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.s. ... F i 1 1 ... .... tit Tra . . - . . . THIS VAMirnniLTs. IcllhUiarlng wonnn. TLcvdo not heW. ,ilw ,t. .... I I In II. ft l-iinn ,Lf st, ...l-.ll ...T t -a i ...n . ..... .,r.j A lllcoti D.il 3 oil know I cahxq 'o im U J ou In We iiigt.t, ( .undone iin I urnritr, V licit the t ill irciB hi fit- nM tinceruiu llfjlit lU'Lkuruil ii'e fi'i'i'iiijf ? HM J mi klinn I kIihcI lime, luu Wjii'ic tiio muti trUaiiM't thick uiioc, A nil all i.rt,ihit Bit'l it H below, Lav tlu iiinoiiliii'if, It I to mtnow i AH II Hi 1 1 'IK' (I t II v tl!1. H ( Hit 1 in- r rv mr 1 1 till. Out tin .-lyii tft ni)itiu l-ii-h or ihii, our liyitiiiff TIil jou lint UmU U4 twij, tn 111 iiienlltuiloof pow .V.iU-Iu-tl Tit'i mc cheerily 1 H.il jmi, far away, lliruiisli till thie loaxncnof lit .r inp r.ilthie ? I i verv Mill ntnl tmticlii mm the pl-ve. The turf Umwh f.iiiinjr. Pillititf from llm bruin-tun hnrv, Kaliitik' ttiTintili the rrmM'M keii ar, r.i'lln to tiifir immMiritiR bi'.i, lKi I I til (in- tit'olllliC lii thi' i Km 1 1, Aliuot KceiiH'il I'l i-tiirt tn Hniin I 'I lif tin hI i nni hi lli.il Kii-ni nioiiihl All win itiiuiii mi ( nitti, itii'l fkv, iit.il tleM Ali'1 Ml i vi mv nun. iMiicti upon jui niruugH mc t.ivll I'j liftth tJilliriilunjr, HI 1 jnu heir mc. li I jm; wnwer mr, mine own J 1 1 mirtinu liiiiijr, Thli fiiirii L-iiiit we wnw fur im n'oiie, 'I III tl'l mi tPCIiilnL' Wit", t n till I (II O Of VHltll, Willi the .ic,i,U.it coul nr tniiti. With ih fii-r to i ii-lii.t Vhllf life H In vp aii-l Ci'tli li mile, U II Hill'): lit !UtK' l,,.ll Wll At (ho Lint i.' i. rn i lnl.l. )ei, iny umit(r. in Hie n.Miiiijit Mimltiijr lonely, jn Dtp n.-tirtn..t hue lun luit itinl k-iuh iimmh, I t.ii I i'iir ilu-.uiuiiL'. The silent I ami. i. Into thf "Merit t.ml t Ah I who clu! I let 1 iMlhitlici ? ('loii u itie t filing k tu.jii il.ukly if.it her, A thl h.uti're.l wrt-i ks lie till- kcr mi the Mraicl. Who Iim U im llli it tli'iitk1 h Hi'l, ThitlhT, o'i 1 thl'liiT, Into thf , lit nt .tUit M, In'n tht'Sioiii I in 1 1 'lo tut. t iiiniliM-t rij.'loin f .Hi plTlftt.Oll ! '1 I'll Irr nioriiltil 1-loin (f hiMiiti on-mult t The in nnNpi le .unl h.liul I M nn ill in k i n II l H- III 111 ll MI M.llhl, M ml ltir llopi-N It ii In l.!'H nm (mutlii- Silent Lu.'ll 111. O Lin-1 ! O t.lii'1 I l'.r ill llu' 1'rokeri-hf.irleil. The iii.M.-l litiiil-l ,y nut f ite tillotloil, II 'i kiiit-t, iimi wiih ineitctl tnrcli iloth iti'i.l To li'.i I in with u tfi'ittli' h unl. Into the i.iulur the int.UikpjrtC'l, Into Hit' Burnt LjiiiI 1 J. t, VvnimUt, SA.IH'U, s.iiim.s, flKitlt ii ts .mt IMiutti of Iho Unit) 1,1 fo oniif.iiiuioroi "M'li iit'H'." oiot'emiy liuniisneil u utici rcviow of tho iutuio jtiu life of thia t-nergetia Scotchman, written for tlto TiOiiduu War UU AiMitioiml m.itter of intercut is tiow triveu. HU nctivo juit ia tliu world's worK uegin-i witli las scttk'iai'iit in Iiih lmttve tiiwii of lliiddiutuii u hiimcuu. at tho ngo uf Jt in quito vwy m iiinterhianti tu;ii no was tnen iu aoro mill uf i:itietitH. Ho was the 'o",iitfest uf eight doctois liaiitg charge of yOUd brutally healthy ftil;t nml, liaviny uui icw ii iniysie-, wuiiu'il Hani m nthcr n$H. Hu lectured at lladdiiiKtuii on lir.iclie.il etiemKtry, iilnsiuhiv and mi- ttiral liistuty ; Icamcd mnsio and paitit iu ; wrote aittcle.s fur the IMinburcl WuUff f'JtrimfaU; of which Thomas iUUiray, iu. ),t tlie iiolitic.il economiHt, was tho editor ; and jiruduced his iirnt book, "IMtypical Kdue.itiuii." Xuno of these dcMccH aiipe.ircd, fur ll m moment, to succeed. Mr. Smiles thought of Aus tralia, and fiu.illy went tu Hullaud ami Germany : and. after a vear'tt ttbseneo. was invited to become editor of the Leeds 2'imcfi, a weekly paper, the proprietor of wmcu nan neen urueiv ny Hi'l auieies in tho lZdiubmgh journal. With a sahuy of .C2Q0 a tAc:ir lio bceauu' An C!tlttr at I,i cd, fimtwoiked, nfter Ins ent-toin, verv hard writing, lectuuii" at imehamcn instt tutes, and tho like. Whiln at JeedH he not only toiled at ins newpaptr utid Ids leeiurcP, nut tim a v.iht nuaiititv ot uu paid wuik. Ho was seen tary to the Leeds Parliamentary Kvfnrm Association, and toiik an active pait in the anti-eorn law ngitalimi from its very eommeneeinent. Ho full a life in. iken olio wonder liow he found leisure to unoke the iiueisehanm liipe ulnnyh himrun his d Hut like all who lead htrenuotiu Hvts, he teems to imye louiut time lor everything, eyen to write ii "Histoty of frehuul ;" to teach in Hunday-school ; to lcctuie. at t)ip Mam Chester Authenroum ; to "btiimp" the "Yeht Hiding ou the pom-law question ; to undertake an adult clat-H at tho Zion school, Holbeck ; to attempt to establish himself in Leeds as ft medical practition er, and to get mariied. 4t as .Mr. Huiil ib' niiiiriage which lpially dtcnieil which among many pur suits chould bo his winking prottbHiou. Uis edituii il salary could nut btipport a mariied man, to he undertook tlie asMst-plit-secut.uvhhipuf tho T-cdaftud Thllbk taihvay, uud leinaincd ou the hini)' of that co.npany until itsumalgainiitiou with tho Xorthiuht in. It was this associa tion with railways, and the men who made them, continued during his w cretarship of tho Suutliea&Uin Hue, which provided Mr. Kiniles not only with a MiihVicnt in-. quire, but with oppuitunjticfi uf cariijng tho lives of tho lomaikablo men whofau Heeds he has interpreted to to tho general public. It will perhaps iihtonibh the many peoplo who can new r tiud timo for unytliing, to hear that theehaimiug vol umes Mr. HmilcH has written were, with the exeeptiou of two or tlueu of the lubt jbsued, ftll written in thp cvemng. The ecietaiy of ti great raihvtiy cumimny 1ms jdeuty to occujiy him dining buhiuess hours ; and, rts hi r James (Stephen wrote lib "Lssays" bifore beginning tho day's tiuiik, ho tiiu .m. piuiii'H wiuo net uouks and inutinurable ai tides and pamphlets nfter it was over. t'lt is just tho habit of induMry," is his explanation of how it has all been done, but he in ton candid and kindly u man to deny that Mich habit may bo indulged in to excess. A day Hpent'iu the anxious and varied woik of an ollicitlof n great railway comtmny. followed bv im ew-niiiLf of Hteinry composition, m.i, Jielptomako a man wealthy nnd wise, hut it hardly makes hint healthy, Ju Xoteiubcr( 71, wliile collecting the final proof sheet of ''CJiaiaeler," Mr, Smih'H was suddenly nr reBted in the midst of woik by A Stroke or Inrn1)t; , for tho timo bung, entirely dis- housoin Pembrukegaulens, isfollowed hy "i"-" i-incisu m mc aiieinouii. mv. Smiles is uu indefatigable walker, and, when the wenlher is favorable, takcHewry ftdvautngc of it. Spare and active of lig- ure, he is still able to take n quantity of i o u icniniKamo lur h inau oi ins yenis. As night nnproachcH, however, ho is careful not to biing about sleepless- . . 