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THE BURLINGTON FHEE PRESS AND TIMES: TTTUItSDAY, AUGUST 12, 1908
History of the Measure and a
Summary ot Its Principal
Provisions The New
1 After one of the bitterest and ono
of tho most tnotneutous legislative (lu
tein In tho history of the nntloual cap
ital the new tiirltr measure, the Payne
1)111, has beeu completed.
The progress of the bill through the
legislative mill of both houses was
eventful enough to satisfy the most
pronounced cravers for parliamentary
warfare. Tho real battle opened when
the bill (huuse report 143S) was re
ceived In the senatu nnd referred to
tho committee on minuet. April 10.
'Aldrlch of Itbode Ielaud, the leader of
the senate m chairman of the fliiDtce
committee, subsequently neenmo c...m
man of the conference committee.
which was appointed to adjust the dif
ferences arislug between senate and
house and between both houses of
congress and the president.
Taft For Froo Hides.
The report of the conference com
nil t tee which determined what would
be the provisions of the Payne bill In
its anal form was a victory for Pres
ident Taft. Ho Informed all of the
conferees that hides must be placed
on the free list, together with petro
leum, crude and refined. They theie
upon decided to cut the DInglej tariff
ou hides to S per cent. The president
heard the news nnd sent word that
bo had meant what he had said about
free hides. The figures were then
lowered to 7 percent. Now Chairman
Bereno B. Payno of the ways and
moans committee decided to demon
strate that his original bill, providing
for freo hides should no longer be sub
jected to tho eumsculatory operations
Df the majority of the conferees. He
announced that not eton a 5 per cent
duty on hides would be accepted by
either himself or the bouse. "Without
free hides this tariff bill will not pass
the bouse." he was quoted as saying.
The tariff came off hides lnstnnter.
nnd as quickly was oil put on the un
taxed schedule, together with gaso
line, benzine and naphtha. The leather,
rough lumber, print paper, coal and
Iron and glove schedules ranked next
lu Importance during the closing days
of the controversy.
If hides came In free, tho imp .-tKnt
New England boot and shoe Tianufac
turiug Interests would consent to a re
duction of the tariff on their products,
otherwise they would continue to fight.
The solving of the hides problem loft
It a simple mntter to agree to lower
duties on boots nnd shoes the Ding
ley rate being 25 per cent. Saddlery
and harness were cut to 4o per cent,
as against the Dlngley rate of 45 per
cent. The president resorted to the
unusual method of sending a written
message to the conference committee
demanding lower rates on lumber nnd
gloves .than the Pnyne. bill provided,
ind bo secured them.
Wool and Cotton.
The wool schedule underwent no
change of consequence, but the cntlro
cotton schedule was reconstructed and
the phraseology greatly changed In the
hope of preventing reductions through
decisions by the courts such ns have
characterized tho administration of the
Dlngley law during recent yenra. In
many Instances the rates Intern' - to
be imposed by the Dlnglpy law were
out by these decisions, the reducrhms
In some instances being from CO per
cent to 8 per cent ad valorem.
Probably the most marked reduc
tions nre found In the metal schedule.
Beginning with a decrease In the rate
of iron ore from 40 to 15 cents per ton
there Is a general reduction throughout
that part of the bill, pig iron going
down from $4 to $2.30 per ton and
scrap iron from $4 to $1. The rcduc
tlon on many of the Items in this
schedule amounts to about TO per cent.
Rough lumber goes down from SI. 50
lo $1.23 per thousand feet, with a cor
responding reduction In the differential
du dressed lumber.
The president was subjected to se
verest pressure from both the upward
end downward revisionists throughout.
The upward revisionists told him that
n reduction of duty on hides nnd
loather manufactures would make the
next congress Democratic. In which
event they argued that Taft would not
possibly be renominated for the pres
idency. The "downwards" told him
that Hoosevelt would surely bo tho
next Republican candidate for presi
dent If the campaign promises for n
downward revision were not fulfilled.
Tho Corporation Tax.
The president bnd a highly difficult
task also In preserving his scheme for
ft corporation tax Intact in the Payne
bill. This feature Is clenrly the most
unpopulnr ono lu the entire measure,
so far as members of the senate and
bouso were concerned. Many of tho
members argued to the president that
the tax as provided for was uncon
stitutional. Resolutions will be Intro
duced In the various stnto legislatures
condemning tho act nnd recommend
!)ig Its repeal, nccordlng to statements
made by various congressmen In
The corporation tax of 1 per cent on
tho entlro not Income over nnd abovo
$!5,000 received by corporations from
all sources, exclusive of certnln Items,
must be paid on or before June 30
each year. Persons nuthorl7.ed to
make returns or statements to the
rovornment and who make returns or
Itatements of a fraudulent nature aro
subject to a fine of $1,000 nnd lm
prlsonment for one year.
