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THE BURXJNGTON FREE PRESS: THURSDAY, OCTOBER 20, 1904.
9 Hint Aim lininiinnnn niu nAi vim nmunDund mi Vermont. (Kinm the Rutland News.) t anniiitK from renorts made to the fd by n half doton 8tat In the t'nlon. And the percentage Is happily on th In crease, ns the Tltn Mys, One of the stiongost bulwarks any people, nnn build (liiritlou of Protection tor Deer Jn.lt! thai of tho higher education among the masses, we rejoice 'Htti me university of Vermont Is making apeclal efforts tn enlist student? from the home Slate," II It with no small degree of patlfno tlou that we ilml thiit the statement made liv Ott it. oorrnlsernted bv the bolt rmoiil gnern.l assembly that only 111..'-" jof authority. Waller K. ltanicr. State k b.HU oxpwidsd by the Huh mid name i,,,,,,.,, intend'enf of education, writes tin n mmsaicme.r out of lh! fund or u tlu.u-; fnmvw. Yom. p0,,tion rlrtllvf to higher ml dollars riven by -M. B. A heeler .. .,,,. ,,, Vmmitt, can be well deer 'Plmro ),.. I.....H in 7 few .,.. March Inst enrolled In tlu public schools ml of ,noa!Z 'J'maml'rV '"T , ,,U?"' i"'' or the liicu-u...! of deer und of tho ilmn- -""' " i """" i..,,,,.-. n done by the animal. TIiih report ' result 01 n cniciui investigation inauo n oubl effectually dispose of tiny such 'year and a half Vetmunt had morn at niu. I than a thousand students in colleges mid Mr. Whoeler mmlc his tender of this 'tinlverslllcs." Figuring on the usual basis of the con struction of generous basis ind to the State two years ago ill con deratlou of tho Legislature not extend g tho hunting season for deer, as was ion proposed The season 's at present i days lone This l.i ceitnmly long otlKh If Indeed not too long. The leg lators will bii wlso If they abolish tho anting season nltngothor, for at least vc years to come. Th' original scope f th Wheeler donation was Liter m- (probablv not far from 16,000 youth in tins commonwealth of the college-going iagc, thai Is from 19 to U yearn. If there jure more then a thousand students, as Mr. I Hunger states, in colleges and univers ities the proportion of the young men and rued so that the fund is avail. liile for women of erninnt who are seeitinc tne r p'oiiflKatlon and protection of all kinds advanced InjtltutloiiK of learning proh- f ft'h anil gAme 'ably exeelsi that of every other Statu in Air ha been Known In the news column Uhe t'nlon, with the pnlhe KlllRle excep f the Niwi, deer In Vormont were prao iitnn nf Mn-mnrhtisettii. allv eMmet .V) y.-ats aBo. There, wu-e , Thp F,1wln 1F ,nlj. mBI,)il,.cnt one. lh:r days no reHtrletlons in xnootlnK ,i ... .ti ..,,i n,,.t n, n,.,n,n f dQmocratn ttjoy rportd thM the ohrrs tnkdo nunlntt Mr. tWI wer without foiln OAtlon. Th lorjr wii fimfily a cam Caln fabrication and waa unworthy of it. author who Ir doubtloao now very much u.ihunu-d of hl convection with the nffatr. Somt nf th ek4tn ortm who did their bJt to discredit tlut ropub Heart nomine for irftvernor by clrrulatlnir th,e canmird have lowrted them'e' qtilto a bit In the nutlniatlon of falr mlndod people nnfl tfcuy will b nlvnn any thlnir but un ovcrtur en their future ap penratice. In Fnlr ltvei. AFRAID TO WAIT lX)li TRUTH 7 (From the St. Albans Mefenger.) The Bratlleboro Reformer agrees with the Messenirer that the democratic charges uftaltmt Governor Hell la the te cent rampalKU went off luUf-cocked, but thlnk.H this pnpr Ir straining a point when It roritendu that thuy alwutd nnl have been preferred at all unless the truth had beMii ascertained and was be hind fhr.ru i.t ni-nt-A L'm (nMlM It families there are not, on a,....- 'ihe whob. Imnnti.n nr f calculation .over ,h ,.,..,.ft.r,,M , , ,h. In tiout 30 years iirn sevor.tl of tm rut iirttmen of Rutland rnisKd a fund 1 i n llaed a umall held of bu-'li.-. and t i M.e Adlrondaeks and hrousht 1 1 i l s rlty The Leelrltt'ire passd to the democr.itM was In the rruiUlnir of It public before election." That's just It. They wanted people to Irfllevo Hull Man dishonest becauso It would him votes. If they didn't they would have burn wllllmr to wait until after i lection. It would help tlirni none tit prove Ue honest brfore election. That wasn't what they were after. The Hcformer says "The fact that they were willing to Investigate- is to their credit." Is If What else Mtould they have done? Is It to the credit of nn.v body that, liavlni; blnckoned the reputa tion of a public man from one end of the younc ermonteis who see the advantage Mtatt- to tin- other, they are willlnir to turn In und Join with him afterward in Undln out whetht-r thty told the truth or not. bi-cause they didn't even know thorn-solves' nf the hleher edurstlon will steadily In crease decade by decade. We furthermore sincerely hope that they will apprec nti. iw pnhlbltlnir shootlmr dner (rr ujthe fact that more flioroiiKh tralnlliK can- rrfi. f I'l'ilM niu thin mnu lipt'il W.'IS' (a I 111 the I'Jreen mount. un. The Iter wen well proteeUd and multiplied1 i ,jtifjctorj extent. Praotl illy all, f the dcrr which to.im Vermont furcls' da lie Ihe desceiabnitn of that Utile I lerd ''li' i are noiif too niiineriiiF. either rrm an eoneil or a prucucni vii'imi.u. Ttrferrmt to the inoveinent In Hutlanil I leilllUIJ' l Hl'He. un l' ' l.'l'n '"'H nt with deer, tln HurllnKton Newtt n i t in port as follows: "The liixriic' i oriK I on lei i in iiiuifiiMi .miii i i roit.et' len whu ever lived in Vermont. I'h su .? .f the movm"nt is known eprybodv ICt us not fall tn protect he innf. er t .ililinals tluis bniuirht io bie'vj n the freidom of our fori sts." Uiw fitt i ir it is then for Rutland, when