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THE BUKL1NGT0N FKEE PRESS: TTUTUSDAY, NOVEMBER, 2-1, 1892.
T!K WEEKLY TOER PIIF.9S, 3 fonts pel rpy, W e-enta for bU month, $1.M n yo.r, icftRB free. Arlvertl'emorV ind nr.jrlptlons tmMtM i t the office., 1MI Colle ee street. Full odvcr ltnc utM netit on application. Account cannot lie ofem-d for mibsprtptlnn. fubecriVers. will please remit with order, names stenot entered tititU payment Is received, nad "'Hapers are Mcpped at th'i end of the time td for. H'lnittanre ut the r!V c f the snWrlber rahws rnnde by mslstercii letter, or by cheek J postal order payable to the Publishers. 1 lie date when the subscription expiree 1 on '1 e nddrrtr. label of each paper, the rhanpeof w lilch to a euhequeut date, become a receipt ' i remittance. No ether receipt li eent un ee requested. The receipt of the piper Is .i luft'.olent receipt for the (trrt subscription. Whnn a change of address Is desired, both the old .nd new nddre should be t'lven. s-rins- SI. 0(1 n Year, Always lu Ailvnncs Dt'KT.INOTON.'i'Iirit'-DAY. JsOV. SI. The Senate confirmed soma excellent np C ohitnionts for Gov. I'uller last week Wed nesday. Jt oot the Homestead strikers n loss of Ij'j.OOO 000 In wages to lonrn that this Is n free country in which every person has the. right to manage his own Inning?. President Harrison repudiates tho New York Herald's alleged Interview with him on th-i result of the election. Tor tboso who know llr. Harrison this Tins unnecessary. (ieneral Wenvor sbvs thu populist pnrty hold the key to the situation in American ,olltic. W lnvt wrui to lie bothering Cien- ! fill eaver most just now is to find the j Ib.e 'f tLo peculiar foaturet of politics i.s i i 'r.ileii by Ilia fnct that the vory first i. e'i . under advice to Mr. Cleveland nro l,o s "l.o most doubted the wtsJom of his u 'ii unl.t.i. j i -i 1 'i id now rntitlfil to the nprae of j n J'urli!," City." Huriiiittton extende Hal rneting to her win alitor city and islirs f.ir her a continuance of that Rrowth i 1 process which has marked her career H .1 VdlftO. 1 Vho llouw did well to pass tlio bill civ- j a i:ifj O'e uti'ce of i oad coinml"ioiiGr In each I t wu mm provi-lmp; for the Improvement of l i.' hot!, l'.oad impi ovement is mo nf too most mpcrativo necessities ot tho dtiy in rimont, unit we nre find tbut our luIalu ti re rsillr.- that fnct. In Ki'u Oilcans a plan lion foot to make tbc snout cars mail carriers, to avoid the pssibiuiy of further obstructing sli n:n on j t.u f -!!. i.. Jt is tine tbat mnll carrlo.-s wi.l iubnul to mere abute without strikinc; ! li an ..i.y oilier c.irriers midii' tho sun. I 'I'll' -cm o i i.r,i.t to piova a iurcei. I ci . on, rn.'ii seem to have the 'acuity of j rommuudiu;; surces., m matter whero tbey j aio iccufii. non. joiiu v. Allen, n nntivo of H utsburKli was lo-elected Keirstury of tho Statu o Xobra-,ka In ilia recent election, and Hint in spito of it heavy populist vote. Jii a. so enjoyed the honor of leading the ttite t,cl:et of his party, loceivins; a hand louiu plurality over nil Ills opponents. Thu New York nuigw umps hnve n lively lly in the,r ointment. Tlio Tannmnj- bcesos l a anuoiiiici 1 that (.linirman Muipby of lii iletiiocratic Mais committeo is to .,uc--eed I nlted Slntc-i ;-enalor Hi.rrt, and the musmiuipi are now talkiiij; ubout "sor M po.iticul trnllic." It is too lato for our iuuwuinp friends to i cnionstrtte. Thuy li n-t ucepl the rule of Tammany or gt 3ut of tho party. There was one pleasant feature to the throe cornered fight ovei llm position of Kt o superintandent of education, and that h.ii Hint tho State was cjrtnin of liavinj u c.ood aupenntendent whichever of tlia throo cliiot aspirantH was 'uccossful. Idr. Stnno is Iiy common consont thorun ;hly nuallfinl fir tho position, and he will undoubtedly diselinrgo Its duties to tho satisfaction of thu people. It is announced tunt eisht States hnvo Teated commissions on uniform divorce lee islation similar lo that proposed In Ver mont, and other States will undoubtedly soon follow their example. 'JI1I1 is a much needed reform, which is bound to como in the near future, nnd Vermont ought to ha one of tho first ton States to take a decided stnnd in the matter. Two now States will undoubtedly lie. ad mitted to tie ITnion as soon as tho demo unts nra fairly established in power Arizona and .'eiv JIosico. Tho fact that four senators are to bo gained by udmit tiug thee Territories will, of course, tmd to dissipate nil doubt about tho (Itno-s ot either of them for Stutohond, nud thou OEain, it moans t,omethiii In the groat po litical hereafter for a pcityto creator State. A bill has been introduced In tho Sennto Authorizing tho payment of the sum ot$l!jOQ to Adjutant (ioneral T. B. I'eck for tho large amount of work performed by hlni in preparing the rostor of tno Vermont volun tcsrs in tbo cItII war, for which lm recaived no pay. Competent authorities bay that the roster is the finest nud most complete work of the kind in tbe country nnd its preparation roo,utred three years' time on the part of Gen. I'eck and his assistants. It Is r. work of which Vermont muy well bo proud and wo think tho Legislature will feol perfectly justified In nompenmtlng him for Ills valuable servico, President K. C. Smith of tho Contra! Vermont railroad is to be congratulated up. on tho success which has crowned his cHorta toward elToftlng a conolldatlon of tho dif ferent roads united