Newspaper Page Text
TIIE BURLINGTON FREE PRESS AND TIMES : THURSDAY, JUNE 21, l'JOD.
THE WEEKLT FREE PRESS, 8 tents per copy, GO cents for six months, $1.00 per year, postage paid. Advertisements and subscriptions re ceived ftt tho omco, 189 College street Pull advertising rates sent on applied tlon. Accounts ennnot be opened for sub scriptions. Subscribers will please re mit with order. Names are not enterod tintll payment Is received, and nil papers are stopped at the end of tho time paid for. Remittance at tho risk of the sub scriber unless made by registered let ter, or by check or postal order pay nblo to the publishers. The dftto when tho subscription ex pires Is on the address-label of each paper, the change of which to a sub sequent date becomes a receipt for re mittance. No other receipt Is sent un less requested. The receipt of the paper Is a sufficient receipt for the first subscription. When a change of address Is desired, both tho old and now addresses should be gTlven. Terms Irt.nfl n Tear. In Advance. DAILY by mnll $4.00 n year In ndvanre, RATE IN CANADA. DAILY 4.00 n yrnr In advance. WEEKLY. . . 82.00 n year In advance. PHKK PRESS ASSOCIATION. Publishers, Dnrllnicton, Vf. BURLINGTON, THURSDAY, JUNK Si. WANTED. When you want anything, advertise In tho new special column of this paper. Bomo bargains are offered thero this week which It will pay you to rend about. Sco papo two. This paper has more than 23,000 readers cvnry week and one cent a word will reach them all. "What about preserving the Stnto Houne7" Inquires the Rutland Herald. Do as has been done at Montpeller. Build a fence around the edifice. The Rutland Herald rejoices In the fact that It 1ms discovered another Khayyam In the midst of the Marbla City's popula tion and quotes poetry to prove It. Rut land Is evidently destined to become a center of the balloon business, both toy and otherwise. Vermont dairymen will rejoice to learn that ns a result of the protest aroused by the proposal to change the tax on oleomargarine, Senator Aldrlch has promised that nothing would be done In the matter at tho present session. It will be well for the Vermont dairy Inter ests In the meantime to be looking thor oughly after their Interests In this con nection. Unless the plans of the executive and sporting committees miscarry, an athle tic tournament will be held on the Cen tennial athletic field In connection with Burlington's big Independence celebra tion, Monday, July 6, which will surpass anything of the kind ever seen In Ver mont. It will Include the first Marathon race ever held In Vermont or northern New England with famous runners like Hayes, the winner of the great Mara thon contest In London last August In connection with tho world's Olymplo games and Simpson, who also took part In that race, wrestling contests Ktween professional champions as well as for the amateur championship of Vermont, and other trials of phyiilcal strength, endur ance and skill. This tournament with the other events of the Fourth of July celebration will make the day one to be remembered in the Champlaln valley. LET PRISONERS WOnK THEIR WAY The matter of the shortage In the de partment of Justice, which Is attributed to the confining of prisoners In Jails In stead of sending them to the Houso of Correction, continues to recelvo wide spread attention. One of the best sug gestions we have noticed In that connec tion Is made by the Newport Express and Standard as follows: "If the prisoners of tho State are a tremendous expense to It, and are pri marily the cause of tho present deficit, why does not the law regulate tho mat ter ao they can be worked upon the highway Instead of resting Idle In the Jails? Whllo the deficit might not bo lessened In this way the roads would be Improved and this would be benefic ial to the State. Convicts do work up on our highways In many of the States and good roads arc the result." Our lawmakers contemplated the work ing of prisoners confined In Jails, and the carrying out of this Idea would be In accordance with the spirit of the law as well as with good business prin ciples. The taxpayers of Vermont do not enjoy paying thousands of dollars In order that prisoners may be kept eon fined In Idleness, and the sooner this situation Is remedied the better will it be for prisoners as well as taxpayers. THE CHAMPLA1N SKA SERPENT AGAIN. Tho Champlaln sea serpont, which has been quiescent for a long period, seems to have taken advantage of tho Champlaln tercentenary to mako Its reappearenee. It has evidently taken to the shallow waters of tributaries of Lake Champlaln, for first a resident of South Rurllngton saw his snnko shlp, probably In Muddy Hrnok, and now It appears In Mlsslsiuol river. Concerning these latest serpentine de monstrations the Enosburgh Standard says: It Is strongly suspected that the story of the sea serpent In the vicin ity of Swnnton, as told In a recent Is sue of the Courier, Is only a bit of ad vertising designed to attract people Bwantonward tercentenary day. Thero Is no other excuse for seeing such things In Swanton since tho