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THE BURLINGTON FREE PRESS AND TIMES. THURSDAY. KEnjU'AHV 2-1, 1D10.
11 FARMERS' WEEK ENDS Many of Last Year's Visitors Game Back. '.Another fosslim Sumo Time Nest Yenr Professor Mill Pleused with. Results llriiioiisl nil Ions mill Lecture I, list tin;, Farmer's week ended Friday nl the. Vnlverslty of Vermont with the nflcr hoon lectures and demonstrations. Through tho whole live days I lu- l.pcti Kt interest has been manifested the e.ttonilllig fnimcrs nml the utlendnnrc has leen steadily on the Increase since the fit ft day. At noon Fildny ttiere wn n. totnl registration for the day session ftmnn of over 3.7. No icitlxlriitlcin was taken Friday afternoon, when tltcro wns ii Inrgn additional ultcndnnce., nor lit any of the evening sessions. Professor Hills said Friday thut farmer's week next year would he held lit the same time. A built tin will shnrtlv be Rotten out by the commissioner of agriculture containing nbsirnots of all the iidilrosses dellveied during tho Week Tlioy v. IM be liven In full In the tegular annual report of the commissioner. Onu of tlio facts Indicative of the popularity of the university lectures ntnons tho farmers Is the fael that many 'ho were here last ar came again this time. Three general series of lectures were C eu Friday morning In Morrill hall, cu horticulture and forestry, stock feed ing nnd commetclnl fertilizer buying. At two o'clock In the afternoon there was a lecture on orchntd renovation by I'rof. M It. Cummlngs and ai liuee o'clock two demonstrations woto one was In piaflltlg, top grafting, apple gindlng ""d packing and was conducted , by Professor C immlngs, .1. W. Wellington, T. I.. 3it ney nnd S. llnrgravo1. The second it c lustration wns In home mixing of frr ,Hzer and the etndv of fertilizer ll k oillents. It was conducted by Profes 1 Mil's and C. II. Jones. liouTirui.Trnn and forestry. The following lectures were given In the trues on horticulture and forestry; S rage of Fruit nnd Vegetables" hv ii V. Wellington, "The New England t i n Show" by N. M. Itrewer, "Need and J'ritress of Forestry In the Culled Suites n 1 Vermont," by Stale forester llfivvos nnd "An Acie of Potatoes" by E. H. 3 ghnm. The lectures of Mr. Hawe and M' Wellington are tlx en below In n tract. -STORAGE OP FRFITS AND VEGET ABLES. lietter storage facilities are needed In lids State. r,very lesouico must bo de veloped that wo may meet ruling prices of materials Successful storage may be n factor In such development. There are certain general requirements In tho cohl stoiage of perishable pro din ts. A - PRELIMINARY KEQ P I ft K M KNTS. i-The product must be in in-line con dition; harvesting carefully and accur ately done; decayed and Imperfect speci mens discarded, suitable storigc room jirovlded. 1! SOMK PRINCIPLES op STORAGE. 1 Tempernturo must be controlled In storage room, low tempeiature being Jb hoiutely essential for most vegetables tip 1 all fiults. I -A moist atmosphere i essential In t .c storage room, to prevent the shrivel Ii g of frulta and tho drying of veget t t'les. ?, Convenient ventilation is needed that t e nlr may be kept pine 4 Suitable receptacles etc needed for each kind of fruit or vegetable, ban els Jor apples; bins for potatoes, etc. The various vegetables and fruits have different storage requirement. Hvety fat in should possess suitable storasc facilities, foinnicrcial enteriulses demand n-p.irate stornce houses; the oi chard a Iioush ,the market carden a cellar. For the ordinary fu'in. partition off a jior tlon of the cellar, put In ventilators nnd use them. The development of adenuatu storace Is worth while. Uirrrei crops i on bo crown Mnl hotter ptlccs obtained hv prolonpInK the market seiaon. 1'roper storage will render the preservation of homo crown vee-elnbles nnd fruits for noma supply, cjisy and posibe NI5BI) AND I'llOMllKSS OF FOH PSTHV. The Koveinment's interest In forestry Is to perpetuate the -'ipplv of timber and byproducts and to protect the water Biiunlv. The land ownois' Interest Is to enable him to make greater permanent profits One million the hundred thous nnd men and women In Fulled States lire dependent upon wood Industries for their waces. In Vermont almost every farmer Is mote or less dependent upon the forest for hl winter wood supply nnd work nnd everv vlllace Is partlnlly dependent upon Its wood Industries. Annunl cut in Pnited States s 20 billion ruble feet of wood; aiimi.it growth is only 7 billion, (if that cut there Is 4'i trillion bd. ft of ltunher which would lie enoiiKh to tloor over fdS.'oi iutps and 0 million cords of wood aie used for find pin poses. This would make n pile four feet hlKh, four feet wide and lX'i miles Inns. Heslde ilns nre p.es pons, nils, ties, pulp wood, tan hntk. etc, Of total lumber cut i? per ient are soft and SI Ier cent, hardwoods Besides tho treat amount used, tinu-h wasted; about 1-1 Is wasted in the woods; nt the mill 1-S the lnnt 1 wasted In sawdnit, slabs and trlmmhiKs. Wo use s: cuhlc feet per eiipttn ns attalnst (lermany "', Krnnce Z",, Oreat Hrltaln M. Most Important timbers of the countrv nre vellow pine of (!ulf Ktates; second. Iioualns Or of PaclHe. const; third, white pine; fourth, oik; tlfth, Jiemlnck, nnd (Ith. spnu e. chief Stall's in the production of lumber am Washington, Ioulslann, Texno, Mississippi and Wlscou Bin; Veimont Is 2Sth with foiest products worth about in million dollais. Of Ver mont timber spruce stands fit at ; hem lock, second; maple, third; birch, fourth; whlto pine, tlfth. ForeHts nre nlso linpoitant for their effect upon stream flow Itecords of feveral rivers for past ?i years show inoro iiiimerous and worse llouds dm iiiK latter half than the first half of tho period. Humus of the forest has n npon(?c-llki ability to absorb water, which later sinks ilowii Into the subsoil and makes It porous. PAIIT II. The national roiesls contain -'in million iicies and valued at two billion dollars, cor.talnliiK nhout one-fifth the timber of thP country. There are l.V) of these for. estH gioupeil In u dlstrlctH, all In tho West. Pnch foiest Is under n supervisor. A'uwthi'r nhout foiest oftlciH, Amount of timber cut KiX from iiatlomvl forests Ec.n million feet; revenue 77:i.0; j.mn.un caitlo and horses Kinzed; '.WG.m heep and ftonts; revenilo $7J,WX Only inatuie limber In out nnd all tires are marked. Many of the open places helm; planted, Nurseries on many of the for ests. In IMS following Improvements were niado: I.PTO miles trull; Sft.1 miles rond; nit miles telephone; flOQ miles fence; 3I5 house; 1.11 hams; 14 corrnln; M hrldnes; 4fi wnterlnr; places, Amt. expended ffi4-l,-l.. rrotccllon from fire chief work, Average area under each man i:i,fW arte. l'roKrP'i In Stale forestry. Many State hnVe fire protective syslems nnd the fol lowing liuve Stalo foresters; (nl., f'onn., llnwiill, Mass,, Md N. H N. J N. Y I'enn,, It I . Vt and Wis. Atea State foiests In nerrs; N, Y., 1, CII.Ml; I'enn. s.',.1.ini Unwall M1.U6! VI. :.V!,MS; Minn. 