'v exciting occupation. Neither whtit nor piquet engages Jiis afternoons r jus evenings, lor Mr, hiniles is per impn, ino solitary well-Know n man in ijonaun wjio iioesnot belong to one club. In his own opinion he does bestbv dinim l"u ll,v nun leaning novels uuerwartl. man is more cood-natmed than Alr. Stniles, nnd less given to deliver sly back banders nt literary folks ; but his open proksion that the readimr of unwnmoU eahns nnd soothes him for slumber would ii ins eainior weio not so well known, sa vor of satire. Since his illness he is oblig- vn, uulmu hu iiungs. io Tone IIIiuclr Diat ii, to lrduee tho activity (f his brain, to so- cure ft night s roM. Ami ho has found therrgtilar circulating library noicl tho most rlhcacious fortius purpose. The poiiraiisol hteplienfon, of D.irwiu and Willis, oi c-nmueeis and nhilrifioiiiirrsi mittered ocr tho liottso in IVmbroko (Irtideiis, are latlier maiksof work dene and books already read than indications of present life. So rue tho portrait of Meter Jingo aboothe libraiv tin place, nnd the editions of Scott and li.ilzno on l ie ijookhelws. For the two latter au thois Mr. Smilts niteitains neifeet ml. lunation. Although of ScottiMi biith ho apiiears to piefer tho i'renchman, whoso power oi analysis nppe.tls to liis phi!os.o- .MllC lUStlllctK ! bllt: ln Inrm-u ll.io l.r.ll. annohi oy rote, and is, to supply his np pi lite for novels, obliged to tall back up- on me iniue soothing productions of tho comcinpurary mum. As a change from the quiet loutine of home life, now that that they hae seen their children settled in ino worm, jir, ami .Mrs. Hmiles con tiutie the habit, fortni'd lii-kt in tlm a,- of work and then in thoho of sickness, of iMvuimg abroad. A continental tiip twice n year makes n pleasant bleak from uiu in in v i Lr ii . a ii . im i hut- .nt in. ... fiitigahle in Peking fur new ground givis clitoriul variety to well-earnod root. in tho method of his binrrjinl Hmili's imreuwl at nil times, uud fspcciuN ly diuiuuliis later venra of 1 Unr.. tlm n.urho liu 1jchi iu "'Tlio I.ifo of (lein-go htqi iciisuli," tliu lirht r,utk wliioli lnailu Him klionil to till! l'L'ail lie mi Ii If l,n JiuJ not kuou tLo man limwclf iutimate- J.v, no not only collected mateiial from lna lneuili and descendc-irU, 1ml visited iiio localities m wliicu lm hfowas pasbed LoculUIti? or UN .Jiiii gives paiticnlar iutcrobt and freshness to r. fjniiles a biograiilnc.il woik. In pall the habit was ciiL'eiidcii'.l nnl nf lli.i !.;. in fly nnd rccieutive manner in which ho wroto liii liooks nhilo ho as a railunv hecretary. It waaiu tho intervals uf liubi- ness nnd llio vritmc of leadine art iclra. that ho aecuniulated tho mateiial llml 1... afterwnid c iii)loycd at other intervals of Mien excellent advantage. "It is very am noi to mite, ilr. Hniiloa will oli- mu-vc, "nlien your mind is charged with facta and ideas." And tho factsand idem Hero accumulated Iit wiiat. to komo hit. sous, would aiiiuar a lalioiious luocess. 1( 3lr KlllllpM if v.-na niiin lflu ...II way post enabled him to givo np tho editorship of the Leeds 7Vni, and, hav ing once learned to make meuioijiulu and to writo from them, tho habit was too Mrous to bo i iscoutmned. lfn mrt Clcorgo Stephenson at Leeds, and, rccog nhiug tho lino and exceptional character of tho man, began to collect materials for writing lua Inogranliy. wlnlo encraircl tliorimtinoof inisincjs. ho found on. portuuilics of going over tho ground ou which milch of StellhellMin'a limn l.n.l neeu passed and Ins eaily work done. Thus, wliilo theamalgam.ition of thocoin. panics foimiiig iho Norllieavteru was iu progrcas, it was fontid necessury for Mr. Smiles to go to Newcasthi to cxiinyno Uia books of tho then extant Leeds Xoitliclu company. .i odd times ho inquired of vinous prisons concerning tlm nilly lifo of (ieoigo Sti ohensoif : innl. ilinnur n lcsidcnco of m vend mouths, ooutrivud to iick up lacm mid identify localities. Ou our Mimmer evcniuirs nud Snmlnv nftnr. noons ho went lo Wylani, whero Stephen bou nas hum. found old lii'nliln ulm in. collected him as a "grit darclecrcd lad- lie. and afterward visited Ilewlv llm-n Xcwburu, Williuntou Ouav. Killnicunrlh ami all the places at which "Ocordio" had iiveu auu worked, tu tlio saino milliner olnlay nfter holiday was spent iu lookiug up localiliea for "Ihc Lives of tho Kn giueers." "Indlistli.il liiiiErr.lliliv 'Tlm Lives of lioultou mul Watt," "l'ho Hug llcnots,"uiid tho biographiea of tho Scot titli uaturalisth alicady mentioned. Tho surroundings of overy man wero l'utlenll) lllinttd l'p. and work was mado to feel very much liko piny. "Self-Help," Mr. Suulcn's most buecissful book, was, like all tho rest, Iho lesull of lougpicvious aocuiiiuiatiou. As Iho biographies wero written from vol uminous notes nud memoranda, bo was "Self-Help" tho lesult of numeious leo tures delivered on bubjecta beariug on tho main issue. It ia not n little curious that this clever book bhouhl havo been miuo ieiiseii iieioro ino success oi "flio I.ifu of fleorge Hlcphensou" gao publish- ia coninienco 111 mo nutlior a woilt. Tho erv life of Stellhcnson itself lnmirrhf Mr. Siniles nciution from the great rail way nioucer's son Itobert. nhu ti.l.l l.im ho feared ho would losu both money and tinio bennuae i'iw una oared niiMhing aboit tho !icB of nigiiiri'iH. Mr. Smiles, honcver, was of Iho opinion of Sir .lohn Siui'l.urns legnrds uselul as well oruaiuental neraous. A I'leiiclnnnii was one day praising to Sir John tho man who ementid lullles, Mheieupon tho poruy n.iroiict reninrkcil that charm about Mr Smiles Ii tha entirn nb. senco of cither tho literary air or of that .a i u b oi uumpiioiisncss whioli often ebnga liko a pcstilcnco to tho Hclfmndo man. jio is always quiet, peifoctly uu assuming a3ll self-possessed, and 'has r niiaint way of his own in answering nitca lions. Ho has just finished ii lifo of James Xasmvth. tho ci.l-brali.,1 Invculnr oi ino nnminer, ono of an artistic family, who turned his ntti ntion to mechanics, as mil rilr u illiani Armstronp. llm lauvnr nnd Arkwright thn barber.' Mr. Xns m.l III IS lloiv livo venrs nl.lnr limn Alt. tunica ; aim ino voiumo anout to njipcnr ...u iiiuuij inn in liucrcai an who liavo over seen or heard of tho Nasmyth liam mer. Tlio book has been a li.isni'i.W luetion. and not written br nnnlclieia n wero Mr. Smiles's cnilicr eftbits, for which ho. liko all eood workmen mrwlnat. ly pleads as if in extenuation, that they wero written, if thouglifully, yet in small installments. When asked which of his works cost him tlio most labor ami nnxieiy, no answered, in Ins soft tones, with just an ichoofthc Lothinna ii: Ihem, "Uriugiug out tho Chariug Cross X..II1U 11, 'flic PJtr miri tlm Dos, tFroin crnnil.erbM J.iurn j;. account ot ins unsneinliln iiifoin.l tlon, tho grevhottud is no trouliteuinm n. to bo excluded from mnny kennels. A gamekeeper iu tho North having one of these annuals given into his charge, was i- ..lino lorinenieu uy us noise and misconduct, nnd nt last became obliged to turn him nut to wander wherever ho pleased. Xow, thero happened to bo a pic on ino same luennses n neli a so en joyed freedom. To Iho astonishment of eerjbody, theso twofoimedafastfiiend ship, to close that they fed together, hlept together, nnd kept coiistnntly iu compa ny, without tho olio ever showing tho slightest hostility toward the other. Tho dog, that had formellv kent un n lieinel- unl iiuanel among Ins own race, now seemed anxious to accummodato himself to tlio wajs of Ids new fiiend : while tho pig in Ins turn seemed equally willing to stand high iu tho favor of tlm lioim.l Alter this state of