Newspaper Page Text
HIE BURLINGTON JFIlli: PIIESS. TTIURSOA. NOVEMBER 17. 1592.
A INCHING A VESSEL
LD TIME METHODS ARE ADAPTED
TO MODERN CONDITIONS.
ucstuorli llni Olvcn IMiicp to riiio Cal
dilutions Tho llullilcrs' Supremely
Aittluil Moment Wieu Hie Vessel Is
I'olril on Ihe Vt'ny.
The launch of a modern vcfisol does not
ill'er liuitti mil v from one of older (lays
. . i .l 1 !
illtv It is ikiw u question of niiithenmt-
a miner man oi jjul-suuui Aiei-iiiice. it
iinttir nf nnnlleil n.ptinct, nml Tint.
io f foitutmto guesswork. The con
rurtor iu this dnys does not fix the scale
thf 1 ir Hud plane down which the vos-
1 will glide by Ills experience in audi
........ .1,.. ., tW.t fl.n.o11n I...
nvi ttnt.l It seems to ho enough; docs not
i ti n.r tin Mire nf tlin win? in unit. iu
. . "V .... la .1.... , t ... G CVV ..
.UlA' ' utile UH1 VIIIUUUK! lur U10 ruIUDDII
ri In the methods of applied mat hp
iat es, hnvo supplanted old time warn of
u uiiir to lmuviuiini lunirinoiiL nnn croon
1 i thlr s are absolutely neei'aiv in
l , a vessel in tidal waters the
u iicH must tuke place on time, must he
1 me u rate speed, and all straining of the
i Mel i j 'is ho avoided. It is in tlii last
l ji'Ctcd to a great strain, he.r seams may
;lt it, ' sh l iu ulmont he stood on her
iiid n 1 yet escape serious damage in
iliurbit ' '1 lm Mams close iiif.iiu
rt,i.i i n.i;...- .i.-,,,,.
Ives. .Not so with iron or steel vessels,
tho plates are strained, tlui rivets hent
i' bri he n, the injury is periniiueut and a
Ik in iocs for n launch are begun be-
tin 1 is laid. The incline of the
i. i . ... i.. ... i ..... li
ji ir ' s frim one-half inch toone inch
t ,n i .ot rssels of u large tonnage
u' lss intimation than smaller ones.
ie ( t y of Pan- had only one-half an inch
iclitii limi when she was launched. Tho
' lit r I ulumhia, so long known nu the
iii'i and recently launched at Cramp's
iov.nl iu Philadelphia, glided into the
er at. an inclinatiiin of thirteen-six
k! oi mi inch to the. foot. Pile went
Mi 1 lui. l-'i ullt.jt!! innnlifir.n All- CI v,iti
-.'ru ig engineer of the Cramps,
..... . . XI 1 ..1.. j
i an ticlinauon of three-quarters of an
i to tl u loot liowever, than at any other
1 v i as is generally known, con
. ..its, the ways proper and the
in i '1 . i w ,ivs proper are stationary
.mo r ii. i n Ijp of the ways nml up
. i l . i : .... I..... .i ..
ii'i ' e .s iin jit i v. ecu iiio wnvs nroner
nd the cradle the tallow is smeared. This
geiicrallj spicad five-eighths of an inch
. ... i... i... l.i.-i . -..
inn, useii nv tne cramps is maue in J'lul
le pi la ami costs from beven to eight
- 1 n tni) la ncliing of tho Pirate. It is
Vcd m big kettles in tho shipyard and
ii u 1 on by hand. In tho ease of the
r iti tie weather was so warm that thero
,i s ru l s danger that the tallow would
i ' ii "in away. Mr. jnixou tliereforu
d l.i per cent, fctcarme with it. He
so Tiiaveii n iiosh on t ii ra me. htim wrnt
which tnc cuect oi tne weatner on it.
h stearine burdened the tallow and the
I'.nrn was. siiccessiui.
P' i or tho most important clement to
lereii in the launch of today is the
part of the vessel which is still on the
oci.s nf i r probably one-half of the vessel
in tnc water. Itccently one of the new
liu'i h I ttle-titps of the ll.(MJ0-ton clash
, w c' ed a' berlamicii. The hiioyancv
'i r .ifted her up at the heels and
in w t
r imr.eiisH weight forward on her
ciiislimg tlie frames and the
; ns, and ruining the boat.
iri naial const l uctor reduces this
hi r f 1 ii yaney to a matter of uiathe
.iit r i He starts with the ques-
spciii,'- grainy of the vessel. If
r v i r" no wnter for the ship to slide
1 nc ir mil continue in the line of the
s until the ci nter of gravity would get,
r tlie end of the ways, ami then she
( ihl till, hut the water keeps her from
roi iplng dow ii and holds the vessel in the
in of tlie ways. This water is the safely
live of Hie lniineh, hut it must not he too
in ii urn me moment or in ovnncv
i t always he greater than the moment
iw -;lt, it must not lie so much in-outer
t i tiiTiw a terrible pres-ure on thefor-
ird end of the vessel and wreck it.
