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THE BURLINGTON FREE PRESS : THURSDAY, JUN E20, 1907.
A SANITARY PARADISE Nature Intended Vermont to Bo Such, Says Dr. Oavorly. Prevention nf Diseases the Chief Film' tlon ot Hrnlth Depnrtment nnd Xtt tIT Town Hnvc Never Hern llcprr.cntetl nt School. The. ninth annual Fchool of Instruction for heatth officers In Vermont opened Monday night nt the armory with an at tendance of over 100 health officers from different towns fn the State. Tlio meeting was opened by Dr. Charles S. Caverly of Rutland, presi dent of tho Stnte board of health who fpoke as follows: DH. CAVEIUTS ADDRESS. Health Officers, Ladles and Gentlemen: In behalf of the State hoard of health It Is a frcnulne pleasure to welcome, you ngain to this health officers' school the ninth held In Vermont. Most of you know the history of this institution, for ruch it has now become; you are familiar with Its purposes. This school was tho outcome of an eii thuslastlc revival of Interest In the pub lic health which had given lie a Stato laboratory, nnd In which the late Br. J. H. Kinsley was the lending spirit. The beginning of Intelligent and practi cal Interest hero In Vermont In public health matters dates back more than 50 years, when a little handful of public pplrtted men, chiefly physicians, Instituted a movement for a Stato health board. 4,fter several discouraging encounters with Die Legislature the movement met success In 1SS6. This date markH the first step In our modern health movement. The first act, passed nt this time, created a board of threo persons to be known as a Stat board ot health, made a smalt appropria tion for Its support, but gave tho board lltle authority. It was mainly an advis ory board. Iiter came the establishment of local ltoards and these with tho State board have gradually been given more and more authority. From these begin nings have come our now numerous pub lic health laws: laws dealing with the collection of vltnl statistics, tho conserva tion of water supplies, the safeguarding of public buildings, especially school houses, the care of the health of school children, protection ngalnst contagious diseases, Including tuberculosis, the regu lation of embalming, the protection of food supplies, and so-called anti-splttlng laws. Since Vermont entered on this crusade against preventable disease, two decades ngo, there havo been two legislative en actments of which every Vermontcr should be proud, viz.: the creation of a State laboratory of hygiene, and the pro vision for the support of this school. Tho establishment of these two institutions placed Vermont at once In the van In the universal crusade ngalnst disease. From small beginnings and modest alms the laboratory has grown into an institu tion well-nigh Indispensable to our peo ple. Its Investigations, in tho- words of tho statute, "free to the people of the State," are taken advantage of by all tlasscs and conditions, and the accuracy of Its findings, I believe, inspires general confidence. Primarily Intended for a laboratory of hygiene, It has developed Into a pathological and chemical lnbora tory of prime Importance to the criminal courts of the State. AVith these later add ed duties sadly taxing its capacity, and occupying much of tho time of its officers, no must not forget that this laboratory is .still a la.boratory of hygiene; that its greatest usefulness to our peoplo consists In helping us to fight disease and not crime. The laboratory has placed within our reach facilities for exact public health work; and should give precision and ef fect to measures Intended to combat dis ease. Modern science has discovered certain laws for the prevention of disease, and the Iveglslature has written these Into our statutes. The laboratory should maka these effective. With adeniato laws and laboratory facilities of the best, Vermont should be a healthy State. Our death ratos should be cut In two and general wholesomeness f-hould prevail. Laws will not enforce themselves; the most complete laboratory fncllltlos will avail little, unless they are made use of bv Intelligent and careful officers of health, and they in turn, backed up by Intelligent public opinion. This school owos Its origin to a realiza tion of both these facts. We must hnve educated officials; and the public must be taught. It should accomplish both these results. Of tho 246 health officers In Vermont 129 are physicians. While tho routine cur riculum of most of our medical colleges gives little space to the subjects most closely allied to modern public health work. It Is undoubtedly true that tho average doctor's education