OCR Interpretation


Burlington weekly free press. [volume] (Burlington, Vt.) 1866-1928, September 24, 1903, Image 10

Image and text provided by University of Vermont

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn86072143/1903-09-24/ed-1/seq-10/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for 10

10
THE BURLINGTON FREE PRESS; THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 21, 1903,
TALMAGE
SERMON
H
Dy Rev.
FRANK DE WITT TALMAGE, D.D..
Or(or ol MIron Puk Presby x
Itrhin Church. ChicMo
Chicago, Sept. 20. At this season,
iwhen tho great nrmy of teachers tnko
ltil tholr tasks In our Schools, colleges
nnd universities, many of them for
tho first time, this sermon In peculiarly
nnd widely appropriate 'I'ho text la
Matthew xl, 20, "Iienni of mo."
Tlio school-house la tho groat rcser
ivolr in which nre collocted the strearms
jof knowledge which have flowed down
ifroin tho ages. It Is tho placo whom
ifcbolars can climb npou tho broad
Bhouldera of tlio intellectual giants- of
tho past and tho prcsont and see as
far as thoy have seen, because iw
shoulders are lifting thosu students'
heads toward tho stars. It is Iho
placo in which man is taught how to
harness tho winds and lasso tho elec
tricity and tap tho oil wells and con
trlinito to tho common wealth and de
velopment of his brother man, so that
nil working together may cause the
"desert to blossom as tho rose." "What
Js tho cause of all thono lino farms, big
barns and immense grnnarles? Why
this tfcrift and prosperity every
where V" 1 once asked a Pennsylvania
fanucr when bicycling through Lan
castor county. "Tho school-house," he
replied. "You cannot go anywhere
In this part of tho state without Had
ing tho public school-house at almost
evorj' crossroads and tho small college
In almost every town of any size."
"What is the causo of your dilapidated
farms nnd tho slothfulness and filth 1
see everywhere nrouud me?" 1 asked
another farmer that same spring in a
region a few hundred miles from the
one tho prosperity of which prompted
my first question. "To tho absence of
tho school-house," was the answer.
"Most of our pooplo are ignorant and
uneducated. What is more, most of
our people do not want to lenrn;
neither do thoy wish their children to
learn." Against such n wall of oppo
sition an that it is almost impossible
for intellectual progress to ruako any
true headway.
A nriirrnontiitlve Term.
Wc would eulogize that compound
word of eleven letters called tho
"school-house." But, after all, the
"school-housu" is merely a representa
tive term. Its true valuo is not in the
intrinsic worth of the brirks and
Stones and wood which compose its
buildings; It Is in the spiritual and In
tellectual worth of the men and tho
women who stand behind its teachers'
desks. Students from far and near
came to fi. at tho foot of llillel and
his famous grandson Gamaliel, al
though for tho most part those teachers
had no buildings of any worth. Plato
was tho disalple of Socrates and the
teacher of Aristotle, who is tho founder
of tho academic school famous the
world roun'd, yet for the most part
those men had the stree corners for
their classrooms and the hillsides for
their laboratories. They wore poor In
pocket, though rich in brains. The
name of Thomas Arnold has given
Kugby Its greatest faniu. The name of
Iillphalet Nott is the most priceless
heritage Union college at Schenectady
ever recolved. The name of Mark
Hopkins is of more value to Williams
collego than an endowment of ?.r,000,
000 could ever be. Wflth my own eyes,
as a student, I saw that great educator,
thou eighty-four years of ago, leaving
our colloge town to attend the Harvard
centennial. Seated upon tho rostrum
nt Harvard on that groat occasion
were the president of tlio United States
and senators and governors and leaders
in tho various walks of life. Hut when
Mark Hopkins, old Williams' pride,
slowly ascended the platform the whole
audience rose en masse and bowed.
That homago was a tribute to the fact
that the skilled workman is greater
than his factory; that the teacher is of
more importanco than the school-house
In which he stands.
Tho Divine Teacher is our theme. If
wo have not yot learned tho value of
Jesus Christ as an instructor, then lot
us learn it now in tho command of my
text Jesus in those three words re
corded In Matthow emphasizes tho
great fact that from him, and him
nlono, wo can learn tho gospel lessons
tvo ought to learn. Thus today I would
grasp tho ropes of the village school
bouse and tho city church bells as the
college sexton holds his loll rope, and
as 1 pull nnd the church bells swing
backward and forward and tlio silver
Dotes of these bells go echoing down
Iho valleys until they plunge up against
Iho sounding boards of the hills 1 would
try as n gospel minister: "Come to
IcbqoU Come to school! All ye who
Would loam of Jesus, come to school,
come to schooll" Is not this the mean
ing of my text, "Learn of me?"
The Goipel ClfiKHroom.
Tho gospel classroom, In the first
placo, has in Christ an authoritative
teacher. I invito you with oonlldenco
to sit at bis feet because ho has a right
to teach. Ho speaks not only because
is n liuman being he has learned what
He ought to learn, but ho comes cloth
Hi With divine authority. Ills creden
tials are higher than those of any hu
man teacher. Thoy proceed from God
llmself. Ho is tho Son and tho co
jqual of God tlio rather. He conies
to us as a conqueror clothed in white
resturo, "and' on his thigh a namo
written, King of kings and Lord of
lords." "For he taught thorn as ono
having authority and not as the
icrlbes."
In thlB ago of intellectual progress it
Is absolutely essential for every true
teachor, whether of tho higher or the
tower gradea, to have his or her cro-
irtntials. Tor irwtauve, if I wish to ed
ucate ono of mf little girls to be a pub
lic school tewihcr I say to her: "Now,
Unughtor, your future life occupation
depends cntliely upon yourself and
ypur work. I am going to soud you
through tho common public school, I
beliovo overy chifd should go there, bfl
sho rich or poo'r, black or white, Jew
or-gantlle or Catholic. In order to pro
duce tho be3t types of Atnericqn cltl
zenShlpjiill classes of children should
stantf houldor to shoulder and hand
in hand at the school desk. Then I
will send you to Mie high school, thct
your different diplomas, you can gc
before tho state board or county board
of oxnmlners nnd have your knowledge
tested. Then, If you pass, your teach
er's certificates will bo given you. Hut
daughter, you cannot teach In any pub
lie school uuless you arc an authorita
tive teacher unless you hnvo your cre
dentials. Without them you cannot
oven bo n cadet or a substitute for a
day." All tho 0,775 teachers of Chicago
who faced tho 2C8,n02 scholars of Cook
county last year were prepared for an
Instructor's life In tills wny.