If vii arranged nil these things, n JHV
1 an lour me set for tho launch, the
iie en Tin- liigii tine hemg tliechict lactor
i lie priii Hiireu. .Most or tlie prop- are
ikr-u down and the vessel rests on the keel 1
!oi l.s and one or two sets of stocks at the
s The wii; s and cradle have been fixed
fiacF, and wedges have been adjusted
i the ciadle and under the poniiet
I KS i I wbeli she lests. A battering
inn s i i of four men to a niece of stout
la r i cse fniir men tuke care of four
h.i", 1 he sit iial is given and an im
i i da'ter brgiiis as the men drive
j tie weihr - for live minutes. Tlie
Mil- l'ed .pisl clear of the keel blocks
i 1 1 w rests on tlie ways. Alternate keel
Iniis ue now knocked awaj', beginning
i strn, 1 nother wedging up" fru
it id thin all the props at the sides
n rei i i eil.
Uur a i".jt tho third widging comes,
i tin u all tho heel blocks are knocked
r i tne word is given, and tho planks
' ' 1 oi I ti i irauh to the ways proper at
i bmv a i ' wed oft, and the vessel stalls
n ti sin w it, r. This is tlie supreme
, -i n 'h' snipbuilder's career. In
i i j i i - all tlie responsibility of his
no 1 .s future is crowded upon him.
I if Ml i Know tho intense strain that
i 1 r ii A r Nixon at the launch of tlie
i , t,e gayest occasion ill ship
ill I'gih s i ountry has ever known, and
ll l ihiinl i, reahed what the big
i nt that ho drew when tlie vessels
ii :i si'cl Had he been a woman iu
ii j i ra e an occasion he probably
r.nltl hiivf. KU-rioiii'fl flni'lr milw.il ritV kill.
ft i iy It took about (100 men to launch
,n m noa' , nuu uu-ir nTvices ami mo mu
iw and other pieparatious brought the
uthunical cost of the launches up some
hile near 000 each, Mew York Sun.
Sliiinlil Amenable to l.air.
luur'h wind school teacher asked his
i,piis l lie other day to name a ring that
sn ' ruijud, JSouo of them could. He
i s1 tsied answered tho question hini
,1 i irjt "thu herring." t'annol the
.nil jii r-uocjl make this kind erf fmti
i snes aotjunnbls when resorted to by nn
is'ructor of yonth? Milwaukee Sentiuttl.
EVENING, MIUNIGHT, MORNING.
Dim grows tho woods tho ambor ovoninu tlnU
Mcrfjo Into opal sl;!e.s and stars Juat soeni
Down vistas gloomed and winding there ara
Of elves aurt gtiomos olong thomo-ses green.
A holy song the thrush has distant sunt:;
Tho tree tops murmur like some dreaming
IJarkl Knr away a silvern bell has rutiK
Twelvu strokes, slow tolled, that faint and
lndu from me.
A thnlt of gold upon my upturned face
As lifeline mid us shy as any fawn:
Sw eel odors, sill rln w lnrU and forms of graces
Now, till me, is (his heal en or Is it dawn?
Ulehard liurton In Uodey's.
Tim 1'rlnr Was Trunk.
"An oltt fellow played the Krlar when 1
was doing llonieo once In England." said
lin actor. "The Hat stuck in tho scene In
the Friar's cell, and the stage hands
couldn't get it joined lor some seconds.
Then thu rulllans in the gallery began to
howl. One or two of them hissed. Tha
1'rlar went to the footlights nml roared at
them: 'Stop your bloody noise up there.
Haven't you ever seen it sceno stuck be
fore? You're a blooming lot of chumps,
that's what you are. Thero isn't a decent
man among you. You've seen worse act
ing than you're seeing now. Why didn't
you hiss that, blame you'r'
"Well, the old fellow went on in tho
most awful way, using swear words at a
prodigious rate. Then lie noticed that tho
scene was in place, and he turned up tho
stago and called out, 'llomeo, come forth.'
The change from that man ripping out
oaths a monk, too to the Friar of the
piece was nearly enough to set me oil, and
I could hardly get through tho scene."
Mew York Sun.
At u Trllllnr: Kxpense.
"This talk about the expense of a Euro
pean trip is ahsitrd," wiid the returned
tourist. "If a man knows how to travel
comfortably without being extravagant ho
can make a short tour of F.uropo for less
money than it would cost him to go to the
seashore. Now, before I started 1 figured
the matter out and found that I could ha
gone live or six weeks for something like
"Any man can do that."
"You can prove it by the guidebooks,
"Of course. How much did your trip
"Yes; your trip."
"Oh, well, I didn't exactly stick to the
programme, you know. I suppose it cot
mo 000 to ?1,000. But I can show you
"Of course, of course. Any ouo can do
that." Detroit Free Puss.
A Honolulu Dress.
A naval ofiicer's wife recently home from
Honolulu descants with direction upon the
delightful costume in which every woman
lives there until late afternoon.
"It is really," she says, "a national gown
called tiie holloku, and is a cross between
a tea gown and a wrapper. It la long and
Hon ing, and attached to a yoke something
like a Mother Hnhbard gown, rind is beau
tifully cmbinidered. Everybody who goes
there llnds its valuo at once, and so Ions;
as you stay you wear tlie gown daily,
bringing one or two away with you iu tlie
vague hope that you can use it iu America.