more nearly fits him for practical sanitary work than tho training received by other professions and callings. Tho doctor comes In closer touch with our health administration than nny other prson in tho community. He first sees tho contagious disease and should be the first to recognize It. Ho is the man who should most quick ly detect unhealthy influences in the com' nvjnlty; who should be able to suggest prompt preventive measures. He officiates et the extremes of life, and Is chiefly re- Fponslblo for correct registration returns. PAROID the Reliable Roofing Half the Hotel Burlington Is covered with IMIIOID The Slumlord Conl A lee L'o'n Ice bonne U covered with l'AHOID. The Walker Illork, opposite the Vim Ne. limine linx rAKOID on It. Cieorice A. If all, the Furniture man ban put l'AHOII) on bin Hue block ou ColleKC St. The Porter Screen Mfc Co., put 100 square on their new vrnrrhouse, The Sbrpnrd & Monte Lumber Co., used PAIIOII) on their new drj house. Send for unmpleit. HAGAR BROS General Agents Burlington, Vt Tet wo all know that the avcrago doc tor docs not always possess all tho varied knowledge thtvt the modorn sanitarian needs. He Is not usualy well versed In tho luws; he has seldom tho engineering knowledge wlrlch tho solution of sanitary problems requires; nnd he frequently locks tho tnct and business acumen that fits the model health official o deal smoothly with the people ami their chosen officers. So, however well equipped the physician may be to deal with disease In Its techni cal aspects, he muy still lack something that Is required of tho practical sanitar ian. -The practical sanitarian must be something of a lawyer, nn engineer, as well ns doctor, and withal, a tactful and resourceful man. So It comes about that eome medical men, who are health ofll clals,' lack certain qualifications which laymen possess; that some of our best health ofllcers, measured by results at tained, are laymen. This school Is planned to supplement the equipment of both physicians and laymen for the" office of health ofllcer. The doctor may here learn something apart from his professional knowledge; the layman, something of tho technical nature of dis ease causes and tho rudiments of preven tion. In' this connection It may Interest you to know tho appreciation In which this school Is held. We have a register of at tendance nt the sessions of this school from the beginning. There may have bee.i failure on the part of some health ofllcers to register, but It Is believed tho follow ing figures are substantially correct, Tho average attendance of health ofll cers during tho eight years of the school hn been 111 per cent. Or there have been 133 towns on an average unrepresented here each year. It should be stated In this connection that tho attendance dur ing the last five years has averaged better than this, being considerably over half the whole number of towns. It will surprise you to know that 37 towns havo never sent their health offi cers to the school. These nro Goshen, Granville, Hancock, Ix-lcester, Whiting, Pnwnal, Searsburgh, Woodford, Norton, Victory, Washington, Brownlngton, Glo ver, Jay Westmoro, Clarendon, Rvegate, Waterford, Huntington, Bloomfleld, Brunswick, East Haven, Gulldhnll, Ixrni ington, Maidstone, Mendnn, Duxbury, Dover, Dumerston, Grafton, Marlboro, Wilmington, Windham, Baltimore, Ply mouth, Sharon, West Windsor. There can be no sort of doubt that these towns are missing something. It might bo suggested that the health officer of each of these towns ought to be awaken ed to tho opportunities of this school. The people In' each should stir up that official nnd Insist that he lteepln touch with his follows, or resign In favor of some one who will ntend. There are, too, many towns which havo been represented here only once or twice. Tho State pays the bills for this school. Health officers are entitled to four dollars a day nnd actual expenses from their towns while In attendance. It should be the exception that a town falls of repre sentation here. That so many fall Is dis gracefulfor It betokens an ignorance or disregard of healthful community life that deserves. In this day, nothing but criticism. I appreciate that most of these towns are small rural communities, with small grand lists and little preventable sickness. I believe that the one might be increased and the other lessened, If the people had the benefit of Intelligent sanitation. It is a universally recognized fact that publta health expenditures pay. They pay small towns as well as large. They pay In mak ing them better places for residence or business, thereby Increasing values. They pny In the