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Burlington weekly free press. [volume] (Burlington, Vt.) 1866-1928, October 08, 1908, Image 8

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THE BURLINGTON FRIER PRESS : THURSDAY, OUTUisrcit 8, IMS.
THE WEEKLY FltKB PRESS, 3
ceiils per copy, f.O cents fur six months,
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scriber unless mndo by registered let
ter, or hy cheek or postal order pay
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The ditto when tho subscription ex
pired In on the nddress-lnbol of each
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mittance. No other receipt Ih sent un
less rcquortod, Tho receipt of thn
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subscription.
When n rhnniro of address Is desired,
both tho rld nnd new addresses should
ho Klvcn.
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II ATE IN CANADA.
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i-'it m: i'itr..ss ssnri ation.
Publishers, Burlington, VI.
liritLtNGTON, THURSDAY, OCT. .
WANTED.
When yon want anything, advertise In
the new special column of this paper.
Soma bargains are offered there this
week which It will pay you to read
about. See page two. This paper has
more than !",onn renders every week
nnd one cent a word will reach them all.
If tho Legislature does not do what
Is wanted nf II, there Is no low
ugulnt vociferous protesting.
Mr. Hryan admits Hint he Is fit for
the office of president of the t'nltcd
State". I'nder thes- circumstances ho
probably thinks proof Is unnecesaury.
Tho lawmakers will begin to-dny to
move uiion Montpeller. and the Hamlet
may be rolled upon to capitulate with
out firing a shot. When the lawmak
ers come to settle, however, the Cap
ital will not appear ''so easy."
The ciiurso of (lovernor Hughes 111
s-pcnklng for Tuft tins led to the pro
Jei t of Governor Johnson of Mlnneso
sota taking the stump for ltryan. Now
If Johnson had only run for tho presl
ibney Instead of Hryan. thcro mlRht
hiivi) been less Standard Oil In tho
eampalKr. with a corresponding In;
crenso In democratic chances of suc
cess. Representative-elect Oebhnrdt of
Shelburno has made a splendid begin
ning. The Randolph Herald and News
says.
"E. K Oebhardt has Invited the vot
ers of iis town of Sholburne, whom ho
will represent In the next Legislature,
to meet him and outline nny legisla
tion they may wish attended to. This
getting In touch with one's constitu
ents Is doubtless a wise, ni It will
prove a popular, policy Hut tho rep
resentative, elect would reserve tho
right to exerolho bin own Judgment, of
course, and not be bound by alvlco or
action thus offered This Is a repre
sentative form of government, at lenst
nominally."
VIIIIMOINT'S "WI.SDOM AM) VIRTUE."
The Vermont legislature began Its bi
ennial session at .Montpeller yester
i'a and the men noted "for wisdom
nml virtue" will undertake the task
of repealing or revision old laws and
making such new laws as" seems to
them necessary or advisable. While
the last Legislature seemed to have
run the gamut of needed measures,
the developments of the past two
years have shown varlouB changes In
our statutes to be worthy of consid
eration at leas'
The chief problem of the session
will unquestionably bo that of taxa
tion, which was committed by the pre
ceding Legislature to a commission
for consideration, Investigation and
report. The members of the commis
sion were unable to agree with refer
ence to all of tho i ocommendntlons
embodied tn the report and It Is to bo
expected that Hie members of the
Legislature will i perlence some diffi
culty In framing n meiiaure that will
hntlsfy the different classes of peo
pie who want a change.
The State republican platform
pledged the party to n modification
of the local option law with reference
to the connection of tho Judiciary
with the granting of licenses. Var
ious other ways of deciding who shall
sell liquor In Vermont In towns vot
ing In favor of llceuso have been dis
cussed, and It remains to be seen
what the Legislature will deride tn do
In the matter of taking this duty
from assistant Judges
It Is also to be expected that n rad
ical change will be mndo In the mat
ter of allowance to be niado to farm
ers for dUe.ised cattle killed tinder
tho law dealing with bovine tuber
culosis, It is hebl that Vermont Is
paying too large a sum for cattle,
the charge being made that In oomo
cases the appraisal Is lnrgor than
healthy cows could bo fold tor In mar
ket In any event It Is to be exported
that a marked change will bo made In
that connection.
PEACH HANGS IN THE BALANCE.
Tho question whether Europe Is to
witness war In the Balkan peninsula
Is now hanging In tho balance. To all
nppcaraneoF. llulgarla, llosnla and
Ilersiigovlna are lost to Turkey for
ever, hut Inasmuch as tho suzerainty
ot that power over tho mates In quos
Hon has only been nominal for a long
period, thn loss Is more a matter of
prsllgo than of territory of resources.
