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THE imiLINOTOX FllEE PRESS AND TIMES: THURSDAY, MAY G, 1909.
INTERNATIONAL AilTRAli Congressman Pluinley Prophesies Universal Peace When Men Realize Horrors of War. FOUNDERS' DAY OBSERVED Dinsc cif College 1,1 fp Discussed by ,1f II. Cntnplirll. nnd Life mid Work of n University of Vprmimt Ilciicfnolnr Sketched liy A. V. Dorr. The anniversary of Ira Allen's birthday vi h observed on Satntdav morning In I t e unlvorsltv chapel. The principal f kor was thn Hon. Frank Plumlcy, 1 V C , of Nnrthfleld, who spoke on r- subject of International arbitration. 3 'is address was nn able and eloquent o io anc he was listened to npnrlrlntlvoly I' a large nmleiue. it: I'lmnley'.s ut- t'fnops on tie snbjei t n' International j i'-1 Met en were nf unusual worth audi ' r'"1 t. owing to his Inrgo personal ox j'l rt.-. ,ii umpire In several 1'iternn t nl dilute, .lames I?. Campbell of thn 1 bx spoke nn "Two Holds In College 1.1'e," presenting r. serious and t ' f itT dls uslcin of phases of llfo . I.i nllnnrt A...1 .... W Tin..- nt t1.A 4...,. . 11 ' 1 ela -s, sketchi d tho life and work of a rcnc. 11" vieeefaetor and honored olum 1 1 f t' e University of Vermont, Fred 1 k "tugs Ti e l!ov. Richard It. Da- c- Ti 1' of Vorgchtios was thn rhap h. n of t e exercises. Tho musical pro I r m 1 I'id.'d a violin solo by RcMIug. ' ' nnd i.e s nsii of the "English tide," 1 c Lc-iti F Daniels, '!9, and the Latin ov aii 111 i.mgsinnu, cx-eu. 1 net 1 11 m"n ' for the celebration were In e re of 1 low se, '00. i,k,'iirt of Congressman l'liimley's reV re-., follow: Jilt PLnibKY'S address. tt can be fissured safely that the poo I r.f the United States have now a li nor hti if-; In end a better nppreoln t i.f ti niters International than at any pre 101. s t me in their history; that the mt- nf the rast decade are responsible fei- 1. 15 (Kinged condition Is equally rrn.a rut Previously thereto we bad been f ' s 1c. 1 to grow within our own domain and we had developed thereby un u K rpl tree ,t imt ot say abnormal self c"t 1- uisncss and self-appreciation. The q kei Iuk energies, tho mislity In d ist'les of our people, their colossal 1 '1 irises nnd the vast lesults which 1 1 1 signalized our last half century, fed t r national pnjc and met the in t 'idi si nmbftion ''oin iur unselfish good offices tendered f ' 'i.a a new era of friendly International illation Is Innucrurated, a new policy and a riew spirit between Slates Is made manifest. Following the policy Invoked for Cuba t'irre has been a similar thought In our re at ons with the I'hlilipplnes, although our position there Is different. Most fnrtu 1 ntn for our genuine good In this regard i ,is '1 e selection of William II. Taft to hi H e administrator of our policy In the )'1 ll'ipplnes. Ills quick Insight, his train ed Intellect, bis rare qualltes of head and hea-t were nil brought Into requisition by ii- new and large duty and bravely, n nnfully skilfully he.-met and mastered t ie crucial problems which confronted 1 ' met and mastered them so success f 'lv, so wisely, so completely, with such 1 ndness. meh urbanity that he gained " e copC'lence, the love even, of a suib j f, ied people, smarting under their dis ror (ti.re, who permitted themselves '1 i-cugh his tactful diplomacy to be mold ed into tho concrete form of municipali ties' d'stn fs and provinces and under I s inspiration irterestodly to participate 1' tV'r government, readily to embiaco tre !cw laws provided and in no sm.il' way engeilv to enter upon the study and mastery of the rugged i:m.-llsh language that titev inlnht tho better comprehend 01- purpose and Impulse and participate In tro '.enrfits of the new civilization li to w,,lch they had entered. O-u l ia'.y but surely nnd of neces Mty wo are leaving the old paths whereon our fathers trod In security and with equanimity and are stepping fir'h upon the world's great hlgh-wa- s of thought, of effort, of method and of endeavor. New duties, new re quirements, new responsibilities rest iiP"n us and It Is not ours to refuse, I I deny or to avoid. It Is an impera t'vo condition and it must bo accept 1 d Onco we wero Insulated by the i t at waters, Isolated by position anil 'li'ilce, now, and at onco with no f.'ow end steady pace but forthwith, without relic tlnn, without prepara tion, without strong desire, nnd with out national purpose .hut throu:;h manifest destiny and tho Inexorable law of clreufiistanee wo nro a world power to bn reckoned with In nil great International movements and, nl 1 reciprocally thero Is a required participation by us In those move ments, which duty, however Irksome, must bo undertaken. It Is the penalty frr greatness. This new national nt tlt ule towards matters International Is becoming perceptibly a part of the peoples' consciousness, and somewhat blindly but earnestly they are reach ing out to grasp with strength the new duties and the new privileges wh le, Insensibly perhaps, hut cer tainly their more romprehnnslvo sweep of Intelligent observation Is bringing them to realize tho excellencies, the gi i nine worth possessed by other peoples nnd to discover In the new ngii weaKiicsses and errors or their own hitherto unnoticed wnile there Is brought homo to all with convincing f roe tho necessity of a clearer, more pi'sitlvo knowledge of that which Is 1 R t and that wnlch is wrong In our lnt rcourso with ether nations. That we mav maintain tho right wo must fir. know it, to prevent the wrong we must tlrst perceive It, and It Is Indofen lhie ti at Ignornntly wo deny to oth ers that which Is clearly theirs or de mand of them that which they shuuld not ylein. Tho great national con ictencs standing as Kuard nnd monitor over our dealings with others must raise, no false cries, must Indulge, In no peed'es.s hysterics over wrongs whloh are fancied only, nor must It fall through lack of knowledge to lu fplin us to deal Justly with our neigh hois ns occasion may require while It