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THE BURLINGTON FREE PRESS: THURSDAY JUNE 1, 1905
11 M ... . . in . intt'i il was wriiuiuiz wilii mwnrn merriment His two eyes wore shining , 1 1. . A . . line mors, u seemed to me Hint lie war making dcspcrato efforts to re strain a convulsive attack of laughter. "Dear me! Dear me!" he said nt last, "won. now. who wnniii linvo thought It? And how deceptive ap pearances may be, to be mire! Such a nice young mnn to look nt! It Is a lesson to us not to trust our own iudir- tnent, is It not, LostradeV" "les, some of us nro a little too much Inclined to bo cocksure, Mr. Holmes," enia Lestrade. uiio man's insolence rtn a iirtdniilttM t- a .-- t 1 .1 em- n . gent.- it "What a providential thing that this JUJUH Ulltll BUUU1U lirun llin UHill thtltnli ilea nif hn ten 111 tnklnff Ills tai smm ,! Qunk A AHtf tllltttrfll action, too, If you come to mini: 01 it. Holmes was outwardly calm, but his knftw nni'n n Vfrt fT.f 1 . . nt atlti. pressed excitement as he spoke. "By miih T am tn i n Vin tiimln 4 ti 1 ai f a. iuuriiituic UIBLUVC17 f "It was the housekeeper, Mrs. lx- Itirrtnti UMm tlpnw tlin tttcriir ntiatnltlo'a mttentlou to it." "Where was the night constable?" "lie remained on guard In the bed room where the crime was committed 0 as to see that nothing was touched." "But why didn't the police see this mark yesterday?" "Well, we had no particular reason to make a careful examination of the hall. Besides, It's not In a very promi nent place, ns you see." "No, no of course not. I suppose there is no doubt that the ninrk was there yesterday?" Lestrade looked at Holmes as If lie thought he was going out of his mind. I confess that I was myself surprised both at his hilarious manner and at bis rather wild observation. "I don't know whether you think that McFarlane came out of Jail In the dead of night in order to strengthen tho evidence against himself," said Lestrade. "I leave it to any expert In the world whether that is not tho mark of his thumb." "It is unquestionably the mark of bis thumb." "There, that's enough," said Lestrade. "I am a practical man, Mr. Holmes, and when I have got my evidence I come to my conclusions. If you have nnythlng'to sny you will find mo writ ing my report in the sitting room." Holmes had recovered his equanimi ty, though I still seemed to detect gleams of amusement In his expres sion. "Dear me, this Is a very sad devel opment. Watson, Is it not?" said he. "And yet there are singular points about It which hold out some hopes for our client." "I am delighted to hear it." said I heartily. "I was afraid It was all up with hlra." "I would hardly go so far as to say that, my dear Watson. The fact Is that there Is one really serious flaw In this evidence to which our friend attaches bo much importance." "Indeed. Holmes! What Is It?" "Only this, that I know that that mark was not there when I examined lilt; lltlll fBieiuntv. AUli uuw, tvniauu, let .us have a little stroll round In the sunshine." j With a confused brain, but with a heart Into which some warmth of hope iwas returning, I accompanied my friend in a walk round the garden. Holmes took each face of the house in turn and examined it with great Inter est. He then led the way inside and went over the whole building from basement to attic. Most of the rooms were unfurnished, but none the less Holmes inspected them nil minutely. Finally, on the top corridor, which ran outside three untenanted bedrooms, he again was seized with a spasm of mer riment. "There are really some very unique features about this case, Watson," said he. "I think It is time now that we took our friend Lestrade into our confi dence. He has had his little smile at our expense, and perhaps we may do as much by him if my reading of this problem proves to be correct. Yes, yes, I think I see how we should approach It." The Scotland Yard detective was still writing In the parlor when Holmes In terrupted him. "I understood that you were writing a report of this case," said he. "80 I am." "Don't you think It may be a little premature? I can't help thinking that your evidence is not complete." Lestrade knew my friend too well to disregard his words. He laid down his pen and looked curiously nt him. "What do you mean, Mr. Holmes?" "Only that there is an Important wit ness whom you have not seen." . "Can you produce him?" "I think I can." "Then do so." "I will do my best. How many con stables have you?" "There are three within call." "Excellent!" sam Holmes. "Mnv I ask if they are all large, ablebodled men with powerful voices?" "I have no doubt they are, though I fall to see what their voices have to do with it." "Perhaps I can help you to see that and ono or two other things ns well," said Holmes. "Kindly summon your men, and I will try." Five minutes later three policemen bad assembled in the ball. "In the outhouse you will find a con slderable quantity of straw," said Holmes. "I will ask you to carry lu two bundles of It. I think it will bo of the greatest assistance in producing the witness whom I require. Thank you very much. I bellevo you have some matches in your pocket, Watson Now, Mr. Lestrade, I