efforts .ire iiin lc to assail the tier, to pridti r i iff who will carry out the early irk tl i atartcd and work for the fur ther prnttitlou of thesii beautiful ar.linaW, t"t will never at the most be any con sbli to i r iMennce to the live, the safety or th , pertv nf Vermont's taxoijers. M 'RIUSVItA,K'S ri'LU i "rr the AVaterhury Record.) t rr te In h vers are plum Betters. Here 6 the iiMt Tin linn. If. II. Pow- rrs, rutonrv fur Rutlnnd railroad: the Hon On ' b V I'owers, one of the nifrrn urt lu.lt-e; the Hon. Fredeilck neetvooC "t ritaiy of State; Thomas Chrecy K-ii ' J- ri of the house of ri rsnta'irs It is no wonder Morri.svdle has an v t iw l,oys to study law. APL7' not be offeied found In any collenes than that by those In this rftate. I.N'KIIJi: OF MAN AND UORSB. OFTSIDE OF (From the fit. Johnsbury Itepubllcan.) I"-fJiiv. W. "A', Rtlekney of I.udlow has to be introduced to his friends. lie dins nut look natural with his beard cone, hut he is it! cnlly Improved in health. He &ivi s the credit to horseback rldlni?. He says: It TIIK HOSP MT'O SI.t.VfJKR. (From the Hardwlck Oa.ette.) Isn't 'ilways the unoxpe." ted that happens after all, as was very eniphaii oally shown last week. Hml Oirvcrnnr Hell been found In the least degree ;ullty of the fliarKes made iiKnlnt him by thut boss mud sllnser, Davenport of Urattle boio, the unexpected would have happen ed. The Gazette does not blivo jny I body, not r vtn t)jvenpoit himself, lllltllnllt tl,.. l-i, u.lu lovlltim r..rwt, ... I H-l-1..... M,..V.1.. I.....- t- .U- 1. r-i r...- ,,,,,.,,, nr. v.. ,,,... &LL COOVS LOOK S2LIKE The rank and fll of veady mrtde clothing lack nearly all the neBScesiary qualities of good clothes and are fit to serve simply as a cover ingIts different with the Suits and Overcoats made by Rogers Peets Oo, No Lack of style No Lack of quality No Lack of in dividuality Faulttess Pit. $15 to $30. Tease 's, City Hall Square- South. Burlington Savings Bank INCORPORATED 1847. Deposits July 1, U)04,$9,174,088.7G Surplus 542,613.60 Total Assets $9,717,602.26 TRUSTEES. CI1A8, P. SMITH. I WILIrARI) CRANE. HF.NRY ORBENK, IIKSMIV WBIX8, J. I.. JIARSTOW. F. W. WARD, AI.HERT O. WHITTICMOPB. DepotllB mado during tho (lrtl fo"' busiiiess days of tho month draw mlrent from tho first. If mude attcrward Interest will commence tho first of the tollowlne month. Interest will he credited to depositors January I and July 1, compounding twlcn n year. Tlieio ro no iitockholderB tn thin I bank. All earnings, Icps oxpemee, helonc I to depositor. The rate of lntjrt de- '. t... ...... . ... ,1. .lAnci I'eiius upon me earning dui xiic i" the rate that nny savings bank In tho fllnte pnn nnv at nnt in vred thfOC aQA one-half per cent, per annum, until lt surplus reaches ten per cent, of lte' posits when a special dividend Is provided for. All taxes In this State, are paid by the i bank on deposits of 12,000 or lens. Uepos i Its are received In sums from tl to I2.0O0, ' and no Interest will bo paid on any sum In excess of this amount, except on de posits by widows, orphnns, administra tors, executors, nuardlans, chatitahlc or , religious Institutions or on trust funds deposited by order of the court, i Vo money loaned to any officer or trus , tee of the bank fMIARMJR T SMITH, Vremdent. FREDKRIC'K W WARP, Treas., K. (i. IRHAM. Assistant Treasurer. for the two years covered bj the report, over the prccedlnic biennial in in, Is $lfi 4.2i. This amount Is retluceii m JIM. 2s.. a man thiiii the outside- of a horse! Tin; i'ardon row f r. te'rom the Monlpeller Journal.) II i ccttnlnly to be hopt d that Gover nor It'll will use the pardontiiK power with dir'-retlon tempcrrd by cou.-;crvritis;n. jlle mutt have ,i vry e,ood Idea of the if. feci upon the public of the KinutlliK of 'un unusual number of paidoni., such ,'us has been seen durlnif 'he p.ist two ye.us. Not tlut in all rases the governor should bow to the apparent publu. will, but should sometini's act on Ills own JiiiIk meat even though R retiilres contrary in-- !tlon. but thN matter is a daiiKrou-: one lu which to manifest executive Imlepen 'denci. Tin courts can be trusted to do what is risht in the matter of sentence in so far .is they have knowledge of tho Cases, ami It is In only very exceptional ; cases that new evub nee will turn uu to .prove iliat theie has been a miscarriage TK riRK l'ROTKl "I'lflN" "f J,,f;l1"'- Fneroachment by the execu- I iive upon ine jiropi r 110111,1111 oi uic coin is is to be looked upon with disapproval. l he nropo-ition of the Vermont Mat bio TAXATION OF CIIL'RCII JMIOFERTV compain ti eftilillsli and maintain an, , iiflfriuatt lir department at Center Rut- (I roin the Marie ft lecr.im.) land i most laudable. Huch ilep.irtmtnt The bill introduced ye.-n rduy by Rep has been much needed at that point, .is I esei.tatlvc llutchinsnn of Knosburel the nur -rous fire- that have .,erurr.