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LXI, NEW SERIES VOL. XXXIII.
BURLINGTON, VT., FRIDAY, MARCH 30, 1S8S. NUMBER 40 BJSliKLLIOUS STRIKERS. THEY TAKE THINGS INTO THEIR OWN HANDS. All InllBxIlilo lloycott on "Q curs Claim ed TlirenloiiiiiB Uenoml btilko ltuinorccl Arthur will ltmlgn Knclnoors Keturnlng Ihmt. PlTT&nt no, March 2S. Ono of the T5 freight conductors and brakeman from the Rending railway who passed through the city this morning su route to Chlcngo to take the places of switchmen on the "Q" road said they would go In spite of any order from the general executive board. The leader of (he party said, "We mean revenge: from 500 to 11)00 men are lying idle in l'ennylvaiila waiting for the summons to follow us ; wj are deter mined to 1111 every place ou the Burling ton railway formeily held by a Brother hood man and not yield an Inch until all the old scores are wiped out." A number of engineers who recently left Philadelphia for Ohiengo to take en gines on the "Q" passed through to Phila delphia on their way home to-day. They fraid they didn't like the runs given them and were afraid in the event of a settle ment they would be left out. Chicigo dispatches say the Darlington engineer and llremen cut awaj fiom the leaders and the grievance committee to day and took hold of the strike witli a linn grip. They appointed committees and sent them out. Kvery road running into Chicago wus visited and pledges were obtained Irom all the switchmen nnd switch engineers that under no cir cumstances would they move "Q" cars. To-night the strikers claimed an Inflexible boycott against Hurlitmto cars. It is hinted that Durlingtoti brakemen and freight conductors would quit and the strike would spread to other roads. This has been done in deliance of Chief Ar thur. It Is asserted Hi it he will resign but it is not generally believed. death oi'i:.vjui)r.i:T. imiudfiiom). Tho Sad Event Occurs In Chicago Uriel" .Sketch ol tho Deceased, The telegraph yesterday brought word of the death of ex-Judge Timothy I: Iledileld of Montpelier, which took place Tuesday night ut Chicago, where he had beeii for sometime. Judge Kedlleld was the younger brother of tho late Isaac F, Kedlleld, who was for 25 years on the bench of the Supreme Court of Vermont and for many years chief justice thereof. Judge Timothy P. Kedlleld was born in Coventry in 1S12 He represented Or leans county in the State Senate in 1S4S. In 1S70, being then a leading lawyer of the Washington county bar, he was elected nu assistant judge of tiie Supreme Court and held the ollice till 1SS4 when lie retir ed, in consequence ot tailing health, be ing at that tune the lir.-t assistant justice ol the court, lie was a prominent mem ber of the Kpiscopnl church in Montpel ler, a pronounced democrat. His seven successne and generally unanimous elections as judue, by republican Legisla tures, was a very hih tribute to his legal ability, pure char.icl r and high personal standing. He was a man ot the highest integrily.oi cultivated miud.and courteous nddre.-s, and was uulveis illy hived and respected. His only surviving child is Mrs. A. .1. Phillips of St. Louis. We shall give a fuller sketch of him another day. Washington County Conn's Action, In the Washington County Court alter remarks by Hon. Charles Heath, Judge Howell said : "The court receives the an nouueement with unfeigned sorrow of the death of Judge Kedlleld, whom we all knew so well, so much loved and respect ed. It is due to his memory, as a lit token ot respect that thecomtsuspend its labors for the remainder of t he day." The court then adjourned, and a bar meeting was at once held and a commit tee appointed to arrange further matters in relation to the (license, as to funeral, etc. TIioAtcclciv i-i' Press from this tlnto is rtitliior i ono liall' it ifl now only C13 DOLLAR a year. STATU KIlUC.VTIONA I. COM1II5SIOX Tholr .Heetlng-i Ihn I'rescnt Week In Vur- ions Counties well Attended. The State Kdncatioual commission held a meeting Monday at Bellows Falls at which were present citizens of Hocking ham, W 'minster and adjoining towns who g'heir views as to the needs of the schools in their respective localities. Tuesday the committee met at the ollli e of C. P. Marsh, Ksq of Woodstock. A number of representative men of Wood stock, Pomfret, Bridgewater and Weatli ersfleld presented their views before the commission. Through these meetings the commissioners are getting definite and necessary Information as to the con Ultiod and work of the schools under the present system. Wednesday they were to beat Randolph, Thursday at Newbury and S . Johnsbury, Friday at Newport nnd Saturduy nt some point in Lamoille county. Till! TAI,!., OF THE KNIGHTS. Rutland