will ask you all to accompany mo to the top landing.' As I bare said, there was a broad corridor there, which ran outside three empty bedrooms. At one end of the corridor we were all marshaled by Sherlock Holmes, the constables grin ning and Lestrade staring at my friend with amazement, expectation and dera slon chasing eocn oiuer across nis ren tures. Holmes stood before us with the air of a conjurer who is perform Ing a trick. "Would you kindly send one of your constables for two buckets of water? Put the straw on the floor here, free from the wall on either siue. ow think that we are all ready," 1 H-in,a fara had beaun to arow - . rad and aucrV fa I don't know whether you are play t in 'a game with us, Mr. Sherlock Holmes," said he. "If you know any thing you can surely say It without all this tomfoolery." "I assuro you, my good Lestrade, that I have an excellent reason for everything that I do. You may possi bly remember that you chaffed me a little some hours ago when the sun seemed on your side of the hedge, so you must not grudge me a little pomp and ceremony now. Might I ask you, Watson, to open that window and then to put a match to the edge of the straw?" I did so, and, driven by the draft, a coll of gray smoke swirled down the corrlder, while the dry straw crackled and flamed. "Now we must see if we can And this witness for you, Lestrade. Might I nsk you all to join In tho cry of 'Fire?' Now, then one, two, threel" "Fire!" we all yelled. "Thank you. I will trouble yon onct again." "Fire!" "Just once more, gentlemen, and all together." "Fire!" The shout must have rung over Norwood. It had hardly died away when an amazing thing happened. A door sud deuly tlew open out of what appeared to be solid wall at the end of the cor ridor and a little wizened man darted out of it like a rabbit out of its bur row. "Capital!" said Holmes calmly "Watson, a bucket of water over the straw. That will do! Lestrade, allow me to present you with your principal missing witness, Mr. Jonas Oldacre." Tho detective stared at the newcom er with blank amazement. The latter was blinking in the bright light of the corridor and peering at us and at the smoldering fire. It was an odious face crufty, vicious, malignant, with shifty, light gray eyes and white lashos. "What's this, then?" said Lestrade at Inst. "What have you been doing all this time, eh?" Oldacre gave an uneasy laugh, shrink Ing back from the furious red face of the nngry detective. "I have dono no harm." "No harm? You have done your best to get an innocent man banged. If It wasn't for this gentleman here I am not sure that you would not have suc ceeded." The wretched creature began to whimper. "I am sure, sir, It was only my prac tical Joke." "Oh, a Joke, was it? You won't find the laugh on your side, I promise you Take him down and keep him In tbo sitting room until I come. Mr. Holmes,' he continued when they had gone, " could not speak before the constables, but I don't mind saying In the presence of Dr. Watson that this Is the brightest tiling that you have done yet, though It Is a mystery to me how you did it. You have saved an innocent man's life, and you have prevented a very grave scan dal, which would have ruined my repu tatlon In the force." Holmes smiled and clapped Lestrade upon the shoulder. "Instirwi of being ruined, my good sir, you will find that your reputation has been enormously enhanced. Just make a few alterations In that report which you were writing and they will understand how hard it Is to throw dust In the eyes of Inspector Lestrade." "And you don't want your name to appear?" "Not at all. The work Is its own re ward. Perhaps I shall get tho credit also at some distant day, when I per mit my zealous historian to lay out his foolscap once more eh, Watson? Well, now, let us see where this rat has been lurking." A lath and plaster partition had been run across the passage six feet from the end, with a door cunningly conceal ed in it. It was lit within by silts un der the eaves. A few articles of furni ture and a supply of food and water were within, together with a number of books and papers. "There's the advantage of being n builder," said Holmes as we came out. "He was able to fix up his own little hiding place without any confederate, save, of course, that precious house keeper of his, whom 1 should lose no time In adding to your bag, Lestrade." "I'll tnko your advice. But how did you know of this place, Mr. Holmes?" "I made up my mind that the fellow was in hiding iu the house. When I paced one corridor and found It six feet shorter than the corresponding one below It was pretty clear where he was. I thought he bad not the nerve to He quiet before an alarm of fire. We could, of course, have gone in and tak en him, but It amused me to make him reveal himself. Besides, I owed you a little mystification, Lestrade, for your chaff in tue morning." "Well, sir, you certainly got equal with me on that. But bow la the world did you know that he was in the house at all?" "The thumb mark, Lestrade. You said it was final, and so It was in a very different sense. I knew It had not been there the day before. I pay