But you can't, for the moment you get it
away from its natural uiviroumcnt it is
entirely too undress and informal for any
wear outside of jour own loom, which
only eniphasi.t'H bow completely we are
slaves to oustoin in Honolulu as well as in
New York. New York Times.
Drags for Skill Diseases.
The drugs used for skin diseases are
numerous, and it is through their combi
nations that the patent skm remedies t.re
generally made. None of the newer dru,.'s
can excel iodoform, which is as old as tlie
hills for skin complaints. Tliilanio has but
recently been Used for skin diseases, and
for certain forms of skin ei uplitui it lias
been found valuable. 1 uchsme is em
ployed for ulcers, moist eczema of tin
hands and lupus. Crenline i a powerful
skin dru', hut its odor is agaiut us gen
.Ml o: these drugs aro new, nnu yet they
have stood severe ti sts in experiments, and
dermatologists are now using them gener
ally. It is trom these pure drugs, or their
combinations, that skin diseases are cured,
and they form tlie basis ol hundreds of
scalp and skill remedies placed upon th
market. Yaukee Blade.
3!uMCulnr Cunt rael inn I'mler Irnsurr.
As regards tho elVects of high pressures
upon muscular contraction, nervous con
duction, the circulation of the blood and
respiration, Professor Ueynaud Iris some
lemarkablo results to record. Tlie expeii
ineuts weie lilHdo by means of appaiatiin
specially const ruct'-d by him 10 resist
great pressures and permit their etrecis to
be watched. In tho reriilt it was found
that the power of muscular conliai tion is
"limini-litd as the pressure increases up to
40i atmospheres, when it ceasesaltogether
while th.i latent period is increase 1, u t
uuiis is more easily induced, and ihe
whole tissues become rigid and brittle.
West mi n.iler Heview.
Owned by llnslinlinien.
The amount of land iu tlie United .States
that is owned by members of the house of
hudsaiid British syndicates would be sur
prising to most Americans who believe
, that America is owned by Americans.
, The aggregate shows the immense total
cf l!0 '.ill.lliiii acres, or an urea greater than
I allot lieland, J.IX'O.OOO more than all of
; Scotland and more than half as much ai
I England and WAles. Xew York lleiald.
A startling variation of the snake sto. y
comes fiom Home, (la. A gem leinan
ingnxiinkf lying on the road pioilded it
with his umbrella, Tlie snake straight
ened its body, spread out two long wms
like a goo-e, arose iu the air and llcw
licross the field.
Tlie worthless and offensive members of
society, w hose e.isteneu is a social pest, in
variably think themselves the most ill
Used peuple alivu, and never gel over their
astonishment at the ingratitude and se.
lishness of their coutemporie-. Emernin.
A schoolmaster was lined fl5 nnd costs
at Ileal sled, I higlaild, for not only caning
a bo) for telling a falsehood, but milking
him stand on a form and hold on his hetnl
for nearly three huurs a slate with the
word "Liar" written upon ii.
Though we express surprise at thegour
imiudizuig powers ol our loielatlieis our
own ela bin ate public dinners are little less
disgracelul than they were -100 years ago.
Of 2!i7 popes, four weio stranglu in
prison, cihl-en were known to have been
poisoned Hnd forty-tiio met with other
tuniis of violent dtath.
ON THE WILD BORDER
SOME EXPLOITS OF GEN. JO SHELBY
AND HIS TROOPERS.
A Missouri l'lro l.ntor Who I'oiiglit Dos.
icrntoly to llio llnil Dnrlng 1'iirttji
Into the Knemy'ii Territory to flntlioi
llecrults nml Supplies.
Copyright. ISltt, by American Press Associa
tion. Hook rlghta reserved.)
AH In the far west
was rs wdld and
romantic as that
region was then
wild and outland
ish. It was the
tor dor, peoplW
with border char
acters, and that
menus u race ot
hardy, hot blood
ed, desperatu men.
In tho states west
of the Mississippi,
ns in two or three
of those east of it,
it was ii bittut
civil war one to
call out tho stern
er qualities of meu
and to spur on the
lesser ones. Jo
- -"' Shelby was a true
borderer, and n sketch of his career as a
Confederate leader would not bo trito to
tho subject nor to those times without a
hint of discrimination nt tho start. Com
pared with Forrest's, Shelby's work wa
nt times simply guerrilla warfare, and
compared wiih Jeb Stuart's wanton out
lawry, but iu comparison with thnt ol
some of his antagonists, it was quite as
legitimuto as theirs and perhaps more
Ho was tin adopted citizen of Missouri,
a stato overwhelmingly proslavcry iu lseo,
and it was with him a passion to light
against coercion. To men of his stamp in
such crises antagonism only fans thu
ruling passion. In the Kansas troubles he
led a company of volunteers in tlie fight
against free soil. There was no place, then,
for such a man outside tho Confederate
cainps the moment secession raised the
stnndard of revolt. He drew sword as cap
tain of a company of homo guard cavalry
in 1E61, and sheathed it as brigadier general
lu tho Confederate States army, leading a
division, in 1603.