s equally Important that by wise for Hlght wo aro prevented from Indulg ing In n falso senso of security or In accepting a course of conduct which might lead to shamo or loss. Always I' has been prnlsowof thy that wo gave utUntlun to such matters but now It Is n question not of choice but of necessity and since ours Is ft rrimbllc dependent In Its geneinl nltllililn to ward all public affairs upon thn uvor- ago sense of all It follows that It Isjehistry. A little, while 1150 one of the not our lenders nlone hut our masses moro surely which will govern ami dotermlno our nctlon In the crises of State. Henco It follows that our se curity here ns well ns elsewhere lies In tho general Intelligence and the de veloped conscience of the people. Mr. I'liimlcy then sketched tho history of International law and continued: In studying the unlet but constant growth of tho International concept, the world Inclusive spirit of amity, It Is Intet cstliiE to us who km Americans to trnco the potent Influence of our own nation In tho development of this cosmic. Fenso. K was the Senate of Massachusetts In isr.2 which formally resolved that "some mndn should be established for the amicable and final adjustment of all International disputes, Instead of resort to war." Massachusetts through Its t,ogs. lature In ISil and Vermont In the same way In 11."2 recommended Hint nn International tribunal he established for tlm adjustment of differences, this tn he accomplished through a Congress of nations convoked to that end. In lv'u the policy of In dttdlnK the principle of nrbltratlnu In all treaties with foreign nations "when ever practicable" was recommended to the Penntn of the I'nlled States In a resolution from Its committee on foreign relations, nnd In 1STI the House of Representatives declared In fnvor of a scheme of general arbilvatlon to adjust all differences between nations not suroptlble of diplomatic disposition. The history was then continued to date. In the special reference to tho 1 Incite conferences. Mr J'luinley continued: There Is ajtenm. a real vision may hap, of the world drdicatrd to unlversul perpetual pence. This heatlllo vision will not materialise because nf elaborate machinery and oarefullv devised methods conducive to that end alone, for these could not resist for a moment the sirg- t tntr tide of an angry nation thrlstlng for lood; thev would break tn pieces and ro down ill eternal lain If nn Infuriated people cried out fo- war. Security can only be found when the nations of the earth me constituted of men whose hearts mo turned to peace, to whom war Is so fearful an ordeal that they will not countenance It When enlightened conscience controls and reason Is alwavs nl tlm fi-.vc when tills Is trim it tlirt In- ,,.,,,, , ,,,,, ,. , , fslr majority then through their aggre gate foice the breaking day we now behold will advance to glorious noon and the voices of the world will Join to proclaim "on earth peace good will to men." Jin. cAMi'Hi:i.t.'s AnmiKss. In deference to a custom and pur suant to the dictates of our better na tuie, w'o are mot here to-day to do homage to those who founded our be loved university. Cemented, as we are, by the ties of a common endeavor, and carried along by the eagerness nnd Impetuosity of our youth, it seems good for us to pause here to-day. In order that we mav weld anew those golden links of time which bind the past to the living present. Indeed this Is u dav from which our memories seem to gather tip a new birth. It is a day replete with the suggestlveness of good things which hav gone before. And too, In no lef-n a degieo Is It a day from which we get a new vision of the future. On various occasions we review with lust pride the history nf our univer sity and note, meanwhile, the close Inter-relation it bears to thnt of our State and nation; but to-day we touch the vanished hands and hear the still voices which" In tho past have played such an heroic part In the moulding of that history. With a feeling of commingled ad miration and regret we read that page of history which tells us how the shot, falling thick and fast around T'latis-l.in-'-h in 1M2 and Gettysburg in 1S63, were really severing the life-threads of this Institution. Nor do we remain unmoved by the fact that as war has disturbed the tranquility of these sur rounding valleys and robbed these vales of their fruit and beauty, It has likewise called to sacrifice on the altar of freedom, some of the best brood these hills and dales could produce. Hut there Is a page in the history of this tinlvers.lt y which interests us -von more than this. It Is the one which records the events that gathered around the dark days of the pioneer the pioneer statet man, lawgiver, educator and citizen. It shows us that "those were the times that tried men's .ouls"; that it was the undaunted and Indomltnhle pioneer and not "a summer soldier nor mnshh e patiint" who gave ns the republican last It tit Ions wo now enjoy. To-day we look at that page nf history and bow In reverence as we behold in tho very mldlt of thnt great pioneer work, the' hlrtory cf our founder". There we find thn true account of their monu mental liver. Time cannot efface their memory; ages cannot obscure tne'r work. With lives as purposive ns those nf Wash ington and Lincoln they rendered an In valuable service to all pdfclorltv. With clear foteslght anil'remaiknle perspec tho they looked down the visia of th' future and divined Its needs. Doubtless lien- said to themselves; "Trulv the time Is coming when 'men spall run tn and fro nnd knowledge si nil be increased.' The time Is coming when the m.inli of mind will supercede the march of armies. And wh'tl that time is at hand our sons nnd our son's sons must have a training commensurate with the needs of the hour In which thev hhall live and udqua tn H10 evtcenclefl of a more and more comnle civilization." Actuated by thrt wise nnd heroic Impulse, the founders of this university delved and