avoidance of avoidablo expense and sorrow. For whatever reason theso 37 towns have failed during theso eight years to bo represented here, whether through carelessness or motives of economy, It Is unfortunate for them and it Is unfortu nate for the State. Every town Is somewhat at tho mercy of Its neighbors In matters affecting health. Bvery town owes a certain duty to tho State at large, one of which Is to bo guard its own healthfulness that It may not by any possibility Jeopardize the whole. It 1s the duty of every town In Vermont to send Its health officer to. this school. On the other hand. It Is gratifying to know that his school 1s appreciated by some of tho towns, and that they are get ting all possible benefit from It. Thirteen towns havo never failed of representation at these sessions. These are Now Haven, Beunlngton, Lyndon, Ilurllngton, Char lotte, Hlnesburgh, Shelburne, Brighton, Fairfax, Stowe, Grand Isle, Rutland city. Marshfleld. There are, besides, 10 towns that have but once failed to be represented at the school during the olglit years of Its his tory. It should be said again rhit health off! cers who have attended these sessions faithfully, shouldbe sure of their tenure of office. They have fairly earned the right to ad minister the health offices of their towns. Such men should not be displaced, except for excellent reasons. Their towns havo no right to thetr services. I know of no surer criterion by which to Judge the efficient health ofllcer than that furnished by the register of this school. This health officers' school Is then an Important adjunct of our State equipment against disease. Its beneOLs should reach to every hamlet In the State; it should have, through you who attend, an in fluence on public opinion In the State that would render public health laws easy of enforcement. It would bo Interesting to know exactly what effect our public health laws have had on the healthfulness of our people. It Is possible, however, to giln some light on this head from statistics fur nlshed by our registration returns of death. The prevention of those diseases which we have been taught to consider prevent able Is reajly the chief function of health departments, Stato and city. The list of preventable diseases is, ns you know, yearly growing Jonger. Our registration roturna are nit "the time becoming morn complete. They date back f.0 years. Wc may profitably gtvo them brief notice. To this end I present some charts founded on theso statistics. They deal with figures representing the number of heaths annually from some nf our most fatal dtsenses, and may bo considered as accurate as any similar statistics In this country. Tho general deith rate does not de crease. Indeed we have to record rather more deaths now than formerly. An ex planation of this fact may be found In nt least two directions: first, there are moro peoplo now than formerly living to that nee which we know Invites certain dls eases, llko cancer, apoplexy and heart disease. We have not yot found the microbe of old ngo. These diseases of senility we may not yet prevent, except as j may warn our people against the dangers of tho strenuous life, Again, our statistics show moro deaths than formerly because they are moro com plot. For the.se reasons tho curves of old age and Its diseases have an upward ten donoy. Tho gratifying part of this Inquiry Is shown In tho chart for "longevity," Human llfo Is longer than formerly. Tho aver ngo ngo nt death has risen from 36 to IS during the last SO years. Chittenden County Trust Company BURLINGTON, VT. COMMERCIAL AND SAVING DEPARTMENTS. ACCOUNTS SOLICITED WE WOULD LIKE YOURS. Private rooms for use of patrons. Every facility and court esy extended to promote your interests. Join us. President W. J. BO OTIS, Vtee-Preat4eat JOHN J. FliTItX. Dmnoronst B. P. WOOntlURT, W. B. McKII.MP, J. 8. PATniCK, E. J. BOOTH, JOHN J. FI.YNN, A. O. HtlMPnHBT, We may regard the charts dealing with tho Infectious and preventable diseases with minified feelings. With the- excep tion of pneumonia, the lines generally havo a downward trend, Pneumonia has displaced consumption as the worst foe to human life. This dis ease Is now generally classed with th.9 proventable and reportable diseases, yet Its prevention Is not yet seriously at tempted by our health boards. The uni formity of the curves of this disease and Influenza is suggestive. It emphasizes what we have long known, that the grip Is nn important factor In the causation of pneumonia. The exact rause of pneu monia and It.s method of conveyance are being widely studied, and It goes without saying, thnt health boards must ere long