town went dry last March, Thero Is something peculiar about the appearance of the Champlaln sea Serpent In places thnt aro experienc ing something of a drouth. As al ready Indicated It may not take kind ly to too much water. Swnnton In dry, flouth Hurllngton Is dry and all Ver mont was dry when tho serpent made Its last farewell tour previous to the present one. Under theso clrcum- stances tho sly Intimation of tho Stan dard that only wet towns seo snakes Is unkind In the extreme. DANGER roil OUR DA I It Y INTER ESTS. Present Indications nro that unless great vigilance Is exercised, tho dairy Interests of this country will lose all that they gained under the lead of Vermont In tho fight against oleomar garine. Word comes from Washing ton to the effect that a radical amend ment to tho oleomnrgarlno bill Is In course of preparation by the treasury department, and may bo offered as an amendment to the pending tariff bill, Thn present oleomargarine law, which was drawn for revenue purposes, pro vided a tax of 10 cents per pound on colored oleomargarine and one-quarter of a cent per pound on uncolorcd. Thn rate on colored oleomnrgarlno has been prohibitive, and the cost of ad ministration has eaten up the revenues on uncolored, It Is now understood that Secretary MacVenxh proposes to levy a flat rate of two cents per pound on all oleomargarine, estimating thnt It will produce a revenuo of from $2, 000,000 to $3,000,000 n year. Members of Congress assert that the effect of the original oleomargarine act was to Increase, the price of but ter to the consumer on an average of four cents a pound. They flgurn that the proposed amendment will propor tionately reduco that Increase, and thnt It will cost the butter makers of the country about $30,000,000 a year based on a production of SOO.OOO.OOD pounds. It Is understood that the amend ment will provide adequate means to protect the revenues against fraud. Secretary MacVeagh Is understood to have consulted Senator Aldrlch and Representative Payne about the amendment, and If It can be put In the Senate bill, the House members from agricultural States will be forced to vote down tho whole tariff bill to beat it. Tho passage of a low like that pro posed would bo hailed with delight by the beef barons, who find In oleo margarine a splendid means of dis posing of some of their surplus pro ducts. It goes without saying that tremendous Influences will be brought to bear to secure tho Incorporation ot the provision mentioned In the tariff bill. WHAT THE PEOPLE WANT. There are certain matters connected with tho administration of our Ver mont affairs which should bo freely talked over before any candidate for governor enters the field. With the personality of aspirants eliminated it will bo possible for the peoplo to calm, ly consider Issues from different stand points and dispassionately pass upon the same. It would bo foolish to gainsay the fact that there Is a wide spirit of un rest throughout Vermont at the pres ent time. The wise surgeon Is not he who tries to Ignore the presence of disease, but tho one who promptly diagnoses tho situation and proceeds to apply effective remedies or, If neces sary, to cut away tho affected pari. Let us consider one phase of tho situ ation this morning. We believe one of tho chief causes of this unrest Is the fact thnt thero is an Increasing disposition to spend the State's money In a way that would not b ndopted, or even tolraetd, If those voting to spend It were obliged to foot the bills themselves. We believe that this strikes at the very root of the whole trouble with Vermont's nuances. We have gono on Increasing taxes on corporations which aro merely indi rect taxes on the people, and diverting liquor licenses and other taxes from towns Into the State treasury on every possible pretext, the automobiles be ing only one of many taxable kinds of property to be taken from the town grand lists; and yet tho cry is for more money. No particular man Is to be blamed for this condition of affairs. It Is thn same everywhere. A similar tendency exists In the national government, as we showed yesterday. It Is encoun tered In municipal governments. If we ennnot find enough objects to tax, wo mortgage the future, and spend the proceeds In the multiplication of un necessary and often foolish expense. Now what Is th remedy? Recent experience has shown that a mere party platform, to be read by Its title only and Ignored ever nfter, will not suffice. Public sentiment must be aroused to n point where It will Insist upon the election of men to the Legislature and the head of tho government who, whllo not helng niggardly or un-pro-gresslve, will stand ns n bulwark against tho slightest extravagance In the voting away of tho taxpayer' money. The people df Vermont nro ready, unless wo seriously misinterpret pub lic sentiment, to make wlso economy In Stato expenses one of tho paramount Issues of tho campaign, CORPORATION TAX PROIILEMH. As Vermont has already learned to Its sorrow the tax question, llko tho tariff, Is a issuo. Uncle Sam has already acqlred some of