--tl i ,,,.,,, r n, pveninilon from tuvatlon u lu-iih ptoperty not nclually held an used for church, parsonaqe, school or convent purposes seems to have much of Hell's accounts with the State, anil the investigation proves there was not only no crookediHss but no unreason ableness in his charges. CON(iRi:.MAN FOri''j:RS UFF"..JT IVI3 WORK. thure n Kivnl months tullv .".tt There should be no li-sltaiu'V on the part of tin .It. to make the -hurt exten Flon of thr water niu In l that dlrftiui (From the Fair Haven Kr.i.) f'onnressmun Fcter has been ,i bu--y man this campaign. Hu did effective i worl; in Vermont and Maine previous to election in those Htnts and he hai now Rone est to do his best tr have the voters of that sectln follow tho good examples set for them In the Fast. GOVERNOR HEMAS SCIIOI,ARSIlll. (From the Waterbury Record.) Walking a mile and a half to school after milking ten cows is the w.iv Ver mont's newly vh-cted governor secuied a part of his education. Young men takt cotiracv. RKTI-AND RAILROAD STOCK. (From the Mlddlebiiry R'gistar.) The prli e of Rutland railroad preferred stock Is advancing rcpnlly. Two v;c -ks ago it was selling at W to h share. Tli" offerings have all been taken by those well posted. It Is said, on the affairs of the company, and the price has ad vanced to f 42 p'r share, the largest ad vance of any stock s-old on the Itostoii stock oxfhange. The pre-nt manage ment of the Rutland is operating the ro.nl on hti9im-s- principles, not for stock job bing purposes During the past two years more new steel bridges have been W, wlmn the itemt which he! previous two years are derli.. tin latter figure there should deducted for the reason th.it Inline of 1T12 made tin- new that all public moneys be pi Slate in full and all dlsbursi n be made on the treauurer . that this nmouot of jrr',2'.' a clerli al or bookkeeping r does not represent any actu i, State cxpons. The net amount of the Ita i pctidlturcs in Ihe last two the preceding two years thin !'l,!"7.0. f ttifc lncrase, tt. Items are: Education, JVI? W iij; to the ! 1 l'mm e VVi.L'Pli:. ih I .eg ik. Uiell"llt I into llie lis should order. So Is simply i ease wnd i., Tease of we ot exit-ir over tun. tints to prlnclii.il l.lir.trl-s, THE Howard National Bank, Corner merit. This might sit-in to tans occasion- put on in place of old wooden ones, than nl hardships, but the good sicund vcr before in the history of the road, thrnm-h ihe removal of all cause for . and its physical condition has been mi- criticism would more than counterbalance, rfquiri i !v the supplementary i.steni. The com) ai-y will put In no ic-s thin thl'L hclrol te tf It cn,..,pn ,.l... ,-... will malnlnin hose cart and other para phernalia and will give not only their own property but all other property In the vi ln.t ample fire nrott ctiun. GO liEI,r.S ETCCEI.I.KNT MI-fAGE. iiTom ine waierDury liecnrfi.) , , w I Governor C J. Hell's messagw Is receiv ing m.ich favorable comment. It was short, crisp anil right to the point. Ilo advanced no new Ideas but believed m working altms old limn, only tlolng the work mart thorourlilv. thus hctter re. pults will be a- compllfihr d. In speaking ,or ehurch inn-poses enual in llt value to of the elfetion of the I'nlted States ien- he face of its ai tual debts. This simply ator he mvi, that "so long as we are plnet s such a church on a par with those rcpres imttfd m the Senate of the I'nlted sncp tis w nieh are out of debt and havii Htates In s i. h men as Edmunds ..ml no outside holdings. MorrMI I'rictor and Dillingham, we shall Another in cdi-d amendment. This bill ne .e un irom in ti.ifwmiil itft.ti tea i Vt rn o i wi i .is in tho past -nntlnu to the harm which might result. It Is doubt les true that theie are but few lelltfions irocictics in the State which would be af fected by the passage f this bill: most of them have all that thoy cm do to strug gle along and kt-op their heads above j water. I IJut we have two amendments to sug gefct one is that any society which is In debt, and we have in mind such a one, be nllnwid to hold leal estate other than re c uoy of r t f-il ' AKI.lt roinnianillng position In matt.ra .il It gislation." MERKIFIEhiyS GOOD WORK. o I'm the Harre Times.) i- ii I r w t ' It. g r ri !M n t I, r' S .i r' a P i I- ' K " . PI,. 1 tbt ur I'ap. finl 1 t I should not apply lo tlioe n hgions so- cletii - whose church and par.-ona.-e proii trlies comlillied have a list value less thai: SP'.i'.i Th re are quite ,i number of struggling ( hurehes In tin State wheie the toial allium. u of church and parson agt propiity is from l.fiu down to tn, or even lcsi. Suiik one, once a member of the socictj, ftu-.-aw the later decline in population and the consequent decrease of cunent Income for the church, and left a fund to supplement the scantv dole the people i re able lo give to support the sen ii es in Ihe waning seltn-mrntH. Sucli t these-ant) th"re are more of thi'in, as every well Intorm- T 1 1 inrr. ,-itv lias no ica-nn to coin, the g. neral commltte is one. of w u.ioi, whom ilevolvcs a ire.it i f work. As its ehalrmin .Mr. wi.I hn plenty of worli on hand win h.iv. no othi r committee work s'fi t l-i J III. VI ilMnVTS GRATIFIN (tREftmij IN I I.I.XTION TO HIGHER l-.Dl.'l'A'riON. tli in li g Ii a.t i 1 1 g per p. Ill -I rt ' 'I r I rr it tl.r it landing committees of the .it si-ntntives appointed tho v ' tin- tcssion In that branch -l.ture may he coii'idercd a Si -titer Merrillelil lms had a I I. n selecting the men htvt th.- r positions althouch i fair' t -oned material wai- .it Ins churches i be hinds of the more iii-ithin a f. '...Itfes. Thtse veterans lejetl citri-n should know , ought to tie ai in po.