During the closing days of the tar
iff controversy, before the bill was
voted on for llnul passage, over forty
Republicans who had grievances of
one sort or another against certain of
the provisions of the bill stated that
thoy would vote against It They had
it In their power to defent the meas
urn nnd force the president to call
another special session In September
or October. They bud tho party lead
ers plainly worried for a time, but
What the People Will Pay Less
and More For President
Taft's Fight For Down
tho nble peacemakers nt tne uc.. ,
Including President Taft himself, suc
cecded In calming the ruffled waters nt
HISTORY OF THE BILL
The now tariff law will bo known in
history as the Pnyno bill, tnklng Its
tinme from the chairman of the house
committee of ways and means, the
Hon. Sereno E. Payne of New York,
who also had n part In framing tho
McKlnley nnd Dlngley nets. Actually
It should perlinps be called the Pnyue
Aldrlch bill, as tho chairman of the
Beuatc finance committee has bad quite
much to do with dictating its tinnl
-trf,xstam, Q, Mr. Payne. On this line
If rcnBOtlln(.( however, there nre those
who insist that It should be called the
Taft bill, as the hand of the president
has been seen In all the moves that
have shaped It from the days of the
Republican national convention that
nominated him and adopted a plank
for tnrlff revision up until the hour of
the final fight In conference committee,
when the big man In the White Housu
made his historic tight for free raw
materials and for carrying out the
promises of the party.
It Is the first time there has been a
change of the tariff laws in twelve
years, the Dlngley act having gone
Into effect in ISO". The Inception of
that law was strikingly like that of
the present. In earh case It was en
ncted by an extra session of congress,
cnlled ns the first act of an incoming
administration. More noteworthy still,
ench of these extra sessions was called
to meet on March 15, the first one
having been Issued by Wllllnm McKln
ley of Ohio, the last by William now
nrd Taft of Ohio.
The Tariff Plank.
The agitation within the Republican
party for a revision of tho Dlngley
act has gone on from the days of the
"Iowa Idea" until at last it culminated
In the plnnk In the last Republican
The Republican party declares un
equivocally for a revision of the tar
iff by a special session of congress im
mediately following the inauguration
of the next president."
In his campaign on that platform
Mr. Taft construed this plnnk as mean
ing revision downward, a point that he
insisted on in bis speeches and finally
clinched in bis inaugural address when
be said that conditions bad so changed
relative to the Diugley act that they
"will permit the reduction of rates In
certain schedules and will require the
advancement of few, if any." That
meant revision downward, which was
recognized substantially by the houso
bill, but was changed to actual re
vision upward by the senate bill. It
was at this point that the president
quietly but firmly injected himself
into the fight in the conference be
tween the two houses, tho house stand
ing behind blm and forcing the senate
to yield. The Pnyno bill In its present
form is tho result
First Tariff Bill.
The first tariff bill enacted tn the
United States was tint of the First
congress. The opening section of that
bill stated that, in addition to securing
money for the support of tho govern
ment, the tariff was adopted for "the
encouragement and protection of man
ufactures." From that time political
parties of national scope have clashed
ou the Issue of the tariff as to whether
or not it should be more than "for
The expenses of the war of 1S12
necessitated a material increase in the
tariff, but an adjustment occurred two
years after tho close of the war
through an act prepared by Henry
In 1820 the tariff was Jumped up a
few pegs, and a year later it went
higher, from 31 to 41 per cent.
When, In 1832, a bill establishing a
protective tnrlff policy was passed,
South Carolina refused to recognize
the validity of the Increased duties
nnd threatened to secede. President
J.ickson had to dispatch a warship to
South Carollnnlan waters.
A horizontal reduction of the tariff
took place In 1833. Twelve years later,
under Polk's administration, a bill
drafted by Robert J. Walker, secretary
of the treasury, was adopted, standing
mildly for the protective policy. This
hill lnsted untH 1S."7. when a reduction
to 20Vi per cent occurred on tho aver-
ago duties. Actually a free trade sys
tem, this low tariff proved adequate
for nil government needs until the out
break of the civil war, when nn in
creased income was necessitated.
Th Morrill Dill.
Tho Morrill net of IStll Increased
duties about one-third, nnd the tax
was extended to Include tea, coffee
and sugar. Internal revenue was col
lected, beglnulng in 1802, nnd two years
later the duties were raised 50 per
cent for a period of ninety days.
After a succession of tnrlff measures
to tho war's closo a cessation of this
form of legislative nctlvlty occurred
Rut in 1870 and 1872 reductions were
made down tho list, some of which
were restored In 1874, making the av
erage duty 33 per cent. A tariff
roin mission was appointed In 1882
which prepared a bill that was put on
the statute books, lusting six years. It
was at this time that Jnmes G. Blaine
took a most active part In tariff dis
cussions. It was In the early eighties
that William R. Morrison of Illinois,
Democratic chnlrman of ways and
means, prepared his well known bor
Ir.ontnl reduction of 20 per cent on all
taxed products, which was defeated,
During Cleveland's first admlnlstra
tlon the Hills bill was a powerful Is
sue, and In 1888 (he tariff fight result
ed In the election of Benjamin Har
rison to the presidency. Be stood for
a high protective tariff. As a result
the McKlnley bill was enacted, patting
tne duties over the marks reached dur
The Wilson Bill.
But tho revulsion which followed re
sulted In the re-election of Cleveland
In 1802, with a Democratic congress.