The real gravity ot the situation
lies In the fact that It Is one of tho
Issues which divides the, grout powers
of i:uropo In the gradual reforming
of their International alignments, In
the present Instance, tho Interest of
llussln, France and tlrcat llrltnln are
largely In common ngnlnst those of
(lernmnv nml Austria, with Italy oc
cupying a middle ground.
llussln has u most vital Interest In
llulgnrla, owing to rnclal, conditions,
geographical proximity and Illnck Sea
prestige. Hut llussln has not been en
tirely free to act with Germany, hav
ing adverse Interests on hnr IlultlO
frontier This has left Franco find
Orent llrltnln to play the chief part
In llulgarlan readjustment, with llus
sln a silent but deeply Interested spec
tator and ally.
on tho oilier hand, Germany has
pushed her Influence toward Morocco
In Hie southwest, and then toward
Turkey, Persia,, Iho Balkans und the
near East. In these movements, Aus
tria has usually been found co-operating
with (lermnny partly through tho
bonds of the triple alliance and partly
bt enttK1 of personal Interests In th-t
cotillgunus terrltoiy of tln Hnlknn.s,
This In turn has fanned Into activity
the old animosity between Itnly und
Austria, threatening to disrupt the
triple u'llnnce and to group Italy with
Franco and (ireat llrltnln.
This gradual regrouping of the pow
ers has been effected by three recent
movements Turkey's adoption of a
constitution, the reappearance of tho
Moroccan Issue and the present Inde
pendence or Unlgnrln In nil of which
the new alignment nf the powers Is
becoming manifest, with Great llrltnln,
France and llussln occupying common
ground. Germany nml Austria co-operating
and Italy tn a somewhnt neutral
attitude. As In tin- Moroccan affair
the Indications are that mediation or
nn International congress will seek
to arrange some working basis as to
llulgarla, but mcontlmo the Intrigu
ing nmong the powers for Influence
over Hulgnrln and other portions of
tho near East Is likely to go on un
abated and to bo nn Important factor
In the new grouping of the powers of
Europe.
llulgarla has been a tributary State
of Turkey since 1878. The old llul
garlan kingdom was overthrown at
thn end of the fourteenth century by
thn Turks, who held tho country until
the treaty of llerlln mado It a buffer
state between Europe and the realm
of the Sultan, and at tho same time
placed It under tho suzerainty of tho
Sultan of Turkey.
WII.I. TIIK STATK ACTf
Tho hooted discussion of the national
campnlgn Issues should not lead Vcr
monter to forget Hint our own Legis
lature has Just convened and that
there are local Issues of paramount
Interest for consideration. None of
these Is of moro far-reaching Import
ance to tho State than that of the de
velopment of a State forestry policy.
A representative of the national bu
reau of forestry has recently visited
Oovernor Proctor and others In the
State In order to advise relative to the
Hltuotlon and assurances have been
given that thn fnlted States will co
operate tn a substantial way. If tho
State will take the lead. Tho forestry
plank In the State platform of the Ile
publlcnn party Is clear and specific in
urging "more careful attentkn to the
great question nf forest preservation.''
It says, "We believe that larger ap
propriations should be made for tho
nursery for forest seedlings and for
educational nnd organizing work along
the lines of Intelligent forestry, and
that a beginning should be made In
State forest reserves.
Kvcryone recognizes there lire large
arena In Vermont which, both for tho
good of the State and the Immediate
lorallty, should bo placed under wIho
forestry management In moat cases
private owners are, or will become,
eager to follow Improved practices, if
only tboy can hnvs the benefit of ex
pert advice. As a first step the State,
must secure tho most highly trained
export forester it can get to study our
conditions nnd to educate and advise
as to their betterment. Moreover. Just
as soon as the Stnte Is reudy to earn
for them properly and pledge. Itself
to do so In perpetuity public. spirited
Individuals will offer t0 turn over to
the Stnte considerable areas of forest
land for .Stnte. forestry and park pur
poses to bo administered for the pub
lic good.
That this Is no Idle conjecture Is
proved by the following extract from
a letted addressed under date of Sep
tember 28, to Governor I'roctor and
Governor-elect I'routy by one of tho
lurgo piactlcnl lumber men of tho
State, Mr. M. J. Hnpgood of Peru:
"I daro say that you will refer to
forostry matters In your messages, nt
least I hope so, for no time, should be
lost or effort spared In the protection
of our forests and In encouraging own
ers to put them In the way of perma
nent preservation, ln case the State
will offer sulllclent guarantees I bo
Uevo that many owners of extensive
tracts will put them under thn abso
lute and perpetual guardianship of tho
State, tho revenues accruing elthor to
themselves or their heirs or to bo de
voted to some public purpose.
In my own raso I deslro to give ab
solute deed ulther to the State or na
tion of the llromlsy mountain tract,
comprising about 1,000 acres, most of
It lurgo growth limber, having been
cut over many years Ago, and now bo.
Ing In most desirable condition for
watershed nnd gumo-oovert purposes,
1 should wish to condition that none of
God's wild animals shall over be kill
ed on this trnct, that there bo no open
season here, to Ihe end that ther may
be at least ono place of sure refugo
for thesn good friends of ours. I do
sire also that uny revenue shall be
used for the bei)ctlt of the town of
Peru, under thn direction of tho Gov
ernor or the 1'renldent or his repre
sentative. Will thn Htnto act or must
I apply to thn nation?"
Wh are further advised that Mr.