Kcdeomcd Tho CHIens' Tlehet Sweeps tho l ield. KUTLAM), March 2. At the village election to-day the citizens' ticket swept nil, the Knights contesting only a few olllces and In those were beaten by 100 majority. John W. Cratntou is president ami R. ll. Mead clerk. A J'lltST.CI.ASS I'KICMIU.M. During tiie past six months we have been looking over the entire premium Held to find some really excellent article Which we could oiler to subscribers to the FltKE PliESS, bomething that must be of real worth, nnd that could be offered in sucli a maimer Unit all would be anxious to possess it. After examining scores of dilTerent articles we at last lilt upon some thing which answers our purpose exactly It does not in any way interfere with our advertisers, us none oi iiiem sen sucn an article, and wo nro enabled toolfer it with the FliKE PiiEss at such terms that any person can seo tho advisability of taking immediate advantage of our offer. Our great bargain Is "Our Family Physician," a standard practical family guide for tho sick, for ninny years before tho public, and now in its iiinciicfi thousand. OUK HAVKKMACK. News l'roin Tost and Cunip Throughout Vermont. An application for camp of Sons of Vet erans at Wnterbury, with Hi charter mem bers, lias been received at division head quarters. It is to be named after Gcu. W. W. Henry mid Is No. 41. A camn of Sons of Veterans will bo inns tered in this week at Calais by Capt. F. L. Katon of Montpeller with 13 charter mem- nets, it win lie so, 4U. A. movement is being made to erect n memorial hall at Fair Haven, the upper part of which shall be used for town pur poses and the lower by the Grand Army post. Gen. William Weils camn No. 10. Sons of Veterans, will give a grand masquerade nan on Wednesday evening. April ll. Puitlcnliirs will be given later. Maj, Spooner of the Saxtons Hiver nee 1- emy is to drill the Kstey guard in the nayonet exercise at the company's nrmory this evening. At the meeting of Gen. William Wells camp last night George K. Wright was presented Willi the iron cross, it neltig the UHilge ot his oillce as post captain, 'rue presentation was u ado bv Col. J. K. Fox in behalf of the camp In a lew choice 10 niarKs, reviewing me goon w tk done ny Capt. Wright in the camp. Capt. Wright responded in a feeling manner, it being a I greui sur uise 10 mm. Gen. H. W. .hidson. who lectured at I Milton ednesday and Saturday evenings is to lecture at Hlciimoiid l uesday even ing, at Cuderhill Wednesday evening.and canmi'Kme Thursday evening, lie is ac companied by Harry Howard, the drum mer hoy oi t tie rotoninc. who piavsoti three instruments at the same time. Joseph Demar's pension proves to be outrageously small, as l.o gets but t-r per mnut ii and Mia anearages. lie is totally disabled, ami ilie disability extends back to the time ot ins discharge. Ucmar's ap plication for Ins b(ck pay and government bountvmust go befoiethe Court of Cla ins and if allowe I it is uncertain when they will be paid. The appropriation for pay ing these claims pas-ed last year was ve toed by the president, and claims amount ing to nearly a million if dollars which have been allowed are awaiting payment, wliile the national treasury lias a surplus that is really alarming. Miinvlitbtcr Journal. Chamberlain Post of St. Johnsbury held a campllre Saturday evening. A ple.isant programme had been arranged and guests found the occasion a highlv en joyable one. In our list of the members of the Ver mont Association of ex Prisoners of War as furnished us the residence of several of the comrades was given as Sutton, P. Q ' which is wrong. These gallant soldier are residents of Putton, Vt., and Com rade M. G. Sargent, who is chaplain ot the Vermont association, resides in Newport, Vt. The Sons of Veterans of St. Johnsbury have purchased nlies lor their organiza tion, and they aie expected to arrive at once. Ciuimberlaiu Relief Corps and Camp Frost, Sous of Veterans, gave an orange party at St. Johnsbury the evening of the Hllli, which was a unique nllair, oranges being served in a great variety of forms orange cakes, pies, pudding-, soullle : or- ange .Hly in cu'e little baskets made of the rind, and orange charlottes and bas kets of oranges "pure et .simple," sur mounted by a generous sprig ol orange blossoms. The napkins and caps ot the waiter-were ot orange-colored tissue pa per with pinked edges, and the same colored paper t ut in fanciful strius Ics tooued the walls at)'! cellingot the banquet room, and s-ened as lanibriquius to the windows. Kvery one rtceived a souvenir (ard, on which were exceedingly diminu tive linnd-painted oranges or orange iilos soins, supplemented by the tiniest ribbon bows ot the same color. The Woman's Relief Corps ot Cabot realized iii Irom a recent entertainment. The U. S. Grant Post at West Randolph have been made the recipients of a benuti f.il velvet banner embroidered in gilt with ' lie mottoot the order and the Vermont State coat of arms. It was a splendid gift and was pre-ented to the post by the wife of Comrade George H Hoyt. Gen. G.