under his management. The consolidation has received tho sanction ot tho Legislature, ns well as tho approval of the governor, and the arrangement has been confirmed by the directors of the road. In the conception and promotion of this project I'resldeut Smith has exhibited n high order ot ability as n financier, as woll us an executive, aud hie tucceis is t'om iiianding n wide degree of attention amonc thu leading imlros.il men of th country. I nder his manugement the system Las been n'eeesafU to un unparalleled degree, and, with the Titrloui roads in the lino consoli dated, tho Central Vermout promises to en ter upon n new era of development, im provement and prosperity. Voi'inoiit'M Xnvul Mllitin, Tli9 project for tlio establishment of n narnl militia in vniloui States Including Vermont It strongly supported by tho New York Tliuns. It ys that the proposal of VtrtMoat olid l'ennylvnnbi to establish or ganizations ot naval mllitln will, If carried Into oftoct, strengthen the plea which Hoc rstary Trosiy ts believed to In about to make for ft larger appropriation to this ob ject. U arguss that It requires very little reflection tu so that Congress obtains in tlio naval militia one if tho least costly of lu ll ury naval forco. It continues ns fol ows; "'Ihoio men nro drilled as gauntry, and In anj' emergency cou.d bo i piled upon either to help man tho present vossols or, ns is moro probable, tlio merchant ships which might bo fitted up for service ns cruisers. tjno gieat lack of our tinry is men. The ncwor ships require, on an nvemge, larger orono than the old, and it snems olear t lint ome increase of tlio enlisted forco should soon bo ninde. Hut even then tliero would to no provhlou for tl)at ovtru force which would Imvo to bo called out ill case of nnr. Tho naval mllltln form n rcierve oi cltlcn sailors who nro engagsil In civil occupations, tul put Con giess tn only a. biiKht expense for nriulng and ciulpplui; them. Tho oxnmplo of i'euii-i-ylvania ami Vermont should bo followed. Wo ought, to hnvo a navr.l militia in nt least twenty Statos. " Tlio expanse of naval militia would bo very small as compared with tno liontllts of such an organization and there is no good lensou to ur;o against it, n ln icnit Trnt li. Tlio Now Yolk I'vmlnc I'ost, Mr. (Jod ldn's paper qnot, -villi obvious exultation the romark of tbo l'iiilndclphui i'rea thnt tho recent democint'o victory in tho nation al election "was won for Hrltish principles, for Uritlsb manufacturers, nnd tor liritlsli workinmen, and it was won by a South that uow, n in the p.ist, bus solidarity of interest with its Drilisli friends. " Tno I'ost finds untiling out of the way with this statement but a slight "tendency to cing goration." Thoughtful ob-trven ot tho Eililnticn, however, will ncce t it as u square nuil straightfnrn aid etntement of an obvious ti nth. Tho people will discover it. to l.e such in tiin-, but tlioy will nut nil share the I'ost's satisfaction in tho contem plation thereof. I'liiiiuiKls mi I iii iiiij;r.it ion. Senator Hdmiiiids, in n publishod inter vlow, pointi out the fart that tho result of tbo recent eleciion kIiows that tho govorn nient of this country is to bo carried on nx cordlug to the vxpresso 1 wi-hes of loreigu boin citins. Hut sotting aside poiitlci', he holds thnt tlio ocinl asjiect of tho immigra tion iuslion is still moro seriou". lio siiyii that n very largo propmtian of our iinuii gration lu mado up of people whom their country is glad to get rid of, not always, or, perhaps, generally, becius" vicious or pi u pom, but 1 ecnusu in their own communitioi they nro lonst linblo to promote tho general welfare- nud bavins become so they con tinue to b: clannish, and as soon as they be come fulllciently acclimated socially, uu dorstand their power when acting together. He continues: "They insist upon retaining tbeir own latiguig", upon its Iiain,' taught in public t-rhnoK, lu some uotablo iiisiauctM ptncli mily to tlio cxi'lusion of tlio iiiuuago ot tho country adopted ns their Una! homo Kveiy liody knows thnt onu of tlio e-seutlals nt national uni'y nud society's progress is a common laoun'e. Ir. this and othur way too nuinni a', to mention thu stupend' us Immigration now going on is moro thou likely to prodiifo very encui evl s in tho way of untltrniming, and linally overthrow ing, tvat homogeneous unity and Interest and social llfo without which no republic can long exist. " K):-Senn;or Kdmimds thus points out a serious menace to tho success and welfare of our republic. Tho iiuestlou lies already begun to attract the attrition of leading thinkers of our country without regard to party or "Oct. It is generally ugreod that the United States can no longer afford to bo an usylum for tbo opprrs.'d, for the pauper, for tho outcat, und for tho criminal and social scum of Kuropo and tho Knst. Wo have tuku'ii in already as many divergent foreign elements as we can u;i.imilato, if in deed we !mo not nlready overtaxed our powers. The proper thing for Congress to do is lo place stringent n strictions upon Immigration and Keep out liuropo's paupers and outc.tsts. l'lcc Silver in tlio Xr t Cnncrcs. One of tho most fur-reaching and impor tant questions to coma before thu next Con gross Is that of the tree coluugo of silver, nud that tho problem will present iuelf in some foim or other is a foregone conclusion. Tbo Washington oorns'ioudnt of the mug wump Spnniilleld repul bean has been in