address themselves earnestly to tho task of preventing this disease. Tuberculosis has slowly but steadily given way to the preventive crusade, so universally being waged agninst it. Ver mont has kept pace with the rest of tho world In this respect. Our death rate from consumption has shrunk over 40 per cent. during the last 25 years. Theso figures give plausibility to tho sanguine forecast which predicts the early extermination of this disease. Tho diseases against which tho energies of health boardx have been focused since the organization of such boards are those distinctly preventable Infections, small pox, ' diphtheria, scarlet fever, measles nnd whooping cough. Thete diseases for merly prevailed without let or hindrance. They were looked upon as Inevitable, a part of the universal plan. The only Im munity which might be enjoyed against them was In having them. Vaccination long since robbed small pox of Its terrors, and tho disease as wo know It, whllo ns loathsome and almost as dreaded Is shorn of Its worst features. Whnt vaccination did to smallpox, anti toxin Is fast doing to diphtheria. In the discovery of some form of pre ventive Inoculation lies our hope for scientific prevention of these other Infec tions. The charts which show tho prevalence of all this class of diseases are Instructive, Diphtheria destroyed over 1,300 lives in this Stato In the year 1S63. This was probably the greatest epidemic Vermont had known since the groat spotted fever days of 1R12-1814. Scarlet fever caused 400 deaths In 1S74. Typhoid fever formerly the regular fall visitor to our rural communities, twlca caused 400 deaths In a single year. Such happenings at this day would cause a panlcy feeling; would be heralded widely as a unnecessary calamity. The restriction of these Infections may be fairly attributed to organized sanita tion. .And the question presents Itself, If these diseases can be reduced to so small pro portions, Is there, any rational excuse for their continued existence? This question has especial reference to typhoid fever. Wo know a good deal about the cause of this disease. If the death rate from this source can be re duced from 400 to 100 annually, why not to 10 or nothing? That some one Is criminally liable for every death from this disease has a harsh sound, yot we havo often heard It stated, and must admit that it has some basis of reason. The typhoid germ always comes from Its victim via the excretory organs, Its vehicle Is food and drink (usually water) nnd Its prospective victim must swallow it. If a person Insists on drinking sewage, he will sooner or later be quite likely to acquire typhoid fever. Yet there are many communities everywhere furnish ing sewage to ?ts people for a water sup. ply. I am ashamed to say that there are such In Vermont. Between the laws of the Stato and tha enlightening Influences of this school, wnter-borno typhoid In Vermont Is bound to become a rarity. The vexed questions of sewage-disposal and pure water-supplies will sometimes be settled by an enlightened public senti ment. We have given these topics prom inent places In the programme of the school this year as formerly. Another fact, not entirely creditable to preventive medicine, nppears in theso charts, viz., the relative mortality In our State from measles and whooping cough. These so-called "children's diseases" cause moro deaths than the severer ex- anthem, scarlet fever. This Is true the world over: It Is not pe cullar to Vermont. We know as much and no more of tho causes of these two diseases as of scarlet fovor; yet we hold the latter In check by the old-fashioned and homely measures of quarantine and disinfection". Waves of measles and whoplng cough spread over tho State, playing havoc In tho home nnd school, and laying the foundation for moro ailments than tho mortality tables Indicate. Health officials, like the medical profes sion nnd parents and teachers, look on helplessly. Why Is this so? There are various reason; wo do not know tho exact causes of these aliments, they begin llko Innocent colds; and, largely, because they aro not seriously combatted. The public must be educated In tho dangers of these diseases, In their pre ventablllty, This education should begin with health officials, nnd should be aided by the medical profession. I appreciate that this Is not tho time to enlarge on the lessons thnt might be drawn from our mortality statistics, Yet nt the opening of this school, we may properly take this cursory glance at these figures, as Indicating some ot tho uses to which these sessions may bo put. As I have said, these meetings should have their Influence on