things had gonoou for souio lime, iney catno to undcistaiid somcthingof tho natural uifta of nimnn. other. Liing on tlio conllues of a moor w hero hares and lubbita nbouuded. thev D..t. I.. .1 imi . i i: . "ie" o' u a iiiiiu ijinei llllllllllg on uieu'owu account, ino Hound liemp guided by sight moro tlinn by scent, louud most diilicultv iustartiiifflnsm-ev and here the pig, which nppenrs to bo en dowed with an excellent bccnt, camo to ins ussisiauce. Jvuowiug what was rc- quueu oi mm, piggy would traco tho haio or rabbit to its lair, and then wait for his coninauiou to do thn vest. Tims guided, tho hound would sometimes tnko tlio prey with one bound, or if ho failed in that, ho gavo pursuit : and when tho inro or rabbit wns captured, returned Wth it to tho lIcr. which imuifiliatetv tore it to pieces, to bo amicably devomed between t lit in. Tho keener, obliced to piit a stop to this poaching, confined the ng ; out ino nouud biio tied Ins constancy i.V following his friend to tho stv. when. lumen wiiu nun nuerwaril ou tlio ucst if terms. Altboucli tho lmmi.l cmld lcaii over tho stv-rails with tlm inentenl ease, no never attempted lo sutiply tho diri'; wuu moro uaies or raiiiuta. A l-urllait Lo.p Letter. Peruana tho oddebt lovo letter ever written was ouo from John Winthropto his third wifo a short timo biforethev weiemnrricu. no was a riir Inn of ih. straightcst sect ; so was sho ; the two wero equally mate led so far. and Im nc. eordiugly addresses her in tlio strangest nuapiation oi scripture language to Iho piupobch of cotutbhip eer seen. lie begins : "flrace, mercy, nnd pence, etc. My own beloved Bnouve. mv tnnsl. uurrt friend nud faithful companion of mv pil. grimage, the happy- and hopiful supply. . wniiov ii.-nur, oi mv greaiesi losses ic had lost two wives.) "I wish iIiloh most plentiful increaso of all Iruo coni- orl 111 tlio love of C 11 1st. with n Inrmi and prosperous addition of whatsoever nappiliess llio sweet fslato of holy ed lwk, iu tho kindi at society of a loving husband, mny afford thee. Being filhd with tho iov of thv love, nnd wnntinrr n. portunity of moro familiar communion with thee, which my heart fervently de snes, I am constrained to enso tho bur- ten o my miud bv t na nnor heln of mv scribbling pen, being sufficiently assureil .iiio, iiioiign my pieseuce is Hint wlueb thou desiiest, vet in tho want thereof theso Hues ahull not bo uufiuitfiil of com fort to thee. And now, inyaneet love, let mo awhilo solace inemliranco of our love, of which this pringtime of our acnuiiiiilioicn emi .mi foith na yet no moro but tho lenves mid losBoms, wliilbt the fruit lies wrapped up .no u-uui-r nun oi uopo ; a littio moio .itienco will disclasn tins fruit in i.l bring it to suro maturitv. Let it be our care and labour to pieservo theso hopeful buds from tho beasts of tho Held, and from frusta nud other injmiea of tho air, kbt our fruit full off eio it bo ripe, or loso aught in tho beauty and pleasautness thomif. Let lis llluck no simli ni.llli.u uud thorns na would defruud our plauta of their duo uouriahmout ; let us pruno off biiportluous brunches J let na not sliok at aonio labor iu watering and man uring them ; tho plenty nud goodness of our Unit shall Jrecompeuso ua abundant ly. Our trooB are nlanted in u fruitful soil ; tho ground and pattern of our lovo is no other but that between Christ and bis denr spouse, of whom sho speaks as tho finds him. 'My well beloved is niino 1111(1111111108.' Loowna their banquet ing house, lovo waB their Jwine, lovo was their ensign ; lovo wns his invitings, lovo wna her fatiitiuga ; lovo wns hiB apples, love was her condorls ; lovo was his em braciuga, lovo was her lefiesliinga ; Una mado him Beck her, lovo mado lur seek him j Into mado him wed her. Ioe inndn ..w.i ...n rnc. HI .l.'a . (f ......l . . uriituii i iiiiilD-'rralt. itiiii p,..u. our ume. who iinnK tiiai one cmlit llnrlim. or it. Vat-lout .milium. .1 more than tnougli unless the father has to William VandciMIt, nccordlnu to my ail. 1 !S !';. 'ffiey brltin their children Into the vices, s on i-Ci vmrn nld. ume. rl.th m ""'jr unu ireriiicnity anu consequent IhiiChichuiall Snouirer. Ho has lo a. Iiuvi '.. . .'"? iindcrbllt . house is not liko the eilint clven tin ntiliu Inifre.i I,. r.iii.,.rt. , "uzzicwh iioiife, f nil of meanncii and trca- nd otlur proncity. lie mule n laica In- ".i!"' backhltiiig William, Uio great tire teitment In Kovtrnniei.t Ijoml-, In order not I "iu'l", V ' ,W ,w "PV many grana rasped w Hi .'ins . ''. nfii in; unves ms norsci to hav his nallow years harassed with bml. ness. Not exactly a hypoclnnilrlac, he Is so iiuiLii ueiigiueu wiiu ms niii mul lit? larjjc revenue in il that ho gives ninth of ItU time unto doctora. nnd nnnovs hli frlrr.iU w-ltd hi. scneifivcncM about his hcillli. With the neann or a null lie has tho nerves of a wo. man. 1 or sonic lime past he has hu l tho movement euro, or llio ruhliinc cine. what. ever it tuny ho called, luvoliing somebody conic and sciuh his muscles over and delude hhn with I he idea that friction U hcallh. Ho is niso a victim of tho Loinrcopnthic people, and bothers Ms filetidsliy tililnir out ot his liinkci pnpcis oi .io. I, io. o and Ho, n, and swallonini: them In Iho midst nf in. orilinarv social dcmnnslrnttons. uu is eo mr iree noin r.nlroidoccupitlii.s now iiiai no uccs not co more t an twice tn one month tntluNcw Voik Centrnl rnllrnnl nation. Indeed ho is out ot New Y-rk icntrn stock'. I o rreent V Rn , II. nt in nn.l his faniily altogether hid not over a 100,000 slnics tf Central. I am told th.tt his son Uecre, who is ju't about milling lo be to he SI yenisoM, iiscs' 2i),ijiii) fharcs of this floek, hit him by 1,1s grandfather. There fere -Mr. Vandcrbilt Ins not nn-r AO nun snares oi .New ork Cenlial. '1 l.ls at imr would be only TS, 000,00 ). Kmc may say that he has but jO.OOO.OOOat rreent hi New York Central ttock. I Inve iniiititidwh.it ias nil II elm c with the mom v ho nbla ned hVflliilU out his Nlw Yoik CNnlril. Snmn siy that ho bought his long line of govern, men', bonds wiih il. Oil cts siy thai he pes. nve-s long lines OI SIOCK 111 1110 giailCr railroad, hi the.Mexiean railroads, etc. 1'ioin what 1 hear, Williun Vanelcrhiit and ms glow n-up tons do not alwnvs look through the san.c glastes. William's father en uic loys t-irge sums ol money, iu irtn- ral. 20.(00 thares iiniece. '1'liisl.as InnitL'tit them for S' eril ytais putt an annual income in 'Muu.uuu. Hut lo Ci.rneilus Viimlcil.il', the i,hl romn.od. ire's ihlest grands in. ho left TOO. 000 shuns, erivin:? him nil Inrnme f f almost tM J.O'jO a ear. 1 In so incomes, Im. Iiil' Indeptiidont of Ihelr father, the bojs havo Vsc.l a. 'I tier l'lt-a.vd. Cornelius, the elder son, Is very ronserratlre, plain and ttralghl. lie has built hinifelf n ety nobis house, 1ml II dues not show the aicliiteulmsl t.iste and quillly of that of his licit brother, William K., who is the poblltto number of Iho futility in the thud i;eneratioii Ctirnelius, Jr., fas l.ols called, Ins very goo I liiauius, nui no very Hushing or innOTatinc ones. WiU'am K. is n nus'tivo nirit. n .