"When tho war broke out Shelby was
thirty years old, and was doing a smal
manufacturing business in the little town
of Waverly, on the Missmni river. He
promjMy raised n company lor the so called
His unlive town was Lexington, Ky
and John II. Morgan had been his school
mata and playfellow there. Morgan was
nt the head of a cavalry company also, but
bis stato was trying to live up to the neu
tral dodge, mid he couldn't get gun caps
to supply hi.s men. He sent to Shelby to
help him out from tho St. Louis markets,
but there happened to bo an embargo on
shipments of war stuff just then. There,
was no troublo about finding tlie caps; tlie
trick was to smuggle them through the
lines. It was done by packing them in
lloiverpots covered with enough tarth tc
keep alive the innocent plants and shrubs
that would serve as a passport when the
Union Inspector came along. Morguu got
tho caps, 100,000 of them, and tho world
knows how well he used them.
The Missouri "Home Guard" wns scon
driven to the southern border of tlie state,
nnd its name wns changed to Pi ice's Army
of Missouri. Shelby was sent b.ick to hii
old homu on Missouri river, then ostensi
bly Union territory, to recruit and stir up
things generally for the Confederacy.
Several attempts were made to destroy
him whilo ha was thus cut olf from his
friends, lint he kept his company nllehl.
finished hi.s mission and escaped south to
join Price at Lexington. Aftersomeheavj
fighting along the Missouri and Kansas
border Pi Ice was callul east of tho Misss
fippi to help light Mio battles of Beam
gard and .lnhn-ton. Men lor the ranks
were the soiest need jut then, and the
cavalry abandoned t heir hor-es to do duty
on foot. Shelbi s company followed suit
and served as infantry at Cornlth until
their one year of service expired. Then
Shelby was commissioned to raNu a reg -ment
of cavalry and to go back to his old
stamping ground in tho heart of Missouri
to do it.
Tlie Mississippi river above Vickshurg
was in Union control and picketed by gun
boats, and every place of importance in
Missouri was garrisoned by Shelby's bitte
eneinie. Nevertheless In- accepted the job
and marched his men to the bank opposite
Helena, Alk. A Union gunboat patrolled
the river there, and Shelby's men, bloom
ing in bright gray uniforms and fully
equipped, pitched camp and t hrew out .sen
tinels and scouts almost under the shallow
of Uncle Sam's grim monitors. In the
deiul of night slu volunteers pulled a skilf
silently across, recorinoitered I lie town,
found a trusty haven and an aimed for
breakfast to be ie.idy before daylight for
Captain .Shelby and his hand. The ap
point ment was kept, und the breakfast was
unshed down with champagne iu honor of
the feat in crossing the river safely. From
Helena the company Mruck out overland
for Litll Hock, dodging Union pickets
(EN. JO Hin.liY, r. p. A.
nnd patrols on thu route. At the end of
six dais Shelby leached Whitu river, and
learned that lie was just ahead of a Union
expedition moviug by land and water to
attack Dnvall's Bluff and Little Hock.
Iu older to get on ahead ol the t'liion
column lie chartered a little steamer In
make a night run to Duvall's Illu(T, where
tlie Coutederales luul some batteries Thu
captain of tlie boat assumed to be well
known on thu river, und in spite of Shel
by's caution sailed boldly up iu front of
the guns without showing n signal. When
tha boat got abieast of the camp thu long
roll souiidLd iu thu winks, battle luulerus
were hoisted mid thiee heavy jiin were
run out at thu cuibr.iHimn iilmiM against
the kteiiuui' ytudaniis. The mdei were
actually given in the battery to open lire
on tho stranger when tho furnaco doors ou
tho steamer Hew open and n stream of
light dlsolored thu vessel's outline in an
instant to the commander at the guns on
shore. "Hold on, men; for your lives, hold
on they are friends," was t lie quick cry,
und tho vessel passed on in face of gunnery
that would have crushed her at one broad
side. 'Twos n closo call, and tho captain
of tho craft paid for his recklessness on
tho gnllow.s n fortnight later. IJo Was
hnnged for treason to the Confederacy.
Shelby's band remnll'ed In '.ho vicinity
of Little Hock sevural weeks, frequently
volunteering fortlnngeroits work, although
they weio net legally in the Cocifederate
scrvlnt. Finally an expedition was set on
foot to proceed to tho heart of Missouri,
and Shelby and his men joined it after re
enlisting for the war. Tho command
fought its way to tho Missouri river and
back to Arkansas, Shelby leading out 1,000
soldiers raised In his home county In two
days. Prom the colonelcy of the new regi
ment Shelby leaped at one bound to the
command of u cavalry brigade, formed
with his own and two other new Missouri
Soon after tho formation of the brlgado
Shelby's force united with Gen. Murnin
duku's division and took tho field to re
sist the invasion of Arkansas from Mis
souri. Tho Union troops were in two
columns, and Shelby's duty was to threaten
nnd harass one column, while thu main
army attacktil the other. In this move
incut the budding general made use of tac
tics tliat served him in many a campaign
afterward. His opponent was Gen. Blunt,
leading an army of several thousand.