a good deal of attention to matters of detail, as you may have observed, and I had examined the hall and was suro that the wall was clear. Therefore It had been put on during the night." "But how?" "Very simply. When those packets were sealed up Jonas Oldacre got Me Farlane to secure one of the seals by putting his thumb upon the soft wax, It would be done so quickly and so naturally that I daro say the young man himself has no recollection of it. Very likely It Just so happened, and Oldacre bad himself no notion of the use be would put It to. Brooding over the case in that den of his, It suddenly struck him what absolutely damning evidence he could make against Mc Farlane by using that thumb mark. It was the simplest thing In the world for him to take a wax Impression from the seal, to moisten It In as much blood as he could get from a pin prick and to put the mark upon tbo wall dur Ing the nlgbt either with bis own band or with that of bis bousokeeper. If you examine among tbose documents which be took with blm into bis re treat I will lay you a wager that you And the seal with tbo thumb mark upon it." "Wonderful!" said Lestrade. "Won derful! It's all us clear as crystal as you put It. But what Is tbe object of this deep deception, Mr. Holmes?" It wss amusing to me to see bow tbo detective's overbearing, manner bad child asking questions 0' Us teacher. "Well, I don't think that Is very bard to explain. 'A very 'deep,' malicious, vindictive person Is tbe gentleman who Is now waiting us downstairs. Ton know that he was once refused by Mc Farlane's mother? You don'tt I told you that you should go to Blackheath first and Norwood afterward. Well, thin Injury, as ho would consider It, has rankled In his wicked, scheming brain, and nil his life he has longed for vengeance, but never seen his chance. During the last year .or two things have gone against him secret speculation, I think nud he finds himself In a bad way. He determines to swindle his creditors, and for this purpose be pays largo checks to a certain Mr. Cornelius, who Is, I Imagine, himself under an other name. I have not traced those checks yet, but I have no doubt that they were banked under that name at some provincial town, where Oldacre from time to'Jimo led a double exist ence, lie Intended to change bis name altogether, draw bis money and van ish, starting life again elsewhere." "Well, that's likely enough." "It would strike hlin that In disap pearing he might throw all pursuit off his trark and nt the same time have an ample and crushing revenge upon his old sweetheart If he could give the Im pression that he had been murdered by her only child. It was a masterpiece of villainy, and he carried it out like a mnster. The Idea of the will, which would give an obvious motive for the crime, the secret visit unknown to his own parents, tbe retention of the stick, the blood and the animal remains and buttons In tbe wood pUe all were ad mlrable. It was a net from which It seemed to mc, a few hours ago, that there was uo possible escape. But bo had not that supreme gift of the artist, the knowledge of when to stop. Ho wished to improve that which was al ready perfect to draw the rope tighter yet round the neck of his unfortunate victim and so he ruined all. Let us descend, Lestrade. There are Just one or two questions that I would ask him." The malignant creature was seated In his own parlor with a policeman upon each side of him. "It was a Joke, my good sir a prac- tlcal Joke, nothing more," he whined Incessantly. "I nssure you, sir, that I simply concealed myself in order to see the effect of my disappearance, and I am sure that you would not be so unjust as to imagine that I would have allowed any harm to befall poor young Mr. McFurlaue." "That's for a Jury to decide," said Lestrade. "Anyhow, we shall have you on a charge of conspiracy, If not for attempted murder." "And you'll probably find that your creditors will Impound the banking ac count of Mr. Cornelius," said Holmes. Tbe little man started and turned his malignant eyes upon my friend. "I have to thank you for a good deal," said he. "Perhaps I'll pay my debt some day." Holmes smiled indulgently. "I fancy that for some few years you will find your time very fully oc cupied," said he. "By the way. what was It you put Into tbe wood pile be tides your old trousers? A dead dog. ir rabbits, or what? You won't tell? ")ear me, how Tery unkind of you! .Veil, well, I dare say that a couple of dibits would account both for the i'.ooU and for the charred ashes. If vor you write an nceount, Watson, iu can make rabbits serve your urn." MY LADY OF DREAMS. My larlye sUs from out my dreams Besld my study Arc: The spin tins light now thills, now plrams Some drowsy splrltc that wakes, It seems. To grunt ma my desire. The echoes die upon the street. The shadows climb tho wall, My lady steals into her scat, Bo hlsh it is her little feet, Scarce reach Hie floor nt all. My ladyo In the firelight sits And gravely wutchrs me: About her mouth In mischief flits A soft sweet smile that much hellts A ladyo fair as she, A little curl on brow has strayed. Bright sold on driven snow, I'here