vestigating the mako-up of tho n ;xt Ilouso of Hepresentnt) ves tor tho purjiosi of ascer taining the chances of freo coil.aja Iegltln- lion. He finds that there is no possible danger that a measure of sliver inflation can bo jinued over tho veto ot J'reslduut Cleveland, but the business interests of tho country would suiter much loss disturbance and o would occupy a much stronger posi tion in tbo monetary contereuco ut Brussels it it did not require a veto message to checi such legislation. The con espoudsut lluds, however, that tbe incniber-ihip ot tho House is such that It can be halely predicted tbut a fiuo coinage bill would Lo defeated it put to a vote. According to his llgures tho democratic membership will be 7 and tho repubiicaii mttnliers'j)i 12 with four uiom bers of other parties. Tho most ronfervativ" llguring gives not less than seventy democrats uud 111 lepub Ileum who are opposed to tho freo coinage of iilver i.n ljr exlstinrj conditions. The correspondent nnalvm "e antl-silvor strength 'is follows- "The Kew England delegation is reduced to seven doiuorrats, but Ken York sends twenty, Pennsylvania nine, Now Jersey eix, Maryland six, uud Delaware one, making the democratic mill silver strength from Hie Northeast forty-lime I . Other safe anti-silver votes in the.K'iiioi ratio ranks aro four iu Ohio, four hi Illinois, tlx n Wis consin, hum :i. I.jvii, one in Souln Caiollnn, one In Alahnma, one In Miclnguii, t onu iu l.ouiilaaa, and three in Minnesota, making a total of 71 democratic votis against freo colnuye. The republican membership ot 1 4ft will not contain more thuu u ilueu Iroi colnene members, so that lint Ids tlitu lill votes can bo i idled upon iu the now House on the sido of honest .ti.u This MtmlJ Jsave but 102 for the freo coinage men to work upon, or n clear majority of thirty-two against freo coinage. Moreover, this cstitnato Is Tery conservative, including only those nntl-sllvor dimocrats who ai known, nnd taking no account of now members who tuny lio oqun ly sound." It is tu be hoped for the business stability nnd pi ogress of tbo country that this estt in n to of the opposition to freo coinage in the nevl. House Is correct. It can not fall to strike the average reader as slgnillcunt that the loplthllcnn parly is relied upon ns the chief bulnnrk against ii (lation schemes In tho House. Out of i!!2T democratic repre sentatives only 71 urn counted upon to op pose fieo silver, whlla of tho V2 loptibllcms nil but n dozen are regarded ns sound monoy men. if the republicans wore n largely in favor of s.lver as tlio democratic members', a fren coinage bill could bo pas-od over tho vdo of the president, with votes to spare. Which party is tho sound money party ': licc'ii (hit I iidi'hlinlili! Iiniiiliti'unts. One ot tho most Feiious problems which coufronts this nation to-day Is tho qnos tlou, how to deal with immigration. It was our beast for doc.ides that Uncle Sam had land enough to glvo nil who enruo a home, but thnt timo has pnsed; nud our government must uow siriously consider the question of keeping out tho undesirable imiiilgi nnts, who constitute a largo portion of thu throngs now Hocking to our shores. If n lesldinl nt England, Germany, Rus sia, or Italy, has a clean record ns well ns capital, or n a. skilled laborer, and wnuts to mnlio his permanent liomo in America, he should bo mndo perfectly nelcomo. But the United States has no room to spuro for Uurope's social outcast, for her criminal climes, for her paupors anil bur lame, halt und blind who can not find means of sup port there. Tho cuso is put in a terse business liko manner by the New York Herald, which, lias begun a crusade tigniust what it terni3 "Ten dollar immigrants." It suyn : "Why should we not require of every Im migrant also his letter of i fcomincudntion '! Why should e nbow tho whole litl'inH'of creation lo conio hero, eitl.r to become a burden on our charitable institutions or to lower tho wages ot our own laborers by n cutihroit competition i Wo bnve nlroudy had too much of that sort of thing. "It n foi ei;zuer has uotiliod the nearest United Mates consul of his iutontiou to emi grate, and tho consul, after duo exaiuinu tion, lias pionouncod him a proper person, let bun coine, by nil menus. Uo hnve room eiiouxh lor such pirsoiis. llut for linmi gtnut.twho liau neither capital nor skill, who hccr earned n living m their own country and will nevir earn one here, we havo no room whatever. "I''iiiiiai' opinion throughout tho country is running in this directlun and C jugresi will do ve.l to take head. " The time will soon come when tho laborers of this country wlildeumud protection from tho iiipouring hordes of cheap labor of Ku ropo just in they have called for tho exclu sion of tho Cblue-o Hut thero is n moral as noil ns an economic principal at stake, as we hnvo already indicated, und tho pooncr tlio problem is taken in baud tho easier wi.l be Its solution. llnil (if the lliiiiirslc.nl Strike. Hio reiiilt of the groat Homostead strike is ju-.t vhnt every sensible person foresaw ti at it must be tho utter failure nnd illi cumtliuro of tho strikers. Aftr remaining idlo al out five mouths und suffering a loss of oer iJJ.OOd.llOO in wuges, besido intlict iug a loss of twice that sum upon their em ploers, tnj memlurs of thu Amalgamated associ'itiou otliciully declared tho striko oil and voted to return to worl;. If tho employes of tho Cnrnegio steel woiksat llomestoud