Vermont's Ideas with reference to methods of tnxntlon, and now It is not Impossible thnt the federal government will take on some of tho features of tho Green Mountain State's corporation tax law or a modification thereof, Vermont taxes tho corporations In different wnys according to tho char acter of tho concern, whether it Is a savings Institution or a railroad. Tho Idea which Is being conspicuously considered at tho present tlmo In Washington Is tho taxation on tho net Income of corporations avnllnhlo for dividend purposes. It seems to bo tnken for granted very generally among our national lawmakers that tho revised tariff law will not provide sufllclent revenue to meet the rapidly Increasing expenses of tho government, whether tho re vision be up or down. Some authori ties Insist thnt duties must bo rntsert In order to produce Increased revenue while others equally strenuous Insist that high duties tend to dlscourngo Imports and thus cut off revenuo. All agree, however, that an Incomo tax or a stamp tax or tax on the earn ings of corporations must bo relied upon ,to provide additional Income, If the necessities of tho federal govern ment are to he met at the present rate of expenditure. The House of Representatives has already provided In the Payne bill for the collection of n grdauated tax on Inheritances, and tho Indication that tho Senate might be Inclined to favor nn Income tax In spite of tho fact that the Supremo Court of the United Stati'3 has already declared such a tax unconstitutional led President Tnft to send his special message to Congress recommending nn amend ment to the Constitution legalizing an Incomo tax. and recommending an amendment to the tariff bill Imposing upon all corporations and Joint stock companies fur profit, except national banks otherwise tnxed, savings banks and building and loan associations, nn excise tax measured at two per cent, on the net Income of such corpora tions. In a State llko Vermont, which Im poses a State tax on corporations In teresting questions at onco present themselves. If the federal government taxes tho net earnings of corporations, will It be wlte for the State to continue to tax the same corporations at the pres ent rate, thus forcing them to pay a double corporation tax? If we reduce tho rate of taxation on corporations In tho event thnt Congress adopts President Taft's rec ommendation, how can wo meet the expenses of our constantly Increasing Stnto expenses without a direct tax on tho taxpayers of Vermont? If Congress establishes a tax on the net earnings of. corporations, and Vermont continues to collect corpora tion taxes at the present rate, to what extent will this double corpora tion tax tend to drive corporations from our State? Answer any or all of these questions as we may, we are inevitably forced back to the proposition that retrench ment In our Stato expenses will be more necessary than ever, and that economy will be ,i paramount irsuc in Vermont's campaign next year. THE INCOME TAX AND LEfllSLA TIVE COKRUPTinil.ITY. We almost feel that the Bennington llanner Is liable to pounce uron us and drag us to the lock-up for poaching, when ever wo vcntuiu to speak well of the late, lamented legislative session. Thero were really some good points nbout the conduct of the legislature In spite of the contrary Impression growing out of much pounding on the part of a dis satisfied press, and we are glad to advertise some of the merits of our latest lawmaker. A few days ago the Springfield Republi can, which seems to experience con siderable difficulty In differentiating Ver mont's rnclt-ribbed republicanism from Its other manifestations of life and In tellectuality, quoted the Brooklyn Eagle's comment on the fact that three-fourths of tho States must ratify an amendment to the consltutlon, and that consequently wealth might somewhat easily find a way ,to organize to defeat an Income tax even after It had received tho necessary two thirds majority In Congress. The Republican says that without In suiting Slates by classifying them accord lng to the Eagle's specifications as "rich States controlled by financial Influence: with poor and purchasable States that those influences can control," a study of the forty-six commonwealths now In tho Union leads one to tho tentatlvo con elusion that If any dozen of them were to rejoct the Income tax amendment, the fol lowing would probably bo the twelve: Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Maryland, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Utah, Idaho, West Virginia. Tho Republican then says: One might suhstltuto Vermont for New York and possibly render the task easier, owing to the Immense population of waso- eainers In the Empire State. Utah and Idaho are now so completely dominated in pontics py the Mormon influence that their Inclusion In the list would promise more substantial results to the opposition, probably, than two more southern States. It Is not necessary for us to nnswor this reference to tho Oreen Mountain State owing to tho fact that a former professor In tho University ot