1 ask tho professor of geology In
some great university what right he
has to occupy a tcnoher's chair. "1
have boon appointed," ho nnswors, "by
tho heads of the university with the
approval of tho faculty. I have demon
strated my lltnoss to toncli by tho text
books I have written. 1 havo studied
the strata of the rocks. I have sat at
tho feet of the greatest masters of the
science. 1 hold diplomas from domes
tie and foreign universities. Those arc
my credentials." So Christ enters tho
gospel classroom as a teachor, clothed
with authority. Tho wisdom of the
godhead was given to him. In tho
counsols of eternity ho learned the
mysteries of the divine government.
Ho became man, and by n career that
Is tho wonder of the ages he has taught
his people how to live. These are his
credentials.
An Authoritative Tencher.
Now, my friends, as gosjxd students,
are you ready to accept Jesus Christ as
an authoritative teacher? Are you
ready to accept him as the Son of God?
A few weeks ago a gentleman wrote to
a friend of mine a pathetic letter, which
went something like this: "Oh, why do
the ministers keep on preaching upon
useless and Impractical subjects? Why
do they not preach upon some of the
vital questions of the soul? A short
time ago the doctors told me that with
in six months I must die. What 1
want to know Is how 1 can straighten
out a wasted life so as to meet my
God." Well, my brother, if these words
should ever be seen by your eye or re
pented lo your ear, tho first stop for
you to take is to accept Jesus as the
IJIvine Teacher. You are not to ac
cept him as did Joseph ICrnest Kenan,
"as a good man." Yon must not accept
him as do many, as a religious leader
like Mohammed or Huddha or Zoroas
ter or Confucius. You are not to accept
him as a seer or prophet, a John the
Hnptlst, an Kilns or a Joromlnh. You
are to accept him as did Simon Peter
when ho turned and said, "Thou art
Christ, the Son of tho Living God."
Are you ready to accept the authorita
tive Jesus as divine?
Oh, tho credentials of tho teacher,
Christ! In the prophecies of Scripture
we can read them, in tho miracles
which ho performed we can verify
them. In the testimony of John tho
Haptlst and in the Heavenly Father's
voice, which sounded over the dripping
locks of the Son of God when Christ
was baptized, we can prove them.
Christ's credentials are of tho highest
authority. They must bo accepted.
5 Napoleon was one day riding along
the lines of the French army, when his
horse shied. Instantly a common sol
dier leaped forth from the ranks and
saved his commander from being
thrown. Napoleon smiled at his res
cuer and said, "Thank you, captain."
Quick as a Hash the soldier saluted and
united his chief, "Of what regiment,
sire?" The d -lighted emperor replied,
"Of my ewn guards." He then rode on.
With that the soldier threw away his
gun and stopped over to where the
staff otllocrs of the guards wore collect
ed. Indignantly those olllcers ordered
him back to tho ranks. With that tho
new made captain raised his head as ho
answered, "I am no longer a private
soldier; I am a captain of the emper
or's guards." "I!y what authority do
you make such a statement?" asked tho
colonel. Then the soldier pointed to
ward the retreating form of his ruler
as ho answered, "Napoleon said it!"
Ah, after that there was no further
criticism Napoleon was the authority.
Napoleon was to give him his creden
tials. So Christ, as tho authoritative
teacher, comes to us with his creden
tials. The Father, tho Heavenly Father,
hath spoken it. Witness the Jordanlc
revelation: "Heboid a light cloud over
shadowed them, and behold a voice
out of the cloud which said, "This is
my Son in whom I am well pleased.
Hear ye him." Authoritntlvely! Christ
always speaks authoritatively.
The gospel classroom, in the next
plnce, has a self sacrificing teacher.
The word "self sacrificing" can well be
applied to all true men and women
who follow the noble profession of
teaching. I care not whether those men
and women are filling conspicuous pro
fessional chairs, as did William Gra
ham Sumner, and John Hussell Ilart
I'tt, and Julius II, Seoloy, nnd Joseph
Storey, nnd Theodore W. Dwlght, and
Mm. Mary Somorvllle, and Elizabeth
Stewart Phelps, and Alice Freeman
Palmer, and Mary Lyon, or whether
hey are teaching in humble district
schools; they aro all people who sacri
fice themselves for tho good of others.
There Is uo business or profession on
earth In which there is more wear and
tear upon the nervous system than up
on those conscientious men nnd wom
en who, week In and week out, spend
their lives expounding nnd 'explaining
and catechising behind a teacher's
desk.
Just think of tlio fractious human
colts tho average public school teacher
has to train. A grout many parents
send their children to school in order to
got rid of them as well ns to have their
brains dovolopod. Thay cannot stand
the boy's racket at home, so they ox
poet tho public toucher to supply tho
neglected maternal discipline. God pity
tlio young graduate of tho normal
school, who herself is hardly old enough
to bo a mother, anil yet has to keep In
lino overy day thirty or forty boys
and girts, most of whom havo not yot
learned what tho word "obodlenco'
means!