tho healthfulness of our people. We havo laws enough. I somotlmos think there are too many. Perhaps our laws have been in advance of popular edu cation. Unless supported by public opin ion, laws are apt to bo Impossible of en forcement. The prevention of theso dis eases which I havo mentioned depends not only on the energy and vigilance of the health officers, but equally, on th support given htm by tho public. Noth ing .purs a health officer on to the dis charge of his duties llko the demands of enllghtoned public sentiment. We must mnke It unpopular to break tho lawB of health, This school should havo this effoct. It Trrasitre E. O. YVOH.THEN. Asst. Treasurtt HAURin V. UAM.I n. A. COOKE, E. p. rjicniiARDT, J. H. MACOMTlrJIX. should create a demand for tho latest and. best In the world of sanitation. Thoro-is moro In this school than the technical In-, structlon wo get here. Tho benefits of mutual conference and discussion, and the Inspiration Inseparable from listening to recognized authorities, may give us con fidence In our work, nnd more, It may give us enthusiasm, We should all carry homo from these meetings a goodly amount of that en thusiasm which Is contagious. I have stated to you very briefly, not too frankly, I trust, some of our sanitary shortcomings. I should bo sorry Jf my remarks were suggestive of a spirit of scolding or of pessimism. It would perhaps be more In harmony with our feelings as we renew acquaint ance nnd friendship at his opening ses sion of the .schqol, If we Indulged more freely In self-congratulation on the past and the prospect for tho Immediate future. Sanitary science Is In Its Infancy. We have only bfgun to appreciate Its possibili ties. The things now known and those ac complished mako the future full of promise The marvelous record of preventive medicine In connection with smallpox. yellow fever, diphtheria and malaria has raised our expectations of things to come. We llvo In a time when evory day adds Its quota to our storo of sanitary knowl edge; when the sanitarian who would keep In touch with the times must go to college very year. This school Is such a college to us. We live In a State intended by nature to bo a sanitary paradise, where every death certificate should assign, as the cause of death, "old age." It Is for us to bring our time and our State together: Into complete harmony. GOV PROCTOR. The next speaker was Gov. Fletcher D. Prootor, who received a hearty wel come. Governor Proctor said that tho annual gatherings of health officers had become so well established that It did not need the endorsement of any one. These meetings are In the nature of a clear ing house, he said, when tho health of ficers and those Interested In the State board of health may meet and exchange experiences. After coming together In this way to get experience and benefits from each other you are fible to get not only knowledge but courage as well. The general public, ic continued, mnke a vital mistake In not tnklng an Interest In the State board of health. The laymen are benelVted more by It than any one else. The layman receives the benefits of quarantine' and disinfection, the layman's babies ark navM-through its efforts and they 'are - al-o" "benefited by the Stato laboratory. I take groat satisfaction, Governor Proctor continued, In the fact that the health officers are doing the public a great pioneer service and I think that Vermont owes a great deal to Dr. C. S. CaveTly and Dr. H. D. Holton for'the ser vice they havo rendered nlong those lines. I think that the work of the health officers is well started In Vernomt and that the public have come to see that it is a necessity. Gov. Proctor closed by saying1 that ho hoped that Vermont would ever lead and keep up the fight for pure food and pure water and that If the peo ple were to have a greater Vermont they must In all matters of public health keep In tho front rank. Mayor W. J. Blgelow was Introduced as the nox,t speaker by Dr. Civerly. MAYOR'S WBIyCOME. Mayor Blgelow said thnt a welcome to hoalth officers wa.s somewhat different than the welcome to bodies that generally meet In tho city. He said that instead of a formal speech the welcome resolved Itself Into an annual family reunion. The people of the city ought to throw off " -....j ... . 