Then resulted the Wilson bfll, provid
ing for wholesale reductions, particu
larly as regarding Iron and steel man
ufactures. It should be noted that tho
Dlngley bill in 1807 retained practi
cally the Iron and steel duties laid
down In the Wilson measure.
Though William McKlnley was elect
ed on the financial Issue in 1806, bis
first act after being sworn In as presl
dent was the calling of an extra ses
sion of congress to repeal the Wilson
Gorman tariff bill. The result of that
session wits the Dlngley Inw. named
for Its author, Nelson Dlngley, Jr., of
Maine, which put the schedules prac
tically back on the McKlnley basis.
Following is a comparison between
the old Dlngley tariff rntes and those
of the new Payne bill:
Cosmetic 60pc COpo
China waro p0 kpc
Stained pines Ape 60 do
ii.ii i m ru t a. -
uuiu ic;n, u'ju iciive., . ll.Yb 11.75
Laces, embroideries, etc., of
CO D o
Candy, vat. at ISo. or less.. 4e and 4c nnd
15 no 15 no
Cnndy, over 15o. per lb 15 to 50 60 p c
Snuff, lb 65 p c 55 p c
Clears nnd cigarettes, lb... Jt.60 J4.LU
25 p o
Orchids Spo Spc
Flowering bulbs tulips, hya
cinths, etc SpcJltoJlO
Preserves 35 p c lc and
Jellies 35 p c 35 p c
Dlives. Gal 26 15c to
Oranges nnd lemons, lb lc He to
Almonds, lb 4c 4cto6a
Brandy, gal $2.3 Ji
Bny mm. cal S1-S0 $1.76
Champagne and nil spar
kling wines, qts., per doz.. $3.00
In pint bottles, per doz 14.00
8tlll wines, gal 40c
Ale. beer. etc.. In bottles, gal 40c
Laces CO p c
Slllt manufacture 60 pc
CO p c
Fancy paper boxes 45 pc
45 p c
Playing cards, per pit
20 p c
Trimmed hats 60 pc 35 p c
Dolls 35 po S5pc
Firecrackers, lb 8c 6c
Fiath'ors (dressed) 60 pc 60 pc
Furs (dressed) 20 pc 20 po
Human hair 10 pc 20 pc
Fans 60 pc 60 pc
Jewelry 60 pc COpc
Musical Instruments 45 pc 45 pc
Paintings 20 po 15 po
Statuary 20 po 15 po
Cut glass 60 pc 60 pc
NECESSARIES OF LIFE.
Castllo soap, lb Htc H4o
Common crockery 25 pc 25 pc
Glass jars, per lb lc iO
Common window glass, pec
lb., from lictol4oto
Scissors and shears, doa....l5o and 15c and
Table cutlery, each....- 16c
Cut nails. Ib s-ioc
Wire nails, lb Mfi to la
Needles, sewing and knit
ting, p? r thousand $1 and $1 nnd
25 p c 25 p c
Crochet needles 25 p c 25 p c
Rough lumber, per 1.000 ft.. $1.50 $1.25
Sawed boards of white
wood, planks, etc., perl.WO
ft. board measure $1.00 60c
Other sawed wood, per 1,000
ft? board measure $2-00 15 pc
Clapboards, per thousand.... $1.60 $1.25
encPDosts lupc ireo
Shingles, per thousand 30c 35c
Chair cane or reeas iupc mpc
House or cabinet furniture
of wood spo as po
Bugar not abova no. is
Dutch standard, per lb.... 96-100c SS-100e
Bugar above NO. 16 Dutch
stnndard. per lb 1 95-100e 1 80-lOOc
Molasses testing from 40 to
66 des.. per gal o c
Molas3rs above 68 dfg 6c Sc
Maple sirup and mapls
sugar, per id
Cattle less than 1 yr. old.
nor head i
Other cattle, val. under $14.
oer head J-,
Over $14, per head 27po CTfcipc
Bwlne. per neaa .
Horses and mules val. at $150
or less, per neaa -w
25 p c
Bhcep, per head
St p c 26 p c
25 p o 25 p c
Barley, per bu
Corn, per bu
Oato, pr bu
Oatmeal and rolled oata,
per lb '
Rice, cleaned, per Ib
Rye. per bu
Wheat, per du
Butter and substitutes, per
Cheese, per Ib
MUk. per gal
Beans, per bu
Eggs. Per dos
Hay, per ton
l-loney, per gal ,.
Hops, per lb
Onions, per bu
peas (green), per ou
Peas (dried), per du
potatoes, por bu.....'
Castor beans, per bu. of 60
Flaxseed or linseed, per bu..
Btraw, per ton
Vegetables III nsiurai staio..
Fish, dried, salted, smoked,
plckted, frozen, per Ib
Mackerel, halibut or salmon,
fresh, salted or pickled,
Fruits and Nu'.s,
Apples, peaches and other
small frulta, per bu
The same, dried, per lb
Berries, per qt
Chocolate and cocoa, per lb.
Ztto 2ttc to
Salt, per 100 lbs Kc llo
Bait In bulk 8o 7c
Starch, per Ib 2c ivic
Vinegar, per gal 7Ho 7Ho
Cotton thread and carded
yarn up to and Including
No. 16, per lb to Wo
Cotton from No. 1& to No.
