Newspaper Page Text
THE BUKljlINtfTON, VT., FREE PRESS, FRIDAY, JANUARY 15, JL8S0.--TWELTE PAGES.
THE ANNEXATION PROBLEM
RFAsnNR WHV BURLINGTON AND
WINOOSKI SHOULD BE UNITED.
IiiterrstliiK Opinions iifMnynr Woodbury,
cx-Miijnr Hutch, .Judge Wales, linn.
Henry Itnlliird mill Alderman Alger
homo .Strong Argument!.
Tlio publication in our columns o in
terviews with ii number o prominent
residents of Wlnooski upon the desirabili
ty of nnnextiiK Unit village to this city,
attracted general attention to tliu subject
ana the (luestion has been discussed very
freely both in tills city and Wlnooski.
The weight of public opinion among our
prominent residents seems to be in favor
of the project, and having presented to the
public the views of our neighbors In the
matter, we now publish somo in-
tcrostimr discussions huviiuj tho same
bearing by prominent and representative
men of this city.
.Il IXIJv wai.ks's OPINION'.
Hon. Torrey K. Wales, when spoken to
in relation to the (iiestlon of annexing
WlnniMki to Hurl burton expressed mm-
U..11 in li sii-imirlv in favor of the union
of the two places. "They are contiguous
mill t hern is constant communication ne-
tween the two and tills will be greatly
Increased bv the building of the horse
railroad between them. Winooski Is
reallv a nart of this city and should be-
Ion-' to us. The union would increase our
population well up toward twenty thou
sand and give character to the city. There
is no rensun why they should not be one,
Jinny Burlington people, especially those
in tlie f irst ward trade mere, some do mis
iness there, and not a lew own property
across the river. It would also increase
our grand list and still not increase their
taxes to any appreciable extent. There
would be the machinery of but one gov
ernment instead of two to support and
that would be a saving. The government
of Winooski could be run to better advan
tage under city government than under a
village charter. Then again the people
of Winooski would have the benefit of
our high school and of our school system.
It would be a gain to botli places llnan
cially and give an impetus to our business
interests, i am in iavor 01 annexing 1
nooski and 1 expect to see it accomplished
within a snort time too."
MAVOl! WOODIIl'HV's VIKWS.
Muvor Woodbury said : "I have not
given the matter much thought, so I am
not able to determine 111 my own muni
whether it would affect Burlington as a
whole favorably or unfavorably. I am in
clined to think that the annexation of Wi
nooski to this city would be more a mat
ter of sentiment than anything else, and
that it would an advantage to us I do not
readily see. X am not prepared to say-
positively, however, tliat it would be a
disadvantage to Burlington. It would
without doubt be an advantage to Wi
nooski. The two places are intimately
connected now. especially commercially,
and that relation will be closer now that
the v are connected by the street railroad.
Our industrial interests are closely Iden
tified now and would be not much more
so if legal union were accomplished, ex
cept in name. 1 think the union ot the
two places would make but little differ
ence to them or in. The rate of taxation
being about the same now I fail to see
why we should obligate ourselves to make
nnv particular improvements for them.
as lias been suggested to offset their as
suming a portion of our bonded debt, as
our present rate of taxation covers the in
terest of our indebtedness and through
the sinking fund provides tor its ultimate
extinguishment without an increase of
taxation. Whether the annexation of Wi
nooski to Burlington would be an ele
ment of political discord or not may be
VIKWS OF ALDKltMAN AI.OKII.
Upon being asked for his views as to the
union ot winooaKi and uunington, Alder
man Alger responded as follows : "Yes. I
am in favor ot the annexation of Winooski
to Burlington and think both would be
benefitted thereby. Winooski wants our
school svstem. our water works, out-
police regulations, our colleges, hospitals
anil free library. She needs, too, our loriu
of municipal government, ordinances,
etc. She needs to be severed lrom the
town ot Colchester and attached to an
other that will aid her in her progress,
rather than retard her growth and pros
perity as the town now does, and as South
Burlington did us beloie wo were organ
ized as a city. We want the numbers
"Winooski would add to ours, thus making
us a city respectable m size. o want
her grand list added to ours, and want
her property appraised at its lair valua
tion as ours is. We want her pay roll
added to ours and wu want her additional
business located at the Falls. We both
want the prestige larger numbers would
give us. We would both grow faster
and be more prosperous, and besides, if
we were united there would be strong
hones that the iron bridge that has been
talked ot as a possible way of binding us
together might become a lact at some
early day. We have taxed ourselves for
years tor sewers, for improved streets,
for nagging our walks. lor curb stones
gutters, for stone crushers for macadam
ized loads, fur school buildings, for city
hall, for water works, reservoir lots, for
market grounds, etc.. and it would not be
expected we should be willing to take
"Winooski definite ot all these things and
tax ourselves thousands of dollars togive
her similar improvements. A fair and
equitable union however would be ben-
ellcial to us both, but a proper allowance
should be made for our improvements."