4 " ft'1". lngrhe said and shake the officers by the hand the same ns tome of tho doctor's patients and ask, "How bo you, any way?" Mayor Blgelow said that In hLs opinion the work of the health officer was most valuable, for no man, whether ho be a genius or not, wa.s of any use unless he enjoyed go"od health. The speaker clpsed with saying that he wished them welcome and Godspeed In their undertaking here. The meeting closed with a short Infor mal talk by Dr. F. Thomas Kidder of Woodstock, a new member of tho Stat board. The Ilest Fertilizer for Seeding llonn, Fnrmers who nre Inking for a first class fertilizer for seedhiK down In the Bummer or Fnll will find It In the fol lowing formula. This formuln was de vised by the Dlreeto- of the Vermont Experiment Station at IliirllnKton nnd published In Bulletin No. 116 of the Btn tlon. The amounts named nre for ono ncre: Haw Ground Done, 3&0 to X) lbs. Acid Phosphnto, 100 to If.rt lbs. Wood Ashes, 300 to 400 lbs. Murlntc of Potash, fO to 70 lbs. The Ingredients of this mixture nre nil recoRnlied na vnlunble fertilising npents but with the exception of the Aflhrs they heretofore havo been difficult to obtain In the markets of Vermont. This condi tion Is now changed nnd nil tho materi al! of the formuln except tho Ashes, whloh the farmer can usunlly furnish himself can be purchased of Carroll S. Page, Hyde Park, Vt., who will bo pleas ed to make quotations on applications. The Muriate of Potash and Add Phos phate he Bells are tho purest that can bo bought nnd his Haw Ground Hone Is guaranteed to be absolutely pure nnd the best the market affords. Tho none which he offers Is elmply the finer pnr tides that are sifted out of the coarser Oranulnted none that gvies Into the man ufacture of his Paso's Perfected Poultry Food. It should not be confounded with tho Bone ordlpa'rlly offered by tho trade as that has usually been Hteamed or treated with acids. It will bo usually found that practically nil tho nitrogen ous elements have been removed to make Blue, thus taking twvny tho most valu able part of the bone. If you nro In terested In the matter of Hummer or Fall seeding or of Fertilizers for any purpose, write him for Information and prices mentioning this paper. WATER F 00D SUPPLIES (Continued from Pnge 8.)) comply with suggestions when they nro shown whero Improvements w.ll bo a beneftt. Dr. Darlington showod a most Interesting lint of pictures of tho Interiors of various milk stations and dairies nnd their condition beforo and after having cleaned up. ' At the close of tho address tho topic was opened for discussion by L. P. Spraituo, food Inspector at the labora tory, who explained tho tests used nt the laboratory and the manner of col lecting tho samples of milk. Mr. Sprague spoke of his work of Inspec tion throughout tho State nnd of the conditions ho found nt different places, stntlng that on tho wholo tho farmers showed a willingness to comply with the required chnnges. It will take some time, he said, to perfect theso changes, nnd It Is not to ho expected the changes -can be brought about at once. Tho discussion wns taken up by sov- cral others and considered from nil sides, nftcr which tho meeting ad journed. WEDDING AT CATHEDRAL. Mnny Friends Witness Mnrrlnge of Miss Knte Divyer nnd V. T. Dnnovnn. The marriage of Miss Katherino Mary Dwyer, daughter ot Edward Dwyer of this city, and Patrick T. Donovan ot Norwood, N. Y., was solemnized nt St. Mary's Cathedral Tuesday morning at nine o'clock In the presence of a largo assemblage of friends. At nine o'clock a company of IS girl friends of the bride passed down tho main aisle of the ohurch and, dividing nt tho chancel, stood on either side as the bridal party advanced. The ushers, T. J. O'Brien and J. G. Black of this city, D. G. Quebec of Rutland nnd James II. Kelleher of Montpeller, came next and wpre immediately followed by the bride, attended by her slater, Miss Anna Ursula Dwyer, ns bridesmaid. At the chancel the bridal party weTO met by the groom nnd his best man, William H. Collopy of Malone, N. T. The ceremony was performed within the chancel before the high altar by the Rev, J. W, Dwyer of Ludlow, a cousin of the bride. Present were the Rev, p. ,T. Bar rett, rector of tho cathedral, and the Rov. W. P. Crosby. The ceremony of the mar riage was followed by nuptial mass, nlso celebrated by Father Dwyer. Masters John Dwyer and Richard Sllllman were altar boys. The church decorations were simple but effective. The chancel ra.tl was banked with palms and the nltnr was adorned vrilh cut flowers. The cathedral organist, Miss Jennie Bacon, played the wedding mnreh from "Iohengrln" ns the bridal party entered and Mendelssohn's weddlni? march as a recelonal. During the nuptial mass, Mls Sarah Corley sang "Ave Maria," and several selections were rendered by the Romno stringed or chestra which later played at the recep tion. The bride was gowned in a white lace robe, trimmed with baby Irish point. She wore a wltite picture hat and