Then estimate tho thickness of the
skull which every year tho teachei
has to pry open to lot In the Intellec
tual light. It must bo a great plonsuro
for tho teacher, who is a genius, to de
volop a genius; for a Lord Chatham tc
have for his disciple a William Pitt
for a Franz Liszt to guide tho fingers
of an Anton ltublustelu over tho Ivory
keys; for an Ignatius Loyola to mold a
Francis Xavler; for a Peter Paul Ilu
bens to huve for his pupil an Authonj
Vandyke. One day, after having ox
amined some of his famous student's
work, the groat Flemish master delight
greater than Hubons Is hero! Tin
young mnn whoso brush has done thli
will some day otitinaster his master.''
llut, though It may bo n great plensun
for a genius to dovolop a genius, yet
nlnoty-nlno hundredths of nil scholars
In nil public school classrooms nre .gen
luses. Thoy nre not only children of
ordinary Intelligence, but boys and
girls, many of them below tho ordinary
All of those scholars must bo develop
ed. This accounts for tho teacher's ex
haustion. Then tho strain. Then often
complcto nervous collapse.
Hut, oh, my brother, what Is the sac
rlflco of an earthly teachor for her pu
pils compared to that which tho Divine
Teacher has made for us? Is there nny
patlonco lllto unto his patience? Any
forgiveness greater than his forgive
ness? Any martyrdom like unto his
martyrdom? During the life of tho late
Thomas tlnllaudet, that noble Christ
like tencher sent by God to serve the
American deaf mutes, he often spent
days nnd weeks and months over one
pupil tenchlng hltn how to pronounce a
single vowel sound, llut grent as Dr.
Gallattdet's sacrlllces wore can his pa
tience be compared lo my Lord's? As
n Divine Teacher has not Christ spent
years and years and years trying to
teach tts how to speak Just two words
in tho right way, "Our Father?" We
read how the missionary teachers have
been martyred In Chlnn In the defense
of their pupils. Uut was thero ever a
death of a teacher like unto that of the
martyrdom of my Christ? In order to
teach us how to attain eternal life has
he not sacrificed for us In his wounded
hands and wounded foot and wounded
head nnd gaping side, Into which the
Roman soldier thrust his spear? Yes.
My Lord and my God Is a self sacrific
ing teachor. He gave his life for his
gospel students. Ho died that we might
live.
ClirlNt'n Greater l'urpoxc.
Put tho Divine Teacher Christ has a
far greater purpose than to merely
save his gospel students. lie teaches
his disciples, who sit at his feet In or
der that thoy may become like him,
how they in turn may carry his mos
sage and truth to the farthermost parts
of the earth. He looks upon his stu
dents with respect to their future, ns
every true Instructor ought to do. I
onco read of a famous teacher who
never entered his classroom but ho al
ways took off his hat and bowed bo-
fore his scholars as though ho was
coming Into the presence of a king,
"for," he said, "no one knows what
future ruler or leader of the people
may be developing under my touch.
Therefore I wish to show my student
proper respect." Christ in tlio same
way is looking nt his gospel students
through the eyes of prophecy. He is
tlio Divine Instructor, who teaches his
disciples that through them wo may
loam the way of life. He Is teaching
his disciples In order that the count
less multitudes, groping about in the
darkness of heathendom, may through
us bo brought Into saving touch with
the cross.
To duplicate the teacher's knowledge
and life in tho lives of his students is
always the far reaching purpose of true
teaching. Why did General Samuel
Chapman Armstrong found the Hamp
ton school near Old Point Comfort, and
why was that other Indian school es
tablished In Carlisle, Pa,? It was in
order to take the Indian boys and girls
from the far west to the oast, there to
bring them Into touch with the white
man's teachers and the white man's
ways and then to send those Indian
boys back to their tribes In the hope
that tho civilized red man would In
turn civilize his brothers and sisters.
Why does Hooker T. Washington's work
have tho hearty support of tho white
men both of tho north and tho south?
Hecauso he Is trying to duplicate his
plain, common sense, practical life In
the lives of his students. He Is not
trying to teach the doctrine that the
white and the black races should In
termarry. He Is the apostle preaching
that life means work; that tho black
race will never lift Itself by political
agitations, but only by its members be
Ing good waiters and coachmen and
honest laborers and provident farmers
and Intelligent wives and mothers, lie
U preaching "tho gospel of the tooth
brush." Ho does not believe a man,
colored or white, can bo respectable
and bo chronically dirty. Such Is the
duplicating purpose of Alabama's fore
most negro educator. Now, my friends,
Jesus Christ ns a dlvlno teacher should
have a duplicating power In tho lives
of his students. It should bo found in
tho lives of his professing disciples, In
the lives of some of us who huve boon
crowding the gospel classroom for the
last ton, twenty yes, even thirty and
forty years. Christ's duplicating pow
or should be found in us, becauso
through us tho gospel must be sent to
some sinful nnd some lost soul to whom
otherwise it rosy never te sent nt all.
War tho Weak and Ileltilenn.
We have often read how heroic deeds
in martjnl life have Raved an army for
an earthly king. Can we not realize
how our deeds as tho representatives
of Christ can draw men to or drlvo
thctn away from the cross? Many
years ago a French army was battling
under the hot nnd blasting Algerian
sun. Tho forced marches nnd tho conn
ter marches which that army was com
pelled to take wore enough to kill an
African negro, let alone n European.
Then In order to Increase tho horror
fatal cholera broko out in ono regt
mont. Man after mnn died. The nrmy
became panic stricken, and all seemed
to bo lost. Hut ono night Colonel Gnr-
darens wnntod to prove that this
dreaded disease was contagious "whol
ly through food and drink and in no
other way," So ho himself lifted one of
the cholera corpses out of Its boil
Then ho turned to his men nnd said:
"Now I will show you that cholera Is
not Infectious. I will pass the night In
this man's bed." Ho raised the bed
clothes and lay down nnd slept. In
tho morning he nwoke, arose and de
parted to his own quarters a well man
That power of n personal exnniplo In
spired his men. They took heart. Tho
French army was paved. My friends,
our examples as representatives of Je
sus Christ must exert the same kind of
good or bnit Influence that Colonel
Gnrdarens had over his men, As gos
pel students wo must dupllcnto Christ's
llfo or wo must misrepresent him, We
shall lend sinful men and women to hif.
altar or drlvo them farther nwny. "We
are tho light of the world." "Wo are
tho salt of tho earth." "Wo aro tho clt
les set upon a hill which cannot la
hid " As gospel students we an
Christ's r,cj.ircsuutixUves, .Christ's ,wlt-
losses, anil wo cannot help It.