-.rt . f Dan Cameron among the Vandeihilts. IKn amcron Is to'.elu utud for contradicting Ins father, and saying no when the M im would tuv Ve s. Wllll.,til IC is the Don Cam. eron of the Vamltrbills. WhenhcfiU down to play poker w llh his father he makes his tire ante every time. "I'niher," ho m. you hive nut untied." "Yes I have. V. II. llnill." F3VS the till! man. "1 be-L- vnnrnnr. tlon," says the son. "yon allied last lime. but not I his time." Then the old ?n:iti 1 the sun's pardon and units up. NeveilhV less, William K. Is described as heinj ruled by his wife. Ills wife is S Mihipiu us'y formed wemian, rather of the dark ord. r, : round nnd flu-h, nnd cercies that nan c'iss power that the ilark women alnais d.ie-,. ever tlio mm wliocomo lo have thur fiulune to.d. Ilium It. would be very much milted if ho rtad this notice, lechii-e he Is nut nwatc that he is eoverned bv his u fe. but that Is the ttaJllioii atuunil the Vandcrbilt ouse, and beiper a fa'.lliful renorttr I mu.t tell It. lliere arc four sors in the Vnruhrlilli Household nnd four ilnuzlilcrs. The four tons nrc Cornelius, William IC, Fred and (lenrcc. The four il.uiliteif, all n'.irricd, are Mts. Klholt Shepherd, .Mrs. Slnane, Mr?. Tweuiililey ami Mrs Webb. To start with, the sous t Cornelius was much better put np for bv his grandfather th in line of the hIIicim. because ho took his grai.dfather's name, nnd Hie old.'nmn saw more of him as he ilevilnptd than he did ol the yuan; sons. Tin ni was an Idea fur mine jean that Cornelius was the railroad gmhisof the fjn.ilv i but lectin- y a tlieiny has developed tint Willi K. is mole uf u business man tli-ui fiir. nehus. Vt Ilh'im K. I have nlicady detcribed. lio out Oil Ihn rnfid. n.ut tj mill. .1 n. .l.n. ......1 lion ut times by his compeers, he tries, from incro good nature, to sum up Ins grand-chil-then, and finally aayat "I really don't know u iiiauy i uavc. 1 KOOW Tlio .llolhera are all Dolnz Well, anil tho fathers hive a ncwcrln on their faces eivety nine i seo tncm." What a happy fani ilythatls! Wealth docs not scrimp them. Income does not ston Its outcome. It ..rr. serves tho two'grcat law0f Increaso and mul .iiiLi.iiun. .'Ir. Mienherd. who mnrrlcd II.A nl.ln.l iiaiigiiicr, is a queer character. Ho Is now iinisnuig n uuiuung on iiftli avenuo occupy, ins a pail of the old Hulger's Institute, which has for It! signs IheSife Deposit Hank, Iho Hulger's Dank, lhe;ilink of Hanks. .We uu aiuii aim iL'n'i line nisi, irvir. I nip. nm n-k what the IJank of Hanks Is. The friends of tho Vandcrbilt family smile ant S.IVt "1 hat is nnn nr Klinnlionl' ennks." the next dauirhter Is Afra Rtnnnr. Rtnno Istlio leading camel man in Now York. I In constructs articles on which mankind and woniaukind walk. That rather gives him a black eic in the superstition nf New Vnrtr na one nf the Viinderhilt family. If he could only make ceilings on which pooplo could not walk, it might bo different, but to put heaiitilul articles under our feet seems strange from sue ha very rich person. .So on the wiioioine Slnnnc element of the v andcrbilt iUUUIV IS .1 ll lie OlllPil i OU'n minn nnrl nit larly hy iho William K. element. At Ihc same llmo the Kloancs rank very hijh in the llierc.llllilo WOlld. Thn mni'tiinclnt liiill.Uni. of the Moitie faniily, on upper llroadway, hardly has Its matt h In the world lor a store oi any siri ami as a carpet et ircit is beyond SWll.,l ISIIII, The third daughter la Mrs. Twnnd1i.v Twoinhley was hi Ihc paper.niaking business Ii .Ma'sichusetts, and was not worth flO.OOO w hen he lii'irtitil one uf William Vauderliill's daujhtirs : but be was a gentleman. The v aniicrinlls siy they elo not demand monov as a qualification to ci mc luto their famile-. but they do demand respectability, good n dure, good manners and good feelings. It Is to tho credit of William Vandcrbilt and his wife that Ihov rrmrd Ihuir own fortune na uuqiiy SulUtleiil for all tliolr 1 credit was also duo to tho mini who lidded i ""low turn ; lovo lnndo lumber K.i the shut." This is, fl,o Uejbtouo of tho flu"r, lovo mado her his servant. Lovo jueJiitlMl biogiaphiea which havo mado hred our fellowship, let lovo continue it, their author famous, that tho records of "'ul '",0 "hall increaso it until death ahull culllta and caniiia nro of lesabiiman int. est than those of inventions, which havo enriched, instead of impoverishing tho human race. Mr, Sinilea'a judgment piuieii bouiiu. ior llio success ol lus lung WIUCII. abledhim. Hy tho eoininand of his eloc- iVf. V... , fr,r ,, . . , tors ho was consigned . ,o entire rest (ur w 0" Z f lho ' vVa " mi St three, years-a teri iblo in .o ion on a man I ,ul'a hem tran8,'tc,, iu'jn" r, ",c , "'0 ' . ui inn it niutjiuijif ill, int.' iii-niiut-Ul was enmnletelv snceessfnl. In Irnvellii... , V "1" V'""' ! " '"ail 1UU ""j :"," . ,, V ,i.Vn;.Vrr nt i ,n r ,ifBm"' iiungaiiau, itiiiiminian, Bwcd. Vlethiin nTeen M Zk.Vm l o Liin.it II u ! ""l. .? ",''' ." JapaiiebO. It ISethnal Oiceu Museum, ho Bpent this weary perioit, and camo out strong, wen and icsulved, in thn words of Dr. Atkiu, to "make tho most of tho sal. ago of life," Hut ho judged it wiso to lilinqitish bin railway work, and has tinco occupied his lirao In wilting "Thrift nud Duty," ns well na the biographic a of (leoigo Muoro, of IMwaid tho Scottish nnlninhst, uud of Jtobert D.ek, baker, geologist, nnd botan- Bt of Tlllll'BO. Hinoo his hajqiy and compltto recovery Mr. Smiles or Dr. Smiles, na his intiui. fttcs moro nccuiutely cul) him bus led the pleuaant lifo of a mini nf lileraiy t.iutu htt without tho necessity for literary lu bor. A morning ut his desk iu his suug It. linK Imnn instnlled all over tho woild nB u stock jirizo-boolc forbchoolu, nnd has cariied tho author's nuine to tho I'.mla of llio i:nrlh. MrSmilcawas by no means so elated nt lua liternry uueeesa ns to overlook for nn instant tho inteiest of tlio railway com puniea ho Berved, nnd who thnnked him ua hnuilBoniely for his Hervieea na did Sig. Mcunbrenanil Iho JapancBo l'rof. Nuka nuira for his "SelMIelp." After woik ing heaitily for tho iiin.ilganiation of northern lailways, which practically dia e slublibhi d him ua nu ussistnnt seen tary, ho worked witli even greater energy ns secretory of tho Southeustoru. Agieat' elissolvo it. Ameu." The J..nu.7 llrlile. tA IVrtriiit ot Jfro, f;jn, nee furrti.l.) "Tliero wm a Knurrinan bcniile, Auu the Je-ssaiiiy nrnlf." "Anil von went nnro Willi myrtle t-roirncil I'' Ynu once weio .lip, Cor wl i I .sir lloliMiiltli-a itruiia in hum fouml llionulao uf Jasiiiine-r.louiL. 1 Uaiir8trani,'i.Usi.fnis! You wluuii lie loenl. Yun wlin wi".' l.riauiin(r ilt.il it felinieil la hiiuka-tur us liuve lirote.1 Bone inn a fmi;ruiitntlo ; A itiiiie tun slia.towy f.r to Htauil ileal lolling!!) I'rlmroana. lteahlo llii'ih'urnlil Icir, anil Our iiiory than liroilier, Musos I Wft rsnnot miens your volep, wlio Vliow Ki'uinii'imiy'aialii imlluii Fir us 'i r I lua ll.-ai. '1'ililn must atniw Mure-!iiilii.!,ie nun jou! Tet Koiun afaut ,pwa we tiare. Yuu fame W liill lliat khiU Mini lia.l II.