spun, planned nnd executed, until, nt length, hopes long burled In adversity were realized and this Institution entity. became a living To-day we nre removed from the founding or this unheislty by nn Interval of moro than one hundred years In sumo decree at leant. It Feem' 111 If the tame old spirit of toll, perseverance nnd sacrifice pervades these halls tn-dav us It must have done n century ago. fin the other hand, If we rasa In our pinlscs nf the "good old times," nnd look, as this twentieth century would have us look, to the gods of things as they nre, wn doubt If there Is mm present who falls to note one great departure fnun the iilngleness of aim In truth, from tho old Idea-of acquiring a college tralulni Fioin the restricted circumstances In cident thereto, It seems qultn dear that the young man who attended collego In tho early daH sacrlllced vastly moro than the collego men of the present day. It was more difficult to i;t mjbsls lence and learning at the satnu time. It look morn stieugth, courage, stamina and woik, It represented I" " isr ater degiou the legalization of nn objective clearly seen and pursued with nil one's might. Thu road to education under thoso con ditions was one of wearisome grades and ftequent tolls. Hut, when In the moro rarelled ntmosphete, the fountain nf knowledge was approached, It was rip ptoached In tho spit it of him who mild: "I have fought n good light I have fin ished my course. I hnvo kept the faith." Now In have felt the sentiment ex ptessed by thoso sneied winds was nol cKOtlsm, that Is, iKutlsm In tho nun- technical sense of the word. it was a Jitwt 1 pride. It win the pride of a mnii whoso Ilfe has been Iti'Jicd to toll ami wlioo toll bail borne thn honest fruit of his In professors of thn university said that 11 limit never really owned anything except ns ho hnd worked for It given llfo to It nnd henco It had become a part of himself. That Is Just what the pioneer college student did In nequlr Ing his training, nnd when he hnd fln lMied ho had 11 tight to feel proud of his possession and glory In his achieve ment. Itut limes and circumstances have changed of course. The former tire moro advanced and the latter moro complex. This change Is so far-reaching that ono doei not feel like spcnklng from analo gy too strongly. However, ono does feel thnt when the prospective) college man I i.f tn.il.av slls vvllh, mt thn rates of Ills chosen Institution thero awaiting tho of tlcl.al .summons to romn within ho may fall asleep and sleeping, dream, as did Klehter'3 old man, who dreamed that In tho da; s of his youth his father had placed him nt the enhance of two roads one leading to a land of hnrvest and tin' other leading to a land of waste. One feels thnt this illustrntlon, though taken from nctlon, plays a pan In the world of fact, lie feels that whether dt earned of by the freshman or proven by tho senior there are two roads In college life to-day, and by reason of gt eater wealth and greater luxury that these two roads ate more widely separated than ever be fot c. For the sake of vividness these two roads may well be called the high load and tho low load. They both lead out from the same point, that Is, In nvcry mini there Is the possibility of purus Ing the one or the other. Attrlhnles nf the high road ate, hon esty of purpose, fidelity to trust, high nsplrntlon. courage, diligence nnd assi dn'tv. Attributes of the low road nre. In clination to drift rather than to row, co.'tentment In Inactivity and low Ideals In gcnernl. Of courro each road has Its llt'le by-ways and deviations; but on the whole, the former stands for progress the hitter for stagnntlon; tho one for the fullness and richness of llfo and the other for degradation and decay. The high road hns for ttavellers real men; the low load has the perverted, cti.nlcd being the unreal man Tim high nnd has environment which appeals to the sunshine of tho pvschle life the soulful man; the low read hns allure ments for the shadow of the better self the mould of clay. One l,t lieves that these roads If once separated, as separated they must be, neicr meet again. Hut, If we assume th:.; i" lb had to a college degiee, some 01. e will say: "Then tbcie they unite." Not so! Not even if we assume that tho Ion ai d easy road In all cases leads to a (IiFiif and that In some enscs the high loads fails to l'waul Its wenry traveller ul.h a d ploma, nc ertheless the wcyrk Is tl.cie ami the indelible result Is wilt l.irge on that which Is v.mth moie than a meiM diploma the character. Cilven then two young men standing at tno beginning of their colleen career, lit us suppose that each sits apart much tho same ns I'm. liens tells us the i"iiliful Hercules did somewhat per plexed as to which path he should pur sue. Finally 0110 chomos the higher, the rtlcr. tho lower road. The ono choosing the lower road enters i'on 11 course which is lies! exp: etsod by the words nf i.'owper: ."Doing noth ing with a deal of skill." Though a col li ge man and greatly obligated by that tact alone, he plans to evade work with n kind of skilled neglpjenco. Like tho y.iung Hercules be sees in happiness the easiest retail by day and th" softest bed '.or tlie night. To his lips leap easily ruch phrases as "mentnl woiry" and "oier woik." llo turns his talents for such tire not alwa: s without talent- to the frivolous work of polished Idleness. Meanwhile he mils at his university bo cruse she brings him nothing. As time goes on, he may, by dint of luck or chance, go so far as to leceive his diploma. To him that cannot bo a proud moment. The golden opportunity is lost. Ills outlook upon life is no longer the nihil Pig vision of the lund of iillcs.se. lie faces the world of fact without strength, without hope, without reliance, In bis pitiable plight he lakes a sum mary of his college days and then writes !ioioo It all the old familiar epitaph Life Is a jest and all things show It; 1 thought so once, hut now I know It.' The one choosing the higher road has a vcrv different rareer. From the beginning ho is determined tn make progress. F.ach year must be better than the preeeellng one. lie reall.