Newspaper Page Text
TTTE BUKLIiVOTON FREE PRESS, THURSO VY, T)Eri5MRRR 7 1 SUil. REED RULES Adopted by a Strict Party Vote at the First Session of the House. PROTESTS AGAINST ROBERTS Offmcd by Ilrjiiihtlc.iiiA mid Dr-mncrtiti-'J ho MnriuiMi Scoured u Sent Hut Hie I ni'.hlm nlloli nf III Uiiar Win I'ont pencil Until Tucsiliiy Th Klrr lion iifSpcuUtT Itenclrrnon. Washington, Dec. 4. EiiTmous crowds witnessed the opening scones In llic House tn-diiy. Tin- principal Intottst centered In III. disposition Or tllO CIIFtt Of Mr. RollCliS, le .Mofm'oh Il-IUWIIIHIIW I I IIIM. liiosc who anticipated n sensational de- i. ueii;ut wore disappointed. Tins pro- iMinme outlined by iho republican le.nl i rs nt tln-lr confereiiee on Friday nlnlit a 1? piirtlully carrlid out. The objection i the administration of Iho oath to Mr. liiiieriH win entered by Mr. T.iylur of Ohio us predicted, and he stepped aside w,.t.(lVr of parlv, applmided vlgnrotiilv. without protest except, to ask II by so do- T,o ,,.,. of Mr. Vllvl)P, f New Voric. trig ho wnlvtd any of his rights. To tills nso ate, bin he sol n consp,. - the speaker responded in the negative. , nous wat In the front row which had lliero wan not u txotest from any ipiar- .( , overlooked tcr .ifcMinat tho objection to th- udminls- Mr. D.ilzell, o l'oiinsylvmila and Mr. nation of the oath to Mr. Roberts. Hut n,osvenor of Ohio, were unfortunate, on tho contrary, thn only voice i-.ilsed ex- Ttl, r imln w,.rp not ,.,,,,,, mU ti, ,,,, ccpt that of Mr. Taylor, was that of Mr. j,,,,, i,Pcn nimo,t reached but each ln.miiR- 'Meltne, u democrat, of Aikaliisas, who ,., ,, p,,t a K00ti ,.( joined with Mr. Taylor in his n-ote-l. Mr. ur. Hcpin,,,,, 0r'i0v'.,, was Hie Mist laylor olTored h s i.olutlon to icier III- premtnent republican who wan loiced to lasc to a special committee, bill by tnil- KO , tho ..Cherokee Strip" on the demo- luiil uriunuemcnt, tho consideration of ,.,.,,,, S,(, fol. a S11, Mu WIl3 rocch,i the resolution was postponed until to-mor- w!lh pi. by ,i,.m0crnts. row In order Hint tho l-onllne buHiti.-ss In A ,,,, lp pa f nmnp M no,,Pr(!, loiicctkti with Mie orpunlzatlon mimu be r ,.,,, ,, ,)(,pil ,, i(l t,1P r,.,lr nf aV.V'1 V . . . .. ,llc r-illliiK enRprly llstetiliiR for his nam-. Although Mr. Hoberts was not sworn In ,t wllcn , weu, MlmU!tr,, lo-iluy he ee.ure4 n seat. - UK however. namp ,,,, ,lol ,)(l(n rnp(1 A() lp was by an accident pnro and s mple. tllUt. tnu 0th n() ,,., ,,f,, iue(, , Mr. Hoberts was the observed ot all ob- j tllt. ,)ox ,(,r lllm ,,, , . llcc,iPlU ,k sorvors throiiKliotit the day. lis duiiRhur curei, a SPIlt, Tlu, mllpfl cC ,W() r(ub!l sat n the Ralleijr and watched the pio-1 cnM mo,,,!,. ,! 110t h(,pn pallp(I wh(,n tftodlnps fiom beRimilns to end. I the balls were exhausted and the Speaker Iho election ot Speaker Henderson end nskpil ,r . ,nPm.,Prs laid not been pro. his induction Into office, tho appointment , vldcd with seats. The two republicans atid of the usual committees to wait-upon Iho jir. Hoberts came forward rrldent, the seat draw'iis content with -if thereb.no objection." said the the usual nniuslnc features went off : Speaker, "tliose Renllemen whoso names without a hitch. 1w only other le.iture imvp 110t ,,cr,n lnlwl, wtIi tlu.,r out of tho ordinary was tho adoption of pcutd." the Heed rules for the present CoiiRrcss. There was no objection and Mr. Hob I ho democrats knew It wns futile to more ! pris n,anRl to lltid a vncneit seat U the than protest ntrulnst the adoption of the-o extreme rear of the extreme HrIu of the riles fitter tho republican. had decided hall. There he established himself, ujion this course In caumi and tho debate T!lP j,(.at drawlnR havliiR been completed upon tho resolution to adopt them wo Mr. Gardiner, rep., of New Jersey, nn very brief, l'hey wero adopted liy a stria nounced the death of Vice-President llo txirty vote. l,art nttliiK word.s, referrlnR brlelly to I-.arly In HimUy a monster petition said his hrilllaiil mid useful career mid Hie to consist of seven million names piolest- , profound Rrler with which the nation had Inp npiiiwt the soatlns of Mr. Hoberls ' received lb- news that he had passed wns broucht Into the hall. It consisted or away. 5S rolls of na-nis eich about two feet ,11 I Ln"ter. I.e said, he would auk the House msmtr, etieased In nn American Han. to set aside i dnv to ,my appropriate H i riieso rolls were stacked up In fiont or luite to his memory. As a further mark of the clerk s desk and vlewd with R-.Mit cu-, resjiect, upon his motion, the Hons" at rloslty. Later Mujor McDowell, clerk of :i-V) ... m .,,Hr,iir i ,,m uin jiui-, uroureu uii excein two 01 llic rolls taJieu Into tho lobby. Mr. Roberts nme Into the hall shortly after 11 hut wius rot generally recognized and retired to l he cloak room almost Immediately Sel dom, If ever, have such iriormouH crowds w armed about the House to witness the epeiilng scen-M of the session as beleRed the doors to-day. For hours bcfoio noon, the hour for the House to meet, people tr imed throiiKh the corridors to tho Ral Ierles whleh looked down npi;i the arena where, th" statesmen were coiiRrejjatinR. liy H o'clock t brilliant gathering had as sembled, the sallerles wero black with peo 1 I . -md handled weie unable to Rain ud- inNslon. ICntnince could only be obtained cird for which time was an enormous d. maud. The ladies and liiemberH Rnlbr ies lute tilled with brilliantly Routied v. tu"!i. ivl'.v , mem! ers and friends-. 1 he vi ( Hike sailery was tilled with tin' liiKh illunltaries or Iho government ami the dip lomalle Ril'ery was r.splendent with tho 1 1 iir'-sentittlves ot rorelRii Rovernnients. t nomi Hie ravel or the clerk ot the last '! u:e, MuJ. McDowell, de-fended wltli a auR. The members arose and the speutit t T.- III the Rallerles bowed their hc.uM ivh'Ie prayer wax offered by the chaplain, J lev Henry Courten of Michigan. After the invocation, and reading, the clerk be- tan calling tho rdl. Hoberts sat UsKcIng .ntetitly for his nam., and when II was lalled rcbponded "heie" in a loud voice. J'nero wa no dcmtiti .ition during th roll call. When It ivn concluded lll.-k McDowell announced that S.'iJ members "n ln'' hcarce.y a single Senator was aal answered to their names, a quorum f'rsrotten in the lavNh floral display. I'.,r Mr. Hepburn of Iowa offered a resolution "c'ul""-v notable were the offerings of ft-hlch was adopted viva voce, providing nLW''h to the new members In the body, .hat tho Ilous proceed to the election -I rxmitly at U Mr. Frye, of Maine, Pre. if a Speaker for tho FlttySixth CoiiRtess. ,r0 lilll(Ml Senat to order. Thereupon Mr. Oiosvenor of Uhio. chair- 1110 l'"lul ""'"plain. Rev. Dr. Mllbiirn. pro nikn of the republican cuiims, preenlo.l llo"n01' Invocation, making touching ier thc name of David 1!. Henderson of Ioua. ',,'nf, lo death of Vice-President llo The mention of the name nf flea. Ileal demon wan greeted with a round of ap- - Ir' I,,lc0 "f Heotgia was the first mum plauso from the tepubllcan side. Mr. Hay ,lcr r,'JKnlzed by the chair. He .re.