Hut where as Christian disciples
hall wo bull". Christ's future class
rooms? Everywhere. In them must
ic gathered th old and the young, the
rich und the poor, the white and the
black, tho Jew, the gentile. For them
the applications for membership do not
need the Indorsement of a wealthy
innn's check. They nre not restricted
to a social caste, as Is the famous pri
vate school near St. Petersburg, which
was established only for tho sons and
dnughters of the men who nre the fa
vorites of tho Rutslnn czar. Did 1 say
tho future gospel classrooms must bo
built for all pcopto nllko? I misquoted
myself. They must bo especially built
for tho poor nnd tlio helpless nnd the
wenk and the lame and the blind nnd
tho outcasts, social and spiritual. Tho
command Is given unto us In emphntlc
terms, "Go yo out into the highways
and tho hedges and compel them to
come In." These are the words Christ
uses, "Compel, compel, compel them to
come In."
A MFmnsir tn the World.
What a message It Is that tho stu
dents lu Christ's school aro commis
sioned to deliver to the world! It trans
forms the whole aspect of llfo. This
world, In tho light of our Lord's teach
ing, Is no longer the scene of meaning
less suffering, of useless struggle nnd
inevitable disappointment. It Is a
scene of preparation, of discipline, of
education, lu the highest senso of tho
word, for a larger, fuller life. As tho
children who nre now assembling In
our school-houses aro being prepnred
for a manhood and womanhood of use
ful service, so the men and women In
Christ's school have reached a lileher
grade. They, too, are being educated
nnd trained for a grander career. Tin1
lessons are hard to learn, the discipline
is often painful. Hut wo go to our
tasks with a bravo heart when we dis
cover that there Is a purpose In It all.
Wo can bear hardship and persecution
nnd nllllctlon when we know that they
aro developing In us qualities which we
shall need In a better world than this.
Thus trials come to us with new faces.
Wo can understand now our Dlvlno
Teacher's Inaugural message: "Hlessed
are they that mourn;" "Hlessed are
thev who hunger and thirst." for un
der his blessed teaching we havo learn
ed that "all things work together for
good to them that love God."
Thus, my Christian friends, by the
words of my text, 1 open to you a life
of endless gospel activity. First, as a
student, you aro to come Into touch
with Jesus. You aro to be like your
great Divine Master. This will not bo
very difficult If you will only come
near enough to Christ, If you will only
live In his presence day by day. It
has often been .-ild nuioug tho alumni
of Williams 'nlle're that each student
who ever live' nrter the Influence of
Mark Hopkins had a distinctive stamp
placed upon him which marked him
as a "Ilopl-.it'slto." So if you live near
to Jesus you will have his stamp upon
you You will become Chrlstllke; you
will become "good," or like God. You
will not, as did the Ignorant country
boy, copy a chrotno stamped on a daily
newspaper page and call that "art."
You will be as one who studies a great
original masterpiece. Your model will
he Jesus, Intuitively, consciously and
unconsciously, by walking in his pres
ence you will absorb his personality in
your life.
Tho second purpose of tills text Is to
send you forth as gospi.l evangelists.
You nre to go up and down the street
nnd preach everywhere tho sweet sto
ry of .lesus. You aro to do this because
If you are true gospel students you will
ns naturally talk about your Dlvlno
Tencher as a bird hatched under a
songstress' wing will sing; as a seed
dropped from a rosebush will develop
Into a rose; as a dewdrop ilrst touclud
of tho morning sun will sparkle like a
diamond; as a dying sunset will gild
tho overhanging clouds with passemen
terlos of gold. May this sermon bo tho
means under the power of the Holy
Spirit to lend you Into the gospel class
room. May It also be the means of
sending you forth, ono and all, as gos
pel tea' hers
Copvrlslit I''"- hv T.ouls Klopaoll.
Wnl..lnR I'runroln.
The nnmo of Millet, the painter, bai
been made familiar to many besides
art students by his "Angelus." How
the genius of the nrtlst was roused
nnd encouraged Is told In his biogra
phy. The most original person of tho fam
ily and the one who had the most In
fluence upon Millet was his grand
mother. She was an old country wom
an or Intense religious faith, living In
God, seeing everything In God nnd
mingling God In every scene of nnture
nnd every act of life.
One of Millet's earliest recollections
was of his grandmother waking him
when ho was quite n little child and
saying to him:
"Up, my little Francois! If you only
knew what a long time the birds havo
been singing the glory of God!"
When ho had to leave homo to go to
Paris his grandmother said, "I would
rather see you dead than unfaithful to
God's commands."
At a later time, when ho had begun
to make his way in Paris, she reminded
him again:
"Itemember, my Francois, that you
were a Christian before you were n
painter. Paint for eternity and think
that tho trump which will cnll to Judg
ment is on tho eve of sounding."
Filipino Vnnlty.
To demonstrate the vanity of tho Fib
lplno a Manila correspondent cites this
curious Instance: A wealthy Mestizo
Chlno Filipino, who wus recently tho
complainant In n civil cnuse before the
court of first Instance, on losing, ap
pealed to the supreme court. His na
tive Inwyer prepared nn elaborate bill
of exceptions, which, however, did not
prevent tho decision of tho court going
against him. Disgusted with Filipino
legal talent, he approached ono of tho
most prominent American attorneys in
Manila and asked him to look the rase
through carefully to see If hu could
find some way of bringing It before tho
pupromo court of tho TInltod States.
He ended tho interview by saying tnnt
ho did not mind the cost nor care much
If tho decision went ogHlnst him. His'
principal object was to bo ttie first,
Filipino to havo n case before tho sn-l
promo court of tho United States and!
to have n good excuse to offer his'
friends when he made his contemplat-'
cd trip to Wahh"'"" tills coming fall,
Argonaut,
THE 8TAR OF BETHLEHEM,
IJvlilence That flora Vnv Townril
('onflrniltitr the 11 1 til I cut Story.