-orge T. Cliil.ls of St. Albttis, is to deliver the Memoiml Day addre-s at Woodstock, S. C. Shuitiell' of Mnntpelier, atStowe, Rev. T. P. Fiostof St. Johns bury, at Iiardwiek, Col. J. II. Lucia ot Montpelier, at Wnterbury, Rev. and Comrade D. K. Lowell of Albany, N. V., at Brandon, Kx Gov. Fariihani of Brad ford, at Post Mills, and Alfred A. ll.ill of St. Albans, at South Royalton. M. V. Ii. Davis of Chelsea, has compiled a complete ro.-ter of the old soldiers living ill LllUL luwil. lie was IlllUftCll ll euillier who served four years in Co. K. Bud. t. "Gen. Beiuregard," adjutant of Post 10 nt Cambridge, writes that the present commander of that post, Julius G. Morse, is serving his sixth ear's term, and the claim is iniidu lor him of tho greatest length of service in tills canacitv in tiie State. The other commanders of the post have been, C. D. Gates, J. 1). and J. -M. i-allord. 1. .. lioodwin. T. S. wn Hole. G. C. Duntoti, J. O. French, H. A. Boom hower (three terms) L. Hebb, W. II. Parker aud Dr. K. R. Hrtish. One Dollar a year for the Wetldy Free 1' resit, vi:k(5i;nnks chautkk i:i.i:ction. I.Ut of New Ollieers Klected-Othur Itusl neHU TrauHacted. At tho Vergeuues charter election tliese ollieers were chosen: Mayor, Hon. C. T. Stevens, unanimously ; aldermen, ,K. G. Norton, W. H. Patten, S. W. Hludes aud N. J. Reumid ; city clerk, J. 1). Smith ; common cottncllmen, J. J. Uaruard, O. C Dalrymple, J. H. Donnelly; clly sherllV, Stephen Bates is ; constable, H. P. Fislier ; Haters, J. L.;.Miner. F. W. Coe, J. G. Hlndes; street commissioners, Peter Aus tin, H. Stevens, W. G. Norton ; sealer of weights and measures, Robert Hudson ; of leather, James Rock; fence viewers, M. T. Bristol, D.H. Lewis; poun 1 keep ers, J, G. Hlndes, I'atrick Lyons; superin tendent of schools, C. K.Parker; city grand jurors, J. L. Miner, C. C. M. Calsse, A. Wetherbee; water coinmlssloiieis.S, D. Miner, II. Steveus, C. A. Hull'iiHgle ; li brary committee, Rev. II. G. Pillsbury, C. K Parker, J. D. Smith ; overseer ot tho poor, J. L. Miner. Ou motion 1(1 was appropriated for Me morial day anil F. M. Moullou handsome ly acknowledged the gitt lor Ktliau Alleu Post. Arroxted on a Serious Charge, Deputy Marshal Failey arrested D. W. Morehouse of Uuderhill on tho charge of sending obscene letters through the malls. -Morehouse was admitted to bail in the 811111 Of S.MMI fur l.U niinu.it-. I, mo linfi Supremo Court. LIVE WASHINGTON TOPICS. THE FUNERAL YESTERDAY OF CHIEF JUSTICE WAITE. I.itrgo Amount of Cmnnilttco Wmli Done llr, Grcun's ldms on the AmlorKon Hill lim'sllgntlng l-llcctluiis In Toxns and Trait Other IWiitlom Wasiiiniito.v, March 28. Tho funeral of Chief Justice Waite was held in tho House at noon to-day. The House was draped and the galleries were packed. Dlshop Paret olliclnted. .Music was fur nished by a choir of 18. A modest proces sion accompanied the remains to the depot. At tho close of the services both Houses; adjourned. Promptly at 2 o'clock the funeral train mored out of the Baltimore and Potomac station. It was composed of eight coaclies. The lirst was occupied by Passenger Agent Parke of the Pennsylvania road, tiie second by the family and friends, the third, a Pullman sleeper, occupied bv the justices supreme court and sumoine Court and o I crs. Following this was a dining car, then a drawing room car wtucu w in ne used ny the ."senate committee, then a ('.rawing mom car carrying the House committee, then a sleeper and last the car c iut.Uu lug the casket. None of the cars c impos ing the train were draped. The lilver and Harbor Hill, The river and harbor bill was complet ed Tuesday and was reported to the House Thursday. It aggregates ?t(),4:W, 7M5 and is the largest bill ot the kind ever brought in. Among the items ace ; Bur lington. t'.'.I.OiiO: Gordon's Landing. -I0.- POO ; Otter I 'reek. f.Ti.COd ; breakwater at Rouses 1'iiint, tf'.'.i.iKi : Ogdcnsburg liar bur, SIO.ouO; O.swego harbor, ."0,()00; I'latisinirgn, ciu,uuu. I'OUl.TKY TANCIEKS MKhT. Tho CliHiiiplnin Valley Association lie- ddos to IItio n Poultry Show. The annual meeting ot the Cliainplaln ing ollieers were electad for the ensuing Valley Poultry association was held Tues day at City Court room. The follow- year : President, Henry Ballard ; vice presi deuts, M. II. Stoue, L. B. Lord, W. II Knglesby ot Burlington, . N. French ol New Haven, A. K. Mauuni of Bristol. T. M. Deal and I). II. Plai.