us .MAVon hatch's idkas on tiii: sciukct,
Kx Mnvor .To I). Hatch expressed him
self to be heartily in favor ot the annex
ation of Winooski to Burlington and ho
thought there was a strong sentiment in
favor of that step being taken. "I cim
think of no good and sullicient reason why
we on our part should hesitate to receivu
them, Absorption Is one of the natural
means ot growth of cities and the larger
place always lends to overcome the evil
elements which may exist in the smaller
from the fact that city government is
better than village government as to the
elllcacy of police anil sanitary regulations.
See how it is in Winooski to day. They
need a thorough system ot sewers which
they are very unlikely to obtain owing to
the chances of deleat of any such project
in a village government, the small tax
navcr.s being able to vote it down. And
then as to police matters, when they want
nnv thimrdouo In that line they have to
come to tliis city to get our authorities to do
it. Then there is no doilblthiittlieaiinexa.
Hon of Winooski to tills city would result
in ii orimt, Improvement in thy appearance
of that place. It would then be a part of
our municipality and we would take pride
in having It look as line as Burlington Is
now. It has been sugget-ted that we
could not afford to take Winooski and
nut her streets and sewers in as good con
dition as ours are, but that objection is
based on a misconception. The heaviest
part of the burden of new sidewalks,
m-witm imil the like is provided for by a
frontage tax and about the only thing
that the city would have to bear would
bo a duo proportion of the cost for tho
fmiitiu'mif m-oss-streets. Grading would
be the principal item of expense to tho
general tax payers so that there should bo
no opposition from tho residents of tills
city on the scoro of increased taxes. e
would take pride in having Winooski a
better looking place anyway from the fact
, that so many ot our people have business
I., I,.,,.,.. .1. ...... T . . I..... Ii.., I,K- llll
imvirab IIICIU. 111 IllUb llltiu ....
imaginary lino dividing tho two places
and from the community of Interests in
tliu two they naturally belong together.
A largo number of tho residents in one
place have business or work in tho other.
Tin' iii'iinlii nf Winooski have, nu nilill-
tliinulJInterest in the welfare of this city
from the argo amount of trading that
they do In this city. I suppose that on an
average as many as 300 residents of Wi
nooski come to Burlington every day.
We want Winooski principally to li ve Us
a larger population and a larger tax list.
A largo population Is what will help us
now more than any other one thing that
can be named. Iain confident that at no
distant time that of Winooski will be
counted with our own."
OPINION OK HON
Hon. Henry Ballard thought there was
till ft nnstliin but what a union would ho
bonellclnl to both Burlington and Winoos
ki and that it would be accomplished in
i In. iii-iii- future. "Winooski Would un
doubtedly derive greater advantages from
annexation than we would," said lie, "and
I can see no way in winch it would no 10
the detriment ot either. They need uni
form of government and our schools, and
they certainly have great need of our
police regulations and the other Improve
ment", wbicli we could give them. The
great objection which they have always
had to becoming a part ot Burlington
was our taxes, but I think the rates of
taxation are so nearly alike In the two
places now that that objection has ceased
to exist. Uf course the two places in a
business point of view are practically one
now, but their number added to ours
would give us the reputation of a city hav
ing a population of over 17,000 and
through the natural lucroiiso wo would
have, with our present ratio of growth, in
lbUOn population exceeding 0(H) which
makes quite a city in New Kngiand away
lrom tho great centres dko isosiou aim
Providence. Some do not place a very
high estimate on the advantage tho in
crease in population would give us, but
the matter of size lias great Inlluenceiu
determining the location of many people.
When it went out in 1S70 Unit we had
gained 5000 in population In a short time,
which was a great surprise 10 every oouy,
notwithstanding t ie lact unit tho census
was irauduleiit a large numuer oi people
(locked to this city and we then gained
some of our best citizens. Our business
interests link us llrmly together, but
when the street cars get to running over
a bridge such as I hope we are to have
there, space win bo practically anmniini
ed and the car trips instead of being once
in ;io minutes will nave to bo mime as
often as every 15or minutesso that peo
ple can go irom one place lo tlie oiner any
lime thevchooM. I think the business men
ot Winooski are largly in favor of being
annexed to this city and when the time
comes, as surely it will, in my opinion,
there will be very little opposition to the
union of the two places."
Tho Prospoet Continually Mori! Premising
Tho HovImmI 1'roKniiiiine.