Nearly 300 years ngo the great as
tronomer Kepler, a devout ns well as a
learned man, sought mathematically
to demonstrate tho truth of the story
of tho star of Hcthlchcni. Applying
the laws of tho motion of tho stars h
had discovered, he calculated that ou
the night of Dec. 25-20, 0 U. O., there
occurred, visible In Palestine, n maxi
mum conjunction of Jupiter and Sat
urn. That Is, on that night tho two planets,
as seen from that part of tho earth,
were directly in lino and for n time
would bo seen ns ono stnr, combining
tho brilliancy of both. Kepler thought
this conjunction explnlned the appear
ance of tho unusually bright strange
stnr which amazed the shepherds and
which the wise men saw as thoy came
from tho cast
Then scholars working on Now Tes
tament chronology became patlsfled
that the dotes of Dlonyslus, then gen
erally recolved, were Incorrect. They
found evidence that Herod tho Great,
said In the gosiKls to havo been living
at tho time of the nativity, died In the
fifth year before tbnt then accepted as
the first of the Christian era. In fact.
It Is generally admitted now, though
convenience prevents a change, that
this Is not the nineteen hundred nnd
third year since the birth of Jesus, but
at least the nineteen hundred nnd sev
enth, nnd probably tho nineteen hun
dred and ninth.
This discovery of the error In the
traditional chronology, though It con
firmed Kepler's calculations Indirectly,
did not causo his suggestion about the
star of Hethlehem to be wholly accept
ed. That the conjunction of the two
planets occurred nlout that time was
admitted, but It was not considered
proved that Jesus was born on exactly
that night. In fnct, tho tendency was
to regard the story of tho star as a
wonder tale, produced by tho universal
human habit of associating remark
able natural events with the births or
deaths of conspicuous personages.
Hut now Huron F. von Aefelo, In a
pamphlet published at Horlln, points
out that this mnxlmum conjunction of
Jupiter nnd Saturn Is described In a
list of the positions of tho planets
from 17 H. C. to 10 A. D lately dis
covered In Egypt. Furthermore, the
old Egyptlnn star gazer gives a num
ber of details that correspond closely
with those set down In the second
chapter of Matthew. Yet, again, the
Greek word translated "stood" In Mat
thew's account, which most commenta
tors havo declared to bo a poetical
expression, turns out to bo tho tech
nical term used by the Egyptian as
tronomer to describe the conjunction
of Jupiter nnd Saturn, which he re
cords ns occurring at a date corre
sponding to Dec. 20, (I H. C, of our
calendnr.
Haron von Aefele draws from this
confirmation of Kepler's computations
and Matthew's narrative tho conclu
slon that the Christmas festival was
fixed on Dec. 2." not because It was
tho time of tho Roman saturnalia or
tho festival of some popular pagau
god, but because tho early Christians
knew exactly when tho Founder of
their faith appeared as a child amonp
men.
Tho mnin Interest of the matter to
Christians Is that this old Egyptian
record, taken with Kepler's calcula
tions, confirms the gospel narrative.
It shows that tho birth of tho Founder
of their faith was attended by an ex
ceptional nsiect of the heavens. It
shows that the writer of Matthew's
gospel did not fnbrlcate this Incident
of tlio nntlvity, though It was one that
the human mind in all ages has tended
to associate with tho births of great
leaders, as tho Huddhist birth stories
show, and by thus confirming the care
ful veracity of the gospel nnrratlve Ir,
that particular It strengthens belief in
Its truth in nil others. Chicago Inter
Ocean.
Throe Sleeplm NlKht.
The late Peter M. Arthur, chief oi
the Hrotherhood of Locomotive En
gineers, wns born in Scotland, but hit
humor was of an Irish rather than a
Scottish sort. Mr. Arthur was a good
deal of a humorist, many anecdotes
of him having boon circulated In
Cleveland since his death.
Ono of these anecdotes concerns a
night that ho onco passed without
sleep a night of hard work, wherein
ho averted a groat strike.
An assistant, in a sentimental tone,
sympathized with Mr. Arthur for hie
loss of rest. "It is too bad," ho said.
"No man should bo driven like this.
A whole nlgKt without sleep! You
will break down."
Mr. Arthur disliked Bentimentnllsm
coddling profoundly. Ho said with a
frown:
"It isn't ono night I havo gone with
out sloop. It's three nights."
"Three nights?" said tho other.
"How so?"
"Why," said Mr. Arthur, "last night,
tonight and tomorrow night I hnven't
Blept n wink lu one of them."
A Fnnnr lUiimlep,
A newspaper published at Slegberg,
Germany, distinguished itself by be
stowing upon tho pope fivo Christian
names which his holiness does not pos
sess. His baptismnl nnmo Is Joseph;
but, according to tho Journal referred
to, tho pontiff at tho time of tho con
clave's decision was Siegfried Adam
Hlchard Theodore Otto Cardinal Sar
to, The Indepondnnco Helgo oxplalna
the mystery. Tho Frankfort corre
spondent telephoned through to his
paper the result of tho olectlon from
tho Frankfort Gazette, and in spelling
flarto ho gave after each letter a name
of which it was tho Initial. All the
names got Into print. Tho Slegbors
paper pointed out tho colncldeuco that
the inltiuls of tho Christian names
Hindu up the patronymic of Plus X.
IM.EASUHR.
Wife I wlnh wo had a nice, larKO,
country placo, whoro I could glvo n lawn
party-
Husband Just for the pleasuro of In
viting homo of your friends, oh?
Wife Well, yes; and the jilensuro of
not Inviting hoiiio. Philadelphia lodgor,
TIIM TItAIN'S KAULT.
"Confound Iho railroads!" exclaimed
flnhlitiUs. n.s he entered the olllcc an hour
late and took off his coat.
Train lalo agnln, I suppoao?" asked
Townley-
Sol nt all. For the flrt-t tltno In six
n His th" ii'f.ixtv ll Ins: was on time
,i ol tour , I u i l it jmvii Top-
THE FALLEN CAMPANILE.