had contoutod them selves with striking, littlo if uny fault cuubl have Iwnn found with them. It is one of tho groat privileges of tho laborers of this country to stop work nt auy tluio, provided no contruct is broken. Tho Homestead strikers went beyond this piivilege, how evor, nud turned their liberty into license. Tbey not only injured the pioperty of their ei plovers, but they onrly detcrminoJ that no other laborers should tnko their places iu tho steel works aud they resorted to the use of forco for tho purpose of carry ing out this determination. As soon ns they resorted to violenco they not only turned public sentiment against themselves, but they also drew upon themselves tho op position of the Statu whoso duty it is to protect the pioperty as well as tho llfo ami liberty ot Us citizitis. Having gono thus far, the emiso of tho etiikers was lost. They were doomed to suitor ignominious failure and defeat. The experionco of tho Homestead strikers is but a repetition ot strikes in general, l'ow striko-, escape defeat and it is ruro in deed Hint tho object sought is gained. The nearest appioacli to n victory for strikers is a cninpi omite in which their last condition is worse than their first. And tho reason for this is not far to seek. If employes con tent themselves witli merely stopping work to accomplish their ends it is n comparative ly easy mutter for their employers to secure new hands to lill their places'. The toiult is that almost invariably strikers sect to prevent new men tiom succeeding them und a conflict and violenco mo practically cor taiu to follow, with a consequent l evulsion in public sympathy ngalnst tho strikers, and ultimate failure. This is the story of tho Homestead strike, as well as of strikes iu general. The men at Homostead woro supportod by a powerful orguulzatlon, nnd drew etntcd sums while the strike lasted. More over, not u few of tho mou had com fortable snviugs bank accounts, so that If any strike could possibly siiccjed, that nt Homestead ought to have succeeded. It has failed, however, and with this fuiluro wo confidently expect to sen the lapid de clino ot tho strike ns an attempted muuus ot securing redress of w rouge on the part ot labor. Those labor organizations, like tho brotherhood ot Locomotive Engineers, which have relied upon arbitration and ex ercised good judgment, havo been more suc cessful in obtaining their lights tlma have others less judicious, and their examplo is being followod moro nud more. The lessun of tho Homestead troublo enforced by seri ous experiences is Hint the violent strike must yield to arbitration iu tho settlement ot troublus between capital and Is. bur. While the fluids tvtie ronmliu- over, Itii'iitUing new-pjoTiii bay and cloter. We'll think of her. us :s ui.r wont, W Iiiimi tretii and brinith ui,. uwry day, into as w 1.1 'e eiin c' -sivis r ivuh-vy, And .u, ilum us ii - MJV.OIjGM. JEALOUSY AMONO THE DEMOCRATS K. ,J. I helps Ton Slni'li Mltli Mr. tlntn Uad to I'lunsn I lis li not oil 1'iilltlclnni. IKrom tho N. Y. Tribune, Mb.. Domoerntln statismen continue to swarm into Now York, and generally manage to pny their respects to Mr. Cleveland and (ivllhln 21 hours after their arrival) remind him ot tli ui r conspicuous services in bis be half. Thero Is one visitor hura nt whom tho thorough-golng, convention tunning, vote-getting democrats look nsknnce. Yet lio is tho man who seems to be closest to Mr. Cleveland, and upon whom the president-elect makes it no secret that ho intends to lean heavily during tbo com ing four years. This la K. J. l'ho!p of Vermont, lecturer on international Inw ot Yale. Ho was Mr. Cleveland's minister to Kus'land from Oii'i to MS'.), and camo near to being chief justleo of tlio Supremo Court' when Judge I'ulUr was appointed. Mr. Cleveland has unlimited confldenco In Mr. I'laip". und since the latter has been lu Now Yoik, ho lias been so constantly iu tho com pany ot tho head of tho comlue administra tion, nnd has been treated with such marked deference and cordiality by him, that Mr. Phelps has won tho almost ununlinous jeal ousy of the other visiting statesmen. lie has succeeded in moating tho imuros ion that ho will bo the next secretary of State, and will dictate the foreign policy to ba followed after March I. Tho general run of great democrats who hall from Now York, Illinois, Wiscotisin, Maryland, Ken tucky, Tennes-.ee, Indiana, nnd ether States which have furnished largo blocks of elec toral votes for the democratic ticket, grow Mnall in the presence of tills collego profes sor from Vermont, and they don't like the situation "for a cent," Auy ono who could Migu'ost a feasible plan for suppressing ex Mmlster J'lielp, and sending him back hast ily to the Gio.i Mountains aguin, would be n populur man among the people who did tbo hoavy work ot the campaign on tho democratic side. Mr. l'llslps CiiIIh on Mr. Clevnliml. I from the New York World, Nov. 17.1 Yesterday afternoon a coupe drove up to tho Clovoluud resldeuce. From It alighted gentlouinu ot Hue presence. Ho might havo been mistaken for Hamilton Fish, 1'iesideiit Grunt's eeuietary of war, or the lato William II. Vanderbilt. He wore mut ton chop whiskers and wos clean-shaven as to chin and uppor lip. Ho was Ldward J. Iiielps of Vermont, who during tho last Cleveland adiniuistr.iiloii represented this country nt the Court of St. James. Mr. I'uolps had i un up from Now Iluvou, wbore ho is giving tho Ynlo students a course of lectures on law. it had boen rumored that Mr. Cleveland had sent for 1'rof. 