-.I ; Tun laiwnl Ilia lulr ! ynu krw til. lumg Um'i un Jour hin, 'us aal.l. Tou liveit, nn.l .llml. Or when, or lum, Wliou.lHl 'IhlauKcut uura llul marka ynur riwa iirow a liea.l.louo now ily UslJ.uillli'aJi.iiumv Swvie-ia t a.lii. Ilvt.wu. 1 u tlner.iks'r I'luycr, he is a came n,nn. he ft els his i ats nnd Is an Innovation, and dots m t lonsult l.ls fullur uuoiu ntniniFS nr pleasure, lie is a club man ami uses ma gime nnd is a hard mm to tackle at the game. His hoii'o Is a tine deni- llSlr.tllon 111 h llv I Kiro'li ilv he i nns nnv Ihmg. His fthcr has leen conmelleii to hell, hhn iiuike mi'tier. lec.msj William IT. is not irouh'ed with lashfuluess and goes rigue in urn usss me tun in in what is the tafe thing, nn.l tell, lum th it, if he fells lum out he will lose the confidence of his criatcst run. Next, ns lo 1'ikI. Tied is nn IninrcssiUe. nni' rous.'feiLiiilne kind nf iillou, ncennhng lo my inloi million. He has a cousin named I one lice, who wns lnuriied tn u pretty wo- ...... i. .mien..; inui HIS WHO Hill IIOl Cl along well together. 1'ied came on Hie bur. ison. fell the .plendoruf .Mrs. Tnrrenee, in. centineiilly cuiid and en 'eil by uuirrj lug his e.-iii-iii wnu. .uis muiie more eicilenienl In the Vnuderbilt f imily than aiiyihing th it had happencil bhieo Will-am K.'s horso Hi kid olf the hnrte'hoe. The great subject tu eu.ii ii juse is me uenuvtiir ot me li'itses. Hut whin Fred married his cousin's wife, William, his father, was not nbhito tell Hut day whether the htirses kicked of u shoe or not. 'U.e Orthodox Hutch reformed principles of the house weru seriously us. silled. William, the sire, having mnrri' I n clergy, man's duughltr, nnd knowing lint his wife la alw-ajs light, iirlit ul uly on morals, left the qiiitlkm to her. SI. e has severe views on divoicc-, etc. William nn.l his wife laid awake of nights for some lime, wondering whether they should discard 1'rcd for hav. Ing made tiulia match. It was a feihuis time in the (ninily. 1'ud only had s-.',000,. 000. 'Ihe hhn of tliul peair boy luingpov. city slilcken with i-J.OOD.OOJ moved llio tyinpatliii a nf his lalhi r and mother. They wtpt. l'or sniiio nights, Il Is said, Ihercwi.s vc ry little slei p In tne house. Tiually n dis. mal picture was presented to Ihe couple nf poor l'red. with only 4g.000.000 wanilerinir around Ihc slricts unit unublc to Hud a board- ing House. j was llvt-oliel f.. 1'i.rgltti lllin on aceoiuit of hlspovetty. lie was forgiven. Yet slill It is a bote spot In Ihe family. The faniily is plain and tranquil, and can stand mil thing but a social niitinke. Trcd'a w ife, it Is said, has no childten. We hear very little of or pour l-'rt-el. Yet lie is taken back into the household, and is not going to starve, on the slrcets with only ii,0o0,000. Thero la a great deal ot human nature in our parents, uftcr all. Finally we cotno to Ucorge. Oeorgu has been a w aid for bumu lime. 1 le Is just now coming of ago and his 20,000 shares of Now i otk Central stock are going to bo available. So (leorge will make his entry into this life with $100,000 tijear income i nnd when 1 think nf the lush and elegant girls roving niouud these slteels and going lo tlio matin, ees, who will hardly look over the bend of n fellow witti only $.'i(M) n jour, I begin to see thai (icorgc Is going to gel the woman des. tmt.l for sumo other man. (Jeore'e is a.' times In tli rot Ihau Ihe ij.lOOO.n.year-m iu We nil know th it women are Hindu for men, and a nun i!j limes moru of u limn ihm ordi nary will hue made il great mlslako unlesi he gits something very line fur that In eonie. Ai to tho YuuderU!!, daughters Ihey sr. o.torltr. I lit tliev will not have ndrentiirt r.s. vnlcnr. mnsorodd-lieartcd peiplo of the world to marry their children. Ihc nearest approach lo a worldly person who has come into that lumtly Is .Mrs. William IC, who gave the urcnt hill the oilier night. Twomhley was a Hl'Ston VOIltiir man ulm Btrunlr 11, .. I. nor. ..r anoerniu-s daughter and when the old folks were sitislied that hcwasatrue.hcnrt.d young man, they ashed nu further questions lieu he entered tin ir family they set about m.iuk nun large ai.ii creiiiiauio occupation at oi.ee. I hear that in Ihe Vnuderbilt household tlm sens, the elnughteis, U.e sons-in-law ami the iiaugnitrs-in.iaw an stanil ou the same font lug respected, tHloved, nnd all given an equal chance I y the line old Knickerbocker w no is 60 much richer than any of them. . Hl.am s fortune is ut lensl ?'JOO,000,000. '.iu lias tw.ouu.uuuu il eovirn ilflit linmls lie told 6nme of his ftienils about four years niiu inn. ui incuine was io,vuu,uuo a year, lie has never been beaten by any stock o crater, and has mule eviry one of thein who tackled him squeal. So 1 would not tie turpilsed if he-h-id an income ot 20,000,000 u.ieui, niiiiii is anoui equal to llio capital of un. ui ins coiupeiiiuis. Tho youngest il.vichter of William, llm fire, married Dr. Webb, Iho son of James iiiiiun iieun. ejl.l .nr. Wclili, who is slill a.ivc, nui a tiany cnnduiite ror tliu obituary cjiliimn was a great editor of New York uiyneiorc mc advent ol Iho elder llennelt. lie had nothing lo speak of. He probably had enough money to rent his nltlce and buy a sicond-hantl gig to drive around nnd sec ms patients, im tlrurle ihc heirt of the youngest daughter of Vumlrrtiilt. hho wns a I all, lithe girl, win could loll tenpins mag. nilliintly. Si,,; tnuld stand up in the Icnpiu alley ul Hara'oga and beat her father, her ii'omir, un tier t.rothera and all her sisters, nnd all tho company that was lirnu -lit in playing tenpins, l.veiy tune they rolled w un ner iney nad to pay the shot. Nut par liitllnrly Lcnutlflll. butuf a fine-, healthy fhr. uic, a splendid linrsewoniaD and read v for any evercise. she had the I'ltul Cfnt.i tint In fick out a money grub, hul a btlglit young jaiuiii.i until. When Dr. Webb entered the family they made it n easnnt for 1dm at one. iu aDw clearly enough that it would no! do for him in ne going around -cw Jork practicing on sniali.pox pailonts, scarlet fever children nnd mumps when he had a wife worth at least iS.OOel.OCO. So they put him Into a banking house of somo kind, uud made it nominal for mm. lull. Mill. tn. nuia ana I-linnlo.ua dispersed from bis mind, he ceased lo feel Strang-,! in that household, and has had nt hast one child, if not morn. Thn l.l,llnQ..r,l.V ,.r v -i.i . . ,. . . . . ' -.'.-" ."V ... ..n; .uii.uruiie iniuujr is to taae tile se-.ire out of the sons-in-law and iljughteis.in. law, so they will speedily produce au In. Cl ease. I lie (IIK pt on mav he asked l,,l!,r , and .Mrs. Vainlerbilt prefir this or that son or daughter. I tindirst ind that thcie is no iliscriniinatlon nt nil among tho children hy the parents. The children, while genial and wholesome take up then-own careers and the parints. in Ihe Alnrrlean at. In t.t II...,, their rare. A tine d mncracy eiists In the amleibdt circle. Will, an, ihn aim i. cluclly occupied driving his horses, keeping disease nway nnd making his posterity hap py. Ills wife Is a thorough mother, wife and woman. Sho Ins ho affectations, no passions for ecstatic society. Mie has borne a large family of chlldien ulihont ili,.i,i., and loves them nil, nnd her husband takes his cue from her. She Is not mutli concerned about Iho world's opinion, but hopes anil ex. Iiccis ucr children to he lunest, faithful, pure and to avoid scmdil. I tie excrescence Iu Iho family is Mrs. William K. Vnndcihilt, win gave the great party riceilllv. She was a Mi.a Kmill. nn.t her father w us named .Murray Smith. Ho lived at Mobile, Alabama, and had an Irish, man's face, lio was north nothing, or next lo nothing. Ho loved the Soulh, and camo here us a cotton broker after tho war. His wife, however, was a Virginia woman, and suiierior lo Smith, of a good family. -Mrs. illlam K, Vandcrbilt inherits tlio parvenu from her father and the blue blood element from her mother. It was sho who guided her husband Into building tho magnificent homo whero ttic lata hs.ll una riven, a tmusn tl.st probably has not its equal ns a pn rate residence In Iho world. Having been the genius of Its construction, she naturally wished In give a party to warm it such as would honor tho mansion. Mrs. Cailvlo bitterly reeretted lmvlnir mar. rieil au author. Young ladles who havo a newsrnper rt porter on Ihc r strtmrran i.ntl too cautious. Vhidigo Inter-Ocean. 