We print tlie programme of the carnival
igain to-day with somo slight revi
sions and changes adopted by the execu
tive committee. The cold weather and
snow will give a renewed impetus to the
project and no one will now have any fear
that we will not have plenty of good winter
weather. It is necessary for a great deal
of work to be done to make the carnival a
success and we trust every citizen will
take enough personal interest in tho mat
ter to help push it along. The city will
undoubtedly be greatly benefitted by a
successful carnival. There will be a crowd
of people here if tlie weather is favorable,
and our people must entertain them. The
.. . ..... -r .1 .11 1..
liissenger agents oi ino various rnurumis
lave arranged a schedule of low rates of
fare, and are going to advertise the carni
val thoroughly. Mr. A. C. Stonegrave, the
Canadian passenger ugont of the Central
Vermont road, is tuning an aciive interest
in tlie matter and Mr. Thomas I,. I'atou
of Montreal, who is a great enthusiast in
hockey, will especially interest himself in
securing a good attendance ol hocKey
clubs from that city. Let us do our part
as well, following is tlie
MONDAY, I'1'.HIIL'AHV l.'l.
Afternoon Tohogguu anil ('ousting Hills
Evening ('iraiul Opening anil Illumination of
tlie Una-ting huh. iiroworKR.
tukspay I'Kimr.vuv Hi.
Morning Promenade Concert at tliclllurling-
ton As-ociutlou itinu. Loiioiuig aim io
lioggtttiing. Afternoon-Trottimr H.ices on the lee. Lake
C iiinni la In. Ice ll-iatlnir.
livening- (iraiul Opening and llliimhi.itiou of
the Tolioggnu slluc, I in-woi ic,
WKIINKsIIAV. KlIlllll'AHV 17.
Morning--I'rnmen ido Concert. Fancy Skat
ing Tournament ami Meat nip mice at
the lee Kink.
Afternoon Trotting Knees on the lee. Km-
llngton Iliirbnr, UtkoUlnimplain. Neigh
lmr mi I.uko L'hamnlaiu. Ico lloathur.
livening Coasting anil Tobogganing, (iraiul
I'loccsslon oi i i a crscs
tiiitiimiw, KlUllll'.MlV IS.
Mnrning -l'lonieniiilc Concert.
Allonnion ('lull Dlnin-r at an Ness House.
livening (ir.inil Procession ot Tnhogganlsts,
Suowshuers. su, ,ve. siiowsikm concert
by Montreal Siiowshoo Club, at Howard
KllIPAV, KE11IIUAHV HI.
Morning Hockey Matches anil Skating at lee
Afternoon Trotting Knees on the lee, Itur-
Kvenlng -(irand Carnival Hall at Association
Hockey 1st, 7 Hold Meilids; 2d, 7 Silver
Skating Fancy Skating, 1st, Gold Medal;
lid. Silver .Medal.
Five Mlln Knee, 1st, Gold Medal ; lid. Sliver
Snow-shoe KM yards, 1st, Gold Medal; id,
Quarter Mil'-, 1st, Gold Medal; 2d, Silver
One Mile, 1st, Gold Meilnl; U'l, Silver Meilul.
Two Miles, 1st, Gold Medal ; Sd, Silver Meilnl.
Kntrles lor tho matches lree. and to buiumlu
on or belnro Feb. Mh.
American uud Canadian teams will compete
W. S. Webb. President.
H. lliilhiril, 1st Viee-I'icslilcnt.
I'.dwanl l.vman.lM Vice-President.
II. 0. Tinkh mi, Seeietnry.
T. A. Tnlt, Treasurer.
executive Committee. W. II. McKiillp.J.G.
Ilelhnsc, W. II. banc, .lr IJ. A. Wiiiidtiury, .1.
II. I.insley, A. W. Dunham, I,. P.. Woodliouse.
Tho Carnival ot Whiter Spoils Is Riven
under the management ot the llmilugtou
The ruiiiii! rui'KH, i;oasimg urns una Mtrccis
will bo illiimiiintc;l each evening,
Arrangements have bei-n mailuwith vailnus
rallnoad companies to glvo icdueed rates to
thn-.li wishing to attend tlie Carnival.
The Club have arranged that the hotel rates
slndl not exceed ?:).() per day. Hoard ill pri
vate tamilles atli.UJ per day.
Parties wishing accommodations will ad
dress I,. S. Drew. Malinger, Van Ness House.
Visitors will bo ndmitti'd lri-e to thn Tobog
gan Slide and Coasting Grounds. The fiee
usu ol tliu Toboggans and Traverses owned by
members ot the Ciiih will bu tendered to visi
rami Buildings Iliirnod.