-iuons where tli'-ir x- lowed to hold a limited amount of prop will count lot- the most. Jn l-M,rly other than that actually un-d for t,;,-..itment of It-lircsentJth-e lnl,inch .,,1 ,,,,.,, n,-r..r i,H Imv. the- snnie exempt tiom taxation. Iieyiui't ! tins-, if a leligious- society Is out of debt ini'l has a large and handsome propeity, and desires to m.iint nn a parish house or it public library, or any other institution for the good of tin- community and not a money making ptoject, su h holding may properly be tree from taxation, suite sin h J nntu propeity is fur legitimate (hurth purposea In 'In- broad sense of the term. Hut a society, out of debt, with a home property worth at bast fUM-Xi ought not lo be allowed to hold leal estate not used for church purposes without paying taxes on tin vi un . Such a society can afford lo pay taxes c.tled for b Un bill. We predict tint this bill will, before tll is over, i ause not a little dlscus : II ought. Hefore the final vole proved, Thfse Improvements have been paid for out of the earnlntfn and charged to operating expenses Instead of by the Issiim of bonds or stocks as .s etistomarj with most roads. One of tjie railroad commissioners told us, after th inspec tion of the road, that the public bail no Idea how tin road was belli-,' unproved and put in shape to handle n i ig tratll" economically. When the Improvements now in progress are completed, the road can easily pay dividends on its pr ferretl stock. This In why It Is being puknl up as fast as It is ordered. WIl.E PROMOTE VOTINtt MACHINES. (Fiom the Ludlow Tflbunc.) Cas are common where plain Ver mont people stay at home elnftion day rather than wrestle with the Intricacies of the AtiMrall&n ballot. What would they say if they voted hi New Vipk this year, with seven national tlck"ts, 3'i presidential electors, besides the regu lar Slate und county tickets? If the nul tlplleation of parties continues, voting mncnine.-, will grow in favor and b adopted. the Rutland News.) Tune- rectntly coiiinientid oti 1 liter 'I. life this tall ,U VO-. li.ghir institutions nf learn- iimc lnd.d by saying that "Vir tu.! vi t rincrcii 1 1 1- i tillegt -go-s in stunt- Slates, hut the pro- grow llig ,e ,. tlndess." ibe News dNaisrei d 1 o tltlS session sn mg: imoii, :if (MM I I'll n i i ,, fioniit ihtl if thi; st, iiistn slits inovisions should i.' ',i it would In found that known, and a chance larget percentage of ' ol-' seiitiinent of the Slate to mule i I, d . i i . .1 i g SI .nitli .tt s than On pt i haps 1 great in., nut t . Open Again After the Fire wp urn We t'liiiKiiiiieo to mid tVii'iitls Hint flfjiiin, liaviiiK scttlcil tiitr (in Wo lire fust roplciiishinj,' OUT (MlstOl)KTS open loss, wlmt st.onk was liiiriii'tl, and an? in posi t ion to lill all orders with rinht poods and rilit prit-cs. Most all our damaged stock lias boon sold, but from lime to timo wo shall lind troods which will bo dosed at a cut price HAGAR BROS. Jlurdvuire aud I'ulnt UuxJiagtoa, Vt, In out ,iiinion Dr. the commonwealth berenie gt nc r lllv be given for the Itsilf felt. Ilutchlnson has done i I eal sei vii e In ire- 1M.ACF. FOR EEGAI. NOTICES. (From the Landmark.) , it is uigrti in many sections that among 'the many needed reforms in Veiniont lis the enactment ot measures that will 1 scenic a just and ctjuitnblu publicity for al! legal notices. ,s the lw arid i iiftoin is at prirent, a sclnmjiiB and hard-. loan ed creditor can take an unjust advantage of a d-htor. While this practice is not ,t common as In years gone by, there is opportunity for its continuance if .4. creditor is inclined to be exacting, other States base adopted measures almini; lo st-cuie to the debtor class the i.tiily that is us duo m all legAl procsts. but in Vermont tin- properly constituted an. thorltv can still, "according to law," luck up on trre, fence, or post a written notice, warning the ptnplc to take, due Ii matters not that th notice is put up in an out-or-Uie-way pl.ic, or is wntttn in hieroglyphic i baracters, It answeis the law. In such Instances the "public ' neither sees nor can rend tho notice. To obviate the possibility of in justice and the taking of undue advant age all legal notices should appear 111 the press i.p.l then tin public will have fair "waruius" and fair chance to govern itself iiccoi-ilingly. This is the plan long since adopted in other St.itti and the soonei it s adopted III Vermont the sooner will a step In- taken In the right din ciinii. scntlng the bill. DESERVED TRIM'TE TO DEr.OER. (From the Rutland News.) II. I.. Hindley, special writer for llie Rrattleboro Reformer, says: "De liner, Inquisitor; A finer thing hasn't haopen cil in Veiniont for years than u man, whose time Is worth HI n day, putting In three days to clear beyond all tpn s llou the it coid of a succc.sstul political livul. Ch.n lie , Waller tells ine, anil no wasn't exactly a De lloer man, Hint for energy, i oiii entralion, grjsp and ability, Mr. Delloer's conduct of the uiveitigii tlou of the llell voucheis. matin ,i pro found Impicssiou on his associates ami won't be forgotten in a huriy. Tho re poit shows it. Full, explicit and yet absolutely unbiased ami ultlmut one iiet-dlesK wnnl, ihe document Is a motlel. Men less wise might have, made It a, po litical Instinnienl, whereas it is now ,i plain, severe statement of unipitf tinned fuels that innstltute atuiut the hardest spanking thai even nellmap ot the FiiIIh could wish for poor old Davenp.irl. A strong wlde-augled man Is that same Joseph A. f)e finer. As a few of us have believed for some time." Ml'RT BE ASHAMED. (From tho Fnlr Haven Era.) The vindication of Governor Charles J, Roll, fiom the charges btought against him by the democrats during tho guber natorial campaign Ip Vnrmnnt of collect ing pay lor morn days services In a year than there are days on the caJendur Is no mole nor less than thovi acuiialntt'd with hi excellent)- expected Atter a thorough investigation Ity a commlttcn, fonalatlnt' tlireo rtyubUowui and tluao l,V?i).3). spennl approptl.vtif.i.s of llmj, jll.f.l-lt; in raliioad coniml--.M t vpenses. K.,:tM.2l- special commlssio !7,0H. It; bounties on notions animals 113.17", in ettle commission eo.penpes fi.Vi'.!2. In ajrrlculturnl remmisslon expenses, M.'Su.