'helps lo cotuult with liltn. If the rumor was crruct, the president-elect wished to talk about taking l'helps Into his cabinet. The most natural place for him, so politicians say, would be the sccrotarsnip of State, it will bo recalled that the appointment of the professor as minister to Hnglund was recjivod with no greater aurprlso nuywliero than iu Ins own State. Ho was known to only n fow people outside of Vermont, nud whon bo was awarded the bst foreign mission lu the gift of tho minimis (ration thousands cried, "Who is I'lieips " I'lieips went to England nud provod him self n mntcu. for any diplomat John Hull pitted against him. Ho showed un extraor dinary know Icdgo of international law and utilized it with such elfect that in many a dispute ho wns nhle to prove tbe liritish position wrong nnd that of America right. During tho lierlng -en controversy Minister l'helps handled tho American case with con cuiiimntH ability After the denth of Chief Justleo Waite, out ot personal friendship us neilas ad'niratlua for bis legal ability, I'resldeut Ctv-lniid intended to appoint Minister l'helps to tho vacant place on the United Stntes Supremo Court bench, Mr. riiclt'i, it Is said, suiiod fur this country with tho intuntion of ucceptmg the appoint ment, and, according to tbo story, Congress man Patrick A. Co.lius of Massachu-otts had a great deal tn do with dissuading Mr. Cleveland from naming Mr. I'heips, At any rnte, Fuller of Illinois was chdsen. Mr. Cleveland has a strong jersoiinl Inoiidsliip for l'rof. Phelp', aud tho latter' i duurers nre bmkirg o.i bis being placed at tho lit nil of tlo department of State under tho nest udmiuutiaHou. 1 lie Aicliltsb i and Ibo Schools, li'rom the Niw York Tiine3.1 1 he resolutions ns.ed yesterday have a great sign ticuuce. Un tho face of them tboy merely uro the extension of ptunchlul schools nnd thu supplemtutlug of the in stiuctiou Hilmiuiilered in thu public schools to Homun Catholic ehildreu by reluious in struction nt homo or at church, Tuey aro moro i emariiable, however, for what they omit than for what they expre-s. iliere Is not in tl em nsiugle v.oiil of denunciation cf tho public schools for the purpose of admin istering secular instruction, fur which a ono they exist. Neither Is there a word of con sul e lor the "lairbauit plan" or any other plan of uniting tho advantages of tho puLlic schools w Ith thoje of parochial schools, In consequence, there is nothing In them to en courngu tbe foieign and mod luval priests who have been denouncing the public schools, nor to discourage the Amorican and modern priests who, while they are anxious lo bring children under tho inllui-uco of thoir church, recognize how beneficent an i lis t it u I Ion tho public-school system is in the llfo of this county. GnoJ lloaits t.uss IlspiHislvu, from tho Now York tun. Perhaps the host way to reconcile com munities to the great cost involved at the outset in establishing a perfect systsm of roads is to get into their minds the concep tion that every bad road exaots a tax on the wagoner, in timo, in labor, or in woar or injury to the team. This imposition may bo slight, bin It is constant, day iu aud day out; an J if properly reckoned it will be found to amount to fur more nnnually, as a roadway tax, than tho Interest on the monoy needed for building a propor road and keeping it iu repair. i!i llemocratlo Outlook. Urom the New York Press, If the democratic party enrrius out the principles of Its platform the results will be so disastrous to American industry tbat free trade will be swept oil' Hie face ot the Amorican continent four years lienco, If It ignores its platform and lulls to keep its promises to the people they will know that they were bumbuggel in 1802 and will sweep the humbugs from power none tbe loss. Either wny the democrats loso. VBflMONT PERSONALS. Hollis Nichols of Townshend, who Is 0!1 years of a?e, voted tho republican ticket, that ot the State for tho 13th time. Georgo W, Uurnes, a prominent citizen ot White Hirer Junction, and for many years a passenger conductor on the Northern rail road, dloJ ot pneumonia Tuesday, aged about 05. The decnused was a brother of Amos IJarnes of the Hotel Urimswlck In lloslon. Children Oof for .Pitch?sUastorIa3 DISTINGUISHED VERMONTERS. A l'ow Portraits nr 1 luiso Who Won fume as Warriors, The following Is a partial list of pictures ot Vermontors who won distinction in the war of the rebellion, hanging upon tho walls of tbo adjutant-general's ofllce at the State House in Montpeller: War governors Erastus Fairbanks, Frederick Hoi brook nud John Orogory Smith. General ouicors Ma jur-deu. William F. llialdy) Smith, commniidlng IStli A. C. ; Dievet Mnjor-Uon. Lewis A. Ornnt, Sd division Otti A, C. ; Ilrovet Major-Uan. George J. Stnnnard, 1st division 18 th A. C.J Hrevet Major-Gen. William Wells, com monUlng cavalry corps; llrlgadlor-Gen. John W, Phelps, commanding Ship Island, L. A,; Drlgadlur-Gen. Stephen Thomas, commanding brigade, 19th A. C. ; Urigadler Uon. Jaiuos M, Warner, commanding brig ado 2d division Otb A. C. ; lirevot llrlgodler Gen. John 11. Lowls, commanding Sth Vor rnont regiment; Cummodoro George Dowey, United States navy; Col. Hedlleld Proctor, loth regiment; Colonel AVheelosk G. Voazey, lCth roglmeut; Lieutenaut Colonel lloswell Fnruham, 1-th regiment; Lieut.