The farm dwelling, burns and outbuild
lugs of Horace Goodhue at Westminster
West were burned tho night of tho (lib,
wun meir contents, including a nurse,
two cows and other stock, hoss US00 ; in
sured in the Union Mutual of Montpelior,
A neighbor of our, Mrs. A. it. Fenton, who
was so bud v ulllleteil with i licimiat 1.111 linn
Ul.. ...Mill ...le.. ...... , ... .1.7. ,.f I
head or shiiL in r 1 .Vii1b Vitti.r iin ViV-.V 1
V ,?rA , ,0, Vii,", ' " 1 V':
trouble. Hitchcock is Kurbimlc. llttcirorl.
THE SUPREME COURT,
DECISIONS ANNOUNCED IN A NUMBER
OF IMPORTANT CASES.
Validity i:stallllii'il nf tin Itnllmiil Kail-
roiul Cm-tltlratcs Alleged to bo Void
Intoxicant Can lie Seized Wlllnnit
a Warrant-Court Adjourns.
Immediately upon the coming in of the
Supremo Court Thursday I). J. Foster,
Kstp, was admitted as an attorney in tlie
Supreme Court. The case of Sawyer &
Manning vs. tlie New York State Cloth
ing company was heard, A. G. Whltte-
more argnlng for the defendants and u .
Bui-imp for the plaintiff. Tho next
case considered was that of .lane Wilber
lironson vs. tlie estate of Timothy i
i'helps and others, appellants In which
arguments were made for the defendants
by A. I'. Hodges of New York and for the
plalntill by u. v. witters.
In tho case of Kliza Flagg, executrix.
against Charles Wheeler, the question of
usury being involved, the arguments were
made by K. K, Hard and George W.
The two cases of tho State against pack
ages of Honor, in both of which William
I'owderly was claimant, wore considered
In the same hearing, tho point involved
being the same in each instance, as to tho
constitutionality of the act of lbH'i author
ing the seizure ot intoxicating liquor
without a wariant. Robert Roberts ar
gued for tho claimant and C. W. Brown
ell. Jr., and I). .1. Foster for tho State.
This practically closes the business of
this term unless the case of I'latt it Allen
and others against the towns of Colchester
and Milton and others should be heard
This will probably depend upon tho ap
pearance or non-appearance of Judge
Powers, who it is expected will come to
this city this morning, unless City Attor
ney Buriiap should consent to waive the
point of having tlie case heard by a full
bench. Whether this case is heard or not
it is expected that tlie Html adjournment
ot court will taKo place to-day.
On the coming in of the Supreme Court
Friday morning tlie case of I'latt iV
Allen and others against the towns of
Colchester and Milton and others, was
called. A. G. Whittemore stated that they
had telegraphed Judge Powers to learn
when he could be present and that he an
swered Unit he would be here by noon.
Chief Justice ltoyce said that some ar
rangement should be made in such cases mi
as not to delay the court. There being no
other causes to hear, Chief Justice ltoyce
announced the following decisions:
In the case of George A. Kunisey
against Henry ,T. Nelson.judgtneiit ullirm
ed. In the two cases of the State against
packages of liquor, claimed by William
I'owderly. judgment was alllrmed. thu
establishing tlie constitutionality ot the
law of lsol!, authorizing tlie seizure of in
tox eating minors without a warrani
Tho case of the Granite State Mutual
Aid Association against tlie Insurance
Commissioners of Vermont was entered
with the court.
Tlie following cases were announced by
.nidge enzev to be with the court : .Mar
tin Flannery, against Kdward Fhinnery
and others; T). M. & M. M. Badger
against hdiza J. bhaw and it. b. lull
Kliza Flagg, executrix, versus Charles
Judge Howell announced decisions in
tho lollowitig cases: Henry L. Johnson
versus George N. Roberts, judgment was
alllrmed. Iiibawyer iv Manning versus
New ork State Clothing company, judg
ment was reversed ami the actum ill:
missed, the ground being that there was
no such corporation us the New York
State Clothing company and consequent
ly no (lelemiaiit.
Judge Walker announced tlie disposi
tion ot cases as follows: The two cases of
ilemaii A. Waterman versus Jed 1. Clark
and George Ashley, judgment reversed
ami judgment ordered entered lor tliu de
fendants. Jane liber Bronsou against
the estate of Timothy I'. i'helps anil
others, appellants, with tho court.
(.i:ni:i:ai. ti:i:.m casks.
The calendar of thegencral term held at
Montpellcr was then presented bv M. J-
Smilie, county clerk of Washington Conn
ty Court, and the lollowing decisions
were ordered entered by Judge Veazey: A
1'. l'ond against huther Baker and Wil
Ham M. Styles, judgment of County Court
reversed, and judgement lor the plamtill
in the sum of $l,JO0.77 and interest since
the judgment of County Court, with cost
In the case ot Rea against Harrington and
others, the lollowing decision was ren
dered : It the plalntill' enters a remitter
ot $iiu, exemplary damages included in tlie
verdict, the judgement ot the county
court is 10 be ainrnied, otherwise jtid
ment win be reserved and ibe cause le
maimed to County Court for trial.