20, per lb., Increase per
number 1-to H
Cotton, exceed inr No. 10. oar
lb., Increase per No Uo
Cotton thrnad. mtnHwt un to
and Includlnic No. 20. tier lb. to
Pottnn tk.rf nnlAMtA Ma
20 to No. to, Increase per No. tto Jc
Above to. Inrraasa ner No... l-lOo 1-100
Spool thread) of cotton, in
cluding crochet, darntngand
embroidery, per dos. spools
than 60 threads to sq. In.,
per sq. yd la
Cotton cloth, unbleached, from
60 to 100 threads to sq. in.,
per sq. yd Hio
finer grades lit a
Cotton cloth, bleached, val.
at over so per sq. yd..., Spe
Cotton handkerchiefs or
mufflers 48 p o 45 p c
Cotton clothing, ready made. 60 p o 60 p c
Cotton corduroys, per sq. yd.lSo and 9
25 p o and S!
Cotton stockings 80 po "ot
Cotton stockings, seamless.
per doz. pr. 60c to 70 1
$2.00 and II
Ehlrts and drawers, pants,
vests, sweaters, etc., per
doz. GOaand eo
15 p o and II
8ama, higher grades 81-10 to $1.11
& and II
It to 50 pc tc
Cotton Buspendora ipo 4Sp
All wools and hs.tr of the
first clans, per lb
Second class, per lb
Third class, whereof tho
valuo shall bo 12c lb. or
less, per lb
Third class, whero value ?s
over 12c. lb., per lb
Top waste, per lb
Bhoddy, per lb
Women's and children's
dress goods, wool, per sq.
yd 7c to 11c 11c and
and 60 to 60 p
65 p o to lie
Carpets, treble Ingrain, 3-ply,
per rq. yd 22c and Ecanri
40 p c 40 p
Wool carpets, Dutch nnd
2-ply Ingrain, per sq. yd...lScand lScund
40 p c 40 p c
Hats, bonnets, and hoods,
composed of straw, palm
leaf, etc., not trimmed.... 35 pc
Same, trimmed 60 p c
Buttons, per gross l-12c to IVic
and 15 p c
60 p c
Plows and fther agricultural
Implements 20 pc
Collodion (In sheets)
60 p C
Clays, per ton
China clay (kaolin) per ton..
Coal, pur ton
Coal slack, per ton
Coke JO p c
Asphalt, per ton $1.50
Marble, c. f C5c
llulldlng stone, c. f 12c
Iron ore, per ton 40c
Iron pigs, ton $4.00
Copper (bottoms), lb
bead oro, Ib
Ccand 5c and
20p c 20 p c
Zinc (pigs), Ib
Sugar curio 20 p c
Flax straw, ton $5.00
Flax, not dressed, lb lc
Hemp, ton $2000
Silk (carded or combed), lb, 40c 35 p c
Cork bark, lb Sc Sc
Feathers and downs (crude) 15 p c 20 p c
Opium (crude). Ib $1.00 $1.5C
Plaster, rock or gypsum,
crude, ton 00c 30c
Beauxlte. ton $1.00 J1.0C
Fuller's earth, ton $U0 $1.5J
Argonttne 25 p o 23 p c
Metallic mineral substances
ln crude state, cot special
ly provided for Mpc 20 po
Timber, hewn, sided or
squared (not less than 8 in.
sq.), nnd round timber, c. f. lc Vi P c
Wood pulp. mechanically
ground, lb l-12c
Wood pulp, chemical, lb l-6c 1-16 to
Hides 15 p c Free
Brick and Glass.
Flro brick, not glazed or or
namented, per ton $1.25 $1.2
Same, glazed or ornamented.
per ton 45 pc 35 p c
Other brick, not glazed 25 pc 25 pc
Other brick, glazed or orna
mented 45 p c
35 p C
Tiles, unglazed, per sq. ft....
Tiles, glazed, per sq. ft....
Glass bottles, vials, jars,
green or colored, per lb...
Plate glass, fluted, rolled or
ribbed, pet sq. ft ?ic to e ro
Cast polished plat glass.... 10 p c 10c sn
Spectacles, eyeglasses, vat
at not over 40c per doi. . ,20c and 20cand
15 p e 15 p c
Bame. val. at 40c. and not
over $1.60 45cand45cand
20 P c a) P c
Same, val. at over $1.50 CO p c 50 p c
Class lenses, ground, pebblea
or polished 45 pc 45 p c
Telescopes, microscopes and
lleldglasces 45 p c 45 p c
Mosaic cubes of marine.
onyx or stone, per Ib lc nnd l'.in
20 p o and
Manufactures of marble, etc. 50 pc DO p c
Millstones 15 p o 15 p c
Urlndsioncs, per ton 51. j
I too tins slates COpo
Iron and Steel.