-enied of Vlrguilii, chairman of the democratic in ,H'll l't "r Mal'ory, of Florida, v. ho cuiious, presented the name nf Jame.s D WIIIJ lll''"ied liom the stssion ly nlne-s, Rlehardsnn of Tennessfto and his name "10 oredenllals of Senator-elect Tadlerro, urt- uin piauuiis ot tho democratic side. iiaiKeiey of Kotiws nominated John f. Uell of Colorado as thp populist candidate and Mr. Wilson of Idaho nlaneH i.Vsi.i..i M .ewituius or .Nevada In nomination as tho candidate for the silver party. Tho roll was called and each' memime voted for the candidate of his political af- filiation. Mr. Morris of Minnesota, Mr Overstrcet of Indiana and Mr. C.irtnack or Tmiuchsoo wero appointed tellets. The roll cull n-aulted: Henderson, 1T7, Rich- ardsou, l.r,3; Hell, 4; and .Yowlands. 2. The clerk thereupon .irmounced the election of Mr. Henderson amid gteit republican ap- pluune. Ho designated Messrs. Richard- S04i, Dell and .NVwUnilo as a committee lo escort the Siiciker to the ehnlr. The "ommltteo retired to lobby and (iin. Henderson cnterrj upon the mm of Mr. Richardson, followed by two members of H e committee. In this order the proccs- slon movtvl down the main alsl". the rnim- Itrs on elthor side rising and heoring. Mr. Henderson made .a neat speech or ac- crptnnce. In accordance with a tlme-hon- nred custom tlio oldest member of the House In point of service, Mr. Hnimer of Pennsylvania, administered tho oath to the speakor. ! The speaker Diet! announced that the i oath would lie ndm!nllered to the mem- 1 . rs by Staley. As the names of Hi" n.em- btr wore called thev annenrnil nt ilm i, , Ill groups or about a dozen nnd In ly tho speaker. In tho Maryland dele- g.i'lon wiw John Wuller'Fmlth.elei l.'d e,-,v-, . .. w. ni.ui- in ,oeiuoer. lie will r main In the House until Itiniiiiiirated . overnor. ROHHRTS CASH. Winn the names of Mr. Rnbcic- wn rriched in the House roll call, he i.,v, ' (did alone to the area In front (,f the r le.utci s lean in t, o l ie oalh At Hm . tin- tlmo Mr. Inylor or Ohio gnlnexl re- , Mr. Culloni or Illinois ottered a te.so c ognition and protested against the wenr- lution that the secretary Inform Iho House lug III or Mr. Robe! is on the Kioimd mat of Representatives that the Sennto was be is a polygatr.ist nnd not a properly nut- , ready to pmcec-d with business, i nllzed citizen of America - Mr. Sewell of New Jersey announced tho l- 'llowinrf Is the text of Mr, Tajlofs dieith of Vice-President Hobart and offer i - .hitlon ror the appointment ot a special ed the following resolution: commltti. o Investlgale the Hobeits case: Rwolved, The Senate received with her.MS, It Is charged that Hfleham .leenext ve.rrn. lh i.,r . II I. i , ' - " r' - ir. 'Li i '"'"''''"'"V""'1' ('lcct 10 1110 1 Ifiv-slxth c enpress from tho Slnle of i tih, Is Ineligible to a seat In the House of Representative's, and Whereas, such charge Is made through a nietnb'i' of the House on his responsibil ity us stidi member and Hid basis, as Ik asserts or public records, affidavits, pa in rs evidencing mich Ineligibility. Peolved, Thit thn question ot the pri ma fuel right at Hrlgham H Roberts to I f sworn In ns a iipnwnt.itlvp fraui Iho Slat.-i or Utnh In thn Firty-sixth Congress ns well ns his final light to a seat therein ns such r!ireeentntlve be referred to a special eommltto of nlno rrwrnbers or the House to be appointed by the speaker, and intll siioh committee shall report upon and the House decide on such quostl n and right, said ilrlgham H. Roberts shall rot bo sworn In or In' in mutted (o occupy a !i it In til- lion iiikI tin "mid commit loc shall li.iv power to mid for persons mid iMpnr.i mil i . mi ii a witness ai o.ttli in iclntim lo Ihe st.hje't mutter of (hi? resolution. Mr. McRno followed with n protest from tlio democratic side, saying t lit issue was uie Involving Hip sac-redness of the Am erlrnri lionii". 'I'lic scnllnicMl was greeted with nn outburst of nppliiiiKp. Speaker Itrndotwnn then nthlresfod .Mr. Ho'.iprts, usking lilm to stand nslde until the roll rail wuh llhlshecl. .Mr. Roberts resumed his seat mid It whm agreed liy unanimous reniseut tlmt consideration of the protpU go over tinlll to-morrow nftcr the rending of tho 1'nnldentV mossufc. Tlio swcurluir in of the teiiiiiltilng meinbcrH wns tliim concluded CONURESSMEN OETTINO 8 HATS. TIip drawing ot seitts wiih then Ik-kiii. TIip tncnibcrs who hud remained In I ho lolihy In the rear of the House were brought In liy nimble footed p-cs ns soon u. the tnember Heeiired ;i sent. There were Mowers In grcutcr profusion tliim ever before. Some of tho pieces vro very beautiful. ' .Mr I lilt, of Illinois!, ehiilrmnn of tho foielRii nlTiilr.H committee In tho lust Coii iriesn, who hud n cent In the "Cherokee. Stilp" In the lust House, wuk culled eur'y mid got ii prominent xe.it on the nriln nlsle. Mossr.'. Cunnon of Illinois, Dolllvpr, ol lowu, mill u erstrcot, or Imllunii, i-e- ,.,',1 ,MI1 iu 1m U, Hi.I.I eenlln ur tlii. rellllh (1111 S 1 O. Mr. Hailey of Texas, got 11 conspicuous sent near IiIh old place. Mr, Richardson, of Tennessee, got hi. old rent, although Ills name was cubed lute ins collcamic reserved Hie cent for him. A big tree of American beauty roc was Iilaeed on his desk and the House. Irre SENATE PAYS TRIBUTE To the Memory of Hie I.ate Vlrr.l'resldeiit - Objection MhiIm to tlio Scullnt "f sen. Oiiay-Other OiitiirtM. Washington, Dec. i. Appropriate tribute to the memory of the lute ine-I'i esldent Hobart wa.s paid by thy Suiato to-iUiy nt its llr.st session ot the Flfty-Sixtli Con Kless. The sesslim lasted only 3.1 mlnut. s and only the most lonnal and necessary business was transacted. Arter lb., ndiin. ' " V . " ,0"u"1' resolutions mid tne utltnlnlstratkm to thp new raomlnrs oC the oath of olllce. Senator Kewell of acw Jersey presenled tittltiR losolulluiMon the dentil of the Vice-President. The es olutions were ordered to be communicated ' to the Hons.- ol Representatives and the ' session, on motion of .Mr. Keun of Sw ' Jersey, was susiitnded. Since Iho close nf the ,".",tli rotiRU-s. the Senate chamber ha.s been entirely lelliled. The walls have been retouched In .1, be.it.. and beautiful colors. A beautiful old Aold c'" bet has taken the place of tho gieen " , 0', ,, s anil many new desks chu1'? 1,,,v" Placed the old. ,As Ufu'.i'1 "" ""' l,l--'il"K days of a ses- . " ln "-oxmo5-. the ilinmber was a .ri- table conservatory. The odor of the nr- l'st '"Vilest bloomlm; plants was ln.ey ' ,' """ 1 ' were uieii. vr. I'enroso ot I'pnnsv v.in n?.t.i,ii tl credential.s of Mattnuv sinn'e.- n,,,... ilnted Senator from Pennsylvania, hv governor, un ino motion ot .Mr. Cock- roll, of Missouri, tho crtdicitla s of Mr. Quay weie referred to the coimnltiee nn l'rlvllegcs and elections. In this comi-etlon Mr f'iidlcr, or New Hampshire, olteied 11 1,,0li'lon that Senator Quay be admlt- ttl1 "s p-nator from Pennsylvania.. Ylus '''i-ohlticn also went to Hie committee en 'irlx ''"Res and electlon.s. Remonstr.ini es '""' memorials ngainut the seating of (.Ji ny w,'Ie P"-senled by llunows of .Michlsan, '""' Jon(v. (democrat.) of Arkansas. The emlentlais of Ilayward of Neliruska ,v re puj - tnted and subsequently ntinouni em, nt ttn'1 made by Senator Thurston, of .eb- "lska, that owing lo tho critical llluet-h of M''- Haywnrd ho was unable to be prcsuil Senator Carter ot Montana pintcstuii R"liiHt the seating or Clark of Montau i y direction or tho chair the new Se-ia- ,olh "''''-' then sworn In by the Pre.sld.