Charles 11. Green of Whlto ltlver Junc
tion, who has lopg been superintend
pnt of the forests of tho International
l'nper company nnd who probably has
n wider practical acquaintance with
tho present forest condition In Ver
mont thnti any other man, asserts that
If thn Stale will employ an expert for
ester and glvn assurance of wlso ad
ministration It will be practicable to
secure the deeding to tho Htato for
forest reserve purposes of largo areas
of the higher mountain Mopes with
relatively small expense.
In one way or another this Legisla
ture must make a beginning upon tho
solution of thn ptnblem of tho conser
vation and Improvement of our (Ver
mont forests. Tho Stato must act, for
Its own good.
C'l.K.tMr.tl MI5AT AND I1AIIIY CON
DITIONS. The people of Vermont have risen
In their might to stop the shipping
ft diseased meat Into other Slates, for
the use of the people thereof, hut how
about our own people? What havo wo
done to protect ourselves? How do wo
know of the conditions exlntlng In lo
cal slaughter houses not Interfered
with by Interstatn laws? Wlint Is to
prevent any local butcher from hand
ling diseased inent? Vou can not go
tendlly to the placn where tho meat
jou eat Is slaughtered nnd noto the
conditions which nxls'. Probably many
places would be found models of
cleanliness nnd neatness with pro
ducts sweet and pure, but If we nro
correctly Informed one would occa
sionally find n butchot shop In Ver
mont which would test tho averajo
human stomach.
As the repoi ts of the State labora
tory show, an excellent start hns been
made In the mntter of enforcing better
conditions In stnbles and the sur
roundings nf dairies, fiom which milk
Is sold In Hurllngton nnd vicinity. It
Is fair to assume that there Is need
of similar work elsewhere. Many
stnbles are well kept, while In others
milking Is conducted undpr filthy
conditions. We ran not keep our
milk too clean. When milk tastes
of the stable, It ts tlmo to
do something. We havo tnlked nbout
a house-cleaning In Vermont politics.
We have had a eleanlng up In tho Hur
llngton Rendering company. Let us bo
ns careful with reference to the meats
killed ln Vermont for homo consuinp
Hon ns we nro with reference to
meats shipped out of the State for
other people to oat. At least we ought
to bo as careful regarding our meats
as we aro In relation to tho milk wo
consume.
New York has Just started a cru
sade against unclean dairy methods,
following the example of Vermont, but
It Is ahead nf us regarding tho Inspec
tion of meats and the preparation
thereof. If we were to repent In these
columns somo of the facts that have
come to our knowledge regarding con
ditions In some butcher shops, thero
would be danger of -i popular upris
ing. Certain It Is that butchers, who
allow filthy conditions to prevail In
their slaughter houses would bo In
danger.
The only way to make unclean
slaughter houses and butcher shops
reform Is to enforce laws that will
apply to the owners of nil such places.
Those who keep their plaeeB In a
good sanitary condition nnd who use
clean products will not be hurt. Those
who use diseased meat nnd nllow fil
thy conditions to exist, will be com
pelled to conform to the modern de
mand for puro food, or to pay a de
served penalty.
HOW TO QVIT SMOKING.
To the current Harper's Weekly, under
tho title "The Solar Machine," Willis
Hrooks has contributed a story contain
ing a murder mystery of the most oriel.
mil and ingenious character. It is solved
by a Yankee lawyor. "HI" Hlddle, one of
tho most delightful characters that have
been recently delineated.
"D'y'u find smoking burts y'u?" nsks
Hlddle.
"It probably doesn't do me nny good,"
I said, "but I'd havo trouble quitting It."
"No, y'u wouldn't. Smoke this." Ho
took fiom his vest pocket tho fellow to
tho stogy In his mouth nnd tossed It
across the table to me, "Kver hoar how
Hill Donllttln lived on 10 cents a week?"
I confessed that Hill's economies had
never been brought to my attention.
"Wnl." said Hlddle, "he took dinner
with a f i lend on Sunday, nn' nto enough
to Inst 'lm till Wednesday. Then he
bought 10 cents' wuth o' tripe, an' he
bated tripe so like thunder tha; It listed
'lm the rest o" the week. These seegavi
work a good dcnl like that tripe. You
take to smoklu' 'em, an' y'u won't want
more 'n one er two a day,"
AUTUMNAL.
Pleaeant tho days of the fall with nn
atmosphere hazy,
Though ripened verdure may change
unto hues brown and yellow
'Kre the frost's touches have painted It
scarlet and blazy,
'ICro the sweet pawpaws are blackened
und luscious and mellow.
Keen Is the chill of the morn when
you'ro roused from your slumber,
Housed by the faithful ulorm of tho
clock on the table,
Housed with a feeling tho darned thln
t has struck tho urong numbey,
And that to rise from your couch you're
suiely not able.
Shivering Into your clothes you mako
progress toward breakfast,
Thinking of coal In Ihe bin, and tho
need soon tn burn It,
How that od furnace's tantrums will
then mako a wreck fast
Of the sweet temper ynu'vo galnod In
the summer. Oh.durn It! "
Indianapolis News.
Wherever any printed taina- of yours
travels, It represents you and your
business. You cnnnol afford to lie
parrlran about any part ot your prlnl
Ibc. Tar I'ree I'tm Print stand for
B.rjjatlu.