NothlnK Untie Yet Toward Iti-linllil-Iiik
Venice' (J run I Tower.
The party Intrigues which hnvo been
vigorously carried on ever since tho
campanile fell by the supporters of
those who then were turned out of
office have once more succeeded. First
Comraendntore Honl, dlscournged by
tho dllllcultles thrown In his path, re
tired to curry on his more congenial
work among the excavations of the '
forum, nnd now Comincndatore Hoi- j wexxlhouso for a hnbltatlon. Tho house
traml lias followed his example. is thirty foot long, and ono end of It Is
Against Slgnor Honl's advice tho au-! used for a workbench, repair shop and
thorltles left the grent base of tho toot hattie. Tho other end is used maln
towcr standing Instead of unbuilding ' ly for storing dry kindling wood nnd
It nil down to tin; level of tho pllo small stovo wood. The rats moved in
heads, and they Insisted that Slgnor when I wns away for a period, and tho
Hcltraml should build tho new cnin- Pab found a good supply of dry plno
panllo upon this old huso. As every I sticks a foot to sixteen Inches In length
stono nnd block of this base Is round- split from inch boards. T hese wore of
ed and slippery und damaged with age, various widths, from one to five Inches,
there is absolutely nothing for tho and there were a number of heavy
new building to hold grip of, nnd It , sticks of scantling in a corner. With
would bo Itnposslblo to bind this mn-1 notnhlo Industry the rnts had piled Uio
terlal. It would only keep In placo 1 "'""H sticks Into a fairly regular pyra
by Its own weight, and, having noth-1 mid, using tho heavy pieces they could
ing to rivet it down to tlio foundations, ' ot move for foundation nnd frame,
It would topplo over at the Ilrst shako adapting their architecture to the con
of enrthquako. Hosidos this, tho very dltions of tho location with remark
consistence of tho old plaster is such ' ablo Ingenuity.
as to prevent the new part from unit- Their architecture fitted In with tho
ing with it. Plaster in early Venetian landscape in tho woodhottso so well
times wns simply n mixture of llmo , th"- It was some time before I noticed
nnd sand, and the continued oozing up ! tat the kindling wood wns methodical
Into the foundations of water with tho , pliic.il. As wet weather cunio and
rise and fall of the tides has In tho the kindling was needed 1 frequently
course of so many centuries washed all took " nrmful Into the house, without
nwav, both lime and sand, and the ' realizing that I was taking gargoyles
stones only stood In place becauso "1 cornices from n prlvnto residence,
thero wss nowhere for them to go, In removing the sticks I often pulled
as all was held In place bv tho stir-1 ,lown n quantity of tho pllo In select
rounding nud and earth. I1" After doing this for some days I
It bTtrue that no defect In the 'i'P notice that each morning the
foundations caused the fall, but to pyramid was reformed, the mattered
build up a new tower on them as they ,flck collected and placed methodical
nre would be a very serious mistake, fr- As tho wood was used the pyra
and It was this which Slgnor Heltraml, ' mI(l rfiw smaller and smaller, but each
when he came to full knowledso of tho morning al tho scattered sticks except
condition of things below ground, re- Bio that became wedged and fasten
fusel to do and which caused him first I1"1 , 110 nrKCf n"' '"T T, t
to go to tho country "for his health" ,b f"n,1( ncpd ,7" .
nnd now finally to resign altogether. "ncs ofH "'t " P i
Tho intriguing party has cleared the ho 1111,1 '"" a,,,out 111 Z
ground, but It s remarkable that no ! J, h occnMonnl Sl In p cs nt
one appears ready to undertake the rats. W hen remo d "ticks t ey
work now that the condition of things in A,toi0.Z.
Is visible to all. We were down in tho hf lld ' efcml thclr castle to th
groat trench round the base tho othpr i extent of their power
, , , ,. ,,,. i Tho wood wns never entirely re-
ua.v, II till uuill lie- ,-.'.u ,nuuu .ws tut-u -
lis mass was issuing a uuwhik aircuui
of water. All work has been stopped,
. ,. ... ... ,. , ,,,'
otlicial said to me, "confusion worse
confounded."
Meantime in the digging round the
spot many things of Interest have come
to light. All nlong the side of tho
trench townrd Snnsovlno's library a
thick wall of foundation stones has
been laid bare, which, from their posi
tion and from historical records, turn
out to be those of an osplzlo, or hospi
tal, built by the saintly old Doge Or
seolo nbout !70. The level of tliesd
foundations Is considerably higher than
thoso of the campanile, showing that
these were of a much earlier date and
that In Doge Orseolo's time tho soil
had already risen. This also goes tt
prove tho truth of the ldon that the
campanile had existed ns a watch
tower long before it was used ns the
boll tower of St. Mark's. One of Doge
Orsoolo's stones now rests in our hall.
Another Interesting discover, nt the
northwest corner of the excavation, al I,
. SUM MCiUCl- Ul-JllU, MUie
wattle work which had once lined a
canal bank In tho time of the first la
goon inhabitants, before the invasion
of the Huns sent the dwellers on the
mainland to seek safety among these
water" wastes. Their wattle work was
the original from which so many beau
tiful designs woro taken for decora
tions of vases and for carving in mar
ble In the eighth and ninth centuries
und which Indeed aro found. I believe.
In nil parts of tho globe. This wattle
work, together with other Interesting
objects found, Is being carefully pre
served In the ducal palace. London
Globe.
"Water to Tin rnrnoNe.
no was an oldish man who had
boarded the train nt St. Thomas and
told all the passengers ho could got at
that he was going to Niagara Falls for
tho first time. An hour after tho ar
rival of tho train ho stood nt the ex
treme point of Prospect park, watch
ing the mighty flow of waters and hli
enrs filled with the tremendous rout
from tho nbyss below, Ho seemed
magnetized by tho rush nnd appalled
by the sounds. Men who watched him
antt- l,1u tnnn nn,lnrr,i, fn-nnt ivnti3.
formation as the grandeur of natural""' "-""B- " " -"-
was thus brought In contact with hli
very soul. All of a sudden one of tliii
observers, who wns from Detroit,
stepped forward, touched his arm and
led him a fow steps and nsked:
"Say, old man, how do you think
turnips nro going to turn out this fall?"