-ted of St. Albaus, iv. u. noicomo ot I'lHitsiiurgii. Directors J. W. Jones ami F. K. Per kins of Burlington, George Davis of Kast Montpelier, C. A. Pratt of Milton Harry B. Shaw of Burlington. Corresponding secretary George K Wright. Recording secretary Frank Dallnrd. Treasurer C. F. Wheeler. Superintendent of hall and coops .1. K. P. Wright; a-sistant superintendent, itouert ii. .-(one. It was decided to hold an exhibition tlin second week in December. The pros pects are very gnod for an increased interest judging from present indications and a large show will undoubtedly be held. ri:uso'Ai.. Mr. W. II. Anderson, the eltlcienf and popular agent for the Troy Ti)nci, was in the city jesieniay. W. K. Amblo lias been promote!! from brakeimn to conductor of the way freight between Rutland and Btirlingt.m. Prof. N. F. .Merrill of the University left yesterday morning lor Boston to be ab.ent (tilling the remainder of the vacation. Mr. and Mis. P. W. Barney returned Tuesday evening from their trip to Florida after an absence of nearly two weeks. Mr. Charle Olm-tead, who lias Bold tickets in the Rutland railroad ticket olllee lor :li year.-, lias resigned on account ot ill health. Jos"ph Cota, who had his foot lmdly smashed at too depot a short time since, has recovered so that lie lias been out. His foot will lie saved in good shape anil he expects to resume work early next mouth. Gov. Ormsliee has appointed Principal H. M. Willard ot the Vermont academy at Saxtim's River, a member of the com mission to investigate and report upon the normal snlinnl rinesftnu. in tiliiee nf limi j A. N. Sw.iiu of Bellows Falls, resigned. I ,.i-. " hmmie llii-i.no line i-nv;l..n..,l ll, I ,-ectorshln 0f st. Luke's church St. Al- bans, to take elfect Anril i!'. It is under stood that Mr. Burgess has accepted a call to the rectorship of the Kplscopal church in Tawytowu, N. V. Rev. Mannassah Cutler, LL. D,, who was prominent in .Massachusetts as a clergyman, legislator, pjliticlau and phil osopher for fiO years prior to 1SS0. and whose life and correspondence ill's just been published in two volumes, wis the greatgrandfather of Prot. II. A. P. Tor- rey and .Mrs, Torrey of tills city. Mrs. II. R. Langdon and daughter went to New Vork yesterday where they will visit Mrs. Langdon's eon Frank ; from there they expect to go to Dakota to visit another bon, Fred. They will not return to Burlington before the latter part of the summer. Mr. Hardy of Crano Bros, of Newark, N. J., who has been on a business trip to Nova Scotia, was in the city jesterdayou his way home. He says that he will never complain again of winter, having seen what the Nova Scotlaus experience in winter. Mr. and Mrs. II. N. Leach returned yes terday morning Irom Florida where they I have been attending the annual ineetniLr i of the General Passenger Agents iissocla- tion. They report a very pleasant tun. Mr. Leach brought back with him two line alligators as specimens of the pro ducts of the country. They nro a year old and are about a foot long. Wo notice that Col. K. K. Sibley, Into of the Vermont Cavalry, ot the linn of Mnrquaud As Parinley, baukeis ami brokers. ItJO Broadway, New Vork, has been elected a director iti tho Missouri Pacillc railroad, Col. Sibley's many friends in Vermont are much pleased to hear of this promotion, for Vermonters are always proud to recognize the good lortuno ot their fellow citizens, uo matter where they may be. Illnliie In Good Hoallli. New Yoke, March 2S. iiio Mall mid Express cays letters have been received by intimate friends of Blaine hero within a week from .Mis. Blalno aud sons stating that Blaine is well. Ono J)o!lar a year for the Weekly Free J'resn. ltUl'UIILIUAN CITY CAUCUS. Dolccatex Elected to tho llepubllcnn Stnto and Dlxtrlct Convention. The republican voters of the city met in caucus last evening at City Hall to elect delegates and alternates to the district nnd State convention to he held in tills city April U mid 4, for the purpo-e of electing delegates to the national convention. The caucus was called to order by City Com mitteeman Trick, who read thecal!. Upon motion of Newell Lawrence, seconded by C M. Spaillding, F.llhu B Taft, F.sq.. was elected chairman. II. W. Dell was them chosen secretary. Upon motion the chairman appointed Herald Stevens, Moses .Murray and C. Brownell, jr., tellers. The ballot boxes remained open one hour and tho following delega es and alternates were elected, there being no op position. STATU. I)i letfiites-1'. W. Smith, C. Spnuldlng, I'. H. 'lrlek, N'ewell Lawrence, Charles II. Allen, W. S. Vincent, fj. E. Germain. V. V. Smith, 11. 