TUFT AND BRYAN
IT BANQUET TABLE
Both Addressed the Chicago As
sociation of Commerce Last
Evening.
THREE HALLS WERE CROWDED
Crowd Cheered 45 Minutes When Tnft
i:n(ered nnd Greeted Ilrynn -Tnft
Xpenks nf flip Tardiness of
lusllre nnd flrjnn of Cor
porations nnd Commerce.
Chlengo, in., Oct. T. W. J. Hryan
W. II. Tnft, rival candidates for the
presidency of the United States, met
to-night nt the fourth annual hanquot
of the Chicago Association of Com
merce. The meeting Is said to havij
been the first of Its kind.
Mr. llrynn, having been In Chicago
nil day, was the first to arrive at the
banqifet hall In thn Auditorium Hotel.
Mr, Tnft having delivered a speech at
the opening of the deep wuterwnys
convention In tho forenoon went to
Galesburg, III., to deliver nnother ad
dress during this afternoon, and re
turned to Chicago to-night after tho
banquet x well under way.
Intense Interest In the meeting had
been manifested since It tlrst became
known that tho two candidates Were
to meet In public, nnd every seat in
three banquet halls, thrown together
for the occasion was occupied when
thn tlrst course wan served, save only
n commodious chair reserved for Mr.
Tafl.
Those nt tho speaker's table during
the speechmnklng Included: David II.
Forgan, Mr. Taft. President Richard
C. Hall of the Chlcngo Association of
Commerce, Mr. Hryan, Gov. Dennen of
Illinois and President Kavanaugh of
the Deep Wnterwnys association.
ARRIVAL OF TAFT.
An ear-splitting shout gave warning of
the arrival of Mr. Tnft. Mr. Hryun In
common with every ono else, ro and
looked toward the entrance. Mr. Hryan,
who ceased ln the destruction of somo
sort of a chop suey m.isqueradlng under
n French name, turned his head slowly
as his political rival drew near, smiling
slightly.
The dramntlc moment which had been
anticipated with such deep Interest was
soon over. Mr. Hryan's band awaited that
of Mr Taft. A single lingering pressure,
a word or so svlilch none could overhear,
because of the tumult and the republican
lender passed on to a chair at the right
of Mr. Hall. The cheering continued for
a minute or so after those at the speakers'
table had taken their seats.
When talklnr In ordinary tones becamo
possible the two candidates entered Into
nn animated conversation In which Prcsl
sldent Hnll Joined. The speeches of both
Mr. Tnft and Mr. Hrynn were non
partisan. T'lls was In consonance with
the "R-lshes of tile t'hfcngo Association of
Commerce which Is a non-partisan
organization. '
When the Inst course of the dinner had
been served, both of the distinguished
guest wero kept busy singing menu
enrds which were passed over the mat of
orchids In front of their section of tho
speakers' tnhle. Meantime th" banquet
hall remained In good nntured disorder
The orchestra played lncesnntly work
ing the bises and drums to the limit but
the music wns almost drowned in the
babel of shouts and songs. Through It
all tho two candidates labored with smil
ing fortitude, sliming their nnmos.
The tumult -which began with the en
trance of Mr. Taft lasted for 4S minutes,
INTRODUCTION OF HHYAN.
In Introducing Mr. Hryan, President
Hall said;
"As I look upon my distinguished as
sociates I am forced to resort to tho
familiar protestation of the perplexed
lover, 'How happy could I be with either,
weie t' other dear charmer away.' The
eiolutlon of politics has brought to a
commanding plae In the eyes and re
gard of his countrjincn, a citizen of Ne
braska. Ills life has been an honorable
progress fiom the day ho received his
degree from his nlma mater to tho hour
of his ehu'ec as standard bearer of one
of tho great national parties by legions
of enthusiastic countrymen. With the
principles of an American ho hns sought
and held leadership In a career of cour
age, lldelll und kindliness. Millions ac
cept his .aptaltny, tl.o energy of his
service, the purity of his patriotism.
Gentlemen, Mr. Hryan."
BRYAN'S SPEECH.
Mr Hryan was cheered to the echo
as he rose to speak. Ho said In part;
"I think I can see signs of progrem
In politics. When I first began to run
for president there wore no occnslnns
of this kind. I think I note a larger
charity, a broader liberality nnd a
more kindly feeling than has some
times prevailed n the past.
"I am glnd to meet nt this board ono
who has been honored by his party
with leadership In a great campaign,
I am glad to testify to my appreciation
of his nbllltle., and his virtues. If I
am successful the victory will be the
greater to have won from such, and
If I nm defeated tho sorrow will be
less to have been defeated by such.
"Commerce is n great moulding force
ln the world. Commerce hns contrib
uted enormously to tho world's prog,
ress and to mankind's well-being. 13v.
ery step hi the development of com-
Mnerce Is an upward step. Commerce
is to-dsy extending Its Influence
throughout tho world and binding peo
pic together ns they wero never be
fore bound.