'Ihn tiprtnc I" I., tlio Air The . i In la In Ihe air : For. w III! the Ural warm klaaes nf tlio rsln, Tlie wltite-r's l.-y anriow lire-alatu tears : All.l tluit.ruwu lliiualu-a liittly Olhl wlttl brlffhl eyi-athe rahhlt re-ra Kipiu tlie .talk warien where tlie llr-eoiica lie, .Mi.l trt'a.H uiih aiinw ilruii utnlufout, mul rui.a tlier tlie mosry kanll j atntlila. k l.hila ny Ae l oas uur nai Ii at e-ve-nhig unit I lie aui.'a. May longer tellli ua I All, tiuw gee I lit ae. Ura.s-suille.l S.rlng iu all lie-r Joy of lauglilni UH.u.iy t l.aud .Vfcasure. Tho American J'armcr ndvisencvny fanner tn l-rn.. ... n, ...i . . .-...w iiiri.siin a llglil, atitr polo just sixteen aiula half feet long for ineasiirinn- lnml It. .. linl.. .,.- ticohecan Icniii to btet. n rod nt livo paces, which will nnswcr'vciy well for or-dinai-y farm woik. Ascertaining the number of rods in width and length of w.u.usjun wish to mcastue, multiply ono by tho other nnd divido by 1C0, nnd you havo Iho number of neres, ns IfiO square rods make an ncro. If you wish to lay oil' one ncro measure thirteen rods each way. This lacks only n rn.l nf full measure. A four rod tape,' lino is better w-ben you have a boy In entry ono end. ft a ery iinporiniii Hint every farmer should know tho acreage nnd lie-Id of Ids own crops Aoaiiitnn gites-a woik and beg n measurement nt once. Pekl.t Hulks, This Varietv r.f ittinlr. ir.i .'nVA.l....l - j ... ......... ...iu ...iiu.iuseei into this country from China about tnnltn .ji.iuu uieir iiiirouuciiou itiev navoiapidly becomo iiojiular with nil lovers of lino water fowls, until nt the present timo tliev fl t (t illmritst It tllfa-H-O.sl las (idmitted to bo ono ot tho best vnriclies, if not tho best variety, known nnd bred in tins country. They nro very Inrge weighing frum fourteen In elvi.-nT, ,,.io per pair, are ef lino form, and tho plum age of both sexes is of a uniform creamy white. The legs aro short.Bet wide apart, and aro oi a beautiful vellow color. Tho bill is of II bidder si, ,1,1,. ,, i, ,,r.,,i. ... aflnoorniigo color. They aio devoid of manure every year than to givo large " iv t-'iitj nine. " uottie of carbolic ocid should bo kept III i"vrrt" fnciii 1.... . a1 i r . ' ... not merely ns n dis infectant, but ns n wash for wounds uud n?. ? nor "I1-' l,urPeao it should be di luted with water. Its power to destroy fungus rrmevtl.d mnt.. i.i.- ;,f. r,l.. . 1 .....r. CiUUOUU llClll U. valuable in pruning orchards of pear, plum or pench where hllrrht nr ntlmr .Ii. K,"i"U.7,ec,ed- .Tl'. l"niK "hears acid wnter 7 "' mt,,"" J-hero is n serious b.s nt rnrimir. r.n. seycro wiinls passing over plowed lan.l in llr r' I.1,'0 f!'' rinpy 1'iilverizes tho "''"' " n." ', it ia I'lown freely, ns may ho sen. l.f II. I.I..-1 ... - ' .. . sidoof n plowed field. This Heck on the snow is tho richest portion of tho anil. A grow ill of winter grain, if only ryo to be ,.'""" in siuing, auor.is somo pro. tection from winds nn.l nlll ...ni.n.i ,.ia expense in this item alono. llio cross of tho Cot uo iri not as ponuUr n it Wn ft few Trnt-n ago, except or early Iambs. Tho wool iB not liked. Tho South or Hampshiro Down sliectl crossed fm r,tt,nl.l - i...t. of the finest quality, nnd thero nro npt to oo ii inrgo proportion of twius. llio common harrow can bo nm.licl tn many mom inimii.,si it..... n. . " ....... in imniiiuii .ill.. of preiarni3 t in L'i-inii.,1 r.,r i. is ono of tho best implements for lining mauuro nfter it has hem. ...,. .1 i cast, moro thoroughly mixing it with the fectivc ' ih m!lu"rd llunl,lJ ef- top-knot,, "lhB head being ,,ifrmiy their oals too rapidly smooth and of fine form. Thev nro very 11,7, .''"''".'e'ked by placing some active, hardy nnd prolific, often conh 7il,f , t10 ''' mencing to lay from tho nndillo to tho last of l ebruary, nud e-ontiuuiug, with short intervals of rest, until tho end of spring, rbey can bo successfully raised on farms not supplied with ponds or running n...,.u.o -Mi-ping uiem wen supplied Willi water from tho well or spriiig,place.l ... ..uiiKua tucru enev can invn rr.., n.. ccbs to it ut nil timca. This combination of good qualities certainly entitles them no e.-i.iieei i. superu variety. I'rullai.d Treo C'ulliiro. 1. IUbtond of "trimmilin- 111." trnnu an. cording to tho old fashion, to makn them long-legged nnd loug-nnued, tiim them down, so as to muko them even, snug nud Hymmetn'cnl. 2. Instead of manuring heaiily in u ouiu.. n.u.u us inn .out oi iho tree, spread tho mauuro, if needed nt all. broadcast over tho whole suifaee, especially whero .uu .uua ui .nu rouis c.iu gel at ll. 3. Instead Of Sliaditiir n Un,ll nlntn iiuoue ino stem, cultivate- tho whole sur- iaco uroadcast. 4, Prefer a well nntvert'n.l nlnnt, ...p. iaco in nu orchnrd, with n moderately ricu sou, to Heavy manuring and a surface- covered with a hard crust and weeds ana grass. 5. Hcmeinbor that it is bellnr tn not n..t ten trees with nil tho necessary euro to make them livo ami llourish, than to set out a hundred tieea ami haio them nlldio irom carelessness. b. llemcmber t int tobacco i n .',,,, and will kill insects rapidly if proper) v apiilied to thf in. nnd is mm nf tlm I...... drugs for freeing fruit trees rapidly of 1 Itiallv. do not neelect tn set m.S n many finit trees of different varieties as you possibly can. It will pay. If you havo but a small farm put out tlio fewer trees, but put out as many asyou can find oi'i.e-o .or. career lurm mnrn rn. 1 ruit evaporators nro commirntle-nlvi.il expensive, they are ory easily operated. ...... t.w.i.. ...n-u nun is always naianie. If your farm ia near a railroai'l, vou will do able to sell every bushel nf fruit fnr city consumption that ynu may happen to raise, and you will malizo satisfactory prices for it. Hy nil mn.itis nlnnt nil tl... ...nt ireea euue Jnu 111 iv nnd room for, and raise all tho fruittli.it vou cm c,..n your trees to bear. A Nen- Vie for stnsv.li.al, A writer lo tho Ifunie mul ',. . 1,',.... tucky, makes Hientiu.i of thn use nf siirp. dust in planting tiotatoes. and usaeila that tho product wheio sawdust w.ia used was twice as great as whero noun was used, and linger and smoother. It was uot stated whether the sawdust hail been used us nu absorbent, was mixed with manure, or was used us it originally cuiue ..uu. mr snw,-wilicii Wuuld Illlike consul eruble difference. Neither was it stated how much was Used ill tlie hill, norwheth. er tho sawdust was from hard or soft wood, all of which nro very imnnrtant onsiderations. lint it ia In.nllv 1. .. bio that this article is iu its native state ill be Used velv nxtniisiml.