-Col. E. Henry Powell, 10th U. S. C. T. ; Major Josiali Grout, 1st Vermont nnd frontier cavalry; Major E. H. Liscum, "'id infantry, U. S. A.; Major Charles G. Gould, olh Vermont infantry; tapt. John W. Chaso, !2d Vermont light battery. General stall Col. Goorgu W, Hooke r, assistant adjutant-general, 11-1 division 24th A. C. ; Col. Merritt llnrber, assistant adju-tRiit-gonornl, U. S. A. ; Col. Joseph H. Colliding, assistant adjutnut-geucral "5th A. C; Col. G. (i. llenedlct, A. D. C. 2d Vermont brigade; Major Ira H. Kvnns, as sistant adjutaiit-gonoral 2ith A C, State ouicors Gen. 11. Henry Ilaxter, adjutant-general of Vermont; Gen. Peter T. Washburne, adjutniit-geuoral of Ver mont; Gou, James S, Pock, adjutant-general of Vermont; Gen. Levi G. Kingsloy, qunrtermastor-gouornl of Vermont; Gen, William H. Gilrnoru, qunrtermaster-genoral of Vermont. A Now Cudo Tor Vermont. From tho Forest und Stream. 1 Tho Vermont fish commissioners, Messrs. John W. Tltcomb nnd ChnrlewC. Warren, have prepared aud submitted the Legis lature a cndlllcation of the g- no and lis li laws of the State. Without taking into con sideration the merits ot all tbe spec-Mo pro visions of the bill, it is not too much to say that tbo euuetmeut of a now statute in such form as hero proposed, would mean an ad viuico of 10 years for the game and fish iu terosts of the Green Mountain State. It is an old story, and most ot us know to our cost how the obscurities and blind state ments and conflicting provisions of our pro tective legislation often prevent a popular uud'.'i'stnudlug of what the law means. The very llrst requirement of a II. h or game law is that it be Intelligible, under stood by tbe people, the common, every-day average man, who is not versed ia legal tochiiicnlitios nor ttalned to interpret stat utes about tho moaning of which, as in the case of tho Vermont six-inch trout law, even public prosecuting olllcers entertain a dif ference of opinion. If tlio public is expected to respect nnd obsoro a stututo, the public must understand tho statute, and without paying attorney's foes to have It explained. Tu made the game law plain is to promote its elllciency. Tho Vermont laws nsuowon the st itute books nro not clear. To over coma tbo ditllculty, to put tho law into such simple, diroct, intelligible foun that there may be no mistaking it, has been the en deavor of the trainers of tho new bill. It may be explained, for the benefit of others engaged iii a like un lertnitiug, that the commissioners nud the game law cumin tteo 1 of tho Legislature supplied thouielvos with copies of tlio Hook of tlio gaum luws for the porpose of u study of the legislation of other States, and they nppeor to have followed closely tho now code i.doptuJ by Now York. As is well kuowu, tho New York law wus the lostiit ut tne work of u special codifica tion cnnimhsion churged by tbe 1 ejis.a turo with tlio tusk ot reducing to u clear aud consistent code the chaot.o accumula tion nnd accretions of yearsot bundling and tiukermg with the statutes. Wliilo tlu New York law is nut perfect In all details it If n model of nri aiigemcnt, and nllords an ex cellent standard for tho work of similar commissions elsonhero, and Vermont has done woll to adopt it. Tho commissioners deserve full credit for their intelligent work iu this dliection; and every friend of the Stale will share our wish that the bill may hi approvod. PERSONAL. The Army and Navy Journal of tho 19th, under Washington, 1). C, notes, says; "Commodore George Dnwoy, chief of the bureau of equipment United States navy, has been con lined to his rooms for several days past as a result ot a recent ucoident while horseback ruling. Ho was thrown from the horse by reason of the animal stumbling over a stone, and, falling on his head, became unconscious. Ho soon re covered fiom the shock, honovar, and mounting Ills borss returned to his quar ters at tho Everett, whore ho Is nursing a sprained wrist, which luclilly Is the only damage done to body or limn." Commo dore Dewey is on ti of the most etlicient olll cers of the United States uuvy aud bis mnny friends in Vermont wish him n spoedy recovery trom his Injuries. Mr. William A. Allen, father of Mrs. I). J, Foster, a long-time resident ot Chelsea, died suidinly Inst week at Miiford, N. H., nt the residence of his oldest daughter, Mrs. John A, Twiss. The remains were brought to Chejtea for interment. Tho funeral oc ciirrod last Friday, the He v. Charles A. Morse of Ilrooktield, a classmate of Senator Foder at St Johnsbury academy, officiat ing. Mrs. Foster, who has been visiting lur sister, Mrs. Gertrude A. Hyde, will re turn next week accompanied by her mother who will spend tho winter with her. Mrs. Elizabeth Stearns, widow of Israel Wnshburu, jr., and mother ot Mrs. John II, French, for many years n resident of this city, died in Holly, N, Y., on the 25th day of Inst mouth, She was Lorn In Windsor March 4, 1800, nud thus was In her 87th year. She was married to Mr. Washburn, a native of Kingston, Mnss., in 1820 and lived In Whitlug, Addison county, until about lbliO when the family removed to western New York. Sluce 18S0 she hat resided with her daughter, Mrs. French, iu Uolly. RAILROAD MATTERS. Col. Ayer nud assistants are making a final survey for lllaik Hlver railroad and expect to reach Springllold about Novem ber 2J. The Conoord and Montreal railway direc tors have extended the time for subscrip tions to the now stock on tho part ot share