Vermont, now located In Massachusetts, has done so In a communication which we are sure will commend Itself to VermontorH every, where and to oil lovers of a squaro deal He says In part: "I am not a nattvo Vermonter, but lived In tho Stato two years leceiitly (as a teacher In the University of Vermont) ami while that wan a short time, It was long enough to become aware of tho fact that there Is no Justification for sub stltutlng the legislature of Vermont for that of Now York on tho basis of greater susceptibility to corruption. About throo years ago, or two, President Iluckham made an address In which ho emphasized tho 'up-country honesty' of your State. Ho was surely Justified In his contention. I don't expect to hear of Vermontors beginning to grow wines soon, but that will happen before the legislature of Hew York will bo entitled to preccv'jsico In honestv nvw il Legislature of Vermont." Wo suppose If our correspondent had substituted the name ot Massachusetts for that of Now York In his private flagellation of the Republican his remarks would havo been equally pertinent and to tho point. However, there can ba no quarrel between Vermont and the Ray Stato over the question of the com parative honosty of legislators represent ing the two States at their respective State capitals. If the stuff of which Ver mont lawmakers Is made had been corruptible, wo would have fallen victim to somo of tho great Massachusetts cor porations years ago, but as n matter of fact wo havo escaped even tho breath "of scandal In the presence of the most Inslduous Influences. If a Vermont legislator were to be dis covered In tho act, or even strongly suspected, of accepting money for his vote, he would be branded with a mark more Irradlcable and more withering than "Tho Scarlet Letter." RELYING UPON LIUUOR LEGISLA TION. The matter of tho modification of liquor legislation Is not entirely new In Vermont. Indeed we do not recall a session of tho Legislature which was not called upon to tlnkor with laws In relation to tho trnfTIo In Intoxicating liquor. Tho present Legislature whllo In session did a bit of tinkering which Illustrates In a striking manner the mixed motives back of legislation of this character. Concerning this sub ject the Rrattlehnro Phoenix well speaks as follows: The last Legislature In Its wisdom decided that tho fees for liquor li censes should be turned Into the State treasury. This bit of Juggling was expected to'nptrato to tho profit of tho State and to the loss of the towns which elected to have legalized selling of liquor. It was predicted that tho State would get son, jr,0,000 addition al revenue, but tho law fias failed to work out In practice in accordance with the theory of Its sponsors. Last year, when half of the license fes went to tho State and the other- half to tho towns voting yes, the State re ceived over $44,000. This year under the new system, with the State taking nil of the fees from virtually the same number of license towns as In 1!0K, the receipts figure only n little over $r.0,000, and In addition the State will be obliged to pay several thousands of dollars for the administration of the law In the license towns, so that In the net amount the State may suffer an annual loss. The falling off In receipts as compared with estimates Is due to tho fact that the license commission ers, seeing that the towns were to gain nothing, reduced the license fees. Our long-sighted legislators Instead of helping the Stato have helped a small but not deserving class, as the rum sellers, through the reduction of the license fees, are the only gainers by tho change of law. What a pretty spectacle Is this! A change In the law which puts approximately $5,000 a year Into the pockets of the rum-sellers In twenty-seven towns or less. Tho desire to extract money from the larger centers of population was not the only motive behind this bit ot liquor legislation by any means. An other argument advanced In support of the project was that towns would not be Inclined to vote for license for the sake of the money which would flow Into tho town treasury from the Ucene fees. The result of the vote on license In tho different towns last March showed that this consideration cut very little figure with voters. As a matter of fact the whole dif ficulty with our sumptuary legislation la that some people are constantly act Ins under thn mistaken Impression thnt the law Is responsible for liquor conditions In Vermont when ns a mat ter of fact It Is the people themselves. There has not been a time In tho past fifty years when there was not law enough on the Vermont statutes to prevent the Illegal sale of Intoxicat ing liquors ns a beverage, und tho present local option law Is a partial recognition of the fnct that the traffic will be stopped only so far as people are willing to array themselves on the side of tho strict nnd Impartial en forcement of restrictions. There has never been a time In Bur lington, for example, when any ono citizen could not successfully nppoal to tho law and closo up every liquor place tighter than tho traditional