't.29": Mich. 30,000! N. .1,, r.PS j Md. ;i,r.ni, Ind., 2,fi0; t'onn., l,4rt); Mass l.OOOj VI . 4f,0, N. H V! lotal 3,270.771, Many larpe corporations ns rallroadi, wealthy land owners and Institutions lmv introduced forestry measures. Partners nnd lumbermen becoming more careful. About one per cent, of private forest land under foreslt. . STOi'K FKKWNO. Four lectures were irlven In tho eerles on stock feedlnt;, "Prlnrtples," "HoukIi nues" and "Fee.llnn" by I'rof. H. M. W'nsbburn nnd "roncentratcs" by c. II, ,lon Mr .limes lecturo Is given blow abstract and two of Professor Wash bum's follow: Mil. J ONUS. The fundamental principles of fwedhiK, if eorreciU determined, are unch!i.nt,-e-able; but tho Importance of their cor tect application In feed purchases Is more appal ent now than fotmerly owing to present hirrh prices and to tho often hick of an equivalent Increase In tho In come derived fiom the dairy. Th farm should prodiee u sufficiency of hay, corn fodder oi slim, Theiin roughagea fur nish ninln! arnobvdiitlen and fat, end they conuli i.e the bulky prt of nil dairy rations. Honirliaues re ordinarily defi cient In prieeln th" most expensive of the.e three necessary nutrients. Any of them mav nioduco In the animal energy, bent nml fntiy tissue. Protein nlone ts the flesh nnd muscle tissue bullde and nlone foms the casoln In milk, fon.mercinl feeds as uted In dairy feediiiK should supplement home Krowu rouirlmRcs by supplying the nutri ent In which they are relatively deficient, I. e. protein Tl.ey should ho nought primarily for this purpose. If all com mercial feeds had a similar protein con tent and weie npinlly digestible, the re tail price alone would need h considered and the proposition would be n simple one. Pnfortunatelj- 'heir protein content varies from 7 to 41 per cent., while the price now runs from iA?t to fl.IO a hun dred. Note this difference, 31 lbs. per ion difference In pioteln and only C cents difference In price, 11 lbs. of protein can be bouifl t In cottnnsecxl meal for $l.S while In '-eii. .In slock foods 7 1-2 lb nr. boiiKlit for ft one pound of protein In enttons'ed meal costs less than 4 1-J cents, while In this stock food It co"ts 'JH cents. No direct relation els!s between the protein content of a feed and Its selling price. The former depends upon the na ture of the material, the latter on sup ply and demand. If protein ! w'la' nu want, why not buy it at 4 cents, rather than nt Si cuts n lb'.' (II Is what your cows want ) 1'IilNt'lPI.F.S. A chemical nnalvslv of plants shows u that they are made up of water, a.di, pro tein, stnreh, sugar, fat and fiber. Starch, sugar and fat are made of the same stuff and do the time kind of work In the ani mal. They are the fuel for the heat of the body and In breakln? up furnish tho power which runs the muscular machin ery of the nnlmal. Tho raw and onido chemical compounds of the soil, when acted upon by the plant, with the sun as tho groat motor force, unite Into deli cate and complex compounds which nro th food of animals. Tho plant then creates nothing. It only changes the form of tho matter nt bund and In doing so ties up heat and power absorbed from the sun The animal too, cieates nothing. Ii Hikes Into It the plant matter and breaks It down, and in the bieaklng process, bent Is liberated to keep the nnlmal warm and too the "electric spark" necessary for muscular contrsctloii and the doing of work Is so provided. The animal Is con stantly losing beat and ,ising energy which must also ho replenished hv food. More than half n century of the most painstaking work on the part of many men in several countries show us that animals are made up essentlnlh of only four rlnsnes of mateilal" natei ash or bono, protein or lean meat, and fat In figuring rations, water need not enter Into the calculations. There is usually also enough ash In the plant" used as food to supply the need of the bodv In thin regard. That reduces the question to n consideration of muscle building and of heat nnd power yielding material, viz, protein .carbohydrate and fit FEKOINf;. The greatest problem now confronting the New Kngland dairy fanner Ih no so much which grain feeds to buy for his cows aj it Is how to inciease tho qualntlty of home grown grains so that he shsll hnve to buy but little of any kind Corn, barley and ryo should be grown to provide the carbohydrate portion of the grain ration. Tor the present and probbbly for some time to coinr. It will be found best to purchase some high protein feeds, such as cot'on seed meal, linseed oil meal, brewers' or distillers' grains, gluten feed and bran, lo balance the home grown stuff. The points to bo taken into account when planning a grain ration mlxturo should be, composition, digestibility, pnlutiibllity, weight, effect on system of tho animal, n vn liability and cost. Willi iiomc grown corn or Parley at hand Ihn question becomes one of buying protein In cheapest form, which Is still to be found In cotton seed meal. Tim oxrellenl effect of Unseed oil meal on the system of the animal, however, nnkes It of more vaitio per unit of pro tein present than cotton seed meal and hrnn Is of yet morn aluo per pound of protein present. Corn nr barely Son lbs, hian ) lbs cotton seed meal