-nt 1)U1 Accompanied, each by his colleague, tilc lu'' wnatora nnd those re-elected were piesented to the ptcshllug oilleer and sworn In. Those who took the oath w,.ro Suiators Aldrlch of Rhode Island, Iley- frldRo of Indiana. Iiurrowtt of .Mlchlr-in -'lark of Montana, Clark of Wyoming' Cockrell of Mlssnnrl ('iill.neui nf 'e..,.....' Daniel or Virginia, nnvln Depcw or New Voik, Foster or Wnshlngl 'oil, Hale of .Maine, llaiinu of Ohio, Haw- ,u' lu -I'liiieciieui, jeun oi rsew Jerse' jyuiigc oi niiiNs.ioimsettH, McConms of -Mur.vlnnd, MeCiur.'jer of North Dakota, Money of Mississippi, Proctor of Vermont CJuarles of Wisconsin, Scott of West VI.-. glnla, Stewart of Nevada and TallafTe.-o of Florida. After the udmltdstratlon of oath a roll e.i. shou.ul ilm n. I'nl Ht' IBIK'lIllllllCni (II I HO ,1"ath of f'""ftt Augustus Hobart, Int.,' Vlee-PrnsldMit of tho United Slates. i "ltew.lv. Tlmt t)lr K,,nuln 1... 1 I ed ill order thai the distinguished public I services of the deceased and the virtues 1 of his- private character may bo fittingly 1 commemorated, I "Resolved, Thai the secretnry of the! Sennto be Instructed to communicate these resolutions to tho House or Representa tlves," Mr. Sevvcll announced Hint on some suit able lutiiro date hn would call up the ics. olutions when an opportunity would ho afforded senators to pay their tributes lo the late Vice-President. Mr. Kean of New Jersey then, at 12:33 p. rn. moved as a further mark of respect that the Senate adjourn, and the chair declared the motion carried. THE MESSAGE Presented to Both Houses of Congress by President McKinlcy Tuesday. TAKES A FIRM POSITION In I'nvnr nf tlio Oiild Htnnilnril, Control of TrtiaU by .Vntl.iiml I'otver, Retention of tlio Philippine, Stnblo fiurrrn input I'or Cubit and I'roo Trade With Porto Ulcu. Washington, Dec, ". Senntors Plntt nf 'Connecticut nnd Jones of ArknnsiiH and Representatives Payne, Cannon and Rich ardson, members of thn committee of the two Houses appointed yesterday to notify the President Hint Congress would le In session at noon, nnd ready lo receive any nimniunlcatlon he might wish to make, nrrlvrd nt the White House this morltiR shortly before 11 o'clock, They were at once shown Into the cabinet room, whele they were Joined by tho President. Tile committee stnted Its mission and was inform il by the President that he would communicate with ConRrepK In writing Immediately upon the assembling of the two Houses. The (ommlttee to inalned with the Ptesldent only ten min utes tin the members or the cabinet began to assemble for tho regular Tuesday meet Ing. In the Senate Mr. Piatt or Conecticut nnd Mr. Jones or Aiknnsas, the comniltt" e appointed on the part of the Smate to wait upon the President reported Hint their duty Ii id been pei fot med "The Prcldcni," said Mr. Piatt." exiiifss.d his sntlnr,ietlon at the usseiubllng of Con gress and hoped that the good of the conntiy mlsht result from lis delibera tions. Mr. Piatt then ninounced that tho Ptesldent would comn.unleute with the Senate. Major O. I.. Pruden, assistant seenlnry to the President, was lecognlzed b the chair, and presented to Hie Senate the nios-ngo by the President. At 12:ii the reading was begun by the clerli. In the House after the rending or the 'ournal hud been concluded Mr. Cannon from the committee appointed yf-4tetd.iy to wait on tho President, leported that the President would n'mmuiilcutt to the House In writing Ir .mediately thcmiftir Major Pruden. the, President's c.ccutlve clerk, announced the message and It was at once laid before Hie House. The mem bei list. -m d ntteiith ely to the reading The messupe reads in part: To the Senate and House of Ueprersnta tlvcs: At the threshold of your deliberations you are called to mourn with your coy n tryinen the death of Vice President Ho bart, who passed from this life on the mcrnlng nf Nov. L'l lust. Ills great poul now rests in eternal peace. Ills private life was pure and elevated, while his public career was ever distinguished by lar.ge capacity, stulnless Integrity and exalted motives. He has been re moved fiom the high ofllce which he honored and dignified, but his lofty character, hH devotion to duty, his honesty of purpose, and noble virtues remain with us a priceless leguoy and example. The Fifty-sixth congress convenes in Its llrst legular session with the coun try In a condition of unusual prosperity. of universal good will among the people at home nnd In relations of peace and friendship with every government of tho world. Our foreign coninieice has shown .great Increase In volume and value. The combined Imports nnd ex ports for the year are the lnrgest ever shown by a single year In all our his tory. Our exports for 1S99 alone ex ceeded by more than $1,000,000,000 our Imports and exports combined In 18T0. The Imports per capita are 20 percent less than In 1S70, while the exports per capita ate 6S percent more than In 1S70, showing th" enlarged capacity of the United States to satlsry the wants or Its ' own Increasing population, as well as to contribute to those of the peoples of other nations. Kxporls of agricultural products were 5754,776,142. Of manufactured products ' we exported In value f.13D,S'.:',HU, being lnrg?r than any previous year. It Is a noteworthy fact that the only yenrB In all our history when the products of our manufactories sold abroad exceeded there bought abroad were 1S0S and 1S99. ; Government receipts from all sources for the fiscal year, ending June .10, 18!)9, 1 Including 511,798,314.14, part payment , of the Central Pacific, railroad Indebted- I ness, aggregated SC10.9S2.004.35. Ctis- 1 toms iccelptB were $206,128, 4R1. 