-, 70. In admirl"tratioii cif Jusin m.rr xs. It will be stn from this that the princi pal Increases In the St.Vc , expenses, i whlcli should be rnthles, eliininiiL"d altogether or tit down to the proper point, are from special .ipiuopiutloii, bounties, cattlf cornmiwsinns .n..l emirts The auditor's report is P one resie.-t a startling rovt-lntlon. It snows that be tween Octobrr .a. ISO:, and J ine "0 ft"l, the officer iscil upon 3. 721 ilms. check ed up monthly reports of i.mr State In stitutions, and the tiuarl-iiv accounts of the Plate labiratory -islie.i each coun ty clerk's olllre four times .I'd ei.-h pro bate district ttnee, the six t .nl muni cipal courts quarterly. Add i this the. correspondence of the on and over sight of all bookkeeping, ai 1 one Jius it fair Ideit of what this conn tauealth eje peets of one auditor at t: n 5i.nr witn tvl a year allowance fa 'irk hire It Is no woiub r that the inn' 'or exclaims: "What Htm or corporation - -1 . -c business of n.rA'" a year would e,. 1 1 thai Ji.ifjit expendftl in the supervisl. and mnn..ge. nient of Us affairs won be sultlclent to guarantee that the work would be properlv and carefully Jour?" One of the first things nhldi tllifc htnte should do Is to revlfe and make effec tive its system of auditing accounts- ,ir. I to do this It should not hesitate to double the amount now npoudd for that pur poiv, and If necessary to do even nmie than this. Church and College Streets ARE YOU ENTIRELY SATISFIED with the mnnnor in whiob your bank ouotrant is being conaoct odt If not ajid the trouble ia -vrith uh coll uh down. If it lies else where, call us up on the phone and lot us prescribe for your ills. THE BURLINGTON TRUST CO. CITV ItAt.l. MU'Alli: VOHTIt. LETTERS FROM THE PEOPLE Capital Surplus aoi Prodis $300,003 4 Is' 3 co.vr u.Mi'Tini.i: campaign mktu- cos. (From the Vercenncs Fnterurise.) The State campnmn in Vermont has -I fin illy come to a close and even the post election exercises wiieh were brought about by the demo. rts in tlndr attempt lo injure the reputation of Governor Hell have been llnisbed and the result Is a per fect vindication lor Mr flcll and a great vfctot-y to the Republican partv The motives of the democratic nianajccrs in employing such l"w and contemptible methods wore undoubtedly for the pur post ot saining votes for their prty. hut why the-y should n sort to false charges and fabulous statements, we nre tinallej to comprehend. It appears as though,' while they were sinking to defeat the)' were distracted and cist awuy all respect for decency, giaspmg whatever came' within their reach and nrr once re-1 fleeting what the effect would be. Their only hope was to mip thfrn-ielves from' The Cltietlon nf Double Tnxatlna. To the lidltor of the Fre I'ress: It Is er,coura(rliiB to see that th form ers ate tnklng hold of our antbruatwl ta laws, and trvlmr to ot rlel of tne ap parent double taxation oonnotd with mortgages, lrhap you will kindly (rive space for a few eonldrMlcmti thAt may be of service In the connection, and even for reiterations of some of cpecial Im portance. There are two calves that appear vastly different, but are erwentlAHy 'h mine, one of purrhHsc-rnoney moTMroff''. hro the mortgage rpresnts no valuo boyond the morljrared nroncrtv. and the other where the mortengo Is given for money or Its equivalent actually rcived by the mortKngot and In Increase of hit) possessions beyond the mortgage prop erty. To Illustrate the. first ease: a capitalist owns a farm worth ten thousand dol-i lais. and sells It to a former for Vi.irK) cash, and a mortgage for $:,ufO. rtifore this transaction takes place, the State, If it taxes personal property, sets taxes on the capitalist's furm, Jia.OM, and on the farmer's J"'1 which he sutis"'ieptly pays on ii'tount of the farm total amount taxed. llR.Mo. After the tramsactlnn. the State taxes th farm M.0O0. and If It carries out Vermont's present principles, taxes tho personal property money (or whitever it Is put In) received by the seller, JS.aou. , total taxed so far, liri.OTO, as before the mortgage. Hut the State alio taxes the mortgage -grand total taxed. Wl "V'et no now value has been created; so some-1 thing mut be taxed twice. hnt is- f The farmer pays taxes on his wholo ne-.e farm (tlOoi), and he also pava taxes on lie mortgage (tVeOo). for the rate of Interest in States that tax inorti.-ig"s is higher than usual rates hv the amount of the tax Total taxes paid bv the tann er on flS.rtl. Hut he has but 510 ') of the means of production, so he is paving taxes on P.'"') tint he hasn't sot. lie is entitled to relief; now what is the most lensnnable w.iv lo get It" At presvit his tax-paying eonits of three prneeo..s: he p.ivs tlie farm tax to tb" State, he prys the mortgage tax to the mortgagee, and the mortgagee pays the r.iortgign tax to the State. The farmer now seeks relief bv a iding to these three p:oeo.sse- a fourth reducing hi aifsment on his farm, by the amount of the mortgage, f tut why these four step?, when one will do the work" Why not slmplv take oft the mortgage tax, and let the farmer pay only in full on hi1! farm ,i now? Here come In the fallacies which ob scure the case. The obk-etor says-; "Why, the State then will get taxes on only $10,ofi, when it was entitled to taxes on $!5."f"' before the mortgage was mail", and the hloat er holder of the mortgage escapes scot-free." Io? he? l'ndr your system. If It works, he pays taxes on the purchase-money he got on ncceunt of the farm, and as the farm-r pays ii.... r.n tin rrV! In the e.'irm. the Stale t ! gets taxes on Its JiTslVi affr all. and r. ' moreover, makes the mortgagee pay on "i, JS.t'ii