The following decisions were announced
bv.Hidgo WulKcr: in .1. 1J. lie rs es
tate etals vs. the Vermont Division of the
Portland and Ogdensburg Railroad Com
pany and the bt. Johnsbury and hake
Cliamplaiu Railroad Company, the
decree of the Chancery Court
is reversed and tlie cause remand
ed witli mandate as follows: The
personal property of the railroad which
came into the hands of tlie receivers hav
ing been distributed the orators in this
proceeding have no basis of action, and
Dinner Unit the net earnings of tlie road
while in the hands, ot the receiver should
go to pay debts incurred for operating the
road instead ot paving iom nomem or ex
penses for permanent 'improvement; and
that such of tho orators as hud
no notice of tlie pendency of
the cause of L .1'. Poland, Trustee, vs. the
l.iuiHiille Valley ltntlrond Comuniiv and
others, and of tho cross bill of George K.
Howe and others lu said cause have aright
to have tills bill maintained to reach the
net earnings, if any, of the road while In
tlie hands ot said receivers. It is there-
lore ordered that tho Court of Chancery
refer said cause to a master to ascertain
and report the net earnings of the road
while in the hands of said receivers, to as
certain and report the mimes of the ora
tors who had such notice and what it
lu the case of the Rutland Railroad
Company versus Clement fc Sons J. M.
Haven and J, A. Mead, the decree of the
Chancery Court was reversed and the
cause remanded with mandate for a de
cree, that the bill bo dismissed with
costs to the defendants and that upon
tho cross bill as against tlie defendants
therein, the Rutland Railroad Company,
the certificates in suit, namely the certifi
cates purporting to represent !2070 shares
of the preferred stock, but which are
alleged to bo void, being seventeen certifi
cates numbered from (i'Jol to M(K) inclusive,
and f rom IKSO to (i'JSi inclusive, are estab
lished as valid and as representing 'J'J70
genuine shares of said preferred stock ;
and for costs to tlie orators in said cross
liill and the said cross 1)111 bo dismissed as
to said J. A. Mead and Joel M, Haven
Court then took a recess until 1 o'clock
lu tho afternoon.
Upon tho assembling of court In tho af
ternoon, the case of Piatt Jfc Allen and
others versus Towns of Colchester and
Milton and others was taken up, Judge
l'livvers imvinir tiiki-ii tin tiinr-i iiiuiu tin.
1 i...,,,.l, ,,f 1. ,.),. u,,,,.,.ii ...1... 1. .. 1
, l,V- " J IIWHW JlUltUU, IHIU jii-iuii uuu
' inaiicli ol tho case in the lower court.
1 Tills is the celebrated case involving tho
construction of n new i-oul mill bridge to
I bouin neio, one tiuvd 01 the cost of which
tho commissioners decided should bo
borno bv Burlington. This city took the
case to the County Court where tlie de
cision of tlie commissioners was sustained
and tills city was ordered to pay one-llfth
of tho costs ot the litigation. Exceptions
were taken to the right of the conim s-
sloners to tax any portion of tlie cost
of tlie road andbrldgo on this city and also
to paying one llftli of tho costs of
tlie litigation before Burlington became
a party to It. These were the points ar
gued yesterday in tlie Supreme Court.
lunge wales made tlie opening argument
for the City and he was followed by Daniel
nooeris, a. u. w iiittemoro aim u. w.
Witters, the latter lor Milton, after which
City Attorney Bitmap closed lor Burling
Chief Just co Rovco called for the entry
of cases and entries In addition to those
ready were read as follows : The case
last tried, with the court; V. P. N'oyes
verses K. H. Landon. decree of Chancery
Court reversed witlt mandate. Court then
adjourned without date. The next gen
eral term ill open at .Montpellcr May .').
TUP, VI2KMONT SAVINGS HANKS.
Shall They Invest More of their Money
Attention has been called In our col
umns to tlie unwise extent to which un
employed capital Is rushed from Vermont
to the West for investment. e have
little hope tliat the process will be stop
ped, on the part of individuals, except by
n crash such as has been experienced with
in the memory of somo of our readers,
such as Is almost certain tooccuragaln and
before long under which the bottom drops
out of these Western loans, and tlie inves
tors learn to their sorrow. Unit sound
security is worth more than a temporary
high rate of Interest. Now and then wo
find a capitalist wise enough to see Unit
the largest and best return for his money
can be obtained by investing It at homo
In useful and well-planned business and
manufacturing enterprises, which build
up our home communities, enhance tlie
value of all property, and benellt alike
the investorand the general public.