75, and ' those from internal revenue $273,437,- i 161,51. For the fiscal year the expenditures 1 were $700,093,564.02, leaving a deficit of JS9.11 1,569.67. The secretary of the treasury esti mates that the receipts for the current fiscal year will aggregate $640,958,112, and upon the basis of present nppro- j prlntlons the expenditures will nggre- gate $600,958,112, leaving a surplus of $40,000,OW. I For the fiscal year ended June 30, 1899, 1 the Internnl revenue receipts were In- 1 creased about $100,000,000. The present gratifying strength of the treasury Is shown by the fact that on Dec. 1, 1899, the available cash bal- j ance was $278,004,837.72, of which $239,- I 744,905.36 was In gold coin nnd bullion. ' The conditions of conlldence which pre- , vull throughout tho country hare brought gold into more general use, and customs receipts ure now almost entirely paid In that coin. AS TO FINANCU. Tho strong position of the treasury with respect to cash on hand nnd the favornble showing made by thu reve nues have made It possible for the sec retary of the treasury to take action un der the provisions of section 3694, re vised statutes, relating to the sinking fund. Receipts exceeded expenditures for the first five months of tho current fiscal year by $13,413,389.91, and, as men tioned above, tho secretary of the tieiisury estimates that there will boa surplus of approximately $40,000,000 at the end of the year. Under such condi tions, it was deemed advisable and prop er to resume compliance with the pro visloni. of the sinking fund law, which for eight yers has not been done, be cause of deficiencies In the levenues, The treasury department, therefore, of fered to purchase during November $25, 000,000 of the 5 percent loan of 1904, or the i percent funded loan of 1907, at tho current market prlco. The amount of fered and purchased during November was $18,103,600. The premium paii by the government on uch purchases was $2,263,521, and the net saving In Interest was nbout $2,885,000, Thp success of this operation was suindent to Induce the government to continue the offer to purchase bonds to nnd Including Dec. 23, Instant, unless tho remainder of the $26,000,000 called for should be presented In the meantime for redemption. Increased activity In Industry, with Its welcome attendant a larger em ployment for labor at higher wages gives to the body of the people a larger power to absorb the circulating medium. It Is further true that year by year, with largo areas of land under cultivation, th inct easing volume of agricultural prod ucts, cotton, corn and wheat, call for a larger volume of money supply. This Is especially noticeable at the crop. har vesting and crop-moving period. In Its earlier history, the national bunking act seemed to prove n reason able avenue through which needful ad ditions lo the circulation could from time to time be mude. Changing condi tions have apparently rendered It now Inoperative to that end. The high mar gin in bond securities required, result ing from largo premiums which govern ment bonds command ln tho market or thp tnx on note Issues, or both operating together, appear to be Influences which linpnlr Its public utility. Tho atletillon of congress Is respect fully invited to this Important matter. with the view of ascertaining whether or i not such reasonable modifications can be mnde In the national banking net j as will render Its service In the par-1 tlculars heio referred to more re-1 sponslve to the people's needs. I again urge that natlonnl banks-be authorized ! to organize with a capital of $25,000. V '"""l'l'"" i i.e iMmih hm m.i.iimni.iiu lomnin- tnln the parity In value of the coins! of the two metals (gold and silver), ami the equal power of every dollar aj all tlmf In the market, and In the payment of debts," the secretary ot the treasury be given additional power and charged with the duty to sell United Slates bonds and to employ such other menus as may ... . . le I. A . .... ... ....... I.L. ... wiomy piiuuin inciuue me pow or to sei; bonds on long nnd short time, as condl Hons may require, and should piovldo for a rate of Interest lower than that fixed by tho act nf Jan. II, 1875. While there Is now no commnrclal flight which withdraws gold from the government, but, on the contrary, in-h with spread confidence that gold seeks the treas ury, demanding paper money In e::- change, yet the very situation points to the present as the most llttlng time to mnke adequate provision to Insure the j continuance of the gold stnndaid. and of public confidence in tho ability and j pin pose of the governnnmt to meet all j Its obligations In the money which the civilized world recognizes as the best. The llnnnclal transactions of the govern ment are conducted upon a gold basis W'e reive gold when we sell United States bonds nnd use g-ild for their pay ment. W'e are maintaining the parity of all the money Issued or coined by au thority or the government. W'e are do ing these things with the means nt hand. Happily at the present time we nrciiot compelled to resort to loans to supply gold. It has buen done In the pas't, how ever, and may have to be done In the 1 future. It behooves us, therefore, to provide nt once the best means to meet the emergency when It arises, and the best means are those which are the most certain and economical. Those now au thoilzed have the virtue, neither of di rectness nor economy. We have already eliminated one of the causes of our financial plight and embarrassment dur Ing the years 1893, 1894, 1S95 and IfiflB. Our receipts now equal our .expendi tures; deficient revenues no long-r create alarm. Let us remove the only lemnlning cause by conferring the full nnd necessary power on the secretary of the treasury and impose upon him the duty to uphold the present gold standaid and preserve the coins of the two metals on a parity with each other, which Is the repeatedly declared policy of the United States. In this connection, I repeat my former recommendations that a p .Hon of the gold holdings shall be placed In a trust fund from which greenbacks shall be ledeenied upon 'presentation, but when once redeemed shall not thereafter bo paid out except for gold. TH K MERCHANT MARINE. The value of an American merchant marine to the extension of our com mercial trade and the strengthening of our power upon the sea invites the im mediate notion of the congress. Our national development will be one-sided and unsatisfactory so long as the re markable growth of our inland indus tries remains unaccompanied by prog ress on the sens. There is no luck of constitutional authority for leglFlatlon w hich shall give to the country maritime strength commensurate with Its Indus trial achievements and with Its rank umong thn nations of the earth. The past year has recorded excep tional activity In our shipyards and the promises of continual prosperity In shipbuilding are abundant. Advanced legislation for the protection of our sea men has f.jeen enacted. Our coast trade, under regulations wisely framed at tho beginning of the government and since, show s results for the past fiscal year un equaled In our records of those of any other power. We shall fall to realize our opportunities, however, If we com placently regurd only matters nt home und blind ourselves to the necessity of securing our share In the valuable carry ing trade of the world. Last year American vessels trans ported a smaller share of our exports and Imports than during nny former year in all our hlHtory, and the meusure of ou dependence upon foreign shipping was pulnfully manirested to our people. The other great nations have not hesi tated to adopt the required means to de velop their shipping as a factor in na tional defense and as one of the surest nnd speediest menns of obtaining for their producers a share In foreign mar kets. The expense is as nothing com pared to the advantage to be achieved. Thu re-eatabllshment of our merchant marine Involves in a large