niver was so sweet ti maid lu llgured dimity arrayed. A-.'hlmmer Ir. the plow, My ladye sits my fire, beside. And wnndrous fair is she; Until its light has waned nud died, And '1'iwn has looked ihrouth window wide, She keep.? a watch with me. My ladyo of my idle dreams, I ivnloh the Invo that ever beams In her dear eyes confest. My ladyo born In musing brain, Ko radiantly fair. I loathe tho mom that sees her wane; I count the hours till once- again She chcose my study chair. -Pall Walt Gazette. About Making Gardens. There Is nothing better than Ground Bone in making gardens. pure A teaspoonful In a bill is a perma sent benefit, lasting all summer. Enclose S3.2B In check or postal money order, or In a registered letter, and a trial barrel will be shipped to you promptly. If you don't need It all divide It with your neighbors. We publish a little booklet, showing how to use Ground Bone as a Fertilizer lu gardens and In greenhouses and to promote the growth of your flowers and shrubbery. Bend your name on a postal card and it will be sent to you free by return moll. r rare, Hyde Pork. Vt. GOOD PRINTING Many people order printing of uc regularly BY MAIL. They re. ceive the same painstaking care and attention, and tho same low prices, that are given those who call personally, it you ueed bus nS stationery, or if you are going to get out advrtlalng matter of any kind, aend it to ua and be assured that it will be well done, at a reasonable price. Free Press Printing Ca Burlington, Vt- Chan.. 01 a Calmagc Sermon By Rer. Frank De Witt Tslmafc, D.D. Los Annies, Cel., May 28. This Me morial day sermon voices the longing of all thoughtful men and women throughout the world for the early realisation of tbe promise of universal peace and welcomes tbe agencies that are now at work for that purpose. Tbo text Is Isaiah II, 4, "Neither shall they learn war any more." Every great catastrophe Is an Inspi ration for overcoming or at least for lessening danger. No sooner did tbe awful conflagration of the Iroquois theater take place In December, 1004, than tho whole city of Chicago arose In protest. Excoriating denunciations appeared In all the dally newspapers. Editors ns well as people declared "No fire trap tike that had a right to exist." At once there was a scurrying about of the city officials. Tbe fire regulations were overhauled. The means for fight ing fire were Increased. The fire in spectors were clearly and emphatically told that hereafter there wns to be no evading of the fire laws and of the building restrictions. The will of the people plainly said, "The horror of the past through criminal negligence of tbo city officials shall not become tbe hor ror of the future." What Is true In reference to fire ca tastrophes Is also true about railroad accidents. The trogody of the Toy bridge In old Scotland strengthened the abutments of mnny bridges In many lands. The terrific annual slaughter of human life upon the railroads of our country was the cause of creating tho block system, the Westlnghouse brake and the automatic coupling whereby car can be joined to car without en dangering the body of brnkeman or other railroad employee. So the awful tragedy of tho civil wnr, with Its mil lion dead, ought to be an Inspiration to teach us not only how wo should honor the soldiers who fought and bled and died, but also bow we should honor those who are living, to prevent such n horrible butchery of human life in the future. As man has to be taught the art of war, so he must learn the nrt of peace, Shall be not honor his preceptors who are teaching him how to cover the val leys with bouses nud factories and schools and churches instead of with campflrcs and fortresses and burning towns? Shall we not honor the men who are teaching us how to change our plains of Esdraclun Into "cities of refuge" which were once battlefields In many wars? Sball we not honor to day such teachers as Professor R. G. Holden of Iowa Agricultural college, who in 1004 gave to tbe farmers of tbe west a certain kind of corn seed which would produce a better kind of corn In that region than the farmers had been able to grow and thereby In one year put Into the wo? tern farmers' pockets (50,000,000 more than bad ever been there before? Shall we not honor such a one as well as we honor the soldier who teaches the Iown boy how to march and bow to shoot and how to slay his brother? rtooaevelt's Pen Verane Ills Sword. Shall we not honor Theodore Roose velt's pen as well as Theodore Roose velt's sword? Tbe pcu which sum mons the representatives of all tbe civ ilized nations to tbe peace conference at The Hague Is just as truly brave and patriotic as was tiie sword which our president drew at San Juan hill and the sword which today is ready to be drawn if foreign nntious dare tram ple upon the rights of American citi zens. Yes, the pen or peace Is to be honored quite ns much ns the sword of war. Therefore, on this Memorial Sunday, when friends and loved ones are strewing tbe graves of our dead soldiers with flowers, I would placo garlands upon tho brows of the living heroes, upon tbe brows of the men and the women who are living and work