W lbs., linseed oil meal 100 lbs., make an excellent grain ration. FPU, It AT I ON. For cow giving 3 gals, milk dully, Corn slln;e, :-40 lbs. clover hay 13-16 lbs, drain mixture, 7-t lbs. Tin nbove amount for II hours to be divided one-half morning and ono-half evening, HOL'OHACIK. Hy this Is meuul those coamo foods such as hay, corn stover, silage, etc. Koughaga vurles In Its nut mo even mora than concentrated feeding stuffs). Alfalfa nnd clover are rich In protein while timothy, wild hay, corn stover, In fact nil the grasses nre poor In protein and usually contain laigo amount of Indlgestlhlo woody fiber. Clover, however, Is often inoro difficult In cure Into good haj ,the leaves falling badly If diled too much, thin- greatly lessening Its fending value. Timothy, if left too long, becomes woody, hard to mnsticato and low In digestibility. It is n favotltn with horsemen nnd has market value nut of proportion to Us real (ceding value when coiupaied wlih wild haj which Is usually equal to It In uultltlvc value or with olover which Is of considerably inoro value for cow feeding. Clover should be one of the ci opt regular ly planned In the farm rotation of crops. The aroma of hay Is of value for It In dir.es the animal to eat It more readily Moreover food eaten with keen rellHh Is more easily and thoroughly digested. The rlieajiest roughage In thl country la corn either as stover, fodder of si lage, preferably th Utter. It wilt pro duce from four to tlx time as much per acre an will timothy. All land that tin b used for com should not long ronwJn In grass, Farm stock requites norm toughago In It rstlon.Tho hand of the cow's ration should fco silage made from mature r.orn, with home grown clover hay a close second. Crop grown on fertile fields are more valuable than thoae grown on hungry soils. GTOMMRRClAIi FBnTIt.l7.nn BUYINO. Proreasor Hills nnd Mr. Joneg conduct ed the sertea In commercial feltlllzer buy ing. The three lecture given by Prof Hilts axe briefly ahatrated below under one hrad. The one given by Mr Jones follows: PROFESSOR iniJsS. MatmiaJs-A great variety of nitro genous, materials but compnratlvoly fow phosphoric uc Id and potash compounds are usl In making commercial fertili zers. Those commonly employed In mak ing th goods sold If Vermont are: For nitrogen- Nitrate of noda, tankage, ground bone. For phosphoric acid Tankage, ground bone, ground phosphate rok "dissolved by sulphuric add). For potash - Mt'rlate of potash, luslnlt. Doubtless other nitrogenous tn-itotlnls are used to some extent as deinnnded hy trade exigencies: hut thfs-p cut prohnMv a small figure. Nitrate of soda A nll mined nnd purl fled In Chile; soluble. Immediately r-v.ill- able, It! per cent, nitrogen Admirably adapted to s'nt crirp growth; 'oo soluble to be ued ficoly Tankage Itesldtie" ftotn slaughtered iieinisls. rcneV-ed In tanks for the re moval of fat, dried and grrur.d, carrying both nitrogen and phosphoric ucld In variable jmountb; n thoroughly desirable form of plant food, furnishing available otc.Hilr nlr ogen C.round hone -Hones either raw or f ream edi for the extraction of fat ,nid golatln products., around tine; carrying both nitrogen and phosphoric mid In vntiahle amounts a relatively slow form of plant food, hut well worth uslnir. Ornund phosphate lock Mined m South t'Hi-olinn. Florida or Tennes.ef, rarrvlng to 31V, insoluble phosphoile acid; mnd luailib'e In manufacture by ihe use of sulphuric ncld Muriate of potas'.-A purified salt mined in Oerninny. furnishes fr, potash in soluiile form! the common source of tht'i ingredient In nmst goods other than the low grades. ICalnlt A crude, nnpiiritied. potash a1t mined In ;crinati. furnishes li"Ji potash In soluble form as well as dlveis other salts; uspfi commonly in the low grade as a souire of potash. Making There nre two processes of nuiniifuctute of commercial fertilizers; tho so-called "wet mix' and 'dry mix." In the wet ml process employed at all large plants, the sundry IngiedU nt. other than the nitrate of soda, are as sembled together with dilute sulphuric acid, in a rntiiiy pan or mixer. Definite and weighed amounts of each material (tnnkuge, phosphate rock, muriate of potash, and In maiiN oases the Inert filler,' and a definite! measuied volume of siilpliuslc acid ) nre run Into this pan and thnronghlv mixed by machinery. The acid nets mote particularly on the ground rock, converting the Insoluble piiosphorlc acid Into available formi. It nlso dissolves vome of the phosphoilc n"ld of the tankage and doubtless tends to render more available the organic ni trogen The hot, stetiinlng. mudlike liuu-s s then convoyed to a pile where It Is dropped and left to cool. When the. shlpplm; season nrilves It Is shovellei out, run through a pulverizing machine to Insure Its belmj In ;ood condition to drill, and Is bngged and shipped. The dry mixing process Is used when nitrate soda Is employed, for the leasou that its nitrogen would tie dilven off by tho sulphuric acid. It Is also employed bv the smaller maniifactiii er's who have no sulphuric acid plants. Such buy acid phosphate (ground phosphate toek dis solved by sulphuric acldl from the larger manufacturers or else use none of this In gredient. The process contemplates the thorough mixing with shovels, screens and perhaps pulverizing mills, of the dry Ingtedlenta. Sometimes a so-oalled "base pile" Is used ns a basis fa low grade fer tilizer containing no nitrate), to which are added weigneri amounts or nigh gra.de Ingredients like nitrate, muriate, dtied blood, etc. 1 sage Fertilizers are usei alone; broadcast; In the drill; und as supple ments to farm manures. As employed In Vermont except In upeclal crops (pota toes for Instance) they aro npt to be best used In conjunction with manures. Thee latter ought to supply most of the need ed nitrogen, particularly If clover Is free ly sown, nitrogenous concentrate used with discretion, and ,i.i!ns tuken to pre vent leaching and fermentation Then one need not usually nuy largo amounts of organic nitrogen, though some quickly available form Is often needed promptly to start the crop. The prevalent