0. Iliirher, II. IC. Wemer, l'i "d .lolionnott. Altermites-C. It. Iliiyw ml, J . W. llussoll, A. II. Duhumel, Krml rf. r ue, (ienrno W. Whl.ncy, A. (i. Whittoiiin.i, U. It. N.mli, W. II. bane. Jr , (Icnrgc C. M .jo, II. It. Conger, Chcser llihlrctilth. DISTORT. Delegiiles Jo 1). Hutch. Itobert Hubert, llenrj (Jreene, George II. Minse. I.. C Gintu, 1). .1. l'osler. U. W. U hln-on. .1. .1. Van siieli- lo'i. Henry Well", A. (1. IV rcc. ". 1,. Hiirnnp. Alienism's r. Iveilin ay, II. v Alien, n. ,1. an Cat ten, II. S 1'eei , Mumm .Murray, W. V. Ileiidce. .1. W.tinocle. . M. II. b. 'I hoinnsoil. J.i;. J.anou, A. McGt.llej. It. II. Steams. KUI'UIII.IOAN TOWN t'. UCOSIOS. lilclunoml Ililc'-al us to the Itcimhllcnn btato und Ointrlcl Conventions. The following delegates and alternates were elected at tiie Richmond republican caucus r rlday : State convention delegates A. C Nobles J. 1;. Mason, R. . Jones; alternates Albert Town, II. A. Hodge-, II. L. Sayles District convention delegates K. 11 Andrews, H. C. Gleasin. C. W. Howe alternates, Warren Fellows, K. E. Jones A. (J. v lagg. At the B.irre reuublican caucus the fol lowing delegates were chosen, each set being empowered to select their own id termites : State-B. W. Braley, G. W. Tilden, W A. Royce, O. J. Howes. District-S. O. Wells, C. M. Winch, W A. Perry, O. B. Boyce. The republicans of Addison have elected the fo lowing delegates to tho State and district conventions at Burlington, April ;i and 4 : Ulin Smith, f . C. Gulley. liyro:: Smith. They are authorize 1 to serve in both conventions. At the St. Johnsbnrv reuublican caucus the following named delegates to both the statu nun district conventions were elect ed: W. P. Fairbanks, G. B. Dullard, Wal ter P. Smith. Lambert Packard. C. M Spencer, Harry lilodgeti, J. G. Hovey Asa 1'. Taft. Though unpledged, ther delegates are favorable to Hon. II. C. Ide as a delegate to the Chicago convention. The republicans of New Haven have elected delegates as follows : Delegates to the State convention, w . 1'. Nash, chair man. C. S. Dju.i. I). W. Nash. S. B. M Cowles. Deleg.itis o tiie district conven tioti, C. F. Smith, ct. airman, A. 1. Roscoe L. is. Doud. G. W. Ward Tiie delegate were empowered to choo-e.their own alter nates. At the Cornwall republic m caucus held Satii'Mav evening. -M rcli v. v. n. iine A W. F'oote and L. W. Peet were elected delegates to the State convention and R A. Foote. Fianklln Hooker and L. A Thrall were elected delegates to the (lis trict convention. A republican i u 'us was held at Hunt iugtou Satunl . with O. H. Kills as chairman and A. ! I Cinsmore secretary The following delegUes and alternates were elected : State Convention Delegates G. W Savles. A. H. Miesmoie. O. J. Tomlin son; iilternatis. fi. II. Morrill, Henry Brewster. A. D. h ie. District Drlegu" J. B. Kills, II. W, .Tudson. J. P. Si" .'lie; alternates, S. J Randall, Daniel iiurton, John Sadiier, KDITOK nOUilll'.lMIMl DEAD. The ICx-I.leutemint-(ioernor Dies nt Su viiiiinili. On., ol Pneumonia. New VoliK, March "7. Kx-Lient.-Gov, William DorsiiLimer. the publisher of the New Vork Star, di"d last night at Savan mill, Ga. Mr. Duisheimer left New Vork city, M.ucli 1.1 and was then in perfect health. Ho vas accompanied only Mrs. Dorsheimer. Mr. Darslieiiner caught cold ou bis way south a 'd stopped at the Pulaski Hotel, Savannah. His illness was not considered serious and ill fact was not announced to the employes of the Star mil 1 ate vestudav when word was received that the co'.d had developed Into nneiimonla. Mr. D.ns he liner died at o'clock last evening, He had been ill but four days. Mr. Dnrsheimer was born in Lvons, Wayne comity, nni was oi years of age. tiii: phosiati: couitT. 'the Ihihlncss TraiKiicteil During tile l'lint Week. The following business w?s transacted in the Probate Court for tho district of Chittenden for the week ending March 27, 1RSS: II. J. Ilcinelienr's estate, Ilurllngton, settle ment ol executor's aceouul. Samuel Thompson'. estale, Colchester, II ecnie to sell personal cetutc. Thomas II ltichVctalc, Colehcstor, settle ment ol Kiiiirilliin's iieeoanl. Orrin Uuwson'b estate, Jericho, settlement ot KUiiiihun's account. .... lluniinli b. r.vartis estate, llurllntiton. Ii cense to sell ie.il cstiue. Hurry Sutton's estate. St. Georso, witn. drnwnl of appeal froiu will. laicietla II. Wltterb's estate. Milton, will proved, appointment id Homer II. Powell of Milton ns executor ui.d I). !'