more, because he holds as evidence of Indebtedness a piece of paper '-aUcl a mortgage. This l an attempt to tax Mm twice, w.d of course he shines that tax off to the borrower; In such case, tho borrower always has to pa'. but th initial Injustice in In trying to make the moitga gee pays tw.ee s long as that law tund-i. if anybody pa)s twl-e, it will he the borrower. True, If his farm be exempted pro rata, he will b relieved at the olli.r end Hut what's the sense In the complication the fe.ur process,' already described? The old ownr paid all the taxes on his place before the mortgage let the new owner continue t't pay them after the inoit-ingo. but s.mply don't call upon anybody 'or a m w tax. when there is no now value; don't tax the mortgagee. There is wh'-re the inliistlce Hn Why not cut It at the root? I i .. pill. cr,,r.!l,-l tf ,1 mol.in,. . ..u . "",ilm K"""-'" t always works badly If the mortgage tax utvi nnn tor-a it. uu ,iii, ton. .. ,jn.f.,l former will n.-i v Safe Deposit Boxes to rent at reasonable rates. H. T. RUTTER, Cashisr. mi in 1 1 1 ii ii ii ii i nn ! tJ MONEY. IF YOU HAVE MONEY not needed for Immediate use, and want It where It will be perfectly safe, anil bo drawlnK Interest, you make no mistake by leaving It On deposit In the the mortgae, are. absolutely unneces sary, and leave ail piirtl Jul whert they would have beon wlthorut them. Tuko off the mortgage tax, and those three stops disucpcivr. If that tux Is oolUoted, the fntmer hft jfot to pay It The, Instrument of pro-eliir.ljorv- the money or whatever he putu It Into, (or tho unpaid Iwlf ot the fej-m. In the purche-tnoiiy caonl. is in hln I band", anil he may lejtislU- 'ill doomn- tlay, he may strunglo and Juggle, he tnuv j lie If he wantu to (sr moH. men do, h well knows, about pervorml taxus) bue I he cant make anythln; puy hitt tux ' hut the instrument that producm th wherewithal. If tint instrument la In hl hands, und if taxeet i-e collected on personal proprty, ax he in exiger that the shall he, he will p:y tliat tax. H al. ways has, ami he always will, no mas ter what h gets don by thi Legisla ture, or by th next Iyegis(ature. or bif any Lfgislatuio till th cru.k of doom, lie has either got to tvike off hia mort gage, or he. has got to pity it It cannot be explained too often, or In too various phaes, that, under the loan mortgage, tho farmer will py alt the! taxes Involved, wlmttur ha pays them to the mertgag'f or to the Statu; foe hi alone hat anything to pay them with, H. has not or.lv his farm with all itsi produce precisely as hefore, but ht al.-u has- tho inonov obtained on the mortuago, (utiles j it is a puichaso-money mort gage). The loan mortgagee not only has noth ing more than h had b'tfore, Hut a-tual.yi has five thousand dollars Ihjm, a.ot jat cash. unles the mortgage is a pMtciiai--.. money one. and if the mortgage Is .v piirt haso-iuonry one, he has i, m Ic-h farm. To tax him, then, of th tw ., I-- lue'icrous. and Is prov-tl to be o- tha tact that he will not lend money n ,v State wheri inortc-nge.s are taxed, -i-uesn he gets the orient ra'o nt mtor -i ..ntt ihe eurntit r.ilc .! t.ix.-s Mr.., V, r mont f.-itniei-s pi six per ,ni.; hi tiee old Stale- where ii tntgajis arfj not I x ., they pav fu n ..- i.. As said hefore. tlie Veiiicnt farm, r ri kr'owb dgi s rl.i-- u It n I . nrrmi-.n ti d 'Mr IJ-. O'-tl-- to j y Hnt why also sail d .ill ll-n in-ili, ', ji in hum , u -- ill,, w jy -ni, :- i, K -o'll e. w l I 1 HOME SAVINGS BANK UUItUNtiTON, VEKMONT, Bui his f it in i , li. his pa.xing tin n pay it ,-u nil ' In hi lot i . si riki il . . i .. i ! i-i.n pl.cttion" li I . . i - t stand, as .-un I' i- .m . i exr i none. . it wnl one u , that he does rmr !...-. i to curse him. Tl,. n e wii. i ..,,n ixpetlient, which will ,r t.n.. ureiy him: iinel mi will .,11 ipt.; mii , he kills th, mu-lineal i,, , a. ,- vorilt s- in nn ,i t ix uu i.. ,i erlv lei ml- i'ii J m If . v. ri coiled on him n -,n , u.,v -ri ways will. It li..s alw.n.- 'irs , who have laid it. and n alw t - v. they see far enough htjo. -i '.tst .'mens, lo take it .iw.it On the otht r ha- d. tl-. i x t'te : is a sensible tax; for Ue inner the faun produeo lo pay n with; th, u gnacc elries not take that The i , the farm i n u indeed r . wh n larmer Is trying to get rid of. . as it lias hpen doubled h !!i. ia he pays by way of high ,i, i tlie ir.ortrag i . Kiliee him oi h b) stopping the abiurtl tax ..i. n gage, and three supenluous out of the four the farniets now r, aie rumveil, th larmer s dounle is remov. d, he gels his money current rate of interest, not with pr 1 'i, .so l unul ippear- r ii i.l rt- .x i 11 ten ' ','t . sur t -t tj .i lax; mnr' sseti 11e, d tux ' fh tnxe'i .siyinst a.iel .nsto.nl I vt cat- WINOOSKI Savings Bank the lust twenty )ears. Deposits made during I the first five dayi j it. He acknowledges the fact himself, in the In- direct remedy ho proposes for that neces- nf mv month u.ll Hr.icv ititerct from tha f.mr.r '.!.... .1... ,n ...11, l,..n.llL mr.aA.Slty. eter en,, eifn, ,i,,v f,e ..nv'iM.,1. ill 'will Now l?t us take the case of a loan Utter ruin and to let the public know 'butt jntcre-t Irom thu lust day of the next secured by a mortgage. Hefore the mort they really had made mme attempt t't montli. i age. there Is the farm, lfl.i", and pcr- savc their partv. It was true thi.t there! Interest Is ci edited depositors Jan. 1st sonal property III the heitids of the to wns an error In the auditor's report which 'and July 1st, compounding semi-annually, i tending mongagee, ts.ooft-Jl..,tj in all, ine rate oi line rest paia oepobiiors uy catnb tst-A'-r. 11 savings banks in tills Stale Is limited i Th" i tS.no is tiansferred to the farmer. ntiueu as now, a no. he tfoeb .jn In- farm s tnxt-t- out of its jn-oiiu that one ;n t is all there is of it. of the four he is mistakenly nig. The wholo blundering compile it' ji hni been dowsed b. cause of ovorlookuie thi elementary principle of tnxnuon- t i t.tx; at the count tax the thing that MehJ the income. A mere t vid.