practice of placing all the fertilizer In the drill Is not advisable, particularly when It Is used alone; for It may lead to seed burning and Is quite likely to encourage root con- centratlon Instead of the more desirable root diffusion. Hence brnadctsting a considerable proposition is to be preferred In many cases. As to the amounts to ho used, no one can with certainty prescnue, Many use ridiculously small amounts of low- grades on 111 prepared soil, and then curse the fertilizer anil declare It to be a fraud. Fertilizers are not pan aceas, do not talco tho place of proper soil fitting: hut when the farmer ha done his best to fit tlio soil, the well chosen and properly applied connuet- clnl fertilizer becomes In a way an Insurance policy; but only so If ade quate amounts aie employed One may use phosphoric cld and potash liberally and need not fear wasle; but If one applied nitrogen freely, It Is likely to pass to the Mibsoll or to the air. Given a welt-fllted seed bed, proper Inter-tlllnge, a favorable sea son, liberal fertilization Is more apt to entnll an adequate r turn than Is n stunted usage. MR. .IONPS The great problem In fe1tllt7.nr buy ing Is 13 got the kind of plant food you neod for the lejst inone), The value, of a fertlllder does not depend on the color of the ba con taining It. the Kiatultoii.s Information, nsldo from guaranty, stenciled on tho hack, fin j- high sounding, ear catch ing brand name or Ihu aroma of llB ml 1 11 re. Jts nlue lilnes on tho amount, uuiilltv and availability of the. nitro gen phosphoilc acid and potash the IngiedleniH of which tho fertilizer Is composnl. iluo account being taken of tl.e sellliiL- in-lee. J Outing ihe past fow years there have been about lit) distinct buitids i,f f(.rtl llzbr.i offend for salt) In erinont each season A casual examination as to their plant food content cuts the number down to ubotil five realty different mixtures, Therefore the problem or sclecllnn need not be u difficult one. Tho average composition of fertilizers sold In Vermont during the past few years Is nitrogen I per cent , available phosphoric arid per cent., potash 4 I-r. Average selling price $;s Vnliiitlon of plant food SO making fil cents worth of plant food for each dotlnr paid. The cost of placing a dollat's worth of plant food In your bands Is: In low gtade goods ji.iy, In medium grade, goods (-j In high grade good.i THK AFTHUNoi,.v. In the afternoon at two o'clock one lec ture wan given by I'rof. M, 11. Cuiniulngs on "Orchard Renovation." It Ik Klven below In abstract. The two demonstra tions mentioned above v er conducted semlltatieoiisly at three o'clock and with them closed tho rive succcf fq ,iavs of furtner's week. ORCHARD RENOVATION. Many orchards In Vermont nre practic ally useless. Theto ma; be many end vsrled reasons fur this. ', tome case.t the trees aie of undesirable arleile, In others sol! Is In poor condition, and in i,tlll others tile tics At - mm li neglected. The present remarks i directed to wa.ys and means of Improving tho un productive tiees. Orchard icnovallon opeiatlons a.11 of two general categories. 1. Itonowitlns tho ot. 2. Renewing Lhrt trees. The llrt of these dln,.s r betteiin'iUi of noil rondU..ir.s of pilme importance tor ,t jn I'eniion to Tillage Is lin -s bt iiiioo .1 ml ler trees 01.1t Indirect!- lve- Wlter trull. Pertillr.ltir, by lire of cover clops, farms -.lionutoo, nnd perhaps with rominen-lal fltlllrers, Is to be gci-,ei,illy recommend .d The tiees aeed more attention in gen ern.1 than the soil. In tti matter of tru" renewal there are two i-onrsos. open to the prospective fruit giowiii: 1. Plant new audi desirable varieties. 2. Renovate the present tiees. If the Individuals ere 'i-ee nf ,leasr end ji"3is jound trunks, tup v.orklng the deslr hie arlntles is advisable. In graft ing m i" old trees, ".he following points "hould be notel 1 Select limbs (I'M ire from 1 1-1 to 3 Inches In d'atnote, .md choose only those which will op In Lie light direction for a well dev-lopid branch. Ornfi only one-tblid of the top In 11 single year. Select scions from de-liclile varieties and tnke them from trres which 1110 known 10 possess the bearing habit. I',. Otve subsequent care to grafted specimens. ICeei. win nds ,,,,;, , wlih ,-a. Head oaek the si Ions after the first year, then s-ptn t, keep fiee of dis ease. Cut out one of the two 'dons nfter tile thtid year. Many tiees are best renovated b adopting a good s stem of pruning. Keep tile tops w'l thinned nut; .-.'.old rubbing of branches, rut out all de-id and dis eased wood: p'llnt all cut surface-!. Spraying Is a necessar) operation and must lie carefully and iegul.irl pr.u -Heed As a general oivhnid spia use Rordeaux 3-3-.7I plus lbs of . 1 senate of lead. Appl , when Moss,, ins fall and again ! da s later. STELLA FLINT'S PLEADINGS, The (oiisilliiiioniil Poind llnlaeil he 'onM'rfitloi) Income Tut l.nu In the Vermont t ne. The hill of complaint 10 llie Judges of the Pnited Suites Clieult I'min for Ver mont in the case of Stella P. Flint as general guardian of tho pioperty of Sam uel N Stone, ,lr , a minor, against tho Stone Hilary Company and others sets forth In a pi eliminate w.iv the constitu tional objection- which Mr Maxwell F.vatts as conns,-! Ims i-airied i the Su pn me conn .it Washington The first ten paniKinphs recite the circumstances pni tlcular to the case, and these are briefly outlined elsewhere The constitutional argument Is Indicated In that part nf the bill which Is le-ltued tint part of the hill which is primed below. The pb-.idings .it-; taken from the transcript of lecord F.leventh Your orator avers that the provltilons of the tax on corporations pro vided for In the said act of Congress ns nfoiesald aie unconstitutional, null and old In that the re.jiilrmnu to make and file the said return and that the require ment that such return shit 1 1 become a matter of public record and tin lequue rrents to pnv ald tax are burdens and taxes upon the snld charter and fran chise granted 11s aforesaid by tho State of Vermont nnd on the right and power of the State of Vermont to grant, main tain and preserve