Shelby ran at his foes so recklessly that
there wns no escape but by retreat. His
brigade comprised thirty companies, and
these were distributed on botli aides of
tlie ror.d somo distance apart. When the
enemy's head of column came to tho first
company it would bo met by a volley nt
point, blank range. Tho company would
quickly form column and gallop back to a
new position behind tho other twenty-nine
companies, and so on for miles.
After lending Blunt a tedious chase
through the mountains Shelby was ordered
to turn and dasli net ween the two Union
columns and prevent their junction. He
set out preceded by an advance guard that
was told to "attack anything and every
thing in sight." Shelby rode at the head
of the brigade, and at tho first sound of
lighting iu front rushed on with two can
non and a few men to support the advance.
Suddenly he was confronted by superior
numbers nnd challenged tosurreiider. The
enemy dashed for the guns anil cut down
the artillerymen, mid the leader -resented
a revolver to Shelby's head, crying out a
second time, ".Surrenderor I livul"
"You nru mistaken," retorted Shf.lhy.
"It is you who are my prisoner. Listen! be
The sound of tho advance guard gallop
ing back to join the fray confirmed Shelby
and the Union colonel handed over his
hvord, exclaiming with t'lebest gracu he
could, "i Mm .-hi . i - tiMi'ht."
-nnu.ny s nnvanco guara wns (In institu
tion in itself. It was specially recruited
for the purpose from srouts nnd border
men. Tlie inotto was "Never retreat,"
ami it soou b.-camo an lienor for a man to
bo promoted from the iine into thu ad
vance corps, Shelby possessed every quali-
llcation for rallying about him tho most
daring spirits of the west. He was of that
class called "hustlers" and "boomers," full
to bursting with action and enthusiasm.
His hatred of shirks .vid idlers was so
deep that when lie found himself in tho
Whitu river region of Arkansas, where
them .vero at least 10,000 refuci es of mill
tary age, he determined to drive into the
Union army those who couldn't be coaxed
into tlie Confederate. In n proclamation
addressed to those men he said: "You
shall Iiirbt for liie north or thu south. I
will enlist you in the Confederate army or
; drive j ou into tlj- iniernl ranks. ou
shall not remain idlu spectators of a drama
i enacted before your eyes."
The order allowed a period of grace in
which the men could choose which sido
they would serve, and closed with tlie
I ntl ikiug appeal, "Come up like nen or go
to Gen. Steele (the Union commander) liku
, (ien. Foi rest added to his celebrity as a
cavalryman by an attack on a licet of
Union girihoi.t.s at Johnsnnville, Telin.
That was iu October, IbiU. Suinu w eek-
pieviotis Shelby made a suce-sful attack
on the Union Unclad boat Queen City, at
1 Clarendon on lute nvi r. it was during
his occupation of the district as a recruit
I lug ground. Thu Union forces held Uu
; vall's 111 ii IT ami the navy put rolled the
river li-low that point. Shelby ltd his
, meu stealthily to thu water's edge at
i Clarendon, masked four cannon and
I body of his soldiers, dismounted for tho
i purpose, and at dayught opened lire upou
the iiiisii-peciing sentinel.
I It was a short fight and tlie Queen City
i (truck her colors. Shelby dismounted her
i batteries and then applied the torch. Tho
' ship's guns were hauled ashore and placed
in niuiery near iiiu scene, anil iu a
' short time a lluet headed by thu gunboat
ijler M earned down Iroiii the hluITi
i Alter a hot action the ves-els weie driven
ill and Shelby clung to his post until u
luiee of land troops, under lien. E. A
' I ai r, marched down on his II mk to aid
i the guiibnais. ,Mn Iby got away in his
li.irinle stj le uf a running light.
Shelby took part iu many raids as a sub-
nriuuniu leaner, ami personally led one
fiom Arkansas to ihe Misouii river in
Itwit, covering a wide circuit. Ho claimed
to haie Iraveli'd 1,5110 miles, seized and do
Kioyod nnu Ii valuable pioperty and de
lented the enemy lit several battles. As
for his lighting In geneial, tin re were 7
Ileltl olllcers or his legllnents Killed ill ac
tion ami 'J7 wounded, ueaily all of them
several times. His advance gu.udand llio
1 battery which followed his km lines worn
aim very heavy losers iu battle. Slutlby
was one or thoea who lavoied a trans
Mississippi empire', and wanted to keep up
tlm tight iu Texas after Lee and Johnston
laid duwn their swords. That plan failing,
ho and lii.i men crossed the lliotJrandu
hnd joined tho imperialists In Mexico.