-s that progress means woik, but he says with Huskln; "It Is only by labor that thought ''an be made healthy and only by thought that labor can be made happ." Moreover he sees In labor a dignity unparalleled; In the merit which proceeds from It an honor unrivalled. Thus engros.se 1 In his efforts lie places himself on the higher way where, taking a broader hotlzon nnd a fairer view, lie is able to work for the things most compatible with the welfaio of his college and himself. If, perchance such a student entertains the thought that his professors have e rivd In some of their judgments, he may, nt llrst Impulse, harbor tho deMgn of ineddllii,; with their affairs. On second thought, reflection will leveal to him the enidlnnl principles of roclal liberty. It will conn1 to him how he himself lov llverty and how ho would resent Inter ference on petty grounds. Then his whole attitude will be characterized by hiuIi un Incident as incurs in Schiller's "Will iam Tell." There', it will be remembereel Tell was conversing with Ihnl. In the course of their conversation both were longing-oil so earnestls for liberty for the tlnio tn comn when they should be free from tho oppi esslon of Austria. At length Till told Krnl of r.n e-nUu which cue day, alighting from its e.srie among tlie clouds, sailed harmlessly about in the he-avi'iis above him. lie- told llrnl how Instinetlvely he diew his faithful how und took aim; nnd how at the saum time a M her second thought came to htm roiu dim; his own elcslro for llbertj. Then lie concluelcd: "I turned my bow aside, I could not shoot! 'Twits liberty And now but ono won! more. Though laying no claim to prophetic power, 0110 may well fell Fnfo Viu saying that tho collego man who hasorkiil on the high road, will bei the one who feels most indented to his aim 1 mater after gradua tlnn. To him eeillege Is e-ver u benign mother. As an alumnus he will reflect on thn opportunity she has given him nnd how lie has piotlted by It. Ono fancies that throughout the wliolo course of his graduate life tlm college that gave him work to do and ellrei'ted his efforts In youth, will. In after yea is, bo the place whero Ills off ei lugs will tlmi a irstlng place, his praise a home. Ineleeil thrm nio two retails In college llfo to-eluy. One trents life us n Jest and I'lillego as tho greatest of holidays, We believe that this Is the ono which will echo the regret nnd despair of u wnsteil life, crying out In the spirit of Hlchler's olel man; "Oh elays of my youth leturn! uli give 1110 hack my col lege- days that 1 may choose the hotter way!" 'Jet thoso who tnkn collego life serl ounly we believe there will he a swee rellectlon across life's harvi Hl Held a 10 llectlnn rl ll ip the light of honest ach-leve-ini lit We helleu' pint paver that It Is to these tiieu that tho exemplary lives tr of our fotini1(r". Those lives w nro met here tliln day tn revere will always re- veol the tnllsmiinla words; "Do thy work, It fthull succeed In thine or in nnothei's day, And If denied the victor's meed Thou slinlt not lack tho toller's pay," mil nowfl AntiiiBss. A few yenirs ago thero was presented In this plnce, at a former anniversary, a bloBrnphlcnl sketch of a man nnted for Ms varied patriotic, religious and bened clent Interests In life. To many n sketch of that man's llfo and woik would bo but n repetition of facts long familiar to ninny of you. There nie, however, n, few, the undergraduates to whnm the re cital nnd appreciation of that man's life aim good deeds will he of frcah Interest. And to those to whotni Jils story Is nl leady familiar, It may nlso he of Inter est, for the reconsideration ot a Ufa well rounded, simple, natural, em ploying thn pure nnd high forms o' Intellectual, moral and spirit ual power nn example and nn In spiration to every nluinnus of this university-such a reconsideration should be ns delightful ns the sight of the glass In spring, old, yet fresh nnd ever delight ful to behold, Tho man wo'' speak of was Frederick Mlllngs. McnKUieel by all worthy stnnd iT'ds. he wits a great nnd a good man. The two adjectives unfortunately do not always go together. In tho case of Mr. Iil'llngs they are Indlssoluhly linked. If the dlvlno purpose for man Is that he shall leave tho wotld somewhat better Ihnn he found It, then truly was Mr. Hil lings eminently successful. He ncconi 1 Mflhert not a little for tho betterment of human society; he was Interested In his neighbors nnd his townsfolk; he was In tel ested 111 the welfuie of his native) Slute; he was vltallv interested in Hie iielv.incement of literature, art, education and religion; he was possessed of vigor ous high Intellectual poweis; he had un flinching Integrity; he waH nn example of urn-elflsh nnd consecrated citizenship; nnd. what Is most Important of all, be was a man of high principle and of com prehensive benevolence. Mr. Hllllnsn was born of a distinguished family at Royatlon, Vt., In 1CI. He entered this university when only 17, nnd graduated "u lStl In a class which fur nished to tho country some distinguished men, among them Judge Benedict of the ;nlti'd States court and Jilshop Howe of South Carolina. In those days students wero ranmln-d at the close of tlie college course In nil studies pursued during tho ntlre four years. In his mini examina tions Mr. Hillings nut-ranicrd all his class-mates In mathematics and phil osophical studies. In the languages one member of the class nn the old scale of twenty ns perfection ranked five-tenths above him, so thnt on a general averago Mr. Hillings stood nt the bead. Tho theme of his commencement nddress Is slgnlllcant of tho man "Common Truths the Most Important " He was nn earnest, as well as a brilliant student, n leading spirit among his college companions In class-room and In college activities. Dining Ills