'Thero Is no doubt that society has
largely gained one of the great Inventions
that bus nindn lurnely for tho enlarge
ment of einiiiuirce that Is the corporate
entity The corporation Is a stop In ad
vance, it enables people to no together
what people could not do alono. It re
lieves thoHii win- cooperate of tho
embarrassments of partisanship and Is
substitutes larger uperollons nnd thus
facilitates the work of exchange and
no ono who has estimated with in
telligence the usefulnen of tho corpora
tion will for one moment think of
destroying the powei that tho corporation
gives for rooprrntlw off'"''8'
RE.MTRICT10N NI'X'liHSARY.
"Society ncceptlnc t'10 corporation as
on establhhed fact Is proceeding to enact
such laws us may I"' necessary to make
the corporations n"vc the purpose for
which, tin ueru aea-td unvl i am sure J
that the members of this association
organized for the promotion of tho city's
Interest recognize that with thn largo
power that corporate action gives re
striction Is necessary, When the law
crentes the corporate person, that one
man may be mado a hundred thousand
ten thousand, a million times stronger
than the God mado mnn. When God
made man Ho set a limit to his existence,
so that If ho was a bnd man ho Could
not be bad long, but when tho corpora
tion wns created tho limit on ago was
raised nnd It .sometimes projects Itself
through generation after generation.
"I tnke II then that I can assume that
nil who are Interested In commerce nnd
Interested ln the corporation as n menus
of developing commerce and extending
commerco will recognize the necessity
of making competition between the
natural mnn nnd tho fictitious person
sufficiently equnl that thn natural man
may not bo trodden under foot."
INTRODUCTION OF TAFT.
The Introduction of Mr. Tnft fol
lows ;
'In the fortunes of wnr, we nr
quired nllen nnd subject rnces. Our
government assumed tr lead thorn to
the lofty omlnenco of American civil
ization. For the accomplishment of
this purpose, the President sent to
the Filipinos n typical citizen nnd emi
nent counselor and n man with cour
age of his convictions. He accomp
lished the high purpose of his mlsslniw
winning both the confidence of his
countrymen nnd the lovo and grati
tude of a nation to be. Success and
honor have crowned his every effort
In an active life as citizen, Jurist,
peacemaker and cabinet officer.
Through all his career and In our In
sular possessions, he hns stood for the
Integrity of his government and thn
majesty of right. Gentlemen, Mr.
Taft "
TAFT ON THE COURTS.
Mr. Tnft said In part:
"I'nder our constitution ns early In
terpreted, tho supreme court of the t'nl
ted States become tho ultimate arbiter
In respeet to mont of our great political
questions. I believe we generally agree
thnt this has much contributed to the
smrnth working of our government nnd
tn the supremacy of lnw and order In
our community, but hnve we the right
to say that our present ndmlnlstrntlon
of Justice as between Individuals nnd ss
between the Htnto nnd Individuals In
sures continued popular satisfaction with
Its results? I think not. Wo have abun
dant evidence that th prosecution of
criminals has not been certain ami thor
ough to the point of preventing popular
protest. Lynching In mnny parts of the
country Is directly traceable to the lock
of uniformity nnd thoroughness In the
enforcement nf our criminal laws This
Is a defect whleh must be remedied or
It will ultimately destroy the republic.
"An evil which Is likely to grow t
Importance Is the Inequality betwie
the poor nnd the rich growing out of
the delays In the ndmlnlstrntlon of Jus
tice between Individuals
"A defect of our system Is seen ln tho
uneiual burden which the delays and
expenses of litigation Impose on the poor
litigants. Tho reform must bo reached
through the Improvement In our Judicial
procedure. Our codes are generally too
elaborate.
"Another reason for delay In tho lower
court Is tho disposition of Judges to
write long opinions.
PRACTICH IN PHILIPP1NKS.
"In the Philippines we havo adopted the
system of refusing a Judge his regular
monthly stipend unless h" can file a
certificate with his receipt for his salary,
In which he certifies on honor thnt ho
has disposed of all the business submit
ted to him within the previous 5o days.
"Another defect In our Judicial system
is giving to defeated litigants two ap
peals "So fnr as the lltignnt Is concerned, ono
appeal Is all that he should bo ejitltled
to.
"Again, there "link boon manifested In
our appellate courts too great a disposi
tion to reverse cases for error in the trial
below. The Inevitable elTect of the de
lays Incident to the machinery now -,-milred
In a settlement of controversies
ln Judicial tribunals is to put at a disad
vantage tho poor litigant nnd to give
great advantage to his wealthy opponent.
BETTER Jl'DGEH FOR LOWER
COURTS.
"I think a step In tho direction of
tho dispatch of litigation might be
taken In requiring higher qualifica
tions for those Judges that sit ln cases
Involving a small pecuniary amount.
A poor man should have tho benefit
ofas acute and as able Judges as tho
rich.
"Again, I bnllevo a great reform
might bu effected especially In the
federal courts, nnd I believe too In
the .State courts by a mandatory re
duction of the court costs and fees.
The .salaries of tho court officers
should be Ilxcd and should be paid
out of the treasury of the county.
State or national government as the
inse may be, and fees should be re
duced to as low a figure ns possible
consistent with the reasonable dis
couragement of groundless and un
necessary litigation,"
Tim awakeni.x; or Tim faiimi:ii.