ing to prevent future civil wars and fu ture Internationa) strife. This subject which we aro about to discuss is one which Is uppermost to day In the minds and hearts of many. "It has occurred to me recently," wroto a dear friend from tbe east, "that a good subject for a sermon at some ear ly day would be 'Peace' and tho move ments being made for tbe preservation of tho world's peace. Now that the statue of Frederick tho Great has been set up in Washington It Is seriously proposed to supplement It with tbe statues of Caesar, Napoleon and Han nibal. This may be a war college Idea. I do not know who made the sugges tion, but It Is not In line with the true spirit of the age, which Is one of peace and arbitration. Instead of glorifying these great destroyers of nations wo might do well to cmulato tho South American republics of Chile and Ar gentina, which have entered Into mu tual arbitration compacts, melted their cannon and set up a huge statue of Christ on a peak of tbe Andes as the brlnger of peace to tbe world." That letter has In It tbe true ring of the gos pel and of tbe best Christian . states mansbtp. May God help us, one and ill, to honor tbe dead soldier today In tbo best of all ways by teaching man kind to honor tbe gospel and tbe tern poral agencies that art at work to pre vent fnturo wars) Twum Stateraaaahta. The dead soldier of tbe civil war In tbe first place should teach us that the statesman who ought to be most re spected InlAraericsn politics Is not nec essarily the man who Is olectod to of fice, but tho man who would sooner be defeated for advocating a just prlncl pie than elected for advocating a wrong one. He should toacb ua that a Jeroboam In exile may bo more of a true friend to bis country than a Re boboam, tbe belr apparent to a throne. A publicly denounced aud disgraced Quoen Vasbtl Is Infinitely to be pre ferred to a Jezebel holding In her right band tbe slguet ring of a reigning king. He should teach us that a Toussslnt L'Ouverture fighting for the liberation of bis beloved Haiti and dying In tbe dark dungeon of a French prison or a William Wallace foully executed la London for fighting for tbe freedom of Bcotmnd an Oliver Cromwell endan- gerlng his tlfe by denouncing the tyr- nnnles of King Charles Is to bo bon- orcd Infinitely above the apostates who ror weaitn or ranio or position sold their honor and their principles and be- trayed their country's rights. And yet, strange to say, often does n country estimate a statesman's successes not by tho fealty with which bo guards her rights, but by bis ability to force him self Into office, no matter what means bo may use to attain It. Is not this fact absolutely true In reference to Napoleon Bonaparte? He was not only honored when be was alive, but ho was and Is honored by tho French pcoplo and by tho world when he Is dead. Never was there a funeral procession like thot which brought his dust back from St. Helena to sleep its Inst sleep upon the banks of the river Seine. Tbe son of the king whom Napoleon had dethroned went forth in ship to bring this treasured burden from British soil. "England took tbe eagle and Austria the eaglet," were tho words Victor Hugo wroto to poetically describe the English Impris onment of Napoleon I. and tho Aus trian appropriation of the little king of Rome, let In what way did Napoleon benefit Franco? Did ho live for her pence or her strength or her honor? No. Ho wns simply grcnt ns n mur derer, great as a robber, great as a merciless tyrant. He made wars; be levied taxes; he led his people to the slaughter merely for his own aggran dizement. He crushed the members of his own home under his Iron heel for bis own convenience wben It suited him. He banqueted year after year up on the sufferings nnd agonies of Franco and cared not how many hearts ached and bled as long as Napoleon's stand ards were to the fore and Napoleon's throne was lifted higher, even though It was remorselessly raised upon a pile of corpses. Which Wm Greatest t Shall Napoleon Bonaparte bo honor' ed above Stephen Langton, who wrest ed from King John of England tho Magna Charto and made tho English people a nation of kings? Shall ho be honored above Martin Luther, who, single handed and alone, defied the temporal authority of the church of Rome and drove In the opening wedge which will ultimately everywhere separate church from state? Shall ho bo honored above that wonderful as serabloge of men who, under tho lend ershlp of Thomas Jefferson, penned tho Declaration of Independence, and of James Madison who penned tbe con stitution of tho United States, whereby man in a rcptibllcau form of govern ment is compelled to respect tho rights of man? Sball his name bo honored above that of Abraham Lincoln, who was born In a hut, lived for tbe most part of his life upon a western prairie and yet by the proclamation of cman clpation taught the world that all men upon this North American continent are free and equal? Causes of Civil War. Civil war Inevitably, to a greater or less extent, is the result of one man or one class of men tyrannizing over the rights of others. What was tbe cause of the overthrow of tbe Mar grave