carried n shower boquet of lilies of tho valley. The groom's gift was a brooch of pearls and diamonds. The blrdesmald's gown was pale blue silk muslin trimmed with duchese lace. She carried a lquet of sweet peas. From tho church the bridal party the immediate families and the out of town guests repaired to tho home of Mr. and Mrs. J. H. Blnck on St. Paul street, where a reception was held. Refreshments were served by Mrs. Hathaway, caterer. Misses Katherlne Murray, Anna Murray, Mary J. Dwyer and Mnry E. Phelan presided over the tables, assisted by the other girl friends present. The rooms were decorated with a profusion of spirea blossoms nnd ferns. Tho wedding gifts, whlrfa were numerous and beautiful. In cluded checks, silver and crystal. Mr, and Mrs. Donovan left on a north bound trnln for their bridal tour and In consequence disappointed a largo com pany of friends who madn nn nutomobllo trip to Shelburne to grert- them. Upon their return tho young couple will spend the Rumme.r at Queen City Park and In the autumn wll commence housekeeping 1n Burlington. Among thosa from out of town to nttend tho marriage besides those previously noted weire Edward J, Dwyer of New York Dr. M. F. McGuIro and Miss Sara Dwyer of Montpeller J, H. Donnelly of Vergennos, Mis Ajrnos Horan of Rutland, Miss Mary "Dwyer of Iudlow, Miss Hognn of Pittsburgh and Mr. Donovan of Nor wood, N, Y., a brother of the groom. LAMOILLE COUNTY COURT. .Iiiry In Akin Case Fnll to Agree Wife Heater .Sentenced. Hyde Park, June l-Ixxmollle county court opened this monrlng with the 1110' In the Akin case still at variance anil after a further consideration ot tho evl cienco tno verctict or' not ngreed was entered. The case of Stato vs. Wright, selling Intoxicating liquor was taken up. A Jury drawn and a verdict of "guilty rendered. Hall fixed nt J1.000, Emesi Foss of Morrlsvllle was recognized In that sum for the nppenanco of the re spondent for sentonce.Maijrlce and Tracy for State, R. W. Hulburd and Cheney for respondent. Albert Jerry pleaded guilty to wlfe beatlner and was sentenced to not moro than 15 months nnd not less than l: montns in worK nouse. sentence was suspended nnd respondent placed In the hands of Probation Ofllcer J. V, Stevens KILLED EXERCISING HORSE. v. . liniej 01 m nieriHiry wiin rjirnmi from the Saddle. Wntorbury, Juno IS. As tho result of an accident last evening William S. Haley died nt six o'clock this morning, lie wns erxerdslng one of his horses near his home on Main street, Tho horse was not a vicious animal, but It was with difficulty that ho could bo made to pass tho Haley home without turning Into tho yard. Mr. Haley was trying to break the horse of this act. About eight o'clock while trying to rldo past the house, the horse made a sudden turn for the ynrd, throwing Mr, Haley from tho (.addle, striking his head violently on the concrete walk. He 'wras unconscious when found and did not re galo consciousness. MY. Haley was 31 years of nge, and had been engaged In tho meat and grocery business hort for th jmuU olght yaarfl. Ho Is survived by a father and mother nnd flvo sIstorH, Miss Annna Haley, Mrs. Hob ert draco, Mrs. John Keofe, Miss Alice Haley and Miss Theresa Haley. Burlington Savings Bank. INCORPORATED 1847. Had January 1, 1007, 24,077 Dopositorr Total ABSots $.10,989,194.52. Tho bank ha alwnys pnid hiprltcnt rnto of interest allowed by law. Can now legally pny 4 PER CENT, to depositors and -will do so July 1st, 1907." All taxes in this Stnte paid by tho bank on deposits of $2,000 Oi less. Deposits can be made or withdraTen by mail. Money loaned on leal security at lowest rates. OirpicRUSi TntJSTXKl CITAm,ES P. SMITH, resident, HENRY C.1IER1VR, Vice-President, 1'. W. WAHIJ. Treasurer, R. S. JBHAM. Aut. Treasurer. 4- Are You Protecting Your Familv? Or aro you poing alonp in the happy-go-lucky, optimistic fashion, trusting that tho fnture will take ca're of itself? Look at your wife and your little ones and ask yourself what would happen if you were sick, disabled, out of a position, or if you should meet with any special reverse. Provide for them NOW by carrying a savings account in this strong bnnk. A few dollars a week you will hardly miss and in a little while it will constitute a ensh reserve belter than life insurance. We pay 4 per cent, interest. THE BURLINGTON City Hall Square- 4 Winoosk! Savings Bank. WINOOSKI, VT, Four Per Cent will undoubtedly be paid to AlTVermont taxes are Daid bv this bank on deposits of $2,000 or less. Assets January I, 1007 Orman P. Ray President. Home Savings Bank 11S St. Pnul Street, ... nnrllngtnn, Vt. We hope to command success by deserving