgood for ii. ,mn
uso up to Juno 1, nud theiibv mitcrmUy
lessen the amount of it olleie.'lhire. 1'inn
fresh butter is so far ahe.i.l of ole 1 tlmt it
is not iu competition with it."
Substitute r i:t,i,
Ifocimr. and the fr....,i..,.t .r
tho buifaco of tho Boil, nil- good substi
tutes for rain. Those paits of tho gnr
den that am most frequently cultivated
shoM' the host intuitu. It 'is iir.,1,,.1,1,.
that coin, Mnternielous, tomatoes, Lima
beans, and cabbage, nnd po,sibv other
plants, if well .tin led, in goml, deep soil,
mar go through a two months drought
without yory serious damage. A deep,
Moll manured toil, stiller.-, much less than
a shallow Boil. Hub-soiling nnd manure
nioto a ceitaiu oitcnt substitutes f,,r
rain. Moisture eonus fu.m I., i..,.- t.
ilcrdraining is nlso a safeguaid nl-.unst
irollgllt. The Colllse of the .Iran,. ...
tlio gaulen cm easily he m.nkf .1 111 a drv
season, by tho ranker growth of yeircti
turn aboMi them. Irrigation, in miuiv
puts of tho orth, Mill p.iv. The soil i'(
well prepared, could use, to good nihau
t.igo, twico the quantity of Mater it re
caves fiom rnins during the drv moiilln
of bummer.
not requiring n rotation. In somo iil.iees
Iho land has been iu onions auiiu'illy for
half a century. It Iho crop is to bo
crown for tho first time newly cleared
land is tho best, nu.l neU to that, soil
which has been in corn or potatoes. A
good, deep rich loam is essi ntial, us is
henry mnuuriug, l'lfly loads of t:iblo
immure 10 1110 ncio is an oniuiurv manur
ing, and may bo supplemented oy ashes,
bono Hour or guano ai n top dressing.
The seeds should bo sown orye.11Iy:
should be of tho preiious jrni'11 growth
and from n reliable raUer. Tlio row a nro
a foot apart, leaving eyery seventh for 11
path, and from three to sii pounds of
seed nro bow u to the acre. Ou laud not
beforo 111 onions, thm sowing is better
than thick. After sowing roll tho surface.
Somo bow nu ounce or two of radish teed
with every iound of onion seed. Tho
It is Baid that "tho average yield cf
wheat iu nil parts of the Union u put nt
thirteen b'ushels per ncre, which is two
loistipis over 1 no census nveniKo ui icu
ycarB ago. Still, as Iho cost of growiug
w hent has increased in same proportion
by the necessity of using phosphate, it is
doubtful whether any increased profit, is
mndo ou tho ci eater average yield. Now,
however, till tho profit is gained by the
few who manure thoroughly aud rtow nu
nverngo crop of twenty to thirty bushel.
per ncre.
Till! kind of feed ofT...! ... I,.,.. .....o
ho governed by tho use for which they
nn intended. Ileus inlei.di.,1 f,,i- tl.o
Inbli! should ho fed ljrcrlv II...
of foisl which is knonn to 'contain n huge
percentage of tlesh-produciug material;
but when cggi nhmc are wanted they
should ho fed on egg.produeiug food.
I owls should inner bo left witliout plenty
of water, given fresh nt least once a dav,
nnd in winter it should be luko warm, 'it
Mould bo a good plan to put some mils
or old rusty pieces of iron into tho water.
.luis gnes 1110 water a iniiiaul taste nud
serves to tone up the Bvstun, acting ns n
If cabbages aro set out one vnid each
way, nearly o.OOD can he grown 011 me
acre. Such being the caso it it n prolit
nhle crop when successfully- grown, as
this vegetable not only sills Veil, but 011
account of its keeping qualities, ail'ordi
green food in winter for animals and
poultry, to say nothing nf the family.
In transplanting trees nil the roots
which may have become bruised or brok
en iu the process of lifling should bo cut
cleau nw ay behind the broken putt, ns
they then more readily strike out new
roots from tho cut pait. Iu all such
cases tho cut should bo a clean jlopmg
one, nnd made iu au upward and outward
How shall I get n good herd of com s ?
is the question amonir m.niv voulur far.
mors. Thoroughbred cows eost'too much.
but vou can get n full blooded bull from
good milking stock, breed to good native
i'jhs, and raise thoc.ilyts. The c.ilies
take more from the male than the .'male.