measure our continued Industrial progress and thu extension of our commercial triumphs. TH K CONTROL. OF TRUSTS. Combinations of capital organized Into trusts to control the conditions of trade among our citizens are Justly pro voking public discussion, and should early claim thu attention of the congr ets. The Industrial commission, engaged ln extended hearings upon the subject of combinations In restraint of trade and competition,, have not yet completed their Investigation. The subject Is one giving rise tn many divergent views as to the extent of the injuries to the pub lie w-hloh may result from large com biuatlons concentrating more or less numeious enterprises and establish ments. It Is universally conceded that combinations which engross or control the marki t of any commodity necessary to the renoral community by suppress. Ing natural and ordinary competition whereby pj-lcos arc unduly enhanced to me sMieTfti consumer are obnoxious not only to tho common law, but also to tho public welfare. There must he a remedy for tho evils Involved In such organiza tions. If the present law can bo ex tended more certainly to control or check these monopolies or trusts, It should be done without delay. An act to protect trade and com merce ngalnst unlawful restraints nnd monopolies was pnssed by congress on tho 2nd of July, 1S90. The provisions of this statute nn; comprehensive nnd stringent. It declnres every contract or combination, In the form of n trust or otherwise, to be unlawful. It de nominates as a criminal every person who makes any such contract or engages in nny such combination or conspiracy and provides a punishment by line or Imprisonment. It Invests the severa: circuit cotirtH of the United States wit Jurisdiction to prevent and restrain vio lations of the net. Tho act is aimed n every kind of combination In the natut' of n ttust nr monopoly In restraint ( Interstate or International commerce. Tho prosecution by the I'nlted State of offenses under the act of 1890 has been frequently resorted to In the federa courts, and notable efforts in the re Etralnt of Interstate commetee s,uch a the Trans-Mlssourl Freight assoclutloi and the Joint Trnllln association havi been succesofully opposed and sup pressed. President Cleveland in his annual mes sage of Dec. 7, 1896, after stating tl.. tvlls of these trust combinations, cny.i! "Though congress has attempted to deal with this matter by legislation, the laws passed for that pin pose thus far have ptoved Ineffective not because ot any lack of disposition or attempt tnonfoioc ! tivm, but simply because the laws themselves us Interpreted hv Hie courts do not reach the .llilln.liv ti, .inU!,... of our highest court on this precise tins- Hon renders It quite doubtful whether the evils of trusts and monopolies can be adequately treated thtough fedeial action, unless they seek directly and purposely to Include In their objects transportation or Inteicourse between "tales or b'tweeu the United States and foreign count rles " The state legislation to which Presi dent Cleveland looked for relief from the evils of trusts has failed to accomplish fully that object. It Is apparent that uniformity of legislation upon this sub ject In tile several states Is much to It desired. It Is to be hoped that such uni formity may be obtained nnd that means may be found for congress to supple- , lm.nt sla. k,Bis)fUon. The whole ques- Hon Is so Important and far reaching mat i am sure no part of It will be lightly considered. oui;u-:i,ations ahroad. The claim of the Aimtro-Hungarlnn government for Indemnity for the kill ing of certain subjects by. the authori ties at I.attimer, Pa while suppress ing an unlawful tumult of miners, Sept. 10, 1S97, In view of the verdict of ac quittal rendered by the curt before which the sheriff and his deputies w en tiled for murder, litis been declined. It Is gratifying to know that the 1U1 glan government has mitigated the re strictions on the Importation of cattle from the United States. Till:' NICARAGUA CANAL. The contract of the Maritime Canal company of Nicaragua was declared forfeited by the Nlcaraguan government in October on the ground nf non-fullll-inent. The Maritime Cnnal company has lodged a protest. The NIcarnRiian cni il commission having completed Its labors, was dissolved on May 31, and on June 10 a new commission, the Isthmian I Ciinal commission, was organized. This commission entered promptly upon the work intrusted to it. and Is now carrying on examination In Nicaragua along the route of tho Panama canal. The work will be prosecuted as expeditiously as possible. The Importance of this work cannot be too strongly pressed upon congress. CORDIALITY WITH GERMANY. Our relations with Germany continue to be most cordial. The increasing In timacy has been marked by permission for the landing on our shores of a cable fiom Ilorkum ICmden, and the con clusion of a parcel post convention with the German empire. The several gov ernments of the empire seem reluctant to admit the natural excellence of our food productions. It Is to be hoped that in time the two governments will act In common accord to Insure the purity and i wiioiesomeness of all food products lm ! ported by either country from the other. I Efforts to obtain for the Ameiican life , Insurance companies a full hearing as j to their business operations In Prussia nave nappny succeeded. THE CANADIAN COMMISSION. In my lust annual message I referred to the pending negotiation's with Great Hrltaln In respect to Canada. A Joint high commission lint! been created for the purpose of adjusting ull unsettled questions between the United States and Canada, embracing 12 subjects. Apart from these questions the most friendly disposition has marked the Intercourse of thu United States with Great Hrltain. THE ROER WAR. This government has maintained an attitude of neutrality In the unfortunate contest between Great Ilrltnln and the i Hoer states of South Africa. The United States representative at Pretoria was early Instructed to see that all neutral American Interests be respected by thu t combatants. Upon the withdrawal of the Hrltisli agent from Pretoria the I United States consul was authorized to i exer cise the customary good olllees or a neutral for the care of Hrttlsh interests. In the discharge of this function oppor tunity has been afforded to show the Im partiality of this government toward both the combatants. THE ITALIAN LYNCHING. For the fourth time ln the present dec ade question has arisen with the gov ernment of Italy in regard to the lynch ing of Italian subjects. The latest of thefe deplorable events occurred In Tallula, La., whereby live unfortunates of Italian origin were taken from Jnil and hanged. The authorities of the state and representatives of the Italian embassy have separately Investigated the occurrence. A satisfactory solution will doubtless be reached. The president refers to the necessity of a cable to Manila, mentioned In his message of last Fubruary, He recom mends that In case congress