- nu n forti'lt--. er until more ia 'known ubuiit it, although ns stated tlm yield nf liiit.itilr-a can ha doubled by its use, ut tlio preseut time. wueii ineie aio so many portable mills at work iu the general destruction of the fori at. of Now Kiiglaml, mid sun dust is accumulating in quantities, if it cm bo Utilized as profitably, it certainly si Wo dune. Within u e-lv fe-w veai-sfaimerbitiri.il. Ulhiu. Couu.. liae been iu ttio habit nf carting fu.ni a permanent bteam-uiill the sawdust that aceuiuiilatcd, using it ns nu bsorlieut nud for beddiug iniriioscs. but no claim has eer been made, uur baa it been suggested, tint of itse-lf It possessed auy ngneultur.il uiluu fuither lhau its absorpt is o power, but thut it excited n remarkably beneficial mechanical effect upon the mauuro with which it was in corpornted, so that il icry much aided its disintegration tu pulverization, u thing that is always dcsiialile. Sawdust is substance that is useful to tho farmer in tlio office it performs na un nbsoibeut nud illsuilegrntor, and nlsn in the hho Unit IS Slltlsfactouly made of it fur liaekiiiL. around the ico of nu too bouse, but its further uso has not jet been satisfactorily proved. thus bo compelled tn nick l,!s,.nissi,i,- mastieato them moro thoroughly, aud Hey wi II do him much more good' than if hurriedly eaten in tlio ordinary way. Considerable difficulty is sometimes ex perienced iu turning under corn stubble by spring plowing. It is greitiy lesaeii ed by p i.siug n heavy drag oier tho field, when, ns the roots nro loosened by frost, tho butta nio tipped over. Tim gnin to I be oat or bailey crop following will moro thnn pay tho expense. iio.tih nii'ics. Note, on Ilou.el.olil Ilecorulloii. For tho common sitting-room a tible spread mado of C.iutou ilanuel ia useful tlio border mado of th,. ll,.n.u.l ,.- i.... caded Cautou llatuiol, whieb" is a novelty in tlio storea just now : or rim nr trim il .utjnj n.iu u sinpu oi cretonne A pretty tidy is mado by embroidering a spray of (lowers or a bird on n small square of satin ; then put a baud of satin around thistbavH it ,.f .. .. ,,,i-.. ooior j tneu another band outside of this and lltiiHli with fiinge. If the satin ia of u origin color ami of good quality, it necela no other decoration. Tho small round stands seen in nbm.st every sitting-room are made ornnmeutiii uj iiuriutr a l.im irntiii n i mL-n-l ... ii. edge. Cover thn tim nf tlm i.,,,.t .. :n. crash, nud crochet u latiibrequin of tlie lish-coi'd bo much ued for various fancy aiticles. Mako tho lambrequin just ns yoti make tho tidies, with close work nud with open spaces through which libbous nro eo ue run. i inisii with fringe from tbiee to four inches deep. Havo tho lam brequin, with the iiingo added, reach to where the Ices of tlm stand .'ntn 11... Riaueiaril. .i A,I",ll7 W-V to oyer tlio uiqier put of tlio buck of a handsome chair is to buy n eoweioi uno quality, nnd witli heavily fringed ends j tio the centro of tho towel with n ribbon or cord lightly so that the andsof tho tow-el aro left Im. t,i..rt tt.. ends of a necktie j put the tied centre of tho towel iu tho mnl.Un of th,. Mek of the .-iiair, ami npread tlio ends out, pulling a bow- of ribbon nt tho centro wl ill,., towel is tied. This is n paitieuUrlv good tidy for ii gentlein.iu'a higli.b.ieked'ch.ilr, ns ho may lean bis head nu i ither side niinoiu Boning tho chnir. A tirottv scran bar' Is ......l,. t. . four pieces of Java funv.it n ...i..-t...'. ..r 7. yard deep ; cut tlie cointia off an that pieces shall bopoiiiU-d at iho bottom nud lnuiidiug nt tho tup. If of blue all-wool "inn, nonia r-muroiiicry silk a pretty (Irceuaway llguro ou annllmr In' i,,-t,!ht colors, yellow nnd pink being especially pretty. In order to havo a guide to w ort: ny, traco the design ou somo very thin paper, paste this to tho can.-as, and after working Ihe lines pull Iho tinner n.n t.fnllv ..... , ...i-u ..an wursieu ine colur of the canvas crochet one or two rows of clusc work urouud each piece and crochet tlu-m cogeiuer : tuna i with u n..r, .....i i.. suis, and have either n ribbon to hang it by, or another cord and lir.i las,.ls com aioue. farm .olr.. The earlier in the season that laud phis. ter or gypsum is sown on clover tho more certain it is to produce good results. Somo experienced farmers bow it on tlio last snow, nud insist thut to do moat good it should bo applied befoin upiiug raiua have passed. It is beat to net the old coat of hair ohnuged na Bonn as possible uu horses, pelore being put to hard spring work. For this purpose the brush uud enrrv comb should be freely used. A little oil una., -in. ueip uiu operation, uill slioulu bo discontinued before hard work be. gins. It is very important to work horses verv moderately the first two or three dujs of spring work. Let them rest frequently, aud cuao tho collar at least every half hour. A little euro iu beginning right will snvo hoiHCB from galls that, if neg lected, will muko them of little use through the season. -The value of wood ashes as a feitiliser too little uppiceuitcd. They contain Vnrvitlir tiroooltinna tho valuable initi. eral propel ties needed by plants. Thiy ars especially vuhiuhlu for oichardaiu beariug, liming nuns jet unexplained effect in perfecting tho fruit. It is better to givs a light eUctsiug of any potash prepaiing porridge, gravies, etc., the salt should uot bo added until the dish is i.ie pured. Vhen boiling cabbago put a slice of salt pork In the water and nn agreeable llavor, with no objectionable grease or fat, will bo given to the c.ibbngc. Kurosenow.lt mi.V.. v,irinni.iu. bright as new. Saturate a wouh nrng and rub with it. It will also removo stains from tho clean varnished furniture. If a little Vineirnr nr unmn nl.lnr .S ..t.. ed with ntovo polish it will not tako much rubbing to mako tho ntovo bright, nnd tlio blacking la not likely to Ily off iu film dust. The addition of a lillln soup will rivo nn agreeable ll ivor to it. Do notp.it in enough to makn it a ills-, t met llavor, but put it in witli t!m bmb, aud pepper nnd salt. mi'lo of canned whortleberries Should havo ail Itlnlnrern it nni.