of Anspach? It was the mere! less tyranny of the lost great duke. One day this ruler was seated by an open window of his palace with the Infamous Lady Craven by bis side. Off in the distance a chimney sweeper was working upon tbe roof of a tall building. "Would It not be amusing to sec that man fall to the ground?" said this infamous woman. With that the margrave called one of his soldiers to bring n gun. He lifted tbe musket and took deadly aim. He fired and the body rolled to the ground a bleed Ing corpse. A short time after this the duke nnd his infamous female com panlon were out riding and tbe widow of the murdered man approached bis carriage and begged for belp. The duke gave to ber 0 florins, or 12. When he gave It to her, however, he said: "Woman, I do not give to you this money as a compensation for tho death of your husband, but as a royal charity, for I, as ruler, bavo a right to do as I will with my subjects. I can reward them or kill them, and thero is no redress." Do you wonder that such a tyrannical government as that was overthrown? All wars, both civil and internation al, arc caused by Injustice. The states man who works to make right might. who labors to have no law press more heavily upon one class than upon an other class, who struggles to give "a squaro dear" to tbe poor man as well as to the rich that man Is a public benefactor. That man is a proventer of future carnage. That man is teach ing tbe world that each nation must respect the rights of other nations, that one social class must respect the rights of other social classes and that all peo pies are Independent only as they re spect the Independence of others. May God bless today the Christian states men who are not serving one people, but all peoples, in their own and other lands Tho just ruler or statesman Is a pre venter of future war. Yes, but lb tbls eulogy of the "heroes of peace" tbe scboolbouse must be built alongside of tbe legislative balls. No people in any land ase safe against tbe crime of making unjust wars unless at the scboolbouse desk their eyes have be come Intelligent eyes, unless their ears have become deaf to the calls of tbo demagogue and tbeir minds have been developed to do their own thinking. A safo nation Is not built upon tbe autocracy of a throne. It la not an cbored upon tbe rock of a liberal con stltutlon. It Is dependent upon the In telligence and the wisdom of the peo- pie, the common people, who associate themselves together with a govern ment, be It a monarchy, an oligarchy er a republic. Form Not RaiOBStkU. Let me Illustrate tbls Idea from tbe history of some of our southern repub lics. I used to think that tbe form of tbe United States government was the cause of most of our national prosper ity. That Is not true. As I turn to these republics of South America I find that most of tbem were patterned aft er our own constitution. What Is tbe result? A noted English writer de clares that, though there bare been within late years 890 different In stances 0 constitutional government started, most of them have been dead failures. In the Bolivian republic alone out of fourteen consecutive presidents thirteen bavo either beep, assassinated or bare died In exile. Tho history of most of the South American Imitations of the United States constitution has been merely a long series of wars he tween tho military and civil nuthori ties, governmental convulsion after convulsion, revolution after revolution and upheaval after upheavnl. What Is tho cause of all this? It Is not due to tho form of tho South American repub lics, but to tho Ignorance of the South American pcoplo. Tho reason the Amerlcnn ballot box for the last hun dred years has stood ns solid ns Plym outh rock Is duo largely to the fnct that It Is hnnded to the American boys over the schoolhousc desk. Wo have n strong republic today becnuso we havo strong, Intelligent, Individual voters. Has any government offered greater educational facilities than ours? No sooner did the Purltnn settle In old Now England than be Immediately be gan to erect his Institutions of learning. The pilgrim fathers landed In Plymouth In 1820, yet only sixteen years later, or In 1030, wo find thnt Harvard collego was founded In Cambridge on tho out skirts of Boston. Wo find the Dutch and the English settlers drifting down Into Connecticut, nnd whnt happened? Thero Yale college Is started In 1701 nt Saybrook. Wo go south, and what do we find? Pennsylvania nud nil the middle states honeycombed with col leges and ncndemlcs. We go west, and there institutions of learning nro sent tered everywhere. The schoolroom desk Is seen nt almost every crossroad, and the collego Is Intrenched in nearly every town. Ah, yes, the modern Na poleon would have hard work here to start nn International conflict just for fun or to gratify his nmbltlons. Ho would have hard work to upset us financially, socially or politically. Why? Because the peoplo of this ago In our beloved land have too much In tclllgence to follow such a leader ns the "Llttio Corslenn." Llbertr nnd Education Whnt Is tho practical application of this thought? Chief amoug the endur ing guarantees of