Iron beams, Joists, girders,
per lb 6-10o
Boiler or other plate. Iron or
steel, per lb 6-10c
Same. val. at over 4c. per lb 15 p c 20 p o
Iron or steel anchors, per Ib. lVJc lc
Iron nnd steel foralr.es 35 p o 30 p c
Antl-frlctlor. bail forging... 45 p c 45 pc
Hood, band or scroll iron or
steel, per lb mm o-iuc
Steel bands (tempered) for
making band saws ec nnd S5po
U P o
Railway bars, T-ralls and
flat rails, per lb 7-20o
Railway fish plntes, por lb... 4-10c
Iron or steel sheets 7-10c to
Sheets of Iron or steel,
polished, per Ib
Rlvot, screw, fence or other
Iron or steel wire, per lb...
to 2u to
45 p o lc up
ward l?ic Hit
Anvils, Iron or steel, per Ib.
Axles, per lb....
Hammers. sledges, crow
bars, etc.. per lb
Bolts, nuts, hinges, etc.,
Cast Iron pips. pr lb..
Cast iron vessels, andirons,
etc., per lb.
Chains, psr lb
Boiler tubes not thinner
than No. 16 wire gauge,
Other tubes Kpc 30 p
penknives .' 40 pc 40 p
Same when val. at 40o. or
more per doz. have addi
tional duty per pleca of..loto20o le
Bword blades and side arms 16 po 60 pi
Files, oer dos -.30oto$l tSo tc
fltcreotypa nnd electrotype
plates 25 pc 20 p
Crosscut saws, per linear ft. Co 6(
Mill saws, per linear foot... 10a 8
Circular saws.. 26 pc 20 p
Steel band saws, per lb,. 10c and 6o and
20 p o 20p c
All other saws 80 po 25 pc
Screwn. according to length.
per lb 4otol2o
Umbrella and parasol ribs.. 60 po
Wheels for railways, per lb IVio
Hooks and eyes, per lb..6V4oand
New types Spo
Muskets, muzzle loading
shotguns 25 po
Double barreled brcechload-
lng shotguns val. at not
more than $5.00 each
Same, val. nt more than
$6.00 and less than $10.00...
Ramn. rat. at more than
$10.00 $6.00 $6 01
35 p c
Pistols and revolvers 7Cc nnd"5canc
25 p c 25 p (
With less than 7 Jewels... 35c and 70
25 p c
With 7 to 11 Jeuels 60c and $1.3!
25 p a
With 11 to 15 Jewel 7Cc nnd $1K
25 p c
With 15 to 17 jewels $1.25 $1.2)
25pc 25 pc
With more than 17 Jewels.. $3 and $3ani
25 p o 25 p c
Watch cases, clocks, etc.... 40 p c 40 p c
Pens, metallic, except cold
imns. ner cross 12a 12c
Penholders and gold pens.. 25 po 6c and
25 p c
Hemp, Jute, Etc.
Cables and cordage made ot
henin. per lb 2o 2
Slncrlo yarns of flax hemp or
ramie, per lb 7o 10c
Floor mattings, per sq. yd..3cto7c iAt
25 p o
Sheathing nnd rooting paper. 10 pc 10 pc
; Printing paper, val. at trora
to Sc per lb 3-10c to
Same, val. above 5c. per lb.. ISpc 15 pc
Copying paper, tissue paper,
etc., per lb 6cand6ctoCc
15 p o and
15 p c
Crape paper, per lb Bo and So and
15 pc 15 p e
Surface coated papers, per
Ib 2c and (c
15 p c
Photographic papers, per lb.. 3c. and 3o and
jupc .u pc
'a per envelopes, plain 25 p c 20 pc
Letter and note paper, per
Ib 2c and 3c and
10 pc IS pc
Bame, weighing more than 16
lbs., per ream, per lb 3Vtcand3cand
15 pc 15 pc
Books and pamphlets 25 p c 25 p c
Gunpowder and other explo
sives, per Ib 4c to 6c
Matches, per gross
Haircloth, per sq. yd
Crinoline, per sq. yd
30 p c
p c 30 p c
Hats, Bonnets, Etc.
Fur hats, bonnets nnd hoods
val. at not over $6 00 per
Cot., tax per doz $2.00
20 p C 20p C
Same. val. between $5.00 and
$10.00 per doz, tax per doz..
20 p c
Borne, val, between J10 00 and
$20.00 per doz.. tax per doz..
tame. val. at more than
$20.00 per doz., tax per doz.
Belting and Bole leather, etc.
20 p c
15 p 3
Is p c
li ,j c
heepsklns, dressed, per doz.
Goatskins, dressed, per doi.
Patent and Japunned leather.