drum, provided ho had the courage of his convictions yet this has not beon clone slnco the days of tho late Samuel Huntington, In this ago a few people get to gether nnd resolve that tho liquor traffic Is wrong and the Illegal sale should be stopped, and rest content with tho thought that their duty has been done, Strnngo to say violations of the law do not stop, nnd the next Idea that suggests Itself to them Is that the law must be wrong In somo particular; and another campaign of tinkering Is resolved upon. There Is law enough on tha statutes at present. If anybody ever wants to see that It Is enforced strictly, and un til that tlmo comes, advocates of tem perance will do better to devoto their time to moral suasion nnd the cultiva tion of public sentiment which will warrant additional legal restrictions. THE SHORTAGE IN THE DEPART- MENT OP JUSTICE. The shortage In tho department of Justice ro8iilttng from the confining of prisoners In the county Jails at the expense of the Stute Instead of send ing them to the House of Correction where they enn contribute toward their own support, Is attracting wide spread attention. It Is not a pleasant thing for the people of Vermont, who love their State, to seo It reduced to tho point of depending upon Indul gence of prlvnte financiers to pay Its bills, oven though such payment may mean simply tho endorsing of the notes of representatives of the Stato acting; In tholr prlvato capacity In order to avoid tho constitutional lim itation prohibiting tho taking of money from tho State treasury except upon the express voto of tho Legisla ture. Moreover the question arises wheth er this vlolntlon of tho spirit of thn Constitution by paying out money on tho supposition that the Legislature will mako good the payment later on, may not be opening the door to abuses which will ultimately make this pro vision of the State's fundamental law In effect a dead letter. In any ovent wo bellevo a repetition of this experi ence should bo discouraged In every possible way. In the meantime the question to Ms settled Is how to prevent the develop, ment of any such emergency In con nection with the State's finances In tho future. The Manchester Journal In this connection comments as fol lows: Thore has been a great hue nnd cry In the State recently about a shortage n the department of Justice ot tho Slate which will amount to nbout $30, 000, which sum the genial lieutenant-governor, Dr. John A. Mead of Rutland, has offered to odvanco to tho State nnd wait until the next session of the Legislature to reimburse him. This shortage, deficit, misunder standing, blunder or whatever else It may be called, Is clnlmed to exist be cnuse of the recent enactment of a lnw whereby It makes It necessary to keep prisoners convict & of a crime, not a fslony, whose term of sentence Is less than one year, In tho county Jails at hard labor, and In tho county In which the offence was committed. Thnt Is tho first section of act No. 17(1. The second section says that the Gov ernor may, In his discretion, remove a prisoner confined In any Jail under sentence to any other Jail In the State. Snctlon No. n says that the House of Correction In the city of Rutland shall, for the purpose of this act, be deemed tho Jail of Rutland county. It would seem to the Journal that the frnmers of this law hnd very wise, ly taken everything Into consideration and covered the ground thoroughly and It seems to us thnt It Is up to the Governor himself to relieve the situa tion by sending the prisoners to the House of Correction at Rutland, which Is the county Jnll for that county. Tho House of Correction has had Its num bers so depleted under tho working of this law that it has been obliged to fesk the State to help them out by sending some prisoners there to help turn out the work at that Institution. If the shortage Is due to the working out of this law let the Governor see to It that the power vested In him In this .net Is used and the relief ob tnlned. The lato Legislature has been blamed for a great many things some of them they should have been blamed for but It looks to us as though It was up to the Governor to remedy tho evil In this Instance As we havo hitherto remarked, the people themselves are primarily blame worthy for thn present condition of affairs In the department of Justice. The White River Junction Landmark well sums up the whole situation when It says: The Hellnws Falls Times calls at tention to tho remark that the depart ment of Justice expenses have in creased from $20,000 to over $300,000 a year in the past 20 years. It might havo added that the gain In the popu latlon In the State In the 20 years ended In 1?0S was only 13,000. In the deende now closing the gain Is ap parently about In the same proportion. Rut In the past ten years not only has a new court been created, but sal aries have been boomed all along tho line. This situation Is all the morn sig nificant when we recall tho fact that a considerable proportion of the changes In the department of Justice were made In the name of economy It Is evident that the whole