should riot take measures to bring nbout this re sult thn postmaster general be author ized to Invite competitive bids for the establishment of a cable, OUR PLEDGE TO CUHA. My annual message of Inst year was necessarily devoted to the results of the Spanish war and the conditions It Im posed for the future. The treaty of pence has restored friendly relations be tween tho two powers. The withdrawal of thu authority of Spain from the island of Cuba was effected by thclst of Janu ary, so that the full re-establlshmcnt of peace found the relinquished territory held by us in trust for the Inhabitants, under the direction of the executive to build up that tranquil development of the domestic state us proclaimed ln the Joint resolution adopted by congress, by which thn United States disclaimed any disposition or Intention to exercise sovereignty, Jurisdiction or control over Cuba. Hy tho treaty of peace the SpanlRh peo ple ot the Island have until April 11, 1900, to elect whether they will remain citi zens of Spain or become citizens of Cuba. liy mat time the result of tho census win he tabulated nnd wo shall proceed to 1 provide for elections which will commit i the municipal government of the Island to the officers elected by the people. In the meantime and so long as wc exercise control over the Island thp products of Culm should have a market In the United States on ns good terms ns nre given to the West India Jslnnds. For the relief of the distressed In the island of Cuba the war department has Issued supplies to destitute persons which amounted to 5,493,000 ration's nt n cost of $1,117,554.07. To promote the disarmament ot the ; Cuban volunteer nrmy and In the Inter- I est of public pence there was disbursed $2,517,750, paid from tho emergency fund . provided for that purpose. Out or the Cubnr. Island revenues during the six months ending June :;0, 1899, 1,712,011.20 . was expended for sanitation; $293,881.70 for charities nnd hospitals, and $88,944.03 for aid of tho destitute. THE PEACE CONFERENCE. In response to the Invitation ot his majesty the Emperor of Russia a com- mission from the United States attended the peace conference at The Hague. The occasion seemed opportune for tho serious consideration ot a plnn for the paclllc adjustment of International dif ferences and a dellnlte project for a permanent Inter national tt Ibunal. The Una! act of that conference, In short, pro vided for maintenance of geneinl peace, the exercise ot good olllees nnd media tion, formation of commissions of In quiry nnd International arbitration. The mediation provided for Is purely volun tary and ndvl.tory. THE A1MIV, Since my lust message nnd in obedi ence to .cts of congress th" remaining volunteer few-ee enlisted for the Spanish war has been discharged. Of the volun teers 667 ofllcers and 14,831 men serving In tho Philippines und 1650 or the regu lars, who were entitled to be mustered out voluntarily, remained at the front until their- places could be filled by new troops. Hy virtue of the nutlmrlty of congress the regular army has been in creased to 61,999 enlisted men nnd 221.'! ofllcers, and new volunteer regiments have been o.-gunlzctl aggregating 3-"..(j ,0 men nnd 1521 olllcers. The force in Ma nila now consists of 1499 ofllcers and 45 90S men. When the troops now under . orders shall reach Manila the force will , comprise 2051 ofllcers and 63,183 men. The muster out of the great volunteer army and the creation of a new am y has been the work of great magnitude, well and ably clone, for which too much credit can not be given the wur depart ment. During the year past th" force In Cuba and Porto Rico has been re- , ducud to a total of 421 olllcers and 13,051 1 men. I THE NAVY. The message refers to the "spirit nnd . high ellhiency" which has characterized j the service and the pride of the nation I In its achievements. The president suys the people will Justify liberal appropria tions, and he unites with the secretary in recommending that congress enact such special legislation as may be neces sary to enable the department to make contracts early in the coming year for armor plate of the best quality that can be obtained in this country for the Maine, Ohio and Missouri, nnd that tho act limiting Die juice of armor to $3t0 i per ton be removed. PENSION DEPARTMENT. The pensioners of the United States In ; all wars, June 30, 1S99, numbered 991,519. The number added during the year was JO, 991; the number dropjied from all causes was 43,186. Claims disallowed j numbered 107,919. The amount disburs d 1 for army and navy pensions during the year was $13S,355,052.95. w hich was $1,651, f 4C1.61 less than the apju oprintluns. The president, In accordance with the wish of thu national eiicamjiment, G. A. It., recommends the modification of the act of June 27, 1850, which prescribes the t amount of income that detei mines pen , slonuble status of a dependent widow, j The president recommends that the amount of Income alluwed Indeju ndent of the proceeds of her dally labor should not be less than $250 per annum, and he urges that Hie congress shall so amend the act as to mnke this provision. ! THE PHILIPPINES. Tho piftident introduces the subject 1 with u reference to the treaty of peace between Spain and the United Statt.s under tile provision of which the Philip pine archlptfliiBO w as ceded to the United States for $2u,u0u,000, unit sas: I h.ne i every leason to believe, and I stio be lieve, that this transfer of sov.-t-plguty j was In accordance with the wishes and aspirations of the gnat mass ot the Filipino people. From the earliest mo ment no opjiortunlty wns lost of assur ing the jieoiile of the islands of ur i.r dent desire for their welfare and of the Intention of this government to c'o ever -' thing possible to udvance their Interests. ' The jiresident quotes fium van-ius 'orders Issued to tliose in command of i the United States military and naval forces at Manila to show that it was the object ot thu United States to juotect . the jieojile and to establish a beneficent government, even before the tieuty of peucu was signed. After the treaty hud t been ratilled, the message says, orders I were sent to the commander to juoclairn j the kindly Intention of the government and saying it was "most Impurtnut tlmt i there should bo no conflict with the ln t sursentH." The president then ghvs an I account of the appointment of the Phlllji- plno commission who, assisted by Ad miral Dowey and General Otis, were to "facilitate the most humane and effec tive extension of authority throughout the islands," and says: Hut before their anlvul in Manila the sinister anibltU.n of a few leaders of thu Filljiinos had created a situation full of cmbanasj ment for us nnd most grievous in Its con bequences to themselves. The clear and vnpai liul pi ."imlnarv renort of the com. mlssloiiers which I transmit herewith fches so lu- Id and comprehensive a his tory of the ju-esunt Insurrectionary movement that thu story need not be here repeated. It Is enough to say that the