the same to the defend ant corporation, and nre a hurdim and lax upon a prerogative, power, Instrumen tality and function of sovereignty belong ing to the State of Vermont and which weie never agreed to either expressly or by Implication by the State of Vormont at tho time the m-ld State was admitted Into the Pnkin, or before or since that time Twelfth Yo 11 orutoi further avers that Hi said piovisliins of the act of Congress J afoiesald are unconstitutional, null and void nnd In violating of the Fiftli Amend ment of the Conf tltulloi, of tho PnltPd Stutef In that under said provisions of law the defendant corpoiutlon will be depttved of IU proptrty without due pro cess of law, d especially In this; that through the publtciiy of Its own Dusi 1 11 ess tho privacy of Its affairs will be largely destioyed. tn.it lu. chief compe titor, tho said t'ri" "f Owlglit Tuxbuo iV Sons, and -ill other person.s wlU bo ablo to gain mi Intlinut" knowledge of what lime hitherto been the private affalis of the defendant corporation and lis trade secrets, whlto no corresponding publicity of the private affairs and trade aecieii of ihe raid firm of Dwight Tuxbury A Sons will be icqtitied and no similar In vasion of th" private affairs or trade se crets of the 'lrm of Owlglit Tuxbury & SOUS Will ' Jicriiunwi; noil "e- r,. aBseiuent, If '". wl!1 ll0 lnl'1 uP,m the dofendiint corporation and not upon Its chief competitor, the said firm of Owlglit Tuxbury & Sun, utlhough said firm H carTjltiB ' ""' character of ImslncM next door lo tliu plucu of busi ness of the defendant corporation and employing. -m,r "r'llor U "lf"l"';Hl and verily believes, eppioxlmttely tho same amount of capital; nd that by reason of the said unju-1 adv.uitag- w Inch would be given to the aald firm of Owlgni Tuxbuiy 'mH l,y " cotnplltnre with tl,n said provisions of the said act of Congress yr oi'Jlnr averi, that the busi ness of tha defendant corporation w.H he forced to sunrndor to the Stale of er inont pie cliarter ami franchise granted as aforesaid and which It now owns and has a light to enjoy nnd will bo obliged to dispose of Its assesis. wfnd up Its af fairs and go Into voluntary dissolution. Thirteenth -Vupr , orator further nvets that the said provlfdons of the act of Congress aforesaid nro unconstitutional, null and void and In violation of tho Fifth Amendment to the Constllutlon or tho Putted States In that under inld pro vlstona of law the private property ' ",fl defendant corporation will be taken tor publh use without Just compensation nnd without 11 nv competis.itlon whatever, nnd especially In tills); that the private affairs, books, papers, tecords, business nnd lrnle rtcretH of the defendant corpora tion nnd the contents of Its 1wok., papers, and reemds aro taken for publication find will he given to the Collf)"tor of interna! Revriiue and to the Commissioner of in ternal Revenue nnd lo the public In the form of public book". Fourteenth Your otator further avers that tho said provisions of Ihe act of Coiigieas nforewald aie unconstitutional, null and void and tn violation of the Fourth Amendment to tho Constllutlon of the Pnited Stales nnd violate the right of the defendant corporation to be pecttro In I's papers, effects, books. "prord. business, U Ivate affairs nnd trade secrets pgalnst unreasonable searches and seiz ures In this: that by ntu provision o; law tho defendant corporation will be obliged tn disclose to Its chief competi tor, the nld firm of Dwlfiht Tuxh'lt Son. ind nlo to the Collector of Internal Revenue and to the public Us papers, ef. ffct.f, books, records, business, prlvatn affairs and trade secrets and the contents of Its papers, books nnd records In tho rr poets lieionlnhefor" specified and ae specified In this set. Fifteenth Your oiat.'r further avers that the Hold nrovlslnn of the net of Cntitrress. aforesaid no- unconstitutional, null and void nnd In vloi.it'on of the Con stitution of tho Pulled Sailes In that the depriving of the defend'i'it corporation of Its proper! v without due proress of inw and tne taking of the private proper ty of the defendant corporation for pub lic us v 111. out Just compensation and the violation of the right of the drfeud air. eorporeilon tn be secure In Its pn pc . aii l effects ,igaiiil unreasonable se.ir.il es nnd seizures as herinbefore set fert'i e.i e a burden upon Hie said char ir 1 ..ud franchise T-anled ns aforesaid by the Stet of Vermont a, id upon the right and p-jwer of the State of Vermont to in-a-it. maintain and utererve the sAine to the defendant , .irp'iriitlon, nnd are an iiVHslon and burden upon a prerogative, )i .wet-, mnti i meiitalii; and fnnclon of aovireliiiitv belonging to tho State of Verroon' nr.d which were tivr agieod to either expressly or hy Implication by the Sinte of Vermont or the peoplo of the Sta'o o Vitniont at tlio tlm the said Sl.'to was admitted into tne 1 mon or before '.r since I tin t ine. Sixteen - Voi r orator further avers thai ihe said ptovliilom of the nc of I'mi- gr'-i s aforesaid are unconstitutional, null and void mid in v'ohitlon of the Tenth Amendment to the Constitution of Hie Pnited States in th.it the requirements of said provisions nre a burden ami tax upon and interference with Ihe power nf ihe Stote of Vermont and the other Statrs of tile I'nlon oxptPS-dv ieetve,l to charted and Incorporate eorpot atlons and to grnul ilnrters and fr!ii'"iil-.