Wo have somo such in Burlington
and may their tribe increase ; but there
is no over-abundance of such long-headed
investors iti most of our Vermont towns.
As ariilethe money of the man who gets
a few hundred or a few thousand dollars
ahead, burns in his pockets till he can
hip it olf to the far West, and get in re
turn for it some very good looking docu
ments, of the value of which, and of the
mortgages they represent, lie really knows
nothing. There is little hope of stopping
this at present, so far as individuals are
concerned ; but if the people say so the pro
cess can be stopped on the part of the
savings banks, which are under the con
trol of the legislature. Our attention is
called to this matter by an article in tlie
Brattleboro llrjnrmcr, which we copy be
low and commend to the attention of our
farming rentiers. There is altogether too
much truth in these statements, and the
subject is certainly one which demands
very careful consideration;
VKItMONT'S (iltKAT NEED.
Tho farmers and business men of this
State ought not to let another session of
the legislature pass without the enact
ment of 11 law, vital to our future, to keep
the money of our savings bunks invested
at home. The law now requires only U5
per cent of their deposits to be loaned 011
mortgage securities within the State,
Massachusetts requires 70 per cent to be
so invested. Tlie result is tliat money
goes begging for borrowers at ii per cent
in Massachusetts while in portions and
probably la the greater part of Vermont
it is simply Impossible to borrow it, how
ever good the security.
Few people who have not given the sub
ject especial study have any idea what a
widespread effect for evil the rush of our
savings banks for western investment lias.
It is responsible more than all other
cutses together, for the depreciation of
values, the absolute prostration In the
market, of our farm property. What are
the facts, as they may bo seen in almost
every town in the State ? No matter how
good a farm you have, how fertile, how
well improved, how near to good markets,
how prolltable, how desirable as a home
or an investment, if you want somo extra
capital to operate your farm to advantage,
you cannot get it. if you want to sell
your farm you can find no purchaser, ex
cept the few who have the idle money on
hand to pay for it, because if any one
wants to pay a part down and place tlie
rest on mortgage lie cannot get tlie
The craze for western Investments with
all their risks of title and their specula
tive character, lino seized our moneyed
men, and our private capitalists. They
have a right to do with their own as they
please, however foolish or unpatriotic, ami
the State cannot interfere, but our sav
ing institutions, chartered by the State,
protected and inspected at the expense ol
the State, and partially exempted from
taxation by the State, can be and ought to
be regulated by she State. There is noth
ing that coiit.iibutcs to the prosperity of a
community, so vitalizes tlie currents of
trade and industry, as these institutions
which gather up the surplus savings and
utilize them as a capital of all commun
ity enterprise that needs them and can
safely have them. The State does right
to foster and protect and guard institu
tions which are capable ot such vast good.
Hut when their only use Is to drain oft'
capital, as is so largely the fact in Ver
mont mey become a curse instead or a
blessing. Now tho individual money
lenders, who have mortugcn on the farms,
allured by the fabulous and illegitimate
percentages demanded lu tho West, are
altogether demanding their money, under
threats ot iorciosure. 1 no larmer goes 10
tlie savings bank and llnds that they also
are pouring their money into the West.
and not a dollar is there tor him no mat
ter how good bis security. Haven't we
seen thousands of just such cases in Ver
mont? Aren't we seeing them every
day f And all because of tho Incompre
hensible stupidity, which assists, yen and
virtually pays a bounty to State Institu
tions tor carting money out ot the State.
Things have reached a pass where all
the money that can be borrowed in Ver
mont has to be procured of National
banks, which cannot half meet the de
mand and which cannot under the federal
law, loan money for the time and under
the conditions that farmers need.
No other State begins to bo sulfering
such a decline as Vermont, once tlie hap
piest of agricultural States, the State
which lias the best soil, the advantages of
a line variety of pursuits, and a flavor of
Hue productions unequalled tho world
over. There must be somo reason for it.
The extortions to which we are subjected
by our railroads nre undoubtedly an im
portant factor. The tax Inventory law,
which lias clearly had tlieelfect to hasten
tlie flight of some capitol from tho State,
is often charged with being tho cause of
tho trouble, which really commenced
ypars before tho inventory law was
thought of, and which grew as steadily
before the law was passed as since. Tho
real'trouble, tho only 0110 which legisla
tion can reach, is our savings banks, het
their money be. kept at home, uud tlie
rich men who want to dodge their honest
taxes, may rush their funds to tho West
as fast as they please, hct oven the 70
per cent proportion which Massachusetts
requires to be kept at home, bo kept in
Vermont, und there would bo such an
improvement as would astonish our peo
ple. Not less than 70 per cent of our savings
bank deposits should bo required by law
to be invested In good real estate mort
gages on property within the State.