20 p c 15 p c
Same, weighing over 25 lbs.
per doz.. pr lb 20c und20cand
10 p c 10 p c
Women's or children's, glace
finish, per doz. prs $1.75 to $1. 2a to
Men's gloves, same finish,
per doz. prs $3 00 $3.00
Women's or children's, lamb
or sheen, per doz. prs $2.50 to $2.50 to
Men's, same kind, per doz.
prs $4.00 M.00
Women's or children's, goat
or othei leather, per doz.
prs $3.00to$3 00to
Men's Koat or other leather,
per doz. prs $4.00 $4.00
Manufactures of catgut, am
ber wax, nsbestus, etc IE p c 25 po
Manufactures of hone, India
rubber, horn, whalebone,
etc 30 p c 35 p c
Manufactures of plaster of
parls 30 pc 35 p c
Manufactures of Ivory, gel-
ntln. shell, etc 35 p c 35 pa
Matting made of cocoa liber,
per sq. yd Cc 6c
Lead pencils, per gross 45caud 15c nnd
25 p c 25 p c
Slate pencils, per 100 3c 3o
Photographic films 25 p c 25 pc
Pipes and smokers' articles,
val. at not moro than 40c.
per gross, taxed per grors. 15c 15c
Clny pipes, per gross 60ennd50cnnd
25 p c 25 p a
Other plpei. pipe bowls and
other smokers' articles COpc 60 pa
Plush tcr men's hats 10 p o 10 p a
THE FREE LIST.
Tho new free list of the Payne bill
Includes the following articles;
Petroleum, crude and relimvj, wns
continued on tho tree list, tawitgli cou
slderablo opposition to this procedure
Hides were put on the list after pro
longed and bitter controversies, benn
tor Aldrlch nnd various of tho older
members of the upper house led tho
campaign iiRiilnst freo hides, 'the
Dlngley bill placed a duty of 15 por
cent ad valorem an hides.
The new free list, while very similar
to that of the Dlngley bill, contains tho
following articles that, among others,
were not on the Dlngley list:
Hides, fencepnsts, sulphate of am
monia, plutluum combinations with
palladium, osmium and rhodium, kin
dling wood, rndlum, works of art
paintings, pastels, etchings and sculp
tures thnt have been In existence mora
than twenty years prior to date of Im
portation; other works of art, of
bronze, marble, terra cotta, pottery,
porcelain and antiques produced more
than 100 years prior to date ot Im
portation. ADMINISTRATIVE FEATURES.
The bill marks n distinct depaitura
In that it provides for a' corporation
tax and a court ot customs. Ttve cor
poration tnx, while yielding a large
amount of revouue. Is primarily do-
Horseshoe nails, per lb
Tacks, brads, otc, per lb..
ffl&SFtSrSTn NEW HAMPSHIRE PROBLEMS
will have this effect. .
The fact that the amount of the tnx ; Wnnts n Smaller I.relilntiiro nnd l'nn
to be assessed was lowered from 2 pet cr t Adopt Mod cm .Method
cent to 1 per cent Is considered by tho of Tmntion.
members of congress to evidence clear
ly that tho bill has regulation for its' r, ,
object and not merely revenue. ' KevM. . V' "T" ?T Thl lart "J
The customs court of appeals wU. 1, "Tthl
further centralis the national govern- ,111Cstion of holding a convention to
ment, and It will place the Intricate amend tim constitution. Two things led
and technical cases ns to the construe-, to 'this resolution o film omerni court,
tlon or tne law ana tne tacts respect- 11 conviction that the House ot iicpro
lng classification of merchandise and "entntlves should he materially rcduce
rate of duty under the Jurisdiction of ln nlJ'"1'" nnd a dnrire to dinner. th
men who nre specialists in this line. ?,r""?, law A thnt '""'"" methods of
There is ho appeal from thl court, ''"i.m!,: I sdnpH hy ih, LeRis.
.ii . tv.l,i -n,i .h JnmeH - 1'Vtord of Concord, thr
" """'" " -
members of which will be appointed
by the president.
For tho purposes of tho operation ot
this court the country has been dlvld-
ed Into nine customs Judicial districts.
While many Items in the bill show 01 11,0 constitutional
revision downward. It will ns u whole ' ? " ,)ln.n f"r re"
provide or an Increased revenue con-, tn tho pf.opl(i XremXiLd
tlnulng ln general effect tho Bepub-( when the cetww returns of imo are com
Hcntl policy of protection. , plete. wo now havo a hodse of upward
Retaliation Measures. I ,,f 4j0 members, tlio largest legislative
Governmental measures of retails-! Lnr tllls count iy, more members in
tlon aBatnst countries which do not Zt XZZ f
make tariff concessions to the Dulted population, the i.egidature will bo in
Stntes are amply provided for. Maxi- rrrnsed to 4 nn.l the House W,i ton
mum and minimum provisions enublo tlmio In pzn with each decade i l -ivt
a higher rnte of tax to be Imposed on " the jxjpuiation of Hew Unn r.'ii.r.!
the products of these countries than Kf'! forward, nvery one concede , v.n. a
would ordinarily have been the case. legislative Lody one half the present
The creation ol a commission to look I "' ouM transact business more ex
hnto the nutation of the tariff from a ,"'ltl"'' better.
nonpartisan viewpoint Is au innova
tion thnt tins hron KiifrrnHtprl for lrrnnv I
years. It is (?enernlly Incited on ns a
mstVA tnwnpil 1 ' m t -1 rr 1 1 , n , o 1 (f t f
w.c ..wu. v.ui u.