(J L. Mathews, In tho October Atlantic.)
Tho farmer Is becoming a keen citizen.
Educated, more or less wisely, by the
cheaper magazines and tho newspapers
to the methods and nggre,slons of tho so.
called trusts, awakened to a knowledge
of the skill and Impunity with which
some capitalists break both civil and
moral laws, he Is apparently becoming
less devoted to his old Ideal of the law,
and more Inclined to try theso new ven
tures for himself. We have a multitude
of Indications of this on every hand. Tho
now constitutions, such its that of Okla
homa, aro designed to allow him wide
latitude. In Texas, In Illinois, and In
many other States, ho has had passed
anti-trust laws which specifically ex
empt the farmer from their terms, In
Montaiin. Idaho and I'tah the wool
growers have combined to rnlso the
price of their wares, and with consider
able success. In tho South, the cotton
growers, under the able leadership of
Mr. Harvln Jordan, have held together
for hlghei prices and for reduced acre
age The farmers' union movement vhns
reuched the point of establishing regular
warehouses capitalized by faimers, In
which the union mnn may hold Ills
goods, drawing cash against them at tho
bank, refusing to soil at the cheap
prices which prevail at harvest, and
holding them until the later, higher prlco
conies on. And there has grown tfp out
f nil this n still stronger movement,
which hns Its headquarters now nt In
dlnnapolls, called the equity movement,
Intended to unite (he farmers of the en
tire nntlon n n movement for more equi
table living, n which the chief element
Is to secure a higher price for farm pro
ducts. This equity movement-the Ameri
can Hoclety of Equity Is Its oftlclnl
style-has developed tho method of
pooling crop." to the highest degree It
lias yet attained.
LEGISLATURE AT
WORK AT ONCE
(Continued from n"lte one,)
chaplain of the House, tho Rev. p, n.
Flsk of Plnlnlleld, the Rev. A. N. Wood
ruff ot Harru town, tho Rev. J. Hall
1-ong of Panton nnd the Rev. A. J.
Hough of Montpeller. Mr. Hough led
on the first ballot and wns olecteil on
thn second with nenrly 50 votes to sparo,
After Mr. Plumley had announced the
appointments of Harry A. Hlack of New
port and J. A. Wilcox of Ludlow as his
iirslslantH nnd tho chnlr had appointed
J. G. Norton of St. Albans and 13, A.
Nntt of Montpeller an official reporters,
tho organization of the House was com
pleted When the. House assembled this after
noon the drawing of seats occurred. Mr.
Kdgertou of Rochester hnd first choice.
Hevcrnl amusing coincidences occurred
during thn drawing. Mr. Tllden of
Northfleld nnl Mr, Tllden of Hurre city,
father nnd son, sit together, ns oo Mr.
Hoyce of Waterbury nnd Mr. Hoyco of
Proctor, two brothers. Mr. Detlocr and
Mr. Kinsley of Rutland, president and
general agent of the National Life In
surance i ompnny, also occupy adjoining
seats.
After adopting the usual Joint resolu
tion providing for tho purchase of dally
and weekly newspapers for members of
the legislature and 3tate officers, the
House adjourned.
A Joint assembly will be held to-morrow
morning to hear tho message of
Fletcher D. Proctor, the retiring Gov
ernor In the afternoon, before another Joint
assembly. Gov. George II. Prouty will
take the oath of ofllcc nnd will deliver
his Inaugural address. It Is probable n
adjournment will be taken Thursday aft
ernoon or Friday morning for the re
mainder of the week.
Hefore the House adjourned this nftcr
noon Hpenker Cheney announced bin de
sire to become acquainted as roon as
possible, with the members. To do this
he has appointed different hours of tils'
day when he will meet the members from
different counties for nn Interchange of
Ideas for mutual benefit.
Henjnmln Williams, Jr., secretary of
civil and military affairs under Oovernor
Proctor, this afternoon sent a communi
cation to the press table expressing his
sincere thanks for the many favors and
courtesies received by him from the
newspaper men during his term of office
and wishing the scribes continued suc
cess and prosperity
In seconding tho nomination of
Charles A. Plumley for clerk of the
House. Mr Fish or Vergennes mado n
tender reference to Fred L. Hamilton
of Salisbury, clerk of the House, who died
suddenly at Mlddlebury last August.
Persons wishing the Hand Hook of
the legislature can obtain tho same
by calling at tho Freo Press subscrip
tion office, room 4, tho Pavilion, where
nil orders for the Free Press will re
ceive prompt attention.
BUSINESS IN THE SENATE.
MORNING SESSION.
The Senate of the 130th session of the
legislature convened this morning at
ten o'clock.
The session wns called to order by
Lieutenant-Governor nnd Governor-elect
George II. Prouty. Devotlonnl exercises
were conducted by the Rev. L. J. Bam
burg, pastor of trfc Montpeller Baptist
Church.
The secretary called the roll and found
all present.
On motion of Senator Gorham of Wind
ham, Senator Ernest W. Gibson was
olectcd president pro tempore.
On motion of Senator Iwls of Iji
mollle, Mnrcellus W. Farnum was elect
ed chaplain
On motion of Senator Fllnn of Windsor
Homer I. Skeels was elected secretary of
the Senate.