. Qnliin and Jerry W. Kiyunot Milton as eoiumlsioners amlnp prutserd. Lui a II. Hatch's estate, Jericho, llceuso to sell real estate. Hiram Weecott's cstate.Pt. Georfre.nppolnt ment ol lllnim II. iiuey ol St. George as ml iniiilstrator. . ... Noah Allen's estate, IlUTllii?toii, llcenso to sell mil est ite. Alnert M. liilttemlon's estate, Soutli llur Iliib'lon.'vUI proed, appoliitmeiit or Mat'iflo II. Chlttenilun as exeoni rlx, anil John 1.. Mmitli anil Georiro A. Shelil'm ot South llur lliitflon as eoniin.bsloueiHiiinl apiindsers. i'liomus MeCartj's (state, i:sse.x, appoint ment o I'.rustus ll. (hiker ot Ussex usudmlu istratorainl J. II. Snnill ami Jiuues II. I'.lch unison ot Coleheetei as commlsalocers und upi, niseis. Dentil of riimlileut Hinckley. Piiilapeu'IIIA, Marcli ''S. Isaac Hinck ley, president of the Philadelphia, Wil mington and Baltimore Railroad coin p my, died this morning. J.IITTHK KHOM. TUKKHY. ltobheiy and ltlliiandiiKC A Kotod Itob- bor and ills Hand. TiiCMZoxu, Turkey, Fob. 10, 1SSS. To the lUitor of the Free 1'roES : I think I never made a journey in this country when I did not hear a great deal of robhtrsaud robberies and when I was not co'iscious of more or less exposure to them. Most missionaries of a quarter of century of residence in the country have had at le i-1 one bout with robbers. One mtssioniirv, Dr. Uarnttm of Harpoot, after being roMied, preached "righteousness and judgment to come" so eHectlvely to tho roble.rs thnt they begged him to re ive Imt.k the tilings they hud taken from him. I have never been molested by rob bers though I have often met them. Ou one ocr ismu, when two of us weredls tri Imtii wheat to the famishing, we were met by party of Koords armed to the teeth, in whose hands we were as nothing. Our ni ) d power, however, was greater Hum their nhvslcal. for tliev annroachrd us as aiuitiUants. begging that we visit their vilLge and feed their btarving peo ple. l ne u nai metuoii ol roouery is ei null, n i,l siinnle. Bands of armed men movetuoii., the highway arresting and nlundeiin any company of travellers that may suit their fancy, rarely injuring iinv one u ilesi resistance is offered. This Htvleof l rent mentis tint altogether agree able, but It is preferable to being carried oil' liodl v. which was formerly very com nion in ti.eece. There many n man mis been, in lonner times, captured and large ransom demanded wit bin a limited time, othirwi-o the prisqner would be subletted to n ter es ot tortures, bticii as slitting his ears i r nis noae, ctuiiug on u linger, or even putting out an eye, ttie brigands taking c .re that the prisoner's menus should Know oi me tieaimeiii. ne was receiving, so as to hurry up the ran som. All thee things are eiuieii in ureece, under the present government, t nd the hands of brigands have been broken up, many of their remnants, unfortunately, having truisferred their operations to Turkish soil. So now the papers teem with reports of outrages perpetrated often times under the very walls ot Constanti nople itsslf. Only a short time ago two young Knglishmeu were captured near Smyrna and were released ouiy on uie payment of 700 Turkish pounds. One of these voiing men afterwards died from disease inclined by the exposures, during his captivity. An Armenian ot Roilo-lo, n ell v Iving a little we.st of Coustantino- n e. was captured and a large ransom oe- inaude 1, but ou this occasion the police de ja-tuieut acted Willi such exceptional promptness that the brignuds were driven olt' before the negotiations tor the pay ment, nt tlin r.msnni had been completed. In tills case. also, the man .succumbed to the hardships of ills adventures aud died soon alter his release. None of these Greek adventurers have found their way s' iar east as this, but t heir fashion is beginning to prevail. Some two jeais ago a native of the moun tain district we-l ol tins town, .Mimijau Oghlou, by name being an outlaw because he had committed murder, began this torm of brigandage. His lirst noted ex ploit was trio capuue of a wealthy Greel: of the town ot Kerasoou, lor whose ran som several bundled pounds weiepiid. .More recently he captured a yuuug Arme nian irom the town of Triboli, also on the seacoust. The habits and exploits of this brigand were publi-hed tar and near. Much was said about his generosity and kindness to tho poor, and ot ids humane tientment ot his captives. And as he was i carettil to demand money from those best able to give it, certai'ily If we must have brigands, he was one of the best kind. Tiie government made a great many blus tering attempts to capture Mlnilj in Ogh lou, nut it always happened Unit the po lice nr. ived at a place just alter the brig and had left it, the people profanely inti mating that he had left "a bone" behind him. At last, some sheplieids with w horn the b' igalid took refuge, violated the laws of h i.