college course hv lived for a time with the family of I'rof. Tnney and was employed thn letter's amanuensis In the tianslallon of Neander's Church History. Mr. Hillings was n young man of at tractive personality; he was cf a deeply religou.s spirit, and all through his bfe his genial disposition .and Intelligence made him popular with Is fellows and with all who cninn In contact with him. While In college Mr. Hillings read widely. Indeed he was that rare tiling, a studious, well-rend, serious- minded young; man. ami yet at tho same time extremely romp.anlnn.ibl" and popular what we mean by the phrase "a good fellow." There has lately grown up a distinction between the so-called popular college man and his more serious oollcgoirlatos, Mr, Hill ings combined the two characters. He road such magazines as "Th" Theo logical Hevlew." the "American Quar terly Register," and the "llvangellcal Magazine" His account of the obi library records shows thnt these mag azines were loaned to him time and tlm again. "Spraguc's Letters to Youth," "Davles Sermons." "Calvin on Itomans," "The Memoirs of Hannah Moore." Iloblnsnn's "Calmet," nnd Wesley's works ore a few of the bnoks Mr. Hillings took from the llhrray. and the slgnlllcant thing Is that thev were not only borrowed once but often two three times over. Wl at collego student of the present has such n rec ord on his page In the loan book at the library? This list Inelleates the studious nature and elcep-inlneledness the man, even in his college days. I'pon th completion of his course, Mr. Hillings studied law, serving for two years an secretary of civil and milltat y affairs under flovi-rnor F.aton, nnd was admitted to tho bar In Wind sor county In IMS. Soon came the discovery of gold In California. The call of the West came tn him, and he ileparted. like so tunny otheis, to try his fortunes. Wealth he acquired and with It a largn per sonal and political Influence. He be came a member of a leading law firm In San Francisco, I'pon the dissolu tion of the llrni he was employed as attorney for Oener.il Fremont in con nection with tlie hitter's Mariposa es tate. In the Industrial and enrnmer- lal growth of California, In tho es tablishment of law, order, education and civil government Mr. Hillings was actively engaged. He held no politi cal ottlces In the State. He was offer ed a nomination for Congress hut 1I0- cllned Jt. Had it not iieen ror me ns- saslnatinn of President Lincoln 110 would have held a seat in his second ca bluet. When nt the age of thirty-nine Mr. Hllllnu'.s nuirrlnl, and spent a few years In foreign travel, returning to this coun try to make his homo In Woodstock. whero he purchased the beautiful Marsh estate, which, by his wise Improvements he mnele to icscmble a baionlal estate of the old World. Mr. Hillings was not only a lawyer of the tlrst rank hut was equally preun Inent among men of largo business abi lity. Ills I'neigles wcte hpoclnlly devoted to tho Northern Faclllc Uallroad, In which he was long a ellrector, for many years the manager ot Its hind elepart ment, and for tv.o years Its president, Tho saving of that railroad was 11 won derful enterprise. The panic of '73, had crippled tho company. One bundled miles of tho road had been laid. I'pon a largo bonded indebtedness the com pany made default. Inactivity nnd In solvency followed. Newspapers ridiculed It as a "wild scheme." Tho road was hardly able to pay running expenses There was no prospect of meeting the Just demands of the bond holders, Mr. Hillings conceived a scheme ot reorgan ization. He brought new capital Into the company and inudn extensive purchases In stetck and securities. Ho mnrketeel large tracts of land granted by Congtess. The preferrcil Htoe'k rojo from eight dollars to eighty elollars. Thn common slock lose likewise. Public opinion ins pecting the company gradually changed Cntiltal wns ready to Invest, and tho construction of the roael was pushed vl goioiisly to completion. Mr, Hillings was iicknoivleilged as tho ontinntltig nnd con trolling spirit of tho undeitnklng. This Is hut ono example of his corpoiato en tiTprlhUH, 1IW grasp of business souse wns marked by his adaptation of menus to ends. In 1S72, Mr Hillings failed ot tho nomination for tho governorship of Ver mont, by only a vote or two, a result brought about by conditions peculiar at thn time because of tho complicated state of Vermont politics. At the close of tho convention he accepted the rtt- ttntlon In a manly nnd eloquent speech nnd had It been possible) ho might have been nominated then and thero by nc clamatlon, We now como to a different side of Mr. Hilling's thai ncler -tho henellcent. Ills benefactions were numerous and comprised a variety of Interests', yet the one thnt appeals most sttntigly to ns ns sons of the satnu nlma mater Is his Rcnerous gift of 11 building for the uni versity llhrnry, ns nlso his purchase und in conjunction with gift of tho notable collection of books ninrto by tho Hon. George F. Marsh. Tlie.se gifts have been of Inestimable value nnd service tn our university. They were not the munifi cence nf a millionaire, not patronage, but a hearty expression of tho giatlttldc, the admiration nnd the love of a faithful son of tho t'nlverslty of Vermont. It was the result of an nffectlon wann and true-, for tho kindly mother who fitted him for bin brilliant career. For It was hero In our university that Influences Inspired him with a love of things high and nnhle. As has been Justly said, "wealth came to him, but It did not vulgarize hint, hnnnrs, hut they elld not dazo him, vast opportunities, but they did nnt tempt him." Tho benutlful li brary building, one of thn' most success- fill achievements of one of thn greatest I American architects, will ever bo a fit land noble monument of nn unselfish and public-spirited man. This gift of the library was not Mr. I'lllings's only benefaction to the cause of education Ho endowed .1 professor I ship In Amherst College