future peace is the presence of our schools and school teachers In foreign lands. Too much money cannot be expended upon our public school system. Porto Rico nnd the Philippines will never bo truly con quered for America until American schools have educated those colonists and taught them to realize tbo mean ing of American liberty. That was a very wise move of tho United States Government which a few years ago brought the Cuban schoolteachers un der the classic walls of old Harvard. Roberts' college in Constantinople and the Presbyterian schools nt Beirut nro tho two wedges which shall overthrow the brutalities of the Turkish empire. Chlnn, through the Influence of our missionary schools, sball yet become a gigantic nation, sworn to perpetual peaco nnd to forever nvert tho horrors of another Boxer uprising. And thnt vast government of Russia, mnde up of mnny mixed peoples nnd heteroge neous nationalities, speaking as many different tongues ns did tho workmen at the tower of Babel, shall yet become one through the missions of peace. Ob, my friends, we cannot honor too much our public schoolteachers and the pro fessors of our colleges as among the greatest of wonder workers who are teaching us that war shall be no more! And bero let me state another fact. Wo not only honor tbo teachers and professors who have given to us our education, but we also honor men like D. K. Pearson, who with their money have made It possible for this same kind of teachers to carry that educa tion to some who would never be able to get it but for their beneficence. I consider D. K. Pearson one of tbe most practical and far reaching phllan tbropists of this age. He does not take bis money and pile it up in some great city university, while tbe young people can find an education in many other schools near at band, but be gives hero and there a few thousand dollars to struggling colleges far out lu the coun try, away from the great centers. Ho gives 4bere a few thousand dollars and yonder a few thousand dollars, and everywhere his raouey goes to strug gling colleges, where it is bringing forth Its fruit, some thirty, some sixty and some a hundredfold. To show what good his money Is doing, I would quote the words spoken by a great judge in tbe east. A friend came to him one day and said, "Judge, don't you think you would have made your success quicker if you bad graduated from Yalo or Harvurd or Prlncctou and bad bad tbe belp of tbe alumni as soclatlon of one of these institutions?" "Well," answered tbe distinguished Jurist, "I do not know whether I would have made a greater success bad been educated In tbe east instead of lu a little farmers' college in the west But tbls one fact I know had thero not been a little farmers' collego near to my father's farm I would never have received an education at all." Wben we praise the schoolteacher as a messenger of international peaco we must also praise the noble men who glvo of tbeir wealth to support tbe schools lu out of the way places. We must also praise the Christian dls clplcs who give of their llttlo to sup port teachers in foreign lands as well as to belp support tho small sectarian schools and colleges in our own. The Ptaoa of the Church. But what good does mere knowledge do unless it is balanced by moral char ncter? What good does it do to plant Dr. Duffs missionary schools In India or Roberts' college in Constantinople or our own schools lu America unless moral and spiritual development keeps pace with mental growth? None, abso lutely none. So today, avthe greatest messenger of International peace, I plant tbo church of tbe Lord Jesus Christ between tho legislative ball of tbo Just statesman nnd tbo schoolhotiso of the Just teacher, for I find that tho church of Christ is the main leaven which leavens tho purity of govern mental law as well ns tho chief herald which Is scattering true knowledge to tbe farthermost parts of tho earth. Why does the church of tbe Lord Josus Christ do all tbls? Because tho very cssenco of Its belief bids it to carry tbls gospel work everywhere. As It looks forth Into tbe great wide world It sees deep Into tho hearts of men. There It finds that, though meu may bo divided Into different classes, yet, after all, they all belong to ono great class. That class says: "We aro all weary. Wo aro all troubled. Wo are all sick at beart at best. , There fore It Is our duty as far as ln'us lies to try to benr each other's burdens through tho help of Jesus Christ." Thus everywhere tho gospel mission aries nro going. Everywhere they nro planting their schools. Everywhere they are trying to mako the stronger nations help tho weaker and to make each nation care for the weak among Its own subjects. Never slnco the coming of Jesus Christ to eni tli was there n hotter time for tho consummation of the world'it peaco thnn tho present. Cannot the laws of International arbitration, through the power of the Holy Spir it, accomplish this most beneficent achievement? In order to lend nil na tions to join this lnternntlonul com pact nnd to disarm our nnnles nnd to dismantle our fortresses wo need not wait until nil nations arc converted to Jesus Christ. We