- 1 , , such a orpo'-alliois. Seventeenth -Your oiainr fi '!'" avers (hilt the said provisions of I'l. act of Congress aforesaid are unconstitutional, null and void and In violation of rtie Con stitution of the Pnited States It, that the said so-' all, d special excise tax with res pect to carrying on or doing business Is not In reality ,1 special excise tax with re-pect to carrying on or doing business bv the defendant corporation or by any iiirporntlon or joint sunk Insurance com panies, inn is In realltv a illicit tax up on the said chatter and fraiiehlse of the defendant loiporatlon and the charters and franchises r,f all other corporations within Ihe provisions of said act and N not apportioned among the several States according to their population as lequlr- ed bv tlie Constitution of the I nlted Stnte l-'.lcliteent h Your oi.itoi fuither avers that If the.suld tax shall be held not to be a direct tax upon the charter and franililse of the defendant nirporatioti and upon the ohai tei s and franchise of al, other corporations', except Insurance 1 nins-inles, within tint provisions of said act. then the said provisions are uncon stitutional, null and void in that the said ax are not uniform throughout the Culled States or throughout any one of ihe I 111 1 fit States nr Us Tei rltorles, or the I Nt) let of Ccilumhri or Alaska, and your orator avers that such provision and the snid tax aie not unifoim within the class or 1 espect to Ihe propertv or subjects selerted for taxullou, except Insurance companies, and that tlio said provisions and tux, while stated to em liraco and affect and bo levied upon the. carrying on and doing of business, In le alltv touch onlv 1 nrporatlnns and Joint stock companies and leave free from the operation of said provisions and tax- all Individuals and copartnei snip llrina, al though currying on and doing tho same business or tho same kind of business or the same class of business 11s the cor porations and Joint stock companies. And your orator further nvera that In many other respects tlio tnld provisions and the said tax am not uniform throughout tho Pnited Stnti and that the said pto vlslons nnd tax are thafore unconstitu tional, null and void Nineteenth--Your orator further shown that this suit Is not a collusive one to confer on a court of the United Statea Jurisdiction of a case of which It would not otherwise have oognl.ancM, and tha' she has rt,.lj recves'id ;hn defendant corporation nnd Its directors and each nf them In writing to omit and refuse to prepare and file th" said return and to refrain from paying the said tT and to contest th constitutionality of the sold provisions of law and to apply to a cun t of competent Jurisdiction to determine the liability under the said provisions, und that a copy of said request Is here to annexed and marked "i:hlblt A ' but '.hat 'h- defendant corpoi atlim and n and make phti of the bin of convptnlnt, majority of its directors have refused and still refuse und Intend omitting to .otiiply with your orator's demand, and, as your orator Is Informed and verily bellevcis, have resolved and determined und Intend to comply with all and sing ular the ssld provisions nf the said act of Congress and to make and file the re turn aforesaid with tho Collector of In ternal Revenue nml voluntarily pay the snld iissebsnimt If any Is mml. A copy of the refusal of ihe defendant corporation and a majority of Its ilirootots. is here by snneM'il to this bill of complaint and marked "Kxhlblt R." Twentluth-Your orator further shows Hull If the b.ild return Is made and filed It will result, us herinbefore alleged, In great nnd Irioparahle Injury to tho de fendant corporation and Its business end to your orator and to all other stock holders of the defendant corjioiatlnn nnd will Involve the defendant corporation In great and Invparabh) damage, all to tho Irreparable ihimaso of your own orator and all of the r tockholders of lit defendant corporation. TUP. FARM RRP, VKPS. EusiMie Wood, willing 11 locoM-rloiis ar ticle In ,1 popular iua;azlni), perceives symptoms of degeneriicv lu tho piesent day Anterlcnn hccaiihe of Ins gradual weimlng irom the abundant breakfast on the old farm tho filed ham, fried poU Iocs, filed eggs, nnd fried corn nun! mush; the griddle cakes, pickles, appl butler, preserves, crullers nnd pie. Ho sniffs derisively nt tho common break fist of to-day cocoa or coffee nnd roll, and soma cjiea-l We prefer In regard Mr. Wood es writing In humorous vein. The breakfast, whose passing lie laments might h di gested for a term of years by a man of leathern Interior, who chops wood or plows all day; though It Is hardly ques tionable whether a lighter and more wholesome filet would not prolong his life. Farmer who eat fried ork and other fried things nil the year round-as many of them perfoico do neither live, well nor lung. They are Ill-nourished snd many nf Hum nie dyspeptics. The wise nnd well-to-do farmer of lo-dav does not gormsndlze on the Indigestible moss whoso praises Mr Wood chants. He knows b?ll( r Hut if tho man who lives outdoois and uses his muscles all iho time is harmed by such estlng. It would prove certain jastilc tnlnstlon to the man nf seden tary pursuits. Again, the vety qimillly of sioft l)n o,i farm breakfast table whs hui.p enough All ecss!vj etllng, i en of the choicest food, Is at one dis gusting and Injurious. Consider the np- palling voracity of the present king of ' -! Spain. An Rngllsh admirer given the fol lowing account of his ravenous appe tite: lie lakes at s o'clock In the morning a breakfast comprising a very rnre beef steak and potatoes, eggs, a quantity of those excellent Spanish biscuits which he dips In milk, and winds up with cup of thick chocolate; dessert and fruit. At llo'clocl; theis Is port wine and sand wiches, at 1 o'clock a luncheon with sev eral dlffprent courser, at S o'clock a roii of "goutpr" consisting of tea, li quors, sandwiches, cakes and slices of cold chicken or game birds. At t o'clock there Is a dinner which Isstii until pnst S, and then the king takes a few snore fc.iiidw Iches, hl.'cttlts, and uls-ss of I wine, o: of beer, before retiring As n result of such greedj living. ot whe.i n phvslca! figure Alfonso XIII cuts. That historical goutmet and gour mand Savailn, sts a wholo turkey st a sitting mong other things. Rut then look whrft n tub of a man he becams. COMMISflONr.HI' sfoTICK. Pstnle of Clarion S. Allen, Mo. Rur llngton. The undersigned, having been ap pointed bv the Honorable Probate Court for the District of Chittenden, Commissioners, to vecelve, examine, and sdjust the claims nnd demands of all poisons against tho estate of Clayton 3. Allen, late of So. Rurllngton. In said district, deceased, and all claims exhibited In offset thereto, hereby give notice that we will meet for tho purpose aforesaid, nt tho resi dence of S. W. Allen, in the town of So. Rurllngton, In said district, on the first Mondays of March and August, next, at 10 o'clock a. m.. on ach of said days and that six months from the :ird dav of February, A D. 1S10. is the time limited by said eonrf for said creditors to prespnt ; licit' claims 'o 11). d allowance Dated at South day of February. us for examination Rurllngton. this ir,i A. D. HMO F. A DREW. II. II HOPC.H. Commissioners. 