It. Wo encourage small accounts, and always glvo them respectful attention. OFFICERS: C. S. Isham, President. C. I,. Dolan, 1st Vlce-Pret. C. W. Brownell, 2nd Vlce-Pres. N. K. Drown, Treasurer. PINK AND WHITE WEDDINC. Ivir S. McFnrlnne nnd Miss Olive M. Strobell Married. Rutland, June 16. The largest church w-ddlng of tho sfaon took place this evening nf eight o'clock at Trinity Church when Miss Olive Minnie Strobell, daiiKhter of Mr. and Mr.s. Carl W. Stro bell of Cottage street, nnd Ivor Stephen McFVvrlano of this city, an ex-mtinber of the class of W, University of Ver mont, were mnrrled by Uie Rev. Joseph Reynolds. Tho auditorium of the church was tilled with tho many friends of the bridal couple. At S:30 o'clock there was a largely attended -oeptlon at tho home of Br. and Mrs. Strobell, 5 Cottage street. Tho best man was Carltou Wilson of Glens Falls, NV Y., Miss Ulllan Gould of this city was mold of honor and the bridesmaids wero Mljut Francena Palmer f Rochester, N". Y Miss Ruth Shutts ot Wisconsin, Miss Anna Spring of Port Jnrvts, . Y., nnd Mitw Gmco Stro bell of Newark, X. J, The' ushers wero Dana Ferrln, Frank Holcosnbe, Henry Rnstedt and Dana Woodman of the University of Vermont, and Peroy K. Klngsley, Rlford R. Tuttle, J. Raymond Temple and C, Perclval Strobell of this city. Tho bride was handsomely grownod In white princess lace over white meisallne satin. The maid of honor and brides maids were pink crepe de chine th gowns shading from pale pink In one to old we in nnother. The bride enrried lilies of the valley nnd whlto rosos and Miss Gould's nnd th hrldesinalds' bou quets of sweet peas matched tholr gowns In color. For the receptiou following tho church sorvlco the houso was decorated In pink and whlto, carnations bolng used ex tensively. The color scheme was followed out In the refreshment. Mr. F, II. Bald win catered. Mr. McFarlano is bookkeeper at tho Paxter National bank. UNIQUE FAMILY REUNION. lOlght Sinters Who Hnvc Not lleen Tu- get'lier for .12 Vcnrw, Rutland, Juno 18. Ono of tho most unique family reunions over held In Vermont will take plnro at 43 Prospect street, this city, next Saturday when eight sisters, who have not been to gether In r2 yenrs, will gather for a merrymaking. The sisters Inrludo Mr.s. Norman A. Paige, Mr.s. C Austin Moore nnd Mr.s. Mary B. Muson of this city, Mrs. Ernstus Wright nnd Miss Hnttlo O. Smith of Coventry, Mrs. S. W. Brynnt of Cornish FlntH, N. H.. Mrs. A. D. Ferris of Roekford, Minn., nnd Mrs. C. W. Urooklns of Montlcello, Minn. They aro survivors of n family of 13 children all of whom were bom In a house still standing nt Westmin ster. Tho oldest of the family, nge SO, and tho youngest, ngo SS, will nttend tho reunion. These women nro daughters of tho lato Mr. nnd Mr.s. Randall Smith. Tho father, who was born In Rhode Island In 1K00, died 10 years ngo, nnd the mother, a native of Springfield, Mass, died 26 years ngo, nged 70, Atti GRADUATES HAD A FART Bennington, Juno IS A change was made in the usual custom and this year It was arranged that nil the IS members of tho graduating class of the Benning ton high school should have a part 1n tho exercises. The graduates wore: Har vey n. Davenporti Beulah B, Bates, Shelley Vlall, Florence M, Potter, Harry B. Buss, Sara D. Whitney, Arthur I,. Barney, Catherine McQuatt, Arthur H, Kohoe. Edythe M. Buss, Frank R. Heath, Kllza H, Hart, Brldgle McGulro, Blanche Lyons, Joseph A Cone, Ix;na C rercpy, A. Barron Fltzgornld and Rusell M, Hi de c. P. SMITH. WTI,T,AHD CHAJVH, RBNRY ORKHNR. J. t, flAHSTOW. HENRY WKM.S, P. V. WAIID, a. g. winTTEMoiin. p. w. pertiy. TRUST -North CO. .4 depositors from January 1, : : : : : : $1.378.766.1 1 Ormond Cole Treasurer. TRUSTEES: C. S. Isham. II. S. Peck. C. W. Brow nell, W. n. Gates, Thos. Arbucklo, H. W. Tracy. L. C. Grant, J. H. Ma comber, Charles D. Warren, F. O. Beaupro, N. IC Brown. J Commencing June 1st Holvard National 3ank Will Close at Noon on Saturdays LOW ROUND TRIP RATES TO PACIFIC COAST May 5th to May 14th. June 7th to June 12th. June 28th to July 6tb. $80.50 to $93.00 FROM BOSTO.V. Write for full details of routes, train service, etc. P. R. PERRY, Dint. ra. Aitt., Can. l'ac. Il'y, 3U2 Washing-ton St.. Boston. We Bind BOOKS A department of business In which wo take great, prldo Is tho blndorj-. Hero we do substantial, h'oncst, liaml eome binding tit low prices! and we do do luxo binding of all de grees of richness nnd beauty, ns desired. Up-to-dato ma chinery and skilled labor work together hero ns In the othor departments of our business. Special rates for libraries or large collections, FREE PRESS Printii Co. BURLINGTON. Cnii Pa R'i