Cr.OKou L. KlLMKIi.
llaru Lies 1
Kpltnphy is a dr-inni-iilllni; Mad cf taffy. It
aiii iar" on tuu touili.tinie, ami enltiuiiu- Hi
ik-uil allniist In the very slurs. 'Iiiu inutil
luuluod of lieiiiiiiiiL'. U: lI'M'u Ilea." Very
sinrmsllie. tin- tlie lin uro truiuimtly nu.te
llStlinlihtllL' -Ulllllist Cllull.'ll I I'lltll lllltl-0
and aniB." Ilia de.ul nf wnuiii tliojr nru writ
tin. A Iruibrtil u;,iiit li, In insiiy inataiit i-s,
would bin: ' lll'IO i tr- lie Wlm (liutu-u In
uUb Ilr. Pierce's liolileii Mi 'Ural Dlsenmrv.
if nick nicl nusleriiu:. anil ilrsiellrn: vrumuture
death, lent the iiutout lemeilj. It cures n.l
climate, liver, blood. Mid Iiuu: ilirciisc-, ns
iiilmiisiii'.s, skin nnd n-.ilp ili-eises, Hi Kifuliins
sores nml s oilihu. sHlI-ruemu. letter, ery
sipelas, nml tnuii scrotum nt Ui liuik'S ioi
LiiiiailiiUitliiai, II lauen In Minn.
l lie nuv. in. riuiii, mi ...ii, viii,, slums ;
After l.uiiiKtimuYctiiullv trento.l liy evautoen
.1 ..... ..... ... M...f,iln ,H I.I..A.I .11
Ullliiinil MHi niin I" I ,'t,,uL, iii-
esse I wns cured by Uui'doc liloo.l Hitters.
11 hid i.m tut iiuwi,
HstrlKas us ss remarkiililo to hoar of tlis
wonderful record for curing nnjuyoil by Het
ton's lnfiilllblu t'llo Halve s U euros ovary form
of this troulilesomo ailment. If not to u had
of your drutxlst eml l.i cuuis in liie Wlnlwl
man ix urown urus v-u uunimuic, jm.
Vt'atur Uocl.s of (Udell Tliuon.
It appears Unit the Ass?tla!a wero tha
first, people to dlvldo thh day into portions
of time, ulso that they wero tho iiiTontors
of thn olepsydrrt, or w-ater clock, the dlvl
Mon of time nnd tht-inventlon both belong
ing to a 'fiorlod too retnoto for precise cal
culat'ion. All thnt wo know of tho history
the cleprydrn is that tho apparatus was
in ue nt the time of tho overdo w ot tho
first Assyrian rnipiro, B, C. 75!).
1 Ms water clock, the first of the time
keepers, was nothing moro than n cylin
drical brass vt-pscl capable of holding sev
eral gallons oi watur. At onu side thero
was a very snull hole through which the
water was allowed to trickle, something
lifter the fashion of the emptying ot an
hourglass. From experiments mado on
recently discovered clepsydras it is calcu
lated that one would empty itself about
once every two bouts. Undol' tho rolgn of
I'litil, the royal palace of Nitievah, as well
ns each ot the principal districts of tho
city, possessed a water clock of tho same
size, shupo and capacity. They were filled
nt a signal fiom tho watchman on tho
tower, who was stationed thero to proclaim
(ho moment of the rising of the sun.
During tho day they wero in the custody
ot officials whoso duty it wus to 1111 them
as often as they beeamo empty. Besides
these "tlmo masters" thero was n regular
stall' of criers, working under municipal
authority, who, as often as tho clocks were
emptied, passed through the principal
streets announcing the fact for tho benefit
of tlie people in general. In this way our
remote ancestors managed to get n rough
computation of tho flight of time. St.
The Old Mesmerist in a New Hole.
A Htissian hypnotist and mind reader
gave an entertuiuing soance at Metropolitan
temple last night. At his request twelve
gentlemen took seats on the stage, anil to
each of them tho doctor gave n smnll crys
tal prism set in the centor of a dark stone.
Ho requested them to hold the crystals ill
their right hand about eighteen inches
from the eyes and to gazo fixedly at them.
Mesmeric passes were made over their 1
faces, and after the lapse of a few minutes
three of tho gazers had fallen asleep. The
others weru dismissed.
With these three subjects the doctor
produced some remarkable phenomena.
He induced them to imagine thut Vio were
on the seashore and to imitate j. alters and
victims of a terrible shipwreck. Then they
made the ttidience iV.'gh by bcvlmdng to
disrobe for a J.atli, und the manner in
which they swam -md floundered on tho
carpet was most ludicrous.
Two of the subjects wero placed side by
side facing tlie spectators, while the doctor
calmly threaded u sack needle with twine.
Obedient to his command thu subjects
opened their mouths und ho drew the
needle and thread through the upper lip of
each, literally sewing them together. The
subjects did not betray the slightest indi
cition that they suffered the least pain,
and he made them sing whilo in thnt con
dition. Several gentlemen wero called
upou the stagu lo examine the thread iu
order to satisfy them that it was no trick.
1 lieu tlie doctor drew out the thread and
showed that not a drop of blood had flowtd
from the holes orstaiued the thread. San
Sound of Sliinheaui.
One of the most wonderful discoveries in
science that has been made within the last
year or two is tlie fact that a beam of light
produces bound. A beam of sunlight is
thrown through a lens on a glass vessel
that, contains lampblack, colored silk or
woisted, or other substances. A disk luiv-
,ug slits or openings cut iu It is made to
icvuivo swiiuy in mi ucaiu OL llIll, so lis
to cut it up, thus making alternate flashes
of light and rhadow.