-nce of indent. id. tn-ss like a mortgage produces nothing, and If jou tax Ihe evidence of .1 lidded nes, and also t.lX the actual inlncr or1 things on which Ihe evidence is hri-ed the thing u- things producing the mc nun from whu Ii alou th- tax cub ho paid, you tax dn.bl). The fannurs an- entit,a to all sympatliv m tlemanrling to le .'rjoj Irom this, but bv taking the tax fiom niortgns'ts. thev would secure tho r free, dom In a way nunh more tlmp, unci more reasonable, und, for reasoi - whu h i.i Imlic.iteii that there had been an r.ver (harge In the nee mint, but to try and in vent a charge of dishonesty out of a small mistake In a printed report was found lo be an Impossibility when the original vouchers were In-iited. Tlnie are miny Ingenious invention which aro subject to a fatal drawback, In tact what might be called nn Invention is hardly an by law to thiee and one-half pr cent, until its surplus amounts to 10 per cent of Its deposits, when an extra dividend Is to be made. No Interest is allowed by law to be. pi.'d on deposits in excess of two thousand dol lars execpt It be on deposits by' widows, orphans, ridmlnistrutors. executors, gruar- dlana, charitable or religious Institutions, invention so much as a discovery of the, or on trust funds deposited by order of riiintF, snoi'M) nr. limitations UN Till: EXAMINATION OF f'l'IU.K.' ltlX'ORUS. (r'rom th" Newport Kxpiess.) In one sense of the word we baldly think Auditor Graham math' a mUthke. In another sens., wc believe all the refolds In the auditor's ofllfti should be open to Ihe Inspection of the public. Hut tl'ern should be some system about It. That any man can go into an auditor's oftlce and say, "j want to look at your books," ami then have them handed nut to him to examine at his own dls. iTctloii would hardly seem tho proper thing. I'ciinlis should be given by some one high! r In authority than tho auditor, and a man furnished to assist the ex iimlner and to piotect the books while being examined. Wo asked to see the auditor's books last spring with reference to the "spotleis' " lees, and w.'io re fused t hfiu unless the auditor hlmseit was plesnnt. We believe this to he tight, and yet it deprlvetl im from obtaining ibe uuoinuiiion wo wanteii when we wanted it. So, while the books, should be nx nmind, there should he some form or rule about It, to save embarrassment on both shies. STATU Al'DITOn'S UJCID HRPORT. ll'rom tho Rutland Newa.) The report of State Auditor Horace r. irahain for the biennial period ending June iO, last, presents Ftrmi statistics that aie of great Interest tu the laxpay en. of the cominonwcaltji. ills pr'snu tatlou ot the conditions of his jftr'o te a particularly lucid one-, and lie who reads cannot fall lo have a very ncciirnU and coinprem nsive miowleriut' of the i xpcndl tuns eif the sjute government and tho direction in which Uicy hvu inci eased. The apparent iiicrao of cxBOndlturto way in which -nine new application may be made of immutable laws. The devices which do not work conflict with one or an other of these laws The demounts made a .list tn-e ry and they were so eager lo Ilml .some efteetlve campaign ammunition that they prodiic. d an Invention, Among the devices which did not work as was xpiilcti may safely be classed the mis representations and fabrications in which llie dtmotials fieel.v llldlllgt tl. The p. o pic have: seen Ihes.' false charge dip. piove-d, nnrt they will nut be llkelv to seileusly consult r such Inw iiltd yarns In the future. Aiirsi: or i'A iidonino rnwini. (1'rom the Kiio-dnugl! Standard.) The Kandolph Herald and News Is -ver- lastlnuly light and Is none loo seveie lu its criticism Of ex-liovernetr Mel'ullniirfli for his use In stvrr.il conspicuous In stances f the pardonlag power In tut mug loose vicious and danicrous charactcis after ihiv bail served but a '-mall por tion of tlu lr sentence for their criminal acts. It Is to he deeply rcyretted that an otherwise able tun! creditable admin istration, ft which there chu bo but words of praise, should have been marred by these abuses of the parilnriipg power to which the Herald and Ns tefcis Te pardon of criminals, convicted ami sentcncisl bv ttt'o process of lu,w Is loo easily obtained, and the Instances ine multiplying where no sooner is some vleious and criminal character placet), where for n time at least, he will not be a danger to the ennimunlty, than a pe tition Is set In circulation looking to his liberation. Signatures aie easily obtained as they are In fet to any petition, remonstrance or protest. The citlteii, who thoughtlessly signs these petitions for pardon, cannot escape bis share of the responsibility for the results, hut the S"V ernor of tho State, with whom tho llnal decision reals, should be able tu accurate, ly weigh the value of these peliilons in tho lljrht of nil the facts, and hoclt.Vc long before lending his aid lo the tiefei.t of Justice and tu the Injury of socidy court The bank pnyii all taxes In this Stale on deposits of two thousand dollars or less. VnilMONT LOANS SOLICITED. uoponlts. Juno 30, 1904. . . l.oKO.tSX-lT Surplus 7B.0HO.31) Scrofula, with ll swollen gLun.lv run nlng sores. Inflaiuined eyelids, imiKiii mw ruUMi itfvlM o MPOit e Bur.uourllla, Peposlts and surplus n,trt,siW.4 Ol'l'K'KnS-S. II. Weston, ITe-ldent; J. li. Small, 1st Vice-President; 8, Hill wood, :'nd Vice-President; Ortnond Cole, Treasurer. TIU'STKICS-S. II. Weston, J. n, nmalU Samuel illnwood, K. C. Mower, OrmoniJ Cole, O. P. Hay, C. II. Shlpinan, H. J. White. Golden Opportunities await the investor in Missouri, Arkansas, Oklahoma, Indian Territory and Texas. trains offer the best possible combina tions of speed safety and comfort for get inp; there. If you seek a safe investment in rain- infjf, manufacture or agriculture, address S. , . li. V. A., 401 ll'veny, N Y, and he gives a mortgage. On this mart, gage he has to pay taxes, .nut as th" purchase-money nmrtgupor did, in the shape of high Uitenst. Total lo bo paid on by him, farm Jb'.nvi. proceeds of loan J.'