and gave i.o00 I to Mr. Moodv's school nt Northampton I It Is the ininy-sldeelness of the man tb.it attracts us. He was successful 11s a 1 business man. Hut he was not complete ly occupied with financial matters alone. He was profoundly Interested In politics, 'le wns deeply conieriied In nil matters pertaining to leninlng nnd education. Ills scholarly acquirements were so giiurnllv acknowledged that he was once offered the presidency of the I'nlvei slty of Cnll fntnla. Ills devotion to the Interests nf religion Is witnessed bv his repeated gifts to the Congregational society of which he was a member, by bis erection of u beautiful chapel to tho tnemoiy of his tuther and mother. In all charitable natters he had a deep concern, ami he bountifully aided all good .causes. lie h.ul 11 universal, all-conipreheti'llng sym prthy with nil thnt I.e best In human life. Socially ho was a de-lightful acquaint ance. He was attached tn his associa tions and companionships. In all that peiialncd to thn welfare and advance ment of his State he was vitally interest el. lie was .1 true lover of Vermont. Ho was wl'e ami discriminating and his llfo was evenly balanced. For tl.'s Institu tion he fedt an affection mid reverence lately exemplified In any other. In ISM Mr. Hillings resigned the presi dency of thn Northern r.icliu: railroad. From that tlmn his stiei-g'.h, which had been seve-iely taxed by care and e-.aily over-work, gradually declined, and on tho Mth day of September, 1S9' despite the most skillful me-dlcal cue, he passed Into his tlnal sleitp. At the timet of his death It was said most truly "Wn have to lament the ill paituie of a true lover of Vermont, who had a quick eye for the beauty of Its bills. 11 heart epiick for the tradition eif patrieitisnt and Integrity among its peo ple, lie was the largo-minded citizen, tn whom all the Interests of his nntlvn Stato wero dear, but denr-st Its highest con cerns of education. Its intellectual advantages of moral and religious con viction." OTHER EXERCISES. Ileillliler Society Klects Members from tlie .itirlnr Class. rrovlous to tho Founder's da exercises the Hnulder society held lis annual election of meni'ters for 1910 in front of the mill. President Huckhnm was con ducted from his residence to the Houieler, whero be mnele n short address. The members of the Holder society then led to the Houieler those members of the Junior lass, which lined the walk In front of the milt, who had been electeel to the society. The tqen elected are Mucus J. Harrington, .li , (lenrge M. Cnssldy. Fied Karl Coll'. sen, Herbert H Comings, rthur W. Dow. Walter W. Hayes, Percy C. .Tudd. John 1.. Lovely. .Artnur K. Peck. Herbert H. Pierce, James P. Heed nnel Wilbur F. Welch. KLFCTBD TO KI1Y AND SFiHPFNT. At the conclusion of the services tlie following elect tons to the "Key nnd Serpent," a Junior society, were nn-liounce-d. Wlllnrd O. Hre-.ver. Vernon C. Hiixton, Henrv H. Denne. Jr., Harold II. Fisher, Frank It. L'trd. Klias Lyman, Jr.. Stephen H. Manors, Oenige K. Pierce, Henry O. Hoot, Frank c. icons ami (Jei rge P. Tuttle. ANNFAL 1'HIZK HF.ADINc!. The annual Julia Howard Spear prlzn reading was held in tho Hillings library on Saturday evening. Tho Judges were Mrs. Tnpper. Mrs. Swcetscr and Miss lulU Smith. TI.ey awarded tlie llrst piizo to MI-is Hi'dmnnd, tho second to Miss Campbell and the third to Mi-s Gregory. The program was as follows: FKHSHMKN. I. Our Country's Cull Hryant .Miss linker. 3. Tho Angels of Huen.i Vista,. ..Whittle!- M.ss Coventry. 3. The Pipes, at Liu-ktiow Whlttler Miss Gates. 1. The Present Crisis l-owell Miss Orvls. 5. Commemoration Ode Ixtwell Miss Stuart. ' SOPIIOMOltKS. I. Hei've Kiel Drowning, Miss Camped. 2, Lincoln's Iist Dream Hulterworth Miss Hewitt. 3. The Slaves of Martinique Whllthu' Miss Glllis. i, What Mr. Itnblnson Thinks Txivrull Miss Gregory. G. The Hand of Lincoln Stednuin Miss Hedtnond. Aaard of prizes. Cnlnrrk Cntises Dyspepsia. The) discharge from Nasal Catarrh con dim tly dropping Into tho throat anil be Ing swallowed with tho salhu corrles the catarrhal Infection to the Stomach und Catarrh of tho stomach sets In. This rnusi'H Dyspepsia, or Indigestion as theso ailments appear when the stomnch U weakened from any cause. Ry dale's Ca-tr.-rli Remedy Is a safe, sure ti eat ment for Dyspepsia, caused by catarrh of tho Stomach. It Is used both locally and In ternally, hence kills the poleou In the membranes of the nilso nud stomach and nlso In the blood. It Is seibl on a positive r-uiruntce. J. W, O'Hullivan, Hurllngton,- Vt ; Hhanley fk Estey, Wlnooskl, VI. ; Junction Pharmacy, Essex Junc tion, Vt.; W. S, Nay & Co., Underbill, N't. AriMtKCIATEII IN ntANCH. The Le Hlpollu Building, situated on n wharf beside tho Seine Hlver, Paris, France, was recently roofed with our Coinpo-ruhbcr roofing. Samples free, Btront Hardware Co., Harlinfton, Vt. LEGAL NOTICES f.stati; tip oAimNKii x. ni.ouui-vrr BTATE OF VKRMONT, District ot CXIt. tenden. To nil persons Interested In the es tate of Onrdner B. Hlodgntt, latu of Iliirllngton, In Raid district, deceased, CIRHKTINa; At s Frobste Court, holden at Hnrllne Ion, within and for tho District of Chitten den, on thn 1!)th dav eif Anrll. 