Will the legislature have the Indepen
dent Intelligence to require It f 1
1 ho Weather for Df-ronthnr. 1
The following Is the summary of the lo
cal weather record for last month, as fur-1
nlshed by W. B. Gates, observer for the
United States signal service : Mean tetn-;
perature, 'J."i.8' ; maximum temperature, I
7 on the 10th; minimum temperature, i
0.7' on tho !2Uh ; range of temperature,
fi.bT ; prevailing wind, south ; total rain-1
fall and melted snow, U.07 Inches; average ,
dally rainfall, .0117 Inch ; number of days
on which 0.01 inch or more rain fell,
twelve ; total snow fall during the mouth, 1
Kl.fi Inches ; frosts were observed on the
llth, 8th, 'Jlst. !i.)tli ".Mb, 27th uud With:
aurora on the (ith ; high winds, followul -by
rain, from the south on the 8th, tali
and 'Jild, followed by fair weather, from
tlie northwest on the mh, 7th and 'Jlst;
tho heaviest snow storm of the month oc-
c.irred during the night of the -Ith and
morning ot the (H i. when six inches (li
nearly one-half the entire amount fell;
the heaviest rain storm came on tliulllst.
s compared with December. 1881. the I
rainfall was halfanliicii smaller, while
the mean temperature was one degree'
lower. The minimum in December, 1881, i
however, was 17.11. There were only ten
fair days and one clear day In the whole 1
How tho 1-mtorprUo Is KucourtiKcd
Mini triMil Clubs Our Coiiimltteu's
Reception There. '
Of the delegation from the executive 1
committee of the Coasting club, consisting
of Mayor Woodbury, W. B. McKilllp and ,
W. H. Lane, Jr., who wont to Montreal,
the two last named have returned, the
Mayor having gone to Ottawa on private
business. Messrs. McKilllp and hano re
port a pleasant and prolltable trip and
speak in tlie highest terms of the hand
some treatment which they recived at tlie
hands of prominent citizens of that city.
Upon their arrival there they were met
by Mr. A. C. Stonegraves, Canadian pas
senger agent of tho Central Vermont rail
road, who escorted them to the Windsor
Hotel, where they had a lengthy confer
ence with .Mr. Robert D. Mcwihbon, the
originator of the first carnival in Montreal,
who Kindly gave mem a great many ex
cellent suggestions and rendered
them every assistance in his power
They nlso had a conference with
Mr. George lies, manager ot the Windsor
Hotel, who took special pains to aid them
in obtaining all desired iutormation. On
Wednesday morning, by appointment, the
committee met in Mr. McGibbou's ollice
in the Standard building. St. James .street,
where they had 11 consultation with Mr.
James White, president of tlie Montreal
Snowshoe club, und Mr. Hugh Graham,
proprietor of the Montreal Slur, both of
whom made valuable suggestions and
promised to give the carnival in this city
all tlie assistance in their puwer.
In the afternoon they visited the club
house of the Montreal Amateur Athletic
association, where they were entertained
in a hospitable manner. While there
Mayor Woodbury, in behalf of the execu
tive committee ot the Burlington Coasting
club, invited tlie Montreal Snow-Shoe
club to give a concert in this city one even
ing during the carnival week, the pro
gramme to include their winter songs,
which have become extremely popular
from tlie admirable way in which they
have been rendered by the club. Mr.
White, president of tlie club, responded in
their behalf, accenting the invitation and 1
promising togive us an entertainment ,
which wo nre assurred will be a royal one. 1
In the evening by invitation the coin-1
inittee visited the new and elegant club
house of the Montreal Snow-Shoe club,
which is situated back of the mountain.
Hero they were received in tlie same '
pleasant manlier which characterized their
reception wherever they went ami they
were duly iniiitiated into the mysteries ol
the club including the "grand bounce" of
the peculiar sensations of which tlie vic
tims speak in terms of the greatest ad
miration. This club is one ot the most
prominent social organizations in the city
its membership numbering over K!00, and
they were untiring in their efforts 10 make '
the call of their visitors a pleasant one.