-pitality in the nope ot the bounty which had been otl'ered for Mlndjiu's nead, and ended his career by murdering him. It is doulitiul if they ever received any part of the bounty, an t thereiore there is less hope mat Muulj.in's succes sors w ill meet his fate. Detoie Mindjan was disposed of, an imi tator lose up in the person ot "Dell Reo-chlil,-' one of the refugees that lett the Tuik.-h territory which was ceded to Km m after the last war. Lirgo num bers i I these refugees weie located by the government in the mountains along the coast, greatly to the annoyance and dam age ot the villagers, whose lauds were given tjtliem without compensation, and they were lelt a prey to their ill predatious. Great numbers of thim adopted the busi ness oi thieving and robbing on a larger or sm tiler scale, lint Dell Rtselud, helped by tue .xaniplo of Mindjan, lias taken up the bi..s,.iesa ot brigandage ou a bold ami systematic plan. Last summer a weiuihy laud owner was travelling among tne vil lages where ills ebtates lay. He was aware of the uk he ran and had provided him belt with n btrong guard. Dut Rtschid, by a skilful use of strategy, decoyed him away from his guard und held him as a prisoner until a ransom of 10u0 llras, $4, 4o), w as paid. At the time of this exploit I was ex pecting to take my family to the imme diate vicinity of Reschld's operations. For tho lirst time dining my residence lu Tin key I hesitated on account of brig ands. But I did not abandon my trip ; I bimplv lett my family behind and made the or in less time than had been plai. . 1 found an unusual degree ot been. prevailing. A spasm ot energy ou the part of the local governor had cleared out the small operators, while only atewoi the prom cully wea thy had oc- j caslon to fear Res hid. The i:i cilssiou oi Mimljau's murder was then ou everj tongue, aud although I crossed RescliidV paih al two or three poims, 1 saw nothing of him. Having little cutilideuco in a Turkish guard, 1 travelled, for the most pan, without a guard, and with only two comp'iiilons. It wo had met Reschld, lie would have had things Ids own way, but possibly he might have hesitated to dis turb a "hat-wearer," a hesitancy which tho Gieek bligands have long ago out- grown. Reschld does his work in a business-like way. His method is to get a list of names ot men who are able to give him some thing. Ho then bends word to tlie-o men that if they bend him a certain sum, they shall be free from molestation. But it they fail to send the bum named, they must take the consequences. Oi course, lie will capture them as soon as possible, and when onco captured, the ransom will be live or 10 times Hie Mini originally de manded. Being in Ordoo u short time ago, 1 saw a native of a village two hours dis tant, who said he hud been taken to tho inouutaliis by Reschld's baud, lint when the'- found that he was not tho man they wto alter, they released him, bonding word by h'ni to live other men that each one was to send them tuO llras, fHO, Ouo oflhcso five men, an Armenian priest, I know well. He told mo tho report of tho young man was correct, and to escape the brigands ho removed ids family to a place ot greater security. When the villager reported the case to the local governor, ho said to him, "Show me where tho robbers are, and I will ca'ch them !" Then ac cusing him of giving fnls and misleading iniormauon, ue mrust, nun into prisou I What better evidence could we have that the governor is in the pay of the brigands ? .Meanwhile itesciiiu and his hand move freely up and down tho country. They have lately taken 1000 lirns from an Ar menian of Niksar, tho ancient Neocesurca. They are well known to the people of a large section ot country, nnu a little well- directed ellort would result in their cap ture. The central government seems thoroughly aroused to the importance ot ridding the country of these pests, and has often d large rewards to those soldiers and ollieers who are successful In wiping out brigandage. But these oilers do not seem to stimulate zeal, it is natural that the soldiers should serve those that pay them best. M. P. P. TH K KOTAIlY SNOW 1'LOW. A WcsteKii Contrivance Which Stay He roine Necessary on KiiHtern ltoada. A correspondent ot the Boston Journal, writing from Portland, Oregon, gives the following readable description of the great snow plows in use on some of tho West ern railroads : The contrivance is a huge, shapeless af fair, something like an elongated box car, with an iron apron coming down in front of it nearly to the surface oi the rails. Ou the front of tins is set an appliance which resembles a turbine water wheel, tho blades of which are chilled steel some two feet broad, and tapering from a back sev eral inches thick to a knife like edge. This is mounted upon a bteel shnft precisely like that which revolves the propeller of a steamer, which extends tluough the structure behind, and is