matter of expenses In the department of Jus tlce, needs a thorough overhauling Economy as well as tho welfare of prisoners themselves would call for tho adoption of a different policy In connection with this particular branch of the subject. It nlso behooves all eoncorned to suggest where expenses can be saved without Interfering with the efficiency of the service. It Is too much to ask of a governor that he devote his time to the trans fer of prisoners from the county Jails to the House of Correction nccordlng to tho ebb and flow of tho criminal tide. The duty of our lawmakers can not thus be thrust' from their own shoulders upon those of tho executive. If the Governor must look after all details of this character and seo thnt every department keepj within Its ap propriation, It follows as a matter of course thnt the development of this fact will make It Incumbent on tho people to hear this In mind and select In 1910 a candidate for governor who will be his own plntform In tho dlrec tlon of economy combined with a pro gresslvo Bplrlt In tho administration of Vermont's affairs. THE THINK-ROX. I've got a thing Inside my head That's mado of tacks nnd spools of thread, And little sticks, and wheels, and springs, And scissors, and all sorts of things. Rosldes, It's like a little trap; When thoughts come In, I hear It snap! And there It's got 'em, In a trice, Like Vl'let's trap gets little mice. I'b like Dad's typewriter machine, With clocks, and such things, In be tween. It's something like his cam'ra, too; And like my paints red, green, nnd blue. It ticks out thoughts ond ticks 'em In, As fast as nil the wheels can spin. It makes me think of things for lunch, And wooden wins, and funny Punch And Judy, nnd of Puss in Roots, And Grandmnma, and solldler-sults. It makes me think of motor cars, Of sixteen rabbits and ten stars, It makes me want a piece of rope, A hammer nnd Dad's shaving soap. It makes mo break my ohlna cup, And get my suit all dirtied up, Guess what It's Just been telling me? It said I must go quietly And find thnt great big heavy Jar The ono where all tho cookleB ore. ORATORY IN THE SENATE Various Styles Exhibited in the Tariff Debate. Senator Aldrleli and Ills Imitator, Smoot t.n I'oletfc for High Trsg tdy Dolllver, tho Orator ,and Ills Frllotv lotvnn The Dllnd Scnator( 'i r There are as many styles of oratory In the Unltad States Senate as there are senators who declaim In that body, nnd all styles have been displayed In this tariff debate. Tho main difference be tween the Aldrlch forces and the "pro gressive" western senators of the repub lican faith Is that the latter possess In their ranks the orators, whllo most of the Aldrlch men are mero talkers, says a Washington correspondent of the Now York Post, Senator Aldrlch himself has made ono "set" speech since tho tariff discussion began, but It did not savor of the orator ical. He Is too full of facts and figures, too Intent on the "short-cut" to glvo vent to a rounded sentence which has been burnished so as to be worthy of preservation as nn oratorlcnl gem. Aside from his language Senator Aldrlch has a peculiar style, equally his own, of get ting rid of what ho has to say. He has so grown Into the habit of knitting his brows thnt ono of his friends who sat In the gallery remarked: "Aldrlch Is rapidly losing his good lookn." This fnc tilty of frowning, combined with what Representative Rennet of New York has caused to be known In Washington as "Albany tactics," translated, means "Never say anything you can't take back or deny." Senntor Aldrlch Is hard to tie down. When somebody else Is speaking, nnd says something with which the senator Is In hearty nrcord, he will nod his head vigorously. On the other hand, If he does not agree with the remarks of the speaker he will wag his head sideways, which Is the signal for all tho Aldrlch camp to go Into action. One of the really funny things of the tariff session Is the effort of Senator Smoot of Utnh to copy nil of Senator Aldrlch's manner Ims. He will lose his temper In debate and ln as overbearing as Senator Al drleh. If opportunity offers, and he will wag his head In unison with Senator Ald rlch, always taking care, however, to see first which wav Aldrlch Is wagging. Neither of these lending lights has tried to make a long speech without reading most of his remarks. LA FOLLETTE FOR HIGH TRAGEDY. From high tragedy the Senate looks unanimously to Senator La Follette of Wisconsin. The statesman Is known tho country owr for his hlsttrlonlc and ora torical ability. In the course of his long speeches he will touch every chord of the human emotions. He needs a wide range of floor space on which to enact bodily what his mind Is thinking, nnd his voice Is saying. He will stand erect ond then sink his upper body below tho level of the desk besldo him while he raises one of the Dlngley rates, figura tively speaking, from the floor to the ceiling In Illustration of what he charg es Senator Aldrlch's committee with hav ing done. Let Senators Oallinger, Smoot, er aldrlch Interrupt htm, nnd he will stiffen, bend