190!i, nn Instrument purporting to bo the Inst will and testament of Oanl lier S, Hlodgett, late of Hurllngton, In said district, ileceased, was piesented to the court aforesaid, for probate. And It Is ordcled by said Court that tho 10th clay of May, 190!). nt the I'robate Court rooms In ssld Hurllngton, do nsnignou ior proving sain instru ment, nnd that notice thereof be given to all persons concerned, by publishing this order three wonks snccaBslvuly In tho Hurllngton Weekly Free Frees, a newspaper published at Iturllnfe-ton, previous to the time appointed. Therefore, you are hereby notified to appear before said court, at the time and plncn aforesaid, nnd contest tho probata of said will, If you have cause. Given under my hand nt Hurllngton, In said district, this 19th day of April, 1509. MAnCRLI.US A. BINGHAM, 43,w3t Judge. COMStlMSIONIiSnS' NOTICK. nne of Alfred W. Howard of Colchester. The undersigned, having been appointed by the Honorable Probate Court for the District of Chittenden, commissioners to receive, examine and adjust the claims and demands nf nil persons against the estate of Alfred W. Howard, Into of Colchester, In said district, elee eiised. and all claims ex hibited In offset thereto, hereby give notice that we will meet for the pur poso aforesaid, at the late residence of the elece.a.seil. tn Ibe teiu-n nf Col- Chester, In snld district! on tho fourth Saturdays of May and October, next, at 10 o'clock 11. in., and that six months from the 2(Uh day of April, A. D. 19H9. Is the time limited by said court for said creditors to present their claims to us for examination and al lowance. Dated at Hurllngton, this 2Cth day of April, A. D 1909. FHANK E. HICrWOOD. Gi:uUUE L. MoBIUDK, 44,wSt Commissioners. CO.MMISSIOF.HS NOTICE, r.stnlr of Daniel II. Illshop, The Undersigned, having been ap pointed by thn Honorable Probata Court for tho District eif Chittenden, Commissioners, to lecelve, examine, and adjust the claims and demands of all persons against tho estate of Daniel B. Itlshop, late ot Jericho, In said district, deceased, end all claims exhibited In offset thereto, hereby give notice that we will meet for the purpose aforesabl. at the pro bate office In the city of Burlington, In snld district, on tho third Mondays eif May and October, next, nt 10 o'c'ock n. 111 , and thnt six months from the 19th day of April. A. D. 1909, is the time: limited y said court for said creditors to present their claims uaran y iiendee late of 'R.irl I Art no te. OK for nxnmlttatlnn nnrt altownnc. I fli , ...:.. ? .0I WHlnBtnn. t-. . 1 . V. ii .11 Vn.V a , ' fir, aA n ..'ns ' 11 daJ of April, A. D. ptost. O. P. RAY. F. E. DAVIS. 42,w3t Commissioners COVMISSIOXKIIS' XOTICK. nvr.vTi-: of i.oi'is v.. co.vniu: The Undersigned, having been up- pointed by the Honorable Probate C ourt for the District of Chittenden, l nmmlssiom rs. te receive, examine and. adjust the claims and demands of all persons against the estnte of Louis K. Couture, latn of Burlington. In miiu union i UH'-iii-ni, nun un planus give- notice that we will meet for the purpose nforsald at the office of Mat tew G. Leary In the cltyi of Buillngton, In said district, nn the! 11th day of October next, nt 10 o'clock i BTATK OF VERMONT, District of Chit a. in, nnel that six months from the tenden, ss. 12th day of April. A. D. 1909. Is the I To all persons lo'ei ested n the e time limited by said court for said . tate of II. W Hall, into of P.ur- r red I tors to present their claims ttt ns for examination and allowance. Dated at Hurllngton, this 12th day of April. A. D. 1909. MATTHEW G. LEARY, JAMES II. DOLAN. 42.w"t Commissioners. COMMISMOXr.IlV .NOTICK Tlstatr of r.lliMlwth Murphy. The Undersigned, having been ap pointed by the Honorable Probate by th Court for the District of Chittenden Commissioners, to receive, examine. and ndjust the claims and elemnnds of all persons against the estate of 1 the Hurllngton Weekly Free l'ress, a Elizabeth Murphy, late of Hurllngton, newspaper published at said Burllne In s.alel district, ileceased. and nil claims I ton. previous to the time appointed, exhibited In offset theretej hereby givo Therefore, you ate hereby notified to not leu that we- will meet for the pur- npptar before said Court, at the tlmo pose aforesabl, at the late residence , and place aforesaid, and contest thn of thn deceased. In the city of Bur lingtun. in said district, on th" third Mondays tt May and October, next, at ID o'clock a. ill. anil that six months from the 19th day of April, A. 1).. 1909, Is the time limited by said court for snld creditors to pre sent their claims to us for examina tion and allowance. Dated at Hurllngton, this 19th day of April, A. D. 1909 P. E. McSWEENET, THOMAS MURPHY. 43,w3t Commissioners. ROCKEFELLER IS GREAT. Alexander I r 1 11, Soclnlist, Speaks In HlghcM Terms of OH Mngnnle. New York, May 2. John D. Rocke feller wns made the theme of a ser mon preached here to-night In the Church of thn Ascension by Alexander Irvlue, an avowed socialist and lav preacher. Basing his appreciation of Mr. Rockefeller upon the hatter's remin iscences now In rourso of publication, Mr. Irvlno declared that tho founder of tho Standard oil corporation was "the grentest man we have ever known," from an Industrial point of view. "The question has been raised," said he. "Hi. to -whether or not Mr. Rocie- fellei'H remlnlsceucles is work of ni... .. -t..iii.,. 1 inciino tn t he ltelief that ho has moie ot the former than of the latter. We have been clamoring for Rockefeller's hoad but we nio slowing down. A hundred ye$rs from new he will stand In the estimation of men ns a great genius because he showed tho world how to eliminate waste." A BOY ELECTROCUTED. Wax Alli'inpling to Light n Street 1 ....... 1 . ui..i,i.n wlrM. Ultra. N. V.. May 2-Mnrcus Gelsler. aged 13. was electrocuted near his hornet III Homo to-night with other boys young (lelsles wns attempting to light a street lamp by shaking the wire with which the arcs are raised, nnd toweled. Cross- cd electric wires currying 2,CeX) volts came In contact with the wire In tho boy's hand and tho wet ground upon which he was standing completed the circuit. Tho v!olls ro(.0,.ds were broken bv the Atch boy was killsd Instantly and his hnd Toneka & Santa re mulroad foi and feet wero burned almost to a crisp. SUICIDE IN CHURCH. You u K Man Drupnndrat llccause He Had l)iinrrrlrd nllh sweelbearl. Nlrholasvllle, Ky., Miy 2,-Hroodlng over a quarrel with his sweetheart Alex aneler Jennings, 21 years old, son of wealthy parents, threw tho congregation nt a crowded country church at Little Hickman Into a panic to-dny by firing a bullet Into his brnln. Worshipers fled from tho I'hurch but later returned and remoieil Jennings from