boldels to January 1. A Roudout, N. Y,, dop.tcli says ; "It il believed here that within n few months the management ot the Ulster and Delaware railroad will bo iu the ootitrol of tbe New York Central road. It Is believed that the f audeibilts are buying up the stock nnd that the load will bo co.npiii.ui tu O'UMp.r-. town," THE O'NEIL JUQ CASE. The Proposition to Its ilurn tb OiTcnder'e lflno from 4 01-10 In 81000. To the Editor of tho Freo Pressi House bill 1317, Introduced by Mr. Cle ment of Hutlaud, provides for reducing the line of John O'Nell ot Whitehall, N. Y. , convicted of violating tbo liquor, Inw from $01-10 to $1000. While It might be moot to sympathize with a stranger who unwittingly becomes amenable to our Inwa, tbo fnct tbut John O'Neill was formerly aiosldentof Rutland and was there convicted of tho same offence and moved to New York that lie might, as be aud others supposed, engage In the trulilc with Immunity, should bo considered when every taxpayer of our State is asked for a contribution, ns this Is what this bill means. At llrst blush it might be thought thnt tbo State is making money on this case, but whon the debit side of the book Is lookod Into It will appear otborwise. Ex-Senator Edmunds lias been paid .-J2300 for arguing tho case before the United States Supreme Court at Wusblngtou, tho estnto of tbo lato P. Hodilold Kondnll, who was retained by tbo State pruviously bus boon paid iJGUO, Jewett Cain, tho grand juror, in uddltlou to tho fees paid him at the time of tho trial before the justice has been paid u largo amount, I think over $300, all ot which is in addition to the real expenso of tho trial and nppoals urgued In this Stute. If there Is tuken into consideration the cost of tho live trials and hearings In this Stat" to mysolf and the fees paid ex-Judgo Dunton, Counsellor Roberts of Hurlinglon nnd Judge Thompson who severally argued the appeals, print ing, stenographer's exueuos, etc., and the money duo mo for fees allow od by law, the amount will foot upas much more, al though It is claimed by some that tbe State cannot be holden for the latter class of Items. It will be borno in mlud that this case was originally brought tn stop the so-calloJ jug train, run from Whitehall to Rutland, and that the trial in the justice court occu pied over 18 days; tbat it was token before Judge Wheoler ot tlio United States Circuit Court at liurllngtou and camo back after an elaborate argumont before him by Messrs. Roberts and Dunton; then tried In the Rut lnnd County Court; then nrgued on ap peal at the Rutland term of the Supreme Court and on disagreement of the bench re arguod at tho general term and finally found its way the Supremo Court nt Washington. Ten yenis have oiapsed since the tlrst trial and finally the timo arrives when tho enss Is to bu closed, lionds, good and sulliciont, have been given to secure tbe fine. Will tho Legislature now step iu nnd do creo that thoso who did tno work shall be cut down to a mere pittance for years of labor and longer years of waiting, that a man who bus defied our laws may save money. If that is to be the decree, at least let tho fine lie sulllcient to repay tho State for money to be expended. Respectfully, H. W. Love. 1 Iiuil catarrh of thu heal Mid throat for flvejiai". Insert Ely's (ream Ilii'in, and from the llrst application I was relic ed. i he sense of smell, which had been lost, wns re stored after using ono buttle i havo found t!ie li.ilm the only satisfactory remedv for ca tarrh, nnd It has Itected n ouru In my casu. 11. L. .Meyer. Wavorelv. N. V, A single trial of lir. Iienry ll.ixter's Man dr iku Hitters will convince any oi.e troubled with costlveness, torpid liver or any kindred diseases of tlnlr curative properties. They only costs cents per bottle. Do not suppose that because it is recom mended for animals that Arnica .1- Oil Lini ment Is mi ntlensivo preparation. It will not stain clothingor the fairest skin. Dow ns' Illixlr will cure any cough or cold, nr mutter of how lone; standlm;. Woman's Mistake. She climbs too high. This applies to women, regard less to caste or color. The am bitious girl striving for school honors. The busy house wife, the shop girl, the society woman, all climb too high. What follows ? Nervous prostration, excita bility fainting spells, dizziness, sleeplessness, backache and most likely organic disease of the uterus or womb. Oh ! women, if you must bring upon yourselves these troubles, remember that Lydia K Pink ham's Vegetable Compound has done more to relieve such suf fering than any other remedy known. Don't hesitate. Altcirusjlils sell It, oriert by n.iul, 111 foi tn 1 I.oxtliCf. oti rpi nil C'lrrsfPi'liil.' ire tit-f'r an- sneiej. Addreii m euhlt. Zi?f deuoe, I.iPU r l'lM.'- n . .. s , . - . CI ... ..,,,. " '. '-I ' 1 I.1J1", ,abs. s.itrr i nn Vermont Investment COTUvPT NY CAPITA h, ,s:.-),(ioo offers choice securities netting the investor from 4 to 7 per cent. Levekett F. EtsJGLESIIY. President, Office: 144 Collego St. THE BURLINGTON TRUST GO. ASSETS OVJCJi $1,000,000. 