On motion of Senator Rutler a Joint res
olution was adopted to notify the Houso
that the Senate had organized nnd on Its
part was ready to proceed to the business
of the session. .
On motion of Senator Donoway the
Joint rules of the hist session were adopt
ed till others were provided.
On motion of Senator Lewis of La
moille It wns ordered that & committee
of two watt upon the Oovernor and no
tify that the Senate had organised and
was ready to proceed on Its part to busi
ness of session. President appoints
Senators Lewis and Hutler.
On motion of Senator Gibson, rules
of last session adopted till others aro
formulated.
On mutton of Senator Hutler, Sena
tor Lewis of Lamoille county was
elected committee to make nomina
tions. Joint resolution by Senator Fflnn,
rotating to dally papers, rule suspend
ed, adopted,
The aecretary appoints Guy M. Pago
of Hurllngton his nsslstant.
On motion of Senator Melntyre of
Rutland, adjourned.
SBNATE AFTERNOON
Ftor the first hour of the nfternoon the
Senate took a recess to await the nctlon
of the Houso on certnln resolutions.
Joint resolution adopted In concurrence:
Relating to appointment of a special Joint
committee to canvass votes for county
officers and Justices of the pence.
To canvass votes for Stnte officers.
Relating to Joint nssembly to hear
message of retiring Governor.
Relating to renting t jfewrlters for use
0 6tate officials.
COMMITTEES APIVDINTED.
To canvass votes for county: Donaway,
Addison; Orvta, Bennington, Fairbanks,
Caledonia; Kennedy, Chittenden; Vance,
Bssex; Croft, Franklin; Wright, Grand
Isle, IawIs, Ijimollle, Flngg. Orange;
Gross, Orleans, Scott, Rutland; Huntley,
Washington; Gibson, Wtndhnm; Shot
man, Windsor.
To canvnss votes for flints officers:
Thayer, Addison; Hotter, Bennington;
Blniham, Chittenden, Gleason, Calo
donla; Vnnce, Exsex; Barney, Franklin;
Wright Grand Isle, Lwts, Lamoille:
McLane, Orange, Lewis, Orleans; Mr..
Intyro Rutland; Bliss, Washington;
Fllnn, Windsor; Gorhnm, Windham,
On motion of Senator Fllnn, fiennto
adjourned.
BUSINESS IN THE HOUSE.
mnmar7 of First ny' Proceedings
by Torrn Itrprracntnth e.
Shortly utter ten o'clock Ihe Houso
was called to order by F G Fleet
wood, secretary of State. Prayer was
offered by the Rev H A. Flint of
Montpeller and the roll was called by
Mr. Fleetwood.
For speaker Mr. DcRoer of Mont
peller nominated T. C. Cheney of Mor
rlsvllle. Seconded by Mr, Hherwln of
Hyde Pnrk, Mr. Lenry of Burlington
for tho minority party, Mr. I.avlgnn
of Colchester, Barber of Hrnttleboro
and Uwli of Norwich. The chair ap
pointed ns tellers Mr. Kinsley of Rut
land, Mr, Howo of Bennington, Mr
Lrnry of Burlington and Mr Wats n
of St. Albans city.
Thn result of thn vote wns. Whom
number of votes cast, 2.17, of which
Thomas C. Cheney received 237 and
was derlnred elected.
Mr. Deltoor of Montpeller nnd Mr
Howe of Ht Johnnbury were nppolntetl
as n committee to notify Mr ( honey
of his election nnd present him beforn
thn bar of the House. Mr, Cheney took
the oath of otllre, administered by tho
retiring serretary of State, Mr Fleet
wood, und accepted the speakership,
Tho next business was the election
of clerk, and Mr. Wllllnms of New
port nomlnnted Charles A Plumley ot
Northfleld. The nomination wns sec
onded by Mr Fish of Vorgennes, Mr
Martin of Essex. Mr. Lyford of War
ren, Mr. Howe of Ht. Johnshury nnd
Mr Lavlgne nf Colchester No other
name was presented and Mr, Wllllnms
of Newport and Mr. Howe of St Johns
bury were appointed a committee 1 0
notify the clerk of his election nnt
present him nt the bar of the House,
whole the oath was administered by
the speaker.
RESOLL'TIONS,
Resolution by Mr. Fish of Vergcnnen
thnt the rules nf the last session ot
ndopted ns the lilies of the Houso Unt"
others arc ad jptcd.
Hy Mr. Howe of Bennington that th
Joint niles be In force until others lire
adopted.
Hy Mr. Brown of Wllmingt in that tho
Houso notify the Senate that It Is
orgnnl.ed nnd ready for business.
Hy Fletcher of Caienb that
tho House nollfy His Ex, ellenev tho
Governor. Hint It Is orgnnlzed nnd ready
to receive nny communication from him
Adopted and the chnlr nr pointed ns
a committee to notify Hie Governor Mr
Fletcher of Cavendish and Mr Howe ot
St. Johnsbury
JOINT RESOLITIONS
By Mr Wllllnms of Newport that the
two houses meet ln Joint assembly
Thursday, October fc. at 10:40 to recelvo
tho message of the retiring govern r
Adopted on the pnrt of tho House.