A- policy iCufC ago established by tar-
Iff makers In this country is retained
lu the new measure. It is the impos
ing of particularly heavy duties on
The "drawback" provisions are in- . CPn that tI,i; plnn vps (m mU.a
dlcative of a more kind hearted gov- tnKo to the small towns. Ten towns of.
ernment.il attitude than had been con- OO population each hnve 10 rpresenta
sldered probable. In brief, a drawback ' tlvcs. but one town of rs.ow popuiatlots
Is a refund of duty moneys paid on ! would havo but five representatives,
nmterlul Imported Into this country I "Tno lnst convention submitted ws.
which Is used In tho manufacture of 1 amendment raising tho number r
nrttelps whleh nre themselves exnorted rulred for the first representative to
from this country.
The guiding sprlt in the formula
tion of the provisions of the new meas
ure has been one to fix duties that do
not necessarily encourage foreign im
portation, but that render It impossible
for a combination of capital in any
glv,en ,no t0 rase prces above those
tnni now (.msi uuu in jjivvkui tueiu iu
general from being further raised.
President Taft las taken particular
pains to point OUt tills Circumstance.
Competition that existed when the
Dlngley bill was enacted has been
wiped out by the consolidation of com
panies and the combination of inter
ests. President Tort renders tne opin
ion that the Payne tnrlff bill will ln
larse measure restore the possibility
cf successful competition ln the busi
ness Gelds so affected.
nivnnsioxs or Tim nn-r,cno n.vn
It Is with ph-asure that we announce
our ability to offer to the publlo the pap
trs of the He-Echo club. This club, some- make recommendations to the, con
what after the order of tho Echo rlttb, ' ventlon.
late of Iioston. takes pleasure In trvlng ,
to better what Is done. On the occasion 1 TAX QrTIO INCENTIVE,
of the meeting of which the following , .-jf th, were ,nP only question re
gems of poesy are the result, the several qrniT the sssembllng of a constltu
members of tho club encaged to wrlto ,onai convention there mlirht ho semi
up the well-known tradition of the Pur
ple Cow in moro elaborate form than tho
quatrain made famous by Mr. Gelett Hur
Kess: "I never paw a Purple Cow,
I never hope to sr-e one;
But I can tell you anyhow,
I'd rather Fee than be one."
MR. P HYSSHtl SHKM.EY:
Hall to thee, blithe spirt,!
Cow thou never wert;
Hut In life to rhecr It
Playest thy t.ill part
In purplo lines of -npremedltated art.
Tho pnlo purple color
Melts around thv Msht
Like a star, but duller.
In the broad daylight.
I'd sen thee, hut I would not bo thee If
MR. T. GRAY:
Tho curfew tolls the knell of parting day.
The lowing herd winds slowly o'er tho
I watched them slowly wend their weary
Hut. ah, n Purple Cow I did not see.
Full ninny n cow of purplest rny serene
la Imply grazing where I may not see;
Full manv a donkey writes of her, I
Hut ni-li her of these creatures would
MR. J. W. Ill MIT:
There, llttlo Cow, don't cry!
You nre brlndle and brown, I know.
And with wild, Kind hues
Of reds nnd blues,
You never will gleam and clow.
Hut though not pleasing to the eye.
There, little Cow, don't cry. don't cry.
MR. B, AMiAN POE:
Open then I flung a shutter.
And. ilth many a flirt and flutter.
In there stepped n Purple Cow which
, . . , , .
gayly tripped around my floor.
Not tho leas obeisance made she.
Not a moment stopped or stayed she.
But with mien of chorus lady perched
herself abovo my door.
On u dusty hust of Dante perched nnd
snt abovo my door,
And that Purple Cow unfllttlng
Still Is slttlng-stlll Is sitting
On thnt dlirty hurt of Dauto Just above
my chamber door.
And her horns havo all tho seeming
Of a demon's that Is screaming,
And the nrc-llght o'er her streaming
Casts her shadow on the floor
And my soul from out that pool of Pur
ple Shadow on the floor,
Shall bo lifted Nevermore!
-Carolyn Wells, In Harpc's Mngazlna
1IR KNF.W HIS BUSINESS,
Klndhraiteil M widen (fishing for n stray
penny lu her purse) I suppose you poor
blind people feel your misfortune keenly.
Blind Mendicant Yes, Indeed. The Ird
only kuowH how I miss the pleasure of
being able to look Into the beautiful faces
of tho handsome and lovely ladles who
nro kind enough to donate
Klnd-hrnrted Maiden (fishing out a
shilling) Hero, poor fellow, take this.
I'm sure you nro deservlnr, Scraps.
IT WAg PRIVATE.
Gamekeeper What aro you doing in
here? Didn't you see the board "Pri
vate. Tretpnsscrs will bo proseruted"?
Trapper -Well - yes I Bee'd a board, but
I rend "Private" on It, so road no further,
thinking It none o' my business. Punch.
leaning dinrr.plon of tho dlstrlrt systor.
of representation In the last eonmitur
tlonnl convention nnd nn advocate o
various tnx measure Wore tho last Lop.