They also express themselves as greatly
indebted to the courtesy of Mr. Thomas
h. Polon, president of tlie Montreal
The Montreal people commended tlie
programme of sports prepared tor our car
nival and say that while we will have no
ice palace our list of contests will contain
several feature novel to them. There is
therefore no rivalry between the two cities
in the matter of carnivals and the sports
at each place will receive the hearty sup-1
port of the other. As tlie time draws on
for the final a1 rangemeiits tor the carni- I
vul the prospect grows more Ilattering ,
that It will be an unqualified success. ,
At the .Mith annual nicotine; of the
llo.xes I-hmiue company, No. II, the follow-,
ini; ollicers were elected : Foreman, T. K. ,
Oooley ; 1st assistant, Ueoritu McCannon ; ,
-M assistant, Daniel Mitchell; clerk, Wil-.
limit A. Koddy ; treasurer, l'atrick '
IUtchie; auditor, 1). K. Flynn; committee
on membership, l'atrick Ritchie, I.. .1. 1
itust, II. S. l.atie. The Hoxer Kn'ine j
company is one of the oldest tire compa
nies in the State, havinu been organized
in l&iO, and lias done excellent service in
this city. This is the sixth election Mr. -Dooley
has received as toretnan of tlie
company, a fact which testifies at once to
his elliciency and popularity.
Mr. Charles Sclirelner, Foreman of a large
meat Hoiim in H.iltmiorc, Mil., says: "He
had a spiauieil wrist lor several weeks and
begun to think it was never going to get well,
ho was ad 1 ed to iry Salvation Oil, did so and
it worked like inugic and a tew applications
entile y cured ldm.
TnU nnwder nrver varies. A marvel of ntir-
ity, btrongth and wholegotucnoMi. Moro econ
omical than the ordinary kindi", and cannot bo ,"T
sold In competition with the mull itudo of low
Cost, short weight alum or phosphate nowdcre'
t,.M niifu 111 1-l.llS. UnVAI, llAKINO i'OWIIKll
Co.. 1(W Wall St, N.Y. Mfcwly
Till' marvellous results (if Boon's Saii
saI'AKII.i.a upon alt humors and low
condition of the blond (as v prov
en by the cures effortcil) f prove,
it the best lll.OOl) MKDyT S ICIN'K.
Such has been the sue- cess of
this aitlcle at homo A that near
ly every family hi X whole neigh.
borlioods have been c2v taking It at
the same time. Ov It eradicates
scrofula, vital. .
cs tho blood, y thereby restoring
ami renovat- line tho whole sys
tem. Hood's c SAnsAl'AHii,i.A purl-
lies tho blood. Hood's Saiisa-
i-Aittt.i.A curcsdyspcpsla. Hood's
Saiisa- rcJ I'AiiiLLA cures
o A peculiar point in Hood's
SAit- sAi'Alill.t.A Is that It builds
up and strengthens tho system, while it
eradicates disease, .mil m nature's great
assistant proves Itself Invaluable as a pro
tection from diseases that orldnatc In
changes ot the seasons, of climate and of
135 HowAnn STiir.r.T,)
I.ownt.i,, Mass., Jan. 17. 1
Mr.ssns. ('. I. Hoon m Co.: (icntlcmcn
I hac used Boon's Sahsai'Aiui.i.a hi my
family for scrofulous humor with wonderful
success, and am happy lo tell you that It Is
tho best medicine we ever used. I do sin
cerely advlve any one wlio Is troubled with
(.crolula to give tliis valuable remedy .1 trial,
and assuie them they will not bo disappoint
ed. Very truly yours,
(Cobum Shuttle Co.) C. U. I'ICKEKING.
Hood's Saiisai,akim.a Is sold by all Drug
gists, l'rlco il per bottle; six for 5. Pre
pared by C. I. HOOD & CO., Lowell, 51as3.
STK1CTI.Y I'OltK. Host in the world for
all purposes, the Laundry, II ith. or Toilet.
Will not yellow, stick or ifiei 11 the clothes
like many soaps made mostly ol rosin. Con
tains no liltliy dlsi-iist'-Kivinir ureases, cleanest
soap made. Positively cures and prevents
chapped or sons hands. Send 11s seven Wrap
pers or Trade Murks and got tlie handsomest
tet of cards ever sent out
sold bv all irroeers. Manufactured only by
l'ISlv .V'F'd. CO., Springfield, Mass.
NET GUARANTEED I
cent MONEY WANTED
TO LOAN on 1-MUST-CLASS fmprornl KUAT.
HSTAT HI'.CUIUTV at eight per rent. Net
W. V. Lippincott, Jr.,
Real Estate &Loan Broker,
KANSAS CITY, MO.
Correspondence solicited; prompt and ac
curate information furnished.
Send for circular containing list ot eastern
E2f"Mcntlon this paper.
AV A H KANT 12 D
1600 Fire Test,
1200 Fire Test,
For sale, to the trade onlv, by
VanQi'pVlon Qoumnur f!n
I UllUlUltlUllj UUJ1UVU1 VL VUl)
Stone Stores : -South "Wharf.
Evvnj barrel branded an abore.
Ask idur retail dealer for it and
take no other "equally as yood."
J. l Goode
Fine Granite,Marble &Gray Stone
And Building Work.
Monuments, Headstones, Curb-
STATUARY A SPECIALTY.