the church befoie he died- KSTATI-J OF JOII.V V. HA Hit CiT. STATK OF VKUMONT, District of Chittenden. To nil persons Interested In the es tnte of John W. Harrett, late of t'n elerhlll, In said district, deceased, OK1SF.TING At a Probate Court, holden nt Hur llngton, within nnd for the Hlsti-lr of Chittenden, on thn 21th day of April, 1909, an Instrument purportlht to be the last will it ri el testament of John W. Harrett. late of Fnelcrhll', In said district, deceased, was pre sented to tho court aforesaid, for pro bate. And It Is ordered by said Court that the lr.th dny of May, 1909, at th" Probate Court rooms In. snld Burling ton, bo assigned for proving said Ir strument, nnd that notice thereof be given to all persons concerned, bv publishing this order three weeks successively In tho Hurllngton We.. ly Free Press, n newspaper puhllshed nt Hurllngton, previous to tho tlm appointed. Therefore, you aro hereby notified to appear before said Court, at the tlmo and place aforesaid, anil contest the probato of said will, If you have cause. Given under my hand at Hurllngt n In said district, this 24th day of Aprl', 1909. MAHCELLFS A. BINGHAM, 44, wilt Judge. KSTATF. OF GF.OHC.i: c. ni'XTOV. BTATK OF VERMONT, District of Chittenden, vs. The Honorable Probato Court, for the District of Chittenden. To all persons Interested In the es tate of Goorgo C. Dunton, late of T'n derhlll, In said district, ileceased GRHRTING Whereas, said court has assigned the 8th day of May next for tho settle ment of the nccnunt of the adminis trator of the estate of George C, Dunton. Into of Underbill, de censed, and fnr a decree, of the resi due of said estate to the lawful claim ants of the same, and ordered that public notice thereof be jrlven to all persons Interested In said es tnte bv publishing this order three weeks successively previous to the day assigned. In the Hurllngton Week'y Free Press, a newspaper published In snld district. Therefore, you are hereby notified to ap car at the I'robate Court rooms In Hurllngton, Vt., on the day assigned, then and there to contest the allow ance of said account If you see cause, and to establish your right as heirs, legatees and lawful claimants to said residue. Given under my hand, this 10th day of April, 1909, MARCRLLFS A. ETNGHAM. 42, writ Judge. I'.STATR OF KARA II V. IIKVnETE. STATE OF VKRMONT, District of Chittenden. To all persons Interested In the es tate of Sarah V. Hcndee. latn of Bur lington, In snld district, deccasod. ORBITING: At a Trnbate Court, holden at Bur lington, within and for the District of Chittenden, on tho 10th day of April, 1909. nn Instrument purporting to t.n ttia last ...III r,J . 1,1 "aiu ciisir i ci, ueccasaa, was Bcesent- !i t" th' "U't aforesaid, for pribSte. Ann 11 is orejerea ov sriei court that the 29th day ot April, 1 909, at the Probate Court mnnrj In said Hurllngton. be assigned for provlr er said Instrument: ' and that notice thereof be given to all persons concerned by publishing this or I elr three weeks successively In the Bur I llngtou Weekly Free Press a news ,rivl, to ' the time annolnt.rt paper piionsiieu at sail Hurllngton, , Therefore, you ur hereby notified to 1 appear before said Court, at the time j alut plar(1 ..foresaid, nnel contest the probate of said will. If you have cause, 1 Given umler my hand at Burlington in said district, this joth dny ot .April, 190U MA UCFLLVS A BINGHAM. w3t Judge, I'ATATH OF II. W. If 1,1,. llngtiin, lu snld dli-irl't deceased. GRKKTtN'I At a Probate Court, holden nt Hur llngton, within nrd foi the District of Chittenden, on the 19th day of Aprl . 1909, an Instrument purporting to be the Ust will nnd testament of H V'. Hull. lute of Burlington, In said district deceased, was presented to the court afores.itel. for probate. And It Is ordered bv said court that ,'he 10th day of May. 1909, at tho Probate Court ronn's in said Hurllngton, b assigned for proving raid Instru- ment. and that notice thereof ,ie given to all persons concerned, by vubllshinic this order three weeks successively In probate of said will. If you have cause. Given under my ban at Hurllngton, In said ellstria, this 19th day of April, 1309. MARCELI.US A. BINGHAM. 43,w3t Judge. Postal Card Albums THE KlUCr MKSS ASgOCLATIOKi MARKED BY BLACK HAND. Three United tule netccUvrs Warns rd Thnt They Will lie Klllrel. New Orleans, May 2- -The declaration of .1 Sicilian ariestel In Chicago last night that three detectives of the Uni ted States, petroslna, Longbardl nnel Dantonlo, had been mnrked for death bv the Rlnck Hand society, was not tho first intimation that Detective John Dan tonlo of New Orleans, one of the threj officers named, has reeehed of the con templated attempt on his life. A few d.avs ago he was advised by a friend In Chicago that thero was a plot on foot to kill him. "T am not at all disturbed," said Dantonlo, "and I propose to contlnuo every effort to bring Black Hand criminals to justice In the future as I nave uonc in me past iantonio nas played a conspicuous part In round up Black Hand criminals In Now- Orleans. APPLE KING IS DEAD. I'eiKtrr I de ll Had rttbalily I'lnntcd More Apple Trees Than ny Oilier Mnn. I'-oi-kport. N. V., Mav 2 Foster Ule'l, Known ns the apple king. Is dead. M . 1 Udell's orchards wero famous. T" v wrr,. inspected annually by studen s it (u. CorIll,u Agricultural colleRe. Mr ,.(1nll brn ,.u,dent 0f penmlogi- for OVPr (i, .p.us .,,, ,vi,al)ly pl,lni,i molo apl,, tres nny otllBr man n (u .,., 1 S1 CARS OF OHANGES. i s,. .,.n.1r,unn. e-,.t. iia, n ,. April In shipments of oranges to tin East. During April, 3.9SI cars went East, with a total of 2G$,$0O,0OO oranges valued nl about fl.nOO.OCi) 'I like Old Things Xrw nllh Homo I'lnUlic". Have you any worn out chairs? If so, get a small can of L 1 M. Homo Fin sli Varnish Stain, nnd In SO minutes makn the chair ns good ns new. Full ellrectlona on each can. Sold by It. E. Brown, Net 1 Wil slcui, P E Wilcox. Unuf.ix. l h l .woud, U InoosM.