whirled about with great rapidity by a powerfhl steam engine. The "rotary snow plow" has no power to propel itselt, but is pushed for ward by one or two locomotives. When a drift is encountered the machine is moved up to it until the wheel touches the snow; the man in charge of the engine sets the shaft revolving, and the huge wheel bores into the solid mass like in augur through sott wood. No matter now hard the snow may be packed together even if a succes sion of rain and cold have turned it into ice, the keen blades tear it in pieces and grind it to pow der. The most ingenious part of the in vention, however, is yet to be described. It is not enough to tear a drift to pieces; it must be thrown away from the truck. To accomplish tins, the blades of tho wheel are set at such nu nugle that the snow is sucked into the interior of the plow, whence it is disgorged tluough a huge funnel like a loccotnotive smoke s'ack, and hurled in a great arch to a dis tance of a hundred feet or more from the track. When in full operation, nothing can be seen of plow or locomotives. The clouds ot smoke from the pulling engines and the lotty. whirling column ot dis placed show alone attest the prodigious torces that are at work. Nothing has yet been found to stop the progress of these rotary plows. The speed of the wheel attains over SWJ revolutions a minute, nnd tho heaviest drifts are cleared at the rate of 10 miles an hour. Even through solid ice the wheel eats its way as fast as a man can walk, aud when its work (supplemented by knives and brooms before tue wheels ot the locomotives to shear the Ice from tlio edge of the rails and dust them thor oughly) is done the track is as clear as if no snow had fallen. The lour rotary plows now owned by the Northern Pacillc company have kept file main track aud most ot tiie side lilies clear all winter, so that, in one of tho worst countries for railroading that could be imagined, and lu the preseut very severe season, but ono important delay of trains has beeu en counteied, aud that was for three days only. Thse tour machines cost -00,000, but have already more than pa d for them selves in the relief of men aud the sparing of wear and tear of locomotives. Their practical utility has been tully demon strated, and by means of them t tie hist s 'Hons obstacle to successful winter rail roading in tlio far West lias been removed. l.Ml'ltOVIiMliNT Ori'ASTUllIIS. Hon. Warren ttrowii's Interesting Talk to the Massachusetts Fanners. At the regular weekly meeting Hon. Warren Brown, president of 'the New Hampshire State Agricultural society, said that tho pasture Is a very important factor in the success of New Kngland far mers. Hut although this was true, it was also true that the pasture was, as a rule, that part of the farm the most neglected. For tills reason the animals who have to obtain their living oil' of many of these pastures nro poor and feeble. If kept clean irom pushes much land which Is very stony will be found to be talrly good pasture lands. But pastures are strictly those lands which nro favorable to the growili of grass. It is very unwise to plough up this class of laud. There has been much of this kind of pastures spoiled by ploughing. In Kngland they never plough an old pasture or meadow, as It destroys tho roots of gnu's which it hns taken many years to form. A good many objectionable shrubs lotind lu pasture land can be easily removed by burning. To sprinkle them with kerosene and Hied they can lie easily removed. White pine is very injurious to the growth of grass, and in iact pastures aud woodlands should lie kept distinct. Many pastures in New Hampshire nre spoiled by the growing of wood upon them. Sheep Is the best nnimal which can be placed m u pasture for its improvement. Tho overstock of pastures is very bad iu its elfect, and will grow poor. Vet there Is such a thing as understocking. Stock will also remove much wild shrub growth which cannot be removed iu any other way. Draining is not always a benefit In a pasture, as lands nro better when there are some places which are wet a good share of the year. A little woik on many pastures would do more good ih.inupon any other department of the farm. Stock can lie kept very cheaply upon the pas lures. Ho spoko of the dilll -ultles In awakening fanners to the Importance, ot the pastures, The subject was afterwards discussed by O. B. Iladwiu of Worcester aud others. Christopher Gordon of Winooskl who has beeu hUll'eiing for some time with consumption died March M. At the time of his dentil he was postmaster at W l-noo.-ki. lie was an honored veteran, hav ing served in Co., A, first Veniiout caval- DvyLLAiruill now buy the Weekly Freo Press one your. Tell your friends.