Hy Mr. livlgne nf Colchester providing
for the rental of typewi Iters for thn
use of clerks of the House, secretaries
of the Senate nnd auditor's oftlc
Adopted on the part of the House
NOMINATIONS FOR CIIAPtAIN
Following the resolution providing foi
the election of chaplain, Mr Martin ol
Plainfleld nominated tho Rev P B.
Fisk of Plainfleld, Mr. Davis of Harro
town nominated the Rev. A N Wood
ruff of Horre town. Mr. DoBoer of
Montpeller nominated the Rev A J
Hough of Montpeller: Mr. Fish of Ver
gennes nominated the Rev J Hnll lying
of Pnnton; Mr. Sherwln of Hyde Parli
nomlnnted the Rov. P. A. Smith of Mor
rlsllc
Mr. Martin t: Plainfleld. Mr Sheiwln
of Hydo Park, Mr Fish of Vergcnnes
nnd Mr. DeBoer of Mmtpeller were ap
pointed tellers The result of tro voto
was. Whole number votes cast 212. neces
sary for choice 117, of which Mr Wood
uff re elved 10, Mr. Smith 2T,, Mr Flsk
Gl, Mr. Long 57 nnd Mr Hough "
The speaker announced no choice and
ordered nnother ballot. Mr Martin of
Plnlnfleld withdrew the name nt Mr
Flsk.
The second nnd deciding ballot resulted
as follow-- Whole number of votes
cast 111; necessary for choice US. ft
which Mr. Woodruff hnd . Mr. Fml'h
hnd 5, Mr. lying had fil, and Mr Ho-igh
had I SI and Mr. Hough was declare i
elected.
A message was received from tho
Governor to the effect that he will de
liver his retiring message to tie (5'rt
nssemhly on such time as miv be fixed
The ehnlr appointed as cr mmlttee on
rules, .Mr Fletcher of CnvcndUVi Mi
Brown of Wilmington and Mr Howe of
Bennington.
The chair appointed as nffiln1 reporter,;
of the House. J. G. Norton c ' St i ,an
nnd E A. Nutt of MnntpeMer
The clerk announced as his assistan'i
Harry A Hlnck nf Newport nnd J A
Wilcox of Ludlow.
JOINT RESOLUTIONS
By Mr. Bro-wn of Hnrtford providing
for the nppolntment of a committee r '
one senator and three representatives
from each county to canvnss votes for
county officers
By Mr. Kinsley of Rutland for the ap
pointment of a similar committee '3
canvass votes for State officers Bo'
ndopted on the part of the House
On motion of Mr. Ixjwls of Norwich t
Houso adjourned.
HOrPE AFTERNOON
The first hour of the afternoon sesl n
was taken up with the drawing of seats
ADOPTED IN CONCFJIRENCE
Joint resolution providing for pur
chase of dally and weekly newspapers
for members ot the LegUlature and State
officers.
Joint resolution adopting Joint rules
until others nre formulated
On motion of Mr. Ooodell of Whltlng
hs.ni the House adjourned.
PROBATE COURT.
Summary of HumIucss Transacted
During the Week Ending Oct. 7.
Estate of -Mary E. Allen, Hurllngton
Settlement of thu not. omit of U' xe j
tor, and decree of distribution n.n le.
Estate of Austin Gill. Hurlingti
license for sale of real estate yr.inte 1
Estate of Anna J. Donnelly Hurl'im
ton. John E. Donnellj of Atlantic 1 it.,
N J . appointed ndmlnlstrat-r Ellhu Is,
Taft and D. J. Nelberg commissioners
and appraisers.
Estute of Olive R. Grl-w.dil Bi.rllug
Ion. Will proved: Carrie M G isw M
nppolnted e.ecutrlx, estate decreed ttf
executrix, who Is also suit) legatee
Estate of Daniel II M.ieombor Essex.
License for sale of real estate granted;
commissioners report filed
J-Mnte of Mary Mirks. Burlington.
Will proved, A G. Whlttemore upooln'.
ed administrator with the -will annexed;
Henry Greene and C P. Smith commis
sioners anil ipprnlsers..
E"tate of Julius Sorelle Sherburne.
William Sorelle appointed administrator;
E F Oebhardt and Henry Rowley ap
praisers. EUnte of Addison Isham. WIIHston.
Appraisers Inventory filed
Estate of Martin B. Small. Hlneburg'
Commissioners and appraisers reports
filed.
Estate of Mnrtln Naramoie. Jericho,
Will filed for probate- dnte of hearing
changed from the 12th of October, day
originally assigned, to October 17
Estate of Joseph H. Small Colrhester
Will filed for probate; hearing October
23. .
Estate of I'lilllnda Lamothe, Hurllng
ton Will Hied for probate: hearing Octo
ber 2.1.
Estate of Georgo uDpaw Colchester.
Appraisers Inventory tiled
Torturing eczema spreads Its hurn-
ing area every day. Ponn's Ointment
qulcklv stops Its spreading, Instantly
relieves the Itching, cures It pcrmati-.
ently. At any druc store.

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