'attiro, gives the following reasons for
l'V,''l?': n convention. Ho cays:
iJiKiaci I,TY QVT.U VI j A N.
iiiu uiiiit-iiiiy is in ais-rrelni; upon R
t!dti for c..,T.i,ih t-i... . , ...
represent tlon 1 ' the lower hinncii of
Uln j.fgismitiru in population, but not In
proportion to numbers. r.very town or
ward ha Imr ceo Inhabitants is entitled
10 on" reprev.nte.thc, but for rvei-y ad-
population Is required.
Towns of lesi
than COO populaton have representation
; a lirnnorllnnnl ,.-, ,v. t. ...mi
800 population, with double thnt num.
ber for each additional repreentntlve.
This amendment preserved the pres
ent proportion. It would have re.
duced the Houso to nbout 300 mem
bers. The amendment failed of th
requisite two-thirds vote In Its favo.
to spcuro Its adoption. It lacked much
support because It was jeparded nr
a makeshift, having no r.ermnnenf
value. Whether any more acoeptahU
pian can no aovisen by another con-
v.-nnun remains io no seen. The 'arff,
Luwun mm wio Cllies rerU'rrvl to ron
cede any greater proportion of rep
resentation to th small towns thai
thoy now have, while the latter were
not Inclined tn lose their eontlnue4
representation, ns somi of there
would, bv Inrmnslns the first unit, or
their Individuality, ns ill would be
under the dlstrlrt system.
"The Governor nnd cotinr-ll were
authorized by the lnst I.eslslnttiro to
nppolnt n commission to serve wlth-
eompensatlon, whoso duty It
- , would be to study the problem and
doubt of tlie people voting to havo
one. Hut the stumhllns blocks thrown
ln the way of the last legislature,
when It attempted to fnnet tax 'awr,
ty the doubts cov tlnunlly raised of the
constitutionality of the measures pro
posed will b a powerful inrntlve to
a favorable '-ntp of tlio pe..ple for a
convention. The tnx question l stl'
Brut", and If the rnnstlttit'on Hands
In the wnv of remedial legHlatlon, tho
voters will certainly favor "s ;niend
ment. It Is unfortunatn thnt atten
tion was not given by the ,ast Legis
lature early ln Its session to -.ho very
able chapter In the 'n-c cr.nmlsMon
ers report on the ronstlttit! ma' limi
tations of taxation prepared bv Ed
ward C. Nlles of Concord. The latto
took the position thnt, upon rehearing
and proper argument, the supreme
court of the State might orlc u' J
rule of constitutional constrr tlon
which would enable the .fgls Unr
to employ modern methods of 'aa
J tlon. Tho I.eglrlature Is the oi'lv lmd
that could brln tho question sq iare
jly and fully before the court Thli
' tho last Legislature fnllcd to do.
INTANGini.ES THE PROBLEM
"As In other Stntes, so In Nov.- Hamp
shire, tho attempt to tax lntniitjlblo -ron'
erty, such ns bonds, mortgages, credits
, etc., nt the same time ns other propertj
; Is taxed, has met with dismal fallurn.
1 For years wo have had a law on the
' Matute b'loks requiring sworn lnvento
I ries from tnxpayers, which has not beer
enforced, It Is generally conceded that
jnot one-tenth of tilts class of property
I Is taxed nt all. No leplslntlon. however
I drastic, has ever 1 een successful In per
inianently tnxlng moro than a s'tinli part
of the Intangible property of any Stata
at the B.imo rate that other property is
taxed. Tho reason of this failure Is flm-
pie. When a person has to : uiTcnaer
r .. Vila In on in n tn
I from rL1 , " .' , , n' ,, '
thn tax gatherer, he will avoid taxation,
'"0 w,x "'' .,, ,,, x-,u
The average rnte of tr.xat Ion it New
, Hampshire Is S per cent. T ho holder o
a 6 per rent, mortgag-. If
I for taxation, gives up one-third of tho
Income, while tin- owner of a muni, ipai
bond bearing 4 per rent. Interest parts
with half of the income. No other clns
of propel ty Is romp. Hed to rurrender so
largo a proportion o' its nromo in taxa
tion. Tile quest. on of the taxation of In
tnnglblo property has been discussed by
all Stato tax commissions of the pnst
decade. The conclusions thnt they reach
nro thnt the taxation of Intangibles U
douhlo taxation, and that, If tn..id nt all,
they should be tnxrd at a lower rata
than other property Is taxed, nnd pro
portionate to the Income received.
"In Pennsylvania and Maryland In
tangible property is taxed at a lower
rate thnn other piopcrty, with tho re
sult thnt there is nn amazingly largo In
crease In the returns of this class of
property by owners nnd far grenter re
ceipts In tnxes to municipalities."
LABOR BETTER EMPLOYED.
Albany, N. V., Aug. 8. A inarkeu Im
provement In tho condition of orgnnlzed
labor of the Stato Is noted In the quar
terly bulletin Just Issued by the Statu
department of labor, covering the
months of January, February and March
of this year. The porcent.igo of Idleness,
which at the end of March, 1903. wns S5.T
per cent,, or tho highest on record for
thnt date slnco 18!8, wns nt tha end of
(March this year, 21.1 per cent, the re
turns representing 350.0C0 v.-ago earners.
FOUNTAIN PENS AT TOEU l'HUSS.
Ins the civil .war.