forward ns far as his desk will let him, nnd then extending his arm full length, shake his fist In their faces while breathing words of defiance nt them. There are those who think that Senator La Follette's temperament, as displayed In his speeches, hurt, rather than help, his efforts to Induce the Sen ate to adopt his Ideas. A close second to Senator Ia Follette In dramatic delivery Is Senator Cummins of lown. The lownn Is not as strenuous In his delivery, but he nas a halting method of speaking his words, usually Mopping them In the middle, which, coupled with a high-pitched, tense voice and a certain grace of gesture also robs him of some effectiveness In public speaking. Furthermore, the Iowan Is not quite as thorough on facts nnd fig ures as Senator La Follette, but Is ns good us any when It comfs to stating off-hand the fundamental principles of tariff revision. As he becomes more nnd moro nt home in tho Senate, ho Im proves. Senator Reverldge of Indlinn Is another "Progressive" who has come to this tariff debate with a more or less per functory knowledge of the question. The Indlannn has not yet offered to tho Senate anything elaborately detlnlte ex cept his amendment to the tobacco sched ule. However, Senator Reverldgo dress ed tho Idea In brand new clothes nnd made It sound buslness-llke. As a basin for a display of oratory. Senator Reve rldge, who Is noted for this accomplish ment, has been lost In tho tariff debate. Ho ffns tnken the subject as a plain, matter-of-fact business proposition, and refrained from displaying his powers of langunge. Instead, the senator has taken a new an?le. After somebody else has lot go of a high-flown paragraph, ho will rise In hlB seat, reduco tho propo sition to plain English, and remark: "That Is my understanding of It." DOLLIVER THE ORATOR. That senntor who has progressed farth est along the lines of real oratorical and debating ability Is Senator Dolllver of Iowa. This Iowan, who has voted for republican tariff measures for twelve 'years back, has made up his mind that he hns been wrong In standing for too much protection. lie bus long been In training, and now his former member ship on the Houso committee on wnys and means Is serving him In good stead. If anybody Imagined thnt the Iowan, who sat by nnd saw Dlngley, Payne, and Ialzell run tho Dlngley bill through tho House, did not, have his eyes nnd ears open, he has found himself mistaken. When this tariff session came along, Senator Dolllver hnd a good foundation In tnrlff lore nnd he had the further ad vantage of knowing whero to go to find out what he did not know. As a result, In tho short space of a month, ho show-' ed tho Senate thnt he had a surprising amount of Information about the cotton and woollen schvduks. Senator Dolllver has shown himself well able to talio care of himself In a rough and tumble debate. Ho Is master of Invective with an explosive delivery that sounds like nn exhaust pipe em phasizing every revolution of a driving wheel, Not only has ho a deal of Infor mation on tap at all times, but he has an unfailing wit and knowledge of the men with whom he Is dealing. He knows their weak points, and, when cornered, can usually wiggle out by a deftly turn ed bit of sarcasm, accompanied with n smile and a nodding of tho head that re minds one of n big Newfoundland dog who has Just scared a poodle Into nerv ous prostration by barking nt him. For the better part of the week Senator Dolllver amply demonstrated his nblllty to hold all the Aldrlch forces nt bay, and the votes which defeated him vero not founded on the evidence before tho Senate, but merely represented ttie Im placable Aldrlch majority which wnnted no reasons for Its votes. Llko most of tho other New England senators, Senntor Lodge of Massachus etts has dipped Into tho tariff debate on ly occasionally. His "set" speech was In defence of New England's protected In dustrles, willo his Impromptu remarks sometimes havo been characterized by a lack of specific Information atxnit the subject under discussion. Senator Gore, tho blind senator from Oklahoma, has taken a keen delight In staying on Senator Lodge's trail, and emphasizing this weakness. Tho Okla. hor.-in, by tho way, has a stylo of ora tory all his own. He usunlly starts with his right hand on his loft hip, under his coat-tall, and he will altcrnato from light to left of him about twico a min ute, thus bringing his full faco Into tho rnngn of everybody In tho Scnato cham ber frequently, Sometimes he will altcr nato frequently. Sometimes ho will al ternate this mannerism tiy grasping his desk with his right hand, but he nnver falls to placo his left on bis left "pistol pocket." His voice is shrill and rlng inng, nnd he hn yet to he admonished for not speaking loud enough. In this respect, he Is fully ns effective as Sena tor Dolllver, who has a deep bass volco, which usually clears the seats In the Im mediate vicinity of the Iowan because of the poise. BOMB STRIKING CONTRASTS. Some of tho contrasts are striking Senator Clnpp of Minnesota talks off hand and walks up and down and to and fro