On putting ihe ear to the glass vessel
strange sounds are heard so long as tho
tla-diing Iieam is falling on tlie vesel.
llrrentiy a more wonderful discovery lias
been made. A beam of sunlight is canst d
tv pass through a prism so as to produce
what :s called the solar spectrum or rain
bow. The disk is turned, and the colorul
light of the rainbow is made to break
Now place the ear to tho vessel contain
ing the silk, wool or ether material. As
the colored lightsof thespectrum fall upon
it sounds will be given by oiiTerent parts
of the spectrum, and there w ill be silencu
iu other parts.
For instance, if tlie vessel contains red
worsted and the, green light Hushes upon
it loud sounds will bo given. Only feeble
sounds w ill bo heard if the red ami blue
parts of the rainbow fall upon tho vessel,
ami other colors make no sound at aH.
Creeu silk gives tourids best in a led light.
Kvery kind of material gives nioie or
less sound In dill'ereiit colors and utters no
sound in other", Pearson's Weekly.
His Dug Ketliuved the Itiilnb,
A lather reckless Biddeford man, with
no respect for law or gospel, is said to have
duvi-ed a scheme for catching limit by tin;
wholesale, which did not work sis well. is
He thought thai, n bomb exploded in the
brook would bring all the llsli iu it to the
surfuce, so that he would only have to
pick them up. Ho provided himself with
u bomb poweilul enough to blast a schooner
out of water nml went ton local brook iu
which there were said to he lots of trout.
He fixed tlie fuse, ignited it ami threw the
bomb into tlie brook.
As hu did so his dog jumped in after it,
seued it ill his mouth, got back to shore
and started afur his master, who was leg
ging it, across t ho field as last as iiu could
in tho realization ot his danger. The man
had the good luck to get over a good bit ot
territory, and a moment later, hearing an
explosion, lie looked around to see his dug
going skyward. Lew iston ,Iouin.il.
.ost 211 Hide. .
The little clavichord of past tinus needs
that a present day pianist should put his'
ear to it In order to hear it. Its delicate,
miuiatuio gradations of tone would he lost
Indeed on a model n uiidience. Yet liaeh's
lorty eiglit preludes and fugues were writ- ,
ten for it. Were tiiey intended for a single
insurer? String quartets still hold their I
nun, but tho day is not fur distant wheu
they, too, must disappear trom public liie
before the liiyuad headed audiences of tlie
immediate future. They will retiru inti
private citclc.i und become again wha
they were onglnaliy Intended to be chain
her music. Some day may it bo a distaiu
one'. they may be revived by the curious
In those things as specimens of a chaini
ing but obsuktu Ion u of urt. Xiiietienib
A Very Ktroni; Hint,
(ills lie Smith arrived a little late at a
.sociable givin by Mr. Dey Street. When
ho arrived he sought her presence, and I
haviug lound her said:
"I beg a thousand pardon for coming w
"My dear Mr," leplled thu lady,
never come too late,"
Gup thinks thin is a hint to stay away
eltoaether. Texas Sifting".
Snvcd nil Client.
Fifteen years ngo Judgn McSwconey wan
i famous criminal luwyer of southern
Michigan, Ho was called upon to defend
n young woman from ths charge of having
poisoned hor old husband, It wns a ques
tion of whether or not she hud placed poi
son In n cake of which the old man had
eaten. A portion of the cako hnd lwen
(itmlyzed by n, chemist und found to con
tain a great deal of deadly poison. Tho
chemist testified to this in court. Other
witnesses succeeded in making a chain of
damning rvidenco against the pretty young
widow. Tho time cams for tho summing
tip spucches ot the attorneys. Tho prose
tutlon began and finished, and all looked
ImpelesH for tho prisoner at the bar. Judge
McSwccney, the only speaker for tho de
fense, anise amid breathless silence. Tho
loom was crowded nnd all weru listening.
Ono could almost hear the quiet, it was no
intense. He began in n low tone to sum
tip tho evidence in defense of the prisoner.
Ho hnd been nllowcd an hour in which to
plead his side of the case.
He dealt with everything but the cako.
It rested upon tho table just at his right
bund, where it had stood during nil ths
weary trial. Thirty minutes passed and
tho people wero still motionless, charmed
by tho sweot eloquence of tho gruff old
lawyer. Three-quarters ot on hour passed
by, then another ten minutes. When the
clock over tho big desk told blm there were
but five minutes left, ho reached his hand
out to the cake, half of which stood upon
the table, and broke oft a ragged chunk.
Ho held this in his hand and between
sentences took great mouthfuls of it.
During thoso five minutes lie calmly
nrgiied the case nnd ate cake. Ho de
molished more than half of it. Tito
chemist had declared that thero was
enough poison in it to kill fifty men. The
good people looked at him in amazement
urifl tho jurors turned to each other and
whispered. McSweeney wound up his
speech, took another chunk of cako and
walked quietly from the courtroom eat
Ho closed the door behind him. ran into
n sinall room closo by and locked the door.
Two physicians stood ready with a stomach
pump, and iu ten minutes tho enke was all
in the slop jar. The jury returned n ver
dict of "not guilty" without leaving the
courtroom. Kansas City Times.
Colorado's Hlg Trout.