111 n ire years vou will have n poud held
1 cows lor mils.
I'.voi'y Hock owner should inmi'oro Ins
Ihckvenrby vear. by the use of r.....l
bucks, and keeping tfie best owe lambs
and disposing of the oldest sheep in tho
lUCK. it is very poor economy, indeed,
to sell olf tiio hinibs every yiar" aud keep
the old sheen until thev are" ten or twelve
enis old, became tho tlock by this meth-
o.l will not yield ns much prom ns by n
judicious system of weeding out annual-
It is said that "however fertile n soil
may be. not more, perhaps, than one per
cent of it- substance is at any moment,
in n tit condition for nourishing the cions.
Tl... 1...II. ..t .I.i . .
a ue mem uui. o. iios leriuiiy is unavail
able to tho plant nt any ouo tune, and is
only slowly liberated by tlie action of air.
of Moisture, of heat and of manure. It
is upon tlie rale nt which tin libiritiou
of plant-food takes place that the uatni.il
fertility of tlie soil may he s.od, 111 a
great measuie, to depenil."
Intelligent farmers 'everywhere lealiro
that u proper mixture of grain fi ..Is is
more ceouoniic.il than to feed inchi-owly
of one or two kinds. A Connecticut f.11
uier who makes farming liav feeds his
eows two quails daily from 11 mivtnie of
120 ) pound of coniso wheat bran, IP 10
pounds of corn meal and ."00 pound of
cottonseed. This is mined by In iag
thoroughly shoieW oy on a light burn
tloor. Uio same limner thinks it pays to
feed coarse lirnu to hogs occasionally,
when ineil i fed regularly, as it keeps
them iu good condition.
lticc nie.il is meeting with much favor
as a food for milch cows whereier tneJ.
It consists of the scouring of tho neo
kernels after tho shell is removed. Its
composition is neatly that of nvtiago
oats or tli best corn, in respect to nihil
minimis. It hns three times the ash of
oats, twice tho fat, tho same amount of
tibio nnd 14 per cent less ciubhidriito,
hut tho latter 1110 about compensated for
by the more fat. It couis done up iu
loose bags and retails nt about itl'l per
ton. .Vnc Hiigliiml mih ml.
How to Raio Calves,- When live or
six ihivs old take thrnt off tho cow and
feed them, lightly at lirst ; when tenor
twelve dais old, put 11 handful of wheat
bran m the pan. As thoy grow 1,1. lira, 1. 1
to their feed, vet thero is more it-inger of
limtiug by feeding too much than not
enough. 'When two mouths old tuiu
them out to grass.. When brought to the
luru in the fall, feed with twopnitsof
whtat bran and one pait of Iuduiu meal,
about one quart per head daily, lu tho
spi mg they 001110 out like two jear-oMs.
Never feed sour milk, nor buttermilk,
though new milk is uot objectionable.
Cur, .Vfie l.tifflanil Jfuinebttad.
Tho beet is ouo of the best of tho early
vegetables aud should bo found iu tho
radishes como up iu 11 few daya nud mailt gardens of farmers tverywhere. Tho
the rows, bo that 11 hand cultivator or cultivation of beets is a simple matter,
push-boo can bo 11111 close to tho rows They require iu order lo gne the best re
even beforo the onions ore 1111. Ono es- suits only land, thorough tillage nud nb
Bcntial point is weeding. Unless ono is ' solute freedom from weeds. Sow ns early
prepared to givo thorough .leeding, nud 111 the spring ns the grouud can bo got 111
nt the right time, hp should not attempt good Moiklug order. Make tho rows
to raise onions. It is 110 fancy woik, nud iifteeu iuches apart aud drop tho ised nn
there ia no machine that will doit. Uu- inch apart iu the row. If sown very
lcsa ouo can go down on his hands and early, aud especially if the 601I is heavy
knees astride of the low, nud remove all nnd cold, it is very desirable to bow tho
tho weeds that are in tho lows witli his seed thick, say half an inch npait. Thin
lingers at least twico and sometimes three tho plants before they begin to crowd
times, ho will not bo much troubled nt ench other, letting tho plants stand from
tho luUYcatiiiB. Uxcelleut baud-wecders thiee to Ih o iuches apart in the row,

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