162 COLLECE STREET, Uilu.LiUli.i: EDll'stltD U'KLhS, 1'ies, li. li. S If (,,; V, t'lcPiet. CM. SPAUIjDIXU, JOEL U. i A TES, E.irExnr vowkll, d. r. hums soy a. 1:. itrcrrAnnsox. This Institution offers itself to the publlo as a medium Ifor tho transiotioi ofal kltlii lenltimnte tanking. It lenpetfuil) rails attention tu the fuduwa facUi It Is managed by I'romtneut buslusm uieuuf this city, allot whom h'VVs at'a'nel lUJ-su In their Individual lines. A an Instltuti in fir savlmrs It hn met with niiiiiin' 1 n t .iooh, It has enlarired lis facilities so that It now aooomm ) Utst all clusss ot nenounts. rnelWi; HCtlvo nrsiounts aunjeul to cliuok and also coutinuinj 10 piy luturmt on tun j ilopn, at the highest rate consistent with safety andiroj t msn lie 11 i . It has lueney tu luim on real estate or approve I collaterals for lotia or slnrt tine It r9 all taxes on all account not excee llnir MM. It hs.s every faolllty fm th trniss. tlau of buelliets that Is afforded by a National b,ink and U subj 'Ct to the Kws if t m -S'i's governlnir Institutions uf Its olass. It has tho uiie' uu 1 bsst equipped vnu 1 1 ta s s i'u.1 will make collections for safe renters without charts. It sollolts business a.i I a u 11 it luereliants auil farmers of Chittenden and adjoining counties, and wilt mi.e s-i -u langemeru for transaotlng their' business eipeiltiously. It Is here to stay aid iudbs by oiu. -teons treMment of all who entrust thoir business to It to merit and not its share i.ft.ie pt-Ji. ,r i, iv. f!,o hare tnelness to transaot lu Its Hun. ilours i v lo t, Monday (tor receiving deposits) J to i p. m. 1I.,L, AVAIlD.Trensuror. MJItXiINGTOV SAVINGS BANK. ( IIAItTKIlHU IN 1 t'o.tfs ,lur 1, lH'l'J, 1 U1't Surptm, - pr-o 7592 Tntut A.t,, . . 3,02 7, J TfU'iTT-t." t, . tr. VARt, I w?r.r. nn tiun f rtAFi.H p, HMrrn, Hainr fsnnawi. J.I.. lUrifrrow. I A. O. PEtltoa Hr-mY Wci.ijI. VsptvAs pod IS-1VS '1..s'S ts".f !ff'! rnniU nn either of Hie 1rs r, is hi tints of isnv month -lraw In "resf f' 1111 tin It made afterward lrit"rs, win communes n mi 1 I rut of tbe following month. lnleit wlb bo rreilltol In depositors 'm. 'st end July 1st, rnmnminillni twloe n yes.-. Thorn ar no ttockholdori In this bank. Au the. earnings, leas ci penes, htc,n '1 deposi tors. Ike rale of Inlar-qt .1, pnnds on Ui earnlnirs, uud lur tliu n,t. lour yujrj ' ut ou 4 1-2 PER CENT. 'I tares r pnHliT II r, ' . ,- .p,.,-,,!., f'fl'fflor eS. I)0ir,sltS --r, r e lln,a1 trum Jl tn tuunn, Mid nn Intn'est e p 4 on nny snm In excels of this , o- 1 , ex-opt en deposits by widows, nrp'm 1 , trv tors, exeeutnn, uardlnni. cl iris , or 1'clous Institutions or od trust li nde d pos I by order of court. This bank prefers Vermont 'iriiu tlm Investment ot Its funds, end senli m money out u tho State untl. uie hums a it X 1 met. No monr.7 loaned to any oHVer or trus'oe cl tlio bauk. CHARI.K't P. IMf-T. I'reslleat, . r. A It I), 1 .eisnrer. . TILE MERCHANTS NATIONAL DAWK or uuklinotox, vr. Incorporated ISjU. lteorg.tnlzed tS33. Capital $.')00,000 Surplus Fund, . . 2o0,00!) U. S. JSoivls, (Par) - - uoO.ObV rxiTj:i status nrvosiTAny A ceneral Ilankln-,' lin!nMS transitu 1. Our lariro resources and sneoi'l fno .Itlosoi "Me us to receive on favorablo terras, 10. count of Individuals, firms and corporations. Ladies' and family account aro es.iei muy Invited. Depositors are favored wlt'i Surety DcposlS I'oxeoinour vault, without rharee. sterling exehanco and drsti on Frm-s. Germany, Ireland and Italv, bo urt and so.i European Letters of Credit, tiaya-jle m a., parte of tlio world, insuod upn. deposit of ouu or satisfactory security. SAVING'S mil1 ART Mr NT. This Man' Ins established a 'savings Dentr'. rnent for the jmi-rioso of rc-lvu; 11 n0its , Individuals, firms and to. is'.ias seekliirlnearni from money in abeyance or at rest, and to fur. nlsh a ,ufe and profitable pinoo of deposit f? tho sutIuks and accumulations of an uUssa's of depositors. As security for Its enssBT-monts this tnaj si. tHliIished institution otTors the adv.intaws of v arse capltnl nnd surplus, its large invostmeai In Uulted Utatos bonds and tho additional . ubility of its sU)cl;ho!dore. Speouil books of aocoiint w'U 1,0 tssaol t this department upon whi.-'i inforost a s i'i rate- ns muy be tlxed by tne Bua- 1 -jf Direr ors will bo crouitod to dopasitors on t-ie fira dys of January ni I July, and tins l-i-e. wld comround twice in vory yeiu- w tuout troabi i or care to the denn-sltnr. 1)1 l'i"IT HI' 'KIITS i'l'l-iN'-, htfui'it i.-j t-aaiili: on nt.it vvn wr -v iss -i:d u V.U As 1'ilc.j: i.lt 1 ma t'Ul.oJ 1 , L, tt ip. Sl.CLltlli ivM-Si ICM' III 1' IKTHI .. This II iiilt wi'l o!so rei eU.s , ,,t, frioney for Investment In such see .-iti-s as may bodo. Junde lwiHlIng their Invest,.,. ai W e have special faoilltlce rv r ak'mt ooass-. vinlve and fiftt investments .1 v " on. trus ti.es and those persotu T. hrr-, a Jr l,la. rllnod to in.Mir.Be thoir IniLis a' .. -.Irs v delied we will net us tii, r aL-.., ts for the n. r'S,.,,,1Hilt.0i' m,"nev1 'or 1I10 collection a" rents, dividends nnd Interest We respectfully Invito corresnondenoe . i interview with anyono Interfered, undor is turarioos that transactions witn us will bs held In Btrtntost oonfldonee and matters oom mittad to oar charsre will have careful atten tion. C. IV. WOODrlOUSK. T. F. WALRH 1'resldent. V. Prosldea'. 1 K. Woul)HOtIK. Cna,or HOWARD RSATBONAL BASC 15 UK Ll NOT OX, T. Capital - - - e:i00,000.0n Surplus and Profits, JO,000.00 DIItLt. 1 IJitS. y ?t. VAN SK'KI.J.N, Treablent, .lOl'.I, II. (,ATI, ic;u-l'r.i.l.u , 1.DH Alt!) r.I.t.S. 1). VI. UOIUNMlV. A. ( . M'Al LIIIN'O, Sntcresi Paid on special time deposits Letters of Credit Issued, payable in all parts .if t .3 world. Drafts Sssued cn nny country in Europe and pnyabb Ja the Currency of tha Country, General Banking. Call upon or ai-lres