In the Hoeky mountains ono day a
friend and myself came upon a littlu sum
mer hotel near a crystnl stream. Thero
was an old man smoking a pipe ou a bench
nt the fiont door. As wo approached my
friend snids "Now, thero is one Colorado
fisherman who will believe any fish story
you're a mind to tell him. Just try it." I
walked up to tlie old man and said:
"Sjilentiid fishing over in that stream,
"Yes, sii; splendid fishing."
"1 know it. I was up here last sum
mer, nnd I got n whopping trout on my
line he broko it snap in two."
"Y'es, the trout do that up here," tho
man answered, with a peculiar drawl.
"Then I got a rope and llslitd with that,
but tha trout broke that too."
"Yes, the trouts often lneak ropes up
"Well, then," I went on, "I was decided
to land him, and I got him on n log chain
and pulled him out."
"Yes: log chains is the only thing what
will pull tho trouts out up here."
"Well, you see, after I got this big trout
out we couldu't get him up to the house."
"Yes, it's powerful hard to pull our
trouts up here."
"So I got a yoke of oxen, put the trout
I on th(! sjt'f.Kf."ninl after
u hard pull suc-
i reeded in setting him up to tho house."
"Yes," said the old man without a smile;
; "a yoke of oxen with a skdgc is the only
i thing what can c.nry our trouts up here."
I was getting dtvperate. The ol 1 codger
i shouldn't agree with me longer if I could
1 "Well, sir," I continued, "we took that
, trout nnd turned him out to pasture with
j "Yes," said the old rascal, "that's what
; we alius do with our trout up here."
"Yes, sir," I urged, "and after he had
been theru among thecatllu for about thrcu
mouths he grew horns."
"What!" and the old man straightened
up; "a fish trow horns!"
"Ye, sir," I continued.
' "ft'ranger," he said, rising to hi.s feet
ami f.dvanciup totvurd ine, "that's a darned
' lie." Louisville Courier-Journal.
The Iiity nml I'm- Cur Window.
One of tlm mo-t ro' ust and self satisfied
of the small annoyances of civilized life is
the passenger tar window that won't slay
up. It is even mote e.KMspernting than its
twin annoyance, the car window that won't
go up, for tho latter can give you but one
unpleasant moment when it springs its
little game while tho former keeps rub
bing it in, as it were, es it again and again
sneaks down its grooves and shuts out tho
icfreshinie hieexe. These few remarks are
the pivliuie to a short story of real life on
a Reading railroad train that was bound
for Xew York. The victim of tho wouldn't
stay up window was nf the bad natured
fat man type, nnd lie was gradually working
himself into a state of purple faced w nil h
that thre.ituned nn explosion of star
spangled language of tho gatidiust hue.
tin the opposite side of the car sat a sedale
old Quaker lady, clad in the dovelike ha
biliments of lite unit membrrs of that
sect, nnd sho watched the rising of the fat
man's wrath with considerable agitation.
I'inully she judged that the time had
come for action, so opening a satchel she
hail In her lap she drew out a package of
carpet lucks and a small hummer, and
leaning over to where the window's victim
wus writhing in the hist stages of his
struggle against profanity she gently n
mai Leii, "I think, friend, if Hum w ill make
use of this hammer ami these tacks thy
worry will cease." The fat man looked
uma.ed for a moment tin u saw tint titith
vf the ladj's words, and saying, ".Madam,
J ou have saved mo from making a fool of
myself," ho jammed tlie window up with a
vicious bang, drove a lack in on which it
ion hi reM and settled back in comfort to
lead his newspaper. Philadelphia Record.
A l'rctty Coiitmuuil.
A pretty Htory i told of tlie queen of
Italy, or rather of the niyal pair. "1 am
too old to wimr white uowiisanv longer,"
1 t.id Queen Mursherita, not without 11
touch of regret iu her voice, one day ru
tently to her husband. "We'll taken fort
night to consider it," was the reply. At
the end of that tliuu 11 hugu Ikix reached
the queen packed with lowly white gowns
of every description, acconuiaiiiisl with thu
brief line, "The klns'n decision." New
Mamma The ldin! Afraid to go to a
dentist and hnvo u tooth tilled! Why, your
little sister had three tilled only last week
1 and didn't fay a word,
hniall bou Well, I ain't so stuck on
j luok a "iris Is, -Good Nuws.
More new garments for this
Just now the height of the
season in this Department,
Choice new designs for
A few handaomo pattern
diessos, just received.
Heavy Serges and Diag
onals in all colors.
Scotch and English suit'
mgs and mixtures.
too pioces Cheviots and
Suitings at 50 cents.
Crcpon and Caslin.ore3
in choice party colors.
Choicest assortment of
seasonable Uress Goods
ever presented by us.
Our reliable make of
warranted iliack Silks.
Are Rolling thii saason
more freely than for
There are many new
weaves in 131ack Silks,
Wc have them.
Faille Francaise are still
selling. Some ot llio
others are taking the
China and Pongee Silks.
Our line is in good order.
JSengaliue and fancy
Silks, in great variety.
For Party and House
Dresses. Some beauties
at moderate prices.
Fancy Silks and Velvets,
Lots of thorn.
16, ;o and 24 Button
Our full assortment now