There was a murmur of Indignation
nt this exhibition of sacrilege, but the
old man's face lighted up and he heav
ed a sigli of relief as ho answered:
"I guess they'll turn out pretty fait
conslderln', nnd I'm glad you spoko to
me. I was glttln' gosh durned tired of
seeln' this thing make slch an Infernal
fuss fur nothln'. Lot's sit down whar
we kin whittle nnd talk." Detroit
Free Press.
The Illnekiiiore Memnrlnl.
Tho memorial of the late It. D.
Hlackmore, tho author of "Lornn
Doonc," to be erected in Kxcter cathe
dral will be more Imposing than had
been anticipated. To a marble monu
ment, with medallion head of the au
thor, will be added a stained glass win
dow with figures of David, Jonathan
and Samson, as illustrative of tliu
virtues embodied In much of Hlack
nioro's work. Henenth the respective
figures will bo scrolls bearing the
words "Courage and Perseverance,"
"Love and Tenderness" and "Strength
and Patience."
IIHR OllSKRVATlON.
Townt He's very wealthy.
Mrs. Towue- Yes, and very stingy and
economical.
V m don't know tlmt. Ynu mustn't
Jndge a man by his clothes."
"Certainly not; I'm Judalntf him by
his wife's clothes." Philadelphia Press.
HXTKNtUTI.Nfl.
Tlio Princes In the lower wero trying
to fathom their uncle's motive. "Hut
why do you supposo lie wants to murder
usV" nsked I'M want
"1 don't know ' returned his brother,
"unless someimdv has been trying to toll
him some of the brlulit thliius vvo tot
off," Harper's itazar,
THE WOOD RAT'S INDUSTRY
Cnnnriictel n limine nf Klnilllni
Wood nml Kept It In Heiiiilr,
In the natural history coming under
my observation I havo not seen nny
thing concerning tho wood rat. It may
bo that the rodent is too common to nt
tract special attention, but 1 am In
clined to believe that, If ho Is widely
distributed, ho Is rarely observed.
About two years ago I became Inter
ested In n pair of wood rats that seized
upon nnd possessed themselves of my
i moved, and that which remained wns
, . . . , .,,.,,,! il
cpt In a fairly shaped pjrninM i n
It was uot more thnn three feet In
diameter. The rats, of which I had
never seen more thnn two, became so
tamo that they would remain in sight
on the sills nenr their house within nn
arm's length of mo nt times. Later in
the season the mistress of the pyramid
appeared with two young ones.
I now began to miss some of my
portable property. Files, small chisels,
nnlN, measuring sticks, patterns, pieces
of leather and such articles would dis
appear from my workbench. '.These
from time to time I would find mixed
In with the sticks In the building ma
terial used by tho rats. I have been in
formed this Is one of the traits of the
animals. They are so excessively in
dustrious that they annex almost any
thing they can carry or drag away,
with very indifferent Ideas of property
rights or ownership. Thoy aro partial
to bright and glittering things, such ns
bits of glass, tin and meUil. They
would doubtless ncqulre and hoard
m w,tu nmiost tnlstllUr. llorsplcu
nml ncUmen if tllOJ WOfe HOt SO
much addicted to twigs and klndllug
wood. Forest and Stream.
Why Jupn Are Sim nil.
Hccently the editor of Chouo-Koron,
a Journal published at Tokyo, deter
mined to find out why the Jnpanee, ns
a rule, aro of lower stature than tho
natives of other countries, and after
spending considerable time nt the task
he arrived at the conclusion that tho
reason is becauso from time imme
morial they have been, accustomed to
squat on mats lu Turkish fashion In
stead of sitting down on chairs, as
Americans and Uuropcnns do. Tho
Japanese method of sitting, lie says,
lntorfores with tlio free circulation of
tho blood and naturally prevents tho
limbs from becoming thoroughly de
veloped. As a proof that he is right ho draws
attention to the fact that the boys in
Japan at the present day are taller by
five or six centimeters than their an
cestors woro nt a similar age. ani ho
maintains that tho reason Is becauso
the former, when they attend school,
are obliged to sit on benches, whereas
the latter squatted whllo they learned
iu ui- luui.-i iiuiii im- luu la wu trill
tor's opinion, nnd ho has appealed to
tho government to prohibit the use of
mats.
Out nf Door Education.
We nre glad to see that out of door
schools nre multiplying. The summer
school is n late invention, but it fits
itself well to our new social moods and
needs. It takes us out of doors, either
to leave our books behind or to make
them Interpreters of things. It Is a
happy fact that education is at last
swinging about to tho conviction that
to till a mind with facts s not the end
of study, says tho independent. A
school must concern Itself not only
with what a boy Is getting, but what
he ciiu do with It. So the summer
school take in nppllcatlou as well as
acquisition and undertakes to show
that there Is no branch of study, cer
tainly not one of the modern sciences,
which ennm t bo directly applied to tl i
great out of doors. It is teaching v
to make less of tho building and mor
of nature. Pupils aro catchlug tho
conception that the study of books is
only supplemental to tho study of
objects. Farming is tho ideal concep
tion nnd couutry llfo is the ideal life
because everything on the farm, If
rightly done. Is applied science. Le'
us become an out of doors people.
Ol it Fill UND TIIK LKOPAUD.
Tho leopard cannot chango his spots
. 1IUI linn !" uniii'hi-
Ilo knows If he sliouli' shift his dots
We'd quickly spot tho change.
ChlenKo Tribune
NOT I'OIt 8A1.K.
Waid Worker
in v vole. I'd
Caudldnte-Ah!
No, sir, I'd never sell
hut won't you run It
to i no for a day?
Ward Worker Well,
Exchange.
that's diffeient.