33.w3t t'(lMtlIin.KllS' NOTICP. Kstnlc of Orson Kenyon. The iindei signed, having been ap pointed by the Honorable Probate Court for the District of Chittenden, commls sloneis to i evolve, examine and adjust tile claims and demands of all persons against the esute of Orson Kenvon, Into or Rurllngton, In said district, deceased, and all claims exhibited in offset 1 hereto, hereby give notice that we will meet for the purpose afore said, at the residence of Fay Kenyon, In the town nf lllnoshiirg, In said dis trict, on the fourth Saturday of Feb ruary and f.iuilb Saturday of .Inly, next, irom i" oiiocg a. m., until o cio k p on each of said dsvs nnd that six Janua 1 y months from the ICth day of . I . 101(1. Is the time lim- lied hv snld court for snld creditors to present their claims to us for ex amination and allowance. Dated at Rurllngton this ;?th day of January. A. O., I9i0. ()i:o. W. IIVK. H. R. KENYON. 83. win Commissioners pvrvi Wl 1,1,1 sf HcCPP.V AMI KI.1,F,' STATE OF VERMONT, District of hlttenden ss. The Honorable Probate Court, for the District of Chittenden. To all persons Interestod lu the es lates of WlUlam and Ellen McCuen of Rurllngton. mentally Incapable vva rd s GREETING: Whereas, applnatlon In writing hath been made to this court by tho guardian of William and Ellen McCuen for license to sell tl.e teal estate of bald wards, setting forth therein that Hie sale of nl' j' in real estate of said wards situate in the vltv of Rur llngton, Vermont, at rid adlacent to the southwest corner of North and Park streets In said Riirllngtoi;. con sisting of u block and land w here said block fctands und around and adjacent to said block for the purpose of put ting the proceeds of such sale at In terest or Investing the samf n stocks or other real estate or In using the avails thereof as the law directs for the benefit of said wards, would he 1 conductive ty the .nterest of sal 1 wards and praying said court to grant j license to make such sale. Aim tnereupon tna said court hp- TrVrilr- HUH nt in. r-,.i, CM,r curt nooms, in sain uisirioi. to hear and decide upon said application and or dered that public notice thereof b I gtv-n to nil rersons lnterftd thre , in. by publishing this u.-dc thrte I weeks successively In the Rurilnyton 'Weekly Free Press, a newspaper , which circulates In the neighborhood of those persons interested therein, nil which publications shtl! be prev ious to the time appointed for (lie hearing Therefore, you are hereby notified to appear before salt! court, a' the (tins and place aforesaid, then and there. In said court, to object to tho giantlng of such license, if rou see cause. (liven under my hand, at the Pro this flh day of bate Court rooms February, 1910 MARCE1.I.HS JtS.wSt A. RINGHAM. Judge ESTATE OF HIUnOF.T HAI.F.V. STATE OF VERMONT, District cf Chit tenden, ss. The Honorable Probate Court tor the District aforesaid To the heirs and nil pel sons tn'er ested In the estate of Hridget Halev late of Hurllngtor In said dlMr.c. de ceased, GREETING' Whereas application hath ben made to tills court In writing, by tho administrator of the estate of Hridget llalov, late of Rurllngton, deceased, praying for license and authority to sell the whole of real estate of said deceased, for the payment of debts and charges of administration, setting forth therein the amount of debts due from said deceased, the charges of adminis tration, and the amount of personal estate and the situation of the real estate. Whereupon, the said court appoint ed and assigned the IMP. day of Feb., 1910, nt the Prubnte office In Rurllng ton In suld district, to hear and de cide upon aald application nnd peti tion, and ordered public notlco there of to bo given tn all persons Inter ested therein, by publishing said or der, together vvltli tho time and plneo of hearing, throe weeks successively In the Rurllngton Weekly Free Press, a newspaper which circulates In tho neighborhood of those persons Inter ested In suld estate, all which publi cations shall be previous to the day assigned for hearing. Therefore you are hereby notified to appear before said court, at the time anil place nsslgned. then and there In said court to maks your ob jections to the granting of such li cense, If yon see cause (liven under my linud at Rurllngton, lu aald district, this 7th day of Feli uary, 1910. MARCEM.CS A. RINGII AM. KJtTATR OK I.VIII ,F. STATU OF VKRMONT, Chittenden. PROCTOR. District of To nil persons concerned In the en tflte of l.ydla J Proctor, late of Hur lltigton, In said district, deceased, ,, , ORKICTINO At s Probate Coutt, holderi at Bur llrK1.0"'."'1 11,1,1 Rnrt tnr the District of ( hlttetiden, on the 14th flay of Fob rusry, 1D1U, en Instrument purport Ing to be llie last will and testament of Dydli J Proctor, late nf Hur llngton, In said district, dpcenaed, was presented to the court aforesaid, for prohato .iAnr..U V "'a"f hy 'aid Court that the f,th day of Mnrcli. mn, at tl" Probate Court rooms lu said Hurling ton. bo assigned for proving said 11 stMitneiit. and ttiat nollco thereof b given to nil persons concerned, by publishing this order throe weeks sue lesslvelv In the Rurllngton Weekly Fieo Press, a newspaper published at said Rurllngton, previous to Hie time appointed Therefore, yon are hereby notified t appear before snld Court, "at tte time and piace sforeseid, and contest f' 0 probate, nf said will, If you have cnuse liven tindr my hand, at Rurllngton In s1d district, this 14th dav if Peh ruary, 1 ni ft. VIAtlCt'rT1!ll 1 l,ie,i, 1 ir 'WSt Judge. HITATIJ OP A.S'VA MAI.O.NKV. .STATE OF VKRMONT, District Of nmennen. To all persons concerned In the es tste of Anna Maloney, late, of Rur llngton. In sain district, deceased, , , rtRHBTING At a Probate i"nUrt, holden at Bur llngton. within and for tho District of Chittenden, on the 10'h day of pep rnnry, 111(1, an instrument purport Ing lo bp tlio lns will and tesitimont of Anna. Mnlonoy, late, of pm llngton, In said district, de-eased Was presented to the toirt af .r.