.,(o, mortgage J.V". BU'n m all, while there Is only thV'i actual value The mortgage. Is but a bit of paper; it can produce nothing to pay taxes with, and writing tt creates no new value. Tho production to puy the taxes must come irom the farm or from the investment of the borrowed money. The farmer at once says that the tViO over-taxntion Is on his farm that it is wmth t't.o iess than 11 was before, because it is mort gaged. Hut this Is a fallacy; fnr taxation put-cose?, the farm Is worth no less than It wm before. It Is worth Just the same. lie suys: "No, A pait of it now ioi s to the niortgnlieR In the Interest : pa,,' Tint l another fall.xc) ; under nonnul circumstances, (and we can reason only upon such), the interest on tho mortgage money Is paid by the investment, (possi bly farm Improvements), the fanner puts it Into, not by the original farm. Tho mortgage merely jives the creditor a second hold. Ills first nn.l natural hold Is on the dobtur'si general solvency, -.ind th loan Is rrally made on that theory cetiiunly by the fanner, he does not ex pect to pay it thmugk a foreclosure of his fnrm. Hut whether tlie taxes arc paid from Ihe farm or the Invested loan, the nuirtgugf e has notfcing from the iransic lion to pay them with, unless lie ecelves the amount of the taxes, in addition tu the current rale of interest. Tf iho farmer must pa that, hl contention thai his farm thould be relieved to that extent. Is entirely sound tln state ic tiilvf the money from the mortgagee, and when It als.o copects on tie tlS.Oon tiom the fanuri? It collects il UXBti i.l. That Is the present process, under loan mortgage .is uncier purcnase-inoiuiy mort- tt smo1, ,f. gage- . oueciing irom ine miti iKasi-c, ii'to Ing the farmer tn pay him. collecting on the farm and on cash that has passed, ct t ad. ntio - ,5 ' - t, i: f t t i -1 s. law, 1 v . - 1 ennnt go into now, much mor.i permanent than tho wa thev voc.ite. Tho taxation of mortgages is illustration of the absurdities .,r i t.cis always im oh ed Ii nl' m tax personal proper!) I l.ai tax '.tl sccoid with the Wa- , t nviir, man nature, man txier' .tun. h.iNo alieady leporti.l n I , i ,.f doning it. no expett I ki ow f M ami I know of many w .o oiul the idea of its Justice is an '. isi .ii uninformed; anil It is gtau i.ilh pcirlng under the face of natui.i because its failures are throw i-ig lion more and more on land, where fu ture and justice tit elate it to belong Tip r It would besr less heavily on een t fanners of Vermont; for the lalue ..f Mi e personal property is steadily in. rt ..., u 111 piopi rliou to the value of th- . .1 estate, while the ,tluo of th r-al e tale of those not tanners, is st adr t. creasing in pro)" rtmn to that of th r personal property. Throw a!! tax n . i ( this t'tnte upon ii real properlv t,idi, nnl the fanners would pav b.. wl li wllage and ilty dwellers would i i inn., Itut the latter class could well aff.rl t do It, because thty would lo roll -i if th" burib nn now thrown on i usm s ni conscience by the attempts to ;ax p, r sonal property. Your obedient ser int. IIKNKV HOLT lUirlington, October I'M TIIK STAT IS Al'IUTOn Sy.STF.M (I'tom the Landni.nl; ) The increase of State expendltur s ri r ing Governor McCulloug'h bienm il teint Is a subject of Impoitunco to cv. n Ver. monter. IJut any Investigntion into th. causes of this increase should not hs clouded at tho stun with Mip,itnni that "graft" has i rept into the adnn-iistt a- f tilt tloti'oi state arr.ilrs. (io nt the in ft v uble fairly The presumption should be u at the expenses wee Mr legitimate pur Ms -, if Otero nas pcen cxtravniigancc i.t- w s n slopptil. Where) 1 1- su s and also " e.t... i-i.t . ih.i tii) 'vr''l " 'lr expenses can be .ill thin' 1 y whether it passed consolidating same of the many board t r from the lender lu the loan mortaras-e, or commissions in the Mate llie pi.m i i ght from the purchaser In the other case, be tried. Theie should be ,m in, r, is oi And In his loan mortgage, ns in bis force In the auditing tb p.irtnn purchase-money mortgagt . the farmer tiov. !:. (' Sinith dunng I, is letn proposes io keep up this tonipjlented pro ccs-tn take every step that Is taken now -the mortgagee to pay the State, the fanner to py the mortg.igte. unit the Htalo still tn collect llm entire leglti- m.tle tax rtn the. Ilfcnun, nml the fanner now proposes that It also take the i irllii r stepthe foutth process, of diminish. ng tho tax It collects from the tanner, bs the amount paid by him to the moitra gee. Now why all this fils Tin 'e s ips' out of tho four takr-ii in coiifCdueiieQ ofj C.lllcti allellllol, t i (hi piesei t f xpeiitblui'i s aid .induing nl but nothing has licen done lo Inalv n i provenitnls m that dmciion lix - ill. e nl ttfi t'lltf. Ink and Mucilage AT-. THU l' It EtE PllUSS ASSOCIATION.