Paul Liwronce Dunbar, tho colored
poet, has i'uii eovcred from his recent
lllncfca.
ANi AMBASSADOR'S TRIALS.
Some l"tirrlfiii-r of the Hon. An
ilretv II. White In (ii-rmony.
It has sometimes seemed to me while
doing duty at the German capital in
those days as minister, and at a more
recent period ns ambassador, that I
could not enter my oflleo without meet
ing some vexatious case. One day it
was an American who, having thought;
that patriotism required him In a,
crowded railway carriage loudly tot
denounce Germany, the German poo
pie und the Imperial government, had!
passed the night lu a guard house; an
other day It was one who, feeling cnlb
ed upon, in u restaurant, to proclaim
very loudly and grossly his unfavora
ble opinion of the emperor, was ar-.
rested; on still another occasion it wn
one of our fellow citizens who, having
thought that he ought to bo married m
Horlln as easily as In New York, had
found himself entangled m a network
of regulations, prescript, m.s and pro
hlbltluus. Of this latter sort there vcrP in my
time several curious cases, One morn
ing a man came rushing into tho lega
tion In high excitement exclalml
"Mr. Minister, I tun In t! worst I
that any decent man w.-c . ver In
want you to help me out of It"' And
then went on with a 1 it tor tlrai
against everybody nnd evr--hlng ,ti
the German empire. When L.s wrath
had effervesced somewhat he f-'..ted luS
case as follows: "Last ear. t . trav
cling through Germany. If. n loe
with a young German bdy nnl ft r
my return to America lii.:u.,e ryn,
to her. I have now come fur i.y nr.
Tho wedding Is fixed for h't Tl. r
day; our steamer passages arr t.i
day or two later, und I find tl. i
authorities will not allow me to n. y
unless I present a multitude of pai
such as I never dreamed of! Some nt
them it will take months to get an 1
some I can never get. My Intended
bride Is In distress; her fam'Iy evident
ly distrust me; the wi-uilmg Is post
poned Indefinitely, and my business
partner is cabling me to ecmo ha k to
America as soon as poss.uie. I am
asked for a baptismal certificate a
taufschein. Now, so far as I know,
I war, never bnptl.ed. I am required to
present n certificate showing the eon
sent of my parents to my marriage I,
a man thirty years old and In n lirg-
business of my own'. I am asked to
give bonds for the payment of I y
debts In Germany, I owe no such
debts, but I know no one who will give
such a bond. I am n- ti 1 "ut 'ho
banns must be published a certain num
ber of times before the wedding What
kind of a country is this, ;rsy' wV
We did the best we could In nn In
terview with the minister of public
worship I was able to secure a dis
pensation from tho publish ng of tho
lanns; then a bond wns drawn tip,
which I signed nnd thus settled the
question regnrdlng possible debts in
Germany. As to the baptismal cor
tlflcate, I ordered inscribed, on tho
largest possible sheet of official papi r,
the gentleman's affidavit that, in the
state of Ohio, where he was born, n
taufschein, or baptismal certificate
was required at the time of his birth,
and to this wns affixed with plenty
of wax tho largest seal of the legation.
Tho form of the affidavit may be
Judged peculiar; but it wns th- ug t
best not to startle the authorities w ih
the admission that the man had i T
been baptized nt all. They ecu 1
easily believe thnt a state like O
which some of them doubtless regi r
ed as still In the backwoods and n. il
ly tenanted by tho aborigines, t..iiit
hnvo omitted, In days gone by, t-j re
quire a taufschein; but that an unbp
tlzod Christian should offer himself to"
be married In Germany would perhni s
have so paralyzed their powers of In
lief that permission for the raarrln."
inght never havo boon secured. Fnu
"Chapters From My Diplomatic Life"
in Century.
A Minister' I. abort..
Apart from the labors thnt fruit Into
pulpit ministration nnd pns'oral 1
public service, is no accounting to
made of tho mental strain and
spiritual travail which are an limbo,
ble part of the ministerial ca .
Not onljifJoes the minister oixvy iu his
heart the borrows of a great many per
sons who look to him for succor, but
there aro hours when tho tide of his
own faith ebbs. Is a minister's light
with ills doubts worth anything to tho
world"' Hecauso ho nlways seems so
sure of his hold on the eternal verities
is It to be thought that he is content
to pass on to others a merely tr 11
tional faith instead of ono that h.
been wrought out in long hours of
painful questioning and wrought at last
triumphantly into the very texture of
his own life? The elTort which a min
ister makes to keep and broaden, to
intensify and made real, bis own faith,
to adjust it to the growm light of
science. Is as necessary ni.'l .is no) le
a part of bis work as nnjilung that
he does An Open Letter In Century
Street llnvrlicrn ill VerNe.
Pew householders who buy from
street hawkers knpw what the man
with lusty lungs Is saying as ho trails
along In-hind his wagon, but they do
know thut almost to a certainty on a
specified day, almost to the hour, the
hawker from whom they buy their
vegetables or their flsh will be coming
their way, and they know the peculiar
Intonation of his voice Just ns women
who frequent miction rooms can follow
the auctioneer lu a Jargon unintelligi
ble to tlio casual visitor. On the upjier
west side is a hawker who lias no speak
ing voice, but who can sing a melliflu
ous baritone. Ho sells herbs, Mere la,
his song, which persons who want to
buy of him can hoar half a block away:
Tlmo Is money.
Money Is pernio;
My thymo for your money;
Three bunches for five cents.
New York Times.
NKCKPSITY ITS OWN UPWARD.
"He boasts that he Is a confirmed
bachelor."
"Perhaps ho makes a virtue of neces
sltv." v
"Perhaps, nnd yet, necessity may bo Its
own reward."-Hiooklyn Life
A STHP FORWARD.
Salesman Now. this stle of aufimo
bile Is the very thing for extraordinarily
humane and lender-hearted people.
Prospective Huyer In what way"
ri.ilesmaii Why. in ten semnds It ran
be tr.ui'-foniu-d InUi ambulance' .
Town Topics,

xml | txt