claim of the rebel leader that ho was promised ludejierulence by any olllcerof the United States in return for his as sistance has no foundation In fact unci Is categorically denied by thu very wit- j nesses lylio were called to juove It. No i sooner had our army captured Manila tliun the Filipino forces begun to usrujrn, I an attitude of suspicion and hostility which the utmost efforts of jur uPict-is and troojis weie unable to ellsuim or moiuiy. men- Kindness and forbear ance were taken as a proof of cowardice. The ugsrcrfslons of the Filipinos con tinually Increased until finally, Just be fore tne time set by the senate of the United States for a vote upon the rea'.y, an attack, evidently prepared n nil- Sance, was made all along th Amerl un nea. which resulted lu a '.errlbly de structive nnd sanguinary repulto of tha Insurgents, Tho president then gives the details of tilt uprising and slaughter proposed by tho Insurgents In Manila, the success of which was pt evented by General Otis, Into whoso hands fell a copy of the order of the Insurgent government, directing the massacre. This, the president says, was tho unhappy condition of affairs , which confronted our commissioners on their arrival ln Manila. What they actually found can best lie set forth in I their own words; "Deplorable as war Is, the one In which , wc nre now engaged was unavoidable hy lis. Wn were attacked by a bold, ad venturous and enthusiastic army. No alternative was left to us except Igno- ; rnlnous tolreat. "It Is not to be conceived of that nny American would have sanctioned the surrender of Manila to thu Insurgents. Our obligations to other nations and to the friendly FHIj.lnos and to ourselves and our fluff demanded that force bhould be met by force. Whatever the future of the Philippines miry be, there Is no course open to us now except the prose cution of the war until tho Insurgents are reduced to submission." The coutsfl thus clearly Indicated, says the message,, has been unflinchingly pur sued. Civil government cannot be thoroughly established until order Is restored. Although operations have been somewhat Intenujited and checked hy n rainy season of unusual violence and duration, our soldier i have gained ground In every direction, and now look forward confidently to a speedy cornjile tlon of their (ask. The unfavorable circumstances connected with an active camj.nlgrr have not been permitted to in terfere with tho equally Important work of reconstruction. Here, again, the president lnlte;i attention to thn re port of tlie commissioners for the In teresting and encouraging details of the work already accomplished In the estab lishment of jieace und order, nnd the Inauguration of self-governing munici pal life In many j.ottlons or the urchl-ji-lago. Tie- sytem of government es tablished In the Island of Nesros, which was the first to nrcept American sover eignty, is given In detail In the mes sage. The president then says; Everything indicates that wltli sj.eedy suppression of the Tagalo rebellion, life Vn the archipelago will soon resume its or dinary course, under the protection of our sovereignty, and the jieojile of hose favored Islands will enjoy n prosjicrlty and ii freedom which they have never before known. Already hundreds of oehools ure open und filled with children. Religious free-dom Is sacredly assured and enjoyed. The courts are dispensing Justice. Uuslness Is beginning to cir culate in Its accustomed chunnels. The future government ot the Philip pines rests with the congress of the United Stntes. Fewer graver re sponsibilities have ever been confided to us. If we accept them In a sjilrlt worthy of our race and our traditions, agieut oppor'unlty comes with them. The islands lie under the shelter of our ling. They are ours by every title of law and equity. They cannot bo abandoned. If we desoit them we leave them at once to anarchy and finally to bar barism. We illng them, a golden ap ple of .discord, among the rival powers, no one of which would permit another to seize them unquestioned. The sug gestion has been made that we could renounce, our authority over the Islands, and, giving them Independence, could re tain a protectorate over them. The preposition will not be found, I nm sure, worthy of your serious attention. Such an arrangement would Involve at the outset a cruel breach of faith. It would place the peaceable and loyal ma jority, who ask nothing better than to accept our authority, at the mercy of the minority of armed Insurgents. It would make us responsible for the acts of the insurgent lenders, and give us no power to control thorn. It would charge us with the task of protecting them agralnst each other, and defending them against any foreign power with which they chose to quarrel. In short. It would take from the congrcsH of the United States the power of declaring war and invc st that tremendous pre rogative in the Tagal leader of the hour. It docs not seuni desirable that I should recommend at this time a spe cific and final foun of government for theso Islands. When peace shall be restored It will be the duty of congress to construct a plan of government, which shall establish and maintain free dom und order and peace In the Phil ippines. The insurrection Is still ex isting, nnd when it terminates further information will be required as to the actual condition of affairs before Inau gurating a pen-anent scheme of civil government. As long ns the Insurrec tion continues the military arm must necessarily be rutin cue. Hut there Is no i-f-non why steps should not be tnken lrom time to time to Inaugurate governments, csjieclally pojiular In their form, as fast as territory Is held and controlled by our troops. To this end I am considering the advisability of the return of the commission, or such of the members thereof as can be secured, to aid tlie existing authorities and facili tate this work throughout the Islands. I have believed that reconstruction should not begin by the establishment of one central civil government for all the Islands, with its seat at Manila, but rather that the work should he com menced by luilldlncj up from the bottom, llrst establishing munleljial govern ments, and then provincial jjnvornments, n central government at last to fol low. Until congress shall htcve made known the formal expression of Its will, I shall use the authority vested in tne by the constitution and statutes uphold the sovereignty of the United Stantes In those distant Islarms, as In all other places where our Hag rightfully Ilonts. I shall put at the diFjiosal of the army and navy all tho menns which the lib erality of congress and the Jieople have jirovlded to cause this unprovoked and wasteful Insui reetlon to cense. If any orders of mine were required to Insure the merciful conduct of military and naval operations, they would not be lacking, but every stej of progress of our troojis has been marked by a humanity which has surprised even the misguided Insurgents. The truest kindness to them will be a swift and effective defeat of their present leader. The hour of victory will be the hour of clemency and reconstruction. HAWAII. Concerning Hawaii, the messnge says: It Is manifestly Important that an act shall be jmssed ns speedily ns possible erecting these Islands into a Judicial district, providing for the appointment of a Judge and other proper olllcers, and methods of procedure In uppel.'