-ja .4, for probatp. And It !s PivWed by mM c ir thit me sin any or .Huron. !Hlt n the Probate Court rooms In said itirllng Ion. lo assigned for proving said in ktrument, and that notlco thereof b given to all persons enncertid by publishing this order three weeks juc pensively Iti the Burlington Weekly Free Press, a newspaper published at said Rurllngton, previous to the time appointed. Therefore, you are i.oreby notified to appear before Bn r'cuirt. at the tlmo and plneo aforesaid, and contest the probate of snld will. If you have cause. (liven under mi hand, at Rurllngton in -aid district, this luth day of Feb ruary, 1 ! 1 0 M W'.CF.IJ.CfJ A. IMNGITAM. St.ivSt Jildje. UST.tTi: OP (HUM, KM nPIlLI.NTiTON. ARKNC, STATP OP VPRMONT, District of Chittenden To all persons concerned In '' - es tnte of Charles parent, la t ' Rur llngton, In said district, decease'!. ORKBTlNli At a Probnto Court, holden nt Rur llngton, within nnd for the District cf Chittenden, on the 16th day of pehru ary, 1M0, an Instrument purporting to lie the last will and testamert I Charles parent, late of Rurllngton, 1 said district, deceased, was prescnte to the court aforesaid, for probate And 't Is ordered by said ('our' ,t Pie lt!i day of .March !9!n , Probate Court rooms In said Rur ug ton, be assigned for proving said 1 strument. and that notice there f he given to nil persons cone-1 n d hv publishing this order tl ree weeks su eesslvely in the Rurllngton U'pekl Ftee Press, a newspaper puK'-hed a' said Rurllngton, prevlou. to tie tlmo appointed. Therefore, you are heipb.v nettled 11 appear before said Court, 'at the tlmo and place aforesaid and con est tho probate of said vviP, If voti have cause, (liven under mj hand, al Rurllngton In said district, this I nth day of Feb ruary. Is! 11. MARCKM.PS PINCH VM 34. wlU Judge OltOCIt OP PI III.IC TI(I. In re. Hilton Hardware Co.upatij In Chaiuer.v. Chittenden County, Mai ill 'I'enn. l'jl'l 1 poll reading and Ml.ng of pe'l t Is 1 Ron Hi Hie above entitled 1 anw ordered thai the said Huitou Hardware Coinpanv notify the stockholder ho members of said corporation, tm red itors and all other persons of tl - pen dency of said petition, and ' 1' ' o creditors of said company are 'derel and directed to file with tne 1 oris of this oouit on or before the int. la of April. 1910, spp, ideations ,,f o.jr claims, and hs,, nolifv s,-,, si n k hohleis. members, creditors and n other poisons interested tlir,, 1 show cause, f nn the haw. vi .tie prajer of said petition si m d n t iw granted, at the next -la'ed or 1 1 r tills court to be held at R-irl. listen said count v. on Ihe onn 1 Tne .dav ' Match, COO l, .aoslns- t Is onle m nntnvp 10 be puidi'-'hed in i Hurling ton Week I v Free Pi-ess, -i p, wspape'' 1 printed ni Hni llngtor.. In -n 1 . 1 . ,.unt ) three weeks sije.-essivelv tie , -i -1 nf 1 which publh atlons snail hf hef re t e first dav of snld term of uirt Dated at Rurllngton. In 1 m of Chittenden, this nth dav "f ( ' ruary. 1910 W1M.ARO W Ml !.!. O P RAY. 34,w-3t EVTATK OF ,ioh r. PtTTFV Distr. ' STATE OF VERMONT ( hlttenden, j.. The Honors ble Probe tc Court f r District Aroresald: To the heirs and all persons -to ested tu the estate of John P Pit'o late of Willlston, In said ii st" t eel. sed. ; ORKETIM', Whereas, application has l.ei o n.i J to this eomt In writing, lie ue nil I ruinlstraior of the estate of Join 1' flatfa,. til. .,r Vl1l .... .1 . 1 ""'ii. " "l '.l 1 1 1 1 . I v 1 1 1 l"Cl-ei, 1 Tir , . 1, 0,,h n.. ,i....i. . I sell the whole of real estate t.f raid deceased, for the pav;nr"t of detjts ,n 1 'charges of administration setting f rt thoreln ti e amount of debts due fror isuld defeased. Ihe 1 liarge- of admlnU tratlon. ne.rt the amount of persons estate and the situation o' ttte ia estate Whereupon, the said court appoln'el and assigned the 25th dav of r- raarv, 1910. at the Probate , r, In Burlington, In said dL'tr'-' 1 1 tvac and decide upon said appllca Hon and petition, and oriUred t th lie notice thereof tc he given t persons Interested therein hv nuh ish lng said order. together with the time j and place cf 1 successively In hearing, three wreics the Rurllngton Weekly Free Press, a nowspap'r which clicu intos In the neighborhood thoso perrons Interested In sjld esi vf al1 which publications shan nr1 uni-t to the day assigned for h ar M Therefore, you are hereby t t ficd to appear before .".lid court c.t the tlm nr.d places assigned then and there, In said court, to make jour oh Jectlons to the grnntlrir "f sj h I1 "en.sr, If you see cause. Given under tnv hand at B irlli-gton. In rnid district. il-.S Til, dr.) Feb ruurv. 1910 M ARC E Mil'S A PINCH VM SS.vvSt Judge ESriATP OP CHRI.P. 'I'M t Ell. pmvi: TATE OP VKRMONT DUtrict of Chittenden. To all persons concerned In the es tato of Charles Palno Thayer, late of Philadelphia. Pa . ORE STING Al a Probate Court, holden at Rur llngton, within snd for the District of Chlttonden, ou the Sth day of Feb ruary, 1910. an Instrument purporting to be the Inst will and tostsn.ent of CliarlP-i Pnlne Thnver, late cf Phila delphia, Pa , In t-n lit district, decoased, wns presonted to the Court nforesald, for probate. nd It Is ordered bv said Court that the :Slh dny of February, 1910, at the Probate Court rooms In snld Rurllngton, be assigned for proving snld Instrument; and that nolle thereof be given to all ntnons concerned by publishing this or .r three wttki succaaslvely in th Bur lington Weekly Free Pi ess, a news paper published ut said Rurllngton, prevlou to the time uppolnted. Therefore, you are hereby notified to Appear before ald Court, at th tlm and place aforesaid, and contest th probate of said will, If you hav cause. Olvon under my hand at Rurllngton. In said district, this Mh day of Feb ruary. 1910. MAP.CEU-PS A. RINGII AM M.vv.tt uiig-