all the time, talking with great rapidity. Unlike him, Is "Gumshoe" lllll Stone of Missouri. Senator Stone talks with tho utmost slowneff, und delibera tion, nnd seldom moves from his trnrks. Senator Ralley speaks In a full, round voice, nnd when ho gets wrought up Iumls his desk good and hard. Senator Scott reads his speeches. Senator Mc Cumber of North Dakota speaks with great slowness, and enunciates his words so clearly that some ono has call ed him "The Great Enunclator." Sena tor Daniel of Virginia uses all the desks In his vicinity for tho purpose of locat ing his papers nnd documents thereon. Senator Simmons of North Carolina wnndors nbout and strays over to the republican side often when he Is speak ing. This, possibly, arises from the fact that he has repudiated tho free lumber plank of the democratic platform. Sen ntor Tillman walks up nnd down the central aisle. Senator Perkins of Cal ifornia speaks In a sing-song voice and raises himself up and down on his toes. It Is a gallery that will not Impair the established renown of Demosthenes. SHE CAN DRESS WITHOUT PINS. The Athletic Girl Hns Learned One Important Thing; In Her College Course. Glimpses of college llfo are cleverly given In "The Letters of An Athletic Girl." which appear In the Designer for July. Tho nthletto girl writes to her mother: Oh. what the girls In your day must have missed! Of course, 1 may be wrong about them. Rut one always looks back, even that llttlo while for don't think 1 jeonslder you old, dnrllnc! You know Ilon'tl but ono always looks back to the time when you were a girl for the typical "young lady," all lemon-satin cushions, potpourri, warm fires (though why do those old white marble mantels look so cold?) nnd canary birds In gilt caifcs tied up In bags of green "tarla tan." You know you couldn't Imagine your self wearing the heavy-soled low-rub-lrer-heeled flatlmat I call a shoe, now could you? And ns for irolng without corsets nnd dressing without pins! I Is Indeed true, I am no longer a slavo of the pincushion. It has taken me over two years, for I am a iunlor now tha' I have finally reached the point (I mean left the point) and therein I hove alsi. emancipated you from dolng-me-up-be-hlnd. Miss Mary Hume, our director of sports, has converted me. She knows al the linked harmonies that He In skirts stltchrd on to the belt and hMd to the waist by these puncher thins that look like glove-fasteners nnd communicate poise through tho medium of conclslve neatness. We wear that sort of nn outfit for all our outdoor rthletlcs except fleldhock ey. For that wo wear bloomers. Now don't be shocked, dear lemon-satln-cushlon lady! Our field Is quite a distance from the campus, and, anyway, the boys dont pay any more attention to us than we do to them when we nice them on tlm drive running In their funny little track clothes. TAXING AtTOMOnil.ES, (From the Neport Express.) The nutomoblle owners of Vermont have paid the Stnto a special tax of over $15,000. This Is an extraordinary sum to be assessed on a special class of prop erty owners nnd Is out of nil proportion to the taxation of othor personal prop erty In the State. It Is almost confessed; ly an attempt nt class taxation, and com mends Itself to the rovenue-chasers of the State because It Is easily collected and comes In the main from peoplo who ran afford to pay nn excessive tax. Tho redeeming feature Is tho announced In tention of spending the money on tho State's highways. Rutland Herald. It hardly seems rlsht to specialize an automobile, Independent of any other class of property and place upon It nn ecesslvo tax. Automobiles are not toy at tho present time, or machines designed especially for pleasure; they aro used rc the transaction of business, performing the same work that devolves upon tho horse and should bo placed upon tho same basis as the horse when It comes to listing for a tax. As wo understand It n $3X1 horso Is listed higher than a $T.O one; therefore a $2,0no automobile should be listed higher than a $1,(X) ono. Rut they should be listed and taxed reasonably upon tho same basis as other property and not separated out and taxed at high luxury rates as Is dono nt tho present time. No fairly well-to-do man could stand the same rntlo of tax upon nil of tho prop erty ho might own, ns Is placed upon his nutomoblle, and meet running expenses; and the question Is, why should the auto be outrageously taxed nnd In the present manner, simply becnuso ho chooses it in IF THE EARTH SHOULD SKID. This earth pursues a rapid pace; The figures that define Tho speed with which It makes the race 'Round the celestl.il line That marks Its courso Is far too (Teat For plain arithmetic, And no policeman lies In wait To play a heartless trick. It hns no need of gasoline; 1 No number It displays; It travels swiftly, yet serene, Secures 'gainst all delays Yet, as the Milky Way gleams out, You And you ennnot rid Your mind of ono o'erwhelmlng doubt Supposing: we should skid? Washington Star. SPRING JOKE. William King Whero'd you get those pumps? Charlie Prince Off a shoe tree, Cor nell WWow,