.tte pro ceedings, nnd that the government of this newly acquired territory under the fedoral constitution shall be fully de fined and provided for. ALASKA. A necessity for Immediate legislative relief exists In the territory of Alaska, Substantially the only In iv proIUng n tlvll government f ,r this trmt tv is Ur uet of May 7, p-l. Hi ,i p .,rf j,. Its provisions, nm'. Is fitt.rj f , tl I administration of nffnlii in ,c . -urt f j sparsely Inhabited by . iMhz I p, . , i and urilmjiortaiu in trod. ai. 1 j I , I Hon, us wns Alaska at th. i . , m , c wns passed. There Is no imi t ij x. j ccpt In congress, to j.nis nnv law r . . tor how trivial. I s i-ii r. usni ! why a more complete form of irr.i rl I I organization should not le j.t. . l rn . I bodying a fystorn or law j r. i j. g f e ' the Itieorporallon and K'" r rr.tr i t , ; ! towns and cities having a ei .in jjr ru Intlon, giving them the j,.,v . to, , . llsh and maintain n sy-'. m . r . ju -; tlon to lie locally support. 1 nr. 1 or -Irinnees jirovldlng for j oib e an.teiy and other purpose. ! PORTO RICO I recommend that legiM 'ion t. th. same end be had with nf.i e t , j government of Porto Id". Th. tin, . Is ripe for the adoption nf tl . r r rs form of government for this t? ,r,( Tit system of civil Juris, ru lit. t. tv adojited by Urn people r.f t. jq Ilr j . described by competent l.cw rs wl i ate familiar with It, .-is tl.r rc ugh, j modern and sclontlllc, as far as t r lutes to matters of Intel rial business, ti-udc, pioductlon nnd sorial nnd pr vnte lights in general. The citlc s of ih Island are governed under rhnn r which probably require little or r i change. So, that v 1th n .. . tors of local eonrer-n nnd j,i - . It Is not probable that mu h ' Islatlon Is deslrn". . but w l. f ,j to public udruli i- ' iti'.-i at - t e Hons ot the isl I tl.,. r, . , mpnt, there nr. i ai.ymit ... i of Jiresslng ur g t,, . Sn. . Porto Rice. fH b. ! d -tib I cljuil mnrke-s 'he I, is loric e i , .1 our tariffs hive c oniii.u. 1 her produ' t .is wh'jn sh wos A Spanish sovereignty The markets .if -he T'nl'rl s t u rhottld be op n a up to he- j Our jilnln duty is t , nb. tish I r A t tntlffs between the I'i i- 1 Sf s ) Porto Itlen, and give her it . e's u access to our markets. It is desirable that the p rir, rt of tho Island under the law of i. r right, now maintained through the It jiurtment of executive, shou d b superseded by the admlnlst'-a'l'.n en tirely civil in Its nature V r ff? r purposes 1 recommend t) . g- a pass a law for the orgut iz . . r f a temporary government, w I,,. i, n . , vide for the appointment b pre Ident, fiubject to . onfii mi: senate, of a gr-vrror at i s th olllcers as the I' ti nil admin s r,i . r the Island require, and tl. it latlve purposes ur, i subj mo a m 1 nature, not i a.t ng f f d-rai , character, a 1 v - 1 1 i . i. t posed partly J'"rto Hi ans ,r 1 art ly of citizens i.r l. ' ''tilted fat s si al be nominated m. uj.ji. '-it 4 H h president, subje t to Hi 'it r t the senate, their ,- t tn I . s .' t t - v approval of the oo: e- esx ..i t1 r i ' prior to going Into efiect. In 'h lpallties anil other ucal -jb! s s recommend that the pnu. w c . a government be apjilied.i' .res s enable the Intelligent cPizi-ns of tl Island to participate In the.r n go ernment, and to learn L pr "' 11 perience the duties and i.thi em-nt' ' a self-contained and self -" ernlng j-eo pie. I have not thought it w'so t I commit tile government ,f the !s jfu to olllcers selected by the peopb yj -cause I doubt whether in hab.ts t-aln-Ing and experience, the i ? are such as to fit them to exercise nt .Jin s ;arge i degree of self-government bn' It is my Judgment and exp"ctati ,n Hi soon will arrive at an ait..u tin n' jf e perience and wlsd -m ar d s f- r. that will Justify i. inferring if n th m a much larger pui . i pa Hon i ii tt.t th jIl a of their Insular f'i. ers. I Cl IL Si ItVIi K Concerning tie "i ier "f .. iv 2) It , amending 'lie ..cii s:i ms, presldent'sa:. .- Th pur i . j a r of the or-.b i .'. to ex i i .. , petillve vx.uiui.ation run. . - volvlng ildu. i.ny resj.-ir.-. . i dutiesof a str.. Hy . ..i.fiUer,; i . i or execuusi . l.ara.tei, w'.i 1. . h thought r.ir;ht UMtr b .'i ll competitive i xan inatioiis ..r i cretlun "f the aiq.oir.ting "fl. open lotnj. 'titi'.n All f u. ments had for then- main ' efficient and satlsfacto- J- r -Hon of the system . f hj.jm i r ei . tabllshed by the civil set e . i " e results attained sh.iA t..i' ut operation the put .lc s. i . Is proved. It Is beli.ed th r H system has 1.. n g eati firtinu ' and Its permarit-n. asur. : I The Hth of Dec ,-n u- r nil ' " ' nnnlversary of th death . f .. ton. I have 1 en ,;...d t" . . .1 many parts of tin comm.. m r, , 1 will fittingly cl seive thi- 1 . ,n t -versary. IN CONCLUSION Presented to this congti.-s nr gr opportunities. th tin -n . i -responsibilities. Th- j c.w.i c. j 1 us Increases the w- ght ..a' . Hons to the people ,md . is b i c foundly sensible ot then, u- wc, r i jilate the now and gi ave pr. 1 .cms i confront us. Atmn-g- only ut I r . good, we cnnr.or .:r A t';1 t t , , tation of the p. ..pie s will a.-.-l j , cannot fall to Insnu v. isem ..s.i- s i the welfare of the islands wit . 1 i came under the authority ..f : .v I . States and inure to the cornn t. rt t est and lasting honor of ou w 'r Never has this nation hud r: r a n tlnnt cause than during th. j. ,s s ar ' r thankfulness to Uod foi n ai it :u bls logs and mercies for w h.. h w ako reverent acknowledgment. WILLIAM M KINI KY. Executive Mansion, Dec 5, 1899 POSTMASTERS ND PFNSI' T 5 Washlngtm. D c Dee J l i Inir Vermont n m.i.i .r. 1 i i missioned: Sll i- i D Thuil.r c' i n' Isaac- N. t'hu.-. . Kist F..ii , i j The following p ns., i h ... ' i ed Verinonter- in r.i.-. i" i i Preston. Under:. il . $:., to 17. 1- c la, Springfield. $11 to $17. ll.ir i bert, Randolph Cr nt, Ju to i.4 'i b'-ar F. Hndlock, M 's i 1 I. $1" i ) - . widow", Hpeoli. .i i n ,. ... s r , la A. Ouyette. St M m- HARPER'S Yi'l-N'i PKci 1.1 Si I.D Chicago, Dec lli.im c H'o.t. ' ci -uluii ' ha--' c Oak Park, a t 'n. Harper's Young i'c . i fr.vn ll I r Ur ucid w 111 c ombine It w . Ii i:.. . nodical ho has b- n puh.i.'.i era I years known i- he .- .r side ration wm $5. ,. id sorn. -irty of thu Harpc- s Y. 1111.4 J' V lu 1 . f r s. T ' . ro .1 s 1 per will be moved 1,1 1 he o.il 1 1 s. Un. The Mper will be kt wn .t- t' . S ir VERMONT Pi NSlONl'l.S WnsMnston Dec. 4 Ipccmo T tnj W. Preston. Underbill. K. to 'J I'l-jn t .villi, Springfljl.l. SU to $17 llenrv c G. -bei t, Randolph Center. $1 to $11 'H l-Jrl i; PjcM.tU M.v-hneld. $1 1 10 ' rg"i, widow i. etc, fcr .pta A. Uuy tv, St. Al bans, JS.