- ll.n.. over tiio top put ntrips of pnffpist . Tin much crust with tho b 'rrios in ikes au nl most tasteless pio. Au excellent cement for mendii.rr nl,i. is formed by stirring into a thick b-,1u-tiou of gum nrabio sufficient piaster ,,r pin's to m iko n thick piste. Apply with a brush to tho fractured edges ami press them together. In threo days the rirtieh) will bo ready for use. The npproved manner of citing an og is tho English fashion. Set tlio egg up. rigid in tlio cup, nviko nu oritleo m one end nud cat out of tho Bhcll, tl ivotiug to the taste. Eggs disc-dor silver bo much, little ivory spoons may In uso.I for egg. spoons. If of silver tho sp .on should lie laid in cold water ns soon us used. Boiled hams aro much nicer if allowed to Btand in tho water in which thev un boiled until cold ; tlso outside due's not then turn black and dry up ns it does when taken from the water to c.uil. c.n. scfjuently there is less waste in preparing i.ifiu .or mo mine, nut always lciue tu ber tn removo tho lid of tho Lottie so that tho steam may escape. If tllO Carpet in vnllr aittlnrr.r.ssn. Is becoming thin, and you think it will list but n short timo longer, buy the peer car pet now, if ffS-ssible, nud let tho old ouo rest through tho summer. Hivo it thor oughly cleaned, aired, nnd suuued, nud then lay it nway. A Cirpet treated in this way will bumetimes bear tho wear of several winters, wh. mils if trntkC .l.mn tho whole year, it will not last moro than ono. m.eollaliaous Iteclpc. An agreeable dish for dessert is mail in aids way : Line a deep pie-plato with nah crust, put n layer of red raspberry jaui ou this, and cover with a iniituro mado by beating threo eggs, ono cup of powdered sugar, a tablespooufiil of but ter : llavor with a very littio ultnoud ex tract ; put this smoothly over the jam : bako till tho crust is douc j servo with cream. To make a Bo-cnlled ovster pio fill n shallow pitddiiig-dish witlioysters, cream, pepper, aalt, and butter. Let them stand on the top of tho stove until boiling ; then cover tho top of tho dish with n rich crust about half an inch thick : bake un til the crust is browned delicately. Servo hot. This ia a delicious side-dish, tn bo Ht sides fillies nud hinibrnnnins r.,r II... ...uiie.-i mm inoie spreads ma. n ..r m.m. remeor llsb-eord or cirpot-n-aj-p, very baudsuuie window lambrcquiiM nro made USD, llUll WIlCU OUO COUbl.b'lS lllW slm.t .1 timo it takes to cieichot th. -in. it iliii-M ti... uppeur 10 uo much of n tusk. Ouo in- diutllous woman, who inner sits witli idle-hand, has mado bed-spread also, with bioad bands of ribbon run iu it; it is a i cully elegntit pice, of faucv work, and ono which will never wear out. Th.. stand tc.iifs are pielty when eio cheted of au open-work pattern, mid lined with ke.irh-t or bbio silnsia. Tho lining, of course, costs le-ss than thn nli. bona, .llouseholil lllnu Salt fish are quickest and best freshen ed by so-iking iu sour mill,, Lobsters boiled uud served on toast niakis a dandy dish fur u lunch or ten. Cold rain water nud snap will reninec machine grease, from washable labiics. Fish maybe seded much cu-iei by first dipping them into scalding water for a moment. Milk which has clinuc-c.1 mar tin uu-nnl. eiicd orreii.lcicd lit fur uso by'htiiiiug iu a littio soda. I'rcBh meat, begiuniug to sour, will n. eiei. ii pnice.1 out ot doors iu the cool eil lartar, and uno of s.ida : ono eun .,f mr oser niglit. raisins, cloves, nnd cinnamon to suit onr Kerosene will soften boots and shoes '"''!' """ cup of stoued and chopped hardened by water, reueleriug them soft r-l"iiU8- 1- the experience of must mid pliablo us now, , cooks that cake mndo with cream of tar- A tnblespoouful of turpentine boiled '! "-8'"l '.''ll-'p moist longer than with your whito clothes will greatly ,,i 1 th,lt,m"'.1" "i"' I'aking powder, but the. tho whitening process. B , l'""'1" ""li,Teuient tojiso that it has l'.lktn fnr lnl.nl. lo ....t- I l!..IT , i I "' V "".'"'. ."'" ""' , : ; min irose mis cat. gluo in strong vinegar, then belting it to , daik brown. muling uiu. itddiug nour. - Hnile.1 Blarch is much improved by the European capitals nro very good cities not addition of sperm or Bait, or both, or a 1 to live In this Spring. In UuuKm every little gum undue, dissolved. public building, cieadimn to Ihe gaa.wotks, When cooking a largo fowl or joint nf 3 ''arelnlly guarded ajaiiibt ihe cxpl.nbu of ........ .-. V .- . . . infernal iitnrhi.ips l.i.la .1....I.1. ........ ......... ...it. uei-m-ii.i Willi 11 l.l.llnrit.l . eaten with any kind of fowl or game. To mako au nppetiziti!rbtef steiv. t.ikn out the bono and bind tho pieces of beef tightly, putting n lemon, pared nud cut in two, nnd some herbs in before binding. Place it in as small a stew-p.ni or ki-tth. as will allow of its being covered witli water. Let it cook Blowly nud gnntlv j do not u.ld any water unless absolutely necessary. Shoe n largo o.'iiou aud fie it brown, and add to tho water also inv sliced vegetables ymt clio.uo; or cook the vegetables in a ketthi be-theMis,.lynt aud servo ou tho platter with tho beef. If you do not ndd any water you will have eery rieu gravy, and il portion nl it 111 IV be leseryed for soup Btoek. It is sometimes hard tn . 1 i . 1 ul, ,t I,. li.no fur the luncheon, which in tuauv homes takes the place of tho iniddn din ner. If a family ia fund of oistersouu mid never bo wholly at a lo is. Heie is nun way to servo them : (let them iu tho hell : wash the shells perfectly elnm on a bed of coals ; have your table spread, and on it have some thtii slices of bread, somo eiisp crackers, butter, pepper, and 'alt, celery, if in season j if nut, pickles nf sumo kind. Have the milk and water hot, ready to stir the chocolate i-i. so tnat it may go to the table delicately and fresh ly made with tlie oyidris. When the ny. tenure done- tho shells will open; have, ready some butter, mado soft bv standing on the hearth of tlie stove, but do not melt it ; put a little lump ou each ovster, nud it will melt there. Tho iinner shell should bo removed, of course, but servo the oyster on the lower ouo. Chocolate is reeoinmeuded iu placo of tea or cjiTee, as thu olnldrou may be allowed to drink that. Steamed corn bread is n.irtienhirlT wholesome when made with buttermilk. If this cannot be urucure.1. uso tnbbnrn.l milk. Tutwo cups of ludiau meal allow one cup of white tlour. two tabh so. inn. fills tif whito sugar, two uud uliilf cups of milk, ono teuspoouful of soda, one of salt, nue tnblespoouful uud a half of melt o.l butter : steam for two boms iu a well. uttt-re-d tiu, and diy off in the men. A delicate omelette is made lima i rtn.it the yolks of four eggs, and while beatim. mix with them a teaspoouful of Hour, two tablcspoonfuls of pulverized suc.ir pinch of b.ilt, and any tiavoriug i xtraet that ion choose ; this, of enure, cm lie decided with reference to thenther disluM which mako up tlie dinner. Heat tho whites of the four eggs ton froth nn.l mix with tlie other. Hake this on u but- ere'd dlsll : ndcCPllhltn will anaunr it will rise scry light nnd blown nicely in a veiy few minulcs. Scud to the table but. If you pleiisn sou limv sift powered sugar over it before sending it to tho tabh. delicious and inexpensive, raisin nil,.. is mude of two eggs, ouo cup an.l . I.nlf of sugar, two-thirds of a cup of butter, one cup of Bweet milk, two cups nnd a half of Hour, three teiispoonfiils of b.ik. mg powder or two teaspeionf ula of cream , but bake uutil the top is a paper to prevent its being Bcorchod. conceited clfoits to I nits shudders over s t tlie cly on lire. Keroseuowillbuiuclcnieriftheburncrs 'lt no bulled fur live niiiiiitea lev., or t hi-,... mtm t.. n, .,...,.i.,..r.r vn..n...?. -V f ..... time a year in wooel ashes aud water. occiurcuev, ami, to cap Ihe clluini, lhe9o Clear boiling water will remove ten Jll,lllulllJU:' assassins issue a cheeilid pioc- staiusj pour tho water through the str iu 1 niiu-tlon warning pccple not to alleiid the uud thua prevent its spreading over tlio r1nr"1,mll,,n ceremonies at Moscow, because fabric, Ihc Czar will ho inuideii d then If mil sooner SultwiU carai. asw milk; heun0,la f,Utt TuJy1i'