must have tho sen timent of the civilized world longing for pence. Are not the better elements of Europe nnd Asia nnd Africa nud America longing for tho stopping of such carnage as was lately witnessed at Port Arthur nnd Mukden? Aro wn not longing thnt tho sword may bo turned into the plowshare nnd the spear Into the pruning hook nnd that men miiy not war any more? So, my friends, as never beforo I want you to prny for the president pf the United States. Pray that God may enable 111 in to lead the rulers of the na tions to enter into ti compact to stop hellish wnr and by tho laws of interna tional arbitration to stop It forever. I want you to pray, nnd pray ns never before, for the teachers of our public schools and colleges nnd for the tench crs who are laboring in our colonics nnd missionary schools In foreign lands ns mlsslounrles of perpetual peace. O God of Paul, who sat nt the feet of. Gnmnllel, tench thy teachers to lead their scholars to thee! And I want you also to pray and to work whllo you pray for our church as a messenger of peace. As the heart pumps tho blood to the farthermost parts of tho body, so n consecrnted church of tbe Lord Jesus Christ Is tho heart which sends forth lb' eplrlt which will givo us Christian ttntesmen nnd Christian teachers s.nd Christian messengers of perpetual peace everywhere. Mny God bless those who aro teach ing men to love their fellow men nnd to help them and to forgive them and to lead them to the cross of that Christ whoso nativity song was "Peace on earth, good will to men!" Copyright, 1005. by Loula Klopjch.1 I Marriage a Dlseaaef Sometimes It seems ns though the an- tidivorco enthusiasts were not ns sci entific in their methods as they should be. The great, abounding cause of di vorce is, of course, marriage, and mar riage, therefore, Is tho thing to Investi gate. First, then, Is marrlago 11 germ disease? Wo have considered this question a long time, getting no fur ther with it, but tho scientific investi gators will be able to tell us. And If It Is a germ disease they can catch tho germ, nnd, the germ once caught, they can get cultures and compose antitox ins which will strip this common and serious complaint of mett of its ter rors. And, of course, ouv w fcet mar riage under control we shall be in a position to regulate dlvi-te with a pre clsion absolutely scleati.'tk- :f there Is any divorce left to regnkve. Harper s Weekly. A Wlah For the Btahop. Bishop Coleman of Delaware, the Episcopal dignitary who every sum mer makes a two or three weeks' tour over the country, tramping incognito, is a man of tremendous appetite and Is proud of it. But a story is related of a Kent county housewife who got the best of blm. She was the learned prelate's bos toss on one of his tramp ing tours and, knowing very well who he wns, set before him a dinner fit for a man of great labors. Toe bishop ap preciated her cooking ''highly and told ber so, but he was uuprept-rod for her rejoinder: "Bless ye, bishop, eat your fill, for I loves to pee ye eat; eat till ye bu'st. I wlsht you would!" Good Pastor Is Pnssled. Dr. B., who Is tho pastor of a north side congregation, is in a quandary, hesitating, as it wero, between his faith In the city health department and his loyalty to his flock. One very cold Sunday the latter part of the wlntei the attendance nt services was. so small as to prompt him to inquire as to the cause. Everywhere be met tbe same response, "Illness." That eased bis con science, nnd he went home. The next dny in reading his morning papers he saw tho health department's report, in which it wns said that the snowfall of a few days previous was a great health giver to the city; that it laid the germ laden dust and purified the atmosphere. "Well, well," soliloquised the doctor as he thought of tbo excuses be had beard on tbo day before, "I bavo im plicit faith in the health officials, but this report must be wrong in its con clusions or tbe brothers and sisters whom I inquired after yesterday must have oh, I mustn't think such things of my congregation. Really, though, there seems to bo n mlstako some where." Chicago Record-Herald. To Make War Impossible, In an article In the new French mag azine, Jo Sals Tout (I Know Every thing), M. Santos Dumont says that tba present generation will see a perfect flying machine which will make war Impossible. There will also bo trans continental aerial expresses, with Par Is as tho great aerial station. And ha adds: "What would you say if I told yon thnt next summer I am confident of giving a new impulse to aerial naviga tion; that I myself hope to bd'ablo be fore endlug my experiences to cruleo over Europe for a weok at a time,' with out descending to earth, in a yacht that will bo In Itself a flying bdusc?" No Canary Seeds Wanted, Delegate McGuire of Oklahoma has on bis desk n unique request for seed. It comes from a resident cf the terri tory, who writes In this wise: "My wlfo wants packages of flower seeds and packages of garden seeds. Plcaso send tbe snme to ber. Don't send her any canary seed. Thnt might make her want to sing, and tho Lord knows I bavo trouble enough with her now on that score."